Cheerleaders host cheer camp for future Bison. Camp attendees participated with the squad at basketball half-time show. Page 16
Boys and girls teams swat down conference competitors. Both in the running for state. Page 14–15 1900 2nd Ave. S. Great Falls, MT 59405 firstname.lastname@example.org
Volume 88 ∙ Issue 4 ∙Feb. 06, 2014
2013 NSPA All-American 2013 JEA Best of Show 2012 Montana Pacesetter 2012 CSPA Silver Crown Winner
Take practice tests. Gaining experience allows people to feel more at ease. Allow some adaptation and relaxation time. Get a good night of sleep, eat a nutritious breakfast, and get to the testing area about 5-10 minutes early. Take tests seriously. One of the biggest mistakes kids make is not taking tests like the ACTs seriously. Not only can they help with getting into college, but also placement in college. Know the rules. Do you get marked more points for guessing and getting it wrong, or leaving it blank?
TESTING IN PROGRESS Senior Nicole Aline ponders upon test questions. Juniors this year will be taking the SBAC test that wasn’t around last year. The test is comprised of two parts, math and English which are four and a half hours long each. The tests will be administered through computers. Photo Justus Bushong
An increase of standardized exams for juniors causes havoc for students and teachers alike Shaienna Harrell, Journalist A familiar task for high school students stresses the ability to access information studied the night before. Another name for this ability is test-taking skills, and juniors, above all, have perfected it. Along with the ASVABS and ACTs the juniors at Great Falls High now have an additional test, the Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium (SBAC). Instead of the required multiple choice tests, this assessment evaluates the skills that would be needed in a career such as in-depth problem-solving skills.
The computerized test lasts nine hours total and will be spread between Apr. 28 through May 9. Students will test over a four and a half hour period for both English and math with about a one week period in between the two. “It will be more open-ended, and it matches up with the common core,” said counselor Magers. The open-ended nature is one reason this new test was introduced. The SBAC covers English and math. However, the CRT previously covered reading, math, and science. In order to accommodate the addition of the SBAC, only the science
Top Story 1 2 News 3 Briefing 4–5 Opinion
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section of the test remains for sophomores. Junior Duncan Beckner said, “It’s just another test. I don’t care that it’s been added to our testing schedule.” On the other hand, junior Caleb Shalz said, “We have the most tests already. I don’t see why they would add more to what we already have.” However, there is a reason for the test addition. Principal Jane Gregoire said, “The tests are harder so we wanted to be sure the students had another year of learning under their belt.” To accommodate the second semester test load, junior
class English teachers moved the research project to first semester. Despite lessening the second semester workload, the pressure put on students to perform well on both the tests and class has greatly increased. “It helps us prepare for bigger tests. We have taken so many, it’s just another test,” said junior Kayla Rowton. Concerns have been brought to the attention of administration about the amount of strain that students are put through during their junior year in high school. “We want to get rid of some tests for sure,” said Gregoire.
Read the directions thoroughly. After you have an understanding of the material answer the easier questions first and go back to the more difficult ones later. Bridgette Pence
TESTS March CRT April 23 ACT
April 28–May 1 SBAC May 5–9 SBAC May 13 AP Week
For up-to-date stories and timely coverage of the day’s events:
TAKING NOTES Coach Keith Davey works with senior Kylar Clifton. Clifton joined the team during his freshman year.
Feb. 06, 2014
Speech and Debate team burgeons Connor Dennis, Journalist Speech and Debate pushed for an in crease in competitiveness this year. Utilizing a spike in ambition and participation, the team improved their ranking throughout the course of the season. This year, the team earned several high rankings throughout the season, particularly during the state meet. Seniors Kylar Clifton and Hannah Good took first in policy debate during the state meet, with sophomores
LEARNING FROM THE MASTERS Alum Jacob Strauss and Brian Tremper work with this years Speech and Debate team. Strauss and Tremper both participated in Speech and Debate while attending GFH. Both men were top debaters during their time in high school. Photos Justus Boshong
Kaitlyn Radonich and Jordan Pottruff in fifth. Junior Bailey Brandvold placed second in serious oral interpretation with her interpretation of “The Miraculous Journey of Edward Tulane.” The students and coaches felt confident going into the State tournaments although senior Maddie Sinclair said, “Tensions are always high at state.” The team will head to the NFL tournament in Missoula this Friday. As a whole, the team feels its competitiveness has risen
sharply. Sophomore debater Jordan Pottruff said, “It’s more competitive because you have to think about everyone on the team. It’s the whole team that gets the points.” Due to the rising competition this year, the coaches decided to take five students to a meet in Wyoming. Pottruff said, “The Wyoming meet is basically just a bigger meet for us. It’s big because instead of individual cities in Montana against each other, it was basically Wyoming versus Mon-
tana.” Despite tensions, the team welcomed freshmen members to the team. Junior Bailey Brandvold said, “This year we have more people and more people. We work well together, like a family.” A big change to the team is Charla Bunker’s placement as the oral interpretation coach. Her students feel a definite improvement. Brandvold said, “Bunker brings more competitiveness, which is a good thing.” Brandvold feels that
Bunker has brought more planning into what were semidisorganized meets. Brandvold said, “We used to have loosey goosey practices, and no plan at meets. Bunker has changed all of that.” Bunker finds out which meets will have concession and which won’t. Her students feel that former experience as a forensic student and coach has helped Bunker during her first year back as a coach for GFH’s oral interpretation students.
Snapchat privacy in question
Popular app users question security when sending snaps to friends
Taylor Albrecht, Journalist
Created in 2011 and still in the Top Ten Apps, Snapchat continues its fun with the ability to snap a picture, choose the duration, and send. Although the description says a picture is seen for the chosen amount of time, Snapchat’s safety is in question as secrets are leaked. There is always a risk that everything shared online can become public and be attached to names or numbers of those people. The rights are handed over when posted online. Photos
submitted may be attached to user’s real name over time. The perception of Snapchat is misleading. Users think they are not associated to what they send on Snapchat. In reality, Snapchat knows who the user is, where it is, and phone number. “I think Snapchat is safe, but I have wondered if anyone could find the pictures,” said senior Brooke Gruntowicz. Snapchat acts as if they don’t save it, but listed in terms and policies on Snap-
chat.com, it says they can store it and they have a right to sell information for company benefit. This has lead to users receiving phone calls about nonexistent credit cards and bills because Snapchat distributed the phone numbers. “Snapchat has a fun concept. It has to be used appropriately and responsibly. Nothing is completely deleted and is out there permanently,” said junior Tanner Thelen. There are terms of services and policies that need
to be read to insure safety. Descriptions do not say it all. In Snapchat’s parent user guide, two keys when using Snapchat are protecting personal information and thinking before spending. Users never know if snaps will come back in the future effecting college acceptances, careers, and privacy. Freshman Joseph Carignan said, “Snapchat is fun to communicate with friends. The fact that the picture is deleted can lead to inappropriate use.”
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Baucus celebrates 35 years in the Senate
FANCY GAMBLING Business student Alysha Camacho works on her stock exchange. The objective is to see how much money she can gain from her stocks in The Company’s virtual stock exchange game. Photo Dustin Senger
Sara Moltzan, Executive Editor Max Baucus has served 35 years in the Senate, longer than any other senator of Montana. In his tour around the state, thanking Montanans for their support of his senatorship, Baucus said, “I want to be remembered as someone whose roots are in Montana, who cared about Montana deeply and did a lot of things for Montana that made a difference.”
Baucus did, in fact, make a difference in many areas ranging from the areas of natural resources, economic development, highways, agriculture, veterans’ affairs and most notably health care. In 2010 Baucus helped pass the affordable care act offering Small Business Tax Credits, reduction in the Federal Deficit, prevention in Insurance Company discrimination, helping senior citizens with Prescription drugs and strengthening medicare.
