Indiana Nursery & Landscape News, September/October 2021

Page 1

The Official Publication of the Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association

Indiana Nursery & Landscape News Volume 81 • Issue 5

September/October 2021

2021 INLA Summer Meeting and INEF Shooting for Scholarships – LIVE! COVER: INLA Award of Excellence 2020 Winner for Hardscape Residential Design/Build Over $50,000 AND Lighting categories — Wasson Nursery

Full recap with photos!

Miscanthus sinensis (Chinese Silver Grass) – Beginning to Escape! Diagnosing Phytotoxicity in Landscape Plants




Indiana Nursery & Landscape News Volume 81 • Issue 5 September/October 2021

Contents In this Issue... COMMUNITY


2021 INLA Summer Meeting and INEF Shooting for Scholarships – LIVE! Full recap with photos!

Indiana Nursery and Landscape News is the official publication of the Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association, Inc. (INLA) and is published bimonthly. Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association 7915 S. Emerson Ave., Suite 247 Indianapolis, IN 46237 Phone: 317-889-2382 Toll Free: 800-443-7336 PUBLISHER Rick Haggard, Executive Director, INLA 765-366-4994 • EDITOR AND AD SALES Mary Breidenbach, Cumulus Design 317-757-8634 • Advertising Rates: Media Kit available online at


18 Miscanthus sinensis (Chinese Silver Grass) — Beginning to Escape! EDUCATION

22 Diagnosing Phytotoxicity on Landscape Plants

Plus More!



President’s Message


Executive Director’s Message

6 Calendar INLA News 6

Remembering Dr. Harrison Flint

Copy Deadline: First of the month preceding the month of the issue. Reprint permission granted if source is indicated.


IOMA Golf Outing Registration form

Views expressed in articles or editorials do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of the association or its directors, but are those of the writer. Trade names used in articles are for identification only. No discrimination is intended toward similar products and the INLA does not endorse the use of the products mentioned.


George Brenn’s IAH Study Guide




Advertiser List, Classified Ads

Subscriptions: Included with membership to the INLA. Nonmembers: $36.00 per year (six issues per year). For questions regarding subscriptions, please call INLA at 317-889-2382.

Cover Photo: Private Residence, Carmel, Indiana Photo courtesy Wasson Nursery Enter your project in next year’s Awards of Exccellence program. Submission form included in this issue on pages 13–16.


Certification and Education


Indiana Nursery & Landscape Association’s

Award� of �cellenc� Recognizes firms that have enhanced the Indiana environment with creativity and beauty through landscaping and horticulture.

ENTRY FORM IN THIS ISSUE! See pages 13-16. Or download the awards brochure at

Multiple Entry Categories

Entry Fee $75 (per entry)

Entry Deadline

December 1st Eligibility

Active INLA Members


By the time late summer arrives, the industry is comfortably operating in steady state. Work pace should be regulated as the rush is over. Both owners and employees have time to enjoy our weekends and socialize a little more with golf outings and other summer events.

Dean Ricci

The INLA summer outing is the one event, in my opinion, that kicks off the “social” season. This year, the INLA held the summer tour in Northwest Indiana. The tour featured many stops (some by new INLA members) and ended up at my house for dinner and a live auction.

Kevin Van Sessen and his committee did an outstanding job setting up the event. We had many generous sponsors as well as gifts donated to the live auction that benefits the INEF Scholarship Fund. Once again, Robert Johnstone (past INLA president and comedian) facilitated the auction. The food and drink were plentiful and the companionship priceless. The tour was Auction items followed up with our annual scholarship shoot the next day, which was held at Back Forty sporting clay course in Bourbon, Indiana. After the shoot, we ate and drank while we proceeded with another live auction where we continued to raise funds. Overall, the event was a great fundraiser for our scholarship fund as well as a nice break away from the grind. (Read more about the Summer Meeting and our sponsors list on page 8-12.) With the fall approaching, we will have the opportunity to participate in local, state, and national trade shows and events. These events will not only be educational but will give us the opportunity to see fellow landscapers and vendors. Work will always be there; however, you need to carve out the time to stop and see what is going on in our industry and to develop and maintain relationships. Dean Ricci INLA President

2021 INLA Officers Dean Ricci, President Ricci’s Landscape Management, Inc. 502 Norbeh Drive, Hebron, IN 46341 219-996-2682; Fax 219-996-2680 Gabriel Gluesenkamp, President-Elect Designscape Horticultural Services 2877 S. TC Steele Road Nashville, IN 47448-9584 812-988-8900; Fax 812-988-2639 Shaun Yeary, Vice President Greendell Landscape Solutions 749 West State Road 42 Mooresville, IN 46158 317-996-2826; Fax 317-996-2032 Dave LaFara, Past-President David LaFara Hardscape Services 9920 Ash Lane Co Rd 375 N Paragon, IN 46166 765-537-2512 • Rick Haggard, Executive Director & Publisher 7915 S. Emerson Ave., #247 Indianapolis, IN 46032 Office: 800-443-7336 or 317-889-2382 Cell: 765-366-4994 •


Stay connected to INLA between issues.

Erick Brehob (2023) Brehob Nursery • 317-783-3233

Sign up for the INLA monthly eNewsletter at

Kyle Daniel — Purdue University 765-494-7621 •

You will receive: Latest news, the digital version of the magazine, reminders for events, and much more.

Jill Glover (2023) Schneider Nursery • 812-522-4068 Mark O’Brien (2022) Cardno • 574-586-2412 Kevin Van Sessen (2021) Blade Cutters, LLC. • 219-661-8206

7463 West Ridge Road P.O. Box 189 Fairview PA 16415 800.458.2234 Fax 800.343.6819 e-mail:


Bob Wasson (2022) Wasson Nursery and Garden Center 765-759-9000 •

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EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR’S MESSAGE Good day/evening/night or whatever time you are taking from your exhausting busy schedule to read these current tidbits. I was going to start off with “Here we go again”, as a reference to the recent Delta variant of COVID. However, I want more positivity in this article as we just finished our INLA Summer Meeting (in-person) Rick Haggard and INEF Shooting for Scholarships with great attendance and raised really good money from the 2-day INEF Shooting for Scholarship Auction during August 12-13 2021 in Crown Point and Bourbon, Indiana. I met several new individuals and companies that the INLA can benefit from the diversity within this group, plus saw some familiar faces that took time to join us on the tours and dinner. Please read a recap of this event in this publication on page 10. The next in-person event INLA members can partake in is the Indiana Outdoor Management Alliance (IOMA) legislative golf fundraiser, being held at the Twin Lakes Golf Club in Carmel, Indiana on October 7, 2021 (rain date of October 21, 2021). This marks the 11th year this outing will be at Twin Lakes. Funds raised help offset our industry’s need for legislative representation primarily at the state level. Please remember this organization used to be named GIA – Green Industry Alliance and has been rebranded to give a clearer and more concise description of who we are and the scope of work we do. The registration for this event is located on page 7, and as always donations and sponsorships are available. SAVE THE DATE — Another in-person scheduled event is the return of our Indiana Green Expo slated for January 24-26, 2022, in downtown Indianapolis, Indiana with the Indiana Convention Center playing host to the trade show and educational event. The host hotel is the newly renovated Westin Hotel, immediately across from the Convention Center and accessible via street or skywalk. Look for more detailed information in the INLA News November/

