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JUIN

2014 IIPJHR

EGYPT

OBSERVATORY JOINT MISSION FOR PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS


THE  

T

MISSION

he Global   Network   for   Rights   and   Development   (GNRD),   the   International   Institute   for  Peace,  Justice  and  Human  Rights  (IIPJHR),  and  the  MAAT  Foundation  for  Peace,   Development  and  Human  Rights  received  accreditation  to  observe  the  2014  Presidential   elections  in  Egypt.  According  to  the  guidelines  issued  by  the  Egyptian  Presidential  Election   Committee   (PEC),   they   have   also   formed   a   joint   observation   mission   based   on   a   Memorandum  of  Understanding,  signed  by  all  three  parties.   The  Joint  Mission  committed  itself  to  the  Declaration  of  Principles  for  International  Election   Observation   and   the   Code   of   Conduct   for   International   Election   Observers   as   well   as   to   Egypt’s   laws   and   regulations.   The   mission   included   persons   of   diverse   political   and   professional  skills,  backgrounds,  as  well  as  proven  integrity.  This  experienced  team  observed   the   election   through   the   lens   of   their   expertise   in   electoral   processes   and   principles,   international   human   rights,   comparative   election   law   and   administration   practices,   comparative   political   processes,   and   country   specific   considerations.   The   mission   also   respected   the   importance   of   balanced   diversity   of   citizenship,   demographics,   as   well   as   gender  diversity  in  the  development  and  composition  of  the  team  and  its  leadership.  Thus,   the   observers   represented   22   countries:   Norway,   Russia,   Latvia,   Spain,   Armenia,   Jordan,   Belgium,   France,   Zambia,   Switzerland,   Saudi   Arabia,   United   Kingdom,   Austria,   United   States   of   America,   Portugal,   Sudan,   Finland,   Australia,   Canada,   Iceland,   Zimbabwe,   and   Germany.   The  Joint  Mission  defined  its  objectives  as  follows:   • To  contribute  to  the  transparency  of  the  elections;   • To  contribute  to  Egypt’s  transition  to  democracy;   • To  support  the  Egyptian  citizens’  right  and  wish  to  vote.   The   mission   included   2,614   observers   (124   international   and   2,490   local)   and   aimed   to   monitor  three  phases  of  the  election  process:  pre-­‐‑election  period,  days  of  elections,  and  post-­‐‑ election   period.   The   first   group   of   the   observers   arrived   on   10   May   2014   to   follow   the   pre-­‐‑


election period   which   included   activities   such   as   campaign   and   candidates’   rallies,   voters’   education,   media   coverage   of   the   election'ʹs   preparation,   and   the   situation   in   Egypt.   The   complete  mission  of  2,614  observers  was  deployed  on  23  May  2014.  During  the  days  of  the   elections,  the  observers  were  divided  into  850  groups  and  assessed  10,323  polling  stations  in   25   governorates.   The   assessment   of   each   polling   station   was   undertaken   based   on   the   checklists  as  presented  in  Appendix  1.  The  data  of  all  checklists  was  summarized.   In  conclusion,  the  two  phases  of  the  joint  observation  mission  closed  on  29  May  2014  with  a   press  conference  in  which  the  leadership  team,  as  well  as  the  international  observers  of  the   mission,  congratulated  the  people  of  Egypt  on  the  election  process  and  expressed  their  wish   for  the  future  success  and  development  of  Egypt.  Preliminary  results  and  recommendations   were   also   presented.   More   than   1000   delegates   and   representatives   from   various   governorates   were   in   attendance,   and   this   event   was   also   widely   covered   by   the   local   and   international  media.   The  Joint  Mission  stated  that  the  Egyptian  people  have  experienced  a  unique  process  toward   democratic  transition,  and  despite  the  fact  that  minor  errors  and  inaccuracies  occurred;  these   do   not   shed   a   negative   light   on   the   overall   results   of   the   electoral   process.   Therefore,   the   mission   highly   recommends   the   implementation   of   the   relevant   article   in   the   Egyptian   constitution   for   founding   a   permanent   electoral   commission   in   order   to   circumvent   any   future   inaccuracies,   which   may   impede   the   Egyptian   people'ʹs   strong   desire   to   establish   sustainable  democracy.   The   Joint   Mission   was   honored   to   be   a   part   of   the   2014   Egyptian   Presidential   Election   and   contribute  to  promoting  its  transparency,  integrity,  and  success.  The  Joint  Mission  expresses   its  hope  that  these  contributions  will  support  Egypt’s  development  and  a  smooth  transition   to   democracy.   We   wish   success   to   Egypt,   being   one   of   the   most   influential   countries   in   the   Middle  East,  and  commend  their  achievements  thus  far  towards  a  path  to  democracy.                


