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Apocalypse And Explication - A Study On Female Phase… st yl e t he wo ma n wr it er i s to a s s u me fo r her b e i n g o p e n to t h e wo r ld to win tr ue j ud ge me n t ab o u t wo ma n ‟ s s it ua tio n i n t he p r e va il i n g c ir cu ms t a nc es . S ho wa l ter al so e xp lo re s t he q ue s tio n o f ma n ‟ s a tt it u d e i n a cad e mic fie ld i n t he fac e o f fa s t mo vi n g o r c ha n gi n g wo r ld . F urt h er , wh i le ma n is no ted f o r t ho u g ht s, a ct io n, ac h ie ve me nt a nd fa me and fo r hi s sac ri fice o f h is p le as ur es fo r p o wer a nd fa me, wo ma n i s wel l - k no wn fo r he r fee li n g s, mo o d s, t ho u g ht a nd e xp er ie n ce. An i ta De sa i i n a n i n ter v ie w a ffir ms , “wh ere a s a ma n i s co n cer ned wi t h a ct io n, exp er i e nce, a nd a c hie v e me n t; a wo ma n wri ter i s mo re co nc er ned wi t h t ho u g h t, e mo tio n , a nd se n sa tio n … fe mi n i ne se n s ib il it ie s. ” ( An it a De sai - 1 7 ) In t h e h i sto r y o f l it er at u r e wo me n ‟s wr it i n g s are clear l y sp eci fied a nd d e ma r ked b y th e me s a nd t he wa y t he y nar r at e o r d e scr ib e t h e s to ri es o r t he t yp e o f th e l a n g ua ge t he y cho o se fo r wr it i n g. T he ir t h e me s ar e s i mp le and h u mb le li k e T o ru D utt ‟s o r s ho w d eli g h t ful cl ar i t y a s e v i d en t i n t he e ss a y, “T o ward s Fe mi n i s t P o et ic s” o f E la i ne S ho wa l ter o r wo ma n ‟s o utp o ur i n g o f p o i g n a nt feel i n g s as i n P e arl B uc k ‟s T h e Go o d Ear t h o r wo ma n ‟s P s yc h e as i n Vir g i nia W o l f ‟s . “A Ro o m o f O ne ‟s o wn o r An ita D e sai ‟s Fire o n th e Mo u n ta i n o r S ha s hi De s hp a nd e ‟s T ha t Lo n g Si le nc e o r a s i n Ka ma la Da s ‟s a n ti trad i tio n al o r o u tsp o k e n ( co n fe s sio n al) wr it i n g o r N a mi ta Go k h ale ‟s d es crip tio n o f ne g at i ve a nd e xt r e me ( t o t he ma le tr ad i tio n) at ti tud e i n wo ma n . W o ma n as a g ir l r ece i ve s her i n s tr uc tio n fo r her fut u re l i fe fro m t he p o i nt o f ma l e trad i tio n . As a r e s ul t, s he lo o k s at e v er yt h i n g wi t h t he i n fl ue n ce o f t he fa t her o r mal e trad i tio n . Ela i ne S ho wa lter d i sc u ss es wo ma n a s a re ad er o f ma le o r ie nt ed l it erat ur e i n wh ic h wo ma n i s p o r tr a y ed as seco nd ar y, s up p r e s sed o r o p p re ss ed a nd tr eated as a t hi n g o f lu x u r y. T hi s i s t he an al ys i s wh i c h S ho wal ter ca ll s as fe mi n i s t c rit ici s m wh i c h i s co n cer ned wi t h “W o ma n a s a r ead er” wi t h wo ma n a s a co n s u me r o f ma le p ro d uced lit era t ure, a nd wi t h t h e wa y i n wh ic h t he h yp o th e si s o f a fe mal e r e ad er c ha n ge s o ur ap p re he n sio n o f a g i ve n te xt, a wa ke n i n g u s to t h e S i g ni fic a nce o f it s s e x ua l co