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A review of the Institute of Bermuda Architects A look at Tuscan Shores in New Providence Island School Design: Jackson Burnside Limited The Benefits of home water treatment.


Insitu Arch Magazine

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DEPARTMENTS Executive Team !"#$% &$'$!()#*$&+%,!$./0/1#2$&3#-$!)+!"#$% &,2/2!#/4&+%,!$4$0/4&!+25(4)/2) /-!"#)$!)(-/4&!+25(4)/2)

Marcus Laing L.T. Huyler Michael Wilson Thamara Saunders T.J. Thompson

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L.T. Huyler Tonika Cox Valentiger Creative Lola Albury-Smith (news) CJ Summerwood (news/copy) Inishka Lloyd (copy) Simone Francis (copy) Patrice Laing Andrea Major Lana Munnings-Basalyga Gilbert Bennet Quickpics Bahamas Insitu Staff Marcus Laing

Marjorie Munroe

TJ Thompson

<3#)+-#/4&>%,!$&?/3*$-)#5#20@&5(7.#55#+25@&$A./#45&/23&#2B(#-#$5C 242.376.4600

D55+!#/)#+25 The Institute of Bahamian Architects The United States Green Building Council The American Institute of Architects The National Organization of Minority Architects The Federation of Caribbean Associations of Architects The Bahamas National Trust The Association of Commonwealth Societies of Architects in the Caribbean

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To Subscribe: Within The Bahamas $30.00 USD per year, all other countries $45.00 USD. Requests can be e-mailed to or phoned in at (242) 376-4600. The articles and opinions in this magazine are those of the contributors and not that of the magazine staff and stakeholders. We are not responsible for any errors or omissions within the publication. Insitu Arch Magazine






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33 Insitu Arch Magazine


(Editorâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s Note) 10.09 !"#$!%&'$('$)"*'$+$,-'$./01$2'%/$"3 $4*0516$7/8-$9%:%;5*'<

Marcus Laing, B.Arch, Assoc. AIA, Assoc. IBA (CHIEF EXECUTIVE OFFICER)

I remember like yesterday when the idea of Insitu Arch was hatched on a plane ride home to Nassau while studying a copy of Architectural Record. Back then being exposed to a US market where the ground work has been laid over several hundred years, I never imagined the impact this industry magazine would have and the potential our team and colleagues can now see. With one full year behind us, and four progressively better issues to look back on, what do you think about Insitu Arch? Have we become a source for continuing education? Have we provided exposure to elements you would not have known? Have we prompted any advocacy on issues affecting you? We think we have and because of that we look back and think SUCCESS! The architectural, engineering and construction industry or AEC industry is very young in The Caribbean and needs the help of all of us as professionals to become active. To become advocates in our various communities as stewards. To demand that governments call on the professional bodies before making decisions that can cause long term damage to development. We must organize and magnetize the professions through association to share innovations, problems and solutions. We have to be the voice when the untrained public has none. 2008 â&#x20AC;&#x201C; 2009 was indeed a good year to get things started but now we do the real work. This issue being the anniversary issue we expose a real gem as our main feature. Lucayan Tropical has broken many boundaries and introduced innovation that shows us how we can be self-reliant. Its facility is an architectural icon based on the level of agricultural architecture in the entire region. â&#x20AC;&#x153;We do these things because is the question that comes to mind when experiencing the facility (a la Steve Mouzon), and the answer is always an eye opening one. The secondary features in this issue are special, demonstrating what can be done with what we have and the beauty of that simplicity. The elements we expose in this issue are not to be taken for granted; these names and places will continue to make waves that will be felt by generations to come. We hope that the water drop called Insitu Arch will have everlasting ripples in the pool of The Caribbean and eventually see its full potential with your involvement and contributions. With that lets commemorate one year, one voice, one people and look forward to a prosperous year to come.

Marcus Laing


Insitu Arch Magazine

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(Letters & Email) 10.09 Dear Dazed by Developers, Letter from July 2009   Thank you for your very insightful and pertinent question. All  too often we see exactly what you are talking about – subdivisions  that  are  a  ‘sea’  of  lots,  tightly  squeezed  together  to  maximize  the bottom line without regard for trees and landscaping. The  Department  of  Physical  Planning  does,  however,  have  Town  Planning  Rules  and  Regulations  that  give  guidelines  to  the  planning of subdivisions and developments.    Section  2.13  Public  Open  Spaces  states  “In  all  subdivisions,  a  total  area  of  NOT  LESS  THAN  six  (6)per  cent  [of  the  entire  development] shall be provided as passive recreational amenity  area”.  Further, 2.13.1 Natural Tree Cover and Screening states  “All natural tree cover shall be preserved whenever and wherever  possible.”   All subdivisions must go through Town Planning for approval, so  even though they meet the minimum stipulations to get approval,  more should be done (by the Town Planning Department and  citizens) the ensure that these minimums are adhered to as work  begins on sub­diving the property. In more recent times though,  a lot of developments are shifting the mindset to a more green  and sustainable approach and therefore, are taking the time to  save  and  transplant  mature  indigenous  trees  on  the  property,  as opposed to brining in  a lot of foreign plant material. Some  are  even  going  above  and  beyond  the  minimum  requirements  to create real neighbourhoods that encourage home owners to  use the outdoor spaces. What these forward thinking developers  realize is that more savvy consumers now are looking for more  green  space  and    outdoor  public  spaces  to  enjoy  our  fantastic  climate  and  create  COMMUNITY,  and  having  these  spaces  actually  makes  a  better  development  where  properties    have  a  higher value and are sold faster.   So, the next time you see one of those antiquated subdivisions,  take  it  upon  yourself  to  question  the  realtors,  developers  and  Town Planning inspectors as to WHY this is being allowed to  continue with such blatant disregard to the natural environment.  

government is proceeding without an EIA or an environmental  management programme (EMP). I thought the purpose of the  EIA was to inform and guide the design.  If the design is already being constructed then why are we wasting  money on an EIA? Is it just to justify the design? Hmmm? Or  could  it  be  that  somebody  gat  some  extra  bunker­c  fuel  laying  around and has decided to dump it in the third world...again?  Okay, maybe I am just a skeptical wiseguy! Among other things. Concerned for the environment Dear Editor, I just intercepted this email that went to a real estate agent that  is a close friend of mine. Dear Real Estate Professional, I  am  an  architectural  designer  with  extensive  experience  in  both  residential and commercial endeavors.  My goal is to be part of your  team and assist your clients with the design and/or renovation of their  newly acquired property.  My  projects  have  received  seven  design  awards,  including  the  most  prestigious award from the American Institute of Architects for Excellence  in Design.  In addition to design, I also coordinate the architecture and  engineering phase, so that your client has a seamless process. No project  is too small or too large.  I create a team according to the needs of each  individual design project. As an incentive to you, I offer a rewards program for any contracts that  stem from your referral. Please include me on the “list of designers” you  provide to your clients for their dream place.  I have a company brochure  which includes a voucher for a free initial consultation.  I will be more  than glad to furnish you with any free initial consultation vouchers upon  your request.  I invite you to view my website and to see some videos of some of my  works.  The links are located under my name below.  I look forward to  doing business with you.

Best Regards, The Insitu Arch Team

My best, (Name withheld)

I heard  a  report  on  the  Bunker  C  project  and  watched  the  short  film  on  YouTube  ( watch?v=owP9ufcP8f0)    earlier  this  morning  and  I  had  to  laugh. An official from the Bahamas Environment, Science and  Technology  (BEST)  Commission  said  that  the  Environmental  Impact  Assessment  (EIA)  is  ongoing.  So,  this  means  that  the 

This correspondence is both unethical and unprofessional and  if he is a member of any architectural association he knows that.  I applaud the agent that brought this my attention being in the  profession myself and I condemn any Real Estate Agent or office  that is willfully aiding and abetting these unscrupulous characters  who  obviously  have  no  regard  for  the  environment  they  are  attempting to infiltrate. This also says how little intelligence and  morals they believe the real estate professionals in this country  have and those that welcome this practice just proves them right. 

Dear Insitu,


Insitu Arch Magazine

(Letters & Email) 10.09 With more than 100 licensed architects in The Bahamas trained  are  a  number  if  existing  uses,  no  existing  feature  suggests  any  all over the world, there is no need to look elsewhere. particular use except its location. I hope karma comes back and strips this so called professional of  the rights he obviously does not deserve as an architect. Whatever  the  island  is  used  for,  it  should  respect  the  above  features plus the fact that the island is a major feature in views  Signed Angry & Insulted of the harbor, both from the Fort Charlotte area and from the  harbor entrance. Dear Insitu Arch, These attributes suggest that the appropriate uses would begin  For the past few weeks I have read comments in support of the  with  the  extension  of  the  adjacent  uses,  especially  public  Arawak Cay project. As usual, they have been well researched,  recreation,  heritage  or  historical  attractions  or  recreational  well documented and well presented, and there is no doubt that,  boating,  resort  activity  etc.  They  also  suggest  that  whatever  is  if the only question was the location of the port, your case would  done it should be designed to enhance the views of the harbor  have been made. Unfortunately, there is more to the question  from  the  hill  and  the  harbor  entrance.  In  a  planning  sense,  than your column (and most of the public conversation) suggests. Arawak Cay is a feature in the front yard of Nassau. This would  narrow the determination of appropriate uses, but it would not  But before discussing the broader issues, I would like to share  be enough to make a decision. a  thought  about  what  is  called  Democracy.  The  problem  with  relying on the popular application of Democracy (the majority  The  second  part  of  the  process  would  be  to  consider  the  wins) is that it assumes that all the participants have the same  economic objectives. What would be the most beneficial activity  information  available  to  them.  This  unfortunately  means  that  that meets the above criteria, both socially and economically? In  by controlling the information available, the results can easily be  other words, how would the public seek to develop this property  manipulated. This led former black activist Stokeley Carmichael  if it were a property developer? to comment that “the bitterest pill (he had) had to swallow was  the fact that in a Democracy the majority can never be wrong”  The  Bahamas  operates  two  major  businesses,  tourism  and  Of course, the majority CAN be wrong, especially if they have  banking. Over two­thirds of the national income is derived from  been  fed  the  “wrong”  information.  I  believe  both  camps  have  tourism,  which  for  the  past  several  years  has  shown  declining  been  feeding  us  wrong  information  in  an  attempt  to  secure  returns. The majority of the on­island attractions are dilapidated  majority consent. or at least badly in need of repair, and their number is in decline.  The  strategies  for  increased  income  from  that  sector  all  begin  The  conversation  about  the  Port  has  to  date  centered  on  the  with an increase in the availability of on­island attractions, but  adequacy  or  convenience  of  Arawak  Cay  as  a  location  for  the  there  has  no  perceptible  effort  to  create  them.  As  a  country,  commercial  installation.  It  has  not,  however,  addressed  the  the  need  to  find  money  to  build  schools,  hospitals  and  roads  question  of  the  wisdom  of  using  Arawak  Cay  as  the  site  of  a  demands increased income from somewhere, and tourism is the  commercial Port. The fact that it has been used for that purpose  most obvious source.  in the past is no justification to continue. So when a dramatic, high profile site with the location described  To begin any discussion about the appropriate use for a site, the  above  becomes  available,  most  developers  would  salivate.  As  first step is an evaluation of the site and its potential. In this case,  far  back  as  the  1970’s,  this  was  recognized,  and  Kelly  Island  we would have to ask ourselves what are its commercial, social  was targeted for resort activity. Over the years there have been  and environmental possibilities, especially given the fact that it is  countless proposals for development of the island, almost every  publicly owned. Here is an example of that process. one seeking to build some combination of resort, entertainment  and public open space. Both Governments have resisted these  Arawak  Cay  (formerly  Kelly  Island)  is  a  100­acre  tract  of  land  efforts, for whatever reasons. But the fact that we have chosen to  built 200 feet offshore, with a commanding presence in a harbor  use this valuable piece of property for Customs sheds, hot mix  that was once the most beautiful in the Caribbean. It sits roughly  plants and container shipping does not make it appropriate. between  two  major  sandy  beaches,  used  extensively  for  public  recreation, next to the largest tract of public open space in New  Perhaps it is too late to stop the present project. If that is true, it  Providence,  across  from  the  most  popular  heritage  lifestyle  is a shame. Arawak Cay may well be a great place for the Port, but  attraction  on  the  island,  and  a  stone’s  throw  from  the  most  the Port is not an appropriate use for Arawak Cay. visited  historical  attraction  on  the  island.  It  is  within  walking  distance for about one third if the island’s population, as well  Patrick A. Rahming RIBA,  Patrick Rahming & Associates, Architects as from Downtown Nassau. It is visible from as far east as the  Paradise  Island  Bridge  and  west  as  Cable  Beach.  While  there  Insitu Arch Magazine




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CARIBBEAN HERITAGE COURSE IN CURACAO The Caribbean Heritage Course in Curacao is for: Heritage professionals in the entire Caribbean region; Others in the Caribbean region, whose action can have impact on the planning, management, conservation and maintenance of Caribbean immovable heritage such as university students, researchers and decision makers. Admission requirements: !"



#$%&'(')$*&+",-+&"./"$.0/"&1"1)/%$&/"1*"$*"$($2/,'(" level; 34/5"+41-02"./"61%7'*8"6'&4"1%"$(&'9/"'*"$*"$8/*(5"1%" institution, related to cultural heritage (conservation, research, management or promotion of cultural and natural heritage); :" 2/&$'0/2" %;+-,;" 1%" (-%%'(-0-," 9'&$/" +41-02" be sent in together with the registration form (available on the website caribbeanheritagecourse/)

WHEN The Caribbean Heritage Course in Curacao consists of the course modules 1 and 5 of UNESCO’s Caribbean <$)$('&5"=-'02'*8"#%18%$,"><<=#?@ Course Module 1 will run from November 2 -6, 2009; Course Module 5 will run from November 9 -13, 2009. This course module can only be attended in combination with Course Module 1. (Module descriptions available on the website) WHERE The Caribbean Heritage Course will be organized in

Incorporated in 1993, Steril-Aire, Inc. pioneered usage of ultraviolet light for microbial control incommercial and residential air conditioning systems. Steril-Aire has received acclaim as well as numerous awards and worldwide acceptance of their multi-patented UVC Emitters™. Our products have been installed in buildings around the world including hospitals, offices, schools and residences. Whether you are looking for products to fit commercial air handling systems, residential whole-house systems or room air purifiers, our technologies, experience and reputation bring you the best indoor air quality solutions available. !"#$%&'(')%*'+%,-.-%/0%&'(')*+(%11*1%2%345$%&'(')%*+(%11*1 Cell: (242) 424 6103 or (242) 395 9251 6748#$%9:8#;"<=>:0"?#"4<480"@?/7%/0%/A?40=>:0"?#"4<480"@?/7


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Curacao’s capital Willemstad; an inspiring heritage city that has been figuring on UNESCO’s World Heritage list since 1997. See website for full information and pricing. http://www.



