ROTARY THIS WEEK Rotary Club of Ipswich Newsletter
Edition 198 – 08 April 2021
Club Officers President:
I write this shortly after hearing the news of the death of Prince Philip and I’m sure you’ll all agree that his commitment to his family, especially his support for his wife, and also his commitment to public duty and service, are attributes which have about them to be commended. Over the coming days I would ask you to keep the Royal Family in mind, especially HRH The Queen, who will feel the greatest personal loss.
Rev Mervyn Dye
Moving to other matters you will read about our lunchtime talk from Malaysia by Prema’s brother Sam. A first speaker from Malaysia in person and I reckon the first musical performance. The existence of Zoom has certainly enabled many things which bring a new dimension to our club’s lunches. It’s not the same as face to face but it does help give us a wider picture on the world.
Belated Happy Easter everyone and I hope you had the opportunity to enjoy the weekend.
Rev Mervyn Dye, Club President
President Elect: Karen Jones
Paul Johnson Secretary: David West Treasurer: Mark Gladwell
posted on the condolence form on royal.uk
In This Issue
On behalf of Rotary Club of Ipswich, my family and myself I am writing to express our deepest sympathies following the death of Prince Philip, your husband and consort for many wonderful years. You remain in our thoughts and prayers.
• Presidential Ponderings • Last Week’s Meeting -
COVID experiences in Malaysia • Forthcoming Meetings
(Ipswich Clubs) • Club Walk • The Rotating Gardener • Ever Given • Bladeless Wind Turbines • Young Writer Competition • Inner Wheel Update • Reflections on Polio
The Duke of Edinburgh 1921 - 2021
• Photo Corner - Madagas-
Newsletter copy should be sent to Editor Paul Seymour by Sunday evening to email: email@example.com
Last Week’s Meeting Samuel Ponnudorai - COVID experiences in Malaysia throughout 2020 and 2021 Today we were entertained by Samuel Ponnudorai "Sam" who is Prema's brother living in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. I say entertained because at the end of his talk and discussion, Sam sang a couple of songs for our enjoyment. Some of you might have met Sam at Prema's garden party a couple of years ago. Well we can rightly say that Rotary is truly international as Sam was preceded by our other oversea guests from USA, France and Ireland in recent months. We invited Sam to give us a flavour of life in Malaysia during the pandemic. He outlined that the number of confirmed cases, hospitalisations and deaths have been much lower than those experienced in Europe and USA and he was not sure why. It would appear that Asia (apart from China) have been less exposed to the pandemic or more prepared.
Notices Future Events ——–———————— All future meetings will be via Zoom for the time being
Sam explained that the Country was now in a "state of emergency" which was declared by their Prime Minister who had his recommendation agreed by the King. The state of emergency is due to end in August. Sam described the feeling of many in his country that the state of emergency was a political ploy on behalf of the government who had done badly in the recent elections. Sam also gave us an idea of the ethnic mix in Malaysia which consists of Malays, Chinese and Indians. Of course within any country ethnic traditions will be followed and this is the case in Malaysia which is diverse and charming. Having been to Malaysia and Kuala Lumpur I know it is an amazing country with fantastic rainforests and flora and fauna. When I was at school I can remember our geography teacher informing us how the rubber trade was started and flourished in Malaysia but I see today that this is no longer its main industry which is now oil & gas and tourism; Sam told us how many of the big hotels have been closed down and some converted to business use because of the huge fall in tourism. Malaysia is still a member of the Commonwealth of Nations and values its ties with the UK.
Car Parking at Holiday Inn Please remember that we need to register our car registration number at HI Reception to avoid receiving a fine—currently £100
Member birthdays in April Apr 19th Christopher Burns Apr 19th John Wheals
Club Walk - 15th April 2021 I am organising a walk for Rotarians and their partners on Thursday, 15th April 2021 along the Fynn Valley (10.00am start). Because of Covid restrictions the party will be limited to 12 participants (Christine and myself included), that is two parties of 6 meeting outside and each group remaining socially distanced throughout the walk (although both groups will follow the same route). Because Christine and I will walk with separate parties I welcome requests from single participants. We will meet in the car park of Playford Village Hall, at the junction of Butts Road and Hill Farm Road, IP6 9DU , Playford just before 10.00 am on Thursday 15th April. Please remain socially distanced as you arrive. Each party will set off separately. but will remain in eye contact. The walk will take us west to Tuddenham St Martin and back along the other side of the river. There is no road walking, the grass will be wet, underfoot damp, and in places might be muddy. There are narrow bridges and field stiles, kissing gates and the occasional strand of barbed wire. With lambs in the fields I suggest no dogs. To book a place please email me with April 15th Walk as the subject of the email. firstname.lastname@example.org
John Norman Government Web Site: The evidence shows that it is safer for people to meet outdoors rather than indoors. Outdoor sports facilities such as tennis and basketball courts, and open-air swimming pools, will also be allowed to reopen, and people will be able to take part in formally organised outdoor sports. (is walking an outdoor sport?) ....outdoor gatherings (including in private gardens) of either 6 people (the Rule of 6).
