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Research Paper

E-ISSN No : 2455-295X | Volume : 2 | Issue : 5 | May 2016

PATIENTSSATISFACTIONTOWARDSHOSPITALSERVICES WITHSPECIALREFERENCETOHOSPITALSWORKINGIN GUJARAT 1

Dr. R. K. Patel | Dr. P. V. Nayak

2

1

Head and Associate Professor, Department of Commerce, DCM Arts & Commerce College, Viramgam, Dist Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India-382150. 2 Associate Professor, Department of Home Science, DCM Arts & Commerce College, Viramgam, Dist Ahmedabad, Gujarat, India-382150. ABSTRACT Hospital is a service industry. Its efficiency depends on various service performance indicators. Hospital success depends on their patient satisfaction towards hospitals' doctor staff, nursing staff, non paramedical staff and service facilities available in the hospitals. The main objective is to study the satisfaction of patients towards miscellaneous services provided by hospitals. Primary data have been collected from 225 patients of Government Hospitals, Private Hospitals and Trust Hospitals from Ahmedabad, Bhuj and Rajkot city of Gujarat State through developed schedule. Descriptive analysis method was used for data analysis. Government Hospital patients were dissatisfied with infrastructure facilities compared to Pvt. Hospitals and Trust Hospitals. Charges of Government Hospitals were very low compared to Pvt. Hospitals and Trust Hospitals. Government should allocate more funds for infrastructure facilities in Government Hospitals in Gujarat. SECTION-1 INTRODUCTION Patients and staff satisfaction is an important component of the health care industry in this competitive modern era. Patient satisfaction is essential due to multiple reasons. Patient satisfaction is very useful to understand the lack of facilities in the hospitals and the need of users. By understanding the importance of satisfaction and determining its existing level, health-care services can be made relevant to the requirement of people and patients. High patient satisfaction level indicates that hospital is working efficiently. On the other hand, poor satisfaction level helps the management of hospital to improve on the health services. At present patients are not only give importance to doctor and nursing staff services but also give importance to infrastructure, dietary services, cleanliness, administrative process etc. Hospitals charge from patients for these services. Therefore, patients expect from hospital for definite services. On the basis of these all elements, it is become necessary to conduct study of patient satisfaction towards miscellaneous services of hospitals working in Gujarat. SECTION-2 LITERATURE REVIEW Hospital is a service industry. Its efficiency depends on various service performance indicators. A few studies have been reviewed for the present study. Nair; Pillai (2009) studied about the hospital services and patients' satisfaction of Government hospitals, Private Hospitals and Co-operative Hospitals functioning in the state of Kerala. They found that almost all the private hospitals in the state were providing all type of services. They found that private hospitals in the state were performing well compared to government and Trust Hospitals. They also found that Private Hospitals' patients were more satisfied compared to Government and Trust Hospitals functioning in the state. Anjum Javed (2005) studied about the patients' satisfaction towards Out Patient Department services in Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad. He has collected data through questionnaire from patients' age over 15 years. He found that age, education and marital status were associated with satisfaction of patients. He also suggested for improving in physical facilities and pharmacy services. Juliet Nabbuye; sekand a Fedrick and others (2011) studied about the patient satisfaction with services in Outpatient clinics at Mulago Hospital of Uganda. They have used seven out patients' clinic for the research. They found that clinic visited, waiting time, cost incurred, service accessibility, convenience, technical competence of service provider's etc. most affected the patients' satisfaction. They also suggested for improving quality in health services. Talluru Sreenivas; G. Prasad (2012) studied about the patient satisfaction of Government hospital and Corporate Hospital in the city of Hyderabad. They have used stratified random sampling method. They observed that patients were satisfied in respect of most of the services in the hospitals. But majority of responded in Osmani and Nizma's Hospitals opined that facilities at investigation room are not good. Patients claimed that laboratory test were not done in time and also mentioned that space and staff at investigation area are not enough. They advised that

