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The Official Publication of the Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association

Indiana Nursery & Landscape News Volume 81 • Issue 3

www.inla1.org

May/June 2021

The Safety Issue

Rest in Peace Good Cultural Practices Can Reduce Potential Regulatory Impact at Your Nursery Safeguarding Your Financial Assets

FOLLOW US!

COVER: INLA Award of Excellence 2020 Winner for Residential Landscape Design/Build under $50,000 — Calvin Landscape, LLC

IOMA LEGISLATIVE UPDATE 10

IAH UPDATE 24


Indiana Nursery & Landscape News Volume 81 • Issue 3 May/June 2021

Contents The Safety Issue BUSINESS

14 Rest in Peace 14

EDUCATION Indiana Nursery and Landscape News is the official publication of the Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association, Inc. (INLA) and is published bimonthly. Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association 7915 S. Emerson Ave., Suite 247 Indianapolis, IN 46237 Phone: 317-889-2382 Toll Free: 800-443-7336 www.inla1.org

16 Good Cultural Practices Can Reduce Potential Regulatory Impact at Your Nursery

PUBLISHER Rick Haggard, Executive Director, INLA 765-366-4994 • rhaggard@inla1.org

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Copy Deadline: First of the month preceding the month of the issue. Reprint permission granted if source is indicated. Views expressed in articles or editorials do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of the association or its directors, but are those of the writer. Trade names used in articles are for identification only. No discrimination is intended toward similar products and the INLA does not endorse the use of the products mentioned.

Cover Photo: Private Residence in Seymour, Indiana Photo courtesy Calvin Landscape, LLC See inside back cover for additional photos and information on the project.

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Plus More! 2

President’s Message

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Executive Director’s Message

6 Calendar 7

EAB University Spring 2021 Webinar Series

INLA News 8

INLA Summer Tour and INEF Shooting for Scholarships(?) 2021

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IOMA Legislative Update Company Pet? Share it with INLA

12

In Memoriam: Dr. Harrison Flint Corrections from INLA News, March/April 2021 issue

Subscriptions: Included with membership to the INLA. Nonmembers: $36.00 per year (six issues per year). For questions regarding subscriptions, please call INLA at 317-889-2382.

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EDITOR AND AD SALES Mary Breidenbach, Cumulus Design 317-757-8634 • mary@ecumulus.com Advertising Rates: Media Kit available online at www.inla1.org

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BUSINESS 20 Serpent in the Administrative Office:

Safeguarding Your Financial Assets

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Certification and Education 24

Indiana Accredited Horticulturist Update New Indiana Accredited Horticulturists

25

IAH QUIZ – Earn CEUs!

26

George Brenn’s IAH Study Guide

28

Advertiser List, Classified Ads

Inside Back Cover: Explore the Cover: Learn more about the Award of Excellence project on the cover.

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auction awards shooting

summer tour and Shoot 2021 AUGUST 12 & 13 PRELIMINARY INFORMATION SEE PAGE 8


PRESIDENT’S MESSAGE Spring is a difficult time of year for our industry. We are constantly being inundated by client demands, unforeseen mishaps, and uncooperative weather. In the middle of this chaos, safety is commonly overlooked. In this extremely busy time, safety can often be forsaken for driving increased production. Workarounds or short cuts tend to be taken more frequently. Despite the increased pressure to produce, company leaders must reinforce the need to work safely and return workers back to their families at night with no injuries. Dean Ricci

Not having a safety program or protocols can be a fatal mistake for a business. Loss of production, higher workman compensation rates, damage to property, and lawsuits are just a few of the risks of not having a safety program. Instituting a safety culture is just as important as having a strong safety program. We have a no-blame policy and if you see something, say something. Employees must look out for each other. Developing safety habits and protocols doesn’t have to be a monumental task. If you have no safety program, then start simple and add to it over time. In our company, we break it down into three steps: 1. Preparation: Before the season starts, we ensure our safety equipment and supplies are replenished for all the crews. Extra safety glasses, earplugs, first aid kits, and other PPE is bought, distributed, and in our stock room ready for the new season. Meetings with vendors to review new and improved PPE has already taken place over the winter. We also check our equipment to make sure its in safe operating order. 2. Policy and documentation: We go over policies and procedures with employees on a weekly basis in a 15-minute safety stand-up meeting. Sometimes we use a live demonstration of how a piece of equipment is safely used or a YouTube video on the projector. There are also pre-made tailgate meetings that you can get off the internet or other sources. After the meeting we have the attendees sign off on the topic which is logged for OSHA requirements. Documenting the meeting is critical in case there is an accident. 3. Re-evaluate and improve: We are always striving to become better and keep adding to the program as things come up. Building on these meetings as time goes on is key to a successful safety program. The cost of not having any safety programs does not only include financial penalties but can also lead to the decrease in employee morale. With the challenges we have in the labor department, why not do everything you can to keep people safe? I wish you a prosperous and safe season.

2021 INLA Officers Dean Ricci, President Ricci’s Landscape Management, Inc. 502 Norbeh Drive, Hebron, IN 46341 219-996-2682; Fax 219-996-2680 dean@rlminc.com Gabriel Gluesenkamp, President-Elect Designscape Horticultural Services 2877 S. TC Steele Road Nashville, IN 47448-9584 812-988-8900; Fax 812-988-2639 gabrielg@designhort.com Shaun Yeary, Vice President Greendell Landscape Solutions 749 West State Road 42 Mooresville, IN 46158 317-996-2826; Fax 317-996-2032 syeary@greendelllandscape.com Dave LaFara, Past-President David LaFara Hardscape Services 9920 Ash Lane Co Rd 375 N Paragon, IN 46166 765-537-2512 • dblafara@aol.com Rick Haggard, Executive Director & Publisher 7915 S. Emerson Ave., #247 Indianapolis, IN 46032 Office: 800-443-7336 or 317-889-2382 Cell: 765-366-4994 rhaggard@inla1.org • haggard.rick@att.net

BOARD OF DIRECTORS Erick Brehob (2023) Brehob Nursery • 317-783-3233 erick@brehobnursery.com Kyle Daniel — Purdue University 765-494-7621 • daniel38@purdue.edu Jill Glover (2023) Schneider Nursery • 812-522-4068 jill@schneidernursery.com

Dean Ricci INLA President

SAVE THESE DATES SAVE THESE DATES

SAVE THESE DATES

Mark O’Brien (2022) Cardno • 574-586-2412 mark.obrien@cardno.com Kevin Van Sessen (2021) Blade Cutters, LLC. • 219-661-8206 kevinvs@bladecutters.net

January 24–26, 2022 (a Monday – Wednesday event) As the Indiana Green Expo continues to grow each year, our focus remains on providing an excellent educational conference and trade show. 2

INDIANA NURSERY & LANDSCAPE ASSOCIATION • www.inla1.org

Bob Wasson (2022) Wasson Nursery and Garden Center 765-759-9000 • bob@wassonnursery.com Kent Wilhelmus (2021) Second Nature Landscape Management 812-483-7817 • kent@secondnaturelm.com


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EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR’S MESSAGE Dear friends and many I consider family of the INLA, The time has come once again to sit down with the May/June issue of your Indiana Nursery & Landscape News and reflect on the past happenings and mark on your calendars the upcoming events. Hopefully, in 2021 from this point forward the events can be in person and not through zoom or some other platform, albeit current health and safety measures must still be respected and followed.

