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Communi ty Screeni ngs for Parti ci patory Vi deo -a gui de

I tt akest wot ospeakt het r ut h: onet ospeak,andanot hert ohear Henr yDavi dThor eau

i nsi ghtshare. ORG


wri tten by gareth benest wi t hcasest udi esby:

Sar aAsadul l ah,Mar l eenBovenmar s, JeanLucBl akey,Jemi mahKer enge, Chr i sLunch,Ni ckLunchandSol edadMu帽i z

Thi sgui dewasmadepossi bl et hankst o t heki ndsuppor tofTheChr i st ensenFund www. chr i st ensenf und. or g

f i ndoutmor eaboutourwor kat

www. i nsi ghtshare. org I MAGES: l Fr ont :Kenya( 2009)l About :DRC( 201 3)l l Cont ent s:Si er r aLeone( 2007)l Li cense:C么t ed' I voi r e( 201 2)l l Back-Kenya( 201 3)l


Contents I nt r oduct i on

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Pr epar i ngaCommuni t yScr eeni ng

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Techni cal& Logi st i calConsi der at i ons

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Pr eScr eeni ngCheckl i st

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Scr eeni ngTi ps

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CaseSt udi es: Scr eeni ngt odeci si onmaker s( Uganda) Scr eeni ngi nadi vi dedcommuni t y( Myanmar ) Scr eeni ngwi t hi nl ocalpat t er ns( I ndi a) Scr eeni ngt odi f f er entaudi ences( Kenya) Scr eeni ngont hego( Myanmar ) Scr eeni ngar oundt heweat her( Kenya) Scr eeni ngt oaddr essdi scr i mi nat i on( DRC) Scr eeni ngt ocel ebr at e( UK)

5 8 1 01 1 1 5 1 7 21 26 31

St or yt el l er sar eat hr eat .Theyt hr eat enal l champi onsofcont r ol ,t heyf r i ght enusur per sof t her i ght t of r eedom oft hehumanspi r i t-i n st at e,i nchur chormosque,i npar t ycongr ess,i n t heuni ver si t yorwher ever . Chi nuaAchebe


I ntroducti on Thi sscr eeni nggui dehasbeenwr i t t ent opr ovi dei deasand i nspi r at i onf oranyoneor gani si ngcommuni t yscr eeni ngsas par tofapar t i ci pat or yvi deopr ocess.I ti ncl udesadvi ceon pl anni nganddel i ver i nganef f ect i vescr eeni ng,pr act i cal suggest i onsf orl ogi st i csandt echni calconsi der at i ons, f aci l i t at ort i ps,checkl i st s,andar angeofshor tcasest udi es f r om avar i et yofpastpr oj ect s. Communi t yscr eeni ngsar ecent r alt opar t i ci pat or yvi deopr ocessesf oravar i et yof r easons.Theypr ovi deoppor t uni t i est oengageawi degr oupi nt hei ssuesr ai sedandt o pr omot edi al oguebet weendi f f er entgr oupsandst akehol der s.Scr eeni ngsand associ at eddi scussi onscr eat espacesf ort heobj ect i vesandcont entofpar t i ci pat or y vi deost obeval i dat ed,quest i oned,chal l enged,orr edi r ect ed.Gi vensuf f i ci entpl anni ng andr esour ces,communi t yscr eeni ngscanbet hef er t i l egr oundswi t hi nwhi chact i onscan beagr eedandr adi calshi f t si nopi ni on,at t i t udeandbehavi ourmade. Thecont entoft hi sgui def ocusesonscr eeni ngcompl et ed( edi t ed)vi deosi nt heper i od di r ect l yf ol l owi ngt hepr oduct i onphaseofapar t i ci pat or yvi deopr oj ect .Never t hel ess, manyoft hei deasandr ecommendat i onsi ncl udedmayal sobeusef ulwhenscr eeni ng r ushes( unedi t edvi deof oot age)dur i ngt hepr oduct i onanddeci si onmaki ngpr ocessesas wel l .Notever yt hi ngi ncl udedwi l lber el evantorappr opr i at ei nyourpar t i cul ar ci r cumst ances.Pl easet akewhatyouwantandr ej ectwhatyoudi sl i ke,adapti tt oyour si t uat i onandshar ebackyourexper i ences. Par t i ci pat or yVi deo( adef i ni t i on) Par t i ci pat or yvi deoi saf or m ofpar t i ci pat or ymedi ai nwhi chagr ouporcommuni t ycr eat est hei rownf i l m. Thei deabehi ndt hi si st hatmaki ngavi deoi seasyandaccessi bl e,andi sagr eatwayofbr i ngi ngpeopl e t oget hert oexpl or ei ssues,voi ceconcer nsorsi mpl yt obecr eat i veandt el lst or i es.I ti st her ef or epr i mar i l y aboutpr ocess,t houghhi ghqual i t yandaccessi bl ef i l ms( pr oduct s)canbecr eat edusi ngt hesemet hodsi f t hati sadesi r edout come.Thi spr ocesscanbever yempower i ng,enabl i ngagr ouporcommuni t yt ot ake t hei rownact i ont osol vet hei rownpr obl ems,andal sot ocommuni cat et hei rneedsandi deast o deci si onmaker sand/ orot hergr oupsandcommuni t i es.Assuch,PVcanbeahi ghl yef f ect i vet ool t o engageandmobi l i semar gi nal i sedpeopl e,andt ohel pt hem t oi mpl ementt hei rownf or msofsust ai nabl e devel opmentbasedonl ocalneeds. Sour ce:Wi ki pedi a

I fyout al kt oamani nal anguageheundest ands, t hatgoest ohi shead. I fyout al kt ohi mi nhi s l anguage,t hatgoest ohi shear t . Nel sonMandel a

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Prepari ng a Communi ty Screeni ng West ar tt hi sgui dewi t haser i esofr ecommendat i onsf or pr epar i ngf oracommuni t yscr eeni ng.Thesuggest i onst hat f ol l ow ar ej ustt hat-asetofi deast hatshoul dbeadapt ed accor di ngt oeachcommuni t yset t i ngandpr oj ectscenar i o. For m anor gani si nggr oup Gat herasmal lgr oupofpeopl ewhowi l lassi sti nt heor gani sat i onoft hescr eeni ng. I deal l yt heseshoul dbemadeupofpr oj ectpar t i ci pant s,communi t yl eader s,par t ner or gani sat i onst af fet c.whohavebeendi r ect l yi nvol vedwi t ht hepar t i ci pat or yvi deo pr ocess.Consi derdi vi di ngt het asksaccor di ngt oeachgr oupmember ’ spar t i cul arski l l s orbackgr ound.Forexampl e:pr oj ectpar t i ci pant scoul dassumer esponsi bi l i t yf or mobi l i si ngal lcont r i but or sandf el l ow par t i ci pant s;communi t yl eader smi ghtor gani set he venueandcoor di nat et het i mi ngwi t hot herl ocalact i vi t i es;st af ff r om par t ner or gani sat i onscoul densur el ocalaut hor i t i esar enot i f i edandext endi nvi t at i onst okey st akehol der sf r om out si det hei mmedi at ecommuni t y ,andsoon.

Communi cat ewi t hpar t i ci pant sandst akehol der s Shar eyourscr eeni ngpl answi t ht hosei nvol vedi nt hepar t i ci pat or yvi deopr ocess i ncl udi ng:par t i ci pant s,cont r i but or s( appear i ngont hevi deobutnotdi r ect l yi nvol vedwi t h t hepr oduct i on) ,ot herst akehol der ssuchasr epr esent at i vesf r om par t neror gani sat i ons et c.Consul twi t heachgr oupandmakesur et of ul l ycommuni cat et hepl ans( i ncl udi ng obj ect i vesandi nt ent i ons) ,al l owi ngoppor t uni t i esf ort hem t oshar eanyconcer nsor mi sgi vi ngs.

Det er mi neyourobj ect i ves Ever ycommuni t yscr eeni ngshoul dhavecl ear l ydef i nedobj ect i ves.Theymaybeas si mpl easwi shi ngt oshar eandcel ebr at et heout comeofapar t i ci pat or yvi deopr oj ect wi t ht hewi dercommuni t y .Al t er nat i vel yt hei nt ent i onmi ghtbet or al l ysuppor tf ora cour seofact i on;t opr omot eapar t i cul arper spect i ve;t oeducat e,i nf or m ori nf l uence. Scr eeni ngevent scanbevi t aloppor t uni t i esf orpar t i ci pant s,f aci l i t at or s,st akehol der sand t hewi dercommuni t yt or ef l ectdeepl yandunder t akecol l ect i veanal ysi s.Theymay ovi deoppor t uni t i est odevi seandagr eei mpr ovement st ot hevi deos;t ot r i angul at eand pr r eal i t ycheckt hef act s;gai ni nputi nt odi ssemi nat i onst r at egi es;est abl i shf ul l yi nf or med consentf r om al lcont r i but or set c.What evert hepar t i cul arr easonf orconduct i nga

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communi t yscr eeni ng,i ti svi t alt odi scussandagr eet heobj ect i vesasagr oup ( par t i ci pant sandst akehol der s)andt oensur et heor gani sat i onoft hescr eeni ngsuppor t s andwor kst owar dmeet i ngt hosegoal s.

Sel ectt hevi deos I ft her ear enumer ousvi deosavai l abl et oscr een-owi ngt oapar t i cul ar l ypr ol i f i cor l ongt er m par t i ci pat or ypr ocess,orper hapsaspar tofanexchangeofvi deosbet ween ot hergr oupsorcommuni t i es-t i meconst r ai nt smayl i mi tt henumberofvi deost hatcan beshowndur i ngonescr eeni ng.Whet heryouchooset oor gani semul t i pl escr eeni ngs ( al l owi ngmanyvi deost obeseenoveraser i esofevent s)oronescr eeni ngt oshow a sel ect i onofvi deos,t hedeci si onsshoul dbebasedupont heagr eedobj ect i ves,see above.

Def i neyouraudi ence Thi nkaboutwhoneedst oseet hevi deo.Ther emaybesever alaudi encest hatshoul dbe r eachedt omeett hepr oj ect / scr eeni ngobj ect i ves.Someaudi encescanbecombi ned andi nvi t edt ol ar gescr eeni ngevent s,whi l stot her smi ghtr equi r et heor gani sat i onof smal l ert ar get edscr eeni ngs.Thi si sl i kel yt obeadeci si onmaki ngpr ocesst hatwas begunmuchear l i eri nt hepr oj ect-dur i ngt hepr oduct i onpl anni ngst age-butwhi chcan cont i nueanddeepenatt hi sst age;anddr aw i ni deasandi nput sf r om awi dergr oup wi t hi nt hecommuni t y .T r ybr eaki ngdownyouri nt endedaudi encei nt ot hef ol l owi ngt hr ee gr oupsandt ar geteachgr oupaccor di ngt ot hei rpar t i cul arneedsandi nt er est s: Audi ence1:Communi t y Acommuni t y*maybeasmal lvi l l agewher eever yonecanbeeasi l yr eachedandi ncl uded i nonescr eeni ngevent .Of t en,however ,communi t i esar el ar geandsomet i meshi ghl y di sper sed,t her ef or ei twi l lbeusef ult odef i neexact l ywhoshoul dat t endandpar t i ci pat e i neachscr eeni ng.Thedeci si onsmadewhendet er mi ni ngt heobj ect i vesandsel ect i ng t hevi deoswi l lhel pi nf or mt hesedeci si onsaboutaudi ence. *Thet er m‘ communi t y’i susedher ei nt hebr oadestsenseoft hewor d.Acommuni t y mi ghtr ef ert oanent i r evi l l ageort ownbutcoul dequal l yr ef ert opeopl ewhoshar eand i dent i f ywi t hacommoni nt er est ,et hni ci t y ,l anguage,sexual i t y ,age,gender ,occupat i on, di sabi l i t y ,exper i ence,soci alst at uset c. Forexampl ei fyourvi deosr el at et oi ssuesofgenderr el at i onswi t hi nacommuni t y ,and t hei nt ent i oni st ochal l engeexi st i ngi nequal i t i es,t hemosti mpor t antaudi encef ort he vi deosmi ghtbel ocalmenandboys.Al t er nat i vel y ,youmi ghtseekt oi nvi t eanaudi ence t hati sr epr esent at i veoft hewi dercommuni t y ,whi chwoul di ncl udepeopl ef r om al l gender sandages.Thevi deoscr eeni ngcanal sobeanoppor t uni t yt oat t r act communi t ymember swhodonotusual l yat t endr egul armeet i ngs. Audi ence2:St akehol der s St akehol der sar et hose( i ndi vi dual s,gr oupsoror gani sat i ons)whohaveani nt er esti nt he pr oj ectormi ghtbedi r ect l yaf f ect edbyi t sout comes.Pr oj ectpar t i ci pant s-t hosewho havebeendi r ect l yi nvol vedi nt hepar t i ci pat or yvi deopr ocessandr esponsi bl ef orcr eat i ng

