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The Official Publication of the Indiana Nursery & Landscape Association

Indiana Nursery & Landscape News Volume 77 • Issue 5

September/October 2017

Cover: Hilltop view of Schneider Nursery during INLA Summer Meeting.

The Turf & Soil Issue

A Shift in U.S. Mindset Considering Articulating Machines Super Science of Structural Soil The Future of Fraxinus: Do Ash Trees Have a Future? Turf Resources from Purdue

summer Meeting 2017 REcap see pages 8–10

Follow us!

INLA Annual Awards Program Information & Applications | center insert

Membership Challenge 5

Awards How-To 12

IAH Quiz 28


LOUISVILLE, KENTUCKY October 18-20, 2017 For detailed session descriptions and program information visit PLATINUM SPONSOR


Indiana Nursery & Landscape News Volume 77 • Issue 5 September/October 2017


The Turf & Soil Issue BUSINESS

16 A Shift in U.S. Mindset Considering Articulating Machines Indiana Nursery & Landscape News is the official publication of the Indiana Nursery & Landscape Association, Inc. (INLA) and is published bimonthly. Indiana Nursery & Landscape Association 7915 S. Emerson Ave., Suite 247 Indianapolis, IN 46237 Phone: 317-889-2382 Toll Free: 800-443-7336 Publisher Rick Haggard, Executive Director, INLA 765-366-4994 • Editor and Ad Sales Mary Breidenbach, Cumulus Design 317-757-8634 •


19 Super Science of Structural Soils Community

22 The Future of Fraxinus: Do Ash Trees Have a Future? Community

25 Turf Resources from Purdue

Advertising Rates: Media Kit available online at

Copy Deadline: First of the month preceding the month of the issue. Reprint permission granted if source is indicated. Views expressed in articles or editorials do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of the association or its directors, but are those of the writer. Trade names used in articles are for identification only. No discrimination is intended toward similar products and the INLA does not endorse the use of the products mentioned. Subscriptions: Included with membership to the INLA. Nonmembers: $36.00 per year (six issues per year). For questions regarding subscriptions, please call INLA at 317-889-2382.

Cover Photo: Schneider Nursery, Seymour, IN



Plus More! 2

President’s Message


Executive Director’s Message




Results of the 2017 Membership Challenge

6 Calendar 7

IAH Review Sessiona and Exam Registration Form


Summer Meeeting 2017 Recap


Award of Excellence Submission: What Project to Showcase?


Certification & Education


George Brenn’s IAH Study Guide


IAH Quiz! Earn CEUs


Certification Calendar New IAH Certified


Advertiser List Classifieds Toolbox Talks


Clip & Save INLA Membership Benefits


al I N LA Annu m gra o r P s d r a w A s Application & Information ecember 1 deadline: D insert – – see center

President’s Message

Brian Franco

Well, the summer is halfway over and that means that the INLA summer meeting has wrapped up as well. And what a fantastic event that was hosted by Schneider Nursery. I would like to personally thank Grant, Margie, Jill, and the rest of the staff of Schneider Nursery for hosting this great event. They were very gracious in all they did and spent a lot of time and money to make sure we all had a great time. We were fortunate enough to have our board meeting the night before the tour at Grant’s house, and he was gracious enough to serve steaks and hamburgers! We had a great time and got a lot accomplished while also growing together as a board. The next day was our tour at the Indiana Limestone Company and we got to see the quarry from which all the limestone came for the Empire State Building. Then after our limestone tour we met at Schneider Nursery for lunch and a tour of their 700+ acres of nursery stock. They have an amazing operation and I would advise all of you to check it out sometime if you haven’t already. Dean Riccie and his committee did an excellent job planning the events, especially the highlight of which was the shooting clays competition. This year it was held at Sugar Creek in Mitchell, Indiana, and those of you who participated I’m sure had a great time. The management at Sugar Creek took great care of us and have an awesome facility to host this event that raised a good amount of money for our INEF scholarship. Thanks to all the participated and donated to make this a success. If you have never attended our summer event, be sure to do so next year as I know you’ll have a great time. The topic of this issue is turf and soils. Growing turf in Indiana is challenging enough but with the proper nutrients and soil amendments, you could have an awesome lawn. As far as our soil underneath our hardscaping projects, we need it to be structurally sound and Shaun Yeary has a nice article about that. As we will see, soil conditions are important for all applications of our landscape. We are excited to announce that our awards and trade show committees have been working hard at planning our winter Indiana Green Expo trade show and educational event. If you are planning on exhibiting at the show, please get your booth contract to Rick Haggard soon as we do expect to sell out the trade show again this year. One of the highlights is the INLA annual meeting and especially the Awards of Excellence that are handed out for various categories. We are looking for applicants to submit their projects for consideration, and there is an application enclosed in this issue for you to use. Do you ever wonder how companies win year after year? Well it is 90% the application that they actually submit. Following all the rules and having the right documentation is key, along with before, during, and after pictures. There is no one who has submitted more winning applications than Jennifer Davis, who now works for Blue Grass Farms. She was the one who submitted all those winning entries for Becker Landscaping and has given us cliff notes on how to submit an award-winning entry (see page 12). Be sure to take note and submit those applications this year! Submissions are due December 1! The INLA is committed to continually bettering its board and the operation of things. We are excited to have finally upgraded our website, and I am proud to announce that it is up and running. Please go to and check it out. Enjoy the last few weeks of summer! Everything happens for a reason, just make the best of it! Brian Franco, INLA President,


Indiana nursery & Landscape association •

2017 INLA Officers Brian Franco President Franco Landscaping, Inc. PO Box 34156, Indianapolis, IN 46234 317-858-3858; Fax 317-858-8906 Dave LaFara, President-Elect Tiffany Lawn & Garden Supply 4931 Robison Rd, Indianapolis, IN 46268 317-228-4900; Fax 317-228-4910 Dean Ricci, Vice President Ricci’s Landscape Management, Inc. 502 Norbeh Drive, Hebron, IN 46341 219-996-2682; Fax 219-996-2680 Brian Julius, Past President Walnut Ridge Nursery & Garden Center 2108 Hamburg Pike Jeffersonville, IN 47130 812-288-6691; Fax 812-288-1580 Rick Haggard, Executive Director & Publisher 3596 Linkside Court, Carmel, IN 46032 Office: 800-443-7336 Cell: 765-366-4994; Fax: 317-889-3935 •

Board of Directors Jim Calvin (2018) Calvin Landscape • 317-247-6316 Kyle Daniel (2018) Purdue University, Nursery & Landscape Extension 765-494-7621 • Kim Glass (2017) M.J. Schuetz Agency • 317-639-5679 Gabriel Gluesenkamp (2019) Designscape Horticultural Services 812-988-8900 • Mark O’Brien (2017) Cardno • 574-586-2412 Bob Wasson (2018) Wasson Nursery and Garden Center 765-759-9000 • Shaun Yeary (2019) Greendell Landscape Solutions 317-996-2826

Indiana Nursery & Landscape News • september/october 2017


Executive Director’s Message The latest thoughts, ramblings, and insights from the Executive Director I am writing this Executive Director letter with a couple of issues that I became aware of after meeting with one of our members regarding their H2B worker program. It appears that there have been two companies that I am aware of that did not receive their returning workers, even though they have been in the program for several years. One was fortunate enough to find enough employees, but stressed and struggled to train the current employees in understanding the quality of work Rick Haggard that their company stands for. I would like anyone who has used or is currently using the H2B system to help me understand what struggles you have experienced and vice versa the benefits of such programs. I have been to several work-related programs that are trying to develop a better way for our industry to gain more access to employees. It is frustrating to attend these invitations-only programs and when you provide numbers about the work shortage in our industry, their first question is “Where did you get these statistics or numbers from?” The answer is: these are numbers that have been published by, more often than not, the hosts of these symposiums. Please send me an email or give me a buzz at the number below to discuss further if you feel so inclined. On the subject of future employees, I am very glad to report that several of our local trade school programs seem to be having a better than average enrollment in their horticulture and landscape programs. And it has been great to hear that several individuals and board members have offered their services to be on many advisory councils of these schools. If you are a member of the INLA and wish to offer assistance, feel free to drop me an email or text and I will get you in contact with the closest school offering such programs. Also, the schools would love to receive a tee shirt or hat from your company to post on the wall, letting the students and counselors know there is support for these types of programs. The INLA has a new updated website ,and while we are still working out some of the kinks, the new website will allow us the opportunity to make it as live as possible. If you happen to see Mary Breidenbach, be sure to give her a huge THANK YOU! She has been the driving force of the website/communications committee in getting this accomplished. Indiana gets to play host to the Great Lakes Nursery Association Conference (GLNAC) this year on September 25-27, 2017. For those of you who are not aware, the executive director, president, and vice-president/president-elect from the states of Minnesota, Wisconsin, Illinois, Michigan, Ohio, Indiana, New York, Pennsylvania, and the Providence of Ontario, Canada, meet to discuss key issues on various topics. Almost every state faces similar issues or are threatened by larger issues that could have a positive or diverse effect on the way business is conducted. It allows for direct interaction and dialogue of how each state has dealt with the issues selected from a questionnaire sent out of what topics need to be discussed. This raises awareness of what issues a state may deal with firsthand and what can be done, or plan to be instituted when dealing with a certain issue. When I was president in 2006 and attended my first GLNAC in New York, one of their state issues was invasive species. New York said their first problem was they did not have anyone on their state’s Invasive Species Council and it was very difficult to get involved in any discussions or even be notified of meetings. Keep It Green, Rick Haggard, INLA Executive Director Email: • cell: 765-366-4994


