INDEX 1. Introduction
5. Code of signals
2. SUP modalities: -SH[>H[LYHUKSV^Ă…V^ 2.2 Seas and oceans 2.3 Waves 2.4 Rivers
6. Safety Behaviors: 6.1 Waiting position 6.2 Safety position
3. Equipment: 3.1 Board 3.2 Paddle 3.3 3.4 3.5 3.6
Leash Wetsuit Life jacket Helmet
7. Rescue Techniques: 7.1 Conscious victim 7.2 Unconscious victim with one board turn 7.3 Unconscious victim with two board turns 8. Conclusion 9. About the author
4. Safety: 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5
Objective Dangers Subjective Dangers Passive Safety Active Safety Factors
1. INTRODUCTION >OLUP[HWWLHYLKHUK^LÃ„YZ[ZH^P[HZ^LKPKUV[ RUV^^OH[P[^HZZVTLWLVWSL[\YULK[OLPYIHJRVU P[6U[OLILHJOHUKSHRLZ^LZH^WLVWSLÃ…VH[PUNVU [OL^H[LYZ[HUKPUN\WVUHIVHYKHUKZSPKPUN^P[OH WHKKSLHSZVVU;=THNHaPULZHUKV[OLYTLKPH
It caught our attention, we tried it, and we were hooked!!
face the most extreme challenges and the wildest YP]LYZ^P[OV\[HU`RPUKVMWYLWHYH[PVUVYWYPVY knowledge about the environment. ;OLJVUKP[PVUZJHUJOHUNLHUK[OLSPTP[ZMVYZVTL will be closer than for others.
But ... Where are these limits? Which dangers does this sport involve? :[HUK<W7HKKSPUN:<7ZLLTZLHZ`M\UHUK^P[O Which are the potential risks? UVHWWHYLU[KHUNLY(U`IVK`JHU[Y`P[UVTH[[LY Are we prepared enough? [OLWO`ZPJHSJVUKP[PVUHUKP[VMMLYZ\ZM\SSLUQV`How far are you willing to go? ment and improvement from the start. 0[PZULJLZZHY`[OH[^LZL[HUKKL]LSVWHZWLJPÃ„J:Lcurity Protocol for each Stand Up Paddle disciplines. (UL^^VYSK\UMVSKZILMVYLV\YL`LZUV^HUK^L We are talking about a new and powerful wave Z[HYLH[P[^P[OV\[HUHS`aPUN[OLKPMMLYLU[WVZZPIPSP[PLZ coming from Hawaii to Europe and elsewhere. The that this new sport has to offer. WYVWLYWYLWHYH[PVUHUKRUV^SLKNLHIV\[P[[VNL[OLY ^P[OHIPNKVZLVMJVTTVUZLUZL^PSSOLSW\ZLUQV` The SUPer wants to ride the biggest waves and this beautiful sport in a safe way.
2. SUP MODALITIES !"#$%&'($)'(*+$',-$&.)$%&.) >PKLYP]LYZ^P[OHSV^ÅV^SHRLZHUKTHYZOLZ[OLZLH and swimming pools are the perfect places to get started PU[V[OL:<7"[OL`HYLUV[HZWV[LU[PHSS`OHaHYKV\ZHZ V[OLY:<7TVKHSP[PLZHS[OV\NO^LT\Z[UL]LYSV^LYV\Y guard. We should always act with caution in lakes as they TH`OPKLZ\ITLYNLKVIZ[HJSLZHUKULHYZWPSS^H`Z[VV where they empty their capacity. If SUPing is practiced in closed areas such as swimming WVVSZ^LT\Z[JOLJR[OH[P[PZWYVWLYS`WYLWHYLKMVYP[! [OH[^LJHULHZPS`JHYY`V\YLX\PWTLU[[OH[P[WYV]PKLZ an easy access and transit area and that it keeps enough distance from possible obstacles and ledges. Buoys could be used to delimit the area too. 0[PZOPNOS`YLJVTTLUKLK[VZ[HY[:<7PUNH[HZWLJPHSPaLK center with professional SUP instructors. 0M^LJHYLM\SS`WSHUV\YKH`PUHK]HUJLHUKVYNHUPaL[OL
HJ[P]P[PLZ^LHYLNVPUN[VKL]LSVW^L^PSSJLY[HPUS`LUQV`H great and unforgettable day on the water. - Equipment: Any type of board can be used. - Some factors to consider are the water and air tempeYH[\YL[VOLSW\ZKLJPKL^OL[OLY[OL\ZLVM^L[Z\P[ZVY other clothing is advisable or necessary. - A proper planning and organization VM[OLNYV\WPMHU` - The duration of the activity to ensure a proper hydration and nutrition if it is prolonged beyond 45 minutes. 7YLMLYHIS`never paddle on your own if it is outdoors. 0M`V\NVWHKKSPUNHSVULHS^H`ZPUMVYTV[OLYZHIV\[`V\Y KLWHY[\YL[PTLHUKZ[HY[PUNWVPU[P[PULYHY`LZ[PTH[LKYL[\YU[PTLHUKIYPUNZVTLMYPLUKZVYMHTPS`TLTILYZcontact number in case you need to activate an emergency device.
2.SUP MODALITIES !"!$/*'/$',-$.0*',/ Depending on the distance from the paddling area to [OLZOVYL^LJHUKP]PKL[OLZLHHUKVJLHU:<7TVKHlity in two: Half-mile SUP (1 km): -YVTSV^[VTVKLYH[LKPMÄJ\S[` - Intermediate-advanced technical level required. Over half-mile (1km) and Open Sea SUP: -YVTTVKLYH[L[VOPNOKPMÄJ\S[` =LY`OPNO[LJOUPJHSSL]LSYLX\PYLK - A strong mental and physical resistance. - Ability to show a respectful and safe practice of the sport and an exemplary behavior with others.
)LMVYL^LILNPUHUHS`aPUNLHJOTVKHSP[`^LT\Z[ LTWOHZPaL[OH[[OLZLHPZHJOHUNPUNHUK\UWYLKPJ[HISLLU]PYVUTLU[HUKHZZ\JO^LT\Z[YLZWLJ[P[H[HSS [PTLZ:VTLJOHUNLZHYLWYLKPJ[HISLZVTLV[OLYZHYL not. * We should pay particular attention to the Open Sea :<7HZ^LT\Z[[HRLTVYLMHJ[VYZPU[VHJJV\U[^OLU we enter the sea for long-distance paddling or downwinders. The use of the Leash depends on the paddling comple_P[`0UHU`JHZLP[PZWYLMLYHISL[V\ZL[OLSLHZOVU[OL RULLYH[OLY[OHUVU[OLHURSL
Variations: - Weather forecast: Learn how to choose the right TVTLU[MVYWHKKSPUNHUKRUV^[OH[P[PZIL[[LY[VJHUJLS it when any of the following three points are not suitable:
Â‹;OL^LH[OLYHUKLU]PYVUTLU[HSJVUKP[PVUZ Â‹;OLWYVWLYLX\PWTLU[ Â‹;OLWO`ZPJHSHUK[LJOUPJHSHIPSP[PLZ
- Analysis of the navigation charts: To predict possible KLW[O]HYPH[PVUZTLYNLKYVJRZZOVYLZJ\YYLU[Z - Observation and evaluation of the environmental JVUKP[PVUZ!(WHY[MYVTHKL[HPSLK]PZ\HS^H[JOPUNHOHUK` full weather report will be helpful. - Tides and currents: They can make the board drift and JVUZLX\LU[S`KPYLJ[S`HMMLJ[[OL:<7LYÂ‘ZWLYMVYTHUJLHUK resistance. - Direction and intensity of the wind: It can also make the board drift and can change the wind chill sensation.