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t hevi deos-ar et hemsel vesst akehol der s.Or gani sat i onsorgr oupsdi r ect l yi nvol vedwi t h t hepr oj ectas‘ par t ner s’( suchascommuni t ybasedor gani sat i ons,school s,NGOset c. ) ar eal sost akehol der sandshoul dpr obabl ybei nvi t edt oat t endanycommuni t y scr eeni ngs,andper hapsevent akeanact i ver ol ei nt heor gani sat i on.Pr oj ectf under sor backer scoul dal sobeconsi der edasst akehol der sandt her ef or ebei nvi t ed,ascoul d gr oupsori ndi vi dual swor ki ngonsi mi l ari ssuesorar eas,whomi ghtof f ercont r i but i onst o t hepr ocessorbeaf f ect edbyi t sout comes. Audi ence3:Deci si onMaker s/Dut yBear er s Ani mpor t antaudi encet ot hi nkabouti nvi t i ngmi ghtbet hoseconsi der edt obet he deci si onmaker sr el at i ngt oanyspeci f i ci ssuesr ai sedt hr ought hepar t i ci pat or yvi deo pr ocess,or‘ dut ybear er s’f ort hosevi deosadopt i ngar i ght sbasedappr oach.I ft he par t i ci pant sar ecal l i ngf orchangeanddi r ectact i ont hr ought hei rvi deos,t heni ti sl i kel y youwi l lneedt odi r ect l yt ar gett hei rmessaget ospeci f i cdeci si onmaker s/ dut ybear er s. Thesecoul dbel ocalpol i t i ci ansorl eader s,r epr esent at i vesofspeci f i cbusi nessesor cor por at eent i t i es,i nvest or s,r el i gi ousl eader s,andi nsomecasesj our nal i st sorsi mi l ar ‘ t hought l eader s’ . Somedeci si onmaker smaybedi f f i cul tt or eachorr emai nunavai l abl et oat t enda communi t yscr eeni ng,r equi r i nganal t er nat i vest r at egysuchasonet oonescr eeni ngs andmeet i ngs.Howevert hevi br ancyandener gyofacommuni t yscr eeni ngmi ghtbet he mostappr opr i at ef or um f orengagi ngwi t hkeyi ndi vi dual s.Suchevent sar eoppor t uni t i es f ordeci si onmaker st oi nt er actwi t handl ear ndi r ect l yf r om t hepar t i ci pant sand communi t i esi nvol ved;pr ovi di ngt hem wi t hf i r st handi nf or mat i onaswel lasoppor t uni t i es t odemonst r at et hei rwi l l i ngnesst oengageandl i st en.Encour agedeci si onmaker st oj oi n yourscr eeni ngsont hatbasi sanddon’ tst oppushi ngf ort hem t oat t end.

Uganda 2006


CaseStudy:Screeni ng to Deci si on-Makers( Uganda) I n2006,agr oupofr epr es ent at i v esf r om t hei ndi genousBat wacommuni t y ,i nt he Ki s or or egi onofs out hwes tUganda,j oi nedl ocal r es ear cher sandNGO s t af fi na par t i ci pat or yv i deopr oj ect .Landl es sandl i v i ngi ncr i ppl i ngpov er t y ,wi t hbas i chuman r i ght sgoi ngunr ecogni s ed,t heBat wacommuni t ys ei z edt hi soppor t uni t yt ocr eat ea power f ul document ar ycal l ed‘ Voi ceoft heBat wa’ .Thev i deowascr eat edt or ai s e awar enes samongUgandanpol i cy maker sandt hewi derwor l doft hes hocki ngpl i ghtof t heBat wapeopl es i ncet hei rf or cedev i ct i onf r om t hei rances t r al hunt i nggr oundsi n 1992. Thev i deowass cr eenedt ol ocal gov er nmentof f i ci al si ncl udi ngt heRegi onal Di s t r i ct Commi s s i onerandl ocal gov er nmentr epr es ent at i v esr es pons i bl ef orheal t hcar eand educat i on.Thes cr eeni ngwasor gani sedbyoneoft het r ai ni ngpar t i ci pant s ,t hel ocal gov er nmentout r eachof f i cer ,i nt het ownhal l l ocat edj us t500met r esf r om oneoft he s quat t ercampsf eat ur edi nt hef i l m.Pr ev i oust ot het r ai ni ng,t heout r eachof f i cerhad nev ers etf ooti nt hes quat t ercampal t houghi twasv i s i bl ef r om hi sof f i ce.Par t i ci pat i ng i nt het r ai ni ngwi t ht heBat wawasat r ans f or mat i veexper i encef orhi m andl edt ohi s act i v eengagementi nt hei rs t r uggl ef orbas i cr i ght s .Thes cr eeni ngwaspr es ent edby t hel ocal Bat wat hems el v esandt hey ,i nt ur n,i nv i t edt hel ocal di gni t ar i est oaddr es s t hos egat her ed. Dur i ngt hes cr eeni ngt hel ocal Di s t r i ctCommi s s i onermades t r ongs t at ement s s uppor t i ngt her eal i s at i onofr i ght sf ort heBat wacommuni t y .Thi sl edt oadebat e aboutot heri s s uesaf f ect i ngt heBat wacommuni t y ,andapl edget oi mmedi at el y addr es st hepr obl emsofs ani t at i onandl andr i ght s .Thes cr eeni ngandt hes peeches t hatf ol l owedwer eal s of i l medbyt heBat wapar t i ci pant s . As econds cr eeni ngwast henor gani s edt ot akepl acei nKampal af orov er300peopl e i ncl udi ngt heUgandanMi ni s t erofFi nance,t heHeadoft heUni t edNat i onsf orUganda, s eni orNGO r epr es ent at i v es ,r epr es ent at i v esoft heFor es tDepar t ment ,andj our nal i s t s . Thi swasmadepos s i bl ebyt hei nv ol v ementofv ar i ouskeydut y bear er s( gov er nment mi ni s t r i es ,r es ear chi ns t i t ut i onsandnongov er nment al or gani s at i ons )f r om t heout s et , whi chhel pedt oens ur eacces st okeys t akehol der sandopenedt hewayf ort heBat wa communi t y ' sv oi cest obehear d. Ext r act soft hev i deower eai r edonnat i onal newsbr oadcas t si nUgandaandt he compl et edocument ar yhasbeens cr eenedatt heUNHeadquar t er s ,t heFAO headquar t er si nRome,t heWor l dBankheadquar t er s ,andt heWor l dConser v at i on Congr es si nBar cel ona.Cr uci al l y ,i twasBat wacommuni t yr epr es ent at i v eswho pr es ent edt hei rv i deoi nper s on.Thr ought hes uppor tofkeyi nt er nat i onal or gani s at i ons ,t hev i deohasbeenci r cul at edanddi s t r i but edwi del yands hownt o pol i t i ci ans ,donor s ,NGO s t af fandact i v i s t sar oundt hewor l d. Ni ckLunch

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Tar getmeani ngf ulpar t i ci pat i on Consi dert henat ur eoft hepar t i ci pat i onandengagementyouar eai mi ngt oachi eve. Lar geaudi encesdonotnecessar i l yequalmeani ngf ulpar t i ci pat i oni nt hepr ocessor engagementwi t ht hei ssues.Asmal laudi enceoft he‘ r i ght ’peopl ebr oughtt oget heri na wel lst r uct ur edandski l f ul l yf aci l i t at edscr eeni ngmaybr i ngaboutf argr eat erout comes. Forexampl ei fyouar escr eeni ngvi deost hatt ackl ei ssuesr el at i ngt ogender based vi ol enceyoumi ghtdet er mi net hatscr eeni ngsf orwomenandmensepar at el ycoul dbe t hemostef f ect i vewayofpr omot i ngr ef l ect i onanddi al ogueont hei ssues.Equal l y ,your deci si onst ot ar getspeci f i caudi encesmaybegui dedbysecur i t yconcer nsandt heneed t oavoi df uel l i ngmi st r ustorgener at i ngconf l i ct .

Sett hedat e Whendeci di ngt hedat eandt i mef oryourscr eeni ng,i ti si mpor t antt oconsi dert heneeds andconst r ai nt sofyourt ar getaudi ence( s) .Gi veconsi der at i ont ot ypi calpat t er nsofwor k, househol dr esponsi bi l i t i esandsoci alt i mes,aswel laskeydat es( suchasr el i gi ous f est i val sorhol i days)t ohel ppl ananappr opr i at edat eandt i mef ort hescr eeni ng.Consul t wi del ybef or eagr eei ngt het i mi ngf ort hescr eeni ngand,onceset ,don’ tchanget he ar r angement sunl essabsol ut el yunavoi dabl e.

Sel ectavenue Whensel ect i ngavenuef oracommuni t yscr eeni ngt her ei sr eal l yonl yonegol denr ul e: I TMUSTBEI NTHECOMMUNI TY.I nourexper i ence,i nvi t i ngpeopl et oascr eeni ngi n anunf ami l i arori nconveni entl ocat i onof t enr esul t si nl ow l evel sofat t endanceand/ or f eel i ngsofdi scomf or tandal i enat i onf ort hoseat t endi ng.What evert hechal l enges i nvol ved,al wayst r yt ot aket hescr eeni ngt ot hecommuni t y . Det er mi ni ngt hemostappr opr i at el ocat i onf orascr eeni ngwi t hi nt hecommuni t ywi l l dependonavar i et yoff act or s:si z eoft ar getaudi ence,t i meofday ,equi pmentavai l abl e, si z eandnat ur eofcommuni t yet c.I fyouar epl anni ngt oi nvi t eal ar geaudi ence( 50+) t henanout si devenue( e. g.aspor t sf i el dort ownsquar e)mi ghtbet hemostsui t abl e. Ascr eeni ngout si debr i ngswi t hi tnumer ouschal l engesi ncl udi ng: Sound

Youwi l lneedsi gni f i cantampl i f i cat i onf ort hevi deosandspeaker s.

Vi si on

Yourpr oj ect orneedst obepower f ulenought opr oduceal ar ge‘ scr een’ .

Li ght

I tneedst obeaf t erdar kasdayl i ghtmakespr oj ect i onsdi f f i cul tt osee.

Cr owds

Thebi ggert hecr owdandspacet hegr eat ert hechal l engeofensur i ng meani ngf ulpar t i ci pat i oni ndi scussi onset c.

Weat her Scr eeni ngcaneasi l yber ui nedbyr ai n,wi ndorel ect r i calst or ms!

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Ani ndoorvenuemaybet hebestopt i onf ori nt i mat escr eeni ngst opar t i cul art ar get gr oupsorsmal l ercommuni t i es.Whi l steasi ert ocont r olandor gani se( par t i cul ar l yi n t er msofsound,vi si on,l i ghtandcr owdcont r ol )ani ndoorvenuewi l lpr esenti t sown chal l enges.Thesemi ghti ncl ude: Capaci t y I tshoul dbebi genought oaccommodat et heaudi encei nvi t ed. Accessi bi l i t y Thebui l di ngmustmeett her equi r ement soft heaudi enceandt akeaccount ofanyspeci alneedsordi sabi l i t i es.I tshoul dbeeasi l yr eachabl ebyt he audi enceandwi t hi nt hecommuni t yi t sel f . Locat i on Choosi ngal ocat i onf orascr eeni ngshoul dnotonl yt akei nt oaccountt he pr act i cal i t i es( asabove)butal sot henat ur eoft hel ocat i on.Theobvi ous, pr act i caloreasychoi ceofl ocat i onmayhavehi ddeni mpact sont he pr ocessandef f ectt heaudi enceandl evel sort ypeofpar t i ci pat i on. Scr eeni ngi nt hehousesofl ocall eader sorgover nmentof f i ci al s,i n school s,NGO of f i cesorot herpl acest hatmi ghtbeassoci at edwi t h i nf l uenceandpowermaysi gni f i cant l yi nf l uencet heaudi ence’ s engagementwi t ht hescr eeni nganddi al oguepr ocess.I nourexper i ence, suchl ocat i onsar ef r equent l ypr oposedasvenuesf orvar i ousr easonsof t enbecauset heyar et hel ar gestand/ orbestequi ppedi nt hecommuni t y . Howeverpr act i calt hevenuemi ghtbe,scr eeni ngi nsuchl ocat i onsmay conveyacount er pr oduct i vemessaget ot heaudi enceandpar t i ci pant s: gi vi ngt hei mpr essi ont hatt hepr ocessandst akehol der sar eal i gnedt o/ col l abor at i ngwi t honepar t yoranot her ,r at hert hant hel eastpower f ulor mar gi nal i sed.Li kewi se,i fascr eeni ngeventi nt endst obr i ngopposi ng gr oupst oget herf r om wi t hi nadi vi dedcommuni t y ,wher ear eas( t er r i t or i es) ar eassoci at edwi t honegr oupandnotanot her ,car eshoul dbet akent o sel ectavenuet hati sequi di st antandconsi der edt obea‘ shar ed‘or ‘ neut r al ’space.Seeboxedt ext‘ Scr eeni ngi naDi vi dedCommuni t y’f oran exampl e.

