CONTENTS Issue 14 | July 2018
P06 World Roundup
Key events around the World
P08 Social Media Roundup Tweets of the month
P10 Challenges to Pakistan and Elections 2018 Kashmir Issue in Limelight | P22
Pakistan is passing through one of the toughest phases of its existence and is going through a series of successive backbreaking tests and tribulations, the importance of Election-2018 has multiplied manifold. AMEER JUD, PROF. HAFIZ MUHAMMAD SAEED
P12 Election 2018
Some useful information for voters!
P14 Islamic Politics: A Panacea for Pakistan's Problems
President MML presents the rationale for establishing the new political party and comes with a logical assessment of the need for the newest political force in the prevailing political environment of the country. PRESIDENT MML, SAIFULLAH KHALID
P18 Milli Muslim League Timeline P20 Pakistan Needs a Political Activist Who... Some pieces of advice for the political workers.
P22 Kashmir Issue in Limelight Challenges to Pakistan and Elections 2018 | P10
The UN report calls for world communityâ€™s long waited role. ABDULLAH WAQAS
P26 Water Crisis
Major causes, impact and remedies. TAHA MUNEEB
P32 Who Said What on Water Crisis in Pakistan? Common Pakistanisâ€™ concern on the water crisis.
P34 Nurturing of ISIS in Afghanistan Another Indian proxy against Pakistan. SULTAN SAEED
P36 Learning First Aid Water Crisis | P26
What to do until medical help arrives. Importance, basic principles and pitfall of ignorance from it. ABU BAKER AHMAD
LETTERS Your Comments and Opinions
realised that we have a very simple yet best solution to resolve this problem. If true system of Zakat is implemented and followed on laws of Shariah, every single individual can get his right and money would not be condensed in few hands. In this way, Pakistan can progress rapidly.
I am really excited to see your initiative about "Community Development". Our society highly needs such programs to have more skilled persons and more brain power. Thank you for giving this opportunity. I am looking forward to this program and my all best wishes are with you for your good intentions.
I was on my way to home for Eid when I read "Ummah with Bleeding Ramadan and sobbing Eid". It was the biggest moment of realization for me. While we are happily celebrating Ramadan and Eid, Muslim Ummah is being oppressed. The atrocities on Muslims in Kashmir and Palestine are beyond cruelty. Along with prayers to Allah, I really hope to see such articles which can awake the world.
I have been a regular reader of Invite magazine. There are many helpful articles but I would also like to read more about the impacts of international politics on Pakistan's policies. Like how US withdrawal from Iran Nuclear Deal or US-North Korea summits could effect Pakistan. These can help us to understand role of external factors in our policies. Please consider this too. ANJUM EJAZ
PROMISES OF POLITICIANS
KEY TO FITNESS
In our generation, diseases and problems related to bones are huge. Almost nobody is aware to take precautions and do some actions to make their bones stronger. "How to keep your bones stronger" really helped me out and enlightened me to take some steps for better lifestyle. I never thought how much careless I am towards my fitness and my bone health. I sincerely want to thank the team of this magazine for such a good article. Looking forward for more such articles. UZAIR BALOCH
Poverty is the major problem especially for the countries like Pakistan. Through your article "Charity in Islam", I
Comments and suggestions may be forwarded to
Elections are near and all political parties are active now. I would like INVITE team to include some articles on how political opinions of general public are shaped and manipulated by these parties to increase their own voter banks. How in the past they have stepped back from their promises and assurances? This could help us to make our mindset regarding upcoming elections. SANA ABBASI
WHO IS BEHIND THE PROBLEM?
With arrival of summer, load-shedding has also increased. Could you please shed some light on how India is playing big role in shortage of energy in Pakistan? I would like to read an article on this issue. WAQAS KHAN
Editorial Team A. Rehman Abdullah Waqas Hafeez Ghori A. Razzaq Faysal Ibraheem Sultan Saeed
Dear Readers, Assalam u Alaikum...!
Pakistan’s political leaders, with few potential exceptions, have been devoid of real vision and wisdom to lead the nation matching its true potency. Rampant corruption, merit-killing favouritism and nepotism, money laundering and tax-evasion have remained prevalent since country’s very inception. How pathetic is that now if any politician spends some amount of money on any public project it spends more than that to amplify and glorify that project for political mileage. Their lack of vision, misplaced priorities and ruinous policies have made irrevocable loss to the nation. This is coupled with their self-praise and many times false equivalence with great Islamic personalities such as the companions of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) to lure the layman’s support by influencing them emotionally. Today, the nation is standing at the crossroads of history and the situation is unusually critical. India’s RRS backed BJP government mincing no words in threatening Pakistan of squeezing it militarily and diplomatically. The threats we perceive today about the disintegration of Pakistan are most evident and credible. The unending unprovoked firing across the LoC is one of such examples, and the presence of agents like Kulbhushan is the other. The hybrid war Pakistan is facing today is more lethal and deadly than any direct one. Among the most pressing issues on which the nation must unequivocally question their political candidates is water crisis and India’s water aggression against Pakistan by the construction of a large number of dams in sheer violation of Indus Water Treaty of 1960. According to several verified reports, Pakistan is rapidly heading to a catastrophic draught mainly due to its successive government’s lethargy and inertia in the wake of India’s water terrorism. In such a critical period, elections 2018 are of historical importance. Pakistanis have got this chance to end the acute leadership crisis the nation is faced with. Pakistan needs a sincere, selfless, and charismatic leadership which may bring the country out of the swamps of uncertainty and take it to the height of gravely lacking national-confidence. The panacea for all major ills is the leadership as sincere as were the nation’s founding fathers. The ones who may embrace the people’s service as the true mission of their life are the direly wanted. Unlike the incumbent ones whose vision is restricted to the swell of their bellies. The chance of elections must not be let go wasted, and the nation is supposed to make the best use of their vote. Collective good and national interests must be prevailing in the voters’ minds instead of personal or family gains. Creator consciousness of the personal character and integrity, honesty and fair play, strong nerves to make difficult decisions and agility to face all the tests and trials with patience, are some of the traits a leader must possess, at any level may be. Only then Pakistan may endure all the internal and external challenges hovering over its head. As it needs no mention that Pakistan’s political culture is not mature yet. Defaming the opponents, incidents such as the throwing of ink, the hurling of shoe, even attempting to shoot the interior minister, are some of the incidents that testify that Pakistanis are moving rapidly towards the culture of intolerance a sure track towards anarchy and chaos. Such irrationality is completely beyond Pakistan’s affordability. Moreover, safety and security must be maintained by the law enforcers as we lose many lives in every election. It is the time that leaders, as well as the public, must change their attitudes and mend their ways for the greater national cause. Editor Invite Muhammad Usama
UNHCR APPRECIATES PAKISTAN The United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees has appreciated the people and government of Pakistan for hosting millions of Afghan refugees for the last four decades. June 22, 2018 CHILDREN SEPARATED FROM PARENTS Donald Trump ends his policy of separating migrant children from their parents but confusion over next step remains June 21, 2018
HOUTHI REBELS An alliance of Arab states launched an operation on Yemenâ€™s port city, aiming to bring the Houthis to their knees. June 13, 2018
HUMAN RIGHTS CRISIS Syriaâ€™s government committed what amounted to crimes against humanity, including deliberately starving civilians, during the siege of Eastern Ghouta, UN investigators said. June 21, 2018
CPEC: NO COMPROMISE! Major-General Ahsan Gulrez, general officer of Special Security Division of CPEC, assured safety of CPEC and Thar coalfield. He said, "hands creating disturbances will be crushed". June 22, 2018
US ARMY IN THE SPACE Donald Trump calls to create a separate branch of the military called Space Force. Trump said, "America will always be the first in space" and "we don't want China and Russia and other countries leading us." June 21, 2018
RESIGNATION Mehbooba Mufti resigns after BJP pulls out of alliance with Mufti’s People’s Democratic Party (PDP). June 19, 2018
INDONESIA FERRY SINKING 180 persons are estimated to be missing in ferry sinking in Sumatra, three times more than the capacity of ferry. June 20, 2018
TRUMP KIM AGREEMENT North Korea forced for denuclearization. Kim Jong Un and Donald Trump signed an agreement in Singapore. Trump promised Kim for North Korea’s ‘security’. June 12, 2018
UNSAFE FOR WOMEN AND MINORITIES Five charity workers, supported by a Christian missionary group, were gang-raped at gunpoint in India’s Jharkhand state. June 22, 2018
POWER PRODUCTION South Korea has expressed its willingness to construct a hydel power station on River Indus in Kohistan. A team of experts will arrive in Peshawar soon to finalize modalities for construction of the power house. June 21, 2018
HR VIOLATIONS IN JK Rauf Ahmed Wagay (16-year-old) case forced UN to take notice of manipulation of PSA. UN has released its report against Indian atrocities. June 15, 2018
Social Media Tweets of the month
Picture of the month A Palestinian mother bought Eid clothes and went to the grave of her martyred son to celebtrate Eid.