paddling is worth doing or not. >OLU^LYLMLY[V[OLZLHHUKVJLHUZ^LT\Z[SVVRH[[OL following factors: 1. Air and water temperature: Never underestimate mild air and water temperatures or good weather conditions ^OLU^LWHKKSLV\[KVVYZHZ^LTH`ULLK[VZ^PTMVY a long distance without any protective clothing. Summer can be as dangerous as any other time of the year. 2. Swell and wave size:>OLUZLHPZYV\NO^LULLKH high technical ability to keep our balance and continue paddling. 3. Way in, way out and escape zones: In case that \UL_WLJ[LKMHJ[VYZTHRL\ZJOHUNLV\YYV\[LP[PZ important to know the coastline as best as possible YVJRZJSPMMZJH]LZHUKLZJHWLaVULZ 4. Distance from the shore:;OLJSVZLY[V[OLZOVYL[OL safer and easier achievable routes are.
- Potential risks evaluation: In case the conditions are UV[ZHMLLUV\NO^LT\Z[ILHISL[VKLJPKL^OL[OLY[OL
2.2 SEAS & OCEANS
5. Crossing lengths and weather conditions: Sometimes a short hard paddling journey equals the effort of an easy long one.
these others not mentioned so far:
- Hydration: Being hydrated becomes vital LZWLJPHSS`K\YPUNSVUNKPZ[HUJLJYVZZPUNZ or when the conditions are hard. The lack 6. Visibility: We must keep an eye on the shore VMHWYVWLYO`KYH[PVUSLHKZ[VMH[PN\LSVZL at all times and check the geographic referenJLZWVZZPISLZOPWJYVZZPUNZHUKV[OLY:<7LYZ VMYLĂ…L_LZ[^P[JOLZHUKJYHTWZMHPU[PUN PUVYKLY[VH]VPKNVPUNVMMJV\YZLKPZVYPLU[H[PVU KPaaPULZZHUK[OLULLK[VZ[VWWHKKSPUNHUK YLZ[MVYH^OPSL^OPJOJHUTHRL\ZMHSSZSLLW or collisions. 0UHYLHZ^OLYL[OL]PZPIPSP[`PZWVVYHU[PJPWH[PVU ^P[OV\[L]LUYLHSPaPUNP[2LLWPUNHTVKLYH[LVY high effort performance is an important point. PZLZZLU[PHS6UJL^LLU[LYZ\JOHUHYLH^L The regular ingestion of energy bars and must paddle towards a safe place as soon as isotonic drinks together with a strong physical WVZZPISL\ZPUN[OLSPNO[ZVY[OLUVPZLJVTPUN and mental training will help us face these from the shore as reference. situations successfully. This section also refers to a proper nutrition and hydration before the 7. Departure and arrival times: Try to avoid exercise. the sunset and night paddling. All these factors should be kept in mind in both 7HZZP]LHUK(J[P]L:HML[`WYV[VJVSZHZ^LSSHZ
2.2 SEAS & OCEANS
- Final reserve:,_JLW[K\YPUNJVTWL[P[PVUZ[Y`[VRLLWH[ SLHZ[H VM`V\Y[V[HSLULYN`MVY[OLÄUHSWHY[VM[OLQV\YUL`PUJHZL`V\ULLK[VMHJLHU`Z\KKLUHK]LYZP[` - Precautions:([6WLU:LHQV\YUL`ZP[PZHK]PZLK[VWHKKSL PUNYV\WZVMH[SLHZ[WLVWSLH]VPKPUNWHKKSPUNHSVUL0UHU` JHZLPUMVYTZVTLVULHIV\[[OLMVSSV^PUN!
- Your route. ;OLKLWHY[\YLHUKHYYP]PUNWVPU[HUK[OLWVZZPISL LZJHWLaVULZ - Departure time. - Estimated duration of the journey. - Give them your telephone number as well as some MYPLUKZVMYLSH[P]LZJVU[HJ[KL[HPSZ :<7LYZKL[HPSZHUK[OLLX\PWTLU[HUKJVSVYZ\ZLK (SS[OPZPUMVYTH[PVU^PSSIL\ZLM\S[VÄUK\ZPMULLKLK (S^H`ZPUMVYTV[OLYZ^OLU`V\ÄUPZOWHKKSPUN
ILJVTLU\TILKHUK^P[OV\[ISVVKÅV^^LZ[HY[ZOP]LYPUN HUKZOHRPUN^LSHJRJVVYKPUH[PVUV\YIYLH[OPUNILJVTLZ MHZ[HUKX\PJR^LMLLS^LULLK[VYLZ[HUKZSLLWHUK^L could even lose our consciousness. >LT\Z[^LHY[OLTVZ[HWWYVWYPH[LWYV[LJ[P]LJSV[OPUNMVY[OL WLYZWPYH[PVUHUK[OL^PUKJOPSSMHJ[VYZ\JOHZ[ZOPY[Z^L[Z\P[ or rash shirts. Not wearing the proper clothing when we paddle in 20ºC or below waters can be fatal if the crossing is long enough. To avoid: Any situation which we know we can not solve in an effective way.
- Hypothermia: This happens when our body looses more OLH[[OHUP[NLULYH[LZLHZPS`KL[LJ[HISL^OLUV\YL_[YLTP[PLZ
2.2 SEAS & OCEANS
&1231456789 0USVUNKPZ[HUJLJYVZZPUNZ[OLYLT\Z[ILH person in charge of the group who will lead and JVTTHUK[OL[YPWKLJPKLOV^THU`WLVWSL MVYT[OLNYV\WPUJS\KLVYL_JS\KLHU`TLTILY if considered that he or she is not enough techUPJHSS`WYLWHYLKHUKWVZZPIS`JOHUNL[OL[YPWPM sudden environmental variations occur.
- In case we need to be rescued, we will never leave our IVHYK!P[PZT\JOLHZPLY[VZLLP[K\L[VP[Z]VS\TLHUK^PSS work as a buoy where we can rest. - Life jackets may be used in long crossings. - Sea life and attacks: ;OL`YHYLS`VJJ\YI\[^LT\Z[[OPUR HIV\[[OPZMHJ[VY[VVL]LUPUZVTLWSHJLZZLLTZYPKPJ\SV\Z to even think about it. - Rescue Techniques and First Aid: It is highly recommended to know the basic rescue and safety methods as they can be vital in risky situations.
