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Fighting For Tolerance in a Multicultural School

Our School IES Los Cardones is a secondary general high school located in Granadilla de Abona in the south of Tenerife established in 2002. We have around 732 pupils from a variety of backgrounds and cultures.

Our high school is located in the southern part of San Isidro. It is a medium-size building with two playgrounds, a sport pavilion, a canteen, a library, two computer rooms and 2 technology workshops, 2 laboratories and 25 classrooms. We study secondary education from 1st to 4th grade and the 2 preparatory courses for the university. So we start in our school at the age of 12 and we leave secondary when we are 15 or 16 years old and at the age of 18 to go to university. San Isidro is a village located in the municipality of Granadilla de Abona, in the south of Tenerife. We live in a small island, with lots of beaches and the highest peak in Spain called El Teide. It is a beautiful island with warm weather during all the seasons. At our school, you can have a nice view of El Teide from our north windows specially during winter when it is all white because the of the snow.

On the other side, you can have a view of the beach El Medano with a lot of windsurfers from our south windows. San Isidro is a town that over the years has increased in size. Thirty years ago you could count the number of houses, but now there are so many. Our students belong to a working class social background. Most of the parents work in jobs related to tourism or agriculture. Given the current economic situation it is difficult to consider asking parents to contribute to field trips. We would like to participate in international cooperative activities such as this project in order to share different aspects of our culture, traditions, way of life and interests and we are also interested in learning about our partners and about their countries, their students and their families because how a person treats those who appear different depends on what they are taught.

Students from several nationalities coexist at IES Los Cardones. During this year 109 students were from a foreign country. Although there are students from 25 different countries, 39% of them were from Italy, Cuba and Colombia. As part of this project we have done a research of the figures and facts of the student population of our school along its 15 years of history. The number of students enrolled in our school during this academic year

according to their origin implies that almost 2 out of 10 are from other nationality. The foreigners were almost 15% of the students. By continents most of the foreigner students come from America 42% followed by those who are from European countries 41% and only a 12% come from Africa though our proximity to that continent. The percentage of foreigner students reached its maximum during the academic year 2008, but this percentage is decreasing nowadays. In the map above we can see the number of students by nationality and it is clear that there is an important connection between the Canary Islands and the South American countries. The history of

the Canary Islands has been linked to America. Since the 18th century there has been an outflow of Canary Islanders to parts of South America, particularly during the periods of economic troubles. The postwar economic misery of mainland Spain was shared by the islands, and many Canarians opted to emigrate. In the 1950s the situation was so desperate that 16,000 migrated clandestinely, mainly to Venezuela. One-third of those who attempted to flee perished in the ocean crossings. Here remains a strong feeling of gratitude towards these countries that became home to so many Canarians fleeing from repression and poverty.

GYMNÁZIUM SUŠICE YOU NEED TO KNOW… Our school is very old. It has existed for more than 100 years and still looks same, but only from outside. It is another story when you go inside. Every class has modern equipment like smartboards, computers and more. The coolest parts are the chemical laboratory, the IT classroom, and the biology warehouse, but the most beautiful place is probably Smetana´s Hall. It‘s one of the best halls in the Czech Republic. A lot of concerts are situated here. The school also has great air conditioning. It´s powered by wind. Because the windows are so old they can´t be sealed so the wind just goes through. It´s super effective. If you’re thinking that all the students here must be really smart and study every day, you are totally wrong. There are so many types of students at Gymnázium Sušice. We have many professional hockey players, cyclists, athletes and more. One girl is even the junior champion of Europe in canoeing. When there is a competition in sports, we are one of the best. Our students here are also good in History, Geography, Math, and English competitions. Matěj Chalupka, septima A

THE NEW STUFF In the last few years our school has taken big steps forward in making the interior of our school more modern. We have new classrooms, new lockers, and a lot more. Bringing modern equipment into our classrooms was the biggest investment the school has made in the last twenty five years. Four classrooms were renovated including the IT classrooms, the chemistry classroom, the biology classroom, and the physics classroom. All of them were completely remade and have new desks, chairs, computers, interactive whiteboards and some smaller stuff like tablets, laptops, and microscopes. Another really big renovation happened in 2016. The whole bottom floor of the school was remade. All the lockers were replaced with better new ones and we got new radiators, doors, and benches. The walls were also repainted. It looks so much better now. We have a new automat for drinks too. And don’t forget about our chemistry laboratory, it has been also redesigned. It now offers a space for students to try experiments in real life instead of only hearing theory. František Šperl, kvarta A

Adéla Ježková, kvarta A

THE SUŠICE CHILDREN’S CHOIR When I was five years old I started going to the choir, I’m fifteen years old now and I still love it. A lot of people from our school go to the choir too. Children who are eleven to eighteen years old can go to out choir. The choir was founded in the year 1969. We sing a lot of songs including church songs, folk songs, and popular songs. Every summer we go camping together with our choir. I love this time and I love the people from choir. I know, they are my friends and they always help me. The choir is very important to me. Hana Bouzková, 1.A

Traditions in Kőszeg

In our town there are some special traditions, which are really important to local people nowadays. The main festivals are Saint George’s day in April, Battle days in August, Harvest fest in September and Ursula’s day in October. Of course between this 4 events there are several smaller and newer traditions.

