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The Official Publication of the Indiana Nursery & Landscape Association

Indiana Nursery & Landscape News Volume 78 • Issue 3

May/June 2018

Cover: INLA Award of Excellence 2017 Winner for Residential Landscape Design/Build over $50,000 — Calvin Landscape

The Safety Issue Putting the Brakes on Distracted Driving Where Do We Stand with Transportation Laws and Regulations? Much More Than Safety Know What's Below and more! Follow us!

GIA Legislative Wrap-up 8

IDNR Spotlight 12

IAH Quiz 28

2018 Turf and Landscape Field Day July 10, 2018 | W.H. Daniel Turf Center | West Lafayette, IN This one-day event presents Purdue University’s latest turfgrass research, landscape research, and education. Attendees will learn about current topics concerning the green industry, as well as see displays and demos of the latest management tools. This event provides a great networking opportunity with over 40 industry vendors available in the trade show. The 2018 Turf and Landscape Field Day will again combine the expertise of the Purdue University Turf Program and the Extension Specialists from the Departments of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture, Agronomy, Pathology, Entomology, and Forestry. This provides the basis of the educational tracts offered — Lawn & Sports, Golf, and Landscape.

Exhibit at the Field Day Trade Show Interested vendors should know this event successfully draws crowds of 475 to 600. The Field Day is a great opportunity to get noticed by Indiana green industry professionals. Excellent sponsorships for added exposure for your company are still available. Visit for exhibitor and sponsorship opportunity information or contact Aaron Patton at 765-494-8039.

Plan to Attend! Pre-registration (includes lunch): Members $45.00 Non-members $75.00 Onsite registration (lunch not included): Members $65.00 Non-members $95.00 Register Online at or contact Aaron Patton at 765-494-8039. SPECIAL: Become a new member of the Midwest Regional Turf Foundation (MRTF) before the Field Day and one person will get free admittance and lunch for the day’s events! Contact Aaron Patton at 765-494-8039 for information.

Sponsored in part by Midwest Regional Turf Foundation, Purdue University Turf Program, and the Department of Horticulture and Landscape Architecture.

We hope you can join us on July 10 for the 2018 Purdue Turf and Landscape Field Day.

Indiana Nursery & Landscape News Volume 78 • Issue 3 May/Junel 2018

Contents The Safety Issue BUSINESS

17 Putting the Brakes on Distracted Driving Education Indiana Nursery & Landscape News is the official publication of the Indiana Nursery & Landscape Association, Inc. (INLA) and is published bimonthly. Indiana Nursery & Landscape Association 7915 S. Emerson Ave., Suite 247 Indianapolis, IN 46237 Phone: 317-889-2382 Toll Free: 800-443-7336 Publisher Rick Haggard, Executive Director, INLA 765-366-4994 • Editor and Ad Sales Mary Breidenbach, Cumulus Design 317-757-8634 •

20 Where Do We Stand with Transportation Laws and Regulations?



22 Much More Than Safety BUSINESS

24 Know What's Below BUSINESS

26 Thieves Bulldoze Their Way to Illegal Profits

Advertising Rates: Media Kit available online at

Plus More! Copy Deadline: First of the month preceding the month of the issue. Reprint permission granted if source is indicated. Views expressed in articles or editorials do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of the association or its directors, but are those of the writer. Trade names used in articles are for identification only. No discrimination is intended toward similar products and the INLA does not endorse the use of the products mentioned.


President’s Message


Executive Director’s Message


6 Calendar New & Returning INLA Members 8

GIA Legislative Session Wrap-Up 2018


Editorial: Lack of H-2B Visas Exacerbates Hiring Woes


IDNR Spotlight: The Spotted Lanternfly

Subscriptions: Included with membership to the INLA. Nonmembers: $36.00 per year (six issues per year).


Green Industry Alliance Golf Outing


New on the Bookshelf

For questions regarding subscriptions, please call INLA at 317-889-2382.


Certification & Education


IAH Quiz! Earn CEUs

30 New Certifications for Initial Indiana Accredited Horticulturists (IAH)

Cover Photo: Private residence in Bargersville, Indiana. Photo courtesy Calvin Landscape.


George Brenn’s IAH Study Guide


Advertiser List Classifieds


INLA Membership Benefits


INLA Memberhsip Application

12 Photo credit: Emelie Swackhamer, Hort Extension Educator, Penn State Extension

President’s Message Well, it never fails, and once again we had a snowstorm during high school basketball finals! And then another one after that and another one after that. As a matter of fact, this is the second week of April as I’m writing this letter, and there is snow on the ground! With these cold temperatures lasting this long into the spring, we have all had to make changes to our schedules and projects as they have been delayed this year. Many of our manufacturers and vendors are sitting on stockpiles of mulch, fertilizer, and other spring inventory needs. Plant orders, flower deliveries, and sod installation have all been delayed. Brian Franco Irrigation startups, fertilizer applications, and mowing services have all been delayed as well. We all are starting to see the effects on the bottom line because of the decreased sales and the slow start to the season. Spring will eventually get here, but what price will we have to pay? Garden center sales are down 30% to 40% in March, and we are currently halfway through April with only two days above normal! We are just going to have to make the best of the good days and try to play catchup when the weather finally cooperates. The focus of this issue of the INLA magazine is safety. Safety is a topic that we all must abide by, but most of us never have the time to concentrate on it. In theory, taking the time to keep our employees safe will save us money in the long run. Most of our insurance companies will be happy to help with safety training to protect us and our employees. This goes beyond having our vehicles safe and our equipment in good operating condition. We also must focus on new technology and the distractions they make. Kim Glass has provided an article about “putting the brakes on distracted driving.” I drive a pick-up truck for a living and sit up higher than most cars, and I see so many people on their phones while I’m driving. It’s getting out of hand and we need to make sure our own employees are focusing on the road and not on the phone. Also, our own Indiana 811 (call before you dig) explains how the safety in making that call not only protects our employees, but the utility lines as well. Finally, I want to congratulate Jud Scott with Vine & Branch for their national award for their company’s overall safety. It must be a well-thought-out program to receive the national recognition and look forward to reading about the details. Maybe Judd will be willing to share some of his insights during the Indiana Green Expo next winter? Everything happens for a reason, just make the best of it! Brian Franco, INLA President

2018 INLA Officers Brian Franco, President Franco Landscaping, Inc. PO Box 34156, Indianapolis, IN 46234 317-858-3858; Fax 317-858-8906 Dave LaFara, President-Elect Tiffany Lawn & Garden Supply 4931 Robison Rd, Indianapolis, IN 46268 317-228-4900; Fax 317-228-4910 Dean Ricci, Vice President Ricci’s Landscape Management, Inc. 502 Norbeh Drive, Hebron, IN 46341 219-996-2682; Fax 219-996-2680 Brian Julius, Past President Walnut Ridge Nursery & Garden Center 2108 Hamburg Pike Jeffersonville, IN 47130 812-288-6691; Fax 812-288-1580 Rick Haggard, Executive Director & Publisher 3596 Linkside Court, Carmel, IN 46032 Office: 800-443-7336 Cell: 765-366-4994; Fax: 317-889-3935 •

Board of Directors Jim Calvin (2018) Calvin Landscape • 317-247-6316 Kyle Daniel (2018) Purdue University, Nursery & Landscape Extension 765-494-7621 • Kim Glass (2018) M.J. Schuetz Agency • 317-639-5679

Education: January 9–11 • Trade Show: January 10–11 Indiana’s largest, most comprehensive green industry event of the year! Offering educational workshops and seminars and a two-day trade show. Early Bird Exhibitor Special Recieve discount booth pricing when you submit exhibitor contract and 50% deposit by May 31, 2018. Learn more at 2

Indiana nursery & Landscape association •

Gabriel Gluesenkamp (2019) Designscape Horticultural Services 812-988-8900 • Mark O’Brien (2020) Cardno • 574-586-2412 Bob Wasson (2018) Wasson Nursery and Garden Center 765-759-9000 • Shaun Yeary (2019) Greendell Landscape Solutions 317-996-2826

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Indiana Nursery & Landscape News • May/June 2018


Executive Director’s Message Welcome to the latest ramblings from your Executive Director. As in the last issue I will be touching on several assorted topics, and if you feel so inclined to reach out to me personally feel free to do so at any given time.

