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The Official Publication of the Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association

Indiana Nursery & Landscape News Volume 80 • Issue 5


September/October 2020

Cover: INLA Award of Excellence 2019 Winner for Landscape Maintenance — Calvin Landscape

Reduced INLA Summer Meeting Still a Success! Full recap with photos!

Did the Pest Problem Get Shipped to Me? Alternative Fuel Equipment Highlight





Indiana Nursery & Landscape News Volume 80 • Issue 5 September/October 2020


8 Reduced INLA Summer Meeting Still a Success! Full recap with photos!

EDUCATION Indiana Nursery and Landscape News is the official publication of the Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association, Inc. (INLA) and is published bimonthly. Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association 7915 S. Emerson Ave., Suite 247 Indianapolis, IN 46237 Phone: 317-889-2382 Toll Free: 800-443-7336 www.inla1.org PUBLISHER Rick Haggard, Executive Director, INLA 765-366-4994 • rhaggard@inla1.org EDITOR AND AD SALES Mary Breidenbach, Cumulus Design 317-757-8634 • mary@ecumulus.com Advertising Rates: Media Kit available online at www.inla1.org


18 Did the Pest Problem Get Shipped to Me? BUSINESS

22 Alternative Fuel Equipment Highlight

Plus More! 2

President’s Message


Executive Director’s Message


6 Calendar INLA News 6

New and Returning INLA Members


2020 INEF Scholarship Recipients

Certification and Education Copy Deadline: First of the month preceding the month of the issue. Reprint permission granted if source is indicated.


George Brenn’s IAH Study Guide


Purdue Landscape Report – Virtual

Views expressed in articles or editorials do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of the association or its directors, but are those of the writer. Trade names used in articles are for identification only. No discrimination is intended toward similar products and the INLA does not endorse the use of the products mentioned.

27 IAH QUIZ! Earn CEUs

Subscriptions: Included with membership to the INLA. Nonmembers: $36.00 per year (six issues per year). For questions regarding subscriptions, please call INLA at 317-889-2382.


Toolbox Talks: How Did You Sleep Last Night? (English & Spanish)


Advertiser List, Classified Ads


Indiana Nursery & Landscape Association’s

Award� of �cellenc� Recognizes firms that have enhanced the Indiana environment with creativity and beauty through landscaping and horticulture.

Cover Photo: The Village of West Clay, Carmel, Indiana Photo courtesy Calvin Landscape

ENTRY FORM IN THIS ISSUE! See pages 13-16. Or download the awards brochure at inla1.org/awards/

Multiple Entry Categories

Entry Fee $75 (per entry)

Entry Deadline

December 1st Eligibility

Active INLA Members


Hello All, How’s everybody doing? Hopefully you’ve been able to keep healthy and sane. Between the pandemic, weather, upcoming elections, and peaceful protesting there’s been something out there to even make Jesus ask, “what would Jesus do?” At least we have been blessed with enough work to keep our minds and bodies active. Good news is none of this stopped us from having a successful partial summer meeting. We were not able to have the tours or dinner this year but we did have a safe, well attended Shooting for Scholarships event on August 7. (See recap and photos on pages 8-11.) Never was there a year that I needed to blow off some steam and a few clay pigeons. I believe most in attendance felt the same way. Thanks to all that made this a super great time. It was good to see a lot of friends. The generosity of our group shone through again. The auction alone gathered over $5,000 for the INEF scholarship fund and Robert Johnstone didn’t have to drink a bottle of Fireball to get bids (although he would have it that’s what it took). Thanks to all who bid up your buds. The INLA board did meet thanks to the hospitality of Robert Johnstone. We didn’t have a quorum to make it legal but we were able to go over some items that will need our attention in the near future. Dave LaFara

Now thoughts from a guy that thinks rocks are cute. What happened to our ability as a nation to process right from wrong? Is getting your party elected or violently protesting an injustice worth ruining our country and economy? When we as a collective people should be helping each other through major difficult times, there are those that are using their positions to abuse the norms and laws of our country. It breaks my heart to turn on the TV and watch the leaders of our country fight over what they think the other is saying while we need from them is to work together. While the next station has our country on fire, police being violated and stores being looted in the name of peaceful protest. I’m hoping and praying that people realize that we can’t keep going this way. We need to take responsibility for the way things are and work with multiple groups of ideas to develop a singular fluid plan on how to proceed. Award of Excellence: Remember now is the time to be almost finished with your entry for the INLA Award of Excellence. Your team deserves to be recognized. Entry form and instructions are inside this issue (see pages 13–16). Help others when you can. I’m pulling for you. Stay safe out there. Always between a rock and a hard place, with a smile! David LaFara INLA President (Sir Rocks A Lot) You can take the kid off the nursery, but you can’t take the nursery off the kid.

Dave LaFara, President David LaFara Hardscape Services 9920 Ash Lane Co Rd 375 N Paragon, IN 46166 765-537-2512 • dblafara@aol.com Dean Ricci, President-Elect Ricci’s Landscape Management, Inc. 502 Norbeh Drive, Hebron, IN 46341 219-996-2682; Fax 219-996-2680 dean@rlminc.com Kim Glass, Vice President M.J. Schuetz Insurance Services 55 Monument Circle, Ste 500 Indianapolis, IN 46244 317-639-5679; Fax 317-639-6910 kglass@mjsis.com Brian Franco, Past-President Franco Landscaping, Inc. PO Box 34156, Indianapolis, IN 46234 317-858-3858; Fax 317-858-8906 bfranco@francoland.com Rick Haggard, Executive Director and Publisher 7915 S. Emerson Ave., #247 Indianapolis, IN 46032 Office: 800-443-7336 or 317-889-2382 Cell: 765-366-4994 rhaggard@inla1.org • haggard.rick@att.net

BOARD OF DIRECTORS Kyle Daniel — Purdue University 765-494-7621 • daniel38@purdue.edu Gabriel Gluesenkamp (2020) Designscape Horticultural Services 812-988-8900 • gabrielg@designhort.com Mark O’Brien (2020) Cardno • 574-586-2412 mark.obrien@cardno.com

Stay connected to INLA between issues.

Kevin Van Sessen (2021) Blade Cutters, LLC. • 219-661-8206 kevinvs@bladecutters.net

Sign up for the INLA monthly eNewsletter at www.inla1.org.

Bob Wasson (2022) Wasson Nursery and Garden Center 765-759-9000 • bob@wassonnursery.com

You will receive: Latest notices, the digital version of the magazine, reminders for events, and much more.


2020 INLA Officers


Kent Wilhelmus (2021) Second Nature Landscape Management (812) 483-7817 kent@secondnaturelm.com Shaun Yeary (2022) Greendell Landscape Solutions 317-996-2826 syeary@greendelllandscape.com


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Rick Haggard

Welcome to the September/October edition of the Indiana Nursery & Landscape News. Personally, I would like to rename it the May edition since Indiana will be celebrating a couple of traditions that usually takes place during the month of May. Those being the Indianapolis 500, albeit with no fans, and the NBA Playoffs for the Indiana Pacers this time with a slightly different flair of their home city in Orlando, Florida located just down the street from Bankers Life Fieldhouse and viewing within a 75-mile radius of Indianapolis on Fox Indiana Network ... I think!!!

