Page 1

The Official Publication of the Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association

Indiana Nursery & Landscape News Volume 81 • Issue 2


March/April 2021

Cover: INLA Award of Excellence 2020 Winner for Special Projects — Andrew Marrs Garden Design

The Plants Issue

A Pear with a Pair... of Problems DNR Begins Enforcement of Terrestrial Plant Rule Exciting, New First Look Plants of 2021

Plus! 2020 INLA Nursery and Landscape Awards




Indiana Nursery & Landscape News Volume 81 • Issue 2 March/April 2021

Contents The Plants Issue EDUCATION

18 A Pear with a Pair ... of Problems


BUSINESS Indiana Nursery and Landscape News is the official publication of the Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association, Inc. (INLA) and is published bimonthly. Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association 7915 S. Emerson Ave., Suite 247 Indianapolis, IN 46237 Phone: 317-889-2382 Toll Free: 800-443-7336 www.inla1.org PUBLISHER Rick Haggard, Executive Director, INLA 765-366-4994 • rhaggard@inla1.org

22 DNR Begins Enforcement of Terrestrial Plant Rule EDUCATION

26 Exciting, New First Look Plants of 2021


2020 INLA Nursery and Landscape Awards – p.14


EDITOR AND AD SALES Mary Breidenbach, Cumulus Design 317-757-8634 • mary@ecumulus.com Advertising Rates: Media Kit available online at www.inla1.org

Copy Deadline: First of the month preceding the month of the issue. Reprint permission granted if source is indicated. Views expressed in articles or editorials do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of the association or its directors, but are those of the writer. Trade names used in articles are for identification only. No discrimination is intended toward similar products and the INLA does not endorse the use of the products mentioned. Subscriptions: Included with membership to the INLA. Nonmembers: $36.00 per year (six issues per year). For questions regarding subscriptions, please call INLA at 317-889-2382.

Cover Photo: Private Residence, Bloomington Photo courtesy Andrew Marrs Garden Design See all the 2020 Award of Excellence winners on page 16.

Plus More! 2

President’s Message


Executive Director’s Message

6 Calendar Meet the New INLA Board Members 2021 INLA Committees INLA News 8

2021 Indiana Green Expo: A Virtual Experience


Remembering Rob Delaby


Rosie Lerner Retires from Purdue SNA to Cease Operation Unilock Founder Dies


The 2020 INLA Annual Nursery and Landscape Awards


Certification and Education 28

New Indiana Accredited Horticulturists




George Brenn’s IAH Study Guide


Toolbox Talks: Near Miss Reporting / La importancia de reportar casiaccidentes


INLA Member Benefits


Advertiser List, Classified Ads



Dean Ricci

March 1st marks the beginning of the new season in my company. It’s the first day of battle, “the hundred days of hell”, as the calamity doesn’t cease until after the Fourth of July holiday. As soon as we shut down for the season at the start of the second week in December, we prepare for the next season immediately. Preparation comes in many ways: repairing and modifying equipment, financial budgeting and pricing, and implementing new procedures as well as policies to make everything run more efficiently. However, the most important task we do is equipping our people. Equipping people involves a full spectrum of personnel development:

1. Evaluations and goal setting: This is critical for employees because it gives them feedback and formal recognition of what they have done and where they have opportunities for improvement. This gives them a path to follow for development as well as a sense of recognition within the organization. This is essential to keep connected and engaged with your workforce. 2. Training and certification: After defining areas of improvement, this allows employees a chance to enhance existing skills or learn new ones. The Indiana Accredited Horticulturist program is one of the many tools we use to train our people. We also create internal training modules and often use vendors and employees as instructors. 3. Recruiting: Finding and hiring quality employees is an ongoing process. Even if we do not need the people now, we hire qualified candidates when we recognize the potential for high performance. It is important to constantly be developing the depth of talent within your organization. While winter may appear to be too long to some, it seems we struggle to have enough time to prepare for battle. Equipping the troops should not be viewed just as a seasonal item, but rather as a part of the culture. Yes, we all have more time in the winter for training but it needs to continue through the year. I had a discussion with Gabe Gluesenkamp, owner of DesignScape Horticultural Services in Nashville, Indiana about his employee development program. After a lengthy talk about the difficulty of managing people, we both concluded that consistency is the only way to win the war on attracting and retaining talent. Constant training, feedback, and recruiting is the best way to win the battle of maintaining a quality, talented, and engaged staff. As owners we need to establish the groundwork and fundamentals for a successful year. While you may achieve your goals without this prep work, it will be significantly more difficult in an already difficult environment. Remember INLA can be of assistance in all these areas. INLA offers opportunities to network with others in the industry and learn best practices; educational programing for employees or Indiana Accredited Horticulturist certification; and free posting of your job openings (free for members/small fee for non-members) on the INLA website job board. So in the coming months, please remember to take advantage of these and many more benefits that your membership provides. I wish you a successful and prosperous season.

Dean Ricci, President Ricci’s Landscape Management, Inc. 502 Norbeh Drive, Hebron, IN 46341 219-996-2682; Fax 219-996-2680 dean@rlminc.com Gabriel Gluesenkamp, President-Elect Designscape Horticultural Services 2877 S. TC Steele Road Nashville, IN 47448-9584 812-988-8900; Fax 812-988-2639 gabrielg@designhort.com Shaun Yeary, Vice President Greendell Landscape Solutions 749 West State Road 42 Mooresville, IN 46158 317-996-2826; Fax 317-996-2032 syeary@greendelllandscape.com Dave LaFara, Past-President David LaFara Hardscape Services 9920 Ash Lane Co Rd 375 N Paragon, IN 46166 765-537-2512 • dblafara@aol.com Rick Haggard, Executive Director & Publisher 7915 S. Emerson Ave., #247 Indianapolis, IN 46032 Office: 800-443-7336 or 317-889-2382 Cell: 765-366-4994 rhaggard@inla1.org • haggard.rick@att.net

BOARD OF DIRECTORS Erick Brehob (2023) Brehob Nursery • 317-783-3233 erick@brehobnursery.com Kyle Daniel — Purdue University 765-494-7621 • daniel38@purdue.edu Jill Glover (2023) Schneider Nursery • 812-522-4068 jill@schneidernursery.com Mark O’Brien (2022) Cardno • 574-586-2412 mark.obrien@cardno.com

Dean Ricci INLA President

SAve the date!

2021 Summer Meeting August 12 + 13 • Crown Point/Lake Co

August 12: Summer Tour August 13: Shooting for Scholarship fundraiser 2

2021 INLA Officers


PLUS Auctions, food & fun!

Kevin Van Sessen (2021) Blade Cutters, LLC. • 219-661-8206 kevinvs@bladecutters.net Bob Wasson (2022) Wasson Nursery and Garden Center 765-759-9000 • bob@wassonnursery.com Kent Wilhelmus (2021) Second Nature Landscape Management 812-483-7817 • kent@secondnaturelm.com



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EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR’S MESSAGE Welcome friends and cohorts of the Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association to the bimonthly excerpts of your Executive Director. As per usual, these thoughts will probably either make you think of expounding on the various topics, or think the 1-year anniversary of COVID-19, has gotten the best of me, not in pure entrapment of the virus, just the mental exertion it possesses. While I will be listing items numerically, these are the thoughts as they came to me, not in the perception of importance.

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The first item that comes to my attention is what affect the 1-year COVID-19 has had on our industry and companies. While many were exhilarated to be deemed “essential,” the opportunity to carry on day-to-day operations proved challenging and required continually adjusting to the new parameters set forth by the CDC, Department of Health, and various Executive Orders. Personally, I was pleased that there were not any special exclusions to these guidelines as they were the same for all. While many struggled to be compliant, others relished to ensure the health and safety of their employees. I am positive everyone has the best interest of his or her employees and families. It was gratifying to hear that several programs developed in response to COVID-19 and how many of these changes companies will keep in place going forward. Secondly, the Indiana Green Expo (IGE) entered into the new “virtual” world with the 2021 event. I have a little emotion thinking that the 2021 IGE event marked our 15-year partnership with the Midwest Regional Turf Foundation (MRTF). Hard to imagine, that in just a little over a few weeks after concluding the 2020 Indiana Green Expo, it would become a virtual event in 2021. I know our industry counts on that personal interaction, however, while we were approved to have the IGE in person, it came down to the safety and health concerns of the IGE staff, attendees, exhibitors, and whether they might or might not want to attend. I will delve a little deeper in this issue, in my response to the questions asked by several exhibitors and attendees of the 2021 IGE regarding the new virtual format and the financial concerns regarding not only the INLA but also our partners, MRTF. Thirdly, INLA is one of the founding members of the Green Industry Alliance (GIA). GIA has recently rebranded itself as the Indiana Outdoor Management Alliance (IOMA). With the recent changes in Indiana’s legislative makeup, The Corydon Group entertained the following question to many of the new legislators in both the Senate and the House: “What do they think of when they hear ‘Green Industry Alliance?’” The answers were loud and clear and did not reflect what our alliance stood for. Because this confusion created too many variables that could be misconstrued, the decision was made to change our name to better reflect who we are and our industry’s concerns. Richard Blankenship is now representing the INLA on the GIA/ IOMA Board. Please keep the following URL on your favorites list to keep track of the daily progress of various bills in the 2021 legislation docket: https://tinyurl.com/IOMA2021Session Next on my mind, I know there are many companies that have an excellent office staff, supervisors, portfolio managers, foremen, and general laborers that would like the opportunity to read monthly updates of our association. Encourage them sign up to receive INLA’s monthly enewsletter with their personal or company email address by going to the INLA’ homepage — www.inla1.org.

