Indiana Nursery & Landscape News, November/December 2020

Page 1

The Official Publication of the Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association

Indiana Nursery & Landscape News

Volume 80 • Issue 6 November/December 2020

Cover: INLA Award of Excellence 2019 Winner for Holiday Lighting — Wasson Nursery

INEF 2020 Scholarship Recipients INLA Awards of Excellence: The Calvin Sweep Motivation Unwanted Hitchhikers in Holiday Decorations IAH Update — New Virtual Option

Preliminary details: page 7!



Goes Virtual


Indiana Nursery & Landscape News Volume 80 • Issue 6 November/December 2020


14 INEF 2020 Scholarship Recipients BUSINESS & COMMUNITY Indiana Nursery and Landscape News is the official publication of the Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association, Inc. (INLA) and is published bimonthly. Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association 7915 S. Emerson Ave., Suite 247 Indianapolis, IN 46237 Phone: 317-889-2382 Toll Free: 800-443-7336 PUBLISHER Rick Haggard, Executive Director, INLA 765-366-4994 • EDITOR AND AD SALES Mary Breidenbach, Cumulus Design 317-757-8634 • Advertising Rates: Media Kit available online at

Copy Deadline: First of the month preceding the month of the issue. Reprint permission granted if source is indicated. Views expressed in articles or editorials do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of the association or its directors, but are those of the writer. Trade names used in articles are for identification only. No discrimination is intended toward similar products and the INLA does not endorse the use of the products mentioned. Subscriptions: Included with membership to the INLA. Nonmembers: $36.00 per year (six issues per year). For questions regarding subscriptions, please call INLA at 317-889-2382.

16 INLA Awards of Excellence: The Calvin Sweep Motivation EDUCATION

18 Unwanted Hitchhikers in Holiday Decorations EDUCATION

22 IAH Updates — New Virtual Option


Plus More! 2

President’s Message


Executive Director’s Message

6 Calendar EAB University Fall 2020 Webinar Series 7


Indiana Green Expo 2021 Goes Virtual

INLA News 8

Green Industry Alliance Golf Outing 2020


New Appointments at Purdue


New Certification Course Offering at Purdue Pesticide Program

Certification and Education 22

IAH Update ­— New Virtual Option


New Indiana Accredited Horticulturists


George Brenn’s IAH Study Guide

26 IAH QUIZ! Earn CEUs Cover Photo: Private residence, Muncie, Indiana Photo courtesy Wasson Nursery



Toolbox Talks: Common Sense / Sentido Comun en el Trabajo


Advertiser List, Classified Ads

2021 Goes Virtual!

Preliminary details – page 7!


Hello All With 2020 about to be over, I’m praying that 2021 will not follow the deviousness that engulfed everything from the economy, politics, racial divisions, and life itself. I’m not going to hold my breath.

Dave LaFara

The time has come. For the last two years I have had the privilege to represent our association as your president. My term ends in January. At that time Dean Ricci will be voted in to succeed me. Dean is a very dynamic young man who will continue to lead us through a difficult time as our economy and the pandemic are still very uncertain.

Over the past two years the challenge of not allowing the association to falter has been made easier with the help of our present board. It’s also been made easier by the foresight of previous boards who became involved in our governmental system — allowing us to be deemed an essential industry and the generosity of our membership who have given us a bank to invest and secure a future even through hard times. My original intent for volunteering to the INLA over eight years ago was to give back to the profession that has allowed me and my family to live, grow, and prosper. It has also given me a group of lifelong friends. When I was asked to be a board member I was honored. I accepted for myself but in my heart, I accepted for my father, Lester LaFara. Dad was the Nursery Manager for Maschmeyers Nursery. Both Dad and Mom taught me the love, respect, and work ethic that this industry requires. My deepest thanks to Jim Maschmeyer for allowing my family to be part of his. I want to give a special thanks to our executive director Rick Haggard. His energy and intellect has been the driving force in keeping the INLA at its peak performance. He has had help though, Julie Gillen and Vickie Newell that have given their time and talents to work “behind the scenes” to keep us on course. Thank you girls so much. Also, thanks to Mary Breidenbach for keeping this magazine operational and informative. A president is only as good as their board members and I was blessed with some great ones. Thanks all for your help and guidance. The board over the past two years and the previous two years under Brian Franco, has continued on keeping up with the governmental end but have placed an emphasis on changing the stigma of the industry. The fight for a quality work force has been hampered by the lack of respect that our profession has been given. Board members and green industry professionals have taken the lead by not only increasing wages and benefits but also providing their time and talents to the education system by joining boards, offering scholarships, doing in-class seminars, and onsite tours. We have worked with high schools, career centers, trade school, and colleges helping them increase student count. It is starting to work but still needs our full attention. Well friends, I now will join an impressive list of past presidents. I thank you all for being part of the INLA. Please get involved in one of the committees or with your local career centers. Your talent and knowledge needs to be applied to the growth of the future generations of our profession. Be kind to mother earth. She was not given to us by our parents, but is on loan to us from our grandchildren. Help others when you can. I’m pulling for you. Stay safe out there. Always between a rock and a hard place, with a smile! David LaFara INLA President (Sir Rocks A Lot) You can take the kid off the nursery, but you can’t take the nursery off the kid. 2


2020 INLA Officers Dave LaFara, President David LaFara Hardscape Services 9920 Ash Lane Co Rd 375 N Paragon, IN 46166 765-537-2512 • Dean Ricci, President-Elect Ricci’s Landscape Management, Inc. 502 Norbeh Drive, Hebron, IN 46341 219-996-2682; Fax 219-996-2680 Kim Glass, Vice President M.J. Schuetz Insurance Services 55 Monument Circle, Ste 500 Indianapolis, IN 46244 317-639-5679; Fax 317-639-6910 Brian Franco, Past-President Franco Landscaping, Inc. PO Box 34156, Indianapolis, IN 46234 317-858-3858; Fax 317-858-8906 Rick Haggard, Executive Director and Publisher 7915 S. Emerson Ave., #247 Indianapolis, IN 46032 Office: 800-443-7336 or 317-889-2382 Cell: 765-366-4994 •

