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FLY IN G H I GH

AERO-SPACE AGENDA

ZUID - HOLLAND 2016 - 2025


Content Introduction Starting from a clear and strong runway: knowledge & research infrastructure Climbing high is possible: market opportunities The launch may be bumpy: top 10 challenges A new flight path: joint mission, concrete projects A safe landing: the expected results Appendix

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Introduction This agenda describes the actions that need to be taken in the province of Zuid-Holland (the Netherlands) to ensure sustainable growth of the aero-space ecosystem. This strong and unique ecosystem can grow significantly by profiting from the international upswing in sales of satellites, UAV’s, aircrafts and airfields operations. However, international competition is fierce and requirements on carbon foot print and totalcost-of-ownership are strict. Also, new business models can overturn the industry. Therefore, immediate and significant intervention is needed to ensure additional export, jobs, job satisfaction and a cleaner sky. In a world where ecosystems compete with other ecosystems on a worldwide scale, we need a coordinated approach of industry, knowledge suppliers and government, as is presented in this regional Aero-Space Agenda.

This strategic regional Aero-Space Agenda

Zuid-Holland (the Netherlands) is unique in

has been composed by a frontier group of

the world as all relevant players in science (TU Delft

industrial and knowledge institutes. It gives

for technology, Erasmus University Rotterdam on

a broad overview of the shared challenges and

economics, Leiden University on Air and Space

opportunities that connect the aeronautics, UAV

Law), research institutes (ESA-ESTEC, TNO),

and space sector in Zuid-Holland. The challenges

education (LiS and others), incubation (YES!Delft,

include the international competition (China-US-

ESA-BIC), engineering and manufacturing from

Russia), the relatively low series size, regulatory

OEM to subsupplier are all situated in an area

issues and the need to extensively demonstrate

with the size of a megacity. The activities are

robustness of innovations. The opportunities

not limited to either space or aeronautics, but

include the worldwide growth of these industries,

include the design and manufacturing of complete

as well as the introduction of new business

aeronautical subsystems, airport development,

models and zero defect manufacturing methods,

space and unmanned aerial vehicles as well as

where we can take the lead. More than 10

data gathering and processing. This creates ample

projects are in place or projected to seize these

crossover opportunities, within these sectors as

opportunities, together forming a complete and

well as with the large high-tech community in

coherent agenda.

the region, for instance on smart maintenance,

Â

Big Data and control of unmanned systems.

For the aeronautics sector, this agenda

All of these activities have their origin in the strong

forms the solid base for the Memorandum

knowledge and research driven market approach in

of Understanding that will be signed by

the region. This combination makes the province of

the Province of Zuid-Holland and the Joint

Zuid-Holland unique in the world.

Technology Initiative Clean Sky. The agenda also fits very well within the Smart Industry agenda as it has a strong focus on automation of manufacturing, Big Data and new business models, amongst others. It also provides input to the Zuidvleugel investment strategy and the Roadmap Next Economy.

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The aero-space ecosystem in the province of


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Flying High AERO - SPACE AGENDA

©BISA


Starting from a clear and strong runway KNOWLEDGE & RESEARCH INFRASTRUCTURE The aero-space ecosystem in Zuid-Holland is an internationally unique cluster that includes the complete chain of academic research - knowledge application - OEM’s - first, second and third tier suppliers - end users. This is true in space, aeronautics and UAV’s as well as in airport operations, together described as aero-space. The ecosystem includes several top-incubators; an active airfield that can be used as real-life-testing-ground and several fieldlabs on essential new technologies such as 3D-printing, automated composite production and Big Data applications. Below, details follow on education, incubation, R&D and the industrial starting position of the province.

The region has an extensive and complete academic environment, focusing on business administration, technology and air & space law in aero-space knowledge areas. This scientific environment keeps the region in a top position with respect to innovative developments and the number of startup companies.

and aero-space industrial development. The number of students in Zuid-Holland offers opportunities for the growth of successful startups and scale-ups in aero-space in the region. 3000

The number of TU Delft students at the Faculty of Aerospace Engineering is still growing rapidly and

2500

amounts to more than 2.500 students. The InHolland University of Applied Science in Delft has about 500

2000

1500

1000

500

0

DEVELOPMENT STUDENTS AT TU DELFT FACULTY OF AEROSPACE ENGINEERING AND INHOLLAND UNIVERSITY OF APPLIED SCIENCE (2000-2015) Source: Aerospace cluster in Zuid-Holland, Bureau Louter, 2016

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students. The alumni are well valued by the industry thanks to the ‘system engineering’ approach in the educational programs.

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The region has two successful incubators and three thematic business parks, mainly dedicated to high-tech


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10 2

NOORDWIJK

5

9

1

4

66

8

3

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EDUCATION

6

1.

The Faculty of Aerospace Engineering at Delft University

4.

The Aeronautical Engineering bachelor’s degree program

of Technology (TU Delft) is one of the world’s largest

of InHolland University of Applied Science educates in

faculties devoted entirely to aerospace engineering. It is

the broad field of the aircraft and space industry. The focus

the only research and education institute in the Netherlands

of this four-year program is on designing and constructing

engaged in research and teaching that is directly related

aircraft and aircraft components. The Aeronautical

to the aerospace engineering sector. It covers the whole

Engineering department of InHolland Delft works closely

spectrum of aerospace engineering subjects, and explores

with TU Delft.

vital related fields such as wind energy, in close cooperation with other faculties like Electrical Engineering, Mathematics

5.

The Leidse Instrumentmakers School (LiS) is a post-secondary

and Computer Science, Mechanical, Maritime and Materials

college for precision engineering, with around 300 students

Engineering and Applied Sciences.

trained in materials and glass processing, optics and mechatronics. LiS Engineering works on both scientific and

2.

The International Institute of Air and Space Law at Leiden

industrial assignments and can produce small batches and

University of Law is one of the leading international

prototypes using their precision tools and machinery, for

academic research and teaching institutes in the world,

the aero-space industry.

specializing in legal and policy issues regarding aeronautics AERO-SPACE INCUBATORS & BUSINESS PARKS

and space. 6. 3.

ranked among Europe’s top-tier business schools, providing

7.

Space Business Innovation Center Noordwijk (ESA-BIC; 28 startups of which 17 aero-space related)

research and education. Aero-space is one of its focus research areas.

YES!Delft (from establisment 118 startups of which seven aero-space related)

Rotterdam School of Management, Erasmus University, is

8.

Technopolis Delft (High-Tech Industries)

9.

Business Park Ypenburg (composite research, manufacturing and manufacturing automation)

Flying High AERO - SPACE AGENDA

10.

Space Park Noordwijk (Space Industries)

11.

CIC Rotterdam (opened in 2015)


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NOORDWIJK

8 1

2

3 6

4

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AERO-SPACE RESEARCH INSTITUTES The region of Zuid-Holland has a very high density of researchers connected to the many research institutes and facilities. The institutes and facilities at Delft University of Technology, TNO and of course ESA-ESTEC, the technological heart of the European Space Agency with around 2.000 researchers, are all top ranked. They attract many international researchers, students and companies. The region strives to facilitate access

1.

TU Delft Aerospace Engineering research facilities; the facilities

7

to these research facilities by the private sector - especially SME’s.

5.

are further explained on the next page.

ESA-ESTEC European Space Research and Technology Centre; the technological heart of the European Space Agency; the incubator of the European space effort where most ESA

2.

Delft Space Institute (TU Delft); combines the strengths of

projects start and are guided through the various phases of

different faculties of TU Delft to enable and cutting edge

development.

research in the space domain. The focus is on Sensing from Space, Distributed Space Systems and Space Robotics.

6.

TNO Space and Scientific Instrumentation; unique expertise in optics, optomechanics, optomechatronics and radar technology

3.

Fiber Metal Laminate Centre of Competence (TU Delft/NLR/

which enables the development of extremely complicated,

Fokker); an independent centre of knowledge with the focus on

accurate and stable instruments for use in extreme conditions.

Fiber Metal Laminates with outstanding experts in this field. 7. 4.

The Leiden University Observatory; carries out world-class

Robotics Institute (TU Delft); unites all the university’s research

astronomy research and develops key technologies for

in the field of robotics. Its main challenge is to get robots

astronomical discoveries.

and humans to work together effectively in unstructured environments, and real settings.

8.

Airborne Composite Automation centre (Airborne/Siemens/ TU Delft); develops innovative and customized solutions for automated manufacturing of composite structures in a fieldlab.

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THE FACILITIES OF THE FACULTY OF AEROSPACE ENGINEERING (TU DELFT) •

AIRPORT OPERATIONS •

The Aerospace Structures and Materials Laboratory: carries out research on

engineering •

manufacturing, testing and inspection techniques on new materials. •

aerodynamics, an aircraft power and propulsion lab and design tools.

systems (including security solutions) SPACE •

technology, on-board software and data systems, ground segment data processing, in

types of aircraft, helicopters and even cars.

situ bioanalysis and thermal management and

Space Cleanroom; Enables assembly, integration and testing of small satellites, including propulsion test stands.

