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Heritage Conservation Sites in the State of Jharkhand Under XIIIth FINANCE COMMISSION Prepared for

Dept. of Art, Culture, Sports & Youth Affairs Government of Jhakhand

Prepared & Documented by

Jharkhand


I n d e x Sl.No.

Name of the Sites

Page No.

1.

MEGALITHIC SITE OF BARKAGAON, HAZARIBAGH.

01

2.

MEGALITHIC SITE OF RAMGARH

01

3.

ICHAK GROUP OF TEMPLE, HAZARIBAGH

02

4.

DELBERA, SILLI, RANCHI

02

5.

ITKHORI, CHATRA

03

6.

PANDRA GROUP OF TEMPLES, NIRSA, DHANBAD

03

7.

PALKOT RUINS, GUMLA

04

8.

TANGINATH, GUMLA

04

9

NAVRATANGARH, GUMLA

05

10.

RAJMAHAL, SAHIBGANJ

06

11.

PALAMU FORT, LATEHAR

07

12.

TELIAGARHI FORT, SAHIBGANJ

07

13.

OLD BIRSA MUNDA JAIL, RANCHI

08

14.

AUDREY HOUSE, RANCHI

08

15.

MAHADANI SHIV TEMPLE, BERO, RANCHI

09

16.

BIBHUSHAN BANDOPADHYAY RESIDENCE

09

GHATSHILA, E. SINGHBHUM 17.

JAGANNATHPUR TEMPLE & OTHER HERTAGE

10

STRUCTURES, SARAIKELA 18.

SHYAMSUNDER TEMPLE, CHAKULIA, E. SINGHBHUM

10

19.

VASUDEO RAI TEMPLE, KORAMBE, LOHARDAGA

11

20.

KOLESHWARI HILLS, CHATRA

11

21.

ANCESTRAL HOUSE OF SHAHID BUDHU BHAGAT

12

LOHARDAGA 22.

ARCHEOLOGICAL SITES OF BERHET, BHOGNADIH

12

SANTHAL PARAGANS 23.

PITHORIA MOSQUE, RANCHI

13

24.

MUNDRO HILLS, SAHIBGANJ

13

25.

GEL CHURCH, GOVINDPUR

13

26.

PATHARGAMA REMAINS, GODDA

13

27.

ANJAN GRAM, GUMLA

14


Megalithic Site Barwadih Punkhari Barkagaon, Hazaribagh

Stone circle - This is located in Bhainpur village (Lat- 23 33′ Long- 85 36′) of Ramgarh district. This circle is made up of some vertical and many horizontal granite stones. This was made by MUNDA tribe as a tribal burial site. On the basis of the study of artifacts , it is believed that circle was constructed around 600 B.C.

The Barwadhi Punkree megalithic site and its environs are covered with Iron-slag remains. Iron-slag is found to underlie almost all old habitation sites thoughout the Karanpura vally, and present village of this vally are definitely continuation of pre-historic dwelling or settlement sites. Megalithic sites being in proximity of iron-slag sites it is assumed that the iron smelters while taking advantage of the iron-ore available in the hill ranges (Mahudi, Sati and Satpahar ranges) and the flanks of the rift valley (Aswa pahar, and Hudwa ranges) built dwelling sites in old megalithic sites

Sun Wheel - This monument is made inside the stone circle of Bhainpur village. It is a sun wheel, which represents the sun, and its four quadrants – the four seasonal cycles of the year. Menhir - A few meters away from the stone circle of Bhainpur village is a “menhir”. The purpose of this stone is to mark the boundary of the village. This was the Mundari custom of making their villages in ancient times.

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Megalithic Site RAMGARH, Bhainpur Village

H e r i t a g e P r o j e c t s i n J h a r k h a n d


Ichak Group of Temples

Extremely significant local historical implication, since the temple dates

I C H A K ( H A Z A R I B A G H )

basck to the creation of the small village of Ichak, into the Capital of the Ramgarh

Raja sometime quite soon after 1772 and by about 8 years predates the formation of the district headquarters at Hazaribagh town nearby, at which the Ramgarh Batallion was then stationed. As stated here is a complex of temples around it and the area covers a few acres with a wall around it.