:;<$=2>$?47@1$A;<4$>2B1$ 2>3$@1C186;>1$><BD14E$ ;4$2>A$;@614$<51F<C$ =;>@2=@$7>F;4B2@7;>$;>$ A;<4$D;243"
- Optional equipment: Ç3PMLQHJRL[!:VTLHYLWVJRL[ZPaL^OPJOJHUIL easily carried and activated in case of need. Ç2UPML · Signal mirror. · Flares. · Whistle. · String (at least 1 meter). @V\JHU^YP[L`V\YUHTLHUK[LSLWOVULU\TILYVYHU` other useful contact information on your board.
2.2 SEAS & OCEANS
!"G$)'H*/ 1\Z[SPRLYLN\SHYZ\YÃ„UNI\[\ZPUNHWHKKSLHUKH:<7IVHYK 1. Analyze the conditionsVM[OLZLZZPVUHUKKLWLUKPUNVU V\Y[YHPUPUNHUK[LJOUPJHSSL]LSSLHYU[VZH`56PMULJLZZHY` ;OLTVZ[Z\P[HISLIVHYKZMVY^H]LZ\YÃ„UNHYL[OLVULZ^P[O HJ\Y]`V\[SPULHUKYVJRLYLP[OLYPM[OL`HYLYPNPKVYPUÃ…H[HISL 2. Check your equipment IVHYK Ã„UZ SLHZO HUK WHKKSL [HRLPU[VHJJV\U[[OLZPaLVMP[HZUV[P[JHUO\Y[V\YZLS]LZVY +LWLUKPUNVU[OLZPaLHUK[LJOUPJHSKPMÃ„J\S[`[OL^H]LZJHU others in the water. IL JSHZZPÃ„LK PU[V JH[LNVYPLZ HUK ^L ^PSS [Y` [V WYV]PKL HZ much information as possible about them. 3. You are not alone in the water. You do not need to surf )HZLKVUOPZOLYV^UJYP[LYPHLHJO:<7LY^PSSKLJPKLOPZILOH]PVYVU[OL^H[LYJVUZPKLYPUNOPZOLYZWYLWHYH[PVU[LJOUPcal level and always taking these two basics into account: Common sense,ILMVYLK\YPUNHUKHM[LY[OLZLZZPVU Respect for the conditions and for other surfers. If we do not YLZWLJ[V\YZLS]LZVYV[OLYZ^LHYLKVPUNUV[OPUNH[[OLWLHR Both common sense and respect for others are essential for proWLY^H[LYJVL_PZ[LUJL[VNL[OLY^P[O[OLMVSSV^PUNIHZPJY\SLZ!
the same peak and waves as the rest of the other surfers or swimmers.
Although a SUPer may have never ILLU H Z\YMLY ILMVYL OL VY ZOL T\Z[ RUV^ [OL :\YÄUN Y\SLZ HUK YLZWLJ[ them. Safety distances and precautions ^P[OV[OLYZPUJHZL^LSVVZL[OLWHKKle or fall from the board.
Paddle: Try not to let the paddle go as far as possible. If we lose the balanJLHUKMHSSMVYT[OLIVHYKVYNL[JSVZLKV\[I`HIPN^H]L[Y`[VOVSK[OL paddle close to your body. 0U ZOHSSV^ ^H[LYZ [OL WHKKSL JV\SK reach the bottom and hit us hard if we do not hold it properly.
You can, but you do not have to catch every wave. The SUPer can easily see 5L]LY OVSK P[ MYVT [OL ISHKL HZ [OH[ the coming set before anybody else in is where the water hits strongest. Hold [OL^H[LYI\[[OPZKVLZUV[TLHU[OH[ the paddle lengthways to your body he or she must ride all of them. There- and the top hand passing our height. MVYLWHKKSL[V[OLSPUL\W^P[OYLZWLJ[ ^P[OV\[KPZ[\YIPUNV[OLYZHUKRLLWPUN Paddling through waves and getting [OL ZHML[` KPZ[HUJLZ ^HYU HIV\[ [OL to the lineup: +LWLUKPUN VU [OL ZPaL JVTPUNZL[HUKSL[ZVTL^H`WHZZI` WLYPVKHUKZ[YLUN[OVM[OLZL[VM^H]LZ and tell others when you are going to we can either lie down on the board and catch a wave. Finishing the session WHKKSL^P[O[OLISHKLPU[OLJOLZ[VU without having bothered other surfers our knees or standing up; it will depend is an exemplary behavior! VU[OLJVUKP[PVUZHUK:<7LYZHIPSP[`
Leash: there are two possible options: - Ankle leash: Although this option can limit our movements on the board as it can easily roll HYV\UKV\YMLL[P[JH\ZLZSLZZOHYT[VV\YSLNZ - Knee leash: It offers a bigger freedom ^OLUTV]PUNVU [OLIVHYK/V^L]LYPM^LNL[ JH\NO[I`H^H]LHUK[OLIVHYKPZOLH]PS`W\SSLK we can sustain serious injuries or dislocations. * The ankle leash is preferred rather than the knee leash.
0;BB;>$51>51$ B<5@$D1$84151>@$ 2@$2CC$@7B15"
Life-Jacket: Wearing this security clothing is always highly recommended because apart from SL[[PUN \Z Z[H` HĂ…VH[ P[ HSZV HJ[Z HZ H J\ZOPVU against board impacts. Helmet: From highly recommended to obliga[VY` ^LHYPUN LZWLJPHSS` PM ^L WHKKSL ULHY YVJRZ breakers or shallow reefs.
>PKLHUKUHYYV^YP]LYZ^P[OOPNOHUKSV^Ã…V^Z[YVUNVY^LHR IL[[LY [OHU [OL YPNPK VULZ ^P[O ZHUK^PJO LWV_` VY MVHT Z[YLHTPUN UH[\YHS VIZ[HJSLZ MHZ[ ^OP[L^H[LY YP]LYZ ^P[O IPN construction. volume of water and countless dangersâ€¦ We recommend a short (10 feet maximum) and wide board as it ;OLHKYLUHSPUY\ZOLZ[OYV\NOV\Y]LPUZ^LZLLRUL^JOHSSLUNLZÂ¯ VMMLYZOPNOLYJVU[YVSZ[HIPSP[`HUKTHUL\]LYHIPSP[` but WATCH OUT! -PU VY Ã„UZ! ;OL` HYL THKL VM WSHZ[PJ YPNPK Ã„UZ PU [OL WSHZ[PJ Use your common sense and knowledge and IVHYKZHUKTVYLÃ…L_PISLÃ„UZPU[OLPUÃ…H[HISLIVHYKZ"HSSVM[OLT respect the nature! are very resistant to scratches and impacts. Paddle: (S[OV\NO `V\ JHU \ZL HU` [`WL VM :<7 WHKKSL ^L YLJVTTLUK[OLVULZ^P[OWSHZ[PJISHKLUVTH[[LYPM[OLZOHM[PZ THKLVMHS\TPU\TÃ„ILYNSHZZVYJHYIVUÃ„ILYHZ[OLZJYH[JOLZ and hits can be quite hard. 0U^OP[L^H[LY:<7PUNWHKKSPUNT`UV[ILYLX\PYLKZVTL[PTLZ HZ[OLYP]LYP[ZLSMW\ZOLZ\ZHUK^LTV]LMVY^HYK^P[O[OLÃ…V^ 0U[OPZJHZLOPNOWHKKSLTHUL\]LYHIPSP[`PZYLX\PYLK;OLZ[YVRLZ 3L[Â‘ZJOLJR[OLLX\PWTLU[ULLKLK! HYLZOVY[LYHUKZ[YVUNLYZV^LJHUKPYLJ[HUK[\YU[OLIVHYK ;OLWHKKSLSLUN[OJHUILZOVY[LY[OHU\Z\HSHS[OV\NO[OPZPZ\W Board: The most suitable type of board is the [V[OL:<7LYHUK[OLWHKKSPUN[LJOUPX\LZJHUILTVYL]HYPLK PUÃ…H[HISLVYWSHZ[PJVULHZ[OL`YLZPZ[[OLPTWHJ[Z like changing sides keeping the same hand position on the shaft. >LHYLLU[LYPUNHUL^^VYSK^OPJOPZ\Z\HSS` a totally unknown aquatic medium for sea and VJLHU:<7LYZ[OH[PZ^O`P[PZZVPTWVY[HU[ to differentiate between both modalities. For YP]LY :<7PUN ^L ULLK ZWLJPÃ„J [YHPUPUN HUK high experience.
