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CONFIDENCE and CONNECTIONS Student Book

C O NF IDE N C E A ND C O NNE C T I O N S

Confidence and Connections was developed by Intercambio Uniting Communities to offer practical English language acquisition for adults. The series was designed for both 1-on-1 and group learning environments. The hallmark of this curriculum is its unique focus on building confidence and personal connections between students and teacher.

B O O K 5R

Each lesson culminates with a Connect with Conversation activity, providing students a safe place to practice speaking English while getting to know their fellow students and teacher. In addition, every lesson includes a pronunciation exercise to help students learn and practice the many sounds and rhythm of the language.

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There are 2 books per level, L (left) and R (right), enabling shorter completion cycles per level. Completing a book builds student confidence and allows a shorter waiting period for a returning student. Together these two books, L and R, complete a level and you can begin with either one. Build your community by teaching and learning English The Intercambio Way™.

Adult ESL The Intercambio Way Intercambio is a 501 (c) 3 nonprofit organization founded in 2001. In addition to our successful and continually advancing program in Boulder Colorado, we support and share best practices with organizations across the country that use our curriculum, training and resources. We are committed to learning from everyone. Please share ideas or feedback with us at www.intercambio.org/comments $12.00 ISBN 978-1-947639-25-6

51200

www.intercambio.org • resources@intercambio.org 9 781947 639256

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5R


Intercambio Uniting Communities Š 2019 Confidence and Connections is in copyright. Subject to statutory exception and to the provisions of relevant collective licensing agreements, no reproduction of any part may take place without the written permission of Intercambio Uniting Communities.

First Edition 2019

intercambio.org/students

I

NOT FOR DUPLCATION

Confidence and Connections Adult ESL The Intercambio™ Way Level 5 Right


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Student Book 5 RIGHT


CREDITS Level 5 Right Concept Lee Shainis Writers Leanne Chacon, Jessica Ebersole, Amber Gallup and Sarah James Editor Debbie Goldman Consultants Rachel Gracie Freeman and Karen Taylor (ELTS)

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Design and Layout David Olivares and Bob Walter Maye Cordero and Martin Miller Design Interns Naomi Braginsky, Arik Burton and Ping Wu Design Concept Caitlyn Ko Project Management Marcie Gorman Smith Proofreading Vicki Czech Support Team Becky Campbell-Howe, Susan Corbett, Maye Cordero, Rachel Fuchs, Greg Jones, Ingrid Justin, Kris King and Susan Litt Teacher Book Team Rachel Fuchs and Elena Vasileva Rachel Gracie Freeman, Linda Hayes-Angiano, Jennifer Kurtz and Rosie Piller

Thank you to the following organizations and agencies that support our work and made the development of Confidence and Connections possible. 3Metas Argosy Foundation Jacques M. Littlefield Foundation Red Empress Foundation Schocken Foundation Workforce Boulder County intercambio.org/students

III


SCOPE AND SEQUENCE Title

1

You Can’t Believe Everything You Read

2

He Didn't Look Me in the Eye

3

It Really Bothers Me When They Do That!

4

Would It Be Possible to Compromise?

5

Do You Know if It’s Confidential?

7

I’m So Proud of Myself!

Conversation

By End of Lesson, You Can:

• Review of past, present and future

Express your opinions on topics that affect society and how to find reliable information

• Talk about how to check for reliable information and the difference between facts and opinions

• Adjectives vs. adverbs

Talk about culture and cultural misunderstandings

• Talk about different aspects of culture using adjectives to describe nouns and adverbs to describe verbs

• Joining complex sentences using “when”

Discuss pet peeves and behaviors you appreciate

• Talk about situations and behaviors that bother you and that you appreciate

• Making polite requests

Talk about different strategies for resolving conflicts

• Talk about different ways to resolve conflicts • Use polite requests to ask for solutions

Discuss different education options

• Talk about different kinds of education options in the US

• Direct vs. indirect questions

Discuss what kinds of things are confidential

• Talk about privacy and confidentiality • Use both direct and indirect questions

• Reflexive pronouns

Talk about why you are proud of yourself, things you have taught yourself

• Talk about life experiences and actions using reflexive pronouns

• Too much, too many, enough

Discuss how you take care of yourself and prioritize responsibilities

• Talk about how you deal with responsibility and what you do to take care of yourself

• Verbs followed by direct and indirect objects

Talk about what you would do in different situations and how you feel about assisted living

• Talk about favors and actions people do for others using direct and indirect objects

Share things you have been doing lately and have or haven’t done in the past

• Talk about things you have been doing lately or have done at some time in the past

• Reflexive clauses with that She Likes the One • Pronouns: the one With the Online and the ones Learning Program

6

8 9

Grammar

Review and Progress Check Field Trip

10

I Have Too Much on My Plate

11

Can You Get Me Some Medicine?

12

How Long Has He • Present perfect Been Playing the continuous Guitar?

13

I’m a Little Under the Weather

• Articles: the, a, an

Discuss common expressions in your native country and in the US

• Use some of the expressions that are common in the US

14

How Are They Going to Celebrate the Birth?

• Review of past, present and future

Share traditions around life events such as birth and death

• Compare customs and traditions relating to life events, using a variety of tenses

• Passive voice

15

I’ve Been Supported by So Many People

Talk about your personal legacy and how you want to be remembered

• Discuss life experiences using the passive voice

16

Review and Progress Check

IV

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1

YOU CAN’T BELIEVE EVERYTHING YOU READ Listening warm-up. Track 01: What was the news story about?

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Pre

VOCABULARY WORDS & PHRASES

A

Repeat after your teacher. prove

fact

biased

accurate

opinion

hoax

source

reliable

research

author

global warming

homelessness

PRONUNCIATION A

When a word ends with the same sound that the next word begins with, the two sounds blend together to make one longer sound. Listen and repeat after your teacher. Draw a line connecting the letters that make one longer sound together. 1. They’re waiting at the bus stop. 2. Our town doesn’t have an ideal literacy rate. 3. That source stopped publishing news last year. 4. It was a good day to go to the park. 5. A major change isn’t very likely yet. 6. Her research is very important. 7. The newspaper is usually an accurate type of news source. intercambio.org/students

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VOCABULARY PRACTICE

B

Complete the news article with the words in the box. facts source hoax

Your Guide to Checking the (1) ______________ Facts Ann Gorman is a regular columnist for the DC Post. She has been a featured (2)__________________ since 2001.

How will you know if the news story you’re reading is a (3)_________________? You can start by (4) _____________________ the information. Who wrote the article and where did they get their facts? Does the

author

story come from a (5) ________________ news organization or is it from a

biased researching

website that you’ve never heard of?

reliable

Even national newspapers can be (6) _________________— they may have a more liberal or conservative point of view. It’s also helpful to look at the (7)_______________________ by googling the main subject of the story to see if there are other sources reporting similar information.

LISTENING

C

Listen again to Track 01. Fill in the bubble with TRUE or FALSE. 1. Dan heard about the news story on the television.

TRUE

FALSE

2. Sandra thinks the news story is a hoax.

TRUE

FALSE

3. The article says it’s the most important project in modern history.

TRUE

FALSE

4. The story is accurate. TRUE FALSE 5. Sandra tells Dan to do his own research.

TRUE

FALSE

LANGUAGE TOOLS

D

Listen to your teacher and repeat. Present Tense

2

You need to be careful when you read the news. There are some stories that aren’t accurate.

Past Tense

The story wasn’t true. It was a hoax. They have found many sources of information.

Future Tense

She’s going to write a story about the death penalty. They don’t think we’ll be able to prove it.

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By Ann Gorman


1

GRAMMAR PRACTICE

E

Complete the sentences. Use the words in parentheses. Change the verbs to the correct tense. was (be) a hoax. 1. She thought the story was true, but it __________

2. They _______________________________ (look) for a more reliable source tomorrow. 3. Global warming ____________________________ (be) still a major problem today. 4. He ________________________ (do) his own research on the problem for more than 10 years. 5. When they looked at the facts, they ________________________ (not / think) they were true. 6. Homelessness ____________________________ (be / not) a problem many years ago, but now it is. 7. They don’t know if the story is true. They ___________________ (find out) tomorrow when they check the sources.

Complete the conversation with the correct form of the verb in parentheses. Practice with a partner.

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F

Ruth: Hi, Vic. I (1) __________ heard (hear) on the news this morning that homelessness (2)_________________________(increase) in our city every day. Vic: Yeah. I think it (3)__________________ (be) true. I (4)___________________(see) a lot more people in the city that are looking for work recently, too. Ruth: What do you (5)_______________________ ( think) the city should do about it? Vic: When I was younger, I (6) ___________ (think) it was a good idea to have shelters for people to live in, but now I think the city (7) ___________ (need) to have more programs to help people find work. Ruth: Yeah. That’s a good idea. The news said that the city council (8)__________________ (do) some research next month to find out the cause of the increase in homelessness and make a plan. Vic: That’s good! I’m glad they (9) ________________________ (work) on this issue. I’m sure they (10)______________________ (make) a good plan.

G

Look at the mistakes in each sentence in red. Write the corrections on the line. 1. There is being a lot of opinions about how to increase literacy.

are ________________________

2. I believed the story when I saw it, but then I find out it wasn’t accurate. ________________________ 3. Last night, the news report about some research on global warming.

________________________

4. Do you think they talk about their opinions tomorrow?

________________________

5. The author isn’t writing any articles before. This is his first one.

________________________

6. They don’t believe the story. They thinks it’s a hoax.

________________________

7. We go to do some research this weekend.

________________________

8. I don’t think the story was true, so I did my own research.

________________________ intercambio.org/students

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REAL LIFE / YOUR LIFE Read about facts and opinions. Read each pair of sentences below and write which one is a fact and which is an opinion. Compare with a partner.

• Can be proven • Don’t usually change • What someone knows

• Can’t be proven • Can change • What someone thinks • Common words: think, should, too, not enough, best, worst

Examples: Texting while driving is illegal in 43 states.

Examples: People shouldn’t text and drive.

Many people in the US cannot pay for health care.

Health care in the US is too expensive.

fact _________________________

1. Homelessness is at the highest rate in two years. Homelessness is the most difficult problem in our city. 2. Research shows that humans are causing global warming. The best way to fight global warming is to use solar energy. 3. City council is voting on a new proposal this Wednesday.

_________________________ opinion _________________________ _________________________ _________________________

City council is voting on the most important proposal this Wednesday. _________________________ 4. Prescriptions are too expensive. Prescription prices are increasing. 5. We should do more research. We have been doing a lot of research.

CULTURE TIP

_________________________ _________________________ _________________________ _________________________

Tips to identify Fake News:

• research the author • find out if it is from a reliable and non-biased source • check the facts from other sources

In the US and around the world, the term “fake news” has become a popular way to describe news stories that are published (often on the internet). Fake news presents information that is not entirely accurate, based on opinions instead of facts, or is untrue and meant to get more attention. Sometimes people have trouble finding out which news stories are accurate and which are fake news. Is fake news a problem in your native country? How do you think people can find out if a story is fake news? 4

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I

1 Read the article about life experience and formal education. Circle FACT or OPINION for each of the numbered sentences.

J

1.

FACT

OPINION

2.

FACT

OPINION

3.

FACT

OPINION

4.

FACT

OPINION

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With the cost of college education continuing to rise each year, many people are asking themselves if earning a degree is really worth the money. (1) Life experience is much more important and valuable than formal education, and colleges should have more opportunities for students to practice their skills. (2) In a recent Employee Confidence Survey, 70% of participants said that they needed special training at their place of employment to correctly do their job. This training was in addition to the education they had received when they completed their formal college degree. (3) Additionally, a recent survey of 50,000 employers by the Chronicle of Higher Education showed that companies value work experience and internships more than the degree or performance of a candidate in their higher education program. (4) It is our responsibility as a society to make sure that colleges are preparing students for real life in the workplace. Practical opportunities to practice real life skills are a critical part of this.

Read the opinions below. Check the fact that supports them. OPINIONS

FACTS

1. People shouldn’t worry about global warming.

† 97% of scientists believe that the increase in temperature of the earth in recent years is because of human activity. † The climate has changed many times in the past.

2. The best solution for homelessness is more affordable housing.

† Many people are homeless because they cannot afford to pay rent. † Domestic violence is a major cause of homelessness for women.

† Only 1 in 4 high school students is academically ready for college 3. High schools need to prepare when they graduate. † 14% of new teachers in the US resign before completing their first students better for college. year of teaching.

CONNECT WITH CONVERSATION Get to know a partner. Talk about: • what they thought about the facts or opinions in Activities I and J • how they find reliable information • if they have ever read or shared a “fake news” story and what happened intercambio.org/students

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HOMEWORK

K

Lesson 1 • You Can’t Believe Everything You Read

Complete the sentences with the correct tense of the verb in parentheses. 1. The story I read online yesterday ____________ (be) accurate. was 2. She thinks the news story that she’s reading __________________ (be) a hoax. 3. I ___________________________ (see) a lot of news about global warming lately. 4. They _______________________________ (not / write) an article before. 5. _____________________________________ (they / try) to find more opinions next week? 6. If they want to prove the facts, they ______________________ (need) to do some more research.

Check if the sentence is a fact or an opinion. 1. There has been an increase in homelessness in the city.

 FACT 

 OPINION

2. Global warming is the biggest challenge in society right now.

 FACT

 OPINION

3. Scientists are researching the cause of global warming.

 FACT

 OPINION

4. You should never get news information from social media.

 FACT

 OPINION

5. The internet is always a reliable source of information.

 FACT

 OPINION

6. There have been stories on the internet that were not accurate.

 FACT

 OPINION

JOURNAL PROMPT Do you think fake news is a problem? Why or why not? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

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L


2

HE DIDN’T LOOK ME IN THE EYE Listening warm-up. Track 02: Why did Stuart think his new neighbor doesn’t want to be friends?

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Pre

VOCABULARY WORDS & PHRASES

A

Repeat after your teacher. independent

quick

appropriate

offensive

misunderstanding

direct/indirect communication

body language

behavior

observe

come to a conclusion

PRONUNCIATION A

Listen and repeat after your teacher. Underline the stressed syllable. Circle the SILVER PIN words. quickly

directly

didn’t

independently

offensively

uneasily

inappropriately

with

in

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VOCABULARY PRACTICE

B

Write the words from the box in the sentences below. 1. Helen likes to live alone and do things without help. She’s very ___________________________. independent 2. In the US, communication is more _____________ than in many other countries. Many people share their opinions in an open way. 3. In addition to speaking, _____________________ is a type of communication. 4. Culture can be very different in different places. Some things that are appropriate in one place can be ____________________ in another place.

offensive behaviors misunderstandings independent direct body language

5. Sometimes people come to incorrect conclusions about what different _________________ mean. 6. Learning how to interact with people of different cultures can help prevent

LISTENING

C

Listen again to Track 02. Complete the dialogue with the words you hear. Marta: Hey Stuart. Did you meet our new (1) __________________, Wu? He just moved here from China. neighbor Stuart: Yes, I did. He’s nice, but I’m not sure if he liked me. Marta: Really? Why do you say that? Stuart: Well, he didn’t look me directly in the (2) ______________________ when I was talking to him. It made me think he didn’t really want to be friends. Marta: Oh – well, maybe that is common in his culture. I’ve heard that in some Asian and Middle Eastern countries, it’s not (3) _____________ for people to look others in the eye if they don’t know them well. Stuart: Hmm – I never would have thought about that because people in the US are usually more (4)__________________. I always look people in the eye when I talk to them. I guess it might be different in other cultures. Marta : Yeah – (5)________________ language can be very different in other cultures. Sometimes it’s a good idea to observe things closely and learn more before you come to a (6) ____________________. Stuart: Good point. Thanks, Marta!

LANGUAGE TOOLS

D

TIP:

Listen to your teacher and repeat.

If an adjective ends in y, we usually replace the “y” with an “i” and “ly” to form an adverb, e.g., angry – angrily, happy – happily. Good is an adjective that changes to an irregular adverb, well. He’s a good musician. He plays piano well.

ADJECTIVES

ADVERBS

The service is slow here. She’s a very quick worker. People here are more direct.

They serve food slowly here. She works very quickly. People here share opinions more directly.

Adjectives like slow, quick and loud describe things, people or places (nouns). Ex: The party is loud. Adverbs like slowly, quickly, and loudly describe actions (verbs), or how something is done. Ex: People at the party are speaking loudly. 8

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_____________________________.


2

GRAMMAR PRACTICE

E

Circle the person or thing that the underlined adjective is describing. 1. Their classmates are happy. 2. The ceremony was beautiful. 3. Shawna’s emails are usually very direct. 4. The celebration was loud. 5. Brian’s communication with his coworkers was always appropriate.

F

Circle the action that the underlined adverb is describing. 1. Their classmates were laughing together happily. 2. The woman at the ceremony sang beautifully. 3. Shawna usually writes very directly.

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4. The people at the celebration were talking loudly. 5. Brian always communicates with his colleagues appropriately.

G

Circle the correct words. 1. The food at the restaurant was delicious / deliciously. 2. Liliana does a good job and works very quick / quickly. 3. I can’t hear you. Can you please talk more loud / loudly ? 4. Some cultures are less direct / directly than others. 5. The test was easy / easily. We didn’t think it was difficult at all. 6. It’s important to learn about other cultures so that you can communicate appropriate / appropriately. 7. This line is so long. I hope it starts to move more quick / quickly.