Dalbera S I L L I

The 'HO' tribals used to pray the nature, fire & they were the biggest worshipers of Shiv Lingas. We find at many places along the subernrekha river the habitation of this primitive tribe and Shiv Lingas installed at these places, Delbera is one of the important sites which has three shivlingas placed at intervals and one of the old structure of the temple having one of the Shiv Lingas can be seen here which requires urgent conservation and beautification. The remains of a larger temple construction can been seen around this small temple which people says has been destroyed with time. A scientific clearance of the area surrounding the small temple may give us some good region

H e r i t a g e P r o j e c t s i n J h a r k h a n d

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Chatra

Itkhori, a block headquarter within Chatra district. Itkhori lies north of Hazaribagh, about 16 kms west of Chouparan to be more precise. It is a wonderful place with abundance of historic reminiscences and archaeological remnants demonstrating a breathtaking saga of religious tolerance and cultural unity. More than 1200 years ago the great Pala and Gupta emperors looked out from the terrace of the magnificent Maa Bhadrakali temple complex built during 9th Century. The workmanship of the images and statues indicate a highly developed heritage of skills in the finer arts. And if wonders were to follow wonders, the Shiva-linga in the adjacent temple has no less than 1008 'lingams' carved into its surface. Images of 104 Bodhisattvas and 4 principal Buddhas are sculpted on each side of a 'stupa'-like structure. Close by is a stone slab with foot-impressions on its surface - believed to be that of Sheetalnath, the 10th Tirthankara of the Jain religion.

ITKHORI

Pandra Group of Temples, Nirsa, Dhanbad It is also known as Baba Kapilaeshwar Dham/Pandra group of temples are in slight curvilinear 'Sikhra' in Bengal style with horizontal tier system with slightly evolved Raths in Pancharatha whereas the Mukhmandapa has flat roof with ornamental piller & multiple curvilinear arches. These temples are built of stone in 12-13 centuries A.D . It is related to the Mahabharta period when Pandavas had spent some time here. The temple structure, made of stones, has been plastered and white washed by the locals changing the basic texture of the structure. It is desired that immediate conservation and restoration works may be carried out to take out the original structure

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H e r i t a g e P r o j e c t s i n J h a r k h a n d


Palkot Ruins G U M L A

Tanginath G U M L A

The Palkot block is one of the eleven administrative blocks of Gumla district in the state of Jharkhand, India. With a population of 61,388 (1991 census), the block comprises seventy-three villages. Mount Risyamook, mentioned in the Ramayana, is located in the Palkot block, which was, of sorts, the capital of the Chhotanagpur pleatau until the 20th century. The Nagvanshi rajas ruled from Palkot. n ancient period it is none as Nagri and pampapuri. This is the capital of king Bali and Sugriv. In epics age Ghorlata was the place for army which they use to hide oneself. At 3 KM from block headquarter.

It is a historical place situated in remote Dumri block of the district as worship is done here by traditional tribal Baiga priests and numerous 'shivlingas' and images of gods are spread at the temple premises. Trishul and other findings are centuries old. Tanginath is synonymous to Lord Shiva as people have been worshiping Him since ancient days, says a member of Tanginathdam Vikas Samiti. Tanginath is a place having several architectural works in its lap since the ancient era to the medieval era . It is famous as SHIVASTHALI and is famous for great TRISHOOL of rustproof iron TANGINATH lies in Dumri block in Gumla district

H e r i t a g e P r o j e c t s i n J h a r k h a n d

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Navratangarh GUMLA

A part of Doisa Nagar, it is situated in the Sisai block of Gumla district. It was the palace of Nagvanshi rulers and was a five storied building with nine rooms in each floors, hence christened as Navratangarh. The three floors of the building is found above the ground level and it is said that two storied had been buried below. It has the touch of Mughal architecture and the woods and carvings within the building are very attractive.