The first is on Shrove Tuesday when local people make a street festival. Some people wear funny clothes and make a play. On the Main and Jurisics square there are stallholders and we can buy many funny things and of course hot wine and kürtöskalács, too. In the middle town sellers also wear costumes and they wait for the customers.

One of our main events, as I already mentioned before, is Saint George’s day in April. This time local traditionalists march in procession on the streets of town. On the Main and Jurisics square there are stallholders where we can buy home made things (clothes, soaps, pálinka, wine...). On 24th April morning on Jurisich square oenologists from neighbouring regions show to the mayor of Kőszeg the newest grape shots and say some words about them. In the afternoon an artist draws these vineshots into an almanac called Book of wine shots. One of the primary schools organize a chorus meeting and they begin the meeting with the anthem of Saint George, all chorus sing it together.

The following fest is the “Félhold Telihold Ostrom napok” or in English Half-moon Full moon Siege days. This is the most important happening in Kőszeg. It is 10 years old now. The Siege days and weekend programs take place in August in Jurisics castle

to commemorate the Turkish siege in 1532. Remembering the colourful historical adventure programs call for visitors. Kőszeg siege days include weapon and costume shows, host visits, fairs, costume battles, children's activity games, concerts and also belly dancers entertain the audience. The symbolic siege of Jurisics Castle is held on Saturday. The arrival of the Ottoman army is marked by the muezzin's voice and then the traditionalists’ groups weapons start their fight. In August, Kőszeg heroes celebrate! Naturally the Main and Jurisics Square are also full of stallholders on these 3 days. On the first weekend of September there is a running competition called ‘History’ remembering the Turkish-Hungarian siege in Kőszeg. People have to run exactly 1532m.

Then comes the Harvest fest. This is also important for Kőszeg. It is connected to the Saint George day, it is also about grapes and wine. Kőszeg is one of the oldest wine-growing regions in Hungary. The Harvest Festival and International Assembly of Wind Instruments is the festival of Kőszeg which moves the most people every year. The little town of Alpokalja has a long tradition of wine growing, reaching back to the Medieval period. The festival provides a lasting experience of walking on the cobbled streets, tasting wine and listening to cultural programmes. The threeday event is held on the last weekend of September every year. Guests come from the twin-cities of the town and from the surrounding Austrian and Hungarian settlements. The atmosphere of the town and the nice Kőszeg wines guarantee the pleasant ambience. The programs start on Friday by a serenade of the wind instrument groups and a music-dance performance. The Wine of the Town and the Wine Queen of the Year are elected on Friday as well. Saturday is the main day of the festival, when the music bands, arriving at the town, are welcomed by music and dance. At noon, the catering places play live music, then the traditional carnival starts in the afternoon. Participants include the local students, local companies, also the delegates of the twin-cities, and the farmers of Burgenland march on their veteran tractors. During the events, music programs, dance shows, and other cultural performances are performed in gazebos that are set on the squares of the town and at the foot of the castle. The festival is closed by a concert on Sunday evening.

Kőszeg mountains Kőszeg

is surrounded by Alpokalja,

which is a chain of mountains. Its highest point is 883 m and it is called Írott-kő, the top of Kőszeg-mountain. Its flora and fauna makes the nature individual and wonderful every single day in the year. Each season has an own hiking tour with guider, but thousands of people make personal trip.

What makes the mountain the most lovably place in the region is not just the disposition but also the calm and wonderful little town’s sense. Although, its specialized soil is accomplished for wine industries and for animal keeping as well.