H

Complete the sentences with the adverb form of the underlined adjective. loudly 1. They were so loud at the party. They were singing very ______________________.

2. Her dance was beautiful. She moved _______________________. 3. He’s so quiet. He always sits very ________________________ at his desk. 4. They aren’t very careful. They don’t drive _____________________. 5. Elena is very respectful. She talks to people ___________________. 6. Their behavior was inappropriate. They behaved ______________________. 7. Mark is very independent. He works _________________.

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9


REAL LIFE / YOUR LIFE Read the short article and look at the statements below. In each pair, one is an observation and the other is a conclusion about what it means. Write an “O” next to the one you think is an observation and a “C” next to the one you think is a conclusion. Compare with a partner. Oops, I Misunderstood

Misunderstandings are common when people of different cultures interact. Misunderstandings can happen when we come to an incorrect conclusion about what a behavior that we observe really means. Two people can observe the same behavior but come to very different conclusions about what it means. Conclusions can also change depending on the amount of information you have about the person, their culture and their current situation. When interacting with someone of a different culture, it can be helpful to try to talk about the behaviors that you observe and ask questions instead of immediately coming to conclusions about what the behavior means. BEHAVIOR

POSSIBLE CONCLUSIONS ABOUT WHAT IT MEANS

Nora is late for a meeting.

• She doesn’t care about her job. • She cares about her job, but has too many responsibilities right now. • She thinks it’s okay to arrive late to meetings.

Hiro doesn’t look his coworkers in the eyes.

• He is shy. • He has a secret. • He is trying to show respect.

1. _____ o Yuri is speaking loudly.

_____ c Yuri is angry and doesn’t like me.

2. _____ They don’t have very strong opinions.

_____ They don’t often share their opinions openly.

3. _____ John doesn’t like us.

_____ John said he was going to come to the party, but he didn’t come.

4. _____ She stands very close to me when she speaks.

_____ She wants me to feel uncomfortable.

CULTURE TIP In the US, many children leave home to live on their own soon after they graduate from high school. Why do you think they do this? What do you think it means? Is this the same in your native country? What are some different conclusions someone could have about this? 10

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I


2 J

Write possible conclusions for the behavior. Compare with a partner. BEHAVIOR

POSSIBLE CONCLUSIONS

My friends ask me to take my shoes off at their house.

L

Look at the list of things that can be a part of someone’s culture. Circle the three things that have been the most important for defining your personal culture. Discuss with a partner. my native country

the color of my skin

my native language

the food I eat

the music I listen to

my age

my gender

number of children

my personality

my religion

where I live

other: _____________

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K

Check whether you agree or disagree with the statements below. Interrupting someone when they are speaking is rude.

† agree

† disagree

† not sure

Small talk is important.

† agree

† disagree

† not sure

It is okay to yell at work if you have a strong opinion.

† agree

† disagree

† not sure

It is important to listen quietly when someone is speaking to you.

† agree

† disagree

† not sure

It is best to always tell people directly when you are not happy about something.

† agree

† disagree

† not sure

It is inappropriate to arrive more than 30 minutes late to a social event.

† agree

† disagree

† not sure

Children should live with their parents until they get married. † agree

† disagree

† not sure

A son or daughter should always allow their parents to live with them when they get older.

† disagree

† not sure

† agree

CONNECT WITH CONVERSATION Get to know a partner. Talk about: • whether they agree or disagree with the statements in the Activity L and why • if they have ever experienced a cultural misunderstanding in the US and what happened • things you circled in Activity K and how they define you culturally intercambio.org/students

11


HOMEWORK

M

Lesson 2 • He Didn’t Look Me in the Eye

Circle the word that the underlined adjective or adverb is describing. 1. Body language can be more expressive in some cultures. 2. Brian speaks very directly. 3. John is more independent than his brother. 4. Melinda is speaking too loudly! 5. We are late for the meeting. We need to walk quickly. 6. I don’t know why they’re upset. I didn’t think John’s behavior was offensive at all!

N

Complete the sentences with the adjective form of the underlined word.

2. Bruce needs to be ______________________. He should behave more appropriately. 3. They are so ________________________. They do everything very independently. 4.He isn’t very ___________________________. He doesn’t talk very loudly.

O

Complete the sentences with the adverb form of the underlined word. easily 1. The homework was easy. She did it _____________________.

2. Deanna and I are quicker than our colleagues. We work more ____________________. 3. You like to say things in a more indirect way. You say things more _____________________ than I do. 4. Susan is very direct. She communicates very __________________________.

JOURNAL PROMPT Write about something that people in your native country do differently than people in the US. Why do they do it that way? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ 12

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careful 1. Lana was very ____________________ when she painted the wall. She painted it carefully.


3

IT REALLY BOTHERS ME WHEN THEY DO THAT! Listening warm-up. Track 03: What is Ian’s pet peeve?

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Pre

VOCABULARY WORDS & PHRASES

A

Repeat after your teacher. bother

pet peeve

fidget

pushy

complain

uncomfortable

Phrasal verbs: pick up after (someone), put (something) away, show up Expressions: drive (someone) crazy, can’t stand (something), public displays of affection (PDA)

PRONUNCIATION Repeat after your teacher. Circle the stressed words in each sentence. A

1. I can’t stand it when people whine. 2. Public displays of affection drive her crazy. 3. It really bothers him when people fidget. 4. They love it when people show up on time. 5. I don’t mind it when my teacher corrects me. intercambio.org/students

13


VOCABULARY PRACTICE

B

Match the sentences to the pictures.

1. ____ e It really bothers me when my little brother complains.

a

b

2. ____ They appreciate it when their kids put their phones away at the dinner table. 3. ____ It drives me crazy when people don’t pick up after their pets.

d

5. ____ Brenda can’t stand it when her classmates fidget. 6. ____ Public displays of affection make him uncomfortable.

e

f

LISTENING

C

Listen again to Track 03. Check the statements that are TRUE.

 1. Ian and Beth are at a public place. †

† 2. Public displays of affection bother Beth.

† 3. Ian is uncomfortable.

† 4. It annoys Ian when people fidget.

† 5. Both Ian and Beth have pet peeves.

† 6. Fidgeting makes Beth nervous.

LANGUAGE TOOLS

D

Listen to your teacher and repeat. STATEMENTS It bothers me It makes me happy

when he complains. when my kids put their things away.

I don’t mind it She doesn’t like it I love it

when people fidget. when her brother is pushy. when my friends arrive on time.

We can join two sentences by adding when. In these sentences, Part 1 is how we feel. Part 2 (after when) explains the situation that causes the feelings. Part 1: (It bothers me) + when + Part 2 (he complains). (I don’t like it) + when + Part 2 (they are pushy). 14

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c

4. ____ It bothers them when the salesperson is pushy.


3

GRAMMAR PRACTICE

E

F

Match the parts of the sentences. 1. _____ e It drives them crazy

a. it when salespeople are pushy.

2. _____ It bothers

b. do their homework.

3. _____ He doesn’t like

c. teacher corrects me.

4. _____ We appreciate it when

d. her when people don’t pick up after their pets.

5. _____ I like it when my

e. when their coworker fidgets.

6. _____ They love it when their kids

f. our friends show up on time.

Complete the sentences. Use the words in parentheses and add it.

2._______________________________________ (bother / me) when my friends complain. 3._______________________________________ (annoy / them) when people kiss in public. 4._______________________________________ (I / not mind) when my colleagues fidget. 5._______________________________________ (they / can’t stand) when their kids are noisy. 6._______________________________________ (we / love) when the weather is sunny. 7._______________________________________ (make / me / happy) when I can practice my English. 8._______________________________________ (make / me / uncomfortable) when people use their phone at the dinner table.

G

Join the sentences using when. 1. Her friends complain a lot. It bothers her. __________________________________________________________________________________. It bothers her when her friends complain a lot. 2. Their classmates fidget. They can’t stand it. ___________________________________________________________________________________. 3. His family arrives late. He doesn’t mind it. ___________________________________________________________________________________. 4. Our kids don’t put their toys away. It drives us crazy. ___________________________________________________________________________________. 5. My sister helps me with my homework. I appreciate it. ___________________________________________________________________________________. intercambio.org/students

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1._______________________________________ (we / not like) when people are late. We don’t like it


REAL LIFE / YOUR LIFE Check your answers in the survey below about common pet peeves. Answer the questions and compare with a partner. COMMON PET PEEVES BEHAVIORS

HOW MUCH IT BOTHERS ME

when someone chews with their mouth open

† it drives me crazy

† it bothers me a little

† I don’t mind it

when someone uses my things without asking

† it drives me crazy

† it bothers me a little

† I don’t mind it

PDA

† it drives me crazy

† it bothers me a little

† I don’t mind it

when someone doesn’t answer my text messages or emails

† it drives me crazy

† it bothers me a little

† I don’t mind it

when someone talks during a movie

† it drives me crazy

† it bothers me a little

† I don’t mind it

when someone wears a lot of perfume or cologne

† it drives me crazy

† it bothers me a little

† I don’t mind it

when a pushy salesperson comes to my house to try to sell me something

† it drives me crazy

† it bothers me a little

† I don’t mind it

when people use their phone when they are with friends

† it drives me crazy

† it bothers me a little

† I don’t mind it

when people text and drive

† it drives me crazy

† it bothers me a little

† I don’t mind it

1. Which of these behaviors bothers you the most?___________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 2. Which of these behaviors bothers you the least?____________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ 3. Do you like to do any of these things?____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________

CULTURE TIP Some behaviors don’t only bother people, they can also be illegal. For example, texting and driving is illegal is most states in the US. In some places, selling things by going to people’s homes (soliciting) can also be illegal. What behaviors in your native country do you think are annoying, illegal or both? 16

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I

The Random Acts of Kindness Foundation is an organization that believes all people can connect through kind acts. Look at the random acts of kindness list below. With a partner, think of one of the acts that you would like to do and take turns asking each other questions to guess which one it is.

3

• Tell someone something you appreciate about them. • Buy a coffee for the person behind you in line at the coffee shop. • Give vegetables or fruit from your garden to your neighbor. • Go for a 30-minute walk and pick up all the trash you see. • Recycle leftover newspapers in your home. • Buy a meal for someone that is homeless. • Leave a server a tip of more than 20% at a restaurant. • Ask someone older than 80 to tell you about their life. • Donate your old clothes to someone that needs them. • Tell someone a funny joke.

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• Cook a meal for a friend. • Visit someone in the hospital. • Smile at someone you don’t know. • Let someone go in front of you in line at the supermarket. EXAMPLE: Partner A: Is it something you can do alone? Partner B: No. Partner A: Is it something that costs money? Partner B: No. Partner A: Is it telling someone a funny joke? Partner B: Yes!

J

Circle your three favorite random acts of kindness above. Write one of your own ideas for a random act of kindness. Discuss with a partner. _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________________________

CONNECT WITH CONVERSATION Get to know a partner. Talk about: • their biggest pet peeves • if they or someone in their family has a pet peeve that doesn’t bother other people • if they have ever done or received a random act of kindness • other ideas they have for random acts of kindness intercambio.org/students

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HOMEWORK

K

Lesson 3 • It Really Bothers Me When They Do That!

Complete the sentences. Use the words in parentheses and add it. 1._________________________________ (I / not / like) when people use their phones while driving. I don’t like it 2._________________________________ (make / her / nervous) when her friends don’t answer her texts. 3._________________________________ (make / her / happy) when friends help her with homework. 4._________________________________ (we / can’t / stand it) when people talk loudly in public. 5._________________________________ (bother / you) when salespeople are pushy?

Join the sentences using when. 1. It drives them crazy. People don’t pick up after their pets. _____________________________________________________________________________________ It drives them crazy when people don’t pick up after their pets. 2. She loves it. People smile at her. _____________________________________________________________________________________ 3. They appreciate it. Their teacher corrects them. _____________________________________________________________________________________ 4. He doesn’t like it. Salespeople are pushy. _____________________________________________________________________________________ 5. It drives me crazy. People text and drive. _____________________________________________________________________________________

JOURNAL PROMPT Write about something that bothers you or something you appreciate. ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ 18

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WOULD IT BE POSSIBLE TO COMPROMISE? Listening warm-up. Track 04: What is the problem?

VOCABULARY WORDS & PHRASES

A

Repeat after your teacher. disagreement

communication

find a solution

solve a problem

reach an agreement

apologize

compromise

resolve a conflict

conflict Phrasale verb: talk it out

resolution Expressions: happy medium

PRONUNCIATION A

Repeat after your teacher. Underline the stressed vowel in each word. Write the words that sound like OLIVE SOCK in the box. SOUNDS LIKE OLIVE SOCK conflict 1._______________________ 2._______________________ 3._______________________ 4._______________________ 5._______________________

conflict

resolution

apologize

solve

solution

out

compromise

problem intercambio.org/students

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Pre

4


VOCABULARY PRACTICE

B

Check the verbs that go with each of the vocabulary words. Some may work with more than one. Compare with a partner. SOLVE

REACH

FIND

an agreement a problem a solution a conflict a disagreement

LISTENING

C

Listen again to Track 04. Fill in the bubble with the correct answer. 1. Laura and Joe are

a. neighbors.

b. married.

2. Laura wants to talk to Joe about

a. noise.

b. the backyard.

3. Joe works until

a. 8 p.m.

b. 8 a.m.

4. Laura’s kids go to bed at 8:00 p.m. on

a. weekends.

b. weeknights.

5. They _____________ able to compromise.

a. weren’t

b. were

LANGUAGE TOOLS

D

Listen to your teacher and repeat. POLITE REQUESTS Is it okay if I Could you please

turn down the music?

Would it be possible

to turn down the music?

Would you mind

turning down the msuic?

To make polite requests you can use these: • “Could you please…/“Is it okay if…” + base form of verb • “Would it be possible…” + to + verb • “Would you mind…” + verb + ing 20

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POLITE RESPONSES No problem. I’d be happy to. Sure. My pleasure.

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a compromise


4

GRAMMAR PRACTICE

E

Circle the correct word or words to complete the sentences. Practice with a partner. 1. Could you please talking / talk more quietly? It is difficult to concentrate. 2. Would it be possible to find / find a solution? 3. Is it okay if I close / closing the door? 4. Would you mind turn down / turning down the music? 5. Is it okay if my daughter goes / going with me to the potluck? 6. The children are very loud. Could they please to play / play outside? 7. Would it be possible to compromise / compromise? 8. Is it okay if they talk / talking in the other room?

F

Complete the conversation with the correct form of the verb in parentheses. David: Hey Bella. Could we please (1)_____________ (talk) for a minute? talk David: Well, it’s difficult for me to concentrate when you and Greg talk loudly in here. Would you mind (2)_________________ (speak) more quietly? Bella: I’m sorry. I didn’t think we were being that loud. Is it okay if we (3) _______________ (work) right outside this room, instead? David: Yes, that would be great. Would it also be possible (4)____________________ (close) the door? Bella: Sure, no problem. But, could you please (5)__________________ (let) us know when you leave for the day so that we can move back into the office? David: Okay, I’ll let you know. Bella: Thanks!

G

Write polite requests using the words in parentheses. Practice asking and giving polite answers with a partner. 1. It’s difficult for me to study because you are talking on the phone. Is it okay if I close the door? _____________________________________________________________________________________ (Is it okay / I / close the door)?

2. That time doesn’t work for me. _____________________________________________________________________________________ (Would it be possible / change / reservation)? 3. It’s time for dinner, but the kids are still playing outside. _____________________________________________________________________________________ (Would they mind / come / inside) to eat now? 4. The music is a little loud. _____________________________________________________________________________________ (Could they / please / music / turn down)? intercambio.org/students

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Bella: Sure. What’s going on?


REAL LIFE / YOUR LIFE Read about the different strategies for resolving conflicts. Write which strategy each person is using in the situations below. Strategy 1: Avoiding Avoiding a conflict means ignoring it or pretending that there isn’t a problem. Sometimes people will choose this strategy when they feel more uncomfortable talking about the conflict than they feel about the problems the conflict is causing. Strategy 2: Competing Competing happens when someone wants to resolve a conflict by “winning.” They are not usually worried about the feelings of the other person and feel that only one person can win. Strategy 3: Accommodating Accommodating is when one of the people involved in the conflict gives the other person everything they want so that they can protect the harmony of the situation and avoid the conflict. Strategy 4: Collaborating Collaborating happens when both people in the conflict work together to create a solution that everyone is happy with. Strategy 5: Compromising Compromising happens when participants are both actively looking for a solution to the problem and cooperating together. In this strategy, no one gets everything they want. Each person gives up a little bit of what they want so that there is a solution that is fair for both, even if it is not exactly what each person wanted.

Which of the strategies above do you think are being used in the following situations? Write your answers and compare with a partner. 1. Amy’s boss has asked her to work every Saturday this month. She doesn’t like to work on Saturdays, but she doesn’t want to cause any problems so she tells him she is available to work as many Saturdays as he needs. ______________________________ 2. Brandon and Everett are neighbors. Brandon’s apple tree is growing into Everett’s yard. Everett often picks up the apples that fall from the tree and takes them to his house. Brandon says that those apples are his and that Everett cannot have them. They cannot reach a solution so they file a lawsuit to decide who is right and can have the apples that fall off of the tree. _______________________________ 3. Lara and Emily both work at the same store. Both of them want to work 35 hours a week, but the store only has 50 hours total to offer. They talk together and decide that each of them will work 25 hours per week instead of one of them working 35 hours._____________________________________

CULTURE TIP In the US, communication about conflict is often direct and people are generally encouraged to talk about how they feel when they are looking for a solution. Compromise is often part of a solution and many people in the US will try to “find a happy medium” where both people get some of what they want but not everything. How are conflicts usually resolved in your native country? Do people usually talk about them or ignore them? 22

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Role-Play! Look at the situations below. Act them out with a partner and try to find a solution.

