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2012

2 1 51

ICAS S-8 NPO GIS

2012

5

11

( ) 9:20 17:10

2


5


1

2011

4


FL

PL

7


1

2011

9

27 2

3

6


4

9


8


6 2

7

11


5

10


9

13


( d) max ( d)max

d

8 2007

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Soil

10

10 Geosynthetic-Reinforced

15

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14

17


13

13

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GRS

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(

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19


15 2011

3

12 JR

JR

15

18


21


20


1 HP

23


22


4

5

25


2 50mm

1

2009

3 2011

12

, 2011

24


7

2007

global warming

living with

living with natural disaster

m/

m/

27


6 IPCC 4 2007 2100 1.8 4.0

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10

m/ m/

10

29


8 , 2008

9

30

, 2008

28


1

12

12 31

2


11

11

30


adaptive adaptation

Approach

Science-driven

33

13


3

2

32


14 IPCC,2012

15

35


Community-based Approach

2 13

34


37


36


39


2 (2003)

1

38


SciencePortal

41


40


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SciencePortal

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Under Pressure well being

Planet

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Service)

(Congressional Research Engineer

Professional

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-

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(http://www.icas.ibaraki.ac.jp/shinsai/110 831EarthquakeReport.pdf)

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59

(Hiramatsu et al.,2011

)


Klein et al., 1999

Adger et al., 2005

2011

Hiramatsu,

, GOSAT, DIAS, KAKUSHIN, RECCA

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practice

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Good

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Resilience

:

-

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2008

2009

2008

2010

S-4

2010

S-4

p.28.

Asia Pacific Network for APN Global Change Research : http://www.apn-gcr.org APAN Asia-Pacific Adaptation Net -work : http://www.apan-gan.net DIAS Data Integration and Analy -sis system : http://www.editoria.u-tokyo.ac.jp/d ias/ GOSAT Greenhouse gases Observ -ing SATellite : http://www.gosat.nies.go.jp/ KAKUSHIN Innovative Program of Climate Change Projection for the 21st Century : http://www.jamstec.go.jp/kakushin 21/ S4: http://www.nies.go.jp/s4_impact/

S8: http://www.nies.go.jp/s8_project/ RECCA Research Program on Climate Change Adaptation : http://www.mext-isacc.jp/

63


( )

W.N. Adger, T.P. Hughes, C. Folke, S.R. Carpenter, and J. Rockstrom,

‘Social-ecological resilience to costal disasters’, Science, 309, 2005, 1036-1039. A. Hiramatsu, ‘Structuring knowl -edge of climate change’, In: A. Sumi, N. Mimura and T. Masui eds. , Climate Change and Global Sus -tainability: A Holistic Approach, Tokyo: United Nations University Press, 2011, pp.10-29. R.J.T. Klein, R.J. Nicholls, and N. Mimura, ‘Coastal adaptation to climate change: Can the IPCC technical guidelines be applied?’, Mitigation and Adaptation Strat -egies for Global Change, 4, 1999, 239-252.

2009 ,

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REN-i

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)

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Renewable Energy Network-IbaaREN-i (http:// ki www.ren-ibaraki.jp/) REN-i

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Roger Pulwarty

adaptation

:

73


mitigation

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(Gartner, 2010)

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:

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Yes

No

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3.11

NPO

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2

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5

6

83


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82


Organic

85


7

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サステナ 第25号  

特集: 震災と気候変動適応を問い直す

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