There are several temples built around the main building. As per available information this palace was built by King Raghunath Sahi during 18th century. It is also said that King Durjan Sal had built this palace, who after getting released from Gwalior fort, had built it on his return. It is the only remains of Nagvanshi regime that can be seen and once restored to its glory will be a major tourist destination.

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H e r i t a g e P r o j e c t s i n J h a r k h a n d


Rajmahal

S a h e b g a n j

OVERHEAD WATER TANK

MUGHAL ERA'S WELL

HOLIL

Geographically on one side of the Rajmahal River Ganges is flowing and on the other side it is surrounded by mighty mountain ranges. It had gone through many ups and downs in its very existence. Its past had been embedded with glory and now the region is lying in oblivion. Its history dates back to mid 15th century. It is also believed that Rajput clan lead by Raja Udai Singh had also their presence in this area, when King Shashank had shifted his capital from Gaur in Malda (West Bengal) to Rajmahal. Udai nala (now Udhawa Nala) flowing eight kilometers east of Rajmahal was the place where Lord Clive caught Nawab Sirajjudaula while crossing the nala.

MINT/TAKSAL

This place came into lime light during 1580 / 1595 during Mughal regime when Emperor Akbar made Raja Man Singh the Subedar of Bengal Region who had made Rajmahal its headquarters. He used to control entire Bengal, Orissa, Assam & Bihar from here. MAINA BIBI's TOMB

H e r i t a g e P r o j e c t s i n J h a r k h a n d

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Palamu Fort LATEHAR

This fort was built in 16th century by Chero King Medini Roy for his son Prabhat Roy. The most important and impressive part of this fort is its main gate which is said to be of Nagpuri style by the experts. The height of the gate is 40 ft. & 15 ft. wide. One can find the description of this fort in many focal songs of the region mentioning that the torch light of the Palamu Fort can be seen from the top of the Rohtasgarh Fort. Later is known for its grandeur. The fort is a great attraction for the tourist visiting the Palamu forest reserve . The fort is losing its identity and needs to conserve & protected.

The history of the Sahebganj district is available from the 13th Century when Teliagarhi became the main gateway of Muslim armies marching to and from Bengal. During the Turkish dynasty rule in Delhi, Malik Ikhtiaruddin-binBakhtiar Khilji marched towards Bengal and Assam through Teliagrahi pass. He captured Bengal and its king Lakshaman Sena fled away to Cooch Behar. In 1538, Sher Shah Suri and Humayun came face to face for a decisive battle near Teliagarhi.

Teliagarhi Fort SAHIBGANJ

This historic fort is lying in a dilapidated condition losing its glorius past. Now railway line is crossing though a portion of the fort and the very existence of the fort itself is at a stake.

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H e r i t a g e P r o j e c t s i n J h a r k h a n d


Old Birsa Munda Jail RANCHI

The Old Birsa Munda Central Jail at Ranchi has been a neglected site since November, 2006, when the inmates were shifted to the newly constructed central jail at Hotwar, Ranchi.

Inner Hall of Birsa Munda

Built in the mid-nineteenth century by the British, the historical significance of the jail lies in the fact that Bhagwan Birsa Munda, whose life history goes down in the history of Jharkhand as a story of emancipation of his own people who were subjected to prolonged suppression by the British, was incarcerated here. A reuse proposal for a site of the significance of the old Birsa Munda Central Jail will be viewed keeping in mind the larger context of the historicity of the Jail and its meaning to the city of Ranchi, and also in the larger historic, social and cultural context of Jharkhand. Thus it is proposed to be converted into a cultural centre and museum with multiple activities.

Audrey House RANCHI

Audrey House is a part of Raj Bhavan, Ranchi, which is more than 150 years old. Built by Capt Hannygton, a British Officer, during 1855-56 is a beautiful piece of structure made out of wood and tiles.

Audrey House has been proposed to be developed as a Cultural Center housing a Museum as well. The cultural centre will have following components in it;

Audrey House is required to be declared as the heritage building and its conservation and adaptive reuse is required to be considered.