Group wins 100 dollars for stocks in Amazon, Facebook
Morp and Spring Prom to be combined
Kristen Hanning, Editor in Chief Imagine the opportunity to gamble without the risks of loss, only the opportunity to prosper. Scott Donisthorpe and Jeanie Hanson’s Bison business class, The Company, had the opportunity to do just this. Each group begins with $100,000 and participates for about ten weeks, the goal to acquire the most amount of fictitious money playing the stock market game. “What an opportunity to learn what the stock market is all about and the risks and challenges associated with
Alison Lee, Journalist With smaller turnouts at spring prom and MORP in recent years, the administration brainstormed a solution: to combine the events to maximize the attendance and profits. The junior class has managed prom, with DECA in charge of MORP. In past years, student participation at dances has decreased. The lack of funds generated hurts both of the hosting groups, as they are fundraisers. Junior Abigail Davidson
it,” said Hanson. After weeks of participation and stock exchange, Michael Toppen, Alysha Camacho and Stormy Kolstad came in first with their gain of 13 percent. “It was a three part plan of magic, luck and slight business sense,” said Toppen. Despite lack of experience the group prevailed utilizing their knowledge of online business taking out shares primarily in Amazon and Facebook. “It was fun once you got in the top ten–you just kept checking the stocks,” said Camacho.
said, “It usually comes down to students deciding to attend one dance or the other and by doing this we hope that we can make it a fun experience for everyone with more students around.” Junior Grace Wilkins said, “I’m excited to make something that students will look forward to each year and get excited about. Hopefully the dance goes well this year, and this success can continue into the future.”
For more information, visit iniwa.com.
HOW TO... Find, apply for college scholarships Levi Mael, Webmaster
Everyone loves free money, and scholarships award just this to college students. In order to earn a scholarship, however, one must apply for them. Any college-bound students should use the FAFSA, or the Free Application for Federal Student Aid. The government uses this tool to provide financial assistance to students. The Pell Grant can be one of a student’s greatest financial assets, offering up to thousands of dollars to students in need of aid. The FAFSA can also provide work study money or low-interest loans, although students may decline, whether or not they accept the Pell Grant. In the event that Pell Grants do not completely cover tuition, scholarships can help fill the void. Like the FAFSA, scholarships give money to students that can be used to pay for college. Scholarships, however, may have different requirements. The Blewett Scholarship, for example, requires that applying students be involved in at least one sport a year and “have reasonable citizenship.” Other scholarships may request that students maintain a minimum grade point average, participate in community service, or engage in other extracurricular activities. The Carl Mehmke Memorial Scholarship requests that applicants write a one-page essay, poem, or story involving the phrase “ice cream”. First, students must find the time and energy to complete the process. Many seniors apply for scholarships at the last second, filling out forms and papers in a panic. Common advice for poten-
tial college students is to apply early, and apply often. The deadlines for scholarship application prevent any late submissions, so future college students should try to keep track of any and all cutoff dates. In order to apply for one of these scholarships, students must be able to find them. GreatFallsHigh.org houses several scholarships available to future scholars. Applicants can find the Scholarships page on the right side of the screen, under New and Noteworthy. The site updates monthly with new scholarships and other financial opportunites for students. “It’s nice to be able to see what local scholarships apply to me,” said senior Mariah Morton. “There are a lot of opportunities available for students here, and seeing them all in one place definitely helps.” After students find the scholarship they want, they should write a résumé. This allows applicants to show exactly what they have done in the past, and their general history. These facts are essential to application successes. Résumés show the most neat, accurate, and thorough sides of a student. At least one letter of recommendation should accompany any résumé. These showcase an applicant’s capabilities and accomplishments through a different perspective. Potential writers include teachers, coworkers, managers, or counselors. Letters from parents, peers, or other relatives are strongly discouraged. Whoever writes the letter should receive at least two weeks of advance notice in order to write without applying unneeded stress to the writer.
Feb. 06, 2014
In 2013 reportedly 17 percent of MT youth seriously considered attempting suicide. Twenty-four percent felt depressed enough too halt usual activity. (Montana YRBS Trend Data)
Russian’s overall attitude toward the Winter Olympics last spring ranking from very negative to very positive resulted in 49 percent viewing it positively. (Gallup)
Fifty-four percent of Americans believe same-sex marriages should be recognized by law with the same rights as traditional marriage. (Gallup)
NET NEUTRALITY ACT The U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia partially struck down the Net Neutrality Act after Verizon filed suit against the FCC. “[This ruling] will not change consumers’ ability to access and use the Internet as they do now,” said Verizon Vice President Randal Mitch. (AFP) 02/07/2014 OLYMPICS start on the seventh and will include Olympians from Montana. Be sure to tune in. 02/14/2014 WRESTLING goes to State on the fourteenth. Lookout for other sports going to State tournaments. 03/04/2014 HONOR ROLL ASSEMBLY will be on the fourth. It is the first time it will take place at GFH and will recognize all students with a cumulative GPA of 3.2 or higher.
Feb. 06, 2014
Editorial Removing finals offers rewards, qualms for those involved
Students spend the first 12 years of school preparing for their subsequent enrollment in higher education. In high school, students have reached the understanding, a final summarizes the semester's teachings and has the ability to impact their grades. Removing a final is a practical reward for students with good attendance. Potentially having two days where a student does not have to attend school acts as a greater incentive than those rewards exposed to students in the past, such as pizza parties. However, many students under the new attendance incentive were still required to show up for a final during their test day. Classes with a mandatory final encompassed every Advanced Placement or Honors class the school offered, as well as all business classes or college credit bearing classes. Although the incentive was practical, there were issues with removing finals. The current curriculum standards for classes has been based around the timeless institution of a final.
This premise is only logical. Finals test knowledge, learning and growth. Thus removing finals, after the year’s curriculum had already been written creates qualms for both the students and the teachers. Students with poor attendance required to be at their finals, skipped finals the same way they skipped classes, landing them in the situation of taking finals. Ironically, students who already had exemplary attendance were at school, although they were exempt from test days. Incoming freshmen potentially will never have to experience a final under the new attendance incentive. Will they truly be prepared for college? Every college course requires students to take a final, regardless of attendance or lack thereof. College finals, composing of up to 60 percent of a person's grades, has more impact than the common 10 percent influence on a high school student’s grade. Though removing the anxieties that accompany high school finals is courteous by all
Russian anti-gay laws threaten safety at Olympics
Levi Olson, Journalist Sochi, Russia will host the Winter Olympics this year however, some athletes question whether this is a suitable choice for the games. The area around Sochi has recently suffered many attacks by varying terrorist organizations leading athletes from many countries to question their safety at the upcoming games. This coupled with Russian government forbidding other countries to bring an abundance of their own protection, has been causing tension in many countries. Countries all over the world have taken an abrasive stance against Russia's anti-gay policy including but not limited to, the U.S., Germany and Canada who have all given public opposition to the law. President Obama has shown his blatant disapproval by choosing not to attend the opening, an action not even done during the Berlin Games
of 1936 in Nazi occupied Germany. Likewise, President Obama’s has selected openly gay former Olympians to represent the U.S. by parading the American flag at the games opening ceremonies. Due to this growing concern, the highest powers in the Russian government have given their assurances that all athletes will be safe from harm and persecution regardless of their sexual orientation and has permitted some liberties to foreign reporters, though the length of their figurative leash is thus far unknown. Attention to the anti-gay policy in Russia has also brought light to harsher policies world wide where openly gay individuals can receive much harsher punishments, in some countries even death. In the Ukraine, the government has begun its attempt to pass a similar policy to Russia's despite public outcry. But these countries have been lenient
Taylor Albrecht, Journalist The 2013-2014 year brought many new changes to the students of Great Falls High. But, the most recently talked about would be the new Attendance Incentive Policy set in place allowing students possible exemption from finals based on attendance. The GFHS Attendance Incentive Policy clearly states that students who receive an A and have four or less unexcused absences, a B and three or less, or a C and two or less unexcused absences are eligible to being exempt from semester final testing. Students with a D or F must take semester finals without any exceptions. Also stated is the policy that says three tardies will turn into one unexcused absence for that class. School related, medically excused, family related, and other exceptions do not count towards the limit of absences students have each semester. The Attendance Incentive Policy is accompanied along with a new automated notifi-
standards, high school finals are essential. Finals at the high school level mark the first time students experience a single test with mass influence on their grades. Without these finals, students are no longer required to learn study habits in order to earn their grade. In the end who benefited from the lack of finals? A handful of students with naturally excellent studying habits, who would have excelled on their final regardless? Or those who can claim they rewarded the students who attended class? Who suffers because of the lack of finals? Students who attend class religiously, but enter college without the study habits many students learn from preparing for finals? Or the teachers who have to alter carefully planned curriculum in order to accommodate to this new policy? Though the idea of removing finals was practical and generous, finals have always been a necessary institution in the life of high schoolers because of their value in preparation for college bound students.