Indiana nursery & Landscape association •

New & Returning INLA Members Turner Nursery Phone: (502) 682-3745 Rick Turner 6301 Robinson Rd Nabb, IN 47147 Wilde Horticultural Services, Inc Phone: (812) 604-5322 Brian Wildeman 510 SE First St Evansville, IN 47713 Musselman Landscape Solutions Phone: (317) 773-5399 Frank Gieseking 17505 Durbin Rd Noblesville, IN 46060 The Turf Boss LLC Phone: (317) 769-5912 Matthew Kelly PO Box 94 Zionsville, IN 46077 Greenbee Landscape LLC Phone: (317) 670-3905 Shawn & Natalie Holstein 4000 West 106th St., Ste 210 Carmel, IN 46032 Premier Landscape & Design Phone: (812) 886-1608 Jason Flynn 1303 N 6th St Vincennes, IN 47591 Blade Cutters LLC Phone: (219) 661-8206 Kevin Van Sessen 1205 Erie Court Crown Point, IN 46307 Green Side Up Inc Phone: (260) 349-0724 Harry Milton PO Box 5020 Kendallville, IN 46755 A+ Outdoor Services LLC Jade Peters (812) 521-0746 2300 E CR 400 S Brownstown, IN 47220


Results of the 2017 Membership Challenge The first INLA Membership Challenge came to a close on May 1, 2017 and resulted in bringing ten new INLA members! As you might recall the Membership Challenge was a new program that the Membership Committee established at the beginning of the the year. The program challenged current INLA members to bring one new member into the association during the challenge period. But it encouraged members to go beyond just one

Just one new member.

new member by offering a prize of a year’s paid dues to INLA to the company that brings in the most new members. The winning company, responsible for three new members, was Kent Wilhelmus, Second Nature Landscape Management in Newburgh, Indiana. Congratulations Kent! Membership Chair Kim Glass, M.J. Schuetz Insurance Co., shared, “I’m very pleased with the results and grateful to all the members who participated.”

2nd Membership Challenge Begins! If you did not have a chance to participate in the first challenge, the next Membership Challenge begins October 1, 2017 and runs through May 1, 2018. Once again the company that brings in the most members will win a year’s paid dues to INLA (2018 membership dues). Details on inside back cover.

Membership Challenge Winner: Kent Wilhelmus, Second Nature Landscape Management Tell us a little about your company and how you became a member. Second Nature Landscape Management is a landscape contracting company based out of Newburgh, IN. We focus on landscape design, development, and maintenance. We have been in business since 2004, but our first encounter with the INLA came in 2009 when we went to our first Indiana Green Expo and attended the trade show. From that experience, I saw the benefits of the trade show, as well as the educational sessions. Since then, we have attended every year. In 2015, I started attending the INLA committee meetings and joined the membership committee where I was fortunate to meet Kim Glass. She has been influential in my passion to become even more involved with the INLA. What motivated you to participate in the Membership Challenge? Through the years I have gotten to know Kim and witness her drive to strengthen and grow the INLA membership. Her dedication and commitment led me to want to help. While the committee discussed many ways to grow membership, Kim really developed the Membership Challenge and worked out its details. One of the things I had noticed was the lack of members in “southern Indiana.” So with this challenge, I wanted to see if I could help grow the INLA membership by increasing the members in my area. In your opinion what is the strongest reason to be an INLA member? The benefits of the INLA correlates to the old saying, “what you put into it, you will get back out of it.” Being a member is one thing, but to get involved and network is where an individual will see the true benefits. I had to step out of my personal comfort zone, drive to Indy, attend the committee meetings while not knowing anyone, and get involved. I can say I am glad I did. I’ve been able to meet so many people within the industry, network with other landscape contractors, meet new vendors, and most importantly: give back to the association. Being involved has allowed me to learn more about my business, grow my business, and implement new ideas into our everyday systems. Attending the summer tour has allowed me to see what other contractors and vendors are doing in the state of Indiana. To gain the full benefits of the INLA association, please consider joining and even getting involved. Participating in the next Membership Challenge is a good start. Thanks to Kim, I got involved. I’d be happy to help you.

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MRTF Annual Golf Day Fundraiser Ackerman Allen Course on Purdue’s campus, West Lafayette, IN


Indiana ASLA Annual Conference Indianapolis, IN • Educational conference


Indiana Tree Climbing Competition Indianapolis IN • Garfield Park


Urban Landscape Pest Management Workshop Columbus, Ohio • This conference is intended for individuals who hold a current commercial pesticide license. CCH available: 2(1), 3A(4), 3B(3), 5(1), 6(1), RT(4)

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Indiana nursery & Landscape association •

Indiana Accredited Horticulturist Program Review Session and Test Registration Date: September 20, 2017

Location: Designscape 2877 T C Steele Road Nashville, IN 47448

SPACE IS LIMITED – Food service is not provided Pre-registration Required Review Session: 9:00 am – 11:00 am Eastern (Optional) Fees: _____$25 for members or _______$55 for non-members, per person Initial IAH or Masters Exam: 11:30 am – 2:00 pm Eastern (No Fee for 1st time if currently IAH Certified) Retest Fee ___$15 members or ___$25 non-members IAH materials must be purchased through the INLA to be certified. Initial Test: Per person ___$95 members or ___$145 non-members (The Review Session is an additional charge per person noted above)

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Indiana Nursery & Landscape News • september/october 2017


Summer Meeting 2017 Recap To those of you who were not able to make the 2017 INLA Summer Tour and INEF Shooting for Scholarships ... well, you really missed out. I cannot begin to say enough about the positive feedback I have received from several individuals who were in attendance on either one or both days. The turnout was fabulous as there were 38 tour registrants and 42 shooters took part in the Scholarship Fundraiser.

ment to visit the cemetary’s website: and view the walking tour. After meeting back at Schneider Nursery for lunch, we embarked on a tour of the nursery itself. I was unaware that many had never been to the nursery or that there are so many nuances of the family nursery. Many of you have heard of the phrase “a picture is worth a thousand words” … well, if you stand at the top of the hill on the back side of the garden center,

Rick Haggard, INLA

Day 1: The Tour Gorgeous Schneider Nursery! Schneider Nursery was the gracious host and location for the 2017 version of our annual summer tour, as we Indiana Limestone once again headed toward beautiful Company Tour southern Indiana. I cannot express my sincere gratitude to the staff at Schneider for putting on a wonderful and engaging meeting location, lunch, tour of one of Indiana’s finest nurseries, a networking dinner with great entertainment, and an educational nursery-related trivia Ready to roll game. at Schneider Nursery After a continental breakfast at Schneider Nursery, our first stop of Active quarry at the morning tour was Indiana Limestone Indiana Limestone Company in Oolitic, Indiana. For a plant geek like me this was very interesting and very educational, as while we were listening to Duffy advise us of the itinerary for the morning he mentioned going to the “Empire Quarry.” Little did I know that the reason this quarry was so named is the fact that all of the limestone used for the Empire State Building was harvested (still had to work in a plant reference) from this particular site. They also have done other projects, like the Pentagon, National The Empire Quarry Cathedral, etc. See what you miss out on by not attending these functions? There are some pictures to follow in this publication Top row Grant Schneider and of the actual area that they quarried the Mollie Borcherding Middle row: Karen Sipes, Mandy Empire State Building from. After touring Goecker, Linda Wayman, Cathy the quarry, we returned to one of the Schneider locations where they cut and assemble Bottom row: Margie (Schneider) various orders. Strange, Jill (Schneider) Glover The next stop was a tour of the Green Hill Cemetery, which was very interesting as it is an homage to the craftsmen of the limestone and stone-carving tradesmen. I would recommend if you have a free mo• • • More photos from the Summer Meeting at • • •­ 8