Rick Haggard

Let me start with a reflection: • The 2021 Indiana Green Expo could not have been put together without mentioning the hard work and efforts on both parts of its partners the Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association and Midwest Regional Turf Foundation. The Indiana Green Expo in 2021, marked the 15th anniversary of the partnership between the two associations and it just keeps getting better. As a reminder you can still register and receive CCH (Applicators Licensing) and CEU (Indiana Accredited Horticulturist – IAH) credits, if you have not done so already. If you have already registered, you can login and review the recorded sessions again or use as training videos for new/returning employees!!! Thankfully, (out of necessity due to COVID) the MRTF had to have their Summer Field Day utilizing a virtual format. This was extremely helpful in having top notch educational sessions orchestrated by the MRTF and INLA educational committees. By the way, the INLA educational committee is comprised of Kyle Daniel, along with a few phone/email/text messages to others from Kyle. The IGE website was updated by Mary Breidenbach, with the most up-to-date information posted, as it was happening. I think she was updating the website while she was gathering information from Kyle, myself, Aaron, Brooke, Julie or she would call some directly! Honestly though, I absolutely felt distant by not seeing all our vendors and the giant rush to enter our trade show hall. Perhaps January 25, 2022 I will get to relish that sight again. IGE 2022 will be January 24-26, Monday – Wednesday, please mark your calendars. • Another reflection is the amazing number of individuals taking the Indiana Accredited Horticulturist Certification Exam in late 2020 and early 2021. An updated list of those that have passed the certification is in this issue on page 24. In case you are not aware, IAH is the only INDIANA certification approved by the Department of Education (DOE) and Department of Workforce Development (DWD).

Now for some upcoming events: • INLA Active Member Renewals and IAH Recertification are coming due June 30, 2021. I want to emphasize, that while in my eyes, the IGE was successful, it did not bring in the income we have become accustomed to in past years. So please, while I do not want to sound like a beggar, return your membership dues and IAH re-certification dues at your earliest convenience. The INLA has taken as many steps as possible to reduce expenses and keep everyone in our industry essential and “open for business”, during these trying times. We are not finished by a long shot, and I think perhaps now the general public is getting a grip on how important we are not only to their family lives, but also to the community they live in!! • As things have started to open back-up I ask/urge everyone to do what is best for you, your family, employees, and the families of your employees and customers. Governor Holcomb, on April 6, 2021 lifted the statewide mask mandate and inserted an “advisory” mask mandate. Other counties have opted to keep the mask requirement and individual businesses have as well. With that mentioned, the INLA Summer Tour and INEF Shooting for Scholarships events are planned to take place in Northwest Indiana. Kevin Van Sessen, INLA Board Member and Summer Committee Chair, is planning visits to many landscape sites in the booming Crown Point area. As a side note, I want to thank Kevin and INLA President, Dean Ricci, for recruiting/acquiring several new members from the “region” as well. Please see a very brief article on page 8 regarding the 2021 Summer Meeting and INEF Scholarships. OUR INDUSTRY CREATES, DEVELOPS and MAINTAINS A SAFE, HEALTHY ENVIRONMENT FOR EVERYONE TO ENJOY AND BE A PART OF! Keep it Green, Rick Haggard, Executive Director rhaggard@inla1.org • 317-889-2382

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INDIANA NURSERY & LANDSCAPE ASSOCIATION • www.inla1.org




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INDIANA NURSERY & LANDSCAPE NEWS • MAY/JUNE 2021

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CALENDAR

Visit http://inla1.org/events-calendar/ for updates and new event listings.

May

LOOKING FOR LABOR?

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INLA Scholarship Application Deadline INLA’s scholarship fund, the Indiana Nursery Endowment Fund (INEF), awards scholarships up to $6,000 each year to one or more full-time students enrolled in horticulture or landscape horticulture related classes at either Vincennes University or Purdue University.

More information and application: https://inla1.org/inla-scholarships/

June 21

Amigos Recruiting has developed a program to provide an additional source of reliable labor. Several factors have left Puerto Rico with unemployment rates well above the national average. Since Puerto Rican laborers are American citizens, they are not subject to immigration laws or restricted by worker visa caps. While there are regulations the Puerto Rican department of labor requires in recruiting laborers in Puerto Rico, we have developed a program to obtain the necessary approvals, recruit, and provide Puerto Rican laborers.

ISA Tree Risk Assessment Qualification (TRAQ) Renewal Course Forest Park Lodge, Noblesville The TRAQ Renewal Course is a one-day refresher, with five hours of instruction, and three hours to take the exam. Current TRAQ holders can complete the abbreviated course as early as four years into their qualification. Co-Sponsored by Noblesville Parks and instructed by Lindsey Purcell, Urban Forestry Specialist, Purdue University Forestry and Natural Resources. Information/Registration: https://www.indiana-arborist.org/

22–24 ISA Tree Risk Assessment Qualification (TRAQ) Course and Exam Forest Park Lodge, Noblesville The ISA Tree Risk Assessment Qualification (TRAQ) program provides an opportunity for professionals in the arboriculture industry to expand their knowledge through education and training in the fundamentals of tree risk assessment. This qualification promotes the safety of people and property by providing a standardized and systematic process for assessing tree risk. Two days of instruction and one exam day. Co-sponsored by Noblesville Parks and instructed by Lindsey Purcell, Urban Forestry Specialist, Purdue University Forestry and Natural Resources. Information/Registration: https://www.indiana-arborist.org/ 30

INLA Active Membership Dues Deadline

30

IAH Recertification Deadline Reminders will be mailed or check your recertification status at http://inla1.org/

August 12 & 13 INLA Summer Meeting — Crown Point/Lake County August 12: Summer Tour, Dinner + Auction August 13: INEF Shooting for Scholarships + Lunch + Auction Northwest Indiana • Unwind with friends and colleagues at our best fundraising and networking event of the year! See preliminary information on page 8. Event details, registration, and sponsorship information available early July at http://inla1.org/.

To find out more, email Jim Calvin at jim@calvinlandscape.com

2021 Virtual Indiana Green Expo Continues!

2021

Virtual!

The 2021 IGE Recorded Sessions are available until midnight, May 31, 2021​for both new or returning registrations! The Recorded Sessions offer 12 themed sessions (i.e. Plant Material, Hardscape, etc.) — each with a number of 30-minute presentations. Registration is required. If you registered for the original IGE event you do not need to register again.