SITUATION 1

SITUATION 2

Rima wants to take vacation time from her job to go to a family wedding next month, but she doesn’t have any vacation time left. She needs to ask her boss for extra vacation time.

Ron’s daughter, Ana, comes home from school every day crying because another child, Tina, is bullying her. Ron is going to talk to Tina’s mother.

Partner A: Rima Partner B: Rima’s boss

Partner B: Ron Partner A: Tina’s mother

SITUATION 3

SITUATION 4

Paul’s neighbor, Jack, has parties almost every night. Paul has to wake up early in the morning to go to work and can’t sleep with the noise his neighbor makes in the backyard.

Olivia and her husband, Dan, both work full time. They have three young children and feel like they don’t have enough time to keep their home clean, cook meals and spend time with their children. They are both frustrated and angry most of the time.

Partner A: Paul Partner B: Jack

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Partner B: Olivia Partner A: Dan

J

Write notes below about how you would solve one of the conflicts in the situations above. Who the conflict was with: ______________________________________________________________ What I wanted: ________________________________________________________________________ What the other person wanted: __________________________________________________________ Solution: _____________________________________________________________________________

CONNECT WITH CONVERSATION Get to know a partner. Talk about: • a time they had a conflict with someone and how they found a solution • how they usually deal with conflict • how they think they could handle conflict better in the future intercambio.org/students

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HOMEWORK

K

Lesson 4 • Would It Be Possible to Compromise?

Write the correct form of the verb. closing 1. Would you mind ___________________ (close) the door?

2. Would it be possible __________________ (lend) me your car this weekend? 3. Could she please ______________________ (call) me when she gets here? 4. Is it okay if we ________________________ (change) the date of the party? 5. Would it be possible for you ______________________ (speak) more quietly? 6. Is it okay if she _______________________ (take) a friend to the event? 7. Would they mind ____________________ (not park) their car there? 8. Could they please ____________________ (open) the window?

Unscramble the sentences. 1. mind / Would / he / a ride / giving / the mall? / me / to Would he mind giving me a ride to the mall? ____________________________________________________________________________________

2. it be / change / Would / to / the meeting? / the time / of / possible ____________________________________________________________________________________ 3. if / Is / okay / it / she / your / pen? / uses ____________________________________________________________________________________ 4. please / they / stop / Could / parking / their car / there? ____________________________________________________________________________________

JOURNAL PROMPT Write about things you think are important to do when resolving a conflict. ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ 24

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5

SHE LIKES THE ONE WITH THE ONLINE LEARNING PROGRAM Listening warm-up. Track 05: What are they talking about?

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Pre

VOCABULARY WORDS & PHRASES

A

Repeat after your teacher. university

community college

public school

private school

charter school

campus

degree program

online learning program

tuition

financial aid

scholarship

extracurricular

PRONUNCIATION Repeat after your teacher. Underline the stressed syllable. A

university

scholarship

degree

public

community

college

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VOCABULARY PRACTICE Write the words in the column where you think they fit best. Some words can go in both columns. K—12 EDUCATION

HIGHER EDUCATION community college

community college university private charter public campus

extracurricular online learning financial aid scholarship degree program

LISTENING

C

Listen again to Track 05. Circle TRUE or FALSE. 1. Krista’s daughter is going to college soon.

TRUE

FALSE

2. Her daughter likes the school with online classes.

TRUE

FALSE

3. Krista likes the school with art classes.

TRUE

FALSE

4. Her daughter wants to study history.

TRUE

FALSE

5. Her daughter wants to study computers.

TRUE

FALSE

LANGUAGE TOOLS

D

Listen to your teacher and repeat. QUESTIONS

ANSWERS

Which school do you prefer?

I like the one that has extracurricular activities.

Which schools does she like the best?

She likes the ones that have online classes.

Which school is he going to go to?

He’s going to go to the one that offered him a scholarship.

• We can use “that” to join two ideas in a sentence when the second idea gives us more information about the first part. • We can use “the one” or “the ones” to replace a noun that has already been identified. 26

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B


5

GRAMMAR PRACTICE

E

F

Match the parts of the sentences. c She likes the schools 1. ____

a. that are available online.

2. ____ We like the one

b. that he can do online.

3. ____ Aaron’s going to go to

c. that have online programs.

4. ____ They want to learn more about the programs

d. the one that has a big campus.

5. ____ We are looking for one that

e. that has a lot of extracurricular activities.

6. ____ That school doesn’t have a program

f. has financial aid and scholarships.

Complete the sentences with one or ones.

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1. You have seen a lot of schools. Is there _________ that you like? 2. Bill likes the university, but he would prefer ________ that has a smaller campus. 3. Tatiana is interested in a lot of programs. She really likes the ________ that have online classes. 4. There are a lot of good public schools here. Is there _________ that is near your house? 5. Orlando has worked at a lot of charter schools. Right now, he’s working at the _________ that’s down the street. 6. You’ll need to fill out these forms. Don’t forget to complete the _________ that are about financial aid.

G

Read the sentences. Rewrite them together using that. 1. Frank and Jessie are looking for a school. They want it to have extracurricular activities. Frank and Jessie are looking for a school that has extracurricular activities. _____________________________________________________________________________________

2. She prefers the community college. It’s closer to her house. _____________________________________________________________________________________ 3. They have a good degree program. It’s online. _____________________________________________________________________________________ 4. He likes that one. It has a beautiful campus. _____________________________________________________________________________________ 5. There are good schools in their district. They’re public. _____________________________________________________________________________________ intercambio.org/students

27


REAL LIFE / YOUR LIFE Read about the US education system. Label the chart with the bold words from the article. The US education system has several levels of schooling that begin with (1) preschool/ kindergarten when children are 3–5 years old. After that, children move on to (2) elementary school, which generally takes them from 1st to 5th grade. Most students then go on to (3) middle school for grades 6 through 8, and (4) high school for grades 9 through 12. After high school, some students will enter the workforce, while others choose to go on to earn a degree at a (5) community college or (6) university. Community colleges generally offer degree programs that range from two months to two years, while university undergraduate degree programs usually take at least four years to complete. After earning an undergraduate degree, some students go on to (7) graduate school to earn a master’s or doctoral degree.

Master’s Degree (2–3 years) ___________________________________(4 years)

Post-Secondary School

Graduate School

Doctoral Degree (3–6 years)

_________________________(2 months – 2 years)

8 7 6 5 4 3

_________________________________________________________________ (3 years)

_________________________________________________________________(5 years)

8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1

____________________________________________________________________________

AGE

Primary School

13 12 11 10 9

_______________________________________________(4 years)

12 11 10 9

Secondary School

17 16 15 14

GRADE

CULTURE TIP Most public elementary, middle and high schools in the US are free. However, colleges and universities in the US can be very expensive. Many public and private community colleges and universities offer scholarships. Government financial aid is also available for some students. Community colleges often have technical classes that are less expensive than classes at universities, and in many cases the class credits can transfer to universities. What is the education system like in your native country? 28

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5 Read the information about the schools. Write down which school you think is best for Teo and Annisa. Compare with a partner. • Certificate programs and 2-year degrees in Business, Technology, Nursing, Education and Tourism

4-year degrees and graduate degrees in Social Sciences, Engineering, Education, and Natural Sciences.

• Small, friendly campus for students who commute to class • Flexible online learning programs

Offers extracurricular activities like drama, art, clubs and sports.

• Federal financial aid is available • Small classes of no more than 25 students

Scholarships available Large, beautiful campus with open spaces and student housing

Teo • has two small children • knows a lot about cars but wants to learn how he can have his own repair shop • needs a program that is flexible

Annisa • is graduating from high school next year • not sure what she wants to study • wants to live on campus for the first year School:______________________

School:_____________________

J

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Large classes in auditorium-like classrooms

Rank the school characteristics in order of how important you think they are. 1 = most important, 10 = least important. ____ the teachers ____ the campus ____ online programs ____ extracurricular activities

____ the cost of tuition ____ scholarships available ____ size of the classes ____ public

____ private ____ close to home

CONNECT WITH CONVERSATION Get to know a partner. Talk about: • how they ranked the school characteristics in Activity J • what kinds of schools they or their family members have gone to and if they liked them or not • if they think private schools are a good idea • if they think people without children should pay taxes to support public schools • what kinds of extracurricular activities they or their children would like to do intercambio.org/students

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HOMEWORK

K

Lesson 5 • She Likes the One With the Online Learning Program

Circle the correct words to complete the conversation. Amy: So, Bob, has your son decided what college he wants to apply to? Bob: No, not yet. He’s most interested in the (1) one / ones that have technology programs. Amy: That’s great. Would he like to go to (2) one / ones that has on-campus housing? Bob: No, I think he’d prefer to go to (3) one / ones that are part time. Amy: Are there any around here that (4) have / has online learning programs? Bob: Yes, there are a few near our house that (5) have / has great online programs. We’re going to check them out. Amy: That’s great! Let me know which (6) one / ones he likes the best!

Combine the sentences using that. 1. It’s a great school. It has a lot of extracurricular activities. It’s a great school that has a lot of extracurricular activities. _____________________________________________________________________________________

2. He likes the school. It’s in our school district. _____________________________________________________________________________________ 3. They liked the school. It is on a beautiful campus. _____________________________________________________________________________________ 4. She applied to the community college. It has a nursing program. _____________________________________________________________________________________

JOURNAL PROMPT What kind of school did you go to in your native country? Do you think it was a good school? Why or why not? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ 30

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DO YOU KNOW IF IT’S CONFIDENTIAL? Listening warm-up. Track 06: What is Franco worried about?

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Pre

VOCABULARY WORDS & PHRASES

A

6

Repeat after your teacher. census

survey

weight

share

warrant

data

access

confidential

oath

private

HIPAA (Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act)

PRONUNCIATION A

Listen and repeat after your teacher. Cross out the silent w in the words that have one. write

weight

two

warrant

wrong

answer

white

will intercambio.org/students

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VOCABULARY PRACTICE

B

Listen to your teacher and repeat. 1. Marcia doesn’t like it when people talk about her ______________________. weight 2. His phone fell in the water yesterday, and he lost all of his _____________________.

confidential data

3. The police were not allowed to go inside Ian’s house because they didn’t have a

oath

__________________. 4. My company doesn’t share employee files and salary information because they are

warrant census

_____________________. 5. Their medical information is protected by ____________________.

HIPAA

6. The _________________ collects important information about residents all across the

weight

country.

LISTENING

C

Listen again to Track 06. Circle the correct answers to complete the sentences. 1. They are going to do a census

a. this year.

b. next year.

2. They do the census

a. every year.

b. every 10 years.

3. They agree that _________ is important.

a. privacy

b. confidential

4. Barbara says that government workers take

a. an oath

b. a vote

5. The census _______ personal information confidential.

a. keeps

b. doesn’t keep

LANGUAGE TOOLS

D

Listen to your teacher and repeat. DIRECT QUESTION

INDIRECT QUESTION/STATEMENT

Should the government have access to people’s phone data? Can you ask someone about their salary?

Do you think the government should have access to people’s phone data? Do you think it’s okay to ask someone about their salary?

Can the police search without a warrant? Will they go to the party this year?

Do you know if the police can search without a warrant? I wonder if they will go to the party this year.

• Normally in a direct question, the verb comes before the noun (ex. Is he there?) When we use “Do you think…” also, do you know if, I wonder if to ask an indirect question, the noun goes before the verb, just like in a regular statement. (ex. Do you think he is there?) • We use “if” in an indirect question that requests a “yes” or “no” answer. (Do you know if…? / I wonder if….) 32

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7. In court, you take an ________________ to promise to tell the truth in court.


6

GRAMMAR PRACTICE

E

F

Match the parts of the sentences. c 1._____ Should we

a. information is protected by HIPAA?

2._____ Do you know if our

b. the library is?

3._____ Is it okay to ask someone

c. share our information?

4._____ Do you think

d. it’s okay to ask someone about their salary?

5._____ Do you know where

e. about their weight?

Complete the questions. Use the words in parentheses. 1. Do you think ___________________ (she / should) keep the information confidential? she should

NOT FOR DUPLCATION

2. _________________ (they / can) access the information? 3. Where ______________________ (he / is)? 4. Does she know where ____________________ (he / is)? 5. I wonder if ________________________ (they / can) share the information. 6. ____________________ (we / can) ask who they voted for?

G

Change the direct questions to indirect questions with “Do you think…”. Then ask the questions to a partner. 1. Should the government be able to access private information? the government should be able to access private information Do you think _________________________________________________________________________?

2. Is it okay to ask someone about their weight? Do you think _________________________________________________________________________? 3. Should parents have access to all of their children’s information? Do you think __________________________________________________________________________? 4. Should salary information be confidential? Do you think _________________________________________________________________________? 5. Do the police need a warrant to search your home? I wonder if ___________________________________________________________________________.

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REAL LIFE / YOUR LIFE

H

Read the flyer below about health information privacy. Circle True or False. What surprised you? Discuss with a partner. Your Health Information Privacy Rights

1

YOUR HEALTH INFORMATION

PRIVACY RIGHTS

GET IT! You can ask to see or get a copy of your medical records and other health information. Get It. If You youcan want a copy, you may need to put your request in writing and pay for the cost of ask to see or get a copy of your medical record and other health information. If you want a copying most cases, yourand copies beof given you within 30 days. copy, youand may mailing. have to putInyour request in writing pay formust the cost copyingto and mailing. In most cases, your copies must be given to you within 30 days.

source: www.hhs.gov/ocr

CHECK IT! Check It. You can ask to change any information in your file or add information to your file if you You can ask to change any wrong information in your file or add information to your file if you think think something is ormissing or incorrect. if youagree and that your hospital something is missing incomplete. For example,For if youexample, and your hospital your file has agree the your wrong file result for athe test,wrong the hospital change Even if the hospital believesit.the test result that has test must result, the it.hospital must change Even if theis hospital correct, you still have the right to have your disagreement noted in your file. In most cases, the file believes test within result60isdays. correct, you still have the right to have your disagreement should bethe updated noted in your file. In most cases, the file should be updated within 60 days.

Know Who Has Seen It.

By law, your health information can be used and shared for specific reasons not directly related to your care, like making sure doctors give good care, making sure nursing homes are clean and safe, reporting when the flu is in your area, or reporting as required by state or federal law. In many of these you can out a who has seen your health information. You can: 1. Only your doctor iscases, allowed tofind have copy of your medical record. TRUE FALSE • Learn how your health information is used and shared by your doctor or health insurer. Generally,

2. If your medical recordyour is not correct, there isn’t you can do. related to your TRUE FALSE health information cannot be anything used for purposes not directly care without your

permission. For example, your doctor cannot give it to your employer, or share it for things like 3. You are allowed to know who has seen your health information. TRUE FALSE marketing and advertising, without your written authorization. You probably received a notice telling

you how health information may be used your firstthe visitoffice. to a new health care provider or FALSE 4. You can always get a copy ofyour your medical record just byoncalling TRUE when you got new health insurance, but you can ask for another copy anytime.

5. You will usually be• able receive copy your record within days. Let to your providersa or healthofinsurance companies know30 if there is informationTRUE you do not want toFALSE share. You can ask that your health information not be shared with certain people, groups, or

6. You can ask a hospitalcompanies. to change information medical TRUE your medicalFALSE If you go to a clinic,in foryour example, you canfile. ask the doctor not to share records with other doctors or nurses at the clinic. You can ask for other kinds of restrictions,

7. Hospitals have a yearbut to they update file. to do what you ask, particularly if it could TRUE FALSE do notyour alwaysmedical have to agree affect your care. Finally, you can also ask your health care provider or pharmacy not to tell your health insurance company about care you receive or drugs you take, if you pay for the care or drugs in full and the provider or pharmacy does not need to get paid by your insurance company.

CULTURE TIP

Many people in the US value privacy, and there are several topics that are considered “taboo” or not appropriate to talk about with people outside of your family or very close friends such as how much you earn and your religous or political preference. What kinds of topics are considered taboo in your native country? 34

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Most of us feel that our health information is private and should be protected. That is why there is a federal law that sets rules for health care providers and health insurance companies about who can look at and receive our health information. This law, called the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act of 1996 (HIPAA), gives you rights over your health information, including the right to get a copy of your information, make sure it is correct, and know who has seen it.


I

6 Look at Odette’s social media profile. Cross out the information you think she should keep private. Compare and discuss with a partner. January 13th

Home News feed About Photos Videos

J

ogreen@memail.com Christian Republican jazz music, wine, shopping, low-calorie cooking, natural cures for cancer, ways to get out of debt, hiking, volunteering I am a divorced mother of two wonderful children, Michelle (5) and Grady (8). We live on Lone Tree Lane in the Grandview neighborhood. My kids attend Riverton Elementary School, where I volunteer at least twice a month. On the weekends, we are almost never home because we usually go hiking in the hills. My favorite hobby other than hiking is drinking wine!

