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CONFIDENCE and CONNECTIONS Student Book

C O NF IDE N C E A ND C O NNE C T I O N S

Confidence and Connections was developed by Intercambio Uniting Communities to offer practical English language acquisition for adults. The series was designed for both 1-on-1 and group learning environments. The hallmark of this curriculum is its unique focus on building confidence and personal connections between students and teacher.

B O O K 4L

Each lesson culminates with a Connect with Conversation activity, providing students a safe place to practice speaking English while getting to know their fellow students and teacher. In addition, every lesson includes a pronunciation exercise to help students learn and practice the many sounds and rhythm of the language.

TM

There are 2 books per level, L (left) and R (right), enabling shorter completion cycles per level. Completing a book builds student confidence and allows a shorter waiting period for a returning student. Together these two books, L and R, complete a level and you can begin with either one. Build your community by teaching and learning English The Intercambio Way™.

Adult ESL The Intercambio Way Intercambio is a 501 (c) 3 nonprofit organization founded in 2001. In addition to our successful and continually advancing program in Boulder Colorado, we support and share best practices with organizations across the country that use our curriculum, training and resources. We are committed to learning from everyone. Please share ideas or feedback with us at www.intercambio.org/comments $12.00 ISBN 978-1-947639-22-5

51200

www.intercambio.org • resources@intercambio.org 9 781947 639225

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4L


Student Name____________________________________________________________ Teacher Name_____________________________________________________________ Teacher Phone Number_____________________________________________________

w

r

y

Teacher E-mail____________________________________________________________

w

y

Want more practice? Go to: www.intercambio.org/students

GREEN TEA

SILVER PIN

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ROSE BOAT ORANGE DOOR y

TURQUOISE TOY

RED PEPPER

WHITE TIE North American English Fifth Edition

BLACK CAT

OLIVE SOCK

AUBURN DOG

w

I CAN LEARN ENGLISH I WILL PRACTICE NO EXCUSES

a CUP of MUSTARD

r

PEOPLE

WOODEN HOOK w

y

CONNECTING

GRAY DAY

y

TEACHING ENGLISH

BLUE MOON

PURPLE SHIRT

BROWN COW

Twentieth Anniversary Edition

The Color Vowel® Chart

K. Taylor, S. Thompson © 2018

All rights reserved. This material or any part of it may not be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without express permission from the claimants. All inquiries should be addressed to info@ColorVowelChart.org www.colorvowelchart.org


Intercambio Uniting Communities © 2019 Confidence and Connections is in copyright. Subject to statutory exception and to the provisions of relevant collective licensing agreements, no reproduction of any part may take place without the written permission of Intercambio Uniting Communities. ©

First Edition 2019

intercambio.org/students

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Confidence and Connections Adult ESL The Intercambio™ Way


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Student Book 4 LEFT


CREDITS Level 4 Left Concept Lee Shainis Writers Leanne Chacon, Jessica Ebersole, Amber Gallup and Sarah James Editor Debbie Goldman Consultant Rachel Gracie Freeman

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Design and Layout David Olivares and Bob Walter Martin Miller Design Interns Naomi Braginsky, Arik Burton and Ping Wu Design Concept Caitlyn Ko Project Management Marcie Gorman Smith Proofreading Vicki Czech Support Team Becky Campbell-Howe, Susan Corbett, Maye Cordero, Rachel Fuchs, Greg Jones, Ingrid Justin, Kris King and Susan Litt Teacher Book Team Rachel Fuchs and Elena Vasileva Rachel Gracie Freeman, Linda Hayes-Angiano, Jennifer Kurtz and Rosie Piller

Thank you to the following organizations and agencies that support our work and made the development of Confidence and Connections possible. Argosy Foundation Jacques M. Littlefield Foundation Red Empress Foundation Schocken Foundation Workforce Boulder County intercambio.org/students

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SCOPE AND SEQUENCE Title

1

What’s Up?

2

I’d Like Both

3

Were You Speeding?

4

Have You Ever Been to Las Vegas?

5

She’s Had a Fever for Two Days

6

Have You Changed the Locks Yet?

7

Could You Pick Up My Mail?

Grammar

• Greet others and respond to common greetings using a variety of verb tenses

• Either, neither and both

Talk about likes, dislikes and understanding why someone likes or doesn’t like something

• Talk about different kinds of cars • Talk about things you like or don’t like using both, either and neither

• Past continuous and simple past with while and when

Discusss what’s legal vs. illegal in the US compared to other countries and opinions about laws

• Talk about basic laws in the US and what to do if you get pulled over by the police

• Present perfect (Have you ever…?)

Talk about things you’ve done, haven’t done, don’t want to do, and want to do

• Talk about things you’ve done before, using the present perfect tense

• Present perfect with for and since / Use of “for” – period of time Use of “since” – specific time

Talk about something you’ve done for a long time and something you’ve just started doing

• Talk about symptoms and what to do if you or someone else is sick • Talk about how long you’ve done something or felt a certain way • Be aware of different health care options in the US

• Already and yet

Discuss things you need to do when you move and things you’ve done or would like to change about your current home

• Talk about things you haven’t done yet and things you’ve already done • Know important information about moving in the US

• Borrow vs. lend and polite requests with could

Discuss borrowing and lending things and what makes a good neighbor

• Ask for things you need to borrow • Ask for help when you go on a vacation • Offer to help others by lending things

Review and Progress Check

9

Field Trip

10

What’s Your Opinion?

11

12

If I Could Have Any Job...

13

I Disagree!

14

And Then I Got Married

Talk about what you would do in • Present unreal different situations such as spam, conditional (What would you do if...) robo-calls and whether you have been a victim of scam

• Know about some scams in the US and what to do if someone tries to trick you

• Compound sentences with and, or, so, & but

• Write a compound sentence using and, Give opinions on government or, so, & but with correct punctuation health care and comparing health care in the US to your native country • Use language relating to working parents and childcare

• Present unreal conditional (If you could.../What would...)

Discuss what you would do in hypothetical situations about jobs, travel and other topics

• Agreeing and disagreeing

Give your opinions on various topics • Tell people if you agree or disagree and give your opinion such as free college tuition, HOA rules, dogs at work, etc.

• It’s + adjective + infinitive

Discuss milestones in life and special memories

• Talk about life events using the “get passive” (got married, got promoted, etc.)

Talk about differences between what is rude in your native country and in the US

• Talk about behaviors that are rude, polite, important

15

• Wh-questions with Is It Rude to Show need to Up Late?

16

Review and Progress Check

iv

By End of Lesson, You Can:

• Review of past, present Discuss how you greet someone and future in different situations and how greetings can be confusing

8

What Would You Do?

Conversation

Student Book 4 LEFT

• Talk about dream jobs, trips and places

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1

WHAT’S UP? Listening warm-up. Track 01: Do Matt and Marta know each other?

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Pre Pre

VOCABULARY WORDS & PHRASES

AA

Repeat after your teacher. GREETINGS

RESPONSES

What’s up?

Not much.

What’s going on?

Not a lot.

What’s new?

Same old, same old.

How are you doing?

Great.

How’s it going?

It’s all good. Not bad.

PRONUNCIATION

TIP:

Circle the uh (schwa) sound. A

a

amazing

uh-ma-zing

e

celebrate

cel-uh-brate

i

family

fam-uh-ly

o

anybody

a-ny-buh-dee

u

support

suh-pport

banana

president

succeed

emergency

Uh (schwa) is the most common sound in English! If you want to say yes or no using uh try this: yes: uh-HUH no: HUH-uh

famous intercambio.org/students

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VOCABULARY PRACTICE

BB

Circle the correct responses. Practice with a partner. 1. What’s up?

a. Not much, just busy.

b. I’m good.

2. What’s going on?

a. Not a lot, just working.

b. Good, thanks.

3. How are you doing?

a. Not much.

b. Good, and you?

4. How’s it going?

a. Not a lot.

b. Good, you?

5. What’s new?

a. Not much. Same old.

b. Good.

LISTENING Listen again to Track 01. Check the things that describe each person. Matt

DD

Marta

o works at the supermarket

P

o works at the supermarket

o started a new job last week

o started a new job last week

o needs to buy some hamburger meat

o needs to buy some hamburger meat

o is having a party this weekend

o is having a party this weekend

o has a son named Javier

o has a son named Javier

o works this weekend

o works this weekend

Listen to your teacher and repeat. TALKING ABOUT THE PAST When did you start your job?

I started last weekend. TALKING ABOUT THE PRESENT

What do you do now?

I’m a cook.

Do you like it?

Yes, I do. TALKING ABOUT THE FUTURE

What are you going to do this weekend?

I’m going to a party.

What are your plans for next year?

I’m going to start cooking school. I’ll start cooking school in August.

2

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1

GRAMMAR PRACTICE

EE

Match the questions and the answers. d Where are you going this weekend? a. She’s good! 1. _____

2. _____ How is she doing? b. They’re going to go camping. 3. _____ What does he do on the weekends? c. Yes, he did. 4. _____ Does she like it? d. I’m going to a birthday party. 5. _____ When did they go to the party? e. Yes, she does. 6. _____ Did he start his new job? f. They went on Saturday. 7. _____ What are they going to do this summer? g. He plays soccer.

FF

Circle the correct words to complete the conversation. Walt:

Hey Ernesto. Long time no see! How are you (1) doing / do?

Walt:

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Ernesto: I’m good. How (2) are / was you? How’s your family? We’re all good, too. The kids are (3) start / starting school next week. They were on break for the summer.

Ernesto: Oh wow! They’re so big. Are they (4) going / go to play any sports this year? Walt:

They’re not sure. They (5) play / played soccer last year, but this year they think they’ll (6) play / playing tennis.

Ernesto: That’s great. Will you (7) go / going to all of their matches? Walt:

GG

I’ll (8) try / tried.

Write answers to the questions. Use the words in parentheses. They’re good. 1. How are they doing? ____________________________________________ (be good)

2. What are you and Jorge going to do this weekend? _____________________________________ (play soccer) 3. Did he start school? _____________________________________________________ (no / start next week) 4. What does she do now? ____________________________________________________ (work downtown) 5. Where did they go over the break? _______________________________________________ (go camping / lake) 6. What are we going to do this summer? _________________________________________ (go on vacation / beach) intercambio.org/students

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REAL LIFE / YOUR LIFE Look at the chart about common greetings in different countries. Answer the questions.

TIBET Stick out your tongue to show that you do not have any bad thoughts.

ITALY Kiss on the cheeks four times – twice on the left and twice on the right.

THAILAND Place your hands together and bow your head slightly.

JAPAN

NETHERLANDS Shake hands and say your last name.

GABON Shake hands with both hands.

“Ohayu” – from morning to noon “Konnichiwa” – until night “Konbanwa” – in the evening “Oyasumi” – only before going to bed

Bow from the waist. 1. Where is it common to give kisses on the cheeks? _____________________________________

2. Where is it common to bow only your head? _____________________________________

4. Why do people in Tibet stick out their 3. If it is 10 a.m. in Japan, what greeting is tongue when they say hello? most common? ____________________________________ ____________________________________ 6. Where is it common to shake hands with 5. If Jon’s full name is Jon Green, where will he both hands? introduce himself as “Green”? ____________________________________ ____________________________________

CULTURE TIP Greetings in the US often depend on how well you know the person. When people here meet someone for the first time, they will often shake hands or wave. If they know a person well, they will often hug or give a closer handshake. If you’re not sure how to greet someone, you can wait to see how they will greet you. Is this the same in your native country? 4

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JI

1 Read about Rita’s first social event in the United States. My first social event in the US was at my friend Jenny’s home. She invited me to a dinner with some other people that she knows. When I arrived at her home, she introduced me to the people that were there. In my native country, we give a kiss on the cheek when we meet someone new. So when I met her friends, I began to kiss them on the cheeks, but they gave me strange looks and a couple of them tried to shake my hand instead. Jenny explained to me that in the US it’s not so common to kiss someone on the cheek, especially when you first meet them. I apologized, but everyone said that there was no need to apologize, and we all laughed. When I was getting ready to leave, I went to shake everyone’s hands to say goodbye. However, my friend and all of her guests hugged me instead. They told me we were good friends now and could hug. We all laughed again. In the end, it was a very fun evening and we all learned something new!

KJ

Discuss with a partner. 1. How do you think Rita felt at the beginning of the dinner? 2. How do you think Rita felt at the end of the dinner? 3. What do you think everyone learned?

Complete the Greetings Survey below with your opinions. 1. How do you greet someone you are meeting for the first time? o wave o hug o kiss on the cheek o handshake

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KK

o other: ____________________

2. How would you greet a friend that you haven’t see in a long time? o wave o hug o kiss on the cheek o handshake o other: ____________________ 3. How do you greet your family members each day? o wave o hug o kiss on the cheek o handshake

o other: ____________________

4. How do you greet someone that you are seeing for a service? (ex. doctor, hairdresser, bank teller, etc.) o wave o hug o kiss on the cheek o handshake o other: ____________________ 5. How do you greet your neighbors when you see them outside? o wave o hug o kiss on the cheek o handshake

o other: ____________________

6. How surprised were you by how people greet each other in the US? o a lot o a little o not at all

CONNECT WITH CONVERSATION Get to know a partner. Talk about: • their answers to the Greetings Survey • if they are ever confused by greetings in the US intercambio.org/students

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HOMEWORK

MM

Match the questions and the answers. e How is she doing? 1. _____

a. They went to the movies.

2. _____ What does she do now?

b. Same old, same old.

3. _____ What’s he up to these days?

c. He’s going to the gym a lot.

4. _____ What’s new?

d. They’re going shopping.

5. _____ What did they do last weekend?

e. She’s good. She’s very busy!

6. _____ What are they going to do this weekend?

f. She works at the restaurant with me.

Write the correct form of the word. 1. Q: How are you doing?

2. Q: What are they doing tonight?

working (work) a lot. A: I’m doing good! I’m ___________

A: They’re ____________ (study) tonight.

3. Q: Where did he go on Friday?

4. Q: What does she do now?

A: He _________ (go) dancing with some friends. A: She ______________ (volunteer) at the hospital 5. Q: When did they do the laundry? A: They _________ (do) it last night.

NN

6. Q: Did they have what you needed? A: Yes, they ___________ (have) it.

Unscramble the sentences. 1. you? / with / new / What’s

________________________________________ What’s new with you?

2. How / doing? / are / they

________________________________________

3. go / When / going / they / are / to work? / to

________________________________________

4. vacation / We’re / going / go / to / next / week. / on ________________________________________ 5. did / When / kids / your / school? / start

________________________________________

JOURNAL PROMPT How do you normally greet people in your native country? Is it the same or different in the US? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ 6

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LL

Lesson 1 • What’s Up?


2

I’D LIKE BOTH Listening warm-up. Track 02: What is the customer looking for?

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Pre Pre

VOCABULARY WORDS & PHRASES

AA

Repeat after your teacher. SUV

mileage

minivan

used vehicle

warranty

all-wheel drive

economical

anti-theft

keyless entry

hybrid

PRONUNCIATION A

Listen and repeat after your teacher. Practice the WHITE TIE sound. Write the words with the WHITE TIE sound in the box. WHITE TIE drive 1. ___________________________________

2. ___________________________________ 3. ___________________________________

drive

hybrid

automatic

mileage

warranty

entry

minivan

activity

my

4. ___________________________________

intercambio.org/students

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VOCABULARY

BB

Complete the sentences with words from the box. hybrid

manual

anti-theft

all-wheel drive

mileage

warranty

economical

keyless entry

all-wheel drive 1. The minivan doesn’t drive well in the snow. It doesn’t have _______________________________.

2. His car has _________________________________, so he opens the doors by remote. 3. This car comes with a 1-year ______________________________ that covers repairs. 4. Our car doesn’t use much gasoline because it is a ______________________________. 5. That SUV is older than this one, but it doesn’t have as much _____________________________. 6. The jeep isn’t automatic. It’s _____________________________. 7. Hannah likes SUVs, but they are less _____________________________ than most cars. 8. She parks on the street, so she wants an ________________________________ system.

CC

Listen again to Track 02. Fill in the bubble with the correct answer. 1. The customer is looking at

a new cars.

b used cars.

2. She’d like to buy

a both an SUV and a minivan.

b either an SUV or a minivan.

3. She’d like the car to have an a anti-theft system and keyless entry.

b anti-theft system or keyless entry.

4. The SUV and the minivan are both

a

hybrids.

b all-wheel drive.

5. Neither of the cars is

a

a hybrid.

b all-wheel drive.

LANGUAGE TOOLS

DD

Listen to your teacher and repeat. Which can you afford, the minivan or the SUV?

Which do you prefer?

What are you looking for? 8

Student Book 4 LEFT

Both of them are good. Either of them works. Neither the minivan nor the SUV. I like both. Either. It doesn’t matter. I don’t like either. Neither of them works for me. I want a car that is both all-wheel drive and economical.

• We use either to indicate one of two things. Either = R or R • We use both for two things together. Both = R and R • We use neither to indicate negative. Neither = S nor S • We can use either for a negative when there’s already a negative in the sentence. (I don’t like either) Negative + Either = S

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LISTENING


2

GRAMMAR PRACTICE Circle the correct word. 1. Q: Which do you want? A: Either is good. I like both / neither.

