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The Official Publication of the Indiana Nursery & Landscape Association

Indiana Nursery & Landscape News Volume 79 • Issue 4

July/August 2019


Cover: INLA Award of Excellence 2018 Winner for Hardscape Residential Design/Build over $50,000 — Vive Exterior Design

The Hardscape Issue The Spread of Invasive Pests on Hardscape Materials and Outdoor Articles auction awards shooting

ICPI Launches Hardscape Institute Living It Up with Vertical Gardens Member Highlight: Great GrowIN’s

our summer t 2019 & Shoots 8–9 see pag

Follow us!

Milestone Anniversaries of INLA Members 10


IAH Quiz 27

Indiana Nursery & Landscape News Volume 79 • Issue 4 July/August 2019

Contents The Hardscape Issue Education

16 The Spread of Invasive Pests on Hardscape Materials and Outdoor Articles Indiana Nursery & Landscape News is the official publication of the Indiana Nursery & Landscape Association, Inc. (INLA) and is published bimonthly. Indiana Nursery & Landscape Association 7915 S. Emerson Ave., Suite 247 Indianapolis, IN 46237 Phone: 317-889-2382 Toll Free: 800-443-7336 www.inla1.org Publisher Rick Haggard, Executive Director, INLA 765-366-4994 • haggard.rick@att.net Editor and Ad Sales Mary Breidenbach, Cumulus Design 317-757-8634 • mary@ecumulus.com


20 ICPI Launches Hardscape Institute Business

22 Living It Up with Vertical Gardens community

24 Member Highlight: Great GrowIN’s 20

Advertising Rates: Media Kit available online at www.inla1.org

Copy Deadline: First of the month preceding the month of the issue. Reprint permission granted if source is indicated. Views expressed in articles or editorials do not necessarily reflect the views and opinions of the association or its directors, but are those of the writer. Trade names used in articles are for identification only. No discrimination is intended toward similar products and the INLA does not endorse the use of the products mentioned. Subscriptions: Included with membership to the INLA. Nonmembers: $36.00 per year (six issues per year).

Plus More! 2

President’s Message


Executive Director’s Message



INLA News 7

OISC Clean Sweep Dates Announced


The 2019 INLA Summer Tour and INEF Shooting for Scholarships


Let the Celebration Begin! Milestone Anniversaries of INLA Members - Greendell Landscape Solutions (p. 10) - Foegley Landscape (p. 12) - Twixwood Nursery (p. 13)

For questions regarding subscriptions, please call INLA at 317-889-2382.


DNR Finds Oak Threat in Store Rhododendrons 2019 Indiana General Assembly Wrap-Up

Certification & Education

Cover Photo: Private residence in Indianapolis, Indiana. Photo courtesy Vive Exterior Design.



George Brenn’s IAH Study Guide


IAH Quiz! Earn CEUs


Advertiser List, Classifieds Toolbox Talks: Slips, Trips and Falls


auction awards shooting

summer tour & Shoot 2019 see pages 8–9

President’s Message

Hola Amigos! How’s your ark coming along? I would be a couple cubit’s further along, but I started building with stone instead of wood. Personal preference gone wrong. Extremely wet spring but as we are challenged with adversity, we work through it. During some of the wettest days, I saw a steady stream of landscapers coming in and most would tell me they had 10 to 15 jobs started but just needed a few dry days to finish and get paid. These letters are written weeks before you see them, so some events will happen in between. One of these is our June 13th board meeting. We did a road trip this time and visited the FFA Leadership Center in Trafalgar, Indiana. Former Central Nine instructor Joe Ramey, who now works at the FFA Center, invited us to come visit. Joe was instrumental in his position at Central Nine in creating a renewed buzz on the importance of vocational education in starting careers in our profession and in nurturing its future leaders and staff. Looking forward to seeing what is being done there. It interests me because now instead of Joe influencing hundreds of young adults, he is involved with thousands of future workforce professionals. After this we are going to Brian Franco’s lake cottage for some quality downtime. Brian said his ark is ready to float. Thanks Joe and Brian. Dave LaFara

This issue is always one of my favorites. It’s the hardscape edition. Even though neither myself nor Shaun Yeary have written anything, I’m sure there is something worth reading — just kidding. Actually there is a very important and informative article about education for the career path of hardscape contractors. It is written by those at ICPI and deserves your attention. Site One has a great article on lighting, and new member, Great Growins shares with us their company’s specialty — green walls and living fences. We also continue to honor milestone anniversaries of INLA member companies in this issue. Please check the calendar of events as things get very busy this time of year. Highlights include: Purdue Field Day on July 9, GIE Golf Event on July 18, INLA Summer Meeting on August 1–2. And one last reminder — it’s time for everyone to start planning your Award of Excellence projects. I’m seeing a lot of awesome projects on Facebook that should be on stage. As I’m writing this, the news is on in the background. To say the least, my mind was starting to glaze over amongst the arguments of who’s stupid and smells funny when I become enlightened and humbled as the topic turns to the 75th anniversary of D-Day. To see the tens of thousands of young men from multiple countries striving and dying together to defeat an enemy that wanted to destroy all that we hold true, can only be called heroic. That battle didn’t end the war but helped in being the catalyst that did. Countries, politicians, and every common person came together to work for a goal of success. Wouldn’t that work ethic be refreshing now?

2019 INLA Officers Dave LaFara, President Tiffany Lawn & Garden Supply 4931 Robison Rd, Indianapolis, IN 46268 317-228-4900; Fax 317-228-4910 david.lafara@tiffanylawn.com Dean Ricci, President-Elect Ricci’s Landscape Management, Inc. 502 Norbeh Drive, Hebron, IN 46341 219-996-2682; Fax 219-996-2680 dean@rlminc.com Kim Glass, Vice President M.J. Schuetz Insurance Services 55 Monument Circle, Ste 500 Indianapolis, IN 46244 (317) 639-5679; Fax (317) 639-6910 kglass@mjsis.com Brian Franco, Past-President Franco Landscaping, Inc. PO Box 34156, Indianapolis, IN 46234 317-858-3858; Fax 317-858-8906 bfranco@francoland.com Rick Haggard, Executive Director & Publisher 7915 S, Emerson Ave., #247 Indianapolis, IN 46032 Office: 800-443-7336 or 317-889-2382 Cell: 765-366-4994 • Fax (317) 889-2382 info@inla1.org • rhaggard@inla1.org haggard.rick@att.net

Board of Directors Kyle Daniel — Purdue University 765-494-7621 • daniel38@purdue.edu

Looking forward to this summer. Hope to be able to take some time with family, as this spring hasn’t allowed that to happen. Be safe, help others as you can. We’re all in this together. I’m pulling for you.

Gabriel Gluesenkamp (2019) Designscape Horticultural Services 812-988-8900 • gabrielg@designhort.com

Always between a rock and a hard place, with a smile,

Mark O’Brien (2020) Cardno • 574-586-2412 mark.obrien@cardno.com

David LaFara, INLA President (Sir Rocks A Lot) You can take the kid off the nursery, but you can’t take the nursery off the kid.

Kevin Van Sessen (2021) Blade Cutters, LLC. • 219-661-8206 kevinvs@bladecutters.net Bob Wasson (2019) Wasson Nursery and Garden Center 765-759-9000 • bob@wassonnursery.com

Education: February 11–13 • Trade Show: February 12–13 Indiana’s largest, most comprehensive green industry event of the year! Exhibitor booths now on sale! Go to www.indianagreenexpo.com for exhibitor packet and details. 2

Indiana nursery & Landscape association • www.inla1.org

Kent Wilhelmus (2021) Second Nature Landscape Management (812) 483-7817 • kent@secondnaturelm.com Shaun Yeary (2019) Greendell Landscape Solutions 317-996-2826 syeary@greendelllandscape.com

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Indiana Nursery & Landscape News • July/August 2019


Executive Director’s Message Greetings to all from the confines of a dry office, which I cannot say for much of the outside world of Indiana. As I have heard from many, it’s hit and miss on projects being completed or even stepped on to start work. While I know it’s very wet, I sure hope the water doesn’t totally go away the rest of this summer like it did in 2012. I guess there is just no absolute control of Mother Nature to keep our industry totally satisfied. Let’s begin my latest ramblings and enjoy!! Be sure to visit www.inla1.org for updates on the following. Updates will also be posted in our FREE monthly enewsletter. If you or your employees don’t receive it yet, please sign up for the enewsletter at http://inla1.org/. Rick Haggard