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CaseStudy:Screeni ng i n a Di vi ded Communi ty ( Myanmar) I nAugus t2013,as er i esofpar t i ci pat or yv i deopr oces s est ookpl acewi t hi nt wos mal l v i l l agesi nt heAy ey ar wadyRegi onofMy anmar ,aspar tofacapaci t ybui l di ngi n par t i ci pat or yv i deof aci l i t at i onpr ogr amme. Thepar t i ci pant si noneoft hef ourpr oj ect si dent i f i eddi s uni t yanddi v i s i onamongstt he peopl eoft hev i l l age-s epar at edbyeas tandwes t-asbei ngapr i nci pl eobs t acl et o communi t ydev el opment .As hor tv i deowascr eat edbyt hegr oupi nwhi cht hey document edt heconf l i ct st hathav ear i s enandt hemanychal l engest heyf aceasa r es ul t . Amongt hev ar i ouspoi nt sofconf l i cti dent i f i edwast hel ackofaBuddhi s tmonki nt he Pagodas er v i ngt heeas t er ns i deoft hev i l l age,whi l s tt hePagodaont hewes t er ns i de waswel l s er v edbyanun.Thepeopl ef r om t heeas tr ef us edt oat t endt hePagodai n t hewes t .I nt hef i nal v i deo,t hei rdocument ar yf oot agewasi nt er cutwi t hi nnov at i v e dr amasequencesi nwhi cht heyenv i s i onedaf ut ur eofuni t yandcol l abor at i onbet ween eas tandwes t . Thet r ai neef aci l i t at or sdel i v er i ngt hepr oces s( t hems el v esf r om t hev i l l ages )edi t edt he v i deosonbehal foft hepar t i ci pant s .Oncecompl et e,t heypl annedas er i esof communi t ys cr eeni ngev ent st opr es entt hef i ni s hedpr oduct i onsandcr eat eas pace f ordi al ogueont hei s s uesr ai s ed.Theypr opos eds cr eeni ngt hev i deoexpl or i ng communi t yconf l i ct swi t hi nt hePagodai nt hewes t er ns i deoft hev i l l age,i ns i s t i ngt he v enuewoul dbeent i r el yappr opr i at eandwoul dnotbeanobs t acl et opar t i ci pat i onby communi t ymember sf r om t heeas t . Whent hes cr eeni ngt ookpl acei tbecamei mmedi at el yobv i oust hati twoul donl ybe at t endedbyv i l l ager sf r om t hewes t .Fur t her mor et hepl anni ngoft hes cr eeni nghadnot s uf f i ci entcons i der eddai l ypat t er nsf ormos tpeopl ei nt hecommuni t y-t hes cr eeni ng wass chedul edt ot akepl aceatmi dmor ni ng-s ot hemaj or i t yofwor ki ngageadul t s wer ewor ki ngi nt hef i el dsandt her ef or eunav ai l abl et oat t end. I nt heendt hes cr eeni ngwasamoder at es ucces s .I twaswel l at t endedbychi l dr en, y oungpeopl eandar oundt went yadul t s-whower eexpos edt opos i t i v emes s ages aboutt heneedf orv i l l ageuni t y-pl uss ev er al v i l l agel eader sandel der swhos poke power f ul l yaboutt heneedt ouni t eandwor kt oget herf ort hebenef i toft heent i r e communi t y .Thet r ai neest hems el v esl ear ntagr eatdeal aboutt hei mpor t anceof or gani s i ngs cr eeni ngsi nway st hatwoul denabl et hegr eat es tnumberofpeopl et o at t end,andt oens ur et hev enuewasonei nwhi chev er y onef el tcomf or t abl eand wel come. Gar et hBenes t

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Assesst her i sks T aket i met oexpl or eandanal yseanypot ent i alr i skst hatascr eeni ngmi ghtpr esent . Somer i sksmi ghtbeobvi ousf r om t heout setwher easot her smayt akemor et i met o becomeappar ent .Thef ol l owi ngquest i onsmi ghthel pyout oi dent i f ypossi bl er i sks: l l l l l l l l l

I sanyonel i kel yt obeupsetorangr y( bywat chi ngordi scussi ngt hevi deos) ? Ar et her epat t er nsofbehavi ourt hatshoul dbet akeni nt oaccount( e. g.dr i nki ng al coholordr uguse) ? I si tsaf ef orwomenandchi l dr enbeseat edi nl ar gegr oupsi nt hedar k? Wi l li tbesaf ef ort heaudi encet ot r avelt oandf r om t hescr eeni ngatt het i meset ? Ar et her eout si deevent soract i vi t i est hatmi ghthei ght enorgener at et ensi ons wi t hi nt heaudi ence,orevenat t r actnegat i veat t ent i onf r om out si der s ( e. g.el ect i ons,r el i gi ousgat her i ngs,pol i t i calr al l i eset c. ) I st heequi pmentpr oper l ysecur edorcoul di tf al landhur tsomeone? Wi l lt her ebecabl esorf ur ni t ur et hatcoul dt r i pandi nj ur esomeone? I fsomeonei si nj ur edorf al l ssi ckdur i ngt hescr eeni ng,dowehavet henecessar y meanst or espond? Havet hef i r er i sksbeenassessed? I faf i r ewer et obr eakout ,ar et her esuf f i ci ent f i r eexi t s? Ar et hef i r eexi t scl ear l ymar ked? Ar et hef i r eexi t scl earofobst r uct i on? Whowi l lmoni t ort heexi t st hr oughoutt hescr eeni ngt oensur e,f ori nst ance,t hat nobodysi t si nf r ontorot her wi sei mpedesaccesst ot heexi t s?

Cont actr el evantaut hor i t i es I tmaybeappr opr i at e( evenessent i al )t oi nf or m andconsul twi t hl ocalaut hor i t i esorot her gr oupsdependi ngont henat ur eoft hevi deost obescr eened,i nt endedaudi ence, soci al / pol i t i calcl i mat e,scr eeni ngobj ect i veset c.Ther el evantaut hor i t i est ocont actwi l l var yaccor di ngt ot hesi t uat i onbutmi ghti ncl udecommuni t yel der s,l ocall eader s, vi l l age/ t owncounci l s,gover nmentof f i ci al s,pol i ceaut hor i t i es,r el i gi ousl eader s,pol i t i cal par t i es,mi l i t ar yorevenr ebelmi l i t i a.Thi sshoul dbedonewel li nadvanceofany scr eeni ngeventandi deal l yunder t akeni nanopen,t r anspar entandcol l abor at i venat ur e. I nf or mi ngandconsul t i ngwi t ht her el evantaut hor i t i esmaynotonl yi mpr ovet hesecur i t y andsaf et yoft hescr eeni ngeventi t sel f ,butmayal sol eadt odi r ectengagementbyt hose i npower( per hapsdeci si onmaker st hemsel ves)wi t ht het hemesori ssuesr ai sedi nt he vi deosscr eened.Theymayat t endt hescr eeni ngsandt akepar ti nt hesubsequent di scussi ons.Li kewi se,t hei rpr esenceori nvol vementmaybeconsi der edawhol l y negat i vef or cet obearont hepr ocess( evenr i skyi ni t sel f ) ) ,sot hesedeci si onsshoul dbe t akent hr oughdi scussi onbyt heor gani ser s,par t i ci pant sandst akehol der s,andi n accor dancewi t hl ocalcondi t i onsandci r cumst ances.

Pr omot et hescr eeni ng So,byt hi sst ageyoushoul dhavef or medanor gani si nggr oup,det er mi nedyour obj ect i ves,sel ect edt hevi deos,setadat e,secur edt hevenue,assessedt her i sks,and def i nedyouraudi ence.Now youneedt or eachoutandguar ant eeat t endanceatt he scr eeni ng.Cl earcommuni cat i onsar eessent i alt oensur et heaudi encef ul l yunder st ands t hedet ai l soft hescr eeni ng( t i me,pl ace,dur at i on)butal sot hei nt ent i onandl i mi t at i onsof t hepr ocess.Remembert oemphasi set hepar t i ci pat or ynat ur eoft hescr eeni ng.Becl ear

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i ti sanoppor t uni t yf ort heaudi encet oengagewi t handdi scusst het hemes/ i ssuesr ai sed i nt hevi deos.T r yt odi f f er ent i at et hescr eeni ngf r om apassi vecommuni t yci nemaor t el evi sualexper i encet hatmaybemor ef ami l i arandt her ef or el ess( ormor e)at t r act i ve. Encour ageal lt hepar t i ci pant sandcont r i but or st ot hepr oj ectt oat t endandt oadopt act i ver ol esi nt heor gani sat i on,f aci l i t at i onandpr omot i onoft hescr eeni ng. Expl or eexi st i ngchannel sf orr ai si ngawar enessoft hescr eeni ngsuchascommuni t y meet i ngs,l ocalmedi a( r adi o,t el evi si on,newspaper set c. ) ,l oudspeakerannouncement s, not i ceboar dsi npubl i cspacessuchasschool s,hospi t al s,pl acesofwor shi pet c. Consi dercr eat i ngf l i er sorpost er scont ai ni ngkeyi nf or mat i onoror gani sef orpar t i ci pant s t oshar ei nf or mat i ont hr oughwor dofmout h( e. g.goi ngdoor t odoorhousehol dby househol d) .

Tr avelar r angement s I ft hecommuni t yi sdi sper sed,youmaydeci det ounder t akesever alevent si ndi f f er ent l ocat i ons,t omaket hescr eeni ngsaccessi bl e.Foral ar gescr eeni ngt hatbr i ngspeopl e t oget her ,consi dert het r avelopt i onsavai l abl e.Youmayneedt omakear r angement sf or t hosewhowoul dnotot her wi seat t endduet odi st anceandcostoft r avel .

Manageexpect at i ons I tcanbedi f f i cul tt oknow whatt heaudi encei sexpect i ngf r om ascr eeni ngbuti t ’ svi t alt o avoi ddi sappoi nt i ngt hoseat t endi ngasmuchaspossi bl e.T ohel pavoi dset t i ng unr eal i st i cexpect at i ons,t r yexpl or i ngquest i onssuchas: l l l l

Whathast heaudi encebeenl edt oexpectf r om t hescr eeni ng? I st her eanexpect at i ont hatt hescr eeni ngpr ocesswi l ldi r ect l yansweranyneedsor f r ust r at i onsar t i cul at edi nt hevi deos? I st her eanant i ci pat i onoff ur t heri nvest mentorengagementf r om t hest akehol der s pr esent ? Doest heaudi enceexpectf i nanci alcompensat i onf orat t endi ngandpar t i ci pat i ng?

