INTERNATIONAL EXCHANGE NEWSPAPER (Slovenia, Serbia, Italy)

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OCTOBER 2015

INTERNATIONAL EXCHANGE NEWSPAPER

VALJEVSKA GIMNAZIJA (SERBIA) ABBADIA SAN SALVATORE (ITALY) GIMNAZIJA JURIJA VEGE IDRIJA (SLOVENIA)


International exchange Valjevska Gimnazija (Serbia) – Abbadia San Salvatore (Italy) - Gimnazija Jurija Vege Idrija (Slovenia), 5 October – 9 October 2015 Monday, 5.10.2015: Arrival Tuesday, 6.10.2015: 8.40 – 9.25 Reception at school 9.30 – 10.15

Presentations (Serbian, Italian, Slovenian)

10.15 – 10.45

Break

10.45 – 11.30

Getting to know GJV

11.30 – 13.00

Slovenian lesson

13.00

Lunch

14.00 – 15.00

Orienteering in Idrija (visiting the major sights)

15.30

Visiting the Anthony's shaft (a mine on show)

Wednesday, 7.10.2015: 8.00

Departure from Idrija towards Ljubljana and Bled

Thursday, 8.10.2015: 7.50 – 10.15

Making an online magazine

10.15 – 10.45

Break

10.45 – 12.25

Sports in the school gym

12.30

Lunch at school

14.00

Departure from Idrija towards The Škocjan Caves


Friday, 9.10.2015: 7.50 – 8.20

Visiting the Idrija Lace School

8.35 – 10.15

Workshops: Lacemaking, Improvisation

10.15 – 10.45

Break

10.45 – 11.00

Presentation of the work done in workshops

11.00 – 12.20

Attending classes in two mixed groups (Physics or Chemistry)

12.30

Lunch at school

Afternoon

Free time with families

20.30

Departure from Idrija


VALJEVSKA GIMNAZIJA Our school was built in 1870, in the beginning we had only 33 students. Valjevska gimnazija is one of the oldest grammar schools and today it has more than 750 students. It is special because of its design and architecture. Even our canteen has a special name because it used to look like a cage full of metal strings. Like we said before, our school now has about 750 students who attend different majors like: Special mathematic department, Social department, special languages department, etc. Now we are renovating our school walls and our interior. Students can also participate in international exchanges.

Mateja Stankovic and Mateja Markovic


GIMNAZIJA JURIJA VEGE IDRIJA Gimnazija Jurija Vege was founded in 1901 in Idrija as the first Slovenian nonclassical secondary school. Lessons were conducted in Slovenian and German. The school is named after one of the greatest Slovenian mathematicians Jurij Vega. Our school was very modern, it even had its own gym. During the 1st World War the school had to leave the building because it was used as a military hospital. In the time of 2nd World War, this part of Slovenia was occupied by Italy and the school was closed due to a Fascistic School Reform. In 2008 our school was completely renovated and a new gym was built. Today, there are 336 students attending this school. We have three different schooling programmes. They are Grammar school, Technical school (mechanical technicians) and Vocational school (mechatronic operators). Students can also participate in international exchanges. We are proud of being students at Gimnazija Jurija Vege Idrija.

Ĺ tefan Pivk & Lovrenc Fortuna


I.I.S. AMEDEO AVOGADRO »The school for the territory«

THE ORIGIN OF THE NAME The name of our school comes from the famous Italian chemist and physician Amedeo Avogadro who discovered the number of Avogadro.

WHERE WE ARE The school is situated in the south of Tuscany, exactly in Abbadia San Salvatore. Most students come from Abbadia but there are a lot of schoolmates who come from other parts of the province of Siena.


THE HISTORY The new school was built at the beginning of the '60s with only two departments: chemistry and mechanics essentially related to the mining activities. Now there are six departments which give the students new opportunities for new jobs also in the territory.

THE DEPARTMENTS In our school there are six DEPARTMENTS: - Liceo tecnologico,scientific school (something like Idrija's school) - Chemistry (The students can do a lot of experiments) - Mechanics (Where the students study the parts of machines like cars) - Electronics ( Where the students can study and build parts of the computers and robots) - Fashion ( A new school where you can study how to make clothes and women's bags) - Geometry ( The students study buildings and environment with a computer's program called ÂťAUTOCADÂŤ to make projects for building houses).


