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L E T T E R

E D I T FromO The R Four years ago, I began my journey at the University of Georgia, seeking the college experience I watched on television shows. A new chapter of my life as a Georgia Bulldog had begun--and I had anticipated it to be challenging and filled with memorable experiences, romantic nights, and to-die-for internships. What I can say about the last four years of my life as a Dawg is that I am proud to have lived and breathed the best and worst of Georgia--but most importantly, that I contributed to the greatness that has surrounded me during my matriculation. I have been vulnerable and naked to the pureness and nostalgia of the life as Georgia girl. And I have loved it. Beginning my work as an advocate for cultural awareness, I wrote stories for InfUSion during my freshman year. I had always loved magazines, calling myself a true print girl. When I held that first issue of InfUSion, I never turned back. Today, four years later, I am proud to call 229 Memorial Hall my home, and one of the greatest opportunities that Georgia has offered me. Although I could write endlessly about how InfUSion has impacted my life, I am proud to leave my experiences with the magazine in the pages of the last four issues. I have contributed to the depth and the examination of multiculturalism, raised the social subconscious of my peers, and laughed, cried and poured an endless amount of love, frustration and joy into the stapled pages of each issue. I am proud to have contributed to the greatness of this magazine, and I am grateful that it chose me to be a part of its magic. Thank you to everyone who contributed to my last publication of InfUSion magazine. To the new Editor-in-Chief, Lilly Workneh, the Advertising Director, Latasha Gray and the Layout and Graphic Design Director, Denver Blackwell, it is been a pleasure working with you three over the course of the last two years. I am grateful to have had you in my life during my stay at InfUSion. You have not only supported me in this capacity, but have become my great friends. I am so thankful to have learned, cried, and loved this magazine and Georgia with you. Thank you to the Department of Multicultural Services and Programs, the Department of Intercultural Affairs, and to my wonderful Graduate Advisor, Cord McLean. You have provided me with comfort and support during my last two years at InfUSion and I am thankful to have had the opportunity to work with you all. To the wonderful and hardworking staff at InfUSion--thank you for your diligence, flexibility, and most importantly, your commitment to journalism ethics and integrity. And to you the reader, who have stuck by the publication and have allowed us to write for you, I thank you for your continual support and for remaining “print people.” I hope you enjoy this politically dynamic issue of InfUSion magazine, entitled “Cultural (r)evolution. We have brought Athens to the world, and the world to Athens. I personally hope with each page turn, you become more enlightened on issues that plague our nation, and become agents for change and advocates for multiculturalism. And although this chapter of my life has closed, I am thankful that it began. Journalism ethics, integrity and a commitment to excellence are what InfUSion has taught me. For that, I thank you and leave you to reading your revolutionary heart out. Sincerely,

2 Casey Bruce

C


Table of

CONTENTS

05

News H.R.3. No advocacy for women By Sarah Dillon

Facebooking for Freedom By Yetunde Ogunsakin Anti-celebratory gunfire laws By Zachary Parker Study abroad to India By Hillary Rodgers The HOPE Scholarship By Krystle Drew The split of Sudan By Zachary Parker UGA Smoking Ban proposal By Kimberly Parks Healthcare Legislation By Emily Hunt Print Media Changes: University students and teachers look to adapt By Sarah Giarratana Got Legal Residency? By Yetunde Ogunsakin

Sports 1 2 What does it take? By Hillary Rodgers

Blazing the path to support disabled athletes By Maggie Siu NFL lockout 2011 By Kyle Sandhage Rise Up Atlanta By Melanie Watson Olympic Check-Up By Brittany Myers

8 2 Features Our water supply isn’t endless? By Chiara Gustafson

Around the World in a Semester By Taylor Stephens Zumba: The exercise party By Christina Bolen Arabic By Nina Kamber Express Yourself By Christopher DeSantis Art Expands By Samantha Miller Diversity By Emily Grant Man of the Media By Abriauna Welch Ambitious Ardor By Casey Bruce Extracurricular Programs provide opportunities for Latino students By Kelundra Smith

5 4 Entertainment Diversity in Athens By Roshni Dutta

Artful Expansion: The Georgia Museum of Art Revival By Kathryn Kao Bulldog Music Hall of Fame By Parys Grigsby Half a Century Comes Full Circle By Amber Gober

infUSion Magazine 229 Memorial Hall University of Georgia Athens, GA 30602 Tel: (706)542-5773 Fax: (706)542-8478

55 Opinions Zombieland in Athens By Mekisha Telfer

52 Fashion Anti-Aging? By Zulaikhah Bilal

Permanent Makeup By Meredith Seay Evolution of an outfit By Carrie Boyce

Alone in a Crowded Room By Kelby Lamar Deserving of Hope By Molly Berg Attacks on our reproductive freedom By Paula Bryant Culture: Whose “right” is really correct? BY Sarah Lightle

3


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On Saturday, Feb. 26, 2011, hundreds of people united in cities throughout the nation to protest the controversial provision “No Taxpayer Funding for Abortion Act.”

No O

by Sarah Dillon

H R 3

Advocacy

n Jan. 20, elected officials attempted to pass a law that both punished and discriminated against female victims of violent sexual crimes just to save a buck. After No Taxpayer Funding for Abortion Act (H.R. 3) was introduced by the GOP, it did not take long for the bill to be wrapped in controversy. One of many problems with the bill is the author’s proposed changes to the very definition of rape in order to cut off governmental and private funding for abortions that did not fall into its extremely narrow definition. According to section 309 of H.R.3, rape would be defined only as “an act of forcible rape or, if a minor, an act of incest.” This means that under this definition of rape, if one is physically unable to say no or too afraid to say no, that individual has not been raped. H.R. 3 was introduced as a replacement for the Hyde Amendment, “which bans federal funding for abortions through Medicaid except in cases of rape, incest, or to save a mother’s life” and also comes up for review annually. If passed, not only would H.R.3 replace the Hyde

indybay.org

for

Amendment, it would also become permanent federal law. Civil law defines rape as “non-consensual sexual intercourse that is committed by physical force, threat of injury, or other duress. A lack of consent can also include the victim’s inability to say ‘no’ to intercourse, due to the effects of drugs or alcohol,” according to criminal.findlaw.com. However, H.R. 3 redefines rape in such a way as to excludes a majority of rape victims, including those who have been drugged, are under the influence of alcohol or otherwise do not have the mental capacity to say no. Larry Gourdine, The University of Georgia’s Relationship and Sexual Violence Prevention Coordinator said alcohol is the number one contributor to rape on campus. “The term ‘forcible rape’...leave[s] out a significant part of the population affected by rape, especially the college population” Gourdine said. According to Gourdine, it is very important for a victims of rape to recover the power that they lost after the assault, but with this bill and societal prejudices, for a woman or any