First, I would like to remind all of our members that for the first time in three years, the INLA Summer Tour and INEF Shooting for Scholarships event will take place in Central Indiana on August 1– 2. For our Summer Tour, we visit locations in Indianapolis and outskirts to the west on August 1, 2019. The INLA Summer Conference Committee has lined up several tours for the day encompassing three counties. The Tour’s lunch will be provided by Blue Grass Farms at their new Hobbs Yard location in cooperation with Ameri-Turf, which is located on the same property. Blue Grass is celebrating its 40th anniversary. Later that night, Greendell Landscape Solutions who is celebrating its 50th Anniversary are hosting our evening dinner, which includes live music, great BBQ spread, tours, and a chance for great camaraderie and fellowship with members and attendees. On August 2, 2019, the INEF Shooting for Scholarships event will take place at the Indiana Gun Club in Fishers, Indiana with a scheduled start at 10:00 am (EDT). We were able to keep our event prices the same as last year due to the generosity of our sponsors. A special thanks to Blue Grass Farms, Ameri-Turf, and Greendell Landscape Solutions for absorbing much of the cost for food and other amenities. See pages 8–9 for event details (tour, hotels, cost, etc.) and registration form. Please return registrations ASAP so we can plan for transportation, food, drinks, etc. I would also like to remind everyone that the Green Industry Alliance (GIA) Golf Outing will take place on July 18, 2019 at Twin Lakes Golf Club in Carmel, Indiana. This is the only fundraiser that GIA puts on to help with offsetting the cost of our lobbyist, The Corydon Group. GIA keep us informed and assists us in identifying bills in the state legislature that would have an impact, negatively or positively, regarding our industry. So please, if you have time join us to play golf on a private course with lunch, dinner, and prizes all provided for one low cost. Do want to sponsor a hole, play, or donate prizes? Call or email me at the information listed below. See inside back cover for registartion form or go to upcoming events at http://inla1.org/. As many of you have heard that Sudden Oak Death Syndrome (SODS) was discovered on host plants at Walmart and Rural King stores in Indiana. See page 14 for story. I cannot begin to describe the devastation that this disease could invoke on oaks and other plants in Indiana, if it is not eradicated. Several years ago, there was a false positive test at wholesale nursery and needless to say, if it was a true positive, the impact not only to plants, but to other nurseries in the state would have changed the whole supplier scope in Indiana. Also, just a quick reminder that April 18, 2019 the Attorney General signed the Invasive Species list of plants that will no longer be available for sale, trade, or production in the state of Indiana beginning April 19, 2020. This gives growers, retailers and others the opportunity to remove or sell existing inventory by this date.

The IAH will have a test administered at Designscape Horticultural Services in Nashville, Indiana on August 21, 2019. The review session (additional cost) will be from 10:00 am to 12:00 pm, with the test from 12:30 pm to 2:30 pm. There will be a lunch break from 12:00 – 12:30 pm, please be sure to bring your own lunch as there are no facilities close to make it to and from in the 30-minute time allotted for lunch. Registration is posted Quality Michigan Grown Nursery Stock online at http://inla1.org/. Balled & Burlapped 4’-16’ Colorado Spruce Norway Spruce White Spruce Serbian Spruce Black Hills Spruce White Pine Canaan Fir “Where Quality & Value Prevail!” Concolor Fir Gobles, MI Fraser Fir

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* Seedlings & Transplants * Cut Christmas Trees, Wreaths & Roping

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E-mail: info@mitrees.com

Indiana nursery & Landscape association • www.inla1.org

Lastly, I am very pleased with the number of new and renewed members we have to date. Many of the new members are associates that are also exhibiting for the first time at our Indiana Green Expo in 2020. The Indiana Green Expo to date has around 15 extra booths already reserved. When you receive the magazine and are and active member that has not yet paid your dues, please do so at your earliest convenience. If you are not sure give me a buzz. Keep It Green, Rick Haggard, INLA Executive Director haggard.rick@att.net or rhaggard@inla1.org Cell: 765-366-4994

Indiana Nursery & Landscape News • July/August 2019


CALENDAR July 2019 9

Purdue’s 2019 Turf and Landscape Field Day West Lafayette, IN • Daniel Turf Center • 8:00 am – 3:00 pm • The Field Day features research tours, afternoon workshops on current topics, and a tradeshow with over 40 exhibitors displaying equipment and turf and landscape products. Available CCHs = 2(3), 3A(4), 3B(4), 5(3), 6(3), 7a(3), RT(4) https://mrtf.org/

13–16 Cultivate’19 Columbus, OH • Presented by AmericanHort Available CCHs = 1(10), 2(3), 3A(8), 3B(1), RT(4) www.cultivate19.org

7463 West Ridge Road P.O. Box 189 Fairview PA 16415 800.458.2234 Fax 800.343.6819 e-mail: info@FairviewEvergreen.com FairviewEvergreen.com


Green Industry Alliance Golf Outing Twin Lakes Golf Club, Carmel • The annual fundraiser for GIA includes a fun day of golf, prizes, and dinner. Please consider adding this event to your calendar and support this valuable organization. Registration form on inside back cover and at http://inla1.org/events-calendar/


Ball Field Day and Landscape Day West Chicago, IL • 8:00 am – 3:00 pm (CST) • Includes tours of Ball Premier Lab, Seed Distribution, and Guided Garden Tour and presentations throughout the day. More info: https://www.ballcustomerday.com/

28–8/2 Perennial Plant Association National Symposium Rosemont, IL, (in the Chicago area) • The National Symposium includes worldrenowned speakers, tours of Chicago, and two great dinners! https://perennialplant.org/ 30

Lawn Care Diagnostic Training West Lafayette, IN • Daniel Turf Center • 8:00 am – 4:00 pm • Presented by the Purdue Turfgrass Program, the hands-on and demonstration-based training offers relevant education and up-to-date info for lawn care technicians. https://mrtf.org/

August 2019 1–2

INLA Summer Tour (August 1) & INEF Shooting for Scholarships (August 2) Central Indiana • Unwind this summer in beautiful Central Indiana for our best fundraising and networking event of the year! Complete schedule and on in pages 8 – 9 or onlineIndiana at www.inla1.org August 1 &registration 2, 2019 Central

Summer Tour/shoot 2019

tour, Auction, Awards, clay shoot fundraiser, food & fun! Complete schedule and registration on pages 8-9 or at www.inla1.org 5—8

International Society of Arboriculture Conference Knoxville, TN • https://www.isa-arbor.com/

6–8 Tree Risk Assessment Qualification Exam Indianapolis, IN • Contact Indiana Arborist Association for details — https://www.indiana-arborist.org/ 13–22 Indiana Pesticide Clean Sweep Project sponsored by OISC Waste pesticide collection days. See sidebar on page 7 for more information or go to https://www.oisc.purdue.edu/pesticide/clean_sweep.html 21


Indiaina Accredited Horticuluturist (IAH) Review and Exam Nashville, IN • Designscape Horticultural Services 10:00 am – 12:00 pm: Review session additional cost 12:00 – 12:30 pm: Lunch Break Bring your own lunch for there are no facilities close by to make it in the 30-minutes allotted for lunch. 12:30 pm – 2:30 pm: Exam Registration: Online at http://inla1.org/

Indiana nursery & Landscape association • www.inla1.org

Landscape Mulch Playground Surfacing Soil and Compost Erosion Control Seed Installation Turf Topdressing Green Roofs

OISC Clean Sweep Dates Announced What: An Indiana Pesticide Clean Sweep Project designed to collect and dispose of suspended, canceled, banned, unusable, opened, unopened or just unwanted pesticides (weed killers, insecticides, rodenticides, fungicides, miticides, etc.) is being sponsored by the Office of Indiana State Chemist (OISC). This disposal service is free of charge up to 250 pounds per participant. Over 250 pounds there will be a $2.00 per pound charge. This is a great opportunity for you to legally dispose of unwanted products at little or no cost. Who: All public and private schools, golf courses, nurseries, farmers, ag dealers, cities, towns, municipalities, and county units of government or others receiving this notice are eligible to participate. When: 9:00 a.m. to 3:00 p.m. local Where: August 13, 2019: Monroe County Fairgrounds in Bloomington, IN August 14, 2019: East Side Park/Daviess County 4-H Building in Washington, IN August 15, 2019: Shelby County Fairgrounds in Shelbyville, IN August 20, 2019: LaPorte County Fairgrounds in LaPorte, IN August 21, 2019: Huntington County Fairgrounds in Huntington, IN August 22, 2019: Hendricks County Fairgrounds in Danville, IN How: Complete the Pesticide Clean Sweep Planning Form to the best of your ability. Mail, fax, or e-mail the completed form to Garret Creason at 765-494-4331 or gcreaso@purdue.edu no later than Monday, August 1, 2019. Then bring your labeled, leak free, and safe to transport containers to the collection site. DO NOT mix materials. In case of an emergency, you should bring with you a list of products you are carrying and a contact phone number. NOTE: OISC reserves the right to cancel this Pesticide Clean Sweep Project if there is not adequate demand. Participants submitting the Clean Sweep Planning Form by August 1, 2019, will be contacted immediately if cancellation is necessary. Details and Pesticide Clean Sweep Planning Form are at www.oisc.purdue.edu.

