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Issue 03/2018

Tackling Cyber Security in Africa

APRIL 20TH, 2018




Be part of the Biggest Annual Gathering of the Public Sector Leaders in Kigali, Rwanda





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GROUP EDITOR Kehinde Olesin COUNRTY MANAGER (GH) Carol Opata- Hogan EDITORIAL TEAM David Ajao Terry Washington Nelly Essien

BUSINESS DEVELOPMENT EXECUTIVE Edna Senamu Toyin Otuogbai CREATIVE MANAGER Nana Antwi Quojoe CREATIVE Executive John Oniyesan IT & RESEARCH Henry Gyedu Michael Tope Ajayi

LOGISTICS EXECUTIVE Babatunde Onishola ADDRESS 1: UK Unit 2, Anchor Bay Ind. Est., Manor Road, Eirth, Kent, DA8 2QA. Tel: +44777 510 9698,, ADDRESS 2: NIGERIA 19a, Olutoye Crescent ,

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resident of Rwanda and the Chairman of AU, President Kagame, will undoubtedly accelerate the AU reforms programme which will allow his successors to continue on the same path, thus, allowing Africa to reach its goal of self-sustenance and having its voice heard on the international scene. He has giant strides when it comes to making Africa get better. Rwanda under him, has become a wonderland destination. It is a dream land for tourists and much more for international conferences and seminars. Decisions are made in Rwanda. Recently, for interest and to actualize Single African Air Transport Market vital to the achievement of the long-term vision of an integrated, prosperous and peaceful Africa under the AU Agenda 2063; that it will bring about the enhanced connectivity across the continent leading to sustainable development of the aviation and tourism industry with immense contribution to economic growth, job creation, prosperity and integration of Africa. It’s against that backdrop the assembly adopted the decision on the establishment of a Single African Air Transport Market (SAATM). Thus, on the African Continental Free Trade Area (CFTA), the assembly decided to hold an extraordinary summit on 21 March 2018, preceded by an extraordinary session of the Executive Council on 19 March 2018 in Kigali, Rwanda, to consider the CFTA legal instruments and sign the agreement establishing the African Continental Free Trade Area and requested the AU Commission to convene an Extraordinary session of the STC on Justice and Legal Affairs to consider the said instruments prior to the Summit. African public leaders need more than meetings! They need to be applauded. The forth coming Africa Public Sector Conference & Awards (APSCA) 2018 holding on the 20th of April, 2018 at the Radisson Blu Hotel & Convention Kigali, Rwanda, is definitely apt. It will be an avenue to highlight the promises of our great leaders in the public sector and to also celebrate their achievements.

Also, Africa Public Sector Top 50 Leaders, a compilation of leading public sector personalities will be unveiled during the event. This list is exclusive of ministers, but focuses on CEOs, Director Generals and MDs running the day to day activities of government agencies and departments. The gathering with the theme: Reinventing The Public Sector For Growth” will bring together leaders in the public and private sectors, offering them opportunities to build partnerships, share insights on strategies, policies and best practices that will drive efficient and smarter public service delivery in Africa. No doubt, Rwanda is looking forward to share her experience and to learn from the rest of Africa. African countries have different histories in policy implementation, but we can learn from each other. It is a celebration of public leaders that have served Africa. AKIN NAPHTAL Group Executive Publisher @anapthal




SECURITY IN AFRICA: When the African Union (AU) adopted the “African Union Convention on Cyberspace Security and... 4


ECG CELEBRATES 50YEARS OF POWERING THE SOCIO-ECONOMIC GROWTH AND DEVELOPMENT OF GHANA: The Electricity Company of Ghana ECG, recently held a dinner and an Awards night to climax the...


BILL TO EASE CROSS-BORDER MOVEMENT IN RWANDA TABLED IN PARLIAMENT: Newly proposed law on immigration and emigration in Rwanda would make it easier for people in border...



FRSC, NIPOST TO STRENGTHEN COLLABORATION FOR IMPROVED SERVICE DELIVERY: AIn its continuing search for partnership that will ...


KENYA PARTNERS RWANDA ON CLEAN CITY: TThe Nairobi City County government has partnered with the Rwandan High Commission in an effort ...


NPA MD LAUDS PMAWCA ON REGIONAL INTEGRATION: TMrs. Hadiza Bala Usman, MD of Nigeria Port Authority has commended the Port ...


Rwanda’s total exports grew by 57.6 per cent in 2017 to US$943.5m compared to US$589.7m in...


LAGOS TRULY MEANS BUSINESS: In a bid to actually put the Organized Private Sector, OPS, abreast of his administration’s economic blueprint, Lagos...


NSE, CBI Honour Companies, Directors for Passing Corporate Governance Rating Assessment • 437 individuals and 35 companies honoured • Launches Corporate Governance Index


he Nigerian Stock Exchange (NSE or Exchange) and The Convention on Business Integrity (CBi) held a certification ceremony for 35 companies and 437 directors that made it over the 70% threshold for the Corporate Governance Rating System (CGRS) process. The companies were awarded the CGRS certification while the directors were awarded certificates for success in the Fiduciary Awareness Certification Test (FACT), which is a key component of the CGRS. The Vice-President of The Federal Republic of Nigeria, Professor Yemi Osinbajo who was ably represented by Ambassador Chiedu Osakwe, the Nigeria Chief Trade Negotiator/ Director General Office of Trade Negotiation delivered the closing remarks. The event saw the successful companies and directors presented with certificates confirming their CGRS certifications. Speaking at the event, Soji Apampa, Co-Founder and Chief Executive Officer, CBi said “this is a triumph for collective action in the fight against corruption and unethical practices. I congratulate the companies and directors being honoured today and I urge them not to relent in their efforts to sustain the high level of corporate governance that has brought them thus far. Today’s celebration is not a destination but a continuous process that should be consistently maintained and further improved upon. I encourage other listed companies still on this evolutionary process to keep at it and conclude the process during this new review period which is now open.” Another highlight of the event was the launch of the Corporate Governance Index of the NSE. The Index will track the performance of the 35 CGRS rated companies using their market capitalization, free float and corporate governance rating scores. The Index will be reviewed on a bi-annual basis at which point