Growing High Quality Plants, People, and Relationships


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I am very hopeful that by the time many of you receive this, you would have forgotten about all the snow we received in March and Rick Haggard April of 2018. However, with that being said, I know many of you are so far behind with work, not including the new contracts you worked so diligently to gain from last year and this winter, that you could really and probably dislike me for even bringing up this subject. With the economy and perceived outlook of the general public, which on the surface appears to be more positive than I can remember for several years, our dear friend Mother Nature steps in to throw everything into a tizzy. I still have been inundated with calls regarding labor issues. Companies utilize many different avenues that work for their particular and personal preferences. I know there are several of the INLA members that still are waiting on a reform for the H-2B program, which is now in the hands of the Department of Homeland Security to approve the additional influx of already vetted individuals. It is hard to believe that very little has changed over the past several years, other than the largest workforce is/was the baby boomer generation, and many of those are still working today. It is amazing the potential income a person can attain in our industry by just having the passion and willingness to learn and become involved in our industry, and it is a professional trade. While there is still a move within the state of Indiana to assist companies within our industry to train employees, it is nowhere near the amount of effort these companies already put forth; not counting their own devotion to set a reputable standard for their company and our industry. I am very pleased to hear that several of our career centers are striving to continue horticultural programs for our younger generation and are now starting to recruit at the middle school level. This will hopefully get a new set of students interested in a different trade than what they have been accustomed to hearing for several years. There will be a new charter school opening in the very near future. To the best of my knowledge it is planned to promote farming, and I plan on contacting them to include the possibilities of horticulture and implementing our IAH program. I am very excited to hear of many more companies becoming involved in the various functions of the INLA. It all started with our committee meetings in February and has continued with more follow-ups and other companies hosting open houses, as well as the proverbial season openers associated with garden centers. I really appreciate many of our members and current non-members including me in these invitations. It makes me appreciate even more and the ability to see firsthand how much and how far our industry has grown over the past 40 years, and that I have been a part of it.

Upcoming Events Please mark your calendars and save these dates for the following 2018 events: June 21: Green Industry Alliance Golf Outing — Twin Lakes Golf Club, Carmel, Indiana July 10: Joint MRTF and INLA Field Day — Daniels Turf Center, Purdue University August 9: INLA Summer Tour — Northwest Indiana (Valparaiso area) August 10: INEF Shooting for Scholarships — Plymouth, Indiana

Keep It Green, Rick Haggard, INLA Executive Director Email: or Cell: 765-366-4994


Indiana nursery & Landscape association •




JULY 16 –19

AUGUST 27– 30

Marvin Montgomery will again be a facilitator for this event. Marvin blends humor and real world examples of how to be successful in your one-on-one interactions with prospects. Also, turning “suspects” into prospects takes diligence and perseverance. How to successfully bridge this gap is one of the biggest focal points of this event, along with how to successfully navigate all the excuses that various prospects have to avoid a decision.

In this event, all attendees are put on the spot to get up and “strut-their-stuff.” The sales presentation role play is paramount in the success or failure of the sales staff. The exercises are done individually and in conjunction with a partner from another company, forcing each to work together to a successful conclusion. Negotiation strategies and answering objectives put forth by “customers” is a key component to the learning process.

For more information call us, visit our website, or email us at:

(814) 455-1991

*All INLA members receive $500 off any in-house event. Put in code: INLA when registering online or call (814) 455-1991. *Cannot be combined with any other offers. *Please call (814) 455-1991 when registering multiple attendees.

Indiana Nursery & Landscape News • May/June 2018


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CALENDAR May 2018 22, 23, Invasive Forest Pests Early Detector Training Workshops This is a great opportunity to familiarize yourself with the threats our forests & 24 are facing and learn how to effectively scout for and report these invasive species. Workshops are free but registration required.

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5:30-8:30 p.m. (CST), Mesker Park Zoo May 23, Clarksville, IN 5:30-8:30 p.m. (EST), Falls of the Ohio May 24, Lawrenceburg, IN 5:30-8:30 p.m. (EST), Dearborn Adult Center

Registration (required): CCHs available: 2(3), 3A(3), RT(3). Also available: ISA CEUs, and SAF CFEs Information: Elizabeth Barnes at or 765-494-0822.

June 2018 5 & 6

Certified Arborist Preparation Course and Exam Franklin, IN • This seminar is for those who are looking toward becoming an ISA Certified Arborist (CA). Review is 1½ days. The CA exam is scheduled to take place on June 6th at 3:00 p.m. (check-in 2:30 pm) following the seminars.

13 CEUs available. Instructor: Lindsey Purcell, Urban Forestry Specialist, Purdue University. Seating is limited; register early.



Green Industry Alliance (GIA) Golf Outing Carmel, IN, Twin Lakes Golf Club • Fundraiser for the Green Industry Alliance, of which INLA is a member. Information/registration: See page 14 or on


INLA Active Membership Dues Deadline


IAH Recertification Deadline Reminders have been mailed or you can check your active status and recertification date at

July 2018 10

Purdue Turf and Landscape Field Day West Lafayette, IN • Daniel Turf Center • This one-day event presents Purdue’s latest research and education. Available CCHs = TBD Information:


Cultivate 2018 Greater Columbus Convention Center, Columbus, OH • Presented by AmerincanHort, it is one of the industry’s largest shows. CCHs available: 3A(8), RT(4) Information: AmericanHort,

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Indiana nursery & Landscape association •

Summer Tour 2018 August 9 & 10, 2018 Valparaiso/Plymouth

Auction, Awards, shoot more info to come in next issue

Indiana Nursery & Landscape News • may/June 2018



GIA Legislative Session Wrap-Up 2018 The Corydon Group

The legislative session came to a hectic close last week; and while we wait for more details on what the special session may look like, we have had a successful session so far. Emergency Rule Making for the Office of the State Chemist didn’t come up at all during conference committee this year. We had successfully prepared our backstops in the Senate that may be attempted, and they were actively watching for the language as we were. I don’t expect that this issue is dead but we have been successful one more session. Rep. Baird’s noxious weed bill, HB 1227 was signed by the governor on Monday, March 19. Rep. Torr attempted to bring back HB 1015 (unlawful indemnity agreements) during conference committee but was unable to clear the confusion around the bill enough to get a consensus. I do expect that he will be able to get this bill sent to a study committee when the legislative council meets later this spring to determine actual issues that will be studied. As always, we will be watching for that and if it is selected to be studied will closely monitor. Overall, a successful session for GIA. Your track list is down to only showing bills that are either signed by or received by the governor waiting for signature. To read the final GIA track list go to:

Unconventional End to A Quiet Session The 2018 legislative session ended in a chaotic and unexpected way late Wednesday, March 14. Without wasting a single minute, both chambers ended abruptly just after midnight due to the statutory deadline. Many important bills, including some that are part of the governor’s agenda, died as a result. Bills addressing the Ball State takeover of Muncie Community Schools, alignment of the Indiana tax code to new federal standards, and school safety measures are just some of many high-profile pieces of legislation that did not advance to the governor’s desk. The final two hours of session brought confusion and instability to the legislative chambers, which are typically procedurally calm and orderly. Because of the urgency, Gov. Holcomb attempted to extend session for one hour; however, counsel in the chambers advised that it would not be best to act on the proposal and leadership agreed session must end at midnight. Many of the bills that died had important language in them prompting discussions of a special session almost immediately after midnight.

Special Session Called by Governor Holcomb At a press conference on Monday, March 19, Governor Holcomb called for a special session of the legislature saying it would take place sometime in May. After an abrupt end to the short session last week, which resulted in the unexpected death of critical bills, Governor Holcomb is anticipating working on several pieces of language during the special session. Three priorities mentioned in the press conference were the allocation of a $12 million loan to Muncie Community Schools, school safety measures and extra funding, and a tax bill ensuring Indiana is in compliance with new federal tax laws that took effect last December. The call for a special session is uncommon in an off-budget year, the last one being in 2002. Even more uncommon is a special session while one party controls the legislature and the governorship. Under these conditions, a special session has not been called in almost three decades. The decision taking place during an election year, and with key members of both chambers retiring, has only added to what is a strange close to the legislative year. State law does not allow a special session to continue for more than 40 calendar days, though most expect that these issues can be addressed much quicker than that.

