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ROTARY THIS WEEK Rotary Club of Ipswich Newsletter

Presidential Ponderings It’s strange sometimes what emerges from presentations. As you’ll see we had a talk from Northern Ireland with the context of the 1921 partition of Ireland and the current scenario with Brexit and COVID. It was at the end, however, that I had another learning experience. Member Stuart Rennison, born in Dublin, educated in Northern Ireland thanked our speaker James for the history lesson. He had heard far more about the history of his country than he ever received through his formal education. He mentioned learning about the Tudors and there was obviously an English centric view on what was needed to inform young people back in the day. Context is always important in making decisions or value judgements on anything. In response to the question “Why?” voiced often, especially by children, I think we do them (and, I suppose, ourselves) a disservice by merely answering “Because.” I asked my maternal Grandfather why he’d gone to Sudan with the Royal Garrison Artillery around 1900. His answer - “It was my duty.” I’m glad we’re now able to be more open about what’s going on and hopeful that places around the world such as Northern Ireland can aim to out the past behind them and build for today and tomorrow. Our speaker James said that there have been a number of transgressions to the lockdown rules in N Ireland - generated in the main by political differences. He mentioned a funeral that was attended by over 30000!! - basically a march that the Irish so like. There is no extant criticism of the UK Government since Ireland’s devolved government have set their own rules. On the plus side, James said that the vaccine roll out is working well; however , they have been and continue to struggle with a lack of hospital beds and the limited availability of some treatments to counter the virus. Not surprisingly, the border with Southern Ireland has been virtually closed throughout this Pandemic.

Edition 194 – 11 February 2021

Club Officers President: Rev Mervyn Dye President Elect: Karen Jones President Nominee: Paul Johnson Secretary: David West Treasurer: Mark Gladwell

In This Issue • Presidential Ponderings • Last Week’s Meeting • Forthcoming Meetings

(Ipswich Clubs) • Lusail Towers, Doha, Qa-

tar • Ipswich in the Snow • East Coast Main Line Tun-

nel push • Hammersmith Bridge • The Rotating Gardener

Rev Mervyn Dye

• Photo Corner - Goa, India

Club President

• Marie Curie - The Great

Daffodil Appeal • The Benefits of Pen and


Last Week’s Meeting James Dingley - The 100th anniversary of the Partition of Ireland (1921) Dr James Dingley returned to enlighten us on the background and causes of the Partition of Ireland on its centenary. James has lived in Belfast for some years and is well regarded internationally for his studies of the socio-economic realities of Ulster, speaking to a wide range of audiences from West Point Academy to the founding of the Kurdish University of Iraq whilst acting as its academic founder. James began by outlining the situation throughout Europe in the mid Nineteenth Century when there were a collection of Federated nation states providing examples through the Austro-Hungarian Empire, the Federated States of what became Germany in 1871 and the Unification of Italy. The move leading to a Nationalist identity from the notion of Federated Nation States was influenced by three major factors – culture, economics and religion which were all closely related. At this time major advances were being made in the development of science which led to an equally important change in the lives of the people.

Notices Future Events ——–———————— All future meetings will be via Zoom for the time being


Car Parking at Holiday Inn Please remember that we need to register our car registration number at HI Reception to avoid receiving a fine—currently £100

Member birthdays in February Feb 3rd

Mark Gladwell

Feb 18th

Emma Chaka-

netsa Feb 21st

Italy Pre-Unification and during 1789-1815, the UK and Vatican are close allies

Continued on Page 6

David West




2020 Mon 25th Jan 2021


Rotary Annual Curry Night

Thurs 25th Feb 2021


Postponed until late March 2021 Emma Free - Guide Dogs for the Blind

Contact Us

Thurs 11th March 2021


Georgina Clark - Orminston Families - the services they provide to children, young people and families in Suffolk

Thurs 25th March 2021


Ann Osborn (CEO Rural Coffee Caravan/ MeetUpMondays) - Slow Cooker Project and update during COVID

We meet on Thursdays at 13:00 (We gather from 12.30pm for fellowship) The Holiday Inn Hotel, London Road, Ipswich IP2 0UA 0870 400 9045