Photo/Bradley Stuart

Women

victim, it is very difficult to come to terms with what happened to them. Rape of course violates a women’s rights, sense of safety and basic personal freedom. H.R.3 further prohibits a woman from exercising her rights by limiting her reproductive choices. The University of Georgia provides a safe place for victims of sexual assault. Gourdine has created a open outreach program, and a wide variety of prevention and educational tools. He has developed “Safety Resource Cards” for students who travel outside Georgia which provide them with telephone numbers and addresses of both hospitals and rape and domestic violence shelters as well as credible taxi services on the card. After being pressured by multiple outside advocacy groups, Section 309 of H.R. 3 has been modified to include all forms of rape. Though this bill has been changed, it does not ease the concern that the Hyde Amendment, because it is up for review annually, will not morph into something similar to H.R.3 next year.

If you have been a victim of sexual assault or are looking to help prevent sexual violence and abuse on caampus, please contact Larry Gourdine at lgourdine@uhs.uga.edu or visit his office located in the University of Georgia Health Center.


facebooking m for

W

o d e e fr

hen looking for information on what to do in a crisis, many Americans immediately go to Google. But what would they do if Google was not an option? On Jan. 28 the Egyptian government shut down the Internet in a futile attempt to suppress protests against it which were largely organized on Facebook. The protests began on Jan. 25 in Cairo following similar demonstrations in Tunisia and ended on Feb. 11 with former President Hosni Mubarak’s resignation. The period in which Egyptians were unable to access the Internet, dubbed a “blackout” by some, lasted for five days. Janna Babson, a senior from Jefferson, triple majoring in bio-

chemistry, cell biology, and microbiology, is unable to imagine the internet being shut off in the U.S. “We’re too reliant on it,” she said. “I, for one, access most of my news information from it.” Babson is not unlike other Americans who use the internet as a source of news; according to a survey by the Pew Internet and American Life Project, 61 percent of Americans get at least some of their news online. Another study by the Pew Research Center for the People & the Press indicates that 9 percent of Americans regularly rely on social networks for news. While many Americans would have a hard time adapting to life without internet, Will Guerin, a freshman from Atlanta majoring in psychology,


would find a way to carry on. “I would go to the library a lot more,” he said. “I’d have to read books and resort to all the older methods of communication.” Prior to the shutdown of the internet, Egyptians found out about reports of police abuse through Facebook and then used the social network to mobilize protesters. Jan. 25 saw the first day of protests with thousands of Egyptians of all socioeconomic and religious backgrounds coming together to rebel against Mubarak as well as corruption and police repression. On Jan. 28, the “Day of Rage” began with protesters assembling in cities all over Egypt and the military was instructed to assist police in keeping order. By Feb. 1 the protests had become violent: Although Mubarak had addressed the Egyptian people promising not to continue his 30 year presidency by running in the September elections, pro-Mubarak and anti-Mubarak groups fought in the cities. Protests continued with the Egyptian military trying to keep order and protect Egyptian museums. On Feb. 10 Mubarak angered the public by informing them that his powers would transfer to Vice President Suleiman and he would remain in Egypt as its head of state. The violence escalated and the next day Mubarak’s resignation was announced. Later, it was declared that the Egyptian Supreme Council of Egyptian Armed Forces would hold power for six months or until elections could be held. In addition, the Egyptian Prime Minister, Ahmed Shafik, was replaced by Essam Sharif on Mar. 3. In the aftermath of the Egyptian Revolution many wonder about the role social net-

works played in motivating the protests. In a letter to Facebook’s CEO, Mark Zuckerberg, Sen. Richard J. Durbin, D-Ill., expressed concern that “[Facebook] does not have adequate safeguards in place to protect human rights and avoid being exploited by repressive governments.” However, many of the 66 comments to the article expressed the idea that the American media exaggerated Facebook’s role in the Egyptian Revolution. Vinay Choksi, a freshman from Stone Mountain majoring in genetics, agrees with those readers. “I feel like a revolution would have happened regardless,” he said. “Egyptians knew about their own oppression.” When Personal Access Wireless/Walkup System slowed down in mid-February UGA students complained to EITS and the Red & Black newspaper ran a story on the situation. On Feb. 28, an anti-Student Government Association group protested the Focus on the Family-affiliated Justice for All’s Tate Center antiabortion images. According to a Mar. 3 Red & Black newspaper article written by Drew Hooks, the coordinator of the protests, Phillip Brettschneider, a senior anthropology major from Marietta and organizer for the anti-Student Government Association, wanted to do an “Egypt-style protest”. As evidenced by the anti-SGA protests on Feb. 28, UGA students are taking a lead from Egyptian revolutionaries and becoming more militant in voicing their demands.


Anti-Celebratory

Gun Fire By Zachary Parker

F

or years, the death and damage toll related to celebratory gunfire has steadily increased. Recently, governments around the United States have been considering the trend of celebratory gunfire and its harmful effects. Celebratory gunfire is the tradition of firing a gun repeatedly into the air. This is typically done to show excitement for a holiday or the turn of a new year. While this trend is much more widespread outside of the U.S., the number of incidences in the states has risen in recent years. These “celebrations” have caused much more damage than people might think. Everyone knows that, “what goes up, must come down,” but not everyone remembers this rule when they fire bullets into the air. Ben Ward, a freshman from Sylvania, Georgia studying Criminal Justice at the University of Georgia, says, “I think there should be a law restricting celebratory gunfire. I know from personal experience that people can be irresponsible with guns, especially when they are celebrating.”