High-Tech Space Instrumentation: optic instrumentation, Radio Frequency (RF)

Flight Simulation lab: the Simona Research Simulator, that can realistically simulate all

Passenger, luggage and cargo handling

Wind tunnel, propulsion and aerospace design lab: leading research on

Air traffic management, IT solutions to improve airport efficiency

autonomous operation and swarming. •

Airport system engineering (terminal, airfield, sustainable energy supply, transport)

The Micro Arial Vehicle Lab: leading research on miniaturisation of UAV structures,

Airport planning, facility design and

cooling systems •

High-Tech Space Systems and Components: attitude and orbit control systems, satellite

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propulsion, structures, solar arrays, thermal management and control systems, EGSE

AREAS OF TOP EXPERTISE

and simulation, satellite cluster technology, nanosatellites and miniaturization •

Downstream Space Applications and Services

AERONAUTICS •

Design & certification (design, engineering, engineering automation, simulations, testing, certification)

Materials & Manufacturing (thermoset and thermoplastic composites, metals, hybrids

UAV •

UAV flight control system design, engineering

UAV design, engineering & simulation in

& simulation (including ‘swarming’) the field of aerodynamics, structures, power

like fibre metal laminate (FML), coatings and surface treatment) •

Bonding technology (adhesive bonding of

& electronics, propulsion systems •

and Optics development and integration;

different materials, induction and ultrasonic welding, pin-hole connection) •

Production & Assembly including non destructive inspection (sub-assemblies, assemblies, complete parts)

Design, manufacturing and certification of power supplies, radar systems and optical sensors.

Flying High AERO - SPACE AGENDA

Remote sensing technologies; sensors, MEMS Precision mechanics

UAV manufacturing

Specific UAV operation knowledge

Research & Development of innovative UAV designs, concepts, applications and business models


AERO-SPACE IN ZUID-HOLLAND

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DISTRIBUTION OF AERO-SPACE COMPANIES (INCLUDING UAV) IN THE NETHERLANDS Source: Aerospace cluster in Zuid-Holland, Bureau Louter, 2016; Commissioned by InnovationQuarter Bureau Louter has mapped the regional aero -space industry in Zuid-Holland (amount of companies and employment).

The Netherlands holds a 6th position in Europe

the aero-space industry in the Netherlands.

in aero-space turnover, after large aero-space

It should be noted that the NL space sector is

countries like France, Germany and UK. Total

mainly concentrated in Zuid-Holland, accounting

yearly turnover of the aero-space sector in

for the vast majority of employees and turnover.

the Netherlands is about â‚Ź 4 billion. In

More than half of the companies in Zuid-Holland

the Netherlands the region of Zuid-Holland

manufacture (parts of) aircraft and UAV as well as

plays a major role in the aero-space sector.

satellites; other companies are involved in airport

Almost one third of all aero-space companies in

operations. On the other hand, major maintenance

the Netherlands are established in Zuid-Holland.

hubs are close by in Noord-Brabant and around

Employment in Zuid-Holland is estimated to be

Schiphol Airport.

more than half of all employees working in

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DISTRIBUTION OF AERO-SPACE COMPANIES (INCLUDING UAV) IN ZUID-HOLLAND (ABSOLUTE NUMBER PER KM2)

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Source: Aerospace cluster in Zuid-Holland, Bureau Louter, 2016

Total number of aero-space companies in

EXAMPLES OF COMPANIES

Zuid-Holland is 157:

OEM: ATMOS UAV (UAV’s); Aerialtronics

• 62 aeronautics and airport operations companies

(UAV’s); DJI (world leader in UAV’s); ISISpace

• 60 space companies

(nanosatellites integrator)

• 35 UAV companies Total direct employment in aero-space in

FIRST TIER: Fokker Technologies (supplies

Zuid-Holland is 7.320 jobs. These are direct related

systems for all new platforms of all airplane

jobs. Indirect high-tech jobs in the different supply

builders); Airbus DS Netherlands (satellite solar

chains are estimated to be another 12.500 jobs

arrays, structural parts for space vehicles, optical

(multiplier 1,5). In total, this is more than 20% of

instruments), Cosine (camera systems for satellites);

the total employment in the high-tech industry in

Hyperion (systems for nano and microsatellites)

1

Zuid-Holland. SEGMENT AEROSPACE CLUSTER

EMPLOYMENT

SECOND TIER: ACE (engineering), Airborne

Space

4.193

(automated composite production),

Aeronautics

2.982

UAV

145

ATG (engineering), Deerns (airport installations),

Totaal

7.320

NACO (airport engineering), S[&]T (modelling)

SUBDIVISION AERONAUTICS Manufacturing

2.307

Maintenance

139

Airport operations

536

EMPLOYMENT AERO-SPACE CLUSTER IN ZUID-HOLLAND Source: Aerospace cluster in Zuid-Holland, Bureau Louter, 2016

Flying High AERO - SPACE AGENDA

1 HET AERO-SPACE CLUSTER IN ZUID-HOLLAND, BUREAU LOUTER, 2016


EMPLOYMENT SUPPLY CHAIN FOKKER TECHNOLOGIES IN ZUID-HOLLAND (NUMBER OF COMPANIES PER INHABITANS 15-64 YEAR) Source: Aerospace cluster in Zuid-Holland, Bureau Louter, 2016

Although the Zuid-Holland aero-space key

Integrators and first tier suppliers depend on

players have regional supply chains, it is

a steady and preferably regional supply chain.

important to note that they themselves are part of

The current supply chain of Fokker Technologies

the European and global supply chain of the large

has been analysed. It consists of about 800

global aero-space companies and need to

companies of which 300 are direct suppliers to

continuously invest in innovation in order to remain

the manufacturing process. The figure above

competitive. Enhanced regional cooperation

shows the distribution of these 300 companies,

between integrators and regional SME’s – making

with concentrations around Papendrecht, but also

a cooperative effort to maintain and strengthen

in Alphen aan de Rijn and Gouda. Knowledge

the role of the Zuid-Holland aero-space companies

suppliers and consultancy are mainly situated

in the international aero-space value chain – will be

in and around Delft. Companies like Airbus DS

crucial for a healthy and thriving aero-space sector

Netherlands, Aerialtronics and ISISpace have

in Zuid-Holland. Therefore it is useful to organize

similar if perhaps smaller supply chains.

specific programmes for developing regional collaboration aimed at product innovation and production technology.

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IMPORTANCE OF REGIONAL SUPPLY CHAINS


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Flying High AERO - SPACE AGENDA


Climbing high is possible MARKET OPPORTUNITIES The ecosystem in Zuid-Holland can grow significantly in the coming decades given the significant growth in commercial space, in aeronautics (4,6 % annual) and in UAV’s (yearly doubling). At the same time the impact of air transport and satellites on the environment and space has to be limited. The manufacturing industry needs to ramp up production and apply new technologies, materials and production technologies (smart manufacturing) in order to meet these demands. Due to ongoing market competition total cost-of-ownership needs to drop firmly.

AIRCRAFT MARKET FORECAST

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20-YEAR FORECAST NEW DELIVERIES OF PASSENGER

OLDER, LESS EFFICIENT AIRPLANES REPLACED WITH

AND FREIGHTER AIRCRAFT

MORE EFFICIENT, NEWER GENERATION AIRPLANES

Source: Flying by numbers 2015 - 2034, Airbus, 2015

Source: Current Market Outlook 2015 - 2034, Boeing, 2015

The worldwide total number of new deliveries of

The Boeing Company is even more optimistic

passenger and freighter aircraft are expected to

about the growth of the market: total number

be close to 32,600 aircraft in the coming twenty

of aircrafts in service over the next 20 year is

year. The world production has to ramp-up to 135

estimated on 43,560. To achieve that number,

aircraft per month. The total fleet is expected to

38,050 new aircrafts will be needed of which 70

double in the coming two decades to more than

percent is single-aile.3

35,000 aircraft worldwide.

2

2 FLYING BY NUMBERS, GLOBAL MARKET FORECAST 2015-2034, AIRBUS 2015

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TRAFFIC & MARKET OUTLOOK 2015-2034, BOEING 2015


*RPK = Revenue Passenger Kilometer

TRAFFIC WILL DOUBLE IN THE NEXT 15 YEARS

AIR TRAVEL HAS PROVED TO BE RESILIENT TO

Source: Flying by numbers 2015 - 2034, Airbus, 2015

EXTERNAL SHOCKS

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Passenger air traffic has doubled every 15 year

Source: Flying by numbers 2015 - 2034, Airbus, 2015

since the early eighties. Today, solid growth drivers

Air travel has proven to be resilient to external

for the air transport industry are in place, to start

shocks, showing almost continuous growth.

with the economic growth of emerging countries.

Passanger traffic has increased bij one third since

With this underlying strength, demand is expected

the 2008 financial crisis, with an annual growth of

to double again in the next 15 years. The Airbus

5,8% over the last five years. 4

20 year forecast shows an expected average annual growth rate of 4,6%. Economic and population growth in emerging markets will drive air traffic growth beyond more mature markets. The global share of private consumption will grow from 31% today to 43% in 2034. Further more, liberalisation of air traffic and visa process simplification are stimulating air traffic growth.