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Indiana Nursery & Landscape News • July/August 2019


Auction Awards Shooting

Unwind this summer in beautiful Central Indiana for our best fundraising and networking event of the year.

Day 1: Summer Tour

SUMMER Tour + Shoot August 1 & 2, 2019

Thursday, August 1 (EDT) - Morning includes: Landscape projects in Indianapolis - Lunch at Blue Grass Farms Hobbs Yard and Ameri-Turf - Afternoon stops include member job sites in Avon, Brownsburg, Plainfield, and Camby. - Evening dinner and drinks at Greendell Landscape Solutions; live music by Larry "The Mulch Guy" Summerton. - Live auction after dinner

Landscape Tour

Day 2: Shooting for Scholarships/Auction Dinner, Drinks and music

Indianapolis and surrounding counties

Friday, August 2 (EDT) Our annual sporting clay shoot is back, benefiting INLA / INEF educational scholarships. Bring customers, employees and friends. Prizes available to the best individual or team. - Lunch provided with event registration. - Live auction follows shoot.

Auction Clay Shoot

Registration Deadline: July 26, 2019


Indiana nursery & Landscape association • www.inla1.org

INLA Summer Tour 2019

REGISTRATION and Sponsorship FORM Thursday, August 1, 2019 • Meet at 8:15 a.m. (CDT) at Springhill Suites/Indianapolis Airport Suites, Plainfiled, IN • Landscape projects in the Indianapolis area and tour Blue Grass Farms “Hobbs Yard”/Amer-Turf facility • Private lunch at Blue Grass Farms “Hobbs Yard”/Amer-Turf facility • Member job sites in Avon, Brownsburg, Plainfield, and Camby • Approximately 5:30 pm arrive at Greendell Landscape Solutions for drinks, tours, etc. with dinner around 6:30 pm. • Live auction to benefit the INLA/INEF Scholarship at 7:15 pm.

Friday, August 2, 2019 • Breakfast and registration from 9:00–10:00 a.m. at Indiana Gun Club in Fortville, IN • Sporting clay shoot begins at 10:30 a.m. (EDT) • Catered lunch • Live auction

Thursday Tour Pricing $85 per person for Thursday event, includes tour, lunch, dinner, and beer samples $30 per person for dinner only

Shoot Location: Indiana Gun Club 14926 E 113th Street, Fortville, IN 46040

Friday Shoot Pricing $600 per team of 5 includes shoot, breakfast, and lunch $125 per person includes shoot, breakfast, and lunch

Shoot registration includes: Targets, shells, shotguns (upon request), safety instructions, limited shooting instructions, refreshments, lunch, & prize eligibility.

Suggested Lodging: SpringHill Suites/Indpls Airport Suites, 6014 Gateway Drive, Plainfield, IN 46168 • (317) 279-2394 Reserve rooms by calling hotel directly at (317) 279-2394. INLA room block for July 31 & Aug 1. Use code: “INLA”. Room rate: $129.00 per night for king or double queen plus tax. Special pricing is good until July 16, 2019.

Registration: Company:_____________________________________________ Name(s) of individuals or team of 5 attending: 1)____________________________________________________ 2)____________________________________________________ 3)____________________________________________________ 4)____________________________________________________ 5)____________________________________________________ Address:_ _____________________________________________

Return by: July 26, 2019

SPONSORSHIP OPPORTUNITIES Sponsors will be acknowledged verbally and on signage throughout the program, in addition to an upcoming issue of the INLA magazine. Sign up for sponsorships soon and realize the maximum benefit of pre-event publicity! Company: _________________________________________ Contact:___________________________________________ Cell: ______________________________________________ Email:_ ____________________________________________

City, St, Zip:_ __________________________________________

___ We will staff our station

Phone:______________________ Cell:____________________

Sign me up for the following sponsorships (we have more than one sponsor per category):

Email:_ _______________________________________________ Select registration items: # of People

_____Thursday Event @ $85/person............................. $_________ _____Thursday Dinner only @ $30/person................... $_________ _____Shoot: Team of 5 @ $600/team........................... $_________ _____Shoot: Individual @ $125/person........................ $_________ _____Friday Event Spectator Only $50/person............. $_________ _____Sponsorship Contribution Total.......................... $_________ _____Additional Scholarship Contribution................... $_________ Total amount enclosed...................................... $_________

_____ $250 Station Sponsors — your logo/name on individual station signage. PLEASE PROVIDE A LIVE AUCTION ITEM. (20 opportunities or 2 per station) _____ $250 Friday Breakfast at Indiana Gun Club (2 opportunities) _____ $500 Lunch at Blue Grass Farms “Hobbs Yard”/ Ameri-Turf (2 opportunities) _____ $250 Tour Transportation Sponsors (4 needed) Includes signage and an opportunity to do a 5-minute talk about your company/product


_____ $350 Dinner Beverage (2 opportunities, alcoholic beverages during dinner only and non-alcoholic beverages throughout the day)

___ Check enclosed made payable to INLA

_____ $700 Dinner Sponsor (2 opportunities)

___ Credit card (circle one): MasterCard Visa Discover AMEX

_____ $300 Prize (2 opportunities) will be awarded to firstplace individuals on each team ($50 Visa gift cards)

Name on card:_________________________________________ Card number:__________________________________________ Expiration date:______/______

Security code: ________

Billing address if different from above: (address, city, state, zip) _____________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________ Email receipt to:________________________________________

_____ Door prize donations (please describe) _______________________________________________

(Suggestions are coolers, tools, bag chairs, electronic items, event tickets, gift cards, etc.)

_____ Live auction donations (please describe) _______________________________________________ (Suggestions are gift cards, landscape material, products, electronics, equipment, etc.)

Please email, or mail to the INLA Office by July 26, 2019 Email: info@inla1.org • Mail: INLA 7915 S. Emerson Ave., #247, Indianapolis, IN 46237 • Questions: 800-443-7336 or 317-889-2382

Milestone Anniversaries

Let the Celebration Begin! There are an astonishing number of INLA member companies celebrating milestone anniversaries in 2019. Over the next several issues we hope to highlight each of these outstanding companies. In this issue we highlight Greendell Landscape Solutions, Foegley Landscape, and Twixwood Nursery. If your company is celebrating a milestone anniversary, please let us know so that we can share the news.

