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Tri-Airport Open Skies Initiative

Transborder Air Services Since 1994 strategic transportation & tourism solutions

Prepared for AĂŠroports de MontrĂŠal, The Greater Toronto Airport Authority, and the Vancouver International Airport Authority

30 June 2005

2 30 June 2005


Tri-Airport Open Skies Initiative

Transborder Services Since 1994

Prepared for AĂŠroports de MontrĂŠal Greater Toronto Airport Authority Vancouver International Airport Authority

Prepared by InterVISTAS Consulting Inc.

30 June 2005

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Table of Contents

1.0

Introduction...............................................................................................................1

2.0

Overview...................................................................................................................1

3.0

Transborder Air Services – Canada ...........................................................................3

4.0

Transborder Air Services – by Market........................................................................6 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 4.7 4.8 4.9 4.10 4.11 4.12 4.13 4.14 4.15 4.16 4.17 4.18 4.19 4.20 4.21 4.22 4.23 4.24 4.25 4.26 4.27 4.28 4.29 4.30 4.31

Transborder Market Profile – Calgary, AB (YYC) .......................................................................7 Transborder Market Profile – Campbell River, BC (YBL)..........................................................8 Transborder Market Profile – Charlottetown, PEI (YYG)...........................................................9 Transborder Market Profile – Dawson City, YKT (YDA) ..........................................................10 Transborder Market Profile – Edmonton, AB (YEG).................................................................11 Transborder Market Profile – Fredericton, NB (YFC)...............................................................12 Transborder Market Profile – Ganges Harbour, BC (YGG)....................................................13 Transborder Market Profile – Halifax, NS (YHZ).......................................................................14 Transborder Market Profile – Hamilton, ON (YHM).................................................................15 Transborder Market Profile – Kamloops, BC (YKA) .................................................................16 Transborder Market Profile – Kelowna, BC (YLW) ...................................................................17 Transborder Market Profile – Kitchener, ON (YKF)..................................................................18 Transborder Market Profile – London, ON (YXU).....................................................................19 Transborder Market Profile – Moncton, ON (YQM)..................................................................20 Transborder Market Profile – Montreal, QB (YUL) ...................................................................21 Transborder Market Profile – Nanaimo, BC (YCD) ..................................................................23 Transborder Market Profile – Old Crow, YKT (YOC)...............................................................24 Transborder Market Profile – Ottawa, ON (YOW) ....................................................................25 Transborder Market Profile – Port McNeil, BC (YMP) .............................................................26 Transborder Market Profile – Quebec, QB (YQB)....................................................................27 Transborder Market Profile – Regina, SK (YQR)......................................................................28 Transborder Market Profile – Saint John’s, NF (YYT).............................................................29 Transborder Market Profile – Saskatoon, SK (YXE) ................................................................30 Transborder Market Profile – St. John, NB (YSJ) .....................................................................31 Transborder Market Profile – Thunder Bay, ON (YQT)...........................................................32 Transborder Market Profile – Toronto, ON (YYZ).....................................................................33 Transborder Market Profile – Vancouver, BC (YVR)................................................................35 Transborder Market Profile – Victoria, BC (YYJ).......................................................................37 Transborder Market Profile – Whitehorse, YKT (YXY).............................................................38 Transborder Market Profile – Winnipeg, MB (YWG)................................................................39 Transborder Market Profile – Yarmouth, NS (YQI)...................................................................40

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1.0 Introduction In February 1995, Canada and the U.S. signed an Open Transborder Air Services Agreement. 1 This briefing examines the level of transborder (Canada-U.S.) air services prior to the agreement (1994) and today. For each Canadian community with transborder service in 1994 and/or 2005 it reports changes in transborder and domestic seat capacity and identifies specific carriers and routes served in the two years. This briefing note also reports changes in the level of Canadian domestic service in those markets with transborder air services in 1994 and/or 2005.

2.0 Over view Overall, the level of transborder air services from Canada has increased dramatically since the 1995 Open Transborder Air Services Agreement was signed. •

The number of Canadian cities with transborder air services has increased from 21 in 1994 to 27 in 2005, with smaller communities being the beneficiaries.

A total of ten cities including Campbell River, Ganges Harbour, Kamloops, Kelowna, Kitchener, Nanaimo, Old Crow, Port McNeil, Saint John’s and Saskatoon, which previously did not have services to the U.S., have gained new non-stop transborder services. Although four cities including Dawson City, Moncton, St. John and Yarmouth, lost their limited non-stop services to the U.S., nearly all of these markets now have multiple daily connection service to numerous U.S. destinations.

The total number of U.S. destinations served from Canada has increased by over 55%.

The number of transborder routes have nearly doubled from 90 in 1994 to 171 in 2005.

The number of air carriers providing transborder air services has also nearly doubled to 20 in 2005.