December 2021 issue and on the Indiana Green Expo website ( There will be flood of emails keeping everyone apprised of various links and potential health requirements/ updates as we receive them. From a personal standpoint I am very humbled to be involved in this organization of dedicated members and individuals. Several have given me their time and thoughts on issues that arise in various parts of the state. The key for me is that I always can utilize this information for other members, that may have a similar issue, or they offer another amicable solution that best fits their culture. I know everyone in our industry has been mostly understaffed or have been dealing with various weather issues throughout the year, without needing or adding another question to their list. Everyone usually replies within 24 hours or less to assist me. In closing I would like to wish a few of my friends the following: • Grant Schneider the speediest of recoveries from your kidney transplant. • Jim Kenny, Tom McGee, and Mark Goss of Price Nurseries all the best as you move forward with your semi-retirement and other endeavors. Thanks for donating the INLA treasured archives you’ve kept. • All past, current, and supporting members as well as several independent individuals of the INLA, that have made this “small in numbers” association a giant in the Midwest regarding leadership and education by having the only state approved horticultural certification in Indiana. The number of volunteers of this association never ceases to amaze me, as I receive so many offers for assistance or words of, “How can I help?” It actually sometimes leaves me speechless, and we all know that is a rarity!! Keep It Green, Rick Haggard, INLA Executive Director or • cell: (765) 366-4994

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CALENDAR Visit for updates and new event listings.

September 2021 10



2021 Indianapolis Landscape Association (ILA) Golf Outing Eagle Creek Golf Club, Indianapolis • Golf, food, and prizes. Benefits the Fritz Loonsten Memorial Scholarship Fund. Dinner and awards following golf. MRTF Annual Golf Day Fundraiser Hawthorns Golf and Country Club, Fishers, IN Join the fun and help MRTF meet their fundraising goals. This will be an awesome chance to experience and play a premier course. Sponsorships available. 2021 International Plant Propagators’ Society (IPPS) Eastern Region Annual Conference The Morton Arboretum, Isle, IL • Join Us IN-PERSON at the Morton Arboretum, or choose to attend the VIRTUAL PROGRAM. Gain fresh ideas, inspiration, and practical knowledge you can begin to implement immediately.

October 2021 5 & 7

Purdue College of Agriculture Fall Career Fair October 5: On Campus Career Fair, 9:30 am - 3:30 pm October 7: Virtual Career Fair, 9:30 am - 3:30 pm Find your future employees! Company registration closes once capacity is met. On Campus Fair participants must comply with the Protect Purdue Plan guidelines at or email


Indiana Outdoor Management Alliance (IOMA) Golf Outing Twin Lakes Golf Club, Carmel • The annual fundraiser for IOMA (formally Green Industry Alliance or GIA) includes a fun day of golf, prizes, and dinner. Sponsorships available. Registration/Sponsorship form on page 7 and online at

19–22 LANDSCAPES 2021 Louisville, KY • The largest annual conference for landscape and lawn care professionals! Offers cutting edge education sessions and industry thought leaders.


Education January 24–26

Trade Show January 25-26

Exhibitor booths now on sale! Visit for details. 6


Remembering Dr. Harrison Flint I just saw the news that Dr. Flint had died in April. I am so very sorry to lose him; I’m sure there will never be anyone like him. Reading the details of his biography that I never knew, it is an honor and kindness of God to be among those who treasure him. When I was a sophomore at Purdue and new to landscape architecture, I signed up for Hort-217 not ever suspecting it would be so life- changing. But because of Dr. Flint, it was. He had the rare quality of making every student feel important, while being very insightful beyond them. He held the highest standards and later trained some of us undergrads to be plant identification lab instructors. He worked hard to impart all we needed to teach our students. While visiting professors from another school toured around with us, I misidentified a few plants to my class. Trying to save the students from a long haul across campus, and although embarrassed, Dr. Flint called me into his office and never even yelled! He was so well esteemed in the industry and had so many contacts, that when I graduated, he was the one who got on the phone and connected me with a job opportunity. Soon after he asked me to be a guest lecturer at Purdue on actual plant use in the field. How trusting! Dr. Flint was such an exceptional listener. The hours I spent in the chair beside his desk were such a gift. And years later I was honored that he came to our wedding years later. One day in the Pittsburgh airport, in USAir uniform, I heard his voice call my name, and there he was on the way to Burlington, Vermont to see his mother. What a joy to see him! How did he remember all he did? We continued to correspond until he could no longer write, but I’ve saved his letters. Knowing him personally, it is a distinct pleasure to own books Dr. Flint authored. And at his retirement dinner, some of the other genius professors said the horticulture Dr. Flint had forgotten was more than they ever knew. I agree with that more now than ever, and will always thank God for Harrison Flint. Thank you so much, Peggy Brown Mueller Purdue Landscape Architecture, 1975



October 7, 2021

Twin Lakes Golf Club, Carmel, IN

Date: October 7, 2021 (rain date: October 21, 2021)


Location: Twin Lakes Golf Club 3200 W. 96th Street, Carmel, IN 46032

Name of Organization or Individual

Entry Fee: $125.00 per person/ $500.00 per foursome

Telephone with area code

Fee Includes: - 18 holes of golf and cart - Range balls & putting greens - Snacks throughout the event (no lunch) - Free beverages all day during event - Prizes - Dinner/awards afterwards at Clubhouse

Name of individual registering (Please place me on a team ___)

Names of Team Players (Please list all) Player 1

Event Times: Registration: 10 am Shotgun Start / Florida Scramble: 11 am Dinner / Scoring / Prizes immediately following