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Indiana Nursery & Landscape News • May/June 2018


3/15/18 4:00 PM


Lack of H-2B Visas Exacerbates Hiring Woes David George, Green Industry Labor Advocate Assembling a productive staff each spring is always one of the greatest challenges for green industries in Indiana. The current unemployment rate in Indiana is 3.4%. A significant portion of those people do not have a valid drivers license, cannot pass a drug test, or cannot pass a criminal background test, which is a requirement of many customers. I will readily admit that statement was somewhat pejorative. Some of these unemployed are outstanding lawyers, engineers, and rocket scientists who are moving here for various personal reasons and have yet to find a job. None of them can/will fill your seasonal opening for spreading mulch, digging planting holes, or pruning shrubbery. Some politicians, who clearly have never run a business, have blithely suggested that raising wages would solve the problem. No business objects to the orderly progression of wages and the raising of living standards for its employees. The problem occurs when you have radical spikes in the context of forward sales and long-term contracts. Banks become a little testy when a business runs a deficit. Politicians, on the other hand, run continuous deficits and suffer no financial consequences. Another contingent of politicians say there are many unemployed people who have not been seeking employment and therefore do not show up in that unemployed number. Their theory is that higher wages will draw those workers back into the worker pool. I might be an anomaly but when I sat in the hiring chair and I saw a 2-year gap in employment, I always moved that person to the top of my “must hire” list. I feel confident that our politicians practice the same “hire the couch sitters first” policy when they are filling out their staff. Currently the H-2B visa program allows 66,000 seasonal workers into the U.S. each year. H-2B workers are not immigrants and return home after 10 months


or less of employment. In past years, but not recently, there has been a “returning worker exemption.” By exempting workers who had worked in the U.S. the prior year from the 66,000 cap, the number of available visas nearly doubled. This past applications period saw the Department of Labor certify 134,000 petitions for H-2B workers. Attempting to address this shortfall of 68,000 visas has been the focus of my work for the last three months. As a Green Industry Labor Advocate I have been trying to build a grassroots coalition advocating our Indiana congressional members to provide cap relief and the returning worker exemption for H-2B seasonal labor visas. When I started, none of the companies who had applied for visas knew if they were going to receive certification. Our early efforts focused on including legislation in the Omnibus spending bill which would have given cap relief and/or returning worker exemptions. We had three clear supporters in Rep. Susan Brooks, Rep. Dr. Larry Buschon, and Rep. Luke Messer as they were cosponsors for House Resolutions. Other senators and House representatives were attentive and understood our dilemma but were politically cautious. H-2B seasonal workers are not immigrants, but politicians have so conflated the word visa with immigration that it has become, in the eyes of some, a pro-immigration stance to support a cap increase. Even if the politicians are sophisticated enough to understand it is not immigration, many of them are using the issue as a bargaining chip to attain other immigration-related goals. (Republicans use it as a chip to gain concessions for a wall, Democrats use it as a bargaining chip for DACA.) We saw this play out in the negotiations attempting to include cap relief in the Omnibus bill. The legislative language we had hoped for, that would have guaranteed cap relief, was dropped in favor of

Indiana nursery & Landscape association •

legislation that gave the Department of Homeland Security the regulatory power to increase the cap. Congress passed the buck. DHS most assuredly did not want this authority. They are now the focus of our lobbying efforts and the focus of everyone else. As an appointee of President Trump, who has 70 H-2B visas for his Mar-A-Lago property, they will look hypocritical if they deny cap relief. If they approve cap relief, the anti-immigration forces (even though the H-2B program is not immigration) will say Trump is soft on immigration. Cap relief will also result in labor unions assailing the Department of Labor for certifying so many H-2B petitions. If DHS denies more visas, many companies will suffer significant economic damage. There will be layoffs of American workers. Those workers will find other work quickly in this booming economy, but workers shifting from employer to employer does not increase GDP, profits, or tax base which are all purported goals of this administration. The addition of seasonal work visas would serve to increase all those monetary goals. Today’s political environment is extremely toxic. All sides are misrepresenting the facts to use as weapons against their opponents. When we talk to individual politicians, they all seem sympathetic to the need to raise the cap. None can make any credible argument against raising the cap. Unfortunately, when they get back Washington, their native environment, all logic and reason is forgotten. They fall into warped ideologies and gross misrepresentations, which they foist back on the public for their own political gain. It is against this headwind that we are trying to make progress on the H-2B visa process. It will require continued persistence in agitating for a legislative solution as well as a strong educational effort to combat the political malfeasance directed at the guest worker program.

Indiana Nursery & Landscape News • May/June 2018


IDNR Spotlight

The Spotted Lanternfly (Lycorma delicatula) Angela Rust, Indiana Department of Natural Resources, Division of Entomology and Plant Pathology It seems as though the list of invasive species that threatens our natural and cultivated resources continues to grow. The spotted lanternfly is a species that has not been found in Indiana yet, but one that Indiana and many other states are concerned about finding. The spotted lanternfly is native to China. There are also reports of distribution in India, Vietnam, Japan, and Taiwan. In 2004, it was first detected as an invasive species in South Korea and is now a widely distributed major pest there. In 2014, it was first detected as an invasive species in the United States in Pennsylvania and currently occurs in 13 counties in that state. New Castle County, Delaware, was confirmed with a detection in November of 2017 and Frederick County, Virginia, had a confirmed detection in January of 2018.

Identification and biology of spotted lanternfly This insect is a planthopper, but the adult resembles a colorful moth. The adults have a very distinctive wing pattern that makes it easier to spot and identify. Wings are held downward and folded when the insect is at rest. The forewings, which are visible in the resting position, are greyish with black spots and the wing tips show a network of veins. Part of the hind wings are red with black spots and the remainder is white and black. Adults are approximately 1inch long from the head to the end of the folded wings. The abdomen is yellowish with black bands. Adults may not be seen flying (as they are weak flyers) but will likely be seen hopping or crawling. Brownish yellow seed-like eggs are laid in masses of 30-50 eggs. The eggs are laid in 4-7 columns approximately an inch 12

Spotted lanternfly adults on bark

Photo credit: Emelie Swackhamer, Hort Extension Educator, Penn State Extension

long and covered with a whitish gray waxy layer. As it gets older, the waxy layer turns grayish brown and has the appearance of cracked mud. Nymphs have four instars or stages. The first three instars are black with white spots. The fourth instar retains the white spots but has a red and black body with red wing pads. The first to fourth instar ranges in size from a â…› of an inch to a little over a half-inch long.

Eggs and waxy layer on bark

Photo credit: Emelie Swackhamer, Hort Extension Educator, Penn State Extension

Indiana nursery & Landscape association •

The first instar nymphs will start to emerge out of the eggs during April or May. The nymphs will climb up the trees after they emerge and fall off when there is a physical obstacle or disturbance from wind or other factors and start climbing up again. Fourth instar nymphs will start development into adults beginning in late June or early July. Adults continue to feed on plant tissues with mating and egg deposition beginning in September and continuing until a hard frost. Spotted lanternfly overwinters as an egg on the bark of trees, firewood, rocks, outdoor furniture, equipment, vehicles parked outside, or anything that is stored outside. This is especially a risk for items outside during that egg-laying period. There is one generation per year.

Why is spotted lanternfly a problem? Adults and nymphs have piercingsucking mouthparts and feed on the vascular tissue of leaves, petioles, young shoots, branches, and trunks of its hosts. Adults and older nymphs may feed in large populations. This extensive feeding results in oozing wounds on woody tissue and wilting and death of branches. The large amount of honeydew produced by these insects also promotes development of sooty mold and other fungi. The spotted lanternfly can be spread long distances by people

who move infested material. If allowed to spread, this pest could have serious impact on the grape, hops, orchard, and logging industries in the United States. The spotted lanternfly has a recorded host list of over 100 species, primarily woody species. Some of the primary hosts of concern are: • Tree of heaven, Ailanthus altissima • Grapevine, Vitis sp. • Hop, Humulus sp. • Virginia creeper, Parthenocissus quinquefolia • Amur cork tree, Phellodendron amurense • Chinese mahogany, Toona sinensis • Korean evodia or bee bee tree, Tetradium daniellii • Willow, Salix sp. • Red maple, Acer rubrum • Sugar maple, Acer saccharum • Birch, Betula sp. • Chinaberry, Melia azedarach • Snowbell, Styrax japonicus • Oak, Quercus sp. • Pine, Pinus sp. • Lilac, Syringa sp. • Tulip poplar, Liriodendron tulipifera • American beech, Fagus grandifolia • American sycamore, Platanus occidentalis • Walnut, Juglans sp. • Rose, Rosa sp. • Japanese angelica tree, Aralia elata • Apple, Malus sp. • Cherry, Prunus sp. • Plum, Prunus sp. • Peach, Prunus sp. • Nectarine, Prunus sp. • Apricot, Prunus sp. • Almond, Prunus sp.