sophisticated equipment should be used for investigation. SECTION-3 OBJECTIVES OF THE STUDY The main objectives of the study to measure the satisfaction level of patients towards miscellaneous services of Government Hospitals, Trust Hospitals and Private Hospitals working in Gujarat. SECTION-4 HYPOTHESIS OF THE STUDY (1) There is no significant difference between patients' satisfaction level of Government Hospitals and Private Hospitals (2) There is no significant difference between patients' satisfaction level of Government Hospitals and Trust Hospitals (3) There is no significant difference between patients' satisfaction level of Private Hospitals and Trust Hospitals SECTION-5 METHODOLOGY In order to measure patients' satisfaction three cities of Gujarat State namely Ahmedabad, Bhuj and Rajkot have been selected. Government Hospitals, Private Hospitals and Trust Hospitals from sample city have been selected for primary data collection. In order to measure the patient satisfaction level, data from 225 patients have been collected through developed schedule. Five points lickert scale have been used (+2 highly satisfied and -2 highly dissatisfied). Descriptive statistics methods have been used for data analysis. SECTION -6 DATA ANALYSIS Primary data collected from patients of sample hospitals have been analysed and presented in the following tables. 1. SAMPLE PROFILE OF PATIENTS Table 1 indicates the sample profile of the patients. Total 225 patients have been selected for comparative study of patient satisfaction. Table 1 Sample Profile of Patients Sr No

Variables

No of Responsdents

%

1

City Ahmedabad

75

33.33

Rajkot

75

33.33

Surat

75

33.33

Total

225

100

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International Educational Scientific Research Journal [IESRJ]

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Research Paper

E-ISSN No : 2455-295X | Volume : 2 | Issue : 5 | May 2016

Table 1 continue Sr No

Variables

2

Hospitals

No of Responsdents 75

Private

4

5

6

Table 1 continue Sr No Variables 7

Government

3

%

75

No of Responsdents

%

Education

33.33

Illiterate

57

25.33

33.33

Primary

73

32.44

High School

58

25.78

Graduate

32

14.22

Post Graduate

5

2.22

Total

225

100

Trust

75

33.33

Total

225

100

Patients Indoor

163

72.44

Outdoor

62

27.56

Less than Rs 25000

72

32

Total

225

100

25001-50000

55

24.45

50001-100000

43

19.11

General Ward

115

51.11

100001-200000

30

13.33

Semi Special Ward

24

10.67

8

Income

Ward

Special Ward

21

9.33

ICU

3

1.33

Not Applicable

62

27.56

Total

225

100

200001-500000

19

8.44

More than 500000

6

2.67

Total

225

100

9

Resident Rural

103

45.78

Urban

122

54.22

Total

225

100

Sex Male

116

51.56

Mediclaim

Female

109

48.44

Yes

39

17.33

Total

225

100

No

186

86.67

Total

225

100

Admitted Duration 0-1 Week

175

77.78

2-3 Weeks 4-6 Weeks 7-8 Weeks More than 8 Weeks Total

18 8 4 20 225

8 3.56 1.78 8.89 100

Age 0-14

8

3.55

15-34

66

29.33

35-55

89

39.56

56-75

56

24.89

Above 75

6

2.67

Total

225

100

10

Source: Survey Data Table 2 Descriptive Analysis of Patients Satisfaction on Various Variables Sr. No

Variables

Government Hospitals Mean

S.D.

C.V.

Private Hospitals

“t" Pvt. Hosp

Mean

S.D.

C.V.

Trust Hosp.

Trust Hospitals “t"

Mean S.Dax.

C.V.

Total Mean

S.D.

C.V.

Trust Hosp.