34/" A'*'+&%5" 1B " 3%$*+)1%&" $*2" #-.0'(" 61%7+" '*" 34/" Bahamas now requires the submission of a valid business license for drawing submissions in order to gain a building permit. This means you must be a licensed architect or architectural technician who is up to date with all government fees, have paid all licensing fees for the current year and have submitted these to the Building Control Officer. A copy of any current business licenses can be faxed to number; (242) 302-9765 or emailed to marjorieking@

EPA SEMINAR ATTRACTS MORE THAN 150 PROFESSIONAL SERVICE PROVIDERS THE SMESU Trade Unit of The Bahamas Chamber of Commerce in partnership with the Caribbean Regional Negotiation Machinery (CRNM), and the Grand Bahama Chamber of Commerce recently hosted a two-day seminar to highlight the benefits and opportunities that are available to professional service providers through &4/" C-%1)/$*" #$%&*/%+4')" :8%//,/*&" >C@#@:@?@" D/,'*$%+" 6/%/" 4/02" .1&4" '*" E/6" #%19'2/*(/" $*2" F%$*2" =$4$,$" last July. The seminar attracted more than 150 professional service providers aiming to expose and inform them of the opportunities for market access to the European Union (EU). These benefits and rights of access for Bahamian services providers are a result of the now concluded negotiations B1%" &4/" C(1*1,'(" #$%&*/%+4')" :8%//,/*&" >C#:?@" 34/" seminar attracted a diverse group of participants, which is indicative of the wide reach of those persons that stand to benefit and be impacted by this Agreement. A'*'+&/%" 1B " D&$&/" B1%" G'*$*(/" $*2" &4/" #-.0'(" D/%9'(/H" Zhivargo Laing opened the seminar at the British Colonial Hilton and welcomed the representatives from the CRNM. He commended the Chamber for hosting such a seminar, noting that the Bahamian business community needs to

Insitu Arch Magazine



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./"/2-($&/2"1*"&4/"',)$(&"&4$&"&4/"C#:"6'00"4$9/"1*"&4/" way they do business and the opportunities that are being created. The seminar was facilitated by Ramesh Chaitoo, Head of the Services Trade Unit of the CRNM and Noel Watson, Trade Consultant to the CRNM.

Ramesh Chaitoo

Seminar participants were provided with a general overview of the professional services element of the agreement and the opportunities for Noel Watson further development of trade in services between The Bahamas, the members of Cariforum and the EU. The presenters are rated among the best in region. Mr Chaitoo was the lead negotiator for +/%9'(/+"2-%'*8"&4/"&4%//"5/$%+"1B "C#:"*/81&'$&'1*+@

of Grand Bahama. This engagement enabled the private sector there to be engaged in this important national discussion.” The facilitators spoke to architects, engineers, lawyers, tour operators and other Bahamian service providers on the benefits and opportunities for Bahamians to do business in Europe.

A PLACE FOR ART TEACHES FUNDAMENTAL ARCHITECTURE In a world that has become more globally connected within the past decade, architecture and design in The Bahamas has witnessed its share of influences and styles. While these trends and influences cannot be prevented, it is imperative that architecture in The Bahamas retains its uniqueness and character thus creating a landscape that is unlike anywhere else in the world. To generate an awareness and appreciation for traditional historical architecture in the next generation of home owners and home builders, “Bahamian Architecture for Teens”, a one-of-a-kind four (4) week summer program 6$+"1BB/%/2"$&"3IC"#J:<C"GKL":L3@"""34'+"+)/('$0'M/2"$%&" education centre is operated by Kim Smith, professionally known as K Smith, one of the leading pencil artists in North America and the Caribbean. One female student and four

Hank Ferguson, Director of the Chamber of Commerce’s SMESU Trade Unit, noted: “We are grateful for the support of the Grand Bahama Chamber of Commerce and were fully supported by the Minister of State for Finance and The Bahamas Trade Commission.” Architect Carlos Hepburn looks on

male students, ages 12 and 13 years, participated in this summer program which began with an introduction to what architecture is as well as a history of architecture from the prehistoric era right up to modern day architecture. It was during this study of architectural history that the students made connections of Bahamian architecture to other periods of architecture, specifically the Georgian Colonial period brought to The Bahamas with the Loyalists, post 1783. “We were also particularly happy to be able to take this seminar, which is partially funded by a grant from the Inter-American Development Bank (IDB) to the island


Insitu Arch Magazine

The students participated in a walking tour of historical buildings in the downtown section of Nassau and were fascinated by the age of most of the structures. Most of



arch News

Students exploring the interior of the Sister’s of Charity Convent on West Hill Street.

the buildings seen on the walking tour were from the mid 1700s Local architect Anthony Jervis, up to the mid 1800s pointing out building methods used during the late 1800s. and experiencing these buildings up close, rather than as a passenger in a car, gave these young students a sense of scale and time. Nassau really does have a rich architectural history that most people drive through every day without taking notice. It is not until you see these buildings at a slower pace on foot do you realize that what we have in this part of downtown is worth preserving and showcasing to the rest of the world. One of the goals of the summer program was to include the expertise of local architects. While walking north down West Street on the walking tour, instructor of the program, K Smith, stopped in at the office of architect Anthony Jervis to see if he would be willing to come and share his experience as chief architect on the restoration of the badly neglected Villa Doyle to what is today the National Art Gallery of The Bahamas. Jervis invited the students into his office and gave them a tour of his working area as well as showing them the guest rooms and bathrooms. The students were most impressed with the face basins/bowls and faucets than with the actual structure of the building. Outside in the rear courtyard Jervis showed the students how buildings were built a long time ago and pointed out things to them that they would not have been aware of before. In the building next door

#'(&-%/2"B%1,"0"&1"%N"I$%%'+1*"<100'*+H"O1%2$*" Wilkinson, Ereisha Mackey, Daniel Gibson, Jayson Braynen and Jackson Burnside III.

to Jervis’s studio, the students were able to climb up the attic ladder where Jervis pointed out how a roof structure with dormers was made. This impromptu visit was the highlight of the walking tour for these young teens.

To show the students how modern day architecture can incorporate features of historic architecture, K Smith had arranged for a guided tour of Marina Village at the Atlantis Resort by Jackson Burnside III, the principal architect of Marina Village. Jordan Wilkinson Jayson Braynen During this walking with his model. with his model.

Harrison Collins with his model.

Daniel Gibson with his model.

Ereisha Mackey with her model.

tour, Burnside gave the students detailed insight as to the research, layout, design issues, and architectural details of the Marina Village project. Burnside emphasized that the first thing they must do as somebody studying architecture was to be observant and look at details in the environment. Of course no visit to Marina Village would be complete without a stop at the Ben and Jerry’s Ice Cream Shop! The remainder of the Bahamian Architecture for Teens summer program was spent designing and constructing three dimensional scale models of either a residential space or a commercial space. The students were not instructed to create their models in an historic style or contemporary style, however, the majority of the students chose the traditional Bahamian style with dormers, hipped rooves, porches, multi-paned windows, and Bahamian shutters. The students were asked to draw a conceptual plan of what they wanted their house to look like and as a group each student’s plan was critiqued and suggestions were offered by both the students and the instructor. Over a two week period, the models that began as simple boxes created out of foam core and wood glue would evolve into awe-inspiring architectural models demonstrating measuring skills as well as colour choices and intricate detailing. An open house was held on the evening of Sunday August 16th, and all those who attended could not believe that students as young as 12 and 13 years of age could create such elaborate models depicting Bahamian architecture. As a result of such positive responses from the students, their parents, and the public, this program will be offered Insitu Arch Magazine





again sometime in the future and will also be made available to adults. For more information on the program “Bahamian Architecture for Teens” you can call THE PLACE FOR ART at 242-393-8834 or email K Smith at

PRESIDENT OF THE JAMAICAN INSTITUTE OF ARCHITECTS SPEAKS OUT ABOUT ECF6GHI!6F6J%JFK3!IL6C@% <ILPD3K#ICL"QIRADSD3KECH")%/+'2/*&" of the Jamaica Institute of Architects (JIA), is calling on the Department of Local Government and the various parish councils across the country to stop approving plans drawn by unregistered draughtsmen. The practice, he argued, is not only illegal, as it is in breach of the 1987 Architects Registration Act, but it also compromises and undermines the quality of the buildings and infrastructural development of the country. But Robert Montague, state minister with responsibility for local government, is adamant that the current approval procedure carried out by the parish councils is within the ambit of the law, as there is nowhere in the act where it says parish councils are only allowed to take drawings from registered architects. The act, which came into effect October 2005, states that no individual should carry out the practice of architecture in Jamaica unless he or she is a registered architect. There are some 180 architects registered in Jamaica. While Whyms-Stone calls the ongoing practice of ‘accepting drawings from “anybody”, including unregistered untrained individuals who have no training or authority to design buildings’ as illegal. HE also contends that this practice compromises quality leaving property owners with substandard buildings. “The parish councils are supposed to inspect while the houses are being built,” argued Whyms-Stone. “[This] never happens! The monitoring is poor. Ninety per cent of people don’t submit for approval, they do as they please.” Montague, however, is unwavering and argues that WhymsStone is grossly misinformed. He said in considering and processing applications for building approvals, parish councils are not guided by the 16

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provisions of the Architects Registration Act, but rather, by &4/")%19'+'1*+"1B "&4/"#$%'+4"<1-*('0+"=-'02'*8":(&"$*2"&4/" #$%'+4"=-'02'*8":(&"L/8-0$&'1*+@" “The law clearly says that to be an architect, you must be registered with the architects registration board - full stop,” he said. T34/" #$%'+4" <1-*('0" :(&" $*2" &4/" 316*" $*2" #0$**'*8" :(&" authorise the parish councils to accept drawings from architects and draughtsmen, and the parish councils are proceeding accordingly. And, until the law is changed, the parish councils will abide by the law and will continue to open up to the building public the services of draughtsmen and architects.” According to the minister, the matter was recently raised in a consultation and it was referred to the attorney general, which ruled that the parish councils were working within the provisions of the law. To read more on this issue, visit

SIX YOUNG BAHAMIANS ACCEPTED INTO THE BAHAMAS ENVIRONMENTAL STEWARD SCHOLARS PROGRAMME FOR THE 2009-10 SCHOOL YEAR Cape Eleuthera, The Bahamas—six students will participate '*"&4/"=CDD"#%18%$,,/"2-%'*8"&4/"-)(1,'*8"+(4110"5/$%N" Christina Darville, Erica Russell, Dorson Williams, Alexander Henderson, Tristana Shaw, and Tevin Williams. The BESS programme is a year-long postgraduate programme focused on environmental studies and conservation that provides college bound Bahamian students more tools, experience, and confidence to succeed at their next level of education. BESS participants take part in a rigorous 14-week semester at The Island School and intern at a conservation-related organization for six months. Henderson, Shaw and T. Williams began their respective internships on August 4th, 2009 at Bahamas National Trust, Dolphin Encounters and BREEF. Darville, Russell and D. Williams will begin their year as members of the fall semester at The Island School and conclude the programme with internships at CEI and BREEF. The Island School semester challenges students academically in the classroom and with hands-on learning experiences in research and outdoor education. The internship experience is designed to give participants professional experiences with organizations that are seeking to promote conservation in The Bahamas. 34/"=CDD"#%18%$,,/"'+"'*+&%-,/*&$0"'*")%/)$%'*8"B-&-%/"

historic Nassau Harbor. An approximately $60 million project awarded to Dutch based maritime and dredging contractor Boskalis who would employ local labor.

Bahamian leaders in the critical fields of environmental studies and sustainable development. The BESS programme is coordinated by the Cape Eleuthera Island School and BREEF and is sponsored in part by the generous financial support of the Lyford Cay Foundation, the Cape Eleuthera Foundation, and local donors. For more information email or visit www.

BAHAMAS CAPITAL IMPROVEMENT PROJECTS TThe Bahamas Government has initiated several capital improvement projects to provide infrastructure development and longterm jobs in its depressed economy. The list of projects includes: !"


34/"(1*&'*-$&'1*"1B "&4/"%1$2"',)%19/,/*&")%1V/(&"6'&4" the introduction of major road corridors.


34/" ,19'*8" 1B " &4/" +4'))'*8" )1%&+" B%1," (1*8/+&/2" Downtown to Arawak Cay, which is being extended using the dredged material from the Nassau Harbor in the land reclamation. A very controversial national project.

!" :22'&'1*" $*2" %/*19$&'1*" 1B " &4/" 0$%8/+&" '*&/%*$&'1*$0" airport in the country. Design by Stantec Inc. out of Canada along with local firm Alexiou & Associates. Construction being done by Woslee Construction Company Ltd. along with Ledcor Construction.

34/" ',)%19/,/*&" $*2" /U)$*+'1*" &1" &4/" !" 34/"%/.-'02'*8"1B "&4/"4'+&1%'("E$++$-" Straw Market in its original location in I'+&1%'("216*&16*@"W/+'8*".5"#$&%'(7" Rahming & Associates, Architects. !" :*2",1%/"&1"./"$**1-*(/2@ For more information visit The Bahamas Governmentâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s website at

Artist rendering of new Straw Market.


Bahamian and Chinese officials examine stadium model.

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#$%&'($)*%+&&$,-&( ARE LASTING ONES 4/" 102" $2$8/H" XR1-" */9/%" 8/&" $" +/(1*2" &',/" to make a first impression,’ is even more applicable in today’s world where people, from all walks of life, are looking for the best and the brightest at a microwaveable pace.

The Bahamas, having a phenomenal proximity to the United States, has averaged approximately 1.5 million visitors a year via cruise ship for the past 20 years, according to the Ministry of Tourism Research and Statics Department. As passengers sail slowly into our bustling city port, on one side is the world famous Atlantis Resort and cruise ship )1%&"6'&4"TG/+&'9$0"#0$(/YH"$",$%7/&"8'9'*8"&1-%'+&+"$"&$+&/" of the islands. However, it is an absolute shame, that on the other side, one of the first structures that greet them With the recent decision by the Government to extend is a dilapidated two storey warehouse. Arawak Cay to house a more up to date container port, Located at the tip of Arawak Cay, the old Customs Building one would think this is the perfect time to do some major is an egregious eyesore. The exposed, rotting steel roof renovation (otherwise known as demolition, redesign and and wall structure, the crumbling roof finish and the sea of re-construction) to this structure. Not only is this major “Duke”, “Crowley” and other brand 40-ft. steel containers prime, waterfront real estate, this is the gateway to our has been the showcased for easily 30 years of more. Some port, the first and last thing our visitors will see. But, as with many things in our community, people become of the bays actually have NO WALLS to enclose them. immune to things that they see every day. Is this spectacle It is astonishing that persons are allowed to conduct so commonplace that it has disappeared into the fabric of business in such a run-down establishment. our most valued coastline? Notwithstanding the aesthetic nature, there are safety, environmental and health issues that have obviously been ignored… and why? Surely someone at the Department of Environmental Health has had to make an inspection of some kind. And even not, with the popular “Fish Fry” just a stone’s throw away, Bahamians and visitors alike have to see this on a weekly, if not daily, basis.

I took a boat ride in the harbor not long ago and easily 20 persons mentioned what an embarrassment this building was. I also sit on this beach most Sundays after church… only to be quietly, but visually bombarded.