Our school Our school is called Miklós Jurisich Secondary Grammar School. It’s the oldest secondary grammar school of Vas county. It already worked as a protestant grammar school in the 1660’s. Then during the counter-Reformation it was led by the Jesuits until the 1880’s. From that time on, the Benedicts controlled the school. In 1947, as communism started to develop slowly in the country, the Hungarian state took away the school from the church. Our school was named after Miklós Jurisich, who was a descendant of a dalmatian family. He defended the castle of Kőszeg between the 5th and 28th of August in 1532 against the vast Turkish army and Great Sulejman. Today’s school is situated at the foot of the mountains of Kőszeg, so the students can enjoy the picturesque environment and the fresh air. The new school building was built in 1908. . In 2008 a commemorative coin was edited on its 100-year anniversary, so it was renewed. There are three IT classrooms, one chemistry, one physics, one biology, one LCDL classroom and a sports hall. A dormitory is also connected to the school. There is a music and a geography room in the dormitory. During the school year there are two main school events: the first one is the so-called Rénavató in Hungarian. In this event the freshmen are inaugurated to the school life. They have to perform a dance show and dance and do other silly tasks. It’s very funny!  The second one is the Student’s Week. During that week, which is usually the last week of January, the second, the third and the fourth years set a candidate. Each grade tries to persuade the freshmen and the seniors to vote for their candidates. From Monday until Wednesday they give food to them and they also can order T-shirts and bracelets from the grades. They vote finally on Thursday and one of the three candidates will be the president of the students, the two other will be the vice-presidents. Eventually, there is a competition between the classes on Friday. The class who wins it, can organize it next year. We always enjoy these days! 

Traditional Hungarian Cuisine First and foremost we Hungarians love our stomach. The Hungarian gastronomy is the most important thing in our culture. Let us introduce you to our cuisine. When you’re going to us, you’ll see that our dishes are really creative and spicy. We eat -maybe- way too much meat. The mixing of different varieties of meats is a traditional feature of our gastronomy. „Pörkölt” is one of the most typical Hungarian foods, which you can find in every family’s menu. A pastoral stew of beef, tomato, paprika, and onions, usually served with a side of Hungarian noodles called „nokedli”. „Gulyás” or Goulash is also a popular soup. It contains chunks of beef (of course), potatoes, vegetables, plus plenty of paprika and spices. Before you are surprised, I have to tell you that we are huge paprika and bread fans. We eat bread with literally everything. (Not kidding.) And the best thing (and my absolutely favourite) is „Lángos”. A plate-sized sheet of fried dough that is usually smothered with sour cream and cheese. If you try it, you’ll love it. Let’s talk about desserts. Hungarians have incredibly sweet-tooth. One of our most loved desserts has to be the pancake. But it’s nothing like its American counterpart. It’s as thin as a veil, filled rich with jam, cocoa powder, sweet cottage cheese or Nutella. More to eat=more to love. About drinks. Our grandmothers swear to „Pálinka”. Have a headache? Pálinka! Feeling nervous? Pálinka! Your tooth hurts? Pálinka! It’s our favourite spirit. And last but not least…Don’t be scared if our question is always: What’s for lunch? As I said, we love eating. 

„Palacsinta” Ingredients:       

200 g all purpose flour 2 eggs 3 dl milk 3 dl mineral water pinch of salt pinch of sugar 0,5 dl oil

Preparation: 1. Put the flour, eggs, oil, salt, sugar and milk into a bowl. Stir them with a mixer until smooth. 2. Add the mineral water and mix them again. The dough should be liquid. Let it stand for 30 minutes. 3. Find a heavy pan, sprinkle with oil and heat it. 4. Pour 1 ladle dough in the pan, do circural motions with your hand so the dough covers the whole pan. Hungarian pancakes are very thin. 5. Bake the pancake for about 1-2 minutes , turn it around to other side and bake that for 1-2 minutes again. Put the pancake on a plate and bake the others one step by step. 6. Fill, roll and eat them.

Proud of our wine traditions Vas County is one of the oldest wine-growing regions in Hungary. Some say that the Romans introduced the art to this area, others that it began even earlier with the Celts. Certainly the area is extremely proud of its wine-gro i g traditio s a d o e of Kőszeg’s most treasured possessions is the famous „Book of Wine Shoots”. First, I must let you know that the history of gro i g i e i Kőszeg goes a k to e turies. It has always been a huge prestige to produce as much grape and wine as it was possible. The location of this little town allowed people to have huge grapefields, as it is situated at the foot of the Alps, has a typical sub-Alpine microclimate and a hard and clayey terroir. Ba k i 79 Earl I á Kőszegi a d Earl I á Miklós disposed of the cellarages (a fee charged for storage in a cellar). At the ti e of the A jous Kőszeg as early as ig a wine exporter and producer as Pozsony and Sopron. The itize s of the No el Kőszeg re orded the first i e shoots i 74 , o tai i g detailed descriptions and drawings. It has been republished every year since on St George’s Day with great celebrations. And you shouldn’t forget about the numerous wine festivals held here, especially the a ual Kőszeg Grape Har est ele ratio s, ith its sple did i es a d truly unique atmosphere. The first book lasted from 1740 to 1990. In 1991 Vaihingen, a Ger a sister to of Kőszeg, se t the e Book of Wi e Shoots to Hu gary. They had one condition though. They wanted to join this tradition and since 1991 some grapes from Vaihingen have been involved in the book. It's also a part of the tradition to collect shoots from different areas of the surroundings to the book every spring, so the discrepancies between aptitudes of the districts can be noticed easily. Moreover, it was found out almost two hundred years ago with the help of the book that the quality of the shoots doesn't determine the quality of the subsequent grapes or wine. There are several examples of that the most promising shoots grew up to wretched grapes, or vice versa, that the extenuate shoots became one of the best harvest. Last but not least I have to mention the product – the i e. Kőszeg a d a ear to , Vaskeresztes are particularly well known for the Kékfrankos (or Blaufränkisch) grape variety and consequently their masterpieces tend to be strong dark red wines such as Zweigelt and Blauburger. So, as you can see wine and wine production have al ays played a i porta t role i Kőszeg fro agricultural and social view as well, and still these traditions are kept alive so the book is prospering constantly.