7463 West Ridge Road P.O. Box 189 Fairview PA 16415 800.458.2234 Fax 800.343.6819 e-mail: info@FairviewEvergreen.com FairviewEvergreen.com


Lastly, I hope everyone takes time to introduce the INLA to other businesses that would benefit from the interaction and knowledge our members possess. Camaraderie and willingness to be open and truthful with others in our industry are the principles that this association was founded upon in 1933 in the midst of “The Great Depression.” Keep it Green, Rick Haggard Executive Director




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Meet the New INLA Board Members ERICK C. BREHOB I am very happy to be back as a board member for the INLA. I was very proud of my involvement with INLA board and hated that an unforeseen situation made me step down. I have always enjoyed the relationships that grow from an organization like this. For 47 years, my family owned and operated Brehob Nursery, Inc. After graduating from Purdue in 2000, I went home to take over growing and operations at our Bluff Road location on the southside of Indianapolis. Even though I miss being hands-on and involved with daily operations, I am very excited to start a different chapter with the new company. I am now in charge of Business Development for the Midwest at Brehob Nurseries, Inc. This allows me to get out and build new relationships and strengthen current ones. The company has grown a lot in the last three years — adding production in six different states and expanding our footprint. I’m looking forward to helping out our industry again and getting back involved.

JILL (SCHNEIDER) GLOVER Jill (Schneider) Glover is a graduate of Seymour High School. She earned a degree in Elementary Education from DePauw University, a Master’s degree in Education from IUPUI, and spent 13 years in the classroom before returning to her roots. Jill now focuses on the operations of the Garden Center at Schneider Nursery as well as assisting with the wholesale side of the business. She is the daughter of Grant and Cathy Schneider and granddaughter of George and Mae Ellen Schneider, founders of Schneider Nursery in Seymour, Indiana. Jill lives with her husband, Andy and son, Drew. They love their chocolate labs, Rosie and JoJo, being outdoors, and traveling to the mountains or the beach. She looks forward to working with and learning from the INLA. In her words, “I’m excited about the opportunity to serve on the INLA board and continue the Schneider legacy that began over seventy years ago.”

2021 INLA Committees • Award – Chair: Kent Wilhelmus, Member: Erick Brehob • Communications/Publications/Website – Chair: Bob Wasson; Member: Jill Glover • Education – Kyle Daniel, Gabriel Gluesenkamp • Summer Meeting – Chair: Kevin Van Sessen; Member: Erick Brehob • INEF Shooting for Scholarships – INEF Board


Indiana Flower and Patio Show

Indiana State Fairgrounds, Indianapolis https://indianaflowerandpatioshow.com

April APRIL 1–3

Suburban Indy Home & Outdoor Living Show

Grand Park Events Center, Westfield, IN https://suburbanindyshows.com/ APRIL 15 – 18

The Fort Wayne Home & Garden Show

Memorial Collesium, Fort Wayne, IN https://home-gardenshow.com/ APRIL 23 – MAY 3

Indianapolis Home Show

Indiana State Fairgrounds, Indianapolis https://indianapolishomeshow.com/

May MAY 15 INEF Scholarship Application Deadline INLA’s scholarship fund, the Indiana Nursery Endowment Fund (INEF), awards scholarships up to $6,000 each year to one or more full-time students enrolled in horticulture or landscape horticulture related classes at either Vincennes University or Purdue University. More information and application: https://inla1.org/inla-scholarships/ Visit http://inla1.org/events-calendar/ for updates and new event listings.

• Membership – Chair: Bob Wasson; Member: Jill Glover • Summer Program with MRTF – Kyle Daniel, Shaun Yeary • Trade Show – Chair: Shaun Yeary; Member: Mark O’Brien


• Trade Show Landscape Challenge – Chair: Kent Wilhelmus • Indiana Accredited Horticulturist – George Brenn; Members: Gabriel Gluesenkamp, Jim Messmer • Indiana Outdoor Management Alliance/Green Industry Alliance – Chair: Mark O’Brien; Representative: Rich Blankenship • FFA – Lael George, Joe Ramey



January 24–26, 2022

(a Monday – Wednesday event) As the Indiana Green Expo continues to grow each year, our focus remains on providing an excellent educational conference and trade show.




2021 Indiana Green Expo: A Virtual Experience Rick Haggard, INLA Executive Director This year the Indiana Green Expo (IGE) was preparing to breakout the 15th anniversary banner at the entrance of Exhibit Hall F, at the Indiana Convention Center — symbolizing the partnership, between the Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association (INLA) and the Midwest Regional Turf Foundation (MRTF). While COVID-19 was on a pathway of “Slow the Spread” and “Road to Recovery” during the summer of 2020, a massive spike in positive COVID-19 cases caused an immediate halt to the unrestricted openings of restaurants and public places and forced the hand of the IGE to become virtual with a vote by both boards.



I will admit the following are my viewpoints and perceptions of what this would entail, let alone the “how will this work?” Luckily or unluckily, depending on your own perception, the MRTF had to host their Summer Field Day via a virtual format in July. The INLA had to resort to virtual IAH testing and board meetings via Zoom, while the MRTF was hosting various educational sessions virtually. “We can and will make this work,” were the only words I needed to hear from my IGE partners, Aaron Patton and Kyle Daniel at Purdue University, to move forward. After a couple zoom conference calls, attendee pricing and sponsorships were announced. The caveat is this would not be like other association conferences. The IGE would start on January 18, 2021 and run to February 4, 2021. This would enable attendees the opportunity to view more educational tracts than the usual 2-day event and to access the education 24/7. We also offered four days of live sessions via Zoom. Each day’s events lasted for two hours with a different theme each day —Turf/MRTF, Landscape/INLA, Trade Show, and a trial session called “Networking.” Participation was mixed but the first two days attracted the largest audiences. If you’re interested in experiencing the Live events, they were recorded and are posted at https://indianagreenexpo.com/schedule/. At the Landscape/INLA live day we announced the recipients of the INLA Annual Awards. Be sure to check out this year’s award recipients on pages 14 – 15 in this issue or visit https://inla1.org/awards/. As in previous years, the IGE sponsors helped reduce the overhead cost of this event. The full list of sponsors are on the next page. I was nervous, especially when I started asking exhibitors if they wanted a refund of their booth deposits. Fortunately, several said a phrase I heard from almost everyone, “Let it ride and we will see you in 2022.” There will undoubtedly be an increase in booth fees, especially considering the Indiana Convention Center made a $7 million dollar update to their ventilation system to resemble systems utilized in hospitals. The Recorded Sessions available until June 1, 2021! IGE agreed that if these vendors chose to While the 2021 Virtual Indiana Green Expo event is completed, the 2021 Recorded “let it ride,” they will be exempt from the Sessions are being made available until June 1 for those interested in education and 2022 increases and will be honored as “Early earning CCHs. The Recorded Sessions offer 12 themed sessions (i.e. Plant Material, Bird Exhibitors.” Hardscape, etc.) — each with a number of 30-minute presentations. Save the dates: The 2022 Indiana Green Registration is required. If you registered for the original IGE event you do not need Expo will be January 24-26 (Monday– to register again. Wednesday) in Exhibit Hall D. This is the Go to www.indianagreenexpo for details and online registration. same hall the 2018 IGE was located. We hope to see you there!

2021 Virtual Indiana Green Expo Continues!



Thank you!

IGE 2021 SPONSORS Please join with me in giving a virtual hand of congratulations to the list of sponsors below whose only request was “What could they do to assist with IGE?” and, in turn, both the INLA and MRTF. With such dedicated vendors, it is easy for me to see why our “little” trade show by most industry standards has continued to persevere and succeed.