As our country was just showcased on the world stage, hosting the 2009 Miss Universe competition, we cannot How do the persons who work in this environment feel? Is allow this type of negligence and blatant disregard for our this any way to treat fellow Bahamians in their workplace? surroundings continue. I’ve given my opinion… what do RKZ"4$9/"&1"+$5"$.1-&"'&[ Do they feel valued, respected? 18

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Vaughn Godet


ENGINEER A native of Freeport, Grand Bahama, Vaughn Godet moved to Nassau at age 11 to attend St. Augustine’s College. It was there, just three years later, the he decided he would become a civil engineer. “Near the end of the 9th grade, St. Augustine’s made their students decide on a set of elective classes on which we were to focus for the remainder of our high school careers,” Godet recounted. “I was a science guy with a particular &$0/*&"B1%"A$&4/,$&'(+"$*2"#45+'(+"+1"P"B'8-%/2"P"./&&/%"B'*2" a career that suited those skills. So here I am.” Godet went on to pursue undergraduate and graduate studies at Auburn University in civil engineering. The summer after receiving his Bachelor’s degree, he interned at Rowland’s Engineering in Nassau, Bahamas. This allowed him the opportunity to peer into the daily routine at a Bahamian structural engineering firm. Upon returning to Auburn to begin his Master’s studies, he decided there were enough structural engineers in the Bahamas but there were no geotechnical engineers, so he became one. “During my collegiate years at Auburn, I would always visit Roy Rowland, George Cox and the late Kendall Jones to discuss the state of the civil engineering practice in the Bahamas,” he said. “I would discuss ‘needs’ so that I could focus my studies into something more beneficial. Of course, they, like most Bahamian civil engineers I knew, focused primarily on structural engineering. I was on target to join them until graduate school where I embraced my interest in geotechnical engineering.” And what is geotechnical engineering? It is the branch of civil engineering that specializes in the engineering behavior of soils, rocks and everything else in the earth’s crust. Geotechnical engineers primarily perform subsurface investigations to determine


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strength and chemical properties of soils in order to perform earthwork and design various geotechnical structures like foundations and earth retention structures. Due to a lack of available mentorship in the field at home, Vaughn began his professional career with the consultant firm S&ME, Inc. in Charleston, South Carolina in the United States. Working in a seismically active region that primarily consists of softer clays and silts, liquefiable sands and soft rocks (limestone); this was the perfect location to begin his practical education. “My first day on the job was a lot of orientation and paperwork,” he reminisced. “However, my second day started before daybreak and consisted of me working in the midst of the Cooper River. It was January, about 20 degrees Fahrenheit, way too windy and we were drilling soil borings off the deck of a barge.” Vaughn continued on with S&ME, Inc. for three more years before moving on to another consultant, MACTEC Engineering, in Atlanta, Georgia. During his years as a consultant, he became competent in addressing most classical geotechnical issues. He was particularly involved in deep foundations, ground improvement techniques and non-destructive pile testing. After running the gambit of geotechnical projects, from home sites to nuclear facilities,

from the Carolinas to Louisiana and everything in between, it was time for something different. In mid-2007, he left the consultant world to become a design-build contractor and became a project manager with another company, Schnabel Foundation. “I needed a greater challenge,” he said. “My role was to envision, design, and build. It was a big shift from writing reports and giving recommendations. There is so much more money and risk involved, you’re always on the line. My work focused on large-scale earth retention projects, micropiles and underpinning. In this world, nothing is straightforward, cookie cutter, or found in a textbook.” Vaughn recently parted ways with Schnabel and currently works for Berkel & Company Contractors. He continues to work on projects across the southeastern United States.

Ironically, a big factor in his decision to focus on geotechnical engineering was the fact that there weren’t any Bahamian geotechs. “I would like to see improvements all around,” he said. “Our roads, sewer and water systems can be a lot better. However, I would start with an energy makeover. I would like to see more renewable energy in our electric grid and cars fueled by alternatives, like Brazil. I believe that energy would have the greatest economic benefit in the long term. For now, however, Godet continues to learn as much as possible to make his eventual move home one with much impact. “If you’re not developing yourself,” he said, “you’re wasting time.”

While he regrets not yet finding an opportunity to use his talents to benefit The Bahamas, Godet hopes he will make it home soon whether in the capacity of a contractor or consultant. “Besides being a good ambassador for my country and the region,” Godet said, “the greatest benefit is the knowledge gained. I won’t speak for the entire region but, to my knowledge the geotechnical practice in the Bahamas isn’t strong. I feel I can now be a significant asset to the local engineering community with my experience. “Right now I’m focused more on the business of engineering and construction rather than just the technical aspects. While you have to be technically sound, your technical strengths must be paired with that which is financially feasible.”

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How has the Bahamas International Film Festival (BIFF) helped AB4>"%The Bahamas By Lisa Lawlor, Sponsorship Assistant (BIFF)

“PARADISE, we’re done with your allure.” This is the cry of Bahamian film, about Bahamian people, made by Bahamian people. It is also what the Bahamas International Film Festival (BIFF) yearns for. For years, Bahamian film has been defined as “filmed in the Bahamas”. With the whirlwind of new Bahamian filmmakers making their names known internationally, however, it seems there is more to say (and see) than the crystal-blue waters, pink -and beach, and coconut trees prominently displayed as attractive elements of this country. Kareem Mortimer is one of the Bahamas’ most talented Bahamian filmmakers who choose to see beyond the label of “paradise” in films such as his upcoming Children of God debuting as the 2009 BIFF Opening Night Film, December 10-17. MB8#;0"<% /N% G/;% is the story of two individuals who learn that in order to live a truly happy life you have to risk speaking and acting on your true feelings. Set against the backdrop of a nation grappling with violent homophobia, this film tells the story of Jon, a white Bahamian artist who faces losing his scholarship at a local university, and Lena, a conservative religious woman who is struggling with a crumbling marriage. Both escape city life in Nassau to the island of Eleuthera, where their worlds collide in a fashion that will surprise audiences.

“I’m interested in using film as a form of cultural expression because I have a passion for stories,” he explained, “Bahamian people’s stories and how their lives are constructed.” He said most other films don’t depict The Bahamas he knows, and through his works he shows a Bahamian character that runs a little deeper. “It’s a living and breathing record of our time,” he said. RAIN is one such film, which debuted as the 2008 Opening Night Film. RAIN depicted the life of a young girl raised on Ragged Island and deported to Nassau city after the death of her grandmother. The filmmaker, Maria Govan, touched on many unspoken truths of the Bahamian people. These included topics such as the hypocrisy of the church, elements of homosexuality, as well as prostitution and the reality of facing the struggles of life if not born among the chosen (wealthy) few. RAIN depicted “paradise” with beautiful scenes of soft breezes on the open ocean with luxurious yachts, five star resorts and offshore banks worth billions against battling gang and drug life, the HIV epidemic and living in a country with an immense level of poverty.

Mortimer wonderfully illustrates aspects of paradise in each of his films, which to date number at seven: one feature narrative, two short narratives and four documentaries. In regards to this idea of paradise, he said, “One [aspect] should not negate the other. In a lot of movies the characters seem hollow because they’re depending too heavily on location. I like to show real life situations that happen in this beautiful setting.” Mortimer started in filmmaking because of his curious nature.


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BIFF has been in existence for six years, celebrating &4/" +'U&4" '*+&$00$&'1*" 1B " T<'*/,$" '*" #$%$2'+/Y" &4'+" December 10 – 17. Founder and Executive Director,

ARCH plus Leslie Vanderpool, an accomplished actress herself, moved back home with this innovative organization at the top of her to do list. She witnessed the national ability and local wealth of film potential everyday, envisioning each story she hears as a film almost instantaneously. BIFF continues as a non-profit organization dedicated to providing the local community and its international visitors with a diverse presentation of films from around the world. In addition to offering films that might not otherwise be released theatrically in the Bahamas, BIFF provides a unique cultural experience, educational programs and forums for exploring the future of cinema in the islands. 34/" G'0,,$7/%+" L/+'2/*(5" #%18%$," B1%" /U$,)0/H" welcomes scripts from all Caribbean filmmakers to be mentored and constructively critiqued by industry professionals. This program has contributed to the next generation of filmmakers including film prodigies, Mortimer and Govan, as well as other Bahamian filmmakers Travolta Cooper, Gustavius Smith, Kevin 3$501%H" I/0/*" \01*$%'+H" O$+1*" W$%(5" $*2" P$*" #1'&'/%@" Talented Beijan participants in the Filmmakers Residency #%18%$,"4$9/".//*"<0$'%/"P*(/"$*2"A'8-/0"W%$5&1*@"

Among the other youth programs BIFF ',)0/,/*&/2" &4/" R1-&4" Film Workshop four years ago. It is open to the general public for two days during the festival in December, and then enters the schools to teach the skills and provide the tools to make a film in a day. The program works in providing another option to the Bahamian youth, who may not have previously considered acting, directing, producing or working behind the scenes of a film as a possible career option. The films produced are then distributed to the participants, who can share with friends and family their accomplishments. BIFF has showcased over 300 independent films from around the world during its short lifespan. The organization aims to raise the level of film debate, participation and education in the Bahamas, while providing these

new career opportunities for the youth. Through panel discussions available to the general public on “The Art of Collaboration”, “Music and Film”, “Filmmaking in the Caribbean”, “Film financing and producing” as well as “Marketing, Distribution and Festivals” BIFF hopes to initiate a deep understanding of film.

The flare of Hollywood also comes to the Bahamas each year as BIFF celebrates films and actors from around the globe through its award ceremonies. The existing awards are the Career Achievement Tribute and the Rising Star Tribute. These have gone to celebrities such as Roger Corman, Nicolas Cage, Daryl Hannah, Laurence Fishburne, Naomie Harris and Anna Faris. These two red-carpet events bring a flare to Nassau city, and BIFF has since added a third tribute to Gavin McKinney. In 2009, BIFF will be honouring our very own Bahamian film industry professional of over 35 years. In the next five to 10 years, BIFF aims to be an institution that provides scholarships to Bahamian youth to study film and filmmaking, adding to the cultural conversation in the country. It is with these steps that the Bahamas can reach for more than the “paradise” label we’ve been given, defining ourselves individually and then as a united people. To learn more about the Bahamas International Film Festival, you may visit

Facilitators: Construction Seminar Group (CSG) in Association with the College of The Bahamas.

Passion Statement for Construction Seminar 2009

The Impact of FOREIGN DIRECT INVESTMENT (FDI) on the Development of the Caribbean: 24

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the last six years, the National Economic Council (NEC) of The Government of the Commonwealth of The Bahamas has approved unprecedented levels of foreign direct investment '*B016+" B1%,/%05" 7*16*" $+" 34/" :*(41%" #%1V/(&" Strategy. The development cost of these project start-ups for the stated period, estimated between US$5 to $6 billion. These investments, largely in the touristic and residential (second homes) sectors, contributed to a robust construction sector. Although the size of the investments was significant, the impact on Bahamian employment statistics and Central Government tax receipts was not. Unemployment dropped from low double to single digits while Government revenues grew by approximately 15 percent (2007). It was anticipated that unemployment would reach an irreducible percentage by now. It is our hypothesis that the massive capital inflows attracted unprecedented numbers of foreign workers and professionals and that the level of tax concessions outstripped the anticipated Central Government tax receipts. Furthermore, less than a quarter of the contracts awarded in the construction sector benefitted Bahamian Contractors. Additionally, there was little opportunity for Bahamian professionals of the Built Environment, such as Engineers, Architects, Quantity Surveyors and Environmental Consultants to participate in the design process. This phenomenon generally occured due to the fact that foreign investors, when seeking Governmental approvals, came with design schemes prepared extra-territorial. Sadly, there was, and continues to be, little consultation between the Government and the Bahamian professional bodies representing the Built Environment. To further exacerbate this situation, the Bahamian work force was, and is still, unprepared to participate in a meaningful way in such projects due to lack of skills, and the lack of foresight of the Government. Compounding this problem is the lack of strategy on the part of various local professional bodies to prepare their members for meaningful participation through technical, vocational and developmental programmes. A critical question therefore is: “How can local contractors, professionals and others engaged in the Built Environment benefit from Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) in construction and how can we do a better job to ensure meaningful transfer of knowledge and technology?” The rapid rate of growth during the boom years fueled public debate as to the impact of FDI on The Bahamas and whether the ongoing developments are environmentally sustainable. This debate further begs the question: “How do we preserve our culture and environment while encouraging FDI projects?”

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Ken Mayland, president of US based research and forecasting company ClearView Economics, best describes our current global economic condition in the following statement by saying, “Corporate America is buying into the recession story, and they are paring their investment spending accordingly.” This quote raises another important question, which needs to be explored: “Is FDI a viable and sustainable strategy for the development of the Caribbean?” This year, in collaboration with The College of The Bahamas and the Anatol Rodgers Memorial Lecture Series, CSG is planning its next seminar under the theme: The Impact of Foreign Direct Investment (FDI) on the Development of The Caribbean. The Anatol Rodgers Memorial Lecture and Construction Seminar 2009 will be held on November 12th and ]^&4H"_``a@"C+&//,/2"<$%'../$*"#1/&"$*2"E1./0" Laureate, Derek Walcott, has agreed to present the Anatol Rodgers Memorial Lecture and to be the keynote speaker at Construction Seminar 2009. The aim of the seminar is to bring together professionals of the Built Environment (Architects, Engineers, Contractors, Quantity Surveyors, and Land Surveyors), policy makers, scholars, educators and real estate agents, as well as cultural, environmental and social activists, to explore and discuss the varying aspects of this topic that affect all sectors of society. Construction Seminar 2009 seeks to advance the National FDI debate by addressing these topics in terms of the way forward for The Bahamas and to extend this debate to include the rest of the Caribbean. After all, as Derek Walcott writes in his poem, A Sea-Chantey, the islands of the Caribbean are all connected as a ‘litany of islands … (a) rosary of archipelagoes’. Many of our sister Caribbean countries have sought to emulate the apparently successful story of The Bahamas when it comes to foreign direct investment in tourism projects, especially large hotels and resorts. It is incumbent upon us, professionals and others, to question our governments’ policies and to offer input as to the kind of policies we would like to see our governments embrace, the kind of policies that would enhance the development of our region in terms of improving the economic, educational, social, cultural, political and spiritual well being of all of its citizens. If you wish to participate as a major sponsor or just wish to take out an advertisement; radio and print ads will be provided, interested individuals should contact the following persons: O477/<;%F4B78<9%P%'('P*+'P,Q,Q KAB4%F4B78<9%R%'('P*+'P,Q,Q L8?B4"#%J8998AA%P%'('%*'QPS-,+ O"<0T%K@%O">U:0<%R%'('P*(,P-*S-

Find It ALL at Builders Mall

Š2009 Creative Edge

!"#$%&'()*+$$ ,--)."$//)01+%2)3+((+"2)!+4+5+( 67&8)*189:'#);<==+59><==75))?+@"'%+A);<==+59B<==75 C&$<)DE>EF)BEB9BG;B)1')BEH9BG;-))):+I<)DE>EF)BEE9BGB; .&J<)KKKLJ"#$%&'(5+$$J+4+5+(LM15)))N5+#$<)#8/1OJ"#$%&'(5+$$J+4+5+(LM15 Insitu Arch Magazine


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Tuscan Shores:

Old World Charm in New Providence Every town and city in Tuscany has considerable natural and architectural beauty.


estern New Providence is quickly becoming the new Mecca for home owners and developers alike and one of these developments is a true hidden gem. Founded by six young Bahamian entrepreneurs who saw an unbelievable opportunity, Tuscan Shores provides “old world charm” with 21st century amenities.