The number of transborder routes have nearly DOUBLED to 171 in 2005

A copy of the agreement can be found at http://www.cta-otc.gc.ca/air-aerien/agreements/html/ united_states_of_america_e.html. This agreement was referred to as the Canada-U.S. Open Skies Agreement at the time, but the U.S. has since defined the term open skies agreement more precisely. The 1995 Canada-U.S. agreement is no longer considered to be an open skies agreement by the U.S. It contains a number of restrictions on air cargo services (prohibitions on certain co-terminalization as well as 5th and 7th freedom services) and on passenger 5th and 6th freedom services. 1

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Average transborder seat capacity per day has increased by about 49%, with an increase in almost all markets with Canada-U.S. services.

The following sections provide a detailed comparison of the level of transborder services from Canada, including market profiles. Several elements will be examined including the number of Canadian cities with transborder services, U.S. destinations from Canada, the number of carriers offering transborder services, domestic and transborder seat capacity, and the connectivity of current transborder air services. Data Source and Notes Source of data for this comparison analysis includes the OAG schedules from PLANET and BACK Aviation Solutions.2 The annual data is based on OAG estimates as of May 2005. Note that the comparison tables include non-stop flights only, while the route maps indicate the level of connectivity from each market with transborder services. Annual seat capacity data includes Jetsgo services up to and including March 2005, after which the carrier ceased operations.

2

The Official Airline Guide (OAG) is a database of historical and current airline schedules.

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3.0 Transborder Air Ser vices – Canada Canadian Cities with Transborder Services 1994 Calgary Charlottetown Dawson City Edmonton Fredericton Halifax Hamilton London Moncton Montreal Ottawa Total

2005 Quebec Regina St. John Thunder Bay Toronto Vancouver Victoria Whitehorse Winnipeg Yarmouth

Calgary Campbell River Charlottetown Edmonton Fredericton Ganges Harbour Halifax Hamilton Kamloops Kelowna Kitchener

21

London Montreal Nanaimo Old Crow Ottawa Port McNeil Quebec Regina Saint John’s Saskatoon Thunder Bay

Toronto Vancouver Victoria Whitehorse Winnipeg

27

Transborder Destinations from Canada 1994 Albany Baltimore Bellingham Boston Chicago Cincinnati Cleveland Dallas Dayton Denver Detroit Fairbanks Grand Rapids Hartford Honolulu Houston Indianapolis Juneau Los Angeles Miami Total

Minneapolis Nashville New York Newark Orlando Philadelphia Pittsburgh Port Angeles Portland Rochester Salt Lake City San Francisco San Jose Seattle Spokane Syracuse Tampa Washington

38

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2005 Albany Allentown Anchorage Atlanta Baltimore Boston Charlotte Chicago Cincinnati Cleveland Columbus Dallas Denver Detroit Fairbanks Fort Lauderdale Fort Myers Harrisburg Hartford Honolulu

Houston Indianapolis Juneau Kahului Kansas City Kenmore Kona Las Vegas Los Angeles Manchester Memphis Miami Milwaukee Minneapolis Nashville New Orleans New York Newark Orlando Palm Springs 59

Philadelphia Phoenix Pittsburgh Portland Providence Raleigh/Durham Rochester Salt Lake City San Diego San Francisco San Juan Sarasota Seattle St. Louis St. Petersburg Tampa Washington West Palm Beach Westchester County


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Number of Transborder Routes from Canadian Cities Number of U.S. Destinations Served Origin City

1994

2005

9

17

Campbell River, BC

No Service

1

Charlottetown, PEI

1

1

Dawson City, YKT

1

No Service

Edmonton, AB

3

8

Fredericton, NB

1

1

No Service

1

Halifax, NS

2

6

Hamilton, ON

1

3

Kamloops, BC

No Service

1

Kelowna, BC

No Service

1

Kitchener, ON

No Service

1

London, ON

2

1

Moncton, ON

1

No Service

Montreal, QB

14

24

Nanaimo, BC

No Service

1

Old Crow, YKT

No Service

1

7

12

No Service

1

Quebec, QB

2

4

Regina, SK

1

1

Saint John’s, NF

No Service

1

Saskatoon, SK

No Service

1

St. John, NB

2

No Service

Thunder Bay, ON

1

1

Toronto, ON

27

48

Vancouver, BC

9

24

Victoria, BC

2

4

Whitehorse, YKT

1

1

Calgary, AB

Ganges Harbour, BC

Ottawa, ON Port McNeil, BC

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Number of U.S. Destinations Served Origin City

1994

2005

Winnipeg, MB

2

5

Yarmouth, NS

1

No Service

Total

90

171

Carriers Offering Transborder Services 1994 Air Canada Air North Alaska Airlines American Airlines Bearskin Airlines Canadian Airlines Delta Air Lines Midwest Airlines Northwest Airlines United Airlines US Airways Total

2005 Air Canada Air North Air Transat Alaska Airlines Aloha Airlines America West American Airlines CanJet Airlines Continental Airlines Delta Air Lines Harmony Airways

11

Helijet International Kenmore Air Seaplanes Midwest Airlines Northwest Airlines Skyservice Airlines United Airlines US Airways WestJet

19

Transborder Seat Capacity, 1994 vs. 2005 Average Seat Capacity Per Day Transborder (one-way)

1994

2005

% Change

28,217

41,968

49%

Source: Data for above tables from PLANET OAG and BACK OAG schedules data. Notes: Annual data based on OAG estimates as of May 2005. Table data includes non-stop services only.