SESSION SPONSORS Lawn Care Session Sponsors

Golf Session Sponsors


Plant Material Session Sponsors


Bronze Level Landscape Maintenance/Install Session Sponsor

Hardscape Session Sponsor


Next year’s January 24-26, 2022 Indiana Convention Center, Exhibit Hall D (Same hall as the 2018 IGE)





Remembering Rob Delaby Rob Delaby, owner and creative architect of Oasis Outdoor Living and Landscaping located in Fortville, Indiana, passed away tragically at a private hunting club in Henderson, Kentucky in the early morning of December 17, 2020 due to a fire. Besides Rob, his dog also perished in the fire. Rob is survived by his wife, Trishia and two children. The Delaby Family Memorial Fund has been created for the benefit of his children. Please see below on how to contribute to the fund.

Tributes to Rob from Green Industry Colleagues If you’ve ever read “The Dash” by Alton Maiden it sums up Rob’s life. The “Dash” on your headstone is how you lived your life, and Rob lived such an amazing life. I met Rob years ago and what a great guy to have in our industry. Rob worked tirelessly to build his company and in my opinion had a successful company that was envious to many. Thanks to the Stone Pro’s trips we’ve all had many opportunities over the years to know Rob on a more personal level outside of business and what a guy Rob is to vacation with. Rob was one of those guys that just had an infectious personality — someone you wanted to be around and your stomach was always sore because you laughed so much. More valuable than working together and vacationing together was the cherished moments a few of us had doing monthly dinners with Rob along with our wives. There is really something special in our industry about a few competitors (mostly friends) sitting around with our wives sharing a meal. If you knew Rob or never met him before, I think we could all be more like him and work on Our Dash. – Wesley Addington, Founder & President Wesley’s Landscape & Lawncare

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Annuals Combo Planters Grasses Hardy Ferns Herbs Peonies

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Rob and I both entered the landscape industry without any experience. He had a coffee business and I worked with diesel engines. He was quick to befriend me and we shared several memories with cigars, bourbon, and travels to the Caribbean. He always considered the Stone Center as a partner — even labeling our store “the Rob Delaby design studio.” He would always come into our lot “hot,” which quite frankly scared me to death. Before I could tell him to slow down he would bounce out of the truck with that infectious smile and light up the entire yard. You knew he was there to close a project. I admired Rob’s passion for his customers, team members and friends. The industry and the Stone Center will certainly miss him for years to come! – John Smitson, President & Owner Stone Center of Indiana


www.millcreekplants.com 800-948-1234 | SALES@MILLCREEKPLANTS.COM 15088 SMART-COLE ROAD | OSTRANDER, OH 43061


To make a donation to the memorial fund go to: https://www.ericmdbellfuneralhome.com/obituary/Robert-Delaby and select the DONATIONS tab. The donation page directs you to make a pledge to donate. Once you have entered your pledge, the website will automatically provide you with the contact details of the memorial fund so that you can independently remit your donation and it will contact the Delaby family of your intention.



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Rosie Lerner Retires after 26 Years of Service to Purdue University Effective December 31, 2020 Rosie Lerner retired as a Purdue Extension Consumer Horticulturist. Lerner’s primary responsibility was to develop and deliver consumer-oriented educational materials, website, mass media programs, County Educator training, and other outreach activities to the general public as well as Master Gardeners and growers. INLA members benefitted greatly from Rosie as she shared her expertise and knowledge regularly at the Indiana Green Expo.

Awards and Honors: • PUCESA Senior Award, 2016 • ASHS Extension Materials Award-Digital Media, Purdue MG Manual, 2014 • ASHS Extension Materials Award – CD-ROM, Plant Propagation, 2005 • Garden Writers Association Bronze Award – Electronic Media, Plant Propagation, 2005 • Sharvelle Outstanding Extension Faculty/Specialist Award, 2003 Rosie is planning to stay in the area and focus on home and garden projects and dog training. She hopes to spend more time with family and friends and return to dog sport competitions post COVID. Congratulations Rosie and thank you for all that you contributed to the betterment of the Indiana green industry.

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SNA to Cease Operation

Unilock’s Founder Dies

The SNA Board has made the difficult decision to cease operation of the 121-yr. old organization. Following the announcement of canceling The SNA Conference scheduled for February, the Southern Nursery Association (SNA) has announced that in a unanimous vote the board of directors has made the difficult decision to cease operation of the 121-yr. old organization. Since the conference is the main source of income and with declining membership, the board determined that the association cannot be sustained. Founded in 1899, the SNA, a non-profit 501 (c) 6 trade association representing the horticulture industry in the southeastern U.S., accomplished many achievements in fulfilling its mission “to unite and advance the horticulture industry through educational, research and marketing efforts.” The SNA produced one of the industry’s largest trade shows from 1950 – 2009, the SNA Research Conference from 1955 to 2020, and the SNA Plant Conference from 1991 to 2020. To learn more about the distribution of the SNA research material and archive information, visit https://sna.org.

Ed Bryant, founder of Unilock, passed away on January 28th, 2021. A ‘happenchance’ encounter while Ed was building his home in Horseshoe Valley, Ontario ultimately led him to set the wheels in motion for an entirely new market, now known as the North American Hardscape Industry. At the time, no one in North America was manufacturing paving stones. To Ed, this seemed like an intriguing opportunity, and soon the company that would become Unilock was born.

12818 Edgerton Rd. New Haven, IN 46774 • 260-749-0891




New and Returning INLA Members ACTIVE MEMBER Southlake Services Christian Reddick 9808 Broadway, Crown Point IN 46307 Ph: (219) 718-2337 Vega’s Landscaping, Inc Alex Vega 79 W US Hwy 6, Valparaiso IN 46385 Ph: (219) 476-4300 ASSOCIATE MEMBER Voigt Smith Innovation (VSI) Wally Sutt 208 S 2nd Ave, Holland IN 47541 (812) 354-4638



The 2020 INLA Annual Nursery and Landscape Awards This year’s Annual Indiana Nursery and Landscape Awards were announced online on January 20, 2021 during a live session of the Virtual Indiana Green Expo. These awards recognize excellence in our industry from contributions made by individuals throughout their career, as well as, the outstanding projects completed by member firms in 2020. We congratulate all these deserving individuals and companies and look forward to a time when we can acknowledged their achievement in person.


INLA AWARD OF MERIT Robert Johnstone, Fireboulder

John & Suzie Platte, Perennials Plus

To be given annually to a business, institution, job, or individual which the INLA feels has contributed significantly to our industry.

To be awarded annually to individuals with good standing in the industry who have given freely of their time for the strengthening of the green industry in Indiana.

When you read the requirements Suzie and John Platte to be considered for this award, I am positive the committee took very little time in deciding the winners. When I notified, John regarding this award, his immediate response was the employees of his company deserve this as much as he did. John and Suzie have always donated, either product for the INEF Scholarship Auction or just made private donations on their own. They have always offered thoughts and suggestions for the betterment of the INLA.

The accolades could go on for hours, if everyone was aware of what Robert Robert Johnstone has done for the INLA. Every year, except this past year due to COVID restrictions, he has travelled to Purdue to assist in selecting the Gilbert Award winners. Robert was the person that had the idea of having the INLA Shooting for Scholarships as a fundraiser for the INEF Scholarship Fund. In case you have not heard, he also mentioned that the other avenue was to have some donated items auctioned at the INLA Summer Tour Dinner. In the past two years, and thanks to INEF and INLA Summer Committee collaboration, at least or almost $10,000 has been raised in 2019 and 2020, please keep in mind 2020 was just a 1-day event, due to COVID-19.

SCHOLARSHIPS Indiana Nursery Endowment Fund Scholarship Awarded to: Mackenzie Fouts and Hannah Fowler

Mackenzie Fouts 14

Plus two donations made to: 1) Prosser Career Academy, Horticulture and Landscape, 2) Central Nine Career Center, Horticulture/Landscape Management

H.W. Gilbert Memorial Scholarship


Awarded to: Megan Ashton Hedges and Kaitlyn May Castleman

Megan Ashton Hedges


Kaitlyn May Castleman

David LaFara served as INLA president from 2019–2020.

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INLA Awards of Excellence 2020

Special Project

The Awards of Excellence program is designed to reward and recognize those firms that have enhanced, through landscaping and horticulture, the environment in the state of Indiana through creativity and beauty. This year, eleven awards were presented ­­for all eleven Award of Excellence categories. Congratulations to all!

