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izfrosnu i= ¼fjiksVZ dkMZ½ fd'kksfj;ksa ,oa ;qok efgykvksa esa

HIV

Hkkjr

ls cpko

ifjp;

jk"Vªh; ifjizs{;% 1

1]028]610]328 Expentancy) % 61-8 o"kZ ¼iq#"k½] 2 64-1 o"kZ ¼efgyk½ 35-4 % 3 15 o"kZ ls de mez dh tula[;k dk izfr'kr% 34-7 % 4 1 MkWyj izfrfnu vk; ls uhps okyksa dh tula[;k dk izfr'kr% 67-7 % 5 ;qok efgyk lk{kjrk nj ¼mez 15&24½% 76-4 % 6 ;qok lk{kjrk nj ¼mez 15&24½] 2004% 16-7 o"kZ7 efgykvksa esa fookg dh vkSlr vk;q ¼mez 20&49½] 1998% 18 o"kZ8 efgykvksa esa izFke lekxe dh vkSlr vk;q ¼mez 15&49½] 2004% 21 o"kZ9 iq:"kksa esa izFke lekxe dh vkSlr vk;q ¼mez 15&49½] 2004% 10 LokLF; ij izfr O;fDr okf"kZd [kpZ ¼2001&2002½% yxHkx :- 1000 ¼25 MkWyj *½ 48-5 1 1 xHkZfujks/kd lk/kuksa dh izpfyr nj% 2-9 1 2 iztuu nj% 301 1 3 ekr` e`R;q nj izfr 1]00]000 thfor tUe ij% 14 eq[; /keZ% fgUnw 80-5%] eqfLye 13-4%] bZlkbZ 2-3%] flD[k 1-9%] vU; 1-9% eq[; Hkk"kk;sa% fgUnh jk"Vªh; Hkk"kk gSA 14 vU; vkf/kdkfjd Hkk"kk;sa Hkh gS% caxkyh] rsyqxq] ejkBh] rfey] mnwZ] xqtjkrh] ey;kye] dUuM+] mfM+;k] iatkch] vklkeh] d'ekhjh] fla/kh] laLd`rA vaxzsth dkedkth Hkk"kk gksus ds ukrs jk"Vªh;] jktuhfrd ,oa okf.kfT;d dkedkt gsrq ,d egRoiw.kZ lapkj ek/;e gSA15 dqy tula[;k ¼Hkkjr dh tu x.kuk 2001½% 2001 esa tUe ij thou dh laHkkouk (Life

,M~l ifjizs{;% ,p-vkbZ-oh-@,M~l laØe.k ds lkFk th jgs yksxksa dh la[;k ,p-vkbZ-oh- ds lkFk th jgh efgykvksa dh la[;k ,p-vkbZ-oh- ds lkFk th jgs iq#"kksa dh la[;kas 2006 esa o;Ld O;fDr;ksa esa ,p-vkbZ-oh- dk izpyu 2005 esa xHkZorh efgykvksa esa ,p-vkbZ-oh- dk izpyu 2005 esa lqbZ ls u'khyh nok iz;ksx djus okyksa esa ,p-vkbZ-oh- dk izpyu 2005 esa ,M~l ds dkj.k gqbZ ekSrksa dh la[;k ,p-vkbZ-oh-@,M~l ds dkj.k vukFk gq, cPpksa dh la[;k dk vuqeku ¼mez 0&17½ 2005 esa%

25 yk[k vkadM+s miyC/k ugha vkadM+s miyC/k ugha 0-36% 0-88% 10-16%

16

17

18

19

2]70]000&6]80]000

20

bl izfrosnu i= dk mn~ns'; Hkkjr esa yM+fd;ksa vkSj ;qok efgykvksa esa ,p-vkbZ-oh- dh jksdFkke ds lanHkZ esa laf{kIr tkudkjh iznku djuk gSA ;g izfrosnu i= ,d IPPF }kjk ,d Ja`[kyk esa izLrqr fd;k x;k gS ftldks la;qDr jk"Vª tula[;k dks"k (UNFPA), ;ax iksftfVo laLFkk rFkk Xykscy dksfy'ku vkWu oheu ,aM ,M~l (Global Coalition on Women and AIDS) ds lg;ksx }kjk cuk;k x;k gSA ;g izfrosnu i= iSjoh dk ,d lk/ku gSA bldk mn~ns'; Hkkjr esa ;qok efgykvksa vkSj fd'kksfj;ksa esa ,p-vkbZ-oh- dh jksdFkke ds fy;s uhfr vkSj foÙk laca/kh dk;ZØe dks xfr'khy cukuk o lq/kkj djuk gSA ;wukbVsM us'kUl tujy vlsEcyh Lis'ky ls'ku vkWQ ,M~l (UNGASS) ds i'pkr~ 2 twu 2006 dks mPp Lrjh; lHkk esa HIV/AIDS ij jktuhfrd ?kks"k.kk dh xbZ tks fd fo'o laca/kh uhfr opu c)rk ij vk/kkfjr gSA blds eq[; yf{kr lewg {ks=h;] jk"Vªªh;] vUrZjk"Vªh; uhfr fu.kkZ;d] dk;ZØe O;oLFkkid] lsok iznku djus okys gSA ;g izfrosnu i= Hkkjr esa fd'kksfj;ksa vkSj 15&24 o"kZ dh ;qok efgykvksa esa ,p-vkbZ-oh- dh jksdFkke ds fy, orZeku j.kuhfr vkSj lsokvksa dh fLFkfr dk laf{kIr fooj.k iznku djrk gSA ;g ,p-vkbZ-oh- dh jksdFkke dks izHkkfor djus okys fuEu ik¡p rRoksa dh leh{kk djrk gS % 1- dkuwuh izko/kku 2- uhfr fo"k;d izko/kku 3- lsokvksa dh miyC/krk 4- lsokvksa dh igq¡p 5- lgHkkfxrk ,oa vf/kdkj ;g ,p-vkbZ-oh- ls lacaf/kr Hkkxhnkjksa ds }kjk fd'kksfj;ksa vkSj ;qok efgykvksa esa ,p-vkbZ-oh- dh jksdFkke ds fy, fd, tkus okys dk;ksZa dh vuql'kalk Hkh iznku djrk gSA ;g izfros nu i= vkbZ-ih-ih-,Q- }kjk 2006 esa fd;s x;s vuqla/kku izdkf'kr vkadM+ksa vkSj lwpukvksa dk voyksdu rFkk Hkkjr esa fd;s x;s vuqla/kku ftlls vf/kd xq.kkRed vkadM+s izkIr gks ldsa & ij vk/kkfjr gSA bl vuqla/kku dk laiw.kZ fooj.k ßResearch Dossier on HIV Prevention of Girls and Young Woman in IndiaÞ esa miyC/k gSa ¼vkbZ-ih-ih-,Q- ls vuqjks/k ij miYc/k½

vkadM+s miyC/k ugha

fd'kksfj;ksa o ;qofr;ksa ds lUnHkZ esa ,p-vkbZ-oh- dh jksdFkke % fo'o LokLF; laxBu ds vuqlkj nf{k.k&iwohZ ,f'k;k {ks= esa jgus okys ,p-vkbZ-oh-@,M~l ds lkFk jg jgs 1-6 yk[k ;qokvksa esa ls 1-4 yk[k Hkkjr esa gSA efgykvksa esa ,p-vkbZ-oh- ds lUnHkZ esa tkx#drk de gS] fo'ks"k :i ls xzkeh.k o tutkrh; {ks=ksa dh fd'kksfj;ksa o ;qofr;ksa esaA blfy;s tu lk/kkj.k esa efgykvksa o iq:"kksa esa HIV laØe.k dh laHkkouk c<+ jgh gS 2005 ds lsaVhusy losZysal ds vkdM+ksa ds vuqlkj ,p-vkbZ-oh- ls laØfer yksxksa esa 38-5 izfr'kr efgyk;sa gSaA ,d ls vf/kd efgykvksa ds lkFk ;kSu laca/k j[kus okys iq:"kksa ds }kjk mudh fookfgrkvksa esa bl laØe.k ds QSyus dk izfr'kr vf/kd ik;k tkrk gSA ?kjsyw mipkj] Lo&fpfdRlk vkSj ijEijkxr mipkj esa fo'okl Hkkjr esa izpfyr gSA Hkkjr esa ;qok O;fDr;ksa dks ,d le:i lewg esa ugha ck¡Vk tk

* orZeku esa ,d MkWyj dk ewY; yxHkx :- 40 gSA

ldrkA tula[;k ds fofHkUu ;qok lewg mudh LFkkuh; ifjfLFkfr;ksa ds vuqlkj fofHkUu tksf[keksa ls izHkkfor gksrs gSaA lkekftd vkSj lkLad`frd rRo ;kSu lEcU/kh okrkZyki ds eqn~nksa dks izHkkfor djrs gS] fo'ks"k :i ls xzkeh.k {ks=ksa esa vdsyh] izoklh ;k ifr }kjk NksM+h xbZ efgykvksa esa ;kSu 'kks"k.k dh laHkkouk c<+ tkrh gSA bl dkj.k muesa ,p-vkbZ-oh- laØe.k dk [krjk cM+ tkrk gSA xjhch o lalk/kuksa dh deh ds dkj.k efgykvksa dks Hkkstu ;k vU; vko';drkvksa dh iwfrZ ds fy, nsg O;kikj ds fy, etcwj gksuk iM+rk gSA22


cpko ds rjhdksa ds ?kVd 1

1>>

dkuwuh izko/kku ¼jk”Vªh; dkuwu] fu;e] vkfn½

eq[; fcUnq%

dFku ,oa eqn~ns%

Hkkjr esa yMfd;ksa ds fookg dh U;wure dkuwwuh vk;q 18 o"kZ gSA ijUrq 72% tula[;k esa] tks fd xkaoksa esa fuokl djrh gS] ogka ikfjokfjd tkfrxr ,oa lkeqnkf;d fu;e vf/kd izHkko'kkyh gksrs gSA vr% yMfd;ksa dk fookg fu/kkZfjr vk;q ds iwoZ gks tkrk gSA mnkgj.kkFkZ xzkeh.k Hkkjr essa 8% yM+dksa dh rqyuk esa 40 izfr'kr yMfd;ksa dk fookg 15 ls 19 o"kZ dh vk;q esa gks tkrk gSA