1

Auxiliary services (M1)

1.3467 .68760 51.06 -1.200 -1.268 1.4658 .50228 34.27 -.153 1.4795 .57998 39.20 1.4299 .59606 41.69

2

Services of Technical and Clerical Staff (M2)

1.2838 .60862 47.41 -1.165 -1.139 1.3973 .57105 40.87 -.028 1.4000 .63671 45.48 1.3604 .60604 44.55

3

Administrative Process (M3)

1.2000 .73521 61.27 -1.374

-.414 1.3600 .69048 50.77

.850 1.2533 .83978 67.00 1.2711 .75729 59.58

4

Infrastructure Facilities and Cleanliness (M4)

.7200 1.22541 170.20 -5.239* -4.385* 1.5333 .55345 36.09

.889 1.4400 .72111 50.08 1.2311 .94958 77.13

5

Quality of Food (M5)

6

Charges of Hospitals( M6)

1.3000 .85719 65.94

1.105

2.563* 1.0870 .59643 54.87 1.454 .7917 .77903 98.40 1.1538 .81595 70.72

1.1600 .91593 78.96 7.012* 6.369* .1081 .91513 846.50 -.608 .2000 .92998 464.99 .4911 1.03305 210.37

Source: Survey Data *Significant at 5% Patients Satisfaction towards Miscellaneous Services In addition to the services of Doctors and Nursing staff, the hospitals offer various miscellaneous services to the patients. These services include services of XRay, Scan, Laboratory, Pharmacy, Dietary, Laundry, Ambulance, Clerical staff, General Infrastructure Facilities etc A detailed discussion on the above mentioned variables has been done are as under.

Hospitals, Pvt. Hospitals and Trust Hospitals were insignificant. 2. Services of Technical and Clerical Staff (M2) Besides doctors, nurses and paramedical staff, the services of Technical and Clerical staff are essential for the smooth functioning of the hospitals and for better services to the patients. The descriptive analysis of the opinion of the patients about the behaviour of Technical and Clerical staff is shown in Table 2. áåëÖ Ñ Å ~ íK =ïÉ êeçëéáí~ ä=qêì~ åÇ =eçëéáíäm îK =Ieçëéáí~ ä=dîK áå=ëí~ Ñ `äÉ êáÅ =~ åÇ qÉ Å Ü áä=çÑ Ä É Ü ~ îáìê=çíé~ áÉ åë=çÑ éáå=ëÜ çïî~ äìÉ =D íqÜ É =E `K sQ M U T B Feçëéáí~ ä=m îK áå=Ñ çìÇ ï~ ë=îáÉ å=ëí~ Ä áäóÜ Ö É =qN K P S =ï~ ëéíáÉ å=ë~ ãäíÜ É =çÑ ãÉ ~ å=Ö êÇ qÜ É =êëéÅ íáîäóK N Q M =~ åÇ N K Q M =O U Iï~ ë=Ä É Ü îáçìêëí~ Ñ =`äÉ êáÅ ~ åÇ =qÉ Å Ü áäêÖ ~ Ç å=eçëéáíäqêì=~ åÇ eçëéáíä=m îK eçëéáí~ äI=dîK áå=êÉ ëéç~ íáåD =çÑ î~ äìÉ =ãåíÜ É =~ëÜ çï=O q~ Ä äÉ =

1. Auxiliary services (M1) Descriptive analysis of the opinion of the patients about the auxiliary services (X-Ray, MRI scan, Laboratory, operation theatre etc.) provided by the hospitals is shown in Table 2. Table 2 shows that the mean value of patients' response in Govt. Hospitals, Pvt. Hospitals and Trust Hospitals regarding auxiliary services was 1.3469, 1.4658 and 1.4795 respectively. The grand mean of the sample patients was 1.4299. The highest stability in views was found in Pvt Hospitals (C.V. 34.27%). The “t” values shows opinion of patients about overhaul services of auxiliary staff in Govt.

93

As per analysis, it is concluded that patients of different hospitals in Gujarat were satisfied with the Technical and Clerical staff services. 3. Administrative Process (M 3) Administrative process quickness is very important in the hospital service. The descriptive analysis of the opinion of the patients about administrative process is shown in Table 2. Table 2 shows that the mean value of patients' response in Govt. Hospitals, Pvt.