With the kind of experience and background I have, the posture will be to work within the law to drive market operations forward. other companies that have become CGRS rated in the interim may be added to the Index or companies that have had their ratings suspended or withdrawn may be removed. The Index is expected to be an important tool for investors keen on investing in well governed companies as well as corporates eager to distinguish themselves on the ground of governance. Speaking on the newly introduced Index, Oscar N. Onyema, OON, CEO of The Nigerian Stock Exchange said, “The launch of the CG Index is an important milestone to strengthening listed companies by tracking their corporate governance practices. This index will increase transparency in our market and provide investors additional data

points upon which to make sound decisions. I congratulate the companies that have successfully completed the process and I expect that they will be more positively looked at whilst trying to raise and access capital within or outside of our jurisdiction.” The CGRS was launched on November 3, 2014 after a successful pilot phase involving a number of companies listed on the NSE some of which are now listed on the Premium Board. The CGRS was designed to rate companies that are listed on the NSE based on their corporate governance and anti-corruption culture. The process comprises three segments: an independently verified, self-assessment by the company; a certification of director awareness of their fiduciary duties; and, a corporate integrity assessment where feedback on actual company behaviour is sought from internal and external stakeholders. Combinations of the 3 segments with attendant weighted scores are collated and companies with a score of 70% and above accorded the CGRS certification celebrating the degree to which they have evolved the quality of their corporate governance.

Tacklin Securit


hen the African Union (AU) adopted the “African Union Convention on Cyberspace Security and Protection of Personal Data” at its 23rd Ordinary Session in Malabo in June 2014, Africans heaved a sigh of relief. And that was palpably understood because the ominous wind of cyber crime blowing, then, across the world attracted the concern of all.


Four years after the adoption of the convention, which was vitiated by criticisms mainly by the private sector, civil society organizations and stakeholders, who claimed that some aspects of the provisions would endanger privacy or limit the freedom of speech, it has remained on paper without any effectual administration to arrest the heightening level of cyber crime. Left in desperation to fend for their citizens, governments across the continent, from east to west, north to south, are deploying various strategies to rein in the menace. For instance, in South Africa, Panda Security Africa, and audit, advisory and tax firm, BDO South Africa, have formed a strategic cyber alliance to enable the latter to offer a managed security service to their clients, using Panda’s next generation EDR solution. While forecast for the current year indicates that cyber criminal activity shows no signs of slowing down and organisations need to constantly review their cyber security strategies to reflect the advanced threats of today, on the other hand, traditional protection models are a mismatch for sophisticated threats such as ransom ware, exploits, script-based and other malware-less attacks, therefore, opting for next generation EDR (Endpoint Detection and Response) technology into a holistic cyber security strategy is where the solution lies. BDO chose to partner with Panda with the commitment to provide world- class services to clients using best of breed technology. The


ng Cyber ty in Africa THE CONFERENCE FOCUSED ON THE CORE ASPECTS OF CYBER SECURITY AND PREPARED PARTICIPANTS ON HOW TO DEFEND THEIR NETWORKS AND OPERATIONS AGAINST THE GROWING SOPHISTICATION OF CYBER ATTACKS BY “BUILDING RESILIENT CYBER DEFENCE two firms are both global players, capable of providing the perfect solution to South African clients to stem the wave of cyber crime. In Nigeria, cyber attacks attained unprecedented level in 2016. Several organizations suffered cyber attacks, to the extent that some had to pay ransom for their data to be released. Also, there was a remarkable rise in the number of sophisticated phishing attacks in 2016, which affected a number of Nigerian financial institutions and utility companies. On aggregate, the federal government estimated the annual cost of cyber crime in Nigeria to be about 0.08% of the country’s Gross Domestic Products (GDP), representing about N127 billion. While there was noticeable increased in interest in cyber security hacking competitions, the regulatory bodies put in efforts to set up committees to ensure implementing and monitoring of the cyber crime act. The development continued to the tail end of 2017, no thanks to the economic recession occasioned by the all time low pric-

es of crude oil on the international market; only the informed and discerning survived with minimal losses. It was in this milieu that Cyber Secure Nigeria 2017 conference with the theme: “Building Resilient Cyber Defence” held on April 4-6, in Abuja. The conference focused on the core aspects of cyber security and prepared participants on how to defend their networks and operations against the growing sophistication of cyber attacks by “Building Resilient Cyber Defence”. The conference as well enlightened participants on diverse topics such as Ransom ware, IoT, Social Engineering, Cybercrime Law and Regulations, Cyber Terrorism and Militancy, Cloud Security and Data Protection. The development in Ghana is no less palatable. In fact, the nation and its business community have been put on red alert by an information security expert that they stand to lose a whooping $100 million to cyber crime

in 2018. Managing Partner at cyber security firm, Delta 3 International, Del Aden, said the incidence of cyber crime in Ghana will continue to rise unless businesses put effective counter measures in place, adding that with increased digitization, the risks related to cyber security naturally increases. “Unfortunately, organizations in Ghana are not immune to these risks, as such business leaders must take active steps to improve their organization’s readiness for these kinds of threats,” he said. The warning from the expert cannot be taken as an idle talk considering the fact that a Kenyan-based IT firm, Serianu Limited, has previously revealed that Ghana’s economy lost a total of US$50 million to cyber-crime in 2016. Speaking at the 4th edition of the Ghana Cyber Security Workshop, Mr. Aden reiterated that government must get involved to direct the fight against cyber crime. These concerns could not have come at a more auspicious time than at the workshop organized by Delta 3 International, a UK listed expert in I.T Solutions Architecture, Cyber Security and Risk Mitigation, to address the broader issue of cyber crime in digital Africa, as well as specific issues like social engineering, ransom ware, identity theft, phishing among others. These scenarios have been recaptured to bring to the front burner and as well set agenda for heads of state and governments of the African Union to revisit the convention on cyber security in Africa with a view to addressing gray areas as it is long over due. From the foregoing, it is instructive to surmise that without a framework to tackle cyber crime on the continent, the perpetrators of the crime would shift their attention more to African businesses. This can only be averted if the African Union acts now.





he Board of the African Development Bank has approved a loan ZAR 140 million (about US$10million) to the African Local Currency Bond Fund (ALCB Fund), to further enhance the Fund’s portfolio and promote development of domestic capital markets across the continent. The senior loan with a seven-year tenor, including a two-year grace period, will support opportunities for local African corporate issuers to access and diversify their long-term funding sources in local currency and crowdin local institutional investors.