* Households with yearly income between $20,000 and $150,000 at PPP in constant 2014 prices

MIDDLE CLASS TO GROW, DOUBLING IN EMERGING COUNTRIES Source: Flying by numbers 2015 – 2034 Booklet, Airbus, 2015

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FLYING BY NUMBERS, GLOBAL MARKET FORECAST 2015-2034, AIRBUS 2015


AIRPORT MOVEMENTS Consequently, the air traffic network is constantly evolving: more routes, more extensive use of existing routes and more connectivity. Airport movements are up nearly 2.5 times in the last 30 years. Indeed, Europe’s largest airports are facing conditions where it is nearly impossible to facilitate further growth. Congestion issues can be prevented only by new, efficient solutions for air traffic handling and passenger and cargo handling.

AVG. NUMBER OF MOVEMENTS PER AIRPORT Source: Flying by numbers 2015 – 2034 Booklet, Airbus, 2015

FUEL CONSUMPTION

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Remarkably, CO2-footprint has only grown with a few percent since 2000, even though total air travel has doubled. The fuel consumption per passenger trip currently is a third lower than in the year 2000. Therefore CO2 - emission per passenger trip is also down a third. But this is not enough. In order to accommodate the imminent growth in air traffic, ICARE (the Advisory Counsel for Aviation Research and Innovation in Europe) set the European targets for 2050 to reduce CO2 by 75%, NOx by 90% and noise by 65%. 5 C02 KILOGRAMS PER PASSANGERTRIP Source: Flying by numbers 2015 – 2034 Booklet, Airbus, 2015

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FLIGHTPATH 2050, EUROPE’S VISION FOR AVIATION, EUROPEAN UNION 2011

ZUID - HOLLAND


SPACE MARKET FORECAST Space technology has become indispensable for citizens (a smartphone uses 40 satellites a day); for a wide span of economic sectors (e.g. agriculture, marine, land, air transport, finance, oil & gas) and for public actors. In the current information society, we use ever more accurate and accessible information due to groundbreaking information technology that produces a wealth of data. Â The European space industry is constantly challenged at international level with the emergence of disruptive players and new

HISTORIC LAUNCH AND SATELLITE COUNTS Source: SpaceWorks Launch Report: 2014 Year in Review, SpaceWorks Enterprises, 2015

forms of industrial organization. Competition on the commercial markets is growing harsher. US competitors are challenging European

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positions, mostly in GEO commercial satellite and launch service segments. New mission concepts and new customers (Google, PlanetLabs, O3B, OneWeb) are shifting paradigms in production and system design, requiring large batch production, series production of identical units and high volume production of small satellites.

EMERGENCE OF NANO AND MICRO SATELLITES New applications lead to new satellite techniques using larger numbers of smaller satellites, with smaller subsystems and sensors, that are less expensive to design, build and launch. The number of satellites launched each year has more than doubled since 2010 while the average satellite mass continues to decrease each year. This is due to new market entrants that roll out constellation of small satellites, often nano/micro-satellites that weigh less than 50 kg, for civil and commercial use.

NANO/MICROSATELLITE LAUNCH HISTORY AND FORECAST Source: 2016 Nano/microsatellite Market Forecast, SpaceWorks Enterprices, 2016

Flying High AERO - SPACE AGENDA


Projections based on announced and future plans of developers and programs indicate that as many as 3,000 nano/micro satellites will require a launch from 2016 through 20226. Although this niche market in space is still relatively small, its accelerated growth and its reliance on series production to lower the total cost of ownership of space infrastructure costs, makes this segment a very promising one for the coming years.

6 2016 NANO/MICROSATELLITE FORECAST, SPACEWORKS ENTERPRISES INC, 2016

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EMPLOYMENT SPACE INDUSTRY SALES Source: SIM WG Position Paper/June 2015, ASD-EUROSPACE, 2015

EUROPEAN SPACE MARKET

DOWNSTREAM

Final sales in the European space market went

The availability of space (earth observation)

up to € 7.25 billion in 2014. Direct industry

data -indicated as downstream- has grown

employment includes 38,233 FTE. The core

astronomically and hence the applications that

business of the European space industry is with

became possible with this data. Earth observation

European public customers (more than half of

application is a strong growing economical sector

sales). 7

with an estimated turnover in Europe of about

THE EUROPEAN SPACE AGENCY (ESA) Institutional programs promoted by European governments represent more than half of European space industry’s business. With a rough budget of € 4 billion per year ESA draws up the European space programme and carries it through. 7 2016 STATE OF THE EUROPEAN SPACE INDUSTY 2014, ASD EUROSPACE POSITION PAPER, JUNE 2015

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€ 2.1 billion with an annual growth of 7-10%.8 Although still limited in the Netherlands, this emerging business has the potential to grow to a substantial part in space industries. The downstream sector is not part of this Aero-Space Agenda since it will be covered in a separate program. 8 AARDOBSERVATIE OP DE KAART, THE HAGUE CENTRE FOR STRATEGIC STUDIES, DEN HAAG, 2016


UAV MARKET FORECAST Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV, often called

The market has been dominated by US companies.

drones) have only scratched the surface of their

But Europe is catching up. European countries

commercial potential. Like the internet and GPS

are expected to spend € 7 billion on procurement

before, drone technology is evolving beyond

and Research, Development, Test & Evaluation in

its military roots to encompass a broad array

2016 through 2020. To cope with limited budgets,

of applications. Putting regulations in place,

European countries have trended toward joint

will unlock UAV demand in industries such as

development programs.

construction, agriculture, energy and mining.

Safety bodies like the police and fire departments

In commercial business there are many

are already using the observational capabilities,

applications in which drones have proven to

adding the government demand to the total

reduce costs, reduce risk of operation and

addressable market (TAM).

provide new capabilities. It is clear that drones have disruptive characteristics, have the potential

The efficiency, cost and safety benefits for many

to reinvent the way certain jobs are performed,

applications drive the core markets for UAV’s:

and are likely to create new profit pools while

commercial, consumers, government and military.

destroying others. According to GoldmanSachs

The military market is believed to stay the largest

construction (surveying) and precision agriculture

market in the coming five years with a volume of

are potential largest markets.

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€ 62 billion. The commercial market is growing from almost zero today to a TAM of € 18.5 billion worldwide in the next five years. 9

END MARKET

US

GLOBAL

UNITS

AM ($MN)

$1,329

372,120

$11,164

$1,410

197,400

$5,922

315,000

$473

945,000

$1,418

$50,000

2,465

$123

22,204

$1,110

Journalism

$50,000

2,400

$120

9,600

$480

Real Estate

$1,000

67,600

$68

264,860

$265

Utilities

$50,000

350

$18

1,855

$93

Pipelines

$80,000

$41

$40,000

$21 --

518

Mining

259 --

1,000

$40

Clean Energy

$10,000

1,467

$4

8,213

$25

Cinematography

$30,000 --

452 --

$14 --

707 --

$21 --

481,293

$3,580

1,823,477

AVERAGE PRICE

UNITS

Construction

$30,000

44,300

Agriculture

$30,000

47,000

$1,500

Insurance Claims

Delivery

TOTAL COMMERCIAL MANUFACTURING OPPORTUNITY

TAM ($MN)T

$20,579

GLOBAL OPPORTUNITY DRIVEN BY NEW COMMERCIAL MARKETS Source: Profiles in Innovation, Goldman, Sachs & Co. 2016

Flying High AERO - SPACE AGENDA

9 DRONES FLYING INTO MAINSTREAM, GOLDMANSACHS GLOBAL INVESTMENT RESEARCH, 2016


Joint Undertaking SESAR, a cooperation of

The table below is composed on information

the European Union and Eurocontrol, is

from the regional drone community. Especially

conducting a drone market study. Their estimate

for the UAV ecosystem in Zuid-Holland it is sad

is that before 2035 around 400.000 commercial

to see that the Netherlands belongs to the most

platforms of all kind will be in operation in Europe

constrained countries in Europe regarding UAV

mainly in agriculture, delivery and public safety.

regulations. This means there is hardly any room

However, this growth will only be reached if flying

for new cutting edge development by the strong

beyond visual line of sight is permitted. This

knowledge based UAV community.

requires huge steps in regulation, advances in drone technology and a new European air traffic management system.

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AUTHORISATION NECESSARY

BEYOND LINE OF SIGHT ALLOWED

PILOTCERTIFICATION NECESSARY

NEAR/OVER POPULATION

ALTITUDE LIMITATIONS

France

No

Yes if < 1 km

Low

Under constraints

50-150m

Finland

No

With permission

Low

Under constraints

150m

Ireland

No

No

No

With permission

120m

Italy

If > 25 Kg

With permission

Yes

With permission

150m

Spain

If > 25 Kg

If < 2 Kg

Yes

No

120m

Austria

Yes

With permission

Yes

Under constraints

150m

UK

Yes

With permission

Yes

With permission

120m

Sweden

Yes

With permission

Low

?

120m

Germany

If > 5 Kg

No

Yes

No

100m

Denmark

Yes

With permission

Yes

?