One of the greatest concerns related to celebratory gunfire is its potentially deadly effects. When a bullet is shot into the air, it will reach its apex and then come back down at terminal velocity. According to firearm expert Julian Hatcher, most bullets fired are able to reach a terminal velocity of between 150 and 300 feet per second--and 150 feet per second is fast enough to kill a person. Around 32 percent of all people wounded by celebratory gunfire are fatally wounded due to the amount of damage done to the head, chest, and shoulders. Another negative effect of celebratory gunfire is building damage. The falling projectiles can sometimes have enough velocity to puncture layers of a roof. Even if the falling bullets do not travel through to harm the people inside, they still do considerable damage to the roof. These holes, if unnoticed, could lead to several hundred dollars in water damage to buildings. Getting hit by a stray bullet that is fired into

the air may seem like a long shot, but it is happens more often than we might think. On Jan. 1 of last year, four-year-old Marquel Peters was attending a church service near Atlanta to bring in the New Year with his grandmother. Shortly after midnight, a bullet, fired in celebration, came through the ceiling and killed him. Scenarios like this one have forced lawmakers to think about the harmful effects of celebratory gunfire and how to enact legislation against it. Sen. Gloria Butler of Stone Mountain recently introduced a bill to the Georgia Legislature that will ban this form of celebration from the state entirely. This bill, introduced in honor of Peters, will urge state legislators to look at the current penalties and fines related to this type of celebration and strengthen them. Officials have said that the process will be difficult, but well worth the effort.

“Everybodyknows what goes

u p ,mustcome down.�


Hope

The

By Krystle Drew

T

he HOPE Scholarship has had a colossal positive impact on Georgia education since its inception in 1993, however, as time progresses there are many factors causing the scholarship funding to run low. The HOPE scholarship has single handedly allowed thousands of Georgians to attend Georgia colleges and universities tuition. However, just as the recession is impacting so many things, the HOPE Scholarship is no exception. The HOPE Scholarship is running out of money and has to make some major changes to account for this. What these changes will be is the question. The HOPE Scholarship (Helping Outstanding Pupils Educationally) was created under the supervision of governor Zell Miller. The HOPE Scholarship is a merit-based scholarship that is strictly funded by revenue collected from the Georgia Lottery. It was one of the first scholarships to be based solely on academic requirements, not monetary needs. A student is required to live in Georgia, have a minimum GPA of 3.0 from a HOPE eligible high school, and to maintain above a 3.0 average throughout their college career. If they manage to do this, HOPE will pay their tuition. With the opportunity to attend a school without paying tuition, and the recession lowering the money people are able to spend on education, more and more Georgia students are going to colleges in Georgia. This change in popularity for Georgia schools has caused many changes including schools becoming incredibly competitive. And as there is an increase in the number of students that are taking advantage of this scholarship, there is a decrease in the funds available to pay for their tuition. The recession is playing another role in the depletion of HOPE money. As more people are out of

Scholarship

work or experiencing pay cuts, less and less people are playing the lottery. With the number of people playing the lottery decreasing, the revenue generated from the lottery is lowering as well. With lottery revenue down and HOPE recipients up, it is obvious there has to be a change somewhere. The number of recipients has to decrease or the amount of money awarded has to be reduced. Should the minimum GPA be raised or will they begin to only offer HOPE to students who cannot afford school without it? Both students and parents have been aware of the problem and concerned for what changes to the scholarship will bring. Carmin Haynes, a sophomore at UGA, says if the government decides to only grant HOPE to low-income families, they consider those who have multiple children in college. “We are not a low-income family but my parents have three kids in college right now and the only thing saving us is HOPE,” Carmin said. The ideas to overcome these obstacles don’t seem to be considering income caps, however. Beginning in the fall, students will need to graduate with a 3.7 GPA and have a 1200 on the SAT (out of 1600) to receive full tuition. Students will be able to keep this full ride so long as they maintain a 3.3 throughout college. Students who graduate from high school with at least a 3.0 will receive 90% of their tuition. There are more aspects of the HOPE scholarship that have changed; however these seem to be the most crucial.

“The only thing saving us is HOPE.”

While these changes may cause major differences in the way students pay for college, some parents understand it could be much worse. Stephanie Green, a parent of a UGA student and HOPE recipient stresses her relief. “I thought they were going to insist we pay somewhere between 40 and 60% of tuition, so to ask us to pay 10% doesn’t seem that bad to me,” said Stephanie.


By Zachary Parker

S

Sudan

udan, a country with a long history of turmoil, is preparing for yet another drastic change -- a complete split between the North and South. With what is hoped to be a peaceful division, Sudan could see the end of nearly a century of war and conflict. Sudan’s split could have both positive and negative effects for the country and its neighbors. Culture differences between the Arab North and the Christian and tribal South have placed Sudan in conflict for the past several decades. More issues in Darfur have led to an extreme culture clash, leaving thousands dead. The divorce of the nation is meant to help solve these problems and allow the people of the Northern and Southern regions to live more peaceful lives. In the wake of the revolution in Egypt, the people of Sudan are gaining the courage to stand up for their beliefs. Katheryn Wells, a freshman pre-business major from Sylvania, Georgia, believes the split of Sudan will lead to positive results. “There have been a lot of problems there for a very long time, and any solution is better than the problems that they currently have.” The separation of the two regions is doused in controversy--most of the nation’s oil reserves lie in the South, while the pipeline for the oil runs through the North. The two prospective governments have been working together to sort out this problem peacefully. While many are skeptical of the validity of this movement, leaders are taking great strides to reach a successful agreement that will benefit

both parties. Some critics of the movement say that even though residents of the Southern region have been united against the North, they may not be able to coexist after the planned schism. While this is a valid concern to some, other nations are ready and willing to help both sides create lasting and effective governments. Braeden Fields, a sophomore Spanish education major from Suwanee, Georgia says, “It will be tough to do at first, but I think that in the long run this could be a peaceful transition that will end a lot of conflict.” The culture clash in Sudan that led to this split is similar to what happened to a fledgling America. Had circumstances been different, this country could have shared a similar fate to that of Sudan. While America has come a long way in regards to segregation and racism, there is still much more to be done. For Sudan, the road ahead is long and full of obstacles, but it could ultimately lead to prosperity for the Sudanese people.

“The split could have positive and negative effects for the country and its neighbors. “


Study Abroad: By Hillary Rodgers

T

he University of Georgia offers study abroad opportunities on every continent--there are chances to go to places ranging from Antarctica to Russia. It may seem surprising that among these opportunities, there is currently no study abroad program in India. Although UGA does not offer one now, a program in India existed for a long time. Sponsored by UGA, Kennesaw State University, Georgia Perimeter College, and the Asian Council of UGA, the trip included explorations to the capital city of Delhi, the National Museum of Art, the Gandhi memorial, the Taj Mahal, and the technological center of Mumbai. When asked about the reason why there is no longer a UGA study abroad program to India, the UGA Office of International Education stated that there was no longer enough student interest to continue the program. This lack of interest is surprising because of UGA’s growing population of Indian students and the increasing influence of Indian culture in the United States. The problem seems to be that, although many different study abroad programs are offered, the most popular ones are to places that are more familiar to students (such as Europe and Australia).

