IPEMA E-Newsletter – Summer 2019

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Summer 2019 E-Newsletter Our Mission The mission of the International Play Equipment Manufacturers Association (IPEMA) is to promote play, encourage safety and provide certification programs for playground environments.

What’s Inside... President’s Message


Committee Updates


Industry News 6 NPCAI Rebrands


Association News


Earning Their Trust


What Is a Risk Assessment Benefit?


2019 Board of Directors


IPEMA Contact Info


E-Newsletter is published electronically four times per year: Winter issue is distributed in January Spring issue is distributed in April Summer issue is distributed in July Fall issue is distributed in October

Strategic Partners

Membership Meeting Showcases Strong Association, Promising Efforts More than 40 people from 23 different member companies gathered for the IPEMA 2019 Membership Meeting, held May 14 in Denver, Colo. Attendees always look forward to a relaxing evening of socializing with other people from the playground industry. As always, the event took place at a unique venue. This year, members enjoyed brewery tours and sampling different beers at the Wynkoop Brewing Company. The meeting provides an opportunity for IPEMA members to hear about what’s happening with the association as well as network and enjoy some good food and drink. Six non-member guests joined in the fun. A highlight of the meeting was a PowerPoint presentation by IPEMA President Tom Norquist on IPEMA’s ongoing marketing and PR efforts. Treasurer Randy Watermiller shared the balance sheet through April 2019 and noted that the organization is in a good and stable financial position. Norquist ended the meeting by thanking members of the organization, the staff and others for all they do for children. If you missed this year's meeting, plan to join us next year! The May 2020 membership meeting will be held in Boston. Please keep an eye out for more details next year. Membership Meeting minutes are available in the members' only area of IPEMA's website. Log in to your account and go to the membership documents page located on the dashboard to view the minutes. 1

IPEMA E-Newsletter - Summer 2019

Mingling with Members


IPEMA E-Newsletter - Summer 2019

Message from the President Tom Norquist, IPEMA President

Our markets are heating up this summer! Summer is here and the playground equipment and surfacing markets are HOT! After a strong 2018, sales growth continues into 2019. This is good news for our members! Our continued efforts to educate society through the Voice of Play initiative, combined with scholarly work with the US Play Coalition, drives awareness on the importance of play. We continue to share the values of children approaching the world around them through play. They are driven by curiosity and a need for excitement; they rehearse handling real-life risky situations through play and develop positive skill sets used throughout their lives. Our annual IPEMA Membership Meeting was held at Wynkoop Brewing Company in Denver, Colo. Tuesday, May 14. This was one of the best-attended meetings I can remember since our inception in 1995. Equipment and surfacing companies were well represented, and the full board, IPEMA staff Angie Troutman and Denise Calabrese, plus our attorney Milton Chappel, who was joined by his wife and “Holey Moley star” Margo, were present. Special thanks to Angie and Denise for organizing and implementing this informative event that let members mingle, share stories and celebrate play together. This upbeat meeting included a fabulous array of pub-style food, amazing selection of craft beers, full bar and soft drinks for the members. Strong and informative reports from Jeff Mrakovich’s surfacing committee and Mark Koch’s equipment certification committee were well received by the membership. Randy Watermiller explained our positive financial position due to strong membership participation in both certification programs.

It’s important to mention that ASTM meetings for both F15 & F08 had the highest participation that we have seen in years! This increased participation of IPEMA members is greatly appreciated and helps ASTM to continue to craft relevant safety standards for playground equipment and surfacing. Additionally, we reported to membership on the ISO TC83 Working Group 6 on Risk Assessment and Working Group 8 on Play and have forthcoming meetings in Sydney, Australia in August and then in Tokyo, Japan in October. All of us at IPEMA want to sincerely thank our members for their dedication to providing safer play environments for children to develop skills, parents to participate in their children’s development and communities to come together! Have a great summer and remember to Play On!