2. Q: Which can they afford? A: Neither / Both of them. Now they have to decide which one.

3. Q: Which do you want to buy? A: Both / Neither. I don’t like either of them. 4. 5. Q: Does he want the blue one or the 6. black one? A: He doesn’t want either / neither. 7. Q: Which do you want, beans or rice? A: I want both / either of them together. 9. Q: Does she want to walk or bike to work? A: She doesn’t want to do either / both.

FF

Q: Which will she prefer? A: They are both / either great. Q: Do they want a minivan or an SUV? A: Neither / Either the minivan nor the SUV work for them.

8. Q: What are you looking for? A: I want a shirt that is both / either green or yellow. 10. Q: Does Elmer want to work full time or part time? A: Neither / Either of them works for him. He wants a job!

Complete the sentences with both, either or neither.

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EE

Neither the SUV nor the truck works for her. 1. _______________

2. We want manual or automatic. _______________ is okay. 3. Ben is looking for a car that is _______________ a hybrid and economical. 4. Do you want your car to have _______________ an anti-theft system and keyless entry? 5. _______________ the car nor the minivan works for us. 6. You can go by bus or car. _______________ way is convenient. 7. Rachel can drive _______________ manual and automatic cars.

GG

Put the conversation in the correct order. 1. _________ Cowboy Carl: Yes, we do! We have these two smaller cars. Both of them are less expensive. Do you want to take them for a test drive? 2. _________ Abby:

I don’t think so. They are both really nice, but neither of them is at a price that I can afford. Do you have anything cheaper?

3. _________ Cowboy Carl: Would you like to buy either of them? 4. _________ Abby:

Yes. I’d like to drive both. Thanks!

1 5. ________ Cowboy Carl: So, Abby. What did you think of the truck and the SUV?

6. _________ Abby:

I liked both of them.

intercambio.org/students

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REAL LIFE / YOUR LIFE Wei needs help buying a car. Look at his preferences and answer the questions. Discuss with a partner. Wei’s car preferences • minivan or truck, manual if possible • new or used • all-wheel drive • low mileage: less than 90,000 miles • budget: $13,000

Truck #1 for sale at Crazy Carl’s

Truck #2 for sale by owner

Minivan #3 for sale by owner

SUV #4 for sale at Crazy Carl’s

• new, all-wheel drive, automatic

• used, all-wheel drive, automatic

• used, manual, vintage van

• used, all-wheel drive, automatic

• anti-theft, keyless entry

• 75,000 miles

• 100,000 miles

• 60,000 miles

• $11,000

• $9,000

• $31,000

• $45,000

• cashier’s check or cash only

• sports rack included

• 6-year warranty

• 5-year warranty • leasing options available

• leasing options available

1. Which one can he afford, #1 or #4?

Neither of them works. __________________________________________

2. Which one can he afford, #2 or #3?

__________________________________________

3. Which truck can he lease?

__________________________________________

4. Which one has the mileage he wants, #2 or #4? __________________________________________ 5. Which one do you think is best for Wei? Why?

__________________________________________

CULTURE TIP When buying a car, it’s a good idea to make a budget first. Don’t forget that after you buy the car, there are other costs you will need to pay such as the registration, license, emissions test and any minor repairs needed. You can ask to take it to a mechanic for a report before you buy the car. Do you drive a car? Is it more expensive to own a car here or in your native country? Why? 10

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II

2 Look at the diagram of things people like. Answer the questions using both, either or neither. 1. What does Ana prefer to do in her free time? Either gardening or reading. _________________________________________

Matt Likes horror movies

2. Who likes to eat pizza? _______________________________________ 3. Does Matt like to watch horror movies or comedies? _______________________________________.

country music curry

pizza trucks

Ana Likes

reading

SUVs

comedies

4. Who likes exercising?

rock music

_______________________________________.

gardening

5. What kinds of cars does Ana like?

JJ

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_______________________________________.

Fill out the chart with your likes. Compare with a partner and complete the diagram. MY LIKES

ME

Movies Food Things to do in your free time

MY PARTNER

Kinds of cars Music Something else?

CONNECT WITH CONVERSATION Get to know a partner. Look at the diagram. Talk about: • things you both like and why • things neither of you like and why • things that you like and your partner doesn’t and why • things that your partner likes and you don’t and why intercambio.org/students

11


HOMEWORK

LL

Circle the correct word. 1. Q: Which car can you afford? A: I can’t afford either / neither of them.

2. Q: Which sweater does she prefer? A: She doesn’t like both / either of them.

3. Q: Is there keyless entry or an anti-theft system? A: There’s both / either.

4. Q: Does he like trucks or cars? A: He likes either / neither. He likes SUVs.

5. Q: Which do you want to buy? A: I want to buy both / either a car or an SUV.

6. Q: Which dish do you like: curry or sushi? A: I like them both / either!

7. Q: Do you want beans or rice? A: Either / Both is okay.

8. Q: Do they like rock or country music? A: They don’t like either / both.

Complete the sentences with both, either or neither. 1. I need a car that is both economical and safe. both 2. We don’t need __________________. Just one is fine.

3. __________________ the truck nor the SUV have anti-theft systems, but the car does! 4. Rob said __________________movies are interesting to him. 5. He doesn’t like __________________ of those restaurants. He is going to cook at home! 6. She said she’ll listen to __________________ rock or pop music. 7. They don’t want __________________ of those used cars. They want something new. 8. I ate __________________ breakfast and lunch today. 9. Ricardo speaks French and Spanish. Emily speaks __________________ French nor Spanish.

JOURNAL PROMPT What kinds of cars do you like? What kind of car do you want to have someday? What would it have? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ 12

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KK

Lesson 2 • I’d Like Both


3

WERE YOU SPEEDING? Pre Pre

Listening warm-up. Track 03: Where was Jane going?

VOCABULARY WORDS & PHRASES Repeat after your teacher.

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AA

NOTICE OF VIOLATION LAST NAME: _____________________________ FIRST NAME: ____________________________________ LOCATION OF VIOLATION:___________________________________________________________________ TIME: ______________________ DATE: ______________________ VIOLATION o speeding o running red light o texting while driving o not wearing seatbelt o reckless driving o littering o driving under the influence (DUI) o driving in carpool lane illegally o broken/fix it: _____________________________________________________________________________ MAXIMUM PENALTY FOR VIOLATION: _________________________________________________________ o You must appear at Central Courthouse, 23 Fairview St., or mail in your penalty payment within 30 days.

o You must fix the violation within ____________________________________________________ SIGNED ___________________________________________________ DATE ______________________ OFFICER ___________________________________________________

PRONUNCIATION Listen and repeat after your teacher. Practice the d and t sounds. A

David doesn’t drink and drive but he does dream of dunking a dozen donuts. Tonya was texting on Tuesday when Officer Tim told her to fix her taillight. David and Tonya drove downtown to deliver two dozen tamales to Danny’s Diner. intercambio.org/students

13


VOCABULARY

BB

Look at the pictures. Check all of the violations. †† speeding P †† running a red light †† littering †† texting while driving †† not wearing a seat belt †† Driving Under the Influence (DUI) †† driving in the carpool lane illegally †† reckless driving

LISTENING Listen again to Track 03. Circle True or False. 1. Jane was pulled over while driving home.

TRUE

FALSE

2. She was turning onto Apple Street.

TRUE

FALSE

3. She was speeding. TRUE FALSE 4. Her taillight was out.

TRUE

FALSE

5. The police officer gave her a ticket.

TRUE

FALSE

LANGUAGE TOOLS

DD

Listen to your teacher and repeat. While I was driving,

STATEMENTS WITH WHILE the police pulled me over.

The police pulled me over while I was driving. When the police pulled me over,

STATEMENTS WITH WHEN I was driving.

I was driving when the police pulled me over. The past continuous tense shows we were in the middle of something. • I was driving. If something interrupts us as we are doing an action, we add the simple past tense to the sentence. • I was driving when the police pulled me over. When is used before the simple past. • When the police pulled me over, I was driving. While is used before the past continuous. • The police pulled me over while I was driving. A comma (,) is used if a sentence starts with when or while. • While I was driving, the police pulled me over. 14

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CC


3

GRAMMAR PRACTICE

EE

Add a comma to the sentences that need them. Check the box if the sentence is correct.

P

FF

1.  She was watching TV when her mother called.

2.  While I was eating breakfast I did my homework.

3.  Gino biked to work while it was raining.

4.  I was cooking when the alarm went off.

5.  While he was washing his laundry he read a book.

6.  They checked their email while they were driving to work.

7.  When he repaired her sink she was gardening.

8.  While they were asking for directions they saw an accident.

Circle the correct words to complete the sentences. 1. The police officer pulled them over when / while they were speeding. 2. When / While I was cooking, I listened to music. 3. He was taking the subway to work when / while it broke down.

Not For Duplication

4. She waited in her car when / while the engine was running. 5. When / While he scored a goal, the crowd was cheering. 6. Bruce was standing in line at the post office when / while he saw a friend. 7. When / While I was playing games with my family, I baked cookies.

GG

Write the correct tense of the word in the blank. 1. I _______________________ (drive) recklessly when she pulled me over. was driving 2. He _______________________ (get) a flat tire while he was driving to work. 3. When they saw the police officer, they _______________________ (go) to the park. 4. He _______________________ (litter) when someone saw him. 5. Deanna _______________________ (head) to work when her boss called. 6. The police officer _______________________ (pull) him over while he was driving. 7. While we _______________________ (bike) home, it started to snow.

GH

Join the sentences using when or while. Add a comma if needed. 1. Chris was walking to work. He saw a friend. ________________________________________________ While Chris was walking to work, he saw a friend. 2. I was eating dinner. My friend called. _____________________________________________________ 3. They saw her in the park. She was littering. ________________________________________________ 4. She was driving. She saw someone run a red light. __________________________________________ 5. The officer saw his broken taillight. He was driving. _________________________________________ 6. She was texting and driving. The police pulled her over. _____________________________________ intercambio.org/students

15


REAL LIFE / YOUR LIFE Read the article below.

What to Do if Pulled Over by the Police If you’re pulled over by the police while driving, it’s important to stay calm and move slowly. You may get a ticket (fine) or just a warning. Unless you committed a crime or have something illegal in your car, you have nothing to worry about. Follow these steps if pulled over: • Safely move to the side of the road. • Roll down your window and turn off your engine. • Keep your hands on the steering wheel, so the officer can see them. • Stay in the car. Only get out of the car if the officer tells you to. • At night, turn on the light inside your car.

Not For Duplication

HI

• Wait until the officer asks for your license and registration and then get them. • Be polite. • If you get a ticket, don’t argue with the police officer, you can fight the ticket later. • Sign the ticket. It doesn’t mean you did it. • If you get a fine, make sure to pay it on time.

Read what Jenna did when the police pulled her over. Check if she followed the instructions in the article. 1. While I was driving to work, the police pulled me over. I moved to the side of the road.

o YES P

o NO

2. I rolled down my window while turning off the engine.

o YES

o NO

3. The police officer walked over while I was getting out of my car.

o YES

o NO

4. While I was talking with the officer, I kept my hands on the steering wheel.

o YES

o NO

5. I was arguing with the officer when he gave me the ticket.

o YES

o NO

CULTURE TIP In the U.S., if the police want to look in your car or home, they usually need a search warrant. If you are unsure of your rights, talk to a lawyer. Is this the same in your native country? What can the police do in your native country? 16

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3 Read the chart. Check the things that are illegal where you live. Circle them if they are illegal in your native country. DUI

parking on the sidewalk

parking in a handicap space without a permit

a. o

b. o

c. o

graffiti on buildings

leaving a pet in your car

drinking in a public place

d. o

e. o

f. o

protesting

urinating in public

not wearing a helmet

g. o

h. o

i. o

being loud late at night

using marijuana

hate speech

j. o

k. o

l. o

P

Not For Duplication

JJ

CONNECT WITH CONVERSATION Get to know a partner. Talk about: • things that are legal and illegal in their native country • what surprised them about laws in the US • what laws in the US they think are unfair or confusing intercambio.org/students

17


HOMEWORK

LK

Lesson 3 • Were You Speeding?

Circle the correct words to complete the sentences. 1. They were littering / littered when the police officer saw them. 2. When she was arriving / arrived, they were talking about the traffic jam. 3. Tino was playing / played video games when the popcorn burned. 4. They were driving / drove recklessly when the police pulled them over. 5. He wasn’t driving when Veronica calling / called him. 6. I was watching / watched TV when the doorbell rang. 7. While he was waiting / waited, he saw someone steal their bag. 8. Jessica was listening / listened to music when she heard someone at the door.

Complete the sentences with when or while. when 1. What was he doing _______________ the police pulled him over?

2. Where was she going _______________ he called? 3. They ran a red light _______________ the police officer was watching. 4. She was littering _______________ he saw her. 5. _______________ he arrived, she was cooking dinner. 6. _______________ they were waiting in the park, they saw him riding his bike. 7. Was he speeding _______________ he drove by your house? 8. We didn’t buy anything _______________ we were shopping.

JOURNAL PROMPT Write about a law you think is important in the US and why. ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ 18

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ML


4

HAVE YOU EVER BEEN TO LAS VEGAS?

AA

Listening warm-up. Track 04: When is Tim going on vacation?

VOCABULARY WORDS & PHRASES

Not For Duplication

Pre Pre

Repeat after your teacher.

eat (eaten) at a buffet

leave (left) your state

meet (met) a famous person

hear (heard) an orchestra

ride (ridden) a roller coaster

be (been) to the ocean

buy (bought) tickets to a show

go (gone) to a show

drive (driven) to a historical landmark

visit (visited) the White House

see (seen) a rodeo

PRONUNCIATION A

Listen and repeat after your teacher. Practice the b and v sounds. Circle the words you hear. 1. The sky is very / berry blue. 2. We need more volts / bolts for it to work. 3. He gave a vow / bow. 4. It’s their van / ban. 5. She has a vet / bet for tomorrow.

b

v intercambio.org/students

19


VOCABULARY PRACTICE

BB

Read the postcard. Fill in the blanks to complete the answers about Marcus’s trip. eaten left

bought been

visited

heard seen

1. Marcus has _______________ four states so far visited on his road trip. 2. He _______________ on Saturday. 3. He has _______________ at a huge buffet. 4. He has _______________ to the Pacific Ocean. 5. He has _______________ tickets to the top of the Willis Tower in Chicago.

7. He has _______________ an orchestra.

LISTENING

CC

Listen again to Track 04. Circle True or False.

TIP:

1. Tim is in Las Vegas.

TRUE

FALSE

2. Minna went to Las Vegas last week.

TRUE

FALSE

3. Tim does not like buffets.

TRUE

FALSE

4. Minna has been to a show in Las Vegas. TRUE

FALSE

5. Tim has never seen the Grand Canyon.

FALSE

TRUE

beghas / have been seeghas / have seen eatghas / have eaten goghas / have gone rideghas / have ridden meetghas / have met visitghas / have visited driveghas / have driven swimghas /have swum hearghas/have heard leaveghas/have left buyghas/have bought

LANGUAGE TOOLS

DD

Listen to your teacher and repeat.

SHORT ANSWERS

QUESTIONS

Have

been

they she

Has

Yes,

you

No, ever

he Nora

20

to Las Vegas?

Student Book 4 LEFT

Yes, tried

a buffet?

I they she

have. haven’t. has.

he No,

Nora

hasn’t.

Not For Duplication

6. He has _______________ to a rodeo.


4

GRAMMAR PRACTICE

FF

GG

Read the questions. Complete the answers. 1. Have you ever been to California?

No, _______________________________________ I haven’t.

2. Has Rosa ever visited the White House?

No, _______________________________________

3. Have we ever eaten at a buffet?

Yes, _______________________________________

4. Have you ever driven to a historical landmark?

Yes, _______________________________________

5. Has he ever gone to a show?

No, _______________________________________

6. Have Marco and Tomas ever seen a rodeo?

Yes, _______________________________________

7. Have you bought tickets to a play?

No, _______________________________________

Write the correct form of the verbs in parentheses. 1. She has never ______________ (be) to been San Francisco.

2. We have ______________ (buy) tickets to a baseball game.

3. Yes, they have ______________ (meet) many movie stars.

4. Has she ever ______________ (hear) an orchestra?

5. Have you ever ______________ (go) to a show?

6. He has never ______________ (leave) the state.

7. Felicia has never ____________ (see) the ocean.

8. I have ______________ (eat) at a buffet before.

9. Have Troy and Talia ______________ (drive) rental cars?

10. Martin has _____________ (leave) home without his wallet.

Write the question. Use the words in parentheses. 1. ___________________________________________________? ( you / be / California) Have you been to California 2. ___________________________________________________? ( she / ride/ roller coaster) 3. ___________________________________________________? ( we / eat / buffet) 4. ___________________________________________________? ( he/ see / ocean) 5. ___________________________________________________? ( you / been / late for work) 6. ___________________________________________________? (they / meet / famous person) 7. ___________________________________________________? (Antonio/ buy / concert tickets) 8. ___________________________________________________? (you/ visit/ the Grand Canyon)

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21

Not For Duplication

EE


REAL LIFE / YOUR LIFE Read how to play Have You Ever…? Play in groups.