I would like to start off by saying how ecstatic I was for INLA to host at a minimum one of the usual two days of Summer Meeting events in 2020. This, especially after watching almost every major city and state report increased outbreaks of COVID-19, due to “early” reopening of venues but had nothing to do with other factors such as large gatherings, lack of social distancing, and a lack of wearing mandated mask when entering public facilities – stated on doors and yet cashiers not bothering to wear one. (I understand it could have been a medical reason, but perception of customers is important.) Yes, that was sarcasm and an intentional derogatory remark, maybe it will stick somewhere but I feel better for expressing it. I will touch base on the Shooting for Scholarship portion of the 2020 Summer Meeting that was held on August 7 at the Indiana Gun Club, with more details in a summary article on page 8. I also would like to discuss how COVID-19, has disrupted schools in remote areas where eLearning is almost impossible and how it greatly affected the submittal of a potential INEF Scholarship. Also, I will touch on the “HOPEFUL” 2021 Indiana Green Expo. As many of you learned directly or indirectly the 2020 INLA Summer Meeting went from a two-day event to just holding the INEF Shooting for Scholarships portion. Monies raised in 2019 from the IGE Auction and Shooting for Scholarships raised $16,000 in scholarships donations — $4,000 each to two recipients as well as Central Nine and Prosser Career Centers each receiving $4,000 each to assist with enhancing their horticulture/landscape programs. I had become very encouraged by the numbers that had been ascertained in more recent first day tours of the Summer Meeting, but after COVID-19 appeared I grew increasingly concerned over the viability of hosting and creating a truly safe event for everyone. At the beginning I was extremely optimistic of Governor Holcomb’s plan with various stages with the worst-case scenario would be 100% normal by late-July. However, seeing the spike in positive COVID-19 cases in late-June our event was in jeopardy. Not just the tours, which would obviously not be able to provide safe distancing and concerns over food venues, but the ability to even have the outdoor Shooting for Scholarships. Fortunately, we salvaged the main reason for the Summer Event, the ability to raise scholarship monies. Although this year might have also saved the sanity of several owners and employees from the onslaught of customers, who are realizing their homes needed a makeover or at a minimum general maintenance outdoors. The INLA Education and Trade Show Committees have been working extra hard and diligently to implement all safety factors in hosting the 2021 Indiana Green Expo in a traditional in-person forum. While much is still in the air and a word I have grown to dislike, as much as my brother dislikes the term “Executive Order”, “fluid” takes all the planning and work of many to a mediocre “hopeful”. I have been very encouraged and a little resentful that the information is not more widespread that the two events at the Indianapolis Convention Center to date (wrote on August 9, 2020) have not yielded a positive COVID-19 test result. I know there is another AAU sporting event the weekend of August 1416, 2020 as well with an expected attendance of 4,200 people. Based on information I have received, the Indianapolis Convention Center has had several events postponed until October 2020 which appears to be when things might start “opening up” more with conventions and like venues. I truly hope Indiana’s COVID-19 rates decrease enough to enable us to have a normal trade show and educational event. However, our main priority is the health and safety for all that might plan to attend, if able to do so, in person. We are taking every precaution and undoubtedly will solicit thoughts from membership, vendors, speakers, and other private or public entities in doing so.

7463 West Ridge Road P.O. Box 189 Fairview PA 16415 800.458.2234 Fax 800.343.6819 e-mail: info@FairviewEvergreen.com FairviewEvergreen.com


CAUTION: The INLA staff may continue to send more emails and website updates! I greatly appreciate all the kind words and expressed gratitude of everyone regarding communications of the initial phase of COVID-19 this spring. We will continue the onslaught of information until this pandemic subsides or surrenders. Keep It Green, Rick Haggard, INLA Executive Director | O: 317-889-2382 or 800-443-7336 | C: 765-366-4994 haggard.rick@att.net or rhaggard@inla1.org




New and Returning INLA Members ASSOCIATE Indiana Business Appraisals LLC (812) 590-4155 John Cento PO Box 134 New Albany, IN 47151 ACTIVE Start to Finish Landscaping (317) 769-2211 Matthew Kelly 3375 S 500 E, Whitestown, IN 46075 Adam’s Landscaping & Lawncare Inc (219) 322-6477 Adam Suttinger 7001 W 108th St, Crown Point, IN 46307 Sovereign Landscape (317) 219-6222 Mark Johnston 11460 Greenfield Ave Noblesville, IN 46060 Eric Gillette Horticultural Services (765) 760-1450 Eric W Gillette 1521 N Jefferson Muncie, IN 47303-3050

CALENDAR September 2020 11

Indianapolis Landscape Association (ILA) Golf Outing Eagle Creek Golf Club, Indianapolis • Golf, food, and prizes. Benefits the Fritz Loonsten Memorial Scholarship Fund. Dinner and awards following golf. https://indylandscape.com/


NALP’s On Tour Virtual Series – On Tour with Rossen Landscape 2:00 pm - 3:00 pm ET • A behind-the-scene look at systems that work. The FREE On Tour events are part video facility tour — with interviews from team members. For more information and free registration, go to: https://www.landscapeprofessionals.org/OnTour


MRTF Annual Golf Day Fundraiser Coyote Crossing Golf Club, West Lafayette • This is an awesome chance to experience and play this premier course and have a good time. Space is limited. Register online: https://www.mrtf.org/

October 2020 1

Green Industry Alliance Golf Outing (Rescheduled) Twin Lakes Golf Club, Carmel • The annual fundraiser for GIA includes a fun day of golf, prizes, and dinner. Sponsorships available. Registration/Sponsorship form on inside back cover and online at http://inla1.org.


Purdue College of Agriculture VIRTUAL Fall Career Fair Great opportunity for companies to meet potential employees! Company registration closes September 14. https://ag.purdue.edu/oap/career/Pages/Employer_Career_Fair_Main.aspx


Landscapes 2020 – The Virtual Experience NALP is working out the details of LANDSCAPES 2020: The Virtual Experience, which will include a mix of live and on-demand content including over 30 educational sessions, many of which will include live Q&A. https://www.landscapeprofessionals.org/LANDSCAPES

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INEF 2020 Scholarship Recipients Robert Johnstone, INEF Scholarship Chair and President The Indiana Nurserymen Endowment Fund (INEF), commonly referred to as the Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association’s Scholarship, is pleased to announce the winners of the 2020 scholarships and donations. Through your diligence and generosity, a total of $16,000 has been distributed to the following persons and entities. A more detailed and personal description of the recipients will be reported in the in the Indiana Nursery & Landscape News, November/December 2020 issue.