FORTHCOMING MEETINGS AND EVENTS Date
2020 Thurs 22nd April 2021
Barry Howe - TEECH trip to Moldova in 2020
Thurs 6th May 2021
Thurs 20th May 2021
Chris Leworthy - `The Battle of Britain’
Michael Warren - Quiz
Contact Us We meet on Thursdays at 13:00 (We gather from 12.30pm for fellowship) The Holiday Inn Hotel, London Road, Ipswich IP2 0UA 0870 400 9045 email:
We welcome Rotarians from the other Ipswich Clubs to join us. Meeting ID and Password are below: The log-in details are: Meeting ID: 829 2197 6372, Passcode: 548698
email@example.com Visit us on our website at www.ipswichrotary.org.uk
All meetings will now be via Zoom while the current Government regulations are in force
Rotary Making a Difference
Club WhatsApp Group Merv has set up a WhatsApp Group for Club Members. This allows us instant communication where the need arises to pass messages to all in the group - either important news, updates or something to brighten your day. We all need a bit of light relief in these troubled times. If you want to join the group, you need to have a Smart Phone, upload the WhatsApp app and let Merv have your phone number (if different from what is in the Club Directory). Merv will then invite you to join. There are currently 23 members in the group.
Holiday Inn meetings – blue Other Events - black - currently all via Zoom Meetings
Rotary Club of Ipswich Wolsey
April 2021 Mon 12th - Deb Johnson - Lighthouse - Domestic abuse in Lockdown Mon 19th - Jane Holland - Driving Safely in Suffolk Invitation to all members of Rotary Club of Ipswich Please see above our programme for your club's information. We start our meetings every Monday at 7.00 pm, except for those Mondays which are Bank Holidays when we do not meet. Should any of your club wish to join our club zoom meetings one person from your club should collate and provide to John Quarmby (our zoom meeting host) the names of your club members who will be joining any specific meeting. John should be contacted by email firstname.lastname@example.org and he will provide the zoom meeting ID and password. Kind Regards,
Tony Box Programme Co-ordinator Rotary Club of Ipswich Wolsey As usual, our meeting by Zoom will start at 7.00pm with the talk lasting up to about 30 minutes plus questions afterwards Our Zoom Id is 87288265296 and password 548752. If other clubs are attending this Zoom meeting would one member of that club please collate their club attendees and inform the Rotary Club of Wolsey' host, John Quarmby, by email (email@example.com). Visiting club members are welcome to stay for the rest of our meeting or leave once Michael Strand has finished his talk.
You are invited to the next Ipswich East Club meeting on Tuesday 13th April at 7.30pm (room opens at 7.15pm) - Dr Owen Thurtle “Hidden Ipswich - sights you may have missed” The log-in details are: Meeting ID: 873 4741 1522 and Password
The Rotating Gardener Week No.41 Well, what a fortnight of weather it has been with such temperature fluctuations that neither suit us or the plants. It has however meant spending more time in the warmth of the greenhouse, surprising how the glass brings the temperature up. It has meant considerable seed sowing sessions after mixing compost, John Inness + multipurpose. The Tomatoes germinated in five days and some Cosmos in three days. Trays of pricked out seedlings mean the shelves are full and all other spaces too. Another order of Clematis arrived from Frederick Westphal in Germany, without any anticipated surcharges from H.M. Customs and Excise. With help these got planted against a new panel of trellis from Nelson Potter at Dodnash. Some well-rotted manure from a gate sales at Sproughton was worked-in together with Bonemeal from Horticultural Supplies at Bramford. Talking about Clematis, we Rotarians support Marie Curie and my friend Szczepan Marczynski who runs the Polish Clematis Nursery near Warsaw bred and launched a beautiful white double in her honour using her full name Maria Sklodowska Curie. The cake I made for Easter was from the Marie Curie Calendar recipe for the April month, using Courgette, Carrot and Oranges, delicious.