Indiana nursery & Landscape association •

Winning team of trivia game

Dinner at Schneider Nursery

Ready to roll at Schneider Nursery

you will not find a more peaceful and breathtaking view of a pristine nursery. Yes, I am a little biased as I grew up on a nursery and it is my comfort and solace. Everyone either stayed and wandered around the garden center and play areas or continued networking while others went and freshened up for the evening dinner and activities. The food was excellent, with the true southern hospitality and flavor. The next thing I knew there was a break for the band and a trivia game broke out, orchestrated by Margie (Schneider) Strange. This was no regular trivia game, it was an Indiana nursery industry trivia game. First place was $100.00 for the team ($20.00 per person), second place was $50.00 per team ($10.00 per per-

son), and third place received $25.00 per team ($5.00 per person). All the monies were donated back to the INEF Scholarship Fund. The winning team was Brian Franco, David Todd, John Wolski, Vicki Leak, and Dan Gluesenkamp. To Grant and Cathy Schneider, Margie (Schneider) Strange, Jill (Schneider) Glover, and the entire staff: the INLA is very appreciative of the opportunity and you not only welcoming us ninto your home, but allowing us an opportunity that comes around once in 15 or 20 years. Hopefully, we will not wait that long to ask for another chance!

Day 2: The Shoot The following day was filled with some stress release in the way of the INEF (INLA Scholarship) Shooting for Scholarships Fundraiser. This year this fun networking event, with its primary purpose of raising monies for our scholarship fund, was once again held at Sugar Creek Hunting and Sporting Clays in Mitchell, Summer Meeting Recap (continues page 10.)

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Indiana Nursery & Landscape News • september/october 2017


1/22/16 10:18 AM

Dean Ricci with Team Lawnscapes, Winning Team

Dean Ricci & Mark Funderberger, Top Shooter

Summer Meeting Recap (continued from page 9)

Indiana. Brian and Andrea Waldbieser, owners of Sugar Creek, opened their hunting lodge and facilities to our group, offering us basically “the run of the place.” This facility is remarkable not only in the way the targets are set up, but in the actual beauty of the surroundings. There were a total of 42 shooters composing 7 teams of 5 persons, one team of 4, and one team of 3. The winning team was Team Lawnscapes with members Mark Funderberger, Tom Brummett, and Doctor McTurnin, and a team score of 261. Since there were only three members on this team, the top 3 scores from each team were taken and they edged out perennial winners Team RLM by 1 point. Mark Funderberger was also the top shooter with a score of 93 out of 100. During lunch the annual auction commenced with an estimated fundraising total of around $4,300. More details on what the INEF Shooting for Scholarships raised will be in a future article.

INEF Auction

Team Franco

Team Daugherty

Shaun Yeary

Team Brehob

• • • More photos from the event at • • •­

Thank you! The summer meeting would not be possible if not for the great partnerships we have developed with our sponsors. Below is a listing of those sponsors, who enabled us to have such a wonderful, educational, and absolutely enjoyable couple of days with one another during the INLA Summer Tour 2017 and INEF Shooting for Scholarships. Tour Transportation Sponsor Kevin McCart, Danny Wood, Teri Wood, Josh Murray

M.J. Schuetz Insurance Services Tiffany Lawn and Garden Supply Lunch Sponsor

Westside Tractor Sales Blue Grass Farms Shoot Beverage Sponsor

RLM, Inc Shoot Prize Sponsor

Edward Jones 10

Indiana nursery & Landscape association •

Station Sponsor

Westside Tractor Sales Greendell Landscape Solutions Techo Bloc M.J. Schuetz Insurance Services Brehob Nursery Edgewood Building Supply Belgard Unilock Stone Center of Indiana Price Nurseries Niemeyer’s Landscape Supply SiteOne Landscape Supply

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Indiana Nursery & Landscape News • september/october 2017


Award of Excellence


Award of Excellence Submission: What Project to Showcase? Jennifer Davis, Blue Grass Farms of Indiana Have you ever thought of entering a project into the INLA Awards of Excellence? Reading through the application and trying to pick the perfect project can be overwhelming. There is a process to creating an award winning entry. The rewards when you are finished are an award-winning project or projects and a fantastic marketing piece for your company’s résumé.

Step #1: Select a Winning Entry 1. List all your projects that meet the criteria. Narrow it down to projects that are at least a year or more old if possible. This allows for maximum impact when viewing before, during, and after photos. 2. Evaluate your projects based on complexity, uniqueness, interesting features. Pick the one that highlights most of these. 3. Do you have good before, during, and right after installation images? This is a necessary piece to have for the selected project. 4. Has it been maintained well (hopefully by you!!)? 5. Ask permission from project owner.

Step #2: Gather Information 1. Go through all before and after shots to find pictures that show the impact of your work. Review the pictures during the build process as well for similar shots to show the progression of the project. 2. Go to jobsite on some beautiful weather days to capture the pictures one year later in the same positions as you have for the before and during shots. Also, move around the site and capture the best views trying to maximize the features of the project. 3. Interview the crew! The people that sold the project and/or installed the project love to talk about how it came together. Talk about the process, challenges they faced, and how they problem-solved to overcome those. What parts of the project went smoothly? How long did it take? Etc.

Step #3: Pulling It All Together This is the fun part, although it can be intimidating to get started. Always keep in mind this is your story about the project — how it was built, the fantastic parts, and the difficult parts. Start off with selecting the iconic picture that encapsulates what your project is about. Title the project with name and location. On this page give a brief introduction to what the project consisted of, the location, and any other pertinent information to set the stage. Next, find that perfect “before” picture to showcase either the lack of anything there or to show what had to be removed. Begin talking about 12

Indiana nursery & Landscape association •




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the client, the expectations, budgets, and project requirements. Talk about the timelines for the project. Sometimes what makes a project interesting is the amazing feat of how fast it all comes together. This info begins the story of the project. Add in pictures for the beginning of the build process. Describe the processes that are part of this time in the project and highlight areas of interest, difficult or challenging aspects for the project. If you have a particularly detailed part of the install, highlight that here with some in-progress shots showing how this part was put together. Such as in a residential paver install showing the layers of prep work before pavers are laid. Wrap up the story of your project with some great side-by-side shots. Nothing speaks volumes of a masterpiece better then showing the boring before picture right next to the after picture. Even better — have a before, right after install, and a year later shot to show how the project is maturing. This is also a good time to talk about how the project is doing a year after install — what has worked fantastically, challenges, how it has impacted the people who benefit from it.

In progress shots detailing the progress of the project.

An example of side-by-side photos that show the before and after shots from the same perspective.

These awards are a chance to highlight all the fantastic work you are doing in Indiana. They are also a great way to showcase your crew, talent, hard work, and creativity. Having your project win is a great accolade to show off. But the opportunity to focus on a handful of projects each year begins to create the résumé for your company. After they have been written these awards can be used as part of your marketing to let people know the kind of work you and your crew are capable of. They will have so much more impact than just a series of photos. Good luck! We cannot wait to see all your fantastic project entries!

About the Author Jennifer L. Davis is the Sales and Information Manager at Blue Grass Farms. She earned a BS in Landscape Architecture from Purdue University in 1993. While employed at Becker Landscape, she worked with sales and install teams to put together INLA Awards entries from 2009 to 2013 — winning for 13 different projects! 14

Indiana nursery & Landscape association •

Submissions to the INLA Awards of Excellence competition are due December 1, 2017.

Award submission forms and complete information on the next four page or onine at Questions? Feel free to contact INLA at 800-443-7336 or 317-889-2382.

Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association’s

Annual Awards Program Criteria and Application Forms

• • • Awards of Excellence & Special Achievement Awards • • •

Awards of Excellence Guidelines • • • Categories:

When establishing your category, you must consider the dollar value of the project. All direct costs of labor, material, equipment, subcontractors, etc. plus overhead and profit figures in the dollar value.