Player 2 Player 3

Sponsorships Available: $200.00 HOLE SPONSOR • Company name at selected hole • Company name and information about company/person and product line in outing booklet given to each participant $250.00 GOLD & GIVEAWAY SPONSOR • Company name and information at selected hole • Company name and information about company/person and product line in outing booklet given to each participant $350.00 BEVERAGE CART SPONSOR • Company name in each golf cart at selected hole • Company name and information about company/person and product line in outing booklet given to each participant $600.00 DINNER SPONSOR • Company name in each golf cart at selected hole • Company name and information about company/person and product line in outing booklet given to each participant

Player 4

Number of players x $125 = __________________________

Make checks payable to: Indiana Outdoor Management Alliance P.O. Box 681412 Indianapolis, IN 46268-7412 Or complete charge card information MC




Pay at Registration

Card #: __________________________________________________________________ Expires: _________________________________________________________________ Security Code: __________________________________________________________ Billing Address: ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________

Authorized Signature: _________________________________________________

Questions? Call Rick Haggard, 765-366-4994




2021 INLA Summer Meeting and INEF Shooting for Scholarship – LIVE! Rick Haggard, INLA Executive Director

I was a little apprehensive going into this event, when I heard reports from earlier in-person events in the Midwest were down on attendance. Plus, I given notice the week before our event that our passenger vans committed for the Summer Tour, were unavailable to us and being utilized for weekend racing events in Indianapolis. However, this group pulled together, made phone calls to get help, and said, “Not to worry; we’ve got it covered.” The group I am referring to is the INLA Summer Meeting Committee: Chair Kevin Van Sessen, Blade Cutters (INLA Board Member), with members Dean Ricci, Ricci Landscape Maintenance (INLA President), Wayne Gruber, Niemeyers (INLA member/ volunteer), Robert Johnstone, Edgewood Landscape Supply (auctioneer), and countless others from the region. Special recognition: Steve Isakson, Bosak Motors for supplying transportation vans and INLA partnership. Extra Recognition to: Julie Gillen and Vickie Newell for their dedication in processing registrations, organizing auction items, and compiling information to create a streamline event! Special Assistance from: Kim Glass and Carlos Reichman of M.J. Schuetz Agency, for taking pictures and assisting with the auction.

Stop 1: Albanese Candy Factory

Day 1: INLA Summer Meeting Tours

Crown Point and surrounding locale (Central Time ZONE)

We departed the host Hotel – Hampton Inn in Crown Point at 8:00 am and it looked like a presidential motorcade as the number of vehicles leaving the hotel, were let’s just say several! Stop 2: Lakes of the Four Seasons • Stop 1: Albanese Candy Factory We viewed the craftsmenship of new INLA member, Mulder Maintenance and Services who landscaped and hardscaped the factory’s much utilized entrance. Owner Andy Mulder described the project to the tour. Yes, there was time at the end to go in and purchase some of the delectable offerings. By the way there was a second motorcade of INLA tourist at the facility that did not come to the hotel. • Stop 2: Lakes of the Four Seasons Golf Course. We discovered the array of plants that Kimberly White had utilized landscaping the entrance, parking, and 19th Hole Clubhouse. • Stop 3: Joseph Wytovicz Residence — a Ricci Landscape Maintenance (RLM) project. RLM work incorporated various motifs based on Mr. Wytovicz’s travels. The owner wanted to bring his travels home and RLM Stop 3: Joseph Wytovicz Residence brought his vision to life. Due to limited access RLM used mostly manual labor to construct this beauty. • Stop 4: Mulder Residence Andy Mulder, Mulder Maintenance and Services graciously let Stop 5: RLM’s New Shop the INLA tour his residence and showed us how your job can also offer a relaxing atmosphere for yourself at home. • Stop 5: RLM’s New Shop With assistance from Wayne Gruber, Dean showed us how you can make your shop into an educational atmosphere for your employees as well. The front line of the office offered numerous plant genus and species to help train employees with identification. The beds offered the employees visual and applicable training of proper groupings and health requirements. Summer Meeting continues page 10.) 8












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Summer Meeting 2021 (continued from page 8) • Lunch: Niemeyer Landscape Supply Thanks to Nathan Niemeyer for opening Stop 6: McDermott Residence up his facility to our group (around 80+ strong) to grab lunch catered by RedBarn Smokehouse and recharge. This is a great facility offering a multitude of options for landscapers. • Stop 6 – McDermott Residence (RLM) – The McDermott residence offered a tranquil back yard with wooded areas surrounding the property, still allowing for a balanced landscape. The sounds from the water features made it very easy to relax plus, with a couple of synthetic practice greens in the vicinity as well as a fire basin; who would not want to come home? • Stop 7: Rhodes Residence (Blade Cutters) As Kevin described, the challenge of this project was fitting all the customer’s needs/wants into a confined space. Landscapers have the ability and capabilities to think outside the box when faced with limitations. • Stop 8: Niemeyer Residence (RLM & Niemeyer) Our lunch host also shared his residence with us. This project required some reconstruction and manipulations, like having to raise grade about 5 feet in order to create a breathtaking landscape from a “marshy” site. • Tour Stop 9: Sawgrass Subdivision Entrance (Diamond Peak Homes/joint effort) Wayne Gruber, Niemeyer, said this project was the culmination of several years of expertise in landscape, design, and construction disciplines and one that didn’t have much of a formal plan due to vastly differing concepts. Once they received approval to “go with what they know” their showcase entrance and focus Stop 8: Niemeyer Residence on sustainable landscaping and materials, gave the owners a finished product they had envisioned. • Tour Stop 10: Hart Residence (Blade Cutters) This project offered a unique look at creating a landscape that has layers to it — from the various hardscape to choice of plants. This project exemplifies how plants increase the enhancements of the home ­— accenting the hardscape. • Tour Stop 11: Wayne Gruber Residence Wayne’s home is the result of a plantsmith use his home as a display garden(s). Wayne’s gardens exemplify the meaning of “right plant — right place.” To make his point, Wayne pointed out that they wanted to build a 3-car garage but instead built a 2½-car garage to accomodate an established Tricolor Beech. His gardens also show how to incorporate the intricacy of your home’s architecture into the landscape. Stop 9: Sawgrass Subdivision • Stop 12: O’Drobinak Residence (Blade Cutters) Kevin described how this partnership between client and companies can work in unison. Case in point, the client knew what they wanted and would purchase, bring home, and ask Blade Cutters to determine the best fit. Sometimes that meant creating an area to incorporate these items.

