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â€˘ Peru, officially the Republic of Peru , is a country in western South America.
â€˘ Peruvian territory was home to ancient cultures, one of the oldest in the world, to the Inca Empire.
Its geography varies from the arid plains of the Pacific coast to the peaks of the Andes Mountains and the tropical forests of the Amazon Basin.
â€˘ The Peruvian population, estimated at 30.4 million, is multiethnic â€˘ The main spoken language is Spanish
â€˘ Peru covers 1,285,216 km2 of western South America. â€˘ Peru has a high biodiversity with 21,462 species of plants and animals.
â€˘ The economy of Peru is classified as upper middle income by the World Bank and is the 39th largest in the world.