1. Residential Landscape Design/Build A. Under $50,000 B. Over $50,000 Description: Landscape projects for single family or duplex residences. (Apartment projects and similar multi-family buildings must be entered in the Commercial category.) 2. Commercial Landscape Design/Build A. Under $39,000 B. Over $39,000 Description: Includes commercial sites or institutional projects as well as multi-family residential projects.

Eligibility: • All INLA active members (except award committee members). • A previous winning project can NOT be re-entered in the same category. • Non-winning project may be re-entered in same category. • All projects must include a completed entry form, written description and photos of the project (hard copy and electronic preferred), and entry fee.

4. Hardscape Commercial Design/Build A. Under $39,000 B. Over $39,000


Entry Format: Each project must include:

Completed entry form

Entry fee ($75), made payable to the Indiana Nursery & Landscape Association

Project submission in both printed and electronic format that includes a written description, photos, and if available, landscape plans of the project.

Written description of project: A descriptive text (500 words maximum) which explains the background for the project and takes into account potential problems and solutions, cost considerations, budget, and any constraints. Text MUST list the client’s criteria for the project and budget considerations. Descriptive text should be saved as a Word document or a PDF with a filename that includes the project name only. Do not include your company name in the filename. Please include the project description in both the printed and digital submissions.

Photos of project:

– Print submission: Include a minimum of 10 and a maximum of 15 images in your printed submission. Please remove any company logos contained in the photos (such as on shirts or trucks) before submitting. If any photo contains your company logo that photo will not be forwarded to the judges.

– Electronic submission: Include a minimum of 10 and a maximum of 15 digital images, saved as JPEG files. Label images as 01_project name.jpg, 02_project name.jpg, etc. in the order you wish the judges to view your images. Do not list your company name in the filename. Please submit at least 3 images at high resolution (300 dpi or about 3 MB) for use in the INLA magazine and for display purposes. The complete electronic submission (photos and written description) may be submitted on CD or thumb drive.

Landscape plans Submit both electronic and printed versions if available. Please remove any company logos/names.

Description: Includes hardscape projects for commercial sites or institutional projects as well as multi-family residential projects. 5. Special Projects Includes any non-conforming horticulture/ landscape project of special merit or unusual character which does not more appropriately belong in one of the other categories. Project examples include: water features, lighting, maintenance, garden centers, erosion control, interiorscapes, restoration, etc.

DEADLINE! December 1

Entry Fee: $75 per project submission

3. Hardscape Residential Design/Build A. Under $50,000 B. Over $50,000 Description: Hardscape projects for single family or duplex residences. (Apartment projects and similar multi-family buildings must be entered in the Commercial category.)

These awards annually recognize those firms that have enhanced the Indiana environment with creativity and beauty through landscaping and horticulture.

Note: Incomplete entries or nonconforming entries will not be considered for awards. Submission Deadline: December 1 (All entry materials, fees, and forms due by this date.)

Awards of Excellence — Additional Information What Do the Winners Receive? • A plaque for winner and their client and a special presentation at the Indiana Green Expo.

• A cover feature on the Indiana Nursery & Landscape News. • Posting on the INLA website ( complete with photos for one year. • A professional press release about their award.

JUDGING Criteria Entries will be judged by submitted material only. Judging will be guided by the following considerations: Design/Build Categories • Overall excellence of design, selection, and appropriateness of materials. • Degree of difficulty • Installation techniques • Craftsmanship • Execution of construction details • Maintenance considerations • Finished appearance of the project as viewed through the use of photographs, images and presentation. Special Projects Category • Uniqueness • Creativity • Overall project will be judged on how well the project met the client’s criteria or needs. • Overall appearance of the project as viewed through the use of photographs, images, and presentation. Consistency will be maintained in evaluation between projects within a category. Type, size, or cost of project will not be criteria for judging. Feedback will be provided for non-winners should they request it.

Award of Excellence Content Suggestions • Entries should be comprised of a written description along with photos and optional plans, sketches, or graphical material. • Photos//text/plans/CDs/thumb drives, etc. must not include the entrant’s name. The entrant’s name should only be included on the entry form. Entries are numbered to protect anonymity.

Award of Excellence Entry Tips • The production of the Award of Excellence entry is a team effort. • Take a lot of pictures so you can include 10 to 15 photos in your entry. a) Different seasons b) Different angles c) Horizontal — for use in a 3-ring binder with sheet protectors d) Vertical — Indiana Nursery & Landscape News might need one for the magazine cover, so make it a stunning one! e) Remember: Block out company name, phone, address, owner(s) personal pictures. • If project appears in the newspaper, ask publication to email a copy to you. • Each picture should have its own description including plant list, unique requirements of the job, a little history, challenges, and solutions. • Create it as a sales tool! And remember to have fun with it!

Stuck on how to put it together? INLA Award of Excellence presentation consultations available by contacting the INLA office — 317-889-2382.

• Photos must be included in print and on digital submission (CD or thumb drive) • The more description and detail given increases your chances. • Keep in mind that the overall goal of the contest is to promote high standards in landscape projects.

All photos and entries become the property of the Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association and may be returned.

Awards of Excellence

Entry Form This program is designed to reward and recognize those firms that have enhanced, through landscaping and horticulture, the environment in the state of Indiana through creativity and beauty.

Please read guidelines before completing application form.

one form per category • deadline December 1

Deadline: December 1 1) project information — Please Print in Bold Project Name:_____________________________________________________________________________________________ Project Location:___________________________________________________________________________________________ Name of Individual(s)/Firm:___________________________________________________________________________________ Address:_________________________________________________________________________________________________ City/State/Zip:_____________________________________________________________________________________________ Phone: _____________________________________________ Fax: ______________________________________________ Email:______________________________________________ Role in Project:_____________________________________________________________________________________________ 2) Client’s Authorization: Name (Print)______________________________________________________________________________________________ Signature_______________________________________________________________ Date:___________________________ Applicant’s Name (Print):___________________________________________________ Date:___________________________ Applicant’s Signature:______________________________________________________ 3) Please select the appropriate category and subgroup (if applicable) you are entering: ____ 1. Residential Landscape Design/Build A. Under $50,000 B. Over $50,000

____ 3. Hardscape Residential Design/Build A. Under $50,000 B. Over $50,000

____ 2. Commercial Landscape Design/Build A. Under $39,000 B. Over $39,000

____ 4. Hardscape Commercial Design/Build A. Under $39,000 B. Over $39,000

____ 5. Special Projects Includes any non-conforming horticulture/landscape project of special merit or unusual character which does not more appropriately belong in one of the other categories.

Check if we may feature your entry at the Indiana Green Expo — even if you do not win. 4) Mail your entry: Mail this form, along with the written description of entry, photos, electronic submission of your project, and the $75 entry fee (per project, per entry) to: Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association 7915 S. Emerson Ave., Suite 247, Indianapolis, IN 46237 Phone: 800-443-7336 • Deliveries must be made by appointment only. Thank you. 5) Payment: Make check(s) payable to: Indiana Nursery & Landscape Association (INLA) or Pay by credit card (Master Card, Visa, or Discover only). Please provide the following information printed clearly. Name on Card:____________________________________________________________________________________________ Card No.:_____________________________________________________________ Exp. Date: ___________ 3-Digit PIN:_______ Billing Address/City:_____________________________________________________ Zip Code:____________________________

• • • Special Achievement Awards • • • Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association members are encouraged to submit suggestions for these three very special awards—Nursery & Landscape Achievement Award, Award of Merit, and the Indiana Nursery & Landscape Employee of the Year. Please take time to recognize the many deserving professionals for their contributions to our industry!

Nursery & Landscape Achievement Award

To be awarded annually to an individual with good standing in the industry who has given freely of his/her time for the strengthening of the green industry in Indiana. Nominations are voted on by the Awards Committee.

Award of Merit

To be given annually to a business, institution, job, or individual which the INLA feels has contributed significantly to our industry. Nominations are voted on by the Awards Committee.

Special Achievement Awards

Employee of the Year

To be given annually to an individual on staff at an INLA member business where he/she has significantly contributed to the growth of that business and its standing in the community. Five years minimum service required. Nominations are voted on by the Awards Committee. Please provide information about the nominee and his/her contributions.