100m

Netherlands

Yes

No

Yes

No

120m

Belgium

Not allowed

Drone friendly countries

DRONES ACTIVITY IN COUNTRIES

ZUID - HOLLAND

Permission based countries

Drone unfriendly countries


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Flying High AERO - SPACE AGENDA


The launch may be bumpy TOP 10 CHALLENGES In order to profit from these developments, production volumes need to dramatically grow while lowering manufacturing cost and improving product quality. For aircrafts, demands on future carbon foot print, NOx-emissions and noise production put an enormous strain on material usage, design and manufacturing quality. For longer term success, new principles on design for manufacturing, on production technologies, on solutions for efficient maintenance and on business models need to be explored.

engine-airframe integration need to be developed

The market trends for aeronautics impose serious

and used. Focus is on the development of green

challenges to the industry. Moreover, the large

technologies and products such as smart fixed

aircraft manufacturers have invested heavily

wing aircraft with adaptable aerodynamic surfaces

the paste decades in new highly complex

and novel materials. But also on more efficient

platforms with time consuming certification

air traffic handling on airports. This creates

procedures. This leaves little room for innovation.

many opportunities for the knowledge driven

Yet production rates have to go up fiercely to

aeronautics ecosystem in Zuid-Holland.

answer the market demand. The OEMâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s will need to cooperate with their supply chain to meet these challenges. Suppliers need to invest significantly in upscaling and automation of production. At the same time, competition on the world market and price pressure on flight tickets are increasing. Therefore, the total cost of ownership of aircrafts needs to drop, including the building cost and operational costs, e.g. for fuel and for maintenance have to be reduced seriously. Options include lightweight materials that reduce air drag and weight as well as smart structures with sensors included that help to perform only the essential maintenance as the exact system status is known. To ensure that future emission targets are met, more lightweight aerostructures based on new materials and production processes, more efficient engines and rotorcraft concepts and improved new propulsion concepts with

ZUID - HOLLAND

SPACE In order to compete in a world market the regional space industry in Zuid-Holland is gearing up its continuous innovation efforts. First of all it is important to top up national investment in the optional programmes of ESA. In order to secure the niche position of the space sector, it is crucial that the Netherlands (and the region) carries out a robust space policy. The downward trend with regard to the Netherlandsâ&#x20AC;&#x2122; participation in the optional ESA programmes should be reversed. As it has now fallen below 2%, the ambition should be to top it up to at least 2.5% of the total budget for optional programmes, which is the least to be expected from the host country of ESA-ESTEC with 2700 employees.

21

AERONAUTICS


22

Š2012 ESA - CNES ARIANSPACE PHOTO OPTIQUE VIDEO CSG - JM GUILLON

Furthermore, a flanking national and regional

UAV

policy is required to enable the space sector to

The Netherlands belong to the most constrained

adopt and initiate breakthrough technologies.

countries in Europe regarding UAV regulations.

Focus must be on the market niches where

This limits the strong knowledge based UAV

the ecosystem can distinguish itself with

community of Zuid-Holland dramatically in

breakthrough technologies to strengthen

developing and testing new systems. The regional

the market position. These include lightweight

UAV-community has an urgent need for a testsite

materials, optical instruments, solar arrays,

where testing of cutting edge technology is

miniaturization and swarming. And the focus

permitted. This is priority number one! National

has to be on cost reduction. This applies for the

and regional authorities need to work with

commercial market of micro/nanosatellites as well

the community to set safe and smart regulations.

as for the competitive launcher development in

With all the knowledge on platform design,

the Ariane 6 program with industry in charge of

software design and sensor development in place,

reaching a launching cost reduction of 50%.

and with connections to the aeronautics and space

Considering a stable public market and a growing

communities, the UAV industry in Zuid-Holland

commercial market, there are good opportunities

has all the opportunities to grow into a leading

for the Zuid-Holland space ecosystem to grow

position in the globally emerging market with

in turnover and employment. New opportunities

good chances for new employment. Especially

will arise with a growing downstream market.

the development of obstacle avoidance

Cooperation between the upstream and

technology can help the mainstream adoption of

downstream sector could provide new business

commercial drone applications. Therefore sensors,

opportunities in the near future.

sensing algorithms and drone design need to improve to ensure public safety.

Flying High AERO - SPACE AGENDA


10 SHARED CHALLENGES 1. How to ramp up production rates, in

6. How to deal with rules and

aeronautics as well as in space industry,

regulations that limit testing,

using new and smart manufacturing

application of materials and

techniques like robotics, M2M-

technologies

techniques and IoT, 3D-printing, etc. 7. How to set up shared facilities for 2. How to reduce material waste and

testing and demonstration, either by

product costs using smart engineering,

opening up existing public facilities or

commercial-of-the-shelf components

set up new facilities

and efficient manufacturing processes 8. How to strengthen the cooperation 3. How to design and apply new

between knowledge providers, industrial researchers and startups,

structures that include sensors,

in order to speed up and limit costs

electronics, logic and actuators in

of innovation development processes

the materials in order to produce more

and work jointly on more sustainable

sustainable platforms and be able to

products

monitor health conditions and reduce operational costs

9. How to involve new disruptive ideas in to the existing business development

4. How to implement smart engineering

chain of the ecosystem to prepare for

techniques to reduce engineering

the next societal (and environmental)

costs and shorten the time to market

and technological changes

of new innovative and sustainable products and services, using smart

10. How to use new business models to

simulation, rapid prototyping and

advance the industry and contribute

scaled flight testing

towards a more fair sharing of profits within the ecosystem

5. How to use Big Data for improved efficiency in manufacturing, operation and maintenance, and also to improve airport efficiency and passenger experience

ZUID - HOLLAND

23

light-weight materials and smart


24

Flying High AERO - SPACE AGENDA


A new flight path JOINT MISSION, CONCRETE PROJECTS As ecosystems are starting to compete on a worldwide scale, the aero-space ecosystem in Zuid-Holland needs to pull together and focus on a limited number of challenges where this ecosystem can beat other ecosystems. To face these challenges, the ecosystem has to grow even stronger.

JOINT MISSION

PROGRAMMING, FIELDLABS, STRATEGY

The projects and project ideas mentioned in

by stimulating the scientific collaboration

the next section have many common areas of

between the different institutes and

interest. We will integrate these and possible

the cooperation between academia and

some additional project ideas in a coherent and

industrial researchers.

complete programme with program lines e.g.

To improve the knowledge transfer from

on integration and automation; smart materials

research tables to the industrial environment

and sensors; Big Data. A central role is reserved

by setting up fieldlabs and pilot plants.

for the Joint Aero-Space Field Lab, a fieldlab

To build shared facilities for development

with different joint test & demo facilities, a smart

and testing of new technologies and (COTS)

engineering program, relations with TU Delft

parts, by doing so strengthening the regional

Innosphere, the Aviation Start-up Accelorator and

research infrastructure.

the Smart Integrator project.

To incorporate regional high-tech SME’s within the region in a cross-sectoral strategy and

FUNDING

strengthen the cooperation between SME’s,

Total investments in the strengthening of

knowledge institutes and large industries

the aero-space sector in the region count up to

(integrators).

about € 75 million. The private sector and

To stimulate startups and scale-ups and to

the knowledge institutes will provide the majority

investigate and experiment with new business

of the investments needed to make a success of

models.

this Aero-Space Agenda. Additional government financial support is needed for the implementation

In the appendix we present a selection of project

of the research programs, the new business

plans that will help to face these challenges and

development programs and the initiation of

will help to implement our joint mission in to more

fieldlabs and pilot plants. We estimate a need for

concrete actions. In the figure on the next page

financial support of € 10-15 million in the currency

we give an overview of these proposed projects.

of this strategic agenda.

ZUID - HOLLAND

25

To strengthen our knowledge position


1. Innosphere JOINT AERO-SPACE FIELDLAB

2. Start-up accelerator STRENGTHEN KNOWLEDGE POSITION

IMPROVE KNOWLEDGE TRANSFER TO INDUSTRY

26

SHARED FACILITIES FOR DEVELOPMENT AND TESTING

SME STRATEGY AND COOPERATION SME-INTEGRATORS

STIMULATE STARTUPS AND EXPERIMENT NEW BUSINESS

• joint test & demo facilities • technology development program • new business development strategy

3. Smart engineering

4. Smart structures

5. Test center ‘fit for flight’

6. FML automation center

7. Airport of the future

FIELDLAB FIT-FOR-FLIGHT

PILOT PLANT FML AUTOMATION

FIELDLAB RTHA

8. Smart integrator

9. UAV development and test site

10. Dutch Optics Center

FIELDLAB UAV (VALKENBURG)

FIELDLAB DOC

11. Miniaturization

12. Multi Purpose composites automated factory

Flying High AERO - SPACE AGENDA

PILOT PLANT AUTOMATED FACTORY


ALIGNMENT WITH CLEAN SKY

TU Delft and Fokker) on specific Zuid-Holland

The Joint Technology Initiative Clean Sky 2 is

opportunities within the Clean Sky program.

a public-private cooperation between

These sessions take place during the launch of

the European aeronautics industry and

every Clean Sky call or wave.