BOARD OF DIRECTORS Kyle Daniel — Purdue University 765-494-7621 • Gabriel Gluesenkamp (2020) Designscape Horticultural Services 812-988-8900 • Mark O’Brien (2020) Cardno • 574-586-2412 Kevin Van Sessen (2021) Blade Cutters, LLC. • 219-661-8206 Bob Wasson (2022) Wasson Nursery and Garden Center 765-759-9000 • Kent Wilhelmus (2021) Second Nature Landscape Management (812) 483-7817 Shaun Yeary (2022) Greendell Landscape Solutions 317-996-2826

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Rick Haggard

Latest ramblings and what notes from your Executive Director: I was delaying my Executive Director letter for this issue in high hopes that things in would start progressing for the better and give you updates regarding the 2021 Indiana Green Expo slated to be from January 19-21, 2021 at the Indianapolis Convention Center. Well the deadline has come and is drifting away from interjecting a positive vibe to everyone. It appears that our 2021 IGE will now fall into the wraths of other industry trade show and educational programs and become virtual in nature. With that said, please be sure and check emails and both INLA (www.inla1. org) and IGE ( websites for up to the minute informational releases. We will do our very best to keep everyone apprised of any new educational events to be sure everyone has the opportunity to garner necessary Continuing Education Units (CEUs) for IAH certifications and Continuing Credit Hours (CCHs) for Pesticide Applicators licensing. This is a whole new realm of getting necessary education without the opportunity to network, when we do face-to-face meetings. I am certainly proud of our members and their response regarding the outbreak of the COVID Pandemic. Everyone learned to adjust and keep their businesses going, albeit making necessary health and safety changes not only for their employees and their families, but many for their own personal lives and families. So this edition of my letter is going to focus on many positives that the INLA has “taken the bull by the horns” as they say. I will focus on the changing of the officers and board of directors for 2021, a few highlights the Green Industry Alliance Golf Outing, and a brief take away from the virtual Great Lakes Nursery Advisory Council. Buckle up buttercup, the ride is about to begin! First and foremost, I want to extend the utmost gratification of INLA past president Brian Franco for challenging the INLA and myself to persevere and move forward with the association’s overall perspective. While we may be one of the smallest associations in number, we are a very focused group about succeeding. Timelines and budgets are established to stay on the right track and to provide a path to make solid decisions to get back on track if by chance we veer off path. David LaFara will be moving into the past president role, as succession to presidency will be Dean Ricci. I want to thank Kim Glass, our vice president for her years of service to the INLA and her constant offer to help wherever needed. Kim has decided that time with her family, children and grandchildren is priority right now and decided step down. Kim stated she will always be around and is just a phone call, text, or email if we need any help. We generally have our Annual Meeting during the IGE to announce the full slate of officers and board of directors. However, due to the virtual nature of IGE, we will mail and post on website this information to the members in early November. The Green Industry Alliance Golf Outing took place on October 1, 2020 instead of the previously scheduled June 18, 2020 due to COVID gatherings restrictions and uncertainty when regulations would be changed. There were a total of 30 golfers on this cool, partly cloudy day with the team from Corteva taking first place. Second place went to Vibrant Outdoors. And third place went to team Start to Finish, which finished tied with the Indiana Landscape Association Team, but were awarded based on the club assistant checking the scorecards for tie-breaker. Read more details on page 8 in this edition about how Twin Lakes began hosting the annual GIA Fundraiser — pictures included. Regarding the Great Lakes Nursery Advisory Council – ZOOM MEETING on September 21-22, 2020, all I can say is WOW when reading all the regulations that each state had to comply with in order to do, or in many cases try to do business during the pandemic. I personally feel that overall the state of Indiana’s green industry was able to move in the right direction from the very start. We were apprised on a consistent basis through The Corydon Group — some two weeks before the essential and non-essential potential protocols were to be put in place by Governor Holcomb — which allowed us time to alert our membership of these protocols if they wanted to be open for business. The Corydon Group advised on state level options and guidance, plus I received information from Senator Mike Braun’s office regarding PPP, CARES, and other financial opportunities. Continue to be considerate and vigilant regarding protocols still in place as we continue to “SLOW THE SPREAD”! Keep It Green, Rick Haggard, INLA Executive Director Office: 317-889-2382 or 800-443-7336 | Cell: 765-366-4994 Email: or





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INLA Annual Awards of Excellence Submission Deadline — EXTENDED! For submission form go to:

New for 2020: INLA is offering a special price for previously submitted entries. Entries from 2017, 2018, and 2019 that did not win can be resubmitted this year for $35/entry. INLA retained all entries from these years so to re-enter the project, all you need to do is submit entry form with you payment for $35. Questions: Contact INLA Office via phone 317-889-2382, or email Rick Haggard at


2020 IPLLA/IICC Winter Workshop Hendrick County Fairgrounds, Danville, IN CCH’s available: 2(3), 3A(3), 3B(4), 5(3), 6(3), 7A(4), 8(3), RT(4) Registration/information:

January 2021 19–22

Indiana Green Expo 2021 Virtual Educational Program and Trade Show Save the dates! Preliminary information — see next page.

2021 Goes Virtual!


Indianapolis Home Show Indiana State Fairgrounds, Indianapolis, IN

EAB University Fall 2020 Webinar Series Where the experts educate us on all things emerald ash borer. These free webinars have it all! To join the webinar live or listen to them after they’ve aired, go to: The series started on October 15 but here are the remaining live webinars available: Fall Schedule

Thursday, November 12, 2020 @ 11 a.m. EST Dicamba/2,4-D & Trees: Old Herbicides Causing New Problems Robbie Doerhoff, Forest Entomologist, Missouri Department of Conservation

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Thursday, November 19, 2020 @ 11 a.m. EST Invasive Jumping Worms: The Impact of a New Soil Invader Brad Herrick, Ecologist/Research Program Manager, UW-Madison Arboretum Thursday, December 3, 2020 @ 11 a.m. EST Responses of Non-native Species to Climatic Change and Their Implications for Management Sam Ward, Mississippi State University


Goes Virtual in 2021! Live portion: January 19-22, 2021 Recorded portion: January 2-21, 2021

Given the uncertainty of the pandemic, the Indiana Green Expo 2021 will be held virtually. The following preliminary information will give you an idea of the structure and content of the event.

