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ď ŽEducational leadership and reforms in the Asian Pacific: A paradigm shift for the Future & globalization

Yin Cheong CHENG Hong Kong Institute of Education http://home.ied.edu.hk/~yccheng

WERA Symposium at AERA Annual Meeting 4 May 2010, Denver USA 1


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In Asia-Pacific: >1m school leaders

Enhance

>26m teachers in primary & secondary schools >500m school Change the students Future

~50% of the world 3


A Challenge: But how can school leadership be effectively enhanced?

In Asia-Pacific: >1m school leaders

Enhance

Unfortunately, lack of comprehensive research base to inform development & enhancement of school leadership in AP.

>26m teachers in primary & secondary schools

Western theories not appropriate

~50% of the world

>500m school Change the students Future

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In the coming 10 years, Asia-Pacific Region As facing growing challenges from globalization to local development As the most fast growing area for the development of the world economically & socially, As the largest area of growing human capital & tertiary graduates for knowledge-based economy

Urgent need of capable school leadership to transform the school systems to support these fast developments in AP

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3 Waves of Educational Reforms & Leadership in the Region Effective School Movements

Quality /Competitive School Movements

World-Class School Movements Globalization

Internal Improvement

Market Competition

Effectiveness

Quality

Relevance

as Stakeholders’ Satisfaction

to Future Development

as Target Achievement 1980s--90s

Internal Leadership

1990s

Interface Leadership

2000s

Future Leadership


Multiple Developments in Globalization  Technological Development  Economic Development  Social Development  Political Development  Cultural Development  Learning Development 7


3rd Wave Education for Contextualized Multiple Intelligence (CMI)

 Technological Person

CMI Technological Intelligence

 Economic Person

Economic Intelligence

 Social Person

Social Intelligence

 Political Person  Cultural Person  Learning Person

Political Intelligence Cultural Intelligence Learning Intelligence

Multiple & Sustainable Effectiveness for Multiple Developments in Globalization Challenges from Changing Environment

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Pentagon Theory of Learning for Development of CMI & Creativity Technological Intelligence

Economic Intelligence

Political Intelligence

Learning Intelligence

Intelligence/ Thinking Transfer

Social Intelligence

Cultural Intelligence


3 Wave Leaders for CMI & Creativity? rd

ď ŽTo facilitate development of CMI and creativity of students and teachers for sustainable effectiveness in the future.

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3rd Wave Learning: New Paradigm of Learning Traditional Site-Bounded Paradigm

Shift

New CMITriplization Paradigm

Triplization in Ed =      

Globalization+ Localization + Individualization in Ed. Cheng (1999, 2000)

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World-Class Learning = CMI-Triplization in Learning Unlimited Opportunity for multiple & sustainable development


3rd Wave: A New Paradigm of Future Leadership Triplization

Leadership Paradigm Shift Leadership

To

Multi-level

Learning Leadership ( or Sustainable Development Leadership)

To

Multiple

Thinking Leadership

To

Multiple

To

Creativity Leadership

facilitate paradigm shift towards globalization, Localization & Individualization in education lead multiple-level learning including students’ learning, teachers’ professional learning & school’s organizational learning for sustainable development perform contextualized multiple thinking (CMT) in leadership practice & facilitate development of CMT of students, staff, and the organization perform multiple creativity in leadership & facilitate development of multiple creativity of students, staff, & the organization


Samples 31 secondary schools in Hong Kong 30 principals, 1119 teachers and 7063 students of G9 & G16 Quantitative & Case Studies

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“High SBM & High PS” Schools vs “Low SBM & Low PS” Schools High PS High SBM

15.00

14.00

13.00

12.00

11.00

nae M

Paradigm Education (PS)(PS) Paradigm ShiftShift ininEducation

16.00

Low PS Low SBM

10.00

9.00 3.0

3.5

4.0

Mean

4.5

5.0

5.5

Towards School-based Management (SBM)

Towards School-based Management (SBM) 15


-1

SBM, PS Learning Effectiveness

SC Teaching M. Thinking

Overall Satisfaction

Social Satisfaction

Extrinsic Satisfaction

Intrinsic Satisfaction

Student's Satisfaction

Learning Thinking

Cultural Thinking

Political Thinking

Social Thinking

Economic Thinking

Technological Thinking

Multiple Thinking in Learning

Learning Opportunity

Self-directed Learning

Self-reflection

Learning Facilitation

Learning Effectiveness

Learning Methods and Strategies

Positive Learning

Facilitating Student Self Reflection & Assessment

Facilitating Student Thinking

Facilitating Student Learning

Student-centered Teaching

Paradigm Shift in Teaching

Paradigm Shift in Learning

Paradigm Shift in Curriculum

Paradigm Shift in Education

Towards School-based Management

Group Mean

Profiles of “High SBM & High PS” Schools & “Low SBM & Low PS” Schools

1.4

1.2

1

0.8

0.6

0.4

0.2

-0.2 0

-0.4

-0.6

-0.8

Satisfaction

High SBM & High PS

Low SBM & Low PS

All scores are Z-scores; SBM: Towards School-based Management; PS: Paradigm Shift in Education; No. of schools in High PS & High SBM Group = 8, No. of schools in Low PS & Low SBM Group = 12

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Future Research on Leadership

Effective School Movements

Quality /Competitive School Movements

World-Class School Movements

Globalization Higher Order Research: To Market Internal Competition Improvement Provide a Comprehensive Knowledge Base to UnderstandQuality Paradigm Shifts & Relevance Effectiveness as Generation of to as Develop a New Stakeholders’ Future Target Leaders forSatisfaction New Learning & Development Achievement Globalization 1990s 2000s 1980s--90s

Internal Leadership

Interface Leadership 17

Future Leadership


鄭燕祥教授 Email address: yccheng@ied.edu.hk

http://home.ied.edu.hk/~yccheng

 Cheng, Y.C. (2010). Multiple thinking and creativity in school leadership: A new paradigm for sustainable development. In S. Huber (ed.) School leadership: International perspectives. (pp. 181-210) Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer.  Cheng, Y.C. (2010). Building capacity for school leadership research and  development in the Asia Pacific Region. Invited opening speech at the Asia Leadership Roundtable 2010 organized the Asia-Pacific Centre for Leadership and Change on 11 January 2010.  Cheng, Y.C. (2008). New learning and school leadership: Paradigm shift towards the third wave. In MacBeath, J. & Cheng, Y.C. (eds.).Leadership for  learning: International perspectives.(pp. 15-35) Rotterdam, The Netherlands: Sense Publishers.  Cheng, Y.C. (2005).New paradigm for re-engineering education:  Globalization, localization and individualization.Dordrecht, The Netherlands: Springer.

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Paradigm shift in education