Free time In our Valley we have a lot of hobbies that are different depending on where you live, whether in the Low (nearer to Turin) or in the Upper Valley (on the mountains). The latter is very famous for the ski slopes, used for the 2006 Winter Olympic Games. That’s why in our school we have some ski and snowboard champions. In winter young people go to the Upper Valley because there are some discos and pubs where theme nights are organized. We usually go to Turin for shopping because it’s a big city and so there a lot of beautiful shops and shopping malls. When the weather is sunny we can take some walks in the mountains and have a pick nick together. In Avigliana (about 50km from our school) there are two lakes where we can swim and go on paddle boats. There are a lot of things to do: you can’t get bored.

TOURISM Tourism in our valley influences a lot lives and jobs of everyone, in particular in the Upper Valley. The most important seasons are summer and winter because there are more tourists interested in sport. In summer people come to the Upper Valley because in the city it’s too hot and they look for fresh air and peace. Instead in winter thousands of tourists from all over the world come to go skiing and snowboarding or simply to enjoy the snow.

We also have dead seasons, where there are only people of the place and a lot of bars and restaurants are closed.

Cooking In our cuisine we have a lot of traditional dishes. As we are in winter, we’ll introduce you one typical recipe from Piedmont: the “Bagna caoda” (“hot sauce”):

Ingredients 3/4 cup olive oil 6 tablespoons (3/4 stick) unsalted butter, room temperature 12 anchovy fillets 6 large garlic cloves, chopped Assorted fresh vegetables, cut into bite-size pieces Preparation Blend oil, butter, anchovies and garlic in processor until smooth. Transfer oil mixture to heavy medium saucepan. Cook over low heat 15 minutes, stirring, occasionally. (Sauce will separate.) Season with salt and pepper. Pour sauce into fondue pot or other flameproof casserole. Set pot over alcohol burner or gas table burner to keep warm. Serve with vegetables and bread. This is a very fast recipe. Originally it was cooked very slowly! If you don’t like very much garlic, you can add a bit of milk or cream.

The small villages in the Upper Valley of Susa where we live Exilles Hello, my name is Elia. I live in a small hamlet of Exilles called Cels. The Exilles Fort is a fortified complex in the Susa Valley in Piedmont, northern Italy. It was part of the defensive line between the House of Savoy lands (later of the Kingdom of Italy) and France: both these states held it in different phases depending on the outcome of the various wars. It is located on a spur commanding one of the narrowest sections of the Susa Valley, along the main road connecting Turin to France. The first description of the castle dates from 1339: it had a quadrangular plan with more towers. Passing several times between the French hands and those of the Savoy it has changed by enlarging the entrance and improving the defenses. When Napoleon Bonaparte conquered Italy in the early 19th century, the fort was demolished. It was rebuilt in 1818-1829, updating the pre-existing architecture to more modern military concepts. The fort belonged to the Italian Army until 1943, after which it was abandoned. In 1978 the Piedmontese Regional Authority acquired it and launched a restoration program. The fort was opened to the public in the year 2000.

The Exilles Fort

Salbertrand Hi, I am Claudio and I live in Salbertrand, a little town in the mountains near our school. Every year this beautiful place attracts many tourists who want to see the park of “ Gran Bosco� and our wonderful valley. The village includes many hamlets, but despite everything, only five hundred people live here all the year.

This picture shows two impressive sights: the Church dedicated to St John Baptist and the main square. This is an important place for all the youths, as they can play together there, but it is also a meeting point for adults. I believe this is the best part of our town, where we spend beautiful moments with our parents and friends.

The Natural Park of ‘Gran Bosco’ Hello, I am Luiza and I live in Salbertrand too. The Natural Park of “Gran Bosco di Salbertrand” is a regional park in Piedmont.