Hkkjr esa **efgykvksa ds eqn~nksa gsrq dkuwuh izko/kku gS fdarq leL;k dkuwu dks izHkkoh rkSj ij ykxw djus dh gSA 'kknh] xHkZikr vkSj ?kjsyw fgalk dkuwu ds ckotwn lkaLd`frd ekU;rk,¡ Hkkjr esa izeq[k Hkwfedk fuHkkrs gSaA vkt Hkh xzkeh.k ,oa tutkrh; {ks=ksa esa 12 lky rd yM+fd;ksa dh 'kknh dj nh tkrh gSA** ¼lk{kkRdkj] izca/kd] QSeyh Iykfuax ,lksfl,s'ku½

lwpukvksa vkSj lsokvksa dh izkfIr esa ekrk&firk dh Lohd`fr dk izHkko ugha gksuk pkfg;sA ijUrq orZeku ekxZnf'kZdk ds vuqlkj vo;Ld yksx fcuk Lohd`fr ds LoSfPNd lykg vkSj tkap (VCT) dh lsok,sa izkIr ugha dj ldrsA

**yM+fd;ksa dsk fu.kZ; ysus dk cgqr vf/kdkj ugha gksrk gSA

23

24

25

fu.kZ; ysus dh izfØ;k esa ifjokj esa fyax Hksn Li"V fn[kkbZ nsrk gSA** ¼'kgjh {ks= dh 13 ls 24 o"kZ dh ckfydkvkas ,oa ;qofr;ksa ls lewg ppkZ ds vuqlkj½

dqN fo'ks"k ifjfLFkfr;ksa ¼cykRdkj ,oa xHkZ fujks/kd rjhdksa ds vlQy gksus½ vkfn esa Hkkjr esa xHkZikr fof/kekU; gSA vo;Ldksa dks blds fy;s vius laj{kdksa ls fyf[kr Lohd`fr ysuk vo';d gSA jk"Vªh; ,Ml~ fuokj.k ,oa fu;a=.k fufr ds vuqlkj fdlh Hkh efgyk esa ,p-vkbZ-ohlaØe.k gksus ij mldk etcwju u rks ulcanh fd;k tkuk pkfg;s u rks xHkZikrA

**vyx&vyx lewgksa ds fy;s] ,p-vkbZ-oh- tkap dks vko';d cukus ds fy;s fofHkUu eapksa ij ppkZ;sa gksrh jgrh gSA lkSHkkX; ls] vHkh Hkh cgqr uqdlku ugha gqvk gSA t:jr gS Hkkxhnkjksa ls ßvf/kdkjksaÞ lacaf/kr eqn~nksa ds iSjoh djus dhAÞ ¼lk{kkRdkj] izfrfuf/k] la;qDr jk"Vª ,taslh dh jk"Vªh; dk;kZy;½

;|fi LoSfPNd ,p-vkbZ-oh- tkap cM+s iSekus ij lefFkZr gS] ijUrq dqN vLirkyksa esa ;g tkap mudh Lohd`fr ,oa tkudkjh ds fcuk djuk Hkh lkekU; ckr gSA

^^fof/k fuekZrk vkSj bls ykxw djus okys yksx ;qokvksa ds izfr i;kZIr laosnu'khy ugha gSA** vk'kk gS fd ?kjsyw fgalk dkuwu fookfgr efgykvksa

26

27

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Hkkjr us 2001 esa efgyk l'kfDrdj.k gsrq jk"Vªh; uhfr tkjh dh gS ftlesa efgykvksa ls HksnHkko iw.kZ O;ogkj vkSj yM+fd;ksa vkSj efgykvksa ds f[kykQ fdlh Hkh izdkj dh fgalk dks jksdus dks 'kkfey fd;k x;k gSA ;|fi okLrfodrk esa ,p-vkbZ-oh- vkSj ,M~l dk;ZØe ds vUrZxr lkekftd frjLdkj jksdus ds iz;kl esa tehuh Lrj ij lQyrk feyh gS ijUrq fyax vk/kkfjr fgalk vkSj blds ,p-vkbZ-oh- vkSj ,M~l ls tqM+s gksus ds rRo dks vf/kdrj vuns[kk fd;k x;k gSA 29

30

Hkkjr esa dqN ;kSu dehZ la?k lewg esa laxfBr gks x;s gS tSls nf{k.k Hkkjr dh rfeyukMq jkT; esa 200 ;kSu dfeZ;ksa us viuh igpku cukus ds fy, vkSj vius vf/kdkjksa dh j{kk ds fy, ,d laxBu cuk;k gSA 31

Hkkjr ljdkj us dgk gS fd os lqbZ }kjk u'khyh nok ysus okyksa ds fy;s ßuqdlku esa deh (Harm Minimisation)ß ykus okys rjhdksa ds dk;ZØe pykus okys xSj ljdkjh laLFkkvksa dks lgk;rk nsdj c<+kok nsxhA x+Sj ljdkjh laLFkkvksa }kjk ßuqdlku esa dehÞ ykus okys dk;ZØeksa vkSj ljdkj }kjk vLirkyksa esa vkbZ-Mh-;w- (IDU - Intravenous Drug Users) dk;ZØeksa dks tksM+us dk dke Hkh fd;k tk;sxkA 32

ds lkFk ifr }kjk cykRdkj jksdus vkSj bl izdkj ,p-vkbZ-oh-@,M~l jksdus esa lQy gksxhA ¼lk{kkRdkj] izca/kd] lkeqnkf;d fodkl laLFkk½ ^^nsgO;kikj esa fyIr efgyk;sa ßdkuwu lsÞ T;knk izHkkfor gS] os';ky;ksa ij ckj&ckj Nkik iM+rk gSA ;kSu dfeZ;ksa ds f[kykQ fgalk ds ,sls dbZ mnkgj.k gS] fo'ks"kdj ;qok ;kSu dfeZ;ksa ds izfr ,sls ekeys ns[ks x;s gSaA vUkkFk vkSj lM+d ij jgus okys cPpksa dks Hkh iz'kklu }kjk izrkM+uk dk f'kdkj gksrs ns[kk x;k gSA** ¼lk{kkRdkj] lykgdkj] Faith Based Organisation½


cpko ds rjhdksa ds ?kVd 2 uhfrxr fo/kku ¼jk”Vªh; uhfr;ka] iwoZys[k] ekxZnf'kZdk] vkfn½

2>>

eq[; fcUnq%

dFku ,oa eqn~ns%

jk"Vªh; ,Ml fuokj.k ,oa fu;a=.k uhfr Hkkjr esa 1987 esa cuh FkhA ;g uhfr ,d Ja[kyk c) vkSj fujarj j.kuhfr dks c<+kok nsrh gS ftlesa cpko] ns[kHkky] lg;ksx vkSj mipkj 'kkfey gSA jk"Vªh; ,Ml fu;aa=.k dk;ZØe ¼NACP½& r`rh; pj.k ¼2006&2011½ dk eq[; y{; vxys iakp o"kksZ esa bl egkekjh dks jksduk vkSj de djuk gSA bls ,d pgqaeq[kh j.kuhfr }kjk izkIr fd;k tk;sxkA mPp tksf[ke lewgksa vkSj lkekU; yksxks esa u;s laØe.kksa dh jksdFkke % mPp tksf[ke lewgksa dks yf{kr gLr{ksi (Targeted Intervention) }kjk iwjh rjg ls lar`Ir djukA lkekU; tuleqnk; esa dk;ZØeksa dh igq¡p c<+kukA vf/kdka'k ,p-vkbZ-oh- ds lkFk th jgs yksxksa dks mfpr ns[kHkky] lgk;rk vkSj mipkj miyC/k djokukA ftyk] jkT; vkSj jk"Vªh; Lrj ij cpko] ns[kHkky] lgk;rk vkSj mipkj dk;ZØeksa dh lajpuk] ra= vkSj ekuo lalk/ku dks etcwr cukukA jk"VªO;kih Lrj ij j.kuhfrd lwpuk izca/ku dks etcwr djukA ekxZnf'kZr fl)kUr rhu fcUnqvksa dks 'kkfey djrk gS] ftlesa] lekurk] ,p-vkbZZ-oh ds lkFk th jgs O;fDr;ksa ds vf/kdkjksa dk lEeku] lkekftd laLFkkvksa esa izLrqfrdj.k vkSj lgHkkfxrk( laØfer yksxks ds lEekutud thou gsrq ,d okrkoj.k rS;kj djukA lHkh ds fy, cpko] ns[kHkky] lg;ksx vkSj mipkj dh igqap cukukA tokcns;] iwoZpSrU; vkSj xfr'khyekuo lalk/ku j.kuhfr rS;kj djukA lcwrksa ij vk/kkfjr dk;ZØeksa esa ifjorZu vkSj ifj.kkeksa ij dsfUnzr fuxjkuh vkSj vads{k.kA 33

jk"Vªh; ,Ml fuokj.k ,oa fu;a=.k uhfr es mPp tksf[ke lewg tSls ,p-vkbZ-oh- ds lkFk th jgsa O;fDr;ksa] (PLHIV) ;kSudehZ (Sex Worker)] batsD'ku ls u'khyh nokvksa dk lsou djus okyks] xyh ds cPpksa (Street Children) dk fo'kss"k :i ls mYys[k gSA ljdkj dk y{; ;kSu lapkfjr laØe.k Dyhfud (Sexually Transmitted Infection Clinic) esa lq/kkj vkSj daMkse ds mi;ksx dks c<+kok nsuk vkSj lHkh [krjs okys lewgksa (Vulnerable Groups) dks yf{kr djuk gSA 34

ns'k esa 210 yk[k fo|kFkhZ vkSj xSj fo|kFkhZ ;qok Lo;a lsod fofHkUu laLFkkvksa ds lkFk dke dj jgs gSaA ;s laxBu xk¡oksa@leqnk;ksa esa gj lky yxHkx 17]000 f'kfoj vk;ksftr djrs gSaA jk"Vªh; ,M~l fu;a=.k dk;ZØe (NACP-III) ds fd'kksj f'k{kk dk;ZØe ds vUrxZr mPp ek/;fed fo|ky;ksa esa lkFkh f'k{kk Dyc (Peer Educators Clubs) dk l'kfDrdj.k fd;k tk;sxk vkSj xk¡oksa esa jsM fjcu Dyc (Red Ribbon Club) dh LFkkiuk dh tk;sxh ftlls fo'oluh; vkSj laHko cukus okys okrkoj.k esa ;qok fe= (Youth Friendly) dkmUlfyax] thou dkS'ky f'k{kk (Life Skills Education) euksjatu vkSj ekxZn'kZu fn;k tk ldsA 35