Tour Dinner and INEF Auction (part 1) at Dean Ricci’s Residence An extra special Thank You to Dean and Jamie Ricci for opening up their residence, spacial lawn, and gardens to probably 100+ people for this event. Dinner was catered courtesy of Gamba Ristorante, Merrillville, Indiana by owners, Benito (Benny) and Hilda Gamba. After cocktails, dinner, and after dinner cocktails it was time for the auction that raises money for the INEF Scholarship. Before Robert Johnstone began the auction he took a “moment of silence” Robert Johnstone (standing center) leads the auction. to remember Rob Delaby who in previous years always helped get the crowds and Robert energized for the auction. That night’s auction raised approximately $7,775. Tour dinner at the home of Dean and Jamie Ricci. 10


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Summer Meeting 2021 (continued from page 10)

Back Forty Gun Club

DAY 2 – INEF Shooting for Scholarships Back Forty Gun Club, Bourbon, IN

The INEF Shooting for Scholarships had seven teams of 5 shooters and two teams of 6 shooters for a total of 47 individual participants. Each person had 100 shots with 10 shots at each station. Each member of the 1st place team won $100 cash and either a $50 Visa Gift Card or two $25 Cabela Gift Cards. • 1st Place: Franco Team (score = 358) Franco Team: Brian Franco, David Todd, Blake Herbst, Mike Broge and Brant Boram • 2nd Place: RLM Team 1 (score = 355) Dean Ricci, Joe Urbanski, Dan Weingart, Curt Olsen, Steve Toniff • 3rd Place: Start to Finish Team (score = 350) Matthew Kelly, Jett Yeary, Jordan McClain, Roman Solis-Garcia, Matthew Deinlein • Individual High Score: Brian Hominiuk (91 out of 100) $100 cash prize

Thank you Sponsors! We couldn’t do this event without the generous support of our sponsors. Their contributions helps make this a truly enjoyable event for all. The sponsors for this year’s event are listed alphabetically below.

Company.................................................... Sponsorship Adam’s Landscaping & Lawncare................... Shoot Breakfast & Sporting Clay Station Alsip Home & Nursery.................................. Tour Dinner & Sporting Clay Station Automatic Supply........................................... 1st Place Gift Card Blade Cutters, LLC........................................ Tour Dinner Beverage Blue Grass Farms, Inc..................................... Shoot Breakfast Brehob Nursery Inc........................................ Tour Lunch Cory A. Detamore, Diamond Peak Homes.... Donation Edward Jones................................................. Tour Dinner Beverage Ewing Nursery & Landscaping....................... Tour Dinner Beverage John M. O’Drobinak, PC.............................. Donation Liss Body & Paint Carstar.............................. Shoot Breakfast M.J. Schuetz Agency, Inc................................ Tour Transportation Mark M. Holeman, Inc.................................. Tour & Shoot Refreshment Midwest Landscape Specialists....................... Tour & Shoot Refreshment Natural Stone and Tile................................... Shoot Breakfast Niemeyer’s Landscape..................................... Tour Lunch Sponsor Optimist Club of Hammond......................... Sporting Clay Station Red Hen Turf Farm ��������������������������������������� Tour Transportation (x2) & Sporting Clay Station RLM, INC..................................................... Sporting Clay Station Rose Brick...................................................... Sporting Clay Lunch Schneider Nursery ����������������������������������������� Tour Transportation & Sporting Clay Lunch Shirer Insurance Services LLC........................ Donation Tolley Automotive LLC.................................. Donation Unilock.......................................................... Sporting Clay Station West Side Tractor Sales................................... Sporting Clay Station 12


1st Place: Team Franco

(l to r) Mike Broge, Dave Todd, Blake Herbst, Brian Franco and Brant Boram

Individual High Scorer, Brian Hominiuk (left)

who shot 91 out of 100 and played on Team Foegley.

Team Start to Finish Additional Summer Meeting photos at Summer Meeting photos courtesy Kim Glass and Carlos Reichman of M.J. Schuetz Agency; Bob Wasson, Wasson Nursery; Jill Glover, Schneider Nursery; and Julie Gillen and Rick Haggard, INLA.

Thanks everyone for making this another successful fundraiser and gathering!

TOTAL RAISED FOR INEF from the auctions on Thursday and Friday


Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association’s

Annual Awards Program Criteria and Application Forms for

Awards of Excellence Special Achievement Awards

Awards of Excellence CATEGORIES:

PURPOSE: The Awards of Excellence, given annually, recognizes those firms that have enhanced the Indiana environment with creativity and beauty through landscaping and horticulture.

Residential Landscape Design/Build A. Under $50,000 B. Over $50,000 Landscape projects for single family or duplex residences. (Apartment projects and similar multi-family buildings must be entered in the Commercial category.)

ELIGIBILITY: • All INLA active members (except award committee members). • A previous winning project can NOT be re-entered in the same category. • Non-winning project may be re-entered in same category. • All projects must include a completed entry form, written description and photos of the project (hard copy and electronic preferred), and entry fee.

For some categories, you must consider the dollar value of the project. All direct costs of labor, material, equipment, subcontractors, etc. plus overhead and profit figures in the dollar value.

ENTRY FEE: $75 per project submission

Commercial Landscape Design/Build A. Under $39,000 B. Over $39,000 Includes commercial sites or institutional projects as well as multi-family residential projects.

ENTRY FORMAT: Each project must include:

Hardscape Residential Design/Build A. Under $50,000 B. Over $50,000 Hardscape projects for single family or duplex residences. (Apartment projects and similar multi-family buildings must be entered in the Commercial category.) Hardscape Commercial Design/Build A. Under $39,000 B. Over $39,000 Includes hardscape projects for commercial sites or institutional projects as well as multi-family residential projects. Lighting Open category. This can/could include landscape lighting, architectural lighting, Christmas décor lighting; residential or commercial application; no dollar amount tied to this category. Landscape Maintenance Open category. Winning company would have provided landscape maintenance to a previously installed landscape. Can be residential, commercial or industrial setting. No dollar amount tied to this category. Special Projects Any non-conforming horticulture/landscape project of special merit or unusual character which does not belong in one of the other categories. Project examples: water features, garden centers, erosion control, interiorscapes, restoration, etc.

Completed entry form

Entry fee ($75), made payable to the Indiana Nursery & Landscape Association

Project submission in both printed and electronic format that includes a written description, photos, and if available, landscape plans of the project.

Written description of project: A descriptive text (500 words maximum) which explains the background for the project and takes into account potential problems and solutions, cost considerations, budget, and any constraints. Text MUST list the client’s criteria for the project and budget considerations. Descriptive text should be saved as a Word document or a PDF with a filename that includes the project name only. Do not include your company name in the filename. Please include the project description in both the printed and digital submissions.