There are over 600 recorded plant species growing on the 700 hectares of the park: white firs, spruce firs, larches, scots pines, Arolla pines, There are 21 recorded mammals species including red deers, roe deers, wild boars, chamois, marmots and wolves. It is not uncommon to see golden eagles flying in the skies.

OULX Hello, I am Gianmauro and I live in Oulx, which is a small town in the Upper valley of Susa and it has 3500 inhabitants. The most important monument is the Torre Saracena (the Saracen Tower), dating back to the 12th century. It was abandoned in 1735, then it was restored by Luigi Des Ambrois (1807-1874), to whom our school is dedicated. The tower is a square made of quartz and travertine. The upper part of the old town is full of buildings and ancient fountains including the covered fountain dating back to the 5th century. A famous event that takes place the first weekend of October is the ‘Fiera Franca’.

The Saracen Tower

The Fiera Franca


Hi, my name is Gabriele and I live in Constans, a little hamlet near Oulx, famous for the chapel of San Bernardo whose origins can be placed in the late fifteenth century. In the building there are frescoes concerning St. Michael the Archangel, and scenes of the stories of St. Bernard, patron of the hamlet.

Bardonecchia Hello! I am Klaus and I live in Bardonecchia.

This is Bardonecchia in winter after two days of snow.

This road links two parts of the town, the centre of Bardonecchia and the ski tracks,

the swimming pool, the football pitch and the skating track. Bardonecchia is a famous ski resort where lots of people come to ski. Its popularity increased because it held the Winter Olympics Games in 2006. A monument dedicated to these games was erected next to the railway station.

This is the monument near the station.

Lots of people come every year to ski and fortunately they leave Bardonecchia with a smile and a lot of satisfaction because, the town has lots of restaurants, ski schools and an amazing historical centre. After a day spent on the ski slopes , they can eat delicious typical food.

MILLAURES I am Cecilia and I live in the Italian Alps, in a small village called Bardonecchia. My house is in a small hamlet five minutes from the town centre called Millaures. Millaures is very small with about sixty houses and about three hundred people. There aren’t any shops, restaurants or bars but there are two churches and a small hotel, there is also a park. In the winter there is a lot of snow and in the summer it is nice to go for long mountains walks. I don’t like living in Millaures because there aren’t any young people apart from my best friend and her family, which means I have to go to Bardonecchia to meet up with my friends or go to the cinema, to go shopping, or to go to the swimming pool. This can be annoying sometime but

Millaures is also very quiet which is good when I have to study.


Millaures in summer

Millaures in winter

San Sicario Hi, I am Gaia. I live in a very small village called San Sicario, in the municipality of Cesana. It is divided into two parts: San Sicario Borgo and San Sicario Alto. I live in the first that is made up of old houses and it is five km from the second where there are some ski slopes. San Sicario is near France (20 km). It is a mountain village so in winter there is a lot of snow and it’s very cold. There are not important monuments; in the square there is only a small church with near a memorial dedicated to Pope Wojtyla. There are only sixty inhabitants but in winter there are many tourists who come to ski on the slopes of San Sicario Alto. In summer many tourists love spending their holidays in this amazing village.

San Sicario in summer

San Sicario in winter

Traditional Portuguese food Portugal is a small country but it’s well-known all over the world and it has a great variety of typical food, some of it famous abroad, too. Portugal receives many tourists a year who love trying the typical food of the country. In this text, I’ll name some of the most famous ones. We have for example "Alheira de Mirandela"1, which is sort of a sausage made with pork and beef, bread and several spices, or a dish that is so typical of Porto, the so-called "Francesinha à moda do Porto"2 which is like a sandwich with ham, cheese, sausage, steak, a bottom and an upper layer of bread and a wonderful spicy sauce. There’s "Cozido à portuguesa"3, with some typical cabbages grown in our country, potatoes, pork, chicken, beef, as well as some “chorizo” all boiled together, "Feijoada à Transmontana"4, which has as main ingredients pork, carrots, onions, beans and rice as side dish. As for "Carne de Porco à Alentejana"5, it’s made with pork, again, clams, garlic, parsley, several spices and a wine marinade, as side-dish potatoes cut in small cubes and fried and some black olives. So yummy! As for a savoury snack in the afternoon you can have "Folar de Carne à Transmontana"6, basically, some bread-like dough filled with several types of ham, some “chorizo”, some bacon or others you may prefer. One can’t forget the famous “Prego no pão"7, a crispy loaf of bread with a tender steak and a slice of cheese taken to the toaster or oven until it’s perfect to be served. We also have one of the most famous desserts and an icon of Portugal called "Pastéis de nata"8, which you can find abroad already, namely at Harrods or so many other bakery shops in England or the United States. For those with a sweet tooth, try these layers of puff pastry filled with a wonderful vanilla tasting cream and sprinkled, just before you eat one, with cinnamon. Delicious!!! As you can see, Portugal has so much great food that you must visit us and try some of it.

