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ŝƐEĂƟŽŶĂůŽŽƌĚŝŶĂƚŽƌĨŽƌdƌĂĚĞhŶŝŽŶ>Ăǁ 'ƌŽƵƉ^ƚƌĂƚĞŐLJĂƚdŚŽŵƉƐŽŶƐ^ŽůŝĐŝƚŽƌƐ>>W͘,ĞĂĚǀŝƐĞƐŵĂŶLJ ƚƌĂĚĞƵŶŝŽŶƐĂƚŶĂƟŽŶĂůůĞǀĞůŽŶĐŽůůĞĐƟǀĞůĂďŽƵƌůĂǁŝƐƐƵĞƐ ŝŶĐůƵĚŝŶŐŝŶĚƵƐƚƌŝĂůĂĐƟŽŶ͕ƚƌĂĚĞƵŶŝŽŶƌĞĐŽŐŶŝƟŽŶ͕ƵŶŝŽŶ ŐŽǀĞƌŶĂŶĐĞĂŶĚdhW͘,ĞŚĂƐĂƉĂƌƟĐƵůĂƌŝŶƚĞƌĞƐƚŝŶƚŚĞ ƉƵďůŝĐ͕hĂŶĚŝŶƚĞƌŶĂƟŽŶĂůůĂǁĂƐƉĞĐƚƐŽĨĐŽůůĞĐƟǀĞůĂďŽƵƌ ƌŝŐŚƚƐ͘,ĞŚĂƐƌĞƉƌĞƐĞŶƚĞĚƚƌĂĚĞƵŶŝŽŶƐĂŶĚƚŚĞŝƌŵĞŵďĞƌƐŝŶ ŵĂŶLJŽĨƚŚĞůĞĂĚŝŶŐĐĂƐĞƐŝŶĐŽůůĞĐƟǀĞůĂďŽƵƌůĂǁŝŶƚŚĞůĂƐƚ ĚĞĐĂĚĞ͘ 

/^E ϵϳϴͲϭͲϵϬϲϳϬϯͲϮϰͲϬ :ƵŶĞϮϬϭϰ ƉƵďůŝƐŚĞĚďLJƚŚĞ /ŶƐƟƚƵƚĞŽĨ ŵƉůŽLJŵĞŶƚZŝŐŚƚƐ ϰƚŚ&ůŽŽƌ͕:ĂĐŬ:ŽŶĞƐ ,ŽƵƐĞ͕ϭ/ƐůŝŶŐƚŽŶ͕ >ŝǀĞƌƉŽŽů͕>ϯϴ' ĞͲŵĂŝů ŽĸĐĞΛŝĞƌ͘ŽƌŐ͘ƵŬ ǁǁǁ͘ŝĞƌ͘ŽƌŐ͘ƵŬ ĞƐŝŐŶĂŶĚůĂLJŽƵƚďLJ hƉƐƚƌĞĂŵ;dhͿ ǁǁǁ͘ƵƉƐƚƌĞĂŵ͘ĐŽŽƉ WƌŝŶƚĞĚďLJdŚĞ ZƵƐƐĞůůWƌĞƐƐ;ǁǁǁ͘ ƌƵƐƐĞůůƉƌĞƐƐ͘ĐŽŵͿ άϭϬĨŽƌƚƌĂĚĞƵŶŝŽŶƐ ĂŶĚƐƚƵĚĞŶƚƐ άϰϬŽƚŚĞƌƐ





















ŝƐƚŚĞƉƌŝŶĐŝƉĂůŽĨtĂůŬĞƌƐ^ŽůŝĐŝƚŽƌƐ͕ĂƐƉĞĐŝĂůŝƐƚ ƉƌĂĐƟĐĞĚĞĂůŝŶŐǁŝƚŚƉĞŶƐŝŽŶƐůĂǁ͘,ĞŚĂƐĂĚǀŝƐĞĚƚƌĂĚĞ ƵŶŝŽŶƐŽŶƉĞŶƐŝŽŶƐŝƐƐƵĞƐĨŽƌŵŽƌĞƚŚĂŶϮϱLJĞĂƌƐ͕ĂŶĚ ĂĐƚĞĚĨŽƌƚƌĂĚĞƵŶŝŽŶƐĂŶĚƚŚĞŝƌŵĞŵďĞƌƐŝŶŵĂŶLJŽĨƚŚĞ ůĞĂĚŝŶŐĐĂƐĞƐŽŶƚŚĞƐƵďũĞĐƚ͘/ǀĂŶŬŝŶĚůLJĐŽŶƚƌŝďƵƚĞĚƚŽƚŚŝƐ ƉƵďůŝĐĂƟŽŶďLJǁƌŝƟŶŐƚŚĞĐŚĂƉƚĞƌŽŶƉĞŶƐŝŽŶƐ͘