Wetsuit: Required and necessary. We will choose the best type of wetsuit depending on the water temperature. It keeps us warm and protects us against possible hits and scratches.
0M ^L ^LYL L_WLYPLUJLK YP]LY WHKKSLYZ ^L ^V\SK UV[ OH]L Z\JO KV\I[Z"OLYLPZ^OLYL^LJHUZLLV\YPNUVYHUJLVM[OLZWVY[VYV\Y little or non-existent training and experience. Rivers talk to us, and we need to learn how to listen to them and Shoes and boots: Their use is optional but highly recommended as understand what they say, they have backwaters, cross currents ^LTH`ULLK[V^HSRMVYH^OPSL[V[OLZOVYLHUK[OL`OLSWZ\ZRLLW and calm waters where our equipment may drift. our feet warm and protect us from possible scratches. Buoyancy vest:6ISPNH[VY`0[OLSWZ\ZZ[H`Hร VH[PM^LMHSSMYVT[OL board. Helmet:6ISPNH[VY`0M[OL[LJOUPJHSKPMรJ\S[`PZOPNOVYL_[YLTL[OL helmet must be an integral helmet. Leash: ยกNO LEASH! 0U[OPZJHZL[OL\ZLVM[OLSLHZOPZUV[HK]PZLK We may have many doubts about what will happen if we lose the IVHYK HUK TH` [OPUR [OH[ ^L ^V\SK รUK P[ KV^U [OL YP]LY ^P[OV\[ YLHSPaPUN[OH[PU[OH[JHZL[OLQV\YUL`^V\SKILVI]PV\ZS`V]LY
Protective clothing:,SIV^HUKRULLN\HYKZHYLHK]PZHISL^OLU[OL >LJHU^H[JO[OLYP]LYMYVT[OL[VWVMHOPSSVYH[^H[LYÂ‘ZZ\YMHJLSLvel; both observations will provide us important information. We may YP]LYZZOV^]PZPISLVIZ[HJSLZHYLZOHSSV^VY[OLÃ…V^PZOPNO have to check other areas and river sections by foot to ensure a safe 5L]LYWHKKSLKV^U[OLYP]LYPM^LKVUV[OH]L[OLWYVWLYLX\PWTLU[ route. It is always better to predict the potential risks than venture without a complete evaluation. knowledge of the course or training. Always go paddling together^P[OL_WLYPLUJLKHUKZWLJPHSPaLKN\Pdes who know the river in question; they do not necessarily have to IL:<7LYZHUL_WLYPLUJLKJHUVLPZ[JHUILHNVVKVW[PVU[VV The River:(S[OV\NOYP]LYÂ‘ZMLH[\YLZHUKJVUKP[PVUZJHUILJVUZ[HU[ TVZ[ VM [OL [PTL [OLYL HYL ZVTL MHJ[VYZ ^OPJO ^L T\Z[ [HRL PU[V HJJV\U[Z\JOHZZ\KKLU^H[LYSL]LSYPZPUNK\L[VYHPUZVYKHTHUK marsh openings. - The river requires a deep analysis and evaluation. We have to VIZLY]LLHJOWHY[VM[OLYP]LYIHJR^H[LYZHUKJ\YYLU[ZPUVYKLY[V WYLKPJ[WVZZPISLJOHUNLZZVHWLYMLJ[RUV^SLKNLVM[OLJV\YZLPZH must.
- Information: We must have all the information about the river we HYLNVPUN[VWHKKSLPU(ZR[OLSVJHSZJS\IZHUKL_WLYPLUJLKWLVWSL ;OLYL PZ H JOHY[ ^OLYL [OL YP]LYZ HYL JSHZZPÃ„LK KLWLUKPUN VU [OLPY KPMÃ„J\S[`SL]LS[`WLHUKKHUNLYZ
- Secrets: Rivers keep as many secrets as the sea. Being able to make a preJPZL L]HS\H[PVU HUK [V \UKLYZ[HUK ^H[LYÂ‘Z TV]LTLU[Z PZ LZZLU[PHS 0M ^L KV UV[OH]LLUV\NOL_WLYPLUJL^LT\Z[HZRMVYWYVMLZZPVUHSOLSW9VJRZ[YLL IYHUJOLZHUK[Y\URZVYOVSLZJHUIL]PZPISLVYOPKKLU - Water strength: Water in motion should not be underestimated. Its pressure and strength could prevent us from moving or releasing from an obstacle. - The duration of the exercise and the number of other people in the river is another important factor to have in mind to avoid unpleasant surprises. 0M^LĂ„UKTHU`WLVWSLPU[OL^H[LY^LTH`OH]L[VJOHUNLV\YYV\[LZ\KKLUS` which can lead to unexpected risks.
3.EQUIPMENT G"#$N.'+-SVH[PUN Z\YMHJL [OH[ SVVRZ SPRL H Z\YMIVHYK SVUNIVHYKVYJHUVL^P[OLUV\NO]VS\TLHUKZPaL as to maintain a standing SUPer. Types: -Rigid board: 0[ JHU OH]L H ZHUK^PJO LWV_` MVHTWSHZ[PJVYÄILYNSHZZJVUZ[Y\J[PVU[VNL[OLY ^P[OJHYIVUZOLL[Z^VVKIHTIVVHUKOPNOKLUsity foam. These types of boards are the most popular and the preferred ones for beginner to advanced courZLZH[ZJOVVSZ^H]LYPKPUNVWLUZLHJYVZZPUNZ or races.