How do I monitor for spotted lanternfly? Inspection of areas and objects near tree of heaven should be a priority since multiple life stages are directly associated with this host tree. Smooth surfaces are preferred for egg laying, and eggs may be in sheltered locations or in crevices on trees or outdoor objects. Nymphs and adults tend to cluster at the base of trees or lower trunk during the day and are more active at dusk or early evening. Infested trees can show significant deposits of honeydew and sooty mold around the base of the tree, to the point where the base and surrounding ground may appear black. Tree sap oozing

Four instars of nymphs and the adult comparison.

Photo credit: Lawrence Barringer, Pennsylvania Dept. of Agriculture, Bureau of Plant Industry

from wounds on trees and the honeydew may attract ants, bees, and wasps. Inspection of articles such as logs, firewood, other tree parts, decorative grapevines, any outdoor household articles, and vehicles coming from infested areas will assist in reducing the spread of this invasive pest long distances. If you think you have found spotted lanternfly in Indiana, please report your find to the Indiana Department of Natural Resources at 866-NO EXOTIC (866-663-9684) and describe what you have found. Please leave your name, contact number, and detailed information about what you are reporting. Information and photos can also be emailed to By notifying us of a potential pest problem, you provide an invaluable service to the DNR and our natural resources.

About the Author Angela Rust has been with the Indiana DNR, Division of Entomology and Plant Pathology, as a full-time inspector for over 22 years. She worked as a Nursery Inspector and Compliance Officer in northeast Indiana for the first five years and has spent the last 17 years working as an inspector in the southwest part of the state. Responsibilities within the division include: nursery and dealer certifications, phytosanitary certifications, invasive species survey and regulation, and completion of environmental assessments for the gypsy moth and kudzu eradication programs.

SLF fourth instar nymphs on tree of heaven

Photo credit: Emelie Swackhamer, Hort Extension Educator, Penn State Extension

Indiana Nursery & Landscape News • May/June 2018


Green Industry Alliance

Golf Outing June 21, 2018

Twin Lakes Golf Club, Carmel, IN Date: June 21, 2018


Entry Fee: $125.00 per person/ $500.00 per foursome

Telephone with area code

Location: Twin Lades Golf Club 3200 W. 96th Street, Carmel, IN 46032

Name of Organization or Individual

Fee Includes: - 18 holes of golf and cart - Range balls & putting greens - Lunch with drink (all types) - Prizes - Light dinner and cocktails at Rick & Cathy Haggard's

Name of individual registering (Please place me on a team)

Event Times: Registration: 10 am Lunch before event at the clubhouse Shotgun Start / Florida Scramble: 11 am Scoring/Prizes immediately following

$150.00 Hole Sponsor • Logo and information at selected hole • Logo and information in outing booklet given to each participant $250.00 Gold & Giveaway Sponsor • Logo and information at selected hole • Logo and information in outing booklet given to each participant • Information about company/person and product line in outing booklet

$350.00 Beverage Cart Sponsor • Logo and information in each golf cart at selected hole • Logo and information in outing booklet given to each participant • Information about company/person and product line in outing booklet

$600.00 Beverage Cart Sponsor Logo and information in each golf cart at selected hole Logo and information in outing booklet given to each participant Information about company/person and product line in outing booklet Logo on box lunch


Player 1 Player 2

Sponsorships Available:

• • •

Names of Team Players (Please lest all)

Player 3 Player 4

Number of players x $125 = __________________________ Make checks payable to: Green Industry Alliance 3596 Linkside Court Carmel, IN 46032 Or complete charge card information MC



Pay at Registration

Card #: ___________________________________________________________________ Expires:__________________________________________________________________ Security Code:___________________________________________________________ Billing Address: _________________________________________________________


Authorized Signature:__________________________________________________

Questions? Call Rick Haggard, 765-366-4994

Indiana nursery & Landscape association •


Indiana Nursery & Landscape News • May/June 2018


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Indiana nursery & Landscape association •

May/June 2018

The Safety Issue BUSINESS

17 Putting the Brakes on Distracted Driving Education

20 Where Do We Stand with Transportation Laws and Regulations? COMMUNITY

22 Much More Than Safety BUSINESS

24 Know What's Below BUSINESS

26 Thieves Bulldoze Their Way to Illegal Profits


Putting the Brakes on Distracted Driving EMC Insurance

Shared with permission of the company by Kim Glass, MJ Schuetz Agency

Distracted Driving Costs Consider the financial impact a distracted driving incident could have on your organization. • The driver and company that owned a vehicle involved in an accident were found liable for nearly $22 million after testimony indicated that the employee may have been on a cell phone at the time of an accident. • A lumber company settled for $16 million after a salesperson talking on his cell phone rearended a vehicle and disabled an elderly woman. • A state trooper in Illinois responding to an accident exceeded 120 mph on a highway while talking on the phone to his girlfriend and using email before losing control of the car. The resulting crash killed two teenage sisters, whose family was awarded $8 million. As an employer, you have a responsibility to protect workers, the public, and the financial stability of your organization by taking the necessary steps to change the habits of your drivers.

Eight Tips for Putting the Brakes on Distracted Driving The Governors Highway Safety Administration recommends sharing the following distracted driving prevention tips with your employees: • Turn it off and stow it — Turn your phone off or switch it to silent mode before you get in the car, then stow it away so that it’s out of reach. • Spread the word — Record a message on your phone that tells callers you’re driving and will get back to them when you’re off the road, or sign up for a service that offers this feature. • Pull over — If you need to make a call, pull over to a safe area first. • Use your passengers — Ask a passenger to make the call or respond to a message for you. • X the text — Don’t ever text and drive, read your email, or take a picture or video while driving. It’s dangerous and against the law in most states. Even voice-to-text isn’t risk free. • Know the law — Familiarize yourself with state and local laws before you get in the car. Some states and local governments prohibit the use of handheld cell phones in addition to texting. • Prepare — If using a GPS device, enter your destination before you start to drive. If you need help while driving, ask a passenger to assist you or pull over to a safe location to change your GPS or review your map/directions. • Focus on driving — Multitasking behind the wheel is dangerous. Refrain from eating, drinking, reading, grooming, smoking, and any other activity that takes your mind and eyes off the road. (Putting the Brakes on Distracted Driving continues on page 16.)

Indiana Nursery & Landscape News • May/June 2018


Putting the Brakes on Distracted Driving (continued from page 15) A Distracted Driving Policy Is Your Best Defense Providing helpful tips to employees is just a start. Issue a comprehensive policy to curb distracted driving in the workplace. Such a policy should include education, monitoring, and discipline.While a sample distracted driving policy is included with this article, Automotive Fleet, the car and truck fleet leasing management magazine, also recommends the following approach:


• Clearly define distracted driving and consequences for violations — Be clear on driver expectations and what actions would be taken if a violation occurs. To ensure employees get the message, call a staff meeting to distribute and discuss the policy. At the conclusion of the meeting, have employees sign and acknowledge that they’ve read and understood the policy. • Secure senior management buy-in — Fleet managers need senior management to support and adhere to the distracted driving policy, otherwise companywide compliance is unlikely. • Be consistent with policy enforcement — Policy enforcement must be consistent across the board with no exceptions. Effective policy enforcement means enforcing the policy in a manner that does not give rise to any inference of employee discrimination. • Reinforce the policy on an ongoing basis — Restate the policy and send it out to drivers on an annual basis, requiring drivers to review and sign it. This keeps the importance of the policy in the forefront. • Monitor compliance — If employees operate company vehicles and use company-issued phones, one option to deter distracted driving incidents is to require employees to sign a privacy waiver that allows for GPS tracking. Check with company legal counsel about rules governing employee privacy before implementing monitoring. • Create a safe environment for employees to report policy violations — Employees need to feel comfortable reporting distracted driving instances that they are aware of.

Additional Resources on Distracted Driving

• Perform periodic policy reviews — The emergence of new technologies will require changes to fleet policy. Your policy should be flexible enough so as technology continues to change the policy can be adjusted accordingly. Ensure business operations, such as driver dispatch communications, do not make it difficult or impossible for drivers to comply with the distraction policy.

Driving and Its Work-Related Distractions Travelers Insurance Company's poll results to their survey of workrelated distracted driving (Sept. 2017).

The Problem Is Everywhere, But So Is the Solution How prevalent is distracted driving? Take a look for yourself. You’ll see drivers on their phones. You’ll see them attending to children in the back seat. You’ll see them checking directions on their GPS devices. You’ll catch them eating. You’ll see them daydreaming. But don’t take too long to look, because that would make you a distracted driver as well. Distracted driving is a bad habit many drivers have developed, and the best way to put the brake on it is through continued driver education and monitoring.