Students need to take a stand to help fund the district budget
Dustin Senger, Co-Executive Editor
compared to some countries in Africa which push punishments to the extreme and sometimes fatal. Another point that many people bring up regarding the intrusive nature of the policy, being that a person’s sexuality should not be brought to public attention as it stems from a personal life and should not be made public. People world wide concern themselves excessively with the quieter details of others and less with the fact that they are people all the same. That focus shifts unnecessarily away from the events and athletes, moving instead to policies that most people have literally no control over. With high tensions among the government and the athletes, people hope that things run smoothly. Hopefully, differences can be put aside and the games can proceed as they have for decades, without anything hindrance to the progression of the events.
Attendance incentive effective, but policy still needs perfecting
Do you believe the new attendance policy will improve student attendance and their grades?
cation system that calls parents when students are unexcused. The hopes of the new policies and systems are to raise grades and lower attendance rates among students. With the new attendance incentive set in place, students have goals to set and rewards to look forward to. Instead of normally dreading finals week, they have something to work for and a reason to not miss unnecessary amounts of class time. The whole purpose is to give students a positive reason to come to class instead of looking at it as an obligation. Most students look at the new policy as a way to earn a few days off of school as long as they keep their grades up and do not exceed the limits of absences. The Attendance Incentive Policy has had a positive effect on students because it has made them actually want to come to school to receive the reward during finals week. The policy has made students aware of the number of unexcused absences they rack up. Instead of having parents call them in because they just don’t feel like going to school, they work for the new finals incentive. The new policy is not perfect, but it has positively affected students to set goals for the semester to have good grades and few unexcused absences so they have the opportunity to be exempt from participating in semester testing.
Our budget, or rather our lack of a substantial one, is limiting our education. Teachers in this school district have been and currently are still on the chopping block. It’s not their fault that this district is losing jobs, but the losses are impacting the community drastically. The school district is Great Falls’ largest employer second only to Malmstrom. So the fact that we’ve had to lay off not just faculty, but teachers, is a really big deal for the entire economy of this city. This is a huge indicator,
because for any school district, cuts to teacher pay are one of the last ones a district wants to take. It’s not just a few teachers either. We’ve lost 63.8 teaching positions since the 2008-2009 school year. It’s no wonder why students are being impacted with excessive class sizes all throughout the district. This is forcing teachers that are still holding on to their jobs to have more of a workload and less time to work with students on a person to person basis. Some students simply aren’t getting the one on one time they
“There is an incentive for students to actually attend school, which is huge. I understand the new policy, however it is not perfect.” –Jeff Lester, 12 "The policy will increase attendance. Students will notice that going to class leads to rewards better than just days off of school.” –Sage Smith, 12 "I think the exemption from taking finals with our current attendance policy will increase grades and decrease absences." –Daine Gostas, 11 need, not just in high school, but throughout all the grade levels. Also, the materials students are using are outdated, or worn down. There are computers that are being used throughout Great Falls High that are literally a decade old. With how quickly technology changes on a day to day basis, the hardware can’t keep up with the software. We are ‘learning’ on systems and programs that aren’t being used in the job marketplace anymore. In today’s ever changing technological era, you either keep pace, or are left behind.
Feb. 06, 2014
Debate continues on whether a pardon is necessary for Edward Snowden Daryle Albert, Journalist Last year, Edward Snowden revealed to the citizens of the United States that their government was using the NSA (National Security Association) to tap into every US citizens’ phone records; phone calls, texts, web browsing; all of it in the government’s data files. Edward Snowden also stole over 1.7 million classified documents about the NSA from government computers. He is currently in Russia, where they have given him asylum for a year, which makes him untouchable. He deserves to be convicted for the crimes he has committed. If he comes back, he will be charged for theft of government property, the unauthorized communication of national defense information, and willful communication of classified communications intelligence information to an unauthorized person. Last Thursday, Attorney General, Eric Holder, said that prosecutors would be willing to talk with Edward Snowden if he entered a plea for guilty. He is being given some massive leeway when it comes to what his punishtment would be if he came back and faced trial and plead guilty. He damaged the nation’s national security. He hurt our government and made the people begin to seriously distrust them. The government is what keeps the nation together. They do make mistakes ever so often. The NSA probably shouldn’t exist. But they are necessary. Edward Snowden through that out of balance. That doesn’t help in the future of the United States as a whole. He worries for his safety, and because of this he has gray mailed the government saying that he will release all documents onto the internet if he feels significantly threatened. That would damn the NSA and the government would have to shut the whole program down, in fear of foreign threats against them. He would be untouchable by the United States government, even within the United States. Even though he had revealed a system the government had implemented that invaded everyone’s personal space and is illegal; two wrongs do not make a right. The government has the right to withhold information from the public, even on something as wrong as this. Edward Snowden did steal these documents and shared them with the public as well as telling China and Russia information about surveillance of their actions committed by the U.S. That could possibly rile up some of the foreign nations and create some bad blood between the United States and other nations. We have laws for a reason. If people don't follow them, what is going to stop someone else from committing the same crime and causing the same problems?
Brandon Taylor, Journalist Former Defense Secretary Robert Gates called him “traitor”. Journalist John Cassidy called him a hero, but whatever name Edward Snowden is called, it should not be inmate. Snowden doesn’t deserve to be imprisoned. In fact many officials have said that Snowden is a traitor. But he was just doing what he believed to be right for his country, and while the road to hell is paved with good intentions, that didn’t stop the CIA from waterboarding detainees for the “good of the country.” Were they punished? No. They weren’t punished because they thought they were doing the right thing. Obama needs to pardon Snowden for the same reason. He is not allowed to be inconsistent with his pardons. Another reason people want Snowden imprisoned is because they think he put many soldier’s lives in danger. However, most of the documents that Snowden leaked had nothing to do with that. They just leaked that the US has been spying on not only it’s own citizens, but also it’s allies Brazil, France, Mexico, Britain, China, Germany, and Spain, as well as 35 world leaders, most notably German Chancellor Angela Merkel, who said "spying among friends" was "unacceptable" and compared the NSA with the Stasi, the state security state for East Germany. That the NSA has done this, not only to it’s own citizens but also to it’s allies, is not acceptable for a democratic country. I believe it was best said by Mark Twain: “Why, the Government is merely a servant--merely a temporary servant; it cannot be its prerogative to determine what is right and what is wrong, and decide who is a patriot and who isn't. Its function is to obey orders, not originate them.” The NSA thinks that it is doing what is best for the country. They believe they know best. That the citizens of the US do not know what is best for themselves. "Doesn't matter what the press says. Doesn't matter what the politicians or the mobs say. Doesn't matter if the whole country decides that something wrong is something right. This nation was founded on one principle above all else: The requirement that we stand up for what we believe, no matter the odds or the consequences. When the mob and the press and the whole world tell you to move, your job is to plant yourself like a tree besides the river of truth, and tell the whole world–No you move.” Captain America.
(dī΄ə-trīb ́) n.
[Br ynn Egan, Journalist]
Internet freedom threatened by money monger and net neutrality Freedom: is the internet's defining promise. It is the one and only place where information can be accessed equally among all users. A person on a low-income budget has virtually the same access as a high income user does. It is a virtual library, a blank canvas for innovators, and most importantly, a way to stay connected with the vast world around us. These freedoms are supplied under the umbrella of a term referred to as "net neutrality". Net neutrality means, that everyone with access to the internet will have an uncensored, uninterrupted using experience by their internet service provider. This means, that the information obtained online remains free, and internet service providers, such as Verizon, Charter, Optimum, etc., cannot deny their customers the right to view specific web pages based on the dislike for a company, or in competitive The budget is putting a small financial strain on the students too. Classes are having to charge the students directly for materials in order to keep things in functioning order. Juniors and seniors are charged two dollars directly for use of printers to do their assigned research papers. Don’t dare print off your english assignment on any various printer in the business classes or the library either, that will cost you. Advanced science classes with labs are charging
nature. Earlier this year, the freedoms stated by the Federal Communications Commission concerning net neutrality were challenged in the federal appeals court. The court ruled against the FCC on their net neutrality mandates. The courts stated that the duties of the FCC are to mandate internet trafficking, not necessarily to impose rules on outside internet providers. Confusions arose relating to the purpose of the FCC, and there is no surprise in this. The FCC’s net neutrality laws were created for the freedom of the people. They were implemented to preserve the open internet and freedom of speech, protected by the first amendment. Giving ISPs the authority to censor information to consumers, puts the vast information source that is the internet, in jeopardy. No longer will the internet's primary
students directly also in order to keep materials stocked and equipment in good condition. Culinary has an overhead fee for the food supplies and shop classes either need to sell the products made, or there’s a fee for materials there too. The problem isn’t exactly within the district’s control though. The district has asked the community for the help it needs and has gotten very little in return. It costs the district too much to run a mill levy, and not have it pass. The last few that have been ran by the
goal be to inform and give creative opportunity, but it will serve as a battlefield for ISP competitors. Not only is censorship a tragic flaw of this ruling, but the financial stress added to online businesses as well. The past openness and equal ecosystem of the internet, allowed upstarts from unexperienced entrepreneurs to become internet giants. Giving internet service providers the opportunity to charge certain businesses more than others is asking for a discrimination conflict to arise. Innovation is stifled when one must “pay to play”. If the internet becomes too expensive to be a part of, innovators will not be heard. The opposition to the appeals court is hard at work amending this decision. If this decision is not ratified though, millions of internet users will soon view their ISP's verison of the "world wide web" instead of the people's.