Roundup Cartoons of the month
Poll of the month
External Challenges to Pakistan and the Elections of 2018 By Prof. Hafiz M. Saeed Ameer Jamat-ud-Dawah, Pakistan
As Pakistan today is passing through one of the toughest phases of its existence, and is going through a series of successive back-breaking tests and tribulations, the importance of Election-2018 has multiplied manifold.
lthough the looming external and internal challenges for Pakistan in the near future are multifarious, one primal one is that the enemies of Islam, through a very well-planned scheme, are targeting all of the prominent Islamic countries, and Pakistan now seems to be on the top of their list. Today, the United States and its allies are counting Pakistan among their greatest enemies. We immediately, as a nation, need to grasp the gravity of this situation. All US policies, their resources, and their media power, are now focused in this direction. They are not mincing words in calling Pakistan their enemy-number-one. This is unprecedented, and this is happening for the very first time in the history of Pakistan-US ties. In days before Trump, the US would employ diplomatic channels, or as a maximum, it would exert various pressures to influence Pakistan to ‘do more.’ All Western nations would immediately follow suit and take a similar position, in tandem with the US. Consequently, Pakistan would comply with US demands, almost always at the cost of its own national interests. However, with President Trump’s hand on the tiller, the 10
US has become irrationally aggressive towards Pakistan. Trump, in the name of his new South Asian policy, has adopted an entirely divergent stance. This policy is now reshaping our relationship with the US, and its allies. The threat to Pakistan this time is real, and it is a departure from traditional coercive US diplomacy. The misperception that Pakistan is the main reason behind the NATO coalition forces’ defeat and failure in Afghanistan is getting unusually stronger. They believe that Pakistan has been running with hare and hunting with hounds during this whole Afghan episode, despite receiving huge funding from the US. Though an absolutely false culpability, Pakistan has been declared the real culprit. The US is behaving like a careless child who fails in his exams, but then he is unwilling to take on the burden of responsibility. Making constant efforts to shift the blame on others, he keeps on making face-saving excuses. The truth on the other hand is that Pakistan has always been at US’s service, even if it meant defying public sentiments and ignoring national interests. This policy of Pakistan has cost it heavily as it has gone beyond its
capacity in fulfilling US demands many times. The fact of the matter is that the majority of Pakistan’s problems today are a direct or indirect outcome of US’s role in the region, and due to our unfettered support for their mission. The emergence of Takfeeri ideology, terrorism, and the resultant death, destruction and mayhem, and then the economic predicament and much more, all are a result of Pakistan’s toeing of US's policy-line on various regional affairs. The final gift of these decades of cooperation is the new Trump policy of declaring Pakistan as the US’s enemynumber-one. All US allies have concerted to subscribe to this policy, and this has become a major challenge faced by our nation today. It is certainly true that the US is not in a position to cause serious damage to Pakistan, as it is not as powerful as it was when it invaded Afghanistan. However, still, in a state of frustration, it may take some recklessly impulsive steps. To effectively face this challenge, the first and foremost need of the time is that Pakistanis must make themselves internally strong. Immediately, the ever-increasing gulf between its civilian and military leadership must be bridged. One can see that their working relationship has deteriorated and they are not moving in a constructive direction, as far as our national interests are concerned. The core issues on which they are supposed to be on the same page, their division is evident to all. Bridging this divide on an emergency basis is vital. An internally divided and fragile nation needs no outside enemy. Secondly, we need to play our role in filling the chasm among the Muslim nations. For example, the issues we are facing here in Pakistan, more or less similar ones are being faced by Saudi Arabia as well. The Ummah must get united. Next, the covert connections of Pakistan’s insiders with external elements are most dangerous. They have to be blocked without any further delay. Many external powers are scheming to have Pakistani politicians pursue their agenda and plans after gaining access to the corridors of power. This is why many of our influential leaders are under the limelight as the elections are nearing. They have been bribed, deceived and made a fool to act the way the external powers want them to. Unless this tendency is arrested, Pakistan cannot be made strong and invincible. A thorough study is imperative, and a loyalty oath must be made by all those who are going to participate in the elections. The judiciary and the Election Commission of Pakistan (ECP) should play their role in this regard. Those who insist on contesting elections for pursuing external agendas must be disqualified. The baseline must be
that all the external nexuses detrimental to Pakistan must be severed before the elections are held. Electioneering in the name of caste, ethnicity, language, provincialism or any other divisive symbols must also be strenuously discouraged. Even after passing 70-years of political wrangling, Pakistanis are unable to learn any lesson. We need to get rid of these deadly plagues sooner rather than later. All regional political parties should be brought into the mainstream. The ECP must monitor all political parties and correct their party manifestos and purge them of all nation-dividing ethnic or provincial agenda points. This should not be ignored, as this is one of the most important tasks to be accomplished before the elections. Then there is the issue of sale-and-purchase of votes, which is very unfortunate and painful. Candidates have been spending up to 500 million rupees on their election campaigns. Regrettably, those candidates who have treasures at hand can easily manage entry into the assemblies. The main reason behind this heinous play is that people lack political grooming and training. They are actually oblivious to the internal and external problems and dangers faced by Pakistan. They are unable to realise what their political priorities should be and with whom their political loyalties should reside. The ideology of Pakistan, which is very much a part of our constitution, must be seen as a standard for all the parties contesting elections. Any defiance of Pakistan’s ideology should not be acceptable at any cost. The groups that push secularism as their political agenda must not be permitted to participate in the elections. This is simply because the
concept is antipathetic to Pakistan’s very foundation. These externally patronised movements are destined to weaken the roots of this nation. They are in no way in favour of Pakistan. They must be pushed back through a coordinated and collective national effort. To allow their participation in elections is disloyalty to the sacrifices made by our forefathers, its ideology, as well as to the country’s constitution. Issue 14
Islamic Politics: A Panacea for Pakistan's Problems By President MML, Mr Saifullah Khalid
Introduction Mr Saifullah Khalid
Saifullah Khalid is one of the country’s acclaimed scholars and has been attributed the honour of being one of the youngest mufassire-Quran. The five-volume ‘Tafseer Dawat-ulQuran’ is a masterwork that could let him stand out among millions in this very arena. Apart from the tafseer, he has authored a number of books illuminating Islam’s various aspects. His contribution in exposing the flawed kharijite ideology is highly commendable. He has made an estimable donation to the nation by mobilising hundreds of scholars around the country to deliver lectures followed by questionanswer sessions to clear the minds of the youth. 14