The ALCB Fund was incorporated in December 2012 by German Development Bank (KfW) on behalf of the German Federal Ministry of Economic Cooperation and Development, and is licensed as an open-ended Fund, domiciled in Mauritius with initial paid-in capital of US$47million. The fund is designed to promote local currency bond issuers in high-impact sectors by providing technical assistance to facilitate corporate bond issuances and champion best practices across various domestic debt markets. Geographically, the Fund is expected to invest in all African countries where local currency bonds are possible. It has invested in Botswana, Ghana, Kenya, Zambia, Lesotho, Senegal, Côte d’Ivoire, Nigeria, Uganda, Malawi, Gabon and Togo. As of December 31, 2017, the Fund had made 27 investments across 19 companies and in 10 currencies. The products and services offered by the ALCB Fund are designed to improve access for non-sovereign issuers to long-term funding in local currency; reduce currency and maturity mismatches; and increase local financial intermediation. Through the funding, the African Development Bank will help to broaden and deepen Africa’s

local currency corporate bond markets – thus supporting local capital market development in Regional Member Countries. The Fund will catalyse investments in critical sectors such as renewable energy, housing, health, education, the financial sector and agriculture in line with the Bank’s High 5 priorities – Light up and power Africa; Feed Africa; Industrialise Africa; and Improve the quality of life for the people of Africa.

The fund is designed to promote local currency bond issuers in high-impact sectors by providing technical assistance to facilitate corporate bond.

The transaction also provides an opportunity to leverage the Bank’s financing through ALCB Fund’s co-investments with local institutional investors such as pension funds and insurance companies; thereby amplifying the scope and impact of investments. The Bank’s

contribution to the Fund will complement existing initiatives to mobilise domestic institutional savings and stimulate non-sovereign local debt capital markets development across Africa. This will ultimately help grow private sector financing through capital markets.


Uganda ERA Develops Energy Rebate Guideline

Nigeria Seeks $2.5bn to Service Domestic Debts


The Electricity Regulatory Authority of Uganda has developed the Energy Rebate Guideline to provide a framework for management of energy rebates in country’s electricity supply industry. Energy Rebate is the reimbursement in terms of energy consumed to an eligible person/firm who designs, finances and constructs electricity distribution infrastructure. On 5th July 2017, The authority approved the guideline intended to guide ERA Licensees and electricity consumers on the steps and process to be followed in the application for processing and reimbursement of energy rebates to eligible consumers. According to the guideline, energy rebate applies to line constructions and extensions by industrial consumers, including Medium Industrial, Large Industrial and Extra-Large Industrial Consumers. For a company or a person to qualify for energy rebate, he has to obtain an approval from ERA to design, finance and build a low voltage network in a designated service territory of the ERA Licensee and has to receive a letter of no-objection from the electricity distribution company in charge of the area where a line extension is to be done. The energy rebate is one of the incentives for manufacturers to build industries in areas that have no access to electricity. The guideline became effective in January 2018.



he Nigerian federal government approved $2.5 billion eurobond external borrowing for the refinancing of existing domestic debts. The Minister of Finance, Kemi Adeosun, who disclosed this after the Federal Executive Council (FEC) meeting chaired by President Muhammadu Buhari at the presidential villa, Abuja said the estimated proceeds of N762.5 billion will be used to redeem Nigerian Treasury Bills (NTB). Briefing State House correspondents on the potential savings on the proposed $2.5 billion refinancing at the end the meeting, she said at estimated current NTB rates of 15%, following mop up operations by the CBN, the savings from the refinancing of N762.5 billion of domestic debt using external capital raising is about N64 billion per annum. On the impact of the use of the proceeds of the $500 million issued in November 2017, she said, “The proceeds, about N162.50

billion, were used to redeem NTBs which matured in December 2017. “The immediate impact was a significant drop in the Bid Rates at the Auctions of both NTBs and FGN Bonds. In December 2017 and January 2018, NTBs dropped from about 16% to 13%. FGN Bonds dropped from about 16-16.50% to 13.50% “This translates to savings for government on new borrowing while also making the cost of borrowing for the real sector cheaper since the sovereign rate serves as a benchmark for other borrowers”. The minister announced also that the federal government has reappointed Citigroup, Standard Chartered Bank and Stanbic IBTC Bank, Whitten - Case and African Practice as advisers on its $1bn Eurobond. The five banks were appointed in December 2016 as advisers following the approval for the issuance of the Eurobond in the International Capital Market and the appointment of transaction parties responsible for the execution of the programme.




newly proposed law on immigration and emigration in Rwanda would make it easier for people in border communities to cross borders without difficulty, Members of Parliament in the Lower House heard. The MPs approved the basis of a draft law that seeks to amend the current law on immigration and emigration matters, which has to be reviewed to incorporate penalties on immigration and emigration related offences among other changes.


While presenting the draft law in Parliament, the Minister in the Office of the President, Judith Uwizeye, said that provisions have been added in the draft law to make it easy for people living in border communities to travel to neighbouring countries. Under Article 57 of the draft law, the government has proposed that the Directorate General of Immigration and Emigration be allowed to work in consultation with local leaders and other relevant authorities to establish more crossing points to strictly facilitate movements of border communities. The draft law directs the directorate to put in place instructions governing the management of the crossing points. “It’s important that we make it easy for Rwandans to travel to neighbouring countries, especially those who live near the borders. Some of them would travel long distances to reach a gazetted border post,” Uwizeye told MPs. Immigration officials have said that the move aims to close a gap in the law whereby people in some border communities were not explicitly allowed by the law to cross the nearby borders without using designated border posts. Once it has come into force, the new law will recognise other crossing points other than gazetted borders to ease the movement of border communities. Many legislators welcomed the move but suggested that the government should devise mechanisms at the proposed crossing points to ensure that they aren’t abused.

