Page 1

The Official Publication of the Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association

Indiana Nursery & Landscape News


Volume 80 • Issue 4 July/August 2020

Cover: INLA Award of Excellence 2019 Winner for Commercial Hardscape Design/Build over $39,000 — Foegley Landscape



2020 Hardscape Trends Hardscape Equipment Snapshot

Nostoc commune: “The Blob” to Crusty Black Stuff




Indiana Nursery & Landscape News Volume 80 • Issue 4 July/August 2020

Contents The Hardscape Issue BUSINESS

18 2020 Hardscape Trends


BUSINESS Indiana Nursery and Landscape News is the official publication of the Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association, Inc. (INLA) and is published bimonthly. Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association 7915 S. Emerson Ave., Suite 247 Indianapolis, IN 46237 Phone: 317-889-2382 Toll Free: 800-443-7336 www.inla1.org PUBLISHER Rick Haggard, Executive Director, INLA 765-366-4994 • rhaggard@inla1.org

19 Hardscape Equipment Snapshot EDUCATION

22 Nostoc commune: “The Blob” to Crusty Black Stuff 19

EDITOR AND AD SALES Mary Breidenbach, Cumulus Design 317-757-8634 • mary@ecumulus.com Advertising Rates: Media Kit available online at www.inla1.org

Copy Deadline: First of the month preceding the month of the issue. Reprint permission granted if source is indicated. Views expressed in articles or editorials do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of the association or its directors, but are those of the writer. Trade names used in articles are for identification only. No discrimination is intended toward similar products and the INLA does not endorse the use of the products mentioned. Subscriptions: Included with membership to the INLA. Nonmembers: $36.00 per year (six issues per year). For questions regarding subscriptions, please call INLA at 317-889-2382.

Plus More! 2

President’s Message


Executive Director’s Message

6 Calendar 8

Mark Holeman: A Century Well Lived


Essential to Our Industry


Indiana Accredited Horticulturist Update


INLA Shooting for Scholarship Fundraiser


IDNR Spotlight: Planting Pollinator Friendly Landscapes

Certification and Education 24 Cover Photo: Foegley Plaza at the South Bend Civic Theatre South Bend, Indiana Photo courtesy Foegley Landscape



George Brenn’s IAH Study Guide

27 IAH QUIZ! Earn CEUs 28

Toolbox Talks Advertiser List, Classified Ads

Shooting for Scholarships AUGUST 7, 2O2O INFO + REGISTRATION SEE PAGES 14-15


Hello All

Dave LaFara

What a spring and start to the summer season it’s been! Between the virus and rain, this year is another one for the archives. Combine that with an election year and one has to wonder if life will ever return to normal. Saving grace is we, as an industry, have been able to continue to work. I still ask you all to continue staying safe. Do the hand washing/ sanitizer (its crazy to think my hands are getting more alcohol than my liver), safe distancing, and follow safety protocols for your business.

Gatherings: On June 10th the board had a scheduled meeting at Wasson Nursery in Fishers. Bob was gracious enough to let us invade his place, but due to the virus we decided to do a zoom meeting instead. This looks like the norm for a while as events are still being cancelled — the State Fair for one and Hardscapes North America for another. Our summer meeting has also been paired down for everyone’s safety, as we will hold the Shooting for Scholarships but not the Summer Tour that was traditionally on the first day. Registration and details for this year’s Shooting for Scholarship are in this issue on pages 14–15. Bored and needing something to do? Well, now is the time to start getting your entry together for the Award of Excellence for Green Expo. It’s never too early to start. Dave’s thought for the quarter: There are a lot of positive and negative attitudes out there right now. The following item to me deals with both. In the news recently there has been a story of a young couple that is trying to spend a lifetime together when life is not an option. At 19, the young man was told there may not be a 20. Problem is, he has everything to live for as he has met his soulmate and she has met hers. I’m taken back that at such a young age they have decided to take on the world together with dedication and commitment no matter what. They could have just as easily given up and drifted through the remainder of his time, but than was not an option for either one of them. They draw their strength from each other plus family, friends, and faith. I have always though that if life was easy what would be the point. Well here is the point. They fight through everyday just to be there for each other. Start everyday as if its your last. Be there for the ones you love and fight for those needing help. At the end of the day close your eyes, and thank God for all you accomplished and vow to make tomorrow even better. Help others when you can. I’m pulling for you. Stay safe out there. Always between a rock and a hard place, with a smile! David LaFara INLA President (Sir Rocks A Lot) You can take the kid off the nursery, but you can’t take the nursery off the kid.

2020 INLA Officers Dave LaFara, President David LaFara Hardscape Services 9920 Ash Lane Co Rd 375 N Paragon, IN 46166 765-537-2512 • dblafara@aol.com Dean Ricci, President-Elect Ricci’s Landscape Management, Inc. 502 Norbeh Drive, Hebron, IN 46341 219-996-2682; Fax 219-996-2680 dean@rlminc.com Kim Glass, Vice President M.J. Schuetz Insurance Services 55 Monument Circle, Ste 500 Indianapolis, IN 46244 317-639-5679; Fax 317-639-6910 kglass@mjsis.com Brian Franco, Past-President Franco Landscaping, Inc. PO Box 34156, Indianapolis, IN 46234 317-858-3858; Fax 317-858-8906 bfranco@francoland.com Rick Haggard, Executive Director and Publisher 7915 S. Emerson Ave., #247 Indianapolis, IN 46032 Office: 800-443-7336 or 317-889-2382 Cell: 765-366-4994 rhaggard@inla1.org • haggard.rick@att.net

BOARD OF DIRECTORS Kyle Daniel — Purdue University 765-494-7621 • daniel38@purdue.edu Gabriel Gluesenkamp (2020) Designscape Horticultural Services 812-988-8900 • gabrielg@designhort.com Mark O’Brien (2020) Cardno • 574-586-2412 mark.obrien@cardno.com Kevin Van Sessen (2021) Blade Cutters, LLC. • 219-661-8206 kevinvs@bladecutters.net

Education: January 19–21 • Trade Show: January 20–21 Indiana’s largest, most comprehensive green industry event of the year! Exhibitor booths now on sale! Go to www.indianagreenexpo.com for exhibitor packet and details. 2


Bob Wasson (2022) Wasson Nursery and Garden Center 765-759-9000 • bob@wassonnursery.com Kent Wilhelmus (2021) Second Nature Landscape Management (812) 483-7817 kent@secondnaturelm.com Shaun Yeary (2022) Greendell Landscape Solutions 317-996-2826 syeary@greendelllandscape.com



EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR’S MESSAGE WOW … What a spring 2020 has brought to our industry. I hope that everyone is safe, healthy, and have enjoyed the fact that the state of Indiana deemed our industry ESSENTIAL. I cannot begin to let everyone know how grateful I am for all the calls, emails, and letters letting the INLA know how appreciative they were for the communication sent to membership on the ever changing reality during the COVID-19 shut down. I know I am the one that received much of the praise, but all I had to do was get the info to our members. Julie Gillen and Mary Breidenbach were the keys that allowed me to drive the Cadillac!! The majority of the Rick Haggard information passed along to the membership was from our association’s affiliation with the Green Industry Alliance and the legislative support of The Corydon Group. The Corydon Group was separating weekly or bi-weekly the numerous Executive Orders by Governor Holcomb and the impact each step would allow our membership to continue working. The INLA also received information on various federally funded programs available to members, company owners and employees (such as PPP and CARES) from the office of Senator Mike Braun. I really feel that almost all of our members were respectful in trying to adhere to the guidelines set by Governor Holcomb’s Executive Orders. However, I was advised that while safe distancing on jobsites was observed, it was less likely to be observed when traveling to and from the jobsites. This and various other noted infractions were casually overlooked; however, should there be a return of Corona virus outbreak, those monitoring and have the authority to enforce such restrictions have indicated they will do so to the letter of the Executive Order next time. COVID-19 definitely changed the way many owners do business. I commend members for transitioning to these other avenues of “doing business” in a swift manner. COVID-19 seemed to capture the homeowner’s attention as well. While staying at home and watching their hard earned money deplete via the stock market, many decided to invest in landscape upgrades or much needed overall maintenance. I have had several members mention that “outdoor home good” purchases increased, as did appointments for various landscape contractors. Please keep in mind the green industry creates and maintains a safe and healthy environment for everyone. There were several fallouts and cancellation due to COVID-19. The Indiana Flower and Patio Show was forced to cancel less than 48 hours from opening. Days of hard work creating breathtaking gardens by companies hoping to persuade homeowners to invest in home improvements, were left with nothing more than pictures of their sweat to get finished in time. Other shows and events across the state were forced to cancel or postpone or try their hand with no attendance and/or virtual. These include the Indiana State Fair cancelled; State FFA Gala postponed to September 19; State FFA event done virtually on June 16-18; and the INDY 500 postponed until August 23 and only if fans attend (with a possible reschedule further in October if needed). The annual Great Lakes Nursery and Landscape Association Leadership Council scheduled for September 21-23 will now be a virtual meeting. The GIA Golf Outing was slated for July 9, 2020 will now take place on October 1, 2020 with a rain date of October 15. I hope more members are willing to participate or sponsor the GIA event to show their gratitude to this organization in light of receiving timely information regarding Indiana’s essential status and the COVID-19 Executive Orders. SPECIAL NOTICE: INLA has decided that the safety issues and fiscal costs of holding the first day of tours during the Summer Meeting were too great and would be cancelled for 2020. However, we will hold the INEF Shooting for Scholarships as planned on August 7, 2020 at the Indiana Gun Club in Fishers, Indiana. Details and registration care on pages 14–15 in this issue. In closing this letter, I am saddened by the recent loss of many individuals who have been instrumental to the INLA — Garry Estes, Jim Hobbs, Mark Holeman, and Frank Will just to name a few. Through their efforts, networking, openness, and fellowship, they helped mold the respectful approach that INLA is known for within the green industry. Thank you is seldom said at the time it should have been, but …Thank You! It was an honor to have been involved in this industry with you. Keep It Green, Rick Haggard, INLA Executive Director E: haggard.rick@att.net or rhaggard@inla1.org O: 317-889-2382 or 800-443-7336 C: 765-366-4994