The construction and shape of the board will deWLUKVU[OL:<7LYZULLKZHUKHIPSP[PLZ"YVJRLY IV[[VTKLJRUVZL[HPSJVUJH]LZLKNLZHUKÄU WVZP[PVUPUN JHU IL HKHW[LK [V L]LY` JVUKP[PVU
^OPJOVMMLYZ\ZHU\USPTP[LKIVHYKJVUÄN\YH[PVU 0UÅH[HISLIVHYK!;OL7=*JVUZ[Y\J[PVUVM[OPZ [`WL VM IVHYK PZ ZPTPSHY [V [OL PUÅH[HISL IVH[Z JVUZ[Y\J[PVU+\L[V[OLMHIYPJZSV^^LPNO[P[PZ the best option for whitewater paddling. Also being cheaper and easier to carry. ;OLPUÅH[PVUWYLZZ\YLT\Z[ILVW[PTHS[VHJOPL]L their best performance.
- Plastic board: 4HKLVM[^VSH`LYZYV[H[PVUHSTVSded polycarbonate and high density polyethylene. Strongly recommended for powerful whitewater raf[PUNK\L[VP[Â‘ZOPNOYLZPZ[HUJL[VPTWHJ[ZHUK^LHY (S[OV\NOP[PZHIP[OLH]PLYP[PZWYHJ[PJHSS`PUKLZ[Y\Jtible!
G"!$O'--&* It is the tool we use for advancing and balancing our selves. The paddle is the most relevant element from the entire SUP LX\PWTLU[HUK^LJV\SK^YP[LHULU[PYLJOHW[LYHIV\[P[
- Paddle blade: The surface of the paddle that contacts the ^H[LYP[PZ[OL^PKLZ[WHY[HUKPZ\Z\HSS`Z`TTL[YPJHS0[JHUIL THKLVMWSHZ[PJ^VVKIHTIVV ÄILYNSHZZHUK JHYIVUVY JHYIVU0[ZKPOLKYHSZOHWLVW[PTPaLZ[OLWHKKSL LMMLJ[P]LULZZZ[HIPSP[`HUK]PIYH[PVUZ
It has three parts: - The grip or “T”: It is the handle formed on the top of the paddle shaft.
The total weight of the paddle is crucial and decisive. In comWL[P[PVUZHUKSVUNKPZ[HUJLYHJLZ[OLSPNO[LY[OLWHKKSL[OLSLZZ ^LÄNO[HNHPUZ[[OLHWWHYLU[^PUKYLZPZ[HUJLHUK[OLYLMVYL^L reduce our effort and become less tired.
- The shaft: The section between the grip and the WHKKSLISHKL;OLSL]LSVMP[ZÅL_KLWLUKZVU[OL :<7KPZJPWSPULHUKP[JHUILTHKLVMKPMMLYLU[TH[LYPHSZZ\JOHZ^VVKHS\TPU\T HS\TPU\THUK JHYIVUVY JHYIVU,HJOTH[LYPHSOHZH TLTVY`HUK^LJHUJVTIPUL[OLTPUTHU`^H`Z[V obtain the most suitable shaft to our style and needs.
;OLZPaLVM[OLWHKKSLISHKLPZPTWVY[HU[[VV!IPNNLYISHKLZYLX\PYLIPNNLYLMMVY[I\[PUL_JOHUNL^LHK]HUJLTVYL/V^L]LY [OLZTHSSLY[OLISHKL[OLMHZ[LY^LWHKKSLI\[[OLZOVY[LYKPZtances we do. These are used for wave SUPing. ;OLJOVPJLVM[OLYPNO[WHKKSLPZ\W[V[OL:<7LYKLWLUKPUNVU OPZOLYHPTZZ[`SLHUKULLKZ
- Blade size:>LJHUYLMLY[V[OLISHKL^PK[OÂš ÂšÂŻVY[V[OLISHKLHYLHHZZWLJPĂ„LKPU[OLWHJRPUNHUKISHKL ÂŻ ;OLZLZPaLZHYLTLHZ\YLKPUPUJOLZ;VJVU]LY[[OLT[VJT^LT\Z[T\S[PWS`[OLTI` (1inch=2.54cm).
- Blade length: From the tip to the joint of the shaft. - Blade width: We measure the widest part of the blade. - Blade area: Shows us the surface of the ISHKLPUZX\HYLJLU[PTL[LYZVYPUJOLZ
AREA 100 sq.in
- Total paddle length: The best method to determine the optimal length of the paddle is to stand it \W]LY[PJHSS`HSVUN`V\YIVK`HUKL_[LUK`V\HYT along the shaft. The grip should be in the palm of your hand when you close it. Length 17â€?
- Blade angle: Can vary from 10 to 13º. It directly affects the stroke effectiveness.
* This section could have a separate chapter due to its high technical content. - ABS edges: Most of carbon paddles have ABS LKNLZH]LY`OHYKWSHZ[PJ^OPJOWYV[LJ[ZP[MYVT scratches and impacts. - COLOR: Paddles have usually dark colors (black, wooden, mixed colors,…). However, it is advisable that at least the 50% of it JVU[HPUZÅ\VYLZJLU[JVSVYZZ\JOHZVYHUge or green, easily seen from a distance and in rough sea conditions. Covering the blade or the grip with these colors will prevent us from losing our paddle.
G"G$&*'/I A stretchy cord made of polyurethane that is attached at one end to the ankle VYRULLI`H=LSJYVJ\MMHUKVU[OL other end to the board. This keeps us from losing the board when we fall off. Recommended in long distance JYVZZPUNZVWLUZLHHUK^H]LZ
Types: - Ankle leash: Limits our movements TVYLI\[OVSKZ\ZÄYTLY^OLU[OL board is pulled by a strong wave. +\L[VIVHYKZ]VS\TLHUKZPaL^L recommend the ankle leash when YPKPUN^H]LZPUZ[LHKVM[OLRULL leash. - Knee leash: Provides a bigger TV]LTLU[MYLLKVTHZP[JHUUV[YVSS over out feet that easily.
G"L$)*(/PM($',-$.(I*+$ O+.(*0(MH*$0&.(IM,Q9 The neoprene is a fabric that retains our body heat. +LWLUKPUN VU [OL LU]PYVUTLU[HS JVUKP[PVUZ SLUN[O VM [OLYHJLHUK[OLWVZZPISLZJYH[JOLZJH\ZLKMYVTMHSSZ [OL:<7LY^PSSKLJPKL^OL[OLY^LHYPUNH^L[Z\P[VYUV[ VYJOVVZLIL[^LLUH[OLYTHSYHZO]LZ[:OVY[`VYPU[LNYHS wetsuit. It is an essential item in whitewater racings.
G"R$&M%*S'0T*(9 (ZSLL]LSLZZQHJRL[VMI\V`HU[VYPUĂ…H[HISLJVUZ[Y\J[PVU for supporting the wearer in deep water and preventing drowning and impacts. It is an essential item in whitewater.
G"U$I*&V*(9 A protective covering for the head. It is an essential item in whitewater racings.