“Increasing border posts is a good thing but it should go hand in hand with increasing security equipment such as search equipment for travellers,” said MP Athanasie Nyiragwaneza. Minister Uwizeye said that control mechanisms will be put in place as different crossing points are opened and she agreed with the lawmaker that some equipment should be procured for use by border posts. “Yes, we will increase equipment. You also know that Rwanda has opened its borders to foreigners and that’s why we will increase control mechanisms at our borders,” she said Apart from easing travel for people in border communities, the draft law also seeks to institute new types of travel documents, rede-

fine what migration crimes are, and provide penalties for such crimes. Officials said in an explanatory note to the immigration draft law that the opportunity to modify the existing legal framework has come at a time when the law needed to be reviewed to bring on board various changes that occurred in the country in the area of Immigration and Emigration. They said that the proposed review of Law n° 04/2011 of 21/03/2011 on Immigration and Emigration in Rwanda serves to facilitate the mobility of Rwandans and foreigners in the country by easing entry and exit procedures, but with necessary safeguards to ensure that Rwanda’s openness is not abused by criminals.





enya Ports Authority (KPA) board of directors has announced major changes at the state corporation. Recently, three managers were promoted to replace those elevated to the posts of general managers on March 1. Patrick Onyango takes over as chief pilot after William Ruto was promoted to the position of general manager Operations and Harbour Master. Stephen Thoya is the new head of Marine, replacing Rashid Salim who is now the general manager Engineering Services. Rashid replaced Joseph Atonga who has proceeded on leave pending his retirement in April. Mrs. Irene Mbogo, who was not in the list of those announced by Cabinet Secretary James Macharia, will now replace Boaz Ouko as Head of Human Resources.

following board of directors’ meeting last week, “said Osero. Mrs. Mbogo has been elevated to Head of Human Resource instead of Catherine Wangari, who was appointed to the position by the minister following a board meeting on March 1. Wangari will not leave her earlier job as employees’ relations officer. Junior managers. The board also promoted nine other junior managers to replace those who were promoted following a purge, which saw General Manager Operations and Harbour Master Sudi Mwasinago transferred to Kisumu Inland Container Depot.

KPA Public Relations Manager Benard Osero confirmed the changes which were affected after the board met last Recently.

Others transferred to Kisumu include former Procurement Manager Yobes Oyaro and former Infrastructure General Manager Engineer Abdullahi Samatar. Samatar was replaced by Dan Amadi. Ouko, the former Head of Human Resource, now holds the post of Human Resource Project. The board also cancelled the appointment of Robert Watene as acting Kenya Maritime Authority (KMA) acting Director General.

“These managers were elevated to new posts

The board chaired by Major (Rtd) Marsden

Madoka cancelled Watene’s letter of secondment to KMA after KMA’s board of directors rejected his appointment. Watene has gone back to work at Bandari college. Following cancellation of the letter, George Macgoye has been appointed Acting Director General of KMA. Meanwhile, Commissioner of Police Ali Gitonga, who is also the Commandant of Kenya Railways and Port Police, has moved his office to the port from Nairobi Railways Station. Ensure safety “My office has been moved to Mombasa port from Railways in Nairobi. I will operate in one of the buildings in the port,” said Gitonga. He said his first priority was to ensure the safety of goods being transported to dry port at Embakasi in Nairobi. The commandant’s docket is to ensure thieves do not steal containers after being offloaded from the ships until their owners clear them from Mombasa port and at the dry port at Embakasi in Nairobi. He will also ensure 24-hour police surveillance of railway line from Mombasa to Nairobi.



Rwanda’s Exports Grows 58% in 2017

wanda’s total exports grew by 57.6 per cent in 2017 to US$943.5m compared to US$589.7m in the previous year. According to Finance and Economic Planning Minister, Amb. Claver Gatete, the significant growth in exports was largely due to mineral exports which grew by over 210% to $248.5m compared to $80.1m in the previous year. Gatete made the remarks yesterday while tabling a draft law for the revised 2017/18 fiscal year budget, which among others, sought to increase public spending by Rwf20.5 billion. The mineral sector has been under adjustments in recent months, including the establishment of a specialised agency; the Mines, Petroleum, and Gas Board to give oversight in the sector. Among the significant developments in the sector include exploratory studies, ridding the sector of middlemen and bringing in investors with modern mining technology.


“The increase in exports is largely from the receipts from mineral exports which grew by 210.4 per cent to reach US$248.5m compared to US$ 80.1m in the previous year, 2016,” Gatete said. Other major drivers of the growth in exports include receipts from coffee and tea exports with the former growing at 9.6 per cent and the later at 32.9 per cent. Gatete said that this was due to recovery of the commodities’ prices in the international market in the course of the year. Rwanda’s imports value also shrank by 0.4 per cent in 2017 consequently leading to a significant reduction in the trade deficit. “Due to the increase of exports and decrease of imports, trade deficit went down by 21.7 per cent from $1624.6m in 2016 to $1271.9m in 2017,”Gatete said. Gatete asked the legislators to approve an increase of the budget by Rwf20.5bn adding that it will help to continue the fiscal consolidation and prudent borrowing policies to make debt and external imbalances sustainable. According to the proposal for the current financial year, the budget will be revised upwards by Rwf20.5 billion from Rwf2,094.9 billion that was approved by Parliament in June last year to Rwf 2,115.4 billion. The changes to the budget will affect both resources and expenditures.