Instructions 1. Everyone stands. 2. Person 1 asks a question to the group beginning with, “Have you ever…?” 3. Each person in the group answers. a. If the answer is yes, say “Yes, I have.” Continue standing. b. If the answer is no, say, “No, I haven’t.” Sit down. 4. Person 1 continues asking more “Have you ever…?” questions until everyone is sitting. 5. Continue by having everyone stand again. Person 2 asks “Have you ever…?” questions.

Have you ever? 1 …visited a national park

2 …sung a song out loud in a public place

3 …eaten a hamburger

4 …texted while driving

5 …ridden an animal

6 …walked into a closed door

7 …gotten sick on a roller coaster

8 …seen a wild animal

9 …told your boss you were sick to miss work 10 …borrowed a tool and not returned it

CULTURE TIP If you visit famous historical landmarks across the US, you may need to buy tickets in advance because these places are very popular. You can check online to see if you can reserve tickets. It’s also a good idea to check the hours the place is open. Some are closed during parts of the year or on certain days of the week. 22

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HH


Look at what Lupita’s classmates have done. Answer the questions.

Ronaldo

Deepa

Ahmed

• I’ve lived in Mexico.

• I’ve lived in India.

• I’ve lived in El Salvador • I’ve lived in Somalia.

• I’ve visited Cuba, Guatemala and Arizona.

• I’ve bought tickets to the ballet.

• I’ve visited Mexico and California.

• I haven’t been to the Grand Canyon.

• I’ve heard an orchestra. • I haven’t been to a rodeo. • I haven’t tried a hamburger.

• I’ve eaten pizza.

KJ

Blanca

• I’ve seen a rock concert. • I’ve been to the Mall of America.

• I’ve had a fancy dinner. • I’ve eaten at a buffet. • I’ve swum in the Gulf of Mexico.

• I haven’t met a famous person.

1. Has Deepa ever eaten a hamburger?

No, she hasn’t. _______________________________________

2. Has Ronaldo visited Cuba?

_______________________________________

3. Who has lived in Somalia?

_______________________________________

4. Has Blanca ever been to a rodeo?

_______________________________________

5. Who has bought tickets to the ballet?

_______________________________________

6. Has Ahmed ever been to the Mall of America?

_______________________________________

Fill in the chart with your information. PLACES LIVED

PLACES VISITED

ACTIVITIES DONE

FOOD EATEN

CONNECT WITH CONVERSATION Get to know a partner. Talk about: • things they’ve done • things they haven’t done but would like to • things they never want to do

WORD BANK why where when intercambio.org/students

23

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JI

4


HOMEWORK

LK

Lesson 4 • Have You Been To Las Vegas?

Write the correct form of the words in parentheses. gone 1. She has never ________________ (go) to Hanoi. 2. We have ________________ (meet) a famous person. 3. He has ________________ (drive) across the US. 4. Have you ever ________________ (see) a buffalo? 5. Gina has never ________________ (eat) a hamburger. 6. They have never ________________ (ride) a horse. 7. We have ________________ (swim) in the ocean before. 8. Has he ever ________________ (buy) a used car?

Look at the chart below. Answer the questions. THEY HAVE…

Tonya

Fidel

bought tickets to a ballgame

X

X

visited the Pacific Ocean

X

X

met a famous person

seen a wild animal

Marcos

Ming

X

X

X X

driven across the country 1. Have Marcos and Fidel ever driven across the country?

X

No, they haven’t. ___________________________________.

2. Have Tonya and Fidel ever bought tickets to a ballgame? ___________________________________. 3. Has Marcos ever met a famous person?

___________________________________.

4. Who has visited the Pacific Ocean?

___________________________________.

5. Who has seen a wild animal?

___________________________________.

JOURNAL PROMPT What is something you’ve done that you think your teacher has never done before? Write about what you did, how it made you feel and why you did it. ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ 24

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ML


5

SHE’S HAD A FEVER FOR TWO DAYS Listening warm-up. Track 05: Who is Becky talking to?

TIP:

VOCABULARY WORDS & PHRASES

AA

Not For Duplication

Pre Pre

emergency room = ER

Repeat after your teacher.

emergency room

urgent care

life-threatening

examine

discharge instructions

diagnosis

condition

24/7

referral

nurse line

symptoms

PRONUNCIATION A

Listen and repeat after your teacher. Practice the PURPLE SHIRT sound. Circle the words with the PURPLE SHIRT sound. emergency

urgent

nurse

discharge

for

hurt

first

drive

bird

intercambio.org/students

25


VOCABULARY PRACTICE

BB

Fill in the form. Use the words in the box to help. condition

examined

Discharge Instructions Urgent Care Diagnosis

24/7

symptoms

(1) ___________________________________________ And Follow Up Information Discharge Instructions Sunnyvale Urgent Care (423) 555-1589 is available (2)____________ for questions about your care or if your (3)____________________ worsens. Preliminary (4) ________________________________: Strep Throat Treatment/Precautions Take antibiotics as directed. Do not stop taking medication when (5) ____________________________ go away. Take Acetaminophen or Ibuprofen for pain as directed. Gargle with warm salt water multiple times per day. Stay hydrated. Follow instructions carefully. If your symptoms do not improve in three days, or worsen, contact your primary care

Not For Duplication

physicianor return to (6) __________________________________. You were (7) ______________________________by: Fredrick Williams, M.D., Internal Medicine

Fredrick Williams

__________________________________________________ Physician Signature

______________________ Date

o I have read and understand the directions ___________________________________________________________ Patient Signature

______________________ Date

LISTENING

CC

Listen again to Track 05. Circle True or False. 1. Becky’s daughter is sick. TRUE FALSE 2. Her daughter has had a fever for four days.

TRUE

FALSE

3. Her daughter has a stomachache.

TRUE

FALSE

4. Her daughter’s condition is life threatening.

TRUE

FALSE

5. The nurse recommends they go to the emergency room.

TRUE

FALSE

LANGUAGE TOOLS

DD

TIP:

Listen to your teacher and repeat. QUESTIONS How long have 26

you

Student Book 4 LEFT

We use for with a period of time. We use since with a specific time.

ANSWERS been sick?

I’ve

been sick

for three days. since Tuesday.


5

GRAMMAR PRACTICE

EE

Circle the correct word. 1. I’ve had a cough for / since a week. 2. Daniel hasn’t had a fever for / since Saturday. 3. They haven’t been to the doctor for / since months. 4. Has she had a stomachache for / since a long time? 5. I’ve been on the phone with the nurse line for / since 20 minutes. 6. Beverly has been sick for / since this morning.

Circle the correct words. 1. Q: How long have they waited? A: They’ve waited since 10 a.m. / 20 minutes. 3. Q: How long have you had these symptoms? A: I’ve had them for about a week / yesterday. 5. Q: How long have you studied English?

A: I’ve studied since 2008 / 12 years.

7. Q: How long has she been at the emergency room?

GG

2. Q: How long has she been here? A: She’s been here since Friday / days. 4. Q: How long has he had a fever? A: He has had a fever for two days / Saturday. 6. Q: How long have they lived here? A: They’ve lived here for 2018 / four years. 8. Q: How long has she worked there? A: She’s worked there since 7 months / Monday.

Not For Duplication

FF

A: She has been there for 8:00 a.m. / eight hours.

Read the answers. Write the questions. How long has she been here? 1. ____________________________________________________ She’s been here for two hours.

2. ____________________________________________________ They’ve been sick for a week. 3. ____________________________________________________ He’s played soccer since he was 8. 4. ____________________________________________________ We’ve lived here for 10 years. 5. ____________________________________________________ I’ve played soccer since I was 5. 6. ____________________________________________________ Marta has had a stomachache for four hours. 7. ____________________________________________________ She’s played video games since 3 p.m.

intercambio.org/students

27


REAL LIFE / YOUR LIFE

HH

Look at the chart. Answer the questions. AVERAGE AMOUNT OF TIME A DOCTOR SPENDS WITH A PATIENT 40%

Percentage of physicans

35% 30% 25% 20% 15% 10%

0

5%

22%

29%

33%

11%

Less than 9 minutes

9-12 minutes

13-16 minutes

17-24 minutes

25 or more minutes

Time spent with each patient 1. What percentage of doctors spend 9-12 minutes with their patients? __________________________________________________________________________ 22% spend between 9 and 12 minutes. 2. According to the graph, what is the least amount of time doctors spend with a patient? __________________________________________________________________________ 3. What percentage of doctors spend 12 minutes or fewer? __________________________________________________________________________ 4. How much time do 33% of doctors spend with each patient? __________________________________________________________________________

II

Talk with a partner. How long do you think a doctor should spend with a patient? Why?

CULTURE TIP If you need to see a doctor right away, you can go to an emergency room (ER) or urgent care center. Urgent care centers are usually cheaper than ERs. The ER is a good place to go for life-threatening symptoms. Both ERs and urgent care centers have phone numbers you can call to describe your symptoms before you go. Is this the same in your native country? Have you been to an urgent care center before? 28

Student Book 4 LEFT

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5%


JJ

Look at the graphic of historic dates in the US. Circle the correct answers.

1964

Thanksgiving became a holiday

2015

gay marriage legalized

Civil Rights Act

1863

5

1920

Women’s right to vote

1776

KK

1. How long has Thanksgiving been a holiday?

It has been a holiday for / since over 150 years.

2. How long has the US been a country?

The US has been a country for / since 1776.

3. How long have women had the right to vote?

They’ve had the right to vote for / since 1920.

4. How long has gay marriage been legal?

It has been legal for / since 2015.

5. How long has the Civil Rights Act been a law?

It’s been a law for / since more than 50 years.

Fill in the chart with your information. Use complete sentences. HOW LONG … have you studied English?

YOU 1.

have you lived in the US?

2.

have you had job/volunteer work?

3.

have you lived in your home?

4.

your idea: how long have you done something?

5.

CONNECT WITH CONVERSATION Get to know a partner. Talk about: • how long they’ve done some of the things in activity K • if their native country has historic events similar to activity J • something they’ve done for a long time and something they have just started doing intercambio.org/students

29

Not For Duplication

US became a country


HOMEWORK

LL

Lesson 5 • She’s Had A Fever For Two Days

Complete the conversations with for or since. 1. Q: How long has she studied English?

2. Q: How long have you played the piano?

A: She’s studied English _____________ since 2006.

A: I’ve played the piano _____________ 2014.

3. Q: How long have they had these symptoms?

4. Q: How long has he worked nights?

A: They’ve had them ______________ about a week. A: He’s worked nights________________ he was 25. 6. Q: How long has she had a fever?

A: I’ve lived here _____________ about 10 years.

A: She’s had a fever ______________ Saturday.

Read the answers. Write the questions. How long have you played soccer? 1. ________________________________________________________ I’ve played soccer for five years.

2. ________________________________________________________ I’ve been here for 30 minutes. 3. ________________________________________________________ I’ve lived in the US since 1980. 4. ________________________________________________________ I’ve worked as a cook for 25 years. 5. ________________________________________________________ I’ve been sick since Friday. 6. ________________________________________________________ I’ve played tennis since last year. 7. ________________________________________________________ I’ve volunteered for eight years.

JOURNAL PROMPT How long have you lived here? What do you like about it? What don’t you like about it? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ 30

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MM

5. Q: How long have you lived in the US?


6

HAVE YOU CHANGED THE LOCKS YET? Listening warm-up. Track 06: Who’s she talking to?

Not For Duplication

Pre Pre

VOCABULARY WORDS & PHRASES

AA

Repeat after your teacher.

HOA

set up utilities

change the locks

unpack

fumigate

clean the carpets

as soon as possible

remodel

cockroaches

mice

Phrasal Verb: put (things) away

PRONUNCIATION

TIP:

HOA = Home Owners Association

Listen and repeat after your teacher. Practice the y and j sounds. A

Did Yolanda’s jet arrive yet? Don’t yell, Janet! Jack is just joking with you. Joseph thinks that jiggly yellow jelly is just yucky! intercambio.org/students

31


VOCABULARY PRACTICE

BB

Use the words in the box to fill in the blanks. cockroaches

HOA

set up utilities

change the locks

unpack

1. Marco moved yesterday. The first thing he did was change the locks. _________________________________________

2. Next, he called to _________________________ and connect the TV and internet.

4. While he was putting things away, he saw some _______________________, so he called a company to come and fumigate as soon as possible.

5. Finally, he emailed the ___________ to give them his contact information.

LISTENING

CC

Listen again to Track 06. Check the activities that she hasn’t completed yet. o moving into her new house

†† changing the locks

o unpacking P

†† putting everything away

o setting up utilities

†† buying food

LANGUAGE TOOLS

DD

Listen to your teacher and repeat. Yes, I’ve already done it. Have you changed the utilities yet?

Yes, I’ve done it already. No, I haven’t done it yet.

We use already in between the two verbs or at the end of a sentence in positive answers. We use yet at the end of questions, and at the end of negative answers. 32

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3. After that, he started to _____________________ and put things away.


6

GRAMMAR PRACTICE

EE

FF

Match the questions to the answers. e Has he moved yet? 1. _______

a. No, he hasn’t put everything away yet.

2. _______ Have they changed the locks yet?

b. No, they haven’t done that yet.

3. _______ Have you set up the utilities yet?

c. Yes, I’ve already done it.

4. _______ Has she unpacked yet?

d. Yes, she has unpacked already.

5. _______ Has he put everything away yet?

e. Yes, he has already moved to his new home.

Read the conversation. Circle the correct words. Practice with a partner.

Nico: Wow! Do you need any help? Khan: Hmmm. I’ve (4) yet / already packed, but I can use some help to unpack and put things away if you’re free tomorrow. Nico: Sure. I haven’t made any plans (5) yet / already. I can help you! Khan: Great – thank you so much!

GG

Read the answers. Write the questions using yet. Practice with a partner. Have you unpacked yet? 1. ___________________________________________ No, I haven’t. (unpacked) 2. ___________________________________________ Yes, I did it. (change the locks) 3. ___________________________________________ Yes, they have. (remodel) 4. ___________________________________________ No, he hasn’t. (clean the carpets) 5. ___________________________________________ No, we’ll do it as soon as possible. (fumigate)

HH

Read the questions. Write the answers using yet or already. 1. Has he called the cable company yet?

he has already called them Yes, __________________________________________.

2. Have they set up the utilities yet?

No, __________________________________________.

3. Has she put everything away yet?

Yes, __________________________________________.

4. Has Vinny bought his insurance yet?

No, __________________________________________.

5. Have you and Sara talked to the HOA yet? Yes, __________________________________________. intercambio.org/students

33

Not For Duplication

Nico: Hey, Khan. Congratulations on your new house! Have you moved (1) yet / already? Khan: Hi, Nico. Thanks! I’m really excited. No, I haven’t moved (2) yet / already. I’ve (3) yet / already called to set up the utilities, though. I’m moving tomorrow!


REAL LIFE / YOUR LIFE Fold this page in half. Partner 1, look at your list and Partner 2, look at your list. Ask your partner if they have done the items on the list yet. Partner 1: Have you checked the appliances yet?

Partner 2: Have you set up the utilities yet?

Partner 2: No, I haven’t checked them yet.

Partner 1: Yes, I’ve already set them up.

PARTNER 1: MOVING CHECKLIST

o Check that appliances work

o Check that appliances work

o Set up the utilities in your

o Set up the utilities in your

name for billing

name for billing

o Hire a moving company

o Hire a moving company

o Fumigate

o Fumigate

o Pack boxes

o Pack boxes

o Change your mailing address

o Change your mailing address

o Change the locks

o Change the locks

o Clean kitchen and bathrooms

o Clean kitchen and bathrooms

CULTURE TIP When you move, don’t forget to update your address with the post office. You can do this in person or online at usps.com. It is also important to update your new address with businesses that have your personal information, like banks, credit unions, doctors offices, and credit card and loan companies. 34

PARTNER 2: MOVING CHECKLIST

Student Book 4 LEFT

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II


6 JJ

Trisha wants to remodel her home. Look at her Project List of things she wants to remodel. Answer the questions. HOME REMODELING PROJECT LIST o change kitchen appliances P o get new light fixtures o remodel bathtub and sinks o paint P o replace floors o replace windows P

No, she hasn’t remodeled the bathroom yet. 1. Has she remodeled the bathroom yet? __________________________________________________

KK

3. Has she changed the appliances yet?

__________________________________________________

4. Has she replaced the floors yet?

_________________________________________________

5. Has she replaced the windows yet?

_________________________________________________

6. Has she painted yet?

_________________________________________________

Make a list of things you’ve done in your home and things you’d like to do someday. THINGS I’VE DONE:

THINGS I WANT TO REMODEL/CHANGE:

P o P_____________________________________ o P_____________________________________ o P_____________________________________

o _____________________________________

o _____________________________________

o _____________________________________ o _____________________________________ o _____________________________________

CONNECT WITH CONVERSATION Get to know a partner. Talk about: • what things they want to change or remodel in their home • things they’ve already done in their home • where they live and if they like it • what their dream home is like • their favorite home they’ve lived in intercambio.org/students

35

Not For Duplication

2. Has she gotten new light fixtures yet? __________________________________________________


HOMEWORK

LL

Lesson 6 • Have You Changed The Locks Yet?

Read the questions. Write the answers using yet or already. 1. Has Maria talked to the HOA yet?

she has already talked to them. Yes, _______________________________________

2. Have you unpacked yet?

No, _______________________________________

3. Has he set up the utilities yet?

Yes, _______________________________________

4. Have we received our first bill yet?

No, _______________________________________

5. Has Frank reserved a moving truck yet?

Yes, _______________________________________

6. Have you and Khan checked the appliances yet? Yes, _______________________________________ 7. Has she fumigated the house yet?