Each of the following recipients will receive $4,000 in the following manner: • Central Nine Career Center: Horticulture and Landscape Class will receive a donation of $4,000 in Fall 2020 to be utilized as per the direction of their instructor, Andy Moore, to aid in teaching or procurement of horticultural tools, books, or other practices for the enrolled students. • Prosser Career Education Center: Landscape and Horticulture Class will receive a donation of $4,000 in Fall 2020 to be utilized as per the direction of their instructor, John Churchman, to aid in teaching or procurement of horticultural tools, books or other practices for the enrolled students. • Ms. Mackenzie Fouts (Lebanon High School / Purdue Pathway): Ms. Fouts will receive a $2,000 scholarship check based on her application and vote by INEF Board for freshmen year. Upon submitting transcripts after freshmen year and meeting criteria of scholarship would be entitled to an additional $2,000 for sophomore year. • Ms. Hannah Fowler (Lanesville Jr/Sr High School / Vincennes University): Ms. Fowler will receive a $2,000 scholarship check based on her application and vote by INEF Board for freshmen year. Upon submitting transcripts after freshmen year and meeting criteria of scholarship would be entitled to an additional $2,000 for sophomore year.




Reduced INLA Summer Meeting Still A Success! Rick Haggard,

Executive Director, INLA I was hoping to start this article discussing Day 1 of our planned two-day 2020 Summer Meeting with the host site Wasson Nursery and Garden Center in Fishers, Indiana. However, 2020 was minimized to a one-day INEF Shooting for Scholarships event due to COVID-19. Despite the obstacles, the 2020 Summer Meeting Committee of Dean Ricci, Kevin VanSessen, Robert Johnstone, Tanner Powell, Bob Wasson, Dan Weingart, and Brant Boram still put together an amazing and successful fundraising event. I still must mention the tentative plans they had for Day 1. We had planned to offer tours of home sites on Geist Reservoir by sea via Pontoon boats or by land via vans. Thoughts were to have lunch at the Indianapolis Yacht Club and continue tours until time to reconvene at Wasson’s Nursery and Garden Center located at 13279 E 126th Street in Fishers for a tour of their spectacular facility, followed by a catered dinner and part one of a live auction for the scholarships. UNFORTUNATELY COVID-19 happened to spike about six weeks before the event and it was decided at the June 10, 2020 board meeting to hopefully be able to have the INEF Shooting for Scholarships.

Photos courtesy of Kim Glass. 8

INEF Shooting for Scholarships:

August 7, 2020 at the Indiana Gun Club, 14926 E 113th Street, Fishers, IN

After cancelling the tour, I was apprehensive of the turnout for a one-day event. Maybe I need to be more apprehensive as there was obviously much pent up desire to enjoy a day of networking, camaraderie, and the opportunity to take out frustrations shooting guns at defenseless sporting clays. There were 13 teams of 5 people preregistered, plus a few walk-up and staff for a total turnout of 73 people. I cannot begin to thank all those that asked and offered assistance wherever needed from the moment registration started until the very end. Julie Gillen, Vickie Newell, and Kim Glass took care of registrations, while also multi-tasking the list of donated items for auction and selling 50/50 tickets. Brian Franco and Dave LaFara, filled coolers with beverages for the continental breakfast, sponsored by Schneider Nursery and supplied by Ohana Donuts, as well as put sponsor signs at the shooting stations. As teams assembled, a particularly important safety talk was given to all by Philip of The Indiana Gun Club to ensure a safe and enjoyable outing by all. By the way, we had approximately 35% first time attendees. After each person took 50 shots over the 12 station course, they were treated to a catered lunch sponsored by Red Hen Turf and Spence Restoration and provided by City Barbecue with assorted adult and non-alcoholic beverages sponsored by Niemeyer’s Landscape Supply. There must


have been an error of my calculations, as we ordered enough lunch for 80 people, plus an extra 3 lbs. of pulled pork, but after dinner there was only a little potato salad, baked beans with brisket, pickles and buns left. I think the food must have been very good after just having donuts, coffee, and juice before the 10:15 am start … snacks were also served on the course, before 12:30 pm lunch. Now I know why very few landscape companies and nurseries offer food as a compensatory benefit. Of the 13 teams, Greendell Landscape Solutions took first place overall honors with a score of 182 out of a possible 250 with each team member receiving Summer Meeting continues page 10.)

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Reduced INLA Summer Meeting Still a Success! (continued from page 8) $50 first place prize and trophy, along with an extra $50 sponsored by Edward Jones Investments; netting each winning team member $100 cash prize. Mark Funderberger shooting for Greendell Landscape Solutions won the best individual marksman with a score of 47 out of 50 and garnering an extra $100 cash prize, placing second in the individual category was Doug Spence and third was Matthew Deinline. Shooting for Greendell Landscape Solutions was: Frank Gieseking, Brooks Gieseking, Brian Kirchner, Clayton Guffy, and the aforementioned Mark Funderberger. 2nd place went to Team Franco with a score of Best Individual 176 and consisted of David Todd, Mark Funderberger Blake Herbst, Mike Broge, Brant with Robert Johnstone Boram, and Chris Huck. 3rd place was Team Start to Finish with Matthew Kelly, Jett Yeary, Kevin Thompson, Jimmy Yeary, and Matthew Deinline. While Robert Johnstone enjoys handing out the money and trophies at this event, his greatest devotion, passion, and quality is Robert engaging all in attendance to open up in action their wallets and support the future of our industry by increasing the scholarship funds through auction donations. I mentioned in my Executive Director’s letter (page 4) that INEF gave $16,000 in donations in 2020 to schools and individual scholarships. In talking with Robert before the event he stated he would do his best to bring in as much money as possible with limited participation of a one-day summer event. He did not disappoint as in a little over an hour of auction time a total amount just shy of $6,000 was raised from auction items, donations, and return of the 50/50 winners’ share amount. Kevin VanSessen unable to make the event had a sealed starting/winning bid on the Beretta A400 12 gauge shotgun of $2,000 donated by Dean Ricci. I know I have said it before and will until I am no longer involved in INLA functions, but when the chips are down the owners, employees, and other individuals that are, have been, or will become a part of this association and events, are all winners and deserve a giant hug, firm handshake, and resounding pat on the back in making our association one of the strongest green industry associations in the country!!!! Oh yeah, I guess this year I should have said virtual hug, handshake, etc. Summer Meeting continues page 12.) 10


Team Greendell –1st Place

Team Franco – 2nd Place

Team Start to Finish – 3rd Place

Team Cardno

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Reduced INLA Summer Meeting Still a Success! (continued from page 10) SPONSORS — WE THANK YOU! Here is a list of Sponsors that through their donations offset much of the cost and increases the funds available for scholarships. Company............................................................... Sponsored

Schneider Nursery................................................... Breakfast

Spence Restoration................................................. Lunch

Red Hen Turf Farm.................................................. Lunch

Niemeyer’s Landscape Supply................................. Beverages

Edward Jones Investments....................................... Additional 1st Place Prize Money

Belgard................................................................... Station

M.J. Schuetz Insurance Services............................... Station

Techo-Bloc.............................................................. Station

Tiffany Lawn & Garden Supply................................ Station

Fischer Stone........................................................... Station

Edgewood Landscape Supply.................................. Station

Unilock................................................................... Station

On behalf of the INLA & INEF Board we wish everyone continued safety, good health, and a prosperous 2020! THANK YOU for your continued support!