Deadline: December 1

Nomination Form These awards are the most important awards presented by the Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association. Please take time to submit deserving candidates who meet the criteria listed above and the reason for nominating them. Fax your nomination to the INLA office by December 1 / Fax: 317-889-3935. Nursery & landscape achievement award ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ Award of Merit ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ Indiana Nursery & Landscape Employee of the Year ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________________________________ Submitted by: Your Name: ______________________________________________________________________ Deadline: December 1 Fax completed form to the INLA office at: 317-889-3935 • Questions: or 317-889-2382 Mail to: Indiana Nursery & Landscape Association, 7915 S. Emerson Ave., #247, Indianapolis, IN 46237

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Indiana Nursery & Landscape News • september/october 2017


September/October 2017

The Turf & Soil Issue BUSINESS

16 A Shift in U.S. Mindset Considering Articulating Machines Education

19 Super Science of Structural Soils Community

22 The Future of Fraxinus: Do Ash Trees Have a Future? Community

25 Turf Resources from Purdue

A Shift in U.S. Mindset Considering Articulating Machines Brian McGavic, McGavic Outdoor Power Equipment We have seen a recent trend with European equipment technology starting to take off in the U.S. commercial market. The articulating loader with multi-tool attachment capability is proving very efficient and useful in many applications. A shift in the U.S. mindset from typical skid steer loaders is giving landscapers a nice competitive edge economically and a better end product. The articulating machine is smaller, lighter weight, and utilizes almost half the horsepower while still performing a similar work load to the skid steer lifting capacity up to 3,800 lbs. There are many advantages to a small, lightweight machine that articulates. • Less Turf Damage: This is probably the most significant benefit in grass & artificial turf applications for the landscaper or arborist. A machine that weighs 4640 lbs with the capacity to lift up to 3,800 lbs only has 3.33psi footprint on the turf. Getting into a back yard to remove a tree, carry material for a patio, or set up a tent, or drive across artificial turf doesn’t require ground protection anymore. • More Attachability: Almost 200 attachments in addition to compatibility with the universal, MT, and mini skid steer market. It is amazing how many existing attachments are available in the existing market coming from Europe. This “tool carrier” concept opens the door for a single machine to perform many tasks all seasons of the year.


Indiana nursery & Landscape association •

• Extendable Booms: Booms will reach up to a height of 122", allowing the truck loading task to be performed without additional platforms. Reaching for objects to pick up and stack also makes material handling simple and quick. • Improved Operator Efficiency: The articulating aspect is simply a more efficient material handling method. The time to load material can be drastically reduced. The time to clean up or repair turf is almost eliminated. • Faster Transport Speeds: Articulating machines have the capability of much faster ground transport speeds up to 19mph. This is almost double what we see today with skid steers. Large campus or municipal applications can drive the machine to the jobsite opposed to trailering in many cases. (A Shift in U.S. Mindset Considering Articulating Machines continues on page 18.)


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A Shift in U.S. Mindset Considering Articulating Machines (continued from page 17) • Safer Operation: The operator platform is wide open with 360-degree visibility. There are larger cab windows and no booms on the side to block eyesight. • Reduced Tire Wear: Loaders operated on asphalt and concrete will recognize less wear on tires as they articulate and steer opposed to skidding. • Simplified Trailering: The largest machine in this category weighs approximately 4,700 lbs. This equipment can be towed using standard landscape trailers without the CDL requirement in most cases. 7463 West Ridge Road P.O. Box 189 Fairview PA 16415 800.458.2234 Fax 800.343.6819 e-mail:

• Side Entry: Operators enjoy a safe entry from the side opposed to climbing over a sometimes wet or slippery bucket to get into the cab of the machine. • Better Fuel Economy: Smaller engines doing the same work in a short amount of time equates to big savings in fuel cost. • Lower Emissions: Smaller diesel engines ranging up to 57hp help reduce emissions compared to 100hp skid loaders to do similar work.



The president of AVANT Tecno USA, Jukka Lyly-Yrjanainen, compares the articulating technology to today’s cell phone technology. The skid steer is an older technology similar to a “flip phone.” It performs three functions very well: digging, lifting, and pushing. The articulating machine is a tool carrier similar to a “smart phone.” It performs the same three functions, but also a larger number of tasks at a much faster rate. The price tag is a little higher in some cases, but the efficiency and safety benefits far out-weigh the cost similar to smart phones. Although there is still a need for the standard three-function machine, the European “tool carrier” concept offers many advantages that we are starting to recognize in the U.S. markets. These markets include: material handling, property maintenance, ground care, landscaping, digging/construction, farming and stables, forestry, municipality, and more. This technology is taking off fast around Indiana specifically for snow removal, landscaping, tree/arbor, tents/party, farming, and artificial turf.

About the Author Brian McGavic graduated from Purdue University with a degree in Electrical Engineering. A second-generation engineer and a second-generation businessman working with his father, Pat McGavic to grow the family business in Indiana. McGavic Outdoor Power has been a leader in the landscape equipment industry since 1978, serving central Indiana. We are dedicated to continuing our tradition by “serving those who work and shape the land” with three convenient business locations in Indiana serving the Kokomo, Marion, and Noblesville surrounding communities. WWW.BRAUNGROUP.COM 1-888-732-7286


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Indiana nursery & Landscape association •

Super Science of Structural Soils (Say that 3 times fast!)

Shaun Yeary, Greendell Landscape Solutions

My job in this article is to help you, the reader, to develop an emotional attachment to this article’s subject, Structural Soils. What better way to do that than another classic origin story. Before we get to the root of our subject, let’s talk about why it was created in the first place.

The Dilemma: Trees in urban environments underperforming and living years short of their life expectancy. In many cases, heaving and displacing pavements. Causes: Low soil volume in areas often surrounded by highly compacted soils and aggregates under various different pavement surfaces. Oftentimes we encounter this with potted plant products. Growing roots will typically follow moisture and the path of least resistance, which is why the roots of a plant that has been in a pot for a while will begin to swirl around the inside of the pot. In the 1980s, “Gap Graded” soils were known to have been used in Europe. The Urban Horticultural Institute over at Cornell University would take the European concept and go on to develop an improved version of structural soils in the 1990s. It was then, appropriately, named CU-Structural Soil or CU-Soil for short. There are multiple case studies, some more than 30 years old, that have proven the effectiveness of CU-Soil in urban landscapes. There are cases where CU-Soil has been used to save trees by increasing soil volume around existing trees.

CU-Soil consists of 3 major components: 1. A ¾" – 1½" angular stone with no fines. Usually a limestone or granite. 2. A tested clay loam soil that meets certain specifications as far as pH and organic matter content. 3. Last, but certainly not least, a patented gel tackifier that improves the bond between the soil and the aggregate. All of these components are combined and blended in a process that has been approved by the products license holder Amereq, Inc., who currently holds the patent rights to CU-Soil. (Super Science of Structural Soils continues on page 20.)

Indiana Nursery & Landscape News • september/october 2017


Super Science of Structural Soils (continued from page 19)

There are a couple of factors in determining how CU-Soil is designed into a project. First, and foremost, consider what trees are to be used in the installation. There is a list of approved trees that can be used in conjunction with CU-Structural Soil. Plan for 2 cubic feet of soil per every square foot of crown projection.* Then we need to consider what pavements are to be installed above the system. CUSoil can be installed under most types of pavement and even turf can be planted above. Some may require the installation of an irrigation system. It can depend on how close the pavement comes to the tree, as well. Structural soils work great under permeable pavers. Trees can be planted directly into CU-Structural Soil.* This might not be the case if a tree is in an environment with multiple plantings, such as landscape islands in parking lots. Before installation, all of the subsurface drains and infrastructure should be in place. Now we are ready to install our structural soil. Installation is recommended to a depth of 24"-36" using 6" compacted lifts achieving a Proctor Density of 95%. Install your trees and pavements. If no irrigation system is required, new plantings will need to be watered appropriately. Sometimes a geotextile might be needed if there is a sand bed that goes under the pavement. When I was asked if I’d be interested in doing an article on Structural Soils I was ecstatic. First, it means that my previous articles had to have been somewhat entertaining (unless they’re out of contributors and I was the last one on the list — lol.) And second, the science and reasoning behind it are extremely intriguing. If you’re interested in incorporating CU-Soil into your design, you can contact Amereq, Inc. for a list of any local licensed producers. *Pretty much 99% of the content of this article is referenced from CU-Structural Soil: A Comprehensive Guide. Many thanks to Cornell University and the many authors of the guide as well as Brian Kalter with Amereq, Inc. 20