Complete the conversation using yet or already. yet Steve: Hey Kiran! Our utilities are due tomorrow, have you paid them (1) ______________(yet / already)? Kiran: Oh, thanks for reminding me! I haven’t (2) _______________ (yet / already). I’ll do it tonight. Steve: Great, thanks. I’m going to the store tonight, do you need anything? Kiran: Hmmmm, I (3) _______________ (yet / already) went yesterday, but I think we need milk. Can you get some? Steve: Sure! No problem. Also, when you have time, can you pay me for the groceries from last week? Kiran: Oh no! I forgot! I can’t believe I haven’t paid you (4) _______________ (yet / already). Steve: No problem. Are you going camping with us this weekend? Kiran: No. I’ve (5) _______________ (yet / already) made plans to go on a date at Wilson’s restaurant. I’m nervous. Steve: Oh wow! Did you make reservations (6) _______________ (yet / already)? Kiran: Yeah. I’ve (6) _______________ (yet / already) made them for 6 p.m. Steve: Nice. Have fun this weekend! Kiran: You too.

JOURNAL PROMPT Write about when you moved to the US. What kinds of things did you have to do? Was it stressful? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ 36

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MM

No, _______________________________________


7

COULD YOU PICK UP MY MAIL? Listening warm-up. Track 07: How do they know each other?

VOCABULARY WORDS & PHRASES

AA

Repeat after your teacher.

borrow

lend

I guess so

lawn mower

take out my trash

impolite

water my plants

shovel the driveway

turn down your keep an eye on music

feed my cat

polite

Phrasal Verbs: turn down, take out

PRONUNCIATION Listen and repeat after your teacher. Underline the stressed words in each sentence. A

1. Hey Jane. Could you lend me your car? 2. Could they keep an eye on our house? 3. Could you take out my trash? 4. Could they turn down their music? 5. Could she shovel the driveway? intercambio.org/students

37

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Pre Pre


VOCABULARY PRACTICE

BB

Read the sentences. Fill in the blanks with words from the box.

lend

borrow 1. Could I ___________________ your lawn mower tomorrow?

take out

2. We need to __________________________ the trash. It’s full! 3. We got a lot of snow this morning. Can you help me ___________________ the driveway?

shovel I guess so

4. It’s ______________________ to play loud music late at night.

keep an eye on

5. Could you __________________ me your car tomorrow? I need to go downtown.

borrow

6. Jerry is going to _____________________________ our house while we’re on vacation.

impolite

LISTENING

CC

Listen again to Track 07. Circle True or False. 1. Lyle is going on vacation next week.

TRUE

FALSE

2. The garbage truck comes on Mondays.

TRUE

FALSE

3. Lyle wants his neighbor to water the plants.

TRUE

FALSE

4. If it snows, the neighbor will shovel his driveway.

TRUE

FALSE

5. Benoit’s a good neighbor.

TRUE

FALSE

LANGUAGE TOOLS

DD

TIP:

Listen to your teacher and repeat.

Could you lend me your phone? = Could I borrow your phone?

QUESTIONS you Could

(please) I

We use could for polite requests. 38

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ANSWERS

keep an eye on

my place?

lend me

your phone?

borrow use

your car?

Sure! No problem. Sorry, I can’t. (+ reason) Sure! No problem. No. I’m sorry. (+ reason)

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7. Could I borrow your car? Yeah, ________________________________.


7

GRAMMAR PRACTICE

EE

Match the sentences to the requests. a I can’t pick up my mail next week. 1. ______

a. Could you please pick it up for me?

2. ______ She needs to run errands, and she doesn’t have a car.

b. Could you turn down your music please?

3. ______ We need to mow the lawn tomorrow.

FF

c. Could I borrow some?

4. ______ It snowed a lot this morning.

d. Could Dan lend her his car?

5. ______ That’s so loud!

e. Could you shovel my driveway?

6. ______ I don’t have any sugar.

f. Could we borrow your lawn mower?

Complete the conversation with borrow or lend. Practice with a partner. borrow Rita: Hey, Evan. I need to mow the lawn tomorrow. Could I (1) _____________ your lawnmower?

Evan: Oh, I’d be happy to (2) _____________ you mine, but I let my brother (3) _____________ it last weekend, and he hasn’t given it back to me yet.

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Rita: Oh, okay. Thanks anyway. Do you know anyone else that could (4) _____________ me one? Evan: I think George has a lawn mower. I’m sure he’d be happy to (5) _____________ you his. Rita: Great idea! I’ll call him now and ask him if I can (6) _____________ it. Thanks, Evan!

GG

GH

Change the sentences to polite requests using could. 1. Shut up.

Could you please be quiet? __________________________________________________________

2. Give me your car.

__________________________________________________________

3. Turn down your music.

__________________________________________________________

4. Water my plants.

__________________________________________________________

5. Put away my trash can.

__________________________________________________________

6. Keep an eye on my cat.

__________________________________________________________

Change the questions using borrow or lend. 1. Could I borrow your phone?

Could you lend me your phone? _____________________________________________

2. Could you lend me $10?

_____________________________________________

3. Could you lend me your husband’s car?

_____________________________________________

4. Could Mary borrow your jacket?

_____________________________________________

5. Could you lend me your mixer?

_____________________________________________

6. Could we borrow your ladder?

_____________________________________________

7. Could I borrow a pencil?

_____________________________________________

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39


REAL LIFE / YOUR LIFE

HI

Read about ways to be a good neighbor. Check the three you think are the most important. Discuss with a partner. WAYS TO BE A GOOD NEIGHBOR o Say hello to your neighbors. o Bake cookies for new neighbors. o Cook a meal for a sick neighbor. o Put away your neighbor’s trash can. o Offer to help an elderly neighbor. o Offer to walk your neighbor’s dog.

Complete the text messages for you and Raul. Practice with a partner. Raul: Hey __________________! U around this weekend? You: ___________________________________________ Raul: I’m going to Utah on a road trip. Could you keep an on my ? You: ___________________________________________ Raul: Could you feed the cat and water my plants? You: ___________________________________________ Raul: Could you also put away the trash on Saturday? You: Sorry, _____________________________________ Raul: No problem. I’ll ask Dolores. You: Sounds good.

CULTURE TIP Before you go away, let someone know. You can ask a friend to keep an eye on your house. It’s a good idea to make it look like someone is home. You can put lights on timers. You can put a hold on your mail. Visit usps.com for more information about putting mail on hold. 40

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HJ

o Keep your yard clean. o Only mow your lawn between 8:00 a.m. and 7:00 p.m. o Don’t park cars in front of your neighbor’s driveway. o Drive slowly in your neighborhood. o Tell neighbors before you have a party. o Don’t play loud music after 10:00 p.m.


Fold the page in half. Round 1: Partner 1 is traveling and asks Partner 2 for favors. Partner 2 responds. Round 2: reverse roles. Partner 1: Hi ______, I’m going away for a long weekend. Could you please water my plants on Saturday? ROUND ONE Partner 1 You are going away for a long weekend. Ask your partner for these favors: • water the plants on Saturday • feed and walk the dog twice a day • mow the lawn by Sunday • pick up the mail every day

Partner 2: No problem. Anything else?

ROUND ONE Partner 2 Partner 1 is going away for a long weekend and has favors to ask. Respond. Use phrases such as: • Sure. • Anything else? • No problem. • Sorry, I can’t… • I guess so.

ROUND TWO – CHANGE ROLES

ROUND TWO – CHANGE ROLES

JL

Partner 2 is going away for a week and has favors to ask. Respond. Use phrases such as:

You are going away for a week. Ask your partner for these favors:

• Sure. • No problem. • Sorry, I can’t… • I guess so. • Anything else?

• take out the trash on Wednesday and put away the trash cans on Thursday

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IK

7

• water the lawn

• pick up the Sunday newspaper • take in the package that will arrive on Tuesday

Pretend you’re going away. Write the favors you could ask a neighbor. o __________________________________________________________________________________ o __________________________________________________________________________________ o __________________________________________________________________________________ o __________________________________________________________________________________ o __________________________________________________________________________________

CONNECT WITH CONVERSATION Get to know a partner. Talk about: • if it’s hard for them to ask people for favors • who they ask for help from when they go away • what makes a good neighbor intercambio.org/students

41


HOMEWORK

KM

Lesson 7 • Could You Pick Up My Mail?

Complete the crossword puzzle. Use the words in the box. 1 2 4

l

a

w

n

m

o

w

e

3

r

6

5

7

lawnmower

plants

lend

shovel

borrow

ACROSS

mail

trash can

DOWN

4. I need a __________ to cut my grass.

1. Can you water my _____________?

5. Could I borrow your ________? There’s a lot of snow in the driveway.

2. Did you put away the ________________?

7. Can you ___________ to my house tonight? 8. Can you ________ me your phone?

LN

come over

3. Could you pick up my _____________? 6. Could I ____________ your drill?

Write the polite requests. Could you keep an eye on my place? 1. __________ ______________________________________

I’m going on vacation next week.

2. ________________________________________________

I need to mow the lawn tomorrow.

3. ________________________________________________

My cat is alone this weekend.

JOURNAL PROMPT Write about a good neighbor. Is this person here or in your native country? Why are they a good neighbor? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ 42

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8


8

REVIEW & PROGRESS CHECK Check the items you can do. Review the items you can’t. I can… †† greet and respond to common greetings from others in different verb tenses (lesson 1) †† talk about things I like and don’t like using either, neither and both (lesson 2) †† talk about basic laws in the US and what to do if I get pulled over by the police (lesson 3) †† talk about things I have and haven’t done before (present perfect tense) (lesson 4) †† talk about health symptoms and how long I and others have had them or felt a certain way (lesson 5)

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†† talk about my dream home and things I’d like to do in my home (lesson 6) †† ask others politely for help using could (lesson 7)

Answer the questions. 1. What is one thing you can do now? _____________________________________________________________________________________ 2. Write five words you know now. _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________ _____________________________________

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REVIEW & PRACTICE

AA

Draw lines and write as many words as you can think of for each verb. Compare with a partner. clothes

BB

set up

turn down

Circle the correct word. 1. He has lived here for / since five years. 2. They have already / yet left for work . 3. Liliana would like to buy the red dress and the blue dress. She loves either / both of them. 4. They’ve had a dog for / since many years. 5. We haven’t been to a rodeo already / yet. 6. Could you lend / borrow me your lawnmower?

CC

Complete the sentences. Use the words in parentheses. 1. While she was cooking dinner, _____________________________________________ (her mom / call). 2. The police arrived while __________________________________________________ (he / work out). 3. When _____________________________________ (we / ride the roller coaster), it was raining. 4. ______________________________________ (I / get a flat tire) while I was driving home from work. 5. While __________________________________(the kids / watch TV), I made dinner.

DD

Write the correct form of the words in parentheses to complete the sentences. has never gone 1. She _________________________________________ (never / go) to the White House.

2. Dan and Ron _________________________________________ (want) a new car for more than a year. 3. We _________________________________________ (not / be) to urgent care yet this year. 4. I _________________________________________ (already / clean) the house. 5. _________________________________________ (he / ever / ride) a horse before? 44

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put away


EE

8 All of the sentences below have a mistake. Find the mistake and write the correct sentence on the line. 1. Could you borrow me a sweater, please? Could you lend me a sweater, please? ____________________________________________________________________

2. Have he already done his homework? ____________________________________________________________________ 3. Has she ate at a buffet before? ____________________________________________________________________ 4. We’ve lived in our house since 10 years. ____________________________________________________________________ 5. I like neither of the shirts, but I can only afford one.

FF

Not For Duplication

____________________________________________________________________

Match the activity with the thing or place. e 1. _______ see a doctor

a. the locks

2. _______ hear

b. a rollercoaster

3. _______ drive

c. an orchestra

4. _______ eat

d. my cat

5. _______ ride

e. at the emergency room

6. _______ feed

f. at a buffet

7. _______ change

g. a minivan

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Review Game. Play with a partner or in a small group. Put a marker on START. Roll the dice. Move your marker the correct number of spaces. Answer the question.

START

Have you ever visited a historical landmark?

What is a favor you could do for your partner?

What’s a place you have visited?

How’s it going?

Have you ever met a famous person?

Have you ever been to the emergency room?

How long have you lived here?

Do you like manual or automatic cars?

What is something you could borrow from your partner?

Do you like rice or potatoes?

Do you wear a seatbelt in the car?

What were you doing at Have you ever shoveled 7 a.m. this morning? your driveway?

What’s new in your life?

END

46

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What were you doing last Saturday night?

Do you like minivans or SUVs? Why?

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GG


8

PROGRESS CHECK Total: 50 x 2 = 100

BB

LISTENING Track 08. Read the sentences. Listen to the conversation. Circle True or False. (2 points each) 1. Jen is lending him a tennis racket.

TRUE

FALSE

2. He only wants to borrow the heavier one.

TRUE

FALSE

3. His racket broke while he was playing tennis.

TRUE

FALSE

4. He’s going to buy a new one soon.

TRUE

FALSE

5. He’ll take good care of Jen’s racket.

TRUE

FALSE

Fill in the blank with the correct form of the verb. (1 point each) been 1. Have you ever __________ (be) to a concert?

3. Blake has never __________ (eat) at a buffet. 5. She’s never ___________ (see) snow before! 7. Veronica and I have ___________ (do) our homework.

2. We’ve ___________ (buy) a lot of food for the party. 4. Have they ever __________ (ride) a roller coaster? 6. Bill and Rita have already __________ (meet) their new neighbors 8. Have you ____________ (make) dinner yet?

CC

Complete the sentences. Use the words in parentheses. (2 points each) when she fell 1. She was riding her bike _________________________________ (fall).

2. While they were driving to their friend’s house, ______________________________ (get a flat tire). 3. ______________________________________ (you / pick up) my mail for me while I’m on vacation? 4. She ___________________________________ (be / sick) for five days. I hope she feels better soon. 5. ____________________________________________________ (they / finish) their homework yet? 6. _____________________ (He / talk on the phone) when the firefighters arrived.

________/ 25

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AA

My score________/ 100


DD

Write the names of the things in the pictures. Circle for or since. (2 points each)

1

2

3

4

1. They’ve had that _____________ minivan for / since five years. 2. She’s been at the ______________ for / since early this morning. 3. He’s worked in that ______________ for / since 2010. 4. We’ve visited the ______________ every summer for / since many years.

FF

Circle the correct word. (1 point each) 1. Vera likes the big house and the small house. She likes both / either.

2. Both of the computers are too expensive. We can’t afford both / either.

3. I like both of the restaurants. We can go to either / neither.

4. Neither / Both Greg nor Jan can work on weekends.

5. Brenda can’t decide which one she wants. She likes neither / both!

6. We didn’t go to both / either of the emergency rooms. We went to urgent care.

7. We need internet and cable. We have to set up both / either.

8. They have two children, but they are adults now. Neither / Either goes to school.

9. Either / Neither of the cars is automatic. They’re both manual.

10. He doesn’t want a car with keyless entry or all-wheel drive. He doesn’t need neither / either.

STOP. Wait for your teacher. (2 points each) Score

48

Teacher Notes

1. 0

1

2

2.

0

1

2

3. 0

1

2

4. 0

1

2

5. 0

1

2

Lesson 3: Lesson 4: Lesson 2: Lesson 6: Lesson 7:

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________/ 25

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EE


9 Before you start

Pick a location or activity: A Car Dealership An Urgent Care Center A New Restaurant My Idea _______________________________________ Address:__________________________________________________ Date and time to meet: _____________________ _______a.m. / p.m.

IMPORTANT WORDS AND PHRASES I WANT TO USE _________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

_________________________________________

Things I’m going to look for or find: _____________________________________________________________________________________

DURING THE FIELD TRIP Things I saw or found

People I talked to

Notes

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QUESTIONS I PLAN TO ASK


HOMEWORK: FIELD TRIP REPORT Something that I learned on the field trip: ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________

Something that was difficult: ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________________________________________________

Field Trip Feedback 1. I talked in English:

†† a lot

†† a little

†† not at all

2. I learned:

†† a lot

†† a little

†† not a lot

3. I thought this field trip was: †† good

†† okay

†† not good

why? ______________________

why? ______________________

why? ______________________

50

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______________________________________________________________________________________


10

WHAT WOULD YOU DO? Listening warm-up. Track 09: What’s the problem?

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Pre Pre

VOCABULARY WORDS & PHRASES

AA

Repeat after your teacher.

a stranger

scam

suspicious

report

rob

verify identity

victim

trick

file a complaint

fake

seem

block

Phrasal verb: fall for, hang up (phone)

s sound

PRONUNCIATION A

Listen and repeat after your teacher. Practice the s sound. Circle the words with the s sound. scam

robs

gives

suspicious

she

price

sip seem

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51


VOCABULARY PRACTICE

BB

Complete the conversation with the words in the box. scam A: Did you hear about the latest (1) _______________?