Other programs are often overlooked despite the fact that they offer the chance to travel to places that would be more difficult to visit after leaving UGA. Students may be beginning to realize the value of these opportunities, because UGA Studies Abroad in the South Pacific is currently organizing a new study abroad program to India based on recent student interest. When asked about how she would feel about an opportunity to go to India through a UGA study abroad program, senior Maria Brigman stated, “I am honestly really surprised there is not one already. That seems like it would be such an interesting trip that would truly be a once in a lifetime opportunity. I know I would take advantage of it.” While students will not be able to study abroad in India for another few years, there are some UGA resources available for those interested in learning more about Indian culture. The Indian Student Association (ISA), a group committed to promoting Indian heritage and spreading awareness throughout the campus, organizes cultural events throughout the year and helps new Indian students adjust to life at UGA.


Destination, The Indian Cultural Exchange (ICE) is arguably the most prominent Indian cultural group at UGA. ICE works with other minority and South Asian organizations to hosting guest speakers, panels, and lectures to create awareness of cultural diversity. They are currently promoting National Ghandi Day on the UGA campus. ICE also hosts an annual India night, which, according to their website, “brings in nearly 2000 people and showcases Indian culture from all over the Southeast in the form of dances, skits, and other various performances.� Hopefully the efforts of these students will generate more interest in Indian culture throughout the entire student body.

India

As students learn more about India at home, they can look forward to the opportunity to study in India within the next few years.

Mandy Lancour (below), a psychology and sociology double major from Marietta, Ga., sets up a study abroad information station on the second floor of the Miller Learning Center on March 2, 2011. A winter break study abroad program to India was recently introduced during which students can earn six credits.


Smoking Ban Proposal

by Kimberly Parks

Photos By Kimberly Parks Let’s think back to the 1960s: back when a Ford Mustang hardtop was a mere $2,368, the Baby Boomers were still just being born, the University of Georgia had just desegregated and smoking cigarettes was fashionable.

A lot has changed since then: a Ford Mustang is almost ten times as much, the Baby Boomers have reached retirement age, the UGA demographic is a combination of many ethnicities, and smoking is no longer as socially acceptable.

The world is constantly changing especially on college campuses.

Fifty years ago it was OK for people to smoke inside buildings, even on college campuses. Fifty years ago most people also did not know the severe risks associated with smoking such as cancer, respiratory diseases, and heart disease. As the health effects of smoking have become more apparent, changes have gradually been made.

Students can no longer smoke inside buildings, and as concerns about secondhand smoke effects increase, stricter regulations are being put into place. Many college campuses are now labeling themselves tobacco free; in fact, UGA is the only college in the Athens area that has not passed a campus-wide ban, although that might be changing in coming years. Currently, Athens Technical College, Gainesville State College, and Piedmont College all have bans against tobacco.

Last year, UGA Student Government Association members proposed a smoking ban and allowed students to vote as a part of the ballot for homecoming court in order to get their feelings about smoking. Gregory Locke, a senior political science and sociology double major from Kennesaw and sponsor of the proposal, said that the referendum showed a 66 percent majority in favor of the ban. A more detailed survey, accessible to all 35,000 students in which less than 3,000 responded, closely correlated with the results from the referendum. As for faculty and staff, 50 percent who responded to a survey were in favor of a full ban, while a vast majority were in favor of some sort of ban. After the results, SGA has modified the proposal, which currently stands as this: a ban at bus stops and a 25 foot ban around all building entrances. The proposal also calls for removing cigarette receptacles around building entrances and posting signs educating people of the ban.


Now the campus must wait until March 24 when President Michael Adams is expected to make a decision on the ban. Even if Adams decides to pass the ban, Locke said implementation could take a while.

“It’s all up to the administration now,” Locke said. “At other schools, it has taken as long as two years from the point of decision to the date of implementation. I would expect this ban would go into effect in the summer of 2012, to allow for Physical Plant modification.”

The reaction for the proposal is split as would be expected between smokers and non-smokers. The original proposal for a campuswide ban caused strong opposition, but still had fervent support from students who had voiced complaints. Some students like Celia Burns, a third-year English major from Cheyenne, Wyo., were on one end of the spectrum, totally appalled by the complete ban, but are much more accepting of a partial ban. “This is a public university and everyone here is an adult and should be allowed to make their own lifestyle choices,” Burns said.

At the University of Texas, the institution, that Burns previously attended, there was a ban similar to the current proposal by SGA, which she thinks was a perfect compromise for smokers and non-smokers. “As a non-smoker, the only time I have a problem with smokers is when they are all huddled right in front of a building’s door where I have no choice but to walk through their smoke,” she said.

Either way UGA can expect smoking on campus to remain a controversial topic for a while.


H

ealthcare Legislation

“I think everyone should have healthcare, but shouldn’t be required to have it. It should be a choice.”

A

x by Emily Hunt

mong the many issues that President Obama and the U.S. government face daily is the biggest and possibly the most important question over the future of healthcare and health insurance. On March 23 of last year, President Obama responded to these concerns over healthcare by creating a nationwide plan with his new bill known by the press as Obamacare.

Recently there have been a number of people who have spoken out against a specific section in the bill, however, claiming that it violates the public’s rights. This section in question deals with an insurance mandate for U.S. citizens and is set to go into effect in 2014. That is, if it isn’t stopped by the courts first.

The first to contest the bill was Virginia Federal Judge Henry Hudson, who ruled that the insurance mandate was unconstitutional on Dec. 13. But, the person who has received the most attention with this issue is Judge Roger Vinson of the Federal District Court in Pensacola, Fla. On Jan. 31, 2011, Judge Vinson not only ruled the insurance law unconstitutional, but also ruled that this requirement made the entire bill unconstitutional. According to Vinson, the issue with this insurance requirement is that it

violates the Commerce Clause in the Constitution.

In the past, insurance contracts have not been considered commercial, which is why they have traditionally been regulated by the states. Vinson said that never before has Congress used the commerce power to demand people participate in an economic transaction with a private company.

Because of this mandate, Vinson wrote, “I must reluctantly conclude that Congress exceeded the bounds of its authority in passing the act with the individual mandate.” But, what does the public think about this new insurance requirement? Olivia McCurley, a UGA second-year theatre major from Marietta agrees with Vinson and believes that healthcare insurance should be optional.

“I think everyone should have healthcare, but shouldn’t be required to have it. It should be a choice,” McCurley said.