Team Mark M Holeman Landscaping

Team Thomas Lawn and Landscape plus Justin Kottkamp, Automatic Supply

Team Brehob Nurseries (Team A)

Team Tiffany Lawn and Garden (Team A)

Team Edgewood Supply

Team Brehob Nurseries (Team B)


Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association’s

Annual Awards Program Criteria and Application Forms for

Awards of Excellence Special Achievement Awards

Awards of Excellence CATEGORIES:

PURPOSE: The Awards of Excellence, given annually, recognizes those firms that have enhanced the Indiana environment with creativity and beauty through landscaping and horticulture.

Residential Landscape Design/Build A. Under $50,000 B. Over $50,000 Landscape projects for single family or duplex residences. (Apartment projects and similar multi-family buildings must be entered in the Commercial category.)

ELIGIBILITY: • All INLA active members (except award committee members). • A previous winning project can NOT be re-entered in the same category. • Non-winning project may be re-entered in same category. • All projects must include a completed entry form, written description and photos of the project (hard copy and electronic preferred), and entry fee.

For some categories, you must consider the dollar value of the project. All direct costs of labor, material, equipment, subcontractors, etc. plus overhead and profit figures in the dollar value.

ENTRY FEE: $75 per project submission

Commercial Landscape Design/Build A. Under $39,000 B. Over $39,000 Includes commercial sites or institutional projects as well as multi-family residential projects.

ENTRY FORMAT: Each project must include:

Hardscape Residential Design/Build A. Under $50,000 B. Over $50,000 Hardscape projects for single family or duplex residences. (Apartment projects and similar multi-family buildings must be entered in the Commercial category.) Hardscape Commercial Design/Build A. Under $39,000 B. Over $39,000 Includes hardscape projects for commercial sites or institutional projects as well as multi-family residential projects. Lighting Open category. This can/could include landscape lighting, architectural lighting, Christmas décor lighting; residential or commercial application; no dollar amount tied to this category. Landscape Maintenance Open category. Winning company would have provided landscape maintenance to a previously installed landscape. Can be residential, commercial or industrial setting. No dollar amount tied to this category. Special Projects Any non-conforming horticulture/landscape project of special merit or unusual character which does not belong in one of the other categories. Project examples: water features, garden centers, erosion control, interiorscapes, restoration, etc.

Completed entry form

Entry fee ($75), made payable to the Indiana Nursery & Landscape Association

Project submission in both printed and electronic format that includes a written description, photos, and if available, landscape plans of the project.

Written description of project: A descriptive text (500 words maximum) which explains the background for the project and takes into account potential problems and solutions, cost considerations, budget, and any constraints. Text MUST list the client’s criteria for the project and budget considerations. Descriptive text should be saved as a Word document or a PDF with a filename that includes the project name only. Do not include your company name in the filename. Please include the project description in both the printed and digital submissions.

Photos of project: – Print submission: Include a minimum of 10 and a maximum of 15 images. Please remove any company logos contained in the photos (such as on shirts or trucks) before submitting. If any photo contains your company logo that photo will not be forwarded to the judges.

– Electronic submission: Include a minimum of 10 and a maximum of 15 digital images, saved as JPEG files. Label images as 01_project name.jpg, 02_project name.jpg, etc. in the order you wish the judges to view your images. Do not list your company name in the filename. Please submit at least 3 images at high resolution (300 dpi or about 3 MB) for use in the INLA magazine and for display purposes. The complete electronic submission (photos and written description) may be submitted on CD or thumb drive.

Landscape plans Submit both electronic and printed versions if available. Please remove any company logos/names.

Note: Incomplete entries or nonconforming entries will not be considered for awards.

SUBMISSION DEADLINE: DECEMBER 1 (All entry materials, fees, and forms due by this date.)



Awards of Excellence

ADDITIONAL INFORMATION What Do the Winners Receive?


• A plaque for winner and their client and a special presentation at the Indiana Green Expo. • A cover feature on the Indiana Nursery & Landscape News. • Posting on the INLA website (www.inla1.org) complete with photos for one year.


• A professional press release about their award.

• The production of the Award of Excellence entry is a team effort.

Judging Criteria

• Take a lot of pictures so you can include 10 to 15 photos in your entry. a) Different seasons b) Different angles c) Horizontal — for use in a 3-ring binder with sheet protectors d) Vertical — Indiana Nursery & Landscape News might need one for the magazine cover, so make it a stunning one! e) Remember: Block out company name, phone, address, owner(s) personal pictures.

Entries will be judged by submitted material only. Judging will be guided by the following considerations: Design/Build Categories • Overall excellence of design, selection, and appropriateness of materials. • Degree of difficulty • Installation techniques • Craftsmanship • Execution of construction details • Maintenance considerations • Finished appearance of the project as viewed through the use of photographs, images and presentation. Special Projects Category • Uniqueness • Creativity • Overall project will be judged on how well the project met the client’s criteria or needs. • Overall appearance of the project as viewed through the use of photographs, images, and presentation. Consistency will be maintained in evaluation between projects within a category. Type, size, or cost of project will not be criteria for judging. Feedback will be provided for nonwinners should they request it.

Award of Excellence Content Suggestions • Entries should be comprised of a written description along with photos and optional plans, sketches, or graphical material. • Photos//text/plans/CDs/thumb drives, etc. must not include the entrant’s name. The entrant’s name should only be included on the entry form. Entries are numbered to protect anonymity.

• If project appears in the newspaper, ask publication to email a copy to you. • Each picture should have its own description including plant list, unique requirements of the job, a little history, challenges, and solutions. • Create it as a sales tool! And remember to have fun with it!

STUCK ON HOW TO PUT IT TOGETHER? INLA Award of Excellence presentation consultations available by contacting the INLA office — 317-889-2382.

• Photos must be included in print and on digital submission (CD or thumb drive) • The more description and detail given increases your chances. • Keep in mind that the overall goal of the contest is to promote high standards in landscape projects. 14


All photos and entries become the property of the Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association and may be returned.

Awards of Excellence

ENTRY FORM This program is designed to reward and recognize those firms that have enhanced, through landscaping and horticulture, the environment in the state of Indiana through creativity and beauty.