Blue Grass Farms of Indiana, 40 Brehob Nursery, 50 Cardno Native Plant, 25 Foegley Landscape, 60 Greendell Landscape Solutions, 50 Landscapes by Dallas Foster, 40 Midwest Groundcovers, 50 Schneiders Nursery, 70 Stone Center of Indiana, 50 Tiffany’s Lawn & Garden Supply, 40 Twixwood Nursery, 50

Greendell Landscape Solutions Mooresville, IN

The year 1969 was monumental to say the least. American Astronaut Neil Armstrong became the first human to set foot on the moon with “one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind”; Woodstock attracted more than 350,000 Rock ’n’ Roll fans; Vietnam War protests were rampant across the country; and right up there in significance, hardwood bark mulches were introduced to the Indiana market. In Mooresville, Byron and Evelyn Green began manufacturing hardwood bark mulches — one small step for the strawberries in their patch, and one giant leap for the landscape industry in Indiana. With that, Greendell’s roots were planted as Indiana’s Original Mulch Manufacturer. Fifty years later, Greendell has grown into one of the state’s largest and most trusted suppliers of mulch, manufactured soils, professional growing mixes, and stone to homeowners, nurseries, and landscapers. Current owner, Frank Gieseking began his career with Greendell right after high school and worked in several positions throughout the company before assuming ownership in 2001, when the Green family was ready to retire after 32 years of success. With the addition of several new product lines including natural stone, manufactured stone, hardscape supply, landscape lighting, tools, and a retail garden center, Greendell quickly became a one-stop shop for many of central Indiana’s landscapers and homeowners. Several key employees have celebrated milestone anniversaries with the company and round out a team with years of knowledge and certifications in the landscape industry. Greendell is extremely proud to carry a well-educated and dedicated staff. In 2015, Greendell Mulch & Mix became Greendell Landscape Solutions in an effort to bring the name up to speed with its ever-growing range of products and services. Needing an additional location to serve central Indiana more conveniently, Greendell partnered with Musselman Farms (Noblesville, IN) in 2017 to become Musselman Landscape Solutions and bring the same product lines, customer service, and family atmosphere to the north side of Indianapolis. As Greendell celebrates its 50th year in business, the future for this family-owned and operated business is bright. Frank’s five adult children are involved in the company and look forward to continuing Greendell’s legacy in serving our industry through the next 50 years. Greendell plans to celebrate this milestone in many ways throughout the year, but are very excited to host the 2019 INLA Summer Meeting on the evening of August 1 with tours, live music, beverages, and barbecue. For more information, please visit the INLA website and we will see you at Greendell on August 1! 10

Indiana nursery & Landscape association • www.inla1.org

the Host of mmer u s 9 1 0 2 INLA hoot tour & S8–9 for es see pag n ormatio f more in

Let the Celebration Begin! continues on page 12



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Indiana Nursery & Landscape News • July/August 2019



Let the Celebration Begin! (continued from page 11)

Our “Not So” Secret to Success Foegley Landscape, South Bend, Indiana

Foegley Landscape has been thriving for the past 60 years. We’ve enjoyed a steady 10% to 15% growth rate since the early 1990s and we’ve been through several economic cycles during that time. This has been made possible by our great team and our focus on really taking care of our clients. Foegley Landscape began operations in 1959 and like many other landscape businesses, our beginnings were very humble in nature. For the first couple of years Foegley Landscape was a one-man show of Bob Foegley. His equipment consisted of a Studebaker Lark, a homemade trailer, a few hand tools. Bob wore a lot of hats and was the business owner, designer, salesman, and only laborer. Bob established the foundations upon which we continue to grow to this day. In order to truly delight his customers he always focused on using horticultural knowledge, artistic vision, and world-class craftsmanship in everything he did. Innovation has played an important role in our continued success. Over the years we have been the first company in our market to implement cutting-edge production equipment and techniques to save labor and produce a better product for our clients. We’ve also evolved from a company that primarily provided landscape plantings, into an organization that provides a wide range of services including hardscaping, full-service maintenance, and snow and ice management to name just a few. Our team is the one thing that really sets us apart from other landscape contractors in our market. We strive to take care of our team. We have many people on staff that have been with us well over 20 years. Adding team members with new skills and ideas is also very important, so we are continually on the lookout for new talent. Giving back to the community is also an important aspect of our business. Foegley Landscape supports many not-forprofit organizations by providing auction items and in-kind service donations. Many of these organizations are also in need of good leadership, so John Foegley has served on many not-forprofit boards over the years. This year we led the way on development of a new outdoor entertaining space. We were the lead sponsor and the space is named Foegley Plaza at the South Bend Civic Theater. It is important to note that this 1,800-square-foot, permeable brick space, would not have been possible without the support of many of our local partners in the green industry. They deserve a lot of the credit and thanks.

Small Business of the Year 2013 Winning awards is not our primary mission, so we were very surprised when the St. Joseph County Chamber of Commerce recognized us as the 2013 Small Business of the Year. We were the first landscape company to win this prestigious award. We feel it acknowledges the leadership role we play and confirms our reputation as a professional organization, which has earned the trust and appreciation of the business community. It has required a lot of dedication and smart, hard work to grow Foegley Landscape from the acorn of its beginning into a mature landscape organization well-rooted in a firm foundation with many sturdy branches and invaluable team members. We started delighting customers in 1959 and have been doing so ever since. Bob passed away in 2014, and while we will all miss him, we will continue to be inspired by his artistic vision and wonderful attitude. We are all dedicated to continuing the “Legacy of Excellence” he started many years ago! 12

Indiana nursery & Landscape association • www.inla1.org

Bob Foegley, began Foegley Landscape in 1959.

Earlier this year, John Foegley, second from left, helped cut the ribbom at Foegley Plaza at the South Bend Civic Center.

Artist rendering of Foegley Plaza at the South Bend Civic Center.


Twixwood Nursery Berrien Springs, Michigan

George and Lou Kimmel started Twixwood in the spring of 1968 by potting Vinca minor ‘Bowles’ into 2¼" peat pots on a picnic table in the front yard. They had been fruit and vegetable farmers on the centennial family farm just 20 miles north of South Bend, Indiana, so it was a short step to go from strawberries to groundcovers. They spent the year prior to starting the business travelling around the country studying existing groundcover businesses. The older nursery people were doing things as they always had: glass greenhouses with coal fire and hot water heat under raised sand benches with plants grown in the sand and pulled out to be sold and shipped bare root. The bare root plants restricted the times of the year they could be installed. By the early 1960s everything had changed. Clear polyethylene plastic film had been developed and, in 1964, Rutgers professor Bill Roberts invented the double poly Twixwood Nursery, Hillcrest Farm (original farm) inflated covering that both insulated better and minimized condensation dripping in the growing and over-wintering structures. And plastic flats had just been developed to replace the old wooden bedding plant flats. Because the Kimmels were starting from scratch, they did not have the inertia of an outdated system in place and could go with the latest technology. They looked for improved varieties. Early on they got ‘Bowles’ Vinca minor from Spring Hill Nursery out of Tipp City, Ohio. It came originally from England where it was also known as ‘La Grave.’ Hedera helix ‘Thorndale’ was the improved Twixwood Nursery, Shawnee Farm (main farm) analogue for English Ivy and was used in the Chicago area. As soon as it became available, Pachysandra ‘Green Carpet’ was obtained from Gulf Stream Nursery in Virginia who had gotten it from France. This was a great improvement over the regular species; darker green, shinier, and a lower, more even habit. And so the nursery was started as a groundcover grower making many cuttings and mist propagating them. In the late 1970s, George and Lou’s son, Tom Kimmel, came home to work at the nursery. Soon after, he married Dianne Dicken and together they learned the nursery business. Eventually they purchased it from Tom’s Left: ‘Bowles’ Vinca minor 32 ct peat flats; parents and expanded it. Tom and Dianne still manage Twixwood Nursery, which has and right, a close-up of the plant. grown to encompass five farms with more than a million square feet of greenhouse space and over 350 acres for field grown stock. Twixwood Nursery has seen many changes in the last fifty years. There are new plants, new container sizes, new customers, and new technologies. But our top-selling plants remain those same groundcovers that the Kimmels started with, and we even still grow some of them in 2¼" peat pots. Likewise, we remain committed to providing a top-quality plant with excellent customer service to our landscape and retail customers here in the Midwest and beyond.

Indiana Nursery & Landscape News • July/August 2019



DNR Finds Oak Threat in Store Rhododendrons

2019 Indiana General Assembly Wrap-up

The Division of Entomology & Plant Pathology intercepted plants containing a fungal pathogen that kills oak trees, sudden oak death (SOD) in May 2019. This was the first time in about 10 years. Inspectors from the DNR Division of Entomology & Plant Pathology detected SOD (Phytophthora ramorum) in several varieties of rhododendrons being sold in Columbus, Noblesville, South Bend, Sullivan, and Tippecanoe. SOD has killed large tracts of oaks on the West Coast. SOD has not been established in the Midwest, to date. SOD can kill standing oak trees, which could happen if SOD-positive rhododendrons were planted within about 6 feet of a standing oak. SOD travels in more than a hundred species of host plant material. It causes some browning of the leaves in the host but does not kill it. For a list of those plants see the following: https://www.aphis.usda.gov/plant_health/plant_pest_info/pram/ downloads/pdf_files/usdaprlist.pdf. If you have purchased rhododendrons in the last four weeks in these communities, call 1-866-NO-EXOTIC (663-9684) or call the local county extension office at 1-888-EXT-INFO (1-888-398-4636) for instructions. The DNR is destroying all rhododendrons from the source nursery, Park Hill Plants (Oklahoma), and any other host plants that were co-mingled with them. In addition, the DNR is quarantining the sale of four other common SOD host plants (viburnum, azalea, cameillia, and pieris) for further testing to determine if they contain SOD. Testing will determine if other species are infested and require destruction. This is an ongoing investigation, and guidance could change as more information is gathered.