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4.0 Transborder Air Ser vices – by Market3 An analysis of the transborder air services in 1994 and 2005 shows that the level of air services (e.g. number of U.S. destinations served from Canadian cities) has increased significantly. As indicated earlier, ten Canadian cities previously not served have gained non-stop services to the U.S., while most Canadian markets that already had transborder services in 1994 have experienced an increase in destinations served. The number of U.S. destinations served have nearly doubled in seven Canadian markets including Calgary, Montreal, Ottawa, Quebec, Toronto, Victoria, and Winnipeg, while the number of transborder destinations served have almost tripled in three Canadian cities including Edmonton, Halifax and Vancouver. The following tables provide a more detailed comparison of the level of transborder air services by market.

The number of U.S. destinations served has ‌ nearly TRIPLED in three Canadian cities, including Edmonton, Halifax and Vancouver ‌ nearly doubled in 7 other cities, including Calgary, Montreal, Ottawa, Quebec, Toronto, Victoria and Winnipeg

On the following pages, each city with transborder air service in 1994 and/or 2005 is profiled. The number of destinations and carriers is profiled for each of the two years. As well changes in seat capacity is indicated for both transborder and domestic services. Of the 31 Canadian communities with transborder service in 1994 and/or 2005, 25 enjoyed increased transborder capacity, and 17 had increased domestic capacity. Where domestic seat capacity has been reduced over this 11 year period, the causes are complex, including airline restructuring following the merger of Air Canada and Canadian, the effects of airline restructuring following 9/11, SARS, high government taxes/charges/rents, shifting of traffic patronage between regional airports, improvements in surface transportation and other changes in the industry. Of the 31 markets with transborder service in 1995 and/or 2005, the average increase in domestic capacity was 22% from 1994 to 2005. 4 In the minority of markets which experienced reduced domestic seat capacity, the effect was felt by large and small airports alike. E.g., two of the big-8 airports experienced lost capacity.

Note that information on specific city markets is based on the Official Airline Guide. If errors or omissions are found, the authors kindly request that updated information be provided to InterVISTAS. 3

We note that the average growth in domestic capacity in Canada was 7%, and for the airports with no transborder service, the average growth was -35%. 4

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4.1 Transborder Ma rket P rofi le – C algary , A B (YYC ) Transborder Destinations 1994 Chicago Dallas Denver Honolulu Los Angeles Total

2005

Newark Salt Lake City San Francisco Spokane

Chicago Dallas Denver Detroit Fort Lauderdale

Houston Las Vegas Los Angeles Minneapolis Newark

9

Orlando Palm Springs Phoenix Salt Lake City San Diego

San Francisco Seattle

17

Carriers Offering Transborder Services 1994 Air Canada American Airlines Canadian Airlines Total

2005 Delta Air Lines United Airlines

Air Canada Alaska Airlines America West

American Airlines Continental Airlines Delta Air Lines

5

Northwest Airlines United Airlines WestJet

9

Seat Capacity Comparison Average Seat Capacity Per Day

1994

2005

% Change

Transborder (one-way)

2,310

3,661

58%

Domestic (one-way)

9,979

14,491

45%

Route Map of 2005 Transborder Services (non-stops only)

Source: Data for above tables and route map from PLANET OAG and BACK OAG schedules data. Notes: Annual data based on OAG estimates as of May 2005. Table data includes non-stop services only.

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4.2 Transborder Ma rket P rofi le – C a mpbell River, B C (Y BL ) Transborder Destinations

Total

1994

2005

No Service

Seattle (Boeing Field)

0

1

Carriers Offering Transborder Services

Total

1994

2005

No Service

Helijet International

0

1

Seat Capacity Comparison Average Seat Capacity Per Day Transborder (one-way) Domestic (one-way)

1994

2005

% Change

0

25

100%

155

225

45%

Route Map of 2005 Transborder Services (non-stops only)

Source: Data for above tables and route map from PLANET OAG and BACK OAG schedules data. Notes: Annual data based on OAG estimates as of May 2005. Table data includes non-stop services only.

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4.3 Transborder Ma rket P rofi le – Cha rlottetown, PEI (YY G) Transborder Destinations

Total

1994

2005

Boston

Detroit

1

1

Carriers Offering Transborder Services

Total

1994

2005

Northwest Airlines

Northwest Airlines

1

1

Seat Capacity Comparison Average Seat Capacity Per Day Transborder (one-way) Domestic (one-way)

1994

2005

% Change

3

15

400%

591

374

-37%

Route Map of 2005 Transborder Services (non-stops only)

66 one-stop U.S. destinations beyond Detroit via Northwest Airlines Source: Data for above tables and route map from PLANET OAG and BACK OAG schedules data. Notes: Annual data based on OAG estimates as of May 2005. Table data includes non-stop services only.

