History and Language
By Santi Rodriguez Cano And Eric Sheldon Ellis Martinez
History and Language
Ancient Age The first known human settlements in what is now Catalonia were at the beginning of the Middle Palaeolithic. The oldest known trace of human occupation is a mandible found in Banyoles, described by some sources as pre-Neanderthal some 200,000 years old. Catalonia was colonized by Ancient Greeks and Carthaginians and participated in the pre-Roman Iberian culture. With the rest of Hispania, it was part of the Roman Empire, then came under Visigothic rule after Rome's collapse.
History and Language Middle Ages Identifiably Catalan culture developed in the Middle Ages under the hegemony of the Counts of Barcelona. As part of the Crown of Aragon, the Catalans became a maritime power, expanding by trade and conquest into Valencia, the Balearic Islands, and even Sardinia and Sicily. The marriage of Isabella I of Castile and Ferdinand II of Aragon (1469) unified Christian Spain with the crown of Aragon.
History and Language Contemporary era One of the most important conflicts was the war of the Spanish Succession. King Carlos II died with no heir, so Spain was divided between the ones who wanted Charles to be king and the ones who wanted Felip of Anjou. Most of Spain wanted Philip but Catalonia didn't, after some years of war the catalan people couldn't resist any more and lost, Philip the V became king of Spain and wrote the â€œDecrets de nova plantaâ€?, which were meant to destroy catalan culture. That was not the last try to demolish Catalonia, Franco also tried to make the people forget the language and the traditions, but none of this men could.
History and Language
We are going to talk about the four main languages talked in Spain: -Spanish -Catalan -Euskera -Galician
History and Language
Spanish: Is the most spoken language in Spain. The language comes from Latin, the first text in Spanish are from the “jarchas” that are small anotations written in some arabian poems and songs.
Catalan: Is a language spoken in Catalonia, the Balearic islands, Valencia and some parts of Aragon, it also comes from Latin and its similar to Spanish because of that, one of the first texts are the “Homilías de Organyà”
History and Language Euskera: Is a language only spoken in the Basque Country and in some parts of Navarra, it seems to be a very ancient language that was introduced by pre-Roman villages comming from the north.
Galician: Is a language that is spoken in Galicia, like Spanish and Catalan it comes form Latin as well. It was a language used to write, poetry and songs in the middle ages.
MONUMENTS AND LANDSCAPES OF CATALONIA
Lara Mu単oz and Laura Lozano
MONUMENTS • • • •
Barcelona Cathedral(Holy Family) Minor Basilica of La Concepció Gran Liceu Theatre Palau de la Música Catalana Auditorium • Batlló House • Roman Amphitheatre • Güell Park
• Holy Family, Güell Park and Minor Basílica.
Amphitheatre, Liceu, Batll贸 House and Music Palace.
LANDSCAPES • • • • • •
La Pica d’Estats St Mauritius Lake The natural park of the Ebro Delta Montserrat Barceloneta Banyoles lake
Pica Dâ€™estats, St Mauritius lake, natural park of Ebro Delta and Montserrat.
â€˘ Barceloneta and Banyoles lake.
Ariadna VillĂ and Georgina Pujol
It was completed in 1918, and became operational in 4 years later, in 1922. The aim is to collect the water drawn from wells Ripoll River.
CENTRAL MARKET Central Market is a place where we buy food for exemple: -Fish -Meat -Fruit and vegetables -Bread and cakes among others.
THE RAMBLA The Rambla is an avenue that runs through the city center area between the square of Sabadell Doctor Robert and Gran Via street called Latorre in that stretch.
PARC CATALUNYA The Parc Catalunya is a park located in the municipality of Sabadell, in the area known as the Eix Macia which opened in 1992 The Parc Catalunya is a park located in the municipality of Sabadell, in the area known as the Eix Macia which opened in 1992
LITERATURE AND ART IN CATALONIA AND SPAIN
Ariadna Villà and Georgina Pujol
LITERATUR E โข This is an activity that uses artistic expression by means of language
Federico Garcia Lorca
Miguel de Cervantes
Luis de Gรณngora
ART โข Act by which man expresses imitates the material or the invisible, using the art of the image or sound.
Authors FEDERICO GARCIA LORCA: • • •
He was a poet and a playwright. He was born on 5 june of 1898 in Granada. He died on 19 August of 1936( in this date is when there was civil war)
MIGUEL DE CERVANTES:
LUIS DE GÓNGORA:
• He was a soldier, novelist, poet and playwright Spanish.
• He was a Spanish poet and playwright of the Golden Age.
•He was born on 29 of September in1547.