GENERAL INFORMATION There are about four hundred students coming from different places of the province of Siena. We go to school six days a week from Monday to Saturday. School starts at 8:25 and finishes at 1:25. We have a break at 10:25 until 10:35 and we usually have lunch at home. The schoolyear starts in the middle of September and finishes in the middle of June. There isn't a canteen but there is a bar where we can buy some food and drinks. In the afternoon school is also open for extra computering lessons, English, theatre and sport activities. Laboratories are well equipped and also our gym is great. The local basketball team and volleyball team play there.

Emanuele Rossi and Davide Cortini


LESSON OF SLOVENIAN On Monday our 3rd grade students of Slovenian language for the guests from Italy and Serbia. They learned about the Slovenian alphabet, learned how to count and how to say a few words and we even sang a song in Slovenian.


PRESENTATIONS OF COUNTRIES, TOWNS AND SCHOOLS


THE VISIT TO THE ANTHONY’S SHAFT The visit to the Anthony’s shaft took place on Tuesday, October 6th. When we arrived we were introduced to the documentary about the miners. We got to know when it was founded as well as what the conditions were like in the past. They showed us what digging for mercury looked like and what the workers were going through while being on duty.

As soon as the documentary was over, we were given coats and helmets in order to be safe while walking through the mine. As we were entering the mine one by one, many students had to put their heads down because of the height of the shaft. After seeing the chapel in the center of the mine, the descent to the lowest point began. We were going down the steep stairs. We were very impressed by the setting with sound effects at some points of the mine. We were also shown what mercury looks like. At the end of our visit we had an opportunity to hold bottles filled with water and mercury and compare their weight. We were amazed by how much the mercury weighed. Although it was very cold and dark inside the mine, we will remember this as a beautiful and unforgettable experience.

Sonja and Božica


STEREOTYPES There is probably a stereotype for every country in the world. We have decided to write about the countries that we are exchanging students with. The Italians are known for their all day-all night talking, addiction to football, amazing food and love for fashion. Even though a lot of them are very good looking we just can’t forgive them for their lack of organisation. They are very hot-tempered in general. On the road, people around them get nervous because they are terrible drivers.

We had a lot of problems with writing about the Serbians but we came up with some stereotypes that we think are appropriate for them. Sometimes they are mentioned as very lazy and aggressive. On the other hand, they are famous for their hospitality which we sure will experience when we visit them in Valjevo next year. They put a lot of thought into cooking and having a good time with people that they care about. A lot of stereotypes are known for Slovenians and we are very aware of that. We think of ourselves as the alpine nation who rules the Balkan. We are very cheap, jealous and selfish people who complain a lot. We have a romantic and melancholic side which we don’t show very often. In many situations we are introvert but strictly disciplined.

Ana Milošev, Iza Klemenčič, Neža Kavčič


INTERVIEW WITH EXCHANGE STUDENTS 1. Is this your first time in Slovenia? Students from Serbia: Yes. A student from Italy: Yes. 2. What were your first impressions about Slovenia? S: It was very clean, organized (compared to Serbia). The nature is more beautiful  I: The houses are much prettier and very clean. 3. What were your thoughts about Slovenia before you came here? S:…. To be continued… I: Exciting XD 4. WHAT DO YOU THINK ABOUT… - wearing slippers in our school? S: We can't take you seriously, it's very funny. I: Most of us think it's funny but we also think that it's a sign of maintaining the environment clean. It's cool though. - the school? S: We think that this school is more modern than our school in Serbia. It's cleaner and everyone is more disciplined. I: BRUH. - our school pets? S: UHG… ( Oscar is cool  ) I: Most of us think it's …. Uh…. ???... but some of us think it's cute and cool.  - our traffic? S: We think that the roads are nicer and everyone respects the regulations. I: It's much more organized. - the hosts? S: The hosts are very nice, friendly and polite. They know how to have fun.


I: The hosts are very respectful. - the environment? S: It's very clean and organized. There are a lot of rules, and everyone respects them, so you can't find any garbage on the street. I: The air is fresh … It's very clean. - Slovenian language? S: It's very beautiful and quite similar to Serbian. I: It's different in many ways compared to Italian language but it's very cool. 11. Which place did you like the most? S: Bled. I: Bled. 12. What do you think about our food? S: It's delicious and it is similar to Serbian food. I: We didn't expect that Slovenians eat rice.

Gal Petkovšek, Luka Laharnar, Christina Salanguit, Ana Adžić, Milica Vučićević


CLASS AND SCHOOL ROUTINE CLASSES In Serbia the classes are one week held before noon from 7.45 to 2. pm. and the other week in the afternoon from 2 p.m. to 8 p.m. In Italy they start at 8.30 and finish at 1.30 p.m. but they also have to go to school on Saturdays. In Slovenia we have classes before noon from 7.50 a.m. to 2 p.m.