community have been turned down. The district is currently hosting community meetings to discuss the importance of the budget. The only problem is getting the community to see it that way. Students are going to have to get the community more involved and get this district the funding it needs. There's going to have to be a lot of involvement, from the faculty, the administration, and students alike to get the community more involved in the youth's education.
Gregg Dart @CoachDart Thanks to the Lady Bison for the weekend sweep. 10 wins in a row!
Emily Hatler @EmilyHatler Watching Capital last weekend and Bozeman tonight I can honestly say GFH has the best student section in the state <3 keep it classy Matt Wyman @wymantula Win as a team, lose as a team, die as a team, succeed as a team, struggle as a team, live as a team #family #ontothenext
Published approximately every three weeks, the Iniwa is the public forum for 1,362 Great Falls High School student voices. The opinions and views in these publications are not necessarily those of the overall Great Falls Public School District or Great Falls High School administration, faculty, INIWA staff or student body.
Volume 88, Issue 3 Dec. 19,, 2013
Contact Information: 1900 2nd Ave. S. • Great Falls, MT 59405 • 406.268.6356 • The journalism staff utilizes Adobe Creative Suite 5.5 to design and word process. The DIN family font is used throughout the entire newspaper for text and design. The INIWA staff reserves the right to edit all submissions in both the newspaper and iniwa.com. The publication department members maintain membership in NSPA, CSPA, JEA and MJEA. The INIWA has been awarded distinction as a National NSPA Pacemaker. In addition to being named the All-State Pacesetter from the University of Montana’s School of Journalism, the staff has also placed in Best of Show for general excellence from JEA on multiple occasions, the most recent being 2013 Best of Show in San Francisco The INIWA was named a 2006 Silver Crown Winner as well as the 2012 Montana Pacesetter and CSPA Silver Crown.
Adviser Linda Ballew
Associate Editor Cilly Geranios
Principal Jane Gregoire
Advertising Editor Breanna Sanderson
Editor in Chief Kristen Hanning
Social Media Editor Megan Good
Executive Editor Sara Moltzan
Business Editor Kristina Knudson
Co-Executive Editor Dustin Senger
Webmaster Levi Mael
Journalists Levi Olson Brandon Taylor Daryle Albert Brynn Egan Alison Lee Katie Rider Taylor Albrecht Connor Dennis Shandra Jones Shaienna Harrell
Photographers Sam Cory Alysha Camacho Dustin Senger Justus Bushong Jarom VaughAn Shelby Thomason
Visit us: www.iniwa.com Tweet @GreatFallsIniwa email@example.com
Feb. 06, 2014
Newfound desire for thigh gap leads to unhealthy obsession Breanna Sanderson, Advertising Editor Many girls today crave the perfect body type a skinny and flawless physique. Teachers and parents are aware that some students have appearance issues with their body structure, but they do not understand how extreme it has become. Girls think that a “thigh gap” represents an ideal body type. People want to be thin because they spend every day on social networks that constantly advertise gorgeous and thin men and women. Guidance Counselor Rachel Waterfield said,” You don’t always need to look thin to be healthy. It’s all a misconception. Many people base their appearance off the celebrities that they admire. We use them as our role models and we emulate that into what we think about ourselves.” This is causing people to believe that being thin is synonymous with being beautiful or being
happy with themselves. Senior Cindy Yates said, “It’s hard being small and trying to do many other things with this very small body type. Many girls think that when you’re smaller it’s easier to find the cutest clothes, but in all reality I have the hardest time finding cute clothes that actually fit me and fit in my age group. Seeing all the outlines of my bones makes me sick and when I hear that is what many girls want, I try and tell them it sucks.” The health issues accompanied with being extremely skinny is often overlooked. The likelihood of becoming sick increases in those who are malnourished than someone of a normal healthy weight. Poor circulation also causes people to remain consistently cold. Pain becomes less bearable, organs are not as strong, bones become brittle, and skin color fades causing an overall more pale complexion.
Alumni Madalyn Stucker said, “It should never be about pleasing others. It’s about pleasing yourself. It’s about accepting yourself for who you are and how you’re built. If others can’t accept that then they are fools. Everyone is different and unique in his or her own way. One should never spend their life trying to make others happy about what they look like. Do what makes you feel beautiful because that is what truly matters. You must learn to love yourself first.” Everybody has their own opinions on what they think the perfect body type. Many people know what they want to see themselves look like, but they do not think about all the health issues that come along with having that thigh gap, or having their collarbone definition show. You are either as beautiful or as ugly as you believe you are. You define your beauty, and that is not a power anyone else has.
The lack of education alarms minorities Brandon Taylor, Journalist For one month a year, people all across America take time out of their day to take a look at the history of Black Americans. Many events take place during the month for people to join in. PBS will release shows and online content. In Miami there are tours of historic black neighborhoods, and in Washington DC there is a Black History Month cruise aboard the Spirit of Washington. Here in Great Falls, there are many events. Great Falls College MSU is hosting activities throughout the month of February. But many people are uninformed. When asked if he thinks we celebrate Black History Month, Senior Kendrick Hair-
ston said “No. Half the students don’t even know it is Black History Month. The people of today don’t know nearly what they should about Black history.” Educating people is a big part of the month, and students should know about the history. “I think that we should really inform people in the city so they aren’t ignorant about Black history,” said junior T’mar Bunch. “I think we could just dedicate one day, instead of a whole month, because we don’t really celebrate it,” said Junior Nakia Sykes, “If it was just one day it would make people acknowledge it.” Education is an issue. Educating people should be the top priority of Black History Month. A movie recently came out,
12 Years a Slave. The movie is about a Black business man in 1841 who is kidnapped into slavery. The movie does a good job of showing the atrocities committed in our country before the Civil War. Black History Month needs to be a month of information, teaching the public about the history of Black Americans. Blacks have influenced a massive amount of culture. There’s people like Louis Armstrong, who was a Jazz Legend, or George Washington Carver, who invented peanut butter. The U.S. wouldn’t be the country it is today without the help of the Black Americans in history. Take advantage of the month to learn about the Afro-American culture of the United States.
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Vocabulary “Mrs. Aakre is amazing. She, like Grout, chooses the words most likely to be on the ACT and the SAT. On Mondays everyone is assigned a word. Throughout the week we play games like Bingo and synonym hangman to learn our words. We also present words we learned outside of class.” Senior, Joe Semple
Culinary 3 Jazz Band “Jazz Band is my favorite class in the day. It’s easy for me because it’s work, but it’s still play. McBirnie is great to have as a teacher. He gets really involved in the class. You don’t question what happens in Jazz Band.” Freshman, Isreal Bonilla
Feb. 06, 2014
Intro to Journalism “Intro to journalism was a lot of fun and taught me a lot of skills I didn’t have.” Junior Shandra Jones Be sure to check http://www. ini w a.com/v ideo/2014 /01/31/ recruiting-video/ to see what we’re all about.