Information/Registration: Go to https://indianagreenexpo.com

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INDIANA NURSERY & LANDSCAPE ASSOCIATION • www.inla1.org


EAB University Spring 2021 Webinar Series All webinars are @ 11 a.m. EST FREE Registration and more information at: http://www.emeraldashborer.info/eabu.php Wednesday, April 28, 2021 Gypsy moth: Everything you need to know in half an hour Cliff Sadof, Elizabeth Barnes of Purdue University, Department of Entomology, and Carrie Tauscher of Indiana Department of Natural Resources, Division of Forestry Thursday, April 29, 2021 Spotted lanternfly: Everything you need to know in half an hour Cliff Sadof, Elizabeth Barnes of Purdue University, Department of Entomology, and Carrie Tauscher of Indiana Department of Natural Resources, Division of Forestry Wednesday, May 5, 2021 Emerald ash borer: Everything you need to know in half an hour Cliff Sadof, Elizabeth Barnes of Purdue University, Department of Entomology, and Carrie Tauscher of Indiana Department of Natural Resources, Division of Forestry Thursday, May 6, 2021 Asian longhorned beetle: Everything you need to know in half an hour Cliff Sadof, Elizabeth Barnes of Purdue University, Department of Entomology, and Carrie Tauscher of Indiana Department of Natural Resources, Division of Forestry Wednesday, May 12, 2021 Thousand cankers disease: Everything you need to know in half an hour Cliff Sadof, Elizabeth Barnes of Purdue University, Department of Entomology, and Carrie Tauscher of Indiana Department of Natural Resources, Division of Forestry Thursday, May 13, 2021 Hemlock woolly adelgid: Everything you need to know in half an hour Cliff Sadof, Elizabeth Barnes of Purdue University, Department of Entomology, and Carrie Tauscher of Indiana Department of Natural Resources, Division of Forestry

INDIANA NURSERY & LANDSCAPE NEWS • MAY/JUNE 2021

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INLA NEWS

INLA Summer Tour and INEF Shooting for Scholarships(?) 2021 August 12-13, 2021 Crown Point, Indiana

Summer Meeting

Rick Haggard, INLA Executive Director

August 12 + 13, 2020 Crown Point/Lake County

I am sure the “(?)” in title of this article has everyone’s attention. PLEASE keep in mind regarding the Shooting for Scholarships the following is only preliminary information and not set in stone. The INLA Summer Committee is entertaining the possibility of hosting a possible golf option in place of a Sporting Clay event, due to the fact that the closest viable shooting range is in Bourbon, Indiana — some 1.5 hours from the host site of our summer tour location. There was much discussion in the current board and committee meeting in March as to the options. While the last event was held in Northern Indiana in 2018, and the Trap Shoot took place at Back Forty Sporting Clays in Bourbon, Indiana and was successful monetarily. The committee is trying to gauge how many Central and Southern Indiana companies would participate. There seems to be more interest in that area to play golf as much as there is to shoot. They are also looking at potentially having another possible site for the Sporting Clays closer to Indy, but still a little further north, perhaps Kokomo. PLEASE send me your feedback via email rhaggard@inla1.org or call/text 317-8892382.

Crown Point, Indiana

Plus Auctions, food & fun!

August 12:

Summer Tour

August 13:

Shooting for Scholarships fundraiser

SAve the date! SAve the date!

The 2021 Summer Tour event will have the host location in Crown Point, Indiana. The committee is in the early stages of prospecting landscape sites, that utilizes the many facets of our industry. Besides, the prospecting of tour sites, Kevin Van Sessen, the summer committee chair has secured a couple of options for a host hotel. One is currently under construction “Woodspring Suites” and is scheduled to be open in June/July. The other is part of the same property group, as a backup prior to registering for this event. Dinner that evening will take place at the home of Dean Ricci, INLA President. The October Board meeting took place at his home and WOW, you can see what industry he is a part of…LOL. More details are yet to come, but please save the dates: August 12, 2021 – Summer Tours and August 13, 2021 – INEF Scholarship fundraiser.

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INDIANA NURSERY & LANDSCAPE NEWS • MAY/JUNE 2021

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INLA NEWS Do you have . . . a Canine Coworker? a Feline in the Front Office? INLA would love to meet the pets who come to work with Indiana green industry professionals. Please email us a photo of your company’s pet along with the pet’s name, your name, your company’s name, and any information you might want to include about your pet or caption the photo you send. We’ll be sharing these in upcoming INLA communications. Email photo and info to: rhaggard@inla1.org

IOMA Legislative Update Rick Haggard, Executive Director

To those who may not know, the Green Industry Alliance (GIA) — of which the INLA was a founding member — was rebranded to Indiana Outdoor Management Alliance (IOMA) in late January of 2021. Our the focus has always been making sure elected officials know what and who we are concerns are regarding Indiana legislation. We discovered that a few legislators always had a slight disconnect with of what GIA was really about. This led some legislators who did not know or ask to conceive their own perception of our group, which as it turned out was radically different from what we are and even what we do.

2021 Legislative Update Carlin Yoder the IOMA legislative liaison from The Corydon Group — the largest independent public affairs firm in Indiana reports, “I have good news regarding SB 227, the pesticide bill authored by Senator Leising (R-Oldenburg). The bill has finally passed out of both the House and the Senate in its final version and will now go to the governor’s desk for a signature and then will become law. This is the result of great effort by the IOMA team and others and I want to thank everybody again for their hard work over the last year. The process worked and we have good legislation because of it!” The Indiana General Assembly’s summary of SB 227: Enforcement of pesticide violations. Provides a list of violations for which the state chemist may impose a civil penalty. Eliminates the schedule of civil penalties as adopted by the Indiana pesticide review board. (Under current law, the state chemist imposes a civil penalty in accordance with a schedule of civil penalties as adopted by the Indiana pesticide review board.) Provides that the state chemist may adjust a civil penalty by 20% for certain violations if a person responsible for the violation takes mitigating actions.

As I write this in early April the bill has not been signed into law, but I expect SB 227 to be signed by Governor Holcomb possibly as early as you are reading this article.

The Corydon Group This year we are celebrating 15 years with The Corydon Group, and proud of every moment! I personally have no idea where our industry would be today without The Corydon Group keeping a “watch my/our back” approach. Many bills in general sound perfect, but it takes a lot of time, personal involvement, and foresight to ask “what if ” scenarios to make sure they work for everyone. Also, regarding COVID-19 and making sure our industry would be declared “ESSENTIAL” in 2020, there were numerous emails, calls, and texts with The Corydon Group and others regarding PPP, Executive Orders, compliance, etc. Wonder how much each business would have spent in time or resources to know even actually what to do or whom to contact? This is your membership dollars at work for you! Above: Extremely photgenic Dakota accompanies Jim Calvin to work and is one of two dogs at Calvin Landscape that come to work with their humans. The other happy hound is Abby (below). As you can tell from this picture, she’s a girl that wants to have fun!

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Save the date for the Annual IOMA Fundraiser Golf Outing October 7, 2021 at Twin Lakes Golf Club in Carmel, Indiana. If needed we have a rain date of October 21, 2021.