,p-vkbZ-oh-@,M~l ds eq[; jk"Vªh; vkadM+ksa dks lk/kkj.kr;k lekftd lewgksa ds vuqlkj foHkkftr fd;k tkrk gSA dqN fjiksVZ vk;q vkSj fyax ds vuqlkj bu vkadM+ksa dks oxhZd`r djrh gSa vkSj mudk jk"Vªh; ,M~l fu;a=.k laxBu dh osclkbV ij fu;fer :i ls izdk'ku gksrk gSA 36

37

jk"Vªh; ,M~l fuokj.k vkSj fu;a=.k j.kuhfr esa xksiuh;rk ds Åij tksj fn;k tkrk gSA ijUrq ,sls fjiksVZ feys gS fd tks yksx 'kY;fØ;k ds fy, tkrs gSa mudh ,p-vkbZoh- tk¡p fcuk vuqefr ds dh tkrh gS vkSj ;fn ,p-vkbZ-oh- tk¡p ldkjkRed (Positive) gksrh gS rks mudk bykt jn~n dj fn;k tkrk gSA 38

39

fd'kksj f'k{kk dk;ZØe (Adolescent Education Program) dk izeq[k y{; fd'kksjksa dks iztuu ,oa ;kSu LokLF; lwpuk iznku djuk ,oa ,p-vkbZ-oh- rFkk lacaf/kr thou dkS'ky dh vko';drk dh iwfrZ djuk Hkh gS rkfd fd'kksj ifjfLFkr;ksa dk lkeuk dj ldsaA ekuo lalk/ku fodkl ea=ky; us jkT; ljdkjksa ls vkxzg fd;k gS fd os fd'kksj f'k{kk dk;ZØe dks lacaf/kr lkekftd&lkaLd`frd ifjizs{; ds vuqlkj ifjofrZr dj fØ;kfUor djsaA 40

^^fujks/k uhfr us ;kSu dfeZ;ksa dh enn dh gS] ysfdu vke efgykvksa esa vHkh Hkh bldh [kjhnnkjh ds izfr v:fp o fgpd ns[kh tkrh gSA** ¼lk{kkRdkj] izca/kd] QSfeyh Iykfuax ,'kksfl,'ku½ ^^lkaLÑfrd ck/kkvksa ds dkj.k ;qok efgyk;sa dHkh Hkh fujks/k ds ckjs esa ckr ugha djrhA LoSfPNd ijke'kZ ,oa tkap (VCT) dk;ZØe vHkh Hkh i`Fk~d gS budk leUo; ugha gqvk gS HksnHkko vkSj cnukeh ds Hk; ds dkj.k fd'kksfj;ka rFkk ;qofr;ka bu lsokvksa dk iz;ksx ugha djrh gSA*** ^^jk"Vªh; ,p-vkbZ-oh-@,M~l ;kstuk dk y{; ekStwnk iztuu ,oa f'k'kq LokLF; dk;ZØe ds lkFk ,p-vkbZ-oh- dks ,dhÑr djuk gS] ysfdu okLrfod pqukSrh deZpkfj;ksa ds izf'k{k.k ,oa dfBu ifjfLFkfr;ksa esa efgykvksa rd igqap ikus dh gSA** ^^ljdkj dks Ldwyksa esa ;kSu f'k{kk ds fy;s mez ?kVkus ij fopkj djuk pkfg,] D;ksafd cPps de mez esa ifjiDo gks jgs gSaA fdUrq bldk ikB~;Øe iztuu ,oa ;kSu LokLF; ls lacaf/kr 'keZ vkSj Hk; dks en~nsutj j[krs gq, cuk;k tk;s rFkk bl dk;ZØe ds rgr Ldwy ugha tkus okys ;qodksa ds fy;s uhfr cuk;k tkuk pkfg;sA** ¼lk{kkRdkj] ijke'kZnkrk Faith Based Organisation½ ^^Ldwyksa esa ;kSu f'k{kk ,d uohu igy gS] ysfdu bl eqn~ns ij fdlh izdkj dh ppkZ ugha gSA fo|kfFkZ;ksa ds ikl viuh 'kadkvksa] HkzkfUr;ksa dks nwj djus dk ekSdk ugha gS vkSj muds Kku esa feF;k /kkj.kkvksa dk izHkqRo gSA** ¼xzkeh.k {ks= dh 15&24 o"kZ dh ;qofr;ksa ls lewg ppkZ½

^^,p-vkbZ-oh- ds lkFk th jgs yksxksa ds fo:) cnukeh vkSj HksnHkko dks de djus ds fy, uhfr dh vko';drk gS ftlls fLFkfr lkekU; gks ldsA** ¼lk{kkRdkj] izca/kd QSfeyh Iykfuax ,s'kksfl,'ku½ ^^jk"Vªh; ,M~l dk;ZØe&III (NACP-III) esa izLrkfor fd'kksjksa esa ;kSu ,oa iztuu LokLF; dk;ZØeksa rFkk ,p-vkbZ-oh-@,M~l fuokj.k esa leUo; LFkkfir djuk] tSls fd LoSfPNd ijke'kZ ,oa tkap (VCT) rFkk ekrk&firk ls larku esa laØe.k ds fuokj.k (PPTCT) dh uhfr vPNh gS] fdUrq eq[; pqukSrh bl dk;ZØe dks tehuh Lrj ij dk;kZUo;u esas gSA** ¼lk{kkRdkj] izfrfuf/k] la;qDr jk"Vª ,tsalh dk jk"Vªh; dk;kZy;½


3>>

cpko ds rjhdksa ds ?kVd 3 lsokvksa dh miyC/krk ¼dk;ZØeksa dh la[;k] iSekuk] lhek] vkfn½

eq[; fcUnq%

dFku ,oa eqn~ns%

jk"Vªh; ,M~l fu;a=.k dk;ZØe (NACP) ds vUrxZr 38 jkT;ksa o la?k 'kkflr {ks=ksa rFkk jkT; ,M~l fu;a=.k lfefr;ka (SACS) dk;Zjr gSa tks bl dk;ZØe ds fØ;kUo;u ds izeq[k vax gSaA 41

orZeku ljdkjh lajpuk esa fd'kksjksa ds fy, i`Fkd fpfdRlk O;oLFkk cukus dh vko';drk gSA (lk{kkRdkj] izca/kd] QSfeyh Iykfuax ,'kksfl,'ku)

ekpZ 2006 rd 2815 ,dhd`r ,p vkbZ oh lykg rFkk tkap dsUnz iwjs ns'k esa dk;Zjr FksA 42

;qok efgykvksa vkSj yMfd;ksa ds fy, fdlh Hkh izdkj dh fof'k"V lsok,a miyC/k ugha gSA lsok,a izR;sd O;fDr ds fy, leku gSA

xzkeh.k {ks= esa efgykvksa dks fu%'kqYd LoSfPNd tkap o lykg lsok miyC/k gSA ;g lsok ekr` ,oa f'k'kq LokLF; lsok ds varxZr izloiwoZ tkap ds nkSjku nh tkrh gSaA 43 jk"Vªh; ,M~l fu;a=.k laxBu (NACO) ekrk firk ls cPps esa gksus okys laØe.k dh jksdFkke dk;ZØe (PPTCT) dk foLrkj dj jgh gSA orZeku esa 1882 eka ls cPps esa laØe.k gLrkarj.k fuokj.k dsUnz ftuesa fd 502 Lora= bdkb;k¡ lapkfyr dh tk jgh gS rFkk 1380 ,dhd`r lykg ,oa tkap dsUnz (ICTC) gSaA 44 tgk¡ izf'kf{kr lykgdkj lsok iznku dj jgs gSaA jk"Vªh; ,M+l fu;a=.k dk;ZØe ds f}rh; pj.k esa 922 ;kSu lapkfjr laØe.k fpfdRlky;ksa (STI Clinics) dks /kujkf'k miyC/k djkbZ xbZA bu fpfdRlky;ksa esa /kujkf'k dk i;kZIr mi;ksx ugha gqvkA budk tqMko yf{kr mn~ns';ksa rFkk mPp tksf[ke lewgksa ds fy;s pyk;s tk jgs dk;ZØeksa ls ugh gks Ikk;k ijUrq dk;ZØe ds r`rh; pj.k esa eq[; /;ku lsokvksa dk foLrkj vkSj iztuu ,oa f'k'kq LokLF; dk;ZØe ds lkFk izHkkoh ,dhdj.k ij jgsxkA 45 lsok ds foLrkj esa fHkUurk gSA 'kgjh {ks= esa ;kSu lapkfjr laØe.k lsok,sa xzkeh.k {ks=ksa dh rqyuk esa dkQh gn rd csgrj gSA 46 ;kSu lapkfjr laØe.k gksus ij dsoy 5-10% yksx gh lkoZtfud {ks= dh laLFkkvksa ls mipkj dks izkIr djrs gaSA vf/kdka'k yksx fpfdRldh; enn izf'kf{kr rFkk vizf'kf{kr L=ksarksa ls Lo;a gh izkIr djrs gSA xzkeh.k {ks=ksa esa tgk¡ lsok,a miyC/k ugh gSa yksx dHkh&dHkh Lo;a gh nokb;ka ys ysrs gSA 47 fnlacj 2005 rd ,UVhfjVªksok;jy mipkj (ART) dsUnz 25 jkT;ksa ds 52 vLirkyksa esa LFkkfir fd, tk pqds gSaA tgk¡ ls 23784 HIV ds lkFk th jgs O;fä ART mipkj ys jgs gSaA 48 jk"Vªh; ,M~l fu;a=.k dk;ZØe ds r`rh; pj.k dk mn~ns'; 2011 rd ,UVhfjVªksok;jy mipkj 31234 O;fDr;ksa ls c<+k dj rhu yk[k rd djuk gS (63%)A bl chp vuqekur% HIV/AIDS ds ejhtksa dh la[;k 2011 rd 508200 ls ?kVdj 473500 gks tk,xhA 49 ;g Hkh vuqeku gS fd y{;ksa dh izkfIr iw.kZ djus ds fy, 250 ,UVhfjVªksok;jy mipkj (ART) dsUnz iwjs ns'k essa LFkkfir djus iM+sxsaA orZeku fLFkfr dks ns[krs gq, dk;ZØe ijksidkjh laxBu] LoSfPNd laxBuksa rFkk fuft {ks= ls Hkkxhnkjh djus dk iz;kl djsxk] vf/kdka'k yksx tks HIV/AIDS ds laØe.k ds lkFk th jgs gSa (PLHIV) os futh {ks= ls mipkj izkIr dj jgs gaSA 50 ljdkjh izksRlkgu ds QyLo:i xSj ljdkjh laLFkkvksa us tksf[ke esa deh ykus okys dk;ZØe (Harm Minimization Programs) lqbZ }kjk u'khyh nok;sa ysus okyksa (Injectable Drug Users) ds fy;s 'kq: fd;s gSa bl dk;ZØe ds rgr Cyhfpax ikmMj] lkQ lfjat vkSj lqbZ rFkk izf'kf{kr MkWDVjksa@dkmalyj dh lsok;sa iznku dh tk jgh gSaA dbZ u;s igy vfLrRo esa vk, gSa tSls dkWeu osYFk ;wFk izksxzke (Common Wealth Youth Program-CYP) }kjk ;qokvksa esa HIV/AIDS fo"k; ij laokn dks f'k{kk rFkk izf'k{k.k }kjk izksRlkfgr fd;k tk jgk gSA CYP izkstsDV [ksy&dwn ds ek/;e ls xzkeh.k {ks= ds ;qok yksxksa ds lkFk tqM+us dk iz;kl djrk gS rFkk mUgsa ,p-vkbZ-oh-@,M~l ds 52 fo:) yM+kbZ esa 'kkfey gksus ds fy;s izksRlkfgr djrk gSA LokLF; ,oa ifjokj dY;k.k ea=ky; us izkFkfed rkSj ij 5 yk[k efgyk daMkse ds fy, /ku iznku fd;k gSA ;s daMkse mPp tksf[ke lewg (High Risk Groups) vkSj tu lk/kkj.k 53 dks forfjr djus ds fy, gSA ;w-,u-,Q-ih-,- (UNFPA) efgyk daMkse dk;ZØe dks 54 'kq: djus ds igys ewY;kdau ds fy, rdfudh lgk;rk iznku dj jgh gS rFkkfi yksxksa ds fy, daMkse rd igq¡p] fo'ks"kdj ,p-vkbZ-oh- ds de izpyu okys jkT;ksa vkSj xzkeh.k {ks=ksa esa] c<+kus ds fy, vfrfjDr iz;Ru dh vko';drk gSA 55