Amb. Claver Gatete

On the resources side, government expects a net increase in domestic revenues of Rwf669.4 billion, which is Rwf6.5 billion higher than the projected Rwf662.9 billion in the original budget. “The increase comes from the sale of treasury bills and bonds as well as a drawdown from strategic fuel reserves. External grants disbursements were on track registering an amount of Rwf168.3 billion against Rwf168.8 billion projected for the period,” a statement reads in part. On the expenditure front, the government expects an increase of Rwf8.7 billion from Rwf1,033.8 billion of the previous budget estimates to Rwf1,042.5 billion. “The rise will mainly cover salaries and operational expenses of newly created ministries and agencies,” the ministry said. Development budget is expected to increase by Rwf9.8 billion from Rwf772.7 billion in the original budget estimates to Rwf782.5 billion. According to the ministry, the increase will

finance construction of strategic fuel storage facilities, construction of dams and irrigation systems for increased food production, land acquisition to facilitate medical related investment for Masaka hospital, provision of basic infrastructure for Gako beef farm project as well as government subsidy for Ntare School of Excellence project among others. The government plans to raise its net borrowing budget by Rwf18.9 billion from Rwf159.1 billion in the original budget to Rwf178 billion in the revised budget. The increase in borrowed money through sale of treasury bonds will finance RwandAir expansion as well as the restructuring of government investment in Marriot hotel, the ministry said in the release. The Lower House unanimously approved the basis of the draft law for the 2017/18 revised budget, which means that its assessment will continue at the parliamentary committee level before it is finally passed by the House.


FRSC, NIPOST to Strengthen Collaboration for Improved Service Delivery The two leaders further promised to sustain the partnership initiatives by exploring all necessary avenues that could lead to the realization of the nation’s vision of an efficient, reliable and stable national postal address system.


n its continuing search for partnership that will lead to improved service delivery in Nigeria, the Federal Road Safety Corps (FRSC) and the Nigerian Postal Service (NIPOST), have set up a committee that will explore means of exploring improved services between the two organizations. This is one of the outcomes of the meeting between the Corps Marshal of the FRSC, Dr Boboye Oyeyemi and the Post Master General of Nigeria, Dr Bisi Adegbuyi, when the latter paid a courtesy visit on the Corps Marshal at the FRSC National Headquarters Abuja. According to Dr Adegbuyi, it has been part of his vision since his appointment in 2016, to deliver an adequate and proper national postal addressing system for the country. To this end, he identified FRSC as a strategic partner to the realization of that vision, saying the two organizations share in the value of reform, modernity and technology in their operations. He assured that after working diligently on the project for the past two years, he was confident that he would deliver on the project of a new dilgitalised national postal addressing system by June this year. The project, he said is expected to meet the global best practice especially with the adoption of technology in its operations. Dr Bisi Adegbuyi highlighted some challenges facing the efficiency of the service but expressed optimism that with the growing need for proper addressing and identity management in Nigeria which form part of the nation’s vision, its collaboration with the FRSC will add value to its operations. In his remarks, the Corps Marshal, Dr


Boboye Oyeyemi thanked the Post Master General of Nigeria for the visit, saying the partnership between NIPOST and the FRSC has always been in existence. He however noted that the need for improved partnership is more imperative now view of the ongoing demand for shared information especially in the area of use of technology for improved service delivery to the people. The Corps Marshal stressed the importance of proper national postal addressing system for the country and assured the Post Master General of the readiness of the Management of the Corps to render necessary support and collaboration. He particularly mentioned effective delivery of driver’s licences, collation of offenders’ records and efficiency

in the operations of penalty points by the FRSC as some of the areas of interest of the NIPOST reforms to the Corps. As part of the partnership initiatives, the Nigerian Postal Service is expected to produce Commemorative Stamps to mark FRSC at 30. The two leaders further promised to sustain the partnership initiatives by exploring all necessary avenues that could lead to the realization of the nation’s vision of an efficient, reliable and stable national postal address system. The Post Master General of Nigeria was a companied on the visit by some members of his Management, who were taken round the FRSC Information Technology Centre before settling down for the meeting.


South African Revenue Service Steps-up Recovery of R16.6bn Debt



he South African Revenue Service (SARS) is pulling out all the stops to collect revenue by appointing debt collectors to recover R16.6bn it is owed. According to a statement issued by the tax authority, the objective is to boost revenue collection.

Eight debt collectors will recover older and “relatively smaller” amounts due to it and the contract will run until February 28 2019. The agencies are CSS Credit Solution Services, ITC Business Administrators, Medaco Capital Services, New Integrated Credit Solutions, Norman Bisset & Associates Group, Revenue Consulting, Transactional Capital Recoveries and Van De Venter Mojapelo.

“The agencies will embark on the traditional debt collection activities,” SARS said. This includes outbound calls, tracing of taxpayers and sending out notices through SMSs, emails or letters. Debtors are to make payments directly to SARS and not the agencies, the tax authority stressed.

Currently, over 2.3 million taxpayers and traders owe SARS just under R150bn. “Taxpayers and traders with outstanding accounts will only be contacted, via electronic channels.

Non-compliant taxpayers may face further interest or penalties and possibly criminal charges. “SARS invites all taxpayers to please cooperate with the service providers

above. Failure to do this could result in criminal prosecution.” City Press reported that SARS has the power to recover outstanding funds from debtors’ accounts. SARS has a revised target of R1.217trn. It collected R1trn by the end of February, and this week announced that it has received R2.7bn through the Special Voluntary Disclosure Programme. A further R580m will be paid to it by the end of March.




he Nairobi City County government has partnered with the Rwandan High Commission in an effort to improve cleanliness in the city. Rwandan High Commissioner to Kenya James Kimonyo said that the partnership has been informed by the need to replicate the steps taken by his country in keeping its environment clean. Mr. Kimonyo said that Rwanda was one of the first countries to ban the use of plastic bags in 2007 before Kenya followed suit last in 2017, adding that the country has also become the first in the region to commission an ICT waste plant that has offered a solution to dangerous electronic waste coming with the information age.


“We are happy to continue this national exercise with Rwandans living here in Nairobi but most importantly we have agreed with the county government that this exercise can only be a success if it’s done in partnership with its administration,” said Mr. Kimonyo. He was speaking during the marking of ‘Umuganda’, a general cleaning exercise, on Saturday at the Rwandan Embassy premises along Limuru Road, Gigiri, as part of activities to mark the 24th Heroes Day anniversary. The ambassador said that Nairobi is currently in a big solid waste management hole and unless a quick and sustainable solution is found, the health risks associated with garbage and contaminated water will continue to beleaguer its people. “Kigali boasts as one of the cleanest and greenest cities in the world with no litter. Our secret has been in behaviour change as a result of strict enforcement practice in our country,” said Kimonyo who was quick to recall that Rwanda was in the same state as Kenya some 14 years ago but thanks to the cleaning exercise which started in 2004.