National Safety Council, Distracted Driving Safety Topic safety-topics/distracted-driving/ employers


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Indiana Nursery & Landscape News • May/June 2018



Where Do We Stand with Transportation Laws and Regulations? Michael A. Templeton, Surface Transportation Consultant In our world of nursery and landscape operations, too often we are confronted with questions that cause us to doubt where we stand with transportation laws and regulations. After all, we need to move product to our customers and provide the service necessary to keep them coming back and support our growth. We’ve heard about farm exemptions and wonder: do we fall into this category or do we have to abide by commercial transportation regulations? First, if you grow trees, shrubs, plants, etc., according to U.S. law, you can declare yourself and your business a Farmer. • According to 7 USCS § 7412 (1), the term “agricultural commodity” means — (A) agricultural, horticultural, vinicultural, and dairy products (B) livestock and the products of livestock (C) the products of poultry and bee raising • Federal Motor Carrier Safety Regulations (FMCSR) defines a farmer as any person who operates a farm or is directly involved in the cultivation of land, crops, or livestock, which (a) Are owned by that person; or (b) Are under the direct control of that person.


FMCSR Guidance (Section 390): Question: Do the definitions of “farm,” “farmer,” and “agricultural crops” apply to greenhouse operations? FMCSR Answer: Yes.

Pursuant to the Uniform Commercial Code, “farm products” means goods, other than standing timber, with respect to which the debtor is engaged in a farming operation. Farm products are crops grown, growing, or to be grown, including crops produced on trees, vines, and bushes. This also includes aquatic goods produced in aqua-cultural operations, livestock, born or unborn, including aquatic goods produced in aqua-cultural operations. Furthermore, supplies used or produced in a farming operation, or products of crops or livestock in their unmanufactured states, are also farm products. If needed, a complete list of farm products is listed in the 7 U.S. Code 1518; Composite Commodity List Administrative Ruling No. 119.

Okay, I qualify as a farm operation, now what? How am I categorized? What can I do? Where can I go? And a dozen other questions. Let’s make it as simple as we can. As a “Private Carrier” moving “your” goods and services (not “for hire” as in moving property of another for compensation): 1. You, your family, and hired help are not required to maintain a commercial driver’s license or medical examiner certificate regardless of the size of vehicle you utilize to move your product within the state or with-in 150 air miles from your business unless you travel outside of the state.

Indiana nursery & Landscape association •

2. You are not subject to the annual (periodic) vehicle inspection of your trucks and trailers. (However, I strongly recommend you ensure your vehicles are safe beyond any reasonable doubt. Check them regularly and if it’s broke, fix it … right then). 3. You are not required to obtain a DOT number as long as you remain within the boundaries of the state. (Crossing any state line requires you to obtain a DOT number and to file a “Unified Carrier Registration” (UCR), as well as your heavy use tax “2290” if you weigh 55,000# or more). 4. You are not required to obtain a fuel tax permit as long as you remain with-in the state. You may also travel to Michigan or Kentucky. Traveling to Illinois or Ohio or when traveling outside of 150 air miles from your business requires the International Fuel Tax Account or IFTA. 5. You are not subject to the cell phone use restriction. 6. You may utilize farm license plates on your heavy vehicles. (This saves you 50% of normal registration fees.) The Indiana Department of Revenue provides a form to carry if using commercial license plates but using your vehicle for farm use. 7. You are not subject to “hours of service” regulations or the electronic logging devices. (Unless you travel across state lines, beyond the 150 air-mile limitations

more than eight (8) times in any 30-day period, the paper log book is all you need, and only for those times you find yourself beyond that point.)

Non-farm operations Landscaping operations that do not include raising, cultivating, harvesting, etc., do not classify as a farming operation, and thus do not allow for transportation exemptions. This time of year, we are all busy with planning, developing, and just going crazy with the details of business as usual. I’ve spent the last 38+ years in the field of regulatory management with a goal of making your life a little easier to manage; and perhaps I’ve boosted more questions. If the latter is true, ASK! Let me know your concerns. I like to think it’s worth the time; mine and yours.

About the Author Michael Templeton is a retired Indiana State Police (ISP) trooper after 34 years of service. Twenty-seven of those years with ISP were dedicated to truck/commercial motor vehicle enforcement focused on state laws, federal safety, and hazardous materials regulations including special training in carrier compliance. Now in his 10th year as a private surface transportation consultant, his purpose is to provide clarification to transportation issues such as onsite carrier evaluation (auditing), training, crash evaluation, records maintenance, planning, and policy. Templeton currently serves the surface transportation industry in twenty-two (22) states. He has a 10-year affiliation with the Federal Transportation Safety Institute in Oklahoma City and the National Training Center, now located in Virginia. To contact Michael Templeton call 317-435-1887 or email

Growing a diverse selection of native trees and shrubs

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Phone: (317) 994-5487 Toll free: (866) 766-8367 Fax: (317) 994-5494 3339 W County Road 850 N PO Box 259, Lizton, IN 46149

Indiana Nursery & Landscape News • May/June 2018



Much More Than Safety Mary Breidenbach, Indiana Nursery & Landscape News Recently, INLA member Vine & Branch, Inc. in Carmel, Indiana, was one of seven companies from across the United States awarded the prestigious Outstanding Company Contribution Safety Award by the Tree Care Industry Association (TCIA). This award recognizes a member company’s proactive program to address safety issues within its own company and/or within a larger sphere of influence. For a small company of 20 employees, winning this national safety recognition just once is a great achievement, but Vine & Branch has received this award 14 times! (Yep, you read that correctly — 14!) Given this impressive record, we sat down with Jud Scott, owner of Vine & Branch, to learn more about his company’s safety program and what guidance he might share with other INLA members. While the TCIA award recognized the company’s dynamic company safety program, we do want to mention that the award also recognized Vine & Branch for its impressive list of contributions around raising awareness of hazardous tree recognition among green industry professionals, municipalities, and the general public. These initiatives include a public awareness

Brendan Crowley presents Critical Communication to Vine & Branch staff.

program, speaking engagements, writing articles for both public and green industry professional publications, and a tree inspection program for homeowners, municipalities, and schools. So what makes Vine & Branch’s internal safety program special? Well, from what I learned it is dynamic, creative,

Banners acknowledging the numerous safety awards Vine & Branch have won hang in their barn. 22

Indiana nursery & Landscape association •

and takes a broader, more comprehensive look at safety. The following summarizes the aspects of his company’s program that might be helpful for others.

Safety is key to it all As can be expected, the company’s safety program evolved over the 42 years it’s been in business. Jud explained that when he first started the company, safety was not as important as it is today. In fact, hard hats and safety glasses weren’t always used in the early days. “We had a few situations that were wake-up calls for me. They made me realize how our work can affect people’s lives. Safety is equally important for our employees as well as our clients. Safety is key to it all,” shared Scott. As Scott explained, a good safety program builds trust between the company and its employees, and more importantly between the employees themselves. Employees know everyone is looking out for each other whether in the field or in the office. Also, a good safety program builds trust between the company and their clients — reassuring clients that the company is taking proper precautions on their property.

Culture of safety Another key point Scott stressed in building their safety program was to create a culture of safety. That is, make safety always present; not an after thought. In a culture of safety, everyone is empowered to take action and speak up when needed. See something; say something is how they work at Vine & Branch. Jud explained, “I want everyone involved in the program and to know how important safety is. We work hard to make sure that it is not perceived as a top-down initiative. Everyone is responsible for a safe work environment and looks out for everyone else. We all have moments when we forget. My employees feel equally comfortable pointing out safety issues to each other as to their supervisors and to me, and vice versa.” In fact, the company believes in the culture of safety so much that they trademarked a slogan to emphasize this very point — “There is always time for safety!”® Comprehensive approach I realize now that I’ve gotten this far and failed to include what Vine & Branch calls their safety program. It’s the Safety, Training, and Personal Wellness Program. About 10 years ago, Jud said, they began including personal safety and wellness along with traditional safety topics because they wanted to offer a 360-degree view of safety. “I don’t want to look back and see that there was something else we could have focused on that would have benefited our employees,” explained Scott. What does this mean? For Vine & Branch their program not only covers equipment and physical safety, but also includes anything that will benefit their employees’ well-being — like discussing legal wills, learning about body language, or the proper way to use a fire extinguisher, to name a few. Never static And finally, Jud stressed — always keep adding to the safety plan. Keep trying new things. Don’t allow your program to become static or boring. This is an important point that Vine & Branch takes very seriously. For example, with the special

topics that were mentioned above, they brought in a lawyer to discuss making a will; the Carmel Fire Department taught everyone how to properly use a fire extinguisher. Vine & Branch includes outside speakers, which helps to enliven the presentations and broaden their topics. Most importantly, Scott stressed, add some fun! Why? Because as Scott put it, “When our people are having fun it builds camaraderie within our team, builds a stronger company culture, and it makes the learning experience memorable." For example, at Vine & Branch’s monthly safety meetings they have developed a tradition of sharing positive feedback from the customers with the employees. If a customer mentions an employee by name, the employee receives $5. “It’s a little something that goes a long way and adds some fun to our meetings,” explains Jud.