Alheira de Mirandela1

"Carne de Porco à Alentejana"5

Francesinha à moda do porto2

Folar de Carne à Transmontana6

Cozido a portuguesa3

Prego no pão7

Feijoada a transmontana4

Pastéis de nata8

Diogo Fonseca, 10. G, Escola Secundária Almeida Garrett, Portugal

Expectations about the project I believe that this project will be an amazing journey; I also think that this kind of experience can help us build our personality and the trust in ourselves. On the one hand, Erasmus is an awesome opportunity to have a break from our routines and also to meet new people and make new friends (I hope), it gives us the chance to be independent for a week, which makes us more responsible and autonomous. On the other hand, being far away from your family can be difficult in the first days because you have to deal with the adaptation process to the country and the people you’re visiting but if you start making friends, it becomes easier. So, if you have the chance to participate and offer your home to host someone from another country and also to travel abroad, I think you should do it, not only because you will improve your language skills, which can be very useful in the future, but also because you will discover a whole different country, with different landscapes, other kinds of food with unknown flavours and you will have contact with a culture that has other traditions than yours but most importantly, you will have fun!!! Catarina Ungaro 10. A no. 6

Here is a Portuguese joke:

Portuguese Landmarks There are several types of Portuguese landmarks concerning literature, music, folk festivals and pilgrimages, crafts, etc... If we think of Portuguese literature, which began with medieval Galician poetry, it is marked by writers like Gil Vicente and especially Luís de Camões1 author of Os Lusíadas, which is considered the Portuguese epic. In music Portugal is marked mainly by Fado that is usually sung by a person, the fadista, who is accompanied by a classic guitar and by the unique Portuguese guitar. Fado is considered Cultural and Intangible Heritage of Humanity by UNESCO. One of the most renowned Portuguese Fadistas was Amália Rodrigues2 whose fame crossed borders and even after her death she is still acknowleged as the greatest fadista of all time. Portugal is well-known for Port Wine3 produced in the Douro region and kept in the Port Wine Cellars in Vila Nova de Gaia. Although the production doesn’t take place in the city of Porto, it got this name because its export is made through this city. One of the most popular celebrations in Portugal are the Popular Saints4 divided into three different festivities in three different places: Santo António, in Lisbon, on June 13th; São João, in Oporto, on June 24th and São Pedro, in Afurada, on June 29th. These festivals are celebrated with grilled sardines on a slice of a typical type of bread, salad with pepperoni and onions, wine, and people run, dance and party in the streets with hot-air balloons, leeks and plastic hammers. Another well-known date is November 11th when Saint Martin is celebrated, a festivity based on a legend that says Saint Martin was riding his horse on a rainy and cold day when he saw a poor man without clothes. When he approached him, he got off his horse, took off his cloak and with his sword he cut the cloak dividing it in half and giving one to the poor. The legend says that after that the rain stopped and then the sun shone. This day is celebrated with roasted chestnuts5 and new wine. In Portugal on the 1st of November is celebrated the Day of the Dead, a day which is basically dedicated to mourning the dead and a celebration of eternal life. On this day people usually go to the cemetery to put flowers and candles on the graves of their beloved ones and to attend the Mass that is said there. Portugal also has a great tradition in handicrafts. From the seventeenth century onwards, handicrafts have become increasingly more and more important in areas such as pottery, tapestry, embroidery, jewelry and others. In ceramics one of the pieces that deserves more distinction is Galo de Barcelos6, a cock typically made of clay and despite having a greater prominence in the north of the country it is well-known nationally and internationally. We also have the painted tiles7, which is one of the oldest Portuguese traditions. We can see these tiles in many churches, train stations and even in some houses. And lastly, Portugal is also famous for its tapestry that emerged in the 18th century and has been used as decoration for walls and murals. In these carpets important moments are often portrayed such as the feats of the Portuguese, biblical passages, moments in history, among others. The world's most well-known tapestries are Arraiolos Rugs8 that started off in Alentejo’s village of Arraiolos but at the moment its production is not committed to that place.