Please read guidelines before completing application form. ONE FORM PER CATEGORY • DEADLINE DECEMBER 1

DEADLINE: December 1 1) PROJECT INFORMATION — PLEASE PRINT IN BOLD Project Name:_____________________________________________________________________________________________ Project Location:___________________________________________________________________________________________ Name of Individual(s)/Firm:___________________________________________________________________________________ Address:_________________________________________________________________________________________________ City/State/Zip:_____________________________________________________________________________________________ Phone: _____________________________________________ Fax: ______________________________________________ Email:______________________________________________ Role in Project:_____________________________________________________________________________________________ 2) CLIENT’S AUTHORIZATION: Name (Print)______________________________________________________________________________________________ Signature_______________________________________________________________ Date:___________________________ Applicant’s Name (Print):___________________________________________________ Date:___________________________ Applicant’s Signature:______________________________________________________ 3) PLEASE SELECT THE APPROPRIATE CATEGORY AND SUBGROUP (if applicable) YOU ARE ENTERING: ____ Residential Landscape Design/Build __ A. Under $50,000 __ B. Over $50,000

____ Hardscape Residential Design/Build __ A. Under $50,000 __ B. Over $50,000

____ Lighting

____ Commercial Landscape Design/Build __ A. Under $39,000 __ B. Over $39,000

____ Hardscape Commercial Design/Build __ A. Under $39,000 __ B. Over $39,000

____ Special Projects

____ Landscape Maintenance

Check if we may feature your entry at the Indiana Green Expo — even if you do not win. 4) MAIL YOUR ENTRY: Mail this form, along with the written description of entry, photos, electronic submission of your project, and the $75 entry fee (per project, per entry) to: Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association 7915 S. Emerson Ave., Suite 247, Indianapolis, IN 46237 Phone: 800-443-7336 • www.inla1.org Deliveries must be made by appointment only. Thank you. 5) PAYMENT: Make check(s) payable to: Indiana Nursery & Landscape Association (INLA) or Pay by credit card (Master Card, Visa, or Discover only). Please provide the following information printed clearly. Name on Card:____________________________________________________________________________________________ Card No.:_____________________________________________________________ Exp. Date: ___________ 3-Digit PIN:_______ Billing Address/City:_____________________________________________________ Zip Code:____________________________



Special Achievement Awards Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association members are encouraged to submit suggestions for these three very special awards—Nursery & Landscape Achievement Award, Award of Merit, and the Indiana Nursery & Landscape Employee of the Year. Please take time to recognize the many deserving professionals for their contributions to our industry!

Nursery & Landscape Achievement Award

To be awarded annually to an individual with good standing in the industry who has given freely of his/her time for the strengthening of the green industry in Indiana. Nominations are voted on by the Awards Committee.

Award of Merit

To be given annually to a business, institution, job, or individual which the INLA feels has contributed significantly to our industry. Nominations are voted on by the Awards Committee.

Special Achievement Awards

Employee of the Year

To be given annually to an individual on staff at an INLA member business where he/she has significantly contributed to the growth of that business and its standing in the community. Five years minimum service required. Nominations are voted on by the Awards Committee. Please provide information about the nominee and his/her contributions.

DEADLINE: December 1

NOMINATION FORM These awards are the most important awards presented by the Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association. Please take time to submit deserving candidates who meet the criteria listed above and the reason for nominating them. Email or mail your nomination to the INLA office by December 1. NURSERY & LANDSCAPE ACHIEVEMENT AWARD ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ AWARD OF MERIT ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ INDIANA NURSERY & LANDSCAPE EMPLOYEE OF THE YEAR ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ SUBMITTED BY: Your Name: ______________________________________________________________________ Deadline: December 1 Email completed form to the INLA at: info@inla1.org • Questions: 317-889-2382 Mail to: Indiana Nursery & Landscape Association, 7915 S. Emerson Ave., #247, Indianapolis, IN 46237 16






Did the Pest Problem Get Shipped to Me? Ken Cote, Indiana Department of Natural Resources, Division of Entomology & Plant Pathology The nursery industry has changed a great deal during the last 20 years. The economic slowdown that occurred in the early caused many nurseries and independent garden centers to go out of business across the country. After the economic recovery the remaining nurseries quickly filled the supply gaps and now we have fewer, but larger nurseries supplying much of the plant material in Indiana. Fortunately, we still have some wonderful production nurseries in the state, but the fact is mass market garden centers dominate the plant sales in Indiana. What does this mean to Indiana? It means a majority of the plant material being sold in Indiana is actually not grown in Indiana, but shipped to the state. Some of the out of state sources include plant material from California, Maryland, Oregon, Oklahoma, Ohio, Michigan, Tennessee, Texas, and yes, even British Columbia and Ontario, Canada. This situation actually increases the risk that Indiana will receive a new pest or plant disease that has not occurred or is not widespread in the state because material is shipped over such long distances. This plant material is certified by agriculture inspectors in other states, but occasionally unseen or unidentified problems are shipped into Indiana. Inspectors are diligent, but cannot conduct a 100% inspection of all plant material,

Downy Mildew on Knockout Rose 18

especially at large nurseries with hundreds of acres and multiple plant shipments each day. Indiana DNR nursery inspectors focus their early season inspections on nursery dealers that receive large quantities of stock from out of state sources. These inspections are performed to ensure that plant material being shipped into the state does not possess any pest or disease issues that could harm our natural resources, including our agriculture and horticulture industries. The inspections are also designed to protect the consumer and make sure they are getting healthy plants. We do occasionally find pest and disease problems on certified nursery stock that is shipped into the state. When problems are found, we can often work with supplying nurseries as well as inspectors in supplying states to ensure that the problem at the source nursery can be located and corrected. Some of the problems are easy to recognize in the field while others, such as sudden oak death (Phytophthora ramorum), require laboratory diagnosis. Sudden oak death is particularly difficult to identify and field diagnosis is not possible. Nursery and green industry professionals can help the DNR and the state of Indiana by being on the lookout for new pest and disease problems. There are numerous plant species sold in the nursery industry and it would be impossible to cover all of the pest and disease issues, however I would like share a few problems that I have seen over the last few years.

Downy Mildew There are multiple species of downy mildew that can infect many different types of plants. Impatiens downy mildew (Plasmopara obducens) causes complete defoliation of plants and can exist in the soil for multiple years after initial infection. It can be a problem in landscape environments if plants are not being treating with fungicides. Symptoms of downy mildew can be quite variable depending on the host. Symptoms can range from yellow leaf spots, downy growth on


Possible Spirea Virus

Possible, Cherry Leaf Mottle Virus on Weeping Yoshin

the undersides of leaves, angular leaf spots, to necrosis and plant defoliation. In 2019, downy mildew was confirmed on Baby Cakes blackberry plants shipped to Indiana. Symptoms appeared as if they were some type of anthracnose or abiotic condition. However, laboratory diagnosis confirmed the presence of down mildew (Pernospora sparsa). The same species of downy mildew was also confirmed on knock out rose in 2019. Infected plants had angular leaf spots. Downy mildew can become systemic in infected rose plants, therefore, if it is found during inspection, plants will be destroyed upon discovery.

Plant Viruses There are hundreds of plant viruses. Plant symptoms can vary from leaf yellowing, leaf cupping, leaf curling, necrotic spots and mosaic patterns. Viral symptoms are not frequently encountered on woody ornamentals during inspections, but they can occur. Virus symptoms are more frequently encountered on roses, annual and herbaceous perennials. Many viruses can cause similar symptoms and a laboratory test is needed to determine (Did the Pest Problem Get Shipped to Me? continues on page 20.)



Did the Pest Problem Get Shipped to Me? (continued from page 18.)