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4.4 Transborder Ma rket P rofi le – Dawson City, Y KT (Y DA) Transborder Destinations

Total

1994

2005

Fairbanks

No Service

1

0

Carriers Offering Transborder Services

Total

1994

2005

Air North

No Service

1

0

Seat Capacity Comparison Average Seat Capacity Per Day

1994

2005

% Change

Transborder (one-way)

15

0

-100%

Domestic (one-way)

41

59

44%

Route Map of 2005 Transborder Services (includes one-stop connections)

Notes: As shown in the route map above, Dawson City’s non-stop service to Fairbanks now makes one-stop at Old Crow. Source: Data for above tables and route map from PLANET OAG and BACK OAG schedules data. Notes: Annual data based on OAG estimates as of May 2005. Table data includes non-stop services only.

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4.5 Transborder Ma rket P rofi le – Ed monton, A B (YEG ) Transborder Destinations 1994

2005

Los Angeles Minneapolis Salt Lake City Total

Chicago Denver Houston Las Vegas

3

Los Angeles Minneapolis Phoenix Seattle 8

Carriers Offering Transborder Services 1994 Air Canada Delta Air Lines Northwest Airlines Total

2005 Alaska Airlines America West Continental Airlines

3

Northwest Airlines United Airlines 5

Seat Capacity Comparison Average Seat Capacity Per Day

1994

2005

% Change

Transborder (one-way)

414

1,066

157%

5,372

8,148

52%

Domestic (one-way)

Route Map of 2005 Transborder Services (non-stops only)

Source: Data for above tables and route map from PLANET OAG and BACK OAG schedules data. Notes: Annual data based on OAG estimates as of May 2005. Table data includes non-stop services only.

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4.6 Transborder Ma rket P rofi le – Frede ricton, N B (Y FC ) Transborder Destinations

Total

1994

2005

Boston

Boston

1

1

Carriers Offering Transborder Services

Total

1994

2005

Northwest Airlines

Delta Air Lines

1

1

Seat Capacity Comparison Average Seat Capacity Per Day

1994

2005

% Change

Transborder (one-way)

19

100

426%

Domestic (one-way)

884

367

-58%

Route Map of 2005 Transborder Services (non-stops only)

18 one-stop U.S. destinations beyond Boston via Delta Air Lines

Source: Data for above tables and route map from PLANET OAG and BACK OAG schedules data. Notes: Annual data based on OAG estimates as of May 2005. Table data includes non-stop services only.

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4.7 Transborder Ma rket P rofi le – Ganges Harbour , BC (Y GG ) Transborder Destinations

Total

1994

2005

No Service

Seattle

0

1

Carriers Offering Transborder Services

Total

1994

2005

No Service

Kenmore Air Seaplanes

0

1

Seat Capacity Comparison Average Seat Capacity Per Day

1994

2005

% Change

Transborder (one-way)

0

2

100%

Domestic (one-way)

16

0

-100%

Route Map of 2005 Transborder Services (non-stops only)

Source: Data for above tables and route map from PLANET OAG and BACK OAG schedules data. Notes: Annual data based on OAG estimates as of May 2005. Table data includes non-stop services only.

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4.8 Transborder Ma rket P rofi le – H ali fax, NS (Y HZ ) Transborder Destinations 1994

2005

Boston Newark Total

Boston Detroit New York

2

Newark Orlando St. Petersburg 6

Carriers Offering Transborder Services 1994

2005

Air Canada

Total

Air Canada American Airlines CanJet Airlines

1

Continental Airlines Delta Air Lines Northwest Airlines 6

Seat Capacity Comparison Average Seat Capacity Per Day

1994

2005

% Change

Transborder (one-way)

227

637

181%

5,752

5,507

-4%

Domestic (one-way)

Route Map of 2005 Transborder Services (non-stops only)

Source: Data for above tables and route map from PLANET OAG and BACK OAG schedules data. Notes: Annual data based on OAG estimates as of May 2005. Table data includes non-stop services only.

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4.9 Transborder Ma rket P rofi le – H a milton, ON (YH M) Transborder Destinations

Total

1994

2005

Pittsburgh

Newark Orlando St. Petersburg

1

3

Carriers Offering Transborder Services

Total

1994

2005

U.S. Airways

CanJet Airlines Continental Airlines

1

2

Seat Capacity Comparison Average Seat Capacity Per Day

1994

2005

% Change

Transborder (one-way)

67

22

-67%

Domestic (one-way)

49

966

1,871%

Route Map of 2005 Transborder Services (non-stops only)

Source: Data for above tables and route map from PLANET OAG and BACK OAG schedules data. Notes: Annual data based on OAG estimates as of May 2005. Table data includes non-stop services only.