•He was born on 11 of July in 1561.
•He died on 22 April of 1616.
•He died on 23 of May in 1627.
PABLO PICASSO: Born in Malaga, Spain on October 25, 1881. He was a painter, sculptor Spanish creator of the Cubist movement. That was a key trend for the remaining leads the European avant-garde of the twentieth century. Picture: El guernica
Was the most important Spanish Baroque painter group. Velázquez born in Seville in 1599 and died in Madrid in 1660. Picture: Autoretrato
Was a Catalan painter and sculptor. A museum dedicated to his work, the Fundació Joan Miró, was Established in his birth city in 1975. Picture: Dona somiant l’evasió
TRADICIONS AND FOOD OF CATALONIA Laura Zea Laura Flores
PA AMB TOMÀQUET
DIADA DE CATALUNYA
SPECIAL TRADITIONS SARDANES
Castellers de Sabadell
Gegants de GrĂ cia(Sabadell)
CASTELLERS Castells are human towers are built traditionally. A castle is a person who belongs to a gang towers, which involves dozens or hundreds of people in order to raise various human constructions without any mechanical help, of varying complexity and that have come to have up to ten floors high. One exemple of a group of â€œcastellersâ€? :The locals are sabadell.
GEGANTS In this section we'll say more about “colla gegantera”, in particular. Because I am member of this group. This group is called: Gegants i grallers del barri de Gràcia.
CASTANYADA A traditional song:
Quan ve el temps de menjar castanyes, la Castanyera la Castanyera, ven castanyes a la muntanya a la plaĂ§a de la ciutat. La camisa li va petita, la faldilla li fa campana , les sabates li fan CLOC- CLOC i al ballar sempre gira aixĂ.
The Sardana is a Catalan folk dance is considered the national dance of Catalonia. The name may refer to both the dance and the music. It is a collective dance dancing men and women holding hands in a circle with their feet and tapping the rhythms of the song.
Miriam Steinmann and Ivana Boyanska
1. 2. 3. 4. 5.
Don Quijote Salvador Dalí Cristóbal Colón Arturo Valls Mollà Penélope Cruz
Author: Miguel de Cervantes (*1547, +1616) The first part: 1605, the second: 1615, both were written in Spanish The story was very successful today there are a lot of theaters, movies and operas, all over the world
Spanish artist (May 11 1904 – January 23 1989) Imaginative person, with an unusual and grandiose behavior The Persistence of Memory (1931)
Mae West Lips Sofa, Lobster telephone
*1451, in the Republic of Genoa (Italy) +1506 He discovered America (in his thoughts it was India)
Arturo Valls Mollà
Born in Valencia, 1975 Studies journalism and starts working as a journalist “Ahora Caigo” is his best TV show
*28.4.1974 in Alcobendas, Madrid Star at the Hollywood Walk of Fame, Oscar became famous after a castingshow
Sports in Catalonia ►
The main sports in Catalonia are football, basketball, handball, hockey, tennis and motorsport.
Each sport has its best team:
F.c Barcelona in football Regal Barcelona in Basket too. Barça Intersport in handball. Atlètic Terrassa Hockey Club in hockey. Tommy Robredo in tennis Marc Márquez in motorsport.
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Sports in Catalonia â–ş
One of the main sport events held ever in Catalonia were the 1992 Summer Olympics in Barcelona.
Catalonia has officially recognised national teams in some sports competing in world and European championships as Catalonia, but in most sports Catalan sportspeople compete with Spanish national teams.
Music in Catalonia ►
Catalonia has a huge music culture.
Sardanes are typical popular dances,
Also Catalonia has a very famous groups in different music styles.
Amics De Les Arts Manel At Versaris La Trinca Sopa De Cabra Manu Chao
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Music festivals in Catalonia ►
The most important music festivals in Catalonia are:
Sonar ► Hipnotik ► Bam ► Faraday ►
Great concerts in Barcelona:
Arctic Monkeys ► Franz Ferdinand ► Los Aldeanos ► Bruce Sprengsteen ►
Cinema of Spain ► History: ►
In the long history of Spanish cinema, the great filmmaker Luis Buñuel was the first to achieve universal recognition, followed by Pedro Almodóvar in the 1980s.
There are great spanish actors and actress like Penelope Cruz, Antonio Banderas, Javier Bardem, Jordi Sánchez, Joel Joan…
Cinema of Spain ► The
greatest films made in Spain are:
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La habitación de Fermat Celda 211 Rec 1 & 2 Pa negre Herois TV3 is the most important catalan TV, over the history they made great TV programs like Polseres Vermelles, Plats Bruts, Jet Lag…