or Muslims, there is no point for debate, and we have firm belief that sovereignty belongs only to Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) and He is the supreme power to rule this country. However, He has delegated the authority to the State of Pakistan being exercised through its people within the limits prescribed by Him as a sacred trust. The principles of freedom, equality, tolerance and social justice, as advocated by Islam, must be fully observed in the country. Again adequate provision and arrangements were also pledged for the minorities to profess and practice their religions freely and to adapt their cultural traits best. Pakistan needs to struggle for the pledges and promises the founding fathers made at the time of independence, and it bears panacea for many of our ills today. As it is assured in the constitution, it is imperative that fundamental rights shall be guaranteed among all the federating units of the country. They include equality of status, of opportunity and before law, social, economic and political justice, and freedom of thought, expression, belief, faith, worship and association, subject to law and public morality. Then adequate provisions shall be made to safeguard the legitimate interests of minorities and backward and oppressed classes. Judiciary in the country shall be entirely independent and free of any pressures in its decisions. The integrity of the territories of the Federation, its independence and all its rights, including its sovereign rights on land, sea and air shall be safeguarded. The people of Pakistan may prosper and attain their rightful and honoured place among the nations of the world and make their full contribution towards international peace and progress and happiness for humanity. A sense of responsibility and accountability in front of Almighty Allah, the Sovereign, and His people, therefore, we are with the majority of Pakistan: • With the deep realisation of sacrifices rendered for the sake of independence. • Having complete loyalty to the father of the nation, Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah’s declaration; that ‘Pakistan would be a democratic republic based on Islam’s social principles.’ • To be committed to the safety and security of this democratic republic, which came into being as a result of the people’s untiring struggle against tyranny and injustice. • With the devotion to safeguarding our political
Here, through this piece, Mr Saifullah presents the rationale for establishing a new political party and comes with a logical assessment of the need for the newest political force in the prevailing political environment of the country: Issue 14
unity and integrity by developing a society based on equality through this new system. Why was a new political party needed? With this background of unfulfilled promises and unachieved national objectives, the country needs a fresh political thought to move forward towards the ultimate destiny of the nation. But the question here arises; is it recommendable for the religious-minded people to indulge in what it is referred to as the ‘dirty game of politics’? Yes, it is and here is why. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) said, "The Israelis used to be ruled and guided by the prophets: Whenever a prophet died, another would take over his place. There will be no prophet after me, but there will be Caliphs who will increase in number." The people asked, "O Allah's Messenger (peace and blessings be upon him)! What do you order us (to do)?" He said, "Obey the one who will be given the pledge of allegiance first. Fulfil their (i.e. the Caliphs) rights, for Allah will ask them about (any shortcoming) in ruling those Allah has put under their guardianship." (Sahih Bukhari 3455, Book 60, Hadith 122) When a Prophet among them would depart, another came as a replacement, but the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) said that there won’t be any Prophet after him, and that he would be followed by Caliphs. So naturally, after the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) and the pious Caliphs (may Allah be pleased with them), it falls within the responsibilities of the people who try their best to follow the footsteps of the ‘khair-ul-Quroon’ to play their role in politics. Actually, the theme of the saying is that politics is the work of Prophets (peace and blessings be upon them) and the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings be upon him) also quoted an example from his predecessors in this regard. Bani-Isreal has a long history, and there came various phases with their ups and downs. The Holy Quran discusses Bani-Israel in detail. Their incidents have great lessons for today’s Muslims. From the aforementioned hadith, it comes to our knowledge that the Holy Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) himself remained engaged in the political affairs of the state and taught his companions to follow suit, after him. It is actually a chain from Prophets to Caliphs. The Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) would draw clear lines for the followers for their guidance in all spheres of life. By following these lines, the Ummah obtains success and glory in this world as well as in the hereafter. In various matters of human life, politics is one of the most important fields. The Ummah is bound to submit its will to the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) in politics as it does in other affairs of its life. This was the Caliphs’ (may Allah be pleased with them) credit; that they by engaging in politics and governance on the Prophetic lines, established an exemplary system of social justice. They liberated humanity from the 16
clutches of exploitative and unjust systems and Islam dominated as a true steward of universal peace and harmony. The same politics of the Caliphs is the only panacea for today’s problems faced not only by the Ummah but the world at large. According to a Hadith quoted in Sunan Abi Dawood and narrated by Arbaaz bin Saaria (May Allah be pleased with him) which means that after the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) his Ummah would be surrounded by many problems of grave nature and the only remedy available or them to get out of the swamp would be in following of the Prophet’s path and that of his companions (may Allah be pleased with them). This is the only way for the Ummah to rid themselves of all the ills and ails it faces today everywhere in the world. Today, the Ummah’s unity is nowhere to be seen, and its very existence is at stake. Despite being high in number and having an abundance of resources, it completely lacks vitality. The primary reason of this is blind following of the Western model by separation of religion from politics. Its immediate reversal is more than essential. Regrettably, politics today only means to achieve power and enjoy luxuries that follow. On the contrary, politics is actually to assert control over the social evils, mischievous practices, the arrest of decay, safeguarding the rights of all humans, and to make the society move on the right track to peace and prosperity by ensuring equality, justice, and fair-play at all levels of human life. Almighty Allah had sent His Prophets (peace and blessings be upon them) to accomplish this very responsibility and informed and enlightened them through Divine knowledge (revelation) and provided proper guidance for practice. The Prophets (peace and blessings be upon them) performed their duty of purge and purification in the best possible way. In fact, the amelioration of humanity and societies is the true objective of politics. Today, unfortunately, in following of the West, the sphere of politics has been restricted to elections and governance only, which is not right at all. Government is one of the many institutions of a society, and its success is only possible if all sections of society move in the right direction. The government only has authority on law, and its functionaries try to control the state affairs through these powers. If the people and their representatives have a sense of accountability for all their deeds before their Creator, they would genuinely know their rights and duties, and only then would they totally avoid corruption and injustice. This was actually the essence of politics of all the Prophets. The influential people would not snatch the rights and property of the weak, and stability would be established in the society. Law obedience becomes easy in such nations, and this is the way to maintain lasting peace in a community. Such nations then reach the zenith of glory and prosperity.
