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University of Wrocław History

One of the biggest academic institutions in Poland, University of Wroclaw has a rich history with more than three centuries. In the beginning of the 19th century, University had 5 faculties but over the years it expands by numerous sections, laboratories and a natural museum, which exists until today. Since the beginning of the 20th century, with its great work,

University produced 9 Nobel Prize winners. Today with more than 40,000 students at 10 Faculties it is the largest -P University in the region, 9000 students Ins Th o P o l i sh P o l ti tu te o e l i ti c i R t graduate from the University f al S i ev S ci e ca l ci e n ce ( i n i ew n ce p u E is a b lis every year. - W n gl jo h h our n a l s er of t wo :

is W P o r o cł a h ) ws l i to ki (in l P o o g i c z e S tu l i sh ne d ia )

The Institute of Political Science at University of Wrocław is one of the biggest and the most dynamic centers of political science research in Poland with more than 300 students. The Institute was formed in 1969, and in 1970 there were established three‐year doctoral studies. The Institute was given the right to award PhD degrees in 1972, and in 2012 it obtain the right to confer habilitation degrees by itself. Institute is organizer of numerous scientific conferences as well as the organizer of the Summer School on Democracy. In 2013 it was awarded for outstanding assessment by the polish accreditation committee. Institute offers programmes in Polish and in English

History of Wroclaw The history of Wroclaw begins at the end of the 10th century. At this time the city bears the name of Vratislavia and is limited to Ostrów Tumski (the Cathedral Island). In approximately the year 1000 King Boleslas establishes the first bishopric of Silesia. In 1163 it becomes the capital of the duchy of Silesia. It is devastated by the Mongols in 1241, but then rebuilt around the Market Square (Rynek). At that time many Germans settle down in the area, and the name Breslau appears for the first time in written records. Trade is booming which results in the fact that at the end of the 13th century Wroclaw joins the Hanseatic League, a powerful association of German and North European cities. However the Polish Piast dynasty remains in control of Silesia. The last Piast prince dies in 1335 and the duchy of Silesia is annexed to Bohemia, despite the efforts of king Casimir III of Poland. In 1526 the city is conquered by the Habsburgs, but keeps a certain level of independence. Breslau endures some very hard times during the Thirty Years War, but the treaty of Westphalia marks an economic and cultural revival. In 1741, after the assault of Frederic II, the city and most of Silesia are annexed to the kingdom of Prussia,. In 1806 the troops of Napoleon invade the city and it remains occupied by the French until 1811. Breslau thereafter stays under Prussian domination. Industrial and commercial development continues while the population of Breslau reaches 600,000 by the year 1934. At the end of World War II, the Germans declare Wroclaw a fortress, and battle the Soviet forces for almost three months. Finally the Red Army crosses the Odra river, and on on the 7th of May 1945 - after an 82 day siege - the devastated city surrenders. The Treaty of Potsdam (1945) gives Wroclaw back to Poland. T h e i n fo r m a ti o n w e r e ta k e n fr o m w e b p a g e “ W o r s j a P o l s k a ”

Things to do and see in Wroclaw


Visiting and attractions in Wroclaw

Before roclaw had World War II, W s, but the over 300 bridge ificant city suffered sign age in the structural dam War. Today, last year of the

Before World War II, Wroclaw had over 300 bridges, but the city suffered significant structural damage in the last year of the War. Today, it still has over 100 bridges

City of the Hundred Bridges

Visiting and attractions in Wroclaw One of the best known sculptures in Wroclaw is the one designed by Hugo Lederer. It represents Swordsman called Fencer and is placed at Uniwersytecki Squareis. The legend says that the swordsman from the fountain is the author himself. According to the legend author introduced himself on the fountain as a warning for the students. The reason was that he was once a student at the University of Wroclaw. Supposedly one night after getting drunk with local students, he lost everything he had (including clothes that he was wearing) on card game. Tricky students as a symbol of noble state and manful honor left him only the sword. Today, fencer is used for all kind of frolics and jokes. It is a custom of students to dress it in various type of clothes on the first day of April. One more legends also says that the Fencer will come to life, when a virgin will finish the university with a master's degree.

W ro c l a w M u l t i m e d i a F o u n t a i n Multimedia fountain was initiated in 2009 on the occasion of the 20th anniversary of the first free elections in the postwar Poland. This is officially the biggest fountain in Poland and one of the biggest in Europe. With its Beautiful mix of music, light, and water it is definitely worth seeing. Advice: for full experience visit fountain during the night.