Art Workshop “Mrs. Jacobs is a really good teacher. She gives us the freedom to choose what we do with enough guidelines to ensure our success. The class opened me up to new forms of art I haven’t used before. It was enjoyable and I learned a lot from it.” Freshman, Molly Koostra
“Because I’m a senior I am taking culinary 3/ hospitality. This first semester has been great. The class is very close. I have Goodman as a teacher and she’s so awesome, I put her with my favorite teachers. If I had to rate the class it’s a 20/10.” Senior Holly Gordan
Video Production “It was a lot of fun. It’s something new to do that I’ve never done before. You get a chance to work with people you might not know on projects and you get to know them better.” Sophomore, Austin Dess
the time is
Street Law “They really tried hard to make it exciting and show us all sides of the law. Smail and Dart make a great team. The speakers and field trips were great. You never know what’s going to happen. It made me appreciate and respect our policemen more.” Senior, John Bozeman
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Feb. 06, 2014
Technology based society plagues current generation Sara Moltzan, Executive Editor Anonymous hurtful words on a webpage to physical confrontation, between the two bullying is defined. “Where to draw the line on what defines ‘bullying’ gets difficult,” said Guidance Counselor, Carie Magers. “There has been an increase in reports of bullying this year. Students come to me 1-2 times a month with an issue related to bullying, which sometimes aren't really bullying at all but just a friendship gone bad.” According to stopbullying.gov Montana is the only state without bullying laws of any sort. Since 2005 Montana legislation has attempted to make anti-bullying laws during every legislative session, with the most recent being Senate Bill 198. The correlation between the increase of bullying reports and teenage suicide rates and the attempts to pass these bills are not coincidence. “Montana has no bullying or cyber-bullying laws,” said School Resource Officer, Cory Reeves. “Although we have no cyber-bullying laws, we have a privacy in communications law, which covers internet harassment, but I wish we had more institutes against cyber-bullying.” Students find cyber-bullying to be a pressing issue. Senior Ariel Bonila said “Cyber-bullying is especially dangerous because the separation between people dehumanizes the act. What electronic communications does is give people the ability to ignore their sense of morals and to express themselves through an avatar that they see as separate from their identities, desensitizing themselves from the act." Offering justification for these acts Bonilla said, "Humanity naturally leans toward violent and hedonistic tendencies as it is, historically victimizing others and beginning unending chains of abuse." Magers said “I don't think kids are more mean these days. I do think it is much easier to be mean over the internet or on a phone. There has definitely been a shift to the cyber world. I would estimate at least a 2:1 ratio, online to in person.” “We’re going to see more and more social media crimes as new Apps emerge and technology progresses. With every new App or social media site there’s a new way to bully someone,” Reeves said. “I personally think cyberbullying, or bullying in general, is a cowardly way to act.” Bullying is not a new issue, or one contained to Montana. “I would like to say that even though there are still kids,and adults, that will bully others, I am amazed at how kind people are to others most of the time. As a counselor, I meet lots of new kids from all over the U.S. when they enroll here; it is unbelievable how many times they comment on how kind our student body is when they walk in as an outsider. Most newcomers say things like, 'My old school was horrible.' So I feel like students at Great Falls High make an effort to reach out and be kind,” said Magers.
BULLYING... Dialectical daggers A student holds a sign created to demonstrate the impact of words. When being bullied, the student wanted to share with the abusers that they did not know anything about her life. Photo Alysha Camacho. Photo Illustration Sara Moltzan
Peer relates personal victimizations throughout school experience People can be truly mean to you. They can make fun, insult, and ostracize you. Sometimes when it goes too far, it can cause a person to try to take her own life; a person like you, or a person like me. Ever since elementary school, people treated me hurtfully. After all, that is where people first learn how to be cruel to people, and where my classmates first learned how to be cruel to me. You know those times when everyone ditches you, and you know it, and worse, when everyone else wants you to know it? That is exactly what happened to me. Someone else would always purposefully move into the last spot in the table, not because they wanted to, but because they knew that I wanted to. The bullying became a bigger problem in middle school.
Everyone always called me horrible names; they said I was “ugly” and “disgusting.” I always looked at it much more harshly than other people would. I would take what they said, and twist it into something more hurtful. It would have a much deeper and more painful impact on me than it should have, but that is just the way I am. Everything just got worse and worse. Eventually, during freshman year, I needed to get away from all of the horrible people in my life, and tried to kill myself twice. After my suicide attempts I went to a mental institution. Afterwards, and they tried to put me on medication. The doctors said it would help me, but it just made me see everything in a more critical light. My school grades slipped, and I just thought of myself as even lower
than before. Now I put on a smile and look like I am content and happy during the day, yet people are surprised when they learn that inside me is a heartbroken girl who wanted to die. My life has been full of pain and heartache because of other people; what they say, what they do, how they act. Those people do not realize that their actions can truly hurt others, down to their core. The worst part is that nobody realizes that, and everyone just drags others down more and more. If people recognized that their actions hurt other people in the way they hurt me, maybe the world would be better off and maybe we could keep people from ending up like me. First person narrative: Levi Mael, Webmaster
'The Hinterlands the Musical' redefines online videos Youtube's new mini drama discourages victims of bullying to commit suicide Keegan Nicholas, Guest Writer Due to a few structural differences that make it part of its own genera, The Hinterland is unlike many other series that seem to run rampant on YouTube. Set up as a segmented chronicle of a high school misfit, ‘The Hinterlands’ acts as a mini-drama with a positive underlying message. Additionally the fact the series is scripted not only a first person point of view piece, but also as a musical, creating a completely original feeling in its viewers. Paul, a nerdy teenager who has an obsession with theoretical physics acts
as the protagonist of the series. This passion for physics probably being one of the many contributing factors which make him an outcast, Paul struggles with intense feelings of isolation. The term coined by the main character, hinterlands describe the town and the surrounding areas as unlivable places where nothing of any great importance happens. Apart from isolation, Paul is plagued with the trepidations that accompany being homosexual and in high school. This insight allows viewers of this web series to experience first hand an
account of bullying based upon both sexual orientation and social disjoint. The two forms of discrimination, both intense in their own right, form a powerful couple and draws viewers to forge a deeper connection to the pain Paul feels. The series takes place in a seven part installment; each episode evokes a new emotion within the viewer, as well as covering a plethora of deep topics, including not fitting in, discrimination, suicide, dealing with rejection and discrimination in a positive light also finding a way to deal with thoughts of
questioning ones worth. All of which are beautifully portrayed along with a very informative message from the Trevor Project. The Trevor Project is an organization which is aimed at helping teens who are struggling with thoughts of suicide. Many of the teens who utilize this resource are also homosexual, but they do not turn away anyone who needs help. For more information on the Trevor Project visit: www.thetrevorproject.org Check out the Hinterlands at: www.hinterlandsthemusical.com
Feb. 06, 2014
I tried to convey the emotions felt by those who are damaged by this offensive literature." –Senior, James McGary
Love hate racism
Seniors transform racist literature into inspiring art
POSTErcHiLD Senior James McGary's poster features words of the White Man's Bible overlaying a photo of a Black American student. Debate in class was held regarding whether or not to censor the picture. The poster has been approved by Administration.
HaNDED HaTrED Junior Kaitlyn Taylor's project displays two pairs of hands holding hearts. Taylor's hands (top) had the "White Man's Bible" printed on her nails held by alum Tyressia Wooten. Photo Alysha Camacho
PicTUrE PErFEcT Senior Jordan Jenkins used pressed flowers and parchment paper to create her project. Jenkins found the basic idea on Pinterest.
We are all people but we all have different experiences and stories that make us who we are. Those different experiences shouldn’t make people hate who we are.” –Senior, Jordan Jenkins
Kristen Hanning, Editor-in-Chief “N*****!” The dynamics of a single derogatory term proves the power of one word. This word alone ignites discomfort in society, resulting in the brutality of some and the oppression of others. Imagine a persuasive piece of literature centered around derogatory dynamics in order to advocate the superiority of a sole race. Christine Baroch’s senior Advanced Placement English class had the opportunity to do just this. Students were given excerpts from the "White Man's Bible" and the task of turning them into a beautiful piece of art. James McGary, however, decided to accentuate the negativity of the text. “I tried to convey the emotions felt by those who are damaged by this offensive literature,” said McGary. McGary’s photo of negative text overlying a Black American girl crying, holds a more metaphorical meaning. “You'll notice that she is in color, but the words and the background behind the words are black and white. The message I tried to convey is her color stands out while the words are unsaturated,” said McGary. Although his portrait embodies more substance, McGary recognizes the controversial aspects of his work, “I can understand how people would be offended, but I think they are looking too much at the surface and not seeing the meaning of my work. However, the controversy does bring to light the negativity of the words,” said McGary. Other students used physical excerpts from the "White man's Bible" to create a work of art. Amanda Mack utilized her talents of folding paper cranes to create her transformation of hate. “If you make a thousand paper cranes and string them t o g e t h e r, apparently you get a wish,” said Mack. M a c k modeled this practice
creating a 10 crane mobile. Mack said, “My project symbolizes making a wish to eradicate hate–even though it is just one percent of a wish. Curing hate with love instead of more hate. That is what I liked about the project.” Jordan Jenkins focused on the contemplative aspects of the project. “I would say I turned something hateful into a thought provoking piece of art,” said Jenkins. Jenkins project featured framed pressed flowers surrounded by some of the friendlier words in the text such as “creative,” “stories” and “equal.” “I press flowers all year and I was really excited to use them for once in something I felt was impactful,” said Jenkins. Aside from the aesthetically pleasing aspect of Jenkins project, the underlying inspiration of her art piece is individuality. “I wanted people to know that we are all people but we all have different experiences and stories that make us who we are. Those different experiences shouldn’t make people hate who we are,” said Jenkins. Creativity was not restricted to tangible expressions. Michael Miller exercised his experience in multimedia to create a music video with the lyrics in the "White Man’s Bible." “I looked up top 20 inspirational songs and Celine Dion’s song did not have the words I needed because it needed to come from the White Man's Bible,” said Miller who used John Lennon’s “Imagine.” The completed projects are exhibited in the display case on second floor. Baroch said “I hope people do have the time to stop and look because it is more than an art project; it's a statement."