Articles Wanted for IPEMA e-newsletter IPEMA is always looking for articles for this newsletter to keep its contents relevant for our members. Articles should range from 200 to 500 words, and photos are welcome. Articles can be about a unique project you’ve been involved with, your company’s community involvement, an industry hot topic, an honor or award—really, anything you think your fellow IPEMA members would want to read about. The deadline to submit for the Fall 2019 issue is Friday, Sept. 6. Email articles to IPEMAeditor@hotmail.com. 3

IPEMA E-Newsletter - Summer 2019

Committee Updates Marketing Committee Report 10 Years of Play: A Recap from the Annual Conference on the Value of Play The U.S. Play Coalition’s annual conference brought together leading experts and leaders in “PLAY FOR LIFE,” which explored play across the lifespan. IPEMA and the Voice of Play were once again sponsors, and we were thrilled to do a presentation with Olga Jarrett, Ph.D. and Lynn Campanella of Playocracy Inc.

“Why Play Matters: The State of Recess in North America” dove into research and real

examples of the current state of recess in North America, and why recess is critical for the development of physical, emotional, social and cognitive skills in children. While progress has been made, there is still work to be done to keep recess part of the curriculum! In 2018, IPEMA and the Voice of Play surveyed teachers to gain their perspectives on the importance of recess. Among the findings was that each teacher surveyed – 100 percent – said that recess is essential for young students’ mental and physical development. IPEMA President Tom Norquist shared this top-level research. Next, Olga Jarrett gave the audience a look at state recess legislation across the U.S. and shared interesting results from a high poverty school in Georgia. Lastly, Lynn Campanella gave the crowd a look at research she’d done in Canada, and what a highquality recess could look like.

IPEMA Survey Highlights • IPEMA and Havas PR worked with Wakefield Research to develop questions for a 2018 survey targeted at American teachers to gather their attitudes and perceptions of the benefits of recess. • 500 U.S. elementary school teachers were surveyed online, and we used this data for web and social content, as well as to spark media interest. • Online and print media (both trade and consumer), resulted in a reach of 120.8 million people. • The results can be found here.

United States Recess Legislation • Requires daily recess but does not specify duration: Delaware, Arizona • Requires daily physical activity that may include recess: Indiana, Vermont • Requires 20 minutes of recess daily: New Jersey, Florida, Rhode Island, Connecticut, Michigan, Missouri, Virginia (50 min. down time), Hawaii • Monthly requirement that may include recess: Colorado • Requires 30 minutes of recess daily: North Carolina (through grade 12), Georgia • Multiple recesses a day: Arkansas, Tennessee, Arizona

Quality Recess = Board-Wide Recess Policy • Action Plan: a communication tool for all stakeholders • Engagement in a supportive recess program • Respect student voice • Surveys – what students like and don’t like about recess (and what they want to do at recess) It was an engaging few days, with sessions and keynotes addressing universal issues of health, education, access, equity, inclusion, design and more. We were happy to interact with fellow play experts and hope to continue to drive conversation on the value of play! 4

IPEMA E-Newsletter - Summer 2019

Play Quote of the Month

Let’s Get Social

“The debt we owe to the play of the imagination is incalculable.” – Carl Jung. Share this.

Make sure you are following and engaging with our social channels! Have news to share or want to showcase a great playground? Tag us so we can repost:

Twitter: @Voice_of_Play Facebook: voiceofplay

In the News The New York Times recently covered play! The article, Making Playgrounds a Little More Dangerous, discussed the benefits of not only unstructured play, but the value of risk. Read it here. This comes a year after NBC News covered unstructured play and its benefits, with our very own president Tom Norquist featured. Watch this throwback video here.

We Want You! Share Your Story!

We want to hear what you’re doing—let’s collaborate! We’re always looking for amazing content from the IPEMA membership to share, whether it’s for a blog or social post, or pitching media. Share news, photos, and updates with Havas PR by emailing deanna.tomaselli@redhavas.com or calling Deanna at (412) 913-0894.

Welcome, New Members IPEMA welcomes the following members: Jelili Kazeem, Enugu, Nigeria

U.S. Playground Surfacing, Canton, Conn.

Quality Turf, Ontario, Canada

Seilfabrik Ullmann GmbH, Bremen, Germany

NewGrass, San Ramon, Calif.

Britton Industries, Inc., Morrisville, Pa.

Regal Sports, Telengana, India

South Jersey Agricultural Products, Inc., Elmer, N.J.


IPEMA E-Newsletter - Summer 2019

Industry News How Play is Changing Our Relationship with Inclusion Play invites us to change our relationship with inclusion by creating the opportunity for discovery, renewed curiosity in difference, risk, and failure without judgment, and new and diverse ways of thinking. Like anything worth doing, inclusion takes practice and experience. To read more about this timely issue from Play & Playground magazine, click here.