ANDREW MARRS GARDEN DESIGN Project: Private Residence, Bloomington

Residential Landscape Design/Build Under $50,000

Over $50,000



Project: Private Residence, Zionsville

Project: Private Residence, Carmel

Hardscape Residential Design/Build Under $50,000


Residential Landscape Design/Build

Hardscape Residential Design/Build Over $50,000



Project: Private Residence, Zionsville

Project: Private Residence, Carmel


Commercial Landscape Design/Build

Commercial Landscape Design/Build



Project: Hampshire Section #4, Whitestown

Project: The Mark at Fishers District, Fishers

Hardscape Commercial Design/Build

Hardscape Commercial Design/Build

Under $39,000

Under $39,000

Over $39,000

Over $39,000



Project: Millers Walk Amenity, Noblesville

Project: Newfields Garden Terrace, Indianapolis

Landscape Maintenance




Project: Jackson Grant, Carmel

Project: Private Residence, Carmel



March/April 2021

The Plants Issue EDUCATION 18 A Pear with a Pair ... of Problems

BUSINESS 22 DNR Begins Enforcement of Terrestrial Plant Rule

EDUCATION 26 Exciting, New First Look Plants of 2021


A Pear with a Pair … of Problems By George Brenn, Masters Indiana Accredited Horticulturist (MIAH) Ubiquitous. Merriam-Webster defines this as “constantly encountered” and “widespread.” To my mind, ubiquitous is a good term to describe a number of plant varieties seen in both residential and commercial landscapes. Those ubiquitous varieties would include Emerald Arborvitae, Goldsturm Rudbeckia and others. But the supreme entity on the ubiquitous list would have to be Callery Pear (Pyrus calleryana) and its many offspring, the most notorious of which is the Bradford Pear. The story behind Bradford Pear is an interesting tale of good intentions gone bad. What seemed to be a “nearly perfect” tree when first introduced to the nursery industry has become a nemesis in this 21st century. And the ultimate insult to any self-respecting landscape plant will surely become the fate of the Callery Pear family: invasive species. The story begins on the West Coast of America. In the early 1900’s, the fertile soils of Northern California and Southern Oregon had become famous for the production of European Pears (Pyrus communis). As time passed, the consumer demand for these delicious fruits grew, as did production. One single county in Southern Oregon reported their 1916 Pear production to be worth about $10 million dollars (about $2.3 Billion in 2020 dollars). However, there was a very dark cloud on this horizon: fire blight. In that same year, 1916, a California nurseryman wrote that Pear production in the San Joaquin Valley, once known for excellent European Pears, had been wiped out entirely by fire blight. 18

A plant scientist in Oregon had been working on the fire blight problem and learned that the Callery Pear, which came from China to the U.S. around 1908, was highly resistant to fire blight and might serve as a rootstock for the European varieties. However, to further his research, he needed more seed from China: seed containing the genetic code that made it resistant to the fire blight that was a death sentence to the European Pear varieties. Now we get to the really good part of this story — the part where the government gets involved. Contact was made with a man named Fairchild at the USDA’s

Office of Foreign Seed and Plant Introduction. Fairchild had been involved with bringing Japanese Cherries to Washington, D.C. He arranged for a “plant-hunter” from the Netherlands to travel back to China in search of Callery Pear seeds. The native Chinese Callery Pears were found in many locations ranging from dry mountain slopes to stream banks. Fruit production was quite sparse, and seed collection was laborious and time-consuming. The collected seeds eventually ended up in two locations: a test orchard in Oregon, and at the U.S Plant Introduction Station in Glen Dale, MD. Here, seeds

Callery Pear trees spread acoss the landscape. Photos provided by the Daviess-Martin CISMA, taken by Midwest Drone Services. More information: https://www.facebook.com/DaviessMartinCISMA/


were planted, seedlings harvested and replanted, and the element of time, so essential in understanding plant performance and adaptability, was given its due. We now move forward in time to the early 1950’s, and a young horticulturist at Glen Dale named John Creech began to observe the Callery Pear plants growing there and to evaluate them for ornamental qualities instead of simply rootstocks. One tree, grown from seed acquired near Nanjing, was about 30 years old when Creech first evaluated it. He was impressed by its striking ornamental qualities, AND the fact that it was thornless. This tree had outstanding flowers, glossy foliage, was not troubled with insect or disease issues, and seemed to hold up well in storms. Creech was infatuated with this tree and determined that it held significant value as a landscape ornamental. He decided it should be named after a former Director of the Glen Dale Plant Introduction Station, F.C. Bradford. Hence, the christening of what came to be known as Bradford Pear. Prior to releasing this new tree to the nursery industry in 1960, Creech selected the new and treeless subdivision of University Park, near Washington, D.C. This area had poor quality soils, and Creech thought it would be an ideal place to test the adaptability of Bradford Pears. He planted about 180 young trees in 1954 and benefitted their form by pruning lower branches. The trees thrived, were vigorous and the decision was made to release Bradford Pear to nurserymen by inviting growers to take shoots to be grafted onto Callery Pear rootstocks. The unseen issue involved the DNA of the scions and that of the rootstocks. Bradford Pears were soon in production in many nursery fields and became wildly (no pun intended) popular. It is true that the nursery industry promoted the ubiquity of Flowering Pears. Trees were in demand and growers delighted in the revenue source this new tree provided. However, the dark clouds of reality were looming. While those original University Park trees remained essentially fruitless, the rest of the population growing at the Glen Dale Station, the nearly 2,500 Callery Pear seedlings that were now good-sized trees, produced abundant fruit — small, but (A Pear with a Pair ... of Problems continues on page 20.)



A Pear with a Pair... of Problems (continued from page 19)

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plentiful. Lesson learned: Bradford Pears planted in a monoculture produce very minimal fruit; but when planted near other pears … fruit can be abundant! Another relevant issue became apparent as Bradford Pear trees increased in age and size. While most of the University Park trees displayed reasonable sturdiness, many of the trees produced in nursery fields developed narrow crotch angles, and because of the inherent vigor of the species, branching was abundant, leading to a propensity for breakage along the branch bark ridge where tight branch angles often led to bark inclusions. The bigger the tree grew, the bigger the problem became. Enterprising plantsmen recognized this “weak-wooded” issue and the original industry enthusiasm for ‘Bradford’ waned. They began evaluating and selecting trees that developed narrower crowns, more upright growth, etc. In the 1960’s and later, newer cultivars entered the marketplace including ‘Aristocrat’, ‘Autumn Blaze’, ’Chanticleer’ and ‘Cleveland Select’ (probably the same tree), ‘Earlyred’, ‘Gladiator’, ‘Rancho’, ‘Redspire’, ‘Trinity’, and more. Even the U.S National Arboretum introduced new columnar forms named ‘Whitehouse’ and ‘Capital’, although both of these varieties have severe disease problems and are “out of favor.” So, isn’t it a good idea to have diversity in plantings? For sure, diversity is beneficial in many circumstances. When you visit an orchard to pick apples, you find row after row of trees, but each row contains a different variety: ‘Red Delicious’ next to ‘McIntosh’ next to ‘Jonathan’ next to ‘Gala’ and so on. The reason they are planted in this manner is simple: cross-pollination. Some plants are self-sterile, meaning they cannot pollinate themselves. Apples, pears, plums and sweet cherries are self-sterile and cannot produce fruit without the benefit of pollen from another tree of the same genus and species. The problem with fruit production in the Callery Pear plantings actually was diversity. With good intentions of solving the weak-wooded issue of Bradford Pear, the influx of new Pear varieties from the nursery industry was prompting the more serious problem of fruit production due to cross-pollination. The trees that started out being “essentially fruitless” were becoming


anything but fruitless, much to the delight of birds. Plucking the small but plump fruits and depositing them along with a glob of purely organic fertilizer would lead to the demise of flowering Pear trees and the impending threat of inclusion among the list of invasive species. Yes, it is true that the birds and the bees have promoted the ubiquity of Flowering Pears. We have all seen the result of this problem, although it may have gone unnoticed. Roadsides, vacant land, fence-rows, unmanaged properties and even well-kept landscapes can become new homes for volunteer Callery Pears. As an industry of the 21st century, we need to recognize this problem and take action. Should we still be selling Flowering Pears? Should Bradford and all other Callery Pears be included in the Terrestrial Invasive Plant Species list? Just like the original evaluation of all those Callery Pear seedlings from China and the element of time that was required to assess the factors that bring value to any ornamental plant, the element of time has shown us the shortcomings of this tree. Without doubt, Bradford Pear is a tree with a pair (at least) of problems and we in the nursery industry today need to stop producing and selling Flowering Pears. We need to lessen the ubiquity of Flowering Pears.

Author’s note: An in-depth article on the history of Bradford Pear can be found in a 2018 article appearing in the Washington Post Magazine entitled “Scientists thought they had created the perfect tree. But it became a nightmare.”

About the Author: George Brenn, Masters Indiana Accredited Horticulturist (MIAH) is owner of Four Seasons Landscaping Nursery in Valparaiso, Indiana. In addition to being instrumental in creating and launching INLA’s Indiana Accredited Horticulturist program, George chairs the IAH Committee that keeps the IAH program up-to-date.