the European Committee. The program runs from 2014 to 2020. Its goal is to reduce the emission

In the Memorandum of Understanding

of CO2, NOx and noise with 20-30% compared

between The Clean Sky 2 program and

to the current generation aircrafts. These goals

the Province of Zuid-Holland, that will be signed

are set and being tested to the ACARE - Advisory

on the 1st of June 2016, the purpose and

Counsel for Aeronautics Research in Europe -

activities are described and in the MOU

in relation to environmental goals for 2020. These

a reference is made to this regional

new technologies have to strengthen the global

Aero-Space Agenda.

competitives of the European aeronautics industry. There are good opportunities for aero-space The European Committee has expressed the wish

projects to acquire grants in three different

to connect the regional aeronautics ecosystems

regional programs:

to the Clean Sky 2 program and to realize 1. Kansen voor West II Program (EFRO),

Investment Funds, in this case EFRO Kansen voor

2014-2020. This program focus is on providing

West II. This regional Aero-Space Agenda can lead

innovative solutions to societal challenges

to establishing a long term cooperation between

and needs, including sustainable transport.

the space and aeronautics industry and knowledge

The EFRO-budget in Zuid-Holland will be used

institutes of Zuid-Holland with Clean Sky. Many

in the following subprograms:

projects in this regional agenda are synergetic to

the Clean Sky 2 program and can contribute to involve more SME’s in the Clean Sky program.

grounds and fieldlabs. •

Vice Versa the Clean Sky program can unlock the European supply-chain for the actors within

Application of new knowledge and testing Proof-of-concept financing (to help SME’s to survive the proof-of-concept stage).

Financing innovation for startups and

the Province of Zuid-Holland through its program

scale-ups for further commercialisation of

and its involved participants. Furthermore

production and sales.

participation in the Clean Sky program contributes to further and faster improvement of the research

2. Grant program MKB Innovatiestimulering

and development level of the region (in the field of

Topsectoren Zuid-Holland (MIT-Zuid-Holland).

new environmentally friendly aeronautics products)

This program is relevant as it focuses on SME’s

and thereby to the strengthening of the regional

inter alia the topsector High Tech Systems &

aero-space ecosystem.

Materials of which aero-space is a part.

Via the regular information sessions of Rijksdienst

3. The grant program of the Metropoolregio

voor Ondernemend Nederland (RVO) and

Rotterdam The Hague. This program supports

the Clean Sky organization all SME’s will be

the project application activities for innovation

updated by the relevant actors of this agenda

and research projects or so called fieldlabs to

(primarily

strengthen the regional research and development infrastructure.

ZUID - HOLLAND

27

more synergy with the European Structural and


28

Flying High AERO - SPACE AGENDA


A safe landing THE EXPECTED RESULTS The high-tech systems and materials (HTSM) top sector is the largest industrial employer in Zuid-Holland. Within that sector, the aero-space sector plays a significant role, providing about 20 percent of all high-tech jobs when including indirect employment. Moreover, aero-space is amongst the industries that invest the most in research & development, up to 15 percent of their turnover. More than one third of all employees has a universal degree and around 20% has a higher vocational degree. Private investments in R&D lead to significant job creation. And each engineer in R&D is supported by at least four to six employees within the supply chain. Thus, aero-space packs a punch in Zuid-Holland and it clearly has the potential to grow significantly. ECOLOGIC AND SOCIAL EFFECTS

Further private and public investment will lead to

The benefits of these investments are certainly

more employment and other economic benefits

not limited to economic effects. The jobs created

such as a growth in turnover, GDP and in export

will help to battle unemployment and subsequent

of goods with high added value in the aero-space

poverty, a significant problem in the region.

sector it self. A total R&D investment of 75 million

Also, sustainability is enhanced by a more efficient

euro will lead to an increase of the Gross Domestic

(zero fault) production, by implementation of

Product (GDP) of approximately 173 million euro10

lightweight materials and low air resistance

over a period of 30 years; private investments in

structures reducing carbon footprint, by cleaner

research effort of about 20 million euro will result

engine technology reducing NOx-emissions. In

in approximately 2,000 additional jobs, mostly in

addition, new observation technology in satellites

production and (service) suppliers11. However,

and UAVâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s will help to find and reduce other

the high-tech top sector will benefit from

sources of pollutants, will help to make agriculture

the technological developments induced by

more efficient and thus cleaner et cetera.

the large R&D investments in aero-space.

The availability of affordable earth observation

Automation of small series manufacturing,

data from satellites and UAVâ&#x20AC;&#x2122;s will benefit to

development of smart materials and structures

safety from e.g. water and terrorist attacks,

that include sensor systems, use of Big Data for

health (through cleaner sky, amongst others)

smart maintenance, airport efficiency and other

and mobility. aeronautics and manufacturing

applications as well as development of new

technology are also used in reducing the cost

business models and organisation structures all will

price of wind energy below grid parity, making

contribute to a more powerful and professional

cheap clean energy available.

HTSM sector in Zuid-Holland. In this way, ZuidHolland will contribute more to the national Smart Industry agenda. This in turn will create economic growth. As a consequence, the image of the region will improve which in turn can attract more companies and talents, thus boosting the regional economy even further.

ZUID - HOLLAND

10 DE STAAT VAN NEDERLAND INNOVATIELAND, R&D IMPULS VOOR ECONOMISCHE GROEI, DEN HAAG CENTRUM VOOR STRATEGISCHE STUDIES EN TNO, 2013 11 BRAINPORT 2020, TOP ECONOMY, SMART SOCIETY, BRAINPORT DEVELOPMENT N.V., 2011

29

ECONOMICS


30

Appendix

Flying High AERO - SPACE AGENDA


PROJECTSHEET 1 I N N O S P H E R E P I O N E E R I N G I N N O VAT I O N S P O W E R E D BY A E R O S PA CE E NGINE E R ING A vibrant and inspiring environment – powered by the Faculty of Aerospace Engineering - where companies, researchers and students generate new ideas, jointly work on multidisciplinary challenges and boost innovation.

PROSPECTIVE PARTIES

only one or more physical venues (joint work places and

Initiator: TU Delft, Faculty of Aerospace Engineering

facilities), but also an activity programme to bring people

Innovation partners: Fokker, Airbus Defence and Space,

together, and supporting cooperation mechanisms.

Shell, Rotterdam-The Hague Airport, ISISpace, Hyperion,

HOW DOES IT HELP THE REGIONAL ECOSYSTEM IN BECOMING MORE COMPETITIVE?

etcetera Entrepreneurship/Start-ups: YES!DELFT, ESABIC, NAG, Hogeschool InHolland. Knowledge partners: other TUD Faculties, TNO, etcetera

The project will stimulate and facilitate knowledge exchange, align innovation and research agendas, create

WHICH PROBLEM DOES THE PROJECT ADDRESS?

cross-links between industries, and foster new business

Innovation is speeding up (higher ROI) and complexity

based on cutting edge technology.

is increasing, whereas universities are faced with lower

STATUS

public financial support and increasing competition in subsidy programs. In this light, companies and the AE Faculty have -on intensify interaction, align agendas, and find new forms of cooperation in order to boost innovation. WHAT ACTIONS WILL BE TAKEN WITHIN THE PROJECT?

Implementation on the way

Prospective timeline: each subcomponent has its own timeline. Starting on a project base and growing towards a self-sustaining, optimized ecosystem

FINANCE There is no “overarching” funding strategy. The separate

In order to stimulate and facilitate multidisciplinary

project components are financed by a.o. AE Faculty

cooperation and foster strategic partnerships, the Faculty

budget, subsidy schemes, public and private investment.

of Aerospace Engineering has the ambition to optimize the innovation ecosystem within and around the Faculty by creating a favourable environment for interaction, knowledge exchange and collaboration. The project consists of several subcomponents that are all tackled separately with various partners, always keeping in mind the bigger picture. WHAT IS THE SUPPOSED OUTCOME OF THE PROJECT? A vibrant and inspiring environment – powered by the Faculty of Aerospace Engineering - where companies, researchers and students generate new ideas and jointly work on multidisciplinary challenges. This requires not

ZUID - HOLLAND

31

multiple occasions- expressed a mutual interest to


PROJECTSHEET 2 D E L F T AV I ATION STAR T-U P AC C ELERAT O R An inspired start-up center that helps starting entrepreneurs with breaking new ideas that can change the aviation industry, to set up their business within the aviation ecosystem.

Initiator: NAG (Netherlands Aerospace Group)

WHAT IS THE SUPPOSED OUTCOME OF THE PROJECT?

In cooperation with: TU Delft AE and Industrial Design,

After the project period a permanent startup centre

Starburst (company working with large aeronautics

according to the Starburst concept will be active in Delft.

companies looking for startups fitting in the technology

The activities of the NAG are taken over by a group of

strategy of these companies), InnovationQuarter (capital)

aeronautics & aviation (retired) professionals that will

and large Dutch aviation companies.

coach the startups and bring to the market.

WHICH PROBLEM DOES THE PROJECT ADDRESS?

HOW DOES IT HELP THE REGIONAL ECOSYSTEM IN BECOMING MORE COMPETITIVE?