He said it is possible for Kenya to be green as well.

shown to the rest of the world and Africa how it is done,” said Mr. Makori.

On his part, assistant director of Environment at City Hall, Mr. David Makori, said that the city county government has plans to mobilise residents every month to participate in a joint community cleaning exercise as part of sensitising Nairobians on environmental management.

The exercise, which happens on the last Saturday of every month, brought together over 200 participants among them officials from the Rwanda mission in Kenya, Nairobi County government officials, Rwandans living in Nairobi and their friends.

“The governor is glad to be associated with the Umuganda cleaning exercise and has committed to working with partners to help bring back Nairobi to its lost glory. “We are ready to work with Rwanda to help in solid waste management since you have

Rwanda was one of the first countries to ban the use of plastic bags in 2007 before Kenya followed suit last in 2017,


Bank of Ghana Commence Implementation of Deposit Insurance YOU ALSO NEED THAT DEPOSIT INSURANCE SCHEME TO PROVIDE AN ADDED SAFETY NET TO BOOST CONFIDENCE IN THE FINANCIAL SECTOR, ESPECIALLY THE SMALL DEPOSITORS”. er services”. He said there are arguments about the new capital requirement, and that foreign ownership of banks is more prevalent, “but the central bank’s data did not suggest this of the banking sector”. The Governor said the central bank wants to see a country that is economically diversified and having a financial sector that assists in structural transformation. He said the private sector has a big role to play in that agenda – adding that the financial sector is expected to be well-positioned to finance these private sector activities. “Going forward this year, we expect that we will continue to tighten the regulatory standards and ensure that the regulated institutions have adequate levels of capital; and we will issue the guidelines to ensure compliance with a minimum capital requirement,” he added.



he Bank of Ghana will commence implementation of the Deposit Insurance scheme in the second quarter of 2018. Parliament, in 2016, passed the Deposit Protection Act which seeks to establish a deposit insurance (DI) scheme to protect depositors in the event of bank failure. The scheme, among other things, seeks to safeguard the savings of individual depositors in the country in order to build trust in the formal banking system, and contribute to stabilisation and development of the financial system in Ghana. Dr. Ernest Addison, Governor of the Bank of Ghana, speaking at the first edition of this year’s Graphic Business/ Stanbic Bank breakfast meeting said deposit insurance is an additional safety net for depositors. Held on the theme ‘Deposit insurance: A catalyst for a stronger banking

industry’, the event afforded players in the banking sector an opportunity to deliberate on the advantages and disadvantages of deposit insurance. The central bank governor said: “The idea is to have an additional layer of protection in addition to what the central bank normally does to protect and provide enough oversight for the financial sector”. He said the country could have the most prudent application of banking rules, have the most effective oversight for the financial sector – but then, “you also need that deposit insurance scheme to provide an added safety net to boost confidence in the financial sector, especially the small depositors”. He said this is the reason BoG raised capital requirements for the banks, and all things being equal “we expect that with strong and well-capitalised banks, the sector will be well-positioned to offer saf-

Mr. Franklin Belnye, Project Coordinator-Ghana Deposit Protection Cooperation, BoG, said the Scheme is the fourth component of the financial safety net. He said currently there are some amendments which need to be done, so the scheme will be sent to parliament to ratify those changes for implementation. He said banks contribute into a pool that they can fall on in case of any eventualities – adding that the scheme will also encourage financial inclusion and access to formal financial services in the country. He said government is yet to sign an agreement with the German government, where an amount of 13 million euros will be made available for the scheme. Mr. Alhassan Andani, Managing Director-Stanbic Bank, said the scheme seeks to ensure that in the event of any money-loss, the consumer will still get at least some money back.


NPA MD Lauds PMAWCA On Regional Integration



rs. Hadiza Bala Usman, MD of Nigeria Port Authority has commended the Port Management Association of West and Central Africa (PMWCA) for continually serving as a multilateral organ for regional cooperation amongst ports in West and Central Africa and also, as a vehicle for the actualization of the dreams of the African Union (AU) as well as the objectives of New Partnership for African’s Development (NEPAD). Hadiza Bala Usman gave the commendation in her welcome address to the delegates of PMWCA Technical Committee Meeting held in Lagos recently. She also identified PMWCA as a channel for the attainment of regional integration through consensus building on issues of maritime development and a platform for the exchange of information and expertise for synergy in the field of Port Operations, Administration, Legal Framework, Security and the safety of Navi-

She urged PMWCA to devise ways to pilot the sub-region to take full advantage of trading opportunities gation within the Gulf of Guinea. The Managing Director assured PMWCA of the Authority’s continuous support in its programs aimed at actualizing its mandate in the sub-region. She stated further “Given the enormous potentials of the maritime sector on the continent and the significant role that Nigeria plays in the actualization of these potentials, the current management of the Nigerian Ports Authority is committed to supporting PMCWA as well as in the introduction innovations that would redirect the maritime industry in the continent to attain international best practices” She disclosed further that the Authority would continue to pursue excellence through the automation of operational processes, partner-

ing with the private sector for channel maintenance and infrastructural development and collaborating with sister agencies and stakeholders to build a Port Community System. She urged PMWCA to devise ways to pilot the sub-region to take full advantage of trading opportunities by encouraging private sector involvement in the provision of port facilities as well as the pursuit of innovations that will bring the ports to international standards. In his remarks, the Minister of Transportation, Honourable Rotimi Amaechi, said Nigerian government is determined to turnaround the Nigerian economy, highlighting the strategic role Nigeria plays in ports development in the Gulf of Guinea and the sub-region. The Minister who was represented by Director Maritime Services, Alhaji Umar Galadanchi, further urged PMWCA to harness the enormous potentials of the maritime sector to the benefits of Nigeria and other members within the region.


LAGOS TRULY MEANS BUSINESS More than ever, Lagos is now open for business. The state government is investing massively in infrastructure which will support businesses and ultimately promote economic development.