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DNR Begins Enforcement of Terrestrial Plant Rule Kristy Stultz, Indiana Department of Natural Resources, Division of Entomology and Plant Pathology 2020 was an interesting year with a lot of changes for us all. As we navigated the emerging global pandemic, the Indiana nursery industry had to prepare itself for the state’s second invasive species rule to go into full effect. As of April 18, 2020, it became illegal to sell, gift, barter, exchange, distribute, transport or introduce any of the 44 plants on the Terrestrial Plant Rule (312 IAC 18-3-25). The Division of Entomology and Plant Pathology (DEPP) did a lot of public outreach discussing what plants were on the list before Governor Holcolm signed the rule in 2019 and in the year leading up to it going into full effect, but as with any new rule, it takes time for compliance to become the norm. During the 2020 inspection season, DEPP issued over 130 Stop Sale Orders for the immediate destruction of plants listed on the Terrestrial Plant Rule. Most of the plants ordered for destruction were varieties of barberry and wintercreeper. There is always a little confusion when a new rule goes into effect. It takes time for everyone to become informed and the pandemic made the enforcement of the new rule even more difficult. Nursery inspectors had to navigate inspections and ensure compliance while keeping everyone safe. It’s easy for most people to understand why species like poison hemlock (Conium maculatum), garlic mustard (Alliaria petiolate) or tree of heaven (Ailanthus altissima) are on the Terrestrial Plant Rule as they aren’t usually found in trade and most landowners have plenty of stories about dealing with these hard to manage species and the obvious environmental harm they cause. However, it’s a different story for popular horticultural species like wintercreeper (Euonymus fortunei), glossy buck thorn (Frangula alnus) and Japanese barberry (Berberis thunbergii). Many people become upset or defensive when they’re told their prized ornamental is invasive. The response is 22

always, “It’s not invasive in my yard.” How a plant responds in a manicured and maintained environment is often much different than what happens when it escapes into natural areas where competition from lawn mowers and gardeners is no longer limiting its growth and spread. To fully understand why there is so much made of invasive species, we need to define the term to ensure we’re all talking about the same things in the same way. To be considered invasive it must 1) not be native to the region or ecosystem in question and 2) its introduction causes or is likely to cause economic or environmental harm or harm to human health. So, something may be native to the southwestern U.S. but not to Indiana or vice versa. Whether it would then be considered invasive depends on the impact it is likely to have. For example, boxwoods (Buxus sp.) are not native to North America, but this popular landscape evergreen has not caused harm so while it’s not native, it’s not invasive either. There are a lot of reasons why we should all care about invasive species. They limit use of lands, inhibit hunting/fishing/bird watching/foraging and other recreational pursuits. They displace many native species causing habitat loss and species decline. They can destabilize soil and alter hydrology of water resources and can out-compete native species. They are also costly to control. In the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service’s report, The Cost of Invasive Species, it is estimated that over $100 billion a year is spent to fight invasive species. That’s in the U.S. alone. No matter how anyone feels about any of the 44 plants on Indiana’s Terrestrial Plant Rule, it’s important to know those plants were thoroughly assessed by a team of specialists prior to their addition to the list. The Indiana Invasive Species Council has taken great time, effort and energy to evaluate over 120 species of plants. Each assessment consists of invasion status, ecological impacts of invasive, potential for


Euonymus fortunei stop sale marked by the IDNR after the Indiana Terrestrial Plant Rule took effect.

expansion, difficulty of management and the commercial value of each species. Each species is scored and given a rating of high, medium, caution or low. The higher the total score, the more dangerous it is to Indiana’s natural environment and the lower the score, the less likely it is to cause harm; at least at this time, but that could change. That’s why plants are reevaluated with time. The assessments are public and can be found on the IISC website (www.entm.purdue.edu/iisc/ invasiveplants.html).

Aquatic Invasive Plant Rule Even though the implementation of the Terrestrial Plant Rule has had challenges, it isn’t the first time Indiana has navigated these waters. Indiana’s Invasive Aquatic Rule (312 IAC 18-3-23 Prohibited invasive aquatic plants) went into effect in 2012. Many of those listed in the original rule were found in pet stores as aquarium plants with a few found in regular nursery trade. Each of the original 28 species on the Aquatics Rule is there because it is invasive. It took time to educate buyers and sellers when this rule was originally introduced, but education is an important component in compliance. Plants like Brazilian elodea (Eqeria densa) were popular for use in aquariums, (DNR Begins Enforcement of Terrestial Plant Rule continues page 24.)

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DNR Begins Enforcement of Terrestial Plant Rule (continued from page 22)


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but well-meaning individuals who no longer want or need the plant release material back into the ‘wild’ where it begins to cause problems. This plant grows very aggressively and can quickly create dense mats that crowd out native plants, create breeding grounds for mosquitoes and interfere with waterbased recreation like swimming, boating and fishing. Never dump any unused bait or unwanted plants into waterways. After nearly eight-years of enforcement, two new species were added to this list last year. They are water soldier (Stratiotes aloides) and starry stonewort (Nitellopsis obtuse). While water soldier hasn’t had any positive records recorded within the U.S. yet, it has been found extensively across the border near Toronto. This perennial is native to Europe and Asia and has been used as an ornamental. Starry stonewort is a macro-algae that is native to Eurasia and was accidentally introduced into the U.S. in the 1970s probably through cargo ship ballast water and has been verified in several locations in Minnesota. When released into natural areas, both species can create dense mats of vegetation that can inhibit other vegetation limiting biodiversity and can adversely affect all water activities. Both water soldier and starry stonewort reproduce vegetatively making them spread readily and rapidly, but water soldier also reproduces via seed. Both species also spread via hitchhiking on watercraft from one body of water to another.

Questions? If you still have questions about either the Terrestrial or Aquatic Invasive Plant Rules, contact the Division of Entomology and Plant Pathology at DEPP@dnr.IN.gov or find your local inspector online by going to www.IN.gov/DNR and going to the Division’s webpage. As members of the green industry, it’s up to each of us to educate ourselves and our customers about invasive species and to promote plants that aren’t harmful to Indiana’s natural resources. Through these outreach and education efforts the demand for harmful invasive species will decline.


Barberry removed from sale by the IDNR after the Indiana Terrestrial Plant Rule took effect.

About the Author

Kristy Stultz earned her M.A. in biology from Ball State University and has worked for the Division of Entomology and Plant Pathology since 2012. Kristy enjoys music, working outdoors, and educating others about the harmful effects of invasive species.






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Exciting, New First Look Plants for 2021 Danny Gouge, Willoway Nurseries, Inc. and Paul Westervelt, Saunders Brothers

Each year the SynRG® growers — Willoway Nurseries, Sheridan Nurseries, Saunders Brothers, Prides Corner Farms, and Overdevest Nurseries — compare notes on our collective plant trials. Encompassing hundreds of new plants, we discuss trial performance as only a group of plant geeks can. What emerges is our First Look List — exciting new plants that show early promise across our trials. In addition to being a distilled list of awesome recent introductions, the First Look list is the next step on the path to earning the Handpicked for You® trust mark. Handpicked for You® plants are trusted favorites, regionally tested and certified to thrive. While these First Look plants are not yet certified, they are eligible for certification based on trial results, IGC feedback, and your comments. Let us know how they perform for you at www.handpickedplants.com/survey Here perennial expert Paul Westervelt with SynRG® grower Saunders Brothers, shares his thoughts on a few 2021 First Look plants.

Dianthus Vivid™ Bright Light PP28,239

I love the new First Look list each year because it’s pure excitement! In our Virginia trials, Dianthus Vivid™ Bright Light PP28,239 is Neo from The Matrix or Wyatt Earp from Tombstone… it’s “the one”. I first saw Dianthus ‘Kahori’ planted in the ground in Michigan one August several years ago and it was in full blazing flower. Dianthus smells like May to me and I stood stupefied smelling May in the hot, humid, August air. I’ve chased that moment since, but summers in Virginia are different and while several series have one upped the original, none has risen to that magical Michigan moment until now. Dianthus Vivid™ Bright Light PP28,239 starts blooming in mid spring – earlier than most — and keeps chugging right along through the hot summer nights into fall. The plant forms a compact mound of blue-green foliage 14” wide and the 8-10” tall flowers stems are stout enough that they don’t flop. A mid-summer shearing isn’t necessary to keep the flower show going, but it does remove the accumulated spent flower stems which are so numerous they can fool you into thinking the blue green foliage has turned brown. Hardy from zones 5-9. Echinacea Sombrero® Fiesta Orange PPAF adds variability to a very predictable series. We’ve all learned to expect compact, well branched, hardy Echinacea in a range of vibrant colors from the series. Fiesta Orange PPAF is the first to offer variable flower shape. Sometimes it’s semidouble and sometimes it’s single, but it’s always impressive. A hair later blooming than the rest of the series, it also has the distinction of having the best form after flowering — not a huge selling point, but I appreciate perennials that look stellar even after their time in the spotlight has passed. Sombrero® Fiesta Orange PPAF is best in full sun and hardy from zones 4b – 9b. Having older siblings can be challenging at times, especially if they were particularly outstanding at something. “Oh, you’re so and so’s little brother.” Even if they don’t say it, you can hear the expectations. Fortunately for them, Heuchera ‘Guacamole’ PPAF and ‘Magma’ PPAF are plants so they don’t feel the pressure of being bred from the same program that created the perennial staples ‘Caramel’ and ‘Citronelle’. It does help explain their awesome, though. At 12” tall and 24” wide, ‘Guacamole’ PPAF is much bigger than its “big sister” Citronelle and has bigger leaves too. While ‘Guacamole’ PPAF is robust in the ground year after year, it’s a gentle giant and is just as sensitive to the sun, so make sure it has at least afternoon shade. ‘Magma’ PPAF is about the same size as ‘Guacamole’ and has equally large leaves but they’re red and mature to the brownish side of red. Scads of light pink flowers top ‘Magma’ in summer. Both are hardy from zones 4-9. 26