PROSPECTIVE PARTIES

Despite the proportionally large aviation knowledge and education institutes in the Netherlands limited new startup companies enter the market. New companies often find great obstacles to enter into the closed aviation

32

market. Consequently many startups stay too long in a startup phase. A more successful entry to the market is possible with customized coaching and a broad introduction in the regional ecosystem and European playing field through the connections of the NAG. WHAT ACTIONS WILL BE TAKEN WITHIN THE PROJECT? The NAG has closed a cooperation agreements with Starburst and the TU Delft. The first action is to implement a study with Starburst to map the startup landscape in the Netherlands and set up the startup centre. The next three years of the project, the NAG works closely with the TU Delft to select promising young student-entrepreneurs. These startups will be hosted in the NAG accelerator to prepare them to work with the Starburst organisation. The NAG looks for contacts in the international aviation industry and invites the companies to share their innovation needs with the Delft startup ecosystem. In this way the startups have more commercial possibilities and will be more visible for the mature industry.

Flying High AERO - SPACE AGENDA

The Dutch aviation industry is competitive by keeping a technological lead and needs a strong startup community to create cutting edge innovations that will help to keep her position on the world market. Further more through the customised market approach at least twice as much startups will be successfully make a market entry and have more possibilities to scale up. At the end this leads to more companies in the region, a stronger ecosystem and more employment. STATUS â&#x20AC;˘

Project plan ready. Project starts in May 2016

â&#x20AC;˘

The first phase ends in June 2016. After this phase a 3 year project time is foreseen.

FINANCE The first study is funded by Airbus and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs (PIB-subsidy). Activities by Starburst after the initial study are funded by the international industry. The NAG is looking for reginal funding to support a part of her activities during the project period.


PROJECTSHEET 3 S C A L E D A I R CR AFT D E V E LOPME NT AND FLIGHT T EST ING The design and testing of novel aero-space vehicles and its subsystems can be costly and time consuming when traditional approaches towards full scale development are followed. However, designing and testing at subscale level and working with remotely piloted aircraft offers the possibility to test configurations, materials and novel structural designs under dynamic flight conditions that are not attainable in ground based laboratories. TU Delft initiates a program to develop extremely versatile and high-quality, yet inexpensive, flying laboratory vehicles that will allow parties to test and develop systems more rapidly and reduce the time to specific large scale applications.

Initiator: TU Delft

WHAT IS THE SUPPOSED OUTCOME OF THE PROJECT?

Innovation Partners: NLR, Fokker, Airbus, Dassault,

An environment will be created in which students,

Airborne, KVE Composites Group and regional

researcher and manufactures have the opportunity

SME’s interested in innovative flight vehicle design,

to develop new ideas and test them in flight under

manufacturing and testing.

conditions that are comparable to expensive full scale

WHICH PROBLEM DOES THE PROJECT ADDRESS?

flights which are unattainable for most parties.

The design and test cycle of full scale aircraft

HOW DOES IT HELP THE REGIONAL ECOSYSTEM IN BECOMING MORE COMPETITIVE?

PROSPECTIVE PARTIES

configurations and it subsystems maybe costly development programs from the start. In many cases the key characteristics can be evaluated in scaled version. This leads to significant cost reduction which allows academic / research institutes and SME’s to contribute to innovative and efficient future aircraft without the need for very large investments. WHAT ACTIONS WILL BE TAKEN WITHIN THE PROJECT?

The project will stimulate cross-fertilization between the regional aero-space related partners as well as system developers that have no direct connection to aero-space yet. Innovative test vehicle developed and flown will provide great exposure that may foster new businesses. STATUS The project idea has been launched and a development of a project plan is underway. Prospective timeline: 2016 – 2018 development of tools and methods as well

The Faculty of Aerospace Engineering has the ambition

as manufacturing capability. 2018 and beyond scaled

to foster strategic partnerships to maximize research

vehicles available for flight testing.

and development in the area of scaled flight testing

FINANCE

to support aero-space industry in their innovation effort towards the aircraft of the future. Existing design frameworks will be enhanced and manufacturing capability will be developed to support materials research, robotics, flight test instrumentation and flight management and control systems design.

ZUID - HOLLAND

TU Delft and NLR have obtained EU-funding to work on the development of radical new aircraft design and the development of flight testing instrumentation. This project forms a stimulus for further public and private investment. TU Delft supports the initiation of the project through its Pioneering Innovations initiative.

33

when programs are based on the full scale vehicles


PROJECTSHEET 4 S M A R T S T R UCTU R E S Eliminate cost for aircraft operators by applying structural health monitoring to lower maintenance cost and the safety margins in the structural design leading to a lower weight. PROSPECTIVE PARTIES

How to transform the data collected into

Airborne, TU Delft, ATG, AKZO Nobel, Fokker-GKN,

information that is useful for the operator of

TNO, KE-Works, Global Technics, KVE Composites Group,

the aircraft, the OEM and sub-tiers to improve

GTM, sensor manufacturers in Zuid-Holland, Rotterdam-

future designs and the handbooks for design,

The Hague Airport

manufacturing, inspection and maintenance of the aerostructure (lead to be determined

WHICH PROBLEM DOES THE PROJECT ADDRESS?

Develop new design and stress handbooks,

Aerostructures are designed and maintained with

including process to implement lessons learned

a (substantial) safety margin. This is the only way to make

How to collect, distribute and protect the data/

flying as safe as it is today. This project aims to develop

information in practice (Airport, maintenance

technology that will ensure or improve flight safety while

companies)

addressing the cost resulting from the safety margins. needed in design, inspection and maintenance of

WHAT IS THE SUPPOSED OUTCOME OF THE PROJECT?

aerostructures by applying sensor technology. If the

A step change in efficiency of the aerostructure from

structural integrity is monitored by sensors and the user is

design, inspection and maintenance point of view.

The aim of this project is to reduce the safety margins

34

signalled on time that the structure needs maintenance/ repair, cost for redundant inspections and weight for safety in the structure can be taken out. WHAT ACTIONS WILL BE TAKEN WITHIN THE PROJECT?

HOW DOES IT HELP THE REGIONAL ECOSYSTEM IN BECOMING MORE COMPETITIVE? If the region is able to offer this technology to the OEM, the region will be able to secure more business as this enables the OEM to be more competitive. It can

The current technology readiness level (TRL) is very low

be expected that the technology must be licensed to

(estimate: level 2). The technology needs to be developed

companies outside of the region as well, otherwise

to TRL 6 or 7 to be able to offer it in a commercial setting

the OEM will perceive the application of this technology

to the aerostructures supply chain. The following tasks

as a too high risk. Licensing of technology will also yield

can/should be picked up in the project:

revenue streams which will support further technology

1. Development, testing and certification of

development and job creation.

the sensor technology. University, research institutes in the lead, commercial companies to support and review 2. Development of the new engineering, inspection andmaintenance handbooks •

How to embed the sensors into or on the structure (lower level sub-tiers)

How to embed the smart structural parts into an assembly (higher level sub-tiers ), enabling easy read-out of the sensor data

STATUS The project is still in an preliminary phase; ideas need to be further developed and consortium still needs to be formed. Developing this technology will take a long time, large scale introduction is estimate in the first half of the 2020 decade. Parts of the technology should be implemented sooner also to grow confidence with all stakeholders. FINANCE To be decided.

Flying High AERO - SPACE AGENDA


PROJECTSHEET 5 T E S T CE N TE R ‘FIT FOR F LIGH T’ Fit-for-flight is a unique open test center dedicated to the environmental testing of miniaturized space systems in a single integrated testsite where all necessary environmental testing can be executed in one single location.

ISISpace, TNO, Cosine, Hyperion, TU Delft, different

WHAT IS THE SUPPOSED OUTCOME OF THE PROJECT?

SME’s in space technology

The realization of a test facility ‘under one roof’ in

WHICH PROBLEM DOES THE PROJECT ADDRESS?

a cleanroom with test facilities for: •

Vibration testing

The small satellite market is rapidly growing and so it

Mechanical shock testing

the participation in it from the SME’s and other space

Thermal cycling testing

stakeholders in the region. With more flight hardware

Thermal vacuum testing

being produced in the small satellite range (up to 30

Mass properties measurements (to determine the

PROSPECTIVE PARTIES

mass centerpoint and inertia)

kilograms), there is a growing need for easy access to dedicated environmental test facilities for such flight

hardware produced by the space companies but also

Electromagnetic compatibility testing

for testing of small instruments that will be developed

The test facility can be used on call by the regional high-

in the Dutch Optics Centre (see projectsheet 10). This

tech SME community.

of testing activities, primary for space, but also for test items from aeronautics and defense. This kind of test center is unique in Europe. The existing facilities at ISISpace, ESTEC, TNO and NLR are separate exploited and the access to the facilities is not easy to coordinate for small space projects and recurring activities for flight acceptance testing of larger series of products. The lack of availability of testing facilities puts constraints on the development of the high-tech systems and especially the small satellite market in the Netherlands. WHAT ACTIONS WILL BE TAKEN WITHIN THE PROJECT? We foresee the following actions: •

Set up a requirements document

Compose a cooperation of interested parties

Set up a business case and organize funding (public

Start implementing the first steps towards the

and private) realisation of a small space systems test facility.