The net result of abandoning of the Prophets’ way of politics is that religion and politics have been totally divorced from one another, and religion is painted as an obstacle in the way of progress. A system based on man’s desires leading to unbridled freedom has created serious problems of peace in the world as man indulges unfair means of earning and depriving others of their just rights. Though in today’s world the terms like economic development and democratic rights, apparently sound very inspiring, but the mischief the world faces today is a result of the crimes of the ones who introduced these very systems and deviated from the Prophets’ paths. The most painful part is that the Muslim world as a whole is totally oblivious to the last Messenger’s (peace and blessings be upon him) political vision as an asset which was inherited by the Caliphs (may Allah be pleased with them) and established a model Islamic state on its bases. In all the Muslim countries, the Western system is considered a role model and they take pride in following Western footprints. They are willing slaves and to get freedom from these systems is more than imperative. In this regard, the role of existing political parties, even with a religious flavour, is non-existent. The current time demands immaculate leadership for massive reforms and rectifications. As among the many reformers and leaders of the Subcontinent, Allama Muhammad Iqbal and Quaid-e-Azam stand out. Their leadership stirred up the Muslim’s thirst for freedom. Mr Iqbal presented the basis of the ideology of Pakistan, and Muhammad Ali Jinnah turned the theory into practice. Iqbal’s vision of a state resembled the state of Medina. After understanding this concept, the Muslims of India struggled hard, and after countless sacrifices of life and property, Pakistan finally came into being with the special blessings of Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala). Their struggle was obviously not without well-defined objectives. But where we are standing today? Half a country is aready lost and in the remaining are disturbances and distrust of all types. Ideological clashes, sectarian wars, provincial and regional prejudices, class divisions, and violence in the name of religion, economic exploitation, and what not? Moreover, the only solution to all these problems is to establish a nation on the basis of the ideology of Pakistan, ‘La Ilaha il Allah, Muhammad urRasool-ullah’. Are we as a nation really moving in this direction? We already have the practical examples of the Prophets’ and Caliphs’ vision and wisdom of political and economic models and also a framework of an Islamic welfare state in light of the Quaid’s sayings. However, all this is in the books while Pakistan’s state and society are completely devoid of them all. By Allah’s (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) help, with an objective to end these deprivations and to light the lamps of hope, we are starting our struggle as a new political force. In this programme of purge and
correction, the primary document which is truly a beam of hope is the constitution of Pakistan in which a proper guideline to form an Islamic state is available, and in it, Quran and Sunnah have been considered the supreme of all the state laws. The irony is that instead of applying the constitution for the creation of an Islamic welfare state, the successive political leaders kept on amending the constitution for their personal gains, rendering the document ineffectual. Any party which came to power instead of changing themselves changed the constitution, thus deforming it badly. Almost all political parties have been involved in this crime. Allama Iqbal and Quaid-e-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah presented Pakistan to the Muslims of the Subcontinent as a gift. To know what actually the vision of the founder of Pakistan was, and what kind of state he wanted out of this piece of land, one must ponder his own words: “There is a special feature of the Islamic state which must not be overlooked. There, obedience is due to God and God alone, which takes practical shape in the observance of the Quranic principles and commands. In Islam, obedience is due neither to a king, nor to a parliament, nor to any other organisation. It is the Quranic provisions which determine the limits of our freedom and restrictions in political and social spheres. In other words, the Islamic state is an agency for enforcement of the Quranic principles and injunctions.” (Usmania University, Hyderabad Deccan, August 1941) In fact, this country is the greatest blessing of Allah Almighty. To complete it geographically and ideologically is our main agenda. Our goals are: • To give doctrinal consciousness to the people of Pakistan; • Develop them into a great nation on the basis of the ideology of Pakistan; • To help the perplexed, poor and wretched class of the society; • To end the atmosphere of disorder and dissension and to establish peace, harmony and tranquillity. In our country where the majority of the politicians have taken politics as a business, we want to enter the fray with a mission of service and welfare. Loot and plunder, the pursuit of personal interests, the feudal system, and caste-based politics are the main ills of this system. Over 90 percent of the population has no role in politics. “Professional” politics has rendered the majority of their political wisdom devoid. This is an illusion in the name of ‘majority’. These less privileged, which is almost 90 percent of the country, is our primary target and to bring them into mainstream politics is our aim. Similarly, it is more than essential to end the use of monetary and other resources for political gains. Moreover, to the encouragement of merit-based political participation must be the order of the day. We pray Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta’ala) for help and have full trust in Him. Hasbu nallah u wa na’imal Wakeel! Issue 14
â€œDespite Islamabad High Courtâ€™s clear decision, it is highly regrettable not to enlist MML. Officials are using illegal and non-constitutional ways to please foreign powers. All this is being done due to Indian pressure. MML is a peaceful political party and has the right to continue its political activities, which are exactly in accordance with the law and constitution."
Pakistan Needs a Political
Issue 14 13
Issue 14 13
Kashmir Issue in Limelight By Abdullah Waqas The writer is a member of staff
The UN report calls for world community’s long waited role
or decades, the Kashmiris have been living under gross human rights violations and severest of atrocities at the hands of Indian occupational forces. Several leading human rights organisations have been critical of India’s use of ruthless force in Jammu-Kashmir. Prof Hafiz Muhammad Saeed, Ameer Jamat-ud-Dawah has always been vocal on the Kashmiris’ sentiments and has always called for an international investigation in the Valley by the international human rights organisations. Kashmir’s relentless love and gratitude for Prof Saeed is beyond question. It is Hafiz Saeed’s Kashmir “crime” for which he has repeatedly been placed under house arrest that he would patiently endure for the sake of the cause. Despite unabated internal and external pressures Saeed’s and his people’s commitment to render moral support to the people of Jammu-Kashmir remained unshakeable. It appears that he and other like-minded ones have finally succeeded in internationalising the issue after a long time. Today, Kashmir as a boiling pot is in international headlines due to the matchless sacrifices presented by the Kashmir’s 22
youth backed by the voices like Saeed’s. The United Nations issued a first of its kind 49-page report, mainly focused on the “situation of human rights in the Occupied Jammu-Kashmir from July 2016 to April 2018 over which period allegations
of widespread and serious human rights violations were received, notably excessive use of force by Indian security forces that led to numerous civilian casualties.” The report was made public on June 14, 2018.
The United Nations called for an international probe into Jammu-Kashmir human rights violations. The report declares India responsible for the disproportionate and undue use of violence and brutal human rights violations. The United Nations High Commissioner for Human Rights called for the establishment of a Commission of Inquiry (COI), which would conduct comprehensible and independent international investigation of human rights violations in JammuKashmir. The Indian foreign ministry rejected the report stating it is “fallacious, tendentious and motivated.” India further claimed that “The report violates India’s sovereignty and territorial integrity. The entire state of Jammu-Kashmir is an integral part of India. Pakistan is in illegal and forcible occupation of a part of the Indian state through aggression.” Pakistan, however, welcomed the move by UNHRC and said; “India has continued to ignore legitimate demands for
The report declares India responsible for the disproportionate and undue use of violence
a probe into gross and systematic violations, including pellet guns, excessive use of force, arbitrary arrest and detentions as well as continued sexual violence as part of overall impunity enjoyed by Indian security forces.” Pakistan’s foreign ministry further established that “India's continued denial of this imperative, its unwillingness to engage in a dialogue process with Pakistan and suppression of Kashmiri aspirations for freedom continue to endanger regional and international peace and security.”