Indiana nursery & Landscape association •

About the Author: Shaun Yeary I have been in the landscape industry for over 18 years and I’ve just completed my 5th year of employment working with the Greendell Landscape Solutions family. I do not see the people I work with as vendors and clients, but more as partners all with the same goal of running a successful business. Promoting landscape education and business development through multiple neutral organizations, as well as a variety of opportunities made available by Greendell and its manufacturing partners can be very fulfilling. Call or email me to see how Greendell Landscape Solutions and I can help your business grow. 317-494-1017



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Indiana Nursery & Landscape News • september/october 2017



The Future of Fraxinus: Do Ash Trees Have a Future? Vince Burkle, Indiana Department of Natural Resources Division of Entomology and Plant Pathology Ash trees were once a very common component in many of Indiana’s forests. According to the field guide 101 Trees of Indiana there are five species known to occur in the state; black ash (Fraxinus nigra); blue ash (Fraxinus quadrangulata); green ash (Fraxinus pennsylvanica); pumpkin ash (Fraxinus profunda); and white ash (Fraxinus americana). White ash was a favorite among lumbermen because of its straight-grained wood, which is used to make tool handles, cabinetry, flooring, furniture and baseball bats. Green ash lumber, although not as popular, also had some of the same uses. Nursery owners and landscapers loved them because of their fast growth, good form, and adaptability. These traits also made them popular with municipalities, eventually providing a lush green canopy

over many city streets. In fact, in some cities, ash made up over 20% of the total number of trees planted in the park strip. Sadly, in 2004, that all began to change. Emerald ash borer, Agrilus planipennis (EAB), was first found in Indiana in northern Steuben County during that year. In less than a decade the feeding of the green menace caused widespread mortality of ash throughout the state. The “skeletal remains” of ash trees in some northern Indiana woodlots are still standing several years after they have succumbed to the feeding of the insect. These trees are extremely dangerous because they will eventually become structurally compromised and break apart or fall with no warning. By March 2017, EAB had been found in every county in Indiana. EAB was originally introduced to

North America in the early 1990s, arriving through the shipping docks in Detroit, Michigan, in wood packing material that had not been properly treated. It belongs to the family Buprestidae, which is a group of metallic wood boring beetles, many of which are plant pests. The insect is closely related to the native bronze birch borer and two-lined chestnut borer. The larval stages of EAB mine the vascular system of ash trees, cutting off the flow of water and nutrients and killing the tree in 3-5 years. Initial symptoms of infestation appear in the tree canopy and include branch dieback, bark splitting, epicormic sprouting, D-shaped exit holes, and woodpecker damage. Over several years these symptoms are seen in the lower portions of the tree as the successive generations of the insects continue to infest healthy tissue.

Woodlot with standing dead ash, Huntington County. Maple understory will eventually fill in the canopy. (Photo: V. Burkle IDNR) 22

Indiana nursery & Landscape association •

Small tree attacked by EAB, May 2017.

Two living ash trees in the Horsemen’s campground at Salamonie Reservoir with a dead ash in between. Photo was taken in May 2017, 11 years after EAB was first found in Huntington County. (Photo: V. Burkle IDNR)

With all the damage EAB has caused, there are still living ash trees out there. Yes, various treatments are being used to keep many of them within the landscape alive, but some trees in woodlots and rights of way have not been treated and remain quite healthy looking even though they are surrounded by several dead trees. Many of the remaining trees show characteristic evidence of attack by EAB such as D-shaped exit holes, S-shaped galleries, and bark splitting, yet the trees are callusing over the damage and don’t show any further evidence of attack. Ash trees are also prolific seeders and will set seed when they are quite young. Trees with trunks 3" in diameter have been seen loaded with seed and they have a high germination rate. Seedlings are popping up in some woodlots at such high densities they are creating a thick understory that puts Asian bush honeysuckle to shame. This is significant because EAB cannot survive in smaller trees without enough phloem to sustain the larvae. So what does all this mean? Is it possible that some ash trees have natural resistance to EAB? Since the abundant food source that EAB was feeding

on has been reduced to a remnant of what it used to be, perhaps the beetle population has crashed to such low numbers that they’ve left behind a few trees for us to make up stories about to tell our grandchildren. (“Listen here sonny, I remember when I had to walk 5 miles to school uphill through 24 inches of snow and a grove of ash trees …”) Will those trees that were left behind survive? Will the generation of ash trees that are germinating after the EAB wave has moved through have a fighting chance? It may be that the answers to these questions will not be available anytime soon, but it looks like ash trees will always be around. Recent studies of parasitoids introduced to control EAB suggest they have the potential to provide some protection for trees up to 23" in diameter. Just like the elm trees after Dutch elm disease, it’s quite possible that ash trees will get to a certain size and then get attacked, but not before they have a chance to set seed. It’s widely accepted that in the near future large ash trees will be a rare occurrence and they won’t be a significant part of the forest ecosystem anymore. Research is being conducted on native ash trees to try to breed in EAB resistance from the ash trees in Asia. A few studies are looking at the possibility of inserting genes

Same tree showing close up of old damage and callus tissue.

Canopy view of same tree.

Indiana Nursery & Landscape News • september/october 2017


The Future of Fraxinus (continued from page 23) Left: Ash seedling regeneration in Kil-So-Qua State Recreation Area, Huntington County, July 2017

Below: Ash seedling regeneration in Fulton County Photo: Mark Kepler, Purdue Extension

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from the bacteria Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt) to make ash trees toxic to EAB. In addition, some researchers hypothesize that white ash may have limited natural resistance. The potential evidence for this lies in the trees that show signs of being attacked by EAB but remain healthy and are healing over the damage. The loss of the ash tree from the nursery industry and our forest lands has been a hard pill to swallow, but there may be a glimmer of hope. If you know of an ash tree in an area with heavy infestations of EAB, yet

About the Author

the tree remains healthy without any kind of chemical treatment, please let us know about it. You can call our Invasive Species Hotline at 1-866 NO EXOTIC (1-866663-9684), or send an email to our Division account, or contact your local inspector at dnr/entomolo/2899.htm. Please provide a description or address of where the trees are located and your contact information. The tree you report may hold the key to the future of Fraxinus in the United States.

Vince Burkle has been a Nursery Inspector and Compliance Officer for the Indiana Department of Natural Resources Division of Entomology and Plant Pathology for the last 11 years. He serves 11 counties in northeastern Indiana and manages the state’s Thousand Cankers Disease survey. He received a Bachelor of Science degree from Purdue University in Entomology in 1995, and previously worked 10 years as a Landscape Foreman and Lawn Care Manager in the nursery industry. In his free time he enjoys spending time with his family, fishing, coaching baseball, hiking, and gardening.

Indiana nursery & Landscape association •


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Indiana Nursery & Landscape News • september/october 2017


Certification & Education

George Brenn’s IAH Study Guide George Brenn, Four Seasons Landscaping Nursery, created this study guide to help teach the material covered in the IAH Manual. His intention was to assist those trying to master the subjects within the manual. Text: © George Brenn

Chapter 12 – Working with Landscape Plans & Specifications Project drawings and specifications communicate landscape design information from a design team to the implementation team. Together, the drawings and specifications are called contract documents and provide a means for owners and designers to communicate with those who build, plant, and create the landscape project. As well, these contract documents comprise the basis for the contract between the developer and the landscape firm. Specifications are text documents that spell out all details necessary to ensure that project components will be provided and installed as intended by the project’s Landscape Architect. Specifications generally include: Title page Invitation to bid Index to specifications List of drawings Instructions to bidders Bid form Terms of contract

Bond & Insurance requirements Payment form and details General and supplemental conditions Existing site information Technical Specifications ** Addenda Change orders