Photo Courtesy of Ramshackle Play

Editor’s note: Industry News articles are authored by someone outside of our membership but share observed trends and opinions that we feel everyone should have an opportunity to review and understand. IPEMA does not endorse the views set forth in these articles.

• Accessible & Inclusive Play • Multi/Intergenerational Play • Adults at Play • • Racial Implications on Play • Education & Play • Wellness & Play • • Adventure & Loose Parts Play • Designing for Play • Trends in Play •


IPEMA E-Newsletter - Summer 2019

Rebranding Kicks Off Renewed Strategy and Vision The National Playground Contractors Association has a new, fresh look. The rebranding is just a piece of the association’s marketing strategy and brand vision that was adopted by the NPCAI Board of Trustees earlier this year.

The new brand extends to the Recreation Installation Specialist Certification (RISC) logo and Qualified Contractor seal and will be seen in the organization’s marketing materials, social media, website and education resources.“NPCAI works hard on behalf of our members and the industry,” said NPCAI President Ed Miller. “Our new logo is fresh and modern and is a good indication of

where the association is now and where it is going.”

His enthusiasm extends past the rebranding to the redesign of the RISC program, increased affiliations with strategic industry partners and advocacy efforts. RISC certification and the Qualified Contractor program allows members to set themselves apart by proving expertise and dedication to our industry, he noted. “This is an incredibly exciting time for NPCAI. The ways members experience our services is important to us, and I’m very proud of the good work we are doing," Miller added.



READ ALL ABOUT IT... We want to spread the word about IPEMA’s efforts and our industry – and you can help! Provide IPEMA with a list of your employees’ emails, and we will send the newsletter each quarter directly to them! Send your lists to commassoc@ipema.org. It’s a great way to be “in the know”!

IPEMA E-Newsletter - Summer 2019

Association News Promotion People Wanted IPEMA is looking for members to serve on the association’s Marketing & PR Committee, which is responsible for oversight of the IPEMA newsletter, websites, social networking sites and any other communication vehicles utilized to promote the association, its programs and membership. The committee also oversees the Voice of Play initiative and works closely with the organization’s PR agency. Members of the committee are asked to participate in quarterly committee calls and to periodically assist with input and review of articles, interviews and releases with industry media. If you are interested in serving, please click here to fill out the Willingness to Serve form.

Have You Partnered Up? IPEMA has partnered with JLE Consultants because of their approach to brokering merchant services. Check out these benefits: • Savings – JLE guarantees a 15% reduction in credit card processing fees • Security – Patented Point-to-Point Encrypted (P2PE) technology eliminates risk to your business and reduces PCI Compliance requirements • Service – JLE provides unparalleled Customer Services Find out more at www.JLEconsultants.com/faq. Contact JLE Consultants directly at (800) 674-3382 or by email at info@JLEconsultants.com, for a no-cost, no-obligation consultation of your electronic payment services.

Comments Sought on Standards Draft A new draft edition of CSA Z614, Children’s playgrounds and equipment, has been developed by the Canadian Standards Association (CSA) Technical Committee on Children’s Playspaces. The draft is available for review until August 18, 2019. It is very important that key playground stakeholders review the document and submit comments and suggested corrections before publication. Interested parties can access the draft here. You can comment directly online. In this new edition, the technical committee has made changes or additions in a number of areas. The committee added a clause supporting Annex J to allow for new play components that may not specifically fit into the prescriptive play component types listed in this standard. The committee also made changes to user age groups to account for children of different abilities and expanded upon the developmental needs of children. Additional changes were made to climbing net structures to harmonize with the ASTM F1487. A new test procedure was added to determine elevated surface compliance. Annex H was updated to improve clarity and changes were made to the elevated component counts. Annex G's chart on plants to avoid was updated as well. The committee also added a new Annex on Thermal Comfort. A one-time registration is required if you have not been to the site before. For additional information or questions on the CSA Public Review, contact Cathryn Cortissoz at 416-747-2594 or cathryn. cortissoz@csagroup.org.

(Only companies based in the U.S. can take advantage of this offer.)