We welcome Rotarians from the other Ipswich Clubs to join us. Meeting ID and Password are below: The log-in details are: Meeting ID: 829 2197 6372, Passcode: 548698

email: Visit us on our website at

All meetings will now be via Zoom while the current Government regulations are in force

Rotary Making a Difference

Notes: You are invited to the next Ipswich East Club meeting on Tuesday 16th February at 6.30pm The log-in details are: Meeting ID: 873 4741 1522 and Password

Holiday Inn meetings – blue Other Events - black - currently all via Zoom Meetings


Club WhatsApp Group Merv has set up a WhatsApp Group for Club Members. This allows us instant communication where the need arises to pass messages to all in the group - either important news, updates or something to brighten your day. We all need a bit of light relief in these troubled times. If you want to join the group, you need to have a Smart Phone, upload the WhatsApp app and let Merv have your phone number (if different from what is in the Club Directory). Merv will then invite you to join. There are currently 22 members in the group.

Rotary Club of Ipswich Wolsey

Programme 2021

March 2021 Mon 8th - Kevin Wraight, Battle of Trafalgar Mon 22nd - 4 Club Meeting Wood Bridge Deben

Invitation to all members of Rotary Club of Ipswich Please see above our programme for your club's information. We start our meetings every Monday at 7.00 pm, except for those Mondays which are Bank Holidays when we do not meet. Should any of your club wish to join our club zoom meetings one person from your club should collate and provide to John Quarmby (our zoom meeting host) the names of your club members who will be joining any specific meeting. John should be contacted by email and he will provide the zoom meeting ID and password.

Kind Regards, Tony Box Programme Co-ordinator Rotary Club of Ipswich Wolsey As usual, our meeting by Zoom will start at 7.00pm with the talk lasting up to about 30 minutes plus questions afterwards Our Zoom Id is 87288265296 and password 548752. If other clubs are attending this Zoom meeting would one member of that club please collate their club attendees and inform the Rotary Club of Wolsey' host, John Quarmby, by email ( Visiting club members are welcome to stay for the rest of our meeting or leave once Michael Strand has finished his talk.

Lusail Towers, Doha, Qatar The 2022 Football World Cup is scheduled to take place in Qatar in November next year. Ignore, for a few seconds, the arguments as to whether or not is should take place and ask yourself how many months are available between now and kickoff to build the towers shown in the photograph. Whatever answer you arrive at; eighty weeks simply is not long enough to build the 1.1 million square metres of this landmark development. That is my opinion. Foster and Partners, the London based architects disagree and are co-ordinating the design, structural calcs and all of the other consultants’ input (fire, insulation, electrical installation, sound proofing, structural glazing amongst many others) to happen simultaneously and much of this final detailing will take place once the structural frame is underway.

The risks are high, but the rewards are expected to be even greater. Lusail Towers is the catalyst for a new central business district in Qatar. The master plan for downtown Qatar, which will include a new transport hub, is being developed on the same timescale. The cluster of four towers, two at 70 and two at 50 storeys are arranged symmetrically around a central plaza. Businesses that have already indicated that they are taking space include the Qatar National bank, Qatar Investment Authority and Qatari Diar (sustainable real estate developments). Incidentally Qatari Diar are the developers behind Chelsea Barracks, a controversial scheme to turn 13 acres of prime London Belgravia into residential apartments and town houses woven around traditional garden squares. Foster and Partners are also designing the 80,000 seat Lusail Stadium, expected to be used for the opening and final matches of the 2022 World Cup. It has been designed such that it can be ‘downsized’ after the world cup to a more reasonable number of local supporters.

John Norman

Continued from Page 2

It led to the rise of Liberal Democracy which, in turn, developed into a conflict with the allpowerful Catholic Church. For some time there had been a rising tension between the Romantic nationalists and the Dissenters (Protestants). The Age of Enlightenment that had been founded by Francis Hutchinson in what became Northern Ireland promoted a range of ideas centred on the primacy of reason with ideals of liberty, constitutional government and the separation of church and state. Some of the main players are shown below. A major evolution of the ideas of the Dissenters was taking place in North America where the dissenters of the United Kingdom were declaring a State of Independence. Included in the Newsletter is a far more erudite article written by James for The Newsletter, an NI publication (see next page).