Carlin Yoder, GIA Legislative Liaison, The Corydon Group

To learn more about SOD: APHIS-USDA, Phytophthora ramorum https://www.aphis.usda.gov/aphis/ourfocus/planthealth/plantpest-and-disease-programs/pests-and-diseases/phytophthoraramorum/sod Purdue Landscape Report, Special Alert, Sudden Oak Death https://www.purduelandscapereport.org/article/special-alertsudden-oak-death/ Sudden Oak Death and the California Oak Mortality Task Force http://www.suddenoakdeath.org/


Indiana nursery & Landscape association • www.inla1.org

The Indiana General Assembly adjourned Sine Die on Wednesday, April 24th, marking the end of the 2019 legislative session prior to the statutory deadline. Both chambers concluded their business with final votes on HB1001, which provides funding for the state for the next two years. The House and Senate passed the bill along party lines with votes of 67-31 and 41-8 respectively. Sen. David Niezgodski (D-South Bend) was the only Democratic member to vote in favor of the budget. HEA 1001 was signed by Governor Holcomb on Monday, April 29th. The final version of the budget accounts for approximately $34B. The budget is balanced and includes an 11.6% surplus each year, maintaining over $2B in the state’s reserve fund. This is the eighth time the state has enacted a balanced budget which will protect and maintain the state’s AAA credit rating. The budget also includes language to phase in an income tax exemption on veterans’ pensions that will be implemented over the next five years. As military personnel tend to retire at a young age, the General Assembly hopes this tax break will incentivize veterans to reside in Indiana after retirement. Funding for the Next Level Employer Training Grant was doubled to $20M per year. This grant is designed to help Indiana employers fill in-demand positions in priority workforce sectors by reimbursing employers who provide extensive employee training. The budget also doubles funding for the Workforce Ready Grant, which provides tuition for Hoosiers without a college degree to obtain high-level certificates from Ivy Tech Community College and Vincennes University. This grant will now have $4M each year. The Green Industry Alliance had a quiet session this year, as legislators steered clear of most issues of importance to the industry. Representative Baird did pass a bill that adds to the list of noxious weeds, although it was noncontroversial and not an issue to the GIA. The DNR also amended a bill to include language that gives them emergency rulemaking authority over invasive species that show up occasionally. After watching this closely, we were able to determine that this did not affect the GIA adversely. Finally, the summer study topics have been assigned and they can be seen at this link: http://iga.in.gov/documents/4500c157. It doesn’t appear that any of the assigned topics are of high interest to GIA but we will be monitoring all of the committees.

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July/August 2019

Hardscape Issue Education


16 The Spread of Invasive Pests on Hardscape Materials and Outdoor Articles

The Spread of Invasive Pests on Hardscape Materials and Outdoor Articles


20 ICPI Launches Hardscape Institute

Angela Rust, Indiana Department of Natural Resources, Division of Entomology & Plant Pathology

When we think about the risk of moving insect pests and diseases to new areas, most of us immediately think about the potential of movement on plants and in the soil. With 22 Living It Up with the recent introductions of the Sudden Oak Death pathogen Phytophthora ramorum and the Boxwood Blight pathogen Calonectria pseudonaviculata, this risk is very evident. However, Vertical Gardens we need to be aware of the additional risk of moving invasive insects and diseases on hardscape materials and outdoor articles. community The Spotted Lanternfly (SLF) Lycorma delicatula and the Gypsy Moth Lymantria dispar are two pests that we should be looking for when we are working with hardscape materials 24 Member Highlight: and moving outdoor household articles in and out of new areas. A profile on the spotted Great GrowIN’s lanternfly was included in the May/June 2018 issue of the Indiana Nursery and Landscape News and an article on gypsy moth was in the May/June 2019 issue. SLF is native to China and was first detected in the United States in 2014 in Pennsylvania. It has currently been found in Pennsylvania, Delaware, Virginia, New York, Maryland, New Jersey and Connecticut. The Indiana DNR, Division of Entomology and Plant Pathology (IDNR DEPP) currently surveys for this pest and it has not been detected yet here in the state. SLF will lay its egg mass on smooth-surfaced items such as stone and brick. Hardscape materials coming into Indiana from areas known to have this pest should be inspected for any evidence of egg masses prior to being used for landscaping. Movement of egg masses on these materials pose a significant risk of moving this pest long distances. It’s suspected that SLF was originally transported to the U.S. as egg masses in a shipment of stone. For more information on SLF please visit the Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture SLF Alert Page at https://www.agriculture.pa.gov/Plants_ Land_Water/PlantIndustry/Entomology/spotted_lanternfly/ SpottedLanternflyAlert/Pages/default.aspx. The gypsy moth is native to Europe and Asia and was accidently introduced into the United States in 1868 in Massachusetts. Since then it has spread throughout the northeastern states, Great Lakes Region of the U.S., and southeastern provinces of Canada. Gypsy Moth was first SLF egg masses on outdoor barrel. detected in Indiana in 1972 and IDNR DEPP continues Photo credit: Lawrence Barringer, Pennsylvania Dept. of Agriculture, to survey for and manage this pest. Currently there are https://bugwood.org/


(The Spread of Invasive Pests continues page 18) 16

Indiana nursery & Landscape association • www.inla1.org

Indiana Nursery & Landscape News • July/August 2019


The Spread of Invasive Pests on Hardscape Materials and Outdoor Articles (continued from page 16)

Gypsy moth egg masses on vehicle. Photo credit: Vince Burkle, IDNR DEPP

nine quarantined counties in northern Indiana and an additional two counties that are under review for quarantine. For more information on gypsy moth in Indiana please visit the IDNR DEPP gypsy moth page at https://www.in.gov/dnr/entomolo/4531.htm The female gypsy moth will lay egg masses on just about anything that is outdoors. It’s important to inspect hardscape materials and outdoor articles for egg masses and other life stages before moving them from infested areas. The movement of this pest by people poses a great risk of spreading it over long distances. In 2008, IDNR DEPP treated a newly developed population of gypsy moth in southern Indiana in Jackson County. It was discovered that the population originated from outdoor rabbit cages which had egg masses on them. The cages had been moved to that location from an infested area. Due to survey efforts and early detection of the population, gypsy moth was successfully eradicated from that site. When moving outdoor articles from infested areas, please utilize the checklist available at the following website https://www.aphis. usda.gov/publications/plant_health/fsc-moving-check-gypsy-moth.pdf. Prevention and awareness is always key when it comes to any invasive species. Once pests and diseases are introduced into a new area, control options are limited and costly. Please report finds of possible invasive insects and diseases to IDNR DEPP at either 1-866-NOEXOTIC (866-663-9684) or DEPP@dnr.IN.gov.

About the Author Angela Rust has been with the Indiana DNR, Division of Entomology and Plant Pathology as a full time inspector for 24 years. She worked as a Nursery Inspector and Compliance Officer in northeast Indiana for the first five years and has spent the last 19 years working as an inspector in the southwest part of the state. Responsibilities within the division include: nursery and dealer certifications, phytosanitary certifications, invasive species survey and regulation, and completion of environmental assessments for the gypsy moth and kudzu eradication programs.


Indiana nursery & Landscape association • www.inla1.org

IDNR’s Entomology Weekly Review Enewsletter This informal report by the Division of Entomology and Plant Pathology is designed to update the nursery and greenhouse industry of insect and disease pests the division has been encountering. Weekly Review sign up:


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Indiana Nursery & Landscape News • July/August 2019



ICPI Launches Hardscape Institute Offers On-Demand Access to Training and Certification


year-long effort to expand and provide convenient access to Interlocking Concrete Pavement Institute (ICPI) education programs culminated in the launch of the association’s Hardscape Institute on February 1, 2019. The ICPI Hardscape Institute is an online education gateway to all ICPI education programs for contractors/installers, hardscape manufacturer and dealer sales representatives, designers, government officials, and building owners. It features online courses, live and on-demand webinars, and live course calendars and registration links.