Complete your own social media profile below with information you feel comfortable sharing online. If you prefer to keep the information private, leave the space blank. Name:_____________________________Birthday:___________________Age:________Children:______ Lives in:__________________________________ Job:_______________________________________ Relationship status:_______________ Contact information:____________________________________ Religious views:____________________ Political party: _____________________________ Interests: About me:

CONNECT WITH CONVERSATION Get to know a partner. Talk about: • which information they chose to share in their social media profile above and why or why not • if there are topics in their native country that most people prefer to keep private • if they do anything to keep their information private • if they are worried about technology and access to their personal data • what kinds of things they think children should or shouldn’t post online intercambio.org/students

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37 2 Riverton, North Carolina Marketing Coordinator at East Wind Communications Divorced / single 252-555-9834


HOMEWORK

K

Lesson 6 • Do You Know if It’s Confidential?

Circle the correct words. 1. Receptionist: Good morning. Can you / You can please fill out these forms before the doctor sees you? 2. Frank: Oh wow - There are / Are there a lot of them! 3. Receptionist: Yes, we need / need we to have these forms completed by all patients. 4. Frank: Alright. Do you know if the information is / is the information confidential? 5. Receptionist: Yes, it is. We don’t / Don’t we share it with anyone except our employees and the insurance company. 6. Frank: Okay. Do you think it’s / is it okay to fill out the forms with a pencil? 7. Receptionist: No, you need to use a pen. Here’s one you can / can you use. 8. Frank: Okay. Do you know how long this will / will this take?

L

Unscramble the sentences. 1. think / they / to talk / about / weight? / Do / it’s okay Do they think it’s okay to talk about weight? ___________________________________________________________________________________

2. wonder / where / is. / the party / I ___________________________________________________________________________________ 3. know / Do / you / she / can / if / English? / speak ___________________________________________________________________________________ 4. can / we / you / Do / think / this weekend? / go to / the mountains ___________________________________________________________________________________

JOURNAL PROMPT What kinds of things do you think are important to keep confidential? Why? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ 36

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9. Receptionist: Shouldn’t it / It shouldn’t take you more than 15 minutes.


7

I’M SO PROUD OF MYSELF! Listening warm-up. Track 07: Who is Carlos living with?

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Pre

VOCABULARY WORDS & PHRASES

A

Repeat after your teacher. be proud of yourself

blame yourself

feel sorry for yourself

enjoy yourself

set goals for yourself

help yourself

by yourself

on your own

PRONUNCIATION Repeat after your teacher. Circle the words with the RED PEPPER sound. A

myself

set

it

be

help

feel

himself

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VOCABULARY PRACTICE

C

D

Match the parts of the sentences. j If you are hungry, there are some cookies in the kitchen. Please, 1. ____

a. proud of yourself!

2. ____ Jill is depressed. She is feeling

b. by yourself.

3. ____ He made a mistake and

c. blames himself.

4. ____ If you don’t want to hire a handyman, you can

d. hurt yourself.

5. ____The party is going to be a lot of fun. I’m sure our guests will

e. on his own.

6. ____You did it! You should be very

f. enjoy themselves.

7. ____ I don’t know what to do with my life. I need to

g. set goals for myself.

8. ____ Be careful! You could

h. sorry for herself.

9. ____ It’s dark outside. You shouldn’t walk in the city at night

i. do it by yourself.

10. ____ Rob doesn’t need help. He can do it

j. help yourself.

LISTENING Listen again to Track 07. Check the things that Carlos talks about doing by himself. †  1. do laundry

† 2. clean the bathroom

† 3. cook

† 5. make the bed

† 6. go grocery shopping

† 7. make appointments

† 4. do dishes

LANGUAGE TOOLS Listen to your teacher and repeat.

TIP:

by yourself = on your own = alone

I made myself breakfast yesterday. She’s very careful when she cooks. She doesn’t want to hurt herself. He doesn’t want to hire a handyman. He’s going to do it himself. It was difficult at first, but then they started to enjoy themselves. He did the dishes by himself. He did the dishes on his own. • We use reflexive pronouns (myself, yourself, himself, herself, ourselves, themselves) when the person(s) doing and receiving the action are the same. Ex. I made myself breakfast = I made the breakfast for me. • We use “by + reflexive pronoun” or “on (my/your/his/her/our/their) own” to describe an action that we do without help or alone.

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B


7

GRAMMAR PRACTICE

E

F

Complete the reflexive pronoun chart. SUBJECT PRONOUN

REFLEXIVE PRONOUN

I

myself (1)______________________

(2)______________________

yourself

he

(3)______________________

(4)______________________

herself

it

(5)______________________

(6)______________________

ourselves

they

(7)______________________

Circle the correct words to complete the sentences.

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1. Q: Does Sally live alone or with her parents? A: She doesn’t live with her parents anymore. Now she lives by herself / herself now. 2. Q: Who painted your wall for you? It looks great! A: Thanks! I did it myself / yourself. 3. Q: Can I get you a glass of water? A: Don’t worry. I’ll help myself / by myself. 4. Q: Are they upset about what happened? A: Yes, they are. They blame themselves / by themselves. 5. Q: How was the trip? A: It was great! We really enjoyed by ourselves / ourselves. 6. Q: Do you think I should hire someone to help me? A: No! You can do it by yourself / himself.

G

Complete the sentences using a reflexive pronoun. Add by when necessary. 1. No one helps them with their laundry. They do it __________________________. by themselves 2. Carmen now lives alone. She is living__________________________. 3. He is sad and feeling sorry for _____________________________. 4. We really enjoyed _________________________ on our vacation. 5. They are so proud of ________________________ for all that they have accomplished this year. 6. Brenda and Fiona went camping alone. They went _____________________. 7. If you’d like some cake, please go ahead and help _____________________. 8. Every morning, I look at ____________________ in the mirror while I comb my hair. intercambio.org/students

39


REAL LIFE / YOUR LIFE Imagine you have just bought a “fixer upper” house. Read the list of things below that you need to do to the house. Check which ones you would do by yourself and which ones you would hire a professional to do.

Fixer Upper Checklist 1. paint the outside of the house

 do by myself  hire a professional

2. paint the inside of the house

 do by myself  hire a professional

3. plant grass, trees and flowers in the yard

 do by myself  hire a professional

4. fumigate  do by myself  hire a professional 5. install new sinks  do by myself  hire a professional 6. install new floors  do by myself  hire a professional 7. inspect and clean the furnace

 do by myself  hire a professional

8. install new lights  do by myself  hire a professional 9. clean the inside of the house

 do by myself  hire a professional

10. wash the windows  do by myself  hire a professional

I

11. set up decorations and furniture

 do by myself  hire a professional

12. other ______________________________________

 do by myself  hire a professional

Compare your list above with a partner. Talk about why and how you would do the things on the list by yourself or if you would hire a professional to do them.

CULTURE TIP In the US, many types of home projects require a permit, and the person doing them needs to have a license. If the project isn’t too complicated, many people prefer to save money doing it themselves. These are often called “DIY” (“Do It Yourself”) projects. Do people in your native country usually hire someone to do home projects or do them by themselves? Do you like to do “DIY” projects? Why or why not? Do you need permits to make changes to a home in your native country? 40

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H


J

7 Read Bianca’s journal entry. Complete the chart with the information about Bianca. Compare with a partner. Why I’m Proud of Myself By: Bianca Thapa My name is Bianca and I am very proud of myself because I have accomplished a lot of things this year. First, I taught myself how to type and use a computer. I also took an automotive class and learned how to change a flat tire by myself. My English has improved so much. In fact, I recently introduced myself to my neighbors! They are very friendly people but I hadn’t introduced myself yet because I was too shy. Now, when I look at myself in the mirror, I see someone that has made many changes in her life for herself and her family. I want to continue to practice every day, and I am going to continue to set more and more goals for myself. I can do it!

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1.Why she is proud of herself: 2. Something she can do by herself now: 3. How her life has changed now that she knows more English: 4. Something she taught herself to do: 5. A goal she has set for herself:

K

Make notes about yourself. 1. Something I taught or would like to teach myself to do: 2. Something I can do by myself: 3. How my life has changed now that I know more English: 4. Why I am proud of myself: 5. A goal I have set for myself for the future:

CONNECT WITH CONVERSATION Get to know a partner. Talk about: • if they have ever taught themselves something • things they like to do by themselves • why they are proud of themselves • goals they have set for themselves • if they think parents should blame themselves for mistakes their children make— why or why not intercambio.org/students

41


HOMEWORK

M

Match the parts of the sentences. e Jon has learned a lot this year. He is proud of 1. ____

a. by himself.

2. ____ Elena stood up and introduced

b. by herself.

3. ____ They love going to parties. They always enjoy

c. by themselves.

4. ____ He doesn’t like to go out with a lot of people. He prefers to be

d. themselves.

5. ____ She likes to work

e. himself.

6. ____ Nico and Fred asked me to go with them. They don’t want to go

f. herself.

Complete the sentences with reflexive pronouns. Add by when necessary. by herself 1. Lana likes to do work around the house on her own. She does a lot _____________________.

2. I met Victor at the party. He introduced _________________________ to me when I arrived. 3. Don’t feel sad, Briana. You really need to stop blaming _____________________ for what happened. 4. They change their passwords frequently to protect __________________________ from identity theft. 5. She doesn’t want to live with anyone. She prefers to live ____________________________. 6. You taught yourself to play the piano on your own? I wish I could teach _______________________ something!

JOURNAL PROMPT Write about some goals you have for the future. ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

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L

Lesson 7 • I’m So Proud of Myself!


8

REVIEW & PROGRESS CHECK Check the items you can do. Review the items you can’t. I can… † talk about the news and how to find reliable information (lesson 1) † talk about culture using adjectives and adverbs (lesson 2) † talk about situations and behaviors that bother me or that I appreciate (lesson 3) † talk about different ways to resolve conflicts and use polite requests (lesson 4) † talk about different kinds of education option (lesson 5) † talk about privacy and confidentiality using direct and indirect questions (lesson 6)

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† talk about life experiences using reflexive pronouns (lesson 7)

Answer the questions. 1. What is one thing you can do now? _____________________________________________________________________________________ 2. Write five words you know now. _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________

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REVIEW & PRACTICE Write your ideas in each column. Share with a partner. PLACES I’D LIKE TO VISIT

AB

THINGS I CAN DO TO PLAN FOR RETIREMENT

REGRETS I HAVE

DREAMS I HAVE FOR THE FUTURE

WHAT’S BEEN HAPPENING IN MY CITY LATELY

Complete the sentences with your ideas. Share with a partner. people are late 1. It really bothers me when __________________________________________________________.

2. I appreciate it when ______________________________________________________. 3. I wonder if _______________________________________________________________. 4. I’m looking for a school that ___________________________________. 5. I would like to teach myself ___________________________________. 6. I like to ________________________ on my own.

AC

Circle the correct words. 1. Janell doesn’t like to eat by herself / herself. She prefers to have meals with other people. 2. They want to compromise and find a solution that / when works for everyone. 3. Would it be possible to reach / reaching an agreement? 4. He blamed himself / yourself for what happened. 5. They have seen a lot of colleges. They like the one / the ones that have online learning programs. 6. We had so much fun at the baby shower. We really enjoyed ourselves / by ourselves. 44

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AA


8 AD

Combine the sentences with that or when. 1. I like the school. It is near my house. ______________________________________________________________________________________ I like the school that is near my house. 2. Her friends always arrive on time. She appreciates it. ______________________________________________________________________________________ 3. They have to work on Saturdays. They don’t like it. ______________________________________________________________________________________ 4. We like the washing machine. It isn’t too expensive. ______________________________________________________________________________________ 5. He found a solution. It was a good compromise. ______________________________________________________________________________________

Write what the people are doing. Use the picture and himself, herself or themselves. Add by if necessary. Compare with a partner.

1.________________________________________ 2.________________________________________ She is cooking by herself. (cook) (enjoy)

3.________________________________________ 4.________________________________________ (blame) (fix a car)

AF

Unscramble the question. 1. lives? / Do / know / where / you / he Do you know where he lives? ________________________________________________________________________ 2. if / wonder / is / news story. / true / the / I ________________________________________________________________________ 3. know / Do / restaurant? / if / a good / it’s / you ________________________________________________________________________ 4. think / should / Do / it / confidential? / be / you ________________________________________________________________________ intercambio.org/students

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NOT FOR DUPLCATION

AE


Review Game. Play with a partner or in a small group. Put a marker on START. Roll the dice. Move your marker the correct number of spaces. Answer the question.

START

What kind of job would you like to have?

What’s something that is taboo to discuss in your native country?

Do you think the government should have access to personal phone data?

What is something that bothers you?

What is something you What is one way to tell if would like to teach a news story is fake? yourself?

How do you find reliable sources of news?

What is something that you appreciate?

What do you do when you have a disagreement with someone?

What do you like about US culture?

What kinds of things do you like to do when you are by yourself?

What is something that Do you know if there is makes you feel proud of a good school near your yourself? home?

What bothers you in the US?

END

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What kinds of things do you look for in a school?

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AG


8

PROGRESS CHECK Total: 50 x 2 = 100

A

My score________/ 100

Listen to Track 08. Write the missing words. (1 point each) 1. Melinda congratulates Ben on his ________________________________. graduation 2. Ben is looking forward to being ______________________________his own next year. 3. Ben is going to keep working ____________________________. 4. Ben is going to go to a _____________________________________ near his new apartment. 5. The community college has excellent faculty and some ____________________ learning programs.

B

Complete the sentences with myself, yourself, himself, herself, ourselves or themselves. (1 point each) 1. He is teaching ______________________ to cook. himself 2. We graduated this year. We are so proud of _________________________.

NOT FOR DUPLCATION

3. It wasn’t your fault. You shouldn’t blame ___________________ for what happened. 4. All of her family members had such a great time at the wedding. They really enjoyed ___________________. 5. Sarah fixed the table without any help. She did it by ______________________. 6. I’m so excited about this year. I have set a lot of goals for ________________________. 7. John and Mary are going on vacation tomorrow without their children. They are looking forward to having some time by ______________________.

C

Match the sentences. (1 point each) 1. ____ d Thank you for speaking slowly to us.

a. It’s near their house.

2. ____ They don’t like that restaurant.

b. The service is slow.

3. ____ We need to talk it out.

c. It bothers him.

4. ____ Do they want to hire anyone to help?

d. We appreciate it.

5. ____ Is Greg going to the celebration with someone?

e. They are proud of themselves.

6. ____ Bernard and Sally worked hard this year.

f. No, they want to do it on their own.

7. ____ Do you know where the school is?

g. No, he is going by himself.

8. ____ Jake doesn’t like it when people don’t look

h. Let’s see if we can compromise.

him directly in the eye.

D

Complete the sentences with when or that. (1 point each) 1. She appreciates it ___________________ her children pick up after themselves. when 2. They like the one _________________ has scholarships. 3. It bothers me __________________ people play loud music at night. 4. I’m sure we can find a solution _______________ works for everyone. 5. We prefer the car ______________ has good mileage. ________/ 21

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E

Circle the correct words to complete the sentences. (1 point each) 1. Let’s go, John. We’re going to be late. We need to walk more quick / quickly. 2. My daughter is so independent. She loves to do everything her own / by herself. 3. I’m sorry, sir. We can’t share that information. It’s confidential / confidentially. 4. They’re looking for a school when / that has a lot of extracurricular activities. 5. Do you know if there are / are there scholarships available? 6. My brother is amazing. He taught himself / by himself to play the guitar without any help! 7. I’m sorry that we don’t agree. Would it be possible to compromise / compromising?

F

Rewrite the questions and statements below. Make them indirect using the words in parentheses. (2 points each) 1. Is it expensive?

Do you know if it is expensive ? (Do you know if ) ___________________________________________

2. Do they talk quickly?

___________________________________________ ? (Do you think)

3. Is she from here?

___________________________________________ . (I wonder if )

4. Can we compromise?

___________________________________________ ? (Do you think)

5. Where is the public school? ___________________________________________ ? (Do you know)

G

6. Are they from California?

___________________________________________ ? (Do you know if )

7. Do they travel?

___________________________________________.

(I wonder if )

STOP. Wait for your teacher. (2 points each) Score

48

1. 0

1

2

2. 0

1

2

3. 0

1

2

4. 0

1

2

5. 0

1

2

Teacher Notes Lesson 3: Lesson 7: Lesson 2: Lesson 4: Lesson 7:

Student Book 5 RIGHT

________/ 29

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8. Do you know if they have / have they access to the data they need?


9 Pick a location or an activity: An assisted living center | An immigrant advocacy center | A community college My Idea: _______________________________________ Address:__________________________________________________ Date and time to meet: _____________________ _______a.m. / p.m. IMPORTANT WORDS AND PHRASES I WANT TO USE _________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

Things I’m going to look for or find: _____________________________________________________________________________________

DURING THE FIELD TRIP Things I saw or found

People I talked to

Notes

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QUESTIONS I PLAN TO ASK


HOMEWORK: FIELD TRIP REPORT Something that I learned on the field trip: ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________

Something that was difficult: ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________

Field Trip Feedback 1. I talked in English:

† a lot

† a little

† not at all

2. I learned:

† a lot

† a little

† not a lot

3. I thought it was was:

† good

† okay

† not good

Why? ____________________________________________________________________________

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______________________________________________________________________________________


10

I HAVE TOO MUCH ON MY PLATE Listening warm-up. Track 09: How is Jillian feeling?