dŚŝƐƉƵďůŝĐĂƟŽŶ͕ůŝŬĞĂůůƉƵďůŝĐĂƟŽŶƐŽĨƚŚĞ/ŶƐƟƚƵƚĞ͕ ƌĞƉƌĞƐĞŶƚƐŶŽƚƚŚĞĐŽůůĞĐƟǀĞǀŝĞǁƐŽĨƚŚĞ/ŶƐƟƚƵƚĞďƵƚ ŽŶůLJƚŚĞǀŝĞǁƐŽĨƚŚĞĂƵƚŚŽƌƐ͘dŚĞƌĞƐƉŽŶƐŝďŝůŝƚLJŽĨƚŚĞ /ŶƐƟƚƵƚĞŝƐůŝŵŝƚĞĚƚŽĂƉƉƌŽǀŝŶŐŝƚƐƉƵďůŝĐĂƟŽŶƐĂƐǁŽƌƚŚLJŽĨ ĐŽŶƐŝĚĞƌĂƟŽŶǁŝƚŚŝŶƚŚĞůĂďŽƵƌŵŽǀĞŵĞŶƚ͘


ZĞƐŝƐƟŶŐ͚hŶŝŽŶͲƵƐƟŶŐ͛ĂŶĚ͚^ƚƌŝŬĞͲƌĞĂŬŝŶŐ͛ŝŶƚŚĞŝƐƉƵƚĞ

dhWϮϬϭϰ




contents

CHAPTER ONE

executive summary

1

CHAPTER TWO

setting the scene sources interpreting TUPE policy

4 4 7 8

CHAPTER THREE

when does tupe apply?

10

requirement of a change of employer and share sales the form of the transfer, and transfers overseas standard transfers

11 13 14

the ‘economic entity’ the economic entity must ‘retain its identity’ public and private undertakings whether or not they are operating for gain transfers involving the administrative reorganisation of public administrative authorities

14 15

service provision changes carrying out ‘activities’ ‘an organised grouping of employees…’ ‘…other than in connection with a single specific event or task of short-term duration…’ ‘…supply of goods…’ the 2013 consultation

19 19

21 21 24 24 25 25

CHAPTER FOUR

who does tupe apply to? ‘employees’ ‘assignment to the organised grouping of assets or employees’





















28 28 29


objecting to the transfer objections and implications for secondment

31 32

CHAPTER FIVE

what transfers? transferring obligations provisions incorporated from collective agreements

34 34 37

CHAPTER SIX

variations to terms and conditions permitted variations an example: The Manchester College v Hazel terms derived from collective agreements

41 42 45 46

CHAPTER SEVEN

dismissals dismissals and substantial change in working conditions to the employee’s material detriment automatically unfair dismissals economic, technical or organisational reasons entailing changes in the workforce (‘ETO’) remedies

48 49 50 51 54

CHAPTER EIGHT

insolvency classification of insolvency proceedings in the UK terminal insolvency proceedings non-terminal insolvency proceedings

56 57 58 58

CHAPTER NINE !

employee liability information

60




















CHAPTER TEN

information and consultation the ‘appropriate representatives’ and ‘employee representatives’ the ‘affected employees’ ‘information’ ‘consultation’ ‘special circumstances’ remedies pre-transfer collective redundancy consultation

62 62 63 64 66 67 68 70

CHAPTER ELEVEN

tupe and pension rights (by Ivan Walker) the exception for pension rights protection of accrued rights accrued rights: defined contribution (DC) benefits accrued rights: defined-benefit (DB) benefits death benefits transferring pension rights

future service rights group personal pensions (GPPs) occupational pension schemes

73 73 74 74 75 76 76

77 78 78

the exception to the exception: redundancy and other early retirement rights future service rights in the public sector

80 82

central government, the nhs, maintained schools and academies: fair deal new fair deal local government

82 84 84

CHAPTER TWELVE 





conclusions

86

endnotes

89













"