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“When we drove around to some of the developments to examine what was being offered,” explained Anthone Deveaux, chairman of Greenthumb Investments Ltd., parent company to Tuscan Shores Development Company Ltd., “we saw many elaborate home designs, but thought that a certain style was missing. We also saw that there was a certain market that was not being targeted… and with the property that we located, we knew we had hit a gold mine.”

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The property, located on Munnings Drive in the South Westridge district, is a full nine acres, boasting elevated land and many mature indigenous trees, such as the mahogany and casuarinas; a combination that is rarely seen in this country. “The middle class in this country is still not being adequately serviced with quality housing,” explained Kevin McPhee, one of the company’s directors. “Many of the gated communities are geared toward the higher-end client, and not the middle class or the young professionals who are looking for a quality lifestyle at an affordable price.” The development will offer 18 single-family lots, five large multi-family lots where a total of 60 townhouses will be constructed, and a common area for swimming pool, tennis courts and children’s play area.

“We intended for this to be a family environment – a real community – creating a friendly and neighbourly atmosphere that is quaint, as opposed to a large development with hundreds of lots,” said Deveaux. “One of the key discoveries that we made when investigating potential markets, is that the trend now is mostly single professional women looking for their first investment property, before owning a home. Many professional women are concerned with safety and not necessarily looking for significant maintenance. Being in a gated community with 24-hour security provides the feeling of privacy and safety. And, the town house is the perfect solution to maintenance issues.” The architectural elements of the new gated community will emulate Tuscany, an Italian city, which is world renowned for its elegance and simplicity.

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“We also wanted to offer young Bahamians a different design style of architecture than their parents were offered,” said Deveaux. “Tuscany is known for its rustic, warm picturesque atmosphere... we saw the similarities immediately to our climate and wanted to offer that here.” Design elements that will be highlighted are barrel tile (clay) roofs, brick and stone building facades, rich wood entry doors and shutters, warms colour accents, exposed beams on interior living spaces, decorative wrought ironwork, quoined and keystoned arched colonnades, and the occasion quatrefoil window to bring ‘good luck’. The kitchens will be fully equipped with solid-wood Italian cabinets and granite countertops plus stainless steel appliances. The ceilings will be 10 foot high throughout with 10 inch crown mouldings. The interior doors will be 8 foot solid wood with

top quality German door handles. The master bedroom suite to include a walk in closet and luxury master bathroom with 12x24 inch wall tiles, walk-in shower and a corner bath. The plumbing fixtures will be of a high-end German quality. “As a development, it is also important to note that we have gone above and beyond the planning requirements for the allotment of green spaces” explained McPhee, “which is another beautiful element in Tuscany.” Although the rustic nature will be showcased, Tuscan Shores will offer such amenities as waste collection and Wifi access. “And the way of the building industry now is to go green,” said Deveaux. “We have already solicited the services of an environmental specialist to conduct an assessment of which trees we should keep and, if necessary, we will strategically replant some

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ARCH plus of the trees in an effort to save them. All of our street lights will be solar powered and we will continue to incorporate as many alternative energy sources and energy efficient options that are feasible for the development and will encourage home owners to do the same.” The town houses will be two- and three-bedroom two-storey units, and the single home packages offered will also be two- and three-bedrooms with open floor plans. According to Deveaux, home owners may also engage outside architectural services, but, their design must be approved by the Home Owners Association to ensure that we have a harmonious development. Throughout the recent economic downturn, the development has fared well. “The lots have been on the market for about a year and we have sold about 60% thus far,” Deveaux said, ”We are completing the last phases of the infrastructure of the development as we speak, and are working with a local architect to complete the single family home designs.” “We’ve made the investment to have underground utilities as well,” McPhee added. “It may be more expensive, but it just gives


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the entire development a cleaner look and is much safer during hurricanes. We intend to start building the single family houses in December 2009 and the town houses in March 2010.” The total build cost is more than $20 million dollars when all stages of the project are completed. For more information on the Tuscan Shores Development, please visit their website at

Chairman Anthone Deveaux Directors Peter Bascom Errol Leach Darron Pickstock Kevin McPhee Warren Davis

$BWFT7JMMBHFt6OJU 10#PY$#t/BTTBV #BIBNBT Tel.: (242) 327-8916 $FMM  t'BY   Email:

"3$)*5&$54t#64*/&44$0/46-5*/(t130+&$5."/"(&34 32

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Besco Construction: 

Workmanship Transforms LPIA  =5"W'$*/"#4'00')+

It is nearly midnight and the usually bustling Lynden #'*20'*8"P*&/%*$&'1*$0":'%)1%&"'*"E$++$-H"&4/"($)'&$0" of The Bahamas, is eerily silent. Customs and Immigration halls are closed, airport shops and kiosks shut down, even the largest aircraft tucked into their hangars for the night. And then suddenly, the unmistakable clatter of something heavy being moved around. Besco Construction’s crew has arrived for work. Their task – restore the 20-foot high ceiling of the Immigration Hall without interrupting air arrivals. More specifically, restore and paint the rusty, green corrugated metal overhead, all 45,000 square feet of it, without ever being seen. The solution: set up scaffolding and protective plastic walls every night, seven nights a week, after the last flight arrives and passengers clear between 11:30 pm and midnight, paint swiftly and methodically with brushes, pans, rollers and high-powered paint sprayers, then break down the scaffolding by the time the first flight is due at the crack of dawn. Every night for weeks on end, the work continues, a crew of painters hauling and erecting scaffolding, and transforming the wornout into the welcome-ready hall while most of the country slept, covering up to 3,000 square feet a night. Like other work it performed at the airport, Besco Construction completed the invisible work on time, an understated fulfillment of the trust that has been placed in the company. As demanding as covert late night shifts sound, they represented only a minor challenge for Jauve Thompson, president of Nassau-based Besco Construction, and his team during their three years of construction under contracts with the Nassau Airport Development Company (NAD). Converting and rebuilding 15 restrooms posed a different set of challenges – and more opportunity for Besco to demonstrate its capability. T34/" %/+&%11," )%1V/(&" '*" #4$+/" P" 1B " &4/" 19/%$00" bc`a@d",'00'1*"2/9/01),/*&")0$*"$&"J#P:"4$+"%/$005" been the highlight,” said Thompson, who founded BESCO in 1993 after studying business, accounting and construction management in college. “The extensive project entailed the construction and full refurbishment of 15 individual public restrooms – six in the US departure terminal, two in the international terminal, including a separate handicap restroom at that location and two restrooms each in the charter, domestic and Air Canada terminals.” Several of the restrooms were located in high security areas, Insitu Arch Magazine


frequently making access for workers a lengthy process. But most critical was the installation precision required. “This was a first for a public restroom facility in The Bahamas to be totally hands-free and the first for our company,” said Thompson. “Rough-in assemblies and their positioning were critical for the proper performance of all fixtures such as the urinals, toilets, faucets and soap dispensers. Due to the fact that each independent water station works as a function of its respective electrical supply, precision was paramount for optimum results. Variances could not exceed an 8th of an inch.” And it’s the bathrooms that generate the most pride. #%',/" A'*'+&/%" I-./%&" P*8%$4$," 4$+" 81*/" +1" B$%" $+" &1" quote statistics showing an overall airport approval rating climbing 25% following partial completion of the restroom project. Frank Watson, Chairman of the Nassau Airport Development Board and the Airport Authority Board, was even more direct. “It’s fair to say that the redevelopment of the restrooms was the singular most important factor in how people view the airport,” he said. Even the Ministry of Tourism has given the transformation its stamp of approval. The first time that Director General Vernice Walkine saw the restrooms during an official inspection, her objectivity and signature clear, cool response gave way to the kind of enthusiasm generally reserved for the final seconds of the Super Bowl when your team just took the lead with a last chance field goal and applause rings out so loudly it drowns out anything in its way. “Have you seen the new bathrooms?” Walkine bubbled. “They’re GORGEOUS, as beautiful as any I have ever seen anywhere.” That statement says a lot – Walkine’s basis for comparison is broad. Her job takes her around the world. #$%&" 1B " &4/" W'%/(&1%" F/*/%$0e+" /*&4-+'$+," %/0$&/+" &1" &4/" chic new look and Thompson credits local designer Nancy Collie for touches like colourful glass tiles and solid surface countertops that highlight the high-end fixtures and accessories. 34

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Aside from the critical precision requirements and on-site fabrication of countertops and other essential items, the job required Besco to coordinate procurement timelines, seek and review competitive quotes, determine lead times and handle and schedule shipping and receiving of materials to ensure accuracy in fulfillment. And every step meant meeting tight deadlines. There could be no delays because of lack of parts or supplies. Thompson made several trips to South Florida to meet with manufacturers and consult with designers and engineers, particularly with the development of the partitions to avoid latent problems. Having studied Finance and Accounting and earning a Masters degree in Business Administration at Seton Hall in New Jersey, Thompson also studied Construction Management at the graduate level. By the time he faced the ambitious specs of the airport restroom project, he had 20 years’ experience in landscaping and construction behind him with projects that included the ambulatory outfit to the Ladies Medical Center and renovations to the American Embassy and The Cancer Society of The Bahamas. He had successfully completed residences in Lyford Cay, Sandyport $*2"1*"#$%$2'+/"P+0$*2"$+"6/00"$+"61%7+"$&":&0$*&'+@":&"&4/" airport, he has finished everything from the upgrade of parking lots and construction of toll booths to building the new U.S. Customs Agricultural Lab. However, for all the work the company has performed,

Besco will probably earn its greatest recognition and kudos for the transformation of the restrooms at Nassau’s international airport where nearly two million visitors have the first and last impression of the country every year. Thompson calls it his auto-conversion. “I like to think of it as taking a Suzuki and turning it into a Mercedes,” he says, quickly adding that there are some fine Suzukis, but the washrooms at the airport were not among them. They were, he says, horror stories that did not reflect well on the country as a whole. He’s now installing hands-free bathrooms at Queen’s College High School. For Thompson, it’s coming full circle. “That’s where I went to school,” he notes. “It’s where I received my grounding and now I look at the company, what we have accomplished, where we are going and I know we are poised to become a premier construction provider in this country simply because we are at a crossroad where opportunity meets preparation. And we’re prepared.” 3/0%7/0"%8<N/074V8/<W%?/<V4?V% X"A?/%M/<AV0:?V8/<%4V%U"A?/?/<AV0:?V8/<=9748#@?/7% /0%'('P.+.PS(,S%/0%'('P*'(P*-..@ !B"80%D"UA8V"%8A%DDD@U"A?/U4B474A@?/7@

LUCAYA N T RO P I CA L Architectural

Agricultural Fusion in The Bahamas

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Insitu Arch Magazine


The Facility

5,-' ;#:E13"-' ;+--.' 1%(' &.1;;' b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Insitu Arch Magazine


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Insitu Arch Magazine


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The Greenhouse:

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Insitu Arch Magazine


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Insitu Arch Magazine



Insitu Arch Magazine

<%#' M1' 6$71' )1#1&4-%' ,&.4$--10' ,.' 46,.' 6,56' +)1..")1' 2*55,&5' .%.41/' D1;-(')%'+,-'"-1.#+4'+,1+'1'0.1%+'#;'7)"-'+).-"1%+'+)'1',#&,'+-70-"1+/"-' #<'+,-'"-.1+#$-',/7#(#+4'8X=O=9'#;'#%'1';1<-'G)%-='><'+,-'+-70-"1+/"-'&-+;'+)' ,#&,'1%('+,-'X=O='&-+;'+))'.)*'1'0.1%+'*#..';,/+'()*%'+)'0")+-3+'#+;-.<' 3.);#%&'#+;';+)71+1'1%(';+)00#%&'0,)+);4%+,-;#;A'-+3=

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Insitu Arch Magazine


Insitu Arch Magazine


Nassau, The Bahamas

!"#$%&'()*(+,-)(.$!"#$%&'()*+#, 50

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en years ago Rhys Duggan started vacationing in the Bahamas, and Old Fort Bay. Today he lives and works in our beautiful country year %1-*2@" :+" #%/+'2/*&" $*2" <CK" 1B " &4/" E/6" #%19'2/*(/" Development Co., Duggan has a very hectic and demanding schedule, but has created a “Shangri-La”, in which to enjoy his private time. “The design thought was one of a house that has the practicality of a full time residence but also has a relaxed, “beachy” ambiance,” Duggan explained. “When I started visiting the Bahamas, I was on vacation, and I don’t want to lose that feeling in the homes that I design and live in.” And the colours, finishes $*2" 2;(1%" $00" &'/" '*&1" &4/" &4/,/" 1B " $" beach house. As you walk up the “chattahoochee stone” driveway, there is a flawless blend of Mediterranean and Caribbean Architectural styles with lush landscaping, stone accents and deep porches. “The first thing that people notice is obviously the exterior finish on the house,” said Duggan. The finish is from Florida Stucco, but is applied with a ‘Monterey’ texture and gives the home quite a timeless quality. “When I came here, I noticed that most homes have a similar smooth coat finish, but I wanted something a little different. Something to soften the exterior of the house and not have it appear so linear and rigid, so we did a little research and came up with something that was unique, but still fit into the aesthetic of the community.”

The kitchen is the “connector” of the ground floor, allowing access to both indoor and outdoor living spaces. It was designed with dual functionality in mind: it’s easy to cook in because of the layout and to be catered from, as the bi-fold doors allow the area to be closed off when necessary. The floor to ceiling white cabinetry, in contrast with the black granite countertops, has a clean appearance and has more than adequate storage capacity.

The open floor plan of the living and dining areas are accentuated by large French doors with transoms above and 11-ft. ceilings that lead to the exterior covered verandah, overlooking a pool and the canal. “Having the canal wrap around on two sides of the lot (with access to the dock), really heightens the open flow to the house and guest cottage” Duggan stated. Another striking feature is the placement of the master bedroom on the ground floor. This allowed Duggan to build a spacious home, but have it live and feel like a cozy one, for everyday living. This layout is also a lot more energy efficient, as he does not have to air-condition the entire house when guests are not in residence. The flooring throughout the house is Calypso Coral Stone. Found in the Dominican Republic, this dense material contains many types of fossil or fan coral in most pieces, making the floor look like the ocean floor, another symbolic feature of the water/beach brought into the design.


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“The last house that I was renting had an 18 year old kitchen that was tired and dated,” Duggan continued. “It was not a good space to be in. The kitchen is always one of the most important rooms in all of the houses that I design. I like it to be open, airy and let in lots of light.”

The interior decor continues to reflect Duggan’s lifestyle: clean, not cluttered; functional island life. This was captured eloquently by local interior designer Tanya Melich Crone, whose father was well known British Architect, Henry Melich, who helped to shape Nassau’s downtown district in the 1950’s and 60’s. A personal touch was added with the art collection by Amos Ferguson Sr.

“I purchased about seven or eight pieces of his artwork,” he said. “I love them. First and foremost, they capture an innocence of the Bahamas, and secondly over a 25 year period, they (unfortunately) show the regression of his technique as he got further on in 5/$%+@" R1-" ($*" $(&-$005" &%$(7" 4'+" career.”