Pope Pius IX, 1846-78


Cardinal Paul Cullen, Ireland, 1849-78

In Ireland, Ulster embraced the Industrial Revolution led by the Dissenters who dominated both capital and labour. They sought the resources needed to support heavy industry whereas in the South there was no industrialisation. It remained the world of the small tenant farmer, together with a small town economic outlook whilst being dominated by the Catholic Church.

From Irish Rural Idyll in the South…

1914, Worlds Largest Shipbuilding Centre, Belfast and Linen and Housing in the North

David White Tuesday, February 2, 2021

Ipswich in the Snow Beast from the East Part 2

Our roving photographer John Skeates was out an about in Christchurch Park this week and took some wonderful photos of our winter scenes which I thought I would share with you.


East Coast Main Line Tunnel push I am pleased to report that contractor Morgan Sindall successfully ‘pushed’ the 11,000 tonne huge concrete box under the East Coast Main Line last month. The prefabricated structure will form a tunnel to enable slower moving freight trains to pass under the London – Edinburgh passenger line at Werrington, just north of Peterborough.

Although the push took nine days, moving at the rate of 1½ metres per hour it avoided closing the main line for an extended period of time. Using just four hydraulic jacks this was the first time a curved structure had been installed using this method.

The next stage is already underway, installing twin railway tracks through the new tunnel and connections to the associated signalling system, the control of which, for the whole of the east coast line is being moved to a single signal box in York.

John Norman

Hammersmith Bridge Too Many Cooks As a regular reader of this newsletter you will know that Hammersmith Bridge is falling down, or at least it will if traffic is allowed across. In the summer of 2019 traffic was prohibited, followed in August 2020 by a ban on pedestrians and pedal cycles – total closure. This has caused major disruption to the residents of the Barnes peninsular south of the river (broadly speaking they traditionally work, shop and obtain their entertainment and health services north of the river). Noticeable amongst those who feel cut off are architects and engineers, (the offices of one or two major practices are in Hammersmith and Fulham) and each appears to have a different solution to the problem. These range from re-opening the bridge immediately for pedestrians, this set of engineers arguing that it is actually less likely to fail than the ‘experts’ employed by the London Borough of Hammersmith & Fulham to the idea shown in the photograph which is effectively a ‘Bailey Bridge’ inserted into the existing bridge, resting on the existing piers. Engineers Mott MacDonald and WSP both ruled that it is not safe to reopen until work has been carried out, AECOM, The Dept of Transport and Cambridge Professor Norman Fleck all suggested that the closure was premature. This isn’t only about Professional Indemnity Insurance, it’s about reputation, would you risk suggesting the bridge is safe only to witness a collapse! You’d never design another bridge again! The continuing problem is who pays, when all of the public bodies with an interest claim to have no spare cash. The London Borough of Hammersmith & Fulham doesn’t own the bridge (but are responsible for the safe passage of bridge users), Transport for London is suffering an 85% reduction in revenue during the COVID crisis and the Government are simply refusing to pay.

However the Governments Department for Transport has unveiled a plan for re-opening following repairs, however this is likely to be in six years time! There is an immediate cost estimate of £46 million just to stop the bridge falling into the river, followed by in excess of £150 million for the repairs. The double deck insert (see sketch) has been offered by Foster + Partners and endorsed by Structural Engineer COWI. Both decks would be clear of the existing roadway and not add any load to the suspension chains. The lower deck would be for pedestrians, the upper deck for motor vehicles and there will be some temporary support for the existing roadway to stop it falling into the river. This will allow river traffic to pass underneath (River traffic has been banned since August 2020). The claim is that Foster’s double deck insert would be cheaper, and quicker than the alternative solution of a temporary bridge alongside the existing structure. The insert would also allow access to the 133 year old structure which could then be inspected, cleaned, repaired and strengthened. Just be glad you don’t live in Barnes!