ARTS & ENTERTAINMENT
Feb. 06, 2014
UND CORNER FEBRUARY
Feb. 7 Interested in seeing films from around the world? Located at the Great Falls CollegeMSU Heritage Hall the “Backcountry Film Festival” will feature films from around the world. The festival will be run by the Island Range C h a p t e r. Admission is $10.
Feb.11 The Terry Casey Memorial Cup will feature the Great Falls American hockey team as well as 15 teams from Canada. The cup will be held in the Great Falls IcePlex and admission will vary.
Feb. 20 “The Riled up and Wasted on Light” tour features spoken word by Buddy Wakefield. The opening acts for the performance will be poetry read by local writers. Admission is $8 at 7:30 p.m on machinery row.
Top music award recipients for 2014
: 2014 Country Album “Same trailer different park”
by Kacey Musgraves
Rock Album “Celebration day” by Led Zeppelin
Katie Rider Guest Writer
“The Fault In Our Stars” Jun. 6
Mar. 25 The Harlem Globetrotters will visit the Pacific Steel and Recycling Four seasons arena for the “Harlem fans Rule World”
Interested in more information? Join the conversation on twitter, like us on facebook, or go to iniwa.com
Mackelmore Ryan Lewis
“Royals” by Lorde
Song of the Year
Album of the Year
“Random access Memories”
by Daft Punk
Pop vocal album
“Unorthodox Jukebox” by Bruno Mars
Movie adaptations of novels premiere this year
Winner of the Children’s Choice Book Award as the Teen Book of the Year, “The Fault In Our Stars” by John Green has been on the New York Times Bestseller list for over 46 weeks. The film adaptation, set to be released on June 6, is directed by Josh Boone and the film will be his debut to the film community. The movie follows Hazel (Shailene Woodley), a cancer patient facing the ultimate acceptance of her own death. At a cancer support group that she was persuaded into going to, she meets cancer survivor Gus (Ansel Elgort). Their brief love affair is traumatized through both of their struggles with cancer and their flitting lives. Woodley, to commit to the role, cut off her hair to accurately portray the role of a cancer patient. The screenplay is written by Scott Neustadter and Michael H. Weber [both worked on (500) Days of Summer]. Veronica Roth’s dystopian trilogy Divergent will be transformed into film by director Neil Burger (Limitless). The story is set in a world where where society has divided into five groups based upon personalities. Each division of society values a certain characteristic above all. The Abnegation faction values selfless qualities in its citizens. The Erudite value knowledge as a deterrent for ignorance and, progressively, sparking war. The Candor value honesty as the easiest way to avoid conflict. The Amity value friendship and peaceful harmony. The Dauntless value bravery as the most admirable quality. The Tris Prior (Shailene Woodley) discovers that she is divergent, meaning she will never fit into any one group. When she uncovers a plot to destroy all divergents, she races to find out what makes her kind so dangerous. Other major characters include the meticulous Jeanine (Kate Winslet), emotionally guarded Four (Theo James) and Caleb (Ansel Elgort).
Gillian Flynn, New York Times Bestselling author, wrote his own screenplay for the upcoming adaptation of his mystery-thriller Gone Girl. The novel focuses on the story of Nick (Ben Affleck) and Amy (Rosamund Pike). The two are a couple that is starting to feel the stress of marriage after five years of being together. When Amy suddenly disappears, Nick becomes a murder suspect. Two-time Oscar nominee director David Fincher (The Social Network, The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo, The Curious Case of Benjamin Button) directs the film with the same intensity and care of his past films. Flynn, impacted by her reader’s unhappiness towards the ending of her novel, decided to write a completely different ending for the screenplay of her movie.
“Mockingjay: Part 1” Nov. 21
The last two installments of the film adaptation series, The Hunger Games, have been an immense success in theaters. The dystopian setting of the districts and the animalistic nature of the plot led to the meticulous production of both set and costumes. The budget in the second movie (Catching Fire) was approximately twice the budget of the first movie. This is clearly shown through the expansion of costumes and the further design of the set. The book series written by Suzanne Collins, which developed a heavy following in the two years leading up to the movie, ends with finale Mockingjay. The movie version of Mockingjay will be broken up into two parts, part one to be released on Nov. 21, 2014 and part two to be released Nov. 20, 2015.
Arts & Entertainment
FULL STEAM AHEAD Sophomore Connor Dennis browses the Steam menu while simultaneously playing PC games. Created by the Valve Corporation, consoles using Steam are planned to release this September. Photo Sam Cory
Levi Mael, Webmaster PC and console gamers have long been divided. Console users brag about their ease of use and accessibility, while PC players take pride in the vast amount of modifications and indie games. Valve Corporation has decided to give gamers the best of both worlds. In late 2013, video game developer and publisher Valve Corporation started to unveil its plans to move into the liv-
Levi Olson, Journalist Nestled deep into a comfortable chair, eyes peeled open to catch every flash and flicker on the big screen. A final act of desperation to catch up with the newest episodes. This drowsy stupor is where many students find themselves over the weekends and breaks of the school year. “I have watched almost 35 episodes in the last six weeks. Is it worth it? Probably not, but sometimes it is just too hard to walk away,” said senior Jeff Lester. Though some students partake in binge watching re-
ing room. Its first announcement was SteamOS, a Debian Linux-based operating system. “As we’ve been working on bringing Steam to the living room, we’ve come to the conclusion that the environment best suited to delivering value to customers is an operating system built around Steam itself,” explained Valve in their SteamOS press release. The operating system revolves around Steam and its Big Picture Mode, allowing users to
Feb. 06, 2014
Valve’s console/PC hybrid picks up steam
stream content to their TV, or from another computer. Valve has also announced their Steam Controller, a controller designed for use with computer for “a new and, we believe, vastly superior control scheme, all while enabling you to play from the comfort of your sofa,” according to Valve’s Steam Controller announcement. The new controller includes two trackpads instead of the typical analog sticks, as well as a
haptic feedback system which “provides a vital channel of information to the player - delivering in-game information [...] about which game designers want players to be aware.” Valve’s third announcement, of course, was the Steam Machine, Valve’s idea for a computer with the accessibility and ease of a console. Little about the Machines themselves was revealed. The veil was lifted at the Consumer Electronics Show this year,
as Gabe Newell announced 15 Steam Machine models. The computers range from $500 to $6000 each, and will be produced by such companies as Alienware, Gigabyte, and iBuyPower. Valve seems secure competing against the PS4 and Xbox One, despite both selling over 3 million units. “It’d take a while for them to catch up. I mean, we’re at 65 million [users],” said Valve CEO Gabe Newell.