Echinacea Sombrero® Fiesta Orange PPAF Photo credit Darwin Perennials

Heuchera ‘Guacamole’ PPAF

Heuchera ‘Magma’ PPAF

The Northern Exposure™ series of Heuchera was bred to be more cold hardy, but there’s more to the series than just cold hardiness. They’re also remarkably heat and humidity tolerant and have stellar ground performance. So far, the series consists of solid-colored cultivars with the notable exceptional of Sienna which could just as easily have been named ‘Scrumdiddlyumptious’ if it wasn’t so cumbersome to spell. Spring foliage emerges yellow with orange centers, matures to solid yellowy green in summer and then gets some of that scrumptious orange color again in fall. Copious dark pink flowers on red stems in late spring is vibrant confetti over the foliage party. Hardy from zones 4-9. When viewed by themselves, Perovskia can be pretty indistinguishable. Some are big and others small but after that, they all have gray-green foliage and purply blue flowers in mid to late summer. Plant a bunch a of varieties side by side and the differences are more easily noticed. Of the eight industry leading varieties we have in ground trials, Perovskia ‘Crazy Blue’ PP25,639 consistently outperforms the rest. It has the best vigor coming out winter, at a hair more than 2’ tall it splits the difference between the big and little cultivars, it’s the first to flower starting in mid-June in VA, and doesn’t fall apart as a result of late summer thunderstorms. That’s in addition to the drought tolerance, long flower show, and deer resistance we’ve all come to love about the genus. Best in full sun and hardy from zones 4-9. Moss Phlox cultivars have stayed relatively the same for ages, but several breeders have picked them up again recently and one of our favorites newbies is Phlox subulate Trot™ Pink. After the catchy name, the first thing you’ll notice is the increased vigor. Almost everything about this plant is bigger including the flower. Imagine bubblegum colored fifty cent pieces covering the canopy and you’ll have an accurate mental picture. The only thing we’ve found not supersized about this plant is the overall habit which was both surprising and welcome because it means you don’t get any of the flop can that accompany some bigger mounding Phlox. Best in full sun and hardy from zones 4-9.

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Perovskia ‘Crazy Blue’ PP25,639 Photo credit Ball Seed

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Certification and Education Interested in taking the IAH certification test? Do you have employees interested in taking the IAH certification test? Contact INLA at your earliest convenience to see if a test is going to be offered in-person in your area or if a virtual option is available.

New Indiana Accredited Horticulturists INITIAL IAH Sharon Hairston, Indianapolis, IN Niyi Alayande, Indianapolis, IN Jose Cortes, Mishawaka, IN Arturo Ramirez, New Castle, IN

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Master IAH and the IAH Exam During COVID-19, in-person exams have been limited. However; if you are a Master IAH you are qualified to give the exam in your area or company. To do so, contact INLA Office via phone 317-889-2382, or email Rick Haggard at rhaggard@inla1.org to coordinate the details.

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IAH Quiz

Each quiz will be worth a .5 (one-half) CEU! The Indiana Accredited Horticulturist Committee is pleased to provide you an opportunity to earn CEUs (continuing education units) in each issue of the Indiana Nursery and Landscape News. The IAH quiz offered in each issue can be completed by anyone who is an “Active” (current) IAH (initial or masters). Each quiz will be worth a .5 (onehalf) CEU (continuing education unit) for the completion of the bi-monthly quiz with a pass rate of 80%. Over a 2-year period, you could earn up to 6 CEUs if you take and pass every quiz! The INLA office will grade the quiz. Questions and answers have been provided by the IAH committee. Thank you and good luck studying! The Indiana Accredited Horticulturist Committee Chair - George Brenn, Four Seasons Landscaping Nursery Committee Members - Brian Bunge, Twixwood Nursery - Gabriel Gluesenkamp, Designscape Hort Services - Wayne Gruber, Niemeyer’s Landscape Supply - Jim Messmer - Melissa Mravec, Allen Landscape - Jodie Overmyer, Marshall County Soil and Water

IAH QUIZ: MARCH/APRIL 2021 Due: March 31, 2021

Complete the quiz and email or mail to INLA by the deadline above. Be sure to write your name, IAH number, and contact information on the bottom of the quiz when submitting. 1. The plan view refers to an ________________ view of a design project. 2. A section view is a “slice” of a component, usually labeled as a ______________ drawing. 3. All landscape plans should contain a title block, ____________ arrow and must indicate the ____________ of the drawing. 4. ___________ _______________ are critical elevations on a grading or construction plan in reference to a specific point. 5. Plant symbols on a landscape plan should represent the size the plant will reach in several years, but not necessarily fully mature size. T or F 6. Plant symbols should contain a dot or an X showing the exact ______________ for placement. 7. Existing topography lines on a grading plan are usually shown as a ______________ line. 8. The Plant List on a blueprint calls for 114 Daylilies, but the Planting Plan shows locations for and symbols representing 137 Daylilies. Which takes precedent? __________________ 9. Technical Specifications should repeat all information contained in drawings. T or F 10. Perspective drawings represent a 3-D view and are not common on plan drawings. T or F

Name:_____________________________________________________________________________ IAH No.:___________________________________________________________________________ Phone:____________________________________________________________________________ Email:_____________________________________________________________________________

Send answers to: info@inla1.org -or- mail to INLA, 7915 S. Emerson Ave., #247, Indianapolis, IN 46237




George Brenn’s IAH Study Guide George Brenn, Four Seasons Landscaping Nursery, created this study guide to help teach the material covered in the IAH Manual. His intention is to assist those trying to master the subjects within the manual. Text: © George Brenn, MIAH

Chapter 11 – Landscape Design Landscape deign is the art of creating a functional and aesthetically pleasing outdoor environment for human use (Outdoor Living Area). Landscape planning can be performed by Landscape Architects or Landscape Designers and sometimes by Landscape Contractors. Benefits of professional landscape design include improvement of quality of life and value of property. Good landscaping is an investment that increases in value over time, and enhances a home’s value. Design Process: 1.) Interview the client to determine their desires & expectations, discuss their “want list,” budget, design fees, priorities, etc. 2.) Preparation of “base map” of property showing location of house on property, property lines, driveway, walkways, patio, fences, etc. Scale of the drawing is determined at this point, usually 1/8” = 1’- 0” or 1” = 10’ for residential projects. 3A.) Site Inventory looks at physical characteristics of property and should include features that are beyond property lines: 3B.) Site Analysis allows the designer to become familiar with the opportunities and/or constraints that exist on a site; Site Analysis considers views (inward & outward) and need for visual screening, drainage, value of existing vegetation, sun/shade areas, wind, utilities, windows, doors, water faucets, downspouts, window wells, air conditioner, meters, etc. 4.) Functionality – how might site be best developed? What activities might occur and where? Functional design concepts often begin as “bubble drawings” {see pg 7-9} 5.) Preliminary Design usually includes decisions on grade changes, drainage, space utilization, etc., and may show some dominant plant locations During the preliminary design phase, a theme for the landscape is selected, with the intent of harmonizing the developed with the site or structure. If a house is in a wooded area, a naturalistic theme can be reflected in the landscape. If the house has dynamic angles, the planting beds and landscape features might emphasize this. See pages 12-14 for examples of Arc & Tangent, Curvilinear and Rectilinear (= rectangular) themes for the same property. Note how the open lawn areas appear, and that curvilinear designs have no “corners.” 6.) Master Plan shows all details necessary to install the landscape including plantings and hardscape, and may include specifications for installation procedures and elevations for retaining walls, patios, any structures (gazebos, pergolas, arbors, fences, sheds, walkways, drainage, etc. {see pg 16} Characteristics of a Successful Residential Landscape Design 1.) Satisfies needs of client 2.) Functions properly 3.) Sensitive to site 4.) Enhances quality of life 5.) Aesthetically successful Components of Landscape Design ORDER – a design without order is a haphazard jumble of unrelated parts that have no common theme. UNITY – a harmonious relationship among all elements of design. Includes unity of form, unity of texture, unity of color, etc. DOMINANCE = focal point: a plant of component that commands attention REPETITION – repeated use of a particular element, plant or material. 30