Education Program Live Portion (Zoom) Session






January 19, 2021

January 20, 2021

January 21, 2021

January 22, 2021


2 hours

2 hours

2 hours

2 hours


10 am EST - noon

10 am EST - noon

10 am EST - noon

10 am EST - noon


2-3 keynote presentations 2-3 keynote presentations Opening kickoff Purdue update

Purdue update

MRTF update

MRTF update



Several 5-15 minute presentations from vendors (gold, silver, bronze levels) Q&A

3 speakers - Professional development - Tips on Networking - Network on Social Media Q&A

Recorded Portion The talks will be setup as a grid so participants can easily view all the talks and navigate to each. CCHs – Normal request based on content. Each 30-minute talk will have two associated quiz questions. LAWN

6 recorded 30 minute presentations


3 recorded 30 minute presentations


6 recorded 30 minute presentations


3 recorded 30 minute presentations

Vendor opportunities • Sponsorships at various levels with presentation time during Trade Show • Networking events at your company facilities


6 recorded 30 minute presentations


3 recorded 30 minute presentations


6 recorded 30 minute presentations


3 recorded 30 minute presentations

LANDSCAPE MAINTENANCE/INSTALL 6 recorded 30 minute presentations


3 recorded 30 minute presentations

More information to come The complete schedule, sponsorship details, and registration will be available in the coming weeks at the Indiana Green Expo website — We hope you’ll join us at IGE 2021!





Green Industry Alliance Golf Outing 2020 Rick Haggard, Executive Director, INLA I am going to start this article off with a little background of how this outing became an annual event at Twin Lakes Golf Club, located on the northwest side of Indianapolis at 3200 West 96th Street. Twin Lakes is a private 18-hole, 7,000-yard golf course surrounded by the Shelborne Greene subdivision. Joe Kosoglov, former superintendent at Wolf Run, realized the need of having a fundraiser for the Green Industry Alliance and the first few were held at Golf Club of Indiana. Now I do not know the whole conversation of who approached whom, but John Westermeier was the superintendent at Twin Lakes since 1985 and proposed the outing be played at Twin Lakes. Based on my understanding John and Christian Brown (President of Twin Lakes) offered to let GIA receive special fee considerations in lieu of actual monetary financial support for GIA, as they also had many concerns regarding state legislation. Keep in mind this was 2012, when GIA first had this fundraiser at Twin Lakes and to this date, we have always had a great time, raised the necessary minimums needed, networked, and played some very good golf (there are some very good golfers in this industry). While we have never had as many teams as we would like to enjoy the foundation set forth by John and Christian, as well as the staff of Twin Lakes, GIA has always been treated like family and members. Twin Lakes goes above and beyond any of our expectations; always asking what else we need before, during and after the event ‌ with an open invitation for the next year. John Westermeier unfortunately passed away December 10, 2018 after a very brief illness. John loved the outdoors and was always engaging in conversations about various industry topics whenever I saw him. John also volunteered as a garden guide at Newfields (Indianapolis Museum of Art) and since 2013 had served on the Carmel Urban Forestry Committee. John was extremely passionate of urban landscaping and the vital role trees played in that aspect of landscape. The pictures you see are of various teams playing in the 2020 GIA Outing around John Westermeier Memorial Rock dedicated September 19, 2020.

Thank you! 2020 Green Industry Alliance Golf Outing Sponsors On behalf of the Green Industry Alliance Board we would like to extend our gratitude by recognizing the following Sponsors. Through their generosity this outing has become very successful in pursuing our legislative endeavors. Dinner Sponsor:

McGavic Outdoor Power/Ariens Beverage Cart & Cocktail Hour Sponsors:

The Corydon Group Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association Gold Sponsors: Automatic Supply Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association Hole Sponsors: Advanced Turf Solutions Calvin Landscape Corteva Agriscience The Corydon Group Indianapolis Landscape Association Mattingly Lawn Care SiteOne



John’s wife expresses their sincerest appreciation for this group in having the best interest in our environment, regarding the state legislation. John and Twin Lakes always enjoyed keeping up with the industry through our magazine.

1st Place: Team Corteva Agriscience

GIA Golf Outing Results Here are the results of the 2020 GIA Golf Outing, which from my understanding was only the second golf outing event that took place at Twin Lakes due to COVID. 1st Place: Corteva Agriscience 2nd Place: Vibrant Outdoors 3rd Place: Start to Finish (tie break winner)Indianapolis Landscape Association Longest Drive: Craig Brooks Closest to the Pin: Brian Franco

2nd Place: Team Vibrant Outdoors

3rd Place: Team Start to Finish (tie break winners)


Team Reggie Cornett (SiteOne)

Team Indianapolis Landscape Association (almost came in 3rd)

Information on the 2021 GIA Golf Outing coming soon!




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New Appointments at Purdue New Department Head for Purdue University Horticulture and Landscape Architecture Maureen Manier, Purdue University News October 12, 2020 — Karen Plaut, the Glenn W. Sample Dean of Agriculture, has announced that Linda Prokopy, professor of forestry and natural resources, will be the new department head for horticulture and landscape architecture (HLA). Prokopy, a member of the College of Agriculture faculty for 17 years, was selected after a national search. “Linda Prokopy is a successful and innovative social scientist Dr. Linda Prokopy who has made impressive contributions to the college and to the nation through her research, extension outreach and teaching,” Plaut said. “She recently served as co-director for the natural resources and environmental sciences interdisciplinary major with Laura Bowling, professor of agronomy. Their accomplishments have included doubling the number of students and conducting a revision of the curriculum. I am excited to see what Linda and HLA faculty and staff members will accomplish together moving forward.” Prokopy shared her vision for leading the diverse HLA department. “I believe our HLA department can lead the charge to transform our region into a mosaic of sustainable landscapes during this time of global change and challenges. HLA is well positioned to contribute to basic and applied science questions that will help the state, nation and world in the times ahead,” Prokopy said. She assumes her position in HLA on January 1.