Harmless television watching becomes a virulent addiction due to the usage of streaming entertainment
gardless of school, work or other responsibilities, many students try to be responsible about it. “I usually only binge watch on occasions that I don’t have anything else to do,” said senior Joe Semple. Semple is among the many students who binge watch multiple shows a year in the attempt to stay current with the events of a series. “I have watched about three and a half series this school year from the first season,” said Semple. Although this is a hobby for many it can scale up to a genuine addition. “I don’t watch
TV shows very often, but when I do, I seriously get into them,” said Lester. Many would argue that binge watching has detrimental effects. “I think binge watching is only a bad thing if you put it ahead of actual responsibilities and work,” said Semple. Despite the rapidly increasing number of people who utilize services to watch shows on demand, some practice moderation. “I only watch about three or four hours of TV a week,” said sophomore Sarah Weissman. Those busy with school
and work rarely find the time to watch everything they want to. Even if shows are recorded, people can’t always find the time to catch a breath and watch the shows slowly filling up their dvr’s. “I only watch a couple of tv shows. I keep up to date with one but the rest I just watch when I have time,” said Weissman. Netflix, as well as competitors in streaming entertainment only work to feed this addiction. “Netflix, Hulu, and other hubs of media give students instant access to entire series, which enables them to watch episode after episode,”
said Lester. On top of these commonly known services, newer ones like FX and other major broadcasting channels have begun to provide on demand services for a monthly fee. Though stopping this endless cycle seems difficult, this mindless repetition must be limited to continue working. Lester said, “Unsubscribe to Netflix, or whatever you use, and busy yourself with other activities. After a few weeks, it should no longer be an addiction, but rather something you turn into a harmless pastime.”
Feb. 06, 2014
BE A PINNER WINNING PIN BY PIN Junior Garret Tanner of Great Falls High School uses a power half against a wrestler from C.M. Russell High School during the crosstown meet on Jan. 23, held in the Old Gym of GFH. While also acting as a senior night, the Bison soared over the Rustlers with a score of 55-25 with eight pins from their wrestlers. For the past eight consecutive years, the Bison have deafeated the CMR wrestling team their in crosstown matchups. The diffence in weight classes helps the wrestlers to improve on their skills. Photo Dustin Mu
Wrestlers recover from shaky start to season with positive potential Breanna Sanderson, Ads Editor Wrestling talent has emerged throughout the current season. Despite a slow start, the Great Falls High wrestlers have picked up on initial impression of their season. Without any wrestlers in the 98 or 106 weight classes, the season started out rough. Overcoming many difficulties at the beginning of the season, the team’s confidence soared when they won the Holiday Classic tournament for the fourth year in a row. While the team only fills 13 of the
15 weight classes, Coach Steve Komac said, “We are wrestling with 13 of the best varsity athletes in the state. If we had two solid wrestlers in those two empty weight classes we would be just another level up. The guys know we start every dual and tournament in a hole and have to wrestle better than everyone else. One of our strengths is having so many wrestlers and good depth in ourteam.” Throughout the season there have already been many highlights. Senior Mateo Amado-Cattaneo said, ”Some
of the highlights this season have been Lance Massey’s dirty foot sweeps and also winning the Holiday Classic as a team yet again.” Senior Cody Henderson said, ”Winning the Holiday Classic for the fourth consecutive time was an amazing feeling. We work really hard in practice and come together as a team, and that helps to make the season improve. We are getting ourselves ready for the state tournament this month. That is what really counts to me, being a senior, and it is also important to the
rest of the team becayse we want to defend last year’s state title.” The season has had it’s ups and downs, but those bumps in the road help to make the team as strong as it possible. Komac said,”This team has lots of experience. As far as state goes winning the first time was difficult, and it will not be any easier. Because we won state last year, more people want to knock us down and have the common goal of seeing us fail. We have to really focus as a team. Effort, attitude, and our hard work is what we control.”
Technique crucial in preparation for state Swimmers train in technical form rather than strictly speed
FLYING THROUGH THE WATER GFH boy swims butterfly down the length of the pool at the Swarthout Fieldhouse during a home meet this season. Sell has been a varsity member of the Great Falls High team for two years, and is continuing his journey onto the state meet, Photo Sam Cory
Prosper Anderson, Journalist The overhead lights hum. Hands reach down and grip the edge of the block. The water glistens, calling for the initial dive. Fingertips are the first to submerge into the cold water and suddenly the race has begun. In contrast to the intense training the team endured leading off the season, they are now preparing for state. “We’re not doing quite as many yards as we do in December, but we’re doing higher intensity practices,” said Head Coach Ed Mcnamee. “They are more into their specialties in terms of whether it’s mid-distance, stroke disciplines, and things of that nature.” Going into state, Senior Justice Beckner has high hopes for his performance. “It’s kind of nerve-wracking, I want to earn a medal at
state. It’s kind of bittersweet,” said Beckner. Despite personal aspirations for state, swim captain Beckner recognizes the importance of team moral. “Justice is a constant team player. He really puts the team ahead,” said Mcnamee. In contrast to Beckner, Senior Amy Mosher is more relaxed than in previous years. “I feel like state might be easier as a Senior,” said Mosher. Although she is at ease, Mosher aspires to excel at state. “I want to get top six for my 500,” said Mosher. The team anticipates competitive opponents at state. “Missoula Hellgate, Bozeman, and Helena High are the strongest teams,” said Mcnamee. “Helena High are state champs. They’ve got some swimmers that are really going to do some things.”
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Hitting the Ice
High school hockey league fights for players and wins Shandra Jones, Journalist While most people complain about frigid weather, the Great Falls High School hockey players are used to the cold temperatures. Since the month of November, the Great Falls High School level Hockey team has worked in order to obtain their 8-2-2 record. One of the High school level Hockey team’s biggest obstacles was obtaining enough players to fill a team. This year, three athletes from Arizona came to practice and compete with the Junior Americans team at the high school level. These boys, along with three boys from Butte and an assortment of local high schoolers from Central Catholic High School, C. M. Russell High School, and Great Falls High make up a team of 14 kids. Betsy Rogstad said, “We are short on the bench because there have been injuries, and also because we didn’t have ice for two years.” Not having ice stunted the players progress. Rogstad said, “Hockey isn’t something you can just start, you have to be able to skate.” The sport also is an expensive one. While the club has various local sponsors and has fundraisers, each player must also pay ice fees and additional costs for basic hockey equipment. The team also has a new coaching staff. Head coach Brandon Baker, and assistant coach Mike Zook The seasoned coaches put their players through skill, offensive, and defensive drills. Sophomore Great Falls High student and right wing Thomas Johnson said, “The coaches are young, but have been good for our team.” When hockey season ends, Johnson will play tennis and soccer to keep in shape, along with attending hocket camps. Johnson also said, “A lot of my teammates and I go to Canadian summer camps to train.” Rogstad said, “Great Falls is a small community that supports hockey and the program is very involved.” Generally each bigger city in Montana, including Flathead and Glasgow, have teams that compete against each other, along with Canadian teams and those from other states such as Wyoming and Idaho. The team will now practice and prepare in the upcoming weeks as they move on to compete at the 25th Casey Cup.
Kristina Knudsen, Business Editor
Feb. 06, 2014
Where are the 2014 Winter Olympics? Sochi, a city in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, near the black sea.
What is the controversy underlying the Olympics? Russia most recent anti-gay law, banning “gay propaganda”, has stirred controversy. “Gay propaganda” means any action that helps or promotes homosexuality is punishable by up to 15 years in jail. Additionally the threat of terrorism from Sochi’s neighboring North Caucasus area creates controversy and general unease among athletes and spectators.
What terroristic attempts have been made? Chechen rebel leader Doku Umarov has urged his Islamist fighters in neighboring North Caucasus to target the Games and cause as much carnage as possible. As Proof that this threat is not idle, two men from The North Caucasus carried out deadly bombings in December in the city of Volgograd. This killed 32 people.
How much does the 2014 Winter Olympics cost? $51 billion dollars. This is the highest cost in Olympic history, and this had quadrupled Russia’s original estimation. The cost is so great because officials had to drain swamp stores from last years snow, and install 400 snow making machines, as the 52 degree February weather of Sochi melts all of the snow. 70,000 mostly migrant workers built more than a dozen different venues, 20,000 new hotel rooms also contributed to the steep cost of the 2014 winter Olympics.