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4.10 Transborder Ma rket P rofi le – K a mlo ops, BC (YKA ) Transborder Destinations

Total

1994

2005

No Service

Seattle

0

1

Carriers Offering Transborder Services

Total

1994

2005

No Service

Alaska Airlines (Horizon Air)

0

1

Seat Capacity Comparison Average Seat Capacity Per Day Transborder (one-way) Domestic (one-way)

1994

2005

% Change

0

19

100%

274

280

2%

Route Map of 2005 Transborder Services (non-stops only) 5

26 one-stop U.S. destinations beyond Seattle via Alaska Airlines Source: Data for above tables and route map from PLANET OAG and BACK OAG schedules data. Notes: Annual data based on OAG estimates as of May 2005. Table data includes non-stop services only.

Kamloops’ transborder services are operated during the winter/spring season only to accommodate the winter ski season. 5

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4.11 Transborder Ma rket P rofi le – Ke lowna , BC (Y LW) Transborder Destinations 1994

2005

No Service

Seattle

0

1

Total

Carriers Offering Transborder Services 1994

2005

No Service

Alaska Airlines (Horizon Air)

0

1

Total

Seat Capacity Comparison Average Seat Capacity Per Day Transborder (one-way) Domestic (one-way)

1994

2005

% Change

0

156

100%

801

2,158

169%

Route Map of 2005 Transborder Services (non-stops only)

55 one-stop U.S. destinations beyond Seattle via Alaska Airlines Source: Data for above tables and route map from PLANET OAG and BACK OAG schedules data. Notes: Annual data based on OAG estimates as of May 2005. Table data includes non-stop services only.

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4.12 Transborder Ma rket P rofi le – Kitchener , ON (YKF ) Transborder Destinations

Total

1994

2005

No Service

Detroit

0

1

Carriers Offering Transborder Services

Total

1994

2005

No Service

Northwest Airlines

0

1

Seat Capacity Comparison Average Seat Capacity Per Day Transborder (one-way) Domestic (one-way)

1994

2005

% Change

0

97

100%

No Service

No Service

N/A

Route Map of 2005 Transborder Services (non-stops only)

117 one-stop U.S. destinations beyond Detroit via Northwest Airlines

Source: Data for above tables and route map from PLANET OAG and BACK OAG schedules data. Notes: Annual data based on OAG estimates as of May 2005. Table data includes non-stop services only.

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4.13 Transborder Ma rket P rofi le – London, ON (Y XU) Transborder Destinations

Total

1994

2005

Detroit Pittsburgh

Detroit

2

1

Carriers Offering Transborder Services

Total

1994

2005

Northwest Airlines U.S. Airways

Northwest Airlines

2

1

Seat Capacity Comparison Average Seat Capacity Per Day

1994

2005

% Change

Transborder (one-way)

147

133

-10%

Domestic (one-way)

905

645

-29%

Route Map of 2005 Transborder Services (non-stops only)

122 one-stop U.S. destinations beyond Detroit via Northwest Airlines Source: Data for above tables and route map from PLANET OAG and BACK OAG schedules data. Notes: Annual data based on OAG estimates as of May 2005. Table data includes non-stop services only.

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4.14 Transborder Ma rket P rofi le – Moncton, ON (YQM ) Transborder Destinations

Total

1994

2005

Boston

No Service

1

0

Carriers Offering Transborder Services

Total

1994

2005

Delta Air Lines Northwest Airlines

No Service

2

0

Seat Capacity Comparison Average Seat Capacity Per Day

1994

2005

% Change

Transborder (one-way)

48

0

-100%

Domestic (one-way)

973

1,082

11%

Notes: Currently Moncton has no non-stop services to the U.S. However, the city does have one-stop connecting service to 41 U.S. destinations via Halifax, Montreal and Toronto. Source: Data for above tables and route map from PLANET OAG and BACK OAG schedules data. Notes: Annual data based on OAG estimates as of May 2005. Table data includes non-stop services only.

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4.15 Transborder Ma rket P rofi le – Montreal, Q B (Y UL ) Transborder Destinations 1994 Baltimore Boston Chicago Cincinnati Detroit Hartford Los Angeles Total

Miami New York Newark Philadelphia Pittsburgh Syracuse Tampa

2005 Albany Atlanta Boston Chicago Cincinnati Cleveland Dallas

Detroit Fort Lauderdale Fort Myers Hartford Las Vegas Los Angeles Miami

14

Minneapolis New York Newark Orlando Philadelphia San Francisco San Juan

Tampa Washington West Palm Beach

24

Carriers Offering Transborder Services 1994

2005

Air Canada American Airlines Delta Air Lines Northwest Airlines US Airways Total

Air Canada Air Transat American Airlines CanJet Airlines Continental Airlines

5

Delta Air Lines Northwest Airlines United Airlines US Airways 9

Seat Capacity Comparison Average Seat Capacity Per Day

1994

2005

% Change

Transborder (one-way)

5,411

6,277

16%

Domestic (one-way)

10,015

9,950

-1%

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Route Map of 2005 Transborder Services (non-stops only)

Source: Data for above tables and route map from PLANET OAG and BACK OAG schedules data. Notes: Annual data based on OAG estimates as of May 2005. Table data includes non-stop services only.