New Indiana State Chemist Appointed Maureen Manier, Purdue University News

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October 9, 2020 – Governor Eric J. Holcomb and Karen Plaut, the Glenn W. Sample Dean of Purdue Agriculture, have appointed Mark LeBlanc to the position of Indiana State Chemist and Seed Commissioner. He replaces Bob Waltz, who recently retired. “We are extremely fortunate to have Dr. LeBlanc come to Indiana and Purdue to lead this talented team who make such a critical difference in the health and safety of Hoosiers,” Plaut said. “Under the direction of Dr. Bob Waltz, the Office of the Indiana State Chemist became known as a national leader. I know Dr. LeBDr. Mark LeBlanc lanc will build on that legacy and contribute his distinctive and highly regarded leadership skills to move the office forward.” LeBlanc will manage 84 staff members who administer agricultural laws involving animal feeds and pet foods, fertilizers, pesticides, seeds and hemp to ensure truth-in-labeling, food safety, user safety and the protection of the environment. LeBlanc also joins the Purdue College of Agriculture faculty as a professor of biochemistry. LeBlanc accepts this position after serving as the director and head of the Division of Agricultural Chemistry at the Louisiana State University AgCenter since 2009. He previously held the position of assistant director of the horticulture and quarantine program for the Louisiana Department of Agriculture and Forestry. LeBlanc earned his bachelor’s, master’s and doctoral degrees in horticulture from Louisiana State University. LeBlanc began his the new position on October 19.





New Certification Course Offering from Purdue Pesticide Program Category 3a Ornamental Pest Management eLearning This new course helps prepare those working toward their Category 3a Ornamental Pest Management pesticide certification exam. It will also be useful to new employees or veterans of the industry by providing practical information about caring for plants in the landscape. Taught by leading experts in the field, the course provides up-to-date information on plant care, managing landscape pests, application equipment, and solving pesticide math problems. The course contains over eight hours of instructive videos that will apply directly to your work and to passing the certification examination. The course lets you move through the material at your own pace using the Purdue University’s online learning system. For $110, you receive 90 days of access to the online materials and a copy of the Category 3a Ornamental Pest Management Training manual.

New and Returning INLA Members Affiliate The Excel Center Kokomo Emily Fritsch (317) 524-3862 101 W Superior St Kokomo, IN 46901

Contributors • Kyle Daniel, Purdue University Nursery & Landscape Outreach Specialist • Lindsey Purcell, Purdue University Urban Forestry Specialist • Jana Beckerman, Purdue University Plant Pathologist • Cliff Sadof, Purdue University Entomologist • Fred Whitford, Purdue University and Director, Purdue Pesticide Programs • Wil Hayes, Bellinger’s Ornamentals Specialist • Jeff Stouppe, Course Developer and Manager For More Information Visit our web site at or find us on Facebook at

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INEF Shooting for Scholarships 2020 Update and Recipient Profiles Rick Haggard, INLA Executive Director INEF 2020 Shooting for Scholarships Fundraiser raised a little over $9,700 net for the single day event, due to COVID-19 pandemic forcing cancellation of the planned 2-day event. The INLA thanks all those in attendance that took part in making this a great event and ensuring the opportunity to those pursuing a career in furthering their education at universities — currently Vincennes or Purdue — in the horticulture or landscape fields within our industry. Below you will find a little more in-depth information on the recipients of the scholarship, or in a couple of cases donations made to career centers with a focus on our horticulture/landscape industry. Just a quick reminder each of the following recipients will receive $4,000 in the following manner. Central Nine and Prosser Career Center each received a one-time donation of $4,000 for 2020. Ms. Fouts and Ms. Fowler, each received a check for $2,000 for first year and will receive $2,000 for their second year of college. Note: The second year will be dispersed upon college transcripts from first year meeting the criteria of the scholarship application.

Donation to Central Nine Career Center, Horticulture and Landscape Class Andy Moore, the instructor of the horticulture and landscape department for Central Nine, wanted to express their sincere gratitude of the donation from the INEF Board. He stated that due to the COVID-19 pandemic their annual plant sale on May 2, 2020 sold only a minimal amount of plant material to private contacts. They had invested about $6,500 in material costs alone and the plant sale is generally the largest fundraiser they rely on to procure items for the class in the future. With this donation, it offset the humongous void of income, and they will now be able to proceed with purchasing needed items for the incoming fall 2020 class.

Donation to Prosser Career Education Center, Landscape and Horticulture Class John Churchman, the instructor at Prosser, was overwhelmed with the news. John, much like Andy with Central Nine, was in the same predicament, and actually was not allowed on school grounds to oversee the necessary needs of the greenhouse to ensure it remained in operational condition during the shut down. Fortunately, John was able to give detailed instructions to the custodial staff for particular items that needed special care and were able to call him if any questions arose. John stated that this donation was a huge relief and definitely will have an impact on the students as it demonstrates how the industry is always willing to help.

Ms. Mackenzie Fouts Lebanon High School – Purdue Pathway Mackenzie was a 4-year letter in varsity cheerleading and a 3-year member in the Lebanon chapter of the FFA. Mackenzie competed in the state FFA in Soils, Floriculture and Agriscience. Mackenzie stated that she was not exposed much to horticulture, except after taking agricultural classes with a focus on horticulture during the last two years of high school. Mackenzie also stated that trips to Florida and Disney World in particular raised her awareness of how creativity in plants and landscaping can embellish an experience. She noticed the endless diversity that plants offer with shapes and placement in key areas. Mackenzie looks forward to embarking on a career in our industry even though she discovered her passion more recently.

INEF Scholarships 14


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Ms. Hannah Fowler Lanesville Jr/Sr High School – Vincennes University Hannah found her passion in much the same timeframe as Ms. Fouts. In her junior year she attended Prosser Career Center and enjoyed studying about soils, insects, flowers, and other plants in the horticulture class and liked being able to get her hands dirty. While this piqued her interest, it was during her senior year while taking the landscape management class at Prosser, which required a more in-depth thought process of plants that sealed the deal. Instead of placing plants to just be aesthetically pleasing, they needing to also be in a location where they would be healthy and flourish. She knew exactly what she wanted to attend college for. As she put in her application, “Plants are an important part of everyday life though we rarely notice.” Motivated with her new understanding, Hannah did a 15-hour externship at INLA Member company, Grant Line Nursery; worked at Hickman Flowers in Corydon; was an Honors Diploma student; and received a CTE Housing Scholarship from Vincennes University along with an Elizabeth R. Bryant Scholarship.