Easter cake with vegetables within
Clematis 'Marie Curie'
Wearing my ARS Tools hat I recently tested a rather neat tool described as a Telescopic Long-Reach Pruner which is light-weight with a pair of sharp Secateurs on the end of an extending pole with hand trigger at the bottom. Reaching up to around 10 feet Lois found it easy to use as illustrated. Another task delegated ! On the subject of pruning, two Rotarians at our Thursday meeting asked advice on pruning Wisteria. The normal practice with Wisteria is to prune after flowering, taking the growths back to leave three side buds, then in August when long growths are going everywhere, to reduce these to half or a third. The idea is to get side shoots that will flower the next year. Most shrubs need pruning just after flowering, good examples are Forsythia needing this treatment soon so they can put on growth for flowering on the previous years wood. Weigela and Philadelphus are prime candidates for this pruning. Keep you Secateurs clean, oiled and sharp.
Lois reaching high Pruning
The Magnolias have been magnificent until the frosts have browned them off. Often caught out, a sudden warm spell makes them shed their woolly hat and then they get caught out. Not so the English Oak (Quercus robur), it knows it’s seasons and will wait till it is safe. Did you know that in Germany it is known as the German Oak ! That is why the Horticultural world users the Latin names, they are universal. The writing of this column has now passed into it’s second year. How do I realise this? Well the Camellias are blooming again as they have done since planting in the 1970’s. What value, what colour and what joy. Rotarian Michael Jackson used to comment on them after he drove past getting a high view from his Range Rover. Other plants worth mentioning, Lamium maculatum, a well behaved attractive ground coverer, delightful Anemone pavonina which has decided it prefers to seed into the sink garden which replicates it’s home up in the rocks on Crete, well behaved white Muscari and scented yellow Hyacinths in pots dropped into chimney pot planter.
Camellias, what a great joy in Spring.
White Muscari, well behaved
Anemone pavonina finds it's own home
Seen at Root & Shoots garden centre near Needham Market Photinia ‘Pink Crispy’. I smile when I see this shrub as I met a Nurseryman from Hertfordshire near a display of this plant at Planteria show in The Netherlands who explained he was offered this plant and decided it was not marketable. Look at it he said, now it’s got a Gold Medal. I have since observed its distribution and increasing popularity. The photo was of one on a stem grown as a Standard, price label £99.99 for instant effect. The Place for Plants at East Bergholt has been well stocked again and plants were moving out fast. One I spotted, Omphalodes ‘Cherry Ingram’ with clear blue flowers is a very nice perPhotinia 'Pink Crispy' ennial. Named for ‘Cherry’ Ingram who found the Great White Cherry here (Prunus ‘Tai Haku’) and managed to re-introduce it back into Japan where it was thought to be extinct. Omphalodes 'Cherry Ingram'
The Place for Plants, East Bergholt
The Place for Plants, welcome planting on arrival
Travelling back from East Bergholt I stopped to photograph by the roadside a small white flower that has been spreading in masses. This is a maritime plant that likes salt and is called Danish Scurvy Grass (Cochlearia danica) once used on sailing ships to prevent scurvy with its vitamin C. Finally, what a delight to see the first Butterflies emerging from hibernation. Peacocks, Tortoiseshell’s and even a Brimstones flew by yesterday. Now that the Blackthorn is flowering we can soon look forward to some warmer weather and be able to cast a clout when the May blossom is out. Good gardening everybody. Happy Gardening. Michael Warren enjoys hearing from you on:
Danish Scurvy Grass, seen along the roadsides
firstname.lastname@example.org 07748 908907
Postscript: I would add my condolences to those of President Merv of the sad death of HRH Prince Philip. He was a very keen horticulturalist and had a passion for plants, nature and the natural world. On behalf of all gardeners, I send my thoughts to HM The Queen, and her family on their tragic loss. He will be greatly missed.