Contractors/installers can take advantage of: • ICPI Beginner Boot Camp information and calendar • ICPI Concrete Paver Installer course calendar and registration links • Online Residential and Commercial Specialist courses • Residential, Commercial, and PICP Specialist course calendar and registration links Resources for hardscape manufacturer and dealer sales representatives include: • ICPI Concrete Paver Installer course calendar and registration links (a requirement to earn the new Concrete Paver Sales Technician designation) • Online Residential and Commercial Specialist courses • ICPI regional and national Commercial Concrete Paver Sales Professional course information and registration links

Training at an ICPI Boot Camp.

Designers can find: • Free accredited AEC Daily online course links • Live and on-demand webinars, many of which are accredited by AIA and/or ASLA • Student access to ICPI’s PaveShare learning center for landscape architects • Professor access to the ICPI civil engineering curriculum • Access to technical resources including ICPI Tech Specs, project profiles, detail drawings, Guide Specifications, software programs, and ICP and PICP inspection guidelines “ICPI offers a large number of excellent education programs for a variety of professionals in our industry,” said Kendall Anderegg, ICPI Chair. “For the first time, all of these programs can be accessed through a single, easy-to-use source. We anticipate that it will help further expand our industry’s workforce and customer base.” Marketing Effort Highlights Career Path Opportunities for Young People, Parents, and Educators The Hardscape Institute was developed from ICPI’s Hardscape Installer/Contractor Career Path which outlines the education and training a hardscape installer needs from beginner to professional level. A marketing campaign to promote the Hardscape Installer/Contractor Career Path to young people and other potentially new installers is being launched at the grassroots level throughout the United States and Canada. This marketing effort includes: • Video, digital, and print materials highlighting the career opportunities and rewards for young people. • Video and print materials to inform educators and parents about the Hardscape Installer/ Contractor Career Path that emphasizes education, experience, and certification. • A Workforce Development Team consisting of ICPI members from throughout the United States and Canada that will roll out the program and marketing materials to schools, at job fairs, to nonprofit organizations, and at other local networking venues. 20

Indiana nursery & Landscape association • www.inla1.org

Hardscape Installer/Contractor Career Path poster available at www.icpi.org.

Bringing the Hardscape Institute to Your Business The Hardscape Institute offers a flexible alternative to classroom-based instruction for ICPI certification courses and continuing education. While flexibility is a key asset, the Hardscape Institute and its coordination with the Hardscape Contractor/Installer Career Path provides a solution for contractors’ needs for a long-term recruitment, training, and retention solution. “The Hardscape Institute allows contractors to place new recruits into the workforce and get them trained on proper installation techniques so they are up and running more quickly,” says Merry Beth Hall, ICPI Director of Education and Workforce Development. “It is an excellent option for most individuals as they can take courses at their own pace. It also allows ICPI the opportunity to take certification courses to unserved markets so more individuals have access to quality hardscape training.” Upcoming Additions to the Hardscape Institute Coming in January 2020, the Hardscape Institute will premiere a Spanish language Concrete Paver Installer course. The Concrete Paver Installer course includes information on safety, job planning and documentation, job layout and flow, soil characteristics and compaction, base materials, edge restraints, bedding and joint sands, paver selection and installation, and maintenance. For individuals looking to advance into management of a hardscape contracting company, the Hardscape Institute will launch the ICPI Residential and Commercial Professional courses in July 2020. These courses will include industry-leading content on safety programs, human resources, profitability, business operations, design and estimating, contract development, installation efficiency, and marketing. To earn and maintain the Professional designation, contractors must possess up-to-date ICPI Specialist credentials. For more information on the Hardscape Institute or its offerings, visit https://educate.icpi.org/.

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Indiana Nursery & Landscape News • July/August 2019



This custom-designed freestanding living wall hides unfinished roof area while adding ambiance at 3UP Rooftop Bar in Camel, Indiana.


Living It Up with Vertical Gardens Stephanie and Michael Miller, Owners, Great GrowIN’s


iving walls, green walls, vertical gardens, plants on walls — the terminology is as diverse as the grow systems used to achieve the lush look of foliage increasingly being designed into the architecture of the built environment. Whether sprucing up the side of a building, providing privacy in a backyard, refreshing interiors of homes and offices or contributing to green building certification, this trend of transforming blank walls into canvases for living art is “growing” in popularity. Vertical gardens date back to ancient times — presumably to the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, where tiered stone terraces were adorned with elaborate vegetation complete with irrigation fed by a nearby water source. Modern day, the first green wall system was invented by University of Illinois professor Stanley Hart White in 1938. Dubbed “botanical bricks,” this green wall application did not become popular until French botanist Patrick Blanc designed the first vertical garden in 1988 for the Museum of Science and Industry in Paris. Blanc’s innovations inspired others to discover ways to incorporate nature into unused space — vertically.


Since then, a wide variety of green the customer’s needs by asking some key wall configurations have entered the questions: market, providing considerable options 1. What problem does the client need to such as soil systems using trays, planter solve with their space? Privacy, camboxes, felt pockets, modular panels, and ouflage, branding, wellness, aesthetics, custom-designed structures. Alternatively, increase property value, contribution to there are hydroponic setups that use special a healthier environment, protection of grow mediums and trellis systems where the building? plants with vining habits are sown in the 2. What does the space look like? Size ground instead of on the wall. Despite of desired facade, location, exterior the diverse structural choices, watering or interior surface, free-standing or works pretty much the same way — via attached, sun and weather exposure, drip irrigation. Smaller living walls can be hand-watered, but larger ones are automated. A timer and pump are installed and affixed to plumbing lines with water sourced directly from a spigot or a recirculating water reservoir. The timer is set on a specific schedule dictated by the indoor or outdoor climate, the type of plants, and the framework supporting the vegetation. When designing a facade or fence bearing vegetation, Green fence for hotel in Washington, DC acts as an attractive barrier. find out what will best serve

Indiana nursery & Landscape association • www.inla1.org

Photo courtesy of Greenscreen.

Left: Corteva’s branded green wall welcome in its atrium was designed to resemble Indiana’s farm fields.

interior lighting requirements, will there be a design or logo? These answers will help you determine the appropriate plants and layout to create a living work of art that will thrive and satisfy. 3. What is the budget? Many customers don’t know how to answer this question, so get a range if possible. Knowing this number will help you narrow down the systems as costs can vary substantially depending on the location, framework, and client’s goals. 4. Access to water and power? If water and power are not available, additional costs could be expected. 5. Who will maintain the green wall? Someone must be designated to care for the living wall to ensure that all components are fully functional and the plants are happy in their new environment. Ongoing plant care is imperative! It does not take much effort, but consistency is key to ensure that living walls thrive so that our industry can enjoy a stellar reputation and consistent growth, and continue incorporating nature into the built environment. While each green wall system offers positive features, solid specifications, and expert engineering, not all structures are created equal with regard to the unique requirements of individual installments. Take photos. Take measurements. Ask questions. Once you are confident, fully understand the site and what your customer wants to accomplish, then narrow down the options to those that will provide a successful long-term vertical garden solution.

Below: The installation of the Corteva living wall required a lift and following safety protocol.

(Living It Up... continues on page 24.)

A garden of foliage creates a colorful focal point for this apartment complex. Photo courtesy of Live Wall.

Indiana Nursery & Landscape News • July/August 2019


Certification & Education

Living It Up with Vertical Gardens (continued from page 23) “The practice of designing buildings with nature in mind is called biophilic design and it’s valued by building owners,” explains Mike Senneff, president of Green Plants for Green Buildings. “WELL Building Institute’s 2016 survey of building owners found that 79% of building owners perceived increased occupant satisfaction, which leads to retention; 73% of building owners were able to increase building leasing rates; and 62% of building owners experienced an increased building value.” Biophilia refers to the innate instinctive bond between humans and other living things. When plants are incorporated into the places where people work and live, studies suggest that those people are happier, healthier, and more productive. Where buildings have replaced greenspace, implementing plants on the exterior of buildings improves air quality, cools the high temperatures created by brick, reduces noise levels, reduces energy costs, and offers an aesthetically pleasing palette of plants. When searching for ways to merge hardscapes with plants in commercial or residential settings, green facades present

Moss is a vertical garden solution that works well in low light areas and requires no maintenance.

multiple ways of solving problems with nature, making space more enjoyable, more private, and more beautiful. From green walls to green fences, our industry is only limited by imagination, and of course, budgets. However, employ a bit of creativity and ingenuity and most any indoor or outdoor space can come alive with plants and thrive.