CaseStudy:Screeni ng wi thi nl ocalpatterns( i ndi a) I nt hev i l l ageofNongt r aw i nt heEas tKhas i Hi l l sofMeghal ay a,Nor t heas tI ndi a,at eam ofact i v ecommuni t ymember shopedt ous epar t i ci pat or yv i deot or ecal l andr ev i v e t hei rt r adi t i onal f oodpr act i ces .Thepr oj ectwasi ni t i at edbyt heI ndi genousPar t ner s hi p f orFoodSov er ei gnt yandAgr obi odi v er s i t yandt ookpl aceov erj us toneweek.I twas hopedt hatby‘ r ecal l i ngt hepas t ’ ,ast heyputi t ,t hecommuni t ycoul dbecomemor e s el f s uf f i ci entandl es sv ul ner abl ei ncas eofdr amat i cchangesi nt hei renv i r onment . Thepr act i ceswer emi l l etgr owi ng,beekeepi ng,andmaki ngt eaf r om amedi ci nal r oot andbeekeepi ng. Par toft hi spr oj ect ’ ss ucces sr el i eduponr egul ars cr eeni ngsoff oot aget hr oughoutt he weekt hatencour agedpar t i ci pat i oni nt hepr oj ect ,al l owedt henewst os pr ead,pr o-

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v okedmanyconv er s at i onsandr ef l ect i onsaboutt hepr act i cess howni nt hef i l m,and meantt hatt hef i nal s cr eeni ngatt heendoft heweekwasat t endedbynear l yt he whol ev i l l ageaswel l ass omef r om near byv i l l ages .Ont hef i r s tev eni ngaspar tof t hei rwel comeev ent ,wes cr eeneds hor tdr amasf r om t het eam’ ss ki l l bui l di ng pr act i s e,andt heypr es ent edt hes t or y boar dsf ort hei rpl annedv i deos .Af t ert hat ,an audi enceofcommuni t ymember si nf or mal l ygat her ednear l yev er yev eni ngt owat ch t hef oot ages hott hats ameday Edi t i ngt ookpl acei nt hemai nbui l di ngs ot hatgr oupsofpeopl ecoul dcomeandgo t owat cht hepr oces saf t ercomi ngbackf r om wor ki ngi nt hef i el ds ,ands t ayf ora s cr eeni ngoft heedi t edmat er i al .I nt hi swaycommuni t ymember scoul dt r ackt he pr ogr es soft hef i l mi ng,andcomet ogeti nv ol v edi nt hedr amas cenest hef ol l owi ng day .I ft her ewer es t i l l peopl eeagert owat chs omet hi ngwes cr eenedpar t i ci pat or y v i deosf r om ot hercount r i est hathadl i nkswi t ht hei rownl ocal pr act i ces-suchas honeyhar v es t i ngf r om Camer oon. Thecor et eam gui dedandf aci l i t at edal l t hes cr eeni ngss ot heyf i t t edi nwi t hl ocal cus t oms .EachChr i s t mast hev i l l ageput sonapl aywhi chi sper f or medi nt hemai n hal l ,anMCdr awsoutl ear ni ngpoi nt sf r om t heaudi ence,peopl es i ngs ongs ,s har e f oodanddr i nk,andt hecommuni t yl eader smakes peeches .Ourf i nal scr eeni ng f ol l owedt hi sf or mat .Af t ert hes cr eeni ngoft hei rf i l mr eenact i ngmi l l etgr owi ng,Bah As t at i on,oneoft heel der swhohads har edhi sknowl edget ogui det hef i l mi ng,and oneofonl y2or3whos t i l l r ecal l edt her i t ual sandt r adi t i onsoft hepr ocess ,s t ar t edt o s i ngt hecal l andr es pons es ongt r adi t i onal l ys ungwhi l s tev er y onewor kst oget hert o dehus kt hemi l l et .Thes ongwast akenupbyal l ,es peci al l yagr oupofy out hi nv ol v ed i nt hef i l mmaki ng.Dur i ngar ef l ect i onhes har edt hatt hi swasamos tmemor abl e momentf orhi m;t hatt hes ongi snow r emember edands ung,as i gnt hatt he knowl edgehadbeenr ecal l ed,pas s edon,andv al ued. “ I thasbr oughtust or eal i s e andt of eel t hatwehav et odot hes et hi ngsour s el v es ,wehav et odocument , under s t andandactour s el v es ” ,BahAs t at i on,Nongt r aw. Att hi ss cr eeni ng,t her ewasnotanext ens i v epubl i cdebat eaboutt hes epr act i ces . Thes edi s cus s i onst ookpl acei ns mal l ergr oupsov ert eaaf t ert hes cr eeni ng,and t akeni nt omeet i ngsoft hecommuni t yl eader s .Thepubl i cev entwasmor ef or enj oy mentandexpr es s i ngappr eci at i on,wi t hs omepeopl epl edgi ngt hatt heywoul d nol ongerbuyt eaf r om t hemar ket ,andus et hel ocal r ooti ns t ead. Si xmont hsaf t ert hepr oj ectwehear dt hatf r om  onl y2househol dsgr owi ngmi l l et ,t he numberhadgr ownt o15,pr ov i di ngf ami l i eswi t hanemer gencyf oods uppl yt hatcan bes t or edf or10y ear s .Fami l y member sf r om t het eam hav es i nceboughtat el ev i s i on andDVDpl ay ers ot heycanwat cht hef i l msof t en,andaspeopl ear epas s i ngt hr ough t hev i l l age,t heycomet owat cht hef i l msanddr i nkt ea. Sar aAs adul l ah

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St r uct ur et hescr eeni ng Wor kwi t ht heor gani si nggr oupandpar t i ci pant st odevi seast r uct ur eandf l ow f ort he scr eeni ngt hatbestsui t st heobj ect i vesandcont ent .Thef ol l owi ngi sanexampl eofhow ascr eeni ngeventoft woormor evi deoscoul dbeor gani sed: Wel comeAddr ess -ashor topeni ngaddr esst owel comet heaudi enceanddescr i bet hecont ent ,obj ect i ves andl i mi t at i onsoft hescr eeni ng. I nt r oduct i ont ot hePr oj ect -ashor ti nt r oduct or yspeechi nwhi cht heover al lpr oj ect( l eadi ngt ot hepr oduct i onoft he vi deos)i sdescr i bedandexper i encesofpar t i ci pat i ngi nt hepr ocessar eshar ed. I nt r oduceVi deo1 -i nt r oduct i ont ot het hemeandpr ocessbehi ndt hef i r stvi deo. Scr eenVi deo1 -pl ayt heent i r evi deowi t houtpausi ng. Di scussi ononVi deo1 -af aci l i t at eddi scussi oni nwhi cht heaudi encear easkedt oshar et hei rr eact i onst ot he vi deoandexpl or ekeyquest i onsr ai sed. ~Br eak~ I nt r oduceVi deo2 -i nt r oduct i ont ot het hemeandpr ocessbehi ndt hesecondvi deo. Scr eenVi deo2 -pl ayt heent i r evi deowi t houtpausi ng. Di scussi ononVi deo2 -af aci l i t at eddi scussi oni nwhi cht heaudi encear easkedt oshar et hei rr eact i onst ot he vi deoandexpl or ekeyquest i onsr ai sed. PanelDi scussi onwi t hQ&A -apanelcombi ni ngasel ect i onofpar t i ci pant s,pr oj ectst akehol der sanddeci si onmaker s ( wher epossi bl e)shar et hei rr eact i onst ot hevi deosscr eenedandr ecommendat i ons r el at i ngt ot hesubj ectmat t er .Theaudi encei si nvi t edt oputquest i onsdi r ect l yt ot he panel . Cl osi ngSt at ement s -ashor tcl osi ngaddr esswhi chsummar i est hekeypoi nt sr ai sedi nt hedi scussi onsand anyact i onpoi nt s.Theaudi enceandpar t i ci pant sar et hankedf ort hei rcont r i but i onand det ai l sofanysubsequentscr eeni ngsoract i vi t i esshar ed.

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Assembl eascr eeni ngt eam Thef or matsuggest edabover equi r escont r i but i onsf r om andr ol est obepl ayedby sever alpar t i ci pant s,or gani ser sandst akehol der sdur i ngt hecour seoft hescr eeni ng.The r ol esandr equi r ement sshoul dbecl ear l ydef i nedwel li nadvanceoft hescr eeni ngi t sel f , al l owi ngt i mef oreachper sont opr epar eandshar eanymi sgi vi ngsoranxi et yt heymay have. Par t i ci pat or yvi deoi ngener alseekst osuppor tandencour aget hosewhoar e mar gi nal i sed,si l enced,unhear d,di scr i mi nat edagai nstorot her wi sedi sempower edwi t hi n soci et yt ot akeanact i veandhi ghl yvi si bl er ol ei nt hepr ocessofexpl or i ngand document i ngkeyi ssues.Thatsamepr i nci pl eoughtt oext endt ot hepr esent at i onoft hei r vi deos.Cr eat i ngspacesandoppor t uni t i esf orpar t i ci pant st ost andi nf r ontofan audi encecanbehi ghl ysi gni f i canti nbr eaki ngdownnegat i vest er eot ypesandsoci al di vi si ons.I ti st her ef or ehi ghl yr ecommendedt hatyouencour agepar t i ci pant s( andnot necessar i l yt hemostconf i dentorf or t hcomi ng)t ot akeonvi si bl er ol es( e. g.f aci l i t at i ngor chai r i ngsessi ons)i nt hescr eeni ngpr ocess.Havi ngdi f f er entpeopl ei nt hesevi si bl er ol es mayal sohavet heef f ectofencour agi ngot her st ospeakoutandf eelmor ecomf or t abl et o engagei nt hepost scr eeni ngdi scussi ons. Somer ol est hatmi ghtber equi r edf orascr eeni ngeventi ncl ude: Faci l i t at or s Responsi bl ef orencour agi ngandcoor di nat i ngdi scussi onsont hei ssuesr ai sedi neach vi deo. Scr i bes Responsi bl ef orr ecor di ngt hecomment s,suggest i ons,quest i onsandanswer sposed dur i ngt hedi scussi ons( ei t herbywr i t t ennot es,audi or ecor di ngsorvi deo) . PanelMember s Thosei nvi t edt odi scusst hei rexper i encesandanswerquest i onsaspar tofapanel di scussi on. Pr esent er s Responsi bl ef orpr esent i ngt heover al lpr oj ectand/ ort hepar t i cul arvi deosi nwhi cht hey wer ei nvol vedanddescr i bi ngt hei rexper i encesoft hepr ocess. T echni ci ans Responsi bl ef orset t i ngupequi pmentandt hepl aybackofvi deos. Chai r Responsi bl ef ormanagi ngt heover al lscr eeni ng,i nt r oduci ngeachst ageoft heevent , openi ngandcl osi ngaddr esses. Ot herpar t i ci pant sandst akehol der scanal sot akeact i ver ol esi nhel pi ngt ocoor di nat et he l ogi st i cs,communi cat ewi t haudi encemember s,manageanyi ssuesordi st ur banceset c.

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CaseStudy:Screeni ngsto di fferentaudi ences( Kenya) I nar ecentendof pr ogr ammeev al uat i onact i v i t y( June2013) ,I ns i ght Shar es uppor t ed Mer cyCor psi nKeny at ous epar t i ci pat or yv i deot oengagecommuni t ypar t i ci pant s andot hers t akehol der si naconv er s at i onaboutt hei rr es ear chpr ogr ammeonf i nanci al educat i oni nt heRi f tVal l ey .Thepr oces sf i ni s hedwi t ht wos cr eeni ngs :onef oragr oup of81y oungpeopl eandanot herf or50deci s i onmaker s ,dur i ngwhi cheachgr oup wat chedt hes t or i es( v i deos )anddi s cus s edt hes i gni f i canceoft hechangest ot he y oungs t or y t el l er s . Bot hs cr eeni ngswer epl annedbyt het r ai neef aci l i t at or sal ongs i des t af ff r om Mer cy Cor psi nKeny a.Thef i r s ts cr eeni ngengagedy oungpeopl ecomi ngf r om t hr eet owns i nt heRi f tVal l ey :El dor et ,Ker i choandNakur u.Thes t af fdeci dedt hatt heeas i es tway f orev er y onet ogett oget herwasi nEl dor et ,s ot heybookedav enuet hatwas acces s i bl eandbi genought ohos tal ar geaudi ence.Thet r ai neesands t af fs har ed es pons i bi l i t yf ort el ephoni ngt hev ar i ousy out hgr oupsi nv ol v edandi nf or mi ngt hem of r t hes cr eeni ng.I nt hi swayt heyens ur edmos toft hes t or y t el l er swer epr es entatt he s cr eeni ngev ent ,aswel l asot hery out hwhohadn' tdi r ect l ypar t i ci pat edi nt he pr oduct i onbutwhower eeagert oengagei nt hepr oces s .Cr uci al l y ,t hes t af ff r om Mer cyCor psar r angedf oral l t hey oungpeopl es 't r av el cos t st ober ei mbur s ed( pl usa meal )whi chenabl edt hem t oat t endt hes cr eeni ng,s omet r av el l i ngf or3or4hour st o r eacht hev enue. Thet r ai neef aci l i t at or spr epar edt hems el v esf ort hei rdi f f er entr ol es :pr es ent er , t echni ci an,s cr i beet c.I nt hi swayev er y oneknew whatt odoandwhen.Af t er wat chi ngt hev i deost heaudi encewer edi v i dedi nt of i v es mal l gr oups ,each accompani edbyaf aci l i t at orands cr i be,t odi s cus st hev i deosandexpl or et hes t or i es ofchangedocument ed.Ar epr es ent at i v ef r om eachgr oupt henpr es ent edbackt hei r f i ndi ngsandr ef l ect i onst ot heent i r eaudi ence. Thes econds cr eeni ngt ar get edMer cyCor pss t af f ,l ocal par t neror gani s at i ons ( communi t y bas edor gani s at i ons ,NGOs ,t hel ocal chamberofcommer ceet c. )and gov er nmentof f i ci al sf r om di s t r i ctandpr ov i nci al l ev el s.I nt heor gani sat i onoft hi s s cr eeni ngMer cyCor pss t af fpl ay edas i gni f i cantr ol ei next endi ngt hei nv i t at i onsand f ol l owi ngupt oconf i r m at t endance.Thet r ai neesonceagai npr epar edt hems el v est o pl ayt hedi v er s er ol esandwer er eadywhent hes cr eeni ngs t ar t ed. Af t eras i mi l arpr oces st ot hef i r s ts cr eeni ng,awonder f ul i nt er act i onwasopenedup whenev er y onewasas kedt os har et hei rhones tper s pect i v esont hecont r i but i onof f i nanci al l i t er acyt r ai ni ngt ot hechangesi ny oungpeopl esl i v es .Gov er nmentof f i ci al s andCBO r epr es ent at i v espr es ent edt hei rv i ewsandev er y oneengagedi nar i ch di al oguear oundeconomi cempower mentf ory oungpeopl e. Sol edadMuni z