Japanese Maple Scale (above and close up to right) on Japanese Maple.

the exact virus that is causing the symptoms. If viral symptoms are found on plants during an inspection, a stop sale/rejection notice will be issued and the plants will be put on hold. If large numbers of plants are showing symptoms, samples will be taken for laboratory identification. Plants that test positive for viruses may be subject to destruction or can be sent back to the supplying nursery upon diagnosis. Viral testing can be expensive and in some cases if it is an unusual virus affecting a single plant, it may not be economically feasible to run a test for a single plant. It is better to just remove that plant from the garden center or production area. Tobacco rattle virus is a virus that is becoming more common on perennials. During the last several years, this virus has been found on Peonies, foxglove and Oenothera in Indiana. Symptoms were strong with bright yellow mosaic and streaking patterns. Rose mosaic virus is frequently found on roses and appears as yellow streaking on the leaves. Rose mosaic virus is actually caused by a complex of viruses. There is also another virus that causes the rose rosette disease. This virus results in stunted growth, witches brooms and increased stem thickness and thorn production. Plants found with these symptoms during inspections are destroyed. Hosta X Virus is still present in the nursery industry, but we are seeing less of this disease because growers are no longer producing many of the susceptible cultivars.

Two Spotted Spider Mites The two spotted spider mite (Tetranychus urticae) is a warm season mite that can infest multiple species of plants. The damage from 20

mite feeding causes stippling, leaf yellowing and in severe cases leaf drop and webbing. This species of mite is usually not active until early summer. However, I have encountered infestations on Liriope, butterfly bush and tomatoes early in the season at garden centers. At the time of inspection, these pest were not active in Indiana because the temperatures were still too cold. Thus, this indicates that the infestations were shipped to Indiana with a preexisting infestation. Be on the lookout for this pest on plant material that is being received from warmer areas or greenhouses.

Scale Insects Scale insects overwinter on the bark of deciduous trees and needles of conifers. They can easily be shipped to your nursery because low level infestations can be difficult to detect. They can appear as white or grey flecks on the bark of deciduous trees or white flecks on the needles of conifers. There are also certain soft scales that can appear as black, white or orangish bumps on branches. Oystershell scale (Lepidosaphes ulmi) appears as clusters of gray, oystershell shaped scales on the bark of deciduous hosts. Japanese maple scale looks similar, but is almost pure white and exists on the bark and branches of infested trees. Until recently, Japanese maple scale has been a pest primarily in the eastern United States. However, I am encountering this pest more frequently and have found it on dogwoods, Japanese weeping cherry, Yoshino cherry and crabapples. Winged euonymus scale (Lepidosaphes yanagicola) occurs on burning bush and is different than the euonymus scale (Unapsis euonymi) which occurs on Euonymus fortunei and bittersweet. Winged euonymus scale is extremely small and can be found on the bark between the ridges of twigs. It is smaller than oystershell scale. Sometimes it may take a specialist to decipher the exact scale species that is present. Host specificity can aid in identifications, but Mother Nature never likes to make things easy. Sudden Oak Death The name of this disease is misleading because it can infect hundreds of plant species. Rhododendron, azaleas, Pieris, Camellia and lilac are considered some of the more common susceptible hosts. For more information on sudden oak death visit the Indiana DNR


Division of Entomology and Plant Pathology website at https://www.in.gov/dnr/entomolo/4532.htm. The pathogen may also be referred to as P. ramorum blight. Indiana DNR has been conducting leaf sampling surveys for sudden oak death since 2004. During the 2019 growing season, Sudden Oak Death was found on Nova Zembla rhododendrons from an Oklahoma nursery. These plants were back traced to a supplying nursery in the state of Washington which had actually received some of it stock from British Columbia. Overall, the plants appeared healthy at the time of inspection. Just some small, chocolate brown leaf spots that looked like they were worth testing. However, after multiple lab tests it was determined that the plants were indeed, infected with sudden oak death. This actually led to the discovery of 28 states across the country that received infected material. Unfortunately plants can be asymptomatic carriers of the pathogen and symptoms often mimic many other native plant diseases. There are multiple species of native Phytophthora in Indiana. Genetic testing through PCR is needed to determine the exact species of Phytophthora present. Agdia immunostrip test kits for Phytophthora are being utilized in the field by DNR inspectors. This technology will better enable us to screen plants and provide earlier detection of this threatening disease. Indiana DNR, Division of Entomology and Plant Pathology is a regulatory division and regulation is a big part of our jobs. However, it is equally, if not more important for us to educate during inspections rather than just enforce regulations. The more people we have looking at the quality of plants that

Possible Phytophthora on Pieris

are being shipped into the state, the more likely it is that a problem will be intercepted early. As an inspector, I have worked with many garden centers and nurseries over the years, and they look at the DNR as not only a regulator but a resource for information. Occasionally, I have nursery businesses contact me about problematic plant shipments that they receive. DNR is more than happy to make a house call or second inspection to ensure that the plants being received are indeed safe. The sooner we are able to inspect problematic plant shipments, the more likely we are to be able to determine if the pest or disease was shipped to you. If a serious problem is found the options are to treat plants, destroy plants or ship them back to the supplying nursery. However the exact manner to deal with problems found during inspections depends on the particular pathogen and situation at the nursery. In some cases an inspection report or rejection notice from the state may help you get your money back. It may take a few days for the inspectors to reach you because there are only nine of us across the state. There are several ways you can report invasive, exotic plants, pests and diseases. Invasive plants can be reported using the Report IN (Great Lake Early Detection Network) App on your phone – https://www. entm.purdue.edu/iisc/. This app is designed to document reports and channel inquiries to the appropriate expert. Invasive insects and plant disease can be reported to the DNR by calling 1-866-NOEXOTIC. You can also call your local Purdue Cooperative Extension Agent. It is important to understand, although we are regulators, we wish to work together with nursery dealers and growers to ensure that the nursery industry and Indiana natural resources are protected. Please do not hesitate to contact us with any questions. We are in the battle together against insects and plant disease that threaten Indiana.