Photos of project: – Print submission: Include a minimum of 10 and a maximum of 15 images. Please remove any company logos contained in the photos (such as on shirts or trucks) before submitting. If any photo contains your company logo that photo will not be forwarded to the judges.

– Electronic submission: Include a minimum of 10 and a maximum of 15 digital images, saved as JPEG files. Label images as 01_project name.jpg, 02_project name.jpg, etc. in the order you wish the judges to view your images. Do not list your company name in the filename. Please submit at least 3 images at high resolution (300 dpi or about 3 MB) for use in the INLA magazine and for display purposes. The complete electronic submission (photos and written description) may be submitted on CD or thumb drive.

Landscape plans Submit both electronic and printed versions if available. Please remove any company logos/names.

Note: Incomplete entries or nonconforming entries will not be considered for awards.


(All entry materials, fees, and forms due by this date.)



Awards of Excellence

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION What Do the Winners Receive?

• A plaque for winner and their client and a special presentation at the Indiana Green Expo. • A cover feature on the Indiana Nursery & Landscape News. • Posting on the INLA website ( complete with photos for one year.


• A professional press release about their award.

• The production of the Award of Excellence entry is a team effort.

Judging Criteria

• Take a lot of pictures so you can include 10 to 15 photos in your entry. a) Different seasons b) Different angles c) Horizontal — for use in a 3-ring binder with sheet protectors d) Vertical — Indiana Nursery & Landscape News might need one for the magazine cover, so make it a stunning one! e) Remember: Block out company name, phone, address, owner(s) personal pictures.

Entries will be judged by submitted material only. Judging will be guided by the following considerations: Design/Build Categories • Overall excellence of design, selection, and appropriateness of materials. • Degree of difficulty • Installation techniques • Craftsmanship • Execution of construction details • Maintenance considerations • Finished appearance of the project as viewed through the use of photographs, images and presentation. Special Projects Category • Uniqueness • Creativity • Overall project will be judged on how well the project met the client’s criteria or needs. • Overall appearance of the project as viewed through the use of photographs, images, and presentation. Consistency will be maintained in evaluation between projects within a category. Type, size, or cost of project will not be criteria for judging. Feedback will be provided for nonwinners should they request it.

Award of Excellence Content Suggestions • Entries should be comprised of a written description along with photos and optional plans, sketches, or graphical material. • Photos//text/plans/CDs/thumb drives, etc. must not include the entrant’s name. The entrant’s name should only be included on the entry form. Entries are numbered to protect anonymity.

• If project appears in the newspaper, ask publication to email a copy to you. • Each picture should have its own description including plant list, unique requirements of the job, a little history, challenges, and solutions. • Create it as a sales tool! And remember to have fun with it!

STUCK ON HOW TO PUT IT TOGETHER? INLA Award of Excellence presentation consultations available by contacting the INLA office — 317-889-2382.

• Photos must be included in print and on digital submission (CD or thumb drive) • The more description and detail given increases your chances. • Keep in mind that the overall goal of the contest is to promote high standards in landscape projects. 14


All photos and entries become the property of the Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association and may be returned.

Awards of Excellence

ENTRY FORM This program is designed to reward and recognize those firms that have enhanced, through landscaping and horticulture, the environment in the state of Indiana through creativity and beauty.

Please read guidelines before completing application form. ONE FORM PER CATEGORY • DEADLINE DECEMBER 1

DEADLINE: December 1 1) PROJECT INFORMATION — PLEASE PRINT IN BOLD Project Name:_____________________________________________________________________________________________ Project Location:___________________________________________________________________________________________ Name of Individual(s)/Firm:___________________________________________________________________________________ Address:_________________________________________________________________________________________________ City/State/Zip:_____________________________________________________________________________________________ Phone: _____________________________________________ Fax: ______________________________________________ Email:______________________________________________ Role in Project:_____________________________________________________________________________________________ 2) CLIENT’S AUTHORIZATION: Name (Print)______________________________________________________________________________________________ Signature_______________________________________________________________ Date:___________________________ Applicant’s Name (Print):___________________________________________________ Date:___________________________ Applicant’s Signature:______________________________________________________ 3) PLEASE SELECT THE APPROPRIATE CATEGORY AND SUBGROUP (if applicable) YOU ARE ENTERING: ____ Residential Landscape Design/Build __ A. Under $50,000 __ B. Over $50,000

____ Hardscape Residential Design/Build __ A. Under $50,000 __ B. Over $50,000

____ Lighting

____ Commercial Landscape Design/Build __ A. Under $39,000 __ B. Over $39,000

____ Hardscape Commercial Design/Build __ A. Under $39,000 __ B. Over $39,000

____ Special Projects

____ Landscape Maintenance

Check if we may feature your entry at the Indiana Green Expo — even if you do not win. 4) MAIL YOUR ENTRY: Mail this form, along with the written description of entry, photos, electronic submission of your project, and the $75 entry fee (per project, per entry) to: Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association 7915 S. Emerson Ave., Suite 247, Indianapolis, IN 46237 Phone: 800-443-7336 • Deliveries must be made by appointment only. Thank you. 5) PAYMENT: Make check(s) payable to: Indiana Nursery & Landscape Association (INLA) or Pay by credit card (Master Card, Visa, or Discover only). Please provide the following information printed clearly. Name on Card:____________________________________________________________________________________________ Card No.:_____________________________________________________________ Exp. Date: ___________ 3-Digit PIN:_______ Billing Address/City:_____________________________________________________ Zip Code:____________________________



Special Achievement Awards Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association members are encouraged to submit suggestions for these three very special awards—Nursery & Landscape Achievement Award, Award of Merit, and the Indiana Nursery & Landscape Employee of the Year. Please take time to recognize the many deserving professionals for their contributions to our industry!

Nursery & Landscape Achievement Award

To be awarded annually to an individual with good standing in the industry who has given freely of his/her time for the strengthening of the green industry in Indiana. Nominations are voted on by the Awards Committee.

Award of Merit

To be given annually to a business, institution, job, or individual which the INLA feels has contributed significantly to our industry. Nominations are voted on by the Awards Committee.

Special Achievement Awards

Employee of the Year

To be given annually to an individual on staff at an INLA member business where he/she has significantly contributed to the growth of that business and its standing in the community. Five years minimum service required. Nominations are voted on by the Awards Committee. Please provide information about the nominee and his/her contributions.