fu%'kqYd daMkse dh deh gS vkSj efgyk daMkse miyC/k gh ugha gSA efgyk,a fujks/k ds ckjs esa [kqydj ckr djus esa vkSj fujks/k ekaxus esa ladksp djrh gSaA (lk{kkRdkj] lykgdkj] Faith Based Organisation) ,UVhfjVªksok;jy mipkj lHkh ds fy, miyC/k ugha gS rFkk lsok iznku djus okyksa dks efgyk ds eqn~nksa dh lhfer tkudkjh gSA eka ls cPps esa laØe.k gLrkarj.k jskdFkke lsok,a miyC/k gS] fdarq ;s lsok,a cPpksa rd dsfUnzr gSA (lk{kkRdkj] izca/kd] QSfeyh Iykfuax ,'kksfl,'ku) daMkse LoSfNd laxBuksa ds ek/;e ls forfjr fd;s tk jgs gSA os fu%'kqYd ds lkFk gh lLrh njksa (Social Marketing) ij daMkse miyC/k djk jgs gSaA ljdkjh ra= esa ;kSu lapkfjr laØe.k rFkk LoSfPNd tkap ,oa lykg lsok,a miyC/k gSA fdarq vHkh rd ,d Hkh vkaxuckM+h gekjs leqnk; esa ugha gSA (Integrated Child Development Scheme) ¼lewg ppkZ }kjk 'kgjh {ks= dh 13 ls 24 o"kZ dh ckfydkvkas ,oa ;qofr;ksa ls ckrphr ds vuqlkj) izloiwoZ tkap] LoSfPNd lykg ,oa tkap rFkk daMkse ds laca/k esa uhfr;ak rFkk vkSipkfjd fu;eksa dh O;oLFkk gSA fdarq ;s fu;e efgyk lqxe ugha gSA eka ls cPps esa laØe.k gLrkarj.k fuokj.k dk;ZØe (PPT CT) esa iq#"k rFkk ifjokj ds lnL; lfEefyr ugha gSaA blfy, izlo ds i'pkr tc efgyk ?kj ykSVrh gS rks mls yksx izrkfM+r djrs gaSA fujsk/k ds lanHkZ esa yksx lskprs gS fd ;g dsoy os';kvksa rFkk iq#"k ls iq#"k laca/k cukus okyksa ds fy, gSA ¼lk{kkRdkj] ,p-vkbZ-oh- vf/kdkjh] QSfeyh Iykfuax ,'kksfl,'ku½ LoSfPNd ijke'kZ ,oa tkap dsUnz (VCT) efgyk lqxe ugha gSA muesa dqN esa gh efgyk deZpkjh gSA ,UVhfjVzz~ksok;jy mipkj dsUnz Hkh efgyk lqxe ugha gSA ogkaa L=h jksx fo'ks"k+K ugah gS rFkk vkarfjd leUo;u Hkh efgykvksa gsrq ugha gS ftlls os vfrfjDr lsok,a ys ldsaA bu LoSfPNd ijke'kZ ,oa tkap dsUnzksa ij efgykvksa ds fy;s xksiuh;rk o ,dkarrk dk vHkko gSA (lk{kkRdkj] lnL;] ,p-vkbZ-oh- ds lkFk th jgs yksxksa dk lewgA yM+fd;ksa ,oa efgykvksa ds fy, ,p vkbZ oh fuokj.k lsok,a] lwpuk rFkk eq¶+r daMkse ¼iq:"k½ rd gh lhfer gSA vHkh rd jk"Vªh; dk;ZØe esa efgyk daMkse dk dksbZ izko/kku ugha gSA ¼lk{kkRdkj] izca/kd] QSfeyh Iykfuax ,'kksfl,'ku½ iq:"kksa ds dk;ZØekas esa efgykvksa ls tqM+s eqn~nksa ij vf/kd /;ku nsuk pkfg, rkfd iq:"k vkSj yM+ds bu eqn~nkas dks le> ldsaA vf/kd la[;k esa ,sls dk;ZØeksa dks izksRlkfgr djuk pkfg,A ¼lk{kkRdkj] izfrfuf/k] varZjk"Vªh; laLFkk½ cgqr ls LoSfPNd laxBu rFkk jkT; ,M~l fu;a=.k laLFkk,a o"kZ ds nkSjku dbZ ckj lekt esa tkx#drk vfHk;ku vk;skftr djrh gSa rFkk ;qokvksa o efgykvksa ds fy, f'kfojksa dk Hkh vk;kstu fd;k tkrk gSA ¼lewg ppkZ }kjk xzkeh.k {ks= dh 15&24 o"kZ dh yM+fd;ksa ,oa ;qok efgykvksa ls ckrphr ds vuqlkj½


4>>

cpko rjhdksa ds ?kVd 4 lsokvksa dh igq¡p ¼LFkku] eS=hiw.kZ lsok] vkfFkZd {kerk vkfn½

eq[; fcUnq% okLro esa yM+fd;ks avkSj efgykvaksa ds fy;s lsokvksa rd igqapus esa lkekftd] vkfFkZd vkSj dk;ZØe laca/kh vusd ck/kk,¡ gaSA &LokLF; dfeZ;kas] vfHkHkkodksa] /kkfeZd vkSj ijaijkxr usrkvksa dh fu.kkZ;d eukso`frA &,p-vkbZ-oh-@,M~l ls lacaf/kr ykaNuA &;kSudehZ efgykvksa ls lacaf/kr ykaNu] fo'ks"kdj os yM+fd;ka o efgyk;sa tks ekuo O;kikj dk f'kdkj gqbZa gSaA 56 &dqN LFkkuksa ij ;qokvkas dks eS=h iw.kZ lsokvksa rd igqapkus esa dehA &dbZ vizR;{k [kpZ mnkgj.kkFkZ nokvksa dk [kpZ vkSj vU; vkfFkZd ck/kk,aA &xksiuh;rk ,oa fo'oluh;rk dk vHkkoA &fyaxHksn] ikjaifjd jhfr;ka ftlesa yM+fd;ksa vkSj efgykvkas ls ;g vk'kk dh tkrh gS fd ejht+ dh ns[kHkky os Lo;a djsaA &;g lHkh ck/kd rRo] fo'ks"kdj xjhc vkSj xzkeh.k {ks=ksa dh yMfd;ksa vkSj efgykvksa dks izHkkfor djrs gSA 6 mPp laØe.k izpfyr jkT;ksa rfeyukMw] vkU/kz izns'k] egkjk"Vª] dukZVd] e.khiqj] ukxkySaM vkSj ns'k dh jkt/kkuh fnYyh esa ,p-vkbZ-oh-@,M~l ls xzflr yksxkas ds fy;s eq¶r ,UVhfjVªksok;jy mipkj ljdkjh vLirkyksa esa miyC/k gSA 57 efgykvksa dh rqyuk esa iq:"k vf/kd la[;k esa ¼10 :Ik;s½ esa LoSfPNd lykg vkSj ijh{k.k djokrss gSSA vDVwcj 04 vkSj flracj 05 ds chp 461803 efgykvksa dh rqyuk esa 576512 iq:"kksa us LoSfPNd lykg vkSj ijh{k.k dsUnz (VCT) esa ijh{k.k djok;kA58 dqN yksxksa dks vHkh Hkh VCT dsUnz rd igq¡pus esa 4 ?kaVs dk lQj r; djuk iM+rk gSA59 jk"Vªh; ,M~l fu;a=.k dk;ZØe-III (NACP-III) ds nkSjku vf/kd VCT dsUnz [kksys tkus vkSj muds ljdkj ds }kjk pyk;s tkus okys iztuu ,oa f'k'kq LokLF; dk;ZØe ds lkFk tqM+us ls ;s lsok;sa xjhc efgykvksa vkSj fd'kksfj;ksa ds djhc igq¡p ldsaxhA ifjokj dY;k.k foHkkx }kjk xjhc yksxksa dks daMkse ¼fujks/k½ eq¶+r fn;k tkrk gSA daMkse dks] bls cukus okyh daifu;ksa ls izkIr dj] LokLF; dsUnzksa vkSj vLirkyksa ls eq¶r forj.k ds fy, lHkh jkT;ksa dks fn;k tkrk gSA 60 Hkkjr ljdkj us iq:"kksa }kjk iq:"kksa ds lkFk ;kSu laca/k j[kus okyksa (MSM) ds fy;s 61 dk;ZØe pyk;k gS ftlls muesa ,p-vkbZ-oh-@,M~l dh leL;k ls fuiVk tk ldsA NACO }kjk djk;s x;s Behavior Surveillance Survey ls irk pyk gS fd 70 izfr'kr MSM ds fy;s xksiuh; ,p-vkbZ-oh- tk¡p rd igq¡p laHko gSA vf/kdrj Hkkjrh; jkT;ksa esa dM+s dkuwu ds dkj.k lqbZ }kjk u'khyh nok;sa yssus okyksa (IDUs) rd igq¡p ikuk dfBu gSA gkfu de djus (Harm Reduction) ds iz;kl tSls & lhfjat+ vkSj lqbZ cnyus (Syringe and Needle Exchange) dk dk;ZØe dqN jkT;ksa tSls & ef.kiqj esa 'kq: fd;k x;k gSA 62