New and Returning INLA Members ACTIVE MEMBER

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AFFILIATE MEMBER

Mulder Maintenance and Services Andy Mulder 118 S 600 W, Hebron, IN 46341 Ph: (219) 306-5494

A & L Great Lakes Laboratories Inc Greg Neyman 3505 Conestoga Drive Ft Wayne, IN 46808 (260) 483-4759

East Central High School Roy Johnson 1 Trojan Place Ste A, St. Leon, IN 46808 (812) 576-4811 ext 11122

Indy Turf and Landscape LLC Christopher Williams 2444 S 600 W, Anderson, IN 46011 Ph: (317) 407-1035

Cool Pools Lauren O’Neill 125 S Park St., Ste. 450 Traverse City, MI 49684 (888) 866-2233

INDIANA NURSERY & LANDSCAPE ASSOCIATION • www.inla1.org


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INLA NEWS Corrections for INLA News, March/April 2021 issue: In the article “INLA Awards of Excellence 2020” we incorrectly identified the location of three of the winning projects by Clavin Landscapes. The corrections are as follows: • Hardscape Residential Design/ Build Under $50,000 Location should be Greenwood (not Zionsville) • Residential Landscape Design/ Build under $50,000: Location should be Seymour (not Zionsville) Residential Landscape Design/ Build over $50,000: Location should be Zionsville (not Carmel) Our sincerest apologies to Calvin Landscape for the mistakes. You can view all the winning projects online at https://inla1.org/awards/

In memoriam: Dr. Harrison Flint We regret to report that Purdue University’s Dr. Harrison Flint passed away on April 13, 2021. Many horticulturists have utilized Dr. Flint’s book “Landscape Plants for Eastern North America” as well as had him as their professor at Purdue University. The day before we sent this issue to print we found out the sad news so we’re unable to put together an appropriate memorial to him. By the time this issues is in your hands we will have posted a more in-depth look at the beloved horticulture professor’s contributions to the green industry along with memories by his many Purdue students who are now INLA members. Please visit www.inla1.org to read more about Dr. Flint.

Dallas Foster (left) presents Dr. Harrison Flint the 2003 INLA Award of Merit.

Below is the announcement of Dr. Flint’s appointment to the Arnold Arboretum of Harvard University. This appointment was shortly before he came to Purdue University and provides a nice summary of his accomplishments up to that point in his career.

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INDIANA NURSERY & LANDSCAPE NEWS • MAY/JUNE 2021

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May/June 2021

The Safety Issue BUSINESS

EDUCATION

BUSINESS

14 Rest in Peace

16 Good Cultural Practices Can

20 Safeguarding Your Financial Assets

Reduce Potential Regulatory Impact at Your Nursery

BUSINESS

Rest in Peace

Steven Cesare, Ph.D., The Harvest Group Article reprinted with permission from the author

A business owner contacted me the other day seeking advice related to the worst possible news: An employee died on the job. For the sake of brevity, the employee, despite being coached on two separate occasions by two different management team members was once again riding a 60-inch mower up a slope, an unsafe process, which led the front wheels of the mower to lose contact with the turf, shifting the mower’s center of gravity, resulting in the mower flipping over and crushing the employee instantly since the employee did not have the roll bar in the upright, safe position.

The all too often question was then asked: “What do I do now, Steve?” While many of the details of this tragedy are well beyond the scope of this article, I want to share three key categories of advice I offered as a response to the owner’s plea. • Communication. I worked with the business owner to develop a comprehensive, timely, and sensitive communication plan. The targets of the communication plan included: all company employees, legal counsel, the employee’s family, OSHA, the owner of the job site at which the incident occurred, the media, and an external safety consultant. While the communication content was designed to be factual and sincere, it was also conducted in a sensitive matter dictated by the audience (i.e., the family 14

heard more details than the media). True to form, the owner presented the news to all employees with appropriate sentiment, dignity, and professionalism, allowing employees to express their emotions, answering their questions, and giving them a day off with pay to process the horrendous event. A great job, by a true leader. Not to be excluded in this posting, the decedent’s family, though mortified, was visibly pleased with the compassion conveyed by the owner and the entire company. • Preparation: At the risk of sounding detached and callous, I had to advise the owner to prepare for the imminent OSHA investigation. Key topics of preparation for the OSHA visit included: OSHA 300, 300A, and 301 Forms for the past five years, all Safety Data Sheets, all safety training records and tailgate sign-in sheets, training program content, preventative maintenance documentation on all vehicles, tools, and equipment, Lockout/ Tagout documentation, as well as all internal/external safety audits of the yard, shop, and job sites. I explained to the owner that for the purpose at hand, OSHA will only have one focus: Liability. That liability typically falls onto one of three entities: the manufacturer (e.g., equipment, vehicle, or tool), the business owner, or the employee. Due to the owner’s strong commitment to an ingrained

INDIANA NURSERY & LANDSCAPE ASSOCIATION • www.inla1.org

! safety culture, the company had its documentation well prepared. • Prevention. Looking forward, we also had to design a proactive system to prevent any possible reoccurrence of this safety tragedy as well as other potential safety disasters. This program included getting several employees to become OSHA 10-hour certified, instilling safety compliance through immediate performance management, mentioning the decedent’s name over time (e.g., signs, payroll stuffers, at safety tailgate sessions) as a reminder of how important safety, life, and people are, and increasing the role of safety procedures throughout the organization.

About the Author With more than 30 years of experience, Steve Cesare, Ph.D. is a Principal Consultant with The Harvest Group, a nation-wide consulting firm. Steve has authored 68 professional journal articles, with human resources expertise in: legal compliance, performance management, compensation systems, organizational change, and wage and hour issues. He can be reached at (760) 685-3800, or at steve@ harvestlandscapeconsulting.com.


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continues on page 20.)

INDIANA NURSERY & LANDSCAPE NEWS • MAY/JUNE 2021

15


BUSINESS

Good Cultural Practices Can Reduce Potential Regulatory Impact at Your Nursery Kenneth W. Cote, Indiana Department of Natural Resources, Division of Entomology and Plant Pathology Previously I wrote an article about plant problems that occasionally get shipped to nursery and garden centers from out-of-state sources. Many of those problems are easily controlled and may only cause cosmetic injury to your plants, but what do you do when a serious, quarantinable pest is found at your nursery or garden center? You know, one of the “Big Ones” such as sudden oak death, boxwood blight, or spotted lanternfly. As inspectors, we are responsible for protecting the nursery industry and Indiana’s natural environment. DNR will help you through these tough situations the best that it can and try to minimize the economic impact, but ultimately mitigation of the pest may result in a significant economic impact. There are some cultural practices you can do proactively to reduce these potential economic impacts. Protection of your nursery should start as soon as that delivery truck opens its door. Often plant material is packed in very tightly or is difficult to view because it is tied up for transportation purposes. Instead of just unloading the truck as fast as you can, take the time to untie and inspect a few plants before accepting a shipment. Look at the plants for any signs of insects, plant damage or signs of plant disease. Pay particular attention to the inside branches of these plants because that is where problems can often lurk. Some shipping companies keep a temperature log on the shipment, and this may also be useful information. Plants such as boxwood should be held for one month to monitor for the presence of boxwood blight which can have a latency period of up to one month. It is a good idea to place plants of concern on landscape fabric so that leaf debris can be easily collected to help prevent possible soil contamination should an unknown issue arise. Segregate plants whenever possible. Having worked in the nursery industry for many years, I understand that this can 16

Protection of your nursery should start as soon as that delivery truck opens its door.