Shooting for Scholarships August 7, 2020 in Fishers, INdiana

clay shoot fundraiser, Auction, Awards, food & fun! schedule and registration on pages 14-15 or at www.inla1.org 4




John Deere 35G Compact Excavator

John Deere 331G Track Loader • • • • •

Cab with Heat & A/C Joysticks Rearview camera Wide tracks LED Lights

Great financing and lease options available!*

John Deere 325G Compact Track Loader

Equipment | Service | Parts: ReynoldsFarmEquipment.com







MOORESVILLE, IN 317-831-1450



ReynoldsFarmEquipment.com *Subject to approval from John Deere Financial. Some restrictions apply. See Reynolds Farm Equipment for details.



CALENDAR July 2020 13–16 Cultivate ‘20 Virtual Online • An 100% online event that brings you the high-quality learning and peer-topeer engagement. Free if member of AmericanHort | $99 for non-members. https://www.cultivatevirtual.org/ 14–21 Purdue’s Turf and Landscape VIRTUAL Field Day 2020 Online • High-quality education, turf and landscape research updates, product updates, and even networking opportunities for attendees — all at a safe distance! MRTF and INLA members: $30 | Non-members: $50 CCHs = 2(2), 3a(3), 3b(3), 5(1), 6(1), 7a(1), 8(1), RT(4) https://mrtf.org/

August 2020 7

7463 West Ridge Road P.O. Box 189 Fairview PA 16415 800.458.2234 Fax 800.343.6819 e-mail: info@FairviewEvergreen.com FairviewEvergreen.com

Growing High Quality Plants, People, and Relationships


SINCE 1978

Annuals Peonies Combo Planters Perennials Grasses Proven Winners® Hardy Ferns Succulents Herbs Vines Now growing Proven Winners® shrubs

Delivery Services POP Materials

Custom Growing

p. 800-948-1234 • f. 877-964-6446 www.millcreekplants.com sales@millcreekplants.com

INEF Shooting for Scholarships & Auction

August 7 • Indiana Gun Club, Fishers, IN Unwind with friends and colleagues while enjoying clay shooting at our best fundraising and networking event of the year! If you’d like to donate an item for the auction, please contact Rick Haggard, 765-366-4994 or rhaggard@inla1.org Event details, registration, and sponsorship information on pages 14-15 in this issue or at http://inla1.org/. 11–13 Tree Risk Assessment Qualification (TRAQ) Course The Tree Risk Assessment Qualification Course is a two-day educational course followed by a half-day assessment that includes both a written and field component. This course is required to earn the ISA Tree Risk Assessment Qualification. Contact: Lindsey Purcell, lapurcel@purdue.edu https://indiana-arborist.org/ 18–27 Indiana Pesticide Clean Sweep Project sponsored by OISC Waste pesticide collection days. August 18: Noble County Fairgrounds, Kendallville, IN August 19:White County Fairgrounds, Reynolds, IN August 20: Hancock County Fairgrounds, Greenfield, IN August 25: Decatur County Fairgrounds, Greensburg, IN August 26: Dubois County Fairgrounds, Huntingburg, IN August 27: Hendricks County Fairgrounds, Danville, IN

For details and to download the Pesticide Clean Sweep Planning Form (needed to participate) go to: https://www.oisc.purdue.edu/


IPLLA Summer Field Day Hendricks County 4-H Fairgrounds, Danville, IN https://www.iplla.com/

October 2020 1

Green Industry Alliance Golf Outing (Rescheduled) Twin Lakes Golf Club, Carmel • The annual fundraiser for GIA includes a fun day of golf, prizes, and dinner. Sponsorships available. Registration/Sponsorship form on inside back cover and online at http://inla1.org.

20–23 Landscapes 2020 Louisville, KY https://www.landscapeprofessionals.org/LANDSCAPES

15088 Smart Cole Road, Ostrander, OH 43061





Texture is smooth underfoot

Refined surface and long-lasting color


For almost 50 years, Unilock has been the North American leader in paver technology. Facemix manufacturing was a concept we introduced more than 25 years ago, and we’ve been selling products coated with EasyClean since 2007. Now we’re introducing Soft Touch, a finishing technology that results in a solid surface texture that is smooth and incredibly comfortable underfoot. Look for these technologies in our popular Artline™ and Bristol Valley® product lines. Contact 1-800-UNILOCK or visit UNILOCK.COM to connect with your local Territory Manager.

Bristol Valley




Mark Holeman: A Century Well Lived Mark Holeman was a man of many talents and interests. He was a creator of distinctive gardens. He was a collector of books, contemporary art, and uncommon plants. He loved fine wine, good food, and entertaining with both. He appreciated opera and a Roger Federer backhand. He had a robust laugh that he shared frequently with his many friends. He was generous with his wisdom, leadership, resources, and time. His life was well led and during it he touched many. Mark Holeman died on May 3, 2020, two weeks past his 100th birthday. Mark was born in Miami Beach, Florida, but grew up in Indianapolis, where he graduated from Shortridge High School (1938) and Butler University (1942). He served in the United States Army 1942-1946, landing on Omaha Beach during the later stages of D-Day. His civil administration unit eventually ended up in Germany’s Dachau region as the prisoners of its infamous death camp were being released. It was here that he met a young local woman who he convinced to move to the United States and marry him. For 74 years, he and Carmen were married. With their matching white hair, they were a perfect pair, forever linked as “Mark and Carmen”. It was impossible to speak of one without the other. Mark landed a job as office manager for an asphalt surfacing company, at a time of major construction of highways and interstates in Indiana. With plantings typically required as part of this work, Mark saw an opportunity. In 1965 he started Mark M. Holeman, Inc., a landscape design and construction company that he nurtured for the next five decades and that continues his legacy today. Beginning with highway planting contracts, he eventually tired of its administrative challenges and transitioned his work to office buildings and institutions, and eventually to what he became 8

best known for, residential projects. It was not always a smooth road though, and Mark would often recall when in 1972, a downturn forced him to release his entire staff and he survived from the sale of 100 Chrysanthemum plants. A 1951 trip to Savannah, Georgia introduced Mark to azaleas. They became fast friends and led Mark down the path of becoming an avid plantsman, with a passion for rhododendrons also emerging. He was self-taught, with books, conferences, conversations, and personal experience molding his knowledge. Mark left an indelible mark on the landscape of Indianapolis and central Indiana. He brought to each of his projects creative elegance, horticultural distinctiveness and impeccable taste. He was proud of the long-term friendships he developed with his clients as he continued his guidance as their landscapes matured and evolved. Working well into his 80’s, he loved his work and was always the first to arrive in the morning and last to leave in the evening. Usually at his side in his office was one of the several cats he cared for through the years. Among his favorite creations were the 20 gardens he designed between 1969 and 1993 for the Indiana Flower and Patio Show. Without a client to please (except himself ) and an open budget, his artistic juices would really flow. To the many employees who passed through the doors of his business, he was a


mentor, a teacher, a friend, and a shining example of professionalism. As current Mark M. Holeman, Inc. president Rich Blankenship recalls, “Mark was first and foremost a leader. We always looked to him when we didn’t have the answer. He mentored many of us as we learned to be the leaders we are today. Not a day goes by that I don’t ask myself ‘What would Mark do in this situation?’ I’ve missed his office door always being open and an empty chair in front of his desk for anyone wanting to talk with him. He always listened first and spoke later.” Mark was a strong proponent of professional involvement and community service. Accordingly, the list of organizations and groups he served and supported is lengthy. • He was president of the Indianapolis Landscape Association in 1969. He was inducted as an Honorary Member in 2000. • He was president of the Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association in 1976. He received its Award of Merit in 1995. • He was a longtime member of the American Society of Landscape Architects. In