John Norman

The Rotating Gardener Week No.37 My regular readers will know that I love scented plants and people associated with many of my plants. This week’s little gem is a Muscari macrocarpum first spotted in the buttonhole of Graham Stuart Thomas as we left an RHS show in Westminster heading for the Tube Station. Its perfume was wonderful, Hyacinth-like and so I acquired some bulbs. The photo is from the potted ones in my greenhouse, the outside ones will flower later. The encounter led to several visits to Graham’s delightful garden in Horsell near Woking. He knew his plants and so he should be responsible for the restoration and stewardship of over 100 National Trust gardens, his speciality was Roses, those at Mottisfont Abbey are a fine example. David Austin named one for him, in my opinion the best yellow rose should you need one. His 19 books published some time ago are still in demand and appropriate to today’s gardens and gardeners. My annual visits were usually accompanied by Alan, my Son-in-law who played the piano for Graham, an appreciative music lover whilst I photographed the garden. I should add that at the National Trust he was addressed as ‘Mr. Thomas’, no Christian names in those days.

Sarcoccoca humilis scents the garden and house Muscari macrcarpum exquisite Hyacinth scent

On the subject of scented plants, many of flower in the Winter months such as the “Winter Box” (Sarcoccoca humilis), the Daphne ‘Jacqueline Postill” mentioned last month and the “Witch Hazel” (Hamamellis). If planting a Witch Hazel, do pay for and get a decent one. ‘Pallida’ is the brightest but here I show ‘Barnstedt Gold’ which is worth considering too. Hamamellis 'Barnstedt Gold'

Soon the Hyacinths will be flowering which reminds me of a visit a couple of years back to the National Collection of Hyacinths at Waterbeach under the guardianship of Alan Shipp. These collections are to be found in the Directory published by Plant Heritage (formerly the NCCPG) an organisation dedicated to the preservation of plants & gardens in collections by dedicated enthusiastic, knowledgeable members who have their gardens and collections open to visitors at certain appropriate dates. I have noted that there is a collection of Suffolk Garden Plants at the Suffolk Punch Trust, Hollesley which sounds worth a visit later.

Plant Heritage Hyacinth collection, Waterbeach

Plant Heritage Directory & invitation

Recently John Norman mentioned two roof gardens in London open to the public, my favourite however is not freely open to the public. It is the Cannon Bridge House roof garden of about one acre made and maintained by my friend Paul Burnage of Grasshopper Displays. Paul is very enthusiastic on the more tender sub-tropical plants which thrive up there, overlooking the Thames it is frost-free but often windy. It is for the benefit of the many employees from the offices below. When I took my pal Colin up there, he was amazed at the number of Bee’s (more than in his Ipswich garden) and Birds that nest there. This week Paul has sent me some images of his own garden which I have pleasure in sharing as it may give you ideas to brighten up your own garden, it has me! Who says the Cobblers children are poorly shod.

Cannon Bridge House Roof Garden

Cannon Bridge Roof Garden, St. Paul's in background

Images of Friend Paul Burnage's garden in Essex

I have started looking through the seed catalogues and making lists of ‘wants’ hoping I am not too late as the word is, with all the new gardeners from last year some seeds may be out of stock and cause disappointment. A couple of lovely people, Joy & Michael Michaud run a modest sized seed and plant company called Sea Spring Seeds down in Dorset. Their speciality is Peppers, Chilli and Sweet but they list Tomatoes etc too. They grow and test their seeds, especially their own breeding before releasing them to gardeners. This year they have two new Chillies, ‘Dawn’ and ‘Dusk’ which will make attractive houseplants too. I will try them. In Mr. Fothergill’s catalogue I have noted Watercress ‘Aqua’ which I have grown in the past with great success in a container watered freely and Samphire, something new indeed.

Chilli 'Dawn' from Sea Spring Seeds, Dorset

Chilli 'Dusk' from Sea Spring Seeds, Dorset

You will recall the very large Winter Squash ‘Tahiti Melon’ a Butternut type I grew. Well, I lost count of how many dishes I roasted, drizzled with olive oil and sprinkled with grated nutmeg it was delicious after about 50 minutes at 180c.