Instead of just unloading the truck as fast as you can, untie a few plants to make sure there are not hidden pest problems.

be very difficult, especially in spring when plants are being delivered faster than you can unload them. However, separating plants according to the nursery source and avoiding commingling plants from multiple sources may avoid potential problems in the future. Make sure plants are labeled correctly with the full botanical name and nursery source information included on the label or container. Segregation and proper labeling are especially important for trace forward situations. Trace forward situations occur when inspectors must inspect local nurseries that have received potentially infected plant

Plants placed on landscape fabric allow for easy debris collection.

INDIANA NURSERY & LANDSCAPE ASSOCIATION • www.inla1.org

material from a supplying nursery which was recently found to have a pest of regulatory concern after plants have been distributed. When inspectors arrive at your nursery in a trace forward situation, they will be looking for specific plant species from a specific nursery source. If you are not able to determine source information and cultivar information or plants from multiple sources are commingled, then all plants may be considered quarantined. Depending on the pest or pathogen of concern, commingled plants may require destruction if they are associated with infected plants because of the potential threat of spread via soil and contamination. This is especially true for host plants of sudden oak death. Sudden oak death quarantine protocols include destroying all plants within a two-meter radius of infected plants. Then, holding all plants within a two-meter radius of the destroyed plant material for further testing. Depending on the disease of concern, holds can last a long time. Sudden oak death regulations require plants be held for 90 days. This would mean that all plants in a four-meter radius of a positive plant would be subject to some type of regulation in a worst-case scenario. Having plants on benches with walking paths that separate plants will aid in segregation of plant material. This practice reduced the economic regulatory impact associated with quarantining plant material at many locations during the 2019 sudden oak death trace forward. The manner in which plant debris is handled can promote or inhibit movement of pest and disease issues in your nursery. (Good Cultural Practices continues page 18.)


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INDIANA NURSERY & LANDSCAPE NEWS • MAY/JUNE 2021

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Good Cultural Practices (continued from page 16)

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Whenever possible, plant material removed from landscape renovation jobs as well as plant debris collected from offsite or routine maintenance practices should be taken to a composting facility. If you must bring this material back to your nursery, make sure that cull piles are placed far away from production areas. Pay attention to the direction in which water runs under and around cull piles. Some plant disease such as Phytophthora and Pythium can move in water. This includes sudden oak death, (Phytophthora ramorum). Other soil borne disease such as Verticillium is known to be moved in mulch chips, while the boxwood blight fungus can live in the soil for up to five years. If infection has the potential to move out of the cull pile, make sure it does not flow into a creek or into valuable growing areas. Such cases could result in further regulations and restrictions on areas of the nursery that would have otherwise not been considered part of a quarantine. Irrigation water is a very import part of every garden center and nursery. How an irrigation water supply is handled, and the associated runoff is equally as important and can determine if disease problems can easily spread in your nursery. If a water source is from a well or city water, concern should focus primarily on the direction of runoff. Water flowing from pot to pot can move certain types of plant diseases. However, if irrigation water is recycled, then there is a risk of that water becoming contaminated with pathogens which can be spread via irrigation systems to multiple crops. This is especially true for bacterial disease such as Ralstonia spp. and fungal-like organism such as Phytophthora spp. If an irrigation source was contaminated with P. ramorum and then spread via an irrigation system, it could result in thousands of plants being destroyed. There are systems and methods that can be used to make sure your water sources are clean so it’s important to be aware of this potential threat to your livelihood. Remember to clean equipment between job sites and before returning to the nursery. If you must bring dirty tools and equipment back to the nursery, have a specific site which is set up to clean those items before the return to normal duties in the rest of the nursery. Also, remember to clean your feet when possible. Keep a boot brush in your truck for

INDIANA NURSERY & LANDSCAPE ASSOCIATION • www.inla1.org

Commingled plants are held, but benches allow for segregation of stock and concrete floor facilitates debris collection.

such purposes and/or a spray can of disinfectant. Cleaning your feet may not always be possible, especially during extremely wet conditions, but anything you can do can help to minimize the spread of plant disease and unwanted, potentially invasive weed seeds will be helpful. Old plastic pots that are collected from the nursery and job sites can be reused, but make sure they are cleaned and disinfected before putting them back into production systems. What you bring into the nursery can have both a positive and a negative impact on your business. Be mindful that out of state nursery stock and offsite plant debris are all potential sources for introductions of pests and diseases. Conducting some good cultural practices can potentially save you future issues when dealing with the unforeseen consequences of accidentally introduced plant pests and diseases. Some of these practices may not be possible due to labor or space constraints, but anytime you can incorporate just a few practices to give your business extra protection can be helpful. If you get a shipment of plants that just don’t look right and you think something is wrong, call your local inspector to look at those plants before you introduce them to the rest of your nursery. About the Author Kenneth W. Cote is a Nursery Inspector and Compliance Officer with the Indiana DNR, Division of Entomology and Plant Pathology, Bloomington Field Office. Ken can be reached at: Mail: PO Box 29 Clear Creek, IN 47426 Phone: 812-322-7249 Email: kcote@dnr.in.gov


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INDIANA NURSERY & LANDSCAPE NEWS • MAY/JUNE 2021

19


BUSINESS

Serpent in the Administrative Office:

Safeguarding Your Financial Assets

John A. Cento, CPA/ABV, ASA, Indiana Business Appraisals, LLC Topics of safety include sprinkler systems for fire and snake boots for brush-clearing, but what about safeguarding your financial assets, your working capital? How do you protect yourself from being bitten by a hidden serpent in your administrative office? I am going to discuss this topic after sharing a story told to me as a young man in accounting school decades ago.

About the Author John A. Cento, CPA/ABV, ASA is a certified public accountant based in New Albany, Indiana and INLA member. He is a specialist in business valuation accredited by the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants and the American Society of Appraisers. John’s love of plants and horticulture began as a boy in Beech Grove watering his family’s newly installed trees for a quarter a piece. In adult life, that passion developed into amateur botany, leading wildflower field trips for his local native plant society. Currently a Master Gardener and an INLA Accredited Horticulturist, he appraises horticultural operations as well as a myriad of other industries. With over 25 years of professional experience, John contributes his insights and expertise on financial matters. For further study, you can visit his firm’s website at www.indianaba.com or www.greenindustryvaluations.com.

