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CYBER(IN)SECURITY IN THE AGE OF DIGITAL TRANSFORMATION

… WHY HACKERS LOVE DIGITALISATION … NICOLA DRAGONI EMBEDDED SYSTEMS ENGINEERING (ESE) SECTION DTU COMPUTE TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY OF DENMARK (DTU)


CYBER(IN)SECURITY IN THE AGE OF DIGITAL TRANSFORMATION

… WHY HACKERS LOVE DIGITALISATION … NICOLA DRAGONI EMBEDDED SYSTEMS ENGINEERING (ESE) SECTION DTU COMPUTE TECHNICAL UNIVERSITY OF DENMARK (DTU)

…A

TRUE

STORY…


DIGITAL INNOVATION

BIG DATA

IOT -

EMBEDDED

AI

- CONNECTIVITY

5G WIRELESS NETWORKING

CLOUD


Internet Of Things (IoT)… in Numbers!

WORLD POPULATION As of March 2016, estimated at 7.4 BILLION World Population As of March 2016, estimated at 7.4 BILLION


IoT Scenario: Smart Home/Office/Building


IoT Scenario: Pervasive/Smart Healthcare


3 or 4?

REALITY CAN BE SO COMPLEX THAT EQUALLY VALID OBSERVATIONS FROM DIFFERENT PERSPECTIVES CAN APPEAR TO BE CONTRADICTORY


3 or 4?

EXCITEMENT! :-D

DISASTER! :-(

REALITY CAN BE SO COMPLEX THAT EQUALLY VALID OBSERVATIONS FROM DIFFERENT PERSPECTIVES CAN APPEAR TO BE CONTRADICTORY


3 or 4?

EXCITEMENT! :-D

DISASTER! :-(

REALITY CAN BE SO COMPLEX THAT EQUALLY VALID OBSERVATIONS FROM DIFFERENT PERSPECTIVES CAN APPEAR TO BE CONTRADICTORY


… why hackers

digitalization…!


Big Sensitive Data

As people are making more and more information about themselves available online

— by means of any kind of device connected to the Internet —

there’s going to be more and more SENSITIVE DATA available for cybercriminals to steal and exploit


Control Devices


A Security and Privacy Disaster 113 million medical records compromised in 2015, according to the OďŹƒce of Civil Rights

Data breaches cost

the healthcare industry

~ $5.6 BILLION per year In 2015, 78.8 million of Anthem’s customers were hacked TheDarkOverlord put over 650,000 patient records up for sale on the dark web


…It’s Actually Worse Than You Think…

Researchers Hack Fingerprint Sensors Using Ink-Jet Printer Author: SecureWorld


What Do You Have in Your Smart Home?


What Do You Have in Your Smart Home?


What Do You Have in Your Smart Home?


What Do You Have in Your Smart Home?


What Do You Have in Your Smart Home?


What Do You Have in Your Smart Home?


What Do You Have in Your Smart Home?


What Do You Have in Your Smart Home?


What Do You Have in Your Smart Home?

‣ Massive data breach: personal details of ~ 4.8M parents and 6.4M kids ‣ More than 2 million voice recordings of children and parents exposed


What Do You Have in Your Smart Home? “You suck! Pay X or it’ll lock the temp at 99…”


What Do You Have in Your Smart Home?


What Do You Have in Your Smart Home?


Thirsty…?

TO SHUT OFF THE ENTIRE WATER SUPPLY TO POISON THE WATER


What Do You Have in Your Smart Home?


What Do You Have in Your Smart Home?


Intimacy 2.0… World’s first ‘smart condom’ collects intimate data during sex and tells men whether their performance is red-hot or a total flop


Intimacy 2.0… World’s first ‘smart condom’ collects intimate data during sex and tells men whether their performance is red-hot or a total flop

Your future sex robot could be hacked and programmed to murder you


Do You Need your Smart Car?


Do you Prefer to Take a Walk Instead?

• Simple penetration testing device and an Internet connection • Evil Twin Attack: attacker fools wireless users into connecting their devices to an malicious hotspot by posing as a legitimate WiFi provider

• Once connected, all the victim's information flows directly into the attacker's device, allowing cybercriminals to secretly eavesdrop on the network traffic and steal sensitive data and even redirect to malware / phishing sites


Feeling Bad? Need a Medical Device? Hospira LifeCare Drug Infusion Pump


Feeling Bad? Need a Medical Device? Hospira LifeCare Drug Infusion Pump

Hackers can give you fatal overdoses!