ZUID - HOLLAND

HOW DOES IT HELP THE REGIONAL ECOSYSTEM IN BECOMING MORE COMPETITIVE? The fit-for flight test facility is reasonably unique and will be an enormous enabler fort he fast growing market of small high-tech systems in space, avionics and defence in Zuid-Holland. STATUS Project in development. First projectplan and business case will be finished at the end of 2016.   FINANCE To be determined.

35

facility has to be able to cope with an annual high volume


PROJECTSHEET 6 F M L A U TO MATION CE N TE R ‘Airbus’ goal for 2016 is to deliver on its ambitious production expansion/ramp-up strategy, setting a target of delivering more than 650 aircraft to customers during the 12 months. This objective includes the continued ramp-up in A320 Family production during 2016, reaching an output rate of 50 per month by early

36

2017 and subsequently going to 60 monthly by mid-2019.’

PROSPECTIVE PARTIES

The TRL3 demonstrators were realized in cooperation

Fokker, NLR, TU Delft, FML Center, YES!Delft, SME’s, etc.

with various suppliers. For TRL4, 5 and 6 the project

PROJECT DESCRIPTION

should be extended to a ‘fieldlab’ setting in which

High volume production requires a different approach

can be brought together. Universities and Institutes

than aero-space manufacturing is used to. To realize

should contribute to such technology centre to combine

not only the required output but to achieve a low cost

the forefront of automation knowledge and bring it to

level, a very high first pass quality level is mandatory.

the ‘shopfloor’. This covers the automation of production

This means a reliable and robust system with redundancy

activities, automated internal transport of parts and

incorporated and a very high level of automation needs

material, but also a full traceability of the production

to be applied. The automation level combined with the

process in an automated information capture system.

airworthiness documentation requirements demands

a smart factory approach with a new and different ways

The FML Automation project team is now focused

of production steering and administration methods.

on the realization of the TRL4 milestone (key feature

The so-called Industry 4.0/Smart Industry facilitates the

demonstration) in November 2016. Based on the Airbus

vision and execution of a smart factory.

Technology Readiness (TRL) roadmap a definition of the

TRL4 demonstrators and deliverables is established and

Fokker and Airbus entered the FML Automation project

the further development towards TRL5 (sub-component

in 2013. The aim is to save 400 kg (!) of weight on a A321

in a near industrial environment) and TRL6 (full scale in

fuselage and reduce the cost compared to the current

industrial environment) is sharpened.

Glare A380 level with 50%.

Important to notice is the focus of Airbus on the maturity

This can be realized through the effect of combining

level and robustness and rate readiness as the moverate

panels, a lower material cost and a high level of

of the targeted aircraft program A320/A321 is still

automation in sheet metal and-lay up.

increasing: up to 700 deliveries in 2020. The discussions

STATUS

with suppliers have started and a more detailed TRL5 and

The Automation project covers Technology Readiness

automation knowledge from Universities and suppliers

TRL6 plan is under construction.

Level (TRL) 3 until TRL6. After TRL6, the actual factory for

FINANCE

the production volume needs to be developed (if Airbus

Funding programs which are applicable are both regional

implements the FML on the aircraft). Due to the gravity

as national funds, with focus on innovation/Smart Industry.

of the business case multiple partners will benefit from participation in this never been seen before development of FML Automation.

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PROJECTSHEET 7 A I R P O R T O F TH E F U TUR E To set-up a long-term strategic partnership between TU Delft and industry partners, mutually agreed upon in a joint innovation program, with living lab facilities at Rotterdam-The Hague Airport as a physical venue to foster (multidisciplinary) cooperation.

PROSPECTIVE PARTIES

Create a living research and education lab for testing and validation of research

Research institutes, airports, airport builders, engineering & design companies, governments, airlines, communities,

airlines, ATC.

ACTIONS 2016

PROJECT DESCRIPTION

Boost innovation and economic development

A series of interactive consultative workshops and

In March 2016, the Faculty of Aerospace Engineering (TU

multiple stakeholder interviews will be organised to

Delft) assembled a team that spends one year to build

develop the “Innovation Airport Program”, aligning

the “Innovation Airport Program”. The main goal is to

different research and innovation agenda’s, by

set-up a long-term, strategic partnership between

looking at the airport from a systems approach (e.g. air-, terminal and landside).

TU Delft and multiple industry partners around the •

research areas will be aligned under a ‘Strategic Master Plan’ by looking at the airport from a systems approach

STATUS

(e.g. air-, terminal and landside). Additionally, a living

Implementation prospective timeline:

research and education lab will be created in order to test

Research-business partnerships will be set-up.

• • •

and traffic, growth vs. sustainability, safety and security, mobility etc.) PROGRAM GOALS •

Stimulate long-term interdisciplinary fundamental research in close co-operation with industry partners

Aligning stakeholders: AE, TUD, government, industry, community

Establishing research-business partnerships

Enabling funded research for improved sustainability, efficiency and connectivity

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January 2017: Conference and Official kick-off of Innovation Airport Program

integrated airport concept and hereby contribute to solving contemporary challenges (increasing competition

November 2016: Consolidated Strategic Master Plan

Within the Innovation Airport program research institutes and industry will jointly develop an innovative and

June 2016: Overview of skills and experience of TU Delft

and validate research concepts.

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“Innovation Airport” theme. Different stakeholders and

FINANCE A funding strategy will be developed over the course of the project.


PROJECTSHEET 8 S M A R T IN TE G R ATOR The main objective is to strengthen the competitiveness of the involved companies in the industrial sector and encouraging a new generation of companies as Smart Integrator in the field of intelligent systems. To this end specific technologies are delivered as building blocks for, inter alia, aero-space, maritime and automotive applications. PROSPECTIVE PARTIES

STATUS

Fokker, TU Delft, Airbus Defense & Space, NAG,

This project is still in the project idea phase.

InnovationQuarter, KE-works and other SME’s. PROJECT DESCRIPTION

FINANCE

In recent years multiple initiatives were undertaken in

instruments (EFRD/EFRO), MIT-regeling for SME’s and

the Netherlands and abroad to develop new materials

national resources like TKI-toeslag and funding for Smart

and intelligent production processes. A large part of

Industry initiatives.

the developments has been focused on the component level. Integrating aspects of complete structures and systems levels have remained underexposed. Composites provide the possibility of integration of functions such as structural health monitoring and active components, eg for flow and load control. This benefit is still underused up

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to this date. The activities include: •

Road Mapping, concept and tool development

Additional research at universities and colleges

Experimenting with new concepts in pilot projects at ‘problem owners’ (OEM partners, cross-sectoral possibilities)

Wider deployment via demonstration projects

Growing SME involvement (facilitating SMEs as

Setting up a strong cross-sectoral network, of

‘solution providers‘ of intelligent systems) government(s), larger and smaller companies, knowledge and educational institutes, which will benefit the regional eco system This project focusses on the cluster approach in the value chain, in which leading and globally operating OEM’s will bring together talented SMEs and push to accelerate their growth, supported by the universities. The cluster consists of a solid core, but will be extended in the course of the program with new companies and new projects.

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The coverage is sought in regional cofounding


PROJECTSHEET 9 T E S T &D E V E L OPME NT SITE U NMANNED SY ST EM The goal of the project is to set up a hub with indoor/outdoor test facilities for unmanned systems at a central location in the Randstad (Valkenburg) to enable companies, research institutes and governments to stay at the forefront of innovation.

PROSPECTIVE PARTIES Stichting RoboValley, TU Delft (MAVlab), Leiden Centre

WHAT IS THE SUPPOSED OUTCOME OF THE PROJECT?

for Data Science, Aerialtronics BV, Delft Aerial Robotics

The short term outcome (1 – 3 years) is to offer

BV, Ampyx Power BV, ATMOS UAV BV, AGT International,

a dedicated testsite for UAVs which includes:

Gemeente Katwijk, The Hague Security Delta. New

An outdoor safety box for vertical take-off and

An indoor flight arena to test smaller UAV systems;

A landing strip and dedicated flight area for fixed

Office space for SME companies in an environment

Shared development facilities like a 3d printer, CNC

chain of Unmanned Systems, e.g. UAV builders and

A flight school for RPAS;

data driven software/sensor developers. These new

Data centre to accommodate the processing of high

landing with multicopter systems;

parties are welcome to join the activities that are initiated with the project.

wing systems;

WHICH PROBLEM DOES THE PROJECT ADDRESS? The Unmanned Systems market is rapidly growing and

that is designed to stimulate innovation;

consequently an increasing amount of Dutch (SME) companies and research institutes initiate R&D projects

machine, windtunnel etc.;

for new technologies. This applies to the whole supply

volumes of sensor data;

environment, especially autonomous systems which aim

Long term (3 – 10 years) outcome might include: Expand

to ‘take the human out of the loop’. The problem is that

test facilities to other unmanned systems, eg automotive;

no such test & development area currently exist within

Test area for complex scenario’s (pile up car crash,

the Netherlands. The lack of a dedicated test site

industrial chimney inspection etc.); Collaboration with

seems to be a bottleneck for further development and

other EU test facilities; Educational programs.

companies might lean towards relocating to other EU countries which have already allocated R&D test centres specifically for Unmanned Systems (France, Germany, the UK).