The story: A business had operations requiring many vendors for services, supplies, and inventory. A young man hired out of college several years back was making a name for himself as ambitious, competent, and quick to master the complex operations of the company. He had been rotated through all the company’s divisions to learn the ropes. Everyone, including the young man, saw him as the next operations manager. Let us call him “Young and Upcoming.” The owner and founder of the company, let us call him “Old Timer”, had grown the business from a broken-down greenhouse to a regional player. Striving to preserve and expand what his family had built, he would think deeply about opportunities and threats to his business on a regular basis. One Friday afternoon, Old Timer called Young and Upcoming into this office. “Young and Upcoming, I am taking you off the operations floor. Monday morning, I want you to report to the accounts payable department. You are going to be reviewing receiving reports and vendor invoices before payments are mailed out.” Young and Upcoming was shocked; he fully expected a promotion to operations manager but was instead delegated to accounting to go over stacks of paperwork. He thought to himself, “I did not to go to college and work hard for the Company to be reassigned as a clerk!” Before quitting time, whispers spread throughout the office. By Monday morning, Young and Upcoming had been able to swallow his pride and set about at his new accounts payable function, hoping that Old Timer would eventually understand Young and Upcoming was better used elsewhere. Young and Upcoming diligently reviewed each stack of receiving reports and vendor invoices, stamping “Approved for Payment” as plowed through the paperwork. This went on for a full month. One afternoon, Old Timer with a grin on his face walked into the accounting department and summoned Young and Upcoming to his office. Once they were seated in his office, Old Timer smiled and spoke to Young and Upcoming, “The staff in accounts payable tell me you have taken this reassignment seriously, studying the payment approval packages, asking questions, and following up for answers. I knew you would be perfect for the job.” Young and Upcoming was full of pent-up upset. He replied, “Respectfully Mr. Old Timer, I really do not understand why you reassigned me to accounts payable. I believe I had been doing a great job in operations, learning each process thoroughly, and I thought you recognized that.” Old Timer looked down at his desktop and started chuckling. Young and Upcoming was not amused. Finally, after a moment, Old Timer looked up and said in a soft voice, “Yes, Young and Upcoming, I have noticed the competency you have gained in all the processes of our operations, and I do think it is time to move you up to operations manager.” Young and Upcoming was confused and relieved all at the same time. Young and Upcoming responded, “Well, thank you very much, but why did you assign me to accounts payable last month?” Old Timer related, “Young and Upcoming, I have been concerned about kickbacks and payments to fictitious vendors in our accounting function. You see, the head of XYZ Company confided in me during a trade association forum that his company had been the victim of payments to a fictitious company set up by one of the purchasing clerks; XYZ lost almost $200,000. It was not caught until the clerk went on vacation and another clerk took over his batch of vendors. I was concerned about that happening to our company, so I sent you to accounts payable to help out. You see, I figured the accounting clerks understand accounting all right, but none of them has the in-depth knowledge of our complex operations like you do. If anyone would notice a vendor company or purchase order that did not make sense, it would be you. You did not identify anything out of the ordinary, so now I feel more at ease.” Young and Upcoming nodded his head in understanding; he had learned a valuable lesson he would never forget. (Safeguarding Your Financial Assets continues page 22.)

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INDIANA NURSERY & LANDSCAPE ASSOCIATION • www.inla1.org


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Safeguarding Your Financial Assets (continued from page 20) How to protect your assets For private companies, the most common form of fraud is asset misappropriation, which is commonly defined as the theft or misuse of company assets. There are numerous employee fraud schemes including skimming, expense reimbursement, check tampering, billing or purchase schemes, and payroll schemes. In this article, I will discuss the scheme related to our story about Old Timer and Young and Upcoming: the billing or purchase scheme, specifically, prevention of embezzler’s “phony vendor” fraud. This scheme uses a fake entity established by a dishonest employee to bill a company for goods or services it does not receive. The employee converts the payment to his or her own benefit. How does the phony vendor fraud work? Below are the steps: 1. At home, a purchasing department insider creates a phony company through a fictitious name or “doing business as” name. 2. Back in the office, the fraudster issues a purchase order or letter agreement for services, consultants, reference materials, training or safety seminars, or conferences, and creates a related vendor file for the fake company. 3. Off work, the dishonest employee rents a post office box and mails a vendor invoice to the company instructing payment to be sent to the newly established PO box. Often the invoice amount is slightly under the company’s threshold amount for thorough review. 4. Back at work, the purchasing department employee approves the fictitious company’s invoice and forwards it for payment. 5. Accounts payable mails a check to the fictitious company’s PO box from which the fraudster-employee retrieves the check and deposits it to a bank account. The fraud usually involves non-tangible purchases rather than inventory or supplies. What are red flags that companies can watch for? • Invoices for unspecified consulting or other poorly defined services. • Uncommonly used vendors, for example, ones that do not attend the usual trade shows. • Vendors that have only a post-office-box address. • Vendors with company names consisting only of initials. Many such companies are legitimate, but fraudsters commonly use this naming technique. • The sudden increase in purchases from one vendor. • Multiple billings during a month from the same vendor. • Vendor addresses that match employee addresses or those of known friends or significant others. What can a company do to prevent or detect such a fraud? A. Mandatory investigation of all new vendors by the accounts payable department and the purchasing department jointly (both “sign-off”). This can include securing a credit report, searching the Secretary of State or County records department for entity filings, and asking for references from trade association members and confirming them. B. Analyze trends over time in your profit and loss statements for spikes in expenses, unexpected unfavorable budget variances, periodic review of catch-basin expense accounts like miscellaneous, overhead, outside and professional services, training expenses, and similar. C. Discreetly note changes in employee prosperity: new cars, fine jewelry, etc. D. Rotation of accounting and other record keeping roles. E. Mandatory vacations. F. Prohibiting a staff member who processes payments from approving new vendors.

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CPAs use the term “segregation of duties” to describe the great principle of breaking up tasks involved in transaction processing among different individuals so no one individual has the ability to authorize a transaction (in this example, creating an approved vendor file for the fictitious company) and has access to funds (constructively through payment approval). An objection to the careful division of duties is that small businesses have few accounting staff. This can be overcome by understanding that this principle applies to one employee having too many roles in the same transaction processing activity, for example, purchasing, and not one role in purchasing and another role in a wholly unrelated activity, say, accounts receivable. Invest in the safety of your financial assets by consulting with your local CPA to creatively separate employee functions to prevent fraud.

INDIANA NURSERY & LANDSCAPE ASSOCIATION • www.inla1.org


INLA / SFP PROGRESS REPORT

Service First Processing (SFP) and the Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association (INLA) began the merchant processing program for members in August 2017 . This program was set up to offer members a choice between their current processors and the INLA / SFP program. Of the members that we have contacted, 41 locations have provided statements to SFP for analysis.

• 100% of the INLA member statements that we have evaluated show a savings with the SFP Program. • The average cost savings for INLA member statements that we have evaluated is currently 17% or $3,936 per year before member rebates. • The combined cost savings for active member accounts is $18,145 per year before member rebates thus far. • 8 of the 41 member statements we have evaluated are currently using the SFP program which represents a 20% member participation rate.