Cyndyl Mccutcheon, a third-year English major from Greenville, Ga., also believes that health insurance should be a choice but also said, “On the other hand, I think there should be more government involvement insuring low income families and the elderly.” All of this may be going on in Florida and at the national level, but Geor-


gia’s own Gov. Nathan Deal is aware of the healthcare debate, and has argued against the insurance requirement. “As ranking Republican on the healthcare subcommittee in the U.S. House, Deal was the first member to declare the individual mandate unconstitutional,” according to a Feb. 9 press release on the governor’s website.

One problem that Deal seems to be running into right now with this bill is the issue of not knowing what the decision will be in the Department of Justice’s appeals process against the bill. This decision will affect how much money will be allocated to healthcare in Georgia and as Deal said, “We need that decision before we spend untold millions implementing these onerous mandates.”

and that’s what our administration, working with the General Assembly, will do.” Tennessee Gov. Bill Haslam is also working to fight the insurance mandate, and like Deal, he sent a letter to President Obama urging him to encourage quick decisions.

Haslam said in a statement released on Feb. 3, “While we wait, we lose. We lose time. We lose resources. We lose options.”

Despite the work of the state governors, unless the U.S. Department of Justice decides otherwise, the current bill is still set to go into effect in 2014 and will include the mandate requiring every citizen to have healthcare insurance.

Recognizing the importance of a quick decision, on Feb. 9 Deal along with 28 other governors sent a letter to President Obama that urged him to direct the U.S. Department of Justice to speed up the appeals process against Obamacare.

Other Southern states are following Georgia’s initiative and are taking steps to eliminate the insurance mandate. South Carolina Gov. Nikki Haley said in a Jan. 31 statement, “We can improve health care in our state without this massive mandate from Washington,

“While we wait, we lose. We lose time. We lose resources. We lose options.”

Photos By Jasmine Bonds


Photo by Jasmine Bonds

Students Kristen Johnson (left) shares The New York Times on her iPad with Nikita Joy (right) as they talk about features of the online application.

Print Media Changes

By: Sarah Giarratana

University Students and Teachers Look to Adapt

T

he days of high advertising revenue, large budgets and huge staffs are gone for most daily newspapers, as readers turn away from paying for newspaper subscriptions in favor of free online content. But even as the industry switches from printing paper to providing online content, industry leaders are turning to new media and charging for online content to make up for the revenue lost in the printed edition. From 2006 to 2010 newspaper ad revenue, from printed ads, dropped from $49,275 billion to $27,564 billion or a 42.24 percent drop in four years, according to the online technology news site Mashable. With paywalls going up for companies like the New York Times, who began charging unsubscribed readers for content in January, other daily papers, journalism students and newspaper analysts

are left looking at the business model, wondering if paywalls are the only option to survive or if there might be a better option. “My impression is that print media hasn’t been adapting all that well, that they are reacting more than adapting and they’re still in the reactive stage,” said Emuel Aldridge, instructor in Grady College’s New Media Institute. “I think publications are making up a lot of the lost revenue with online advertising, but targeted ads are a whole new way of going about it.” People being reached by targeted ads, that cater to the target audience of a publication, often turn to free online sources to read news about specific subjects. “I just went over to lunch with these two newspapers and I read through them, and I read a few articles, but then there’s all this other stuff that’s just going to get thrown away,” Aldridge said. “And

maybe that’s what I like about new media based news, is the fact that you’re not paying for a bunch of stuff you don’t want and you’re also not wasting resources.” Junior Katie Coon, a Grady College student from Grayson said that the magazine she works for is using social media tools like Twitter to reach their audience, a tactic mirrored in large corporations like Time, Inc. or the Washington Post. While the New York Times and USAToday’s iPad applications were always free to the public, the Washington Post started charging $1.99 for its app, which was released in 2010, but started offering free content for a limited time last fall. Though the free content was scheduled to end in February 2011, the Washington Post changed to continue offering free content for an undisclosed amount of time.


But as large publications like the New York Times and USAToday branch out with massive online marketing campaigns, local newspapers remain slower in adapting to change, like the members of older generations that generally make up their audience. “I think there’s a lot of loyalty to local newspapers right now,” Aldridge said. “But I don’t know if that exists among the younger audience, I think people who have always had a local paper will want a local paper.” Without local papers like the Athens Banner-Herald, society would lose the important investigative journalism that happens on a local level, Aldridge said. Local papers or no, Coon said she hopes her experience working for a magazine, majoring in newspapers and time in Grady’s New Media Institute will give her an edge in finding a job. “My advice would be to get a broad skill base while you’re here, so that you can react to changes and to get some ideas so that maybe you’ll be one of the people making the changes,” Aldridge said. “The idea that you’ll graduate and someone will just give you a job is great, but some people will have to make their own way.”

“My impression is that print media hasn’t been adapting all that well, that they are reacting more than adapting and they’re still in the reactive stage”

Kristen Johnson (left) reads The New York Times on her

iPad,

while Nikita Joy (right) reads the print edition in the MLC


Got legal residency? S

By: Yetunde Ogunsakin AT score, check. High school transcript, check. Legal residency… Uh oh! On Oct. 14, 2010, a Red & Black newspaper article written by Briana Gerdeman reported that under a policy approved by the Board of Regents the University will no longer accept undocumented students starting fall 2011. The policy is based on the Special Residency Verification Committee of the Board of Regents recently enacted rule that public universities that have to deny academically qualified students for space reasons should not accept undocumented students. UGA has historically accepted undocumented students so long as they paid out-of-state tuition. Georgia Institute of Technology, Georgia State University, Georgia College and State University and the Medical College of Georgia are the other public universities that will bar undocumented students from attending the institutions (effective in fall of 2011). During the summer of 2010 14 state senators in Georgia encouraged the regents to pass a law making it illegal for public colleges in this state to admit illegal immigrants. This request was prompted by the discovery last May that a Kennesaw State University student, Jessica Colotl - who had entered the country illegally with her parents at the age of ten - was paying in-state tuition. Colotl was almost deported after the police officer who stopped her for a traffic violation discovered that she was in the country illegally. After much protest from her sorority and fellow students, she was granted a reprieve that allowed her to complete her education so she could complete her education. She is now required to pay out-of-state tuition, however. Charles Kuck, a partner of Kuck Immigration Partners LLC and a professor of immigration law at UGA, is representing Colotl and calls the proposed law to prohibit undocumented students from attend-

ing state universities a “horrific act”. “Any kid that gets accepted has done so on their merits,” Kuck said. “To distinguish them because their parents brought them into the country illegally when they were young is wrong.” Kelly Sullivan, a second-year criminal justice major from Lawrenceville, has undocumented friends and doesn’t mind if they are admitted as long as they are qualified and don’t take spots from citizens. “Letting them pay out of state tuition would be lenient,” Sullivan said. “They don’t live in the state legally.” Justin Crawley, a third-year accounting major from Moultrie, GA, does not think that undocumented students should be allowed to attend public universities under in-state or out-of-state tuition. “If they are not here legally they shouldn’t be able to take advantage of the perks of being a legal resident or citizen,” he said. Recalling the controversial anti-illegal immigration law that was passed in April, Jason Rudbeck, a macroeconomics professor at UGA, believes that opinions on illegal immigration are based on assessments of the externalities that come with it. “Assuming there are no negative externalities, in terms of labor efficiency we’d be better off opening the borders,” Rudbeck said. “Some people say that the [negative] externalities are too