Following are the key points of the UNHRC report which need to be highlighted: The martyrdom of Burhan Wani, a young Kashmiri freedom fighter, triggered protests against his killing on a very large and unprecedented scale throughout the Kashmir Valley and in districts of Jammu. “Indian forces responded to protests with force, which
Funeral procession of a freedom fighter
led to casualties and a wide range of alleged related human rights violations throughout the summer of 2016 and into 2018.” The report acknowledges that the current uprising from 2016 to date involves more people than the past, the profiles of protestors shifted to more young, including females who participated least in the past. The report states the High Commissioner for Human Rights, on numerous occasions, met the representatives of the Governments of Pakistan and India for a request that his Office be given access to JammuKashmir to assess the human rights situation. India denied the request while Pakistan, on the other hand, agreed on the condition if India grants access to the Office. As per the report, “the focus of the report is on the situation of human rights in the Indian state of Jammu-Kashmir from July 2016 to April 2018 over which period allegations of widespread and serious human rights violations were received, notably excessive use of force by Indian security forces that led to numerous civilian casualties.” The report affirms that “Indian security forces used excessive force that led to unlawful killings and a large number of injuries.” India’s unjust and excessive use of pellet guns is acknowledged as a war crime, “One of the most dangerous weapons used against protesters during the unrest in 2016 was the pellet-firing shotgun, which is a 12-gauge pumpaction shotgun that fires metal pellets. The report exposes the India’s draconian laws in JammuKashmir including the “Special laws in force in the state, such as the Armed Forces (Jammu and Kashmir) Special Powers Act, 1990 (AFSPA) and the Jammu and Kashmir Public Safety Act, 1978 (PSA), have created structures that obstruct the normal course of law, impede accountability and jeopardize the right to remedy for victims of human rights violations. Human rights groups had warned JammuKashmir authorities that minors were being arrested under the PSA in 2016 and 2017.” The obstruction in the medical assistance to the injured ones is a daily routine of Indian forces. It must be noted that targeting medics is a war crime under the Geneva 24
Conventions. The social media in Jammu-Kashmir has several viral footages of the Indian forces pulling out the injured from ambulances while raiding the hospitals, beating the injured. Social media has been playing a pivotal role in exposing India’s atrocities in front of the world community which is the primary reason Jammu-Kashmir has seen several media blackouts. The report reaffirms; “The Kashmir region experienced frequent communication blockades during the 2016 unrest as the state government suspended mobile and internet services on multiple occasions. Not only the common socialmedia-savvy citizens but notable journalists have in history been warned and targeted by Indian forces. The recent killing of Shujaat Bukhari, a renowned journalist, is also a black mark on the face of so-called world’s largest democracy. The report states, “In 2016, the authorities in Jammu-Kashmir imposed restrictions on freedom of expression, targeting media and journalists.” The students of schools, colleges and universities of not only Jammu-Kashmir but several Indian educational institutes came up in protest against India’s atrocities and war-crimes. The female students in their uniforms, boycotting examinations, protested against the occupational forces while the Indian forces have been constantly witnessed targeting the educational institutions with tear gas shells and pellet guns. The report posits that the “widespread protests, long periods of curfew and frequent strikes in 2016 and 2017 had a cumulative impact on students and their right to education.” The report also documented India’s heinous war crimes including the mass graves and sexual violence. The Kunan Poshpura is one of the many incidents when on February 23, 1991, Indian forces launched a massive search operation in the twin villages, Kunan and Poshpura, while gang-raping hundreds of women, thereby using rape as a weapon of war. The Indian forces regularly break into the homes, damage the property while harass and rape the women. The report states; “Impunity for enforced or involuntary disappearances in Kashmir continues as there has been little movement towards credibly investigating complaints including into alleged sites of mass graves in the Kashmir Valley and Jammu region. Authorities have failed to
independently investigate and prosecute allegations of sexual violence by security forces personnel.” The recommendations of OHCHR to India are as follows: India must respect its international human rights law obligations in Indian-Administered Kashmir. Urgently repeal the Armed Forces (Jammu-Kashmir) Special Powers Act, 1990; and, in the meantime, immediately remove the requirement for prior central government permission to prosecute security forces personnel accused of human rights violations in civilian courts; Establish independent, impartial and credible investigations to probe all civilian killings which have occurred since July 2016, as well as obstruction of medical services during the 2016 unrest, arson attacks against schools and incidents of excessive use of force by security forces including serious injuries caused by the use of the pellet-firing shotguns; Investigate all deaths that have occurred in the context of security operations in Jammu-Kashmir following the guidelines laid down by the Supreme Court of India; Provide reparations and rehabilitation to all individuals injured and the family of those killed in the context of security operations; Investigate and prosecute all cases of sexual violence, and provide reparations to victims; Bring into compliance with international human rights standards all Indian laws and standard operating procedures relating to the use of force by law enforcement and security entities, particularly the use of firearms: immediately order the end of the use of pelletfiring shotguns in JammuKashmir for crowd control; Amend the Jammu and Kashmir Public Safety Act, 1978 to ensure its compliance with international human rights law; Release or, if appropriate, charge under applicable criminal offences all those held under administrative detention and ensure the full respect of standards of due process and fair trial guaranteed under the international law; Treat any person below the age of 18 who is arrested in a manner consistent with the Convention on the Rights of the Child; Investigate all blanket
bans or restrictions on access to the internet and mobile telephone networks that were imposed in 2016, and ensure that such restrictions are not imposed in the future; End restrictions on the movement of journalists and arbitrary bans of the publication of newspapers in JammuKashmir. Ensure independent, impartial and credible investigations into all unmarked graves in the state of Jammu-Kashmir as directed by the State Human Rights Commission; if necessary, seek assistance from the Government of India and/or the international community. Expand the competence of the Jammu-Kashmir State Human Rights Commission to investigate all human rights violations and abuses in the state, including those allegedly committed by central security forces; Ratify the International Convention for the Protection of all Persons from Enforced Disappearance, the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment and its Optional Protocol, and introduce enabling domestic laws as recommended during India’s UPR in 2008, 2012 and 2017; In line with its standing invitation to the Special Procedures, accept the invitation requests of the almost 20 mandates that have made such requests; in particular, accept the request of the Working Group on Enforced or Involuntary Disappearances and facilitate its visit to India, including to Jammu-Kashmir; Fully respect the right of self-determination of the people of Kashmir as protected under international law. It is high time that Pakistan must capitalise the UN finding on the Kashmir issue on various international forums. Pakistan’s diplomatic machine must come into action and take some substantial moves to put India on defensive and make the world put pressure on India to revisit its policies in the valley. This UN position is really hard earned as the Kashmiris have to sacrifices a large number of lives. The world must know that least cogitated Doval doctrine in the Valley which is based mainly on the use of brute force has utterly failed. The net result is very obvious that the Kashmiris resort to resist has gained further strength and their courage is invincible. It is noteworthy here that Pakistan’s role, however, in the aftermath of the UN report will be the most crucial. Issue 14
Pakistan’s Looming Water Crisis By Taha Muneeb The writer is a researcher and a social media activist.
Major causes, impact and remedies.
t was in 2013 when Asian Development Bank (ADB) in its outlook report declared Pakistan as 'waterscarce' and “one of the most water-stressed countries in the world." But unfortunately the ADB’s assessment could not break the inertia of Pakistan’s ruling elite, and they did not wake up out of their deep slumber. Today after five years, the intensified situation is touching the appalling towering proportions. This critically precarious state of water scarcity is not confined to any one province of the country but all four. Pakistanis being an agricultural nation are mainly dependent on its water resources, but the recent shortages have rung alarms about the future of the 70 per cent population of the country. The nation’s founding father, the great Quaid, declared Kashmir Pakistan’s jugular vein. Today his sagacity and vision are tested because all the rivers that irrigate Pakistan’s lands flow from Kashmir and if they cease to flow, it is similar to the cutting of its lifeline. The successive governments, however, failed to keep the Jinnah’s legacy alive due to their rapid summersaults on Kashmir policy. With utter neglect both to Kashmir and water issue, the recent governments’ erroneous priorities are deprived 26
of any serious consideration over the crucial national interests. While India, on the other hand, is investing the major chunk of its military budget on Kashmir knowing its geostrategic and geo-economic importance. At the time of partition, three Muslim majority districts, supposed to be part of Pakistan, in complete cahoots with the British were forcefully annexed by India at the last moment. Primary reason behind the violation of the set terms of partition was to give India land access to Kashmir. Afterwards, to amicably settle India-Pakistan water distribution issues, World Bank brokered Indus Water Treaty (IWT) also called Indus Basin Water Treaty, in 1960. As was decided IWT, the waters of Ravi, Satluj, Beas were given to India, despite the fact that the natural flow of these rivers was towards Pakistan. While Indus, Jehlum, Chenab came in Pakistan’s share. This is a paining fact that Pakistan was at wrong in negotiating the Indus Waters Treaty. It is because before the treaty the waters of the Ravi, Beas and Satluj were utilised for the cultivation of lands as far south as Bahawalpur. All of a sudden there left no water for thousands of farmers on this side of the border until Tarbela Dam, in Haripur District, was made finally functional in 1976.