DEADLINE: December 1

NOMINATION FORM These awards are the most important awards presented by the Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association. Please take time to submit deserving candidates who meet the criteria listed above and the reason for nominating them. Email or mail your nomination to the INLA office by December 1. NURSERY & LANDSCAPE ACHIEVEMENT AWARD ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ AWARD OF MERIT ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ INDIANA NURSERY & LANDSCAPE EMPLOYEE OF THE YEAR ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ SUBMITTED BY: Your Name: ______________________________________________________________________ Deadline: December 1 Email completed form to the INLA at: • Questions: 317-889-2382 Mail to: Indiana Nursery & Landscape Association, 7915 S. Emerson Ave., #247, Indianapolis, IN 46237 16


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Miscanthus sinensis (Chinese Silver Grass) — Beginning to escape! Kenneth W. Cote and Co Author Kristy M. Stultz, Indiana Department of Natural Resources, Division of Entomology & Plant Pathology My training is in horticulture and entomology. I have worked with plants since I was in 4th grade and began working in the nursery industry in Pennsylvania when I was 13 years old. As a horticulturalist, I love my plants. I choose plants based on their function, appearance, and adaptability to the landscape environments. When choosing a plant for installation, I want my plant choices to have a specific function in the design. To be honest, until later in my career path, I never considered as to whether or not a plant was invasive. Only how it looked and performed in a garden. Invasive threats were not taught when I was working on my horticulture degree. For over 15 years I have been working on Kudzu eradication in the state of Indiana. During that time, I have learned a great deal more about native plants and have seen certain ornamental plants beginning to escape into natural areas. Miscanthus sinensis (Chinese Silver Grass) is a widely grown and utilized landscape plant. The species is highly drought tolerant and pest resistant. It provides winter interest and is a wonderful accent to any landscape. However, recently I have been more frequently encountering areas where Miscanthus has escaped from the landscape into natural environments. I encountered one case in Harrison County, Indiana in which Miscanthus infested multiple acres. Miscanthus can be easily identified by its seed heads late in the growing season and well into winter. Seed heads may not always be present in the wild and I have found miscanthus growing in shaded areas without any seed heads present. There is also another species of Miscanthus called Miscanthus sacchariflorus that has a similar seed head. However, this species is more stoloniferous than M. sinensis and lacks the awn, a long projection on individual seed, which is one of the distinguishing characteristics between the two species. There have been a few confirmed reports of 18

M. sacchariflorus, but M. sinensis is the predominate species we are seeing escaping into Indiana native lands. Miscanthus sinensis is highly competitive plant that produces a large amount of wind dispersed seed. The recent spread of Miscanthus into unwanted areas is very concerning because this plant is beginning to demonstrate its ability to rapidly colonize areas. Compared to Miscanthus sinensis escaping into native areas near kudzu, Miscanthus may actually Hoosier National Forest. have a higher ability to spread to more locations because of its seed dispersal have four plants around my electrical transmechanism. Kudzu is a highly invasive former in my front yard, that produced a plant and persistent plant, but its seed pickup truck load of material every fall. dispersal is relatively low. Plant species that There are alternative perennial plants that produce seeds can quickly spread to other may produce less waste. areas more rapidly compared to plants that Miscanthus sinensis is a widely sold have a lower seed production. Miscanthus and it has been installed in many landcould spread in the same manner and scapes. There are ways you can minimize be a similar threat to our natural areas the spread of Miscanthus. Inflorescences that Japanese stilt grass (Microstegium can be removed before the seed heads vimineum) has become. Could Indiana are fully developed. This will help reduce be heading for the same problems with the seed spread of Miscanthus, however it Miscanthus that other states are having? will change the appearance of the plant. Miscanthus produces a large amount of Maintenance debris which may need to be removed from There are pros and cons regarding properties as opposed to onsite compostthe maintenance of Miscanthus in the ing. When transporting Miscanthus debris landscape. It is a highly adaptable plant with developed seed heads, tarp or preferand drought tolerant. It can be used as ably bag loads before transporting them to an accent plant or to screen off certain composting facilities in order to reduce the areas of the landscape. It is a pest resistant spread of seeds. plant. As an inspector, I rarely see any pest or pathogen problems on this plant. Removal Miscanthus mealybug is an insect that can Removing established Miscanthus be pest of this plant, but I have only had plants from the landscape is not an easy one encounter with it. It seems to be diftask. I speak from experience and I am ficult to find because it lives inside the leaf honest to say I had this plant in my landsheathes. However, there are some negative scape until recently. Digging the plants aspects of this plant that I have experienced out proved to be very challenging. I am on my property. Besides having invasive a 300-pound man and I could not get tendencies, the plant poses a maintenance an ordinary shovel to go into the crowns issue by producing an abundance of yard enough to break up the root mass. I had waste after it is cut back to the ground. I (Miscanthus continues page 20.)



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Miscanthus sinensis (Chinese Silver Grass) — Beginning to Escape (continued from page 18) to use a digging iron and an edging shovel to do the job. I was not able to dig up the plants that were next to my electrical transformer. The cable TV and phone lines were only 3 inches deep in the soil. I cut the plants back hard in spring. Then, I allowed some regrowth and began treating them with glyphosate once I had enough growth to allow for collection of herbicide on leaves. After three applications with glyphosate, approximately 2-3 weeks apart, I mowed off the dead vegetation. Then, I covered the area with 4-6 inches of mulch and hope to replant something next year. It was a lot of work and persistence, but it was a relief not to deal with all of the yard waste this fall and I am looking forward to putting in something with more color and less maintenance issues in the future.

Alternative Species There are alternatives to Miscanthus that have a similar appearance while also eliminating the invasive threat and protecting the natural environment. Educate your customers about the alternatives that are available. If you take the time to educate your customers, they may be more likely to return to your


business for additional information and guidance. They will likely view your business as a source of information and quality plant material which can bring you more sales in the future. There are several native grasses that may be a better choice than Miscanthus. They may not get quite as tall as Miscanthus sinensis does, but they will be a valuable plant in the landscape. Keep an eye out for these plants because they may be well worth including in your plant inventory. • Prairie drop seed (Sporobolus heterolepis): This is a low mounding type of grass that grows in a small clump. With seed heads it reaches about 3 feet tall. It is drought tolerant but can develop somewhat of a silver appearance when it gets excessively dry. • Northern Sea Oats (Chasmanthium latifolium): This native grass reaches about 3 feet tall and has some shade tolerance. It does have a tendency to reseed and can become aggressive in the landscape, so it should be utilized where it has some room to expand. It doesn’t grow in a nice, behaved clump like prairie drop seed. • Little Blue Stem (Schizachyrium scoparium): This is a smaller grass that has bluish foliage. It reaches about 2-3 feet tall depending on moisture conditions in the soil. • Big Blue Stem (Andropogon gerardii): This can look similar in appearance to Indian grass, but the seed heads have a turkey foot shape. It can easily reach 5-6 feet tall. • Indian Grass (Sorghastrum nutans): This is a native grass that is quite common in Indiana, but often goes unnoticed until seed heads develop later in summer. It grows 3-5 feet tall and can be used in informal borders. • Switch Grass (Panicum virgatum): This is a great native ornamental grass that is readily available in the nursery industry. Most cultivars are around 3 feet tall, but there some taller cultivars available. The cultivar Warrior is reported to reach 5 feet. Some cultivars, such as Heavy Metal have bluish foliage in the summer. While others such as Haense Hermes, have a reddish fall color. • June Grass (Koeleria macrantha): This is a cool season grass that forms clumps and can be found in open woods and dry prairies. It has a large native range