B: No, what is it?

stranger trick

A: A (2) _______________ calls you and says “hello Grandma.” When you respond with a name, they pretend they’re your grandchild and need money. B: Hummm. That’s (3)_____________.

verify the identity robbed scam

A: Yes. They say they’re traveling and someone (4) ____________ them and they need money to get home.

hang up suspicious report

B: So what happens? A: They ask for your credit card. B: If I got a call like this, first, I would (5) _______________________________ of the caller. Next, I’d (6) ______________ it to the police.

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A: If I got a call like this, I’d tell them to try this (7) _____________ on someone else and (8) ________________ the phone.

LISTENING

CC

Listen again to Track 09. Circle the correct words. 1. Jared received a suspicious email / phone call. 2. It sounds like fake / a scam. 3. Jennifer would block / reply to the account that sent the email. 4. Jared is going to complain about / report it.

LANGUAGE TOOLS

DD

Listen to your teacher and repeat. I’d = I would

QUESTION What would you do

if someone robbed your house?

If someone robbed my house,

he’d / she’d we’d

ANSWERS I would report it

you’d

if someone robbed my house.

they’d

I would report it.

We use would + (base form of verb) + (if + simple past) to talk about situations that are not true now. When we start the sentence with if, we use a comma between the two parts of the sentence. 52

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10

GRAMMAR PRACTICE

EE

Read the conversations. Circle the correct word. 1. Q: What would you do if you gets / got an email from a stranger? A: I wouldn’t open / opens it. 2. Q: What would you do if a woman ask / asked for help with her bag? A: If the situation didn’t seem suspicious, I’d help / helped her. 3. Q: What would you do if your bank calls / called and wanted your account password? A: I’d hang / hung up the phone and call the bank. 4. Q: What would you do if a stranger comes / came to your door? A: If they looked suspicious, I wouldn’t open / opens the door! 5. Q: What would you do if someone gives / gave you a fake check? A: I’d report / reported it to the police.

Add commas where necessary.

Not For Duplication

FF

,

1. If the man at the door seemed suspicious I wouldn’t help him. 2. If she got a call from someone asking for her PIN she’d hang up. 3. I wouldn’t answer the email if it seemed like a scam. 4. The police would help if the victim called them to report it. 5. I would know if it was a trick. 6. If he got a fake check he’d report it.

GG

Look at the pictures. Write what they would do. 1. If there was an emergency, he’d call 911 __________________________________________________________________. Hi, I’d like to file a complaint…

2. If she was a victim of a scam, __________________________________________________________________.

3. If a stranger called to ask him for his PIN, __________________________________________________________________. 4. If the email seemed suspicious, __________________________________________________________________. intercambio.org/students

53


REAL LIFE / YOUR LIFE Read this story. Answer the questions. Discuss your answers with a partner. Tano received a message on Facebook claiming he and others had won $150,000. At first he didn’t believe it. Moments later his friend, Carlos, who he hadn’t spoken to in several months, sent him a Facebook message about winning $150,000. Carlos wrote that he had won, and that he had seen Tano’s name on the list of winners. Carlos also said that he had collected the money easily. Because he trusted his friend, Tano began the process for accepting the prize money, which required: • paying a small up-front fee of $250 • providing bank account details to accept payment 1. Do you think the Facebook message about winning $150,000 that Tano received was real? __________________________________________________________________________ 2. What would you do if you received a message saying you had won money? __________________________________________________________________________ 3. Do you think that the message Tano received was really sent by his friend, Carlos? __________________________________________________________________________ 4. What would you do to confirm that a message was really from a friend? __________________________________________________________________________

CULTURE TIP There are many scams where people say they are the IRS (Internal Revenue Service). The IRS doesn’t contact people by phone, email or social media. The IRS does not call to demand immediate payment, or ask you to pay by debit card, credit card or wire transfer. Generally, the IRS first mails a bill to you with a contact phone number to call to resolve your issues. What kinds of scams are currently going around in your community? Were there scams in your native country? 54

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HH


Look at the situations below. What would you do if they happened to you? 1. What would you do if someone tried to break into your home? I’d lock my door and call the police. ____________________________________________________

____________________________________________________

2. What would you do if you received a letter saying you’d won a prize? ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________

3. What would you do if you got a warning about a virus on your cell phone? ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________

4. What would you do if someone stole your car? ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________

5. What would you do if you got an email to reset your bank username and password? ____________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________

CONNECT WITH CONVERSATION Get to know a partner. Talk about: • what they would do in the situations above • if they get spam emails or fake (robo) calls and what they do about it • if they know anyone who has been a victim of a scam and what happened intercambio.org/students

55

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JI

10


HOMEWORK

MK

ML

Match the parts of the sentence. c 1. ______ If the man at the door seemed suspicious,

a. he’d report it.

2. ______ If she got a call from someone asking for her PIN,

b. it was a trick.

3. ______ If he got a fake check,

c. I wouldn’t let him in.

4. ______ I wouldn’t answer the email

d. if it seemed like a scam.

5. ______ The police would help if the victim

e. called them to report it.

6. ______ I would know if

f. she’d hang up.

Correct the mistake in each sentence. 1. What would you do if someone rob your house?

robbed ______________________

2. I would report it if someone stoled my identity.

______________________

3. If a stranger were outside my house, I call the police.

______________________

4. I’d file a complaint, if suspicious numbers were calling me.

_______________________

Read the sentences. Add commas if necessery.

,

1. If a fake check came in the mail I’d tear it up. 2. I’d file a complaint if someone called to verify my identity. 3. If a suspicious number kept calling me I would block it. 4. If someone stole my car I would report it to the police. 5. I’d delete the email if it looked like a scam.

JOURNAL PROMPT What would you do if you saw someone stealing a car or robbing someone? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ 56

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LJ

Lesson 10 • What Would You Do?


11

WHAT’S YOUR OPINION? Listening warm-up. Track 10: What is Sandra’s problem?

Not For Duplication

Pre Pre

VOCABULARY WORDS & PHRASES

AA

Repeat after your teacher.

minimum wage

income

working parent

bonus

survive

babysitter

daycare

expenses

help out

out of town

Phrasal verb: help out

PRONUNCIATION A

Listen and repeat the sentences after your teacher. Mark where your voice rises and falls. 1. Do you want to go to the beach, or do you prefer the mountains? 2. Does she want to work, or does she want to be a stay-at-home mom? 3. Does he want to work weekends or weekdays? 4. Will her mom watch the kids, or will they go to daycare? intercambio.org/students

57


VOCABULARY PRACTICE

BB

Complete the sentences with the words in the box. minimum wage survived

income babysitter

working parent daycare

helps out bonus

expenses paycheck

working parent 1. My mom was a _________________________. She took care of us and worked full time.

2. We spend more than $1,000 a month on ___________________ for our three kids. 3. Wow! What a crazy day. I can’t believe I ____________________. 4. My son just got a raise. Now he is making more than ______________________. 5. We are looking for ways to increase our _________________________. We have a lot of expenses. 6. My friends invited me to the movies, and I want to go, but I don’t have a _______________ for my kids. 7. William got a second job to cover the extra health care ____________________. 8. I’m so thankful for my husband. He really __________________ with the children so I can go to school. 10. Every Christmas, the company gives employees a ______________. That extra money is really helpful!

LISTEN

CC

Listen again to Track 10. Circle the correct answer. 1. Does Sandra’s husband want to help with childcare? a. No, not really.

b. Yes, but he can’t.

2. Why can’t Sandra’s husband help with her son?

a. He has two jobs. b. He makes a good salary.

3. Who usually helps out Sandra?

a. her mom

b. her friend

4. Who will take care of Sandra’s son tomorrow?

a. her mom

b. her friend

Not For Duplication

9. Paul gets a regular _________________ every two weeks.

LANGUAGE TOOLS

DD

Listen to your teacher and repeat. SENTENCE I have the day off tomorrow

CONNECTING WORD , and

SENTENCE I can help you.

My son is sick

, so

I didn’t sleep last night.

Sometimes my mom helps out

, but

she’s out of town now.

Her mom can help

, or

her friend can help.

A complete sentence has a subject, a verb, and is a complete thought. When we use the words and, or, so and but to connect two complete sentences together, we use a comma. So gives a reason (cause and effect). And gives additional information. But connects surprising, contrasting or opposite thoughts. Or gives alternatives. 58

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11

GRAMMAR PRACTICE

EE

Read the sentences. Circle the correct connecting word. 1. I’ve worked at my company for 12 years, and / or I still love it! 2. I love it, but / or my income is not enough. 3. I plan to look for a second job, so / or ask my boss for a raise when we meet next week. 4. I hope my boss says yes, and / so I don’t have to work two jobs. 5. If my boss says no, I could work two jobs, so / or I could look for a new job. 6. I will have to practice what I’m going to say to my boss, and / so I can convince her!

FF

Read the sentences. Add so, or, and or but. so he never has free time. 1. He’s a working parent of four kids, ________

2. He did a great job on that project, ________ he got a bonus in his last paycheck.

Not For Duplication

3. We need to decide if we will pay for daycare, ________ if we’ll bring our baby to work. 4. When I travel for work, our neighbor helps out by walking the dog, ________ my sister helps out by taking the kids to school . 6. I’m looking for someone to help out, ________ everyone is busy tonight. 7. I need a job with a higher wage, ________ I’m going on lots of interviews. I really hope I get a new job soon!

GG

Complete the sentences. Use the words in parentheses and a connecting word. so I always eat it 1. My favorite meal is breakfast,___________________________________________________________. ( always eat it)

2. I haven’t visited the Grand Canyon yet, ___________________________________________________. (plan to go next year.) 3. My car insurance policy is very complicated, _______________________________________________. (need someone to explain it to me) 4. I’m going out of town on Wednesday, ____________________________________________________. (go next week) 5. I just got a raise, ______________________________________________________________________. (be very happy)

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REAL LIFE / YOUR LIFE Look at the chart and answer the questions.

Division of Labor in Households with Two Full-Time Working Parents % of parents in households where both parents are employed full time saying... Mother does more Managing children’s schedules/activities

Father does more

54%

Taking care of children when they’re sick

6%

47%

Handling household chores, responsibilities

31%

Share equally 39%

6%

47%

9%

59%

Disciplining children

20%

17%

61%

Playing or doing activities with children

22%

13%

64%

1. Who has more responsibilities with children in most homes? a. women b. men c. share equally 2. When children are sick, what percentage of families share equally? a. 61% b. 6% c. 47% 3. What do most families share equally?

a. managing kids’ schedules

b. taking care of sick children c. playing with children

4. According to the chart, what do fathers do more than mothers?

a. play with children

b. discipline children

c. nothing

CULTURE TIP In the US, leaving children home alone can be considered child neglect. Child neglect is a serious crime. There is no federal law in the US about the minimum age a child must be to stay home alone, but some states have their own laws. For example, in Illinois children must be 14, and in Maryland children must be 8. • When do you think it is appropriate to leave a child home alone? • What are the laws like about that in your hometown? 60

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HH


II

11 Read the opinions of Sandra and Tonya. Discuss the questions with a partner. Tonya

Sandra I think the government needs to make the minimum wage higher, but the politicians won’t discuss it. It’s unrealistic for moms and dads to take care of a family with such a low income. I think the minimum wage should be higher, and the government should provide more funding for childcare. The government needs to support families more, so parents can raise successful kids instead of working all the time. I’ve worked two jobs for three years to pay for daycare, so I don’t have enough time to spend with my kids.

I don’t think the government should raise the minimum wage. Some small companies can’t afford to pay their employees more, so they would decrease their hours, and prices would go up. What I’m saying is that a higher minimum wage does not mean more money or more income. Maybe the government should provide more support for working parents and help out with daycare costs.

Not For Duplication

1. Who thinks minimum wage should be higher? 2. Who thinks the government should help with childcare? 3. What is one advantage of a higher minimum wage? 4. What’s one disadvantage of a higher minimum wage?

JJ

What’s your opinion on these topics? TOPIC:

NOTES:

minimum wage working parents childcare sharing responsibilities in the house government support for working parents

CONNECT WITH CONVERSATION Get to know a partner. Talk about: • their opinions on the topics in activity J • their opinion on government health care • if people in their native country share opinions with each other or not • when they think people shouldn’t share their opinions intercambio.org/students

61


HOMEWORK

MK

Lesson 11 • What’s Your Opinion?

Complete the sentences with or, so and but and commas. Don’t use and. , but 1. Janice volunteers at the animal shelter on Tuesdays __________ this week she can’t.

2. My doctor told me I’m at high risk for diabetes __________ I need to start exercising daily. 3. I’m happy in the US __________ I still miss my native country very much. 4. I might make chicken for dinner tonight __________ I might go to a restaurant. 5. I survived the first week of school __________ I’m not sure how I’ll survive the whole term! 6. The state is voting on increasing the minimum wage in November __________ I am volunteering for the election. 7. I like to garden __________ I never have time to do it. 8. I’m tired of living with a roommate __________ I’m looking for an apartment I can rent by myself.

Combine the two sentences with and, or, so and but and commas. 1. She is looking for a job. She wants to apply. She’s looking for a job, and she wants to apply. ____________________________________________________________________________

2. Marcela needs to pay for daycare. She needs to stay home with her baby. ____________________________________________________________________________ 3. Jay’s the best worker at the factory. He got a raise and a bonus last year. ____________________________________________________________________________ 4. Paula wanted to go out with her friends last night. She had to work late. ____________________________________________________________________________ 5. Lucy is a working mom. Her husband is a stay-at-home dad. _____________________________________________________________________________ 6. He is sick. He’ll stay home from work today. ____________________________________________________________________________

JOURNAL PROMPT Which is better for the family: Having two working parents or a stay-at-home parent? Why? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ 62

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ML


12

IF I COULD HAVE ANY JOB… Listening warm-up. Track 11: What jobs do they both want?

VOCABULARY WORDS & PHRASES

AA

TIP:

Repeat after your teacher.

Not For Duplication

Pre Pre

Crime Scene Investigator = CSI Veterinarian = Vet

professional athlete

pilot

scientist

lawyer

crime scene investigator

entrepreneur

veterinarian

writer

referee

rock star

PRONUNCIATION A

Listen and repeat after your teacher. Put the words with the WOODEN HOOK sound in the box. WOODEN HOOK could 1. _________________________

could

flood

2. _________________________

would

food

job

too

culture should

book

won

stood

3. _________________________ 4. _________________________ 5. _________________________ intercambio.org/students

63


VOCABULARY PRACTICE

BB

Complete the sentences with the words from the box. rock star veterinarian

entrepreneur

scientist

professional athlete

referee crime scene investigator

rock star 1. I’d like be a ___________________________, but I don’t sing very well.

2. I played football in college because I wanted to be a_______________________________. 3. A ______________________________________ works in a laboratory. 4. I like to solve crimes. My dream job would be a _____________________________________________. 5. He doesn’t want to work for anyone, so he would like to be an _________________________________. 6. The _______________________ calls the penalties. He has a big impact on who wins.

LISTENING

CC

Listen again to Track 11. Comple the conversation with the words you hear. would Sayed: If you could have any job, what (1)____________ it be?

Darin: Hm. Let’s see. If I (2)__________ have any job….I’d be a professional soccer referee! Sayed: Really, why? Darin: I love soccer and that way I (3)___________ watch games all the time. Sayed: Yeah but the players complain a lot, right? Darin: They do, but I (4)_______________ put up with it. I’d just give them a red card! (Both laugh) Sayed: If I (5)____________ have any job, I’d be pilot. Darin: Oh, yeah? Why? Sayed: I love to travel and that way (6)______ get paid to do it. Darin: Nice!

LANGUAGE TOOLS

DD

Listen to your teacher and repeat. QUESTIONS If you could live anywhere, where would you live? If you could have any job,

what would you be?

If he won a million dollars,

what would he do?

ANSWERS I He

live in Thailand. would

be a pilot. open a restaurant.

We use this question and answer to talk about things that are not true now. In this two-part structure, we use if + simple past and in the other part we use would + verb. 64

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7. If you love animals, you might want to become a _________________________________.


12

GRAMMAR PRACTICE

EE

FF

Match the parts of the sentence. 1. If I loved science,

a. he’d be a CSI.

2. If he wanted to solve crimes,

b. she would become a lawyer.

3. If they liked flying,

c. I would work from home.

4. If I were a writer,

d. I’d be a scientist.

5. If she went to law school,

e. they’d be pilots.

6. If you didn’t like animals,

f. you wouldn’t be a verterinarian.

Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verb in parentheses. lived 1. If you __________________ (live) in Colorado, you would wake up to great mountain views.

3. If she _______________________ (ask) for time off, her boss would give it to her. 4. If they _______________________ (go) to work by bus, they’d save money. 5. If we __________________________ (exercise) more, we’d be in better shape. 6. If Lee and Marcella __________________ (eat) out, they’d need a babysitter.

GG

Complete the conversations with could, would, I’d, you’d, she’d, he’d, we’d or they’d. could 1. Q: If you_____________ have any job, what would it be? I’d be a rock star. A: _________

2. Q: If Maria won a million dollars, what _________ she do? A: __________ go to school to become a writer.

3. Q: If you ___________ have a super power, what would it be? A: __________ want to have x-ray vision.

4. Q: If he passed his flight test, what ____________ he do? A: __________ become a pilot.

5. Q: If we had to cook for 20 people, what ________________ we make? A: _________ make ribs.

6. Q: If Domingo ________________ have any job, what would he be? A: ____________ be a veterinarian

7. Q: If Dawa and Prem owned an RV, where ________________ they go? A: _________________________ go camping at all the national parks.