d e s. I s ha ll cal l t hi s k i nd o f a nal ys is t h e „ f e mi n i st cr it iq u e‟... “It s s ub j e ct s i nc l u d e t h e i ma g es a nd st ereo t yp e s o f wo me n i n l it er a t ur e, t he o mi s si o n s a nd mi s co ncep tio n s ab o u t wo me n i n crit ic is m, a nd t he f i s s ur es i n ma le - co n str u cted lit erar y h i sto r y” . (E S - 4 0 3 ) Ela i ne S ho wa lt er d el i ne ate s wo ma n a s a wr it er - p ro d uc er o f her o wn t ex t, i n h er o wn la n g ua g e, b y h er o wn t ho u g h ts wh i c h are co mb i n ed b y h er o wn fe el i n g s a nd reac tio n s. S h e u se s t h e t er m „ g yn o cri ti cs ‟ wh ic h is d er i ved fro m t he Fr e nc h wo rd „la g yn o cr it iq ue ‟. S h e ap p l ie s it to mea n wo ma n a s a wri ter a nd cr it ic “... wo ma n a s a wri ter ‟ - wi t h wo ma n a s a p r o d uc er o f te xt u al me a ni n g , wi t h t h e h i sto r y, t he m es, ge nr es a nd t he str u ct ur es o f l iter at ur e b y wo me n . It s s ub j ect s i nc l ud e t he p s yc ho d y na mi c s o f fe ma le crea ti v it y, l i n g ui s tic s a nd t h e p r o b le m o f a fe ma le l a n g ua ge ... No t er m e x is t s i n E n gl i s h fo r s uc h a sp e cia li zed d is co ur s e, a nd so I ha v e ad ap ted t he Fr e nc h ter m „la g yn o cri tiq u e ‟: g yn o cr it ic s”. ( E S - 4 0 3 - 4 0 4 ) S ho wa l ter ma i nta i n s t ha t Fe mi n i s tic cr it ic is m a cq u ire s p o l it ica l o v erto ne s a s it is o fte n mi x ed wi t h so c ia li s m o r Mar x is m, a nd me n hap p e n ed to sp ear he ad t h e Fe mi n i st mo ve me nt a nd Fe mi n is t cr it ic is m te nd to fo llo w t he ma le o r ie n ted tr a d itio n a nd wr it i n g. As a re s u lt, t he ca u se o f wo ma n h as ne ver re cei ved i ts d u e a tt e nt io n a nd j u st ice a nd d esc rib ed a s i t i s. T h er e i s a sel f - d ec ep t io n o n t he p art o f wo ma n wri ter s fo llo wi n g Fe mi n i st cri ti ci s m, wh e n t he y c ho o s e t h e s ub j ec ts to s ui t ma le o rie n ted so c iet y. Ela i ne S ho wa lt er t r ea t s g yn o cr it ic s a s t he g en u i ne, o ri gi n al a nd i nd ep e nd e nt wr i ti n g t hro u g h wh ic h s he co me s o u t wi t h her s el f. El ai ne S ho wa lter s a ys “T he Fe mi n is t Cri ti c is e s se n tia ll y p o lit ic al a nd p o le mi ca l wi t h t heo r et ica l a ffi l ia t io n s to M ar xi st So c io lo g y a nd a e st he ti cs ; g yn o cr i ti cs i s mo r e se l f -co n ta i ned a nd e xp er i me n ta l wi t h co n n ect io n s to o t her m o d es o f ne w F e mi n is t r ese arc h ... G yn o c ri tic s b eg i n s a t t he p o i n t wh e n we free o ur sel v e s f r o m t he li n ear ab so l u t es o f ma le l ite rar y h i st o r y, s to p tr yi n g to fit wo me n b et we e n t he l in e s o f t he ma le tr ad i tio n, a nd fo c u s i n s tead o n th e near l y vi sib le wo rld o f fe ma le c ul t ur e. ..” ( E S - 4 0 4 )

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