dFku ,oa eqn~ns% ljdkjh LokLF; laLFkkvksa esa lsok,a egaxh ugha gSA ;g 'kgjh yksxksa dh igqap ls nwj ugh gSa fdUrq ;g xzkeh.k {ks=kssa ls vkus okyh efgykvksa ds fy, dqN eqf'dy gSA ¼fo'ks"k lewg ppkZ xzkeh.k {ks= dh 15&24 o"kZ dh fd'kksfj;k¡ o ;qok efgyk,¡½ lc feykdj yM+fd;ksa vkSj efgykvksa ds fy, fLFkfr cgqr [kjkc gSA dkj.k gS muesa f'k{kk dh deh] fu.kZ; ysus dh {kerk dk vf/kdkj ugha gksuk] l'kfDrdj.k dk vHkko vkSj lHkh txg mudk 'kks"k.kA ,p-vkbZ-oh- ds lkFk th jgs Ldwy tkus okys cPpksa dh fLFkfr fo'ks"kdj [kjkc gS D;ksafd mudks ykafNr fd;k tkrk gS] muds lkFk HksnHkko gksrk gS vkSj mudks Ldwy ds vf/kdkfj;ksa vkSj fo|kfFkZ;ksa }kjk izrkfM+r fd;k tkrk gSA ¼lk{kkRdkj] dkmalyj] Faith Based Organization½ nsg O;kikj djus okyh vkSj ,p-vkbZ-oh- ls laØfer efgykvksa ds fy, lsok iznku djus okys yksxksa dh eukso`fÙk vkSj muds }kjk fyax vk/kkfjr HksnHkko bu efgykvksa ds fy;s lsokvksa dh igq¡p dks dfBu cukrk gSA vius dk;Z LFky esa yM+fd;ksa vkSj efgykvksa }kjk lsok izkIr djus esa cgqr deh gSA ¼lk{kkRdkj] izca/kd] Community Development Trust ½ vLirkyksa essa efgyk fpfdRld dh vuqifLFkfr Hkh efgykvksa ds fy, ,d cM+h ck/kk gSA ljdkjh vLirkyksa esa xksiuh;rk vkSj fo'oluh;rk dk vHkko gS] efgyk vkSj iq#"k dk mipkj ,d gh d{k esa fd;k tkrk gSA ¼'kgjh {ks= dh 13 ls 24 o"kZ dh ckfydkvkas ,oa ;qofr;ksa ls ckrphr ds vuqlkj½ ftu dk;ksZa dks izkFkfedrk nsus dh vko';drk gS os gSa miyC/k lqfo/kkvksa ds izfr tkx:drk] xzkeh.k {ks=ksa dh nwjh dks de djuk] lsok iznku djus dk vuqdwy le;] izf'kf{kr deZpkjh vkSj ART nok dh dher esa deh ykukA ¼lk{kkRdkj] lnL;] PLHIV Net Work½ vfookfgr] Ldwy u tkus okys rFkk HIV/AIDS ds lkFk th jgs yksxkas ds fy, cnukeh vkSj HksnHkko ds dkj.k lsokvksa rd igq¡p dfBu gSaA ¼lk{kkRdkj] izca/kd] QSfeyh Iykfuax ,'kksfl,'ku½ fookfgr efgykvksa ds fy, lsokvksa rd igq¡p vklku gSA ;gka rd fd ;fn efgyk ;kSu dehZ gS ijUrq fookfgr gSa rks mlds fy;s lsok rd igq¡p vklku gSA ¼'kgjh {ks= dh 15 ls 24 o"kZ dh ckfydvkas ,oa ;qofr;ksa ls lewg ppkZ ds vuqlkj½ fd'kksj yksxksa ds fy;s iztuu LokLF; lsok,sa] tks gky gh esa 'kq: dh xbZ gSa] mUgsa Ldwyksa ,oa dk;Z djus dh txgksa ls tksM+k tkuk pkfg,A leqnk; esa jgus okys Hkkxhnkjksa dk dk;ZØe ds lkFk lehih tqM+ko lsok dk vf/kd mi;ksx vkSj dk;ZØe dks vPNs <ax ls pykus esa en~n djsxkA


5>>

cpko ds ?kVd 5 Hkkxhnkjh vkSj vf/kdkj ¼ekuo vf/kdkj] izfrfuf/kRo] iSjoh] fu.kZ; ysus esa Hkkxhnkjh bR;kfn½

eq[; fcUnq%

Hkkjr us 1992 esa cPpksa ds vf/kdkjksa ij lEesyu (Convention on the Rights of the Child) vkSj 1993 esa efgykvksa ds fo:) gksus okys lHkh izdkj ds HksnHkko dks feVkus okys lEesyu (Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination Against Women) esa fy;s x;s fu.kZ;ksa dh vfHkiqf"V dh 63 gSA ijUrq fookg] fookg dh U;wure vk;q ,oa fookg dk iathdj.k ds fu.kZ;ksa ij 64 gLrk{kj ugha fd;s gSA ;gka ,sls cgqr lkjs dk;Zdze gSa tks ;qokvksa esa ,p vkbZ oh@,M~l ds izfr tkx:drk dks n'kkZrs gSA blds varxZr ,M~l ls lacaf/kr ppkZ djus okys fo'ofo|ky; (University Talk AIDS) rFkk fd'kksjksa ds fy;s f'k{kk dk;ZØe vkrs gS] tks 144409 fo|ky;ksa dks 'kkfey djrs gS vkSj budk y{; izfr o"kZ djhc 33 yk[k fo|kfFkZ;ksa rd igqapuss dk gksrk gSA 65 Coordinated HIV/AIDS Response Through Capacity Building and Awareness (Charca) izkstsDV ;qofr;ksa ¼13&25 o"kZ½ esa ,lVh-vkbZ- (STI) vkSj ,p-vkbZ-oh- laØe.k dks jksdus vkSj {kerk esa o`f) djus dk Hkkjr 66 esa la;qDr jk"Vªra= dk lefUor iz;kl gSA

dFku ,oa eqn~ns% ftu efgykvksa esa laØe.k gksus dk [krjk vf/kd gS vkSj os O;fDr tks HIV/AIDS ls xzflr gSa] os yksx jk"Vªh; ;kstuk esa lgHkkxh gSaA ysfdu dk;ZØe ds fy, u;s ifjis{; dks miyC/k djkus ds fy, dqN u;s yksxksa dks ykuk vko';d gSA (lk{kkRdkj] izfrfuf/k] vaUrjk"Vªh; laLFkk) dsoy ,d gh xSjljdkjh laLFkk us lkFkh f'k{kk dk;ZØe (Peer Education Prog.)ds ek/;e ls yMds vkSj yMfd;ksa dks ,d eap ij ykus dk iz;kl fd;k gSA leqnk; dh ,slh lksp gS fd leqnk; esa yM+ds vkSj yM+fd;kas ds la;qDr dk;ZØe gksus pkfg,A ('kgjh {ks= dh 13 ls 24 o"kZ dh ckfydkvkas ,oa ;qofr;ksa ls lewg ppkZ ds vuqlkj) ;qok yksxksa dh lykgdkj lfefr cukbZ tkus dh vko';drk gS vkSj fo|kFkhZ laxBuksa dks ;qokvksa ds fy, dk;ZØe dh :ijs[kk cukus ds fy, 'kkfey fd;k tk,A ¼lk{kkRdkj] izfrfuf/k] jk"Vªh; dk;kZy; la;qDr jk"Vª ,taslah½ lM+dksa ij ukVd eapu] fo|kfFkZ;ksa dh lkoZtfud lHkk vkSj jsyh yM+ds vkSj yM+fd;ksa dks ,d lkFk ykrh gSA ;g dk;ZØe vPNs gSa D;ksafd ;s ;qokvksa dks lwpuk vkSj lsokvksa dks izkIr djus ds fy, izksRlkfgr djrs gSaA bu dk;ZØeksa eas O;fDr iw.kZr;k lgHkkxh gksrs gSA ¼xzkeh.k {ks= dh 15 ls 24 o"kZ dh ckfydvkas ,oa ;qofr;ksa ls lewg ppkZ ds vuqlkj½

ßjk"Vªh; ;qok lalnÞ fd'kksjksa dh iw.kZ lgHkkfxrk ds fy, uho dk iRFkj FkkA ;qok laln dks ,p-vkbZ-oh-@,M~l ij dkuwu dk izk:i cukus esa ;qokvksa dk ;ksxnku ysus ds fy, vk;ksftr fd;k x;k FkkA bl nks fnolh; dk;ZØe esa ns'k ds lHkh ftyksa ls 4000 ;qokvksa us Hkkx fy;kA bldk vk;kstu jk"Vªh; ,M~l fu;a=.k la?kBu] Inter Parliamentary Forum on HIV/AIDS vkSj la;qDr jk"Vª dh bZdkbZ;ksa us 67 feydj fd;kA

yM+fd;ksa vkSj efgykvksa dks ;kstuk cukus ds Lrj esa Hkkxhnkj cukuk pkfg;sA vf/kd Hkkxhnkjh ls dk;ZØe vf/kd vPNk pysxkA ¼lk{kkRdkj] lykgdkj] Faith Based Organisation½