8. Q: If you ___________ have any car, what would it be? A: It ___________________ be a luxury SUV.

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Not For Duplication

2. If he _________________________ (make) a lot of money, he’d retire early.


REAL LIFE / YOUR LIFE Read about Leonardo and four dream jobs. Which dream jobs do you think would be a good fit for Leonardo? Why? Which job is most interesting to you? Discuss with a partner. Leonardo needs help picking his dream job. He’s a fun and outgoing person. He is a creative thinker and loves working with people. He loves sports and is in great health.

Professional Pilot Some airlines require a minimum of 2 years of college Good communication skills Excellent health, specifically vision 2–3 years and 1,500 logged flying hours Salary range $100,000+ Crime Scene Investigator 4+ year college degree Attention to detail Good problem-solving skills Salary range $55,000+ Professional Referee Each state and sport association has their own requirements The ability to cooperate with others Make mutual decisions with colleagues Physical stamina Salary range $27,000 – 205,000 Veterinarian 7–9 years of college Sensitivity Complex problem solving using science to solve problems Strong reading comprehension $52,000 – 150,000

CULTURE TIP In the US, companies usually pay workers a salary or hourly wage. If you receive a salary, you get the same amount every pay period. If you receive an hourly wage, you get paid for the number of hours you work. If an hourly employee works more than 40 hours in a week, they usually need to receive time and a half, or one and a half times the hourly rate for the extra time they worked. Is this the same or different in your native country? Have you ever not been paid for work you did? 66

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HH


Read about entrepreneurs and employees. Complete the chart with ideas from the article and your own ideas.

Entrepreneurs vs. Employees Entrepreneurs love to create new products and services. They see problems and develop ideas to solve them. Entrepreneurs are risk-takers. They are willing to work many hours, day and night. The money they can make if their work is successful is much more than working for a company. Many entrepreneurs are driven by the possibility of making a lot of money and the freedom to control everything. Employees apply their skills and knowledge to work for someone else. They enjoy a steady paycheck, benefits, a comfortable work environment and a regular schedule, although many companies now try to provide more flexibility in terms of hours, days and where the employee can work. Employees want to earn a good salary but may not be driven by money. They may want to work for a company or organization that provides products or services that they find interesting. Many employees have a lot of responsibility at work.

ENTREPRENEUR Pros

Not For Duplication

JI

12

EMPLOYEE Cons

Pros

Cons

CONNECT WITH CONVERSATION Get to know a partner. Talk about: • if they could be an entrepreneur, would they do it? Why or why not? • where they would travel if they could go anywhere • what superpower they would like to have if they could do anything intercambio.org/students

67


HOMEWORK

LJ

Lesson 12 • If I Could Have Any Job...

Complete the missing part of the question. If you could live anywhere 1. Q: __________________________________________________, where would you live? A: I’d live in Portland, Oregon. 2. Q:___________________________________________________, what would you be? A: I would be a veterinarian. 3. Q: __________________________________________________, where would she go? A: She’d go to Egypt. 4. Q: If your family could live anywhere, ______________________________________________? A: We’d live in the mountains. 5. Q: If they could have any job, ____________________________________________________?

MK

Answer the questions in complete sentences. I’d live in London 1. If you could live anywhere, where would you live? __________________________________________. 2. If you could travel anywhere, where would you go? _________________________________________. 3. If you bought a pet, what would it be? ____________________________________________________. 4. If you could eat with a famous person, who would it be? ____________________________________ . 5. If you could drive any car, what would it be? _______________________________________________.

JOURNAL PROMPT What was your dream job as a child? What is your job now? Do you think you’d be happier doing your childhood dream job? Why or why not? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

68

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A: They would be professional athletes.


13

I DISAGREE!

AA

Listening warm-up. Track 12: What HOA rule are they discussing?

Not For Duplication

Pre Pre

VOCABULARY WORDS & PHRASES Repeat after your teacher.

opinion

point of view

respectful

disrespectful

illegal

be banned

mandatory

rule

permission

permit

PRONUNCIATION Listen and repeat after your teacher. Underline the stress in the pairs of words. A

respectful disrespectful

available unavailable

legal

agree

illegal

understand misunderstand

disagree

possible impossible

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69


VOCABULARY PRACTICE

BB

Complete the sentences with the correct word from the box. opinion a big deal

banned mandatory

point of view illegal

respectful rules

for days at a time permit

illegal 1. Smoking in restaurants used to be common, but now it’s _________________ in many cities in the US.

2. In fact, smoking is now ____________________________ in many public places. 3. Many communities have strict _____________________________ on where people can buy alcoholic beverages. 4. In my___________________________________________, that movie was excellent. 5. Congratulations! Getting a promotion is ________________________________________! 6. Some communities are making vaccinations __________________________. They are requiring them. 7. We disagree. His _______________________________ is different from mine.

9. She doesn’t drive ___________________________________. She prefers to bike. 10. It’s okay to disagree, but we need to be ________________________and kind to each other.

LISTENING

CC

Listen again to Track 12. Circle the correct answer. 1. Who made a new rule about parking?

a. the police

b. the HOA

2. Who thinks visitors should have a permit to park?

a. Gene

b. Laura

3. Who thinks they shouldn’t have to tell the HOA when they have visitors? a. Gene

b. Laura

4. Do Laura and Gene agree about parking?

b. no

LANGUAGE TOOLS

DD

a. yes

TIP:

Listen to your teacher and repeat.

“What do you think?” sounds like “Waddaya think?”

QUESTIONS What do you think about … What’s your opinion on …

free college education? allowing dogs at work?

We use a noun or gerund (verb + ing) after “think about” and “opinion on” RESPONSES I agree (with it).

I think college is too expensive. Bringing dogs to work makes the office a happy place to be.

I disagree (with it). I think going to college is a choice, and people value it more if they pay for it. I don’t agree (with it). I think too many people have allergies. I see it differently. 70

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I think technical colleges should be free, but we should pay for other colleges. I think it depends on the dog.

Not For Duplication

8. You need a ____________________________________ to do construction in your home.


13

GRAMMAR PRACTICE

EE

Match the questions and the answers. b What do you think about schools 1. _____ giving kids a lot of homework?

2. _____ I think smoking should be banned. 3. _____ What’s his opinion on mandatory vaccinations? 4. _____ Do they agree with their friends? 5. _____ What does Karen think about the new HOA rule?

a. No, they don’t. They have different opinions. b. I disagree with it. Children need time to play outside. c. She agrees with it. She thinks it is a good idea for the neighborhood. d. No, we disagree. We liked casual Fridays. e. I agree. Smoking is bad for your health. f. He disagrees. He thinks it’s a personal choice

6. _____ Do you and Brianna agree with the new dress code at work?

GG

Complete the responses with the correct form of agree or disagree. Practice with a partner. 1. Her doctor thinks she should eat more agrees vegetables. She ________________with his advice. She’ll eat more.

2. They think she’s disrespectful. We don’t _______________. We think she’s funny.

3. They think it’s too challenging to go skiing. I _____________________. I think it’s fun!

4. She thinks the weather is beautiful. He ___________________. He thinks it’s great too!

5.They think smoking should be banned. We ___________________. We think it should be banned, too!

6. We think it should be illegal to eat meat. We _______________. We think it is a personal choice.

Not For Duplication

FF

Circle the correct form of the word to complete the sentences. 1. I agree with require / requiring car seats for children under 7. 2. His opinion on permitting gay marriage / permit gay marriage is different than mine. 3. Joe’s opinion on leave / leaving children alone is different from mine. We disagree. 4. Paula agrees with take / taking public transportation to work. It’s better for the environment. 5. Our opinion on climate change / change the climate is the same as his.

HH

Put the words in the correct order to make sentences. Ask a partner if they agree or disagree with these statements. 1. too much / spend / phones. / People / on / their / People spend too much time on their phones ___________________________________________________________________________________. 2. important / more / money. / than / Time / is ___________________________________________________________________________________. 3. Rainy days / than / sunny days. / better / are ___________________________________________________________________________________. 4. sport. / Soccer / best / the / is ___________________________________________________________________________________. intercambio.org/students

71


REAL LIFE / YOUR LIFE

II

Read the suggestions for respectfully disagreeing.

How to Disagree with Someone Respectfully 1. Focus on the facts

Your argument will be stronger if you use logic and not just your emotions.

2. Don’t get personal

Especially at work, don’t attack the other person or their argument. Instead, explain how you feel.

3. Find something good

Before you begin discussing why you are right, try to find something good in the other person’s suggestion. For example, you can say, “I think you are on the right track, but we could also…”

4. Listen to the other person If you pay attention to the other person’s ideas, you may come up with an even better solution. Don’t just think about what you’ve said. Listen to the other person.

5. Use I, not you

Don’t say things like, “You always…” and ”You never…”. Try to begin your sentences with I, as in “I feel…”

6. Agree to disagree

IJ

Sometimes neither person will be able to convince the other. In these cases, the best solution may just be to stop arguing, even if you still disagree.

Read the sentences below and decide if the people disagreed respectfully or not. What suggestions do you have? Discuss with a partner. a. Your idea makes no sense. You didn’t research this matter enough. b. I’m sorry, Lisa, but I feel that we need to focus more on the quality of our food. c. That’s a great idea, but have you also considered the cost? d. I understand your arguments, but I still see it differently. I guess we just need to agree to disagree. e. You always bring up such unimportant details. You never have any good reasons.

CULTURE TIP Many people in the US are very direct when they speak. If they disagree with someone, they might say, “I disagree.” They don’t think this is rude. In some other countries, people do not directly say if they disagree. What do people in your native country do? How do you feel when someone tells you directly that they disagree with you? 72

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Read the opinions that people in the US have on the topics below. Answer True or False.

30%

Certain books with dangerous ideas should be banned from libraries

70% 52%

Support more energy renewable laws and products

48% 43%

Social media news is reliable

57%

Prescription drug abuse is a serious health problem

76% 57% 33%

Daylight savings time is important

67% 73%

College education is important to get a job

Not For Duplication

JK

13

27% 67%

Plastic straws should be banned

33% 0%

10%

20%

Agree

30%

40%

50%

Disagree

60%

70%

80%

Data Sources: Pew Research; Morning Consult; and Rasmussen.

1. Most people agree that plastic straws should be banned.

TRUE

FALSE

2. Most people agree books should be banned.

TRUE

FALSE

3. The difference between people who do and don’t support renewable energy is small.

TRUE

FALSE

4. Most people disagree that social media news is reliable.

TRUE

FALSE

5. Most people agree that a college education helps you get a better job. TRUE

FALSE

CONNECT WITH CONVERSATION Get to know your partner. Discuss your opinions on these topics:

• free college tuition • HOA rules around parking • dogs at work

• news on social media • the value of a college education • renewable energy intercambio.org/students

73


HOMEWORK Complete the responses with the correct form of agree or disagree. 1. He thinks he shouldn’t have to pay a library fine. disagrees. His book was overdue. She _______________

3. They think he is a disrespectful person. I don’t _______________. I think he’s funny. 5. We think exercising every day is important. He ________________. He thinks three times a week is good practice.

NM

2. I think plastic products should be banned. My friends _______________. They think plastics are bad. 4. My family thinks I spend too much money. I _________________. I need to save more money. 6. She thinks the legal drinking age should be 18. We _________________. We think 21 years old is better.

Write if you agree or disagree. 1. People spend too much time on social media.

I agree. _____________________

2. There should not be commercials for prescription drugs.

_____________________

3. Drinking milk is important to stay healthy.

_____________________

4. Homework is important for learning English.

_____________________

5. Eating red meat is bad.

_____________________

6. Soda should be banned in schools.

_____________________

7. Cats are better pets than dogs. _____________________

JOURNAL PROMPT Write about a time that you disagreed with someone. What did you disagree about? Did anyone change their opinion? What was the result? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________

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ML

Lesson 13 • I Disagree!


14

AND THEN I GOT MARRIED Listening warm-up. Track 13: Who is Frank talking to?

Not For Duplication

Pre Pre

VOCABULARY WORDS & PHRASES

AA

Repeat after your teacher.

get divorced

get promoted

get fired

get dumped

get a raise

milestone

get hurt

get hired

get engaged

get laid off

get started

PRONUNCIATION A

Listen and repeat after your teacher. Practice the g sound and j sound. Write a g or j under the sound. engaged g j

change

get

jogging

agree

mortgage

encourage

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VOCABULARY PRACTICE

BB

Look at Franco’s personal timeline. Write the words from the box in the correct spaces. got divorced

got promoted got fired got engaged

May 4th 1957 was born _______________

got married

got hired

was born

June 1981

March 1989

February 1999

_______________

_______________

_______________

January 1979

September 1982

November 1990

________________

_______________

_______________

LISTENING Listen again to Track 13. Check the things that happened to Frank.

P

o He got married.

o He got dumped.

o He got fired.

o He got laid off.

o He got hurt.

LANGUAGE TOOLS

DD

Listen to your teacher and repeat. PAST When

did

he

get married?

He

got married

last summer.

Have

you

ever

gotten fired?

Yes, I’ve

gotten fired

twice.

PRESENT How

often

does

he get

hurt?

He

gets hurt

every time he skis.

FUTURE When

is

he

going to get

married?

He’s

going to get

married

next year.

To show the action happens to the subject (When did you…), we use get + past participle (married; hurt).

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CC


14

GRAMMAR PRACTICE

EE

FF

Match the questions to the answers. e When did they get hired? 1. _______

a. Yes, he did. But we found him.

2. _______ Is Dan going to get fired?

b. They got sick on vacation.

3. _______ Does Suzy get hurt often?

c. Yes, she does. She does a lot of extreme sports.

4. _______ Where did they get sick?

d. No, he isn’t.

5. _______ Did she get hurt yesterday?

e. They got hired last month.

6. _______ Did your dog get lost?

f. No, she didn’t.

7. _______ When did you get hired?

g. I got hired last week.

Put the words in the correct order. 1. They / married / getting /are / summer. / this _____________________________________________ They are getting married this summer.

GG

3. get / He / hurt / often. / doesn’t

____________________________________________________

4. fired? / she / When / get / did

____________________________________________________

Complete the sentences with the correct form of the verbs in parentheses. 1. Q: When did he get promoted? got promoted A: He __________________(get +promote) last week.

2. Q: When are they going to get married?

3. Q: What happened to Mary?

4. Q: Has he ever gotten fired?

A: She_____________(get + dump) yesterday!

5. Q: When is she going to get engaged?

HH

A: They already _________________ (get + marry) last month!

A: No, he's _______________________ (get + fire).

6. Q: Have you ever gotten hurt at work?

A: I think she is going to __________________ (get + engage) soon.

A: Yes! I've __________________ (get + hurt) at work before.

Read the answers. Write the questions. are you getting married? 2. Q: When__________________________________ 1. Q: When________________________________

A: We are going to get married next summer. 3. Q: Has ________________________________

A: No, the car hasn’t gotten fixed yet.

A: He got hurt yesterday. 4. Q: When__________________________________ A: She’s going to get started now.

5. Q: When________________________________ 6. Q: Has____________________________________

A: They got hired last year.

A: No, he has never gotten laid off.

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Not For Duplication

2. got / week. / last / promoted / Frida ____________________________________________________


REAL LIFE / YOUR LIFE Read the coupons. Fill in the chart.

Which coupons should Jenny, Paul and Benoit use? Discuss your answers with a partner. Jenny is 62. She has two grandchildren ages 6 and 9. She is a former teacher.

Paul is 59 years old. He has two Benoit is 71 years old. He has children, ages 15 and 18. He is seven great grandchildren, a retired navy pilot. ages 2, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13 and 17

CULTURE TIP In the US, many people celebrate life milestones at certain ages: when you turn 15 or 16 you can get a driver’s license. When you turn 18, you can become a legal adult and register to vote, and when you turn 21, you can legally buy alcohol. People celebrate big birthdays such as 30, 40 and 50, and some people retire at age 65. What are some of the important age-related milestones in your native country? 78

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II


14 JJ

Read the timelines. Answer the questions. Discuss with a partner. Think about past, present and future tenses. Major Life Milestones in the US Based on Different Generations

B Baby Boomers 1943–1960 X Generation X 1960–1980 Y Generation Y 1980–2000 1. At what age did most Baby Boomers get married? _______________________________________ They got married around age 22.

Marriage: Younger generations are getting married later and there is an increase in both spouses working to meet today’s financial demands. 22.5 25.1 27.3

Age in Years

B X Y 20

30

35

60

70

80

2. Is that earlier or later than Generation X? _______________________________________

Parenthood: Having children later means more parents are still paying for college even as they approach retirement. (Data is relative to women only) 22.2 24.5 27.3

3. When do most Generation Y become parents? _______________________________________

B XY 20

30

35

60

70

80

Home ownership: Younger generations are buying homes later, which gives them more time to save for a down payment. Other debt such as student loans compete for attention.

20

29

30

B

X

30

37

Y 35

60

70

80

Retirement: Saving for retirement needs to begin earlier for Gen X and Y. They have to plan to work longer to make sure their money lasts.

20

30

35

62.8

?

?

B

X

Y

60

70

Life Expectancy: Increased life spans means that more Americans are spending more time in retirement. It’s very important to save more to live a longer life.