Feeling Bad? Need a Medical Device? Medtronic's Paradigm Insulin Pumps


Feeling Bad? Need a Medical Device? Over 8,600 vulnerabilities found… FDA recalled half a million pacemakers…

“If you want to keep living, pay a ransom, or die…”


Feeling Bad? Need a Medical Device?


Feeling Bad? Need a Hospital? Blood Refrigeration Units


Feeling Bad? Need a Hospital? X-Ray Systems

Blood Refrigeration Units


Feeling Bad? Need a Hospital? X-Ray Systems

CTBlood Scanning Equipment Refrigeration Units


Not Just Science Fiction…


The Future of Remote Surgery: Robots!


The Future of Remote Surgery: Robots!


Wearable Devices

Jawbone Up Move

Fitbit Charge

Vulnerabilities Read and write device data

Track the device

DoS attack (device paired/not paired)

Data stored unencrypted

Access to data to anybody

Users do not have any control or ownership

MITM attack based on fake certificates

Data to third parties


Resilience to Cyber Attacks


Towards Industry 4.0…

HOW HACKERS CAN USE “EVIL BUBBLES”

TO DESTROY INDUSTRIAL PUMPS

EASY WAY FOR HACKERS

TO REMOTELY BURN INDUSTRIAL MOTORS OPERATING FANS AND PUMPS IN WATER PLANTS


Smart cities can be the next security nightmare


OCT 21TH, 2016


What Hackers Really Want…

HACKERS DO NOT JUST WANT YOUR CREDIT CARDS… WHAT THEY ACTUALLY WANT IS THE

PATTERN OF YOUR LIFE! …

DON’T FORGET THEY

you…!


Key Points ✓ IoT Theorem: Everything can now be connected to the Internet

✓ Security Corollary: Everything (thus, our devices) can be hacked


Key Points ✓ IoT Theorem: Everything can now be connected to the Internet

✓ Security Corollary: Everything (thus, our devices) can be hacked

DIGITALISATION MAY MAKE AN ATTRACTIVE BUSINESS CASE ONLY UNTIL ONE STARTS THINKING ABOUT

SECURITY


Key Points ✓ IoT Theorem: Everything can now be connected to the Internet

✓ Security Corollary: Everything (thus, our devices) can be hacked

DIGITALISATION MAY MAKE AN ATTRACTIVE BUSINESS CASE ONLY UNTIL ONE STARTS THINKING ABOUT

SECURITY

IOT SECURITY IS A

PUBLIC SAFETY ISSUE!


WHAT IS

THE ROOT

?


WHAT IS

THE ROOT

?

Is it TECHNOLOGY? Do we urgently need INNOVATION?


WHAT IS

THE ROOT

?

Is it TECHNOLOGY? Do we urgently need INNOVATION? Is it LIABILITY? Do we urgently need GOVERNMENT REGULATION?


WHAT IS

THE ROOT

?

Is it TECHNOLOGY? Do we urgently need INNOVATION? Is it LIABILITY? Do we urgently need GOVERNMENT REGULATION? Is it EDUCATION?


WHAT IS

THE ROOT

?

Is it TECHNOLOGY? Do we urgently need INNOVATION? Is it LIABILITY? Do we urgently need GOVERNMENT REGULATION? Is it EDUCATION?

Or what else…?


WE NEED AN EFFECTIVE SECURITY CULTURE

• RAISING THE LEVELS OF AWARENESS AND UNDERSTANDING OF THE CYBER RISK

• EMBEDDING “SECURITY-AWARE” VALUES AND BEHAVIOURS


Security as Fundamental Element IoT (In)Security Practice

RUSH TO DEVELOPMENT + HARD ==> AVOID, DEAL LATER (MAYBE)


Security as Fundamental Element IoT (In)Security Practice

RUSH TO DEVELOPMENT + HARD ==> AVOID, DEAL LATER (MAYBE)

The key step in securing an IoT system

(and thus our SMART CITIES) is

to treat SECURITY as a FUNDAMENTAL ELEMENT

of the product value proposition


Bad Security Could Make Things Worse!


From the Cloud… NOT DESIGNED FOR THE VOLUME, VARIETY, AND VELOCITY OF DATA THAT IOT GENERATES


… to the Fog FOG COMPUTING: “SYSTEM-LEVEL ARCHITECTURE THAT DISTRIBUTES RESOURCES SERVICES OF COMPUTING, STORAGE, CONTROL AND NETWORKING ANYWHERE ALONG CONTINUUM FROM CLOUD TO THINGS” [OpenFog Consortium]

MINIMIZE LATENCY

CONSERVE NETWORK BANDWIDTH

BETTER SECURITY

DEEPER INSIGHTS WITH PRIVACY CONTROL

AND THE

Nicola dragoni dtu  
Nicola dragoni dtu