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INLA Awards of Excellence: The Calvin Sweep Motivation Bob Wasson, Wasson Nursery It was 6:00 pm on a cold, snowy night in January of 2019. I, along with many others, was in attendance at the INLA Annual Meeting and Awards Reception. There was a big snow coming in that night and it weighed heavily on the minds of many landscapers as they mentally prepared for chances of a meaningful snow push. Also weighing heavily on the minds of many landscapers — the results of the 2018 Awards of Excellence to be announced that evening. The Awards of Excellence gives landscapers a chance to compete for recognition in showcasing the best jobs completed in the entire state. While I had definitely heard about the awards, our company had not yet taken the time to submit any entries. So, as I sat in the audience that night, I had no thoughts about the upcoming awards other than applauding my peers for their respective awards. But then something happened that changed the course of history (relatively speaking). INLA executive director Rick Haggard stood up to the podium and the awards started rolling out. And the winner is…Calvin Landscape. And then I heard that phrase again and again. And the winner is…Calvin Landscape. By the end of the night Calvin Landscape had almost swept the entire awards winning all but one category. Calvin had won six awards out of seven possible. I was at first amazed and then I was jealous. The “Calvin Sweep” would be talked about among landscapers for years to come, and in that moment it was seared into my memory. Fast forward to the 2019 Awards of Excellence. I used that memory as motivation for our team. We felt like we had done some projects that would be contenders and I wanted to see our company up on the stage, sweeping as many awards as Calvin Landscape did in 2018. In all we submitted six projects, winning four categories out of an expanded field of ten categories. While we didn’t sweep the awards, we felt a great sense of pride and accomplishment. As you can probably tell, the prime motivating factor to enter in the Awards of Excellence that year might have been fueled by that desire for some healthy competition, but I found that there were many other benefits. 1. It was great to see our designers who worked on the various projects get to participate in receiving the awards and seeing their work showcased in front of their peers. You could see the pride on their faces.

Daniel Wasson, accepting the 2019 Award of Excellence for the Lighting Category from Kent Wilhelmus. This was one of four awards Wasson Nursery won last year.

2. Our customers really appreciated being included in the competition and were even more appreciative being told their project was an “award winning project.” It builds a greater sense of customer loyalty and strengthens that relationship. 3. It’s a moral boost for the entire staff. Even those not directly involved with each project get to relish in the fact that their company won some awards. 4. Marketing messages featuring the awards or the phrase “Award Winning Landscape Company” are great for further strengthening your brand.

To get involved in this year’s awards, simply download the submission forms at You’ll need 10-15 good photos, a written description of the project, landscape plans, and you’ll have to pay a small fee. I know our company will continue to attempt the “Calvin Sweep” — will yours? Submission deadline for 2020 Award of Excellence is extended to December 15, 2020. 16


About the Author

Bob Wasson is President of Operations at Wasson Nursery. He also serves on the INLA Board and chairs its Communication Commitee.

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Unwanted Hitchhikers in Holiday Decorations Ken Cote, Indiana Department of Natural Resources, Division of Entomology & Plant Pathology During the holiday season it is tradition to utilize cut Christmas trees and greenery to decorate our homes and bring a little bit of the outdoors inside. There is nothing better than smelling the fresh pine scent of a live or cut Christmas tree. Holiday wreaths and table center pieces include cut greenery such as pine, fir, juniper and boxwood. Overall, these products are safe for your home and cut Christmas trees and holiday greenery brings a feeling that cannot be truly substituted with artificial decorations. However, occasionally they can be a source of unwanted, non-native, hitch hiking pests that could cause problems for Indiana’s forests and home landscapes. Living rooted trees are regulated and inspected in Indiana and/or at the source of production before they reach the stores and are certified to be pest free when they get to their destination. This includes containerized or balled and burlapped trees. Due to mandatory inspections, these plants have a lower risk of introducing plant pests to the state compared to cut Christmas trees from out of state sources. Cut Christmas trees and holiday greenery are not regulated in the state of Indiana and not required to have an inspection unless they are coming from an area that has a specific regulatory quarantine against an existing pest issue. However, it is against the law to introduce a pest or plant pathogen into Indiana. There are local Indiana Christmas tree growers, but not as many as there were in years past, thus a majority of the cut Christmas trees sold in Indiana are from out of state sources. This increases Indiana’s risk of receiving pests that may not be present or widespread in Indiana. Although the risk is low, there can sometimes be plant pests inadvertently brought into Indiana.

Some of the pests that could be associated with cut Christmas trees and greenery include boxwood blight, gypsy moth, spotted lantern fly and unwanted scale insects. Boxwood is often used in decorations and may pose a risk to Indiana because they can harbor boxwood blight, a fungus that can kill the valuable landscape plants within a few months. There have been incidences in which infected wreathes were shipped to Indiana from out of state sources. Although boxwood blight is present at a single, residential landscape in the state, the spread of the disease can be slowed by preventing new introduction points. Gypsy moth, although present in northern Indiana, can be moved to new areas via brown egg masses on cut trees. Gypsy moths females do not fly, but lay eggs on any smooth flat surface. The larval or immature stages feed primarily on oak trees, but can be a pest of other trees. Mature, larvae have 5 rows of blue dots and 6 rows of red dots and can completely defoliate trees in early spring. Repeated defoliation can kill trees. Caterpillar feces and irritating hairs are often a problem associated with outbreaks of this pest. Fortunately we have good monitoring and control techniques that help reduce the impact and spread of this pest. Spotted lanternfly is even more of a concern compared to gypsy moth and could be easily moved on Christmas trees. Control of this pest is difficult and efficient methods have not been fully developed. This pest is a large planthopper introduced into the Eastern United States from Asia. Immatures are red and black with white dots. Adults hold their wings roof like over their bodies, but reveal bright red colors when they fly. It is a large insect that has the ability to pierce thin bark and suck the sap of trees. When feeding, this insect (Unwanted Hitchhikers in Holiday Decorations continues on page 20.)