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About the Author

Kenneth W. Cote is a Nursery Inspector and Compliance Officer with the Indiana DNR, Division of Entomology and Plant Pathology, Bloomington Field Office. Ken can be reached at: PO Box 29, Clear Creek, IN 47426 812-322-7249 • kcote@dnr.in.gov

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September/October 2020

Certification and Education George Brenn’s IAH Study Guide

George Brenn, Four Seasons Landscaping Nursery, created this study guide to help teach the material covered in the IAH Manual. His intention was to assist those trying to master the subjects within the manual. Text: © George Brenn

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Chapter 8: Ornamental Plant Insect Management (part 2) Much of Chapter 8 involves visual associations of particular insects and the IAH Manual contains over 80 images of these insects and/or the damage they inflict on ornamental plants. Many insects are readily identified by their appearance and many can be easily identified by observing the damage they do. Reference to pictures in IAH manual are in bracket parentheses {xx} Categories of Insect and Mite Damage

1.) Agents of Leaf Distortion & Discoloration Piercing and sucking; identified by how they distort or discolor leaves, kind of excrement, web or no web. Leafhoppers {8} – some cultivars show resistance; bad on Acer rubrum Red Sunset & Oct. Glory Honeylocust Plant Bug {9} Four Lined Plant Bug {10,11} – easily identifiable insect and from feeding damage Lacebugs {12} – leave “tarspots” of excrement on leaf underside; leaf surface stippled Spider Mites{13,14} – warm season (Clover Mites) and cool season (Spruce Mites) Cicadas {15,16} – Periodical (Magicada) and Annual (Tibicea)

2.) Producers of Honeydew, Spittle, Unsightly Wax or Insect Remains Piercing and sucking; secrete easily seen substances; Honeydew is sugary liquid excrement that becomes covered with black, sooty mold; Honeydew also attracts bees and ants Aphids {25-28} – numerous types; have cornicles; give birth to live young; AKA: Plant Lice Scale Insects {18-20,23,24)} – soft scales (produce honeydew) and armored scales (no honeydew; most vulnerable in crawler stage (while mobile after hatching) Mealybugs {21,22} – remain mobile most of life; produce honeydew Adelgids {29} – the Hemlock Wooly Adelgid is serious forest problem in eastern U.S. Spittlebugs {30} – very easy to identify, if you know what spit looks like 3.) Bumps or Swelling on Leaves & Twigs This group of insects and mites are primarily gall makers (abnormal outgrowths of plant tissue) Maple Bladder Gall {31} – mite; looks like small red & green warts on leaves of Silver Maple Ash Flower Gall {32} – mite Horned Oak Gall {33} – wasp Cooley Spruce Gall {34,35} – adelgid; at TIP of new growth; Douglasfir is alternate host Eastern Spruce Gall {36} – adelgid; at BASE of new growth; insect remains on Spruce 4.) Defoliators Insects that consume entire leaves or leaf parts; Patterns of defoliation can help identification. Caterpillars {5,37} Concealed Caterpillars Mimosa Webworm {38-40} – Honeylocust leaves at branch ends webbed together Fall Webworm {41,42} – 2 generation I yr; entire branches covered in webbing Eastern Tent Caterpillar {43-45} – 1 gen I yr; webbing at branch crotches Bagworm {46-48} – eggs overwinter in female bags; hard to kill when mature Exposed Caterpillars Gypsy Moth {49,50} – serious!: infested forest trees can be totally defoliated Yellownecked Caterpillar {51} – late season (July, August) feeding Sawflies – Adult is thick-waisted wasp with “saw-like” ovipositor {3}; Bt NOT lethal Pine Sawfly {4,53} – feeds on prior year’s needles; common on Mugo Pine Pear Slug {54} – larvae attack fruit trees, Cotoneaster & Roses Beetles – including Chafers; many cause damage as larvae and as adults Japanese Beetle {55,56} – adults can be attracted with pheromone traps Bees – Leaf Cutter Bees {57} – “precision chewers;” common on Redbud

(George Brenn’s Study Guide: Chapter 8 continues on page 26.) 24




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Purdue Landscape Report: Virtual Kyle Daniel is inviting you to a scheduled Zoom meeting. Topic: Purdue Landscape Report: Virtual Time: 12:00 PM Eastern Time (US and Canada) Series continues every 2 weeks on Wednesday until November 11, 2020 (6 occurrences) • September 2, 2020 12:00 PM • September 16, 2020 12:00 PM • September 30, 2020 12:00 PM • October 14, 2020 12:00 PM • October 28, 2020 12:00 PM • November 11, 2020 12:00 PM Please download and import the following iCalendar (.ics) files to your calendar system. Weekly: https://purdue-edu.zoom.us/ meeting/tJIsfumgrTIqGdVGgZVgULRudAUxS2-8bDLR/ics?icsToken=98tyKuCu rzIqEtecsBqGRowABYr4c_zztlhfjadruxjfNSdmTjHjMsN3KoEtXYDS Join Zoom Meeting https://purdue-edu.zoom.us/j/96190839031

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George Brenn’s Study Guide: Chapter 8 (part 2) (continued from page 24)

5.) Leaf Miners – immature larvae feed between upper & lower leaf surface Birch Leaf Miner {58,59} – has 3 – 4 generations I year. Other Leaf miners + hosts include: Hawthorn Leaf Miner, Holly Leaf Miner, Locust Leaf Miner, Boxwood Leaf Miner 6.) Borers – 4 categories based on feeding habits Twig Chewers {60} – adults feed on twigs and shoots Pales Weevil Northern Pine Weevil Twig Girdler {61} Twig Pruner {62} Twig or Leader Borers – larvae tunnel into stems European Pine Shoot Moth {63} Nantucket Pine Tip Moth White Pine Weevil {64} Limb and Trunk Borers – larvae feed beneath bark Zimmerman Pine Moth {65} Pine Engraver {66, 67} Clear Wing Borer Moths {71} – adults resemble wasps; larvae bore into trunks Banded Ash Clear Wing Borer {68} Dogwood Borer {70} Lesser Peach Tree Borer Lilac Borer Oak Borer Peach Tree Borer Round Headed Borers – adults are log horned beetles; larvae have round tunnels and round exit holes {72} and remove excrement from tunnels. Locust Borer {74} Asian Longhorned Beetle {73} Flat Headed Borers – adults have “metallic” coloration; larvae have oval tunnels; D-shaped exit holes; excrement is packed into tunnels Bronze Birch Borer {76, 77} – River Birch is resistan Emerald Ash Borer {75} – Discovered in Michigan 2002; approx 30 million Ash trees dead in Michigan by 2011 Flatheaded Apple Tree Borer – common in newly planted Maple trees 7.) Root Feeders – larvae feed underground on plant roots, cutting off nutrient & water uptake Black Vine Weevil {78,79} – Adults notch leaves, larvae eat roots; problematic on Yews, Azaleas, Rhodos, Euonymus Strawberry Root Weevil 8.) Agents of Disease Transmission and Rapid Decline – as insects move from plant to plant, they may carry a fungal or bacterial pathogen which can infect more plants; Fireblight is vectored by bees. Elm Bark Beetle {80, 81}– vector for Dutch Elm Disease; brought about demise of American Elm Pine Sawyer Beetle – vector for Pine Wilt Nematode Sap Beetles – vector for Oak Wilt Pine Engraver Beetle – vector for Blue Stain Fungus

Meeting ID: 961 9083 9031 Find your local number: https://purdue-edu.zoom.us/u/avhGC5jki




IAH Quiz

Each quiz will be worth a .5 (one-half) CEU! The Indiana Accredited Horticulturist Committee is pleased to provide you an opportunity to earn CEUs (continuing education units) in each issue of the Indiana Nursery and Landscape News. The IAH quiz offered in each issue can be completed by anyone who is an “Active” (current) IAH (initial or masters). Each quiz will be worth a .5 (onehalf) CEU (continuing education unit) for the completion of the bi-monthly quiz with a pass rate of 80%. Over a 2-year period, you could earn up to 6 CEUs if you take and pass every quiz!