HRH Prince Phillip attending a Gardening event in Richmond Park, 2012
The facts and figures behind the Ever Given The world's media was somewhat surprised that the massive container ship, the Ever Given was freed from the Suez Canal after just a few days of being well and truly stuck. The answer is a well planned rescue service by a Dutch firm Boskalis and their partner subsidiary SMIT Salvage. In the same way you may subscribe to the AA or the RAC and call on them to rescue your car should you break down away from home the world's shipping lines have plans in place to call on their chosen salvage company within hours of a problem becoming apparent. When it became obvious to the crew of the Ever Given that the ship was well and truly stuck Boskalis were called. The container ship had been blown backwards, stern first into the east bank with the bow wedged into the shallow water adjacent to the west side of the canal. She couldn’t, under her own steam, go forward or astern, and although she is equipped with bow thrusters they are only effective in deep water. The Dutch salvage company had a couple of sea going tugs, the Alp Guard and the Carlo Magno, both located at the time of the mishap beyond the southern end of the Red Sea. The Carlo Magno was nearest (but still 2,000 nautical miles away) lying at anchor off Al Fujayrah in the Gulf of Oman. The Suez Canal’s Harbour Tugs were quickly on the scene but it soon became apparent that the combined pulling power of all the harbour tugs acting in unison wasn’t going to shift the Ever Given. SMIT’s Ocean tugs were on their way but critically Boskalis’ engineers were flown in and immediately began calculating a methodology for refloating the container ship. The success was down to good fortune, a perigean spring tide (under a perigee (full) moon – when the sun, the moon and the earth align) and an understanding of ocean-going ship salvage. The last point is quiet important, the Boskalis engineers, having pulled the stern free of the canal bank recommended adding 2,000 tonnes of sea water to the ballast tanks in the stern of the vessel, causing it to sink (marginally), pivot about the floating midsection lifting the bow clear of the mud into which see had been sinking over the previous six days. The Ever Given was now afloat and could be manoeuvred by the ocean-going tugs, Alp Guard and Carlo Magno and once back into the dredged channel escorted into the Great Bittern Lake for inspection. The canal was reopened and the world’s shipping was on the move. Just to indicate how busy Boskalis engineers are, in the few days that they were in Suez another five commercial ships got into trouble and as soon as the Ever Given was free the engineers were on their way (by plane). The Ever Given is co-owned by Luster Maritime and Higaki Sangyo Kaisha, two companies based in Japan. The container ship is leased by Evergreen Marine Corp., a Taiwanese container-transportation company, registered in Panama but operated on a daily basis by a company in Germany. To add interest to a well documented story the ships owners have issued a writ against the ship’s operator the Evergreen Marine Corporation in anticipation of claims against them from other shipping lines delayed by the fiasco).
Ever Given facts and figures The Ever Given is a ‘Golden Class’ container ship, one of eleven 20,000 teu capacity vessels operated by the Ever Green shipping line, all named Ever G’ She was traversing the Suez Canal, a ‘ditch across the desert’ dredged to 20 metres deep over a 200 metre wide channel. The Ever Given is designed to carry 25 x forty foot long containers bow to stern, 22 across the width and stacked 16 containers high (17 and occasionally 18 high amidships). She is 399.94 metres long, 58.8 metres wide and needs 14.5 metres of water to accommodate her draft, all of which adds up to 200,000 tonnes deadweight or 240,000 tonnes displacement when fully laden. The actual stated capacity of the Ever Given is 18,300 containers but, as can be seen in a number of the photographs published alongside the story of the Suez Canal incident additional boxes are frequently added on top of the neatly stacked load. The Register suggested that she had 20,124 teu containers on board. Her history is not without incident; in February 2019 she hit a ferry whilst manoeuvring in Hamburg harbour, without acres of open ocean to play with ships of this size can be difficult to control. She has a wind area of 20,000 sq m (compare with 5,000 sq m of sail on a four masted clipper). A wind speed of 30 knots exerts a force of 270 tonnes onto the side of the ship, 40 knots: 360 tonnes whereas the Harbour Tugs can only muster 70 – 80 tonnes of pulling power.
Bladeless Wind Turbines - (how does that work!) An electricity generating wind turbine without blades, how does that work?
Have you ever been to the top of a very tall tower and felt it move in the wind, in a high wind it can actually be quiet frightening, but let me assure you tall structures don’t move much. They are carefully designed and incorporate features to reduce – to as close as possible to zero – oscillations. In earthquake prone countries some buildings are even built on springs!
However tall masts that are not dampened to reduce oscillations will vibrate, and capture the energy of the wind. Bladeless turbines do this by a resonance phenomenon called vortex shedding. A bladeless turbine is basically a hollow tube supported on a central rod, the outer tube or mast doesn’t reach the ground but rather engages with an alternator (coils and magnets) adapted to gather the vortex dynamics (without gears, or any rotating parts – which seriously reduces the maintenance required).