Technical specifications for landscape construction projects include general information, references, and standards. These are addressed by the Construction Specifications Institute (CSI). CSI Division 2 – Sitework, which includes Section 02800 “Site Improvements” as well as Section 02900 “Landscaping.” Good technical specifications are clearly written and understandable, and information that is contained in specifications should not be restated on drawings. Types of Specifications Descriptive Specifications are the most commonly seen specifications; they describe in detail what is to be done and exactly how it is to be accomplished. {see fig 1} Performance Specifications define a result, but do not give precise instructions on how to achieve that result. This type is not common in landscape work. Proprietary Specifications are those that define a particular product from a particular supplier or manufacturer. They may call for an exact product (closed spec) or may allow substitutions of a comparable or equivalent product (open spec). {see fig 2} Reference Specifications refer to another authority that sets standards. This avoids the entire standard having to be reproduced in the current specification {see fig 3} Drawings are illustrated documents. For commercial projects, there are often many drawings that apply to other trades, such as excavators, masons, electricians, etc. Drawings may include: Existing conditions Elevations Layout plan Demolition plan Planting plan Detail drawings Grading plan – which will contain a benchmark for reference for proposed grade changes Types of drawings – Plan View – is an “overhead” or ‘birdseye” view {see fig 6} Elevation View – a side view showing horizontal and vertical dimensions {see fig 25} Section View – a drawing of a “slice” of a component: is usually in a detail drawing {see fig 7, 23} Perspective Drawing – a 3 dimensional view {see fig 26} Not common on plan drawings. Components of Plan Drawings – Title Block – contains project name, designer or design firm name, date drawing was produced, dates of revisions, and other info as shown in figures 8 & 9 North Arrow – examples shown in figures 10 & 11 Scale – usually shown in same area of drawing as North Arrow {see fig 10 & 11} Legend – a list of symbols used in the drawing and their meaning as shown in figures 12 & 13


Indiana nursery & Landscape association •


Chapter 12 continued

Plans of Important Relevance to Landscape – Layout Plan – shows precise locations of proposed site elements relative to known or readily identifiable points; May include radius points for circular arcs. {see fig 4} Grading Plan – deals with site topography and usually shows topographic lines (drawn lines that connect points of equal elevation) usually in 1 foot increments. These indicate proposed cut & fill changes. A benchmark will be indicated. Typically, existing topography is shown by dashed lines while proposed topographic lines are solid. Elevation of each line is printed next to the line on the uphill side, so the reader is always “looking uphill.” Spot elevations are shown as numbers adjacent to a “+” symbol, while proposed spot elevations are show as a value in a box (no box for existing spot elevs). Planting Plan – shows locations for all plants that are to be installed. All plants are to be labeled, either by code or by name. {see fig 6} The planting plan also contains: Plant List – a table summarizing info on plants shown on the plan. Usually contains Quantity – the number of plants required based on what is shown on the plan Code - often, Landscape Architects and Designers use several letters to represent the name of specific plants, instead of printing out the entire name repeatedly, and this is called the code or key) e.g.: EAC = Euonymus alatus ‘Compacta’ Botanical Name – Genus and species plus ‘Cultivar name’ Common Name – may or may not be included in plant list Size – some plant lists specify the size of plant to be provided at time of planting. Root Condition – tells if the plant is to be B&B (Balled & Burlapped), Container grown (may state container size), Field Potted, Collected, etc. Plant Symbols – are usually representative of the size the plant will reach in several years (NOT fully mature size). Individual plants usually have either a dot, + or x at the centerline of the plant location. They should be precise enough to allow the plant installer to use an appropriate ruler (architect’s or engineer’s scale) to measure the correct location for each plant from the drawing. If plants are used in a massing (= mass planting) at close spacing, the drawing may show this as an outlined area with a graphic texture (shading, cross-hatching, etc) with information regarding quantity of plants and the distance between plants (e.g.: 135 - PTG @ 12″ O.C. means 135 Pachysandra terminalis ‘Green Carpet’ are to be planted at 12″ on center). Important to note: • If the “same” information is contradictory in the Technical Specifications and Drawings, the Specifications govern. HOWEVER: • On a Planting Plan Drawing, the number of plants actually drawn governs over the number listed on the Plant List.

Indiana Accredited Horticulturist (IAH)

The Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association has developed the Indiana Accredited Horticulturist Program to provide a method of self-study and accreditation for individuals in the nursery industry. The goal of this certification and accreditation program is to develop knowledgeable, motivated, professional employees for the landscape nursery industry. >>>

Landscape Industry Certified (CLT)

The INLA offers Indiana green industry professionals the opportunity to become internationally certified through PLANET's Landscape Industry Certified program. Become certified in one or all of the following specialties: Hardscape / Softscape / Ornamental / Maintenance / Turf Maintenance / Irrigation — with each specialty having its own written field exam. >>> >>>

Quality Michigan Grown Nursery Stock

Balled & Burlapped 3’ - 16’

Colorado Spruce Norway Spruce White Spruce Serbian Spruce Black Hills Spruce White Pine Balsam Fir Canaan Fir “Where Quality & Value Prevail!” Gobles, MI Concolor Fir Douglas Fir 1-888-MI-TREES Fraser Fir 269-628-4308 Korean Fir

Also ask us about:

* Seedlings & Transplants * Cut Christmas Trees, Wreaths & Roping



Indiana Nursery & Landscape News • september/october 2017


Certification & Education

IAH Quiz

IAH Quiz: September 2017

Due: October 15, 2017

The Indiana Accredited Horticulturist Committee is pleased to provide you an opportunity to earn CEUs (continuing education units) in each issue of the Indiana Nursery and Landscape News.

Complete the quiz and mail or fax to INLA by the deadline above. Be sure to write your name, IAH number, and contact information on the bottom of the quiz when submitting. If additional space is needed, please attach the extra paper to this form and submit together. Mark your answers.

The IAH quiz offered in each issue can be completed by anyone who is an “Active” (current) IAH (initial or masters).

1. A _____________ fertilizer contains all 3 primary nutrients.

Each quiz will be worth a .5 (onehalf) CEU (continuing education unit) for the completion of the bi-monthly quiz with a pass rate of 80%. Over a 2-year period, you could earn up to 6 CEUs if you take and pass every quiz!

2. The measure of acidity and alkalinity of a substance is referred to as its ________________. 3. Soils are comprised of particles of ______________, ______________ and ________________. 4. 20 -0 -5 fertilizer contains no _______________________.

The INLA office will grade the quiz. Questions and answers have been provided by the IAH committee.

5. There are 14 essential nutrients that plants absorb from the soil. However, there are only _____ that come from the air and water.

Thank you and good luck studying!

6. The degree to which a soil has negatively charged particles is called _______ _______ ________ and this influences nutrient availability.

The Indiana Accredited Horticulturist Committee Chair - George Brenn, Four Seasons Landscaping Nursery Committee Members - Brian Bunge, LaPorte County Nursery - Gabriel Gluesenkamp, Designscape Hort Services - Wayne Gruber, Niemeyer’s Landscape Supply - Jim Messmer - Melissa Mravec, Allen Landscape - Jodie Overmyer, Price Nurseries

Please Note: New Chapters Added to Indiana Accredited Horticulture (IAH) Manual As of January 6, 2017, all IAH exams will include questions from the NEW CHAPTER 9 (Ornamental Plant Pathogen Biology and Management) as well as questions from the NEW CHAPTER 15 (Diagnosing Plant Health Problems). The new chapters are on the new download from the website and available on the CD. 28

7. The size of mineral particles that make up a soil is referred to as its ________________________. 8. ________ fertilizers are derived from living plants or animals. 9. Balanced fertilizers contain __________ amounts of N, P & K.

Name:_____________________________________________________________________________ IAH No.:___________________________________________________________________________ Phone:_____________________________________________________________________________ Email:_____________________________________________________________________________ Fax: 317-889-3935 or Mail: INLA, 7915 S. Emerson Ave., #247, Indianapolis, IN 46237 Answers: Please contact the INLA office if you would like to receive the answers or find out your results to any previous IAH quiz.

Indiana nursery & Landscape association •

Certification & Education

New Indiana Accredited Horticulturist (IAH) Certified IAH Initial Paul Sermersheim

Wihebrink Landscape Management

Certification Calendar

Upcoming CCHs & Special Dates September 20, 2017 IAH Review Session and Exam Designscape Hort Services, Nashville, IN Review Session: 9:00 am – 11:00 am | Exam: 11:30 am – 2:00 pm Registration deadline: Spetember 15, 2017 Registration form on page 7 or online at September 27, 2017 Urban Landscape Pest Management Workshop Columbus, OH • Intended for individuals who hold a current commercial pesticide license. CCH available: 2(1), 3A(4), 3B(3), 5(1), 6(1), RT(4) January 15-18, 2018 Indianapolis, IN • Many opportunities to earn CCHs — educational seminars, workshops; also IAH Review and Exam offered. 2018 program will be posted early-November.