IPEMA E-Newsletter - Summer 2019

Board and Committee Slates Update During the 2019 IPEMA Membership Meeting in May, IPEMA President Tom Norquist reported that the nominating committee recommended that Henry Mustacato and Rob Lockhart serve another two‐year term on the IPEMA Board of Directors, commencing June 1, 2019. This was voted on and approved. Norquist shared the slates for both the equipment certification committee and the surfacing certification committee. The equipment certification committee slate of Chelsea Hoffman, Tom Fitzpatrick and Robert Lockhart was approved. The surfacing certification committee slate of Chris Hanson, Henry Mustacato and Bill Stafford was also approved. Here are the updated committee rosters:

Equipment Certification Committee

Matt Weaver Playworld Systems

Lloyd Reese Playcore

Mark Koch – Chair Blue Imp

David Splane, Validator TÜV SÜD America

Bill Stafford Flexground

Tom Fitzpatrick Landscape Structures

Surfacing Certification Committee

David Splane, Validator TÜV SÜD America

Chelsea Hoffman Architectural Playground Equipment

Jeff Mrakovich – Chair Zeager Bros., Inc.

Marketing & PR Committee

Scott Liebelt BCI Burke

Eloise Bird Sof’ Solutions, Inc.

Brian Johnson – Chair BCI Burke

Robert Lockhart Dynamo Playgrounds

Nickolas Demetrakas Cre8play

Tom Norquist GameTime

Chris Newburry Playpower

Richard Hawley Robertson Industries, Inc., A Playcore Company

Katie Swanson Landscape Structures

Sherri Pope Superior Recreational Products Lloyd Reese Playcore

Chris Hanson Sonam Technologies, LLC Henry Mustacato Fibar Corporation

Come Play with Us Online!

Robert Heath Fibar Group, LLC Ernie Knight NPCG, LLC

Benefits of Play - Playground Safety Science of Play - Downloadable Resources

The “Voice of Play” website is IPEMA’s effort to educate the general public, parents, teachers and related organizations and community groups about the various benefits of play. The site contains information on the following:

Newsroom Blogs and Information You can reach the Voice of Play through IPEMA’s website at ipema.org or at voiceofplay.org. Check it out!


IPEMA E-Newsletter - Summer 2019

Earning Their Trust by Jeff Tippett Trust is perhaps the most important factor of persuasion. If you master all the other elements of persuasion, but others don’t trust you, you will not persuade them. Period. Emphasizing personal relationships through building trust is essential to succeed in both your personal and professional lives. Most people think of trust in terms of the things we do to earn it. And while I focus there too, we need to start much deeper. The foundation for building trust is your motivation, what’s in your heart, the spirit in which you eventually do those things to earn it. A well-trained salesperson can easily fool others for a while, but in the end, I don’t think it’s sustainable. I encourage you to pause and look within. I believe that others’ trust in you begins with who you are as a person and what your intentions are. And, ultimately, no amount of smooth talking can make up for the wrong intentions.

At the outset, most of your audience will either be neutral or slightly disinclined to trust you. But you now have what you need to begin earning their trust. We also have to check our own motivations and determine what drives us. Is our primary focus on ourselves, or do we place a priority on others? This simply, yet often overlooked, mindset can change how people perceive us and affects our ability to persuade them. Here are a few concepts that you can leverage to solidify trust.

Be consistent It takes multiple interactions for your audience to begin to get a feel for who you are. These could be face-to-face meetings, phone calls or social media communication. You will need to be precise and consistent for people to begin to fully understand you, know your story and start to trust you. Often, even the slightest deviation can set you back. Speaking of social media, you have to consider every post and what it says about your brand. Every interaction online, whether posting, sharing or commenting, gives your audience clues to your brand presence. I would argue that every single post—no exceptions—has to support the brand you are creating. Any deviation can derail your quest to earn the trust of others. Continued on next page...