Boxwood Blight, Leaf Lesions

Boxwood Blight, Stem Cankers

Gypsy Moth Egg Mass

Spotted Lanternfly



Unwanted Hitchhikers in Holiday Decorations (continued from page 18.) excretes excess plant sugars as honey dew which results in the growth of a black fungus called sooty mold. Serious issues from this pest are occurring in Pennsylvania, New Jersey, New York, and Virginia. It lays its gray egg masses in the same manner that gypsy moth does; on anything. In 2018, we investigated a case that was reported by a homeowner, in which elongate hemlock scale was moved on Fraser fir Christmas trees from an out of state source. This insect is a threat to our native hemlock stands and nursery industry. Feeding from this insect caused needle yellowing and needle drop. This pest is present in the state, but at very low levels. Elongate hemlock scale appears as small, oyster shell shaped, white and brown lumps on the undersides of needles. Males are white in color while females are cream colored or brown. There is often a yellow area existing at one end of white males. The plant pests and diseases discussed in this article are a few examples of problems that can be transported on holiday greenery. Vendors bringing stock from out of state for the holiday season should inspect it for possible hitchhikers.

Spotted Lanternfly Egg Mass

Elongate Hemlock Scale on Fraser Fir

Help DNR keep an eye out for potential new pest issues. Concerned citizens often report problems to us which we are happy to investigate. The extra set of eyes is very helpful to the DNR. If you ever see anything suspicious on your holiday greenery, please feel free to contact the Indiana invasive species hotline at 1-866-NOEXOTIC.

About the Author

Kenneth W. Cote is a Nursery Inspector and Compliance Officer with the Indiana DNR, Division of Entomology and Plant Pathology, Bloomington Field Office. Ken can be reached at: PO Box 29, Clear Creek, IN 47426 812-322-7249 •












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November/December 2020

Certification and Education

IAH Update — New Virtual Option Rick Haggard, INLA Executive Director Talk about 2020 being an educational and eye-opening year. I cannot begin to thank the IAH committee, in particular, Jim Messmer and George Brenn for understanding the circumstances and challenges that the COVID-19 pandemic would place on our IAH accreditation. How would we be able to get tests proctored and in what format? With many classes now offering and utilizing our IAH certification manual as a preferred and stateapproved teaching mechanism for a horticulture and landscape elective the solution had to be versatile with many different institutions utilizing virtual concepts. INLA has received request from various Excel Centers (Goodwill Industries), Indianapolis Metropolitan High School, Christel House and a few other high school FFA chapters wishing to utilize the IAH Certification. Several of these became INLA Affiliate Members to ensure their students would receive the student rate for any tests planned. In the process of creating various platforms for the potential testing that would require a virtual proctoring of the exam, several emails were sent in the early stages by the committee and INLA-IAH representative Gabriel Gluesenkamp (IAH Masters). It was quickly realized that “not one size fit all” as some were utilizing Zoom, Google Classroom, Google Blackboard, their own internal programs for students, etc., etc., etc. This meant that not all PDF documents, PowerPoint, or Word documents would meet or fulfill their requirements. I did not want to even start thinking of the stipulations for the Indiana Department of Corrections (IDOC). Already my mind started to hurt, as this pandemic was evolving and changing daily! Fortunately, a couple of the interested parties that utilized different requirements agreed to be “guinea pigs” to see what was needed to make this work — ensuring the IAH certification test process met the protocol and integrity of the INLAIAH Accreditation. I am pleased to report that while this was not a simple plug-and-play process, there has been minimal obstacles. Hopefully this online option will also allow a smaller group interested in becoming IAH certified to take place in a more timely manner. I suppose the proof is in the numbers as we have had more people register for the IAH certification in recent months than before. I am also 100% certain that with the Indiana Board of Education now viewing our IAH Accredited Certification, as a replacement for national certification through reciprocity of the Great Lakes Impact Act, IAH certification will become even a more valuable asset for employees.

Number of IAH certifications since “virtual education” in most places began (approximately April 1): We have had 11 new IAH Certifications from the following programs: Vincennes University, Excel Center Lafayette, Indianapolis Metropolitan High School and Excel Center West. Tests scheduled or in the process of scheduling in the very near future: Excel Center Kokomo, New Castle Correctional Facility, and Excel Center West.



Interested in taking the IAH certification test? If you have employees interested in taking the IAH certification test, please contact INLA at your earliest convenience to see if a test is going to be offered in-person in your area or if a virtual option is available. Contact INLA Office via phone 317-889-2382, or email Rick Haggard at

Master IAH and the IAH Exam During COVID-19, in-person exams have been limited. However; if you are a Master IAH you are qualified to give the exam in your area or company. To do so, contact INLA Office via phone 317-889-2382, or email Rick Haggard at to coordinate the details.

IAH Exam at Indiana Green Expo 2021 With the 2021 Indiana Green Expo now being a virtual event, it is likely a virtual review and exam will probably take place in January 2021. Planning is underway and details will be released soon.


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George Brenn’s IAH Study Guide George Brenn, Four Seasons Landscaping Nursery, created this study guide to help teach the material covered in the IAH Manual. His intention was to assist those trying to master the subjects within the manual. Text: © George Brenn

New Indiana Accredited Horticulturists INITIAL IAH Nicolaus Eckelman Clement, Excel Center Lafayette

Charles Craig, Indianapolis Metropolitan High School

Yosaidra de La Cruz,

Indianapolis Metropolitan High School

Mame Diarra Lo, Excel Center West

Zarion Haynes,

Indianapolis Metropolitan High School

Javon Hill,

Indianapolis Metropolitan High School

Swedi Lwandiko, Excel Center West

Kelly Marlow,

Hubinger Landscape Corp.