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4.16 Transborder Ma rket P rofi le – Nanai mo , BC (Y CD) Transborder Destinations

Total

1994

2005

No Service

Kenmore Air Harbour

0

1

Carriers Offering Transborder Services

Total

1994

2005

No Service

Kenmore Air Seaplanes

0

1

Seat Capacity Comparison Average Seat Capacity Per Day Transborder (one-way) Domestic (one-way)

1994

2005

% Change

0

2

100%

394

266

-32%

Route Map of 2005 Transborder Services (non-stops only)

Source: Data for above tables and route map from PLANET OAG and BACK OAG schedules data. Notes: Annual data based on OAG estimates as of May 2005. Table data includes non-stop services only.

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4.17 Transborder Ma rket P rofi le – Old Cr ow, YK T (YOC) Transborder Destinations

Total

1994

2005

No Service

Fairbanks

0

1

Carriers Offering Transborder Services

Total

1994

2005

No Service

Air North

0

1

Seat Capacity Comparison Average Seat Capacity Per Day

1994

2005

% Change

Transborder (one-way)

0

8

100%

Domestic (one-way)

14

17

21%

Route Map of 2005 Transborder Services (non-stops only)

Source: Data for above tables and route map from PLANET OAG and BACK OAG schedules data. Notes: Annual data based on OAG estimates as of May 2005. Table data includes non-stop services only.

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4.18 Transborder Ma rket P rofi le – Ottawa, ON (YOW) Transborder Destinations 1994 Albany Baltimore Boston New York Total

2005 Newark Pittsburgh Syracuse

Albany Atlanta Boston Chicago

7

Detroit Fort Lauderdale New York Newark

Orlando Philadelphia Sarasota Washington

12

Carriers Offering Transborder Services 1994

2005

Air Canada Delta Air Lines US Airways Total

Air Canada American Airlines CanJet Airlines Continental Airlines

3

Delta Air Lines Northwest Airlines United Airlines US Airways 8

Seat Capacity Comparison Average Seat Capacity Per Day

1994

2005

% Change

Transborder (one-way)

846

1,621

92%

6,162

6,413

4%

Domestic (one-way)

Route Map of 2005 Transborder Services (non-stops only)

Source: Data for above tables and route map from PLANET OAG and BACK OAG schedules data. Notes: Annual data based on OAG estimates as of May 2005. Table data includes non-stop services only.

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4.19 Transborder Ma rket P rofi le – Po rt McNei l, B C (Y MP ) Transborder Destinations

Total

1994

2005

No Service

Kenmore Air Harbour

0

1

Carriers Offering Transborder Services

Total

1994

2005

No Service

Kenmore Air Seaplanes

0

1

Seat Capacity Comparison Average Seat Capacity Per Day

1994

2005

% Change

Transborder (one-way)

0

2

100%

Domestic (one-way)

3

2

-33%

Route Map of 2005 Transborder Services (non-stops only)

Source: Data for above tables and route map from PLANET OAG and BACK OAG schedules data. Notes: Annual data based on OAG estimates as of May 2005. Table data includes non-stop services only.

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4.20 Transborder Ma rket P rofi le – Quebec, Q B (YQB ) Transborder Destinations

Total

1994

2005

Boston Newark

Boston Detroit Fort Lauderdale Newark

2

4

Carriers Offering Transborder Services

Total

1994

2005

Air Canada Delta Air Lines Northwest Airlines

Air Canada Air Transat Continental Airlines Northwest Airlines

3

4

Seat Capacity Comparison Average Seat Capacity Per Day Transborder (one-way) Domestic (one-way)

1994

2005

% Change

76

270

255%

1,877

1,707

-9%

Route Map of 2005 Transborder Services (non-stops only)

Source: Data for above tables and route map from PLANET OAG and BACK OAG schedules data. Notes: Annual data based on OAG estimates as of May 2005. Table data includes non-stop services only.

30 June 2005


Tri-Airport Open Skies Initiative

Page 28

4.21 Transborder Ma rket P rofi le – Regina , SK (YQR) Transborder Destinations

Total

1994

2005

Minneapolis

Minneapolis

1

1

Carriers Offering Transborder Services

Total

1994

2005

Canadian Airlines

Northwest Airlines

1

1

Seat Capacity Comparison Average Seat Capacity Per Day Transborder (one-way) Domestic (one-way)

1994

2005

% Change

75

178

137%

1,720

1,503

-13%

Route Map of 2005 Transborder Services (non-stops only)

125 one-stop U.S. destinations beyond Minneapolis via Northwest Airlines

Source: Data for above tables and route map from PLANET OAG and BACK OAG schedules data. Notes: Annual data based on OAG estimates as of May 2005. Table data includes non-stop services only.

30 June 2005


Tri-Airport Open Skies Initiative

Page 29

4.22 Transborder Ma rket P rofi le – Saint John’s, NF (YYT) Transborder Destinations

Total

1994

2005

No Service

Newark

0

1

Carriers Offering Transborder Services

Total

1994

2005

No Service

Continental Airlines

0

1

Seat Capacity Comparison Average Seat Capacity Per Day

1994

2005

% Change

0

39

100%

1,292

2,217

72%

Transborder (one-way) Domestic (one-way)

Route Map of 2005 Transborder Services (non-stops only)

58 one-stop U.S. destinations beyond New York via Continental Airlines

Source: Data for above tables and route map from PLANET OAG and BACK OAG schedules data. Notes: Annual data based on OAG estimates as of May 2005. Table data includes non-stop services only.