Who are the Montana athletes attending the Olympics? Scott Rawles, 55 of Libby, Maggie Voisin, 15 of Whitefish, Heather McPhie, 29 of Bozeman and Bradley Wilson, 21 of Butte represent both Montana and the United States in the 2014 winter Olympics. Wilson is acting as the head coach of the U.S. moguls ski team. This will be Wilson’s fourth time attending the Olympics, second time acting as coach. Voisin has never before attended the Olympics, but boasts three first place championships. McPhie has one Olympic competition under her belt. McPhie also holds three world cup titles. Wilson has not competed in the Olympics, but has attended one Olympic game. Wilson took four world cup podiums and a US Championship title. Information from The Week and The Great Falls Tribune
Feb. 06, 2014
IDENTITY CRISIS Alison Lee, Journalist
Mascot provides school spirit for all Organized, enthusiastic, friendly, upbeat. These are some of the characteristics needed in order to be a succesful mascot. Since the opening of Great Falls High school in 1930, the Bison has always been a noble mascot present to provide school spirit for those attending and participating in school events. Representing a school as a mascot is no easy job, though. In order to put on a valuable display, those behind the costume must be completely willing to put in the time and effort needed; including practicing with the cheerleaders and being willing to take risks to bring up the crowd’s spirts during events. Before school administrators invested in a Bison costume, the school had a live bison named Gretta that was shown at football games. No longer an option, a student is now left to entertain those who attend. For some, it may be easier to let go and have fun when none of the other students know who the mascot is. For this reason, the identity of the school mascot is kept anonymous. Although the Bison has not been present at many events this year, it still exists. The need to repair the costume caused the absence of the mascot at games this year. The cheerleading coach, Christine Baroch is currently looking for someone who is willing and dedicated to taking on the responsibilities. Anyone interested in becoming the Bison can visit room 214.
Photo Alysha Camacho
CUTTIN IT CLOSE Junior center Markayla Francis drives past a Butte defender on Saturday, Feb. 1. The lady Bison edged the lady Bulldogs in an over time nail biter of 63-61. Photo Sam Cory
HEAD TURNER Senior Darbi Faught and Sophomore Nora Klick discuss the opponents defense and coach Gregg Dart’s sudden reaction to the fouled play. Photo Alysha Camacho
EAT BEST B E THE
Cilly Geranios, Associate Editor “Being a senior, it makes me feel like I definitely have to be a leader for everyone. It’s weird to think it’s my last year for basketball, but that just means it’s the final year to leave it all on the court,” said senior Mikaela Kynett. Four seniors share the sense of finality, all striving to make this season their best season. Senior Mercedes Bourgeau said, “Since it’s my last year, I want to make sure that I give my all and leave it all on the court.” The combination of seniors attempting to “leave it all on the court” and the
TIP TOP During January’s crosstown match junior Markayla Francis struggles over the opening tip off. The lady Bison persevered over cross town rival. Photo by Jarom Vaughn
Girls’ consecutive conference wins build as THEREST their season progresses
upcoming talent resulted in a current overall record of 12-1. The Lady Bison are currently ranked second in the state. Their only loss, to Capital early in the season, was later redressed. Junior Markaela Francis said, “It was an exciting win and it really set the bar for the rest of the season. We haven’t beat Capital for quite some time. Plus, losing in double overtime in the state semifinal last year to Capital made the win so much better.” The victory over Capital shows the difference a few weeks of practice makes. “It’s definitely starting to get better now that we’re clicking more as a team.
“Our wins are coming a little bit easier for us,” said Kynett. Progressing toward this season’s fourth quarter, the Lady Bison have far from exhausted their talent reserves. Bourgeau said, “We’ve got a lot more talent than we’re showing. We have yet to play to the best of our ability.” With an already impressive record, the team nonetheless grew in confidence after the win over Capital. Francis said, “Beating Capital got rid of any selfdoubts.” Confident and continuing their winning streak, the Lady Bison keep the longterm goal in mind: state.
“We just have to stay focused because we really want to make it back to state and prove our spot,” said Kynett. With a conference record of 5–0, the Lady Bison have been proving their right to go to state since the season’s tip-off. Currently second in the state, the girls keep the goal of state in mind through their season. Bourgeau said, “I’m looking forward to hopefully making it to State again and going as far as we can.” Francis said, “we have a lot of talented and hardworking girls. When you put those two traits together, it’s hard to be stopped.”
Feb. 06, 2014
workor play Boy’s charisma keeps team in top standings Dustin Senger, Co-Executive Editor Throwing down dunks and making threes, the boy’s basketball team works hard to put points on the board. However, there’s a bit more spark within these players than one would expect. “I feel like they’re my brothers and I love playing with these guys,” said senior Jake Banach. “We have a few little things to take care of during the games, but the more games we play the better we play together. Hopefully it’ll lead to state.” The team had a crucial loss when the crosstown rival, CMR came out on top in a 57-46 in the conference game. “The only time we really lose is when we aren’t all on the same page. The really big thing is to get the team on the same wavelength,” said junior Lester Johnson. The boys held a 77-55 win against Havre, with the win, the team doesn’t feel that state is out of their reach. “If we keep working as a team and stay focused on defense we can win some big games and hang with anyone,” said junior Matt Wyman, “We have a lot of guys who can shoot the ball and score. We’ve been passing the ball around well recently, making things happen.” Last weekend the boys led a
victory over Butte, 74-61 the boys now hold an overall record of 8-5, and a conference record of 3-2. This year’s game plan of passing the ball around and looking for an opening to drive the ball has been working. “We played great offense throughout the whole game, moving the ball around and hitting shots,” said Wyman, “During the second half we played defense as a unit and got big stops.” “Whenever we pass the ball around and when everyone gets a touch on the ball, we’re able to make good things happen,” said Johnson. Their next game is on Friday, the 7th, in the Swarthout Fieldhouse against conference rival Billings Skyview. The boys will have little time to prepare to take on another conference game against Billing’s Senior on the 8th, in Billings. Currently the boys are sitting at fourth in their conference, with first place being held at tie between CMR and Skyview, both with a 4-1 conference record. This weekend will place the teams the top teams in the state into standings that will tell us who is most likely to go to state. The bison are right in the thick of it, sitting right in the middle of the standings. They have a great opportunity to edge themselves into the state bracket this weekend.
[ ] sCORE CARD
foul play Havre fouls junior Matt Wyman as he attempts a jump shot. Havre lost to Great Falls 77-55, marking the Bison boys team’s second victory against the Ponies this season. Photo Sam Cory
Photo Jarom VaughAn
Photo Alysha Camacho
Feb. 06, 2014
CHEER with ME! Little sparks grow
into cheerleading stars Cilly Geranios, Associate Editor Asia Phattavong, 6, said, “I counted down the days to the cheer camp.” Juggling her new pom poms and a camp T-shirt she smiled with a youthful exhuberance.Next to her, juggling the same paraphernalia, her cousin, 9-year-old Lezlie Phattavong, smiled shyly. The cousins had just come from a cheer camp, held in the Old Gym, and hosted by the Bison Cheerleaders. They, and many of the other camp attendees, were eager for the chance to display their newfound skills during the halftime show of the girls’ basketball game later that same night. Jet Clark, 8, said, “I got to learn one of the stunts, and at the game tonight I’m gonna do it.” His sister, 5-year-old Brooke Clark beamed, “I liked the jumps, and I got to sing ‘what, what, what’ with the song.” Kyle Byrne, 11, came for the stunting, just as Jet had. His older brother, senior Zach Dillon, said, “I conned him into coming. The interest was there, I just had to pique it.” However when they got there, the young cheerleaders were ready to show off at the halftime show. The young performers practically bounced off the walls, more than ready to share the new skills taught to them by seasoned performers. Abi Yatsko, 11, said, “The camp was pretty cool because the cheerleaders could teach you what to do and they had experience so you could trust them.” Although the experience of the high school cheer squad provided authenticity for the camp, the age difference intimidated some young cheerleading hopefuls. Lezlie said, “I thought it would be scary at first but it wasn’t because the cheerleaders were nice and they taught us cheers we didn’t know.” After easing into the atmosphere created by the friendly cheerleaders, the young campers played a couple games and then began to assemble the parts of a full-blown cheer. Miah Ledeau, 9, said, “I liked being here, and learning new stuff about the Bison: how they act during cheers and how to do their cheers.” After a day of preparing a performance and learning new skills, many young cheerleaders mentioned their wish to become a cheerleader in high school. Byrnes said, “My brother is a cheerleader and he’s the same as me so I’ll probably be a cheerleader in high school.”
LINE UP Sophomore Maddie Baroch heads a cheer line while a camp attendee holds pom poms.Photo Alysha Camacho
SAY CHEESE Senior Zack Dillon stands with camp attendees. Dillon takes pride in being a male cheerleader. Photo Alysha Camacho
POM POM PLAY TIME A young girl who attended the cheer camp sits with seniors Savannah Smithson and Edwin Keen. Keen is one of four male cheerleaders at Great Falls High. Photos Shelby Thomason
Published on Feb 5, 2014