LokLF; vkSj ifjokj dY;k.k ea=h] efgyk ,oa cky dY;k.k lfpo vkSj efgykvksa ds fy, jk"Vªh; lfefr ds lfpo jk"Vªh; ,M~l fu;a=.k laxBu ds lHkh lnL; gSA ijUrq ;g lfefr xSjljdkjh laLFkkuksa vkSj HIV/AIDS ds lkFk th jgs yksxkas dks (PLHIV) lfEefyr ugha djrhA68

jk"Vªh; fu.kZ; cukus dh izfØ;k esa tehuh Lrj ds yksxksa dks 'kkfey djuk pkfg,A mudh lkeqnkf;d Lrj ij igpku rFkk {kerk o`f) mudh lgHkkfxrk dks lqfufpr djus esa lgk;d gksxhA ¼lk{kkRdkj] izfrfuf/k varjkZ"Vªh; laLFkk½

jk"Vªh; ,M~l fu;a=.k laxBu (NACO) us ,M~l ls laØfer ,oa lh/ks rkSj ij izHkkfor yksxksa dh vf/kd lgHkkfxrk ds fy;s iz;kl fd;k gSA (GIPA) bu dk;ZØeksa ds fy, 2003 esa INP+ UNDP ds lg;ksx ls Leadership for Result Program 'kq: fd;kA cgqr ls ldkjkRed ifj.kke ds lkFk rhu dk;Z'kkyk,a fnYyh] dksphu vkSj dksydkrk esa vk;ksftr dh xbZA 69

esjs ifr fujks/k dk mi;ksx djus ls euk djrs gSa mudk ekuuk gS fd fujks/k vfookfgr O;fDr;ksa ds fy, gSA ¼xzkeh.k {ks= dh 15 ls 24 o"kZ dh ckfydvkas ,oa ;qofr;ksa ls lewg ppkZ ds vuqlkj½

jk"Vªh; ,M~l fu;a=.k laxBu (NACO) ,oa la;qDr jk"Vª fodkl dk;ZØe (UNDP) dh lgk;rk ls INP+ dks LFkkfir fd;k x;k tks fd ,d leqnk; ij vk/kkfjr jk"Vªh; xSjljdkjh laLFkk gS tks ,p-vkbZ-oh- ls xzflr yksxkas dh vko';drkvksa dk izfrfuf/kRo djrh gSA INP+ vc HIV/AIDS ds lkFk th jgs yksxksa ds 15 jkT; Lrjh; {ks=ksa esa tky dh rjg QSyk gqvk gSA ;s HIV/AIDS xzLr yksxksa ds fy, LFkkuh;] {ks=h; vkSj jk"Vªh; Lrj ij egRoiw.kZ fo"k;ksa tSls ns[kHkky vkSj lg;ksfxrk] mipkj dh miyC/krk vkSj os HksnHkko ds eqn~ns ftudk lkeuk HIV/AIDS ls xzflr O;fDr;ksa dks djuk iM+rk gS] ds fy, vkokt mBkrk gSA INP+ esa laØfer efgykvksa ds lewg ds }kjk ekuo vf/kdkjksa ds fo"k; esa ubZ tkudkjh] mipkj f'k{kk vkSj ldkjkRed thou 'kSyh ds ckjs esa crk;k tkrk gSA 70

GIPA uhfr dks fØ;kfUor fd;k tkuk pkfg,A ;qokvksa dks ;kstukvksa ds fuekZ.k] fØ;kUo;u] fo'ys"k.k vkSj ewY;kadu esa lgHkkxh cukuk pkfg,A ¼lk{kkRdkj] lnL;] ,p-vkbZ-oh- ds lkFk th jgs yksx½


vuq'kalk;sa bl izfronsu ¼fjiksVZ dkMZ½ ds vk/kkj ij Hkkjr esa fd'kksfj;ksa ,oa ;qofr;ksa esa ,p-vkbZ-oh- dks jksdus ds fy, vusd dk;ZØe fo"k;d] uhfr vkSj vkfFkZd lg;ksx dks c<+kus ds fy;s vuq'kalk;sa dh tk ldrh gSaA ;g izLrko gS fd eq[; Hkkxhnkj ftuesa ljdkjh] vUrZljdkjh] Lo;a lsoh laLFkk,a vkSj vuqnku nsus okys 'kkfey gS] mUgsa fuEu dk;ksZa dks pykus ds fy;s fopkj djuk pkfg,A dkuwuh izko/kku 1- vo;Ldksa dks ,p-vkbZ-oh- ijh{k.k ds fy, vfHkHkkodksa dh lgefr dh vko';drk okys izko/kkuksa dks nwj djuk pkfg;s ftlls budh lsokvksa rd igq¡p cu ldsaA uhfr izko/kku 2- Political Declaration on HIV/AIDS dh 2 twu 2005 dh mPpLrjh; ehfVax (UNGASS dk vuqlj.k) ds ifjizs{k esa Hkkjr ds dk;ZØeksa dh iqu% leh{kk vkSj l'kfDrdj.k] fo'ks"kdj os izko/kku tks fd'kksfj;ksa vkSj ;qofr;ksa ls lacaf/kr gSa ¼/kkjk 7] 8] 11] 15] 21] 22] 26] 27] 29] 30] 31 vkSj 34½ 3- LokLF; dfeZ;ksa dks cnukeh vkSj HksnHkko jksdus rFkk xksiuh;rk vkSj fo'oluh;rk cuk;s j[kus ds fy;s foLr`r izf'k{k.k lqfuf'pr djuk pkfg;s ftlls ,slk okrkoj.k rS;kj gks lds tks yksxksa dks ¼fo'ks"kdj yM+fd;ksa vkSj efgykvksa] xzkeh.k {ks= ds yksxksa½ lsok izkIr djus ds fy, fu:Rlkfgr u djsaA 4- n`<+ opuc)rk ds lkFk thou ds fy;s thoudkS'ky] f'k{kk vkSj ;kSu f'k{kk dk;Zdze dks izksRlkfgr djus okys dk;Zdze cuk,a tkus pkfg,] fo'ks"kdj xzkeh.k {ks=ksa esaA eq[; :i ls %& v/;kidksa dks thoudkS'ky f'k{kk nsus ds fy, i;kZIr leFkZu nsuk pkfg,A (ftlesa laca/k dkS'ky lfEefyr gkss) ftlls os mUgsa dk;kZfUor dj ldsaA lkFkh (Peer) izf'k{kdks eas leqnk; esa miyC/k lqfo/kkvksa ij jsQj djus dh {kerk rS;kj djuk pkfg,A ;qok yksxksa dks iq:"k vkSj efgyk daMkse vklkuh ls miyC/k gksuk pkfg;sA v/;kidksa dks ,p vkbZ oh dh jksdFkke vkSj lqjf{kr ;kSu laca/k ds fo"k; es i;kZIr izf'k{k.k vkSj lg;ksx fn;k tkuk pkfg,A lsokvksa dh miyC/krk 5- ,UVhfjVªksok;jy fpfdRlk dh lexz miyC/krk dks izksRlkfgr djuk pkfg,A lkFk gh ldkjkRed jksdFkke ¼HIV ds lkFk th jgs yksxksa ds fy;s½ dks Hkh izksRlkfgr djuk pkfg,A ;g egRoiw.kZ gS fd os yMfd;k¡ vkSj efgyk,¡ tks fd ,p-vkbZ-oh- ls xzflr gS lkFk gh os tks xjhc vkSj xzkeh.k {ks=ksa ls gSa] dks ,sls okrkoj.k esa bykt feys tks u dsoy mudh ,p-vkbZoh- dh fLFkfr dks lEcksf/kr djsa] cfYd mudh ;kSu vkSj iztuu LokLF; dh vko';drk le>sA

6- xzkeh.k {ks=ksa esa LoSfPNd ijke'kZ vkSj ijh{k.k dk ,d ldkjkRed uewuk izLrqr djuk vkSj izksRlkfgr djuk pkfg, ftlesa ,d lqjf{kr lg;ksfxrk iw.kZ okrkoj.k esa ,p-vkbZoh- dh fLFkfr dks tkuus ds ykHk] xksiuh;rk lqfuf'pr djus] vkSj fd'kksfj;ksa vkSj ;qok efgykvksa dks vius lgHkkxh] ifjokj vkSj lekt dks fLFkfr ls voxr djkus esa lgk;d gksaA lsokvksa dh igq¡p 7- LokLF; lsok dk;Z dh xksiuh;rk ¼ns[kus vkSj lquus laca/kh½ vkSj fo'oluh;rk lqfuf'pr djuk pkfg,A 8- ,p-vkbZ-oh- dh jksdFkke ds lans'k ds lkFk fdlh jk"Vªh; lapkj vfHk;ku dks lHkh oxZ ds yksaxkas rd igqapkus dh ftEesnkjh ysuh pkfg,] ftldk eq[; y{; efgyk,¡ vkSj vU; mPp tksf[k+e okys oxZ gksuk pkfg,A 9- LoSfPNd ijke'kZ vkSj ijh{k.k dk;Z vf/kd ls vf/kd {ks=ksa esa miyC/k gksus pkfg, vkSj tksf[ke okys oxkZs ¼ftlesa fd'kksj] efgyk,a] foLFkkfir tula[;k vkSj vU; oxZ tSls lqbZ }kjk u'khyh nokvksa dk lsou djus okys] ;kSu dehZ vkSj iq:"k tks iq:"kksa ds lkFk ;kSu laca/k j[krs gSa½ rd mudh igqap gksuh pkfg,A Hkkxhnkjh vSkj vf/kdkj 10- ,p-vkbZ-oh-@,M~l ds fy, jk"Vªh; izfrfØ;k vHkh rd izkIr dh xbZ lQyrk ij vk/kkfjr gksuh pkfg, ftlls ,p-vkbZ-oh- dh jksdFkke ds fy, T;knk etcwr vf/kdkj vk/kkfjr igq¡p viukbZ tk ldsA ;g vko';d gS fd ,p-vkbZ-oh- ds lkFk th jgs O;fDr;ksa (PLHIV) ds vf/kdkj dk guu u gks vkSj muls HksnHkko u gks] fo'ks"kdj efgykvksa ds xHkZikr ds vf/kdkj ;fn os HIV xzLr gkasA 11- yM+dkas vkSj iq:"kksa ds lkFk ;kSu LokLF; vkSj ,p-vkbZ-oh- dh jksdFkke ds eqn~nksa ds fo"k; esa mudh tkudkjh vkSj lqjf{kr O;ogkj dks c<kus ds fy, dk;Z djuk pkfg,] ftlls muds fu;fer vkSj vLFkkbZ lkFkh eas STI vkSj HIV ds laØe.k esa deh gksA 12- jk"Vªh; ,p-vkbZ-oh- dk;ZØe] jk"Vªh; ,M~l lfefr lfgr uhfr fu/kkZj.k djus okyh laLFkk@lfefr esa PLHIV dks 'kkfey djus dk vkSj vf/kd iz;kl djuk pkfg,A

lEidZ lw= bl izfrosnu ¼fjiksVZ dkMZ½ ds ckjs esa vf/kd tkudkjh gsrq] ;k vuqla/kku izfrosnu dh izfr izkIr djus gsrq —i;k lEidZ djsa%

International Planned Parenthood Federation 4 Newhams Row, London SE1 3UZ Tel Fax Email

+44 (0) 7939 8200 +44 (0) 7939 8200 infor@ippf.org

www.ippf.org UK Registered Charity No. 229476

! !