HOW DOES IT HELP THE REGIONAL ECOSYSTEM IN BECOMING MORE COMPETITIVE? Valkenburg will attract high end technology driven hardand software companies to make use of the facilities and

WHAT ACTIONS WILL BE TAKEN WITHIN THE PROJECT?

possibly to open up office on the location. Furthermore,

The main actions within the project are targeted on

will give the region the edge for becoming a competitive

realizing the supposed outcome, e.q. the set up of

partner on a European level within the field of robotics.

the facility will further push the level of innovation. This

a joint organisation; the set up of a joint safety system for outdoor testing; organising joint investment funds

STATUS

for dedicated infrastructure (as mentioned below) and

First steps have been made into forming an official

implement a R&D-program.

organisation structure to work out the shared goals and interest of all involved parties. FINANCE In the course of 2016 a consortium of SME companies and research institutes will submit an EFRO grant application that contains the outlines of this project.

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technologies require extensive testing in a controlled


PROJECTSHEET 10 D U TCH O PTICS CE NTR E Dutch Optics Centre is an initiative of TNO and TU Delft aimed at boosting Dutch industry in the field of optics and optomechatronics to increase utilisation of Dutch science through joint R&D. PROSPECTIVE PARTIES

Activities:

TNO, TU Delft, 35-40 companies (amongst others

Open research; shared development; product consortia.

Airbus DS Netherlands, ISISpace, S[&]T, Hyperion) and knowledge institutes/university groups and supporting

Applications:

national and regional agencies.

Spectroscopic instruments for medical applications and

WHICH PROBLEM DOES THE PROJECT ADDRESS?

space industry.

The world market for Optics is growing with double digit

industrial inspection, astronomy and medical applications.

numbers for many years, and this growth is expected

Nano opto-mechanical instruments for semicon industry,

to continue in the coming years. The Netherlands are

and bio-nano market.

unique in the field of optics and opto-mechatronics, with

Nanophotonic systems, including sensors for medical

a leading position in science and industry. However

applications.

Imaging, including active and adaptive optics, for

the contribution of NL industry in this field is decreasing.

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WHAT ACTIONS WILL BE TAKEN WITHIN THE PROJECT?

HOW DOES IT HELP THE REGIONAL ECOSYSTEM IN BECOMING MORE COMPETITIVE? Both the regional industry and university will be boosted

Within Dutch Optics Centre TU Delft, TNO and other

towards a stronger role in the international field; in

knowledge institutes providing excellent research facilities

the industrial consortia the companies will apply cutting-

team up with a world class manufacturing industry;

edge technologies for international customers, and

producing opto-mechanical components for high-

the research groups will grow and specialize to expand

precision products like satellites, telescopes, microscopes,

the leading position in topics such as optical design of

inspection instruments. By joining forces in R&D,

freeforms, spectroscopy, adaptive optics and nano-

developing prototypes and eventually forming product

optomechanical instrumentation.

consortia we create a strong Dutch opto-mechanical ecosystem that benefits both industry and science.

STATUS

This initiative is well aligned with the Dutch government’s

In 2015 a group of 25 organisations expressed their

ambition for large-scale Public-Private Partnerships and

support for the Dutch Optics Centre;

regional ambitions.

In the first half of 2015 an EFRO proposal has been submitted with one of the goals being the creation of

WHAT IS THE SUPPOSED OUTCOME OF THE PROJECT? Dutch Optics Centre as a consortium of knowledge institutes and more than 40 high-tech companies from

the Dutch Optics Centre; this proposal has been approved by the ‘Committee of Deskundigen’ and now is in the process of being formally kicked off.

all over the Netherlands will result in new product

FINANCE

lines in optical equipment, created by joint research,

For the first phases the EFRO project funding will be

development and production; furthermore the research

applied; investments by all partners and additional funds

and education programs in the Dutch Optics Centre will

from the Ministery of Economic Affairs and STW are

generate new knowledge and new specialists in optics

under discussion.

and opto-mechatronics.

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PROJECTSHEET 11 M I N I ATU R I Z ATION

A G A ME C HA N G E R F O R F U TUR E A E R O S PA CE S YS TE MS

Extremely miniaturized Unmanned Aerial Vehicles and tiny satellites with just a few grams will be a game changer to future Aerospace and Space systems. We focus on two critical enabling aspects for such systems: Tiny & Smart Attitude Systems and Micro-Propulsion. Miniaturization of Aerospace and Space systems making use of latest technology advance in the bulk market and innovations from academia will be a game changer to enable robust, efficient and capable products and services. Examples are extremely miniaturized UAVs and tiny satellites, such as Cubesats (10x10x10 cm) and PocketQubes (5x5x5 cm). To this end, spin-in of newest technology, such as systems on chip and MEMS technology in silicon can be utilized to provide a breakthrough in miniaturization of such systems for increasing societal needs. PROSPECTIVE PARTIES

in representative environments.

Initiator: TU Delft, Faculty of Aerospace Engineering,

Spin-in and spin-out to knowledge institutes, agencies

TU Delft Space Institute

and industry will be an integral element of the project.

Public partners: Police, Dutch Airforce, Ministry of Defence, Ministry of Economic Affairs Innovation Partners: Agriculture industry, Defence industry, ISIS, Airbus Defense and Space Netherlands, Delft Dynamics, Hyperion Technologies, S&T, regional SME’s Knowledge Institutes: TNO, ESA-ESTEC, University of

WHICH PROBLEM DOES THE PROJECT ADDRESS? Technology advance and innovation offer a quantum step in miniaturization of aerospace and space systems, such as UAVs of the size of a bee or satellites of the size of tennis ball. Making such systems powerful requires the understanding and mastering of two key aspects: attitude control using advanced autonomy concepts for sensors and actuators and micro-propulsion systems which combine power generation with propulsion capabilities. WHAT ACTIONS WILL BE TAKEN WITHIN THE PROJECT? Miniaturization is already a strong focus area of various research groups at the TU Delft. Within the project, the ambition is to extend research on smart attitude control systems and integrated micro-propulsion systems and embed the research outcome in engineering developments which will integrate such systems in already ongoing technology demonstrations - both in the lab and

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An understanding, modelling and characterization of current COTS technology and newly developed innovative concepts is aimed at. Beyond the pure research activities, their usage and capabilities for highly miniaturized aerospace and space systems will be demonstrated. HOW DOES IT HELP THE REGIONAL ECOSYSTEM IN BECOMING MORE COMPETITIVE? Delft and its surrounding region has a unique, yet unexplored, capacity to develop into a center of gravity for miniaturized aerospace and space systems. This will be achieved by linking players, such as academia providing highly innovative low Technology Readiness Levels (TRL), to existing players requiring renewal, and user needs of the aerospace and space sector in specific projects. STATUS •

Several PhD research projects are already financed and starting off. The TU Delft Space Institute, founded in 2015, can further support the activities.

The first part of the project will extend towards 2019-2020.

FINANCE Various funding schemes exist within the university. Cooperation is already in place and will further be extended with public and private investment.

41

Leiden

WHAT IS THE SUPPOSED OUTCOME OF THE PROJECT?


PROJECTSHEET 12 M U LTI PU R P OSE COMPOSITE S AUT OMAT ED FAC T ORY The aero-space industry has to cope with scalability & affordability issues. Automation & digitization is key in achieving this. Airborne designs & build together with partners smart, flexible and integrated automation solutions.

PROSPECTIVE PARTIES Airborne, Siemens, KUKA, TU Delft, TOPIC, APWorks,

HOW DOES IT HELP THE REGIONAL ECOSYSTEM IN BECOMING MORE COMPETITIVE?

JETCAM.

This initiative will bring in place high value manufacturing in the region Zuid-Holland.

PROJECT DESCRIPTION The aero-space market is a growth market which put

STATUS

the supply chain under pressure to scale up production

First key technologies like ATL and Ply sorting expected

and at the same time reduce cost. The traditional

to be operational Q4 2016. These are the first of

composites work practices based on manual labour are

composites automation building blocks to be developed.

not sustainable anymore. Airborne Composites Automation develops - together with its partners - low capex, flexible and integrated

42

automation solutions to meet those demands. WHAT ACTIONS WILL BE TAKEN WITHIN THE PROJECT? Airborne Composites Automation develops and builds a cohesive and logical set of building blocks for automated composites manufacturing. This modular approach enables the development of customized solutions for customers. At the same time Airborne wants to implement the building blocks in the Airborne Multi Purpose composites automated factory. In this factory we can manufacture for different customers a wide range of product families. WHAT IS THE SUPPOSED OUTCOME OF THE PROJECT? Production cells based upon amongst others Automated Tape Laying and Automated Ply sorting in an real life production setting.

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FINANCE To be determined.


Ontwerp Walvis & Mosmans

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Aero-Space Agenda Zuid-Holland 2016  

Aero-Space Agenda Zuid-Holland 2016