Portuguese writer Luís de Camões1 Fadista Amália Rodrigues2

Diana Lopes, 10. G, Escola Secundária Almeida Garrett, Portugal

Porto Wine3


Painted Portuguese tiles7

Popular Saints4

Galo de Barcelos6

Tapete de Arraiolos8

Diana Lopes, 10. G, Escola Secundรกria Almeida Garrett, Portugal

Escola Secundária Almeida Garrett and its surroundings Every day those who attend or work in this school, Almeida Garrett, wake up between 6.30 to 7am. Not an easy thing, especially for the students, but we get used to it. It has got great teachers and some great students as well, which means it is an amazing school. Many say it is the best one in this city. There are many reasons why this school is considered so good. It’s not only about the students and teachers but also the facilities and activities. ESAG has got 5 very good labs for Chemistry and Biology each. Some schools only have about 1 or 2. But only labs? Not really, there are also two gyms in good conditions and a big canteen, something that not many schools have. And the library? It is big, warm and comfortable! This school is constantly organizing trips to cinemas, theatres, other cities, etc.. Many students, besides focusing on their much needed work, also participate in multiple activities such as athletics, fencing and, very importantly, gymnastics. Actually this school has already won several championships. Let’s just call it a tradition because we love winning! Did you know that this school has quite a long tradition in Erasmus projects, too, not only involving students and teachers but also as training for teachers only? And what about volunteering? There are not just teachers, students help, too! Something extraordinary that this school has that many don’t is this project called EcoEscolas (Ecological school), meaning that it defends the environment as much as it can. This year’s main topic was the forest and one can only imagine which one it’ll be in the near future. Anyway its location is amazing too. Close by, there is a shopping centre, El Corte Inglés, good to spend time with friends because it has spots to have lunch and even a Starbucks where you can get some of the best coffee possible. But that´s not just it! We’ve also got McDonald’s! I mean, who doesn’t like it? For those who prefer Burger King we also have it here. If, after all this, you still are not intrigued, let me tell you Gaia is near Porto, the greatest city in Portugal. What I mean by greatest is that it is the best in pretty much everything. Some great places to visit, very nice and cosy hotels, and nice, welcoming people to meet.

Stereotypes Definition: A stereotype is ‌a fixed, over generalized belief about a particular group or class of people. (Cardwell, 1996). Two advantages of a stereotype are that it enables us to respond rapidly to situations because we may have had a similar experience before. And sometimes some things might be correct; but it is still a bad thing. Two disadvantages are that it makes us ignore differences between individuals; therefore we think things about people that might not be true and close our minds to knowing about and understanding another culture. Human beings often have the habit of mocking or generalizing situations, we can perceive this not only in a group whose clothes are identical (like people who wear black are categorized as gothic or punk) but also amongst countries. Stereotypes are wrong since people put labels on others without really knowing them. In Portugal there are many who think, for example, that people from Porto are rude, yell a lot, are ill-mannered and are low schooled. Yet, this is not true despite some particular cases, as everywhere. As for Alentejanos, those who live in a region in the South called Alentejo, they are known for being slow and lazy people, which is also proved not to be true since they are hard-working. In our country we think silly things about other countries, for example: the Spaniards speak very loud, the Brazilians are lazy, in England everyone drinks tea, etc. Summarizing, there are stereotypes, and sometimes it is not that bad, but before people start talking about others they should meet and know them. Only like this can we grow and change our behaviour and mentality. Some examples of stereotypes:  of foreigners over the Portuguese: - the Portuguese do not shave; - the Portuguese are melodramatic; - the Portuguese are hard-working people.

Sometimes these stereotypes are not created by foreigners but rather what the Portuguese who emigrate or who are going to visit countries give an impression of.

 of Portuguese over the foreigners: Germans: -Germans are very cold; - The Germans drink a lot of beer and eat sausages all the time; - The Germans are racist.

The Germans are often not cold or racist people but due to the past of this country this stereotype was created. French: -

French is a charming language; France is only Paris; The French do not like to speak English; The French are rude; French people do not shower often. Of course many things are not true or they are exceptions. In conclusion, stereotypes are often not created by malice but rather because it was something that was marked by a certain culture. Nevertheless, something like a stereotype should not be a reason not to learn about a certain culture due to its past or because of hearsay. But there are also gender stereotypes according to which there are things for girls and boys but if a girl wants to play football she has every right to do it and be accepted. So a stereotype should never be deterrent and we should all be careful.

Francisca Brandão 10ºA no. 10 Ivana Domingues 10ºA no. 31

STEREOTYPES ABOUT PORTUGAL Nowadays there are still several stereotypes about Portugal and the Portuguese people. The most common are: - we are very hairy people, including women who have mustaches; - we speak much too loud and yell a lot; - we make a lot of gestures when we speak; - we are very lazy, mainly the people from Alentejo; - we drink a lot of wine and also eat a lot; - Portugal is the same country as Spain; - we are generally known as explorers, thanks to Vasco da Gama, Pedro Álvares Cabral, Fernão de Magalhães, among others. However, the truth is that we are not the people we’re said to be, we are not lazy and Portuguese employees are actually very versatile and work extremely well. We have very beautiful women and some are renowned models like, for example, Sara Sampaio. We have a very special word that does not exist in any other country - desenrascanço . It is similar to the English word resourcefulness but it also means coming up with good solutions at the last minute or very imaginative improvisation. Yes, we do that a lot. We also have great food and wine and tourists love them. In general, we are very welcoming and happy people. By: Maria Mamede, no. 17; Francisca Rodrigues no. 11; Suevia Rojo no. 26.