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The T-shaped pool, which is another staple in Duggan’s lifestyle was re-designed: elongated and moved further away from the house during the construction process so that it wouldn’t crowd the verandah and contradict the concept of openness. The rich ocean Blue Gem colour (also from Florida Stucco) is one more distinct characteristic of the design theme of the seaside. The exterior decking is of the same material as the interior, with a more rustic, unfilled finish, that continues to enhance the seamless transition from interior to exterior. Duggan said, “We built the barbeque area with trellised gazebo to anchor the right side of the deck and the future guest cottage at the other end will balance it and frame the vista of the canal.” And who could not enjoy relaxing outdoors, enjoying one of those amazing sunsets! The elevated stair tower, with chamfered edges, and the charming “Romeo and Juliet” porches with curved aluminum railings is reminiscent of the romantic Mediterranean. The loggia or colonnade that joins that garage/ guest cottage with the main house is both practical to be protected from inclement weather, and again, an element of classical Mediterranean architecture.


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Insitu Arch Magazine



Insitu Arch Magazine

Insitu Arch Magazine


bronze finish Brazilian cherry used in the closets, and a range of limestone and marble vanities, and comfortable and inviting dark wood furnishings, are just a few more accents represented in this “Beach House” that is a wonderful blend of architectural genres. L48<%O/:A"% (3 bedrooms, 3 ½ bathrooms) Ground Floor – 2,435 sq. ft. Covered Verandah - 530 sq. ft. Upper Floor – 1,300 sq. ft. Upper Deck – 110 sq. ft. C*&%5"#1%(4"f"gd"+h@"B& M/VV49"YG4049"% (1 bedroom, 1 bathroom) Ground Floor – 660 sq. ft. Upper Floor – 580 sq. ft. C*&%5"#1%(4"f"]g`"+h@"B&@ The use of Coral Reef Cast Stone for the door and window sills and headers on the house add to the robust exterior and also mask another well designed component: at the rear, the copper gutter system is incorporated into the building moulding so water does not cascade to the porch below. The Wallaba Cedar Shingle has already started to turn into a silvery brown colour, giving the house an old world mellow glow. The efficient cottage above the garage has an unexpected movement in the ceiling with the placement of the dormers, and the exposed/detailed rafter tails, also at the main house, infuse the out island feel to those who visit. The ceilings of the porches are stained cypress and give a warm, welcoming atmosphere. Dark stained Spanish Cedar, used for the entry and garage doors and railing caps, hardware by Emtek (classic forged brass knobs) in an oil rubbed


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3:V:0"%Z//#%G:"AV%O/:A"% (1 bedroom, 1 bathroom) Ground Floor – 320 sq. ft. <19/%/2"#1%(4"f"i`"+h@"B&@ J"A89<%!"47 K0?B8V"?VA$% Construction Design Services (CDS) M/<V04?V/0A$% SMG Construction IV0:?V:04#%M/<A:#V4<VA$% Caribbean Coastal Services (CCS) A/(4$*'($0j"#0-,.'*8"<1*+-0&$*&+N""<1*+&%-(&'1*"k$0-/" Engineering (CVE) 6#"?V08?4#%M/<A:#V4<VA$""#16/%"W/+'8*"C*8'*//%'*8" Consultants >#WC<? [4<;A?4>8<9$%%Natures Way Landscaping \8V?B"<Y%X4VB%M4U8<"V0TW%6<V0TY%G4049"%J//0AW%M#/A"VA% 4<;%IB:VV"0A$ SMG Millwork

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Architectural Association Review Mr. Germano Botelho, #%/+'2/*&"1B "&4/" Institute of Bermuda Architects


s the voice of the Caribbean Architecture, Engineering and Construction community, Insitu Arch advocates dialogue within our respective professions, and with our fellow colleagues throughout the West Indies. In an attempt to provide a better understanding of our similarities and differences in the AEC community, we will interview other #%/+'2/*&+" $*2" CU/(-&'9/+" 1B " :%(4'&/(&-%$0" Associations throughout the region, to learn from one another to create a more unified forum. In our first interview, we were able to talk with A%@"F/%,$*1"=1&/041H"#%/+'2/*&"1B "&4/"P*+&'&-&/" of Bermuda Architects. IS: Good morning, Mr. Botelho, thank you for allowing us time in your very hectic schedule.

GB: Not at all, the pleasure is mine. I’ve read the past issues of Insitu and I love the publication. We as design professionals in the Caribbean need be more in tune to what our comrades are doing and Insitu Arch will become the thread that keeps us informed.

IA: Let’s get some facts out of the way - when was the Institute of Bermuda Architects formed and who were the founding members?

GB: The I.B.A was started in the mid 1970’s, with the hopes of becoming the one unifying voice to represent local architects. Some of our founding members were Mr. John McCulloch, Jim Gardner, Maurice Terceira, Val Bouchard and Ralph Marshall. We had quite a few dedicated members that got us started. IA: What is the present format to receiving a license in Bermuda? Is there a rigorous examination process? GB: Actually, we do not have local exams.

We were very concerned about the recognition and significance from other jurisdictions and


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countries that a local license would have. As there are no Architecture schools on the island, all of the architects here have been schooled all over the world – mostly in Canada, the United States and Europe. When designers receive their degrees and follow the licensing process in the area where they went to university, they provide their documentation to our Architects Registration Council for review and confirmation of accreditation. After all documentations are approved they are granted a Bermuda License.

IA: Are Architectural Technicians/ Draftspersons a recognized facet in the profession?

GB: Funny you should ask that! We hope that a

new “Licensing Tier” system will be presented in mid-late September. A local group of architects and designers proposed this to the current Minister of the Environment, the Hon. Glenn =0$7/*/5H"O#"A#@"I16"&4/")%1B/++'1*"+41-02"./" presented to the public in terms of qualifications and design capabilities has always been a challenge. This new tiered system will introduce “A” licenses (Architect), and various levels of “AT” licenses (Architectural Technician) Level 1, 2, 3 etc, that would determine the category or type of project that a designer could complete.

IA: That is a very important distinction. Technicians make up the bulk of most architectural practices and I feel they haven’t gotten the recognition that they deserve. Is Continuing Education a major item on your IBA agenda? GB:"R/+"'&"'+@"Q/"4$9/"$))0'/2"&1"&4/":P:jE<:L=" [American Institute of Architects/ National Council of Architectural Registration Boards] &1"./"$"0'(/*+/2"<1*&'*-'*8"C2-($&'1*"#%19'2/%@" That way, if we know a person will be visiting the island or we have invited them for a talk we can apply for credits for all of the persons that attended the seminar. The amount of credits architects and other design professionals need to maintain depends on the area that they received their license. It makes it easier for architects to maintain credits if it’s done right here. The annual AIA conference is also well attended every year to attended those seminars and keep on the cutting edge of the industry.

IS: Are there any major advantages for becoming a member of the I.B.A? GB: Well, I think so! We provide a group health insurance for all of our members and we include Architects, Technicians, Interior Designers in our fold. Other major benefits are a workman’s compensation $*2" #%1B/++'1*$0" P*2/,*'&5" P*+-%$*(/@" Because we have a unified body we can get very good rates from Insurance companies and shop around if necessary. As a group, we lobby to our Government, public etc for issues that are relating to Architects. We are also in the process of revising and updating our Architects’ Act which was originally drafted in 1969. There is definitely power in numbers and as a group you’re taken much more seriously and generally have a more favourable outcome to requests. We try to encourage younger members to become a part of the organization… The only way it is going to grow and stay healthy is when fresh new ideas are circulated. We should be on a two-year limitation on any particular position, so we are not stagnant and remain as a “broken record”. An organization cannot thrive if the same mentality is dominating the agenda.

IA: How many times does the group meet per year? How are decisions made?

GB: Well, we have our Annual General Meeting (AGM)

when all members can attend and we also have monthly council meetings. Our council is made up of nine members, all well rounded and diverse who give up there time one evening per month to keep it all together. Most decisions can quickly be made within the council and when necessary, we have director’s meetings and to make sure every firm has a voice.

IA: Does the IBA have a regular calendar of events for

the year? What is the last major function that the IBA had? Are there any specialty events that the IBA is a part of?

GB: We have two major events during the year, the sand castle competition which is open to everyone on the Island, including tourists, and the IBA BBQ which is our annual fundraiser for the IBA student scholarship, where all proceed go towards scholarships. Throughout the year we continue to have lectures and product presentation but those are usually scheduled as they happen. Meaning that due to our size and population we can have three a month or go months without one. The last major and very successful event was the “2007

2009 STUDENT DESIGN COMPETITION ECO BAR: SUSTAINABLE BEACHFRONT DINING Pictured from left: Brandon Scott (Ryerson University), Kristina

Graham-Ward (University of Hartford), Krystal Rodrigues (Wentworth Institute of Technology, First Place), Jeron Gunness (New England Institute of Technology, Nina Cotterill (Notingham Trent University) HONOURABLE MENTION

Not pictured: Kris Hedges (UCLA, Second Prize), Kimmisha Perinchief

(New England Institute of Technology)

Design Bermuda Exhibition” where every firm on the, architectural and Interiors, presented their best works. We would love to do it very year but in a same place like Bermuda it take three to four years for new building to come up, we don’t want to showcase the same building every year.

IA: What is the major type of architecture that is built

in Bermuda – Residential, Commercial, Institutional etc? And what is the average cost per square foot to build in each of these typologies?

GB: R/+H"5/+"$*2"5/+@""A1+&"1B "&4/"01($0"B'%,+"($*"21"'&" all with the majority of the load being residential. The construction cost can vary depending on the scale of the project but it ranges anywhere from $350.00 to $550.00 )/%"+h-$%/"B11&"#0/$+/"B'00"'*"51-%"$*+6/%"4/%/[ IA: How does the Government deal with foreign developers – are local architects approached to be involved in the initial design stages to construction administration? GB: I think many people look at the Caribbean as a

very laid back place, which is true in a certain sense, so there have been challenges in being taken seriously to do major developments and projects throughout the island. But the architects in Bermuda have been trained all over the world, and not only do they have world class

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design training, we “know” Bermuda, this is our home and we have the best understanding of the necessary elements to design projects that will operate at optimum efficiency. The way that our Government deals with foreign developers is that only an architect in Bermuda can hold the work permit for a foreign architect coming into work on any project

IA: Are there many competitions in Bermuda, whether private or sponsored by the government? GB: Unfortuantely, not as many as we’d like…. The government hosted one about a year ago for gateway entrances, and the student arm of the IBA hosted one for an “Eco Bar” for sustainable beachfront dining. We should have more, though, to keep ideas fresh and allows for charettes and collaboration. The IBA have recently made a recommendation to the Corporation of Hamilton, our city group, to have all Corporation projects be awarded on a competions basis not just on a fee basis, which is usually the lowest bid not the best design.


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IA: For a group just establishing itself, what advice would you give them on starting their own association?

GB: ]?"

P*(0-2/" CkCLRKECN" $00" &4/" 2/+'8*" )%1B/++'1*$0+" &4$&" you can. As one collective voice, you won’t be perceived and disjointed and protectionist,


Set the rules early and do it right! Look to other professionals who have an established association and get advice,


Define the practice of Architecture and by that I mean answer the simple questions “What is an architect”, “What services will they provide”…. Establish perameters for everyone in the group so there is no confusion and no one is excluded

. c?"

#%1,1&/" $%(4'&/(&-%/" $*2" 8112" 2/+'8*" B1%" /9/%51*/H" not matter who they are and what budget they have.

LIST OF REGISTERED MEMBERS IBA “full membership” category lists all members of the IBA who are also registered as architects in Bermuda. The listing is alphabetic and indicates where each architect is presently working. To be included in this list, a prospective architect must undergo degree level education in architecture and subsequently pass internationally recognized examinations in professional standards. NAME Backeberg, Douglas (Retired) Barker, Bruce W. Bassett, John (Retired) Bath, Richard Behrens, Susan Benevides, David Berg, John Botelho, Germano Brown, Beryl Bulley, Chris Butterworth, G. Fraser Campbell, Colin <$-0B'/02H":*2%/6" <$-0B'/02H"C0'M$./&4" Chung, Lucy Clarke, Lee Conyers, Harold Crockett, Jeremy Davis, Toriano L. E. Floyd, Colin Galea, Joseph Gardner, John Gurret, Dominique Hodgson, Simon Karlovic-Terceira, Vesna Kaufmann, John H. Tranquillity Studio Linberg, Sjur Llorens-Reynal, Aurea Ming, Ari F. Mitchell, Derek Melotti, Anna Nortcliffe, John Northcott, Robert O’Beirne, David Oldham, Richard #$%7/%H"F/1BB%/5" #$5*&/%H"L'(4$%2"D@"" Quarterly, Glyn Richardson-Botelho, Claudia Saltus, Charlita A. Simmons, Gary Sjoberg, Tina Somers, Michael Stott, Duncan Sutherland, Malcolm 3/%(/'%$H"#/&/%"I@" Tucker, James van Beelen, Julia Verster, Michael Wagner, Steven J. Walker, Beverley (Jordy) White, Reginald Wood, Edward R-4$+MH"W$9'2"

FIRM Retired Bassett Associates (Retired) Richard Bath Associates OBM Benevides Associates BergDesign Architects Botelho Wood Architects Beryl E. Brown/The Studio Botelho Wood Architects Butterworth Associates OBM 34/"<$-0B'/02"#$%&*/%+4')" 34/"<$-0B'/02"#$%&*/%+4')" Works & Engineering Cooper Gardner Conyers & Associates Beryl E. Brown/The Studio Self Linberg & Simmons Retired Cooper Gardner s.h.y. Architecture Terceira Quarterly Associates John H.Kaufmann/ Linberg & Simmons Butterworth Associates Works & Engineering Derek Mitchell & Associates Self Botelho Wood Architects Conyers & Associates OBM Benevides Associates #-%9'+"#%1V/(&+"J&2@" <1*5/%+"n":++1('$&/+" Terceira Quarterly Associates Botelho Wood Architects Conyers & Associates Linberg & Simmons Linberg & Simmons Cooper Gardner Duncan Stott/Design Associates Conyers and Associates 3/%(/'%$"o-$%&/%05":++1('$&/+" Self Cooper Gardner Cooper Gardner Linberg & Simmons OBM Self Botelho Wood Architects +@4@5@":%(4'&/(&-%/"

TELEPHONE 517-1111 292-0735 295-9386 295-5137 292-0971 646-486-1964 232-6563 295-3846 232-6563 296-2918 295-5137 _a_S`lld" _a_S`lld" 292-2521 292-8503 295-3846 234-0578 295-9160 292-2521 296-2345 295-9492 234-4095 295-9160 296-2915 294-5895 292-4806 232-6563 292-8503 295-5137 292-0971 _adSaad]" _a_Sid`^" 295-9492 232-6563 292-8503 295-9160 295-9160 292-2521 292-5722 292-8503 _adSaca_" 292-2521 292-2521 295-9160 295-5137 236-4840 232-6563 _agS_^cd"

EMAIL $($-0B'/02m&()@., /($-0B'/02m&()@., 8)$%7/%m8)$@., %)$5*&/%m($++1(@., )/&/%m&h$%(4@., swagner@linbergandsimmon 25-4$+Mm+45S$%(4@(1, Insitu Arch Magazine


Providing Solutions To Your International Financial Requirements


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Jackson Burnside Ltd. (JBL - Design) and the Island School – A joint vision of sustainable design

Island School Site Plan Sketch JBL-Design , one of the leading Bahamian architectural firms, played an invaluable role in the initial design team assembled in 2003 to brainstorm about the goals and ideals of the Island School/ Cape Eleuthera Institute campus vision. Architects Jackson Burnside and Dirk Saunders, who now heads JBL’s Grand Bahama office, were integral in the review of the Cal-Earth construction system and determined the best ways to adapt the ‘earth bag’ system and materials to suit the Bahamian climate and traditional construction techniques. Mr. Saunders travelled with the IS/CEI team to California to see the system first hand, so that any refinements that needed to be made would be as accurate as possible to the original building method. 66

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“IS and CEI were happy to work with a local firm that shared our vision,” said Chris Maxey, Director and Co Founder of the Cape Eleuthera Foundation. “Jackson and Dirk creatively lead the team that transformed our once ‘barren land’ into a world class teaching tool of sustainable architecture and alternative energy. “They played a critical role in the 2/9/01),/*&" 1B " &4/" A$+&/%" D'&/" #0$*" $*2" Design Development and Construction Documents of the truly unique structures on our site.” The design philosophy of a more self sufficient and sustainable Bahamas was successfully achieved through dialogue, collaboration, pushing the envelope and refining ideas of how buildings can and should be teaching our nation and the Caribbean community.