Ravi run dry
A dirty water reservoir
Similarly, Pakistani negotiators did not even bother to specify the size of the so-called small storages (mentioned in the treaty) but agreed to India officially withdrawing up to 3.6 MAF of water. In comparison, the current storage capacity of Mangla Dam, after expansion, is about 7.4 MAF. While India continued building additional storages on the rivers to store more than its allocated quota of up to 3.6 MAF
Draught takes life of animals in Sindh
of water. Pakistanâ€™s criminal aloofness and culpable silence emboldened India to do the water aggression by building numerous dams projects in the Held Kashmir robbing Pakistan of its legal share of water decided in IWT. Following are some of the dams and barrages constructed (or under construction) by India in Jammu-Kashmir which are, in one way or the other, in blatant violation of IWT. Issue 14
Dul Hasti Hydroelectric Plant Constructed between 1985 and 2007, the 390 MW hydroelectric power plant in Kishtwar district, is constructed on Chenab River. Dul Hasti Hydroelectric Plant is again a ‘run-of-theriver-water-project’ that consists of a 70-meter tall gravity dam which diverts water through a 9.5 km long headrace tunnel to the power station which discharges back into Chenab. This is among the several projects that violate the IWT.
Baglihar Dam Originally conceived in 1996, with estimated cost USD 1 billion, India’s this ‘run-of-the-river power project’ that is actually Baglihar Hydroelectric Power Project, is constructed on the River Chenab in Chanderkot in Ramban, Doda district of Kashmir. The construction began in 1999, and the first phase of the Baglihar Dam was completed in 2004, and the second phase in 2008. Baglihar Dam possessing a storage capacity of 15 billion cusecs of water. It is 470 feet in height and 317 metres in length. This hydroelectric power plant over Chenab is an arrant violation of the 1960 Indus Basin Water Treaty.
Dumkhar Dam Dumkhar Dam is another project that violates the treaty. It is constructed on Indus River. The 130 MW Dumkhar project is located 128 km on Leh-Khalsi Batalik Road in Leh district. The total estimated cost is Rs. 52.745 million. Construction was started in June 2003.
Pakal Dul Dam It is a concrete-face rock-fill dam on the Marusadar River, a tributary of the Chenab River in Kishtwar district. It will divert water to the south through a 10 km long headrace tunnel and into power station on the reservoir of the Dul Hasti Dam, on the Chenab river. Its construction is a clear violation of the Indus Water Treaty on the part of India. 28
Ratle Hydroelectric Plant The currently under-construction run-of-the-river hydroelectric power station is on the Chenab River near village of Ratle in Doda district. The project includes a 133-meter tall gravity dam and two power stations. Water from the dam will be diverted through four intake tunnels about 400-meter southwest to the power stations. The installed capacity of this dam will be 850 MW. Manmohan Singh laid the foundation stone for the dam in June 2013. Once again it is a clear violation of the Indus Water Treaty.
Chutak Hydroelectric Plant 224 km from Srinagar, again a ‘run-of-the-river power project’ built on the Suru River (a tributary of Indus) in Kargil district. The construction of the Chutak Hydroelectric Plant began in September 2006, and the first three generators were commissioned in November 2012. The fourth was commissioned in January 2013.
Salal Power Station The construction of this power station was started in 1970 on the river Chenab. At Stage-I its capacity was of 345 MW (115X3) and at Stage-II of 345 MW (115X3). Stage-I of the project was commissioned in 1987. First unit of Stage-II of the project was commissioned in 1993, second in 1994 and third in 1995.
Nimoo Bazgo Plant Conceived on July 1, 2001, and approved on June 8, 2005, Nimoo Bazgo Hydroelectric Plant is on Indus River. It is a ‘run-of-the-river power project’ situated 75 kilometres from Leh. The work on the plant began on 23rd September 2006. The project involves the construction of a 57-meter high concrete dam with five spillway blocks of 13-meter each. Issue 14
Uri Dam It is a 480 MW hydroelectric power station on the Jhelum River near Uri in Baramula district, very near to the Line of Control. The station is largely built under a hill with a 10 km tunnel. It is a run-of-the-river type project. Since the Indus Water Treaty gives Pakistan the exclusive right to regulate the Jhelum River. In 2014 a 240 MW UriII power project was also inaugurated.
Kishanganga Plant It’s a $ 864 million’s run-of-the-river hydroelectric scheme that is designed to divert water from the Kishanganga River to a power plant in the Jhelum River. It is located 5 km north of Bandipore and its installed capacity is 330 MW. Construction on the project began in 2007.
Unlike Pakistan, India’s successive governments have been working on it since decades. Though the analysis of satellite imagery suggests, the number may be more, yet a careful estimate suggests there are at least 60 water storage and diversion projects in the region. To divert the water of River Indus to River Jehlum through tunnelling, then Jehlum into Chenab, Chenab into Ravi and so on, is the ultimate plan of India. The net result of Pakistan’s misplaced priorities is the drought in Tharparkar, while the diverted water towards Rajasthan is irrigating over 700,000 acres of land which was previously bare sand dunes. India is violating the treaty mainly in three ways. First, India is not following the design criteria given in the treaty such as in case of Baglihar and Kishenganga. Second, construction of projects without informing Pakistan as is evident from
Chutak on the Suru tributary of Indus. And third, India is not following operational provisions such as was in case of Baglihar Dam filling case. From the Kabul River which feeds into the Indus, Afghanistan is currently utilising over 1.8 MAF of water. A rise to 3.6 MAF is estimated in the near future. However, not only that India is depriving Pakistan of the rivers flowing from Kashmir, Indian experts in Afghanistan have completed the feasibilities and detailed engineering of 12 hydropower projects with the capacity to generate 1,177 MW of electricity to be built on the river Kabul. If the 12 projects get completed, they will store 4.7 million acre-feet of water squeezing the flow in the river reaching Pakistan. The 12 dams will cost $7.079 billion. In a nutshell, India has full access and uninterrupted access to Pakistan's waters.