Mark Holeman’s private garden

Landscape Mulch Playground Surfacing Soil and Compost Erosion Control Seed Installation Turf Topdressing Green Roofs

1998, he received a Lifetime Achievement Award from the Indiana Chapter. Mark was particularly active at the Indianapolis Museum of Art (Newfields) where he was: • President (1979) and longtime supporter of the Horticultural Society. • Member for over 20 years of its Environmental and Historic Resources Committee, helping to guide the development of and care for the institution’s gardens and historic properties. • Vice Chair and Chair during his eightyear tenure on the Board of Governors. • Generous donor, including funding the Mark and Carmen Holeman Gallery of contemporary art. In 2015, Mark became an inaugural recipient of Newfields’ highest honor, the Distinguished Service Award. Among other groups that benefited from his engagement were the Indianapolis Zoological Society, Herron School of Art, St. Vincent Hospital, Indianapolis Art Center, Franklin College, Festival Music Society, Indianapolis Ballet, and Butler University, which in 1990 honored him with its Alumni Achievement Award. Mark was not a big sports fan. However, for one July week every year, instead of being in the office, meeting with a client or on a job site, Mark, with Carmen, would be found at the Indianapolis Tennis Championships. He would in fact follow tennis throughout the year. It was only appropriate, that this sport of gentlemen appealed to Mark. He was always a perfect gentleman himself. A celebration of Mark’s rich life will be scheduled for a later date. A memorial to Mark is going to be incorporated into the gardens of Newfields.

The Forest Commodities Mulch Blaster can deliver a maximum amount of mulch, soil, aggregate or playground surfacing in a short amount of time. Our blower truck service efficiently places landscape materials saving time and money on labor intensive jobs. The Mulch Blaster can blow hundreds of feet from the truck and in hard to reach locations – evenly spreading at the same time. This reduces labor costs and project time.


Donations in support of the memorial can be made to Newfields, either online at: https://discovernewfields.org/give, or by mail to: Newfields Attn: Advancement 4000 Michigan Rd. Indianapolis, IN 46208 Please note that your donation is in memory of Mark Holeman.

VS. 5 person crew = 5 cubic yards per hour

Mulch Blaster = 20-60 cubic yards per hour

Visit our website to see a video of The Mulch Blaster in action!






Essential to Our Industry Kevin Van Sessen, Blade Cutters Landscaping

Your premiere landscape supply store in central Indiana. Choose from an extensive supply of products at any of our three locations NORTH INDY 4931 Robison Road Indianapolis, IN 46268 (317) 228-4900 SOUTH INDY 5202 S. Harding Street Indianapolis, IN 46217 (317) 782-8600 NOBLESVILLE 1893 S. 8th Street Noblesville, IN 46060 (317) 774-7100

Call for a quote! 800-365-5678


As a board member of the INLA and owner of Blade Cutters Landscaping in Crown Point, I have been introduced to a whole new world in landscaping with COVID-19 as our partner. This year has been extraordinary in many ways; here are a few interesting developments that we have experienced and we thought we would share. This is a re-cap to the early critical hours and days to prove that humanity needed our industry to help. On March 23rd, the pandemic hit us at the very beginning of our season where most of our work is centered on preparation: maintenance on vehicles and equipment, hiring crew members, developing routes for lawn and spring maintenance, buying new equipment, and sales for larger landscaping projects for both residential and commercial customers. At the very beginning we worked with INLA to understand our role in this new world order. Are we “essential” or not? Fortunately, our organization has very knowledgeable leaders and they immediately began conversations with the government agencies that truly do have the final say in how our industry is regulated. One of the first revelations I experienced during this time was one of deep respect and extreme loyalty that our organization, the Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association, stepped up and showed compassion and empathy for others. This was evident in the chain of emails flying around during that first few days! Our leadership showed that not only are they well educated about our industry, they are passionate about every thing living. Not just nature. They have taught me personally a lot about the kind of people who find a true vocation in their every day jobs, and go on to live that vocation throughout their lives. I have a deep respect for them, now more than ever. At Blade Cutters we very quickly learned that if we instituted some new practices within our business, we could continue to operate as an essential entity. We received information from the Governor’s Task Force with strict guidelines to be followed. These guidelines were beyond important for employee and public safety, and were developed collectively by this professional group and the Indiana Economic Development Corporation (IEDC), the State of Indiana’s lead economic development agency. With this collaboration of minds, we could continue to keep people employed safely, and to keep our business viable. We immediately purchased masks, gloves, hand sanitizer, and disinfectant for all the various “touch points” in vehicles, tools, and equipment. We structured our work crews to stagger their arrival at our shop, so as not to have more than 6-8 people here at the same time, and then taught them all about how they can social distance on the job, including adding vehicles to their routes, etc. We insist on disinfecting continually, and our shop office space has deep cleaning weekly. We even used our mosquito sprayers as disinfectant sprayers on all surfaces in the office and the trucks. We also took all the information we were given by INLA from the Governor’s Task Force and printed it, put it in the vehicles, and then sent it out via social media and email to our partners here in Northwest Indiana. This included various other landscaping companies and also all of our vendors. I heard from many since on how helpful that has been. And we have spread the honest truth about how diligently our statewide landscapers, nurserymen, fertilization company’s, etc., worked to perform the task of being “deemed essential”. We really are important in so many facets, I think we all know what we do but COVID-19 put things in perspective of how important we are to each other and mankind. I am proud to be a part of this excellent organization who led the way for our industry in these trying times, not only in my part of the state, but the whole state and even in the Midwest. We are truly awesome! With overwhelming gratitude, Kevin Van Sessen, Blade Cutters Landscaping Special thanks to Rick Haggard who worked incredibly hard to share communication with everyone in this great industry. You are the true “glue” my friend!




The precision engineered, ruggedly designed Kubota machines. Built upon a single-minded truth understood by operators on jobsites all over the world. Reliability comes in just one color.










Dirt N Turf

613 W Main Street www.dirtnturfinc.com Greentown, IN 46936 765-628-2800 KubotaUSA.com *$0 Down, 0% A.P.R. financing for up to 60 months on purchases of select new Kubota K008, KX, U, R, SVL, SL (SSV’s) & TLB Series equipment from participating dealers’ in-stock inventory is available to qualified purchasers through Kubota Credit Corporation, U.S.A.; subject to credit approval. Some exceptions apply. Example: 60 monthly payments of $16.67 per $1,000 financed. Offer expires 12/31/19. For complete warranty, safety and product information see dealer or KubotaUSA.com.




Indiana Accredited Horticulturist Update Rick Haggard, INLA Executive Director

I cannot begin to appreciate all the dedicated hard work the Indiana Accredited Horticulturist (IAH) committee has done over the past few years. Through their efforts it has enabled me to reach out to various entities within the state of Indiana to be utilizing our IAH program as an elective teaching mechanism at various institutions. This has all been done with the assistance from the Indiana Department of Workforce Development, the Department of Education, and the Department of Corrections. The afore mentioned state divisions, in my opinion, have seen the opportunity of a successful horticulture/green industry program already put in place via the IAH manual to introduce others seeking a different career path or turning a hobby into a career. I think all that have been directly or indirectly involved on this committee should be congratulated for their efforts and the progress of this revered program. Like many of you have had to adapt to the ever-changing ways of conducting business in during the COVID-19 pandemic, many different functions of the INLA were also put to task with adjusting “normal” routines and the IAH Certification program was one of them. It became obvious that the IAH needed to be accessible to meet the criteria of teaching our program through various virtual programs. I must admit to feeling overwhelmed when I was first advised by the schools offering the IAH program, such as Vincennes, Excel Centers, and Indianapolis Metropolitan High School (the newest to utilize the IAH certification program). Many of these institutions’ physical sites were being closed and online classes were being enacted due to the COVID-19 pandemic. Well let’s just say that the “deer in the headlight” feeling came over me rather quickly! According to the latest counts since February of 2020, there has been an additional 30 newly certified IAH individuals, 2 of which are IAH Masters. They are involved or were participants in the following: Our industry, Vincennes University, Department of Corrections, and joint effort with Department of Workforce Development and Department of Education. There have been 49 individuals take the exam since February and according to our count roughly 30 passed the initial IAH and 2 passed the Master IAH. This is a record for the current time frame. On another note, I was on a call just the other day with the Lake County Juvenile Detention and Probationary Department regarding the utilization of our IAH program to get youths involved. I was remiss in mentioning that many of the above programs are for those 18 and over. I know they were describing their program to me and mentioned they already have a program in place that would definitely be more towards the garden center — growing and hands on side of things and not so much the “scientific” part of the IAH program. Recently the idea of having distinctions of certain disciplines within the IAH has been brought up in the IAH committee meetings, much like the automotive industry as an “ASC Certified” mechanic.