Indiana Nursery & Landscape News • september/october 2017


Toolbox Talks


Hand Tool Safety

Advanced Tree Technology....................................................6


One of the key issues associated with hand tool safety is choosing and using the right tool. Unfortunately, many people use tools improperly at home, where they improvise with what they have on hand. Also, many people view hand tools as simple to use, so there is little concern for safety. In reality, a person using hand tools, no matter what they are, should always follow safety precautions.

Blue Grass Farms of Indiana.................................................29

Approximately 8 percent of industrial incidents result from the improper use of hand tools, according to studies. Injuries range from simple cuts, contusions, and abrasions to amputations, fractures, and punctures.

Calvin Landscape................................................................30

Below are examples of improper use of hand tools. Have you done any of these?

Bobcat of Indy............................................................... 13, 21 Braun Horticulture...............................................................18 Brehob Nurseries, LLC.................................outside back cover

Fairview Evergreen Nursery.................................................18 Fiore Nursery & Landscape Supply........................................9

• Pushing rather than pulling a wrench to loosen a tight fastener.

Indiana Irrigation Co...........................................................24

• Bending metal with undersized pliers, which can damage the pliers and the metal.

INLA Membership Challenge........................ inside back cover

• Holding an item you’re working on in one hand while attempting to remove a screw with a screwdriver in the other hand.

Landscapes 2017..........................................inside front cover

• Cutting toward your body with a cutting tool • Using dull cutting tools. • Filing materials not properly secured in a vise with no handle on the file. • Using a tool not sized properly for the job (e.g., sockets that are slightly larger than the fastener). • Not only do you need to utilize the tool properly, but it needs to be in good shape. Take a moment before using any hand tool to ensure that it is in good shape. Things to look for include: o A hammer with a chipped head and/or with a loose or broken handle; o A screwdriver with a worn or broken tip;

MacAllister Machinery Co., Inc..............................................3 Millcreek Gardens..................................................................5 Reynolds Farm Equipment...................................................15 Tiffany Lawn & Garden Supply...............................front cover Unilock................................................................................11 Wahmhoff Farms Nursery....................................................27 Woody Warehouse Nursery, Inc...........................................25

o Any cutting tool with a dull surface; o Chisels with a mushroomed head; o Tools that have had their temper removed Hand tools can be as dangerous as power tools. Make sure you use them correctly.

Advertise in the Indiana Nursery & Landscape News Contact: Mary Breidenbach, 317-757-8634 or 30

Indiana nursery & Landscape association •

Looking to purchase existing business Landscape, Lawncare, Tree and Shrub Care, or Irrigation Business in Indianapolis or surrounding counties. Call Jim Calvin, Calvin Landscape 317-247-6316

New INLA Member Benefits Clip & Save

In an attempt to make your membership of greater value to you and your company, the Membership Committee is happy to present the new INLA member benefits. While we hope you find INLA membership valuable for all the education, business, and networking opportunities, I think you’ll agree it sure doesn’t hurt to have a few perks. We are grateful for the many companies both new and returning (M.J. Schuetz, Sunbelt Rentals, and Littler) that have created some very outstanding offers for the INLA membership. Be sure to take advantage of these offers today and make contact with these businesses. They support the INLA and they support a strong Indiana green industry. We hope to keep adding benefits throughout the year and will announce them in the magazine, on the website, and in the eNewsletter as they come available. Have a great year and enjoy the new benefits! Sincerely, Kim Glass, INLA Membership Committee Chair

10% off any new purchases or calibrations Accurate Laser Systems Contact: Bill Rawn, 317-714-2273

Buy an Exmark riding mower and receive $150 off a Stihl or Echo product. Limit one mower. Offer not available for fleet purchases. Bobcat of Indy / Anderson / Bloomington / Indy North

10% discount on container plant orders over $3,000.00. This is an ongoing benefit and not a one-time discount. Cardno Native Plant Nursery

Littler $100 contribution split between the INEF Scholarship and ILA Fritz Loonsten Scholarship after a purchase of a new and/or used vehicle. Applies to purchases at Greenfield location only. Dellen Automotive Family Contact: Linda Mabee 317-462-5591

Littler Dial-A-Lawyer: Free 15-minute consultation with a labor lawyer.

Receive two FREE hours of graphic design work ($170 value) with the purchase of your first print or marketing project of $500 or more (new customers only).

Example: employment practices, handbook, wages, etc.

Five Stones Marketing Contact: Jon Carr 317-344-9499 or Troy Austin 317-344-9296

Littler Labor Lawyer Contact: Alan McLaughlin 317-287-3523

More INLA Member Benefits on next page

Clip & Save

More Member Benefits!

Sunbelt Rentals in Fishers Automatic 10% discount on commercial insurance. Contact us today for quotes on Commercial Business, Bonding, Life, and Personal Lines insurance. M.J. Schuetz Insurance Services Contact: Kim Glass 317-548-3937,

Receive $100 off an order of $500 or more. Valid at any location in Indiana. Valid to first-time customers only. This is a one-time offer. SiteOne Landscape Supply

15% discount on landscaping equipment. Must have charge account. Sunbelt Rentals in Fishers Contact: Loren Gentry 317-849-2119

Quality Michigan Grown Nursery Stock

“Where Quality & Value Prevail!” Gobles, MI First-time Customers Truckload Only 10% discount on B&B Trees WAHMHOFF FARMS NURSERY

10% discount off any garden transactions. Applies at all locations: Fishers, Muncie, and Union City

888-MI-TREES or 269-628-4308

Wasson Nursery Contact: Bob Wasson 317-588-1530

Receive a $500 gift card for future rental equipment, attachments, Stihl, or Scag mowers with purchase of a John Deere compact construction machine. West Side Tractor Sales Contact: Bill Price, 765-447-6933

New INLA Member Benefit Partner Profile

Service First Processing Makes Accepting Credit Cards Simple, Efficient, and Profitable Service First Processing (SFP) is a leading provider of credit card and ACH/ check processing services. We make accepting credit cards simple, efficient and more profitable for your company. NAHAD and SFP have put together a special “members only program” that is guaranteed to reduce your cost of credit card processing while improving your level of service and support.

This new program will enhance your company’s profitability: 1. SFP will provide your company with a savings proposal based on your unique business processing needs and our consultative analysis. 2. This program offers you a 60-day trial period during which you will be provided with the necessary equipment and training.

• Ten percent (10%) Member Rebate • 60-day Trial Period • Equipment Loaner Program • Member help line: 855-632-9862 • Free “AccessOne” Reporting Tool

Service FIrst Processing Contact: 855-632-9862

3. In addition to your initial cost reduction, ten percent (10%) of the net processing revenue that SFP generates from your account will be rebated back to you on an annual basis.

INLA Members can call 855-632-9862 for program information. Service First Processing | 4401 N Federal Highway Suite 101, Boca Raton FL, 33431

Additional member benefits will be announced as they come available. Please check the INLA website — — for most up-to-date list.

Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association

Membership Challenge To All INLA Members:

Just one . r e b m e m new

The INLA membership committee is asking each member to bring one new member into the association during the challenge period of October 1 – May 1, 2018. Just one new member. Each of us knows at least one landscape or nursery company that isn’t currently a member. In growing our membership we strengthen not only our association, but perhaps more importantly, our green industry.

Membership Challenge Prize! The company that brings in the most new members will win a year’s paid dues for the INLA. In case of a tie, we will draw the winner. The winner will be announced May 5, 2018.

Please contact either Kim Glass (317-639-5679) or Rick Haggard (765-366-4994) with any questions.

For INLA membership information, online application, and a current list of members, visit www.inla1.og.

Indiana Nursery and Landscape Association

Visit our website to...

· Check current pricing & availability · Create, save & modify plant lists for each project · Email questions to our sales staff · Use your smartphone to download our free mobile app

Westfield 4867 Sheridan Rd | Westfield, IN 46062 317.877.0188 | 877.829.0188


4316 Bluff Rd | Indianapolis, IN 46217 317.783.3233 | 800.921.3233

Indiana Nursery & Landscape News, September/October 2017  

The Turf & Soil Issue: Super Science of Structural Soil; Summer Meeting 2017 Recap

Indiana Nursery & Landscape News, September/October 2017  

The Turf & Soil Issue: Super Science of Structural Soil; Summer Meeting 2017 Recap