For questions or additional information call 866.372.5551 SERVICE FIRST PROCESSING / 1315 N Federal Highway Suite 200 Boynton Beach FL, 33435

INDIANA NURSERY & LANDSCAPE NEWS • MAY/JUNE 2021

23


May/June 2021

Certification and Education Indiana Accredited Horticulturist (IAH) Update New STATE Approved Industry Certification! Rick Haggard, Executive Director Fellow INLA Members and IAH’ers, I just want everyone to be aware of recent happenings since the beginning of 2021. Through the efforts of the INLA and IAH Committee, and others promoting and realizing the purpose of our certification in educating and rewarding staff, the IAH family has grown in the short first quarter of 2021 by 35 individuals. In case many have not been kept up-to-date, heck is hard for me too; the IAH replaced the Landscape Industry Certified, formerly known as Certified Landscape Technician (CLT), as Indiana’s Approved Industry Certification. Many might wonder why this is important? One of the biggest reasons in my opinion, is the appreciation and gratification an employee feels in achieving this certificate. Whether an individual earns this by studying with other employees,

helping each other train as the group or studying on their own, it feels good to have a company appreciate their efforts. Another reason especially for our youth is the push for students to earn a Pathway Certification upon graduating from high school, which help students with a career path. Another reason is the push for cities, towns, municipalities, and parks to have work done by competent (certified) employees or at a minimum a crew leader. Keep an eye out when bidding these contracts, as I know some verify this. Currently, to the best of my knowledge, the IAH is only one of three stateapproved certifications for high school/ vocational schools in an elective field for the Pathway Certification. The other two are auto mechanics (ASE – Automotive Service Excellence) and welding (WTC – Welding Technology Certificate).

On March 25, 2021, three students – Grace Runyan, Cora De La Cruz, and Catharine Campbell — from North Montgomery High School passed the initial IAH Certification. These were the first since 2018 to pass the IAH while still in high school. Many at North Montgomery also took the CORE Applicator Exam as well in March! Our industry does have a very promising future! Congratulations to everyone that has ever been involved in our IAH Certification program! As an MIAH, IAH, volunteer, proctor of exams, facilitator, promoter of the IAH, or if you utilized the IAH as a recruiting educational/promotion program for employees, you have increased the professionalism of our industry and association.

New Indiana Accredited Horticulturists John LaCorte Chesterton Feed and Seed Mason Shank Creekside Landscaping Diamond Crosby, Excel Center West

Cora De La Cruz, North Montgomery High School Grace Runyan, North Montgomery High School Andrea Kutemeier, RLM Inc.

Mary Harrison, Four Seasons Landscaping Nursery

Joey Lloyd Jr., RLM Inc.

Dan Meyer, Four Seasons Landscaping Nursery

Daniel Lopez, RLM Inc.

Nick Lubbers, Meticulous Nick’s Bryce Kruger, Midwest Landscape Industries, Inc

Christian Nava, RLM Inc. Victor Pancheco, RLM Inc. Nick Ricci, RLM Inc.

Claire Spalding, Midwest Landscape Industries, Inc

Kyle Robinson, RLM Inc.

Scott Freeman, New Castle Correctional Facility

Bri Shaw, RLM Inc.

Trenceton Greer, New Castle Correctional Facility

Joe Bushemi, Southlake Services

LuCiane Ridley, New Castle Correctional Facility Sharisa Eatinger, Niemeyer Landscape Supply Mikayla Iler, Niemeyer Landscape Supply Dan Noell, Niemeyer Landscape Supply 24

Catharine Campbell, North Montgomery High School

INDIANA NURSERY & LANDSCAPE ASSOCIATION • www.inla1.org

Roman Aguilar, Vega’s Landscaping Vanesa Bedolla, Vega’s Landscaping Samantha Brown, Vega’s Landscaping Josh McCall, Vega’s Landscaping


IAH Quiz

Each quiz will be worth a .5 (one-half) CEU! The Indiana Accredited Horticulturist Committee is pleased to provide you an opportunity to earn CEUs (continuing education units) in each issue of the Indiana Nursery and Landscape News.

IAH QUIZ: MAY/JUNE 2021 Due: June 30, 2021

Complete the quiz and email or mail to INLA by the deadline above. Be sure to write your name, IAH number, and contact information on the bottom of the quiz when submitting.

The IAH quiz offered in each issue can be completed by anyone who is an “Active” (current) IAH (initial or masters). Each quiz will be worth a .5 (onehalf) CEU (continuing education unit) for the completion of the bi-monthly quiz with a pass rate of 80%. Over a 2-year period, you could earn up to 6 CEUs if you take and pass every quiz! The INLA office will grade the quiz. Questions and answers have been provided by the IAH committee. Thank you and good luck studying! The Indiana Accredited Horticulturist Committee Chair - George Brenn, Four Seasons Landscaping Nursery Committee Members - Brian Bunge, Twixwood Nursery - Gabriel Gluesenkamp, Designscape Hort Services - Wayne Gruber, Niemeyer’s Landscape Supply - Jim Messmer - Melissa Mravec, Allen Landscape - Jodie Overmyer, Marshall County Soil and Water

Interested in taking the IAH certification test? Do you have employees interested in taking the IAH certification test? Contact INLA at your earliest convenience to see if a test is going to be offered in-person in your area or if a virtual option is available. Call INLA Office at 317-889-2382 or email Rick Haggard at rhaggard@inla1.org.

Name:_____________________________________________________________________________ IAH No.:___________________________________________________________________________ Phone:____________________________________________________________________________ Email:_____________________________________________________________________________

Send answers to: info@inla1.org -or- mail to INLA, 7915 S. Emerson Ave., #247, Indianapolis, IN 46237

INDIANA NURSERY & LANDSCAPE NEWS • MAY/JUNE 2021

25


CERTIFICATION AND EDUCATION

George Brenn’s IAH Study Guide George Brenn, Four Seasons Landscaping Nursery, created this study guide to help teach the material covered in the IAH Manual. His intention is to assist those trying to master the subjects within the manual. Text: © George Brenn, MIAH

Chapter 12 – Working with Landscape Plans and Specifications Project drawings and specifications communicate landscape design information from a design team to the implementation team. Together, the drawings and specifications are called contract documents and provide a means for owners and designers to communicate with those who build, plant and create the landscape project. As well, these contract documents comprise the basis for the contract between the developer and the landscape firm. Specifications are text documents that spell out all details necessary to ensure that project components will be provided and installed as intended by the project’s Landscape Architect. Specifications generally include: Title page Bond and Insurance requirements Invitation to bid Payment form and details Index to specifications General and supplemental conditions List of drawings Existing site information Instructions to bidders Technical Specifications ** Bid form Addenda Terms of contract Change orders Technical specifications for landscape construction projects include general information, references and standards. These are addressed by the Construction Specifications Institute (CSI). CSI Division 2 – Sitework, which includes Section 02800 “Site Improvements” as well as Section 02900 “Landscaping.” Good technical specification are clearly written and understandable, and information that is contained in specifications should not be restated on drawings. Types of Specifications Descriptive Specifications are the most commonly seen specification; they describe in detail what is to be done and exactly how it is to be accomplished. {see fig 1} Performance Specifications define a result, but do not give precise instructions on how to achieve that result. This type is not common in landscape work. Proprietary Specifications are those that define a particular product from a particular supplier or manufacturer. They may call for an exact product (closed spec) or may allow substitutions of a comparable or equivalent product (open spec). {see fig 2} Reference Specifications refer to another authority that sets standards. This avoids the entire standard having to be reproduced in the current specification {see fig 3} Drawings are illustrated documents. For commercial projects, there are often many drawings that apply to other trades, such as excavators, masons, electricians, etc. Drawings may include: Existing conditions Elevations Demolition plan Planting plan Layout plan Detail drawings Grading plan – which will contain a benchmark for reference for proposed grade changes Types of drawings – Plan View – is an “overhead” or ‘birdseye” view {see fig 6} Elevation View – a side view showing horizontal and vertical dimensions {see fig 25} Section View – a drawing of a “slice” of a component: is usually in a detail drawing {see fig 7, 23} Perspective Drawing – a 3 dimensional view {see fig 26}; not common on plan drawings. 26