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Pre

VOCABULARY WORDS & PHRASES

A

Repeat after your teacher.

prioritize

mind

spirit

take / give up control

set boundaries

responsibilities

downtime

make time for yourself

Expressions: have too much on your plate, me time

PRONUNCIATION A

Listen and repeat after your teacher. Write the the words that sound like CUP OF MUSTARD in the box. CUP OF MUSTARD much 1.___________________________________

much

something

2.___________________________________

many

boundaries

3. ___________________________________

enough

touch

4. ___________________________________ intercambio.org/students

51


VOCABULARY PRACTICE

B

Complete the flyer with the correct words from the box.

ur plate too much on yo

responsibilities boundaries make time too much on your plate prioritize

me time!

LISTENING

C

Listen again to Track 09. Circle TRUE or FALSE. 1. Jillian looks stressed. TRUE FALSE 2. She’s overwhelmed. TRUE FALSE 3. She has too much time.

TRUE

FALSE

4. She has too much work.

TRUE

FALSE

5. Arjun tells Jillian to prioritize.

TRUE

FALSE

LANGUAGE TOOLS

D

Listen to your teacher and repeat. I have too much on my plate. He has too many responsibilities. She doesn’t have enough downtime. She has enough work. • we can use too much to talk about non-countable things (ex. time, control, etc.) • we can use too many to talk about countable things (ex. hours, opportunities, etc.) • we can use enough to talk about either countable or non-countable things. 52

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control


10

GRAMMAR PRACTICE

E

Circle the correct words. 1. Lilian is really stressed. She has too much / too many work to do. 2. Asad needs more downtime. He doesn’t have too many / enough time to relax. 3. We don’t want to get a pet. We have too much / too many to do already! 4. Bill has been so tired lately. Is he getting enough / too much sleep? 5. They don’t want to ask Cathy to do it. She already has too much / too many on her plate. 6. Enjoy your vacation, Gail! I know you don’t get enough / too much opportunities to relax. 7. Richard really needs to stop doing so much for everyone else. He doesn’t set enough / too many boundaries.

F

Complete the conversation with too much, too many or enough. Practice with a partner. Ramon: Hey, Lara. How is your new job going?

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enough Lara: It’s great! I don’t have a lot of clients yet, but I have (1) ______________ to keep me busy for now.

How about you? How’s your job going? Ramon: My job is okay, but I think I’m working (2) _________________ hours. I’m not spending (3)_______________ time with my family. Lara: Oh no! That’s not good. Maybe you can talk to your manager and let them know that you have (4)_____________ on your plate? Ramon: Yeah. I think I need to talk to them. I’ve been reflecting on my job and I really think I have (5)_________________ responsibilities right now. Lara: Good luck talking to them. Let me know how it goes!

G

Complete the responses to the questions. Use the words in parentheses with too much, too many or enough. too much 1. I study English six hours every day so I don’t have time to exercise. I’m studying __________________.

2. We ate a lot of food at the party. Now my stomach hurts. I ate ___________________________. 3.The tickets for the movie are $12.00 each. I have $25.00, so I have _______________________ for both of us. 4. I have a motorcycle, a truck and an old sedan. My wife says I have _______________________ cars because our driveway only holds one car. 5. There’s very little in my refrigerator. I don’t have ______________________________ food to make dinner tonight.

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REAL LIFE / YOUR LIFE Mindfulness is a word that has become popular in recent years to describe being completely present in each moment of life. Read the Mindfulness Workshop flyer below. Circle the correct answers. Compare with a partner. Mindful Mondays 3:00 p.m. – 4:00 p.m. Are you feeling like you’re being pulled in too many directions by too many responsibilities? Many people don’t give themselves enough time to slow down. Mindfulness is about slowing down your mind and completely experiencing each moment of life without judgement. These special events will give participants the chance to work on focusing their attention to the present moment. Benefits can include less stress, more focus, better concentration and a happier attitude.

Where: Johnsville Recreation Center, Community Room B Who: Anyone over the age of 12 interested in learning more about mindfulness Recommendations: Wear comfy clothing and bring a water bottle. A mat will be provided! Dates: May 6th, 13th, 20th, 27th Cost: Free for Johnsville Residents. $5 for nonresidents. To confirm your attendance, please email: JohnsvilleRec@countymail.com

1. Which is NOT a benefit of mindfulness?

a. more focus

b. more time

c. happiness

b. May 20th

c. June 13th

b. a 10-year-old child

c. an 80-year-old grandma

b. comfy clothes

c. a water bottle

2. Which days can you NOT go to this event?

a. May 6th

3. Who CANNOT participate?

a. a nonresident

4. Which things do you NOT need to take?

a. a mat

Discuss with a partner: • Would you like to attend an event like this? Why or why not? • Have you heard of mindfulness before? If so, where? • When do you think it is most important for people to be mindful? • What kinds of things do you think you can do to be more present in the moments of your life?

CULTURE TIP Many community health centers in the US offer free or low-cost classes on mindfulness, meditation, sports or hobbies. Some even offer childcare. These activities can be a good way to meet people and take care of yourself, especially when you feel like you have too much on your plate! Have you ever taken a class at a community center? Did you enjoy it? Why or why not? Are there community health centers in your native country that offer classes to improve health? 54

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H


I

10 Look at Nathaniel’s Self-Care Plan. Discuss with a partner.

MIND learn new things read an interesting book in the evenings teach my children something new

BODY

SPIRIT

don’t eat too much junk food

get together with friends at least once a week

get enough sleep (8 hours)

meditate

exercise twice a week at the gym

help others

eat a salad every day

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People that support me: my wife, my mother, my friends Challenges: I work a lot. My children wake me up at night. I don’t know how to cook.

J

Fill out your own self-care plan.

MIND

BODY

SPIRIT

People that support me: __________________________________________________________________________ Challenges: __________________________________________________________________________

w

CONNECT WITH CONVERSATION Get to know a partner. Talk about: • their self-care plan, people who support them and how they can work on challenges they have • if they think they get enough “me time” • how they prioritize when they have a lot of responsibilities intercambio.org/students

55


HOMEWORK

K

Lesson 10 • I Have Too Much on My Plate

Circle the correct words. 1. She wants to relax more, but she works three jobs and doesn’t have too many / enough downtime. 2. He can’t see his friends this week. He has too much / enough work. 3. They are doing too much work. They don’t set enough / too much boundaries. 4. My friends tell me that I worry too much / too many about what other people think. 5. We can’t wait to retire. We’ve never had enough / too much time for ourselves! 6. Do you think we have too many / too much clients? 7. Have they learned too much / enough English to talk to their boss?

L

Complete the responses to the questions. Use the words in parentheses with too much, too many or enough. 1. Does she have enough work? too many clients Yes, in fact she has_____________________________________(clients). She can’t take anymore!

2. Are they getting enough downtime? No, they don’t have ___________________________________________(opportunities) to rest. 3. Can Sarah take some time off? No, she has _____________________________________________________. (responsibilities) 4. Can we take a vacation next month? No, we have ____________________________________________________________. (work) 5. You seem stressed lately. What’s wrong? Nothing really, I just have _____________________________________________. (on my plate).

JOURNAL PROMPT Write about something you don’t have enough time to do. How do you think you can make time for it? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ 56

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8. Milly wanted to do her homework, but she didn’t have too many / enough time.


CAN YOU GET ME SOME MEDICINE? Listening warm-up. Track 10: Where does Sophie need to go?

NOT FOR DUPLCATION

Pre

VOCABULARY WORDS & PHRASES

A

11

Repeat after your teacher. tissues

supplies

the chills

bruise

meal

cramps

miserable

supermarket

Expressions: Got it!

I owe you one.

PRONUNCIATION Listen and repeat after your teacher. Underline the z sounds in these words. A

tissues

supplies

chills

bruise

miserable

some

cramps

meals intercambio.org/students

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VOCABULARY PRACTICE Complete the crossword puzzle. Use the clues below. Across 2. These are sharp pains in your legs, feet or stomach that really hurt! 5. Some examples of this are pens, paper, pencils and notebooks for school. 7. After someone does you a favor, you might say “I ______ you one.” 8. After a fall, you may have one. It’s swollen and sometimes blue, black or purple in color.

1

2

c

r

a

m p s

3 4

Down: 1. Good neighbors and friends sometimes make this for someone who is sick or has recently had a baby. 2. If you are sick with a fever, but you still feel very cold, you might have the _______. 3. “I’m sick. I have a fever. I have the chills. I feel _______________!” 4. You use _____________to blow your nose. 6. ______ it! = “I understand.”

5

6 7

8

LISTENING

C

Listen again to Track 10. Check what you hear. †  (1) pick up a prescription † (3) call Yuri

† (2) go to the supermarket

† (4) buy tissues

† (5) leave work at 7 p.m.

LANGUAGE TOOLS

D

Listen to your teacher and repeat. He gave a prescription to me. He gave me a prescription. She did a favor for me.

get / do a favor / buy / write – for me give – to me TIP: take – to/for me

She did me a favor.

He explained the situation to me. She described the problem to him. They suggested this medication for him.

× (NOT He explained me the situation.) × (NOT She described him the problem.) × (NOT They suggested him this medication.)

*Many verbs can be followed directly by a pronoun (me, you, him, her, us or them) - (ex. He gave me a book.) *Many verbs can also be followed noun + to/for and then a pronoun. (ex. He gave a book to me.) *Some verbs, like “explain”, “describe” and “suggest” CANNOT be followed DIRECTLY by a pronoun. (ex. He explained the problem to me.  NOT He explained me the problem. ×) 58

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B


11

GRAMMAR PRACTICE

E

Circle the correct word. 1. Could you do me / for me a favor? 2. She just had a baby. We should take her / to her a meal. 3. Jana went to the store and got some supplies me / for me. 4.They bought some tissues him / for him. 5. Would you mind taking them / to them some groceries? 6. She’d like you to buy her / for her some pain medicine for cramps. 7. He has chills and a fever. Could you give some medicine him / to him? 8. They’re feeling miserable. Let’s see if we can do them / for them a favor and make dinner for them.

Circle the correct sentence. Practice saying the correct sentences with a partner. 1. a. She explained me the prescription.

b. She explained the prescription to me.

2. a. Can you describe me your symptoms?

b. Can you describe your symptoms to me?

3. a. They didn’t suggest anything to her bruise.

b. They didn’t suggest her anything for her bruise.

4. a. I bought her some cough medicine.

b. I bought to her some cough medicine.

5. a. Marla and Yang explained the problem to them. b. Marla and Yang explained them the problem.

G

H

6. a. I’m going to suggest him some medication.

b. I’m going to suggest some medication for him.

7.a. Danny described me his situation.

b. Danny described his situation to me.

Rewrite the sentences adding to or for. 1. She bought them dinner.

She bought dinner for them. _______________________________________________________

2. He’s going to take them a meal.

_______________________________________________________

3. We are doing her a favor.

_______________________________________________________

Rewrite the sentences without to or for. 1. The doctor wrote a prescription for him. _________________________________________________ The doctor wrote him a prescription.

I

2. They are making a present for her.

_________________________________________________

3. We have given some advice to them.

_________________________________________________

Complete the sentences. Use the words in parentheses. Add for or to if necessary. You may need to change the verb tense. explain your symptoms to the doctor? 1. Are you going to _____________________________________________________________________ explain / your symptoms / the doctor) 2. Do you think they can________________________________________________________________ ? (suggest / anything/ him) 3. We ________________________________________________________________________________ . (get / them / supplies / yesterday) 4. Ursula _____________________________________________________________________________ . (buy / us / dinner/ tomorrow) 5. She _______________________________________________________________________________ . (describe / the problem / them / right now)

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F


REAL LIFE / YOUR LIFE Peter needs to hire someone to help his elderly mother. Read the website and answer the questions below.

According to the website, which services can this company provide? Check the boxes. † get her groceries

† remind her to take her medication

† mow her lawn

† pick up her prescriptions

† check her blood pressure

† fix her car for her

† dress her

† wash dishes for her

† clean her bathroom for her

† pay her bills

† do her laundry for her

† give her a bath

Discuss with a partner: • Is there anything that surprised you about this information? • How much do you think a service like this would cost? • Is there anything that this service does not provide that you think they should provide? • Would you ever use a service like this for yourself or for someone you know?

CULTURE TIP In the US, many companies offer home help services for people who are aging or are unable to do daily activities due to illness or injury. Some long-term care insurance plans or government programs (Medicaid or Medicare) cover some of the cost for these services. Nonprofits such as Meals on Wheels can also support seniors and people recovering by taking them free or low-cost meals. Does your native country have services and programs like this? Who helps take care of aging family members in your native country? 60

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J


11 Look at the services offered below. Write which service you think each person needs. Home Angels Care

Healing Arts Doulas

America’s Au Pairs

Health at Home Inc.

• Help with walking and fall prevention • Companionship and assistance with remembering daily activities • Bathing, dressing and grooming • Medication reminders • Light housekeeping and meal preparation • Local transportation

• Help with breastfeeding • Meal preparation • Caring for siblings • Running errands • Assistance with newborn diapering, bathing, feeding and soothing

• Assistance waking, dressing and feeding infants and toddlers • Daily play and games for entertainment • Preparing meals for the children • Putting away children’s belongings and tidying up their bedrooms • Help with laundry

• In-home medical services and supervision including blood pressure, injections, medication, etc. • Physical therapy exercises • Meal preparation and light housework • Cleaning and caring for injuries as they heal

SITUATION

BEST SERVICE TO CALL

SOMETHING THEY CAN HELP WITH…

Healing Arts Doulas

They can help her take care of the baby and care for her other children.

Jan just had a new baby. Frank’s father has dementia and cannot be alone. Frank works full time. Bill just had surgery on his knee and cannot walk. Wendy and Ivan have three children and need someone to help them take care of the children at their house.

L

Write notes about what you would do in the following situations. SITUATION

WHAT I WOULD DO…

Your neighbor just had a new baby. It’s your best friend’s birthday, and you don’t have any money to them buy a present. You broke your leg and can’t leave your house for a week.

CONNECT WITH CONVERSATION Get to know a partner. Talk about: • what you would do in the situations in Activity L • if they’d like to live in an assisted living facility someday – why or why not? • if they know anyone who has or had dementia or Alzheimer’s • a situation when they or someone they know needed help or used resources in the community intercambio.org/students

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K


HOMEWORK

N

Match the parts of the sentences. e My mom made 1. ____

a. for him at the mall.

2. ____ Lou took dinner

b. you a present yesterday.

3. ____ They explained

c. a favor for her yesterday.

4. ____ We gave

d. their symptoms to the doctor.

5. ____ I bought

e. me dinner when I was sick.

6. ____ I bought a present

f. to Sylvia last night.

7. ____ They are going to

g. them some suggestions.

8. ____ Kiko did

h. do me a favor.

Rewrite the sentences. Use the word in parentheses. 1. She bought him a present.

She bought a present for him _____________________________________________ (for)

2. They gave their children some books.

______________________________________________ (to)

3. We took them dinner.

______________________________________________ (to)

4. She baked cookies for us.

_________________________________________ (bake us)

5. Did you get him some medicine?

_____________________________________________ (for)

6. Can they buy some groceries for her?

_________________________________________ (buy her)

JOURNAL PROMPT Write about a time someone did you a favor. What was it? How did it make you feel? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ 62

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M

Lesson 11 • Can You Get Me Some Medicine?


12

HOW LONG HAS HE BEEN PLAYING THE GUITAR? Listening warm-up. Track 11: What are they talking about?

NOT FOR DUPLCATION

Pre

VOCABULARY WORDS & PHRASES

A

Repeat after your teacher. pretend build prepare hesitate confirm create perform explore participate in Phrasal verbs: figure out, rely on (something/someone) Expressions: be into (something) Will do!

PRONUNCIATION

vv

Listen and repeat after your teacher. Write the words in the correct column. A

STRESS ON 1ST SYLLABLE

STRESS ON 2ND SYLLABLE

1. _____________________ building

1. _____________________

2. _____________________

2. _____________________

3. _____________________

3. _____________________

4. _____________________

4. _____________________

5. _____________________

5. _____________________

building

create

student

pretend

perform

problem

number

question

explore

confirm

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VOCABULARY PRACTICE

B

Match the sentences to the follow-up statements. b My brother is preparing for a test next week. 1. ___

a She really loves to sing.

2. ___ My son loves to pretend he is a superhero.

b. He really needs to study.

3. ___ She participates in a lot of sports.

c. He’s not sure if his appointment is tomorrow.

4. ___ Her mom loves to travel and explore new countries. d. They weren’t sure about hiring him. 5. ___ He’ll call the doctor’s office today to confirm.

e. She’s so athletic.

6. ___ On the weekends, Sarah performs at her church.

f. He has a great imagination.

7. ___ They hesitated a little before offering him the job.

g. She’s so adventurous.

C

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LISTENING Listen again to Track 11. Fill in the missing words. 1. Ziva is going to watch her _________________ play guitar. son 2. He has been playing for many ________________________. 3. He’s been performing since _________________________. 4. Clark is going to plant some things in the _______________________. 5. Ziva wants Clark to hear her son _____________________ guitar.

LANGUAGE TOOLS

D

Listen and repeat after your teacher. QUESTIONS

ANSWERS

How long has he been playing guitar?

He has been playing for many years.

What has he been doing lately?

He has been performing every weekend.

Have your children been participating in any sports?

Yes, they have been playing soccer on the weekends.

We use the present perfect continuous tense to talk about something that started in the past and continues now. It is formed with has/have + been + _____ing. (ex. He has been performing every weekend.)