4.SAFETY L"#$.NS*0(MH*$-',Q*+/ +HUNLYZ [OH[ JVTL MYVT OHaHYKZ HUK HYL IL`VUK V\Y control. They are not caused by the possible lack of the :<7LYÂ‘Z L_WLYPLUJL VY OPZOLY LX\PWTLU[ HUK [OL` ^PSS always be present wherever we go paddling.
L"!$/PNS*0(MH*$-',Q*+/ The presence of these types of dangers depends on the SUPer. That is why it is so important to make a complete HUHS`ZPZHUKL]HS\H[PVUVM[OLTLKP\TILMVYL^LNVWHKKSPUN and try to avoid these unnecessary risks to the maximum. The responsibility will always fall to the SUPer.
L"G$O'//MH*$/'%*(: The Passive Safety refers to a type of safety that works with no human intervention to mitigate the consequences of an accident. This means that our equipment must be in perfect conditions and suited to our abilities and technical level:
- Board:(]VPKZOHYWVYZJYHWPUNLUKPUNZVYHYLHZOH]L`V\Y IVHYK JVYYLJ[S`NYPWWLK[OLÃ„UWYVWLYS`Ã„_LKHUK\ZLHZOVY[JVYK [V OVSK the leash so it does not damage the board if pulled. - Paddle: *OLJR [OL SLUN[O VM [OL WHKKSL [OL JVUZ[Y\J[PVU HUK ZPaL VM[OLISHKLÃ„_[OLOHUKSL[OLÃ…L_HUKKPHTL[LYVM[OLZOHM[HUKW\[ some grip on it so your hands do not slip. ;OLJVYYLJ[JOVPJLVM[OLWHKKSLP[ZJVUZ[Y\J[PVU^LPNO[HUKZPaL^PSS ILJYP[PJHSMVYHULMÃ„JPLU[Z[YVRLHUKHN\HYHU[LLHNHPUZ[[PYLKULZZT\ZJSLMH[PN\L[LUKPUP[PZVYZWYHPUPUQ\YPLZ - Leash:0M\ZLKT\Z[ILSVUNLUV\NOH[SLHZ[TL[LYZ Â‘MLL[HUK must be in perfect conditions without any scratches or cuts. Required MVYVWLUZLHSVUNKPZ[HUJLYHJLZHUKJYVZZPUNZHUK^H]LYPKPUNPU[OPZ JHZL^LYLJVTTLUK[OLHURSLSLHZO^OLU[OL^H]LZHYLIPNHUKZ[YVUN =;441=@
- Wetsuit and other protective clothing: They keep our body heat and protect us from scratches and bruises. - Life jacket:0UJYLHZLZV\YĂ…VH[HIPSP[`PM^LMHSSHUKHSZV protects us from possible impacts. - Helmet: Protects our head. - Mobile phone: We strongly recommend to always bringing a TVIPSLWOVUL^P[O`V\P[[HRLZSP[[SLZWHJLHUK`V\JHULHZPS`JHYY` it in a 100% waterproof case. Emergency telephone number: 112. Free call. All over Europe. Maritime emergency number: 900 202 202. Free call. Both calls can be made even when there is no coverage and with no need of coins if called from a phone box. - GPS: The Global Positioning System (GPS) is a space-based global navigation satellite system that provides reliable location in all weather and at all times and anywhere on Earth. 6W[PVUHS MVY YLJYLH[PVUHS \ZL HUK YLJVTTLUKHISL for long distance and open sea races to increase the passive safety. - Marine VHF Radio: It is one of the most valuable WPLJLZ VM ZHML[` LX\PWTLU[ HZ P[ JHU KLSP]LY HUK YLJLP]LHJHSSMVYHZZPZ[HUJLHU`[PTLHU`^OLYL Channel 16: Restricted for emergency calls. Being TVUP[VYLKOV\YZHKH`I`[OL*VHZ[.\HYKHSSV^Z`V\ [VSPZ[LU[V[OLSH[LZ[^LH[OLYYLWVY[VYZPTWS`RLLWZ`V\PU[V\JO with other boats on the water. - Valid License: Being an associated member of a Federation provides accident cover and assistance.
- Support boat: The primary purpose of the support boat is to help WLVWSLK\YPUNSVUNKPZ[HUJLHUKVWLUZLHYHJLZHUKT\Z[HS^H`Z ILVWLYH[LKI`JLY[PĂ„LKHUKL_WLYPLUJLKZ[HMM
- First Aid: Accidents can happen in hard to access places and OLSWJHUHYYP]LSH[LPUTHU`JHZLZ:JYH[JOLZISPZ[LYZZ\UI\YUZ O`WLY[OLYTPH KPaaPULZZ [LUKPUP[PZ JYHTWZ KLO`KYH[PVUÂŻ >L must know how to face these situations and may want to carry a Ă„YZ[HPKRP["^LJHUIYPUNHZTHSSIV[[SL^P[OHSS[OLULJLZZHY`P[LTZ PUP[P[PZSPNO[HUKLHZ`[VJHYY` - Rescue and Self-Rescue Techniques. - Other advice: Use sunscreen and lip balm, and hydrate and nourish yourself correctly before paddling. Being well hydrated improves the SUPerÂ´s performance.
L"L$'0(MH*$/'%*(: The Active Safety refers to the measures taken by the SUPer to - Physical and mental conditions: Required for managing and H]VPKHJJPKLU[ZVYYLK\JL[OLPYJVUZLX\LUJLZ solving challenging situations. (J[P]L TLHZ\YLZ [HRLU [V WYL]LU[ HJJPKLU[Z Z\JO HZ TVYL powerful brakes and safer handling characteristics. - Ability to react quickly and successfully to unexpected situations. Active safety factors: - Choosing the right conditions: previous analysis of the - Swimming capacity: Will help us resist longer periods of time surroundings and weather forecast. in the water. - Anticipation: The ability of solving any predicted or sudden situation. - Learn how to cope with different situations: loss of balance - Experience: The knowledge or skills gained over time is a HUK MHSSZ MVY^HYK IHJR^HYK HUK ZPKL MHSSZ HUK MHZ[ ^H]L great help. ^PWLV\[Z2UV^^OLU[VOVSKVYYLSLHZL[OLWHKKSLHUK`V\Y - Knowledge of the environment and the SUP modality: The body position. RL`MVYHWLYMLJ[WLYMVYTHUJLNP]LU[OLKPMĂ„J\S[PLZ[OH[[OPZZWVY[ may involve. - Technical knowledge and skills: 0[ PUJYLHZLZ V\Y Z[HTPUH YLK\JLZV\YL_OH\Z[PVUHUKOLSWZ[OLZLSMJVUĂ„KLUJLNYV^
L"R$%'0(.+/ External factors and potential risks to consider before every session: - Choice of the right place and time,HZ[OL:<7LYJV\SKĂ„UK sudden and predictable changes. - Weather forecast: Will always be obligatory. 9P]LYĂ…V^]PZPISLHUKOPKKLUVIZ[HJSLZ! Possible sudden ^H[LYSL]LSYPZPUNZKHTHUKTHYZOVWLUPUNZTLYNLKVIQLJ[Z VYIHJR^H[LYZZOV\SKILWYL]PV\ZS`HUHS`aLKPUSHRLZ[VV - Swimming pools:2LLW[OLZHML[`KPZ[HUJL^P[O[OLSLKNLZ stairs and other hard parts of the swimming pool we could hit if ^LMHSSMYVT[OLIVHYK:SPWWLY`Ă…VVYZ - Tides and currents: Depending on the time and place where ^LNVWHKKSPUN[OLZLZZPVUJHUILWSLHZHU[VY[LYYPISL
Both factors could make us lose our way and drift, and diminish our mental, physical and technical faculties: - Wind: A sudden wind change can make us drift from our destination. - Visibility: In poor or no visibility conditions we can easily lose V\YILHYPUNZ^OPJOJHUSLHK[VJYHZOPUNHUKKYPM[PUN - Ships and other crafts: 4HYP[PTLHUKÅ\]PHS[YHMÄJPZHUV[OLY WVPU[[VILHYPUTPUKILMVYL^LNVWHKKSPUN[VH]VPKJVSSPZPVUZHUK dangerous crossings. - Breaker zones, way in and way out: Obligatory observation. - Air and water temperature: Undisputed to keep and regulate our body heat. - Sunscreen, lip balm, sunglasses and cap.