To learn more about living walls • https://greenplantsforgreenbuildings.org/ • Living Walls Whitepaper https://greenplantsforgreenbuildings.org/ wp-content/uploads/2014/09/LivingWalls-White-Paper-April-2014-Edition.pdf


Member Highlight: Great GrowIN’s Great GrowIN’s is committed to building quality of life by offering a variety of grow systems, garden expertise, and green services that allow all of us to enjoy healthier, more vibrant indoor and outdoor environments. We are dedicated to delivering remarkable experiences and quality products that clean the air we breathe, help feed our families, and mitigate urban heat islands while creating beauty with greenery and edibles. We provide commercial solutions so clients can create spaces that keep the people they are responsible for healthy, productive, and happy by integrating plants into the built environment via biophilic design techniques. We team with architects, owners, contractors, designers, and homeowners to create green solutions in living and working spaces for all humans — employees and families. While researching sustainable methods of growing organic produce year-round, Michael and Stephanie Miller embarked on a journey that led them to help people create healthy, vibrant environments inside and outdoors through the implementation of vertical gardens. “We both have a strong drive to give back and provide solutions to better the lives of others,” said Michael. “When you consider the increasingly limited growing space available and expanding urban areas, living walls make sense.” Great GrowIN’s designs, installs, and maintains living walls, green privacy fences, interior plantscapes, moss art designs, and greenhouses. They specialize in converting blank spaces to warm, inviting places. No section of your apartment, office, home, or yard is too small or too large to fill with the bountiful benefits of thriving plant decor or a vegetable garden — from the inside out or from the ground up.

Learn more about Great GrowIN’s at www.greatgrowins.com 24

Indiana nursery & Landscape association • www.inla1.org

Stephanie and Michael Miller, Owners, Great GrowIN’s in Carmel, IN

July/August 2019

Certification & Education George Brenn’s IAH Study Guide

George Brenn, Four Seasons Landscaping Nursery, created this study guide to help teach the material covered in the IAH Manual. His intention was to assist those trying to master the subjects within the manual.

Chapter 5 – Soils and Plant Nutrition (part 1) Components of SOILS

Mineral Particles from millenniums of decomposing bedrock Organic Matter (O.M.) = decomposed remains of living organisms Pore Spaces – hold air and H2O in spaces between particles Ideal Soils = 50% solids + 50% pore spaces Undisturbed Soils occur in layers (= horizons) Topsoil = layer where plant root growth occurs Subsoil = more compacted, smaller pore spaces, less O.M. Parent Material Bedrock Growing Medium = any material in which plants are grown; may or may not contain soil

Physical Aspects of Soils

Texture = size of mineral particles that make up the soil Coarse = gritty, lots of Sand, large pore spaces, minimal H2O holding capacity Fine = stick when wet, mostly Clay, small pore spaces, large H2O holding capacity Silt = between sand and clay, feels smooth, moderate H2O holding capacity Soil texture is what it is and is not easily changed Soil Structure — Individual soil particles (sand, silt, or clay) often clump together, or aggregate, to form larger units with larger pore spaces between them. A well-aggregated soil is said to have a good structure. Amendments can be added to improve soil structure, but will not “reconstruct” a destroyed soil structure.

A Loam Soil = 40% Sand, 40% Silt, 20% Clay

Common Soil Ammendments: Composted Leaves Composted Manure Mushroom Compost Composted Bark Mulch

Sphagnum Peat Moss Reed/Sedge (Michigan) Peat Aged, composted Sawdust Sand

NOTE: The best soils for plant root growth are those that have the capacity to hold adequate water for plant uptake and at the same time drain water away rapidly enough to provide adequate air to roots for respiration. This means the best soil is one with a mix of particle and pore space sizes. The larger pore spaces allow air in. The smaller ones hold water best. Thus, the clumping of Sand, Silt and Clay particles (Aggregation) provides the optimum soil for root growth.

Also, wet clay baked in the sun is called adobe. And excessive handling when soil is wet or pressure from heavy equipment cause the loss of soil structure.

Often, new home construction includes excavation of significant volumes of soil for a basement. This is usually simply piled and later spread around the new house to improve surface drainage. This is called “Basement Soil” and is comprised mainly of subsoil, lacking O.M. and nutrients, and is often quite alkaline. This is the soil in which the lawn and landscape of the home will be growing (groaning).

(George Brenn’s Study Guide: Chapter 5 continues on page 26.)

Indiana Nursery & Landscape News • July/August 2019


Certification & Education George Brenn’s Study Guide: Chapter 5 (part 1) (continued from page 25)

Soil Fertility

Essential Elements = 14 minerals obtained from soil by plants Macronutrients = Nitrogen, Phosphorus, Potassium (K), Calcium, Magnesium (Mg), Sulfur Micronutrients = Iron (Fe), Manganese (Mn), Copper (Cu), Zinc (Zn), Molybdenum (Mo). Boron (Bo), Chlorine (Cl), Nickel (Ni); Micronutrients are used in much smaller quantities Roles of the Essential Nutrients

Nutrient Deficiency Symptoms

Element (Ionic Form Available to Plants)

Physiological / Metabolic Role of Element in Plant Growth & Development

Evidence of some Nutrient Deficiencies can be detected by observing these symptoms

Nitrogen (NO3-, NO2-,NH4+)

Proteins (enzymes that are the machinery of the cell) Light green or yellowish green color of all leaves. Yellow appearance of older leaves. Chlorophyll (photosynthesis) DNA, RNA (genetic information)

Phosphorus (H2PO4-)

DNA, RNA Energy metabolism via ATP

Tips of leaves look dry, scorched. Older leaves appear dark green or reddish-purple.

Potassium (K+)

Ion regulation Guard cell activity (stomata) Enzyme co-factor (makes enzyme work)

Yellowing of leaf edges extending into zones between leaf veins on old leaves. Leaves may be dark bronze, eventually shrivel and die.

Calcium (Ca2+)

Cell walls and membranes Helps control physiological processes

Newest leaves appear mis-shapen.

Magnesium (Mg2+)

Chlorophyll’s central atom Enzyme co-factor

Older leaves show yellow edges or irregular yellow spots between leaf veins.

Sulfur (SO42-, S2-)

Proteins Vitamins

Yellow appearance, first on younger leaves followed by yellowing of older leaves

Iron (Fe2+)

Chlorophyll synthesis “Light reaction” in photosynthesis

Yellowing of leaf margins (zones between leaf veins) especially on younger leaves.

Manganese (Mn2+)

Enzyme co-factor

Yellowing of leaf edges extending into zones between leaf veins on young leaves. Stunting of leaves, generally.

Copper (Cu2+)

Enzyme co-factor

Newest leaves are dark green or bluish-green. Stunting of plant, overall.

Zinc (Zn2+)

Enzyme co-factor

Yellowing of zones between leaf veins on young leaves. Newest leaves may form a rosette.

Boron (H2BO3-)

Carbohydrate transport (translocation)

Death of terminal buds, formation of witches’ brooms.

Molybdenum (MoO42-)

Nitrogen fixation (capturing nitrogen gas from air in a form plants can use)


Chloride (Cl-)

Chloride (Cl-)


Nutrient Deficiency = absence of adequate amounts of a particular element OR conditions that prevent (pH) plant from taking up adequate amounts of a nutrient. Nutrient deficiency is of major concern in container production where soil-less mixes are used, and is a frequent problem in landscapes, especially where “basement soil” has replaced topsoil. Nutrient Uptake — ­ from the soil into the roots: How it happens… Nutrients are absorbed by plants as ions: Many important nutrient ions are cations Cations = positively charged ions Anions = negatively charged ions Cation Exchange Capacity (CEC) = the property of a soil that influences nutrient availability based on the ionic form of the 4 nutrient: Nitrogen (NH +); Calcium (Ca2+); Iron (Fe2+); etc. Ions must be soluble in H2O (= soil solution = H2O held in soil’s pore spaces) Soil particles are usually negatively charged. Thus, they attract the nutrient cations and hold them until a plant root comes along. The degree to which a soil has such negatively charged particles is its CEC. Clay particles and organic matter are the primary locations of CEC. NOTE, however, that one important nutrient, Nitrogen, is most often available to plants as NO2- or NO3-. Because these are negatively charged ions (not cations), nitrogen is not retained by a soil even with high CEC. 26

Indiana nursery & Landscape association • www.inla1.org

Certification & Education

IAH Quiz

Each quiz will be worth a .5 (one-half) CEU! The Indiana Accredited Horticulturist Committee is pleased to provide you an opportunity to earn CEUs (continuing education units) in each issue of the Indiana Nursery and Landscape News.