UNFPA

Global Coalition on Women and AIDS

Young Positives

Family Planning Association India

220 East 42nd Street New York NY 10017 USA

20, avenue Appia CH-1211 Geneva 27 Switzerland

P.O. Box 10152 1001ED Amsterdam The Netherlands

Headquarters : Bajaj Bhavan, Nariman Point, Mumbai - 400 021.

Tel+1 212 297 5000

Tel Fax

Tel Fax

Tel. Fax

www.unfpa.org

Email womenandaids@unaids.org

+41 22 791 5412 +41 22 791 4187

+31 20 528 78 28 +31 20 627 52 21

: 022-40863101, 40863109 : 022-40863201, 40863202

Email rfransen@stopaidsnow.nl

Email : fpai@fpaindia.org

www.youngpositive.com

Web

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bl izdk'ku esa O;Dr fd;s x;s fopkj ,oa /kkj.kk;sa blds ys[kdksa dh gSa] vkSj vfuok;Z :i ls UNFPA (The United Nation Population Fund) ds fopkjksa dks izfrfcfEcr ugha djrh gSA 2007 esa IPPF }kjk izdkf'kr


lanHkZ (i) vius nSfud thou ppkZ ds NksVs ,oa lkekU; oDrO;ksa nksuksa gh fy[kus ,oa i<+us ds ckjs esa le>us okys 15&24 o"kZ dh vk;q okys yksxksa dk izfr'kr (Ii) ,d mez lewg dh vk/kh ;qok efgyk;sa ftudh mez 15&49 o"kZ gS] nnZukd ;kSu fdz;k ls xqtjrh gSA (iIi) fookfgr efgykvksa dk la;kstu 15&49 o"kZ dh vk;q esa izfr'kr tks fd Lo;a ;k muds Hkkxhnkj djrs gksaA fdlh Hkh :i esa xHkZ fujks/kd dk pkgs vk/kqfud ;k ijEijkxrA (1- Hkkjr ljdkj] tux.kuk vk;qDr o jftLVªkj tujy dk;kZy;] Hkkjr dh tux.kuk 2001 ¼izkfIr fnukad 30-07-07½ 2- Hkkjr ljdkj] tux.kuk vk;qDr o jftLVªkj tujy dk;kZy;] Hkkjr dh tux.kuk 2001 ¼rkfydk&1½ ¼izkfIr fnukad 30-07-07½ 3- Hkkjr ljdkj] tux.kuk vk;qDr o jftLVªkj tujy dk;kZy;] Hkkjr dh tux.kuk 2001 ¼rkfydk&1½ ¼izkfIr fnukad 30-07-07½ 4- ;w-,u-Mh-ih ¼2006½ ekuo fodkl izfrosnu] 2006] Hkkjr ljdkj ¼izkfIr fnukad 11-07-06½ 5- ;w-,u-Mh-ih ¼2006½ ekuo fodkl izfrosnu] 2006] Hkkjr ljdkj ¼izkfIr fnukad 11-07-06½ 6- ;w-,u-Mh-ih ¼2006½ ekuo fodkl izfrosnu] 2006] Hkkjr ljdkj ¼izkfIr fnukad 11-07-06½ 7- Measure DHS osclkbV ¼2000½ Hkkjr] Standard DHS 1998/99 8- Hkkjr ljdkj] jk"Vªh; ,M~l fu;a=.k laxBu jk"Vªh; vk/kkjHkwwr losZ{k.k BSS lkekU; turk esa 2001 esa rkfydk 3-26 i`"B 53 ¼fnukad 30-07-07½ 9- Hkkjr ljdkj] jk"Vªh; ,M~l fu;a=.k laxBu jk"Vªh; vk/kkjHkwwr losZ{k.k BSS lkekU; turk esa 2001 esa rkfydk 3-26 i`"B 53 ¼fnukad 30-07-07½ 10- Hkkjr ljdkj] jk"Vªh; LokLF; Lo:i 2006] LokLF; lwpuk dk dsUnzh; dk;kZy;] LokLF; lsokvksa dh lkekU; funs'kky;] LokLF; ,oa ifjokj dY;k.k ea=ky; ¼izkfIr fnukad 30-07-07½ 11- jk"Vªh; okLrfod izi=] Hkkjr ljdkj ¼varZdkyhu½ jk"Vªh; ifjokj LokLF; losZ&r`rh;] tula[;k foKkuksa ds fy;s vUrZjk"Vªh; laLFkk vkbZ-vkbZ-ih-,l- ¼izkfIr fnukad 30-07-07½ 12- Hkkjr ljdkj] lkekU; iathdj.k vf/kdkjh dk dk;kZy; ¼ORG½ ?kjsyw ekeyksa dk ea=ky;] 2006 dh lwpuk la[;k&1] uewuk iathdj.k ra=] lkaf[;dh lwpuk 2004 13- Hkkjr ljdkj] lkekU; iathdj.k vf/kdkjh dk dk;kZy; ¼ORG½ ?kjsyw ekeyksa dk ea=ky;] 2006 dh lwpuk la[;k&1] uewuk iathdj.k ra=] lkaf[;dh lwpuk 2004 14- lh-vkbZ-,- ¼2006½ 15- lh-vkbZ-,- ¼2006½ 16- la;qDr jk"Vª ,M~l ¼UNAIDS½ Hkkjr osclkbV ¼izkfIr fnukad 31-07-07½ 17- la;qDr jk"Vª ,M~l ¼UNAIDS½ Hkkjr osclkbV ¼izkfIr fnukad 31-07-07½ 18- ,oVZ osclkbV Hkkjr esa ,p-vkbZ-oh- vkSj ,M~l dh lkaf[;dh ¼izkfIr fnukad 17-02-07½ 19- ,oVZ osclkbV Hkkjr esa ,p-vkbZ-oh- vkSj ,M~l dh lkaf[;dh ¼izkfIr fnukad 17-02-07½ 20- la;qDr jk"Vª ,M~l ¼UNAIDS½ 2006] vUrZjk"Vªh; ,M~l egkekjh ij lwpuk ¼izkfIr fnukad 11-07-06½ 21- fo'o LokLF; laxBu ¼2006½ Hkkjr esa mipkj lqfo/kk;sa c<+kus esa jk"Vªh; ifjizs{; dk lkjka'k 22- Hkkjr ljdkj ¼2005½] jk"Vªh; ,M~l fu;a=.k laxBu ,oa LokLF; ,oa ifjokj dY;k.k ea=ky;] ,p-vkbZ-oh@,M~l ij UNGSS }kjk otuc)rk dh ?kks"k.kk dk izxfr izfrosnu ¼izkfIr fnukad 15-02-07½ 23- ;wuhlsQ ¼osclkbV½ ¼2006½] tYnh fookg&cpiu vo#) ¼izkfIr fnukad 12-07-06½ 24- efgykvksa ij vuqla/kku ds fy;s vUrZjk"Vªh; dsUnz ¼ICRW½ osclkbV] Hkkjr esa fd'kksj iztuu laca/kh LokLF; ¼izkfIr fnukad 15-03-07½ 25- Hkkjr ljdkj ¼2004½] jk"Vªh; ,M~l fu;a=.k laxBu] ifjokj dY;k.k o LokLF; ea=ky;] Hkkjr ljdkj] LoSfPNd lykgdkjh ,oa lapkyu laca/kh funsZ'kksa dh tkap ¼izkfIr fnukad 12-07-06½ 26- la;qDr jk"Vª lfpo] tula[;k 'kk[kk& xHkZikr uhfr;ka% ,d lkoZHkkSfed leh{kk ¼2002½ ¼izkfIr fnukad 22-0406½ 27- Hkkjr ljdkj] jk"Vªh; ,M~l fuokj.k ,oa fu;a=.k uhfr ¼izkfIr fnukad 19-12-06½ 28- ,oVZ osclkbV ¼izkfIr fnukad 19-12-06½ 29- la;qDr jk"Vª vkfFkZd rFkk lkekftd ifjn`'; ,f'k;k rFkk egk}hi ¼UNESCAP½ ,oa vtey ,fnIikxkFk] odhy] loksZPp U;;ky;] Hkkjr ¼2001½ Hkkjr esa fyax vk/kkfjr laosnu'khy] fo/kk;h fo/ks;d ,oa uhfr;ka ¼izkfIr fnukad 03-04-07½ 30- efgykvksa ij vuqla/kku ds fy;s vUrZjk"Vªh; dsUnz] ,p-vkbZ-oh-@,M~l ds dyad] HksnHkko o vkU/kzizns'k ¼Hkkjr½ esa fyax vk/kkfjr fgalk dks feVkuk ¼izkfIr fnukad 02-04-07½ 31- ch-ch-lh- dh u;h lwpuk& Hkkjrh; ;kSu etnwjksa ds fy;s vf/kdkjksa dh yM+kbZ ¼2003½ ¼osclkbV½ ¼izkfIr fnukad 12-07-06½ 32- Hkkjr ljdkj] jk"Vªh; ,M~l fu;a=.k laxBu] jk"Vªh; ,M~l fuokj.k vkSj fu;a=.k uhfr & ,p-vkbZ-oh- vkSj lwbZ ls u'khyh nokvksa dk lsou ¼izkfIr fnukad 12-07-06½ 33- Hkkjr ljdkj] jk"Vªh; ,M~l fu;a=.k dk;ZØe pj.k&r`rh; ¼2006&11½ jk"Vªh; ,M~l fu;a=.k laxBu] LokLF; ,oa ifjokj dY;k.k ea=ky; 34- Hkkjr ljdkj] jk"Vªh; ,M~l fu;a=.k dk;ZØe pj.k&r`rh; ¼2006&11½ jk"Vªh; ,M~l fu;a=.k laxBu] LokLF; ,oa ifjokj dY;k.k ea=ky; 35- Hkkjr ljdkj] jk"Vªh; ,M~l fu;a=.k dk;ZØe pj.k&r`rh; ¼2006&11½ jk"Vªh; ,M~l fu;a=.k laxBu] LokLF; ,oa ifjokj dY;k.k ea=ky; 36- Hkkjr ljdkj] o"kZ 2005 ds fy;s ,p-vkbZ-oh-@,M~l dh fuxjkuh vuqekfur lwpuk] jk"Vªh; ,M~l fu;a=.k laxBu] LokLF; ,oa ifjokj dY;k.k ea=ky; ¼vizSy 2006½ ¼izkfIr fnukad 13-03-07½ 37- Hkkjr ljdkj] o"kZ 2005 ds fy;s ,p-vkbZ-oh-@,M~l dh fuxjkuh vuqekfur lwpuk] jk"Vªh; ,M~l fu;a=.k laxBu] LokLF; ,oa ifjokj dY;k.k ea=ky; ¼vizSy 2006½ ¼izkfIr fnukad 13-03-07½