Stay connected to INLA between issues. Sign up for the INLA monthly eNewsletter at www.inla1.org. LINE – can be a form of repetition, but line compels the viewers eye to follow it. SCALE – size of an object relative to the space in which it is placed BALANCE – equalization of viewed weight in a design (a design cannot be composed entirely of focal points)

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Adding Plants to the Design – the steps in selecting plant materials are as follows: 1. List environmental conditions that the plant must live with. 2. Determine the functions the plants will serve. 3. Determine size, habit, and seasonal characteristics of any desired plants. 4. Select plants that meet these specifications. Fundamentals of Planting Design – Plants can serve numerous functions in the landscape: Architectural – Plants can be used as the ceilings, walls & floors of outdoor spaces Engineering – visual screening, traffic control, erosion control Climatic – wind screen, shade from trees Aesthetic – plants can be used as focal points or background

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Plant Characteristics SIZE – most important consideration in plant selection, and most frequently abused Important to remember that some cute puppies grow up to become big ol’ dogs; so do some landscape plants. Large trees need open spaces in which to grow, while smaller ornamental trees some large shrubs may work beneath utility lines. FORM – what is the natural shape of the plant? Columnar, globose, pyramidal, ovoid, vase-shaped, upright, weeping, fastigiate, etc. COLOR – consider color of foliage, flowers, fruit, fall color TEXTURE – Fine textured like a Boxwood or Coarse textured like an Oakleaf Hydrangea Other considerations for selecting plants – Hardiness zone Light requirements Moisture requirements Special soil requirements Fertility needs Special concerns (susceptibility to insects or diseases) A good landscape design possesses DQ (Design Quality), providing good aesthetics and reasonable maintenance requirements. Maintenance of landscape plants and components is unavoidable (there is NO such thing as a NO maintenance landscape.) But, landscape maintenance can be minimized thru appropriate consideration and selection of plants, materials and structures as the landscape design is developed.




Near Miss Reporting

La importancia de reportar casi-accidentes



Whether there is no injury, a small bruise or scratch, or an amputation, the consequences of unsafe acts and conditions are left to chance. A ratio showing a relationship between the number of near-miss incidents and injury incidents reported by researchers shows that for every 15 near-miss incidents, there will be one injury. In other words, there are 15 missed opportunities to prevent an injury. Hundreds of near misses go unreported each month at our facility. Many of you may not think of an incident as a near miss, but it is more often human nature that keeps these lessons from being reported and improving the safety system. Reasons employees don’t report near misses include: • They do not want to be blamed for problems or mistakes; • They do not want to create more work; • They do not want to be perceived as a troublemaker or careless. It takes time to report a near miss and there are several reasons people don’t do it. However, it is truly important you report them. If not, what is lost is a free lesson in injury prevention. The few minutes spent reporting and investigating near-miss incidents can help prevent similar incidents, and even severe injuries. The difference between a near miss and an injury is typically a fraction of an inch or a split second.

Spanish translation generously provided by: Carlos Reichman, M.J. Schuetz Insurance Services, an INLA member



Un casi-accidente significa que un empleado tuvo suerte y que podría no tener tanta suerte la próxima vez. Ya sea que no haya una lesión, un pequeño hematoma o rasguño, o una amputación, las consecuencias de los actos y condiciones inseguras se dejan al azar. Un estudio reciente sobre la relación entre el número de incidentes cercanos a accidentes e incidentes de lesiones informados muestra que, por cada 15 casiaccidentes, habrá una lesión. En otras palabras, hay 15 oportunidades perdidas para prevenir una lesión. Cientos de casi-accidentes no se reportan cada mes en nuestras instalaciones. Es posible que muchos de ustedes no piensen en un incidente como un casiaccidente, pero es más a menudo la naturaleza humana la que evita que estas lecciones se informen y mejore el sistema de seguridad. Las razones por las que los empleados no informan casi-accidentes incluyen: • No quieren que se les culpe por problemas o errores • No quieren crear más trabajo para ellos o sus compañeros • No quieren ser percibidos como alborotadores o descuidados. Se necesita tiempo para informar de un casi-accidente y hay varias razones por las que las personas no lo hacen. Sin embargo, es realmente importante que sean reportados. Si no reportan, se pierde una lección gratuita sobre prevención de lesiones. Los pocos minutos dedicados a informar e investigar incidentes cercanos a casi-accidentes pueden ayudar a prevenir incidentes similares e incluso lesiones graves. La diferencia entre un casi-accidente y una lesión o accidente suele ser una fracción de pulgada o una fracción de segundo.


Service First Processing (SFP) and the Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association (INLA) began the merchant processing program for members in August 2017 . This program was set up to offer members a choice between their current processors and the INLA / SFP program. Of the members that we have contacted, 41 locations have provided statements to SFP for analysis.

• 100% of the INLA member statements that we have evaluated show a savings with the SFP Program. • The average cost savings for INLA member statements that we have evaluated is currently 17% or $3,936 per year before member rebates. • The combined cost savings for active member accounts is $18,145 per year before member rebates thus far. • 8 of the 41 member statements we have evaluated are currently using the SFP program which represents a 20% member participation rate.

For questions or additional information call 866.372.5551 SERVICE FIRST PROCESSING / 1315 N Federal Highway Suite 200 Boynton Beach FL, 33435



INLA Member Benefits In an attempt to make your membership of greater value to you and your company, the Membership Committee is happy to present the INLA member benefits. While we hope you find INLA membership valuable for all the education, business, and networking opportunities, we think you’ll agree it sure doesn’t hurt to have a few perks. We are grateful for the many companies that have created some very outstanding offers for the INLA membership. They support the INLA and they support a strong Indiana green industry. We hope to add benefits throughout the year and will announce them in the magazine, on the website, and in the eNewsletter as they come available. Have a great year!

10% off any new purchases or calibrations ACCURATE LASER SYSTEMS Contact: Bill Rawn, 317-714-2273 brawn@accuratelasersystems.com


10% Discount on all Mulch, Aggregates and Plant Material For NEW Customers in 2020. SKI LANDSCAPE PRODUCTS Contact: Mark Reynold 317-757-5000 mreynold@skilandscape.com

Buy an Exmark riding mower and receive $150 off a Stihl or Echo product. Limit one mower. Offer not available for fleet purchases. BOBCAT OF INDY / ANDERSON / BLOOMINGTON / INDY NORTH bobcatofindy.com

LANDSCAPE MANAGEMENT NETWORK (LMN) INLA Members receive a FREE License from LMN — the landscape industry’s leading business management software. To learn more visit:


10% discount on container plant orders over $3,000.00. This is an ongoing benefit and not a one-time discount. CARDNO NATIVE PLANT NURSERY cardnonativeplantnursery.com

LITTLER $100 contribution split between the INEF Scholarship and ILA Frits Loonsten Scholarship after a purchase of a new and/or used vehicle. Applies to purchases at Greenfield location only. DELLEN AUTOMOTIVE FAMILY Contact: Linda Mabee 317-462-5591 34

Littler Dial-A-Lawyer: Free 15-minute consultation with a labor lawyer.

Receive two FREE hours of graphic design work ($170 value) with the purchase of your first print or marketing project of $500 or more (new customers only).

Example: employment practices, handbook, wages, etc.

FIVE STONES MARKETING Contact: Jon Carr 317-344-9499 or Troy Austin 317-344-9296 fivestonesmarketing.com

LITTLER LABOR LAWYER Contact: Alan McLaughlin 317-287-3523


SUNBELT RENTALS IN FISHERS Automatic 10% discount on commercial insurance. Contact us today for quotes on Commercial Business, Bonding, Life, and Personal Lines insurance. M.J. SCHUETZ INSURANCE SERVICES Contact: Kim Glass 317-548-3937, kglass@mjsis.com

Receive $100 off an order of $500 or more. Valid at any location in Indiana. Valid to first-time customers only. This is a one-time offer. SITEONE LANDSCAPE SUPPLY siteone.com

15% discount on landscaping equipment. Must have charge account. SUNBELT RENTALS IN FISHERS Contact: Loren Gentry 317-849-2119 Loren.gentry@sunbeltrentals.com sunbeltrentals.com

Quality Michigan Grown Nursery Stock

“Where Quality and Value Prevail!” Gobles, MI First-time Customers Truckload Only 10% discount on BandB Trees WAHMHOFF FARMS NURSERY

10% discount off any garden transactions. Applies at all locations: Fishers, Muncie, and Union City

888-MI-TREES or 269-628-4308


WASSON NURSERY Contact: Bob Wasson 317-588-1530

Receive a $500 gift card for future rental equipment, attachments, Stihl, or Scag mowers with purchase of a John Deere compact construction machine. WEST SIDE TRACTOR SALES Contact: Bill Price, 765-447-6933 bprice@westsidetractorsales.com


Service First Processing Makes Accepting Credit Cards Simple, Efficient, and Profitable Service First Processing (SFP) is a leading provider of credit card and ACH/ check processing services. We make accepting credit cards simple, efficient and more profitable for your company. NAHAD and SFP have put together a special “members only program” that is guaranteed to reduce your cost of credit card processing while improving your level of service and support.