FOOD The Serbians have a 25-minute break to eat after the 2nd lesson, they have to buy food outside the school. The Italians have a bar in school where they buy food and in Slovenia there is a canteen where we get snacks after 3rd lesson.

SLIPPERS In Serbia and Italy they don't have to wear slippes while in Slovenia we do.

LOCKERS In Serbia and Italy they don't have lockers so they have to carry everything with them, but in Slovenia everyone has his own locker.

SPORTS DAYS The Serbians have one sports day in the beginning of the school year and one in the end. In Italy they have sports days where the play different sports. Our school goes on a sports week in 1st, 2nd and 3rd grade.

EXCURSIONS In Serbia they have excursions only in 3rd and 4th grade. In 3rd grade they can choose between Greece, Budapest, Prague and Vienna. In 4th grade they go to Italy and every excursion lasts 7 days. In Italy they visit some Italian cities or Ireland for 5 days. And in Slovenia we have two-day excursions every year. In 1st grade we go to Prekmurje, in the 2nd to Vienna, in the 3rd to Florence and in the 4th to Munich.


THEATRE We all go to theatre with teachers during school.

CHANGING CLASSROOMS The Serbians and the Italians stay in one classroom, only the teachers change. In Slovenia students have to change the classroom for every lesson.

SCHOOL DAY In Serbia they have a school day once a year where they sing, act and recite poems. In Italy they don't do that and in Slovenia we have some performances before cultural holiday.

PROM When the Serbians and the Italians finish school they have a prom, where they eat dinner in a restaurant (only students and teachers) and then they make a party. In Slovenia we have a formal dinner with parents and teachers, a formal dance presented by the final-year studens, presentation of all classes and then we have an after party.

FOREIGN LANGUAGES Students from Serbia have to learn English and Latin, they can choose between French and German, and they can also learn Spanish, Italian and Japanese but it's after classes or on Saturday and they have to pay for it. In Italy they only learn English. In Slovenia we all learn English and we choose between Italian, Spanish, German and Russian.

Acting group from Serbia

Sports day in Serbia


Accepting new students in Slovenia

Sports week of the Slovenian students

School day in Italy

Performances in Slovenia

Poem night in Serbia

Chemistry lab in Italy

Manca Rudolf, Lara Filipič, Nataša Dragojlović,Tamara Bobovac, Carlotta Baiocchi, Gloria Agnorelli


REGULATIONS IN SERBIA, ITALY AND SLOVENIA There are many regulations that concern young people. That includes laws about alcohol and drug use as well as driving. Why do teenagers still find a way to abuse them? As children move from adolescence to young adulthood, they encounter dramatic physical, emotional, and lifestyle changes. Developmental transitions, such as puberty and increasing independence, have been associated with alcohol use. So in a sense, just being an adolescent may be a key risk factor not only for starting to drink but also for drinking dangerously.

We decided to compare some differences in these regulations between three countries: Italy, Serbia and Slovenia. Country

Legal drinking age Legal smoking age Driving license

Slovenia

18

16

Serbia

18

18

Italy

18

18

18, 16 with supervision 18, 17 with supervision 18 14 for small vehicles


But the reality is quite different. Many teenagers in Slovenia drink before they are 18. Almost all bartenders sell you alcohol if you look old enough and they don’t question your age. But most times people get alcohol from their older friends. Around 40% of teenagers aged 13 or less and 81% of teenagers aged 15, have tried alcohol at least once. On the contrary, almost everyone obeys the laws about driving, because if you get pulled over, the fines are very expensive and you can lose your license. In Serbia we have strict laws that nobody respects. Kids start buying alcohol at the age of 14, and if the salesman asks for their age their excuse is ‘this is for our parents’. They start buying cigarettes at 16. Nine out of ten teenagers have tried alcohol and cigarettes. The only law we respect is the law of driving. In Italy there are many problems with smoking and alcohol. In fact there are a lot of teenagers who try smoking before 13.There are difficulties with alcohol too, so if you want to drink you can just ask an older friend and he will buy it for you. The people who break the driving law are almost always immigrants. We came to the conclusion that our countries have very similar laws and that there are always people that break them. The legal drinking age shouldn’t be lowered because it’s there for a reason even if it’s not obeyed. Giordano Guerrini, Emilija Petrović, Neda Milivojević, Teja Tušar, Sara Mlakar