CHAPTER ONE

executive summary dhW͕ĮƌƐƚŝŶƚƌŽĚƵĐĞĚŝŶϭϵϴϭƚŽŝŵƉůĞŵĞŶƚƚŚĞhĐƋƵŝƌĞĚZŝŐŚƚƐ ŝƌĞĐƟǀĞ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ hŶŝƚĞĚ <ŝŶŐĚŽŵ͕ ƉƌŽǀŝĚĞƐ ƐŽŵĞ ƉƌŽƚĞĐƟŽŶ ŽŶ ƚŚĞ ƚƌĂŶƐĨĞƌŽĨƚŚĞƵŶĚĞƌƚĂŬŝŶŐŝŶǁŚŝĐŚƚŚĞĞŵƉůŽLJĞĞǁŽƌŬƐ͘ dŚĞŵĂŝŶƉƌŽƚĞĐƟŽŶƐĂƌĞ͗;ŝͿƚŚĞĂƵƚŽŵĂƟĐƚƌĂŶƐĨĞƌŽĨĞŵƉůŽLJŵĞŶƚ ĂŶĚĂƐƐŽĐŝĂƚĞĚƌŝŐŚƚƐĂŶĚůŝĂďŝůŝƟĞƐ͖;ŝŝͿƐĂĨĞŐƵĂƌĚƐĂŐĂŝŶƐƚĚŝƐŵŝƐƐĂů͕ ĂŶĚ ĐŚĂŶŐĞƐ ƚŽ ƚĞƌŵƐ ĂŶĚ ĐŽŶĚŝƟŽŶƐ͖ ĂŶĚ ;ŝŝŝͿ ŝŶĨŽƌŵĂƟŽŶ ĂŶĚ ĐŽŶƐƵůƚĂƟŽŶ ƌŝŐŚƚƐ͘ dŚĞƐĞ ƉƌŽƚĞĐƟŽŶƐ ĂƌĞ ƌĞůĂdžĞĚ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ĞǀĞŶƚ ŽĨ ŝŶƐŽůǀĞŶĐLJ͕ĂŶĚƉĞŶƐŝŽŶƌŝŐŚƚƐĂƌĞ;ŝŶƚŚĞŵĂŝŶͿĞdžĐůƵĚĞĚĨƌŽŵƚƌĂŶƐĨĞƌ͘ /ŶĐŽŵŝŶŐ ĞŵƉůŽLJĞƌƐ ŚĂǀĞ Ă ƌŝŐŚƚ ƚŽ ďĞ ƉƌŽǀŝĚĞĚ ǁŝƚŚ ŝŶĨŽƌŵĂƟŽŶ ĂďŽƵƚƚŚĞƚƌĂŶƐĨĞƌƌŝŶŐǁŽƌŬĨŽƌĐĞ͘ ^ŝŶĐĞ ƚŚĞ ĞĂƌůLJ ϭϵϵϬƐ͕ dhW ŚĂƐ ďĞĞŶ ĐĂƉĂďůĞ ŽĨ ĂƉƉůLJŝŶŐ ƚŽ ƵŶĚĞƌƚĂŬŝŶŐƐ ǁŚĞƚŚĞƌ Žƌ ŶŽƚ ƚŚĞLJ ĂƌĞ ŽƉĞƌĂƚĞĚ ĨŽƌ ƉƌŽĮƚ͕ ĂŶĚ ;ƐƵďũĞĐƚƚŽŽŶĞƐƉĞĐŝĮĐĞdžĐĞƉƟŽŶͿƚŽƚƌĂŶƐĨĞƌƐƚŽĂŶĚĨƌŽŵƚŚĞƉƵďůŝĐ ĂŶĚƉƌŝǀĂƚĞƐĞĐƚŽƌƐ͘dŚĞƉĞƌŝŽĚƐŝŶĐĞϭϵϴϭŚĂƐƐĞĞŶƚŚĞƉƌŽůŝĨĞƌĂƟŽŶ ŽĨƉƌŝǀĂƟƐĂƟŽŶĂŶĚĐŽŶƚƌĂĐƟŶŐŽƵƚ͕ǁŝƚŚĂĚŽŵŝŶĂŶƚƚŚĞŵĞĂŵŽŶŐƐƚ ŝŶĐŽŵŝŶŐ ŽƉĞƌĂƚŽƌƐ ďĞŝŶŐ Ă ĚĞƐŝƌĞ ƚŽ ƌĞĚƵĐĞ ǁĂŐĞƐ ĂŶĚ ŽƚŚĞƌ ǁŽƌŬĨŽƌĐĞƌĞůĂƚĞĚĐŽƐƚƐ͘ tŝƚŚŽƵƚdhWŝŶƚŚĞhŶŝƚĞĚ<ŝŶŐĚŽŵ͕ƚŚĞƚƌĂŶƐĨĞƌŽĨƚŚĞƵŶĚĞƌƚĂŬŝŶŐ ǁŽƵůĚ ƚĞƌŵŝŶĂƚĞ ƚŚĞ ĞŵƉůŽLJŵĞŶƚ ƌĞůĂƟŽŶƐŚŝƉ͕ ĂŶĚ ƚŚĞ ŝŶĐŽŵŝŶŐ ŽƉĞƌĂƚŽƌǁŽƵůĚďĞĨƌĞĞƚŽĞŶŐĂŐĞŝƚƐŽǁŶǁŽƌŬĨŽƌĐĞ͕ŽŶƚĞƌŵƐŽĨŝƚƐ ĐŚŽŽƐŝŶŐ͘&ŽƌƚŚŽƐĞŝŶƚŚĞďƵƐŝŶĞƐƐŽĨƐĞĞŬŝŶŐƉƌŽĮƚĨƌŽŵƉƌŝǀĂƟƐĂƟŽŶ ĂŶĚŽƵƚƐŽƵƌĐŝŶŐ͕dhWŚĂƐƚŚĞƌĞĨŽƌĞŽŌĞŶďĞĞŶǀŝĞǁĞĚĂƐĂďĂƌƌŝĞƌ ƚŽƚŚĞĨƵƌƚŚĞƌĂŶĐĞŽĨĐŽŵŵĞƌĐŝĂůŝŶƚĞƌĞƐƚƐ͘ &ŽƌƚŚŝƐƌĞĂƐŽŶ͕ƚŚĞĐŝƌĐƵŵƐƚĂŶĐĞƐŝŶǁŚŝĐŚdhWĂƉƉůŝĞƐ͕ƉĂƌƟĐƵůĂƌůLJ ŝŶ ƚŚĞ ĐŽŶƚĞdžƚ ŽĨ ŽƵƚƐŽƵƌĐŝŶŐ͕ ǁĂƐ͕ ƉƌŝŽƌ ƚŽ ϮϬϬϲ͕ ŽŶĞ ŽĨ ƚŚĞ ŵŽƐƚ ŚŽƚůLJĐŽŶƚĞƐƚĞĚĂƌĞĂƐŽĨĞŵƉůŽLJŵĞŶƚůĂǁ͘dhWƚŚĞŶŽŶůLJĂƉƉůŝĞĚŝŶ ƚŚĞĐŝƌĐƵŵƐƚĂŶĐĞŽĨ͚^ƚĂŶĚĂƌĚdƌĂŶƐĨĞƌƐ͕͛ĂƐƉƌŽǀŝĚĞĚďLJƚŚĞŝƌĞĐƟǀĞ͕ ĂŶĚ͕ĨƵĞůůĞĚďLJƉĞƌĐĞŝǀĞĚĐŚĂŶŐĞƐŝŶĚŝƌĞĐƟŽŶŝŶƚŚĞƵƌŽƉĞĂŶĐĂƐĞ ůĂǁ͕ ƚŚĞƌĞ ǁĂƐ ƵŶĐĞƌƚĂŝŶƚLJ ĂƐ ƚŽ ŚŽǁ ĨĂƌ ŽƵƚƐŽƵƌĐŝŶŐ ǁĂƐ ĐŽǀĞƌĞĚ͘ &ŽůůŽǁŝŶŐŝƚƐƌĞǀŝĞǁ͕ƚŚĞ>ĂďŽƵƌ'ŽǀĞƌŶŵĞŶƚŝŶϮϬϬϲŝŶƚƌŽĚƵĐĞĚƚŚĞ ĐŽŶĐĞƉƚ ŽĨ ͚^ĞƌǀŝĐĞ WƌŽǀŝƐŝŽŶ ŚĂŶŐĞƐ͕͛ Ă ƉƌŽǀŝƐŝŽŶ ƵŶŝƋƵĞ ƚŽ ƚŚĞ

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