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by: Mr. Mario Bowleg,  LEED AP, Assoc. IBA, Assoc. AIA


Is an associate with the firm Alexiou & Associates in Nassau, The Bahamas.

ith the proliferation of green products and concepts in The Bahamas, we must be careful that we do not become casualties of the green ‘tsunami’. As humans, we can become inundated with the seemingly infinite amount of green matter that is available to us. When designing a green home exploring the full extent of this endeavor from conception to expiration is crucial. The critical elements that should drive the green design process include historical practices, site selection, contextual response, material selection, equipment, fixture and furnishings and Green building template (LEED, etc.) THE SITE In the haste of aspiring to land ownership one must ensure that a green home is on green land. Reclaimed land and land that encroaches on natural water bodies should be excluded. This also comprises quarrying and clear cutting, which permanently and irreparably impact topography, vegetation and drainage. Rather the architecture should be seamlessly integrated with the site. Significant trees and other geographical elements can used positively as integral components where architecture can grow from, in and throughout the home, fostering a favorable indoor, outdoor experience. HISTORICAL PRACTICES Quite often we blindly incorporate noncontextual practices into our design process without a thorough assessment of their applicability to the challenge at hand. One must dissect relevant and exemplary precedence, to inform the design process. Some passive elements of our past provide superb green solutions for today. Building orientation, raised floors and natural shade provide an opportunity for passive cooling, reducing energy consumption. Rain water captured, filtered and reused for potable and non-potable services, reduces the reliance on municipal supply. Large overhangs and Bahama shutters baffle (direct) sunlight while allowing the infiltration of daylight (indirect) can lessen the use of artificial lighting. These are the practices we need to research, revive and re-implement. 70

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...encourages and  accelerates global  adoption of sustainable  green building and  development practices  through the creation  and implementation of  universally understood  and accepted tools and  performance criteria... LEED IMPLEMENTATION The United States’ Green Building Council (USGBC) is a non-profit organization that promotes sustainability in how buildings are built, designed and operated. It has created several rating systems that provide templates which can assist designers with the implementation of a green strategy. The Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) Green Building Rating System™ (LEED) for Homes is the USGBCs benchmark for residential construction. This tool gives extensive direction on most aspects of green design. It “encourages and accelerates global adoption of sustainable green building and development practices through the creation and implementation of universally understood and accepted tools and performance criteria.” LEED practices have been implemented in The United States, Canada and India among other countries.

Sadly, The Bahamas is slow to embrace this concept having no LEED buildings in the country to date. However, the word is spreading locally and hopefully the first LEED accredited building is not to far away. MATERIALS, EQUIPMENT, FIXTURES AND FURNISHINGS Beware of products plastered with the green/sustainable label. Consider this scenario, the value of the greenest, most sustainable material maybe diminished if the extraction, fabrication and transportation of that product cause stress on the earth. Low flow fixtures and energy star appliances which decrease water and energy consumption should be standard in a green home. Air conditioning and refrigeration systems with low global warming potential and low ozone depletion potential are favored over typical units. Furnishings and fit-out materials should surpass the thresholds of rapidly renewable content and recycled content whiles maintaining low volatile organic compounds (voc) levels.

#0$*" P&" =$4$,$+" '+" $" 51-*8" $*2" /*/%8/&'(" architectural design company, started by Andrew Stirling, in early 2003. Mr. Stirling, a Bahamian by birth, undertook his architectural training in the UK in 1981, returning home in 1993 and bringing his experience of world architectural design with him to the Bahamas. After ten years working in Nassau as the lead designer with one of the larger local firms, #0$*"P&"=$4$,$+"6$+"B1%,/2"$+"$".%/$7S$6$5@" This design oriented group of young talent is committed to providing solutions which are personal, bold and unique to each client and site. We provide inventive and creative designs for residential, commercial and public projects. Our investigative design processes use a studied analysis of traditional and contemporary construction methods, and we have an ongoing commitment to researching sustainable technologies and resource efficient construction methods for our region. By linking microclimate and context, we try to keep our designs environmentally and socially responsible, fulfilling both local and global expectations for the 21st Century.


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We are also fully aware of our fiscal responsibilities to our clients and work hard to achieve the best ‘valuefor-money’ solutions within their design. We have introduced new materials and technologies which increase the energy conservation properties of all of our buildings, also providing low-to-no maintenance demands, further supporting the client’s ability to economically operate the building, going forward. #%'*(')$0H":*2%/6"K@"D&'%0'*8H"

If our Client requires a ‘full service’, we are able to offer them a one-stop-shop, combining architectural and engineering input, using trusted and experienced colleagues for the structural, electrical and mechanical design portions of the work. Alternatively, we can tailor our services to suit any design team that our Client prefers to assemble.

B.Sc, B. Arch (Hons), RIBA, AIA Int’l Assoc., IBA

We will work with you to set your goals and help you to achieve them.

Z#4<%HV%X4B474A%- Architects, Designers

For more information visit

Architect, Kenrad E.E. Wilchcombe B.E.D.S, IBA

Assistant Architect, Kendrick Thompson, BS Arch. Eng.

No. 35 Sears Road, Top of the Hill Nassau, Bahamas #@K@"=1U"DDSd^aa Tel 242.328.7982 thru 4 Fax 242.328.7173

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Art comes as natural as breathing for John Cox.

“It wasn’t something that was drilled in,” he said the 37-year-old father of one. “I was just interested in art at an early age. It was like a refuge… and it felt right.” Raised working with wood, nails and hammers Cox’s fine art, the work most people associate him with, is just one point in the broad spectrum of skills he possesses. I'+" 8%1-*2" M/%1H" #1)1)" D&-2'1+H" '+" */+&0/2" '*" $*" 1$+'+" '*" the midst of the urban jungle locals know as Chippingham. On the inside, the bottom floor of the visual arts centre has been transformed into a gallery where, depending on the collection, spectators are taken from one extraordinary piece to another. The top floor is dedicated to an Artist-inresidence programme and summer art camp for children.

‘Man I wish I could do stuff

as good as this.’

Regardless of its current use, the old Dillard guest house has kept its quaint features crafted by Cox’s skilled mason grandfather. “He’s where I got the inspiration for the centre’s name you know,” he said, talking about his, now deceased, 8%$*2B$&4/%@"TC9/%51*/"-+/2"&1"($00"4',"X#1)1)e@"34$&"6$+" long before I was even in charge of this building. I was designing furniture and I wanted to brand [them]. He was a master carpenter, and he was brilliant. “We had all these chairs, and tables and things that I grew up with and I had a couple of them in my house and I was thinking, ‘Man I wish I could do stuff as good as this.’” And Cox did, branding his work along the way using a silk +(%//*'*8"&/(4*'h-/"$*2"&4/"61%2+"X#1)1)"D&-2'1+e"$+"4'+" signature. =1%*"$*2"%$'+/2"'*"E/6"#%19'2/*(/H"<1U"$&&/*2/2"\'*8+6$5" Academy and Queen’s College before attending the Rhode Island School of Design. There he majored in Illustration. But like all college students, Cox’s interest in other fields also took flight. “Even though that’s what it says on my degree,” said Cox, “while I was there I was really, really involved in print making and in particular silk screen and photo [silk] screening.” Insitu Arch Magazine


:B&/%" (100/8/H" <1U" %/&-%*/2" &1" E/6" #%19'2/*(/" 64/%/" 4/" went back to his roots building furniture and found a new passion – teaching. Cox, who is a lecturer at The College of The Bahamas (COB), also assists local schools with the development of their art curriculum. “When I started teaching at COB, I was 23 and now I’m gonna be 37,” he smiled. “That was a long time ago. And now it’s September and the academic year has started again and so what we do is we try to like to start up the season.” But with a hectic schedule, furniture making became complicated and so he turned his interest to fine art. Cox currently has a show running at the Central Bank of The Bahamas with his studio partner, Heino Schmidt. An avid cyclist, Cox is married to Erica Wells and they have one son. “I still feel like I’m gonna do furniture again actually…,” he admitted. “I still feel like I’d love to do that kind of stuff and I keep thinking about it now, especially with my son. We gotta design his room and so we’re always looking at that stuff, thinking about it.” Though Cox runs the gamut in all forms of art, his interpretation of explaining different lifestyles, lifetimes, technique, and precision can be summed up in one word – beautiful. Once very worried about not sticking to one form of artistry, Cox has broken from the separatist mold seeing all forms of art as a type of problem solving mechanism. For him, the use of the metaphor is his way of creating answers. “Nature, other artists and sometimes just conversation is what inspires me,” he said. “The narrative work is communicated through symbols and I think symbols are enough. But, because I use symbols to represent ideas, people or periods in time I have to use the metaphor.”


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Cox credits his success to a nurturing environment, a supportive family and good old fashioned drive. And, though he himself finds it difficult to battle the naysayers at times, he advises aspiring artists to ensure they have the right recipe for persevering in the field.

they’re faster, but because they can take more pain. They can suffer more. So when the going gets rough and people say, ‘I don’t really like what you’re doing, I don’t like this work,’ and when the demons start to get inside your head, it’s the ones who are more steady who are able to discern the naysayers from the constructive criticism. Those are &4/"1*/+"641"6'00"+-((//2@""R1-"$06$5+"4$9/"&1"%/,/,./%" that you’re no greater than the best person in the world. R1-" ($*" ./" &4/" ./+&" 1*/" .-&" %/$0'M/" &4$&" &4/%/" $%/" 1&4/%+" just as good as you.” #1)1)"D&-2'1+"6'00"41+&"$"(/%$,'(+"$*2")1&&/%5"+416($+/" in October headed by Jessica Colebrook. In November, Freeport-based artist Susan McKay will host a show at the gallery.

TG'%+&" 1B " $00HY" 4/" +$'2H" T51-" 4$9/" &1" 4$9/" (1-%$8/@" R1-" have to be audacious. My wife told me the other day, ‘the two most important things are to be courageous and to be humble’. I think one without the other ultimately is tragic. There are some people who stay in their shell, or are too polite to make themselves heard don’t so get out the gate. They’re like flowers smothering themselves by holding back. And then there are others who are just all talk… good character is more to be praised than outstanding talent. “For myself and for my students I think that, it’s not the most talented one that’s gonna make it. It’s the one… who is the marathon runner, who wins the race, not because

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Islands of the World Fashion Week sets the benchmark for island fashion Haute Couture, prêt-a-porter, vogue and T-squares. For most of us these words have never belonged in the same sentence. Truth be told, there’s an uncanny synergy in word relationship when it comes to fashion. Think of clothing as multiple designer homes for your body. Just as an architect needs his tools to create the master plans for a home design, so does a fashion designer need to have the necessary tools to create any garment. In the Bahamas, fashion designers have been incorporating much more than the predictable sewing machine and scissors with their work for decades. The result – a group of individuals who have adorned the likes of royalty and graced runways in New York, Chicago and Paris. And now, they’re doing it in our very own back yard. The consensus was clear last November when Islands of the World Fashion Week (IWFW) made its debut in The Bahamas. Some 35 designers from island states around the world gathered for four days to be a part of history. Hundreds watched the event live both awed and enamoured by the styles on the runways at the Atlantis Resort and the British Colonial Hilton.


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Such rave reviews propelled Mode Iles Ltd., the producer of IWFW, into instant stardom as the company was assigned the task of creating a one night extravaganza for the 2009 Miss Universe Pageant. Eighty-one of the contestants took part in the showcase adorned in the works of Rachel Turnquest-Garcia, Basheva Eve and Sabrina Francis, three of the country’s most renowned designers. Even the evening’s hosts weren’t left out of the production as former Miss Universe, Dayana Mendoza, and Charles Sealy wowed their audience with the work of Brynda Knowles. Now IWFW is set to take centre stage again. The anticipation for the second IWFW is the talk of the town as November 4th approaches. The theme of this year’s event is “From NextGen to Legend” – depicting the creativity of the budding designer through to those designers who have established themselves in the industry as forces to be recognized and respected. Just one-year in existence, the show now adds ‘award-winning’ to its repertoire as it scooped the “Best Fashion Show or Fashion Week attended” category at the 2009 Caribbean Fashion Awards held in Bridgetown, Barbados in April.

Mode Iles President, Owen Bethel said the show’s greatest challenge this year has no doubt been the global economic downturn, a compounding problem for already struggling, island state designers.

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“Many wished to participate but due to difficulty in acquiring sponsorship could not cover the costs associated with participation, travel and showcasing,” Bethel said. “This highlights the problems generally encountered by designers from developing countries in being able to be consistent in the production of designs from one season to the other, to be able to show the consumer that the brand is constantly being updated and new lines created, and to give the retailers and buyers the confidence that an investment in the designer’s line is sustainable.” Twelve designers will take part in this year’s event. The countries being represented are Barbados, The Bahamas, Grenada, Haiti, Jamaica, Madagascar and Trinidad & Tobago. The designers will once again view for top prizes at the event including the Sustainable Eco-Fashion, Culture & Fashion, the Next Generation (New) Designer and five (5) Seals of Excellence. Guest designers include Leanne Marshall, the cycle five winner of reality fashion design show Project Runway, previously aired on the Bravo network, Henry Jackson and the legendary b michael. All three presented at this year’s New York Fashion Week.