International Educational Scientific Research Journal [IESRJ]


Research Paper

E-ISSN No : 2455-295X | Volume : 2 | Issue : 5 | May 2016

Hospitals and Trust Hospitals regarding administrative process of hospitals was 1.20, 1.36 and 1.25 respectively. The grand mean of the sample patients was 1.27. The highest stability in views was found in Pvt. Hospitals (C.V.50.77%). The 't' values shows opinion of patients about administrative process in Govt. Hospitals, Pvt. Hospitals and Trust Hospitals were insignificant. As per analysis, it is concluded that patients of different hospitals in Gujarat were satisfied with the administrative process of hospitals. 4. Infrastructure Facilities and Cleanliness (M 4) General infrastructure facilities (drinking water, toilet etc.) and cleanliness of the hospital are two essential requirements for patients. The descriptive analysis of the responses of the sample patients in respect of these variables of the sample hospitals is shown in table 2. Table 2 shows that the mean value of patients' response in Govt. Hospitals, Pvt. Hospitals and Trust Hospitals regarding infrastructure facilities and cleanliness of the hospitals was 0.72, 1.53 and 1.44 respectively. The grand mean of the sample patients was 1.23. The highest stability in views was found in Pvt Hospitals (C.V.36.09%). The “t” values shows satisfaction of patients about infrastructure facilities and cleanliness of the hospitals between Govt. Hospitals and Pvt. Hospitals as well as Trust Hospitals were significant. This indicates that the infrastructure facilities and cleanliness of the Pvt. Hospitals and Trust Hospitals were better than that of Govt. Hospitals. As per analysis, it is concluded that patients of Govt. Hospitals in Gujarat were not satisfied compared to Pvt. Hospitals and Trust Hospitals with the infrastructure facilities and cleanliness of the hospitals. 5. Food (Dietary) Facilities It is very important for patients to take food as per the advice of doctors. If food (dietary) provides by the hospital as per doctors' advice than patient satisfaction will be increased. The response of the sample patients in respect of food provided by hospitals or not is shown in table 3. Table 3 Food (Dietary) Facilities

indicates that the charges of Govt. Hospitals were low than that of Pvt. Hospitals and Trust Hospitals. As per analysis, it is concluded that charges of Govt. Hospitals were very low compared to Pvt. Hospitals and Trust Hospitals in Gujarat. 7. Problems related to miscellaneous services Most of the sample patients replied that they satisfied with doctors, nurses and other services also. But few patients explain their problems which were facing by them in the hospitals. Their problems are as under. a) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10 . 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17.

Some patients opined that few patients were made dirty hospital. b) Other Problems in Pvt. Hospitals 1. Very high Hospital charges. 2. Immediately deposit amount for patients' treatment c) 1. 2. 3. 4.

Sr No.

Availability

Govt. Hospitals

Pvt. Hospitals

Trust Hospitals

Total

1

Yes

70 (98.59%)

23 (36.51%)

24 (34.29%)

117 (57.35%)

Source: Survey Data 2 No 1 40 46 87 (63.49%) (42.65%) Table 3 shows that out of(1.41%) total respondent patients,(65.71%) 57.35% patients opined that food facilities provided to patients by the63 hospitals. The70highest 98.59% Total 71 204patients in Govt. Hospitals reported that they were getting food from (100.00%) the hospitals. (100.00%) (100.00%) (100.00%) 36.51% patients in Pvt. Hospitals and 34.29% Trust hospitals were reported that Hospital was providing food facilities to patients. Quality of Food (M 5) It is also important to provide quality food (hygienic). Descriptive analysis of the response of the sample patients in respect quality of food provided by hospitals shown in Table 2. Out of total respondents only 117 patients have shared their opinion about the quality of food. Table 2 shows that the mean value of patients' response in Govt. Hospitals, Pvt. Hospitals and Trust Hospitals regarding quality of food was 1.3, 1.09 and 0.79 respectively. The grand mean of the sample patients was 1.15. The highest stability in views was found in Pvt Hospitals (C.V.54.87%). The “t” values show that satisfaction of patients about quality of food between Govt. Hospitals and Trust Hospitals were significant at 1%. This indicates that the quality of food provided by Govt. Hospitals was better than that of Trust Hospital.