In a bid to actually put the Organized Private Sector, OPS, abreast of his administration’s economic blueprint, Lagos State’s governor, Mr. Akinwunmi Ambode, recently had an interactive session with captains of industry in Victoria Island, Lagos. At the session, which was tagged “Lagos Means Business”, Governor Ambode disclosed that the state would require a staggering sum of $50 billion (equivalent to N14.47 trillion) in the next five years to bridge infrastructure gap; education, health and housing sectors not inclusive


The governor, therefore, proposed that an infrastructure fund be established to address the state’s huge infrastructure deficit. The fund, which is to be managed by private sector, will be similar to the Lagos State Security Trust Fund. On the decision to increase Land Use Charge, the governor revealed that it was borne out of the desire to do more than what is being done, especially with the current budget of N1.046 trillion. Governor Ambode noted that the Land Use Charge Law was enacted in 2002 with a provision for review every five years. But it has not been reviewed for 15 years. He, however, disclosed that the state’s government is ready to dialogue with the OPS and other stakeholders on the Land Use Charge. Governor Ambode further disclosed that out of its 24 million people, only eight million Lagos residents are actually taxable. While the number of people that actually submitted tax returns in 2017 is two million, the governor revealed that only 700,000 people paid their taxes. The governor, therefore, submitted that the current tax returns were not sufficient to provide for the capital projects ongoing across the state, adding that major cities across the world with thriving economies are sustained by the taxes paid by residents. Certain issues become quite perceptible at the Lagos State government’s parley with the OPS. One, the Ambode’s administration has a track record of judiciously expending public fund as this is reinforced by the quantum of projects currently on going across the state in diverse sectors.

The state government is investing massively in infrastructure which will support businesses and ultimate promote economic development. So, Lagosians are rest assured that their taxes would continue to work for them in a transparent and honest manner. This much was attested to by members of the OPS. Second, it is obvious that the state government prefers to take the route of encouraging taxable Lagosians to willingly embrace the culture of taxation rather than taking the traditional path of borrowing to fund public projects. According to Governor Ambode, “If the vision of a prosperous Lagos is to be achieved, the state must retreat from borrowing to finance its infrastructure and pay back later in the future with high interest rate’’. Third, a proper understanding of the Land Use Charge, as broken down by the governor,

shows that it is not as complex as it is being branded around. For instance, the governor explained that pensioners, owner occupiers, NGOs, churches and mosques are exempted from the payment of Land Use Charge. The good part of it all, according to Governor Ambode, is that the state’s government is ready for dialogue and will welcome the complaints of dissatisfied members of the public in these regards. Also, it becomes clear from the dialogue that the state government is passionately interested in job creation, empowerment, wealth creation and wealth redistribution. According to Governor Ambode, the guiding principle of government with regards to all on-going projects across the state is wealth creation, especially for operators of the informal sector such as artisans; is to ensure that Lagos residents with the appropriate skills are productively engaged. “It is only in doing this that the social fabric of the society can be firmly preserved and real security guaranteed”, said the governor. Furthermore, members of the OPS are mostly

on the same page with the state’s government’s plan to engender accelerated socio-economic development in the state. Indeed, most captains of industry present at the parley promised to continue to partner with the state government across all sectors. They were particularly excited at the conducive environment being created by the state’s government for business to thrive in the state. In this respect, richest African, Alhaji Aliko Dangote, was quite emphatic in his commendation of the state government in the area of ease of doing business. He said: “I think for people who are doing business here, Lagos is the most-friendliest state in Nigeria. If you really want to know, try other states and you will see hell”. He also advocated support for Governor Ambode’s appeal to Lagos residents and the business community to continue to pay tax. “You should pay your taxes to Lagos state,” Dangote counseled. Perhaps most importantly, it is patent from the dialogue that if nothing is urgently done to provide the much needed fund to finance Lagos infrastructure need, challenges that would confront the state in the future might be too complex and troubling. For instance, Lagos was projected to become the third largest consumer market in the world with a population of 35.8 million, closely behind Tokyo and Delhi, while the population growth and rapid urbanization would put infrastructure and public services under pressure. But then,

if the current business climate in the state is further enhanced, the prospect of Lagos would be bright. Presently, the largest single line refinery in the world, designed to refine 650,000 barrels of crude oil daily, is being constructed at the Lekki Free Trade Zone (LFTZ) by Alhaji Aliko Dangote. This is butresses the fact that Lagos, indeed, means business. The project will positively change the face of oil and gas business in the West African region. More than ever, Lagos is now open for business. The state government is investing massively in infrastructure which will support businesses and ultimately promote economic development. Equally, enormous investment is being expended on public security with the aim of ensuring that the state is safe for business. Aside this, necessary legal backing is being given to the various economic reforms of the state’s government to ensure that investors and their investments are well protected. With this, according to Lagos State’s Attorney-General and Commissioner for Justice, Mr. Adeniji Kazeem, Lagos would soon be the safest place to live, work and transact business. Presently, in terms of starting business in the state, bureaucratic processes in business and registration have been drastically reduced. Similarly, with respect to dealing with construc-

tion permits, processing of relevant permits is now faster and better. In the area of enforcing contracts, litigation time has been reduced drastically. There is also reduction in incidence of loss of files as data are now kept and transferred electronically. Equally, time frame for property registration has been radically reduced while more land is now available for investors. Also, there is now a regime of faster approval of land acquisition for developmental use. There is no doubt, especially, from the aforementioned that Lagos now truly means business.

“I think for people who are doing business here, Lagos is the most-friendliest state in Nigeria. - Alhaji Aliko Dangote





Ing. Samuel Boakye-Appiah Manaing Director, ECG


he Electricity Company of Ghana ECG, recently held a dinner and an Awards night to climax the month-long celebration of the company’s 50 years of dedicated service to Ghana.

The program was launched in January to commemorate five decades of the existence of the state power producer under the theme “50 Years of Powering the Socio-Economic Growth and Development of Ghana”. The event brought together current and past Managing Directors, Board Chairmen and Members, representatives of the ministries of Energy and finance, staff of ECG, staff of Volta River Authority VRA and other partners. Speaking at the awards ceremony, the Managing Director of the

Electricity Company of Ghana, Ing. Samuel Boakye-Appiah, said they have achieved greater heights over the years despite the challenges they face. “These challenges, notwithstanding we shall focus on executing our mandate by prudently investing in various modernization projects. To this end, we will continue with the smart prepayment metering expansion programs, introduce electronic payment platforms, install geographic information system GIS, improve system reliability and ultimately enhance customer satisfaction.” He further assured the general public and staff of ECG that the concession will prioritize their interest by ensuring quality ser-

vice delivery and zero job losses. On his part, the Chairman of the ECG Board, Keli Gadzkpo, said the board will give the necessary support to the company in ensuring that Ghana gets a better deal in the concession of ECG. Awards were presented to donors and development partners, banks and other financial institutions, manufacturers, power producer and several others who are key stakeholders of ECG. The awardees include: JICA, World Bank, AFDB, Ghana Commercial Bank Limited, Volta River Authority, Nexans Kablemetal Ghana Limited, Dupaul Wood, Byes and Ways Limited, A T Kearney BV, Tropical Cables Limited, and the Public Utilities Workers Union, PUWU.


Nigeria External Reserves Hit $46bn THE RESERVES AT THE BEGINNING OF 2018 STOOD AT $39.3BN, THEN ROSE TO $42.8 IN FEBRUARY BEFORE HITTING THE NEW HIGH OF $46BN. ing unnecessary importation and reducing the nation’s import bill; inflow from oil and non-oil exports, as well as the huge inflows through the investors and exporters window of the foreign exchange market, which he said had attracted over $33bn since April 2017, when it was created. At the close of commodities trading on March 9, 2018, Brent Crude, sold at $65.49 a barrel up by 2.54 per cent. According to him, the bank’s interventions in the foreign exchange window have also helped to moderate the pressure on the forex reserves by sustaining liquidity in the market and boosting production and trade. Okorafor also noted that the CBN policy restricting access to forex from Nigeria’s foreign exchange market to importers of some 41 items had made a huge impact on the status of Nigeria’s reserves and boosted the supply of local substitutes for imported goods, created jobs at home and enhanced the incomes of farmers and local manufacturers. The external reserves had hit $43.2bn on March 6, data on The CBN website showed. The foreign exchange reserves had recorded a four-year high at $42.76bn on March 2, after commencing this year at $38.77bn. The foreign exchange buffer of the CBN has continued to increase recently over steady increase in global oil prices and federal government Eurobond borrowing, among others.

Mr. Godwin Emefiele


he nation’s external reserves hit $46bn, the Central Bank of Nigeria disclosed in a statement. The CBN said the latest figures obtained indicated that the reserves grew by about $3.2bn between February and March this year. The reserves at the beginning of 2018 stood at $39.3bn,

then rose to $42.8 in February before hitting the new high of $46bn.

The CBN Governor, Mr. Godwin Emefiele, had projected that the reserves might hit $60bn in 2019, if the trend persisted.

Confirming the figures, the CBN Acting Director, Corporate Communications Department, Isaac Okorafor, attributed the continued accretion to the country’s reserves to the bank’s effort at vigorously discourag-

He said increases in the price and shipment of oil, Nigeria’s biggest foreign-currency earner, and improved investor confidence meant the CBN could build its reserves to $60bn over the next 12 to 18 months.

21 13


Kigali City Records Improvement in Service Delivery



atisfactory level of good service delivery in Kigali city districts has slightly increased but is lower compared to other districts’ performance and the national target, the 2017 Citizen Report Card (CRC) has shown. The research, whose findings were released recently by Rwanda Governance Board (RGB), was conducted in 11,000 sampled households across the country, 1,170 of them in Kigali. It focused on three pillars; namely economy, citizen’s welfare, justice and good governance, and assessed 15 areas of agriculture and livestock, infrastructure, land, private sector, participation in different plans, service delivery local leaders, security, justice and education, health, protection, water and sanitation, violence and citizen’s human rights respects. According to Felicien Semukiza, the Head of Research Department at Rwanda Governance Board, citizens’ satisfaction level increased by between 1.7 per cent and 4.6 per cent in the city. The report shows that Kigali city scored 65.7 per cent, while Northern, Eastern, Western and Southern provinces scored 75.1 per cent, 73.3 percent, 69.9 per cent, and 69.1 per cent respectively. Gasabo District scored 67.2 per

Citizens’ satisfaction level increased by between 1.7 per cent and 4.6 per cent in the city. cent and occupied 26th position nationally, Nyarugenge with 65.5 per cent ranked 28th and Kicukiro with 64.4 per cent at 30th among the 30 districts. “The average national score is 70 per cent having increased from 67 per cent in the previous year. But it is yet to meet the target of 85 per cent under EDPRS2,” said Semukiza, adding that the findings are also used to evaluate districts performance contracts since 10 per cent come from Citizen Report Card. “Some sectors performed so badly. We conclude that sectors such as agriculture, livestock, social protection, and citizens’ participation in national planning should be given more priority for improving in terms of better service delivery to satisfy citizens,” he said. Deputy CEO of RGB, Dr Usta Kayitesi, said: “Under EDPRS2 Rwandans must be satisfied with service delivery at over 85 per cent but we are still low. This survey is an opportunity

to help citizens participate in what is planned for them and its implementation as well as show us if they are happy with service delivered while implementing the programmes. The concerned institutions will have to improve where citizens cite poor service delivery so as to deliver on their needs.” “Although Kigali city is not ranked well compared to other parts of the country, it has improved mainly in infrastructure, land service delivery etc,” she said. Patricia Muhongerwa, the vice mayor in charge of social affairs in Kigali city, said the research is good initiative that opens ways of improving in terms of delivering better services. She said that together with departments in charge of good governance, identified gaps must be immediately addressed on time. Athanase Rutabingwa, the city council’s president, said however, they might have got low marks in some areas because of strict enforcement. He cited low satisfaction (53 per cent) with service delivery by DASSO (District Administration Security Support Organ) and explained that it might have been caused by how many citizens do not want to abandon street vending, being expropriated, and illegal construction in which DASSO plays a big role in enforcement.