INDIANA NURSERY & LANDSCAPE ASSOCIATION • www.inla1.org


Components of Plan Drawings – Title Block – contains project name, designer or design firm name, date drawing was produced, dates of revisions, and other info as shown in Figures 8 and 9 North Arrow – examples shown in Figures 10 and 11 Scale – usually shown in same area of drawing as North arrow {see fig 10 and 11} Legend – a list of symbols used in the drawing and their meaning as shown in Figures 12 and 13. Plans of Important Relevance to Landscape – Layout Plan – shows precise locations of proposed site elements relative to known or readily identifiable points; May include radius points for circular arcs. {see fig 4} Grading Plan – deals with site topography and usually shows topographic lines (= drawn lines that connect points of equal elevation) usually in 1 foot increments. These indicate proposed cut and fill changes. A benchmark will be indicated. Typically, existing topography is shown by dashed lines while proposed topographic lines are solid. Elevation of each line is printed next to the line on the uphill side, so the reader is always “looking uphill.” Spot elevations are shown as numbers adjacent to a + symbol, while proposed spot elevations are show as a value in a box (no box for existing spot elevations). Planting Plan – shows locations for all plants that are to be installed. All plants are to be labeled, either by code or by name. {see fig 6} The planting plan also contains: Plant List – a table summarizing info on plants shown on the plan. Usually contains: Quantity – the number of plants required based on what is shown on the plan Code - often, Landscape Architects and Designers use several letters to represent the name of specific plants, instead of printing the entire name repeatedly. This is called the code or key (e.g. EAC = Euonymus alatus ‘Compacta’ Botanical Name – Genus and species plus ‘Cultivar name’ Common Name – may or may not be included in plant list Size – some plant lists specify the size of plant to be provided at time of planting. Root Condition – tells if the plant is to be BandB (Balled and Burlapped), Container grown (may state container size), Field Potted, Collected, etc.

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Plant Symbols – are usually representative of the size the plant will reach in several years (NOT fully mature size). Individual plants usually have either a dot, + or x at the centerline of the plant location. They should be precise enough to allow the plant installer to use an appropriate ruler (architect’s or engineer’s scale) to measure the correct location for each plant from the drawing. If plants are used in a massing (= mass planting) at close spacing, the drawing may show this as an outlined area with a graphic texture (shading, cross-hatching, etc) with information regarding quantity of plants and the distance between plants (e.g.: 135 - PTG @ 12" O.C. means 135 Pachysandra terminalis ‘Green Carpet’ are to be planted at 12" on center). Important to note: • If the “same” information is contradictory in the Technical Specifications and Drawings, the Specifications govern. HOWEVER: • On a Planting Plan Drawing, the number of plants actually drawn governs over the number listed on the Plant List.

INDIANA NURSERY & LANDSCAPE NEWS • MAY/JUNE 2021

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Landscape, Lawncare, Tree and Shrub Care, or Irrigation Business in Indianapolis or surrounding counties.

Amigos Recruiting.................................................................6

Call Jim Calvin, Calvin Landscape 317-247-6316

Bobcat of Indy............................................................... 13, 17 www.bobcatofindy.com

Blue Grass Farms of Indiana..........................inside front cover www.bluegrassfarms.net

Brehob Nurseries, LLC.................................outside back cover www.brehobnursery.com Calvin Landscape................................................................28 www.calvinlandscape.com

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Contree Sprayer & Equipment Co.......................................21 www.contree.com Dirt N Turf...........................................................................15 www.dirtnturfinc.com Fairview Evergreen Nursery.................................................22 www.fairviewevergreen.com Forest Commodities, Inc........................................................7 www.fcimulch.com.com Indiana Irrigation Co...........................................................22 www.indianairrigation.com MacAllister Machinery, Inc.....................................................9 www.macallister.com McGavic Outdoor Power.......................................................5 www.mcgavicoutdoorpower.com

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FREE JOB POSTING for INLA members! Positions are open to any who wish to respond!

To post an open position at your company, please email info@inla1.org and send the job description along with how to apply. Questions? Contact Rick Haggard, 765-366-4994

Midwest Groundcover, LLC.................................................21 www.midwestgroundcovers.com Millcreek Gardens................................................................12 www.millcreekplants.com Reynolds Farm Equipment...................................................19 www.reynoldsfarmequipment.com Service First Processing........................................................23 www.sfprocessing.com Tiffany Lawn and Garden Supply.........................................18 www.tiffanylawnandgarden.com Unilock................................................................................11 www.unilock.com West Side Tractor Sales........................................................13 www.westsidetractorsales.com Woody Warehouse Nursery, Inc.............................................8 www.woodywarehouse.com

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INDIANA NURSERY & LANDSCAPE ASSOCIATION • www.inla1.org


Explore the Cover The Award of Excellence Residential Landscape Design/Build Under $50,000 Category Winner Winning Project: Dixon Residence, Seymour, Indiana by Calvin Landscape, LLC Excerpts are from the award submission. At the end of the site visit, the goals of the family were clear: maintain the views west to the setting sun and be sure that all new features have a good sightline back to the television planned to be mounted under the covered porch. Plants in photo: Fineline Buckthorn, Blackeyed Susan, Purple Coneflower, Burkwood Viburnum, Hameln Fountain Grass, Hicks Yew, and Emerald Green Arborvitae. With a total of seven different Unilock products incorporated in this design, the use of materials creates cohesion and separation between the different uses of this patio.

During the first client meeting, two issues were identified dealing with the grade of the potential paver patio. The first issue is creating an equal step off the covered porch to the paver patio, while shedding the water away from the house towards the yard. A seven and a half inch steps was decided upon, mainly because of the second issue: the door to the garage. The threshold of the garage door dictated the overall grading for the future paver patio. The cedar pergola was installed first because it was a relatively freestanding item.

With the views enhanced to the sunset, the sunset can be very hot and uncomfortable for anyone. A steel bar was installed to a joist in the cedar pergola, so the family can purchase decorative curtains to filter the rays of the hot summer setting sun. The Dixon paver patio has many different functions compacted into 800 square feet. A sunbathing area, a wood burning fire pit, and an intimate space under the cedar pergola, all create a unique style of outdoor living for the Dixon family.


Rick Haggard, INLA Executive Director Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association 7915 S. Emerson Ave., Suite 247 Indianapolis, IN 46237 May/June 2021 Address Service Requested

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