Winter Squash 'Tahiti Melon' delicious

You all know how variable the weather has been, frost, a little snow, cold and too much rain. Part of my garden was under water for two days before it finally soaked into the saturated soil. The rising water table caused the grout between the paving in the greenhouse to begin to show water rising. Consequently, each visit into the greenhouse gets me hoovering the water off the glass with the Karcher a most useful tool. Onion seeds have got planted on pots, two seeds in each, ‘Globo’ is the chosen variety available from Kings Seeds and Sutton’s. Finally, as the normal Aconites fade I am looking for those I planted last year from Hollow Tree Farm shop at Semer, slightly different with the divided green collar below the bright flowers, I’ve found the label, now where are the flowers! Happy Gardening. Send comments, ideas, questions to:

Michael Warren

Water Snowdrop

Flooded garden of mine

Hollow Tree Farm shop at Semer

"Aconite" Eranthis hymenalis cilicica group

Member Photos This week, I share some photos taken by John Skeates of the people of India

With 1,210,193,422 residents, India is the world's second-most populous country. Its population grew by 17.64% from 2001 to 2011, compared to 21.54% growth in the previous decade (1991–2001). The human sex ratio, according to the 2011 census, is 940 females per 1,000 males. The median age was 27.6 as of 2016. The first postcolonial census, conducted in 1951, counted 361 million people. Medical advances made in the last 50 years as well as increased agricultural productivity brought about by the "Green Revolution" have caused India's population to grow rapidly. The average life expectancy in India is at 68 years - 69.6 years for women, 67.3 years for men. There are around 50 physicians per 100,000 Indians. Migration from rural to urban areas has been an important dynamic in India's recent history. The number of people living in urban areas grew by 31.2% between 1991 and 2001. Yet, in 2001, over 70% still lived in rural areas. The level of urbanisation increased further from 27.81% in the 2001 Census to 31.16% in the 2011 Census. The slowing down of the overall population growth rate was due to the sharp decline in the growth rate in rural areas since 1991. There are 53 million-plus urban agglomerations in India; among them Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata, Chennai, Bangalore, Hyderabad and Ahmedabad, in decreasing order by population. The literacy rate in 2011 was 74.04%: 65.46% among females and 82.14% among males. The rural-urban literacy gap, which was 21.2 percentage points in 2001, dropped to 16.1 percentage points in 2011. The improvement in the rural literacy rate is twice that of urban areas. Kerala is the most literate state with 93.91% literacy; while Bihar the least with 63.82%. India is home to two major language families: Indo-Aryan (spoken by about 74% of the population) and Dravidian (spoken by 24% of the population). Other languages spoken in India come from the Austroasiatic and SinoTibetan language families. India has no national language. Hindi, with the largest number of speakers, is the official language of the government. English is used extensively in business and administration and has the status of a "subsidiary official language"; it is important in education, especially as a medium of higher education. Each state and union territory has one or more official languages, and the constitution recognises in particular 22 "scheduled languages". The 2011 census reported the religion in India with the largest number of followers was Hinduism (79.80% of the population), followed by Islam (14.23%); the remaining were Christianity (2.30%), Sikhism (1.72%), Buddhism (0.70%), Jainism (0.36%) and others (0.9%). India has the third-largest Muslim population - the largest for a nonMuslim majority country. These people and street scenes were photographed in the Golden Triangle area of India i.e. around Agra, Delhi, & Jaipur.

People of India

Dear Rotarians and Friends We will all be aware of the difficulties being experienced by a range of local charities as a result of their inability to fundraise during this pandemic. In turn and if tempted to donate, you may then have concerns about which charity to choose.

It is also true that over this last year or so, personal savings on average have increased and personal debt has reduced. The Rotary Club of Ipswich, in a normal year, undertakes a variety of events and activities to help the local community such as a day out for Suffolk Young Carers, an afternoon party including transport for senior residents who otherwise can’t get out as they would like, assist with sailing for the disabled, to name but a few. We also undertake fundraising and in the last Rotary year made donations to local charities totalling just short of £20,000 and have direct and regular contact with a number of local charities. Although many of our members have continued to donate, we have not been able to undertake our normal support and fundraising activities for the last 11 months or so. Below is an approach we have received from Marie Curie, which as you will see is a charity we would normally help and which identifies ways in which you may be interested in helping them. Have a read. No obligation.