This new program will enhance your company’s profitability: 1. SFP will provide your company with a savings proposal based on your unique business processing needs and our consultative analysis. 2. This program offers you a 60-day trial period during which you will be provided with the necessary equipment and training. 3. In addition to your initial cost reduction, ten percent (10%) of the net processing revenue that SFP generates from your account will be rebated back to you on an annual basis.

INLA Members can call 855-632-9862 for program information. Service First Processing | SFProcessing.com 4401 N Federal Highway Suite 101, Boca Raton FL, 33431

• Ten percent (10%) Member Rebate • 60-day Trial Period • Equipment Loaner Program • Member help line: 855-632-9862 • Free “AccessOne” Reporting Tool

SERVICE FIRST PROCESSING Contact: 855-632-9862 SFProcessing.com Additional member benefits will be announced as they come available. Please check the INLA website — www.inla1.org — for most up-to-date list.





Landscape, Lawncare, Tree and Shrub Care, or Irrigation Business in Indianapolis or surrounding counties.

Advanced Tree Technology..................................................12 www.advancedtree.com

Call Jim Calvin, Calvin Landscape 317-247-6316

Blue Grass Farms of Indiana..........................inside front cover www.bluegrassfarms.net

Amigos Recruiting...............................................................24

Bobcat of Indy............................................................... 13, 25 www.bobcatofindy.com Brehob Nurseries, LLC.................................outside back cover www.brehobnursery.com

Stay connected to INLA between issues. Sign up for the INLA monthly eNewsletter at www.inla1.org. You will receive: Latest news, the digital version of the magazine, reminders for events, and much more.

Calvin Landscape................................................................36 www.calvinlandscape.com Contree Sprayer & Equipment Co.......................................27 www.contree.com Dirt N Turf...........................................................................21 www.dirtnturfinc.com Fairview Evergreen Nursery...................................................4 www.fairviewevergreen.com Forest Commodities, Inc......................................................19 www.fcimulch.com.com Indiana Irrigation Co...........................................................10 www.indianairrigation.com MacAllister Machinery, Inc.....................................................7 www.macallister.com

INLA Job Board at www.inla1.org Member Benefit

FREE JOB POSTING for INLA members! Positions are open to any who wish to respond!

To post an open position at your company, please email info@inla1.org and send the job description along with how to apply. Questions? Contact Rick Haggard, 765-366-4994

McGavic Outdoor Power.....................................................11 www.mcgavicoutdoorpower.com Midwest Groundcover, LLC.................................................15 www.midwestgroundcovers.com Millcreek Gardens................................................................10 www.millcreekplants.com Reynolds Farm Equipment.....................................................3 www.reynoldsfarmequipment.com Service First Processing........................................................33 www.sfprocessing.com Ski Landscape.....................................................................4 www.skilandscape.com Tiffany Lawn and Garden Supply.........................................20 www.tiffanylawnandgarden.com Unilock..................................................................................5 www.unilock.com West Side Tractor Sales........................................................23 www.westsidetractorsales.com Woody Warehouse Nursery, Inc...........................................28 www.woodywarehouse.com



Indiana Nursery & Landscape Association Membership Application Please complete the following and return it with payment to the INLA office. INLA Office, 7915 S. Emerson Ave., Suite 247, Indianapolis, IN 46237 www.inla1.org • 317-889-2382 • 800-443-7336 The Undersigned hereby applies for active, associate, affiliate or student membership in the Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association, and agrees to be governed by the by-laws and code of ethics of said association. Enclosed herewith is payment for membership dues. If applying for Active Member status, it is understood that dues are subject to annual revision based on volume of business done during the preceding year. Name of Firm: _____________________________________________________________ Address: ________________________________________________________________ City, State, Zip: ____________________________________________________________ Phone/Fax: ______________________________________________________________ Email: _____________________________ Web site: ____________________________ Owner/Contact: ____________________________________________________________ Signature: _______________________________________________________________ Sponsor’s Name (if available): ___________________________________________________ Method of Payment: ___Check enclosed (write to“INLA”) -or- ___ Credit Card (Visa, Master Card, Discover, or AMEX)

Card No.: ________________________________________________________________ Expiration Date: ______________________ Security Code: _________________________ Name on card: _____________________________________________________________ Billing address: ____________________________________________________________ Signature: _______________________________________________________________ INLA MEMBERSHIP CATEGORIES (please check the appropriate category):  Active Member Any individual, partnership or corporation engaged in a business or profession closely allied to the green industry or who is actively engaged in a wholesale/retail nursery business or actively engaged in a landscape/maintenance business and whose majority of business is within the state of Indiana. Active member dues is based on the volume of business done in the previous year and due by June 30th. Class A $1,000,000 plus $340.00 Class B $500,000 to $1,000,000 $275.00 Class C $250,000 to $500,000 $210.00 Class D $0 to $250,000 $175.00  Associate Member – $175 Any individual, partnership or corporation engaged in a business or profession closely allied to the green industry or any individual, partnership or corporation based outside of the state of Indiana who is engaged in the green industry. Annual renewal due December 31st.  Affiliate Member – $55 Any individual who is not directly engaged in the green industry but who holds a position in education, research, literature, public office or civil service or community group engaged in horticulture activities or any retired active members. Annual renewal due December 31st.  Student Member – $30

ABOUT YOUR BUSINESS Active Members (Please check those that apply.)  Wholesale (or)  Retail IN State Nursery Inspection # _______________________ Nursery Dealer’s License # _________________________ Retail Merchants License # _________________________  Design/Build  Equipment Dealer  Erosion Control  Garden Center  Grower  Hardscape  Horticulture Supplies  In-house Landscape Management  Irrigation  Landscape Design  Lawncare/Landscape Maintenance  Pools and Spas  Snow and Ice Removal Acres in Nursery Stock ________________________ Greenhouse square footage_____________________ Plant material handled by your business:  Deciduous Trees  Annuals  Ornamental Trees  Aquatics  Conifers  Mulch  Greenhouse  Native Plants/Seeds  Ground Covers  Soil Amendments  Tree Care  Wholesale  Turf/Sod  Retail  Perennials  Other  Shrubs  Of the above we specialize in: ________________________________________ ________________________________________ Licensing information may be obtained from the Indiana Department of Natural Resources (DNR) Division of Entomology and Plant Pathology, 402 W. Washington Street, Room W290, Indianapolis, IN 46204, (317) 232-4120 or visit their website at: http://www.in.gov/dnr/entomolo/programs/ Associate Member (Please check those that apply.)  Landscape Design  Consultant  Equipment Dealer  Irrigation Supply  Out of State Business  Ponds  Horticulture, Product Supplier  Educational Facility/Agency  Tree and Shrub Care  Watergardens  Soil Amendments  Turf/Sod  Hardscape Supplier/ Mulch  In-House Landscape Mgmt  Business Services  Not for profit  Other I/we hereby declare that the above statements are true and I/we agree to pay annual dues as set forth in the schedule contained herein; and to abide by the By-Laws and the Code of Ethics of the Indiana Nursery and Landscape Associate, Inc. I/we further agree to promote the objectives of the Association and the interests of its membership as far as shall be in my/our power to do so. Signature of applicant: ________________________________________

Rick Haggard, INLA Executive Director Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association 7915 S. Emerson Ave., Suite 247 Indianapolis, IN 46237 March/April 2021 Address Service Requested

MOTHER NATURE’S FINEST, BEST IN THE MIDWEST For more than 50 years, Brehob has been a leader in growing and supporting the green industry in the Midwest. We are committed to providing top-notch quality material, service, selection and availability. Join us as we continue the Brehob tradition of innovation and growth.



4867 Sheridan Road, Westfield, IN 46026 317.877.0188 or 877.829.0188

4316 Bluff Road, Indianapolis, IN 46217 317.783.3233 of 800.921.3233

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Indiana Nursery & Landscape News, March/April 2021  

Inside this issue: A Pear with a Pair ... of Problems; DNR Begins Enforcement of Terrestrial Plant Rule; Exciting, New First Look Plants of...

Indiana Nursery & Landscape News, March/April 2021  

Inside this issue: A Pear with a Pair ... of Problems; DNR Begins Enforcement of Terrestrial Plant Rule; Exciting, New First Look Plants of...

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