Z d ró j � F o u n t a i n

Visiting and attractions in Wroclaw


During the communist time in Wroclaw, a group of protestant called Orange Alternative, were using humor and satire to oppose the communist regime. The group dressed up as gnomes or painted pictures of them over government propaganda and in this peaceful and extremely effecti ve way they fought with communist regime. To represent that movement in 2001 a monument of a dwarf (best known as papa dwarf) was placed in Swidn icka Street. Now, new dwarfs arrive every year populating more and more streets in Wroclaw. Currently in the city you can find around 300 dwarfs . If you have any trouble finding them, there are available maps of dwarfs locatio ns in tourist information centers.

Can you find them all?

To w e r o f t h e G a r r is o n C h u r c h

T o w e r o f t h e c a t h e d ra l o f S t . J o h n B a p t is t T h e p e n it e n t b r id g e

Visiting and attractions in Wroclaw

Viewpoints of Wroclaw

S k y t o w e r v ie w p o in t

Visiting and attractions in Wroclaw

Parks and gardens of Wroclaw

Japanese Garden

Japanese garden is the most famous part of the biggest park in Poland- Park Szczytnicki. It was firstly created on the occasion of the Global Exhibition in 1913., but after it was badly destroyed by the flood, new opening took place in October 1999. In the park you can find few hundreds of original Japanese plants, bushes, flowers and trees.

Visiting Visitingand andattractions attractionsininWroclaw Wroclaw

Juliusz Slawacki Park

Park Szczytnicki

en Old Town Gard

South Park

Visiting and attractions in Wroclaw

­ w a roc l W um i O r a Z O A fry k

‐ The oldest Zoo in Poland,created in 1865 ‐ More than 1100 animal species from all over the world ‐ The biggest attraction of the zoo‐ 'Afrykarium' (exhibits focussed on the diverse water environments of Africa) ‐ The Zoo is one of Wrocław’s most visited attractions More information about the ZOO you can find on offcial page, URL:

Visiting and attractions in Wroclaw

The second oldest botanical garden in Poland (first one is in Krakow), established in 1811. at the same time as the University of Wroclaw. It was a result of joining Frankfurt’s Viadrina and Jesuitical’s Leopoldinum Academy.

Wroclaw University Botanical Garden

Visiting and attractions in Wroclaw

‐ Wrocław University of Technology Riverfront ‐ Maria and Lech Kaczynscy Boulevard ‐ Slodowa Island ‐ Xawery Dunikowski Boulevard

Except of the places where you can take long sidewalk near the river Oder and rest on many benches and stone stairs that took place near the water, you can also find various types of sport activities. If you prefer activities on water you can find many places that rent kayaks, boats, canoes etc. but if you prefer firm ground for activities then you can use vollebay courts ,ping pong tables etc.

Visiting and attractions in Wroclaw

Visiting and attractions in Wroclaw

S ta tu e s o f w r o c l a w K a ty n M a s s a c r e M e m o r i a l

T h e A n o n y m o u s P e d e s tr i a n s

Visiting and attractions in Wroclaw

" W a i ti n g " ( i n p o l i s h " Oc z e k i w a n i e " )

C r y s ta l p l a n e t

W r o cl a w i a n k a

J a tk i ( T h e S h a m b l e s )

P o w o d z i n a k a a t th e U n i v e r s i ty b r i d g e

A tr a i n i n th e s k y

Visiting and attractions in Wroclaw

C u l tu r a l a ttr a c ti o n s O l d J e w i s h c e m e te r y

N a ti o n a l m u s e u m

M u s e u m o f b o u r ge o i s a r t

Visiting and attractions in Wroclaw

M u s e u m o f th e U n i v e r s i ty o f W r o c l a w

R o y a l p a l a c e - C i ty m u s e u m

T h e a r s e n a l i n W r o cl a w

Visiting and attractions in Wroclaw

C e n te n n i a l h a l l

C o g n i ti v e c e n tr e

P a n o r a m a o f th e B a ttl e o f R a c Ĺ‚ a w i c e

Visiting and attractions in Wroclaw

K ol ej k ow o

H y d r op ol i s

H i s to r y C e n tr e Z a j e z d n i a

Transport in wroclaw

W h a t i s J a k do j a de . p l ?

H o w t o t r a ve l t o t h e U n i ve r s i t y u s i n g J a k do j a de . p l

Ca m p u s p l a n

Wroclaw city guide and Institute of Political Science  

This city guide is based on personal opinion. It's dedicated to students of Wroclaw for easier getting around the city.

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