CONCLUSIONS OF THE MISSION’S REPORT        

T

he Joint   observation   mission   of   the   Global   Network   for   Rights   and   Development   (GNRD),   MAAT   Foundation   for   Peace,   Development   and   Human   Rights   and   the   International   Institute   for   Peace,   Justice   and   Human   Rights   (IIPJHR)   was   honored   and  pleased  to  congratulate  Egypt’s  citizens  for  the  Presidential  elections.  The  past  election   was  a  step  towards  democracy  and  the  joint  mission  is  glad  to  be  a  part  of  this  process  and   contribute  to  its  transparency,  success,  and  truthfulness.   The  joint  mission  is  glad  to  present  its  general  comments  and  recommendations  below.     General  comments:   1. High  turnout  of  voters  on  the  first  day  (queues),  low  turnout  of  voters  on  second   and  third  days   2. High  turnout  among  elderly  people  and  women.  Low  participation  of  youth   3. The  polling  stations  were  provided  with  sufficient  security   4. Generally  correct  implementation  of  the  voting  procedure  with  minor  errors   5. The  priority  access  to  the  polling  stations  was  given  to  disabled,  elderly  people  and   women.  When  necessary,  additional  assistance  was  provided.   6. The  observers  were  mostly  given  free  access  to  polling  stations  and  provided  with   necessary   information,   however   there   were   some   cases   where   observers   faced   problems  in  accessing  the  polling  centers   7. Campaign  activities  and  presence  of  campaign  materials  are  regarded  as  the  most   common  problem   8. Celebrations  were  noted  around  most  polling  stations  on  the  first  day   9. Closing  and  counting  process  went  smoothly  and  fast  with  minor  errors        


RECOMMENDATIONS OF THE MISSION’S REPORT     1.

2.

3.

4. 5. 6. 7. 8.

               

Organize better   coordination   and   communication   between   judges,   military,   and   police   at   polling   stations   to   ensure   clear   and   smooth   operations   (especially   at   opening  and  closing)   Ensure  better  promotion  of  voter  education  for  ballot  use  on  public  Television  and   radio  for  illiterate  voters;  (many  judges  reported  that  illiterate  voters  were  unable   to  vote  unassisted)   Provide  better  training  for  the  polling  stations  authorities  as  to  voting  procedures,   counting   processes,   the   presence   of   international   observers   and   the   regulations   relating  to  their  activities   Revise   legislation   to   define   specific   and   concrete   criteria   for   changing   election   procedures   Better  enforcement  and  monitoring  of  regulations  relating  to  campaign  activities  on   election  day  all  over  the  country,  including  in  and  around  polling  stations   Prohibition  of  the  participation  and  presence  of  unauthorized  persons  in  opening,   closing,  and  counting  procedures  must  be  strictly  enforced   Avoid   interference   and   presence   of   any   security   personnel   or   armed   individuals   inside  polling  stations   To  encourage  greater  voter  participation,  consider  a  “none  of  the  above”  category   on  the  ballots  


Thank you  to  GNRD  and  MAAT  Team.     Thank  you  to  the  IIPJHR  Team…      

           

Daniel Gueorguievsky   Bruno  Ravet   Jean-­‐‑Pierre  Yabas   Sebastien  Parisot   Gabriel  Paris   Tom  Feraud   Martha  Perez  Soria   Margaux  Scherrer   Romain  Ruggeri  

International Institute for Peace, Justice and Human Rights Rue Richard Wagner, 1 CH - 1202 Genève +41 22 733 83 07 iipjhr@gmail.com www.iipjhr.com

Mission egypte  

Egypt Observatory joint mission for presidential elections. NGO. Geneva. Human Rights Council. EcoSoc. UNO.

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