20

30

35

60

75.3

B X

Y

70

80

Which generation are you? ____________________

JK

5. How old are Generation X when they buy a home? _______________________________________ 6. Is that earlier or later than Baby Boomers? _______________________________________

80

68.3 71.1

4. Is that earlier or later than Generation X? _______________________________________

7. At what age did most baby boomers retire? _______________________________________ 8. Which generation has the longest life expectancy? _______________________________________

Fill out the chart below with milestones in your life. At what age did you do, or by what age do you want to do these things? get engaged

20

25

get married

30

35

40

become a parent

45

50

55

buy a home

60

65

70

retire

75

80

CONNECT WITH CONVERSATION Get to know a partner. Talk about: • your timelines and compare them • what age they think people become adults • what they think makes a person an adult • the age that people in their native country reach certain milestones in their life • a great memory they have growing up and reaching a special milestone intercambio.org/students

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Generation


HOMEWORK

LL

Lesson 14 • And Then I Got Married

Read the conversations. Circle the correct word. 1. Q: When did they get hired?

2. Q:Has she ever gotten fired?

A: They got / getting hired two weeks ago. A: No, she hasn’t gotten / get fired before. 4. Q: Have you ever gotten lost before?

A: I got /gotten married on the beach.

A: Yes, I have get / gotten lost. It was scary.

5. Q: Has he gotten promoted this year?

6. Q: When is she going to get engaged?

A: He got / gotten promoted last June.

A: She is going to get / getting engaged this December.

Match the questions to the answers. 1. _______ How often does she get hurt? e

a. He got fired yesterday.

2. _______ When are they going to get married?

b. Yes, she got dumped last month.

3. _______ When did he get fired?

c. They are going to get married in June.

4. _______ Did he get lost hiking?

d. Yes, they got divorced last year.

5. _______ Did she get dumped?

e. She gets hurt a lot!

6. _______ Did they get divorced?

f. Yes, he got lost in the mountains.

JOURNAL PROMPT Write about an important life event you've had. What was it? How did you feel? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ 80

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MM

3. Q: Where did you get married?


15

IS IT RUDE TO SHOW UP LATE? Listening warm-up. Track 14: What is wrong with Yanina?

Not For Duplication

Pre Pre

VOCABULARY WORDS & PHRASES

AA

Repeat after your teacher.

culture shock

slurp

spit

pass gas

stare

burp

point at someone

swear

rude

cut in line

chew with your mouth open

show up late/ early

Phrasal verb: cut in, show up

PRONUNCIATION A

Listen and repeat after your teacher. Practice the CUP OF MUSTARD sound. Circle the words with the CUP OF MUSTARD sound. cut

show up

rude

slurp

culture

someone

polite

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VOCABULARY PRACTICE

BB

Match the pictures to the sentences. a In Japan, it isn’t rude to slurp noodles. 1. _____ a

b

c

d

e

f

g

h

2. _____ In many countries, it isn’t polite to pass gas when other people are present. 3. _____ In China, it isn’t always rude to burp at dinner. 4. _____ In some countries, it isn’t very polite to point at people.

6. _____ Many people think it’s rude to spit. 7. _____ In the US, it’s important not to cut in line. 8. _____ It isn’t polite to stare at other people.

LISTENING

CC

Listen again to Track 14. Check the things that are not polite to do in Yanina’s native country. o show up early

o show up late

o chew with your mouth open

o point at someone

LANGUAGE TOOLS

DD

TIP: “kind of” sounds like “kinda”

Listen to your teacher and repeat. STATEMENTS (kind of ) (really) (very) (pretty)

It’s

rude important polite QUESTIONS

Is it

rude important polite

to show up late?

What is something that is rude in your country?

to chew with your mouth open. not to be late. ANSWERS Yes, it is. No, it isn’t. It depends. It is very rude to point at someone.

We use it’s + adjective + infinitive (to + verb) to talk about actions. We add emphasis with words like very, pretty, etc. These words come before the adjective. 82

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5. _____ Some people think it’s kind of rude to swear at work.


15

GRAMMAR PRACTICE

EE

Complete the sentences. Use the verbs in parentheses. to stare 1. It’s pretty rude ________________ (stare) at someone.

2. Is it polite ________________ (show) up early? 3. It’s important not ________________ (chew) with your mouth open. 4. It’s polite ________________ (open) the door for people behind you. 5. It’s kind of rude ________________ (spit) in public. 6. It’s not very polite ________________ (point) at people. 7. It isn’t rude ________________ (burp) in my country.

FF

Match the questions to the answers. c Is it rude to pass gas at the dinner table? 1. ___

a. No, it isn’t, but it’s polite to do that.

GG

3. ___ Was it rude to chew with my mouth open?

c. Yes, it’s very rude to do that!

4. ___ Would it be polite to slurp my soup there?

d. Yes, it was kind of rude. Next time don’t do that.

5. ___ Is it important to open the door for friends?

e. No. You need to be on time

Not For Duplication

2. ___ Would it be okay to be late for the appointment? b. No, it wouldn’t be polite.

Put the conversation in the correct order. ______ Nico: Oh, really? Like what? ______ Kira: Well, like, I learned that it’s rude to go inside someone’s home with your shoes on. I also learned that it isn’t polite to pour a drink for yourself there. 1 Nico: Hey Kira. How was your trip to Japan? ______

______ Nico: Wow. That’s really interesting. ______ Kira: It was great! It’s such a different culture. I learned a lot.

GH

Put the words in the correct order. Ask a partner what they think. Is it rude to cut in line? 1. rude / it / Is / cut / line? / in / to ___________________________________________________________

2. polite / it / to point / someone? / at / Is _____________________________________________________ 3. it / pass / rude / gas? / Is / to _____________________________________________________________ 4. rude / it / late / to / show up / a party? / at / Is ________________________________________________ 5. Is / at / very / stare / it / rude / to / someone? ________________________________________________ 6. dinner table? / burp / it / rude / Is / to / at / the ______________________________________________

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REAL LIFE / YOUR LIFE Read about the Five Phases of Culture Shock. Match the people to the phase they are in. Compare with a partner. Phase 1 Everything is very exciting. The person usually feels happy and enjoys learning about the new culture.

Phase 2 Living in a different culture starts to feel overwhelming. The person starts to notice the negative parts of the culture they are in.

Phase 4 The person starts to feel more connected to the new culture. They understand more about the new culture and feel more accepted.

“I’ve been here for a year. I’m frustrated because I need a car to go places and the weather is too cold.”

“I’ve lived here for three years. I feel comfortable now, and I have many friends from this country. Alicia, 45, from Argentina

Gino, 42, from Portugal

“I’ve been here for a year. I used to like it, but now I don’t. People here don’t understand me, so I prefer to be around people from my home country.”

PHASE: _________

PHASE: _________

Phase 3 The person does not like interacting with people of the new culture. They hang out mostly with people from their home culture. Phase 5 The person feels so comfortable in the new culture that it would be difficult for them to return to their home culture. They could experience “reverse culture shock.”

“I just arrived last week. I love it here! The food is amazing and the people are all so friendly!” Flavia, 33, from the Dominican Republic

“I’ve lived here for almost 10 years. It is my new home. It would be difficult for me to go back to live in India.”

Amar, 50 from India

Aasir, 39, from Kenya

PHASE: _________

PHASE: _________

PHASE: _________

CULTURE TIP Most people experience some kind of “culture shock” when they move to a new country. This means that they can feel overwhelmed or confused by the new culture. Food, weather, language, actions, attitudes and other things can be very different from their home country. Things that are polite to do in their home country can be rude in their new country. After time, most people begin to feel more comfortable. Did you experience culture shock when you came to the US? 84

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HI


IJ

15 Look at the graph below about using cell phones. Answer the questions. People have varying views about when it is rude or not rude to use cell phones 23%

On public transportation

25%

While waiting in line

75%

26%

At a restaurant At a family dinner

77%

62% 88%

74% 38% 12%

During a meeting

95%

5%

At the movie theater or other place where others are usually quiet

95%

5%

Rude

At church or worship service 96%

4%

Not Rude

Data Sources: Pew Research Center American Trends Panel survey. May 30 - June 30, 2014

1. When is it least rude to use your cell phone? _______________________________________________ 2. What percentage of people think it is rude to use a cell phone at a restaurant? ____________________ 3. Do more people think it is rude to use a cell phone on public transportation or during a meeting?_______________________________________________________ 4. In what situation do people think it is most rude to use a cell phone? ____________________________

IK

What do you think? Rank these behaviors from 1 (most rude) to 8 (least rude). _____ cutting in line _____ showing up two hours late to a party _____ not offering to pay the bill at a restaurant dinner with friends _____ swearing in front of someone you don’t know well _____ pointing at someone across the room _____ texting on your cell phone while talking to a friend _____ spitting out the car window

CONNECT WITH CONVERSATION Get to know a partner. Talk about: • how you ranked the activities in activity K • what you think someone should do if they are experiencing culture shock • differences between what is rude in your native country and the US intercambio.org/students

85

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While walking down the street


HOMEWORK

JL

KM

Lesson 15 • Is It Rude To Show Up Late?

Match the questions to the answers. 1. ____ d Is it rude to spit?

a. Yes,they do.

2. ____ What is something that is rude in your country?

b. Yes, they are.

3. ____ Does he think it’s rude to cuss?

c. Yes, he does.

4. ____ Do they think it’s polite to say thank you?

d. Yes, it is.

5. ____ Are thank you cards important?

e. It’s rude to stare at someone.

Complete the sentences. Use the words in parentheses. rude to show up 1. Is it really _________________________________ late to a party? (rude / show up)

2. She thinks it’s _________________________________ (polite / pay) for dinner. 3. We don’t think it’s very _________________________________ (important / send) thank you cards.

5. Is it _________________________________ (polite / show up) early? 6. Is it more _________________________________ (rude / spit) or cuss? 7. I think it’s pretty _________________________________ (rude / cut in line). 8. In my country, it isn’t _________________________________ (rude / slurp) soup.

LN

Put the words in the correct order. It’s kind of rude to show up late. 1. rude / up / show / late. / kind / of / to / It’s __________________________________________________

2. polite / say / you. / to / It’s / thank _________________________________________________________ 3. really / cut / line. / rude / It’s / to / in _______________________________________________________ 4. isn’t / It / polite / to / very / swear / public. / in _______________________________________________ 5. important / to / closed. / your / It’s / mouth / with / chew _____________________________________

_____________________________________

JOURNAL PROMPT What are you most looking forward to in the next five years? Why? ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________________ 86

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4. Do they think it’s _________________________________ (rude / burp) during dinner?


16

REVIEW & PROGRESS CHECK Check the items you can do. Review the items you can’t. I can… o greet others and respond to common greetings using a variety of tenses (lesson 1) o talk about things I like and don’t like using either, both and neither (lesson 2) o talk about laws in the US and what to do if I get pulled over by the police (lesson 3) o talk about things I have or haven’t done before using the present perfect tense (lesson 4) o talk about health care options in the US and how long I’ve had symptoms or felt a certain way (lesson 5) o talk about things I’ve already done or haven’t done yet (lesson 6)

Not For Duplication

o ask for favors politely or offer favors to others (lesson 7) o talk about borrowing and lending things (lesson 7) o talk about scams and what to do if someone tries to trick me (lesson 10) o combine sentences using and, or, so and but (lesson 11) o talk about dream jobs, trips and places I’d go if I could (lesson 12) o tell people if I agree or disagree and explain my opinion (lesson 13) o talk about milestones and life events using the “get passive – got married, got engaged, got hurt, etc…” (lesson 14) o talk about behaviors that are rude, polite or important (lesson 15)

Answer the questions. 1. What is one thing you can do now? _________________________________________________________________________________ 2. Write two questions you know how to ask.

a. ___________________________________________________________________________

b. ___________________________________________________________________________

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REVIEW & PRACTICE

AA

Complete the sentences with your own information. Share your answers with a partner. 1. I’ve never ___________________________________________________________________________. 2. I’ve already ___________________________________________________________________ today. 3. Once, I got hurt when I was___________________________________________________________. 4. I think it’s important to ______________________________________________________________. 5. If I could go anywhere, ______________________________________________________________.

BB

Match the questions and answers.

CC

2. ______ Have they been to Las Vegas?

b. No, they don’t.

3. ______ Do they have an SUV?

c. She’d move to Colorado.

4. ______ Where would she move if she could?

d. He got hurt while he was skiing.

5. ______ How long has she lived there?

e. Not much.

6. ______ What happened to him?

f. She’s lived there for three years.

Circle the correct words. 1. They’ve lived here for / since 1980.

2. He has had a fever for / since last week.

3. She hasn’t been to the ocean already / yet.

4. My mom and sister are tall. Either / Both of them are taller than me.

5. If he could / would sell his house, he’d move.

CD

6.Would you like to borrow / lend our lawnmower?

Complete the sentences. Use the words in parentheses. 1. Janet ______________________________________ (never / hear) an orchestra. has never heard 2. They ______________________________________ (play) outside when it started to rain. 3. My mom ______________________________________ (have) a headache since this morning. 4. ______________________________________ (I / borrow) a shovel? 5. ______________________________________ (they /buy) a house yet?

88

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e What’s up? a. Yes, they have. 1. ______


Write the verbs from the box under the pictures. swear

point

1

__________________________ Stare

4

__________________________

EF

stare

burp

2

__________________________

5

__________________________

be on time

slurp

3

__________________________

Not For Duplication

EE

16

6

__________________________

Use the verbs from activity E to write sentences. Discuss with a partner if you agree or disagree. It’s rude to stare. 1. ________________________________________________________________________ (rude)

2. ________________________________________________________________________ (not polite) 3. ________________________________________________________________________ (okay) 4. ________________________________________________________________________ (important) 5. ________________________________________________________________________ (not rude) 6. ________________________________________________________________________ (bad)

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Review Game. Play with a partner or in a small group. Take turns choosing a category and answering the question. Write your points down for correct answers. Either, Neither or Both?

Borrow or Lend?

Already or Yet?

100

100

Have you ever…? (ask and answer the question)

How long have you…?

What would you do?

(ask and answer the question)

(ask and answer the question)

100

100

100

100

____________ Marie nor Elsa likes chocolate cake.

visit the White House

live here

scam email

200

200

200

200

200

200

___________ a minivan and an SUV are a type of vehicle.

see snow

have your current job

suspicious phone call

Could you ____________ me your car?

What’s something you’ve ___________ done today?

300

300

300

300

300

300

She doesn’t like

go to a rodeo

study English

rude neighbor

Have you ever ____________ clothes from a friend?

Did you ___________ do your homework?

400

400

400

400

400

400

We like the minivan and the red car. Can we test drive

buy a house

be in your current home

500

500

500

_____________ of the cars is what I’m looking for.

get married

____________.

____________?

Notes:

90

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cockroaches in Where can they What is your house something you ____________ haven’t done a shovel? ___________?

500

know your best police pull you friend over

My points: ___________________________

I need to Have you gotten married _____________ a lawnmower ___________? from my neighbor.

500

500

We can ____________ them our SUV.

Do you feel comfortable speaking English ___________?

Not For Duplication

FG


16

PROGRESS CHECK

BB

CC

My score________/ 100

Listen to Track 15. Circle the correct answer. (1 point each) 1. Courtney is going to ________________ Florida. 2. Has Greg ever been to Florida? 3. Does Courtney know where she’s going to live?

a. visit

b. move to

a. Yes, he has.

b. No, he hasn’t.

4. She’s going to borrow Greg’s

a. SUV.

a. Yes, she already has a house there. b. No, not yet. b. house.

Read the questions and complete the answers. Use the correct form of the words in parentheses. (1 point each) 1. Where would they go if they could move?

They’d move ____________________(move) to Florida.

2. Has she ever eaten there?

Yes, ___________________ (eat) there before.

3. What happened to her?

____________________ (get fired).

4. Why were they upset?

Their friends were late. It’s rude _____________ (show up) late.

5. Did she agree with him?

No, __________________ (disagree)

6. What was he doing when he fell?

_____________________. (run)

Not For Duplication

AA

Total: 50 x 2 = 100

Circle the correct words. (1 point each) 1. Q: Have they ever hear / heard an orchestra ?

2. A: No, they haven’t / didn’t.

3. Q: How long has he worked / working there?

4. A: He’s been there for / since two years.

5. Q: Did she already / yet clean the carpets?

6. A: No, she hasn’t cleaned them already / yet.

7. Q: If you could / would move to Hawaii or Florida, where would you go?

8. A: I wouldn’t move to either / neither! I prefer cold weather.

9. Q: Would you like to borrow / lend my car tomorrow?

10. A: Yes. Would you mind lending / borrowing it to me?

11. Q: How long has / have your son been sick?

12. A: He’s had / having a fever since Monday.

13. Q: Do they want / wanted the car or the minivan?

14. A: They don’t like either / both.

________/ 21

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DD

Look at what was happening. Complete the sentences with the correct form of the words from the box. (2 points each) slurp

get hurt

1

2

was talking 1. She ______________ on the phone _____________when she received the email.

FE

2. She ______________ while she was drinking her coffee.

talk on the phone

3

3. He________________ when the police pulled him over.

speed

4

4. He was playing when he __________ __________________.

Write the correct word. (1 point each) so 1. I’m not going to be here next week, ________ (so / or) I need someone to feed my cat.