30 June 2005


Tri-Airport Open Skies Initiative

Page 30

4.23 Transborder Ma rket P rofi le – Sask atoon, SK (Y XE ) Transborder Destinations

Total

1994

2005

No Service

Minneapolis

0

1

Carriers Offering Transborder Services

Total

1994

2005

No Service

Northwest Airlines

0

1

Seat Capacity Comparison Average Seat Capacity Per Day Transborder (one-way) Domestic (one-way)

1994

2005

% Change

0

165

100%

1,721

1,728

0.4%

Route Map of 2005 Transborder Services (non-stops only)

124 one-stop U.S. destinations beyond Minneapolis via Northwest Airlines Source: Data for above tables and route map from PLANET OAG and BACK OAG schedules data. Notes: Annual data based on OAG estimates as of May 2005. Table data includes non-stop services only.

30 June 2005


Tri-Airport Open Skies Initiative

Page 31

4.24 Transborder Ma rket P rofi le – St. J ohn, N B (Y SJ ) Transborder Destinations

Total

1994

2005

Boston Newark

No Service

2

0

Carriers Offering Transborder Services

Total

1994

2005

Air Canada Canadian Airlines Northwest Airlines

No Service

3

0

Seat Capacity Comparison Average Seat Capacity Per Day

1994

2005

% Change

Transborder (one-way)

103

0

-100%

1,057

386

-63%

Domestic (one-way) Notes:

Currently St. John does not have non-stop services to the U.S. However, the city does have one-stop connecting service to 39 U.S. destinations via Halifax, Montreal and Toronto. Source: Data for above tables and route map from PLANET OAG and BACK OAG schedules data. Notes: Annual data based on OAG estimates as of May 2005. Table data includes non-stop services only.

30 June 2005


Tri-Airport Open Skies Initiative

Page 32

4.25 Transborder Ma rket P rofi le – Thunder Bay , ON (YQT) Transborder Destinations

Total

1994

2005

Minneapolis

Minneapolis

1

1

Carriers Offering Transborder Services 1994

2005

Bearskin Airlines Northwest Airlines

Northwest Airlines

2

1

Total

Seat Capacity Comparison Average Seat Capacity Per Day Transborder (one-way) Domestic (one-way)

1994

2005

% Change

63

75

19%

1,099

1,051

-4%

Route Map of 2005 Transborder Services (non-stops only)

135 one-stop U.S. destinations beyond Minneapolis via Northwest Airlines

Source: Data for above tables and route map from PLANET OAG and BACK OAG schedules data. Notes: Annual data based on OAG estimates as of May 2005. Table data includes non-stop services only.

30 June 2005


Tri-Airport Open Skies Initiative

Page 33

4.26 Transborder Ma rket P rofi le – Toronto, ON (YYZ) Transborder Destinations 1994 Albany Baltimore Boston Chicago Cincinnati Cleveland Dallas Dayton Detroit Grand Rapids Hartford Honolulu Houston Indianapolis Total

2005

Los Angeles Miami Nashville New York Newark Orlando Philadelphia Pittsburgh Rochester San Francisco Syracuse Tampa Washington

Albany Allentown Atlanta Baltimore Boston Charlotte Chicago Cincinnati Cleveland Columbus Dallas Denver Detroit Fort Lauderdale

Fort Myers Harrisburg Hartford Houston Indianapolis Kansas City Las Vegas Los Angeles Manchester Memphis Miami Milwaukee Minneapolis Nashville

27

New Orleans New York Newark Orlando Philadelphia Phoenix Pittsburgh Providence Raleigh/Durham Rochester San Francisco San Juan Sarasota Seattle

St. Louis St. Petersburg Tampa Washington West Palm Beach Westchester County

48

Carriers Offering Transborder Services 1994 Air Canada American Airlines Canadian Airlines Delta Air Lines Midwest Airlines Total

2005

Northwest Airlines United Airlines US Airways

Air Canada Continental Airlines Air Transat Delta Air Lines America West Midwest Airlines American Airlines Northwest Airlines CanJet Airlines Skyservices Airlines

8

13

Seat Capacity Comparison Average Seat Capacity Per Day

1994

2005

% Change

Transborder (one-way)

12,641

18,354

45%

Domestic (one-way)

20,455

25,265

24%

30 June 2005

United Airlines US Airways WestJet


Tri-Airport Open Skies Initiative

Route Map of 2005 Transborder Services (non-stops only)

Source: Data for above tables and route map from PLANET OAG and BACK OAG schedules data. Notes: Annual data based on OAG estimates as of May 2005. Table data includes non-stop services only.