IAH QUIZ: SEPTEMBER/OCTOBER 2020 Due: October 31, 2020

Complete the quiz and email or mail to INLA by the deadline above. Be sure to write your name, IAH number, and contact information on the bottom of the quiz when submitting. If additional space is needed, please attach the extra paper to this form and sumit together. Mark your answers. 11. Best weed control is accomplished when the appropriate weed killer is applied to ____________ ____________ weed ______________. 12. Surfactants are often added to post emergent herbicide spray solutions to improve performance. These products are also known as ____________ ____________. 13. Weeds among desirable plants are bad because they compete for __________, nutrients and ___________, resulting in poor growth. 14. Simply pulling perennial grasses from a planting area is not a permanent means of weed control because _____________________________________ _________________

The INLA office will grade the quiz. Questions and answers have been provided by the IAH committee.

15. Some post-emergent herbicides are systemic, which means they are _________ by plant tissues in the leaves and ___________ to other plant parts.

Thank you and good luck studying!

16. Poison Ivy would be considered an herbaceous perennial weed. T or F

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17. When developing a new planting bed in an open lawn area, killing the existing turf with Glyphosate and installing new shrubs without removing dead turf is acceptable. T of F 18. When remulching a landscape bed in early spring, it would be a good time to apply a pre-emergent herbicide before installing new mulch. T or F 19. 2,4-D is an example of a selective herbicide when applied at labeled rates. T or F 20. Every landscape bed should receive an application of pre-emergent herbicide every year. T or F

Name:_____________________________________________________________________________ IAH No.:___________________________________________________________________________ Phone:____________________________________________________________________________ Email:_____________________________________________________________________________

Send answers to: info@inla1.org -or- mail to INLA, 7915 S. Emerson Ave., #247, Indianapolis, IN 46237




How Did You Sleep Last Night? safetytoolboxtopics.com Did you get enough sleep? How do you know? It is very important to be aware of yourself. Getting plenty of sleep is a very important part of your personal safety. Most people need 7-8 hours of sleep each 24-hour day. Sleep loss built up slowly over several nights can be as harmful as sleep loss in one night. Both produce a decline in performance such as slower reaction times, failure to respond to changes, and the inability to concentrate and make reasonable judgments. Fatigued persons tested from continuous hours of wakefulness against blood alcohol levels concluded that 17 hours awake is equivalent to a blood alcohol content of 0.05. Twenty-one hours awake is equivalent to a blood alcohol content of 0.08 and 2425 hours awake is equivalent to a blood alcohol content of 0.10. Do you get enough sleep? It is important that you do for your safety and the safety of your co-workers. When you see the signs of fatigue in a co-worker, draw their attention or the attention of a supervisor to the situation to ensure they are able to work safely. If you do not take a proactive step you may be the one to be negatively impacted when an accident occurs. Be a courageous safety leader and speak up for safety.

Título: ¿Cómo dormiste anoche? ¿Has dormido suficiente? ¿Cómo lo sabes? Es muy importante estar consciente de ti mismo. Dormir lo suficiente es una parte muy importante de tú seguridad personal. La mayoría de las personas necesitan de 7 a 8 horas de sueño cada 24 horas. La pérdida de sueño acumulada durante varias noches puede ser tan dañina como la pérdida de sueño en una noche. Ambas producen una disminución en el rendimiento físico y mental, como tiempos de reacción más lentos, falta de respuesta a los cambios repentinos e incapacidad para concentrarse y hacer juicios razonables. Personas fatigadas por continuas horas despiertos/as fueron comparadas contra los niveles de alcohol en sangre. Se concluyo que 17 horas despierto/a equivalen a un contenido de alcohol en sangre de 0,05. 21 horas despierto/a equivale a un contenido de alcohol en sangre de 0.08 y 24 a 25 horas despierto/a equivale a un contenido de alcohol en sangre de 0.10. ¿Has dormido lo suficiente? Es importante que duermas bien tanto por tú seguridad y la seguridad de tus compañeros de trabajo. Cuando observes signos de fatiga en un compañero de trabajo, llama su atención o la atención de un supervisor sobre la situación, con la intención de asegurarse de que pueda trabajar de manera segura. Si no tomas un paso proactivo, es posible que seas quien se vea afectado/a negativamente cuando ocurra un accidente. Se un/a líder de seguridad valiente y defiende la seguridad en el trabajo. Spanish translation generously provided by: Carlos Reichman, M.J. Schuetz Insurance Services, an INLA member. 28


ADVERTISERS Blue Grass Farms of Indiana..........................inside front cover www.bluegrassfarms.net Bobcat of Indy................................................................. 9, 17 www.bobcatofindy.com Brehob Nurseries, LLC.................................outside back cover www.brehobnursery.com Calvin Landscape................................................................28 www.calvinlandscape.com Dirt N Turf.............................................................................3 www.dirtnturfinc.com Fairview Evergreen Nursery...................................................4 www.fairviewevergreen.com Forest Commodities, Inc......................................................21 www.fcimulch.com.com Indiana Irrigation Co.............................................................7 www.indianairrigation.com MacAllister Machinery Co., Inc............................................19 www.macallister.com McGavic Outdoor Power........................ 23, inside back cover www.mcgavicoutdoorpower.com Millcreek Gardens..................................................................4 www.millcreekplants.com Peat, Inc................................................................................7 www.peatinc.com Reynolds Farm Equipment...................................................25 www.reynoldsfarmequipment.com Tiffany Lawn and Garden Supply.........................................24 www.tiffanylawnandgarden.com Unilock................................................................................11 www.unilock.com West Side Tractor Sales..........................................................5 www.westsidetractorsales.com Woody Warehouse Nursery, Inc.............................................6 www.woodywarehouse.com

LOOKING TO PURCHASE EXISTING BUSINESS Landscape, Lawncare, Tree and Shrub Care, or Irrigation Business in Indianapolis or surrounding counties. Call Jim Calvin, Calvin Landscape 317-247-6316







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For Mor e In f or mat ion, V is i t us at

m c g av ic ou t door p o w e r.c o m



Rick Haggard, INLA Executive Director Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association 7915 S. Emerson Ave., Suite 247 Indianapolis, IN 46237 September/October 2020 Address Service Requested

MOTHER NATURE’S FINEST, INDIANA’S BEST For more than 50 years, Brehob has been committed to providing Indiana businesses and landscapers with top-notch quality, selection and availability. Join us as we continue the Brehob tradition of innovation in the green industry.



4867 Sheridan Road, Westfield, IN 46062 317.877.0188 or 877.829.0188


4316 Bluff Road, Indianapolis, IN 46217 317.783.3233 or 800.921.3233

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Indiana Nursery & Landscape News, September/October 2020  

Reduced INLA Summer Meeting Still a Success! (Full recap with photos!) • Did the Pest Problem Get Shipped to Me? • Alternative Fuel Equi...

Indiana Nursery & Landscape News, September/October 2020  

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