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Assembl eaddi t i onalr esour ces I fyourscr eeni ngpl ansr equi r eaddi t i onalr esour cessuchasst at i oner y ,r ef r eshment s, chai r sorseat i ngmat s,pl anwel li nadvancet oavoi dt hesmal lt hi ngsdr ai ni ngyour ener gyi mmedi at el ypr i ort ot hescr eeni ng.Thescr eeni ngmayal sobeanappr opr i at et i me t ogi veoutDVDcopi esoft hevi deot okeypeopl eand/ orpar t i ci pant s,accor di ngt ot he ai msoragr eedscopeoft hepr oj ecti nt hi sr egar d.

Pl ant or ecor d Scr eeni ngsofpar t i ci pat or yvi deosmaybet hepoi ntatwhi chl ocalact i oni sdet er mi nedor t aken.Awar enessamongsti mpor t antaudi encesmi ghtbedevel opedorst r engt hened, andsuppor tf oracauseorcour seofact i onest abl i shed.Val uabl ei nsi ght sandf eedback ( r eaf f i r mi ngorcr i t i cal )ar eof t enshar edt hatcanbenef i tandst eert hepr ocessunder way . Al loft hesecanandoughtt ober ecor dedei t herbyvi deo/ audi o( i deal l y)and/ orwr i t t en not es( seer ol eof‘ scr i be’i nabovesect i ononassembl i ngat eam)wi t h,ofcour se,t he knowl edgeandconsentofal lt hosepr esentandbei ngr ecor ded.Suchr ecor dscanbe ver yusef ulf orpar t i ci pant sandst akehol der st or evi ew af t ert hescr eeni ngandr ef l ect upon.

Becr eat i ve Scr eeni ngsdon’ thavet obef or malandhi ghl yst r uct ur edevent s.Encour aget he or gani si ngt eam t ot hi nkabouthow t omaket hescr eeni ngf unandengagi ngf orever yone i nvol ved.Consi deri ncor por at i ngi ti nt oot herevent s( f est i val sorcel ebr at i ons)andt r yt o i nt r oduceot heract i vi t i essuchast heat r e,musi c,dance,poet r yr eadi ngset c.Some ci r cumst ancesmi ghtr equi r eamuchl ooserappr oacht ocommuni t yscr eeni ngssuchas socal l ed‘ guer r i l l ascr eeni ngs’wher evi deosar epr oj ect edont oanysur f aceavai l abl eor scr eenedont el evi si onsi nt hebackofcar sorvans. . . anyt hi ngi spossi bl e!

guatemal a 201 1

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CaseStudy:Screeni ng on thego ( Myanmar) I ns i ght Shar er et ur nedt oMy anmari nOct ober2013t ocompl et et hecapaci t ybui l di ng pr ogr ammedes cr i bedi nt hepr ev i ousCas eSt udy :Scr eeni ngi naDi vi dedCommuni t y . Dur i ngt hi sPeerRev i ew s t agei nt hef aci l i t at ort r ai ni ngpr ogr amme,wedeci dedt o conductanot hercommuni t ys cr eeni ngi nt hes amev i l l age;t hi st i met os how t henew f i l mst hathadbeenmadei nt hei nt er v eni ngt womont hs .Wewant edt os how t he t r ai neef aci l i t at or st hatwhenl ar gecommuni t ymeet i ngsf ai l t oat t r actt hehopedf or at t endancet her ear eal t er nat i v eappr oaches .I nt hi scas ewewer egoi ngt ous et he ‘ guer r i l l as cr eeni ng’appr oach.Thet r ai neeswer edi v i dedi nt ot hr eet eamsandwor ked t oget hert odet er mi net heai msandi nt ent i onsf ort hes cr eeni ngs ;t hedi f f er entr ol es eacht eam memberwoul dper f or m;andal i s tofques t i onst ogui det hepos t s cr eeni ng di al ogues . I neachgr oup,oneper s onwasi nchar geoft het echni cal s et upandmanagementof t hes cr eeni ng;anot herwast hemai nf aci l i t at or( wel comi ngt heaudi ence,expl ai ni ngt he pr oj ectai msandi nt ent i ons ,i nt r oduci ngt hev i deo,f aci l i t at i ngt hedi al ogue) ;at hi r d per s onact edas‘ s cr i be’( r ecor di ngt hes cr eeni ngt hr oughwr i t t ennot esandphot os) andwasgi v ens peci f i ci ns t r uct i onst ocapt ur eact ual quot esf r om t heaudi encei n r eact i ont ot hef i l ms ;t hef our t hper s onwoul dactascof aci l i t at orandbackup. Asi nt hef i r s ts cr eeni ng( s eeCas eSt udy :Scr eeni ngi naDi v i dedCommuni t y ) ,det ai l sof t hes cr eeni ngact i v i t i eswer ecommuni cat edt ov ar i ouspeopl ei nt hev i l l agei nadv ance and,t hr ought hem,i nv i t at i onswer eext endedt oev er y onei nt hecommuni t yt oat t enda l ar ges cr eeni ng.Cons i der at i onandcar ewast akent oens ur et hedayandt i mewoul d s ui tt hecommuni t yasawhol e,i nr es pons et ot hepr ev i ousexper i ence.Nev er t hel es s , t hi st i mewewer epr epar edf ort hepl ant oconductacommuni t y wi des cr eeni ng( wi t h l ar genumber sat t endi ngf r om acr os st hev i l l age)t of ai l !I nr es pons e,t wo‘ guer r i l l a s cr eeni ng’t eamswer edi s pat ched,eachwi t haf ul l ychar gedl apt opands etof s peaker s ;onegr oupwentt ot heeas ts i deoft hev i l l age,t heot hert ot hewes t . Asant i ci pat ed,onl y35peopl et ur nedupmai ns cr eeni ngev ent( t hi st i mehel datt he cent r al l yl ocat edv i l l ages chool )and,aswi t ht hepr ev i ouss cr eeni ng,ar oundhal fof t hos eat t endi ngwer echi l dr en.Theys pl i tt headul t sandchi l dr enupaf t ert hes cr eeni ng andt hecof aci l i t at orhadachancet of aci l i t at et hedi s cus s i onwi t ht hechi l dr en.She l at erexpr es s eds ur pr i s eathow ar t i cul at et hechi l dr enwer e,how deepl yt heyr ef l ect ed dur i ngt hedi s cus s i ons es s i on,andhow i thadbr oughtupaweal t hofnew i nf or mat i on andi ns i ght . I nt hemeant i met he‘ guer r i l l as cr eeni ng’t eamshadl ocat edf r i endl yhous ehol der swho wer ei nt er es t edt owat cht hev i deosandwer ewi l l i ngt oopent hei rhous est ot hei r nei ghbour st oj oi nt hes cr eeni ng.Eacht eam managedt os cr eent oar ound35adul t s f ol l owedbyv er ys t i mul at i ngandr el axeddi s cus s i ons . Chr i sLunch

I fyouf ai lt opl an,youar epl anni ngt of ai l Benj ami nFr ankl i n

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Techni cal& L ogi sti calConsi derati ons Thet echnol ogywer el yuponcaneasi l yl etusdown,of t enat t hewor stpossi bl emoment .Her ear esomet i psf orensur i ng t het echnol ogyi st hel eastofyourconcer ns,andsomeot her suggest i onsf orl ogi st i calconsi der at i onst oensur eyougett he bestr esul t sf r om yourcommuni t yscr eeni ngs. Thi nkaboutsound Soundi sof t enover l ookedwhenor gani si ngascr eeni ngbuti ti sasi mpor t antast he vi sual s,maybeevenmor eso.Audi enceswi l lof t enbef armor et ol er antofpoorpi ct ur e qual i t y( smal lpr oj ect i onsi z es,wavyscr eens,t oomuchl i ghtet c. )butwi l lr ar el yputup wi t hi naudi bl esoundt r acks.Low soundl evel scanl eadt odi st r act edandi ncr easi ngl y noi syaudi encessoi t ’ sessent i alt ohavegoodqual i t ysoundatanaudi bl el evelf orany ki ndofscr eeni ng.Don’ tdamaget heaudi ence’ shear i ngbutmakesur et hel eveli s suf f i ci entt odr ownoutper si st entcomment at or s! Aswel lasampl i f yi ngt hevi deost hemsel vesyoumayneedt oconsi derampl i f yi ngt he voi cesofanyonecont r i but i ng-pr esent er s,speaker s,audi encemember set c.Thi swi l lbe par t i cul ar l yr el evantf orver yl ar gescr eeni ngevent s( par t i cul ar l yt hoseconduct edout si de) andi ndoorevent swher et her ei sahi ghpr obabi l i t yofheavyr ai n( par t i cul ar l yi nbui l di ngs wi t ht i nr oof s) ,whi chcaneasi l ydr ownoutevent hel oudestvoi ces.Si mpl ePAsyst ems ( i nt egr at edspeakerandampl i f i ersyst ems)wi t hmi cr ophonesar eanof t enaccessi bl eand por t abl esol ut i on;muchl ovedbyor gani ser sofcommuni t y‘ consul t at i ons’ ,pol i t i calr al l i es andweddi ngs.Avoi dusi ngt hem wher epossi bl e-mi cr ophonescanmakesome cont r i but or sner vouswhi l stot her sf i ndt heyst i cki nt hei rhands( ! )-butt heyar e i nval uabl ei ncer t ai nci r cumst ances.

Makei tvi si bl e Theaudi encewi l lqui t er i ght l yexpectt obeabl et osee( andhear )t hevi deosyouar e scr eeni ng.Makesur eyouar r anget hespaceandor gani seyourequi pmentt oensur e ever yonehasagoodvant agepoi nt .Her ear esomet i pst hatmi ghthel p: Ar r angeseat i ngi nsemi ci r cl es -Whet herpeopl ear esi t t i ngonchai r s,benchesoront hef l ooryoucanof t enmaxi mi se t hespaceavai l abl ebyseat i ngt heaudi encei nr owsofsemi ci r cl es.T akecar enott o maket hesemi ci r cl est oor oundedorel set hoseatt heendsmayf i ndt hemsel vesat90º t ot hescr een.