One very new element to the show this year is the introduction of The Muse Model Search Competition. In collaboration with Models 242 international, the intent is to showcase and highlight the promising new models from the islands to the international fashion industry. “These models will not only have the opportunity to participate at [IWFW] but also travel as a part of the promotional tour of designers under the Islands of the World Fashion Week label,” said Bethel. “This exposure will provide the models with opportunities for further international contracts and engagements. While we will commence this year on a regional basis, the intent is to attract prospective models from all islands around the world.” Endorsed by the United Nations’ Education, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), IWFW doubles as a promotional tool for four underlying themes affecting small-island states today environment and climate change, the education of youth, HIV/ AIDS and poverty alleviation. The man behind the event, Owen Bethel, CEO and president of The Montaque Group, says the project’s ultimate goal is to bring added value to the economies of small island states. Stay abreast of IWFW’s developments at


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DISCOVER THE BENEFITS OF A HOME WATER TREATMENT SYSTEM. Water is an essential part of life. We all need water to live using and consuming it daily. For years we have heard of the term hard water and lived with its effects. But do you know how much your water is costing you? Hard water is water that contains calcium, manganese, iron and other minerals and impurities. We see the effects of hard water in our everyday lives through unsightly rings around the bath tub, scale build up, rust stains and corrosion. We try to rectify these problems by using harsh chemicals, but still then the battle is lost to hard water. In the Bahamas, approximately 80% of the Bahamian population chlorinate the water in their homes. Chlorination began in the early 1900s to kill or reduce bio-contaminants from water. This is one of the reasons why we donâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;t see waterborne diseases like cholera, typhoid fever and other water diseases prevalent in the Bahamas. Chlorine treatment although effective killing bio-hazards, does not solve the problem of hard water. Chlorine treatment is simply the most inexpensive method of treatment that has long term negative health effects on the human body. The effects of chlorination are slow. We were are now reaping the results of chlorination as we are seeing a growing number of cancer cases being reported today as compared to the last 20 or 30 years. Over the last hundred years there have been advances in technology in lighting systems, the way we build homes, cars, the way we communicate and the list goes on and on. So why is it that we are still cleaning our water, our most precious commodity, the same way it was done hundred years ago? Could you imagine if we still communicated the way, we did in earlier years using smoke signals, pigeons, mailed letters or still depended on mail boats to send urgent messages? Think about it. The reason that this still occurs is simply because chlorination is the least expensive way to purify water, just enough so that your body does not have an immediate negative effect, such as diarrhea and vomiting. As mentioned earlier, the effects of chlorination are slow and long term.


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234564764 8&9:72 ;5634

By: Ms. Euthalie, CEO of Puressence Company Limited, providers of water purification and treatment systems.

FIVE HIDDEN DANGERS OF YOUR MORNING SHOWER CHLORINE: Added to all municipal water supplies, this disinfectant hardens arteries, destroys proteins in the body, irritates skin and sinus conditions, and aggravates asthma, allergies and respiratory problems. CHLOROFORM: This powerful by-product of chlorination causes excess free radical formation (accelerated aging), normal cells to mutate and cholesterol. DCA (Dichloro acidic acid): This chlorine by-product alters cholesterol metabolism and has been known to cause liver cancer in lab animals. MX (another chlorinated acid): Another by-product of chlorination, MX is known to cause genetic mutations that can lead to cancer growth and has been found in all chlorinated water when tested.

PROVEN CAUSE OF BLADDER AND RECTAL CANCER: Research has proven that chlorinated water is the direct cause of 9% of all bladder cancers and 15% of all rectal cancers in the U.S. *Source: Supplement to Health Science Institute Aug 1999 HERE IS A LIST OF SOME OF THE IMPURITIES FOUND GROUND WATER: Aluminum


















Water hardness is due to the presence of certain dissolved minerals, calcium and magnesium compounds, which give the water two-well-known characteristics: the minerals will react with soap to produce a sticky, gummy deposit called “soap curd,” and when the water is heated, the minerals can form a hard, rock-like scale which may reduce the flow in water pipes and slow down heat transfer in water heaters and boilers. The hardness of water depends on location and water source. Hard water is not confined to any particular region or country. In areas where rainwater is subjected to acidic conditions and comes into contact with limestone rock, water will be harder than in other locations. Typically, water that comes from wells and aquifers is considerably harder than water coming from public water supplies. All natural water supplies contain at least some hardness, in amounts ranging from traces to several hundred grains per gallon. In most areas the hardness concentration is between 3 and 50 grains per gallon. The local water supplies contain enough hardness to cause significant problems in home uses. The Water Quality Association classifies water supplies as follows: SOFT WATER


Slightly Hard Water

1-3.5 Grains per Gallon

Moderately Hard Water

3.5-7 Grains per Gallon

Hard Water

7-10.5 Grains per Gallon

Very Hard Water

Over 10.5 Grains per Gallon

When hard water is used in the home, it interferes with virtually every cleaning task, from bathing and personal grooming to dishwashing and laundering. Both soaps and synthetic detergents are affected by water hardness, which increases the amounts of cleaning agents needed, and produces poorer cleaning results.

234564764 8&9:72 ;5634

According to the Environmental Protection Agency, chlorine used for drinking is dangerous. It was discovered that people who drank chlorinated water are at a 21% higher risk of developing bladder cancer and 38% are at risk of developing rectal cancer. Medical professionals have also linked heart attacks and cholesterol to chlorine in water. Many people are of the opinion that they do not drink chlorinated water because they don’t drink tap water, but the truth is that your body does. Every time you take a 10 minute shower or bath, you absorb more chlorine in your body than if you had drank 8 glasses of the same water.

When soaps are used in bathing and grooming, a film of sticky soap curd remains on the skin, and may hold particles of soil and bacteria, protecting them from removal. The soap curd interferes with the return of the skin to its normal slightly acid condition, and may lead to irritation and infection. Soap curd on the hair makes it dull, lifeless and difficult to manage and arrange. Even when synthetic detergents are used in dishwashing and laundering, hardness interferes. The active ingredient in the detergent mixture is partially inactivated by hardness, even though the product of the reaction stays dissolved. The alkaline “builders,” added to the detergent mixture, to “cut” greases and oils, can react with these greases and oils to form soap, which in turn can produce soap curd when hardness is present in the Insitu Arch Magazine


water. Again, the deposits can protect soil and bacteria and interfere with thorough cleaning. Soil removal in soft water is significantly higher than in hard water no matter how much soap or detergent is used. In one study conducted by an independent laboratory, soil removal ranged from 50% to 250% greater with soap, depending upon the concentration. With detergents and soft water, the soil removal was 30% to 50% greater than with hard water, again depending on the concentration of detergent used. Unremoved soil causes the graying of white fabrics, and the loss of brightness in colors. As the deposits accumulate with repeated laundering, they also contribute to the stiffening and matting of the fabric fibers. A study made by the Chicago Y.M.C.A. Laundry showed that the life of cottons and linens is reduced significantly by laundering in hard water. Hard water dulls colors, makes towels and clothes feel stiff and scratchy and requires use of harsh soaps and chemicals, thus reducing fabric life. Washer manufacturers recommend soft water to lower maintenance costs and increase appliance life. In this test, bed sheets, pillow slips, bath towels and napkins washed in ion exchange softened water lasted from 15% to 39% longer than those washed in water with 7.5 to 8 grains of hardness. Hard water also adds substantially to the other cleaning tasks in the home, the ring around the bathtub, the spotting of glassware, chromium and sinks. On the other hand, softened water makes all cleaning tasks easier. Hard water causes soap scum build up causing you to spend countless amounts of money to purchase expensive cleaning products to remove calcium, lime and rust. If you removed the calcium, lime and rust from your water, would you still need to buy these products in the quantity that there are currently purchased? A quick rinse or once-over wiping eliminates spots and stains on plumbing fixtures, sinks, floors, windows and woodwork with softened water. A study at Ohio State University showed that softened water cut the time required for housecleaning from almost 4 hours to 2 hours and 21 minutes - a time savings of over 10 eight-hour working days per year.


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These soap curds are formed every time you wash your clothes, dishes, bathe your skin, due to the fact that the soap is made inactive due to the chemicals in the hard water. Soap when mixed with water should create suds which act as a lifting action lifting away the dirt found in clothing or articles to be cleaned. However in hard water, the soap is ineffective and the lifting action is never created leaving you with only soap scum and unclean clothing, dishes, body, hair, etc. This is because you started with problematic water and rinsed with problematic water leaving you with the false perception of being clean. Hard water requires more soap to create suds. You will find that you have up to an 80% higher cost on soap and detergents with hard water than softened water. Would you not prefer an 80% savings in your pocket verses down the drain? Hard water would cause you to have to use more detergents and fabric softeners again costing you thousands of dollars. Detergent companies would tell you that their products contain fabric softener, which is not true. Their products contain water softener which is comprised of 30% salt or sodium and other harsh chemical that combat the harsh water problem that they know that you have. So the more of their product you use to get the effect you want, the happier they are because you are spending more. Having a water softener system would allow you to save up to 80% on soaps and detergents with better results. The use bargain brand soaps and detergents washed in soft water would yield better results than top name brands washed in hard water every time. Would you not want to experience the comfort and savings with soft water? Hard water leaves your skin dry and irritated, and can be the cause of many health issues such as asthma, respiratory disease, sinuses and other breathing disorders. Soft water will leave your body feeling smooth, silky, soft and nourished, detoxing your body of impurities as it opens your pores and allows the bodyâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s natural oils to flow, reducing the need for expensive creams and lotions, leaving your skin and hair younger looking, shinier and full of vitality.

WATER SOFTENERS Pipes filled with scale not only reduce water flow, but ultimately must be replaced. Fortunately, these problems may be reduced or eliminated with the installation of a Puressence Water Softener in the cold water line where it enters the home. This equipment uses â&#x20AC;&#x153;ion exchangeâ&#x20AC;? to remove the hardness minerals and certain other contaminants from the water. The equipment contains a bed of permanent softening material in the form of small granules or beads which are initially charged with sodium ions. As the hard water passes through the bed, the calcium and magnesium which cause water hardness are attracted to the softening material and held. At the same time, a chemically equivalent amount of sodium is released into the water.

This ion exchange process, as chemists call it, occurs literally billions of times during the softening process. Eventually so much hardness accumulates that the initial supply of sodium is depleted, and the bed of softening material is considered â&#x20AC;&#x153;exhausted.â&#x20AC;? Water passing through a softener in this condition would retain much of its hardness, and recharging or regeneration is necessary. To prepare the softener for further service, brine (a strong solution of common salt) is flushed through the bed. This drives out the accumulated hardness and replaces it with sodium. After the hardness and excess brine are rinsed down a drain with fresh water, the renewed softening material is once again ready to remove hardness from water.


GALLONS OF WATER SOFTENED BETWEEN REGENERATIONS An average family uses about 70 gallons per person per day for all water uses in the home, or about 50 gallons per person per day if hard water can be supplied to toilets. In selecting a softener for a home, it is usually recommended that it has enough capacity to last at least three days between regenerations. The following example shows how these various factors can be used. Let us assume that we have a family of four persons, the water has 20 grains per gallon of hardness, and all the water is to be softened. We can then figure: 4 persons x 70 gallons per day x 20 grains per gallon x 3 days equals 16,800 grains minimum softener capacity

PURESSENCE SOFT WATER SAVINGS Hard water problems can be solved by the use of a professionally installed Puressence Water Softener System which removes hardness minerals. You see the effects and realize the cost savings of conditioned water immediately: t t This softening-regeneration cycle can be repeated almost indefinitely, over many years of service in the home. Most modern water softeners use either a timer or a sensing system to automatically initiate the regeneration process. A separate brine tank holds the salt for multiple regenerations and dissolves the salt for use as needed. Thus the homeowner need only add salt to the brine tank periodically to insure a constant supply of softened water. Water softener capacities are given in terms of the number of grains of hardness they will remove between successive regenerations. The number of gallons softened between regenerations is calculated by dividing the rated capacity (in grains) by the number of grains of hardness in one gallon of water. The following table shows how this works out. Hardness of Water Supply in Grains per Gallon (gpg)

Rated Capacity of Softener in Grains of Hardness Removed




























Save Soap - Up to 80% Plus - more efficient cleaning saves you time Save Appliances - Up to 25% Consider maintenance, depreciation and replacement t Save Clothing - Up to 33% t Skin and Hair Scale forms on skin and hair too, dulling the complexion, irritating skin and contributing to hair problems. Soft water is recommended for keeping hair and skin healthy. t Save Energy - Up to 22% *22% for gas water heaters, 17% for electric water heaters t Additional Savings Bar soap, shampoos/rinses, razor blades, bath oils, skin creams, etc. *22% BTU savings with gas heaters, 17% BTU savings with electric heaters. Source: Water Quality Association bulletin 18/80 **Sources Include: Water Quality Association, American Water Works Association, U.S. Department of Agriculture, American Home Economics Association and other recognized authorities. Results may vary depending on specific appliances and conditions. You can also save on bottled water cost with the use of a Puressence Water Softener System in conjunction with a reverse osmosis system. If the average home owner spends $20.00 per week to buy bottled water, over the course of one year they would have spent $1,040.00 on bottled water. In 5 years, they would have spent $5,200.00 and in 10 years $10,400.00. Can you see your savings in installing a Puressence Water Softener and Reverse Osmosis System in your home?

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WHY OWN A PURESSENCE WATER SOFTENER? This is how much hard water can shorten the life of your water using appliances and fixtures: PERCENTAGE REDUCTION IN LIFE EXPECTANCY ATTRIBUTED TO HARD WATER Toilets


Water Heaters






Clothes Washer



29.5% savings soft water 21.7% savings using soft water

*Study done by New Mexico State University, confirmed by Battele’s Columbus Division engineers. “Maytag, G.E., Whirlpool, Speed Queen, Hot Point and Kitchen Aid recommend soft water as a means to help washers perform better and last longer.”


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You would be pleasantly surprised at the difference a Puressence Water Softener makes. So let’s review the benefits of soft water: t Soft skin t Shinier, silkier hair t Better tasting foods t Tastier beverages t Cleaner, spotless dishes t 2VJDLFS FBTJFSDMFBOVQ t )FMQTQSFWFOUTDBMFCVJMEVQBOEDPSSPTJPO t 4BWJOHTPOQMVNCJOHBOEBQQMJBODFSFQBJST t 4BWJOHTPODMFBOJOHQSPEVDUT t $MPUIJOH UPXFMTBOETIFFUTMBTUMPOHFS t #FUUFS)FBMUI t 1FBDFPGNJOEGPSZPVSGBNJMZLOPXJOHUIBUZPVBSFHJWJOH them the water you deserve. Remember, a Puressence Water Treatment System is an investment that pays you back, unlike so many things that cost you and give you no return. Why own a Puressence Water Softener System? It just makes sense.