Because there are no blades the turbines can be close together, close to buildings and respond instantly to changes in the wind direction (a very useful feature when installed in an urban environment where the gust of wind can come from a variety of different directions).
Bladeless turbines will generate electricity in a wind speed of 3 m/s, and they do not have to cut out in storms or gales, no moving parts, no problems in very high winds.
Building on Springs
Winner of the Young Writer Competition (Senior Category) The winning entry of our Young Writer competition was from Eleanor Purcell of Ipswich High School in the senior category. Eleanor has also won the District competition, which is great news and, therefore, her entry has gone on to the National competition.
Isa Graham My Happiest Day – by Eleanor Purcell
Idle hours spent in the sun, Lazy interludes in Summer’s glory, Picnicking on the straw-like grass, Children laughing in the triumph of their youth, Sunflowers with heads turned to catch the glistening rays, These are golden days.
And thanks to Jean White for judging the competition. She very much appreciated the flowers that we sent her.
Spirits lift with the start of May, As the world leaves behind Winter hibernation, The bitter cold that afflicted the world fades, As Jack Frost relinquishes his icy hold, Blossoms carpet the streets like confetti, Trees revel anew, In the magnificence of their leafy crowns. Late-hatched birds burst from their nest into their first Summer, Strawberries ripen into perfect rouge, Bees frequent the lavender, Wildflowers engulf the fields, In purples, yellow, reds and blues. The world again full of colour, The wonder and splendour of Mother Earth. Yet this day of opulence, Lasts but a moment, So if you aren’t taking note, You might overlook it, For a short blink, It will pass As the hourglass sand. Slipping ever into oblivion.
Winner of the Young Writer Competition (Intermediate Category) The winning entry of our Young Writer competition was from Lauren Fyne of East Bergholt High School in the intermediate category. Lauren has also won the District competition, which is great news and, therefore, her entry has gone on to the National competition.
Isa Graham Jean remarked: “It is always a joy to read the excellent entries for the Young Writers Competition and to see how Rotary and schools have carried the torch for education during this difficult year. May the good work always continue. My thanks again for the flowers, Jean White
My Happiest Day by Lauren Fyne In a hidden away burrow, the rabbit peeked out. “Oh I wonder if my friends are out?” “It’s so lonely, these unpredictable days,” “I just want to see the sun’s warm rays.” “No one goes out,” “Not even a shout.” “confined to our homes,” “Kept inside all alone.” In a warm cottage, the girl peeked out. “Oh I wonder if my friends are out?” “I miss them all so very much,” “I can’t even invite them for a simple lunch!” “I hope the rabbit is enjoying his cake,” “Or maybe he has forgotten how to bake?” “I long to hear my friend’s advice,” “But I feel small like a grain of rice.”
In a draughty den the fox peeked out. “Oh I wonder if my friends are out?” “There’s not enough prey,” “I hope the horse has enough hay!” “I wish every night,” “That tomorrow the time will be right,” “To see my friends again,” “I wish my wish and say amen.” In an old stable, the horse peeked out. “Oh I wonder if my friends are out?” “I haven’t stretched my legs,” “Who knows where tomorrow will tread?” “The moors are silent,” “It looks so giant!” “I wish I could see them all again,” “I just wish this lockdown would come to an end.” The friends hopped with glee. “Let’s meet up for tea!” In a field of flowers, the sun was shining, Every cloud had a silver lining. At last the day came, When they could see each other again. The girl hugged them all and suggested they play, Laughing and singing, “It’s my happiest day.”
Inner Wheel Update
Inner Wheel Newsletter - 9 April 2021 The friendship and fellowship of Ipswich Inner Wheel has remained bright during Covid and, with restrictions being eased, we can look forward step-by-step to full activities for ourselves and for those whom we help. Apologies - Incorrect Garden Party Date Please be aware that the Ipswich Inner Wheel Garden Party date is 29 May and not 12 May as stated in my last report. It is being held from 12noon to 3pm at the home of Tricia and David West. The garden party is being limited to a maximum of 30, including the Wests. Car parking is limited and car sharing is recommended. To book a place, contact Mary Butters or Sharon Johnson. Zooming A Zoom committee meeting was held on Saturday, 27 March. The April committee meeting will be held on Saturday, 24 April. Thank you, Prima Fairburn-Dorai, for arranging the Zooms. Forthcoming Events The International Frugal Lunch will take place on Monday, 12 April. There are 20 acceptances who will be following the Rule of Six. For members unable to attend, a Zoom Frugal Lunch from 12pm to 1pm is being organised by Penny Thompson.