According to World’s Resources Institute, the baseline water stress score is 4.31 out of 5
After construction of several dams and tunnels by India diverting Pakistan’s waters, Pakistan’s rivers started getting dry. For instance, record reduction of water levels at Head Marala in the Chenab in recent days. The scarcity has overall affected the crop production by at least 30% causing food and income insecurity for thousands of growers in Punjab and Sindh. Similarly, according to World’s Resources Institute, the baseline water stress score is 4.31 out of 5. Pakistan’s rank is 31 among top countries facing water stress. The worst impact of this shortage is obviously on agriculture on which Pakistan’s survival mainly depends. Also, thinking of agriculture without river water is nothing but selfdeception. Since 1960 the number of tube-wells in Pakistan has increased from 2,400 to over 600,000. Then a substantial decrease in underground water level is also noted. Again electricity shortage has not only adversely interrupted the smooth agricultural activity, but its overall impact on country’s economic activity is back-breaking. One other cost which Pakistan has been paying off its ineptness on India’s water aggression is in the form of floods. India has gained a full hold on waters. The valve is in India’s
hand. In this regard, the tale of Chenab flood in 2014, India gathered water in its dams on river Chenab for months and opened all of them at once when there was heavy rainfall in the region. Some people said on the TV screens that all was only due to rain and India had nothing to do with all that and Pakistan should think about constructing dams, instead of baselessly blaming India. But the fact of the matter is that dams cannot be constructed on the plain land of Sialkot. In the same year, in Srinagar, water was shifted to Wular Lake from River Indus through diversion. Wular Lake is on Jehlum River, North West of Srinagar. This was done to create flood in Srinagar to teach a lesson to the people for their freedom struggle. India has been investing a huge amount of resources in Sindh to highlight the so-called water injustice done to the province by Punjab. India’s designs to control Pakistan by controlling its water are no more implicit. In Modi’s words: “Blood and water can’t flow together”. He gave a clear message that India was now going to hurt Pakistan by choking its water supply. Though India had started working on it far earlier, realistically, now Pakistanis are left with very limited options at their hands. What India wants it to do is complete submission, to accept its dominance and to live as its banana republic. However, still, there are some steps Pakistan should immediately take to avoid falling into the swamps of destabilisation. In the light of all the above discussion, there is no point to establish the urgency and gravity of the situation further. Pakistan, first of all, needs to set its national priorities right. In the long term, the construction of large dams at Diamer, Kalabagh and others might be rational. However, the both will cover only Indus River, so supply to water canals and watercourses should be the urgent priority in saving the water we have at our disposal, rather than waiting for the construction of large dams. The dams are necessary, but not the complete solution. The problem will be solved only when Pakistan gets back the full flow of, at least, its three rivers, i.e. Indus, Jehlum and Chenab. This is the time that Pakistan should take the issue very seriously because there is no life possible without water. For this, it should knock the doors of UN and World Bank. Pakistan’s ambassadors should take the responsibility of narrating the world about India’s sadist role. Then Pakistan’s message to India should be categorical that the nation will at no cost compromise on its water share. Especially youth should play its crucial role in high lightening the issue on social media. As Pakistan’s General Elections are nearing, people must be vigilant about the issues of national interests. The voters should question the politicians’ vision and plan to resolve the water problem. People should vote wisely at this most critical juncture of Pakistan’s history as water is, undoubtedly, a matter of life and death!
Pakistan’s rank is 31 among top countries facing water stress
Who Said What on Water Crisis in Pakistan? 1
In the last month, the lake in our area (Jaranwala, Faisalabad) remained dry for around 10 days. The lake water is free for the farmer, but due to the shortage of lake water, people left with no option but to install tube wells. The quality of the tube well water is neither beneficial for the lands nor good for the crop. For tube well water, the farmers have to afford massive electricity bills and have to wait for electricity to come during load shedding hours. This summer, six new swimming pools have been opened in suburbs of Jaranwala. Swimming pool owners also sell water to the farmers. The increased business of swimming pools proves water shortage in the area. The number of tube wells in the area has dramatically increased by at least 10 times during the last decade.
We canâ€™t now cultivate crops more than once in a year. It is not because our land is infertile, but because of extreme scarcity of water. Most of the farmers cultivate rice in our area. The soil is fertile, but with every passing day, it is losing its fertility because of non-availability of water. Tube wells cannot be used because groundwater is extremely dangerous. It canâ€™t be used for crops. A 10-liter water can is sold for 20-30 rupees. People fill cans from a lake and then sell them.
Only ten years back, WASA supply water was good for drinking. Then with the passing of time, the quality of the water deteriorated. I go to filtration plant every day, fill water cans for my home. As far as the groundwater is concerned, the water level has decreased. The water level at one of my relativesâ€™ home was 100 feet, but now it has ceased to come. They have gone up to 250 feet to access the water. Unfortunately, there is no mechanism for awareness in this regard. Everyone in the house contributes to waste the water, from maids to gardeners, and from parents to children. Moreover, a huge amount of water is wasted on service stations, and in other such places.
A student from Jaranwala, Faisalabad
A student and a farmer from Golarchi, Sindh
A lawyer from Multan
Common Pakistanisâ€™ concern on water crisis
A few days ago, a person died. To give him last bath water was not available. People brought water from a long distance. We have to buy drinking water for 20 rupees for 10 litres. First of all, water is hardly available in our area, and whatever is available is not suitable even for taking a bath let alone drinking. It sticks to the skin due to being hard water.
Layyah is an agricultural area. We used to have water in our lakes during 11 months of the year. But now we see our lakes remain dry for months. Just a few years back, hand pumps were only 20 feet deep. Now there is no sign of water even if we dig 50 feet. Water which we get in the hand pumps is impure and unsuitable for drinking.
A shopkeeper from Jaddo, Sindh
People have constructed pools, and they collect rainwater or lake water. Then they try to make it look like clean water. If you travel on public transport, you have to buy a glass of water for 20 rupees. Irfan
A farmer from Digri, Sindh
It is painful to see the situation of our Ravi. Auh! It is no more a river. Industrial waste badly contaminates the little water that flows in it. As it is almost dry, people no more fear to send their kids near the river. A large area of the river has turned onto irrigational land.
It is hardest to access water in the first place, and even if one manages to get access to some water, it is stinking and filled with germs. It cannot be used for any of the purposes. One canâ€™t even rinse mouth with it.
There was a time when River Ravi was just closer to Darbar area, and it was in full bloom. Now it is just like a small lake. There was a time when hand pumps were erected and used for water and needed no deep digging, but now the situation is altogether changed. Now people have to dig hundreds of feet to take out clean water. Hundreds of filtration plants in the city were not needed just a few years ago. Supply water is not drinkable now while in several areas of the city water is not available at all.