With the help of the Carmel, Indiana, Fire Department, Vine & Branch employees practice aerial rescue using "Clay" the fire department's safety mannequin.

It is difficult to share in this brief article all the great stories and all the details of the Vine & Branch safety program. Hopefully this summary gives you an idea of some of the major points. Given the enthusiasm I heard during the interview, I have a feeling Jud Scott would be happy to speak with anyone interested in learning more. Well done, Vine & Branch! Congratulations on your 14th win.

FFA students explore a tree climber's harness during a tour at Vine & Branch.

Indiana Nursery & Landscape News • May/June 2018



Know What’s Below

Always Contact Indiana 811 Before You Dig There are 100 billion feet of utility lines buried underground in the United States. These buried facilities, including gas, water, sewer, cable TV, high-speed internet, landline telephone, and electric, provide the services Americans depend on for their basic everyday needs. If you are planning a job that involves digging, even if you plan to hire a professional, a call to 811 is required at least two full working days before you begin. 811 is a free, FCCdesignated national one-call number that connects a caller from anywhere in the country to the appropriate local one-call center, which in this area is Indiana 811. Indiana 811 will then alert the affected underground facility owners so they can dispatch locators to mark the approximate location of their lines with spray paint, flags, or both. Indiana 811 can also be contacted by submitting a request online at www.811NOW. com. Every nine minutes an underground utility line is damaged because someone decided to dig without first contacting 811. Also, according to a recent Common Ground Alliance survey, 36 percent of people who plan to dig this year will not contact 811 first. Unintentionally striking a line can result in inconvenient outages for entire neighborhoods, harm to yourself or your neighbors, and costly repairs. Every digging project, no matter how There are 100 billion large or small, warrants a call to 811 or a visit to Installing a feet of utility lines mailbox, building a deck, and planting a buried underground tree are all examples of digging projects that should only begin after you have waited at in the United States. least two full working days after contacting 811, and confirmed that all facility owners in your area have either marked their lines or declared the area clear of any lines.

Here’s how it works: 1. One free, simple phone call to 811 or visit to makes it easy for Indiana 811 to notify all appropriate utility companies of your intent to dig. 2. Contact 811 two full working days prior to digging to ensure enough time for utility lines to be marked accurately. 3. When you contact 811, Indiana 811 will ask for the location and description of your digging project. 4. Indiana 811 will notify affected utility companies, which will then send professional locators to the proposed dig site to mark the approximate location of your lines. 5. Once lines have been accurately marked, roll up those sleeves and carefully dig around the marked areas. Make a phone call, not a judgment call. Learn more about 811 at and keep your project safe for you and your community.


Indiana nursery & Landscape association •



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Indiana Nursery & Landscape News • May/June 2018



Thieves Bulldoze Their Way to Illegal Profits National Insurance Crime Bureau Heavy equipment theft is a growing problem in the United States, and nearly 1,000 pieces of commercial equipment are reported stolen each month to the National Crime Information Center (NCIC). What makes commercial equipment such a tempting target for thieves? Huge profits. Thieves, many of whom belong to organized crime rings, enter jobsites after hours, load equipment onto trailers, and then either resell the machinery to unsuspecting buyers, dismantle the equipment into smaller pieces for resale as spare parts, or illegally export it to other countries. Value and mobility are two key factors that influence whether or not thieves are likely to steal a piece of heavy equipment. Newer pieces of equipment are more likely to be stolen than older ones, and age, condition, and brand determine a machine’s perceived value. Thefts also spike during peak construction months. Further, the potential for theft going unnoticed for an extended period of time also increases when equipment owners move pieces between jobsites and fields. Criminals frequently target loaders, backhoes, tractors, mowing equipment, bulldozers, forklifts, compressors, generators, excavators, and trenching equipment for their high direct resale value. Indirectly, their losses also cause costly job delays, downtime for businesses, and higher insurance premiums. Owners must exercise diligence in protecting their investments. Failure to do so increases the risk of theft and further adds to the annual cost of equipment theft, currently estimated to range from $300 million to $1 billion. With a recovery rate of less than 20 percent, the odds of recovering equipment are not favorable.


Not Just Theft, but Fraud Schemes, Too Automobiles and trucks have titles and standard, uniformly placed Vehicle Identification Numbers (VINs), to help document their authenticity. There are also many state and federal databases that register VINs to support the location, identification, and recovery of stolen vehicles. Heavy equipment does not currently have such an extensive identification system. The lack of titling requirements makes ownership verification difficult. Product Identification Numbers (PINs) and component serial number plates on heavy equipment can range from 4 to 17 digits and often lack placement uniformity. Further, these numbers are not registered in a government database in the same manner as vehicles. These weaknesses in identification have led to various heavy equipment fraud schemes, such as the following scenarios. Switches In this crime, the original PIN is removed from the equipment and replaced by a different one. The original numbers can either be ground off, or if on a stamped plate, simply removed and replaced with a bogus number or taken from a salvaged piece of equipment. Cloning This scheme starts with a thief copying the PIN and component serial numbers from a legally owned piece of equipment at a jobsite or dealership. These legitimate numbers are then used to create counterfeit PIN and component serial number plates. From there, thieves steal a piece of equipment that is similar to the legally owned one and replace the stolen identification numbers with the counterfeit numbers. The stolen equipment is now a “clone”

Indiana nursery & Landscape association •

of the legitimate one and can be sold for a huge profit.

Non-Existent or “Paper” Equipment Criminals will obtain bank loans on equipment that does not exist or they do not possess. In this crime, a person will create fraudulent documentation concerning a piece of commercial equipment, and then secure a bank loan on it. Rental Equipment Fraud Many criminals rent heavy equipment with no intention of returning it. The rental agreement will be for a few days and paid for in cash or with a fraudulent credit card. When the rental company goes to the site to retrieve the equipment, the site will be vacant or they will discover that no such address or person exists. Owner Give-up The owner of the equipment files a false theft report claiming that the equipment has been stolen. An insurance claim is filed and paid. The equipment owner may have either hidden the equipment while awaiting payment or may have sold it before it was reported stolen.

Avoid Being Victimized The NICB recommends following these commercial equipment theft and fraud prevention tips: • Avoid leaving equipment unattended in remote areas. • Install hidden fuel shut-off systems. • Remove fuses or circuit breakers when equipment is unattended. • Render equipment immobile or difficult to move after hours or on weekends by clustering it in a “wagon-train circle.” Place more easily transported mobile equipment such as generators and compressors in the middle of the circle surrounded by larger pieces of hard-tomove equipment. • Maintain a photo archive and a specific list of the PIN and component part serial numbers of each piece of heavy equipment in a central location. Stamp or engrave equipment parts with identifying marks, numbers, or corporate logos.

• Use lock-out devises and secure lever controls to fix equipment in a curved position, preventing it from traveling in a straight line. • Use sleeve locks to fix backhoe pads in an extended position, keeping wheels off the ground. • Install a system that disables the electrical or ignition system if universal keys are used. • Install an anti-theft or recovery device capable of tracking stolen equipment. Report any thefts immediately to the police, making sure to provide the correct PIN, and notify your insurance company. • Additional measures should be implemented during extended downtimes, such as during holidays. • Register your equipment with the National Equipment Registry’s (NER) database.