IPEMA E-Newsletter - Summer 2019

Deliver as promised We’ve probably all had someone promise us a deliverable—whether a creative asset, meeting time, contract, phone call, email, etc.—and not, in fact, deliver. Failing to deliver as promised can harm your brand and the fragile trust you’re building with your audience. We’re often so eager to please that we commit to things that, realistically, we know we can’t deliver. In the moment, that promise feels comforting. It’s nice to think you’re going to fulfill someone’s wants or needs. But while your audience may be happy in the moment that you said yes to their request—and that makes you feel good, as well—nobody is going to feel good when expectations aren’t met. Overpromising will not only disappoint; it will set back your quest for trust. It’s better to under-promise and over-deliver. If your audience is asking for something, and you know you can’t deliver, manage expectations. Explain the rationale for why you can’t deliver. Even better, frame your response in a way that shows why your decision is best for them. For example, I recently had a speakers’ bureau reach out because they were interested in representing me. But I knew that my time constraints would not allow me to complete their onboarding process in a manner consistent with my own standards. I told them I was interested, but explained that I wanted to make time to present quality assets. I then told them when I could reasonably expect to get everything to them, and they accepted my timeline.

But let me add this disclaimer: Know your audience. Know the extent to which they’re willing to “get real with you”— where the boundaries lie. To the extent that your audience is willing to be open and authentic, I encourage you to respond as much as you are comfortable in doing. This authenticity will allow your audience to trust you more profoundly. Besides, you don’t want them wondering what you might be hiding.

Be open to feedback We all wish that we were perfect all the time, but in reality, we are not. We make mistakes. We miss the mark. That’s why it is important to listen to what others have to say. Being open to feedback and incorporating it, as appropriate, will most likely boost others’ trust. If you think you know everything and the best way to do everything, you’re likely only fooling yourself. Others will see that, and it will negatively impact their trust in you. Remember: Without trust, you have nothing. It is the foundation upon which all relationships are built. This is true for your personal and professional lives alike.

About the Author: Jeff Tippett Jeff Tippett is the international, best-selling author of two books, “Pixels Are the New Ink” and “Unleashing Your Superpower: Why Persuasive Communication is the Only Force You Will Ever Need.” Speaking to international audiences through keynotes and seminars, Tippett helps attendees increase their effectiveness, gives them powerful tools to reach their goals and empowers attendees to positively impact and grow their organizations or businesses. In 2014, Jeff founded Targeted Persuasion, an award-winning public affairs and communications firm. He has worked with renowned brands including Airbnb, The National Restaurant Association and The League of Women Voters. Tippett, whose Metro Stylethe prestigious American Advertising industry recognition includes Award from the American Advertising Federation, is the host of “Victory by Association with Jeff Tippett,” a podcast that shares the victories of association executives with the world, highlighting the great work done Metro Style Style across this country everyMetro day. You can find Tippet here:

Contrast that approach to overpromising. Had I done that, and not provided the requested information on time, we would have begun what could be a mutually beneficial arrangement on the wrong foot. And if they can’t trust me with the initial process, they won’t be able to trust me when it matters to their clients. Under-promise. Over-deliver. Every time. It’s a winning formula.

Social Media Icons

Be open and authentic

Social Social Media Media Icons Icons

I acknowledge that being open and authentic within the business community often raises eyebrows. Most of us have been trained to leave our personal self outside the door when we walk into the office. I disagree with that.

Jefftippett.com VictoryByAssociation.com


IPEMA E-Newsletter - Summer 2019

What Is a Risk-Benefit Assessment? By Scott Belair

Every day when you leave your house, you're taking a risk. When you cross the street, you take a risk. When you drive down the highway, you never know what other drivers are going to do. When you get to work, if you sit at your desk all day that might affect your health. So, if all these things are risky, why do we do them? Well, we do them because we feel the benefits of the activity or action outweigh the risk. Everything we do is a balance between the risks and benefits. Most of the decisions we make in life are riskbenefit decisions made at a sub-conscious level. A formal risk-benefit assessment (RBA) is a comparison between the risks of a situation and its benefits. The goal is to figure out whether the risk or benefit is most significant based on the probability, possibility and consequence of an activity or action. The thought of a formal RBA approach originated in the medical community, where every medical procedure has associated risks. Some procedures that could be beneficial actually turn out to statistically cause more harm than good. Medical researchers use RBAs to figure out whether certain procedures are worth doing and what types of people will benefit from those procedures. RBAs are useful for everyone and have been going on over and over again over the course of time. Whether or not we consciously acknowledge them or formalize them into a written document is another matter. Throughout time, Neanderthals completed RBAs before deciding to leave the safety of their cave to go hunting. Birds complete an RBA before deciding to leave their nest for food. Squirrels complete an RBA before deciding to cross a road with oncoming traffic in search of food. With society becoming ever more litigious, many of our jobs are becoming more and more about documentation, training, qualifications, standardization, etc. In many industries (the medical profession being just one) the need for documenting and storing RBAs for future use are ever increasing.