Kennesaw State University student Jessica Colotl, an undocumented student, walks out of the Cobb County jail with her lawyers. Colotl was almost deported back in May. Photo by John Spink for the AJC.


?

What Does It Take By: Hillary Rodgers Photos By Erin Smith

Many people are curious about what it takes to make are assured playing time rather than risk going to larger the decision to be a student athlete at the University of Geor- universities and never really getting a chance to show off gia. In the case of non-athletes, many students choose to come their talent. Occasionally very good players will attend a to UGA because of things such as financial incentives such as larger university and get little to no playing time because the HOPE scholarship, proximity to home, and previous supportof other big time athletes who are already there. Yet another factor when athletes are making a for UGA athletic teams. The same is also true for athletes. decision about whether or not to choose UGA over any Smaller schools sometimes offer full scholarships to other schools is simply the name. Many people see UGA athletes who would only get a partial scholarship at UGA. Some partial scholarship only provide for a very small portion as a school with premier athletic programs that comof tuition, room, and board. Some give recipients almost total monly surpass other similar ones. The potential for fame if an athlete excels in a large, well-known SEC program coverage that falls only slightly short of the benefits of a full is very great. UGA also has a large alumni association to scholarship. The size of scholarships available at certain uni-

versities can become a large Reasoning for chosing UGA over which many people donate money decision factor for students facjust because they want to support other colleges is “due to the proxing severe financial difficulties when making college choices. imity to home, the closeness of the the athletic association. Whenever UGA gets a new athlete, especially Many of these same team & the food at the dining halls” in its large football or basketball proathletes also may choose to grams, there is a chance that a large attend smaller schools because those schools offer them the potential to have more playing number of people will be in tune to the news. Whatever the motivation behind it may be, time or more opportunities for competition early in their col- choosing a college is always a hard decision. Michael Arlege career. At large schools like UGA, it is often hard to really have much playing time to display skills immediately upon ar- nold, a junior from Marietta who has been on the swim rival. A good example of this can be seen when one takes a lookteam throughout his entire college career, cites a few at football. Many football players at large schools choose to be different reasons for choosing UGA over other potential redshirt freshmen. A redshirt freshman is a player who elects colleges. According to Michael, he “chose to come to to delay their participation in a sport in order to extend their UGA over all the other colleges due to the proximity to home, the closeness of the team, and the food at the four years of eligibility. This helps ensure that they will get a chance to play rather than spend four years sitting on the side- dining halls”. Hopefully in the future UGA will continue to lines. Some players choose these smaller schools where they appeal to students of all kinds of backgrounds with many different goals.


B L A Z I N G the Path to Support By: Maggie Siu

Photos By Erin Smith

When the Olympics celebrated its events in the

heart of Atlanta, Ga., in Summer 1996, everyone recalled the landmark colored rings and the energetic mascot that took over the city for the summer. Blaze, the jolly 7-foot tall, multicolored phoenix, appeared on merchandise and marched through crowds as he riled up visitors around the city. Everyone knew him as the symbolic character for the 1996 Olympic games, but nobody knew that his legacy would transcend to live forever after the games concluded. In the summer of 1996, the Olympians stretched, warmed up and competed in team sports such as basketball, soccer and volleyball. Trained athletes would test their skills in marathons and races. Audiences from all over the world flooded into the city. Among the Olympians, approximately 3,000 of them competed two weeks after the Olympic games. These 3,000 men and women were Paralympians, and they competed in regular and demonstration sports. Soon after the Paralympics concluded, a non-profit organization called Blazesports America was established in honor of the Paralympic Games. Blazesports America emerged in 2000 as a national disabled sports education and support group funded by the U.S. Disabled Athletes Fund. It was named after the mascot, Blaze, because the phoenix is an ideal representation of what Blazesports is about – experiencing a renewed life. Blazesports has chapters across America, including one in Athens, Ga. The National Disability Conference for Blazesports was held at the University of Georgia in 2006. Events were

Disabled Athletes held at the Ramsey Student Center, the intramural fields and the golf course. Blazesports offers everything from basketball and tennis to equestrian and Judo events. The organization welcomed both disabled and non-disabled athletes to compete in its sports. It had raised awareness for disabled athletes in the community. However, since Blazesports has become more involved with the Disabled Athletes Fund, the chapter in Athens has refocused their organization to train athletes for competition rather than recreation. “Unfortunately, the clubs began focusing on turning serious athletes rather than just having recreational and instructional sports,” says Leslie Trier, program specialist for Athens-Clarke County’s leisure services. “Interest sort of waned after that.” While Blazesports has refocused on more serious trainings, UGA has helped raise awareness for disabled sports. The Ramsey Center for Student Activities has offered new sports to adapt to disabled athletes. “Ramsey does a good job at giving me plenty of access,” says Andrew Wood, a junior psychology major from Rising Fawn, Ga. “I love to throw baseballs and footballs, shoot baskets and swim.” Wood was diagnosed with transverse myelitis, an inflammation across one or both sides of the spinal cord. In academics, Dr. Michael Horvat, a UGA professor in kinesiology, teaches a class for developmental and adapted physical education. He also hosts a meeting for kinesiology majors to work with children with special needs every Monday. Even though Blazesports has decreased

“I love to throw baseballs footballs, shoot baskets and swim” recreational activity in Athens, other organizations and programs have stepped up to maintain local athletic opportunities for disabled athletes.