Ti Janae McNeal, Excel Center West

Ankit Toppo,

Excel Center Lafayette

Nicholas Tracy,

Vincennes University

Rhett Wierenga,

Excel Center Lafayette

MASTERS IAH Sarah Symons, ServiScape LLC


Chapter 9: Ornamental Plant Pathogen Biology and Management The new IAH Chapter 9, authored by Dr. Janna Beckerman, deals primarily with the biology of plant diseases, what causes them, and how you may be able to manage them. DIAGNOSIS of these diseases and other pests is a broad topic that has now become Chapter 15 of the IAH Manual. DISEASES – What are they? Actually easier to focus on cause of diseases: there are 2 types of diseases: Biotic (= infectious) diseases are caused by living entities Abiotic (= non-infectious) diseases are caused by non-living agents and are not transmittable from one plant to another. Examples of Abiotic Diseases include: • Excess of toxic substance in soil or air • Lack of essential substance necessary for proper growth • Extremes of light, temperature, moisture, etc. • People pressure issues Many Abiotic problems can be prevented by: • Proper handling of trees & shrubs • Avoiding harmful cultural practices • Minimizing exposure to extreme environmental conditions • Providing necessary materials for proper plant growth Most common Abiotic Diseases in landscapes are caused by ignorance of and abuse by people Biotic Diseases are caused by plant pathogens, which are living organisms. Fungi – single & multi-celled organisms; feed by decomposing and absorbing organic matter in which they live and grow. Pathogenic fungi reproduce via spores contained in fruiting bodies some of which are readily visible (Cedar-Apple Rust) while others can only be observed using a hand lens or microscope. Spores are carried by wind, rain, insects, etc to new hosts. Cool, wet conditions are most favorable for both infection & growth of fungi. Anthracnose, Blight, Leaf Spot, Rust and Powdery Mildew are fungal diseases. Oomycetes are water molds (pseudofungi) and differ from true fungi in that their zoospores swim. Fungicides that control Oomycetes will not work on true fungi. Common Oomycetes pathogens include Phytophthora, Pythium and Downy Mildew (all very destructive). Bacteria – microscopic single-celled organisms that multiply by division. Usually infect host plant at wounds or natural openings. Generally require warmth & moisture and may not be problematic during dry summer weather, except in irrigated areas. Can be spread by splashing H20, insects, movement of infested plants, soil or by equipment (pruners). Common bacterial diseases include Fireblight, Crown Gall and bacterial leaf spots and wilt. Phytoplasmas are similar to bacteria, but lack cell walls (like microscopic blobs) and are often transmitted by sap-feeding insects like Leaf Hoppers. Example: Aster Yellows Viruses – submicroscopic particles that require a cell of living host in which to reproduce. Ornamental viruses rarely kill woody plants and some show no symptoms. Spread by plant feeding insects, infected seeds or equipment. Once infected by a virus, plant is permanently infected as there is no cure for plant viruses. Example: Mosaic Nematodes – microscopic, unsegmented multi-cellular roundworms are incredibly numerous. Frequently damage roots, can clog vascular system and are persistent in soil. Parasitic Plants – have a modified root (haustorium). Example: Dodder Disease triangle: diseases require 1. Susceptible Host, 2. Favorable Environment, 3. Pathogen Major control strategy is to eliminate one side of this triangle. If one or more factors do not occur, disease does not occur. Plants differ in their resistance and susceptibility to a disease. Virulence refers to how aggressively a pathogen infects a plant. Disease Cycle: Some diseases have a single cycle each year (Juniper Rust) while others continually produce new inoculum and can repeat the disease cycle several times each growing season. Apple Scab, Fireblight and Powdery Mildew are examples of “repeat offenders, and may require repeated application of fungicides, etc,



What is Indiana Accredited Horticulturist (IAH) Certification? Principles of Disease Management Basic principles for disease management include 1. Prevention – Manage the Host: “Right plant in the right place.” Need to consider a. Hardiness e. Proper spacing of plants b. Site Characteristics f. Proper watering c. Light (Sun, Shade, Part Sun) g. Proper fertilization d. Proper planting depth h. Winter protection 2. Exclusion -– Manage or eliminate pathogen a. Use pathogen free seed, cuttings, plants; sterilize tools b. Sanitation: rake and destroy diseased leaves, remove and discard diseased plant parts c. Bury or burn diseased plants d. Sterilize soil 3. Eradication – focuses on eliminating a pathogen after it is introduced into an area prior to its establishment and dissemination. Methods include Crop Rotation and Sanitation. 4. Protection – shielding’ the susceptible plant from inevitable infection by the pathogen. Includes pesticides (fungicides and Insecticides) applied to plant foliage as a chemical barrier. EFFECTIVE FUNGICIDE USE Fungicides – act as a “protective coat of paint” which makes plant resistant to attack by pathogen. Fungicides are only effective IF: 1. Correct diagnosis identifies pathogen as a fungus 2. Fungicide is applied correctly (foliar spray or soil drench) 3. Timing & frequency of application is adequate to treat disease Formulation is important – some fungicides are available in different formulations so they can be best used for specific applications: G(R)-Granular DF-Dry Flowable WP-Wettable Powder WG-Wettable Granule EC-Emulsifiable Concentrate Foliar applications make a chemical barrier on leaf, stem and flower surfaces: need to keep this barrier active and complete: uniform coverage is critical (spreader sticker) Soil drench applications – for soil-borne root diseases: Efficacy impacted by soil type & pH Timing is critical – fungicides usually NOT effective in controlling disease if pathogen has already infected plant tissues (whoever gets there first, pathogen or fungicide, wins the race) Fungicides biodegrade fairly rapidly so reapplications are most likely necessary. Plant growth affects completeness of barrier: newly emerged leaves and shoots are unprotected until sprayed. Application – Applying the proper amount of chemical is as important as adequately covering the plant. If label says to use 1 oz/gallon, DO NOT assume that 2 ounces will be twice as good If label says reapply in 7 – 14 days, when should you reapply? Weather dependent. Rotating Chemicals – Every time certain fungicides are used, there is a chance that the target organism may develop resistance. In fact, this is stated on most fungicide labels. To prevent fungicide resistance from occurring: 1. Implement good plant health practices. 2. Use the recommended dose as stated on the label 3. Minimize the number of fungicide treatments used per season 4. Avoid consecutive applications of site-specific fungicides Fungicide Resistance Management – Fungicides that share a common mode of action belong to the same Fungicide Class (Fungicide Family). if a fungus is resistant to a specific fungicide, it is usually resistant to all the fungicides within that fungicide class. FRAC Codes – Fungicide Resistance Action Committee Codes – FRAC codes are on product label Fungicides are also characterized by their Target Site specificity – Site-specific fungicides react with one very specific, very important biochemical process. Multi-site fungicides have multiple modes of action, so they affect multiple target sites, and simultaneously interfere with numerous metabolic processes of the fungus (= many older fungicides like Mancozeb, etc.)

The Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association has developed the Indiana Accredited Horticulturist Program to provide a method of self-study and accreditation for individuals in the nursery industry. The goal of this certification and accreditation program is to develop knowledgeable, motivated, professional employees for the landscape nursery industry. For more information visit:

Stay connected to INLA between issues. Sign up for the INLA monthly eNewsletter at You will receive: Latest news, the digital version of the magazine, reminders for events, and much more.

Advertising opportunities also availalbe!




IAH Quiz

Each quiz will be worth a .5 (one-half) CEU! The Indiana Accredited Horticulturist Committee is pleased to provide you an opportunity to earn CEUs (continuing education units) in each issue of the Indiana Nursery and Landscape News.

IAH QUIZ: NOVEMBER/DECEMBER 2020 Due: December 31, 2020

Complete the quiz and email or mail to INLA by the deadline above. Be sure to write your name, IAH number, and contact information on the bottom of the quiz when submitting.

The IAH quiz offered in each issue can be completed by anyone who is an “Active” (current) IAH (initial or masters). Each quiz will be worth a .5 (onehalf) CEU (continuing education unit) for the completion of the bi-monthly quiz with a pass rate of 80%. Over a 2-year period, you could earn up to 6 CEUs if you take and pass every quiz! The INLA office will grade the quiz. Questions and answers have been provided by the IAH committee. Thank you and good luck studying! The Indiana Accredited Horticulturist Committee Chair - George Brenn, Four Seasons Landscaping Nursery Committee Members - Brian Bunge, Twixwood Nursery - Gabriel Gluesenkamp, Designscape Hort Services - Wayne Gruber, Niemeyer’s Landscape Supply - Jim Messmer - Melissa Mravec, Allen Landscape - Jodie Overmyer, Marshall County Soil and Water

Name:_____________________________________________________________________________ IAH No.:___________________________________________________________________________ Phone:____________________________________________________________________________ Email:_____________________________________________________________________________

Send answers to: -or- mail to INLA, 7915 S. Emerson Ave., #247, Indianapolis, IN 46237 26



Common Sense

Sentido Comen en el Trabajo

Most accidents are caused by the failure to use common sense.

Spanish translation generously provided by: Carlos Reichman, M.J. Schuetz Insurance Services

Here are some common sense safety rules: • Treat safety as an important part of your job

La mayoría de los accidentes son causados ​​por no usar el sentido común.

• Keep your full attention on what you are doing

Aquí hay algunas reglas de seguridad de sentido común:

• Know and follow the company safety rules • Use the required protective equipment • Remind your coworkers about safety procedures and equipment • Pay attention during safety training programs and meetings • Know what to do in case of an emergency

• Trata la seguridad como una parte importante de tu trabajo • Enfoca toda tu atención en lo que está haciendo • Conoce y sigue las reglas de seguridad de tu empresa. • Utiliza el equipo de protección requerido.

• Ask questions when you don’t understand • Don’t fool around or show off on the job

• Recuérdale a tus compañeros de trabajo sobre los procedimientos y equipos de seguridad

• Don’t let anger; frustration or personal problems interfere with your work

• Presta atención durante las reuniones y los programas de capacitación en seguridad

• Don’t ignore a safety hazard

• Debes saber qué hacer en caso de emergencia

• Don’t become overconfident with jobs you’ve done many times

• Haz preguntas cuando no entiendas

• Don’t use equipment in ways they were not intended

• No pierdas el tiempo ni presumas en el trabajo • No dejes que la ira; la frustración o los problemas personales interfieren con tu trabajo

• Don’t get pressured by others into ignoring safety procedures • Don’t take shortcuts on the job • Don’t assume safety is someone else’s job

• No ignores un peligro de seguridad • No confíes demasiado en los trabajos que has realizado muchas veces • No utilices equipo o una máquina de una forma para la cual no fue diseñado/a. • No te dejes presionar por otros para que ignores los procedimientos de seguridad • No tomes atajos en el trabajo • No asumas que la seguridad es el trabajo de otra persona





Landscape, Lawncare, Tree and Shrub Care, or Irrigation Business in Indianapolis or surrounding counties.

Blue Grass Farms of Indiana..........................inside front cover

Call Jim Calvin, Calvin Landscape 317-247-6316

Bobcat of Indy............................................................... 11, 21 Brehob Nurseries, LLC.................................outside back cover Calvin Landscape................................................................28

Stay connected to INLA between issues. Sign up for the INLA monthly eNewsletter at You will receive: Latest news, the digital version of the magazine, reminders for events, and much more.

Contree Sprayer & Equipment Co.......................................17 Dirt N Turf...........................................................................23 Fairview Evergreen Nursery.................................................10 Forest Commodities, Inc......................................................15 Indiana Irrigation Co...........................................................20 MacAllister Machinery Co., Inc............................................13 Service FIrst Processing................................. inside back cover Ski Landscape...................................................................20 Millcreek Gardens................................................................10 Peat, Inc..............................................................................17 Reynolds Farm Equipment.....................................................5 Tiffany Lawn and Garden Supply...........................................6 Unilock..................................................................................3 West Side Tractor Sales........................................................19 Woody Warehouse Nursery, Inc...........................................12

Advertise in the Indiana Nursery and Landscape News Contact: Mary Breidenbach, 317-757-8634 or




Service First Processing (SFP) and the Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association (INLA) began the merchant processing program for members in August 2017 . This program was set up to offer members a choice between their current processors and the INLA / SFP program. Of the members that we have contacted, 41 locations have provided statements to SFP for analysis.

• 100% of the INLA member statements that we have evaluated show a savings with the SFP Program. • The average cost savings for INLA member statements that we have evaluated is currently 17% or $3,936 per year before member rebates. • The combined cost savings for active member accounts is $18,145 per year before member rebates thus far. • 8 of the 41 member statements we have evaluated are currently using the SFP program which represents a 20% member participation rate.

For questions or additional information call 866.372.5551 SERVICE FIRST PROCESSING / 1315 N Federal Highway Suite 200 Boynton Beach FL, 33435

Rick Haggard, INLA Executive Director Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association 7915 S. Emerson Ave., Suite 247 Indianapolis, IN 46237 November/December 2020 Address Service Requested

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