How can an RBA be of use in the play industry? Standards (ASTM, CPSC, CSA, etc.) are prescriptive by naming play elements as to what they should be called, what they should not be called and also, how they should be evaluated. This is leading to many of our recreational spaces looking more and more like the next neighboring recreational space as we slot equipment into specific categories of equipment defined by existing standards. The prescriptive text that is present in play equipment standards is in place because that prescriptive text represents a specific risk and/or hazard that should be avoided on specific types of equipment. But what if that same risk or hazard presented itself on a new design not currently contemplated or ‘named’ by standards? Over the past decade, there has been a continuous advent of new and/or hybrid types of play equipment that may not fit these specific prescriptive clauses of ASTM, CPSC, or CSA. These new and/or hybrid types of play equipment are often fantastic inventions that may represent new and exciting play opportunities. Using a formal RBA can help an owner/operator make effective risk management decisions in assessing the hazards, while weighing the risks and benefits of adding new types of equipment that do not fit within the previously determined categories of ASTM, CPSC, or CSA. When using the current process of measuring the compliance of equipment against and existing standard, new types of play equipment are often automatically determined not to be compliant, OR, avoided in their entirety because there is no specific standards category that fits a particular new or hybrid piece of equipment, even though that new equipment could potentially be an excellent play opportunity for children. To complete an RBA, there are four main pieces of information you need: 11. What is the risk and/or hazard? 22. Is the risk or hazard acceptable (considering possibility, probability and consequence)? 3 What are the benefits? 3. 44. Are the benefits worthwhile (considering possibility, probability and consequence)? Let's go through an example of how this works. 12

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IPEMA E-Newsletter - Summer 2019

Sample Risk Benefit Assessment for a Play Component In an effort to ‘naturalize’ an existing playspace, an owner/operator has decided to include a series of climbing boulders into a playspace. The boulders were not originally intended to be play equipment. However, the boulders are being purposely placed in a playspace and intended for play. There are no specific ASTM, CSPC, or CSA clauses that deal with how one should evaluate a boulder intended for play inside a playspace. Boulders (real boulders or manufactured boulders) fall under the climbers section of existing playspace standards. Although CPSC and ASTM do not contain definitions of a climber, CSA Z614 does—and it defines climbing apparatus is any structure designed to be climbed on without the exclusive use of inclined ramps or stairs.

Hazard Identification

Injury Risk

Impact with boulder/ collision hazard (fall/strike/ impact risk)

Impact could result in injury

Steps to Mitigate Hazard Choose boulders with vertical face. This will inhibit climbing and access for small, younger, less developed users that may not be ready for the ascent/risk. The vertical face will also serve to limit/reduce fall from boulder onto a lower portion of same boulder (as users would be more likely to fall directly to the surfacing below).

Potential Benefit

Risk/Benefit Acceptable by o/o (Y/N)

Boulder climbing encourages user to more carefully ‘plan’ route of ascent/descent.

Avoid choosing boulders with horizontal and/or inclined climbing that may act like steps. Recognize that a fall/contact onto natural rock may/may not be different than a fall on to a fabricated boulder, or, fall onto steel support member. Fall from boulder onto ground

Impact could result in injury

Limit height of boulders to an acceptable fall height as determined by owner/operator or manufacturer/designer. This ‘comfortable height’ will vary from owner to owner (assumed that 1.2 to 1.8m/4-6 feet is a reasonable maximum). Ensure surfacing meets 200 GMAX / 1000 HIC fall height requirement for given fall height of selected boulder(s).

Developmental benefit present to being able to jump off top of boulder to surface without presence of guardrail or barrier.

Provide 1.8-m (6 feet) protective surfacing zone or use zone, OR, provide functional link to next boulder and make one composite playstructure (i.e. 1 series of linked boulders). Ensure top surface of rock is rounded (not flat, ensure different than a traditional platform). Attempt to avoid large surfaces that would encourage ‘multiple occupancy’ where a user is more likely to stand and potentially fall off. 13

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IPEMA E-Newsletter - Summer 2019

Hazard Identification

Injury Risk

Fall from boulder onto another object, or, another boulder (fall/strike/ impact risk)

Impact could result in injury

Steps to Mitigate Hazard Space boulders to create a functional link, OR, provide greater than 1.8-meters (6 feet) between boulders. This ensures they would be considered ‘functionally linked’ OR separate play elements with a full protective surfacing zone (use zone, safety zone) between them.