Here is a breakdown of the newly certified IAH members: IAH Masters Certification

• Kobbe Franklin, Walnut Ridge Nursery and Garden Center (IGE location) • Sarah Symons, Serviscape (Allen Landscape location) IAH Certification

Indiana Green Expo (Jim Messmer, proctor) • Kyley Lee, Outdoor Environments Group (OEG) • Adam Mitchell, Outdoor Environments Group (OEG) • Laura Inglehart, LGI Landscaping • Andrew Marrs, Andrew Marrs Garden Design • Lorie Farr, Midwest Lanscape Industries (MLI) • Michael Gregory, Indiana University • John Cento Allen Landscape site (Melissa Mravec, proctor) • Lauren Lockridge, Serviscape • Kelly Marlow, Hubingers Vincennes University • Nicholas Tracy Excel Center West (Instructor Ms. Valencia Givens) • Karlin Edouard • Dedee Austin • Swedi Lwandiko Excel Center Lafayette (Instructor Ms. Sarah Goodman) • Nicolaus Clement • Rhett Wierenga • Ankit Toppo Indianapolis Metropolitan High School (Instructor Sean Litchford) • Yosaidra de la Cruz • Charles Craig • Javon Hill • Zarion Haynes

Individuals who earned IAH Certification from Excel Center West (l-r): Ms Valencia Givens (Instructor), Karlin Edouard, Dedee Austin, Swedi Lwandiko, and Acziri Luerano (in individual photo). 12


New Castle Correctional Facility (NCCF – Instructor Sue McConahay) • Christopher • James Erwin III Applegate • Ernest Long • Marc Allee • Jesse Lewis • Robert Lemish • John Girvin • Jason McPherson • Chris Blank • Joshua Baker • Joseph Lenart



Registration Deadline

July 31, 2020* Please register early.

* While last minute onsite registration is available, it is not recommended.

http://inla1.org/ 14


INEF Shooting For Scholarship

REGISTRATION AND SPONSORSHIP FORM DATE: Friday, August 7, 2020 Shoot Location: Indiana Gun Club 14926 E 113th Street Fortville, IN 46040

Shoot Pricing: $600 per team of 5 includes shoot, breakfast, and lunch $125 per person includes shoot, breakfast, and lunch Shoot registration includes: Targets, shells, shotguns (upon request), safety instructions, limited shooting instructions, refreshments, lunch, & prize eligibility.

Schedule (all times EDT): 9:00–10:00 a.m. — Breakfast and registration at Indiana Gun Club in Fortville, IN 10:30 a.m. — Sporting clay shoot begins 12:00 p.m. — Catered lunch 1:00 p.m. — Live auction

Please register early. Last minute onsite registration is available but not recommended.

Please complete the registration and sponsorship forms below and email or mail to INLA by July 31, 2020.

Email: info@inla1.org Mail: INLA 7915 S. Emerson Ave., #247, Indianapolis, IN 46237 Questions: 800-443-7336 or 317-889-2382




Sponsors will be acknowledged verbally and on signage throughout the program, in addition to an upcoming issue of the INLA magazine. Sign up for sponsorships soon and realize the maximum benefit of pre-event publicity!

Name(s) of individuals or team of 5 attending: 1)________________________________________________________ 2)________________________________________________________

Company: _________________________________________




Cell: ______________________________________________




___ We will staff our station

City, St, Zip:_______________________________________________

Sign me up for the following sponsorships (we have more than one sponsor per category):

Phone:______________________ Cell:____________________ Email:___________________________________________________


_____ $250 Station Sponsors — your logo/name on individual station signage. PLEASE PROVIDE A LIVE AUCTION ITEM. (20 opportunities or 2 per station)

_____Shoot: Team of 5 @ $600/team.....................$_____________

_____ $250 Breakfast at Indiana Gun Club (2 opportunities)

_____Shoot: Individual @ $125/person..................$_____________

_____ $500 Lunch at Indiana Gun Club (2 opportunities)

_____Shoot: Spectator Only @ $50/person............$_____________

_____ $350 Beverage (2 opportunities, alcoholic beverages after the sporting clays and non-alcoholic beverages throughout the day)

_____Sponsorship Contribution Total....................$_____________ _____Additional Scholarship Contribution.............$_____________ Total amount enclosed.................................$____________

_____ $300 Prize (2 opportunities) will be awarded to firstplace individuals on each team ($50 gift cards)


_____ Door prize donations (please describe) _______________________________________________

___ Check enclosed made payable to INLA ___ Credit card (circle one): MasterCard Visa Discover AMEX Name on card:_________________________________________ Card number:__________________________________________ Expiration date:______/______

Security code: ________

Billing address if different from above: (address, city, state, zip) _____________________________________________________


(Suggestions are coolers, tools, bag chairs, electronic items, event tickets, gift cards, etc.)

_____ Live auction donations (please describe) _______________________________________________ _______________________________________________ (Suggestions are gift cards, landscape material, products, electronics, equipment, etc.)

_____________________________________________________ Email receipt to:________________________________________




Planting Pollinator Friendly Landscapes Kathleen Prough, Apiary Inspector, IDNR, Division of Entomology and Plant Pathology You may have read that pollinators are having problems. Recent news stories have covered declining populations of honey bees, rusty patch bumble bees, and monarch butterflies; however, all pollinators need help. The Indiana nursery industry can help promote these invaluable species through the promotion of pollinator friendly plants. Protecting and planting for pollinators has increased since 2014 when President Obama created a federal strategy to promote the health of honey bees and other pollinators. After the release of the federal strategy, states created their own Pollinator Protection Plans. Indiana’s plan was established in 2015. What do pollinators need? Habitat. Habitat consists of trees, bushes, grasses, forbs and annuals. They need flowering plants for nectar and pollen sources. Specific plants that host larvae. Safe places to nest and hibernate. Shelter from the wind and rain. Native bees need places to nest. Honey bees and bumble bees live in colonies. Honey bee hives can reach up to 60,000 bees while bumble bee may have 500. The majority of native bees are solitary. Each bee is on its own. There are many species or native bees that nest in the ground while others nest in decomposing logs and hollow twigs. Weed suppressing fabric hinders nesting. Loose open soil or soil covered with mulch is better for ground nesting bees. Leave decomposing logs and hallow twigs or stems in gardens for native bees to use. Keep part of the landscape as natural as possible. Adult butterflies and moths need nectar, shelter from the wind, and places to perch and sun themselves. Larvae feed on native trees, bushes, grasses or forbs. They need a safe place to lay eggs and pupate. This may be under a leaf, in a groove in a tree or under debris on the ground. It’s important to take care with the plants selected and maintained. Bees get all 16

their food from flowering plants. Nectar is their carbohydrates. Pollen provides amino acids and minerals. When thinking about what types of plants to put in your pollinator garden, go for old fashion varieties of flowers with fewer pedals. Bees and butterflies like an open landing area on the flower. Bees usually sit and crawl around on the flower to get the nectar and pollen. Butterflies like to sit or hang onto the flower while collecting nectar. Native plants will attract native pollinators. Many moth and butterfly larvae need specific plants to eat. For example, the monarch butterfly larvae will only feed on milkweed plants (Asclepias sp.). Indiana native plants are used to our soil and climate. Many native plants will grow well in wet areas or rain gardens. There are some cultivated plants that will also attract pollinators. They can be more disease resistant and still provide a good sources of nectar and pollen. Flowering annuals such as zinnias, cosmos and Mexican sunflower (Tithonia) can attract pollinators. By using native plants, cultivars and annuals together you could have a wellrounded landscape for pollinators. The best garden or landscape would have something in bloom from spring into fall. • Spring: Spring blooming plants help feed early butterflies and bees. Red maples are one of the first trees to bloom in the spring, producing pollen for bees. Fruit trees provide nectar. Many early blooming native plants are good early nectar source and are located in woods. • May through July: There are many plants blooming from May through July. American linden, tulip popular and catalpa trees are good nectar


trees. Button bush, cotoneaster, blueberry bushes are blooming. Many perennials, mints, herbs, fruits and vegetables will provide nectar during this time. Native plants are blooming and also feeding larva of butterflies and moths. • Late July and August: Fewer plants are blooming in late July and August. Marsh milkweed, blazing star liatris, Joe pye weed, and a large patch of coneflowers are good to have for pollinators. Summersweet Clethra bush is a pollinator magnet at this time. • September: September is an important month to have something blooming for the migrating monarch butterflies heading south. Asters, boneset, sedum, sneezeweed and goldenrod are some that are still blooming at this time. A big patch of zinnias and cosmos blooming would be appreciated by those migrating south. Many plants that attract bees and butterflies grow best in full sun. Trees and bushes can be planted in certain areas while the sun loving flowering perennials are planted in full sun or along the edge of a wooded area. Tips to remember when promoting pollinator friendly habitat:

IDNR SPOTLIGHT Pollinators need pesticide free plants. Don’t use pesticides when plants are flowering. No systemic insecticides please. These insecticides could be present in the leaves, nectar and pollen of the plant. If you use pesticides for pests, use sparingly. Choose ones that are less toxic to bees and does not persist on vegetation. Apply in the evening when fewer pollinators are active. Read and follow all labels to protect pollinators. When getting plants for your pollinator garden, do your homework to know which plants may become aggressive or spread where you do not want them. The obedient plant (Physostegia virginiana) is a great nectar plant, but not very obedient since it will spread aggressively. Many mints are loved by pollinator but spread by rhizomes. These could be put in pots to control spreading. Before planting, know what plants may spread, are considered invasive, or are prohibited in Indiana. When planning your pollinator garden, plant a grouping of the same plants together so butterflies and bees can see it when passing. Make it worth their time to collect enough nectar or pollen in one place. A large group of coneflowers is a pollinator’s heaven. Some pupae and adults over-winter in leaf debris. Don’t clean up all the debris in the fall that may contain hibernating chrysalis and adult butterflies and moths. Clean up leaves in late spring instead.

Great ways to help pollinators is by introducing more native plants into your landscaping. Bring a little variety to your garden. Stop planting the same old trees, bushes and flowers. Try more native plants. There are more dealers selling native plants in Indiana then there used to be. There is plenty of information on how to help pollinators that can be found online. Here are some websites you may want to check out.: Indiana Pollinator Protection Plan: https://www.oisc.purdue.edu/pesticide/p3_activities.html Indiana Regulated Plant Information: https://www.in.gov/dnr/entomolo/2894.htm Protecting Pollinators in Home Lawns and Landscapes, Purdue Extension Publication https://extension.entm.purdue.edu/publications/POL-1/POL-1.html Recommended Indiana-Native Plants for Attracting Pollinators, Purdue Extension Publication https://extension.entm.purdue.edu/publications/POL-6/POL-6.html Protecting and enhancing pollinators in urban landscapes, Michigan State University Extension https://www.canr.msu.edu/uploads/resources/pdfs/ProtectPollinatorsInLandscape_FINALLowRes.pdf Where to buy native plants https://growindiananatives.org/buy-native/ Indiana Native Plant Society https://indiananativeplants.org/

About the Author

Kathleen Prough has been a beekeeper and avid gardener for over 30 years. She has been with the DNR since 1994 and currently holds the position of Apiary Supervisor with the Division of Entomoloy and Plant Pathology.

Propagating native trees and shrubs

Phone: (317) 994-5487 Toll free: (866) 766-8367



Specializing in Root Pruning

3339 West 850 North, Lizton, IN 46149



July/August 2020

The Hardscape Issue BUSINESS



18 2020 Hardscape Trends

19 Hardscape Equipment Snapshot

22 Nostoc commune: “The Blob” to Crusty Black Stuff


2020 Hardscape Trends Smack dab in the middle of their busy season, INLA News asked several landscape suppliers “what trends (color, size, shape, etc.) are you seeing for 2020?” We thank everyone for taking time to respond. Here are their responses:

Michael Westafer, Techo-Bloc In my region of Chicago/northern Indiana we are seeing colors push into the grey and charcoal areas with a subtle and tight range. It follows the trend that you see in interior design right now with the pale grey, black, and white color palette. Earth tones and pastels are seemingly out. As far as texture, I’m seeing a move toward smooth textures and away from the shale or stone replication textures. We’re also seeing a lot of large-scale slabs and single-sized units in a stacked bond layout. I’m seeing this used a lot for pool deck applications. Jason Hammon, Belgard Large format is really taking off. What used to be popular were the 8" x 10" format series, but now and for the last couple of years really, it’s the 18" x 24" format series. The aesthetic leans toward more modern contemporary, smooth linear lines. While there is still interest in flagstone the look is less tumbled with true corners rather than rounded. The color blend in the upswing is the grey/charcoal blend. As for shape, I’m still seeing the 3 piece blend. While the 3 piece blend has been standard for 7 to 10 years, it’s now being used in the larger format.


Belgard Lafitt® Grana Slab

Jill Fouts, Reading Rock The color trend is definitely grey and the shape trend is large format. As far as texture, we’re seeing about 75% still wanting some texture. There’s a big interest in outdoor rooms with kitchen, grill, island, and fireplace. With everything we make being displayed at our Fishers yard, we’ve seen a lot more homeowners coming into look and we’re seeing a lot of interest in fire pits. Since we’re not geared toward retail, we are happy to refer them to qualified contractors. For residential, retaining walls, we’re seeing a trend toward big block, natural stone look, and a brown and grey color trend. Stoney Suski, Unilock The size again this year is large format, with a smooth texture and a contemporary look and the color trend is the grey tones. Overall we’re seeing a big interest in fire pits and roofed structures along with the continued interest in outdoor kitchens.


Alan Drane, Stone Center of Indiana First, we’re seeing a massive amount of interest from homeowners in upgrading their backyards this year — fire pits, patios, etc. Also, we’ve seen a substantial increase in selecting natural stone for all types of projects. In terms of the hardscape trends for both natural stone and pavers, there has been a dramatic shift over the last few years from the earth tones to the cooler colors of grey, white, blacks, and blues and that continues this year. As far as size, the larger format is definitely the trend. There has been a shift to a modern and contemporary look. This may be a generational shift but it also matches up with the architectural popularity of mid-century modern homes. This larger format looks very nice with the 1950s homes being rehabbed today.






765-643-4222 www.bobcatofanderson.com




Three decades of field work, research, design, innovation and testing go into crafting the most advanced cutting machines in the world. You’ll see, firsthand, why the most respected landscape professionals trust Exmark ® 2-to-1 over the next best-selling brand of zero-turn mowers.*




Based on QZE702GEM42200 • 42” fabricated deck • Exmark 702 V-Twin engine • Up to 7.0 mph




Based on RAE702GEM44300 • 44” UltraCut™ Series 3 deck • Exmark 702 V-Twin engine • Up to 8.0 mph




Based on LZE751GKA524A2 • 52” UltraCut Series 4 deck • FX751V Kawasaki® engine • Up to 8.0 mph



Visit exmark.com or your dealer for complete financing details.

*Trusted 2-to-1 over the next best-selling brand of zero-turn mowers. Based on U.S. Data study by Wiese Research Associates Inc. Market Share and Additional Equipment Study (February 2016)




Hardscape Equipment Snapshot Take a gander at some of the new equipment that will help you get the job done faster, safer, and more efficiently.

Avant Articulated Loaders McGavic Outdoor Power

Brian McGavic • (317) 774-5888 https://www.mcgavicoutdoorpower.com/

Articulated steering and light frame allow Avant loaders to be driven gently on delicate surfaces such as grass, building foundations and paving. There’s also plenty of power for all the heavy-duty jobs required, such as handling fertilizer sacks and stone pallets. Our loaders’ thrust power is among the best for their size. Spreading surface materials, such as crushed stone and stone dust, is quick and effective with Avant. We have created an amazingly versatile loader that will take care of both landscaping and maintenance of your garden and green areas. Hydrostatic transmission and the joystick-operated telescopic boom add control precision and help you to create an exceptional finish. https://www.avanttecno.com/us/applications/landscaping

STIHL TSA 230 West Side Tractor Sales – Lafayette Bill Price, Sales Manager

(765) 447–6933 • https://www.westsidetractorsales.com/

Everyone wants a tool that will make their job easier, safer, and profitable ... STIHL has just that; the TSA 230! Compact, lightweight, and easy to maneuver, what else could a hardscaper ask for? With its 36 Volt -LithiumIon Battery technology the TSA 230 has changed the hardscape game!