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12

GRAMMAR PRACTICE

E

F

Match the parts of the sentences. e Where’s Kyle? We’ve 1. ____

a. playing since she was a child.

2. ____ Brenda hasn’t been

b. has been relying on his parents too much.

3. ____ Greg needs to get a job. He

c. practicing the piano lately.

4. ____ Sarah still plays tennis. She’s been

d. that house for a long time.

5. ____ Is it done yet? They’ve been building

e. been waiting for him for a long time!

Complete the sentences with the present perfect continuous. Use the verbs in parentheses. 1. I hear you ___________________________________ (perform) at the restaurant on Saturdays. have been performing

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2. I __________________________________ (have) so much fun playing my guitar there. It’s great! 3. She _____________________________________________ (sing) since she was a little girl. 4. We __________________________________________ (look) for someone to join our band. 5. He ‘s not sure if he wants the promotion. ______________________________ (hesitate) to accept it.

G

Circle the correct sentence. 1. Tom loves that book. a. He has read it five times.

b. He has been reading it five times.

2. She started packing last night and finished early this morning. a. She has packed.

b. She has been packing.

3. He is rebuilding a car engine. He started three months ago. a. He has rebuilt the engine for three months.

b. He’s been rebuilding the engine for three months.

4. You called me yesterday. What’s going on? a. You’ve called me 10 times.

b. You’ve been calling me ten times.

5. They are hiking. They left early this morning. a. They’ve hiked.

b. They’ve been hiking since this morning.

6. I went to Greece in 2012, 2015 and 2019. a. I’ve visited Grace three times.

b. I’ve been visiting Greece three times.

7. I started doing the laundry at 8:00 a.m. and I still have two loads left. a. I’ve done the laundry all day.

b. I’ve been doing the laundry all day. intercambio.org/students

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REAL LIFE / YOUR LIFE Fold the page in half. Look at the pictures on your half of the page. Partner 1 asks Partner 2 what Bruno, Jana, the kids, and Cindy and Mark are doing. Partner 2 answers. Partner 2 asks Partner 1 what Nicole, Luis, Lulu, and George are doing. Partner 1 answers. Partner 1 RESPOND:

Partner 2 ASK: What is Nicole doing this morning?

Nicole’s been waiting for her doctor for the past two hours. ASK: Why does Bruno keep looking at his phone?

RESPOND: Bruno has been waiting for a text since yesterday.

Nicole (waiting for her doctor for two hours)

Luis (building furniture all day)

Nicole

Luis

Lulu (still studying for the test)

George (hesitating because he’s nervous)

Lulu

George

Bruno

Jana

Bruno Jana (waiting for a text since (painting) yesterday)

Kids

Cindy and Mark

Kids (playing since 8 a.m.)

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Cindy and Mark (desserts are ready)

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H


12

CULTURE TIP In the US, some parents have their kids participate in many structured extracurricular activities like music, sports and art. Is this common in your native country? At what age do you think kids should start participating in structured activities? When is it too much? Do you think it’s good or bad for kids to have free time? Why?

I

Read the article about Harry’s volunteer experience. Check the activities that are still happening in Harry’s life.

Harry has been volunteering in his community for about three years now. He has participated in many different activities, including coaching many sports teams. However, most recently he has been reading to children in an after-school program near his home. Harry says he loves this volunteer opportunity because he has been making a difference in the lives of the children he is working with . He says that this is a perfect volunteer opportunity for him because when he was young, he relied on the help of volunteers after school, too. “Both of my parents worked when I was in school, so I relied on volunteers at my school to help me with my homework. This is a great way for me to give back to my community.” Harry goes on to say that he waited for the right kind of volunteer position for a long time and thinks that Reading Right is the perfect program for him. “The children are amazing and they never hesitate to tell me about what is going on in their lives. It’s so rewarding. I think I get more out of it than the kids!”

J

†  reading books to children

† coaching sports teams † waiting for the right volunteer opportunity

† relying on the help of volunteers

† parents working

† making a difference in the lives of children

Complete the sentences with your own information. 1. I’ve never hesitated to _________________________________________________________________. 2. I’ve been relying on help to______________ _______________________________________________. 3. Lately, I’ve been ______________________________________________________________________. 4. I’ve been ________________________________________________________________ for many years.

CONNECT WITH CONVERSATION Get to know a partner. Talk about: • the answers they wrote in the Activity J • what has been going on in their life recently and how they’ve been feeling about it • if they or someone they know has ever performed in front of people intercambio.org/students

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“Reading Right” Program Brings Together Volunteers and Local Schoolchildren


HOMEWORK

K

Lesson 12 • How Long Has He Been Playing Guitar?

Match the sentences. f She doesn’t like to cook. 1.____

a. They’ve never performed for anyone before.

2.____ Elena loves to volunteer.

b. She’s been helping people in her community for years.

3.____ Victor takes music lessons.

c. They’ve been singing for over 45 minutes.

4.____ He doesn’t like to ask for help.

d. He’s never relied on anyone else.

5.____ They’re nervous about the concert. e. He’s been learning to play the guitar for a year. 6.____ Mary and Anna are still performing. f. She’s been hesitating to invite people to her house for dinner.

Complete the sentences with the present perfect form of the verbs in parentheses. has she been volunteering? 1. How long ___________________________________________________ (she/volunteer)?

2. He _______________________________________________ (rely on) others for help for a long time. 3. He has a show this weekend. ________________________________________ (He/perform) all summer. 4. They _______________________________________________ (wait) for their doctor for over an hour. 5. They ___________________________________ (build) a lot of homes in that neighborhood this year. 6. I can’t believe it’s still raining. It _________________________________________ (rain) all weekend!

JOURNAL PROMPT Write about something you are into and how long you have been doing it. ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ 68

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L


I’M A LITTLE UNDER THE WEATHER Listen to Track 12: What’s wrong with Liam?

NOT FOR DUPLCATION

Pre

VOCABULARY WORDS & PHRASES

A

13

Repeat after your teacher.

expression

call it a day

the best of both worlds

once in a blue moon

when pigs fly

a piece of cake

under the weather

hit the nail on the head

PRONUNCIATION A

Listen and repeat after your teacher. Circle the words with the d sound and underline the words with the voiced th sounds. 1. They are feeling under the weather. 2. David hit the nail on the head with that answer. 3. My dad always said you can’t have the best of both worlds. 4. Theo said it’s time to call it a day. So we packed up our things. 5. These expressions don’t make any sense. intercambio.org/students

69


VOCABULARY PRACTICE

B

Complete the sentences below with the expressions from the box. call it a day

under the weather

when pigs fly

the best of both worlds

once in a blue moon

a piece of cake

hit the nail on the head

1. The test was so easy for me. It was _______________________________________________________! a piece of cake 2. She doesn’t eat dessert very often. She only eats it __________________________________________. 3. Jake isn’t feeling well. He’s a little ________________________________________________________. 4. I’m tired. Let’s _______________________________________________________________________. 5. It’s _____________________________________________________ when we both get what we want! 6. Lila knew exactly what to say. She really __________________________________________________.

LISTENING

C

Listen again to Track 12. Circle the things that describe Liam. not feeling well

eating cake

needs to grab a nap

working in the yard

calling someone

LANGUAGE TOOLS

D

Listen to your teacher and repeat. GENERAL (ANY ONE, OR IN GENERAL, OR I DON’T KNOW WHICH ONE, OR THE FIRST TIME I MENTION SOMETHING)

Singular

Plural Non-countable

a or an He wants to read a book. He wants to eat an apple. (in front of a vowel sound)

Ø-no article

SPECIFIC (A SPECIFIC ONE OR I KNOW WHICH ONE) the He wants to read the book he saw on TV. He ate the apple she gave him.

She likes books.

the She likes the books at that store.

Ø-no article He has money.

the He has the money he owes her.

We use a /an before a singular countable noun when we are referring to something in general. We use the before nouns when we refer to a specific thing or something that’s already been mentioned. 70

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7. Brett asked his boss for a three-month vacation. “Sure, ______________________________!” she said.


13

GRAMMAR PRACTICE

E

Circle the correct article. Ø = no article John: Hey Mary, how are you doing? You look a little under the weather. Mary: Hi John. I’m okay. I just have (1) a / the cold. John: Sorry to hear that. I’m going to (2) a / the store on the corner in a little while. Do you need anything? Mary: Actually, could you do me (3) a / the favor and get me some medicine? John: Sure, no problem. Would you like (4) Ø / an cough medicine or flu medicine? Mary: How about one that is good for both? John: Okay, sure. I’ll get you (5) an / the medicine that I take when I’m sick. It’s the best of both worlds! Mary: Thanks, John. You’re (6) a / the great friend!

Write in the correct article (a, an or the). If there should not be an article, write “Ø” in the blank. Compare and practice with a partner.

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F

1. Q: Do you think the kids will clean up _____ the toys they left in the living room? A: Yeah, sure. When ________ pigs fly! 0 2. A: I’m tired of doing ________ activities in this lesson. B: Me too. I think we should call it ________ day. 3. Q: Do they go to ________ movie theater downtown a lot? A Not really. They only go there once in _________ blue moon. 4. Q: We’re going to ________ grocery store next to the school. Do you need anything? A: Yes. Could you buy ________ milk and bread for breakfast tomorrow? 5. A: I love to eat ________ fruit. It’s my favorite food. B: Me too! It’s delicious and healthy. It’s _______ best of both worlds! 6. A: Rita thought of _______ excellent solution to the problem. B: Yeah, she really hit ________ nail on the head! 7. Q: Do you need help with _______ homework for class tomorrow? A: No, thanks. I already finished it. It was ______ piece of cake! 8. Q: I’m looking for _______ babysitter tonight. Do you think Sheila would like to help me? A: I’m sure she would, but she can’t tonight. She’s a little under ________ weather.

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REAL LIFE / YOUR LIFE Work with a partner: Choose an expression from the list below. Describe a situation when you could use it (but don’t say the expression!). See if your partner can guess which one it is. Example: A: “I could say this when I’m tired and don’t want to work anymore.” B: “Let’s call it a day!”

a. hit the nail on the head

b. let’s call it a day

c. a piece of cake

d. the best of both worlds

e. when pigs fly

f. once in a blue moon

CULTURE TIP Sarcasm is when someone says something, but clearly means the opposite. Some people use sarcasm or jokes to criticize something or someone. You can usually tell that someone is being sarcastic by their tone of voice and body language. For example, someone might accidentally drop something and say, “oh, great!” and roll their eyes. Is sarcasm common in your native country? Have you heard it before in the US? 72

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G


H

13 Mad Libs! Write your ideas for words below. You can choose any words you think of. 1. Name of someone you know: __________________. 2. Name of someone else: _______________________. 3. An action: __________________________________. 4. A place (with an article): ______________________. 5. An emotion: ________________________________. 6. An action: __________________________________. 7. An action in past tense: ______________________. 8. Another action in past tense: __________________. 9. A describing word: ___________________________.

I

Complete the story below with the words you wrote above in order of the numbers. Share your completed story with a partner. A Great Day… Yesterday I was feeling bored, so I called my friend (1)____________ to see if they wanted to do something. They were under the weather, so I called my friend (2)__________ instead. We decided to (3)__________ at the lake. It was great! After the lake, I did something that I only do once in a blue moon. I went to (4) it a day. My friend told me that we should (6) _________ immediately. “When pigs fly!” I said. I went home and (7)________ while I (8)______________. It was the best of both worlds. If I had one word to describe my day, I’d say it was (9)____________ . That really hits the nail on the head!

J

Write expressions you have in your native language to describe these situations: when someone is sick or not feeling well something that almost never happens when you are tired and don’t want to keep working when something is very unlikely to happen when something has the advantages of two things and none of the disadvantages when something is very easy when someone says just the right thing other

CONNECT WITH CONVERSATION Get to know a partner. Talk about: • expressions you have in your native language and what they mean • other expressions that you have heard in the US • if they think learning expressions in English is important—why or why not? intercambio.org/students

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_______________. I had a lot of fun there but by 5 p.m. I was feeling (5) _____________, so I decided to call


HOMEWORK

K

Lesson 13 • I’m a Little Under the Weather

Complete the sentences with the best expression. call it a day

under the weather

When pigs fly

the best of both worlds

once in a blue moon

a piece of cake

hit the nail on the head

1. He doesn’t cook a lot. He only uses the oven ___________________________________. once in a blue moon 2. They don’t want to keep working. They’re going to ______________________________. 3. ____________________ she’ll quit her job! In other words, probably never. 4. You said exactly what I was thinking. You really _______________________________! 5. I love my job and I earn enough money. It’s __________________________________! 6. Sorry, we can’t go to the dinner. We’re a little ________________________________.

L

Complete the text with the correct articles (a, an or the). If there should not be an article, write “Ø” in the blank. the Yesterday, (1) __________ Jones family found (2) _________ cat in their yard. (3) __________ cat was

very friendly and even stopped to take (4) __________ nap for a while on (5)_________ grass next to their patio table. Ralph,(6) ___________ youngest member of the Jones family, said that he didn’t like(7) ________ cats before yesterday. However, (8) __________ cat that was in their yard was so nice that Ralph decided to give him (9) _________ name and keep him as a pet. It was (10)________ exciting day for the Jones family!

JOURNAL PROMPT Write about an expression that people say in your native country. What does it mean? Where did it come from? When can you use it? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ 74

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7. The interview wasn’t difficult at all. It was ___________________________________!


14

HOW ARE THEY GOING TO CELEBRATE THE BIRTH? Listening warm-up. Track 13: How does Nicole feel? Why? How does Neil feel? Why?

NOT FOR DUPLCATION

Pre

VOCABULARY WORDS & PHRASES

A

Repeat after your teacher. birth

celebration

death

memorial service

will

certificate

tradition

pass away

bury

nursery

baby shower

PRONUNCIATION A

Listen and repeat after your teacher. Underline the stressed sound. Write the GRAY DAY words in the box. SOUNDS LIKE GRAY DAY say

1._______________________ 2._______________________ 3._______________________

death

certificate

tradition

say

away

pass

celebration intercambio.org/students

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VOCABULARY PRACTICE

B

Write the words in the death or birth sides of the chart. If they are related to both, write the words in the middle. BIRTH

nursery

DEATH BOTH

nursery

certificate

traditions

pass away traditions celebration memorial service will bury

LISTENING

C

Listen again to the two conversations in Track 13. Check the statements that are true. Conversation 1 †  (1) Nicole’s sister is going to have a baby soon. † (2) Chul is going to go to the baby shower. † (3) In Korea, there is a celebration 100 days after a birth.

Conversation 2 † (4) Neil’s grandmother passed away. † (5) Neil’s grandmother did a lot for him when he was young. † (6) Laura made a meal for Neil and his family.

LANGUAGE TOOLS

D

Listen to your teacher and repeat. TENSE REVIEW Present

We have a lot of celebrations. I’m planning a baby shower.

Past

Last week, they met with their lawyer and made a will. Emily has never gone to a memorial service before. My grandfather used to tell me a lot of stories.

Future

My sister is going to have a baby. There will be a lot of people at the memorial service.

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shower


14

GRAMMAR PRACTICE

E

Circle the correct words. 1. In the US, many people have / having baby showers before a baby is born. 2. Before a baby is born, many mothers will prepare / prepared the nursery. 3. Marisa and her brother have never gone / is going to go to a memorial service before. 4. There are / They was many traditions in the world around birth and death. 5. Susan and her husband met / meet with their lawyer to make a will last week. 6. I’m so sorry to hear that your grandfather passed away / passes away. 7. Are they / Will they going to have a celebration? 8. It used to be / is being easier to get a birth certificate. Now it is harder.

F

Complete the statements and questions with the correct form of the verb in parentheses.

2. Nino’s grandfather ________________ (pass away) last night. It’s a difficult time for him and his family. 3. Marcia ____________ never ______________ (go) to a baby shower before. This will be her first one! 4. Brenda wasn’t home this morning. She ___________________ (go) to the county office to get a birth certificate. 5. I have such wonderful memories of my grandmother. She __________________ (take care of ) me a lot. 6. I can’t believe Julie is having her baby so soon. _______________ she _______________ (prepare) the nursery yet? 7. Their grandfather passed away last week. Tomorrow, they _______________________ (bury) him near their home.

G

Write the questions. Use the words in parentheses. 1._________________________________________________ Have you gone to a memorial service __________________________________________________ before?

Yes, I have. (go to a memorial service before)

2._________________________________________________

Yes, she’s going to have one next month. ___________________________________________________ (have a baby shower) 3._________________________________________________

Yes, they made one with their lawyer. ___________________________________________________ (make a will last month) 4._________________________________________________

No, he wouldn’t. ___________________________________________________ (like to have a celebration) 5._________________________________________________

No, we haven’t started yet. ___________________________________________________ (prepare the nursery) intercambio.org/students

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Are you _________ going (go) to go? 1. I think the memorial service is on Tuesday. _________


REAL LIFE / YOUR LIFE Read the library event flyer below. Answer the questions and discuss with a partner.

Riverton Library Death Café Meeting You’re invited to the Riverton Library’s first Death Café meeting! At Death Café meetings, people can come together in a safe environment to discuss death, drink tea and eat delicious cake. Death Cafés are a worldwide movement with the objective to “bring awareness to death and help people make the most of their (finite) lives.” All ages are welcome at this free event. Our first meeting will take place on July 3rd from 2:00 PM to 4:00 PM in the Library Conference Room. You may come to the meeting for any amount of time within this window. Snacks to share are welcome but not necessary. We will offer free tea and cake.