Potential Benefit

Risk/Benefit Acceptable by o/o (Y/N)

Boulder climbing encourages user to more carefully ‘plan’ route of ascent/descent.

If functionally linking multiple boulders, select boulders similar in overall height to avoid potential falls from higher height onto a lower boulder with a substantially difference in height. Ensure top surface of boulders are rounded (not flat, ensure different than a traditional platform). Attempt to avoid large surfaces that would encourage ‘multiple occupancy’ where a user is more likely to stand and turn their brain off. Recognize that a fall/contact onto natural rock may/may not be different than a fall on to a fabricated boulder, or, fall onto steel support member.

Boulder may have sharp edges/sharp points that may abrade skin


Choose rounded boulders and avoid right angles and/or sharp edges (already covered in existing play standards). Grind any rough edges/sides until smooth.

Boulder climbing encourages user to more carefully ‘plan’ route of ascent/descent.

Recognize that a fall/contact onto natural rock may/may not be different than a fall on to a fabricated boulder, or, fall onto steel support member. A user’s shoe, boot, leg, etc. may get caught or trapped between functionally linked boulders

Could cause minor injury and/or cause user discomfort.

Space boulders so they are a minimum 15-30cm apart (6-12 inches) to create a functional link, OR, greater than 1.8-meters (6 feet) apart. 15-30cm (6-12 inches) will maintain a ‘functional link’, OR, separate play elements with a full protective surfacing zone (use zone, safety zone) between them.


Many view climbing and/ or transferring between irregular surfaces as beneficial (user must plan route of climb/ traverse)

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IPEMA E-Newsletter - Summer 2019

Hazard Identification Multiple users attempting to access and climb simultaneously could lead to falls

Injury Risk Falls could result in injury

Steps to Mitigate Hazard Ensure surfacing meets 200 GMAX/ 1000 HIC fall height requirement for given fall height of selected boulder(s). Consider select boulder(s) with narrow climbing faces to encourage single user on a single face climbing surface. Consider warning labels with instructions to limit use to a single user on each climbing face. Post instructions on or nearby the boulder with other instructions and/or risk/supervision/disclaimer information.

The lower access of the boulder(s) may allow use by young children and/or less able-bodied users who may not have the upper body strength to hold on during the ride resulting on a fall

Falls could result in injury

Ensure surfacing meets 200 GMAX/ 1000 HIC fall height requirement for given fall height of selected boulder(s). Provide age appropriate labelling system. Consider selecting boulder maximum for < 500mm (20 inches) for users under age 5 and < 750mm (30 inches) for users over age 5. NOTE: Higher heights for various user age groups may provide greater challenge, greater excitement, greater retention ratio/use ratio and come with potentially greater risk.


Potential Benefit

Risk/Benefit Acceptable by o/o (Y/N)

May allow for informal race/climbing competition on various climbing faces and provide different levels of challenge

Limiting the height of the boulder may reduce the fun, excitement and/ or challenge and therefore lower the use and/or retention ratio of a user(s).

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IPEMA E-Newsletter - Summer 2019

When purchasing new equipment that does not fit a defined category, a manufacturer's RBA is still only a starting point. The manufacturers’ RBA must then be evaluated by the owner/operator and/or community for additional items that may only be known locally. These items may include (but are not limited to): user age groups, special needs in the area, climactic and/or environmental conditions, etc. By involving the manufacturer, other co-workers and even members of the community, hopefully we can provide the most appropriate types of risk-benefit experiences in our local playspaces. The most important thing to remember when conducting an RBA is documentation. Taking the time to sit down and write out an RBA forces a manufacturer, inspector/consultant, designer, owner/operator, etc. to focus on thinking about what the hazards are, and whether there is anything you could do to decrease their possibility, probability and/or consequence while hopefully maximizing the play value benefit to the user. It should also be known that this is only a sample RBA. There are more than 100 methods of providing a risk assessment, RBA and/or hazard identification—many of which may prove more useful for your organization. This example is offered up as a potential method that may be of assistance in planning your own risk analysis or RBA.