38- Hkkjr ljdkj] jk"Vªh; ,M~l fu;a=.k laxBu] jk"Vªh; ,M~l fuokj.k rFkk fu;a=.k uhfr ¼izkfIr fnukad 12-0906½ 39- ekykons ts-,-ch- lfefr ¼2002½ ,p-vkbZ-oh-@,M~l lykg rFkk ijh{k.k ds uhfrxr rFkk fof/k lUer eqn~ns ¼ala{ksi&14oha vUrZjk"Vªh; ,M~L lEesyu½ ¼izkfIr fnukad 12-07-06½ 40- ;w-,u-,Q-ih-,- Hkkjr dk;kZy; ls lapkj ] tqykbZ 2007 41- Hkkjr ljdkj] o"kZ 2005] jk"Vªh; ,M~l fu;a=.k laxBu] LokLF; ,oa ifjokj dY;k.k ea=ky; **opu c)rk dh ?kks"k.kk** la;qDr jk"Vª vke lHkk esa ,p-vkbZ-oh-@,M~l izxfr fooj.k ij ,M~l ij fo'ks"k l= ¼;w-,u-th-,l-,l-½ ¼izkfIr fnukad 15-02-07½ 42- Hkkjr ljdkj] jk"Vªh; ,M~l fu;a=.k dk;ZØe pj.k&r`rh; ¼2006&11½ jk"Vªh; ,M~l fu;a=.k laxBu] LokLF; ,oa ifjokj dY;k.k ea=ky; 43- ,fytkcsFk&,&fizosy] ,e-ih-,p-,-] ,yu th- fiokst] ,l-lh-Mh-] ,e-,p-,l-ch- ¼2002½ ** ,f'k;k esa eka ls cPps esa ,p-vkbZ-oh- lEizs"k.k dh jksdFkke] dk;ZØe dh izk;ksfxd ekxZnf'kZdk** ¼izkfIr fnukad 19-03-07½ 44- Hkkjr ljdkj] jk"Vªh; ,M~l fu;a=.k laxBu] jk"Vªh; ,M~l fuokj.k ,oa fu;a=.k uhfr ¼izkfIr fnukad 12-07-06½ ikuksl Hkkjr ¼2007½ izfrjks/kd nok lHkh ds mipkj izkfIr] f'k{kk izkIr djus esa Hkkjr esa ck/kk;sa ¼izkfIr fnukad 1507-07½ 45- Hkkjr ljdkj] jk"Vªh; ,M~l fu;a=.k dk;ZØe pj.k&r`rh; ¼2006&11½ jk"Vªh; ,M~l fu;a=.k laxBu] LokLF; ,oa ifjokj dY;k.k ea=ky; 46- Hkkjr ljdkj] jk"Vªh; ,M~l fu;a=.k laxBu dh osclkbV] lsokvksa dh funsZf'kdk] ;kSu lapkfjr laØe.k vkS"k/kky;ksa@fpfdRlky;ksa dh jkT;okj lwph 47- Hkkjr ljdkj] jk"Vªh; ,M~l fu;a=.k dk;ZØe pj.k&r`rh; ¼2006&11½ jk"Vªh; ,M~l fu;a=.k laxBu] LokLF; ,oa ifjokj dY;k.k ea=ky; 48- Hkkjr ljdkj] o"kZ 2005] jk"Vªh; ,M~l fu;a=.k laxBu] LokLF; ,oa ifjokj dY;k.k ea=ky; **opu c)rk dh ?kks"k.kk** la;qDr jk"Vª vke lHkk esa ,p-vkbZ-oh-@,M~l izxfr fooj.k ij 49- Hkkjr ljdkj] jk"Vªh; ,M~l fu;a=.k dk;ZØe pj.k&r`rh; ¼2006&11½ jk"Vªh; ,M~l fu;a=.k laxBu] LokLF; ,oa ifjokj dY;k.k ea=ky; 50- Hkkjr ljdkj] jk"Vªh; ,M~l fu;a=.k dk;ZØe pj.k&r`rh; ¼2006&11½ jk"Vªh; ,M~l fu;a=.k laxBu] LokLF; ,oa ifjokj dY;k.k ea=ky; 51- Hkkjr ljdkj] jk"Vªh; ,M~l fu;a=.k laxBu] jk"Vªh; ,M~l fuokj.k rFkk fu;a=.k uhfr ¼izkfIr fnukad 15-0307½ 52- jk"VªeaMyh; lfpoky;] izxfr ,oa [kq'kgkyh ds fy;s tqM+ko] jk"VªeaMy egklfpo dk izfrosnu 2005 ¼izkfIr fnukad 19-03-07½ 53- fgUnqLrku ysVsDl Qsfeyh Iykfuax ,aM izeks'ku VªLV ¼HLFPPT½ ifj;kstuk nLrkost **jk"Vªh; ,M~l fu;a=.k dk;ZØe r`rh; esa efgyk fujks/k ds lkekftd foØ; gsrq iwoZ fu;kstu dk;ZØe** ¼osclkbV½ 54- la;qDr jk"Vª ifjokj fu;kstu la?k ds Hkkjr fLFkr dk;kZy; ls lEizs"k.k ¼twu 2007½ 55- www.indainngos,com, ,p-vkbZ-oh-@,M~l ds fo#) yM+kbZ esa ¼osclkbV½ 56- ch-ch-lh- lekpkj] nf{k.k ,f'k;k **yM+fd;ksa ds voS/k O;kikj** esa ck/kk Mkyuk ¼osclkbV½ ¼izkfIr fnukad 13-0407½ 57- Hkkjr ljdkj] jk"Vªh; ,M~l fu;a=.k laxBu osclkbV] izfrjks/kd mipkj **,d ubZ igy** ¼izkfIr fnukad 1903-07½ 58- ;w-,u-,Q-ih-,- Hkkjr dk;kZy; ls lapkj ] tqykbZ 2007 59- Hkkjr lkFk&lkFk osclkbV& ,M~l rFkk LokLF; lqj{kk iz.kkyh] ,d volj 60- Hkkjr ljdkj] ifjokj dY;k.k foHkkx] fu%'kqYd fujks/k forj.k ;kstuk ¼izkfIr fnukad 15-02-07½ 61- ;w-,u-,Q-ih-,- Hkkjr dk;kZy; ls lapkj ] tqykbZ 2007 62- ,oVZ osclkbV] Hkkjr esa ,p-vkbZ-oh- rFkk ,M~l ls dkSu izHkkfor gS\ ¼izkfIr fnukad 02-04-07½ 63- dk;kZy;] la;qDr jk"Vª mPp vk;qDr] ekuo vf/kdkj fo"k;d izeq[k vUrZjk"Vªh; ekuo vf/kdkjksa dh laiqf"V;ksa dh fLFkfr ¼9 twu 2007 rd½ ¼izkfIr fnukad 25-04-06½ 64- la;qDr jk"Vª vkSipkfjd laf/k i= laxzg ¼5 Qjojh 2002 rd½ fookg iath;u] U;wure fookg vk;q rFkk fookg dh Loh—fr ij lEesyu] U;w;kdZ 10 fnlEcj 1962 ¼izkfIr fnukad 28-03-07½ 65- Hkkjr ljdkj] jk"Vªh; ,M~l fu;a=.k dk;ZØe pj.k&r`rh; ¼2006&11½ jk"Vªh; ,M~l fu;a=.k laxBu] LokLF; ,oa ifjokj dY;k.k ea=ky; 66- ,p-vkbZ-oh-@,M~l dh vuqfØ;k dk leUo;u] {kerko)Zu rFkk tkx#drk ds }kjk ¼pjdk½] pjdk uhfr esa] ;qofr;ksa esa ,p-vkbZ-oh-@,M~l ds [krjksa dks de djuk gSA ¼izkfIr fnukad 19-07-06½ 67- vUrZjk"Vªh; ;qok lEesyu] jk"Vªh; ;qok izfrosnu] ;w-,u-xkl- dh opu c)rk dh ?kks"k.kk ds ckn gqbZ izxfr dk ladyu&Hkkjr ¼2006½ ¼izkfIr fnukad 19-07-06½ 68- Hkkjr ljdkj] jk"Vªh; ,M~l fu;a=.k laxBu] jk"Vªh; ,M~l lfefr dh lajpuk ¼izkfIr fnukad 18-07-06½ 69- Hkkjr ljdkj] jk"Vªh; ,M~l fu;a=.k laxBu] th-vkbZ-ih-,- ,p-vkbZ-oh-@,M~l ds lkFk jg jgs yksxksa rFkk ,pvkbZ-oh-@,M~l ls lh/ks izHkkfor yksxksa dh cM+h Hkwfedk 'kkfey djuk ¼izkfIr fnukad 20-07-06½ 70- ,p-vkbZ-oh-@,M~l ds lkFk jg jgs yksxksa dk Hkkjrh; ra=] dk;Z lewg ¼osclkbV½ ¼izkfir fnukad 16-07-07½

HIV_Prevention_Girls_and_Young_Women_India_Report_Card_Hindi  

1 MkWyj izfrfnu vk; ls uhps okyksa dh tula[;k dk izfr'kr% ekr` e`R;q nj izfr 1]00]000 thfor tUe ij% 2006 esa o;Ld O;fDr;ksa esa ,p-vkbZ-oh-...