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Pr oj ecthi gh -I ft heaudi encei ssi t t i ngi nr owst henconsi derr ai si ngt hescr eenandpr oj ect i onhi gher t hannor malt oal l ow ever yonet oseet hescr een( andnott hebackofeachot her s’ heads! ) . Usesl opes -I fscr eeni ngout si deyoumayf i ndt hatt her ei sanat ur alsl opeorhi l lt hatcanhel p. Posi t i ont hescr eenatt hebot t om oft hesl opeandal l ow t heaudi encet osi tont he gr adi ent ,r ai si ngt hei rheadsabovet hoseseat eddi r ect l yi nf r ont . Ar r angebyage -Encour ageyoungchi l dr ent osi tatt hef r ontoft heaudi ence( t hi st endst ohappen nat ur al l y)soot her scaneasi l yseeovert hei rheads.I ft heaudi encei ssi t t i ngont hef l oor , andi fappr opr i at e,youmi ghtconsi dersuggest i ngyoungadul t ssi tont hef l oordi r ect l y behi ndt hechi l dr enandal l ow t heel der st osi tatt hebackonchai r s,i favai l abl e.Thi s hel psever yonet osee,r espect sf r equent l yobser vedconvent i onsar oundage,andmay makel ongerpr ocessesmor ecomf or t abl ef orel der si nt hecommuni t y .I tal someans ever yonecankeepacl oseeyeont heki ds! Bl ockoutl i ght -I fyouar escr eeni ngi nsi deandt her ei sst i l ldayl i ghtorot herl i ghtsour cesaf f ect i ngt he pi ct ur e,t r yt ocoverwi ndowsandt ur nof fal lbutessent i all i ght s. Don’ toverpr oj ect -T r yt oavoi dst r et chi ngt hei magesbeyondt hel i mi t at i onsofyourpr oj ect or .Asmal l er scr eenwi t hgoodr esol ut i on( pi ct ur equal i t y)i snor mal l ybet t ert hanal ar gescr eenwi t h gr ai nyoruncl eari mages. Keepyourdi st ance deopi ct ur esl ookbet t erwhenvi ewedf r om ar easonabl edi st ancef r om t hescr een. -Vi Beyondacer t ai npoi nt( dependi ngont hesi z eandr esol ut i onoft hepr oj ect i on)t hei mage st ar t st obr eakdownandl ookf uz z yorpi xi l at ed.T estt heopt i mum di st ancef r om your scr eenbef or el ayi ngoutt hescr eeni ngandt r yt omai nt ai nasaf edi st ancef ort he audi encef r om t hescr een.

Poweryourki t Oneoft hebi ggestchal l engesf orcommuni t yscr eeni ngsi sof t enel ect r i ci t y-t her el i abi l i t y orl ackt her eof .Gener at or sar et hemostr el i abl esol ut i ont opowerascr eeni ng( f or pr oj ect or s,l apt ops,DVDpl ayer s,speaker s,PAsyst emset c. )butt heycanbenoi syand expensi vet ohi r eandr un.I fagener at ori savai l abl el ocal l yt henenqui r eabout ‘ bor r owi ng’i tf ort hescr eeni ngi nr et ur nf ort hef uelneeded,pl usasomeext r aasa cour t esy .T akecar et osi t uat et hegener at oratagooddi st ancef r om t hescr eeni ng l ocat i ont oavoi dt henoi seandf umesdi st ur bi ngt hepr oceedi ngs.Makesur et obr i ng anyext ensi oncor ds,adapt or sandmul t i pl ugsr equi r edt opowert hevar i ousappl i ances youwi l lbeusi ng.T esti twel li nadvanceandconsi derhavi ngasecondgener at oron st andby .Sol arpanel sar ef arpr ef er abl et ousi nggener at or s,whi char eexpensi vet or un, noi syandpol l ut i ng,soexpl or eopt i onsf orusi ngexi st i ngsol ari nf r ast r uct ur eorbr i ngi ng por t abl esol arki t s.Obvi ousl ysol arbr i ngswi t hi ti t sownsetofl ogi st i calconsi der at i ons andconst r ai nt s.

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Nepal201 4

Mal awi201 2


CaseStudy:Screeni ng around theweather ( kenya) Ourr et ur nt ot heI l chamuscommuni t yt os cr eent heedi t edv er s i onoft hei rv i deo,and anot herv i deobyMaas ai communi t i es ,wasaf ant as t i cands ucces s f ul one.We managedt os cr eent wov i deosi nt heev eni ngundert hes t ar sandt hemoon.Thi swas t hebes tt i mef ort hepeopl east heyr eques t edwel ett hem f i r s tat t endt hei rl i v es t ock whent heyr et ur nedf r om gr az i ng. Atf i r s twewer ewor r i edaboutt hebl ackcl oudst hatas s embl edi nt hes kypr omi si ng r ai n.Wehopedf orr ai ni nt hi sdr yar eabutnotatt hi spar t i cul art i mewhenwewer e pl anni ngt os cr eenv i deos !Wehadal r eadyar r angedal l t heequi pmentbyt het i met he cl oudss hower edal i t t l es owehadt oqui ckl yundoev er y t hi ngandr usht heequi pment undercov er .Thankf ul l y ,af t erj us taf ew mi nut est her ai nended.I twasj us tapas s i ng cl oudofs hower s …per hapss entt obl es st heev ent . Atar ound8pm,peopl es t r eamedt ot hehomes t eadwher et hes cr eeni ngwast ot ake pl ace.Aswewai t edf oral l t hepeopl e,wes atar oundt hef i r echat t i ngandl i s t eni ngt o s t or i esf r om t hegr oup.Wewer eal s oj oi nedbys ev er al mor ans( communi t yguar ds )i n t hegr oup.Thef i r ewasmeantt okeepawayt hemos qui t oesf r om t her i s i ngLake Bar i ngo.Wes t ar t edt hes cr eeni ngwi t ht hei rv i deoont hei s s uesf aci ngwomenasa r es ul tofcl i mat echange.Thecommuni t yagr eedt hatt hei s s ueshi ghl i ght edi nt he v i deoar er eal andaf f ect i ngal l t hewomenofI l chamuscommuni t y .They acknowl edgedt hi sgr eatwor kofI nsi ght Shar e  f orhav i ngconduct edt hi spar t i ci pat or y v i deoi nt hei rcommuni t y ,andexpr es s edt hei rhopet hatt hi swi l l br i ngt hei rpr obl ems i nt ot hel i mel i ghtoft hewor l d.Theys har edt hei rambi t i onst oi dent i f ys ol ut i onst ot he pr obl emsbr oughtbycl i mat echange,anddi s cus s edpos s i bl eadapt at i onmeas ur esas way sf oraddr es s i ngt hei rpr obl ems . Whenwes cr eenedt hev i deof r om t heMaas ai communi t yi nOl t epes i ,t hegr oupcame t or eal i s et hatcl i mat echangei snotonl yaf f ect i ngt hem al one.Theyar t i cul at edhow t hes i t uat i onoft heMaas ai communi t yi nt hi sar ea,ashi ghl i ght edi nt hev i deo,was t er r i bl eandhow i tmadet hem r eal i s et hei rs i t uat i oni si nmanyway sbet t er .Ov er al l t he s cr eeni ngwentv er yni cel yandendedonanot eofcel ebr at i onaswewat chedf oot age oft hei rt r adi t i onal s ongss t i l l s av edont hel apt op.I twasagoodev eni ngi ndeed. Jemi mahKer enge

Makeascr een Thesur f aceyoupr oj ectont omakesahugedi f f er encet ot hequal i t yoft hei mage.I fa pr oj ect orscr eeni sunavai l abl et henvi deoscanbepr oj ect edagai nstawal l ,onapl ai n whi t ebedsheetorcl ot h,orevensheet sofpaper . Themosti mpor t antconsi der at i ons ar et hatt hesur f aceshoul dbewhi t e,pl ai n( unpat t er ned) ,andassmoot haspossi bl e.

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Testequi pmentandmakeani nvent or y T estequi pmentsever aldaysbef or et heact ualscr eeni ngandl i stal lt heequi pmentand r esour cesyouwi l lneedf oryourscr eeni ngwel li nadvance.Uset hel i stt odoubl echeck youhaveever yt hi ngbef or eset t i ngup.Her e’ sanexampl eequi pmenti nvent or yf ora communi t yscr eeni ng:

I tem

Purpose

amount

Pr oj ect or VGAcabl e VGAadapt or Lapt op Lapt oppowercabl e 3. 5mm3. 5mm audi ocabl e Speaker Speakerpowercabl e DVD PAs y s t em PAs y s t em powercabl e Mi cr ophone Mi cr ophonecabl e Pr oj ect ors cr een T or ch Fl i pchar t s Mar kerpens Books Ref r es hment s Mas ki ngt ape Not ebooks&pens Vi deoki t St i l l scamer a

Pr oj ect i ngv i deos 1 Connect i ngpr oj ect ort ol apt op 1 Adapt i ngVGAs ocket( i fus i ngAppl el apt op) 1 Pl ay i ngv i deos 1 Power i ng/ char gi ngl apt op 1 1 Connect i ngl apt opt os peaker s Ampl i f y i ngv i deoaudi o 1 Power i ngs peaker s 1 Pl ay i ngv i deos 1 Ampl i f y i ngv oi ces/v i deoaudi o 1 Power i ngPAs y s t em 1 Ampl i f y i ngv oi ces 1 1 Connect i ngmi cr ophonet oPAs y s t em Pr oj ect i ngv i deos 1 Seei ngequi pmenti nt hedar k 2 Recor di ngr es pons esorbl ocki ngwi ndows 1 Recor di ngr es pons es 10 St acki ngunderandr ai s i ngt hepr oj ect or 5 Fuel l i ngt het hi r s t y ! v ar i abl e Hangi ngi t ems( e. g.f l i pchar t sors cr eens ) 1 Recor di ngr es pons es 5 Document i ngt heev ent 2 Document i ngt heev ent 2

Br i ngabackup Br i ngspar ecabl esandbackupsol ut i ons( e. g.l apt op,DVDpl ayer ,t el evi si on)f or scr eeni ngbackt hevi deosshoul danyofyourequi pmentf ai l .Ther ei snot hi ngwor set han at echni calpr obl em t hatpr event st hescr eeni ngf r om goi ngahead,undoi ngal loft hehar d wor kandf r ust r at i ngt heaudi ence!

Todogoodi snobl e.Tot el lot her st odogoodi s evennobl erandmuchl esst r oubl e. Mar kTwai n

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Pre-Screeni ng Checkl i st Makeasi mpl echeckl i stt ohel pdet er mi newhet hert he el ement snecessar yt oachi evemaxi mum i mpactf r om your communi t yscr eeni ngar ei npl ace.Her ear esomeexampl e quest i onsf oracheckl i st : l l l l l l l l l

Wi l lyourt ar getaudi ence( s)beat t endi ngt hescr eeni ng? Haveyoucommuni cat eddet ai l soft hescr eeni ngt oever yoneat t endi ng? Ar et hepar t i ci pant s/ pr oj ectst akehol der sat t endi ngt hescr eeni ng? Hast hescr eeni ngequi pmentandvi deosbeent est ed? Doyouhavear el i abl epowersour ce? Doyouhaveal lt headdi t i onalr esour cesyour equi r e? Haveyouassi gnedr ol esf oreachaspectoft hescr eeni nganddi al ogue? Ar epl ansi npl acef orr ecor di ngdi scussi onsandf eedback? Haveal lpot ent i alr i sksbeenassessedandt akeni nt oaccount ?