Display area both open and closed, An audio visual / Conference Hall for 70-75 persons, An art conservation center, An Art Gallery, A Library, A tribal village life display arena etc.

There are two large halls in the building with wooden floor and the main hall was used as the dancing hall during the British Period.

H e r i t a g e P r o j e c t s i n J h a r k h a n d

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Mahadani Shiv Temple BERO, Ranchi

This is a 17th Century temple. The Architecture of this temple is similar to Orissa architecture. The length and breadth temple is 3.5 x 3 mtr. and the height is 5 mtr. It is said that in 1917 Mahatma Gandhi was visit in Bero and meet Tana Bhagat & stayed in this temple. People perform Puja here from far of places. There is a pond nearly 100 mtr. from the temple on the north side which, according to Mahant, belongs to the temple area.

Born on 12 September 1894 was one of the most famous Bengali novelist and writer of modern Bengali literature. His best known

Bibhutibhushan Bandyopadhaya Residence, GHATSHILA, E. Singhbhum

work is the autobiographical novel 'Pather Panchali. Mr. Bandyopadhay

choose to stay at

Ghatshila and kept on working in field of literature there till the last days of his life. His house at Ghatshila is lying unattended and is required to be developed, conserved and protected for the general mass. A museum is proposed to be put in place in his house where his life style and creation will be displayed.

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H e r i t a g e P r o j e c t s i n J h a r k h a n d


Jaganathpur Temple & Other Heritage Structures SARAIKELA There is a Mousi Bari situated nearly five hundred meter from the main Temple where the deity are kept during the famous Rath Yatra time. There are several sites/remains in the various location of the township that dates back to 16th-17th century related to the Saraikela royalty. It is required to conserve all these sites and remains to co-relate them.

Jaganathpur Temple situated at Saraikela was built in 17th Century by the rulers of Saraikela. The deity in the Temple are the same as that of famous Puri Temple. The Temple has very pleasant Orissa architecture with the images of God & Goddesses imbedded both inside and outside of the main Temple Building.

Shyam Sunder Temple CHAKULIA

It's a Hindu temple dedicated to lord Krishna built by Marwari Community in 1968 in a rectangular plot measuring (450 ft x 60 ft). The temple style marks the confluence of north Indian temple planning and dessert architecture. North Indian features include Garbha Griha (Sanctuary) with Beautiful Minaret with Shikhara with Pradakshina Path and Mandapa (hall for Worshippers). Dessert Architecture: Kuan (Community well) with tall towers to be identified from large distances and rooms on the either side of Mandapa (Hall) used for living, Bhandara (storing), Jina (Staircases). The structure of the temple as well as the minarets erected on the well needs to be conserved and protected.

H e r i t a g e P r o j e c t s i n J h a r k h a n d

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Vasudeo Rai Temple KORAMBE, HAZARIBAGH This temple was initially built in 1470 by the Nagvanshi ruler "Chet karna" and was situated on the bank of South Koyal River in Korambe Village. With time the main shrine which used to be 5 feet high and carved in black stone has got completely damaged and the Idol was shifted to a near by place by the villagers. According to ASI the idols belongs to 8th century. There are many old structures that are lying near and around the river which needs to be conserved and protected from external sources. The place has great religious significance and people from many villages surrounding the area come to offer prayer to the deity.

These hills, about 1575 feet high, lies in Hunterganj block of Chatra district . This place is off the G.T. road on the route map of Lord Buddha. The Bodh Gaya region extends to this area. It contains some ruined temples and historical monuments. It is the place of pilgrimage for the Hindus, the Buddhists and the Jains. Its antiquity goes back to the 10th century B.C.

Kuleshwari Hills, Hunterganj, Chatra

The trek to the top of Kolhua hill is the temple of 'Kauleshwari Devi' & the way is quite steep and there are no steps. The old temple and the remains of the Buddha and Jain era needs to be conserved and protected. The approach to the temple also needs to be done up.