including much of north America. • Blue Joint Grass (Calamagrostis canadensis): This plant can grow 3-5 feet tall and has an attractive seed head. It prefers moist sites, can be quite stoloniferous, and can be used to stabilize stream banks or pond edges. • Porcupine Sedge (Carex hystericina): This plant can grow to three feet tall and prefers wet areas and may be useful along retention ponds and drainage ditches. • Canada Wild Rye (Elymus canadensis): This is a short-lived perennial that can grow in full to partial sun. It is tolerant of moderately wet soils or dry soils and can reach five feet tall. The nursery industry is forever changing. New challenges arise every day, whether it be from changing economic conditions or adverse weather conditions. Utilizing native plants may allow for better sustainability in your landscape plantings while protecting the environment. However, I want to also report that not all non-native plants are invasive and it is important to pick native plants that will provide the function you want in the landscape. Some native plants can be aggressive, although not truly invasive. While other plants tend to behave themselves and grow in a more controlled manner. It may be worth your time to consider including some of these native grasses as part of your business. Many consumers are beginning to ask for native alternatives and now could be a chance to bring a new set of customers to your business.

References Boresman, N., Bonin, C., Clark L., Heaton, M., Identifying Miscanthus in Iowa. Iowa State University, Extension and Outreach. Burrell, C. Colston. 2007. Brooklyn Botanical Garden, Native Alternatives to Invasive Plants. 1000 Washington Ave. Brooklyn, NY 11225. Homoya, Michael A., 2012. Wildflowers and Fern of Indiana Forests. Indiana University Press, Bloomington, Indiana 47404. Still, Steven M., 1994. Manual of Herbaceous Ornamental Plants. Stipes Publishing Company, 10-12 Chester Street Champaign, Illinois 61820.




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Diagnosing Phytotoxicity on Landscape Plants Kyle Daniel, Nursery and Landscape Specialist, Purdue University Email: Phytotoxicity is damage to plants caused by chemicals, fertilizers, or pesticides. Phytotoxicity can be a positive (killing weeds) or a negative (damage from pesticides on ornamental plants), depending on the intended results. Some of the common phytotoxic effects can show symptoms such as stunting of leaves and whole plant, necrosis (death), chlorosis (yellowing), abnormal growth (i.e. twisting/epinasty, cupping), discoloration, root damage, or bark cracking.

The most common reasons for phytotoxic symptoms include:

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Herbicide injury: Herbicide phytotoxicity can occur when drift, volatilization, or other misapplication occurs when a herbicide is applied. The symptoms vary widely depending on the herbicide mode of action and the plants that are damaged. All of the symptoms mentioned above can occur when damage is caused by herbicides.

Fertilizer burn: Fertilizer phytotoxicity can occur when a liquid fertilizer is applied to leaves during hot temperatures and low humidity. Fertilizer burn can also be caused by high electrical conductivity (EC) (salts from the fertilizer) in the soil. Typical symptoms include necrotic (dead) plant tissue at the margins of the leaves. To correct the high EC in the soil, deep irrigation can be applied to leach out the salts or gypsum can be applied around the root system to deactivate the salts.

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Insecticide/Fungicide applications: Typically insecticide and fungicide applications don’t cause any type of phytotoxicity to plants, though when applied during extremely hot temperatures they can cause some damage. To prevent this from occurring, apply during the early morning hours and avoid any of these applications in the middle of the day during the hottest days of the summer. Typical symptoms include necrotic and/or chlorotic damage to the entire leaf area.


Herbicide phytotoxicity to sycamore from 2,4-D.

Insecticide phytotoxicity from an application made in an urban area while temperature were in the 90’s.

Improper tank cleaning: Proper tank cleaning is essential when using multiple types of pesticides (i.e. herbicides, insecticides, etc.) or modes of actions of herbicides in one tank. You would typically observe the worst damage where the application began and decrease in damage as the spraying continues through the landscape/plants.

To diagnose phytotoxicity, there are some key steps: 1) Find out the history of the site. a. Previous pesticide and fertilizer usage in the area. b. Weather conditions when applications were made to the site. 2) Diagnose abiotic vs. biotic symptoms. a. Are the symptoms random (biotic) or in a pattern (abiotic)? i. If abiotic, whole plants and/or multiple plants will be affected. ii. If biotic, symptoms will be on various parts of the plant with no pattern. 3) What are the symptoms? a. Does the history of the site indicate the cause could be due to past applications? 4) If a determination can’t be made, send samples to the Purdue Plant and Pest Diagnostic Lab.



September/October 2021

Certification and Education George Brenn’s IAH Study Guide George Brenn, Four Seasons Landscaping Nursery, created this study guide to help teach the material covered in the IAH Manual. His intention is to assist those trying to master the subjects within the manual. Text: © George Brenn, MIAH