IAH Quiz: July/August 2019 Due: August 31, 2019

Complete the quiz and email or mail to INLA by the deadline above. Be sure to write your name, IAH number, and contact information on the bottom of the quiz when submitting. Crossword Instructions: Fill in Common Name or Genus. Note: Genus names are italicized.

Plant Name Crossword #2: Conifers

The IAH quiz offered in each issue can be completed by anyone who is an “Active” (current) IAH (initial or masters).

1 7 2

Each quiz will be worth a .5 (onehalf) CEU (continuing education unit) for the completion of the bi-monthly quiz with a pass rate of 80%. Over a 2-year period, you could earn up to 6 CEUs if you take and pass every quiz!

Thank you and good luck studying! The Indiana Accredited Horticulturist Committee Chair - George Brenn, Four Seasons Landscaping Nursery Committee Members - Brian Bunge, LaPorte County Nursery - Gabriel Gluesenkamp, Designscape Hort Services - Wayne Gruber, Niemeyer’s Landscape Supply - Jim Messmer - Melissa Mravec, Allen Landscape - Jodie Overmyer, Price Nurseries



8 6


The INLA office will grade the quiz. Questions and answers have been provided by the IAH committee.


9 10






1. Falsecypress 3. Juniper 5. Pine 6. Larch 8. Microbiota is ______ Cypress 10. Bald Cypress 11. Dawn Redwood

2. Arborvitae 4. Spruce 5. Douglasfir 7. Yew 9. Maidenhair Tree 12. Hemlock 13. Fir

• • • Upcoming IAH Exam • • • August 21: IAH Review & Exam at Designscapes in Nashville, IN. Details and registration online at http://inla1.org/.

Name:_____________________________________________________________________________ Fill in Common Name or Genus IAH No.:_ __________________________________________________________________________ Note: Genus names are italicized Phone:_ ___________________________________________________________________________ Email:_ ____________________________________________________________________________

Answers: Please contact the INLA office if you would like to receive the answers or find out your results to any previous IAH quiz.

Send answers to: info@inla1.org -or- mail to INLA, 7915 S. Emerson Ave., #247, Indianapolis, IN 46237

Indiana Nursery & Landscape News • July/August 2019


Toolbox Talks

Slips, Trips, and Falls www.safetytoolboxtopics.com

Slips, trips, and falls are the number one reason for an industrial injury in the United States. More workers are hurt due to slips, trips, or falls than any other reason. Over the years we’ve had several incidents from tripping on strapping to slipping on oil. Thousands of disabling injuries — and even deaths — occur each year as a result of slips, trips, and falls: • From heights, on stairs, and on level ground • At work and at home Maintain Work Areas to Prevent Slips, Trips, and Falls This is probably the most important thing you can do to prevent this type of accident. Housekeeping is the key to preventing slips, trips and falls. • Keep walkways, aisles, and stairs free of tools, materials, and other hazards. • Clean up any leaks or spills on floors, stairs, entranceways, and loading docks promptly. • Repair or report floor problems, such as broken planks, missing tiles, etc. • Block off and mark floor areas that are being cleaned or repaired. • Keep cords, power cables, and air hoses out of walkways. • Place trash promptly in proper containers.

Advertisers Blue Grass Farms of Indiana..........................inside front cover www.bluegrassfarms.net Bobcat of Indy............................................................... 11, 19 www.bobcatofindy.com Brehob Nurseries, LLC.................................outside back cover www.brehobnursery.com Calvin Landscape................................................................26 www.calvinlandscape.com Fairview Evergreen Nursery...................................................6 www.fairviewevergreen.com Forest Commodities, Inc........................................................7 www.fcimulch.com.com GIA Golf Outing........................................... inside back cover www.inla1.org Indiana Irrigation Co.............................................................6 www.indianairrigation.com MacAllister Machinery Co., Inc..............................................5 www.macallister.com Millcreek Gardens................................................................21 www.millcreekplants.com Reynolds Farm Equipment.....................................................3 www.reynoldsfarmequipment.com Tiffany Lawn & Garden Supply...............................front cover www.tiffanylawn.com Unilock................................................................................15 www.unilock.com Wahmhoff Farms Nursery......................................................4 www.mitrees.com West Side Tractor Sales........................................................17 www.westsidetractorsales.com Woody Warehouse Nursery, Inc...........................................21 www.woodywarehouse.com

• Keep drawers closed. • Take precautions on stairs and dock edges. • Report missing or broken stair rails and slippery or damaged treads. • Walk, don’t run, on stairs. Hold on to stair rails while going up and down.


Looking to purchase existing business

• Don’t jump on or off platforms and loading docks, and stay away from edges.

Landscape, Lawncare, Tree and Shrub Care, or Irrigation Business in Indianapolis or surrounding counties.

• Don’t carry a load you can’t see over, especially on stairs or around dock edges.

Call Jim Calvin, Calvin Landscape 317-247-6316

Indiana nursery & Landscape association • www.inla1.org

Green Industry AllIAnce

Golf outInG July 18, 2019

Twin Lakes Golf Club, Carmel, IN Date: July 18, 2019


Location: Twin Lakes Golf Club 3200 W. 96th Street, Carmel, IN 46032

Entry Fee: $125.00 per person/ $500.00 per foursome Fee Includes: - 18 holes of golf and cart - Range balls & putting greens - Lunch with drink (all types) - Free beverages all day during event - Prizes - Light dinner/awards afterwards at Clubhouse Event Times: Registration: 10 am Lunch before event at the clubhouse Shotgun Start / Florida Scramble: 11 am Scoring/Prizes immediately following

$150.00 HoLE SponSor • Logo and information at selected hole • Logo and information in outing booklet given to each participant $250.00 GoLD & GIvEaway SponSor • Logo and information at selected hole • Logo and information in outing booklet given to each participant • Information about company/person and product line in outing booklet

$350.00 BEvEraGE CarT SponSor • Logo and information in each golf cart at selected hole • Logo and information in outing booklet given to each participant • Information about company/person and product line in outing booklet

Telephone with area code

Name of individual registering (Please place me on a team ___)

names of Team players (please list all) Player 1 Player 2

Sponsorships Available:

• • •

Name of Organization or Individual

$600.00 LunCH SponSor Logo and information in each golf cart at selected hole Logo and information in outing booklet given to each participant Information about company/person and product line in outing booklet Logo on box lunch

Player 3 Player 4

Number of players x $125 = __________________________ Make checks payable to: Green Industry alliance p.o. Box 681412 Indianapolis, In 46268 or complete charge card information MC




Pay at Registration

Card #: __________________________________________________________________ Expires: _________________________________________________________________ Security Code: __________________________________________________________ Billing Address: ________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________

Authorized Signature: _________________________________________________

Questions? Call rick Haggard, 765-366-4994



G 50 N I T A


MOTHER NATURE’S FINEST, INDIANA’S BEST For 50 years, Brehob has been committed to providing Indiana businesses and landscapers with top-notch quality, selection and availability. Join us as we continue the Brehob tradition of innovation in the green industry.



4867 Sheridan Road, Westfield, IN 46062 317.877.0188 or 877.829.0188


4316 Bluff Road, Indianapolis, IN 46217 317.783.3233 or 800.921.3233


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Indiana Nursery & Lanscape News, July/August 2019  

The official publication of the Indiana Nursery & Landscape Association. The Hardscape Issue: The Spread of Invasive Pests on Hardscape Mate...

Indiana Nursery & Lanscape News, July/August 2019  

The official publication of the Indiana Nursery & Landscape Association. The Hardscape Issue: The Spread of Invasive Pests on Hardscape Mate...

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