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H e r i t a g e P r o j e c t s i n J h a r k h a n d


Ancestral House of Shahid Budhu Bhagat LOHARDAGA He became a martyr, along with his two sons, fighting the British between 1855 and 1860. The house of great patriot, situated in Silagaon of Lohardaga district, is presently in a dilapidated condition & endangered structural failure . The structure needs urgent strengthening & conservation works. There are few blocks surrounded by a common courtyard.

Shahid Buddhu Bhagat, a veteran freedom fighter of Chotanagpur region, led the Kol Insurrection (1831-1832) aimed against tax imposed on Mundas by Muslim rulers. Jonjoro village in Kudu block of Lohardaga gave birth to one of the country's bravest sons, Budhu Bhagat.

Archeological sites of Berhet, Bhoganadih, S. Paragans

Bhognadih a village in Barhait sub division of Sahibganj district has gained importance for being the birth place of Great warrior duo Sido & Kanhu who had fought bravely with the British army during mid 19th century. As a direct consequence of the Santhal Hul or Rebellion of 1854-55 led by Sido & Kanhu brothers of village Bhognadih near Barhait of Sahibganj district. Kanhu was killed in action and Sido was arrested and hanged at Barhait. The Santhals become infuriated and Hul ensured as precursor of so called first Indian Freedom Movement of 1857. It is the place where Sido was publicly hanged. This place has got a significance in the History of Jharkhand movement against Britishers in the Santhal region. It is of great importance to conserve the ancestral house of the duo martyr and develop the area as a place of pride and honor.

H e r i t a g e P r o j e c t s i n J h a r k h a n d

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Pithoria Mosque RANCHI

Pithoria Mosque is situated at 20 km from Ranchi on Ranchi Pataratu Road. The Mosque is more than 250 yrs / Built in between 18501857. It is said that Sher Shah Suri was made a camp over here & made this mosque. Shersah Suri had offered Nemaz in this Mosque. The Mosque is made up of Stone, Bricks, Limestone, Surkhi chuna etc. The Mosque is in a dilapidated condition and needs restoration and conservation.

Mundro Hills, SAHIBGANJ

Mundro Hill is located on the state highway between Sahibganj and Godda. They are laced with landscape of extraordinary splendor . Mundro (Rajmahal) hills are home to plant fossils which are 68 to 145 million years old. The Birbal Sahni Institute of Palaeobotany in Lucknow has an impressive collection of these fossils. These fossils here have attracted geologists and palaebotanists from all over the world. There are fears of these fossils disappearing and they need to be conserved and protected.

G.E.L. Church,

Pathargama remains, GODDA

GOVINDPUR

It is 13th-14th century remains with several stone sculpture lying in open space. Some remains of the structure need to be restored. In early 645 A.D. The remains of palace at Kapeta of Derma Panchayat can be seen, it also appears in the Santhal Paragana gazetteer. In 1895 the foundation of G.E.L. church was played in Chotanagpur region by Fr. Gossner in Ranchi town. It was subsequently spread to many other areas and the Govindpur Church was established in the year 1850. The Church structure is built with untreated bricks and mud, the roof top has been built with wooden structures and tiles fitted on it. There is another house which has been built prior to the main church building. This structure also needs to be conserved and protected.

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It is desired that the remains found in the region is conserved protected.

H e r i t a g e P r o j e c t s i n J h a r k h a n d


Anjan Dham G U M L A

Anjan Gram is situated at 6 KM far from Toto at Ranchi-Gumla way. The nature beauty of Anjan Gram is very beautiful, the plateau of Netrhat covered it from 3 side. Anjan Gram is also known as the birth place of Lord Hanuman. The place is named form his mother name ;'Anjani'. Many Shivlinga are seen over here. It is said that there were 365 Shivlinga and the same the amount of Pond were Mother Anjani use to take bath from one pond to other and pray at the nearly Shivlinga.

Jharkhand

'SAI KRIPA', 126, Station Road, Hatia, Ranchi - 834003. JHARKHAND Tel. : 0651-225 3773/1010. Mob.: 91-94311-75432, 94701-93468 E-mail : intach@rediffmail.com. www.intachranchi.org


Heritage Conservation SItes