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Chapter 13 – Pesticides and Workplace Safety (part 2) Personal Safety with Pesticides – the more the exposure, the greater the danger involved in using the pesticide. The degree of hazard is dependent on: • Toxicity of active ingredient • Concentration of active ingredient • Type of formulation • Type of protective clothing worn • Rate of application • Frequency of application • Method of application • Persistence in the environment Pesticide Toxicity Toxicity = capacity of a compound to cause harm to a living organism. Toxicity is variable with different formulations. Dusts are most readily inhaled than granules. Granular formulations of a pesticide containing same active ingredient as a dust have less exposure for applicator, so label for Granular form may state CAUTION when label on Dust formulation states WARNING. Also, note that Emulsifiable Concentrates are more readily absorbed through the skin (dermal) THUS… Pay attention to signal words: DANGER (most toxic), WARNING (moderate toxicity) and CAUTION (least toxic) which appear on the front of every pesticide label And… If a pesticide is classified as RESTRICTED USE ONLY, it is highly toxic, and the top of the front panel of the label will clearly state “For Restricted Use Only” MSDS = Material Safety Data Sheet – exists for every pesticide and provides details on the effects of acute (= short-term or one-time) exposure. MSDS also has info on adverse effects linked to chronic (= long-term) exposure. MSDS also contains LD50 value (=a standard measurement of acute toxicity that is stated in milligrams (mg) of pesticide per kilogram (kg) of body weight. An LD50 represents the individual dose required to kill 50 percent of a population of test animals (e.g., rats, fish, mice, cockroaches). Applicator Safety Based on Exposure – Dermal exposure – greatest risk areas are hands and forearms; also eyes. Respiratory exposure – is via lungs; direct absorption into bloodstream Oral exposure – usually results from improper storage and handling NEVER transfer pesticides into bottles or food containers. ALWAYS wear recommended (required) Personal Protective Equipment Personal Protective Equipment Usually most important time to wear PPE is when mixing, and also when applying Launder pesticide contaminated clothing separately after each use: pre-soak in hot H2O with good detergent, drain completely, run wash cycle, rinse, then hang outdoors to dry. Also, clean out washing machine (run full cycle while empty) to prevent contamination of next wash load. (George Brenn’s Study Guide: Chapter 13 continues on page 26.)





George Brenn’s Study Guide: Chapter 13 (part 2) (continued from page 24)

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Preventing Pesticide Exposure • Always read and follow label directions • Select safest formulation • Apply at lowest effective rate • Mix only enough product to complete needed task • Do not exceed label rates • Select method of application that minimizes personal contact • Wear required PPE • When mixing, avoid splashes and spills • Do not transport pesticides in the cab of a vehicle • No smoking or eating while handling pesticides • Dispose of empty, rinsed containers properly – use “triple rinse” method (defined by 1974 Federal Regulation {see pg 15} and pour rinsate into spray tank mixture • Keep pesticides in original containers • Avoid pesticide drift Medical Emergencies If pesticide is swallowed, READ LABEL to determine whether or not to induce vomiting {see pg 18} Pesticides on skin – 1st; remove clothing and drench skin with H2O, then 2nd; cleanse skin and hair with soap and H2O, but avoid abraiding skin Pesticides in the eye – hold eyelid open and wash eye with gentle stream of body temperature H2O for 15 minutes Inhaled Pesticides – move victim to fresh air and keep them still & quiet.



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IAH Quiz

Each quiz will be worth a .5 (one-half) CEU! The Indiana Accredited Horticulturist Committee is pleased to provide you an opportunity to earn CEUs (continuing education units) in each issue of the Indiana Nursery and Landscape News. The IAH quiz offered in each issue can be completed by anyone who is an “Active” (current) IAH (initial or masters). Each quiz will be worth a .5 (onehalf) CEU (continuing education unit) for the completion of the bi-monthly quiz with a pass rate of 80%. Over a 2-year period, you could earn up to 6 CEUs if you take and pass every quiz! The INLA office will grade the quiz. Questions and answers have been provided by the IAH committee. Thank you and good luck studying! The Indiana Accredited Horticulturist Committee Chair - George Brenn, Four Seasons Landscaping Nursery Committee Members - Brian Bunge, Twixwood Nursery - Gabriel Gluesenkamp, Designscape Hort Services - Wayne Gruber, Niemeyer’s Landscape Supply - Jim Messmer - Melissa Mravec, Allen Landscape - Jodie Overmyer, Marshall County Soil and Water

IAH QUIZ: SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER 2021 Due: October 31, 2021

Complete the quiz and email or mail to INLA by the deadline above. Be sure to write your name, IAH number, and contact information on the bottom of the quiz when submitting. 11. Wettable Powder pesticide formulations dissolve in water and form a true solution. T or F 12. “It is a ___________ of _________ law to use this product in a manner ___________ with its ________________.” 13. Emulsifiable Concentrates (EC) consist of an oil-soluble _______ _________ dissolved in an appropriate oil-based solvent plus an emulsifying agent, which is mixed with _______ and applied as a spray. 14. Casoron 4G is a herbicide that is mixed with water and applied as a spray. T or F 15. Minimum PPE for handling pesticides requires long sleeve shirt, ______ ________ and waterproof footwear. 16. Should you always induce vomiting if someone has swallowed a pesticide? Yes or No 17. The MSDS provides details on the effects of both acute and _________ exposure to a product and also contains the LD50 value. Lower LD50 values = __________ toxicity. 18. Always _______ and ________ label directions. 19. All pesticides are toxic to honeybees. T or F 20. Pesticide exposure by humans can occur by ingestion through __________ contact, _____________ and ___________ exposure.

Interested in taking the IAH certification test? Do you have employees interested in taking the IAH certification test? Contact INLA at your earliest convenience to see if a test is going to be offered in-person in your area or if a virtual option is available. Call INLA Office at 317-889-2382 or email Rick Haggard at

Name:_____________________________________________________________________________ IAH No.:___________________________________________________________________________ Phone:____________________________________________________________________________ Email:_____________________________________________________________________________

Send answers to: -or- mail to INLA, 7915 S. Emerson Ave., #247, Indianapolis, IN 46237





Landscape, Lawncare, Tree and Shrub Care, or Irrigation Business in Indianapolis or surrounding counties.

Amigos Recruiting...............................................................22

Call Jim Calvin, Calvin Landscape 317-247-6316

Bobcat of Indy................................................................. 9, 17

Blue Grass Farms of Indiana..........................inside front cover

Bowling Nursery........................................... inside back cover

INLA Job Board at Member Benefit

FREE JOB POSTING for INLA members! Positions are open to any who wish to respond!

To post an open position at your company, please email and send the job description along with how to apply. Questions? Contact Rick Haggard, 765-366-4994

Brehob Nurseries, LLC.................................outside back cover Calvin Landscape................................................................28 Contree Sprayer & Equipment Co.......................................26 Dirt N Turf.............................................................................3 Fairview Evergreen Nursery...................................................2 Forest Commodities, Inc......................................................23 Indiana Irrigation Co...........................................................20 IOMA Golf Outing.................................................................7 MacAllister Machinery, Inc...................................................25 McGavic Outdoor Power.....................................................19 Millcreek Gardens................................................................26 Reynolds Farm Equipment.....................................................5 Tiffany Lawn and Garden Supply.........................................24 Unilock................................................................................21 West Side Tractor Sales........................................................11 Woody Warehouse Nursery, Inc.............................................4



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Rick Haggard, INLA Executive Director Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association 7915 S. Emerson Ave., Suite 247 Indianapolis, IN 46237 September/October 2021 Address Service Requested

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