An engineering student based in Lahore
A school teacher from Kunri, Sindh
Nurturing of ISIS in Afghanistan By Sultan Saeed The writer is a member of staff
Another Indian proxy against Pakistan
ince there has been a transformation in Syria, the US and India are shifting ISIS in Afghanistan. Former Afghan president’s statement to Al-Jazeera a few months back was an affirmation of the claim that ISIS has been backed and supported mainly by the US and then by its allies in the region. In this regard, the Russian government has been accusing the US of the same, and the Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov reiterated that the US government must come clear on the accusations after meeting with his Pakistani counterpart, Khawaja Muhammad Asif, in Moscow in February this year. Russia actually demanded the United States to answer its questions regarding the witnessing of some unmarked helicopters delivering weapons or other equipment to the terrorist groups, including ISIS, in Northern regions of Afghanistan. While Karzai in his aforementioned interview posited that without American cooperation, ISIS could not have flourished in Afghanistan. After JuA, TTP, and others, now India is out to use ISIS against Pakistan, and America wants to use ISIS against the Afghan Taliban. India might have come to the conclusion that ISIS might prove more lethal than TTP and will help India fulfil its cherished dreams against Pakistan. India is hell bent to repeat APS episode in every city of Pakistan. It is rightly anticipated that ISIS Kharijites won’t disappoint 34
the India Hindutva followers. It is historically proven that the Kharijites have always aided abetted the enemies of Islam and went beyond the capacity to dent Islam and the Muslims. So today’s activities of the ISIS and their terror and mayhem against the Muslim population are nothing surprising and new. Though India are trying to use ISIS as its last card after the failure of all its options to destabilise Pakistan, the ISIS is nothing new for Pakistan. With the Help of Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala), Pakistan will be safe. India-US nexus tried TTP and various other brands against Pakistan; entry of the ISIS proves that the objectives of the previous brands are not achieved. Earlier Ajit Doval established contacts with Pakistan’s core enemies like TTP and Balochistan’s hardcore separatists. He also organised meetings between TTP and ISIS at Indian consulate in Kandhar. Doval and RAW are out to establish TTP-ISIS nexus with singleness of objective, i.e. to dent Pakistan’s security. The ultimate objective is to create serious hurdles in the way of CPEC. Kulbhushan Jadhav’s arrest is an undeniable corroborative fact in this regard. But all their conspiracies have failed and their dreams are broken. The ISIS will also be a big failure, and its blowback will be horrific for the plotters. The powers have accepted their defeat in Afghanistan when they resort to such kind
of monsters to fight their war. Pakistan is already there in the field with their soldiers standing straight in the face of all odds. Pakistan’s resilience to bounce back is exemplary, and the world knows this very well that the whole Pakistan stands behind their soldiers when the nation goes under some test such as in APS. Pakistan’s forces have been fighting its war against Kharijites very successfully. The only thing which can harm us is the gap between armed forces and the public. The nation as one unit needs to understand that Pakistan is in a perpetual state of war. It is not actually against the military vs ISIS; it is Pakistan vs India. Wars are never fought by forces alone, but by nations, and especially this new kind of war in which all kinds of kinetic and non-kinetic resources, with sub-conventional and unconventional tactics are employed. A similar kind of a hybrid war has been imposed on Pakistan which cannot be won by Pakistan’s armed forces alone. India’s water war against Pakistan,
which Modi, on record, has been threatening of is nowadays among India’s top priorities to convert Pakistan into a desert. However, this fifth generation war is lesser fought in the battlefields and more on the computer and mobile screens. We all must be ready by all means to save the country from all these threats. A well-knit unity is the gravest need of the hour. Let’s get united under the banner of Islam just like we were in 1947. If the homeland demands more blood, we must feel honour and pride to present ours. The great Quaid said in his famous post partition speech; “We have given a lot of sacrifices to create Pakistan, but we have to sacrifice even more to save it.” He was indeed a visionary leader, and that’s why he cautioned the nation as he knew very well that to what extent India would go to undo the partition. Be it ISIS or any other group, the nation must be ever willing to confront the evil. Let’s become a nation again!
The only thing which can harm us is the gap between armed forces and the public
Learning First Aid: What to Do Until Medical Help Arrives
By Abu Baker Ahmad
Importance, basic principles and
Senior Rescue Trainer M. Phil Management Sciences Disaster Management from UHS Certified Safety Officer Deputy Director 'Pak Rescue and Safety Training Institute', Lahore
pitfall of ignorance from it Welcome! As we promised in the previous Invite issue, here we are with our first part of the series; "COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT". As was expected, we would be learning various skills helpful to build a healthy society, this time it is about one of the most important topics, i.e. FIRST AID. Hope you'll enjoy learning interesting techniques and they will make a real difference in your life, and through your practical contribution, in the lives of millions. Insha'Allah!
ccidents of numerous kinds are common in today’s developed world. In first aid, you will learn various skills to practically save lives in an emergency situation. Since Islam is a complete and best code of life, it provides paramount guidance to human beings. It teaches its followers to be kind and noble towards not only fellow Muslims but towards the whole humanity. Allah (Subhanahu Wa Ta'ala) says in the Holy Quran: “Whoever saves one - it is as if he had saved mankind entirely”. (Quran 5:32) 36
Almighty Lord has commanded in this verse that when a human being is in some serious difficulty, a Muslim needs not to keep in considerating his faith or religion instead he should help to save his life indiscriminately. If a Muslim does so, his action is considered as if he has saved the lives of all human being present on the earth. Similarly, there are many sayings of the Prophet (peace and blessings be upon him) in which he would advise his companions to provide ‘First Aid’ to the injured fellows. So there are patent teachings of Islam which affirm that Islam was the first to guide the masses on the very subject.
COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT SERIES After first aid, we will be covering the following topics insha'Allah! - Patient shifting techniques - Dead body management - Flood management - Earthquake management - Building collapse rescue - Orphan care management - Tree plantation - Establishing a blood donor society - Maintaining cleanliness - Informal education - Time management - Stress management - Sleep management
What are we going to cover in FIRST AID? - First aid DR-ABC - First aid guidelines and procedures - Fracture management - Heart attack - Heat exposure - Excessive bleeding control - Snakebite - Treatment of burn injuries
In this writing, a humble attempt is made to learn practical manifestation of the above-mentioned verse of the Holy Quran.
Why is first aid essential to learn?
When a person gets injured in an accident, his first few minutes are crucial before he reaches a doctor. At that point of time, the person needs optimal care and caution. If the patient is initially treated skillfully and adequately, he can be saved from further pain and sometimes even from a loss. This is the reason that the first 10 minutes of the patient
right after the accident are termed as ‘PLATINUM TEN’ while the first hour is called the ‘GOLDEN HOUR’. This is the most crucial time for the injured person, and if some skilled person handles the case at this phase, the future of the patient might be different. The absence of a trained person at that phase could be a significant loss, and minor errors of the people around the patient could lead to irrecoverable losses for the patient.
Some common mistakes: 1-
When a person gets unconscious, his face should Issue 14
Places to impart First Aid At the site of the accident
be immediately turned to the ground while keeping him lying face up might be deadly for him because if he vomits while lying straight, that might enter into his windpipe (the trachea) that may lead to his immediate death. 2- Many times people would place a pillow under the head of an injured person. This could be very dangerous especially for the person who may have received an injury in the neck. This may impair the lower part of the neck. It may also affect or injure the patient’s windpipe making it really hard for the patient to breath. 3- If in an accident the person’s backbone receives some severe injury, and if right after the accident someone tries to make him stand, the lower part of the body of the patient may become paralysed forever. 4- A doctor narrates a story that a patient was brought to him by some of his fellows who rescued him from under the material of a fallen building. None of them was trained, and no one opened and cleared the patient’s mouth so that he could breathe. Thus due to this negligence, the patient died. All such seemingly minor mistakes may take the patient’s life. This is only due to lack of knowledge and absence of proper rescue and first aid training. The training is imperative for all the members of society because accidents can happen anywhere. The whole society, men and women, must be fully equipped for any untoward incident and within a few seconds, the patient must be rescued.
First Aid – Definition
“The initial treatment or help delivered by some skilful person to a sick or injured until full medical treatment is available.” First aid is the urgent basic treatment of an injured or ill person that requires an observer first to evaluate the injured or ill person and then to intervene, using a small amount of 38
During transportation of the patient
supplies. Many times the life of the patient is saved, or some major damage is avoided.
Cautions for delivering First Aid 12345-
Be alert and active Appoint of group leader Maintain discipline Work within one's assigned area/limits Allocation of assignments to the team members
D- Danger R- Response A- Airway B- Breathing C- Circulation
all That's first e h t r fo ries. e s e h t for, part of C used
DR-AB s i t has to a c h i d W e m l a para w o h ion, wil t d a r e an p scue o e r next a t e r h a t st n i ussed be disc sue, s i s ' h t mon Wills! if Allah