Vacuworx Vacuum West Side Tractor Sales – Lafayette

Bill Price, Sales Manager (765) 447–6933 • https://www.westsidetractorsales.com/

Vacuworx Vacuum technology from West Side Tractor makes light work out of heavy lifting on landscape construction and demolition projects. Install and remove concrete and stone slabs and pavers, sidewalks, wall caps and steps quickly and safely without the strain of manual lifting.

Bobcat Small Articulated Loaders Bobcat of Indy

Joe Bright • (800) 825-9132 • https://bobcatofindy.com/

This turf-friendly, highly maneuverable small articulated loader offers a light footprint and heavy workload.

Billy Goat Debris Vacuum West Side Tractor Sales – Lafayette

Bill Price, Sales Manager (765) 447–6933 • https://www.westsidetractorsales.com/

Step up to the heavy-duty cleanup power of the MV debris vacuum. Designed for both hardscape surfaces and turf, the MV is ideal for larger properties, commercial lots, leaf cleanup, parks, city streets, school districts or municipal festival cleanup.

Small, articulated loaders can take on a multitude of big challenges in small spaces – while minimizing disturbance to established surfaces. These nimble loaders offer a tight-turning articulation joint that allows maneuverability in tight spaces along with a turf-safe mode to limit the chance of cutting into the turf as it turns or hauls a load. Bobcat® small articulated loaders offer impressive lifting capability and a compact size that easily works inside fenced-in landscapes, nurseries, and more. From material handling to grounds maintenance, this small machine can take on many kinds of landscaping projects.




Nostoc commune: “The Blob” to Crusty Black Stuff Joe Boggs, Assistant Professor, Ohio State University Extension Heavy spring rainfall this year has been very beneficial to the cyanobacterium, Nostoc commune (NC). Of course, that’s not the name that most people will use to refer to this ancient organism. Emails and phone calls to horticulture professionals may describe it as rubbery yellowish-green or bluish-black growth rising from the soil; some may just describe it as “the blob.” NC may also be described as “black crusty stuff” once rainfall subsides and sunlight prevails, but more on that later. Identification requests commonly include descriptions of impacts far beyond the capabilities of NC such as killing lawns. This cyanobacterium does not kill turfgrass or anything else in landscapes. Openings in turfgrass are being caused by something else and NC is just an innocent bystander taking advantage of an opening to the sky.

It’s Not an Alga! Cyanobacteria have long been mislabeled as “blue-green algae.” That’s because they have slightly bluish-green photosynthetic pigments in their cytoplasm. Since the bacteria act like plants by producing their own “food” (polysaccharides) and generating oxygen, cyanobacteria were once lumped in with the algae. However, algae, as well as other plants (and animals), are Eukaryotes meaning their nuclei are wrapped in a membrane. Cyanobacteria lack membrane-bound nuclei; a condition that makes them a Prokaryote.


Cyanobacteria have a number of interesting tricks up their prokaryotic sleeves. They are single-celled organisms that can exist in multicellular states with chains of cells stuck together within a sheath to form a filament. This allows the cells to communicate and share nutrients over a large area which is how many Nostoc species form large mats. Cyanobacteria have specialized cells called heterocysts that can grab nitrogen out of the atmosphere in a process called “nitrogen fixation” to convert the nitrogen into molecular forms that make the element available for the bacteria as well as plants. For this reason, some cyanobacteria may be found growing on the surfaces of plants, including certain algae, which once added to the confusion with learning the true identity of these unusual bacteria. Some, such as NC, also have specialized pigments in their cells that absorb UV light to protect against UV radiation. This allows this bacterium to survive intense solar radiation. In fact, Nostoc spp. have a worldwide distribution and may be found thriving under some of the most extreme environmental conditions. Some biologists consider them to be a type of “extremophile” which is important to remember when you’re trying to eliminate them! The otherworldly appearance of hydrated NC is responsible for several common names. It was once believed the alien-looking masses originated from the dust of shooting stars (a.k.a. meteors)


which accounts for the common names of star-jelly, star-shot, and star-slime. Other common names such as “witch’s-butter” are self-explanatory.

An ID Challenge NC and others in this genus of unusual organisms are often misidentified because of their changing appearance. During periods of wet weather, NC may look like an agglomeration of rubbery yellowish-green to bluish-black material is “bubbling-up” from the soil. During periods of dry weather, the odd-looking masses collapse and turn black; the “black stuff” that will appear later this season. In fact, this is the most common appearance of Nostoc spp. that does not enjoy irrigation. Dehydrated NC is the form of this cyanobacterium that is most commonly encountered in landscapes, nurseries, and even in drainage ditches. Drying occurs quickly; however, this causes no harm to the cyanobacteria. It’s actually a survival strategy supported by a range of polymers that keep the overall structure intact. The bottom line is that NC and other mat-forming members of this genus are not toxic; they cause no harm to plants or animals including harm to the health of concerned Ohio landowners. However, the mucoid hydrated mates can become slippery when wet, so tread carefully. Almost Older Than Dirt There are a number of evolutionary connections between cyanobacteria and the

rise of plants. Biologists generally agree that chloroplasts in plants have their ancestral origins with cyanobacteria through an evolutionary process called “symbiogenesis.” Without cyanobacteria, higher plants as we know them would not exist. In fact, neither would we. Earth has been around for about 4.55 billion years. Some believe our planet has been around slightly longer, but what’s a few billion more or less among friends. There was no oxygen in Earth’s early atmosphere; it was “anaerobic.” That didn’t mean life didn’t exist, but it was life-forms that evolved and lived without oxygen. Some of those anaerobic microbes still exist, but not where they’re exposed to the oxidizing effects of oxygen. The geologic record in the form of bands of rust in rocks shows that something remarkable happened around 2.45 billion years ago. It’s referred to as the Great Oxygenation Event (GOE) and marks the beginning of a rapid change in Earth’s atmosphere from anaerobic to aerobic. GOE occurred at about the same time that cyanobacteria appeared on the scene so it was once believed that these bacteria were entirely responsible for the rise of oxygen (literally). However, recent research has shown that other microorganisms were already producing some oxygen before the cyanobacteria. Regardless, it’s still generally accepted that these remarkable bacterial oxygen pumps played a significant role in pushing atmospheric oxygen towards the current 21% that we enjoy today. So, you should thank cyanobacteria with your next breath.

Managing an Ancient Although NC is a remarkable organism that causes no harm and has even been investigated for use in land reclamation sites, it and other cyanobacteria in this genus can grow in large mats that present a slippery safety concern in nurseries and greenhouse walkways. Blackened, dehydrated colonies can create an unsightly mess on the bottoms of plant containers. The same is true with colonies growing in gravel driveways. Still, it’s almost impossible to eliminate an organism that has survived numerous

mass extinctions from rampaging volcanoes to a dinosaur-killing meteor strike. Here are some points to consider. Water: Nostoc spp. are terrestrial organisms that can survive long periods looking like blackened, dried-out mucus. However, they must have periodical infusions of water to thrive. So, moisture management through improved drainage is essential. This includes addressing both shallow as well as deep drainage issues. For example, dried Nostoc mats can clog the drainage holes in ground cover and weed control fabrics. Using a coarse bristled push broom to remove dried Nostoc can open the drainage holes; however, nothing will be gained if the underlying soil does not drain rapidly. Fertilizer: Although Nostoc can generate its own food and grab nitrogen from the atmosphere, it must acquire other nutrients from its environment. In fact, phosphorous is considered the most limiting nutrient in Nostoc development. This has also been observed with the aquatic cyanobacteria that periodically foul lake waters; but don’t call the problem “algal blooms!” So, limiting phosphorous runoff can reduce the development of Nostoc mats. Chemicals: Algaecides such as sodium carbonate peroxyhydrate and copper sulfate products provide limited to no control of Nostoc; it’s not an alga. Herbicides such as glyphosate (e.g. Roundup) not only provide no control (it’s not a plant), but the release of phosphorus from dead plants can actually support Nostoc growth. Herbicidal soap products based on ammoniated soap of fatty acids or potassium salts of fatty acids can provide limited efficacy. However, trials conducted by Oregon State University (the Other OSU!) showed that the most effective herbicidal product is Scythe (pelargonic acid). Not only did Scythe kill Nostoc but it also prevented regrowth for several weeks and this product is labeled for treatment of algae, moss, or liverworts in container nurseries. Of course, hydrated Nostoc must be targeted, dried mats are not susceptible. Also, this contact herbicide can damage or kill preferred plants so avoid direct contact as well as drift.