R"$0.-*$.%$/MQ,'&/ The code of signals helps us communicate with LHJO V[OLY PU ZP[\H[PVUZ YLSH[LK LZZLU[PHSS` [V ZHML[` LZWLJPHSS` ^OLU SHUN\HNL KPMÄJ\S[PLZ HYPZL Z\JO \Z K\YPUNVWLUZLHYHJLZ^OP[L^H[LYZVMOPNO^PUKHYLHZ You can specify the signals with the rest of the SUPers ILMVYL `V\ NL[ PU[V [OL ^H[LY [V THRL Z\YL [OH[ everyone understands them. Never leave your board because it will be an PTWVY[HU[ÅV[H[PVUZ\WWVY[HUKH]PZ\HSHPKMVYV\Y possible location. Different paddle colors for their best localization.
Never leave your board, this will be an important flotation support, as well as a visual aid for our possible location.
Different Paddle colors for best location
6. SAFETY BEHAVIORS U"#$)'M(M,Q$O./M(M.,
HOLDING THE PADDLE STILL: This position is used to warn others about our location when help is needed.
WITH THE PADDLE IN MOTION: 4V]PUN[OLWHKKSLMYVTZPKL[VZPKL^L^HYU about our urgent need for help and location.
U"!$/'%*(:$O./M(M.,E$ /P+%M,Q$O'--&M,Q ;OLZ\YÄUNWHKKSPUNTLHUZ[OH[[OL:<7LYWHKKSLZS`PUNKV^UVU[OL IVHYKHZKVULPUYLN\SHYZ\YÄUN>LYLJVTTLUK[OPZ[`WLVMWHKKSPUN in the following situations: - Wind: >OLUHZ\KKLU^PUKPU[LUZP[`VYKPYLJ[PVUJOHUNLVJJ\YZHUK we feel tired and have drifted considerably. - Currents: >OLUP[PZKPMÄJ\S[[VWHKKSL[V^HYKZV\YKLZ[PUH[PVUVY arrival point. - Safe approach: When we need to approach the shore in a controlled HUKZHML^H`HZ^LNHPUTVYLJVU[YVSV]LY[OLZWLLKHUKWVZP[PVUVM the board. - Damaged or broken Paddle.
7. RESCUE TECHNIQUES Aims: The execution of the maneuver in a quick and effective ^H`JH\ZPUN[OLTPUPTHSWHPU[V[OLYLZJ\LKWLYZVU ;OLWPJ[\YLZZOV^UMVJ\ZVU[OL[LJOUPX\LZYLNHYKSLZZ the equipment of the victim. The survival and safety of the ]PJ[PTWYL]HPSZV]LY[OLLX\PWTLU[^OPJOTH`ILHIHUKVned if necessary.
THESE RESCUE TECHNIQUES MAY INVOLVE FIRST AID PROTOCOLS FOR PRE AND POST RESCUE TECHNIQUES.
There are different rescue techniques depending on the ZLYPV\ZULZZVM[OLJHZLHUK[OLYLX\PYLKYLZWVUZLZWLLK
THE WHOLE MUST BE SUPERVISED BY A SAFETY PROFESSIONAL.
W"#$0.,/0M.P/$HM0(MV$,.($')'+*$.%$ -'V'Q*$.+$.%$',:$.),$-'V'Q*/ This rescue technique will be used in situations where the victim is consJPV\ZHUKPZZ[PSSHISL[VTHUHNLVUOPZOLYV^UWHY[PHSS`VYM\SS`7VZZPISL JH\ZLZJV\SKILIY\PZLZIVULMYHJ[\YLZZWYHPUZO`WV[OLYTPHKLO`KYH[PVUL_OH\Z[PVUZJYH[JOLZ Approach: We must paddle standing up [V^HYKZ [OL ]PJ[PT HZ MHZ[ HZ WVZZPISL keeping the safety distance so not to hit her/him with the board. Just before the victim is within our YLHJO^LRULLSKV^UVU [OLIVHYKHUK holding the paddle with the other hand. >OLU HWWYVHJOPUN [OL ]PJ[PT ^L T\Z[ try to paddle with the nose of the board [V^HYKZ [OL ZOVYL VY H ZHML HYLH [V avoid losing time putting the board in the right direction when the victim is lying on the board.
Positioning of the board: Once we take [OL]PJ[PTZOHUKVYOHUKZHUK^P[O[OL IVHYKPUIL[^LLU[OL[^VVM\Z^LWSHJL her/him on the tail of the board. +\YPUN [OL THUL\]LY [OL WHKKSL ^PSS IL WSHJLKVU[OLIVHYKPM[OL^H[LYPZJHST V[OLY^PZLOLSK^P[OVULOHUK Stabilizing of the board: The rescuer quickly moves to the nose of the board to OLSWZ[HIPSPaPUN[OLIVHYK^OPSL[OL]PJ[PT jumps above it from the tail. If the victim ULLKZ OLSW [V Q\TW VU [OL IVHYK [OL rescuer will help.
Final position and paddling: Once the ]PJ[PTPZWSHJLKHSVUN[OLIVHYKPUHZHML HUKIHSHUJLK^H`^P[O[OLSLNZHWHY[[OL rescuer kneels down on the board between [OLT HUK Z[HY[Z WHKKSPUN [V^HYKZ [OL ZOVYLVYHZHMLWSHJL0M[OL]PJ[PTPZHISL HUK [OL JVUKP[PVUZ HSSV^ OL VY ZOL JHU help paddling. IIf the rescuer loses the paddle, he or she will use his own arms to paddle, lied or kneeled down on the board.
STABILISATION OF THE BOARD
FINAL POSITION AND PADDLING
W"!$0.,/0M.P/$HM0(MV )M(I$+.('(M.,$.%$N.'+This rescue technique will be used in situations where the victim is unconscious.