SERBIAN AND SLOVENIAN FOOD AND DRINKS FOOD Serbian and Slovenian food have a lot of similarities and also some differences, so we are going to compare these two cuisines. We have discovered that we have the same dishes but they have different names. For example, in Slovenia we have ocvirki, but in Serbia it is called čvarci and kremšnita is called krempita in Serbia. Also, potica is in Serbia called štrudla while in Slovenia štrudla means pita sa jabukama in Serbia. On the other hand, we have same names for different dishes. For example, prekmurska gibanica is a dessert while Serbian gibanica is a salty dish made with cheese. Some food is more traditional in Serbia but it is prepared in Slovenia, too. Like sarma, ćevapi, kajmak, ajvar, burek, punjene paprike, pršuta.. In Slovenia people eat kranjska klobasa more often than Serbian people eat kobasica. Dishes that are only traditional in Slovenia are žlikrofi, štruklji, jota, segedin, žganci with milk or yoghurt etc.

Sarma

Ajvar

Žlikrofi


DRINKS In both countries people drink spirits, beer and wine. The most famous spirits (rakija) made in Serbia are šljivovica, viljamovka, pelinkovac, jabukovača and medovača. In Slovenia rakija is called žganje and they make a lot of other different drinks from it, for example borovničke and vršički. Typical wines from Serbia are prokupac, rizling, smederevka and tamjanika and from Slovenia they are teran, cviček, and refošk. The most known Slovenian beers are Laško and Union and from Serbia there are Apatinsko, Lav, Jagodinsko, Niško, Valjevsko, Atlas pils and Pils plus.

Šljivovica

Teran

Borovničke

Marija Čulić, Dunja Dobrašinović, Hana Klemenčič, Neža Bogataj


PEOPLE'S HABITS AND DIFFERENT HOME ROUTINES Home habits and routines can be very different between the countries. For example, in Slovenia people wear slippers at home while in Serbia and Italy people walk around the house in shoes. For breakfast the Italians mostly eat biscuits, croissants and drink milk, while most Serbians eat sandwiches, toast and omelettes, and the Slovenians eat bread with a spread, cereals and eggs. Our home habits also differ in our TV watching habits. The Serbians watch TV for approximately 2 hours per day, the Italians watch it 3-4 hours per day, mostly in the afternoon and evening, and the Slovenians watch it for about 2 hours per day in the evening. Slovenian people have breakfast around six and they have a big lunch at around three, and a small dinner in the evening. The Italians have breakfast in the morning and a second breakfast in school, then lunch at two o'clock and for snacks between meals they have fruit. Then later in the evening at 8 o'clock they have a small dinner. For the Serbians it again depends on the shift they have in school. In the first shift, they eat breakfast at home and lunch in school, and in the second shift it's the other way around. Dinner is always eaten at home. Our sleep schedules are quite different, too. Slovenian people go to bed at around 10 or 11 and wake up at 6, while the Italians go to bed at 11.30 and wake up at 7.30. The Serbians go to bed at half past midnight and their 'waking up time' depends on the shift in the school. In the first shift they wake up at seven and in the second one they wake up at nine thirty. Urša, Zala, Gloria, Giorgia, Mihailo and Borko


THURSDAY, FRIDAY On Thursday morning we were making an online magazine. We were divided in several groups and had different topics to write about. Then we had a break and we ate a lot of delicious food, prepared by the Slovenian students. After the break we went to the school gym and played some sports. After lunch we left Idrija and went to Škocjan caves. They are a unique natural phenomenon, the creation of the Reka River. The Reka River springs from below the Snežnik plateau and flows some fifty-five kilometres on the surface. After reaching the Karst, that is the limestone surface, the river not only deepens its riverbed through erosion, but also by means of corrosion – it dissolves the limestone. On Friday morning we went to visit the Idrija Lace school. Every year in June they prepare the exhibition anew. In the time of the Idrija Lace Festival the visitors have the opportunity to vote for the most beautiful lace by their selection. At a public event they declare and award the maker of the most beautiful lace by votes of the visitors, a symbolic prize is also awarded to one of the voters. Then we had two workshops. Students were separated in two groups. One group was making lace bracelets and the other group attended the lesson of improvisation, which was organised by students from other classes. After the workshops we presented what we had made. We ate the delicious home-made desserts for snack and got energy for the last activity – a lesson of chemistry and physics. Škocjan Caves


Lace

PHOTOGRAPHERS: Špela Bratuš, Jana Štremfelj, EDITORS: Iztok Hadalin, Uroš Logar, Simon Klavžar


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