Insitu Arch Magazine


Alternative Energy can be broadly defined as energy which is derived from sources other than fossil fuels or cause any harm to the environment. Within Alternative Energy there are three (3) main groups: ,)% F"<"D4U#"% 6<"09T (Solar, Wind,  Hydro  and  lesser discussed Geothermal and Biomass) ')% 3:"#%M"##A%4<;%OT;0/9"< *)% 6<"09T%M/<A"0]4V8/< In this article we will focus on Renewable Energy and more specifically on the use of Solar. When most people think of Solar panels, they think of the generation of electricity from panels up on the %11BH" &4/+/" )$*/0+" $%/" $(&-$005" #41&1910&$'(" )$*/0+@" Solar panels are thermal and use the heat from the D-*"&1")%19'2/"41&"6$&/%H"64/%/$+"#41&1910&$'(")$*/0+" convert sunlight (rays) directly to electricity. :+" $" (1,)$*5H" :0&/%*$&'9/" #16/%" D1-%(/+" '+H" $+" &4/" name implies a company dedicated to providing Alternative Energy solutions to home and businesses. We work with clients by designing customised #41&1910&$'(" D5+&/,+H" D10$%" >34/%,$0?" Q$&/%" I/$&'*8" and where applicable harnessing the wind with the use of turbines for the production of electricity. We also provide energy solutions from Microhydro Turbines and desalination plants using solar energy. Throughout the Caribbean we are fortunate to live with sunshine nearly 365 days of the year so why shouldn’t we be talking full advantage of what the Sun can offer us. Creating energy using the sun can afford us the ability to reduce the cost of energy production and reduce our reliance of fossil fuels, the prices of which can fluctuate dramatically as has been clearly seen over the past few years. Once a client purchases and has installed a #41&1910&$'(" +5+&/," his cost of energy effectively becomes zero. As soon as the #41&1910&$'("+5+&/,"'+"1)/%$.0/" he is no longer reliant on the local utility for his electricity supply, therefore, he begins to see an immediate return on his investment and it does not take very long for his initial investment to pay for itself when considering what he would have paid to the local utility over a period of time.


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Q/"B-005"$(7*160/28/"$*2"$))%/('$&/"&4$&"#41&1910&$'(" technology is not an inexpensive undertaking but a client does not have to fully replace the energy he gets from &4/" 01($0" -&'0'&5@" #41&1910&$'(" +5+&/,+" ($*" ./" 2/+'8*/2" to offset a portion of his utility consumption and over time he can increase the energy production of his #41&1910&$'("+5+&/,".5"'*(%/$+'*8"&4/"+'M/"1B "&4/"$%%$5" (group of panels connected to each other), becoming less and less reliant on energy from the local utility. I16" 21" #41&1910&$'(" +5+&/,+" 61%7p" 6/" 4$9/" $0%/$25" +&$&/2" &4$&" #41&1910&$'(" )$*/0+" (1*9/%&" +-*0'84&" >%$5+?" directly to electricity (Direct Current – D/C). Home appliances and fixtures operate on Alternating Current (A/C), this means that the electricity generated from the panels on the roof has to be converted to from D/C to A/C in order for the electricity be useable in the household. To convert this electricity an Inverter is used. !B"0"%40"%VB0""%>08740T%VT>"A%/N%ZB/V/]/#V48?%ATAV"7A$ 1) INDEPENDENT SYSTEMS – where there is no electricity supply from a utility, generally in remote locations, a system can be installed using #41&1910&$'(")$*/0+H"$*"P*9/%&/%"$*2"$"=$&&/%5".$*7@" The panels will produce the electricity for the house during the day; some of this production will be used to charge the batteries so that there is stored energy which can be used to provide electrical power to the house.

2) GRID-TIE SYSTEM - where there is a local utility (grid) a system can be installed so that during sunlight hours the system will supply the house with the energy that is required and at night the house reverts to drawing its required energy from the local grid. 3) GRID-TIE SYSTEM WITH BATTERY BACK-UP – This is similar to a pure Grid-Tie system except during sunlight hours the system charges a battery bank as well as provides the required energy usage. At night the homeowner can continue to enjoy the benefits of his systems, that is, not having to rely on the grid for power because his battery bank will provide the energy required during the night hours. :+'2/" B%1," &4/" /*9'%1*,/*&$0" ./*/B'&+" 1B " #41&1910&$'(" Systems, they also have the added benefit of being able

234564764 8&9:72 ;5634

Alternative Energy

Many people, some architects in particular, express (1*(/%*" 6'&4" &4/" $/+&4/&'(+" 1B " #41&1910&$'(" )$*/0+" 1*" the roof of a structure. This concern has been addressed by the industry with the introduction of Building P*&/8%$&/2"#41&1910&$'(">=P#k?@"#$*/0+"$%/"*16"$9$'0$.0/" that mimic a number of roofing materials. Additionally, in commercial applications where large walls of glass are being used, these glass sections can be photovoltaic panels. Another option that we offer, which clients should give much consideration to in their efforts to be energy independent is Solar (Thermal) Water Heating. Solar Water Heaters use the heat of the Sun to heat water.


FORCED CIRCULATION (also known as an active solar system) uses an electronic controller and an electric pump to circulate the fluid or the storage water. Forced circulation systems are more efficient and usually easier to retrofit than thermosiphon systems because their storage tanks do not need to be installed above or close to the solar collectors. Tanks can go into attics, basements or even outside the home at ground level.

K;]4<V49"A%/N%N/0?";P?80?:#4V8/<%ATAV"7A$% – Higher efficiency ratings than thermosiphon systems. This is because forced circulation systems do not require consistently high daytime temperatures, as is the case with thermosiphon systems. – The tank does not have to be located above or even next to the solar panel. – The tank can be located vertically or horizontally anywhere on your site. This is a special advantage if you have internal space restrictions or want to free up that hot water cupboard for more storage.

!B"0"%40"%VD/%VT>"A%/N%I/#40%^4V"0%O"4V"0A$ 1) THERMOSIPHON SYSTEMS (also known as a passive system) has no controls or pumps; it relies on thermosiphoning for its heat transfer. Water rises naturally as its temperature rises so, as the fluid or water in the panel heats it pushes the fluid or water from the solar collectors up to the storage tank, which must be located higher than the collectors. !B"0"% 40"% VD/% A89<8N8?4<V% ;04DU4?_A% D8VB% VB"07/A8>B/<%ATAV"7A$% – The hot water tank must be located higher than the solar collectors – usually on the roof itself. – There must be a significant temperature differential between the tank and the solar collectors before the water will circulate. When cloud cover comes and goes on a regular basis thermosiphon systems are frequently inactive even though the panels have collected solar radiation.

!B"07/A8>B/<% ITAV"7

3/0?";%M80?:#4V8/<%ITAV"7 Within those two types of Solar Water Heaters there is an `>"<%[//>%and a%M#/A";%[//>%system.

234564764 8&9:72 ;5634

to provide electricity to your home or business when the local grid goes down for whatever reason, load shedding, Hurricane damage or simply a wide scale black-out and unlike back-up/stand-by generators the systems do not need to be refuelled and let’s face it after a severe hurricane it could be days before you are able to re-fuel a generator and surely you will agree that this defeats the purpose of having the generator. Additionally, many generators are diesel and are extremely loud while in 1)/%$&'1*H" $" #41&1910&$'(" D5+&/," 1*" &4/" 1&4/%" 4$*2" '+" silent.

An `>"<P[//>% solar system circulates your storage water directly through the solar collector and stores it in the tank. This works fine with water that is not hard or acidic. Hard or acidic water causes scale deposition (calcium build-up), lowers efficiency and reduces the life span of the system. A M#/A";P[//>% solar system circulates a heat transfer fluid through the collector. This fluid is generally a solution of propylene glycol (anti-freeze). It picks up heat in the collector and transfers it through a heat exchanger into the storage water. We welcome your inquiries and we look forward to having the opportunity to work with you in creating a greener more energy efficient environment.

Insitu Arch Magazine



Insitu Arch Magazine

Insitu Arch Magazine




DDD@N#"5T/:0>/D"0@/09 Insitu Arch is an advocate of sustainability, green building and all ways that we can help everyone to be more conscious of the world around us and how we impact it. This website sheds light on common energy saving myths, provides information on the best energy efficient products and appliances, give the best advice to change your energy habits, no matter you building type – residential, commercial, industrial, institutional and agricultural. As they say… “Saving energy. It’s a way of life”.

DDD@90"4VU:8#;8<9A@?/7 OK… where was this website when I was in college and had to write papers….! This IS the melting pot of a information on Architecture documented in an unprecedented concise way. From Aalto Studio to Zimmerman House…Search from buildings to architects to books to 3D Models to Architectural types to anywhere around the world… if you can’t find it here, the building probably doesn’t exist, and the architect isn’t born yet!

DDD@>"<88>4>"0@?/7 Artists, Artisans or anyone who loves phenomenal paper products will LOVE this website and the services provided. For invitations to your next art exhibition, programs for your next musical, theatrical or fashion production, or announcement for your next major function, this is where elegance and affordability merge to create perfection.

DDD@N4?"U//_@?/7%R%A"40?B%H<A8V:%K0?B Become a friend of the magazine to receive updates of events, articles and news throughout the AEC Caribbean community….



DDD@8<A8V:749@?/7 The new portal to our very own magazine. Explore, subscribe...

BVV>$YYDDD@T/:V:U"@?/7YD4V?Ba]b/DZ-:N?ZSN1 Bunker C - Would you want this project in your country, near one of the most ecologically diverse and sensitive areas 1B "&4/"(1-*&%5@@@"$")%1&/(&/2",$%'*/"%/+/%9/"S"RKZ"2/('2/"$*2"91'(/"51-%"1)'*'1*q


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I"4AB/0"%Z#4<VA%/N%I/:VB%3#/08;4%4<;%VB"%M408UU"4<% David W. Nellis

ISBN-10: 1561640565 160 pages

We are blessed being surrounded by beautiful blue seas. However salt spray can be quite harmful to our plants and flowers that are used to enhance the structures that we inhabit. This book gives (101-%")41&1+"6'&4"(1,,1*"$*2"+('/*&'B'("*$,/+">D/$"F%$)/"f"<1((101.$"-9'B/%$j"#10581*$(/$/?" of commonly plants and trees that have evolved to get by in our atmosphere. A great manual for the professional horticulturalist or weekend gardener.

^8<;%N0/7%VB"%M40/#8<4A%&K%C/]"#P%38?V8/<)%% Robert Wilder

ISBN-10: 1877838098

642 pages

This book was recommended to me about 10 years ago and I don’t know how many times I’ve read it since. Set in the 1800’s, Wilder explores how families from North and South Carolina, Virginia and Georgia left the United Stated to make a new life in the Bahamas. What amazed me was the detailed architectural descriptions of the mansions, and that many families moved their homes, brick by brick to our southern waters. And the Bahamas is portrayed in the most romantic way….. the soft sandy beaches…. The unparalled blue waters….. A wonderful way to slip into our architectural past….

KHK%O4<;U//_%/N%Z0/N"AA8/<4#%Z04?V8?"% American Institute of Architects ISBN-10: 0470009578

1028 pages

This book has been described as “a definitive guide to architectural practice for almost a century.” Architecture in the 21st has truly become a profession of service, and with more savvy clients and global competition, more architects turn to this manual as a guide in how to extract the correct information from clients to provide the best structure for the end user. Also provided is information on how to run a successful practice – from the services offered to the employees hired. One of those books that should be on the most accessible shelf in your library.

*NEW* MY ARCHITECT- A SON’S JOURNEY Movie (2003) – (110 minutes) This Oscar nominated documentary chronicles the ups and downs of the life of world famous architect Louis Kahn from the perspective of his son, Nathaniel Kahn. Kahn, who was an outside (4'02"1B "&4/"/((/*&%'("$%(4'&/(&H"&$07+"6'&4"4'+"B$&4/%e+"(100/$8-/+H"P@A@"#/'"$*2"#4'0')"O14*+1*" and visits his world famous designs, to discover more about a man that he barely knew when he died in 1974. Leading quite a secretive life, Kahn had 3 separate families, and died as an T-*7*16*Y"'*"#/**"D&$&'1*r@":"%/$0"/5/"1)/*/%q

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IWFW-WOMEN'S CHARITY AD 02.09.09.indd 1


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Kitchenaid !" !" !" !"

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Bahamas Foam Products !" A$%612)*")B0+/2)2"0%,7*'7$)/)"CD'7$%5%+&E"'%"&+'-("0$%F,)*"%5"+/7"&%.,21/3*4" ()+2)$4"<$+-G)'*4"-%,.&/*"+/2"&+/7"%'()$"+$-(1')-'.$+,"),)&)/'*8 !" >%*'")55)-'16)"*%,.'1%/"H"*+6)*"'1&)"+/2"&%/)7"%/"1/*'+,,+'1%/8 !" A$%612)*"D'7$%5%+&"5%$"I)$&.2+"+/2"J+'"$%%F/3"*7*')&*8 !" D'7$%5%+&"+22*"&%$)"1/*.,+'1%/"C$%%5*E"'()$)5%$)":1,,"(),0":1'(")/)$37"-%/*.&0'1%/8




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IMPACT WINDOWS ?)<*1')@":::8+/2)$*)/:1/2%:*8-%&

Andersen Windows !" !" !" !" !"

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See your local construction product supplier

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EXTERIOR FLOORING See your local construction product supplier

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See your local tile company for variations

Marble !" N%:"()+'"-%/2.-'1%/"0$%0)$'1)*8"9(1*"&+G)*"1'"'()"0)$5)-'"J%%$1/3"-(%1-)"5%$" (%.*)*"1/"'()"'$%01-+,"$)31%/*8" !" K+$<,)"J%%$*"+$)"$)*1*'+/'"'%"*-$+'-()*8 !" K+$<,)"-%&0$1*)*"%5"%/)"%5"'()"&%*'"2.$+<,)"&+')$1+,*".*)2"5%$"J%%$1/38"['"1*" 61$'.+,,7"1/2)*'$.-'1<,)8" !" K+$<,)"J%%$1/3"-%&)*"1/",%'*"%5"6+$1)'1)*"+/2"*'7,)*4"*.1'1/3"+,&%*'")6)$7"/))2"+/2" <.23)'8" Insitu Arch Magazine


Architecture/Engineering Firm

Seeking: Intern trained in Archicad and Photoshop. Experience: Minimum 2 years experience with references.

Development/Project Management Firm Seeking: Experienced CAD tech to work contractually. Experience: Minimum 2 years experience with references.

Interior Design Intern Age: Education: Experience: Skill sets: Seeking:

20 - 25 years old Bachelor’s Degree in Interior Design Three years experience (one in US, two in Bahamas) Interior Design Incentive laid salaried position or contractual agreements with architectural or development firms.

Intern Architect Age: Education: Experience: Skill sets: Seeking:

25-30 years old B. Arch Three years experience (one in US, two in Bahamas) CD’s, spec writing, 3-D modeling, design, LEED trained, presentation specialist, contract preparation, interior design, construction administration. Intern position with stable firm with structured culture.

Intern Architect Age: Education: Experience: Skill Sets:

20-25 years old Associate Degree (In progress 50% complete) Years drafting within a firm and freelance.(Bahamas) CD’s, construction administration, client relations

CAD Technician Age: Education: Experience: Skill sets: Seeking:

18-25 years old Sophomore Two years experience (two Bahamas) CD’s, construction administration. Position to maximize skill sets in a firm environment; Architecture, engineering, construction or related field.

CAD Technician

Age: age: 18-25 years old Education: Assoc. Science in Architectural Drafting & Design Experience: One year experience in a Bahamas architectural firm and another drafting with an electrical engineering company. Skill sets: CD’s, BIM, Visualization, Microsoft Office trained. Seeking: Position to maximize skill sets in a firm environment; Architecture, engineering, construction or related field.

To place your positions and job needs or to contact a prospective employee or employer, contact us at


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Insitu Arch Magazine

Insitu Arch October 2009 issue  
Insitu Arch October 2009 issue  

The fifth issue of this design and construction industry magazine