Approach: Paddle standing up towards the ]PJ[PTHZMHZ[HZWVZZPISLRLLWPUN[OLZHML[` distance so not to hit her/him with the board. 1\Z[ ILMVYL [OL ]PJ[PT PZ ^P[OPU V\Y YLHJO kneel down on the board and holding the paddle with one other hand. Right before we have the victim within our YLHJO ^L Z[HUK VU V\Y RULLZ OVSKPUN [OL paddle with our other hand so to control the approach speed early and safely.
it upside down. Paddle and arms positioning: With the IVHYK\WZPKLKV^U^LNYHI]PJ[PTZHYTZ and put the paddle under his/her elbows. ;OPZ^H`^OLU^L[\YU[OLIVHYKHNHPU[V [OL YPNO[ WVZP[PVU [OL WHKKSL ^PSS YLTHPU \UKLY[OLIVHYKVYULHY\Z[VNL[P[IHJR LHZPS`;OL]PJ[PTZOHUKZ^V\SKILOVSKPU [OLYLZJ\LYZULHYLZ[IVHYKYHPSZV[OH[OPZ her armpits lean in the other rail.
weight onto it to get the impulse to turn the board to the right position. We need HIPNPTW\SZL[V[\YUH:<7IVHYKYV\UK as it is bigger and heavier than other boards. Safe positioning and paddling:Once [OL ]PJ[PT PZ SPLK KV^U HSVUN [OL IVHYK PUHIHSHUJLKHUKPUHZHMLWVZP[PVU[OL YLZJ\LYRULLSZKV^UIL[^LLU[OL]PJ[PTZ SLNZ HUK Z[HY[Z WHKKSPUN [V^HYKZ [OL ZOVYLVYZHMLWSHJL
Turning the board between the victim and rescuer: 6UJL [OL ]PJ[PT PZ YLHJOLK Turning the board: It must be quick and If the paddle is lost, the rescuer will the rescuer jumps to the water holding the vigorous.The rescuer places one knee on use his/her arms to paddle, both lied WHKKSLHUKX\PJRS`[\YU[OLIVHYKSLH]PUN [OL ULHYLZ[ IVHYK YHPS HUK ZOPM[Z OPZOLY or kneeled down on the board.
TURNING THE BOARD
POSITIONING ARMS AND PADDLE
ROTATION THE BOARD
SAFE POSITION AND PADDLING
W"G$P,0.,/0M.P/$HM0(MV Approach: Paddle standing up towards [OL]PJ[PTHZMHZ[HZWVZZPISLRLLWPUN[OL safety distance so not to hit her/him with the board. * The approaching maneuver will be done kneeled down or paddling in the surf position when the conditions require so.
HWWLHYLKIL[^LLU[OL]PJ[PTZIVK`HUK [OL IVHYK K\YPUN [OL THUL\]LY ^OPJO JHUILKPMÄJ\S[[VYLHJO>OLU^LNL[[OL WHKKSLIHJR^LW\[P[\UKLY[OL]PJ[PTZ elbows.
Safe positioning and paddling: Once [OL]PJ[PTPZSPLKKV^UHSVUN[OLIVHYKPU Taking the victim and turning the board: HIHSHUJLKHUKZHMLWVZP[PVU[OLYLZJ\LY (ZZVVUHZ^LYLHJO[OL]PJ[PTRULLSKV^U RULLSZ KV^U IL[^LLU [OL ]PJ[PTZ SLNZ W\[ [OL WHKKSL HSVUN [OL IVHYK HUK [HRL HUKZ[HY[ZWHKKSPUN[V^HYKZ[OLZOVYLVY [OL]PJ[PTZOHUKZZPT\S[HULV\ZS`;OLU[\YU safe place. the board upside down pushing the rail of the board with your knees. The paddle will ;OL Z\YÄUN WHKKSPUN TH` IL MHZ[LY and more effective depending on the YLTHPU\UKLY[OLIVHYKVYULHY\Z[V conditions. get it back easily. It is important to take into account each Second board turn and paddle position: YLZJ\L[LJOUPX\LL_WSHPULK[OLOHUKPJHW 6UJL [OL ]PJ[PT SLHUZ VU [OL IVHYK ^L PU[LYTZVM]VS\TLHUKZPaLVM:<7IVHYKZ need to retrieve the paddle as it may have
* We must always bear the size and volume of the SUP board in mind when using any of these rescue techniques. We advise to make the board turning maneuver in the space between the middle and the nose of the board, as it is less wide. This way, we will not need to change or move the victim forwards or backwards once we have placed him/ her in the middle of the board, which could be very complicated.
GET VICTIM AND FIRST ROTATION OF BOARD
SECOND ROTATION AND POSITION OF PADDLE
SAFE POSITION AND PADDLING
0.,0&P/M., Any outdoor sport involves potential YPZRZLZWLJPHSS`^OLUKVULPUZ\JO JOHUNPUNLU]PYVUTLU[HZYP]LYZZLHZ and oceans. Total safety does not exist. The most important thing is to evaluate the risk of a danger and to try to reduce it. >LT\Z[RUV^V\YSPTP[ZILH^HYL of the potential risks and establish effective action plans. 0U[OPZ^VYR0OH]LW\[HSST` enthusiasm trying to transmit correct :<7ZHML[`ILOH]PVYZOVWPUN[VIL diverse and welcoming. I have always worried about safety matters. 7LYZVUHSS`0^V\SKSPRL[OPZN\PKL to be the foundation stone or groundwork to set an important safety and rescue structure to be used as reference for all of us.
;OL:[HUK<W7HKKSLPZHUL^ZWVY[ which is growing fast all around the ^VYSKHUK^LT\Z[[HRLJHYLVMP[ Throughout this guide I tried to compare and question everything to Ă„UKHIHSHUJLIL[^LLUHUL_[LUZP]L and detailed security guide for SUP. After having seen the evolution of this ZWVY[[OLH[[P[\KLVMZVTL:<7LYZ HUK[OLHJJPKLU[ZOHWWLUPUNP[PZ necessary to evaluate the risks this sport involves and set a security protocol. The fact that an accident is not JH\ZLKI`V\YPTWY\KLUJLPZPUV\Y hands.
week of intense kiteboarding training `V\UNRP[LYZ;HYPMH
Up Paddle) SUP instructor. Level 1. 2010. - Safety and Rescue-Support Boat `LHYZVM2P[LIVHYKPUN[LHJOPUN
operator in national and international
courses taught so far.
Tech School). 2006.
managing experience during water sport activities. 2005-2010.
- Founder of SUPTEC Tarifa (Stand Up Paddle Tech School). 2010.
GABI ARRANZ IOSUP Safety and Rescue Expert 20 of March 1972. 3LNHaWP.PW\aRVH
*\YYLU[S`KL]LSVWPUN2P[LIVHYKPUNHUK Sup Safety Protocols.
- Security protocols and methods development during the last 10 years. (UU\HS20;,*>PUKZ\YÃ„UNHUK 2P[LIVHYKPUN:HML[`*VUMLYLUJL VYNHUPaLY;HYPMH
Safety & Rescue IOSUP Guide