About the Author

Joe Boggs is an Assistant Professor with OSU Extension, Hamilton County, and the OSU Department of Entomology. He specializes in tree and shrub diagnostics and pest management. Joe averages over 100 teaching presentations per year. He’s published articles in the Tree Care Industry Association (TCIA) Magazine, Landsculptor (Michigan Green Industry Association), the Buckeye Arborist, and the Canadian Groundskeeper. He is a frequent contributor to the Buckeye Yard and Garden Line (BYGL) blog [bygl.osu.edu]. His weekly radio segment, “Buggy Joe Boggs Report,” on the Saturday morning show, “In the Garden with Ron Wilson,” (iHeartRadio: WKRC Cincinnati) is syndicated to 34 radio stations in 12 states.



July/August 2020

Certification and Education George Brenn’s IAH Study Guide

George Brenn, Four Seasons Landscaping Nursery, created this study guide to help teach the material covered in the IAH Manual. His intention was to assist those trying to master the subjects within the manual. Text: © George Brenn

Chapter 8: Ornamental Plant Insect Management (part 1) Much of Chapter 8 involves visual associations of particular insects and the IAH Manual contains over 80 images of these insects and/or the damage they inflict on ornamental plants. Many insects are readily identified by their appearance and many can be easily identified by observing the damage they do. Reference to pictures in IAH manual are in bracket parentheses {xx}

INSECTS -What are they? Insects and mites are Arthropods (=jointed foot) and legs of all species are jointed People have internal skeletons; Arthropods have exoskeletons that also serve as their skin. Structure insects have three body parts: Head, Thorax & Abdomen {1} Head contains eyes, antennae, mouth & brain Mouthparts {2} are variable based on how the insect feeds: Chewing: Beetles, Bees, Ants, Grasshoppers Sucking: Aphids, Scale Insects, Leafhoppers, Mosquitoes Lapping & Sponging: Houseflies Siphoning: Butterflies & Moths Thorax has three segments, each usually has one pair of legs; some insects have legs which can be modified for certain purposes: Grasshoppers have back legs which can jump; Japanese Beetles have front legs which can dig; Larval stages may have prolegs {5} (fleshy, unjointed) Wings, if present, are attached to 2nd & 3rd thoracic segment; most species have two pairs of wings as adults; Japanese Beetles have thickened front wings that protect abdomen when not flying Abdomen is usually > length of head and thorax combined, and is segmented; contains gut & reproductive organs; can expand to hold food, water, air, eggs, etc. Life cycle – most insects (not all) start life as an egg. Egg laying= oviposition {3,4}; some insects, Aphids in particular, give birth to live young Simple Metamorphosis= young (Nymphs) look like adults, but no wings and not yet reproductive Aphids, Cicadas, Plant Bugs, Leaf Hoppers, Scales, Thrips Complete Metamorphosis= first: young are in Larval Stage (=worm, grub, maggot); next, they enter the Pupal Stage (inactive & do not feed) usually in a cocoon — Beetles, Butterflies, Bees, Ants, Sawflies, Houseflies. Both Nymphs and Larvae shed their skin as they grow = Molting; most species molt a set number of times before becoming an adult, and these stages of development = lnstars — Japanese Beetles have three instars; Periodical Cicadas have five instars. Some natural enemies attack only at certain pest instars. Adult insects usually have wings and can reproduce. Once the insect becomes an adult, no further growth occurs. Generational Cycle – depends on insects and environmental factors; Tuliptree Aphids can complete one generation in approximately ten days, so population expand rapidly throughout summer, whereas Eastern Tent Caterpillar has only one generation per year. Overwintering – in cold winter regions: insects either die or go into diapause =an overwintering state of arrested development. Gypsy Moth overwinters as an egg; Zimmerman Pine Moth overwinters as a larvae; Lacebug overwinters as an adult. Pest Management based on growth & development Larvae and Adults of insects with complete metamorphosis feed on different parts of a plant. Japanese Beetle larvae (White Grubs) feed on roots, while adult Japanese Beetles skeletonize leaves. No feeding occurs while insect is in pupal stage. Mites – are NOT insects, but are Arachnids and many insecticides have little effect on them. Mites have two body regions and usually have four pairs of legs; No wings. Mites are very small (about 1/50" long). {6} Mites have piercing and sucking mouthparts which extract leaf fluids. Spider Mites are quite common on Spruce, Honeylocust, Maples, and many other trees & shrubs Eriophyid Mites have cigar-shaped bodies (Hemlock Rust Mites) {7} Some mite species cause plants to produce Galls (= abnormal outgrowths of plant tissue) {33} Some mites are predators (good guys) and feed on harmful spider mites.

(George Brenn’s Study Guide: Chapter 8 continues on page 26.)





George Brenn’s Study Guide: Chapter 8 (part 1) (continued from page 24)

How plants are injured by Insect & Mite feeding; Chewers - cut into or remove whole parts of plant tissue Defoliation – Eastern Tent Caterpillar {43}, Gypsy Moth Skeletonization – Japanese Beetle {55}, Elm Leaf Beetle Boring into trunk – Bronze Birch Borer {76, 77}, Emerald Ash borer Suckers- pierce plant tissue and suck out fluids Stippling (“white spots” on leaf surface due to chlorophyll being sucked out) – Lacebugs {12} Distorted leaves – Honeylocust Plant Bug {8}, Potato Leafhopper {9} Curled leaves & stems – Aphids Black Sooty Mold – from Honeydew (sugary excrement) Egg Depositors – Oviposition = laying eggs on or into plant tissue Stem damage – Cicadas Gall formation – Horned Oak Gall Maker

Pest Management Options Some plant injury can be tolerable, but usually becomes unacceptable when damage is > 10% or when other insect matters cause client concern (excrement, defoliation, webbing, etc.) Cultural control – keep plants actively growing via proper watering, fertilization, pruning, mulching. Also by using resistant plants, and plant diversity Mechanical control – pick off Bagworms, smash Japanese Beetles, prune out scale-covered branches Biological control – using predators, parasites, or pathogens that feed on the pests themselves Chemical control – via foliar or trunk sprays, soil drenches or tree injection Some foliar pesticides are systemic and move through leaf & bud tissue Some insecticides, applied as soil drenches or via direct injection move through plants vascular system (imidacloprid is one example)

Conventional Pesticides – wide range of toxicity & residual activity; most attack central nervous system. Organochlorines: persistent; almost all gone from market; Methoxychlor, Chlordane, Kelthane Organophosphates: deteriorate rapidly; do not tend to bioaccumulate; many are now off the market; Acephate, Diazinon, Dursban, Carbamates: lower toxicity to mammals, but highly toxic to bees: Carbaryl (Sevin) Pyrethroids: synthetics that imitate Pyrethrin (naturally occurring botanical); low toxicity to mammals; quick kill; Bifenthrin, Cyfluthrin, Deltamethrin, Permethrin Chloronicotynils: low toxicity to mammals, longer lasting systemics; imidacloprid Alternative Pesticides – Botanicals- plant extracts having insecticidal properties; Pyrethrin, Rotenone, Neem, Citrus Oil Insect Growth Regulators (IGR’s) – synthetics that act like insect hormones: kills insects during molting or makes adults sterile; most active on immature insects; Fenoxycarb, Halofenozide Microbial Extracts – produced by microbial organisms; Bt (Bacillus thuringiensis), Spinosad, Bacillus popilliae (Milky Spore) Horticultural Oils – petroleum or plant-based hydrocarbon chains with insecticidal activity; toxicity due to suffocation or membrane disruption; Dorman Oils are applied during winter dormancy; Summer Oils are applied during periods of active plant growth (not to all plants) Insecticidal Soaps – Potassium or Sodium salts of fatty acid chains; good on soft bodied insects by smothering or disrupting cell membranes Biologicals – living organisms that can be applied with conventional spray equipment; Entomophagous Nematodes General guidelines for pesticide application 1. Spray only when pest are causing a problem 2. Restrict sprays to infested plants 3. Time applications to coincide with susceptible stages 4. Change classes of conventional pesticides at beginning of each new pest generation Integrated Pest Management (IPM) – a systematic approach to managing pest problems with minimal impact on environment. Requires ability to distinguish between pest and natural enemies. Must inspect site (scout) on regular basis and delay control application until pests actually threaten plant appearance.




IAH Quiz

Each quiz will be worth a .5 (one-half) CEU! The Indiana Accredited Horticulturist Committee is pleased to provide you an opportunity to earn CEUs (continuing education units) in each issue of the Indiana Nursery and Landscape News.