Tourist Survival Guide Through Gaia Before speaking about our wonderful region we would like to present to everyone our esteemed school so that you can have an idea of what Portuguese schools look like. Escola SecundĂĄria de Almeida Garret has its name due to an illustrious Portuguese writer with the same name. Our school has great facilities that can satisfy all the needs we could have at school including a great cafeteria so that you can grab your mid-morning or mid-afternoon snack without any complications. Personally, we love our classrooms because their size is very big compared to other classrooms in other schools and they can be warm in the winter but you can open a window or several in the summer so that fresh air can run throughout the classroom and refresh our minds.

Now that we have presented our school to you it’s time that we show you some locations and icons that you need to know about when coming to our

region, from beautiful beaches to magnificent architectural buildings without forgetting the so famous Fado.

In Gaia The Yeatman Hotel A large part of the old Port wine companies was founded by British families. Nowadays, some of them are still held by their successors. The Yeatman family, which started Port wine trade in 1838, was considered one of the most diverse and entrepreneurial wine-producing families in Porto. Their descendants maintain this tradition, owning three of the most famous Port wine companies. Open since August 2010, the Yeatman has won a place of choice in Porto, making it the hotel that defines the city.

Arcos do SardĂŁo Classified as a national monument, this aqueduct of private civil architecture was ordered to be built in 1720 by the maternal grandfather of Almeida Garrett. It was conceived as a robust structure consisting of an arcade with twentythree full arches, of large size, based on many other pillars that served to

carry water from a spring in Vilar de Andorinho to the villa of Quinta do SardĂŁo, which really was an enormous manor house. What remains of it are some of the arcades existing in the above mentioned Quinta in the parish of Oliveira do Douro, due to the changes made in 1987 to allow the construction of the National Road 222 to Avintes. It can be observed from the top of Monte da Virgem.

Douro Marina With a privileged location in Vila Nova de Gaia, the marina peeks into the banks of the harbour and celebrates the two cities, Porto and Gaia, while highlighting the natural beauty of this fascinating tourist destination and has the capacity to receive and accommodate 300 boats, with length up to 50 meters. The marina, which offers exclusive services, also has a group of specialized professionals who have the mission to ensure the comfort and well-being of its visitors.

Beaches (Madalena, Valadares, Francelos, Granja ‌) Regardless of the weather, our beaches are fascinating especially if you’re interested in seeing the sunset or the sunrise. The mix of the sun barely reaching the water on the horizon and the waves hitting our shores provide us with a great sense of comfort and tranquility that is indescribably soothing.

Pier of Gaia The Pier of Gaia is a tourist area of terraces, restaurants and bars, located on the left bank of the Douro River, in Vila Nova de Gaia, opposite the historic area of Porto. It’s a place of great buzz, i.e., with a lively, interesting atmosphere,





the summer. The Pier of Gaia is busier during the month of June at the celebrations of St. John, its fireworks being a tradition that everyone should experience at least once in their lifetime.

Gaia’s cable car Gaia´s cable car started to be built in March 2009 and came into operation two years later in April 2011. With the support of the City Council of Gaia, it is seen not only as an equipment for tourist purposes but also as a means of sustainable transport which connects the top level of D. Luís Bridge and the Pier of Gaia.

D. Luís Bridge D. Luís Bridge is a bridge in metallic structure with two levels, built between the years 1881 and 1888, linking the cities of Porto and Vila Nova de Gaia, respectively North and South margins of the Douro River. This construction came to replace the old suspension bridge that existed in the same place and was carried out by the project of the Belgian engineer Théophile Seyrig, who had previously collaborated with Gustave Eiffel in the building of D. Maria Pia Bridge. From here you can see the view that immediately comes to mind when thinking of Porto and Gaia. Many tourists come throughout the year from all over the world to experience life in Porto and to take pictures of this scenery.

Cรกlem Caves and Fado Cรกlem Port wine cellars are a historic place where Port wine is also the main star. Here you can see and hear Fado live in an emblematic place with unique features. Fado is Portuguese but it is also the intangible heritage of humanity, reflecting the experience of a people and a history of more than 500 years. For over 50 minutes you can listen to this show of voices and guitars while tasting one of the world's most famous nectars.

Foto 2017 2019  
Foto 2017 2019