Advanced registration is required. Please email rivertondeathcafe@memail.com

Bring light to the dark. 1. What is the purpose of this event?_______________________________________________________ talk about death 2. How much does it cost to go to the event?________________________________________________ 3. Who is the event for?__________________________________________________________________ 4. Would you like to go to an event like this? Why or why not? _____________________________________________________________________________________ 5. Do you think this event is a good idea? Why or why not? _____________________________________________________________________________________

CULTURE TIP In US culture, death is sometimes considered a taboo subject—one that people don’t talk about. Some people delay making a will or planning for a memorial until the last minute. Services associated with death, such as memorials or funerals, can be very expensive in the US and overwhelming when people pass away. How do people in your native country talk about and/or prepare for death? 78

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H


Which countries do you think have these birth traditions. Compare with a partner. Ask your teacher for the answers! USA

Japan

Brazil

COUNTRY

J

The Netherlands

Iran

TRADITION

1

Traditional cookies are made with either blue or pink decorations to celebrate the arrival of a baby boy or baby girl.

2

The mother and baby often stay at the mother’s parent’s home for a month or longer. Mothers are encouraged to stay in bed with their baby for 21 days.

3

Friends and family come to visit after a baby is born. They bring gifts for the baby and the mother of the baby gives small gifts to the visitors to thank them for visiting.

4

Instead of a baby shower before the baby is born, a celebration happens about 10 days after the birth of the baby.

5

Some couples hold a celebration where guests, expecting parents or both find out whether the baby will be a boy or a girl. It is often held around the fourth or fifth month of pregnancy.

Write down some traditions that people in your native country have around birth and death. BIRTH

DEATH

CONNECT WITH CONVERSATION Get to know a partner. Talk about: • traditions people in your native country have around birth and death • if they think it is important to talk about death – why or why not? • if they think women should be given mandatory paid time off after having a baby intercambio.org/students

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14


HOMEWORK

K

Lesson 14 • How Are They Going to Celebrate the Birth?

Unscramble the sentences. 1. They ‘re/ planning / a memorial service / for / grandfather. / their They’re planning a memorial service for their grandfather. ______________________________________________________________________________________

2. gone / to / a baby shower / We’ve / before. / never ______________________________________________________________________________________ 3. going to / We / next / to a wedding / are / go / month. ______________________________________________________________________________________ 4. common / It isn’t / about / death / country. / in my / to talk ______________________________________________________________________________________

Complete the conversation with the correct form of the verb in parentheses. are Will: Hey, Valerie. What (1)_______________ (be) you up to this weekend?

Valerie: I (2)__________________________ (go) to my best friend’s baby shower! Will: Oh wow – that sounds fun. I (3)______________________ (never / go) to a baby shower before. Valerie: Yeah – I can’t wait. How about you? Will: My aunt is (4)__________________ (have) a celebration for her 70th birthday in Kansas City, so I (5)_______________________(drive) there tomorrow. Valerie: That sounds like a lot of fun, too! Make sure you (6)__________________ (get) her a nice present. Will: Ha ha. Yeah – if I can leave work early today, I think I (7)____________________ (go) to the mall to look for something. Valerie: Have a great time! Will: Thanks, you too!

JOURNAL PROMPT Write about some traditions from your native country. Are they similar to or different from traditions in the US? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ 80

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15

I’VE BEEN SUPPORTED BY SO MANY PEOPLE Listening warm-up. Track 14: Where are they going to go?

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Pre

VOCABULARY WORDS & PHRASES

A

Repeat after your teacher. compassionate impact

influence

authentic support

legacy

encourage

inspire

integrity

PRONUNCIATION A

Listen to your teacher say the sentences below. Circle the stressed words in each sentence. 1. It’s important to be compassionate. 2. They’re known for their integrity. 3. I’ve been supported by so many people. 4. She’s encouraged by their kind words. 5. A lot of people were impacted by the disaster. intercambio.org/students

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VOCABULARY PRACTICE

B

Match the sentence with the best follow-up statement. 1. ____ e Nora is such a compassionate person.

a. He always did the right thing

2. ____ My parents support me a lot.

b. She was such a positive influence in my life.

3. ____ My teacher encourages me to do my homework. c. He thinks that it’s very important for me to learn. 4. ____ I want to be remembered for helping others.

d. They help me with anything I need.

5. ____ My sister is so authentic.

e. She’s always thinking about how others feel.

6. ____ Her father had so much integrity.

f. I want that to be my legacy.

7. ____ My mother was a wonderful woman.

g. She always tells the truth.

C

Listen again to Track 14. Fill in the missing words. 1. Jack Jones is a famous __________________. author 2. He writes books about how to be ______________________________and live a more authetic life. 3. Rob has been _________________________________________ by his books. 4. Many people have been ______________________________ by his work. 5. Carla is going to go with Rob to the talk ______________________________________.

LANGUAGE TOOLS

D

Listen to your teacher and repeat. ACTIVE

PASSIVE

She inspires people.

People are inspired by her.

Juan’s passion encouraged his student.

His student was encouraged by Juan’s passion.

• The active and passive voices are two ways of expressing an action. • In active sentences, there is a person or thing (subject) that does an action (verb) to another person or thing in the sentence (the object). Ex: Their friends bought the house. • In passive sentences, the thing or person receiving the action (object) comes first. • We use be + past participle of the verb. • We can add preposition + subject to show who did the action

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LISTENING


15

GRAMMAR PRACTICE

E

Circle the correct words. 1. She is known / knows for her integrity. 2. They inspired / were inspired others with their story. 3. We encourage / are encouraged by their passion. 4. His brother was involved / involved in a lot of activities in the community when he was younger. 5. A lot of people are impacted / impact by the city’s decision. 6. Her mother has influenced / influenced by her life a lot. 7. So many people inspire / are inspired by his legacy. 8. John and Marta always supported / were supported their children.

Complete the sentences in the passive voice with the correct form of the verbs in parentheses. 1. Mirna was a wonderful woman. She _____________________ (know) for being very compassionate. was known 2. They are amazing people. So many people ____________________ (inspire) by their work. 3. Justin is very grateful. He __________________ (supported) by his family, friends and so many others. 4. The Smiths are great neighbors. They ______________________ (involve) in many activities in their neighborhood. 5. I really appreciated him. My life ________________________ (impact) a lot by his positive attitude. 6. She is a great artist. Her work ________________________ (influence) a lot by nature.

G

Rewrite the sentences. Use the passive voice. 1. Ben’s work has inspired so many others. So many others _____________________________________________. are inspired by Ben’s work 2. Their legacy has impacted a lot of people. A lot of people ______________________________________________. 3. We supported them for many years. They ______________________________________________________. 4. His parents influenced him a lot. He ________________________________________________________. 5. The teacher’s support is going to encourage Sarah. Sarah _______________________________________________________. intercambio.org/students

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F


REAL LIFE / YOUR LIFE

H

Read the article about Malala Yousafzai. Underline examples of the passive voice in this article. Compare with a partner.

In 2014, Malala Yousafzai was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize. Malala is known for her fight for the rights of all children to have an education. She was born in Pakistan in 1997 at home because her family did not have enough money for her to be born in a hospital. As a child, she attended a school that was managed by her father. When Malala was about 10 years old, the area where she lived was taken over by a military organization known as the Taliban. The Taliban required women to stay at home. Women were also not allowed to vote or work and many schools for young girls were destroyed. Malala began writing a blog and speaking out about the challenges for the education of young girls in her town. Eventually, the Pakistani government took control of her area and she was allowed to go back to school by the government. However, the Taliban was not happy with her and in 2012 a member of the Taliban shot her. Malala survived the incident and continues to speak out and fight for the right of children everywhere to have an education.

I

Write your answers to the questions. Share with a partner. 1. What do you find most interesting about Malala’s life? ______________________________________________________________________________ 2. How is Malala’s life similar to your life? ______________________________________________________________________________ 3. How is Malala’s life different from your life? ______________________________________________________________________________ 4. How do you think the world has been impacted by people like Malala? ______________________________________________________________________________

CULTURE TIP In the US, recognition and awards are often given to individuals for work and sports. Sports teams win championships as a team, but there is usually an individual MVP (Most Valuable Player). Many companies also recognize employees individually with “employee of the month” awards. What do you think about recognizing individuals? How is it similar or different in your native country? 84

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Malala’s Story “Education is education. We should learn everything and then choose which path to follow.” Education is neither Eastern nor Western, it is human.” —Malala Yousafzai, I Am Malala: The Story of the Girl Who Stood Up for Education and Was Shot by the Taliban


Read about how Leanne would like to be remembered. Discuss with a partner. VALUES THAT ARE IMPORTANT TO ME: My family: Helping others: Learning: Fun:

K

HOW I WANT TO LIVE AND BE REMEMBERED: I want to make sure that I put my family first and am always available to support them in the best way that I can. I want my family members to be encouraged by my kindness. I want to be known for my compassion and integrity. It is important to me to always give what I can to those who have less than I do. I want others to see my actions and be inspired to do more to help. I’ve always been inspired by my teachers, and I want to continue learning throughout my life. Learning makes me happy and sets a good example for my children. Fun is very important to me! I want to live my life in a way that inspires those around me to enjoy life and have a positive attitude. I want to be remembered for always making others smile.

Brainstorm values that are important to you and write how you would like to be remembered. VALUES THAT ARE IMPORTANT TO ME:

HOW I WANT TO LIVE AND BE REMEMBERED:

CONNECT WITH CONVERSATION Get to know a partner. Talk about: • your personal legacy statement: values that are important to you and how you want to live your life • what you want to be remembered for • people that you have been supported by in your life and people that you have supported intercambio.org/students

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15


HOMEWORK

L

Lesson 15 • I’ve Been Supported by So Many People

Complete the sentences in the passive voice with the word in parentheses. 1. When she was young, Jenna _______________________ (inspire) by her mother to become a nurse. was inspired 2. During her life, many people _______________________ (impact) by her compassion. 3. Her husband now lives in New York and ________________ (involve) in many initiatives to help others. 4. Before his wife passed away, he ____________________ (encourage) by her to continue her legacy. 5. He ____________________ (dedicate) to continuing to help others and continue his wife’s mission.

Write the sentences in the passive voice. 1. My parents always encouraged me to study a lot. encouraged to study a lot by my parents. I was always ______________________________________________________________________

2. My teachers supported me when I was in school. I was ____________________________________________________________________________ 3. I want others to know me as someone who works hard. I want to be_______________________________________________________________________ 4. I hope my life will impact many people. I hope many people ________________________________________________________________

JOURNAL PROMPT What do you want to be known for in your life? How would you like to impact others? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ 86

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16

REVIEW & PROGRESS CHECK Check the items you can do. Review the items you can’t. I can… † talk about the news and how to find reliable information (lesson 1) † talk about culture using adjectives and adverbs (lesson 2) † talk about situations and behaviors that bother me or that I appreciate (lesson 3) † talk about different ways to resolve conflicts and use polite requests (lesson 4) † talk about different kinds of education options using that to connect sentences (lesson 5) † talk about privacy and confidentiality using direct and indirect questions (lesson 6) † talk about life experiences using reflexive pronouns (lesson 7)

NOT FOR DUPLCATION

† talk about responsibilities and self-care using too much, too many and enough (lesson 10) † talk about favors and things that people do for others using direct and indirect objects (lesson 11) † talk about how long I and others have been doing actions using the present perfect continuous tense (lesson 12) † use common expressions (lesson 13) † use articles a, an and the (lesson13) † talk about traditions around birth and death using a variety of tenses (lesson 14) † talk about what is important to me in my life and how I want to be remembered using the passive voice (lesson 15)

Answer the questions. 1. What is one thing you can do now? _____________________________________________________________________________________ 2. Write five words you know now. _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________

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REVIEW & PRACTICE

A

Work with a partner. Choose a word below and describe it to your partner. Do not say the word! See if your partner can guess which word you are describing. Switch roles.

B

baby shower

confidential

compromise

fidget

pushy

proud

cramp

bruise

under the weather

when pigs fly

global warming

homelessness

compassionate

research

oath

misunderstanding

pass away

legacy

Write the correct form of the verb in parentheses. Compare with a partner. 1. I appreciate it when my coworker _______________________ (talk) quietly. talks 2. Marcie is still looking for a school. She _____________________ (look) for a long time. 3. Excuse me, would you mind ______________________ (turn down) the music. It’s a little loud. 4. It bothers him when other people __________________________ (fidget). 5. Do you think the information should ______________________________ (be) confidential? 6. The book _____________________ (write) by a scientist that was studying global warming.

C

Complete the sentences with your ideas. Compare with a partner. 1. ___________________________________________________________ should be confidential. 2. I wonder if _____________________________________________________________________. 3. I’d love someone to buy me _______________________________________________________. 4. I want to be remembered for ______________________________________________________. 5. I’m proud of myself for ___________________________________________________________. 6. I have been _______________________________________________________ for a long time. 88

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Example: A: This is something people say when they are feeling sick. B: Under the weather!


16 D

Complete the sentences with too much, too many or enough. Compare with a partner. too much 1. I really need to get a job. I’m feeling bored because I have __________________________ downtime.

2. My cousins want to come visit, but they don’t have ____________________ money to come this year. 3. She’s feeling overwhelmed because she has _________________________________ responsibilities. 4. He doesn’t want to learn how to play guitar. He thinks it’s _____________________________ work! 5. Could you get me some tissues from the store? I’m sick and I don’t think I have _______________ for today. 6. Veronica is so proud of herself. She finally has _____________________ clients to keep her busy! 7. Rick is really stressed because he is working ____________________________ hours. 8. Do you have ___________ supplies for school? If not, I can buy you some at the store.

Complete the the indirect questions. 1. Direct: Is privacy important? privacy is important Indirect: Do you think ________________________________________________________________ ? 2. Direct: How long has our teacher been teaching English? Indirect: Do you know _______________________________________________________________ ? 3. Direct: Are public schools good? Indirect: I wonder if __________________________________________________________________ . 4. Direct: Should people do more to stop global warming? Indirect: Do you think _______________________________________________________________ ?

F

Complete the sentences with that and when. Practice with a partner. Ingrid: Thank you so much for picking me up today! I really appreciate it (1)_____________ you can give when me a ride. Greg: Sure, no problem. It’s great that you work at the same school (2)___________ my daughter goes to. Ingrid: Yeah. Hopefully, I’ll have my own car again soon. I’m looking for one (3)__________ isn’t too expensive. Greg: It can be hard to find the right car. I don’t like shopping for cars. It really bothers me (4)________ the salespeople are too pushy. Ingrid: Oh yeah, me too. I don’t like it (5)_____________ they try to get me to sign a contract right away. I always prefer to wait before I make a decision. Greg: Well, I hope you find a car (6)______________ works for you soon and that you don’t have to deal with any pushy salespeople! Ingrid: Ha ha. Thanks, Greg! intercambio.org/students

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Review Game. Play with a partner or in a small group. Take turns choosing a category and answering the question. Write your points down for correct answers. Does it bother you when? (make a question)

Too much, too many or enough?

Expressions (make a sentence)

100 people / talk / loud?

100 I need more milk. I don’t have ______ for the recipe

100 under the weather

200 coworker / fidget

200 We don’t feel good. We ate __________ cookies.

200 hit the nail on the head

300 salespeople / pushy

300 You drink _________ coffee. You really need to cut back on it

300 when pigs fly

400 people / text and drive

400 They’re overwhelmed. They have _________ to do.

400 best of both worlds

500 people / not / look you directly in the eye

500 Do we have ________ sugar to bake a cake?

500 once in a blue moon

My points: ___________________________ Notes:

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How long have you…? (make a question)

When or that?

100 100 She wants a live in your house _______ current home has a big backyard.

Add the correct form of the word and answer the question 100 Do you speak _________ (loud)?

200 study English

200 They love it ________ their kids pick up their toys.

200 Is your home _______ (close) to here?

300 work at your current job

300 Do you appreciate it ________ people talk slowly?

300 Do you do your homework ________ (quick)?

400 take class

400 Did they find a school _______ offers scholarships?

400 Do you prefer _______ (direct) communication?

500 live in the US

500 He took an oath _______ made him promise to keep it confidential.

500 Do you usually find information _______ (easy)?

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G


16

PROGRESS CHECK Total: 50 x 2 = 100

Listen to Track 15. Circle the correct answer. (2 points each) 1. Brad has been learning how to

a. play the guitar.

b. draw.

2. He’s taking a class at

a. the community center.

b. the community college.

3. His class is on

a. Tuesdays.

b. Thursdays.

4. Ariel wants to learn how to

a. play music.

b. draw.

5. She says the class will help her learn more a. easily.

B

C

b. quickly.

Circle the correct answer. (1 point each) 1. My sister is looking for a school when / that has extracurricular activities.

2. We’ve never been to that restaurant. Do you know where is it / it is?

3. My brother is taking a lot of classes. He likes the one / the ones that are about math and science.

4. Can you get me / get for me some medicine from the pharmacy?

5. He likes his job, but he is working too much / too many hours.

6. They had a / the great solution for the problem. They hit the nail on the head!

7. I didn’t like talking to the pushy salesperson. He was speaking so quick / quickly!

8. We did it! We should be so proud of ourselves / themselves.

Write the correct form of the verb in parentheses. (1 point each) 1. Would it be possible ______________________________ (talk) it out? to talk 2. It really bothers me when people ____________________________ (complain). 3. We don’t know if he ________________________(go) to the memorial service tomorrow. 4. Would you mind _________________________ (pick up) some things for me from the grocery store? 5. You still play the guitar? How long ______________________________ (play)? 6. He really needs to set a goal for himself that ___________________ (not / be) overwhelming. 7. Do you know if the news story you read this morning _________________ (be) from a reliable source? 8. We are having so much fun. We are really ___________________________ (enjoy) ourselves.