IAH QUIZ: JULY/AUGUST 2020 Due: July 31, 2020 Complete the quiz and email or mail to INLA by the deadline above. Be sure to write your name, IAH number, and contact information on the bottom of the quiz when submitting. 1


Thank you and good luck studying! The Indiana Accredited Horticulturist Committee Chair - George Brenn, Four Seasons Landscaping Nursery Committee Members - Brian Bunge, Twixwood Nursery - Gabriel Gluesenkamp, Designscape Hort Services - Wayne Gruber, Niemeyer’s Landscape Supply - Jim Messmer - Melissa Mravec, Allen Landscape - Jodie Overmyer, Marshall County Soil and Water



9 10 11


12 13 14




The INLA office will grade the quiz. Questions and answers have been provided by the IAH committee.

4 5

The IAH quiz offered in each issue can be completed by anyone who is an “Active” (current) IAH (initial or masters). Each quiz will be worth a .5 (onehalf) CEU (continuing education unit) for the completion of the bi-monthly quiz with a pass rate of 80%. Over a 2-year period, you could earn up to 6 CEUs if you take and pass every quiz!








22 23


25 26

ACROSS 3 4 8 9 11 13 15 17 18 21 23 24 25 26


_ation _xchange _apacity Abnormal condition caused by living organisms Tissue transporting water & nutrients in plants Loss of water from plant tissue Largest of the individual soil particles Plants with non-woody fleshy stems Evaporation of water via stomata Tissue responsible for transporting plant food Elements necessary for plant growth Plant completes its life cycle in 2 years Living micro-organism capable of producing disease Plants that have been introduced into a region Underground plant stem; can develop roots at nodes

1 2 4 5 6 7 10 12 14 16 19 20 22

Loss of plant leaves p H below 7.0 Young, undeveloped shoot or flower A group of closely related species Pruning process where plant is cut to ground Plants grown in natural populations in a region p H above 7.0 Green pigment necessary for photosynthesis Showy plant part that produces fruits or seeds A cultivated variety New shoot growth on a conifer Non-infectious disease A group of cells with a similar function

Mature ovary of a flower


Name:_____________________________________________________________________________ IAH No.:___________________________________________________________________________ Phone:____________________________________________________________________________ Email:_____________________________________________________________________________

Send answers to: info@inla1.org -or- mail to INLA, 7915 S. Emerson Ave., #247, Indianapolis, IN 46237




ADVERTISERS Blue Grass Farms of Indiana..........................inside front cover www.bluegrassfarms.net

New Indiana Cell Phone Law Effective July 1

Bobcat of Indy.................................................................3, 19 www.bobcatofindy.com

Indiana House Bill 1070, regarding cell phone usage when driving, was signed into law and takes effect July 1, 2020.

Calvin Landscape................................................................28 www.calvinlandscape.com

Summary of HB 1070: • Prohibits drivers from holding or using a handheld mobile device while operating a moving vehicle. People violating the law after it takes effect on July 1 can be fined up to $500 and potentially lose their driver’s license if violations are repeated.

Fairview Evergreen Nursery...................................................6 www.fairviewevergreen.com

• Once the new law takes effect, touching a phone to, for example, check the weather or look at a photo while driving will be banned. The new measure specifies, however, that it will be legal for drivers to use phones if they’re mounted on a vehicle’s dashboard or in hands-free mode. • Drivers will be able to hold and use a mobile device when their vehicle is stopped. • Provides that the bureau may not assess points under the point system for a violation occurring before July 1, 2021.

Nueva ley de teléfonos celulares de Indiana efectiva a partir del 1 de Julio, 2020 El proyecto de ley 1070 de la casa de representantes de Indiana sobre el uso de teléfonos celulares mientras se conduce, se convirtió en ley y entra en vigor el 1 de Julio de 2020. Resumen de la nueva ley HB 1070: • Prohíbe a los conductores sostener o utilizar un dispositivo móvil de mano mientras operan un vehículo en movimiento.

Brehob Nurseries, LLC.................................outside back cover www.brehobnursery.com

Dirt N Turf...........................................................................11 www.dirtnturfinc.com

Forest Commodities, Inc........................................................9 www.fcimulch.com.com Green Industry Alliance Golf Outing............. inside back cover Indiana Irrigation Co...........................................................23 www.indianairrigation.com MacAllister Machinery Co., Inc............................................25 www.macallister.com Millcreek Gardens..................................................................6 www.millcreekplants.com Peat, Inc..............................................................................21 www.peatinc.com Reynolds Farm Equipment.....................................................5 www.reynoldsfarmequipment.com Tiffany Lawn and Garden Supply.........................................10 www.tiffanylawnandgarden.com Unilock..................................................................................7 www.unilock.com West Side Tractor Sales........................................................13 www.westsidetractorsales.com Woody Warehouse Nursery, Inc...........................................17 www.woodywarehouse.com

• Las personas que violen la ley después de que entre en vigencia el 1 de Julio pueden recibir una multa de hasta $500 y potencialmente perder su licencia de conducir si se repiten las violaciones. • Una vez que la nueva ley entre en vigencia, tocar un teléfono para, por ejemplo, verificar el clima o ver una foto mientras se conduce estará prohibido. Sin embargo, la nueva medida especifica que será legal que los conductores usen los teléfonos si están montados en el tablero de instrumentos de un vehículo o en modo manos libres. • Los conductores podrán sostener y utilizar un dispositivo móvil cuando su vehículo esté detenido. • Establece que la oficina no puede aplicar puntos bajo el sistema de puntos para una violación que ocurra antes del 1 de Julio de 2021. Spanish translation generously provided by: Carlos Reichman, M.J. Schuetz Insurance Services, an INLA member. 28


LOOKING TO PURCHASE EXISTING BUSINESS Landscape, Lawncare, Tree and Shrub Care, or Irrigation Business in Indianapolis or surrounding counties. Call Jim Calvin, Calvin Landscape 317-247-6316


GOLF OUTING Rescheduled for

October 1, 2020

Twin Lakes Golf Club, Carmel, IN Date: October 1, 2020 (Rain date: October 15, 2020) Location: Twin Lakes Golf Club 3200 W. 96th Street, Carmel, IN 46032

Entry Fee: $125.00 per person/ $500.00 per foursome Fee Includes: - 18 holes of golf and cart - Range balls & putting greens - Snacks throughout the event (no lunch) - Free beverages all day during event - Prizes - Dinner/awards afterwards at Clubhouse

Registration: Name of Organization or Individual Telephone with area code

Name of individual registering (Please place me on a team ___)

Names of Team Players (Please list all)

Event Times: Registration: 10 am Shotgun Start / Florida Scramble: 11 am Dinner / Scoring / Prizes immediately following Sponsorships Available: $200.00 HOLE SPONSOR • Company name at selected hole • Company name and information about company/person and product line in outing booklet given to each participant $250.00 GOLD & GIVEAWAY SPONSOR • Company name and information at selected hole • Company name and information about company/person and product line in outing booklet given to each participant $350.00 BEVERAGE CART SPONSOR • Company name in each golf cart at selected hole • Company name and information about company/person and product line in outing booklet given to each participant $600.00 DINNER SPONSOR • Company name in each golf cart at selected hole • Company name and information about company/person and product line in outing booklet given to each participant

Player 1 Player 2 Player 3 Player 4

Number of players x $125 = __________________________ Make checks payable to: Green Industry Alliance P.O. Box 681412 Indianapolis, IN 46268 Or complete charge card information MC




Pay at Registration

Card #: __________________________________________________________________ Expires: _________________________________________________________________ Security Code: __________________________________________________________ Billing Address: ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________

Authorized Signature: _________________________________________________

Questions? Call Rick Haggard, 765-366-4994

Rick Haggard, INLA Executive Director Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association 7915 S. Emerson Ave., Suite 247 Indianapolis, IN 46237 July/August 2020 Address Service Requested

MOTHER NATURE’S FINEST, INDIANA’S BEST For more than 50 years, Brehob has been committed to providing Indiana businesses and landscapers with top-notch quality, selection and availability. Join us as we continue the Brehob tradition of innovation in the green industry.



4867 Sheridan Road, Westfield, IN 46062 317.877.0188 or 877.829.0188


4316 Bluff Road, Indianapolis, IN 46217 317.783.3233 or 800.921.3233

Profile for Indiana Nursery & Landscape Association

Indiana Nursery & Landscape News, July/August 2020  

Recommendations could not be loaded

Recommendations could not be loaded

Recommendations could not be loaded

Recommendations could not be loaded