22


NFL Lockout 3

4

5

8

By: Kyle Sandhage

W

ith spring fast approaching, the fate of the National Football League is still on everybody’s mind. On March 10th, 2011, the Collective Bargaining Agreement between the club owners of the NFL and the National Football League Players Association ended – and the looming threat of a NFL lockout became a reality. The club owners officially enforced a lockout, not long after both sides failed to negotiate successfully. As fans, it is important to look beyond the idea of not being able to watch games and to get a good grasp of what exactly is happening. The Collective Bargaining Agreement is an official agreement between the NFLPA and club owners over topics covering players’ salaries and health care benefits. According the current CBA, players are supposed to be earning 60 percent of what is referred to as ‘total revenue’. However, this percentage just comes from expense credits for the clubs; the players actually only end up making 50 percent of all revenue earned by the NFL. This last season, the NFL earned over $8 billion. Another hot topic that was being negotiated was concerned with player health care. Currently it takes 3 years to earn up to only five years of retirement health care, where the average NFL player’s career is only 3.6 years. After negotiations failed, the NFLPA decertified their union – which would allow individual players to file anti-trust lawsuits; in response, the club owners put the lockout into effect. A lockout is a strong-arm business tactic where the owner closes down all functions of that business and does not allow anyone to work until new changes to working conditions are agreed upon. In the end, that means no football. Players will not be able to use the league facilities to work out and practice without paying fees out of pocket or play in the stadiums at

all. No one knows how long the lockout might last. It may last only a week or two, or it may last up to a whole year – do not forget about the NHL’s lock out from ‘04’05; it completely cancelled what would have been the NHL’s 88th season. It is important to note, however, that it is not only the players, owners, and fans who are losing in this lockout. According to the NFLPA, each NFL city stands to lose up to $160 million in revenue and over 115,000 jobs will be affected by the lockout. This includes people who deal with the NFL directly - the men and women who work as vendors at the stadiums, food

“The lockout puts the entire [NFL] 2011 season in jeopardy.” and beverage companies who supply the stadiums with snacks and drinks and many who would also gain revenue indirectly – such as sports bars and restaurants. The lockout puts the entire 2011 season in jeopardy. Try and imagine what a year without professional football would be like. No more friendly office pools and brackets; no more game-day parties with friends. And while many remain optimistic that the whole season wont be lost, there is still a strong chance that the preseason might not happen. Despite the fact that both sides are fighting over important issues, they completely failed to work and find a compromise that they could agree upon. The moment that the negotiations ended, everyone lost.


Rise Up Atlanta: Pro Sports Teams By Melanie Watson

Not Making the Cut News Analysis

It

is hard being an Atlanta sports fan. Atlanta is ranked second on the list of miserable sports cities--our teams rise, fall, and then continue to fall further. It is a shame that a “home team” fan in Atlanta is a rarity. It seems as though every city gets a chance to shine except ours. So when will it be our turn again? It could be soon--our Atlanta teams are on the rise once again. No longer are we forced to sit in the shadow of other cities. Every Atlanta team is currently on the incline and Atlanta fans can only hope that at least one of these teams can soon deliver a championship.

The Braves

The 90s signaled the Braves’ transition from “worst to first.” During the season, the Braves made the playoffs, slid past the Los Angeles Dodgers by one game, and defeated the Pittsburgh Pirates in seven games, but they eventually lost to the Minnesota Twins during the 1991 World Series. In 1995, the Braves finally won the World Series against the Cleveland Indians but have not made it back to the World Series since then.

The Dream

Because it is the newest addition to Atlanta’s sports family, fans cut the Dream a lot of slack. In their 2008 debut season, the team lost its first 17 consecutive games and ended with four wins and 30 losses. At the start of the 2009 season, the team’s growth was evident. The Dream fought their way to the playoffs in just their second year but lost in the first round to the eventual WNBA champion Detroit Shock. After Coach Meadors won WNBA Coach of the Year at the conclusion of the previous season, momentum continued into the following season. Coach Meadors led the Dream past the playoffs all the way to the WNBA finals. The dream ended there when the team fell to the Seattle


The Falcons

The Falcons have continuously struggled to keep themselves off the ground. The team has a history of headline draft picks and players, but every strong wave has been followed by a great crash. With team owner Arthur Blank and star quarterback Michael Vick as the faces of the franchise in the early 2000s, Falcons fans were gearing up for a road to the championship. The storm hit right before the 2007 season started when Michael Vick was found guilty of dog fighting and eventually cut from the Falcons. Adding insult to injury, head coach Bobby Petrino deserted the team three games before the end of the following season with a “Dear Falcons” note. Fortunately, it was not long before new coach Mike Smith and rookie quarterback Matt Ryan stepped in to lead the Falcons to the playoffs the next season. The Falcons have now claimed three consecutive winning seasons and a NFC title.

The Thrashers

With faulty draft picks, a player’s death, plaguing injuries, and late season meltdowns, it is safe to say the Thrashers were dealt a bad hand of cards. The 2010 season started off as a milestone year: the team made NHL history by having five black players on the roster simultaneously. In December of the same year, the team claimed first place in the Southeast Division for the first time since February 2008. Since then, the Thrashers have nosedived down to the fourth spot in the division. They are running out of the time to make the playoffs. Will this be yet another season slip-up?

The Hawks

The Hawks have struggled to fully shake off their bad reputation since their infamous 20042005 season, in which the team only registered 13 wins. Fans have complained about wasted draft picks and the team’s inability to strongly finish a season. In 2008, the team “shocked the world” by not only clinching a spot in the playoffs for the first time in 10 years but also by taking the eventual NBA champion Boston Celtics a heartfelt game 7 in the Eastern Conference playoffs. Atlanta fans were finally ready to get behind this team. However, the excitement was short lived, as the Hawks failed to advance beyond the second round of the playoffs during two consecutive years. The goal for this season is to advance to the Eastern Conference finals, but the Hawks still have a lot to prove. Have they really grown as much as we think they have, or did they just got lucky the past three seasons?

The Future:

With the resurgence of every sports team in Atlanta and multiple accomplishments such as All-Star and Pro-Bowl appearances, it seems as though Atlanta is back on the map. We have had great draft picks, bad draft picks, more coaching replacements than we can even remember, and both positive and negative milestones. There is nothing an Atlanta fan has not seen before. Atlanta fans have been starving for victory for a long time and can only hope that this will not be yet another year of disappointment in Atlanta. Surely one team can bring home a championship and end the dreaded losing cycle. The question is…who will do it first?