WE KNOW YOU ARE ALL HEART! Often, we hear about the great lengths our members go to in order to help others who are in need. IPEMA members rebuild school playgrounds after weather-related events, donate equipment to community playgrounds and much more. We know that many children across the globe are smiling wider and playing happier because of our members’ charitable gifts and efforts. We want to share these heartwarming stories with each other! If your company has invested in the lives of others with a charitable project or donation, please let our newsletter editor know. You can email Carolyn at ipemaeditor@hotmail.com. We look forward to sharing your good news! 16

Scott Belair has 20-plus years of experience in the playground and play equipment field. He is a member of the Canadian Standards Association Z614 technical committee for play equipment and also a member of the American Society for Testing Materials (ASTM). Belair is an instructor for the Canadian Playground Safety Institute and a certified playground inspector in both the U.S. and Canada. After concentrating on manufacturing and installations earlier in his career, he is now into promoting an auditing software program, performing safety audits and training courses throughout the U.S., Canada, Europe and Australia.

IPEMA E-Newsletter - Summer 2019

Board of Directors President Tom Norquist

GameTime 150 Playcore Drive SE Fort Payne, AL 35967 P: (256) 845‐5610 F: (256) 845‐3156 tomn@playcore.com

Certification Chair - Equipment Mark Koch Blue Imp Recreational Products 766 14th Street SW Medicine Hat, AB, T1A 4V7 CANADA P: (780) 451‐4182 F: (403) 529‐0851 mark@blueimp.com

President-Elect Lloyd Reese

Certification Chair - Surfacing Jeff Mrakovich

Secretary Henry Mustacato

Director - Member-at-large Rob Lockhart

Playcore 544 Chestnut Street Chattanooga, TN 37402 P: (423) 356‐1871 lloyd.reese@playcore.com

Fibar Group 80 Business Park Drive Armonk, NY 10504 P: (914) 273‐8770 F: (914) 273‐8659 henry@fibar.com

Treasurer Randy Watermiller

Landscape Structures, Inc. 601 Seventh Street South PO Box 198 Delano, MN 55328 P: (763) 972‐3391 F: (763) 972‐3185 RandyWatermiller@playlsi.com

Immediate Past President Scott Liebelt

BCI Burke Co., LLC 660 Van Dyne Road Fond Du Lac, WI 54936 P: (920) 921‐9220 F: (920) 921‐9566 sliebelt@bciburke.com

Director - Surfacing John Fuller

LTR Products 3410 Midcourt Road, Suie 108 Carrollton, TX 75006 P: (972) 232‐4899 F: (972) 232‐4888 jfuller@libertytire.com

Zeager Bros., Inc. 4000 East Harrisburg Pike Middletown, PA 17057 P: (717) 944‐7481 F: (717) 944‐1482 jeff@zeager.com

Dynamo Playgrounds 661 County Road 9 Plantagenet, ON K0B1L0 P: (613) 446‐0030 F: (613) 446‐0034 rob@dynamoplaygrounds.com

Director - Member-at-large Brad Pittam

KOMPAN 930 Broadway Tacoma, WA 98402 P: (312) 399‐1910 F: (866) 943‐6254 brapit@kompan.com

IPEMA Legal Counsel Milton Chappell

10321 Royal Road Silver Spring, MD 20903 P: (703) 770‐3329 F: (703) 321‐9319 mlc@nrtw.org



Contact Us: International Play Equipment Manufacturers Association 2207 Forest Hills Drive Harrisburg, PA 17112 Phone: 717-238-1744 Fax: 717-238-9985 Office Hours: Monday through Friday, 8:30 a.m. – 5 p.m. Eastern Time

Staff Contacts: Executive Director: Denise Calabrese, CAE info@ipema.org

Newsletter Editor: Carolyn Kimmel IPEMAeditor@hotmail.com IPEMA’s staff wants you to get the most out of your experience with IPEMA. We are available to serve you, so please do not hesitate to contact staff with any question or concern that you may have. For a full staff listing, please click here.

Core Values of IPEMA: Uphold consistency of compliance Demonstrate professionalism and integrity



Material in this e-newsletter may be republished with permission from IPEMA and with proper line credit. Mention of commercial products in this publication is solely for information purposes, and endorsement is not intended by IPEMA. Material does not directly reflect the opinions or beliefs of the Board or staff.