30 June 2005

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Tri-Airport Open Skies Initiative

Page 35

4.27 Transborder Ma rket P rofi le – Vancouver , BC (YVR ) Transborder Destinations 1994 Bellingham Chicago Honolulu Los Angeles Portland San Francisco Total

2005 San Jose Seattle Spokane

Anchorage Atlanta Boston Chicago Dallas Denver

Detroit Honolulu Houston Kahului Kona Las Vegas

9

Los Angeles Memphis Minneapolis New York Newark Palm Springs

Phoenix Portland Salt Lake City San Diego San Francisco Seattle

24

Carriers Offering Transborder Services 1994 Air Canada Alaska Airlines American Airlines Canadian Airlines Total

2005

Delta Air Lines Northwest Airlines United Airlines

Air Canada Alaska Airlines Aloha Airlines America West

7

American Airlines Continental Airlines Delta Air Lines Harmony Airways 11

Seat Capacity Comparison Average Seat Capacity Per Day

1994

2005

% Change

Transborder (one-way)

4,658

7,822

68%

Domestic (one-way)

12,261

16,374

34%

30 June 2005

Northwest Airlines United Airlines WestJet


Tri-Airport Open Skies Initiative

Route Map of 2005 Transborder Services (non-stops only)

Source: Data for above tables and route map from PLANET OAG and BACK OAG schedules data. Notes: Annual data based on OAG estimates as of May 2005. Table includes non-stop services only.

30 June 2005

Page 36


Tri-Airport Open Skies Initiative

Page 37

4.28 Transborder Ma rket P rofi le – Victori a, BC (YYJ ) Transborder Destinations

Total

1994

2005

Bellingham Port Angeles

Honolulu Kenmore Air Harbour Las Vegas Seattle

2

4

Carriers Offering Transborder Services

Total

1994

2005

Alaska Airlines

Alaska Airlines Harmony Airways Kenmore Air Seaplanes

1

3

Seat Capacity Comparison Average Seat Capacity Per Day

1994

2005

% Change

Transborder (one-way)

241

271

12%

1,890

2,799

48%

Domestic (one-way)

Route Map of 2005 Transborder Services6 (non-stops only)

57 one-stop U.S. destinations beyond Seattle via Alaska Airlines

Source: Data for above tables and route map from PLANET OAG and BACK OAG schedules data. Notes: Annual data based on OAG estimates as of May 2005. Table data includes non-stop services only.

6

Victoria’s non-stop services to Honolulu and Las Vegas are operated during the spring/winter season only.

30 June 2005


Tri-Airport Open Skies Initiative

Page 38

4.29 Transborder Ma rket P rofi le – Whitehorse, YK T (YXY ) Transborder Destinations

Total

1994

2005

Juneau

Juneau

1

1

Carriers Offering Transborder Services

Total

1994

2005

Air North

Air North

1

1

Seat Capacity Comparison Average Seat Capacity Per Day

1994

2005

% Change

Transborder (one-way)

12

2

-83%

Domestic (one-way)

257

390

52%

Route Map of 2005 Transborder Services (non-stops only)

Source: Data for above tables and route map from PLANET OAG and BACK OAG schedules data. Notes: Annual data based on OAG estimates as of May 2005. Table data includes non-stop services only.

30 June 2005


Tri-Airport Open Skies Initiative

Page 39

4.30 Transborder Ma rket P rofi le – Winnipeg, MB (YW G) Transborder Destinations

Total

1994

2005

Chicago Minneapolis

Chicago Denver Detroit Minneapolis Orlando

2

5

Carriers Offering Transborder Services

Total

1994

2005

Air Canada Northwest Airlines

CanJet Airlines Northwest Airlines United Airlines

2

3

Seat Capacity Comparison Average Seat Capacity Per Day

1994

2005

% Change

Transborder (one-way)

762

950

25%

4,524

5,803

28%

Domestic (one-way)

Route Map of 2005 Transborder Services (non-stops only)

Source: Data for above tables and route map from PLANET OAG and BACK OAG schedules data. Notes: Annual data based on OAG estimates as of May 2005. Table data includes non-stop services only.

30 June 2005


Tri-Airport Open Skies Initiative

Page 40

4.31 Transborder Ma rket P rofi le – Ya r mouth, N S (YQI ) Transborder Destinations

Total

1994

2005

Boston

No Service

1

0

Carriers Offering Transborder Services

Total

1994

2005

Air Canada

No Service

1

0

Seat Capacity Comparison Average Seat Capacity Per Day

1994

2005

% Change

Transborder (one-way)

79

0

-100%

Domestic (one-way)

84

0

-100%

Notes: Currently, Yarmouth Airport does not have any scheduled domestic or transborder air services. However, the airport does receive private charter services operated by Provincial Airlines, Maritime Air, Prince Edward Air and Atlantic Charter. As well, Scotia Prince Cruises now provides seasonal ferry services between Yarmouth and Portland, Maine.

30 June 2005


Transborder Air Services Since 1994  

Report prepared for Aeroports de Montreal, The Greater Toronto Airport Authority and the Vancouver International Airport Authority, June 30,...

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