________/ 22

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A

My score________/ 100


D

Complete the sentences with too much, too many or enough. (1 point each) too much responsibility right now. 1. He’s feeling very overwhelmed. He has ________________

2. It is difficult to work there. There is _______________ gossip. 3. She hesitated to invite everyone to her home. She didn’t want to have ______________ people there. 4. They have ______________sources of information to write a good article. They don’t need any more. 5. We’d love our class, but our teacher gives us _________________ homework! We’d prefer to have less.

E

Complete the sentences with the words in parentheses. (2 points each) kids should have homework 1. Do you think ____________________________________________? ( should / kids / have homework)

2. Do you know _____________________________________________? (where / be / the school) 3. I wonder if _________________________________________________. (like / she / the school)

(they / play / piano)

F

Rewrite the sentences with the passive. (2 points each) 1. They supported her a lot. She was supported by them a lot. _____________________________________________________________________________________

2. A teacher wrote the article. _____________________________________________________________________________________ 3. Global warming impacts a lot of people. _____________________________________________________________________________________ 4. Many people completed the census. _____________________________________________________________________________________ 5. The children picked up the toys. _____________________________________________________________________________________

G

STOP. Wait for your teacher. (2 points each) Score

92

1. 0

1

2

Teacher Notes Lesson :

2. 0

1

2

Lesson:

3. 0

1

2

Lesson :

4. 0

1

2

5. 0

1

2

Lesson : Lesson :

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4. They are still playing piano. Do you know how long______________________________________?


QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE Simple Past

Irregular Verbs I Know measure

measured

Present

Simple Past

Past Participle

add

added

mix

mixed

(be) am/is/are

was/were

been

aerate

aerated

observe

observed

blow out

blew out

blown out

apologize

apologized

open

opened

break

broke

broken

appreciate

appreciated

organize

organized

bury

buried

buried

bake

baked

owe

owed

build

built

built

believe

believed

pack

packed

buy

bought

bought

blame

blamed

participate

participated

come

came

come

bother

bothered

pass away

passed away

do

did

done

call

called

perform

performed

eat

ate

eaten

carry

carried

pick up

picked up

fall

fell

fallen

change

changed

play

played

feel

felt

felt

collect

collected

preheat

preheated

forget

forgot

forgotten

compare

compared

prepare

prepared

find

found

found

complain

complained

pretend

pretended

get

got

gotten

compromise

compromised

prioritize

prioritized

give

gave

given

confirm

confirmed

reach

reached

go

went

gone

cook

cooked

resolve

resolved

grow

grew

grown

create

created

return

returned

have

had

had

dislocate

dislocated

save

saved

hear

heard

heard

encourage

encouraged

separate

separated

hit

hit

hit

enjoy

enjoyed

share

shared

know

knew

known

exercise

exercised

shred

shredded

leave

left

left

excite

excited

solve

solved

lose

lost

lost

explore

explored

sprain

sprained

make

made

made

fidget

fidgeted

start

started

pay

paid

paid

figure out

figured out

stay away from

stayed away from

prove

proved

proven

floss

flossed

stir

stirred

put away

put away

put away

hack

hacked

support

supported

quit

quit

quit

happen

happened

tire of

tired of

read

read

read

heal

healed

use

used

rely

relied

relied

help

helped

want

wanted

ride

rode

ridden

hesitate

hesitated

work

worked

say

said

said

hope

hoped

phrasal verb

see

saw

seen

improve

improved

set

set

set

impact

impacted

spend

spent

spent

influence

influenced

steal

stole

stolen

interest

interested

take

took

taken

invite

invited

take out

took out

taken out

introduce

introduced

teach

taught

taught

tear up

tore up

torn up

tell

told

told

think

thought

thought

wear

wore

worn

write

wrote

written

inspire

inspired

learn

learned

like

liked

load

loaded

log in

logged in

look

looked

NOT FOR DUPLCATION

Regular Verbs I Know Present

phrasal verb

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VOCABULARY WITH STRESS AND COLOR VOWEL SOUNDS Color Vowel® Chart

Lesson 1: You Can’t Believe Everything You Read

Lesson 4: Would It Be Possible to Compromise?

Lesson 7: I’m So Proud of Myself!

accurate

BLACK CAT

blame

GRAY DAY

agreement

GREEN TEA

OLIVE SOCK/ AUBURN DOG

by yourself

RED PEPPER

author

communication

GRAY DAY

enjoy

TURQUOISE TOY

compromise

OLIVE SOCK/ AUBURN DOG

feel sorry for

OLIVE SOCK/ AUBURN DOG

conflict

OLIVE SOCK/ AUBURN DOG

help

RED PEPPER

proud of

BROWN COW

on your own

ROSE BOAT

set goals for

ROSE BOAT

biased

WHITE TIE

fact

BLACK CAT

global warming

ORANGE DOOR/ AUBURN DOG + R

hoax

ROSE BOAT

homelessness

ROSE BOAT

opinion

SILVER PIN

prove

disagreement

GREEN TEA

find

WHITE TIE

problem

OLIVE SOCK/ AUBURN DOG

BLUE MOON

reach

GREEN TEA

downtime

BROWN COW

reliable

WHITE TIE

resolve

give up control

ROSE BOAT

research

GREEN TEA

OLIVE SOCK/ AUBURN DOG OLIVE SOCK/ AUBURN DOG

GRAY DAY

solve

too much on your plate make time for

WHITE TIE

solution

BLUE MOON

me time

GREEN TEA

talk (it) out

BROWN COW

mind

WHITE TIE

prioritize

ORANGE DOOR/ AUBURN DOG + R

source

ORANGE DOOR / AUBURN DOG + R

Lesson 2: He Didn’t Look Me in the Eye

Lesson 10: I Have Too Much on My Plate

appropriate

ROSE BOAT

behavior

GRAY DAY

Lesson 5: She Likes the One with the Online Learning Program

body language

OLIVE SOCK / AUBURN DOG

campus

BLACK CAT

responsibilities

SILVER PIN

charter school

OLIVE SOCK + R/

set boundaries

BROWN COW

BLUE MOON

community college

OLIVE SOCK

spirit

GREEN TEA + R

degree program

GREEN TEA

take control of

ROSE BOAT

extracurricular

SILVER PIN

Lesson 11: Can You Get Me Some Medicine?

financial aid

GRAY DAY

bruise

BLUE MOON

online learning program

PURPLE SHIRT

chills

SILVER PIN

public school

CUP OF MUSTARD

cramp

BLACK CAT

private school

WHITE TIE

got it

OLIVE SOCK/ AUBURN DOG

scholarship

OLIVE SOCK/ AUBURN DOG

I owe you one

ROSE BOAT

meal

GREEN TEA

miserable

SILVER PIN

supermarket

BLUE MOON

supplies

WHITE TIE

tissues

SILVER PIN

come to a conclusion communication

GRAY DAY

direct

RED PEPPER

independent

RED PEPPER/ SILVER PIN

indirect

RED PEPPER

misunderstanding

BLACK CAT

observe

PURPLE SHIRT

offensive

RED PEPPER/ SILVER PIN

quick

SILVER PIN

Lesson 3: It Really Bothers Me When They Do That!

tuition

SILVER PIN

university

PURPLE SHIRT

Lesson 6: Do You Know if It’s Confidential?

bother

OLIVE SOCK

access

BLACK CAT

can’t stand it

BLACK CAT

census

complain

GRAY DAY

RED PEPPER/ SILVER PIN

don’t mind it

WHITE TIE

confidential

RED PEPPER/ SILVER PIN

drives me crazy

GRAY DAY

Lesson 12: How Long Has He Been Playing the Guitar? be into

SILVER PIN SILVER PIN

HIPAA

SILVER PIN

build

data

GRAY DAY

confirm

PURPLE SHIRT GRAY DAY

fidget

SILVER PIN

pick up after

CUP OF MUSTARD

oath

ROSE BOAT

create

public displays of affection (PDA)

RED PEPPER (PDA: GRAY DAY)

private

WHITE TIE

explore

pushy

WOODEN HOOK

share

GRAY DAY + R

ORANGE DOOR / AUBURN DOG + R

PURPLE SHIRT

BROWN COW

GRAY DAY

survey

figure out

put away

RED PEPPER

warrant

ORANGE DOOR/ AUBURN DOG + R

hesitate

show up

CUP OF MUSTARD

uncomfortable

CUP OF MUSTARD

whine

WHITE TIE

94

Student Book 5 RIGHT

weight

GRAY DAY

participate in

SILVER PIN

perform

ORANGE DOOR / AUBURN DOG + R

NOT FOR DUPLCATION

Vocabulary


prepare

GRAY DAY + R

Pronouns

pretend

SILVER PIN/ RED PEPPER

Subject Pronoun

rely on

WHITE TIE

I

me

my

mine

myself

will do

BLUE MOON

you

you

your

yours

yourself

Object Pronoun

Possessive Adjective

Possessive Pronoun

Reflexive Pronouns

Lesson 13: I’m a Little Under the Weather

we

us

our

ours

ourselves

best of both worlds

PURPLE SHIRT

he

him

his

his

himself

call it a day

GRAY DAY

she

her

her

hers

herself

hit the nail on the head

GRAY DAY

they

them

their

theirs

themselves

expression

RED PEPPER

piece of cake

GRAY DAY

once in a blue moon

BLUE MOON

under the weather

RED PEPPER

when pigs fly

WHITE TIE

baby shower

GRAY DAY

birth

PURPLE SHIRT

bury

RED PEPPER + R/ WOODEN HOOK + R

celebration

GRAY DAY

certificate

SILVER PIN

death

RED PEPPER

memorial service

ORANGE DOOR/ AUBURN DOG + R

nursery

PURPLE SHIRT

pass away

GRAY DAY

tradition

SILVER PIN

will

SILVER PIN

NOT FOR DUPLCATION

Lesson 14: How Are They Going to Celebrate the Birth?

Lesson 15: I’ve Been Supported by So Many People authentic

RED PEPPER

compassionate

BLACK CAT

encourage

PURPLE SHIRT

impact (verb)

BLACK CAT (verb) / SILVER PIN (noun)

influence

SILVER PIN

inspire

WHITE TIE

integrity

RED PEPPER

legacy

RED PEPPER

support

ORANGE DOOR / AUBURN DOG + R

intercambio.org/students

95


COLOR VOWEL WORDS

96

GREEN TEA

WHITE TIE

SILVER PIN

PURPLE SHIRT

GRAY DAY

OLIVE SOCK

RED PEPPER

BLACK CAT

Student Book 5 RIGHT

NOT FOR DUPLCATION

Write words you learn in the correct Color Vowel Box below. Underline the stressed syllable.


BLUE MOON

CUP OF MUSTARD

WOODEN HOOK

AUBURN DOG

ROSE BOAT

ORANGE DOOR

BROWN COW

intercambio.org/students

NOT FOR DUPLCATION

TURQUOISE TOY

97


CONVERSATION PRACTICE USING LANGUAGE TOOLS Lesson 1 You need to be careful when you read the news. There are some stories that aren’t accurate. Homelessness is becoming a major issue. They have been researching the cause of global warming. The story wasn’t true. It was a hoax. They have found many sources of information. She’s going to write a story about the death penalty. They don’t think we will be able to prove it.

They serve food slowly. She works quickly. Lesson 3 It bothers me when my brother complains. I like it when we work together. Lesson 4 Is it okay if I turn down the music? Could you please close the door? Would it be possible to change the appointment? Would you mind turning off the TV?

Lesson 5 Which school do you prefer? Which schools does she like the best? Which school is he going to go to? Lesson 6 Direct Should the government have access to people’s phone data? Is it okay to ask someone about their salary? Where is the store? Can the police search without a warrant? Will they go to the party this year?

98

Student Book 5 RIGHT

I like the one that has extracurricular activities. She like the ones that have online classes. He’s going to go to the one that offered him a scholarship.

Indirect Do you think the government should have access to people’s phone data? Do you think it is okay to ask someone about their salary? Do you know where the store is? Do you know if the police can search without a warrant? I wonder if they will go to the party this year.

NOT FOR DUPLCATION

Lesson 2 The service is slow. She is a quick worker.


Lesson 7 I made myself breakfast yesterday. She’s very careful when she cooks. She doesn’t want to hurt herself. He doesn’t want to hire a handyman. He’s going to do it himself. It was difficult at first, but then they started to enjoy themselves. He did the dishes by himself. He did the dishes on his own. Lesson 10 I have too much on my plate. He has too many responsibilities. She doesn’t have enough downtime. / She has enough work. Exceptions

Lesson 12 How long has he been playing guitar? How long has she been performing? What have they been doing?

× (NOT He explained me the situation.) × (NOT She described him the problem.) × (NOT They suggested him this medication.)

NOT FOR DUPLCATION

He explained the situation to me. She described the problem to him. They suggested this medication for him.

He has been playing for many years. She has been performing every weekend since May. They’ve been building furniture. Lesson 13 Maybe you should take a nap. It’s an expression. Thanks for helping me with the yard. Do you get headaches a lot? (no article) Lesson 14 We have a lot of celebrations this month. I am going to a baby shower. Last week, we met with a lawyer and made a will. He has never gone to a memorial service. She’s going to have her baby this summer.

Lesson 15 She inspires people. His passion encourages his student. Many people supported them.

People are inspired by her. His student is encouraged by his passion. They were supported by many people. intercambio.org/students

99


Base form = verb in the most basic form walk Gerund = verb + ing. The gerund always works as a noun. Walking is quicker than driving. Past Participle = verb + ed (regular verbs). Irregular forms vary. Used to form the present perfect tense. He has worked for 3 years. I have gone there many times. Phrasal verb = verb + preposition. These usually have a different meaning than the verb alone. I work every day = I go to my job every day. I work out every day = I exercise every day. Modal verb = a special kind of verb that we use to talk about certainty, advice, possibility, ability and others. I can work every day. = I have the ability I should work every day. = it’s a good idea if I work every day Simple Present Base form of verb (+s with he/she/it) I walk to school every day. She walks to school on Tuesdays. We use the simple present for repeated actions or habits. Present Continuous Correct form of be + base form + ing He‘s walking to school right now. We use the present continuous to talk about an action taking place right now. I’m walking to work tomorrow because my car broke down. We can also use the present continuous to talk about the future.

100

Student Book 5 RIGHT

Simple Past Base form + -ed I walked yesterday. We use the simple past to talk about completed actions in the past. Past Continuous Past form of be + base form + ing He was walking to school yesterday. We use the past continuous to talk about an action taking place at a certain time in the past. Future with going to Present tense of be + going to + base form of verb I’m going to walk to work next week. We use going to talk about (planned) actions in the future. Future with will will + base form of verb I will walk to work next week. We use will to talk about actions in the future or offers. We use will for predictions, promises and when we have not made specific plans. Present Perfect have/has + past participle He has left for work already. I have called her twice. We use the present perfect for actions that happened at an unspecified time in the past. We can also use it for actions that began in the past and still continue or are repeated. Present Perfect Continuous have/has + been + verb+ing He has been walking to work all summer. I have been calling her since 9 a.m. We use the present perfect continuous for actions that began in the past and are still going on. Passive be + past participle of the verb + by + person or thing that does the action The house was bought by their friends.

NOT FOR DUPLCATION

Infinitive = to + verb to walk


CONFIDENCE and CONNECTIONS Student Book

C O NF IDE N C E A ND C O NNE C T I O N S

Confidence and Connections was developed by Intercambio Uniting Communities to offer practical English language acquisition for adults. The series was designed for both 1-on-1 and group learning environments. The hallmark of this curriculum is its unique focus on building confidence and personal connections between students and teacher.

B O O K 5R

Each lesson culminates with a Connect with Conversation activity, providing students a safe place to practice speaking English while getting to know their fellow students and teacher. In addition, every lesson includes a pronunciation exercise to help students learn and practice the many sounds and rhythm of the language.

TM

There are 2 books per level, L (left) and R (right), enabling shorter completion cycles per level. Completing a book builds student confidence and allows a shorter waiting period for a returning student. Together these two books, L and R, complete a level and you can begin with either one. Build your community by teaching and learning English The Intercambio Way™.

Adult ESL The Intercambio Way Intercambio is a 501 (c) 3 nonprofit organization founded in 2001. In addition to our successful and continually advancing program in Boulder Colorado, we support and share best practices with organizations across the country that use our curriculum, training and resources. We are committed to learning from everyone. Please share ideas or feedback with us at www.intercambio.org/comments $12.00 ISBN 978-1-947639-25-6

51200

www.intercambio.org • resources@intercambio.org 9 781947 639256

TM

5R

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Confidence and Connections Student Book 5 RIGHT  

Intercambio developed this easy-to-use series Adult ELL curriculum with input from our adult ESL students, teachers and program partners acr...

Confidence and Connections Student Book 5 RIGHT  

Intercambio developed this easy-to-use series Adult ELL curriculum with input from our adult ESL students, teachers and program partners acr...