If you suspect commercial heavy equipment theft activities, contact the NICB in one of three ways: 1. Text “FRAUD” and your tip to TIP411 (847411). 2. Call 1-800-TEL-NICB (1-800-835-6422). 3. Submit a form on

About the Author The National Insurance Crime Bureau (NICB) is the nation’s leading nonprofit organization exclusively dedicated to leading the united effort of insurers, law enforcement agencies, and representatives of the public to prevent and combat insurance fraud and crime through data analytics, investigations, training, legislative advocacy, and public awareness. For more information, visit

Indiana Nursery & Landscape News • May/June 2018


Certification & Education

IAH Quiz

Each quiz will be worth a .5 (one-half) CEU! The Indiana Accredited Horticulturist Committee is pleased to provide you an opportunity to earn CEUs (continuing education units) in each issue of the Indiana Nursery and Landscape News. The IAH quiz offered in each issue can be completed by anyone who is an “Active” (current) IAH (initial or masters). Each quiz will be worth a .5 (onehalf) CEU (continuing education unit) for the completion of the bi-monthly quiz with a pass rate of 80%. Over a 2-year period, you could earn up to 6 CEUs if you take and pass every quiz! The INLA office will grade the quiz. Questions and answers have been provided by the IAH committee. Thank you and good luck studying! The Indiana Accredited Horticulturist Committee Chair - George Brenn, Four Seasons Landscaping Nursery Committee Members - Brian Bunge, LaPorte County Nursery - Gabriel Gluesenkamp, Designscape Hort Services - Wayne Gruber, Niemeyer’s Landscape Supply - Jim Messmer - Melissa Mravec, Allen Landscape - Jodie Overmyer, Price Nurseries

Certification & Education

IAH Quiz: May 2018

Due: June 30, 2018

Complete the quiz and mail or fax to INLA by the deadline above. Be sure to write your name, IAH number, and contact information on the bottom of the quiz when submitting. If additional space is needed, please attach the extra paper to this form and submit together. Mark your answers.

1. Bare root nursery stock must be harvested (dug) while it is _________. 2. If a newly planted tree requires staking, the staking materials should be ____________ after the first year. 3. When removing a branch from the trunk of a tree, it is important to avoid cutting through the ____________ ____________. 4. Balled & burlapped nursery stock may have been dug by hand or with a tree spade. T or F 5. Heading back is a method of pruning involving reducing the length of branch tips. T or F 6. Trunk wrapping of newly planted trees is one method to reduce the possibility of ___________ and ___________ ____________. 7. When planting into a heavy clay soil, it is best to discard the soil dug from the planting hole and replace it with bagged topsoil and peat moss. T or F 8. Timing for pruning a plant is determined by its ________ ___ _______. 9. The _______ ____ method of tree branch removal minimizes the likelihood of bark being damaged during the pruning procedure. 10. Pruning of Pine and Spruce is best done when the ___________ are extending, but before new buds have matured..

Name:_____________________________________________________________________________ IAH No.:___________________________________________________________________________ Phone:_____________________________________________________________________________ Email:_____________________________________________________________________________ Fax: 317-889-3935 or Mail: INLA, 7915 S. Emerson Ave., #247, Indianapolis, IN 46237

Answers: Please contact the INLA office if you would like to receive the answers or find out your results to any previous IAH quiz. 28

Indiana nursery & Landscape association •

Unleash your

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Certification & Education

George Brenn’s IAH Study Guide George Brenn, Four Seasons Landscaping Nursery, created this study guide to help teach the material covered in the IAH Manual. His intention was to assist those trying to master the subjects within the manual. Text: © George Brenn

New Initial Indiana Accredited Horticulturists Claudia Eaton

Allen Landscape

Chapter 15 – Diagnosing Plant Health Problems The new IAH Chapter 15, authored by Dr. Janna Beckerman and Dr. Cliff Sadof, describes the basic process of diagnosing plant problems. Proper plant health diagnosis involves evaluating fragments of information along with critical, open-minded thinking to develop well-reasoned conclusions and solutions. This is a step-by-step process that involves: Proper host identification Determination of problem Observation of SYMPTOMS Identification of SIGNS

Process of elimination Determine nature of problem

James Morris Franco Landscaping, Inc.

Proper Host Identification – essential to ID host plant for successful diagnosis (many genera known as Cedars) Determination of Problem – is problem normal or abnormal? (e.g., normal Autumn needle drop of Pines or Taxodium)

Corey Gillespie Franco Landscaping, Inc.

Process of Elimination – certain plants are associated with common problems (e.g., Maples do not get EAB)

Justin Hawkins Franco Landscaping, Inc. Kobbe Franklin Walnut Ridge Landscape & Design

Define the SYMPTOMS – SYMPTOMS are the changes in appearance, growth, or development in response to a problem. Symptoms reveal a disruption in normal plant function. Often, plants respond the same way to different problems, thus, diagnosis based only on 1 or 2 symptoms may be inaccurate. ** Whenever possible, examine the ROOTS of the affected plant to observe and gather relevant info. Identify SIGNS – SIGNS are evidence of the biologic agents of plant disease. Common signs include: Presence of insects or excrement, Frass, Fungal mycelia, Bacterial ooze (see Ch 15; pg 7) Determine Nature of Problem – This is when you use your smartphone and the Purdue Plant Doctor apps. Distinguishing Between ABIOTIC and BIOTIC Agents – must assess Damage Pattern Distribution and Period of Time for Damage Development. ABIOTIC Diseases are caused by non-infectious agents such as people or the environment. SYMPTOMS develop rapidly and are usually not progressive. >70% of plant health issues are Abiotic. BIOTIC Diseases are abnormal conditions of a plant caused by living micro-organisms. Biotic disorders are mainly host-specific (e.g., Verticillium Wilt on a Maple will not cause wilt on a White Pine) Most common Abiotic Diseases in landscapes are caused by ignorance of and abuse by people (PPD’s) Distinguishing Between Foliar Problems – Foliar problems rarely result in plant death, but are the most obvious. Many root and stem problems are first visible as foliar damage. Entire or Major Portion of Top is most often related to a ROOT problem. (see Ch 15; pg 14) Stem Girdling from rope or twine on rootball, plant tags, OR from “Weedeater Disease” causes vascular disruption Sudden Decline is usually the result of ABIOTIC disorders (Ch 15; pg 15) Physiological Disorder – e.g., Summer leaf drop in response to drought (Ch 15; pg 16) Multiple Branch Death is usually root or vascular related (e.g., Verticillium) (Ch 15; pg 17) **Fireblight is a BIOTIC disorder (Ch 15; pg 18) but symptoms occur very rapidly The Degree of a Plant’s RESISTANCE can change over time, as can the resistance of a pathogen to a pesticide Single Branch Dying can be either Biotic or Abiotic (Ch 15; pg 19 Foliar Injury – Chemical injury of foliage from phytotoxic pesticides, herbicides, etc., can cause leaf spotting, curling, cupping, or twisting or other distortions of foliage (Ch 15; pg 20)


Indiana nursery & Landscape association •

Certification & Education

Foliar Problems in Conifers (Ch 15; pg 21-22) Need to observe if damage is on only leaves (needles) of a specific growth period (e.g., normal autumn needle drop on Pines and Arborvitaes, etc.) Foliar Symptoms can indicate root problems (Ch 15; pg 23) Vascular Wilt (Ch 15; pg 24) can be caused by excess salts, errant pH, herbicide uptake through roots (Ch 15; pg 24) Distinguishing Between Pathogens and Insect / Mite Damage requires OBSERVATION SYMPTOMS = changes in appearance, growth, or development. SIGNS = evidence of the biologic agent causing damage. The Combination of both Symptoms and Signs is required for preliminary distinction between pathogens and insects. SYMPTONS and SIGNS of FOLIAR PROBLEMS • Is entire leaf or only portions of leaf consumed? (Ch 15; pg 27) Are portions distinct? (Ch 15; pg 28 + Ch 8; pg 41) • Is webbing, frass, or excrement present? (Ch 15; pg 27) • Powdery Mildew (Ch 15; pg 29) There are many species of Powdery Mildew, but they are Host Specific • Leaf Scab or Leaf Spot (Ch 15; pg 30) • Rust (Ch 15; pg 30) • Leaf Skeletonization (Ch 15; pg 31 + Ch 8; pg 33-40) • Spotting or Stipling (Ch 15; pg 32 + Ch 8; pg 12-16) • Anthracnose (Ch 15; pg 33) • Leaves Rolled, Blistered, or Curled (Ch 15; pg 34) • Leaf Miners (Ch 15; pg 31 + Ch 8; pg 41-42) • Leaf or Stem Distortion (Ch 15; pg 35 + Ch 8; pg 29-33) • Needle Casts (begin at base and progress upward) (Ch 15; pg 36) • Sooty Mold (Ch 15; pg 37 + Ch 8; pg 25) • Leaf Galls (Ch 15; pg 38 + Ch 8; pg 29-33) • Bacterial Leaf Spots or Leaf Scorch (Ch 15; pg 39) • Ringspots, Mottles, or Mosaics (Ch 15; pg 40) • Leaf Curling and Puckering (Ch 15; pg 41) • Viral Diseases – can be easily confused with nutrient deficiencies (Ch 15; pg 41) • Foliar Nematodes (Ch 15; pg 42) SYMPTONS and SIGNS of STEM DISORDERS • Wilt (Ch 15; pg 43) • Twig Damage and Petiole & Leaf Stalk Damage (Ch 15; pg 44 + Ch 8; pg 8-17 and 27) • Cankers (Ch 15; pg 45) • Twig Girdlers and Twig Pruners (Ch 15; pg 46 = Ch 8; pg 45) • Bark Borers (Ch 15; pg 47 + Ch 8; pg 51-53) • Shoot Feeders (Ch 15; pg 48 = Ch 8; pg 46) • Oviposition Damage (Ch 15; pg 49 + Ch 8; pg 17) • Galls (Crown Gall, Rust Gall, Black Knot) (Ch 15; pg 50) • Blights (Ch 15; pg 51-52) SYMPTONS and SIGNS of ROOT PROBLEMS • BIOTIC Problems – Most root problems are Biotic, but are often misdiagnosed. Many soil-borne pathogens are Anaerobic (= living in lack of Oxygen). These prosper in poorly drained soils (Ch 15; pg 42) • Root Feeders – larval stage of Beetles (e.g., Jap Beetle or Rose Chafer Grubs), Weevils (e.g., Black Vine Weevil) or Moths (e.g. Sod Webworm) (Ch 15; pg 42 + Ch 8; pg 54) • Root, Stem, and Branch Feeders – Scales (e.g., Oystershell, Pine Needle Scale) and Mealybugs (Ch 8; pg 19-24) • Nematodes = microscopic roundworms. Root Knot Nematodes cause galls to develop at feeding sites (Ch 15; pg 53) • Declines can be sudden or gradual (Ch 15; pg 15)