Other Problems in Govt. Hospitals Lack of cleanliness in the hospitals. Lack of proper supervision regarding cleanliness Very dirty smell in the entire ward. Very dirty bed-sheet of patients in the Hospitals. Bed-sheet did not change by staff for every patient. Patients were coming with their own bed-sheet. No pillow and blanket on each bed of patients. Lack of table on each patient bed for sitting patient's relative. Lack of drinking proper water facilities for patients in the hospitals. Lack of light on ladders. Lack of lift for patients. Very dirty toilet and bathroom. Shortage of water supply in bathroom. Same water for bathroom and drinking. Lack of Direction symbol. Due to Shortage of ward, patients in some ward more than its capacity. Lack of Dust Bin. Staff co-operate their relatives and friends than other unknown patients. Very noisy atmosphere of Hospitals.

5. 6.

Other Problems in Trust Hospitals Penalty for late payment. Lack of proper parking facilities. Lack of Training in security staff (guard) Lack of all type of services in the same hospitals. (MRI scan, Cancer ward etc.) High OPD Charges All types of doctors were not available in the hospital. (Neuro Surgeon)

SECTION -6 CONCLUSIONS The assessment of patient satisfaction services other than doctor and nursing staff services in the hospital working in Gujarat has been performed with the help of various variables. Patients were not equalled satisfied in respect of infrastructure facilities, quality of food and charges of Hospitals. Patients of Government Hospitals were not satisfied with the infrastructure facilities available in the hospitals. Patients of Pvt. Hospitals were more satisfied than Govt. Hospitals and Trust Hospitals in respect of infrastructure facilities. But patients of Government Hospitals were more satisfied than Pvt. Hospitals and Trust Hospitals in respect of quality of food and charges of hospital. The steady also revealed that patients still demanding for better services in respect of miscellaneous services. Hospitals should serve patient as humanism. Hospitals should train their all supporting staff. Govt. Hospitals, Private Hospitals and Trust Hospital should arrange interexchange programme for staff. Government should invest in infrastructure facilities for better patient satisfaction. Government should encourage trust hospitals and provide some special facilities to trust hospitals. Government should provide fund to trust hospitals. Government should make compulsory accreditation of hospital REFERENCES 1.

Anjum Javed (2005), “Patient Satisfaction Towards Out Patient Department Services in Pakistan Institute of Medical Science Islamabad, A thesis of Master of Primary Health Care Management Faculty of Graduate Studies, Mahidol University.

As per analysis, it is concluded that patients of Govt. Hospitals in Gujarat were getting good quality of food compare to Trust Hospital in the Gujarat.

2.

Juliet Nabbuye; sekand; Fedrick E. Makumbi and others (2011), “ Patient Satisfaction with services in Outpatient Clinics at Mulago hospital, Uganda”, International Journal for Quality in Health Care-2011, Vol. 23 No. 5, pp. 516-523.

6. Charges of Hospitals (M6) Hospital charges are also important in health care services. Patients and their family member always think about the hospital charges before selection of the hospital of health treatment. The descriptive analysis of the responses of the sample patients in respect hospital charges is shown in table 2. Table 2 shows that the mean value of patients' response in Govt. Hospitals, Pvt. Hospitals and Trust Hospitals regarding charges of hospitals was 1.16, .11 and 0.20 respectively. The grand mean of the sample patients was 0.49. The highest stability in views was found in Govt. Hospitals (C.V.78.96%). The “t” values show that satisfaction of patients about charges of hospital between Govt. Hospitals and Pvt. Hospitals as well as Trust Hospitals were significant at 1%. This

3.

Nair, V. R. Mohanan; Pillai, B. Vijaychandran (2009), “Hospital Industry”, 1st Edition, The Associated Publishers, Ambala City, Haryana.

4.

Talluru Sreenivas; G. Prasad (2012), “Patient Satisfaction-A Comparative Study”, Journal of the Academy of Hospital Administration, Vol. 15, No. 2.

International Educational Scientific Research Journal [IESRJ]

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PATIENTS SATISFACTION TOWARDS HOSPITAL SERVICES WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO HOSPITALS W  

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