For additional information, please refer to Mary Butters’ April e-mail. As the lunches are fund raising, a donation of £10 is suggested. May Events 10 May - Pocket Coffee Morning following the Rule of Six. Suggested donation £5. Contact Mary Butters or Sharon Johnson. Zoom to be arranged for members unable to attend. 29 May - Inner Wheel Garden Party at the Wests’ home. Our forthcoming events are held and hosted by our volunteer members, (and the IW Committee) including Beryl Tyldesley, Pat Morphew and Eva Alston, with soup at Beryl's home to be provided by Anne- Marie Clements.
We cannot hold any of our "on -hand and in-person" pocket of 6 activities without the support and generosity of all our hostesses.
News 1. I have volunteered to become Vice-President after Prema Fairburn-Dorai takes over the Presidency from Isabella Wainer in July. 2. TWAM - Our Club is continuing to send haberdashery items to TWAM. Other District 8 Clubs have been invited to join our initiative. To Date “some interest’ has been shown. 3. Our Inner Wheel Club now has 35 members. What an achievement when other clubs are losing members.
Penny Thompson, Club Correspondent
Reflections on Polio While we worry about the restrictions to our daily lives, others are giving theirs to rid the world of polio. KABUL, Afghanistan — Three health workers, all women, working for the government’s polio vaccine campaign were shot dead in Jalalabad in eastern Afghanistan on Tuesday, local officials said. The women, all in their 20s, were going about their jobs in the bustling town near the border with Pakistan when they were gunned down in two separate attacks. Semin, 24, and Basira, 20 were shot and killed by two gunmen as they entered a house in Jalalabad to vaccinate the children who lived there. It was Semin’s first vaccination campaign. She had recently been married and had graduated from a teacher training college. Basira, a polio vaccine worker since her teens, had been enlisted for a five-day vaccine campaign for which she would be paid less than US$30, officials said. Negina, 24, a supervisor for the polio vaccine campaign, which started in Afghanistan on Monday, was shot and killed about an hour later elsewhere in the city. Afghanistan, which recorded 56 cases of polio in 2020, according to the Global Polio Eradication Initiative, is one of two countries where the disease has not been eradicated, trailing behind Pakistan. Around the same time as Tuesday’s shootings, there was an explosion at the city’s regional hospital, officials said, in front of the compound where the polio vaccines are stored. There were no casualties, but windows were shattered. New York Times – 30th March 2021
Member Photos This week, I share some photos taken by John Skeates in Madagascar
Carol and I visited the island in November 2019 to celebrate our Golden Wedding.
The island is unique, extremely poor, with hardly any facilities, but the Malagasy were very friendly and seemed happy. Madagascar, officially the Republic of Madagascar, and previously known as the Malagasy Republic, is an island country in the Indian Ocean, approximately 400 kilometres off the coast of East Africa. At 592,800 square kilometres Madagascar is the world's second-largest island country. The nation comprises the island of Madagascar and numerous smaller peripheral islands. Following the prehistoric breakup of the supercontinent Gondwana, Madagascar split from the Indian subcontinent around 88 million years ago, allowing native plants and animals to evolve in relative isolation. The Malagasy language is of Malayo-Polynesian origin and is generally spoken throughout the island. The majority of roads in Madagascar are unpaved, it takes a very long time to get anywhere, with many becoming impassable in the rainy season. Outside the capital and main few towns there are no schools, no shops, no piped water; no electricity or lights, no news or newspapers or medical facilities. There are 57 dentists in the country, 3 hospital beds/10,000 people, medical facilities are beyond the reach of the majority. Some facts : • Size about 593,000 Sq.Km. - (UK 240,500 Sq.Km) Population 26m ; (UK 68m) Capital Antananarivo - Pop. 1.3m - 8 large towns over 100K pop. • GDP one of the lowest in the world. • 69% live below the poverty line of $1/day. • 7% have access to national provided water. • 10% have access to electricity. • 43% of population under 15 years old. • Life Expectancy Men 63 yrs ; Women 67 yrs Madagascar supplies 80% of the world's natural vanilla. • 90% of animal species are only found in Madagascar. • 80% of the 15,000 plants are only found in Madagascar. • 103 species of Lemur. • 170 species of Palms.
Letter from Ex-Rotarian Jimmy Law, our last Master at Arms
Please contact the Editor for an Entry Form if you are interested in joining the Golf Day
Beautiful Suffolk at Eastertide