Alternatively, or perhaps in addition, you may like to join with us and help swell the Rotary Club’s charitable fund which in turn will be donated locally in the coming months. If so our account details are: Account name: Rotary Club of Ipswich Charity Fund Sort code : 53 61 24 Account number: 66461014 or send cheques payable to Rotary Club of Ipswich Charity Fund to: Rtn A Reeves, 144 Westerfield Road, Ipswich, IP43AF

Please share this with your friends and contacts. Together we can make a difference. Non club members - If when making a donation, you would like a schedule of donations we subsequently make and/or are able to gift aid your donation, email the writer with your contact details. Many thanks, Stay safe and look after yourselves

Roger Girling Fundraising Chairman Rotary Club of Ipswich

And Finally…….. In Today’s Digital World, Don’t Underestimate the Power of Print or the Benefits of Pen and Paper

Having been shamed by Alan Butters (on Zoom) into reading my copy of the Rotary Magazine I came across the article by Laura Wilcox that posed the question “Is printing Rotary Magazine sustainable”. In her article Laura opines that “Even though in today’s world more news and information is becoming available online, abandoning the physical magazine and focussing purely on digital would be a huge backward step for Rotary’s promotional activity”. The content and gist of the article got me thinking, particularly as it brought to my confused and old-aged little grey cells an article on the impact of e-mails on the environment read in a flight magazine a few years past. And so, I stoked the boiler, built up a head of steam, fired up the old commuter and set about trying to learn more about the impact of the digital age on the environment. Well ……….. How many of us realise that e-mails, WhatsApp, Facebook, Twitter, Zoom, on-line gaming, streaming U-tube, Netflix, etc., etc. have an impact on the environment. How many of us knew that around sixty-two trillion spam messages are sent every year, requiring the use of thirty-three billion kilowatt hours of electricity and producing around twenty million tonnes of CO2 per year? According to the article I read many moons ago, just one normal email has a footprint of four grams of CO2. This results from the power needed by computers and data centres in sending, filtering, and reading messages. An email with a “long and tiresome attachment” (guilty m’lord) can have a carbon footprint of fifty grams of CO2. It is said that even before the COVID-19 pandemic, the internet consumed the same amount of electricity as that of the UK. On average over one year an individual internet user uses about 365 kWh electricity and 2,900 litres of water per year when browsing the web. This corresponds to the CO2 that is emitted when one travels approximately 870 miles by car. In terms of greenhouse gas emissions, internet use accounts for approximately four percent of global greenhouse gas emissions, i.e. the equivalent of all air traffic in the world. And this figure is expected to double by 2025 (not including the increased use of the net due to COVID-19). Why is the internet’s use of electricity use so great? Apparently, the substantial amount of electricity required to make the internet work is partly due to structural or design problems. To respond to peak usage web infrastructures are overdesigned and oversized. For example, a broadband router generally operates at sixty percent of its capacity. But even when inactive, these devices consume almost as much energy as when they’re running at full capacity, and no provision is made for switching them off during off-peak hours.

When there is a new release of gaming consoles, just two months’ worth of sales will consume eight thousand gigawatt-hours of electricity and be responsible for the emissions of three million tonnes of CO2 over the life of these consoles. On the other hand, the applications (possibly Twitter, Instagram, WhatsApp, etc???) installed on our smartphones are too often developed in a hurry so that they can be put on the market quickly. There is little optimisation and with constant use their batteries drain quickly, so they need frequent topping up and in turn contribute to increasing greenhouse gas emission. Finally, broadband boxes installed in the home have no stop buttons and operate day and night. Why? They usually take 90 seconds to come on, initialise and connect, and the suppliers believe that we as consumers do not have the patience to wait so long every day. The ultimate moral of this article is possibly, “in today’s digital world, don’t underestimate the power of print or the benefits of pen and paper”. Of course, the other moral of this article (and before John Skeates points it out) is that I have possibly tipped the environment over the edge in researching for the article on the internet, and then e-mailing it to Paul Seymour for publishing. Ah well – you can’t win them all and as a pre-historic Luddite I have always maintained that the internet and social media will be the death of us.

Ian Rossiter

Luddite or technocrat……?

Profile for ipswichrotary

Rotary Club of Ipswich Newsletter No 194 - 11th February 2021  

Rotary Club of Ipswich Newsletter No 194 - 11th February 2021  


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