7463 West Ridge Road P.O. Box 189 Fairview PA 16415 800.458.2234 Fax 800.343.6819 e-mail:

Indiana Nursery & Landscape News • May/June 2018


Looking to purchase existing business Landscape, Lawncare, Tree and Shrub Care, or Irrigation Business in Indianapolis or surrounding counties. Call Jim Calvin, Calvin Landscape 317-247-6316

Advertisers Advanced Tree Technology....................................................6 Arborjet...............................................................................16 Blue Grass Farms of Indiana.................................................27 Bobcat of Indy...............................................................19, 25 Brehob Nurseries, LLC.................................outside back cover


Calvin Landscape................................................................32

Manufacturer of landscape and nursery equipment selling due to health. Ideal buyer would be someone already marketing their corollary product line into this industry. This product line has strong bottom line contribution margins, excellent reputation in the marketplace, and is patent-protected.

Fairview Evergreen Nursery.................................................31

Respond to


Heritage Oak Farm...............................................................32 Indiana Irrigation Co.............................................................4 MacAllister Machinery Co., Inc..............................................7

Midwest Groundcovers, Inc...................................................9

Advertise in the Indiana Nursery & Landscape News Contact: Mary Breidenbach, 317-757-8634 or

Millcreek Gardens..................................................................4 Purdue Turf & Landscape Field Day..............inside front cover Reynolds Farm Equipment.....................................................3 Shade Trees Unlimited.........................................................31

INLA Job Board Up and Running at Job posting is FREE to INLA members! Positions are open to any who wish to respond! To post an open position at your company, please email and include: • Job description • Position title • Contact information • How to apply • How long you'd like the position to be listed on the job board (for example, 2 months) Questions? Contact Rick Haggard, 765-366-4994


Indiana nursery & Landscape association •

Snowfighters Institute...........................................................5 Tiffany Lawn & Garden Supply..............................................8 Unilock................................................................................29 Wahmhoff Farms Nursery......................................................8 West Side Tractor Sales........................................................11 Woody Warehouse Nursery, Inc...........................................21

INLA Member Benefits In an attempt to make your membership of greater value to you and your company, the Membership Committee is happy to present the INLA member benefits. While we hope you find INLA membership valuable for all the education, business, and networking opportunities, I think you’ll agree it sure doesn’t hurt to have a few perks. We are grateful for the many companies both new and returning (M.J. Schuetz, Sunbelt Rentals, and Littler) that have created some very outstanding offers for the INLA membership. Be sure to take advantage of these offers today and make contact with these businesses. They support the INLA and they support a strong Indiana green industry. We hope to keep adding benefits throughout the year and will announce them in the magazine, on the website, and in the eNewsletter as they come available. Have a great year and enjoy the new benefits! Sincerely, Kim Glass, INLA Membership Committee Chair

10% off any new purchases or calibrations Accurate Laser Systems Contact: Bill Rawn, 317-714-2273

Buy an Exmark riding mower and receive $150 off a Stihl or Echo product. Limit one mower. Offer not available for fleet purchases. Bobcat of Indy / Anderson / Bloomington / Indy North

10% discount on container plant orders over $3,000.00. This is an ongoing benefit and not a one-time discount. Cardno Native Plant Nursery

Littler $100 contribution split between the INEF Scholarship and ILA Fritz Loonsten Scholarship after a purchase of a new and/or used vehicle. Applies to purchases at Greenfield location only. Dellen Automotive Family Contact: Linda Mabee 317-462-5591

Littler Dial-A-Lawyer: Free 15-minute consultation with a labor lawyer.

Receive two FREE hours of graphic design work ($170 value) with the purchase of your first print or marketing project of $500 or more (new customers only).

Example: employment practices, handbook, wages, etc.

Five Stones Marketing Contact: Jon Carr 317-344-9499 or Troy Austin 317-344-9296

Littler Labor Lawyer Contact: Alan McLaughlin 317-287-3523

More INLA Member Benefits on next page

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More Member Benefits!

Sunbelt Rentals in Fishers Automatic 10% discount on commercial insurance. Contact us today for quotes on Commercial Business, Bonding, Life, and Personal Lines insurance. M.J. Schuetz Insurance Services Contact: Kim Glass 317-548-3937,

Receive $100 off an order of $500 or more. Valid at any location in Indiana. Valid to first-time customers only. This is a one-time offer. SiteOne Landscape Supply

15% discount on landscaping equipment. Must have charge account. Sunbelt Rentals in Fishers Contact: Loren Gentry 317-849-2119

Quality Michigan Grown Nursery Stock

“Where Quality & Value Prevail!” Gobles, MI First-time Customers Truckload Only 10% discount on B&B Trees WAHMHOFF FARMS NURSERY

10% discount off any garden transactions. Applies at all locations: Fishers, Muncie, and Union City

888-MI-TREES or 269-628-4308

Wasson Nursery Contact: Bob Wasson 317-588-1530

Receive a $500 gift card for future rental equipment, attachments, Stihl, or Scag mowers with purchase of a John Deere compact construction machine. West Side Tractor Sales Contact: Bill Price, 765-447-6933

New INLA Member Benefit Partner Profile

Service First Processing Makes Accepting Credit Cards Simple, Efficient, and Profitable Service First Processing (SFP) is a leading provider of credit card and ACH/ check processing services. We make accepting credit cards simple, efficient and more profitable for your company. NAHAD and SFP have put together a special “members only program” that is guaranteed to reduce your cost of credit card processing while improving your level of service and support.

This new program will enhance your company’s profitability: 1. SFP will provide your company with a savings proposal based on your unique business processing needs and our consultative analysis. 2. This program offers you a 60-day trial period during which you will be provided with the necessary equipment and training.

• Ten percent (10%) Member Rebate • 60-day Trial Period • Equipment Loaner Program • Member help line: 855-632-9862 • Free “AccessOne” Reporting Tool

Service FIrst Processing Contact: 855-632-9862

3. In addition to your initial cost reduction, ten percent (10%) of the net processing revenue that SFP generates from your account will be rebated back to you on an annual basis.

INLA Members can call 855-632-9862 for program information. Service First Processing | 4401 N Federal Highway Suite 101, Boca Raton FL, 33431

Additional member benefits will be announced as they come available. Please check the INLA website — — for most up-to-date list.

Indiana Nursery & Landscape News • May/June 2018



Indiana nursery & Landscape association •

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Westfield 4867 Sheridan Rd | Westfield, IN 46062 317.877.0188 | 877.829.0188


4316 Bluff Rd | Indianapolis, IN 46217 317.783.3233 | 800.921.3233

Indiana Nursery & Landscape News, May/June 2018  

The Safety Issue — Putting the Brakes on Distracted Driving, Indiana Transportation Laws and Regulations, Much More Than Safety, Know What's...

Indiana Nursery & Landscape News, May/June 2018  

The Safety Issue — Putting the Brakes on Distracted Driving, Indiana Transportation Laws and Regulations, Much More Than Safety, Know What's...