Your eal l yexi stonl ywhenyou’ r ei naf i el d shar i ngandexchangi ngi nf or mat i on. Ti mot hyLear y

i ndonesi a 2008


Screeni ng Ti ps Thef ol l owi ngar esomesuggest i onsf ort hescr eeni ngevent i t sel fi ncl udi ngkeyi nf or mat i ont oshar e,t i psf oref f ect i ve pl aybackofvi deos,i deasf orf aci l i t at i ngdi al ogueset c. I nt r oduct i ons Wheni nt r oduci ngt hescr eeni ngeventi t ’ si mpor t antt or emembert oshar ei nf or mat i on aboutt hef ol l owi ngkeyaspect soft hepr oj ectandpr ocess: Pr oj ectover vi ew -Gi veagener ali nt r oduct i ont ot hepr oj ectbehi ndt hevi deost obescr eened. Par t i ci pat or yvi deoandt hemet hodol ogyusedmaybeunf ami l i art ot heaudi encesoi ti s i mpor t antt omakecl earwhomadet hevi deo( s) ,how t heywer epr oduced,andf orwhat pur pose.I tmayhel pt oshow somephot ogr aphs( pr oj ect ed)oft hepr ocesst ohel pt he audi encef ul l yunder st andt henat ur eoft hepr ocess,whowasi nvol vedandhow.Det ai l s oft hewi dercont ext( ongoi ngpr ogr ammi nget c. )mayal sohel pest abl i sht her ol eand posi t i onoft hepr oj ecti nt hebr oaderschemeofcommuni t ymobi l i sat i on. Keypar t ner sandi ndi vi dual s -I nt r oduceyour sel fandever yonei nvol vedwi t ht heor gani sat i onanddel i ver yoft he scr eeni ng.Theaudi enceshoul dbegi veni nf or mat i onaboutwhoi si nvol ved( pr oj ect par t i ci pant s,f aci l i t at or s,st akehol der s,f under set c. ) ,keyi ndi vi dual spr esent( st akehol der r epr esent at i ves,deci si onmaker s,l ocalaut hor i t i eset c. ) ;t hei rr ol esandr easonsf or at t endi ngt hescr eeni ng. Obj ect i ves -I twi l lbei mpor t antt oshar et heobj ect i vesoft hescr eeni ngandt heexpect edout comes. I ti sequal l yvi t alt obecl earaboutanyper cei vedl i mi t at i onst ot hescr eeni ng,t he di scussi onsandwi derpr ocess.Forexampl e,makei tcl eart hatt hescr eeni ngwi l lnot guar ant eeanypar t i cul arout comesuchassecur i ngf undi ngorassi st ancef oracer t ai n cause. Out l i neofact i vi t i es -Gi veanover vi ew oft hescr eeni ngandassoci at edact i vi t i es( di scussi ons,Q&Asessi ons, br eakoutgr oupset c. )andt het i mel i nef oreachst age. Gr oundr ul es -I tmaybenecessar yorhel pf ult oshar ewi t ht heaudi enceandagr eeuponasetof pr i nci pl esbywhi chyouhopet oconductt hescr eeni nganddi scussi ons.Keyat t i t udes andbehavi our st oi nsi stuponmi ghti ncl ude:bei ngat t ent i vet ot hevi deos,l i st eni ngt o oneanot her ,bei ngr espect f ulofeachot her ’ sopi ni ons,al l owi ngever yonet ohavet hei r say ,t ur ni ngof fmobi l ephoneset c.

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Consent -I ft heover al leventi sbei ngdocument ed,par t i cul ar l yi ft her ear evi deooraudi o r ecor di ngsbei ngmade,t heni twi l lbenecessar yt or equestper mi ssi onf r om t heaudi ence t ober ecor dedi nt hi swayandaskf ort hei rconsentt ouset heout comesi naccor dance wi t hyourpl ans.Thesi mpl estwayt oensur eal lt hoseat t endi ngconsentt obei ng r ecor dedwoul dbet ocl ear l yexpl ai nt her easonsf ort hedocument at i onsand expect at i onsf oruse,f ol l owedbyanoppor t uni t yf oranyonet oaskquest i onsorobj ect . Ther eaf t er ,unl essmanyormostoft heaudi enceobj ectt obei ngr ecor ded,youcoul d i nvi t eanyoneunwi l l i ngt ogr antconsentt osi ti nasepar at ear eaoft hevenuet oavoi d t hem bei ngi nadver t ent l yr ecor ded. I nt r oduceeachvi deo -Gi veaspeci f i ci nt r oduct i ont oeachvi deoscr eenedexpl ai ni nghow,why ,when,wher e andbywhom i twasmade.I fscr eeni ngsever alvi deos,choosedi f f er entpar t i ci pant sor st akehol der st oi nt r oduceeachvi deo.

Pl ayi ngvi deos Her ear esomesi mpl esuggest i onsf ort heact ualscr eeni ngofvi deos: l l l l l

l l

Pl ayeachvi deowi t houtpausi ngorst oppi ng-al l ow f orquest i onsanddi scussi ons af t ereachvi deo. Avoi dmovementi nf r ontoft hescr een. Moni t orsoundt hr oughoutandadj ustl evel saccor di ngl y . Wat cht hevi deowi t ht heaudi encet oensur eyouar epar toft hei rexper i enceand notdi st r act edbyot herdut i es. Pl ayf r om vi deof i l essavedont oacomput erwher epossi bl e.Usi ngf i l essavedon ext er nalhar ddr i vesorDVDscanr esul ti npl aybackpr obl ems( scr at cheddi scsor sl ow dat acabl esar eapar t i cul arnui sance) ,andpl ayi ngf r om t hei nt er netshoul dbe avoi dedunl esst her ear enoal t er nat i vesandonl yi ft heconnect i oni sver yf astand r el i abl e. I fusi ngal apt op,uset hef ul l scr eenopt i onont hevi deopl aybackdevi ce ( e. g.Qui ckt i mePl ayerorWi ndowsMedi aPl ayer )andmovet hecur sorawayf r om t hecont r ol st ohi det hesedur i ngpl ayback. I fusi nganAppl ecomput er ,di sabl et he‘ vol umechangef eedback’( ani r r i t at i ng pul sesoundhear dwheneveri ncr easi ngordecr easi ngt hevol ume)bygoi ngt o Syst em Pr ef er ences/Sound/SoundEf f ect sandt hendesel ect i ngt he‘ Pl ay f eedbackwhenvol umei schanged’opt i on.Thi swi l lal l ow yout ochanget he vol umedur i ngpl aybackwi t houthear i ngt hepul sesound,howeveryouwi l lst i l lsee agr eyspeakeri coni nt hecent r eoft hescr eenever yt i met hevol umei sal t er ed, whi chcannotbedi sabl ed.T oavoi danyi nt er r upt i onst ot hescr eeni ngt r yt oset t hel evel sbef or et hescr eeni ngand/ orcont r olt hevol umeusi ngt hespeaker s/ PA syst em.

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CaseStudy:Screeni ng to addressdi scri mi nati on ( DRC) Lokukui sav i l l agei nt heEquat eurpr ov i nceoft heDemocr at i cRepubl i cofCongo.I t hasami xedpopul at i onofBat waandBant ur es i dent s .Thei ndi genousBat wai nt he r egi ons uf f erheav i l yf r om di s cr i mi nat i onatapol i t i cal ,j udi ci al ands oci al l ev el .Wi t hi n Lokukubot hgr oupscoexi s tbuti nci dent sofexpl oi t at i on,di scr i mi nat i onandv i ol ence ar ecommonpl ace.Thepr oj ect ’ sai m wast oenabl edi al oguear oundpeacef ul cohabi t at i onamongs tagr oupofpar t i ci pant sf r om bot hgr oupsr epr es ent edi nt he communi t y ,i nor dert ounder s t andwhatwoul dbeneededf oramor epeacef ul coexi s t encebet weent het wogr oups . Dur i ngt hepr oduct i onphas e,t hepar t i ci pant sexpl or edv i l l agehi s t or y ,s har i ngofl and, mar r i age,educat i onandt r adi t i onal cus t oms .Theydi s cus s ed,pl annedandr ecor ded f oot ageoneacht hemei nt ur n,ov eroneort woday s ,ands cr eenedbackt her us hes ( r aw f oot age)eachni ght .Thes cr eeni ngswer ehel dl at ei nt heev eni ngs ,asr es i dent s hadt obeawakeear l yf orwor k,whi chmeanti twasnotpos s i bl et ohol ds t r uct ur ed debat esaf t ert hes cr eeni ngs .Howev eri twasobs er v edt hatt hes et ookpl ace i nf or mal l yacr os st hev i l l agei nt heday sf ol l owi ngeachs cr eeni ng.Af t er war dsv i l l ager s woul dappr oachei t herapar t i ci pantorf aci l i t at orwi t ht hei rr eact i onsorr eques tt obe f i l medandcont r i but et hei rpoi ntofv i ew. Thef i nal v i deocr eat edmuchl es si mmedi at edebat et hanhadoccur r edatt he s cr eeni ngshel ddur i ngt hepar t i ci pat or yv i deopr oces si t s el f .Att hef i nal s cr eeni ngt he communi t ywaswat chi ngt os eet hatbot hs i deshadbeenf ai r l yr epr es ent ed.They agr eedt ohav edi amet r i cal l yoppos i ngv i ewsi nt hes amef i l m andwer eabl et oaccept t heov er al l f i l m ass omet hi ngt hat ,t houghnoonev i ewercoul dagr eewi t hi ni t sent i r et y , wasr epr es ent at i v eofLokuku.Thef i nal s cr eeni ngwast her ef or eapr oces sof achi ev i ngagr eementwi t ht heov er al l s t r uct ur eoft hev i deoandmaki ngs ur et hatno onewasunf ai r l yr epr es ent ed.Apar t yr at hert hanas t r uct ur eddebat ef ol l owedt hef i nal s cr eeni ng,whi ch,gi v ent het ens i onexpos edi ncr eat i ngt hev i deo,f el tl i ket hebes t opt i on. Lar geexcer pt sf r om t hev i deohav ebeens cr eenedonnat i onal t el ev i s i oni nt heDRC andas peci al s cr eeni ngwashel df oral l t heEUdi pl omat sbas edi nKi ns hasa.Though nei t heroft hos es cr eeni ngswer eat t endedorhos t edbypar t i ci pant s ,bei ngs eenbya nat i onal andi nt er nat i onal audi encehascont i nuedt hedebat est hev i l l ager si nLokuku began. JeanLucBl akey

Di scussi ons Theoppor t uni t yf orcomment s,f eedbackanddi al oguef ol l owi ngt hescr eeni ngofavi deo i sar guabl yt hemosti mpor t antel ementoft hewhol eevent ,howeveri ti sof t enover l ooked orpoor l ypl anned.

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Her ear esomet i psf orget t i ngt hemostoutofyourpost scr eeni ngdi scussi onsessi ons: I nvi t ei mmedi at er esponses -I nvi t er esponsesf r om t heaudi encei mmedi at el yaf t eravi deohasf i ni shed.Apause af t ert hevi deohasendedmaygi vet heaudi encet hei mpr essi ont hatt hepr ocessi s compl et e.Somepeopl emayst ar tt ol eaveorbecomedi st r act ed.Bymovi ngswi f t l yi nt o openi ngupanoppor t uni t yf ort heaudi encet oshar et hei rt hought syouwi l lmai nt ai nt he moment um andest abl i sht hepar t i ci pat or yandact i venat ur eoft hescr eeni ng. Encour agef eedback -Theaudi encemaybehesi t antorshyt ogi vet hei rf eedback.Wat chi ngf i l msor t el evi si oni snor mal l yapassi vepast i mewher epeopl eexpectt obeent er t ai nedor i nf or medwi t houthavi ngt opar t i ci pat edi r ect l y .Evenwher eaudi encepar t i ci pat i oni s nor mali tt endst obel i mi t edt ol aughi ng,t al ki ng,si ngi ngorshout i ngdur i ngaf i l m aspar t oft heenj oymentandspect acl e.Di scussi nganddebat i ngvi deoi snotnor mal l yhow we engagewi t hf i l m andt el evi si onsot heaudi encemayneedsomeencour agementand coaxi ng. St ar twi t ht heposi t i ve -Of t enanaudi encewi l li mmedi at el ydwel lont heaspect soft hevi deot heyar el ess happyaboutandwi l lbepar t i cul ar l ykeent oof f ercr i t i ci smsoft hevi deopr oduct i on i t sel f-badf i l mi ngorpoorsoundar eof t eneasi l yandr eadi l yi dent i f i ed.Encour aget he audi encet ost ar twi t ht heaspect st hatt heymostenj oyedandappr eci at ed,whi l st r ecogni si ngandl at err et ur ni ngt oanymor ecr i t i calanal ysi s. Avoi ddef ensi ver esponses -Li st ent ot heaudi ence’ sf eedbackeveni fi ti snegat i veorchal l engi ng.Communi t y scr eeni ngsar eoppor t uni t i est ol ear nandshar ef r om t hoseat t endi ngsot hei ri nputshoul d ber ecogni sedandappr eci at ed.Of f er i ngdef ensi veexpl anat i ons,count er i ngorar gui ng wi t hf eedbackwi l lcr eat eal essposi t i veandopenshar i ngspacef ordi al ogue.