2. He was littering in the park, ________ (so / and) the police saw him. 4. They could buy an SUV, ________ (so / or) they could get a minivan. 5. He changed his locks on Friday, ________ (so / but) he hasn’t set up his utilities yet. 6. She loves animals, ________ (so / but) she wants to be a veterinarian.

FF

Answer the questions. Use the words in parentheses. (2 points each) 1. What would she do if she received a suspicious phone call? __________________________________ She’d hang up (hang up) 2. What would they do if they could have different jobs? __________________________________ (professional athletes) 3. What’s something that is not polite in their culture? _________________________________ (point at someone) 4. What could I do if I needed a lawnmower? __________________________________ (borrow) 5. What does she think about the HOA rules? __________________________________ (agree)

GG

STOP. Wait for your teacher. (2 points each) Score

92

Teacher Notes

1. 0

1

2

Lesson 10:

2.

0

1

2

Lesson 15:

3. 0

1

2

Lesson 11:

4. 0

1

2

Lesson 13:

5. 0

1

2

Lesson 12:

Student Book 4 LEFT

________/ 29

Not For Duplication

3. It’s okay to be a little late, ________ (but / and) it’s rude to be an hour late.


QUICK REFERENCE GUIDE Present

Irregular Verbs I Know

Simple Past

Present

Simple Past

Past Participle

aim

aimed

remodel

remodeled

appear

appeared

report

reported

break

broke

broken

apply

applied

require

required

bring

brought

brought

argue

argued

reserve

reserved

buy

bought

bought

arrive

arrived

retire

retired

come

came

come

block

blocked

return

returned

cut

cut

cut

borrow

borrowed

rob

robbed

do

did

done

burp

burped

save

saved

drive

drove

driven

call

called

seem

seemed

eat

ate

eaten

carry

carried

separate

separated

fall

fell

fallen

chew

chewed

sign

signed

feed

fed

fed

clean

cleaned

sign up

signed up

feel

felt

felt

clean up

cleaned up

slurp

slurped

get

got

gotten

collect

collected

smell

smelled

give

gave

given

compare

compared

smoke

smoked

go

went

gone

cook

cooked

spell

spelled

grow

grew

grown

donate

donated

squeeze

squeezed

hang up

hung up

hung up

enter

entered

stare

stared

hear

heard

heard

evacuate

evacuated

start

started

leave

left

left

examine

examined

stay

stayed

lend

lent

lent

excite

excited

stay off

stayed off

keep

kept

kept

file

filed

survive

survived

meet

met

met

fill

filled

turn down

turned down

pay

paid

paid

fix

fixed

unpack

unpacked

put

put

put

grab

grabbed

use

used

ride

rode

ridden

head

headed

visit

visited

run

ran

run

help out

helped out

verify

verified

see

saw

seen

happen

happened

wait

waited

send

sent

sent

hire

hired

watch

watched

set up

set up

set up

learn

learned

work

worked

show

showed

shown

like

liked

work out

worked out

sleep

slept

slept

listen

listened

phrasal verb

litter

littered

live

lived

spend

spent

spent

look

looked

spit

spit / spat

spit / spat

meditate

meditated

stand

stood

stood

open

opened

swear

swore

sworn

order

ordered

sweep

swept

swept

pass

passed

take

took

taken

permit

permitted

tell

told

told

pick up

picked up

think

thought

thought

point

pointed

throw out

threw out

thrown out

prevent

prevented

try

tried

tried

pull

pulled

wear

wore

worn

recycle

recycled

write

wrote

written

(be) am/is/are

was/were

been

speak

spoke

spoken

speed

sped

sped

Not For Duplication

Regular Verbs I Know

phrasal verb

intercambio.org/students

93


VOCABULARY WITH STRESS AND COLOR VOWEL SOUNDS Color Vowel® Chart

Lesson 1: What’s Up? great

GRAY DAY

How are you doing?

BLUE MOON

How’s it going?

ROSE BOAT

It’s all good.

OLIVE SOCK/ AUBURN DOG

Not a lot.

OLIVE SOCK/ AUBURN DOG

not bad

BLACK CAT

Not much.

CUP OF MUSTARD

Lesson 4: Have You Ever Been to Las Vegas? been

SILVER PIN/ RED PEPPER

bought

OLIVE SOCK/ AUBURN DOG

buffet

GRAY DAY

driven

SILVER PIN

eaten

GREEN TEA

famous

GRAY DAY

gone

OLIVE SOCK/ AUBURN DOG

heard

locks

OLIVE SOCK

mice

WHITE TIE

put away

GRAY DAY

remodel

OLIVE SOCK

set up

CUP OF MUSTARD

unpack

BLACK CAT

utilities

SILVER PIN

Lesson 7: Could You Pick Up My Mail? borrow

OLIVE SOCK

driveway

WHITE TIE

PURPLE SHIRT

feed

GREEN TEA RED PEPPER

same old

GRAY DAY

historical

What’s going on?

OLIVE SOCK / AUBURN DOG

ORANGE DOOR/ AUBURN DOG +R

I guess so. impolite

WHITE TIE

landmark

BLACK CAT

Keep an eye on.

WHITE TIE

What’s new?

BLUE MOON

left

RED PEPPER

What’s up?

CUP OF MUSTARD

met

RED PEPPER

lawn mower

OLIVE SOCK/ AUBURN DOG

ocean

ROSE BOAT

lend

RED DRESS/ SILVER PIN

orchestra

ORANGE DOOR/ AUBURN DOG +R

polite

WHITE TIE

shovel

CUP OF MUSTARD

person

PURPLE SHIRT

take out

BROWN COW

ridden

SILVER PIN

trash

RED PEPPER

rodeo

ROSE BOAT

turn down

BROWN COW

water

OLIVE SOCK/ AUBURN DOG

Lesson 2: I’d Like Both all-wheel drive

WHITE TIE

anti-theft

RED PEPPER

automatic

BLACK CAT

economical

OLIVE SOCK/ A UBURN DOG

hybrid

WHITE TIE

roller coaster

ROSE BOAT

keyless entry

RED PEPPER/ SILVER PIN

seen

GREEN TEA

show

ROSE BOAT

Lesson 10: What Would You Do?

manual

BLACK CAT

skyscraper

WHITE TIE

mileage

WHITE TIE

block

state

GRAY DAY

OLIVE SOCK / AUBURN DOG

minivan

SILVER PIN

visited

SILVER PIN

fake

GRAY DAY

SUV

GREEN TEA

White House

WHITE TIE

fall for

used

BLUE MOON

Lesson 5: She’s Had a Fever for Two Days

OLIVE SOCK/ AUBURN DOG

vehicle

GREEN TEA

file a complaint

GRAY DAY

ORANGE DOOR/ AUBURN + R

RED PEPPER

hang up

CUP OF MUSTARD

warranty

24/7 (twenty-four/ seven condition

SILVER PIN

identity

Lesson 3: Were You Speeding?

diagnosis

ROSE BOAT

RED PEPPER/ SILVER PIN

carpool lane

OLIVE SOCK + R

ORANGE DOOR/ AUBURN DOG +R

WHITE TIE

SILVER PIN

report

driving

discharge instructions

PURPLE SHIRT

OLIVE SOCK

RED PEPPER

emergency room

rob

head to

SILVER PIN

OLIVE SOCK

BLACK CAT

littering

ER

scam

BLACK CAT

GREEN TEA

ROSE BOAT

examine

seem

pull over

RED PEPPER

WHITE TIE

GRAY DAY

reckless

life-threatening

stranger

red light

WHITE TIE

nurse line

PURPLE SHIRT

running

CUP OF MUSTARD

referral

PURPLE SHIRT

symptoms

SILVER PIN

urgent care

PURPLE SHIRT

seatbelt

GREEN TEA

speeding

GREEN TEA

taillight

GRAY DAY

wearing

GRAY DAY + R/ RED PEPPER + R

94

Student Book 4 LEFT

Lesson 6: Have You Changed the Locks Yet? carpet

OLIVE SOCK

change

GRAY DAY

cockroaches

OLIVE SOCK

fumigate

BLUE MOON

suspicious

SILVER PIN

trick

SILVER PIN

verify

RED PEPPER + R

victim

SILVER PIN

Lesson 11: What’s Your Opinion? babysitter

GRAY DAY

bonus

ROSE BOAT

daycare

GRAY DAY

expenses

RED PEPPER/ SILVER PIN

Not For Duplication

Vocabulary


help out

BROWN COW

Lesson 15: Is It Rude to Show Up Late?

income

SILVER PIN

burp

PURPLE SHIRT

minimum wage

GRAY DAY

chew

BLUE MOON

out of town

BROWN COW

culture shock

CUP OF MUSTARD

survive

WHITE TIE

cut in line

WHITE TIE

working parent

RED PEPPER/ GRAY DAY

pass gas

BLACK CAT

point

TURQUOISE TOY

rude

BLUE MOON

show up

CUP OF MUSTARD

slurp

PURPLE SHIRT

spit

SILVER PIN

WHITE TIE

stare

RED PEPPER + R/ GRAY DAY + R

BLACK CAT

swear

RED PEPPER + R/ GRAY DAY + R

crime scene investigator

RED PEPPER

entrepreneur

PURPLE SHIRT

lawyer

TURQUOISE TOY

pilot professional athlete referee

GREEN TEA

rock star

OLIVE SOCK

scientist

WHITE TIE

veterinarian

RED PEPPER + R/ GRAY DAY

vet

RED PEPPER

Lesson 13: I Disagree! a big deal

GREEN TEA

be banned

BLACK CAT

disrespectful

RED DRESS

for days at a time

WHITE TIE

illegal

GREEN TEA

mandatory

BLACK CAT

opinion

SILVER PIN

permission

SILVER PIN

permit (n)

PURPLE SHIRT

point of view

BLUE MOON

respectful

RED DRESS

rule

BLUE MOON

Pronouns Subject Pronoun

Object Pronoun

Possessive Adjective

Possessive Pronoun

I

me

my

mine

you

you

your

yours

we

us

our

ours

he

him

his

his

she

her

her

hers

they

them

their

theirs

Not For Duplication

Lesson 12: If I Could Have Any Job…

Lesson 14: And Then I Got Married! get a raise

GRAY DAY

divorced

ORANGE DOOR/ AUBURN DOG +R

get dumped

CUP OF MUSTARD

get laid off

AUBURN DOG / OLIVE SOCK

engaged

GRAY DAY

fired

WHITE TIE + R

hired

WHITE TIE + R

hurt

PURPLE SHIRT

milestone

WHITE TIE

intercambio.org/students

95


COLOR VOWEL WORDS

96

GREEN TEA

WHITE TIE

SILVER PIN

PURPLE SHIRT

GRAY DAY

OLIVE SOCK

RED PEPPER

BLACK CAT

Student Book 4 LEFT

Not For Duplication

Write words you learn in the correct Color Vowel Box below. Underline the stressed syllable.


BLUE MOON

CUP OF MUSTARD

WOODEN HOOK

AUBURN DOG

ROSE COAT

ORANGE DOOR

BROWN COW

intercambio.org/students

Not For Duplication

TURQUOISE TOY

97


CONVERSATION PRACTICE USING LANGUAGE TOOLS Lesson 1 When did you start your job? What do you do now? What are your plans for next year? Lesson 2 Which can you afford? Which do you prefer?

I started last week. I’m a cook. I’m going to start cooking school in August.

Both of them. Neither. / I don’t like either.

Lesson 3

Lesson 4 Have you ever been to Las Vegas? Has she ever eaten at a buffet?

Yes, I have. No, she hasn’t.

Lesson 5 How long has he been sick?

He’s been sick since Tuesday. He’s had a fever for three days.

Lesson 6 Have they set up the utilities yet? Lesson 7 Could I borrow your car? Could you watch my place? Could they pick up our mail?

Yes, they’ve already done it. No, they haven’t done it yet.

Sure. No problem. Sorry, I, you, he/she, we, they can’t.

Lesson 10 What would you do if someone robbed your house?

98

Student Book 4 LEFT

If someone robbed my house, I’d call the police. I’d call the police if someone robbed my house.

Not For Duplication

What happened?

While I was driving, the police pulled me over. The police pulled me over while I was driving.


Lesson 12 If you could live anywhere, where would you live? If they could have any job, what would they be? If she won a million dollars, what would she do? Lesson 13 What do you think about free college education? What do you think about allowing dogs at work? Lesson 14 When did she get married? How often does he get hurt? Are they going to get fired?

and he can help you. so she didn’t sleep last night. or your friend can help. today he’s out of town.

I’d live in Thailand. They’d be veterinarians. She’d buy a new house.

I agree with it. I disagree with it.

Not For Duplication

Lesson 11 He has the day off tomorrow, Her baby is sick, I can help you, Sometimes he helps, but

She got married in May. He gets hurt a lot when he skis. No, they aren’t going to get fired.

Lesson 15 It’s kind of rude to chew with your mouth open. It’s important not to cut in line. It’s polite to be on time.

intercambio.org/students

99


Infinitive = to + verb to walk Base form = verb in the most basic form Walk Gerund = verb + ing. The gerund always works as a noun. Walking is quicker than driving. Past Participle = verb + ed (regular verbs). Irregular forms vary. Use with have to form the past perfect tense. He has worked for three years. I have gone there many times. Phrasal verb = verb + preposition. These usually have a different meaning than the verb alone. I work every day = I go to my job every day. I work out every day = I exercise every day.

Simple Present-We use the simple present for repeated actions or habits. Base form of verb (+s with he/she/it) I walk to school every day. She walks to school on Tuesdays. Present Continuous-We use the present continuous to talk about an action taking place right now. I’m walking to work tomorrow because my car broke down. We can also use the present continuous to talk about the future. Correct form of be + base form + ing He’s walking to school right now. Simple Past-We use the simple past to talk about completed actions in the past. Base form + -ed I walked yesterday. Irregular verbs vary. Past Continuous-We use the past continuous to talk about an action taking place at a certain time in the past. Past form of be + base form + ing He was walking to school yesterday. Future with going to-We use going to talk about (planned) actions in the future. Present tense of be + going to + base form of verb I’m going to walk to work next week. Future with will-We use will to talk about actions in the future or offers. We use will for predictions, promises and when we have not made specific plans. will + base form of verb I will walk to work next week. Present Perfect-We use the present perfect for actions that happened at an unspecified time in the past. We can also use it for actions that began in the past and still continue or are repeated. have/has + past participle He has left for work already. I have called her twice.

100

Student Book 4 LEFT

Not For Duplication

Modal verb = a special kind of verb that we use to talk about certainty, advice, possibility, ability and others. I can work every day = I have the ability I should work every day = it’s a good idea if I work every day


Student Name____________________________________________________________ Teacher Name_____________________________________________________________ Teacher Phone Number_____________________________________________________

w

r

y

Teacher E-mail____________________________________________________________

w

y

Want more practice? Go to: www.intercambio.org/students

GREEN TEA

BLUE MOON

PURPLE SHIRT

SILVER PIN

WOODEN HOOK

Not For Duplication

w

y

ROSE BOAT r

GRAY DAY

a CUP of MUSTARD

ORANGE DOOR y

TURQUOISE TOY

RED PEPPER

PEOPLE

I CAN LEARN ENGLISH I WILL PRACTICE NO EXCUSES

WHITE TIE North American English Fifth Edition

OLIVE SOCK

AUBURN DOG

w

CONNECTING

y

TEACHING ENGLISH

BLACK CAT

BROWN COW

Twentieth Anniversary Edition

The Color Vowel® Chart

K. Taylor, S. Thompson © 2018

All rights reserved. This material or any part of it may not be reproduced, in any form or by any means, without express permission from the claimants. All inquiries should be addressed to info@ColorVowelChart.org www.colorvowelchart.org


CONFIDENCE and CONNECTIONS Student Book

C O NF IDE N C E A ND C O NNE C T I O N S

Confidence and Connections was developed by Intercambio Uniting Communities to offer practical English language acquisition for adults. The series was designed for both 1-on-1 and group learning environments. The hallmark of this curriculum is its unique focus on building confidence and personal connections between students and teacher.

B O O K 4L

Each lesson culminates with a Connect with Conversation activity, providing students a safe place to practice speaking English while getting to know their fellow students and teacher. In addition, every lesson includes a pronunciation exercise to help students learn and practice the many sounds and rhythm of the language.

TM

There are 2 books per level, L (left) and R (right), enabling shorter completion cycles per level. Completing a book builds student confidence and allows a shorter waiting period for a returning student. Together these two books, L and R, complete a level and you can begin with either one. Build your community by teaching and learning English The Intercambio Way™.

Adult ESL The Intercambio Way Intercambio is a 501 (c) 3 nonprofit organization founded in 2001. In addition to our successful and continually advancing program in Boulder Colorado, we support and share best practices with organizations across the country that use our curriculum, training and resources. We are committed to learning from everyone. Please share ideas or feedback with us at www.intercambio.org/comments $12.00 ISBN 978-1-947639-22-5

51200

www.intercambio.org • resources@intercambio.org 9 781947 639225

TM

4L

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Confidence and Connections Student Book 4 LEFT  

Intercambio developed this easy-to-use series Adult ELL curriculum with input from our adult ESL students, teachers and program partners acr...

Confidence and Connections Student Book 4 LEFT  

Intercambio developed this easy-to-use series Adult ELL curriculum with input from our adult ESL students, teachers and program partners acr...