Uganda 201 2


Cont r olcont r i but i ons -I fyouf i ndt hatsomecont r i but or sar edomi nat i ngt hedi scussi on,peopl ear et al ki ngover oneanot herori ti sot her wi sehar dt ocont r ol ,consi derusi nga‘ t al ki ngst i ck’t ohel p managet hedi scussi ons.A‘ t al ki ngst i ck’canbeanyobj ectt hati shandedoutbyt he f aci l i t at ort ot heper sonwhoset ur ni ti st ospeak,t henr et ur nedt ot hef aci l i t at oraf t er eachspeakerhasf i ni shed.Beawar eofl ocalconvent i onsandf i ndouthow l ar gegr oup meet i ngsar eusual l ycar r i edout ,adopt i ngt hesemet hodswher eappr opr i at e. Respondt osuggest i ons -I ft heaudi encear epr ovi di ngsuggest i onsandr ecommendat i ons,i twi l lbenecessar yf or yout odemonst r at et hatt hesear ebei ngnot edandr espondedt o,accor di ngt ot he oppor t uni t i esorl i mi t at i onsoft hesi t uat i on. oadendi scussi on Br -Al l ow f el l ow or gani ser s,par t i ci pant sandpr oj ectst akehol der st or espondt odi f f er ent quest i ons;hel pi ngt ocr eat eagenui nedi al oguebet weendi f f er entact or sandt he audi ence. Br eakout -I ft heaudi encei st ool ar get oensur et hepar t i ci pat i onofmany ,ort hedi scussi onsar e st i l t edbecauseofot herf act or s,consi derf or mi ngsmal lbr eakoutgr oupst odi scusst he vi deoandf eedbackt hei rf i ndi ngsandcomment s.Youmi ghtconsi deraski ngdi f f er ent gr oupst odi scussandshar et hei rper spect i vesondi f f er enti ssues/el ement soft he vi deo,oreachgr oupcoul ddi scusst hesamet opi c,al l owi ngt heoppor t uni t yf orhear i ng manyper spect i vesont hesamesubj ect . Or gani sepaneldi scussi ons -Or gani si ngsmal lpanel st hatcompr i ser epr esent at i vesofvar i ousgr oups( par t i ci pant s, st akehol der s,audi encemember set c. )canbeanef f ect i vemet hodf orpr omot i ngan i ndept hdi scussi onont hecent r alt hemest hatt hewi deraudi encecant akepar ti n. Paneldi scussi onshel pt odeepenandshi f tdi scussi ont hr oughvar i oussubj ect squi ckl y andef f ect i vel y ,butcar eshoul dbet akent oavoi dt hepanelsi t t i nganddi scussi ng amongstt hemsel vesi nf r ontofapassi veaudi ence.

Faci l i t at i ont i ps Thef ol l owi ngar esomet i psf orf aci l i t at i ngf eedbackanddi scussi onsi mmedi at el yaf t era vi deoscr eeni ng: l l l l l

Askoneormor emember soft heaudi encet or ecapt hemai npoi nt sr ai sedbyt he vi deo. Encour aget heaudi encet of ocuscomment sanddi scussi onont hesubj ectmat t er oft hevi deo( s)r at hert hant hequal i t yoft hepr oduct i on. Poset hesameorsi mi l arquest i onst odi f f er entmember soft heaudi ence r epr esent i ngvar i ousgr oupsassembl ed( e. g.yout h,el der s,women,menet c) . Avoi dl ect ur i ngt heaudi enceont hepr oj ectandi t si nt ent i ons.Usescr eeni ngsas oppor t uni t i est ol i st enandl ear nf r om t hoseyouhaveat t empt edt ocommuni cat e wi t h. Ensur et hechai randf aci l i t at i ont eam ar eusi ngt hel anguaget hatmostpeopl ei n t heaudi enceunder st andandwi l lbecomf or t abl eusi ng.I fyou( orot her s)r equi r e

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l l l l

t r ansl at i on,avoi dal ldi scussi onpassi ngt hr oughat r ansl at or ,whi chwi l lpr event f r eef l owi ngdi scussi onandcoul dal t ert henat ur eofcont r i but i onsmade.I f t r ansl at i onneedst obemade,consi deraski ngdedi cat edpeopl et osi twi t ht hose t hatneedi t ,andqui et l yt r ansl at east hedi scussi onpr oceeds. T r yt omai nt ai nt hef ocusofdi scussi onsont hei ssuesexpl or edt hr ought he vi deo( s) ,whi l str ecogni si ngal t er nat i vei ssuesandconcer nst hatar er ai sed. Gui dedi scussi onst owar dst heshar i ngofposi t i vecont r i but i onsand r ecommendat i onsf oract i on. Encour ageact i vel i st eni ngf r om t heaudi ence.St r esst hei mpor t anceofl i st eni ngt o oneanot herandr equestt heyavoi di nt er r upt i ngoneanot her . I nvi t econt r i but i onsf r om t hosewhoar el essf or t hcomi ngandengagedi nt he di scussi ons.I t ’ sof t eneasi ert oal l ow t hemostent husi ast i canddomi nant i ndi vi dual sorgr oupst ol eadandconductadi scussi on,howevercar eshoul dbe t akent oencour agecont r i but i onsf r om ever yoneat t endi ng.

Quest i onst oPr omot eDi scussi on Thef ol l owi ngar esomeexampl esofquest i onswhi chcoul dbeposedt ot heaudi enceas awhol e,ori nsmal l erbr eakoutgr oups: Doyouunder st andt hevi deo? Whi chpar tdi dyouenj oyt hemost ,andwhy? Whatar et hemosti mpor t anti ssuesr ai sedi nt hevi deo? I st hi svi deocommuni cat i ngt hesei ssuescl ear l y? et her eot hervi ewsorper spect i vest hatshoul dhavebeeni ncor por at ed? Ar Haveyouexper i encedt hei ssuespr esent edi nt hevi deo? Hasanyonehadadi f f er entexper i encet ot hosepr esent edi nt hevi deo? Doyouf eelwel lr epr esent edbyt hi svi deoandt hegr oupt hatpr oducedi t ? Whoel seshoul dseet hi svi deoandwhy? I st her eanyonewhoshoul dnotseet hi svi deo? I sanyoneupsetorangr ybecauseofwat chi ngt hi svi deo? Doesanyaspectoft hevi deoputanyoneatr i skandi fsohow shoul di tbeaddr essed oral t er ed? Whatcanwedoasagr ouporcommuni t yaboutt hecor ei ssuesr ai sed?

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Al t er nat i vesf orgat her i ngf eedback Somegr oupsmaybel essf or t hcomi ngorconf i dentt odi scussorcr i t i quet hevi deo( s) pr esent ed.I ft hati st hecase,consi derusi ngot hermet hodsf ort heaudi encet oshar e t hei rf eedbacksuchasdr awi ngsorshor twr i t t enf eedback( onsmal lcar ds) ,vot i ng( on keyi ssuesoremot i ons) ,onet oonedi scussi onswi t hpar t i ci pant set c.

Wr apup Af t eral lt hevi deoshavebeenscr eenedanddi scussi onsbr oughtt oacl ose,youshoul d t aket i met or ecapont hepr ocess,keyout comesandanyact i onsagr eed.Car eshoul d al sobet akent ot hankal lcont r i but or s,or gani ser s,host sandt heaudi encef ort hei r par t i ci pat i on.I fappr opr i at e,besur et opr ovi det heaudi encewi t hcont actdet ai l sf or r el evantpeopl eshoul dt heywi sht of ur t herengagei nt hepr ocess.

Cel ebr at e! Ascr eeni ngwi l lof t enmar kt heendofapr ocess,t hecul mi nat i onofagr eatdealofwor k f r om par t i ci pant sandt heor gani si ngt eam,andshoul dbei nspi r i ngevent st hatgetpeopl e t hi nki ngandt al ki ng.Pr ovi di ngr ef r eshment sandt i mef orsoci al i si ngbef or eoraf t er war ds al l owsf ori nf or maldi scussi onst hatal l ow new i deast odevel opandt aker oot ,andwi l l hel pal lt hosei nvol vedt or ecogni seandcel ebr at et hei rachi evement .

I ndi a 201 3


CaseStudy:Screeni ng to cel ebrate( UK) Dur i ngt he 19t h  edi t i onofourUKbas edt r ai ni ngofpar t i ci pat or yv i deof aci l i t at or s ,a gr oupoff ourt r ai neeswor kedwi t ht hev i br antl adi esf r om t heOxf or dUni t edWomen’ s Or gani s at i oncal l edBKLUWO.  TheUgandanl adi est hatr unt hi sor gani s at i onai mt o pr ov i deas af eandneut r al l ear ni ngenv i r onmentf orr ef ugeesandi mmi gr antwomenof Af r i candes cent .   Thedayaf t ert het r ai neeshadf i ni s hededi t i ngt hev i deoaccor di ngt oal l t he i ns t r uct i onsf r om t heBKLUWO l adi es ,t hef ourt r ai neeshadcar ef ul l ypr epar edt he s cr eeni ngoft heedi t .Theyhadpr epar edt her oom andt heequi pmentandcomeup ni cecl ears t r uct ur ef ort heev ent ,i ncl udi ngs omet i mef orf eedback,ques t i ons ,and di s cus s i ononwhatt hel adi eswoul dl i ket odowi t ht hei rv i deooncef i ni shed.   Howev er ,f r om t het i met hel adi esent er edt her oom t heywer ei ncont r ol .Fi r s tt her e wasani nt ens es er i esofhuggi ngandki s s i ngt ogr eetev er y one,homemadet r eat swer e s har edwi t hev er y onepr es entands omeoft heol derl adi esneededt obepr ov i dedwi t h cupsoft ea.Onl yaf t eral l t hi swasdeal twi t hpr oper l ycoul dt hes cr eeni ngss t ar t .Then af t ert hes cr eeni ng,t hel adi ess t ooduponebyonet os har et hei ri mpr es s i ons , f eedback,i deas ,hopesandmos ti mpor t ant l yt hei remot i onal wor dsoft hankst ot he t r ai neesandt oeachot her .  Mor ehuggi ngandki s s i ngf ol l owedand  t henast hecher r y ont hepi et her ewasaf ant as t i cper f or manceofaUgandandancebyoneoft he y oungerl adi eswhoendedt hedancebyt aki ngal l s pect at or sbyt hehand-onebyone   andi nv ol v i ngev er y onepr es enti nt hedanci ng.   Thewhol eev entpr obabl yt ookaboutanhourandhal fl ongert hanwaspl anned  and af t er war dst het r ai ner shadt omakes omes er i ousadapt at i onst ot het i met abl eoft he r emai ni ngaf t er noon.  Howev er ,t hel adi esbei ngi ncont r ol andf aci l i t at i ngt hei rown s cr eeni ngev entf el tj us tr i ght–asi tt ur nedoutt obenotj us tacel ebr at i onoft heone daywor ks hopt heyhadpar t i ci pat edi n,andnotj us tacel ebr at i onoft hebeaut i f ul s hor t v i deot heyhadcr eat edr eal l y .I twasacel ebr at i onoft hei rs t r engt handr es i l i ence,t hei r womanhoodandt hewonder f ul s t r ongs uppor tnet wor kt hatt heyhav ebui l twi t heach ot herov ermanyy ear s .   I twasani mpor t antl es s ont oourt r ai neest ober emi ndedoft hef actt hatt hepur pos e ofat r ai ni ngorpr oj ects t r uct ur e/ pl ani st of aci l i t at et heai msoft hepr oj ect ,t hepr oces s ofchangeandact i on,andi nt hi scas es i mpl yr ecogni t i onandcel ebr at i on. Par t i ci pat or yv i deof aci l i t at or ss houl dbef l exi bl et oadaptt hei rpl anst oal l ow t hemos t v al uabl emoment st ol as tasl ongast heyneedt ohav et hemos tpower f ul i mpact . Mar l eenBov enmar s

Coul dagr eat ermi r acl et akepl acet hanf orust o l ookt hr ougheachot her ' seyesf orani nst ant ? Henr yDavi dThor eau

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Thi swork i sl i censed under a Creati veCommonsl i cense Attri buti on-NonCommerci al -ShareAl i ke3. 0 Unported

desi gn & l ayoutby gareth benest

You arefreeto: Share-copy and redi stri butethemateri ali n any medi um or format Adapt-remi x,transform,and bui l d upon themateri al Under thefol l owi ng terms: Attri buti on -You mustgi veappropri atecredi t ,provi dea l i nk to thel i cense,and i ndi catei fchanges weremade.You may do so i n any reasonabl emanner,butnoti n any way thatsuggeststhel i censor endorsesyou or your use. NonCommerci al-you may notusethemateri alfor commerci alpurposes. ShareAl i ke-i fyou remi x,transform,or bui l d upon themateri al ,you mustdi stri buteyour contri buti onsunder thesamel i censeastheori gi nal .


Wi sdom i sl i kef i r e. Peopl et akei tf r om ot her s. Hemapr over b

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Community Screenings for Participatory Video- A Guide  

This guide provides ideas and inspiration for anyone organising community screenings as part of a participatory video process. It includes a...

Community Screenings for Participatory Video- A Guide  

This guide provides ideas and inspiration for anyone organising community screenings as part of a participatory video process. It includes a...

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