Olympic Bound By: Brittany Myers

By Erin Smith

Athletes from UGA hope to really make a splash

at the upcoming 2012 Olympics in London. Some competing in 2012 will be swimming in familiar waters. Allison Schmitt, 20, dived into both Olympic fame and college life at UGA in 2008. She set the U.S. record in the 4x200 freestyle relay in the Beijing Olympics and brought home the bronze as an incoming freshman. “I remember the whole two months were a big whirlwind,” said Schmitt. “I was in awe when I got there — especially when I saw the pool.” Schmitt, now a third-year psychology major, holds both school records for the 200 and 500 freestyle relays. Wendy Trott, 21, also swam in Olympic waters in 2008 for the South African National Team. “I’m definitely a lot more experienced now,” Trott said. “I feel like I’ll be a lot more confident.” Trott, a third-year International Affairs major from Capetown, South Africa, returns home to compete in Olympic trials at the end of this spring semester. Martin Grodzki, 19, a second-year Psychology major from Berlin, Germany, will likewise fly home at the end of the school year to compete in German National Trials. “It’s difficult going to trails and getting myself out there,” Dylla said, because most members of the German National team have several opportunities to prove themselves. Training internationally, Dylla has just one. Athletes still in school have dual responsibility split between their studies and their team. “It’s a heck of a balance,” said head swim coach

Jack Bauerle. “We keep them busy 20 hours a week — and it’s not an easy 20 hours. It forces you into using time wisely.” “We try not to compensate anything,” said Steven Colquitt, assistant director of Sports Communications at UGA. The coaches and the association expect the athletes to “deal with both ends of their duty.” “Jack’s philosophy is you can be doing well in both,” Colquitt said of Bauerle. “If you’re doing well in school, you’re doing well in swimming.” The bond between the Georgia teammates certainly helps them focus and stay on top of both studies and swimming. “The team is definitely the best part,” said Morgan Scroggy, 22, a fourth-year Agricultural Engineering major from Portland, Ore. “I’ve got a whole new perspective and motivation for doing it — and it is a very tough sport.” Scroggy said the swimmers train every day, twice a day for about two hours. She and Mark Dylla, 22, one of the top two butterfly swimmers with Michael Phelps, stand alongside Schmitt on the U.S. National Team. Every day you have someone to race you and push you to a higher limit,” Schmitt said. “Even if you walk in not ready for practice, you’ve got to get ready fast or you’ll be left in the dust.” Schmitt said balancing school and the sport definitely compromises her free time though. Kara Lynn Joyce, 25, former Georgia swimmer and twotime Olympian, returns for the upcoming games as well. She currently trains with the FAST Elite Swim Club in Fullerton, Calif. Joyce earned a grand total of 18 NCAA titles while attending UGA. But a disheartening summer followed Joyce’s performance in Beijing. She placed ninth at the 2009 National Championships, failing to qualify for the 2009 World Championship Team. “One bad meet can really knock you off your socks and make you have doubts,” Joyce said, according to swimnetwork.com. But just a year later, Joyce won the national championship in the 50 freestyle relay. With four silver medals around her neck so far, Joyce may prove to be a challenging competitor in London. It is yet to be determined who will actually compete in


2012. Regular swim meets provide a training arena for Olympic hopefuls, in addition to having a team-oriented goal, said Colquitt. “We have a couple kids going to the world championships,” Colquitt said. “They have the long-term goal of representing France, the U.S. [or another country].” According to the Athens Banner-Herald in February, both Schmitt and Joyce will represent the U.S. in the 14th FINA (International Swimming Federation) World Championships July 24-31 in Shanghai, China. Schmitt will swim the 200 and the UGA Swimmers at the 2008 800 freestyle relays, and Joyce will compete in the Beijing Olympics: 400. At the Olympic Games, only Jack Bauerel (United States) Swimming (W): Head coach 16 teams can enter each reChris Colwill (United States) Diving: 3m & synch. 3m springboard lay competition. The top 12 at the Shanghai competition Dan Laak (United States) Diving (M): Assistant coach will qualify for the London Kara Lynn Joyce (United States) Swimming (W): 4 x 100m free relay (silver medal) Olympics. The remaining Sarah Poewe (Germany) Swimming (W): 100m & 200m breast four teams will be chosen Troyden Prinsloo (South Africa) Swimming (M): 1,500m free based on fastest competition Sebastien Rouault (France) Swimming (M): 400m & 1,500m free times from approved FINA events between this March Allison Schmitt (United States) Swimming (W): 200m free; 4x200m free and June 2012. Gil Stovall (United States) Swimming (M): 200m fly “We are extremely Sheila Taormina (United States) Swimming (W): modern pentathlon excited about the depth of Wendy Trott (South Africa) Swimming (W): 400m & 800m breast talent on the 2011 World Championships roster,” Neil Versfeld (South Africa) Swimming (M): 200m breast Chuck Wielgus, USA SwimJosh Laban (Virgin Islands) Swimming ming Executive Director, said on the USA Swimming website. Additional UGA Athletes currently “We are anxious to see fast swimming and on National Teams following Beijing: strong performances from both the veteran leadership and young talent on the team.” Tom Beeri represents Israel again on their As the last major international competition before London, national team. the FINA World Championships will reveal the promise of Troyden Prinsloo and Neil Versfeld are the expected performance in the 2012 games. currently on the South African National According to Colquitt, UGA swim team has led 19 AmeriTeam along with Wendy Trott. can and 26 international athletes to the Olympic games so Chris Colwill, USA, suffered a wrist injury far. which set back his training, but according “A lot of people aspire to be Olympians, but it to Bauerle, he still has a chance to make takes a belief and extra confidence,” Bauerle said. “You rethe U.S. National Team for diving. ally have to believe you can do it.”


OUR WATER SUPPLY

ISN’T ENDLESS? H

ow much water do you consume in one day? No idea, right? Unlike most of the world, people living in Georgia and the U.S. don’t have to count gallons because we don’t have a limited supply of clean water. When it comes to natural resources, we have to work with what we’ve got. Once they begin to dissipate, and only then, will we work on the production of more efficient technology, or implement plans for conservation.

The water crisis is occurring locally and internationally. Although it may not seem like it is affecting people in the U.S., the overuse of water and overpopulation is finally catching up. Some have taken it upon themselves to help the people in Bangladesh, Haiti, Honduras and the many countries in Africa, that have limited water access, and must pay constantly increasing prices for it. For her 22nd Birthday, Leigh Ackerman, a senior majoring in international affairs, asked for donations instead of presents. Every penny will go towards providing families with clean drinking water. She decided to take on the project “because it was shocking seeing a lack of clean water last summer in Kenya, but it was even worse coming home to find that no one was really aware of the issue.” In Georgia, and more specifically at the University of Georgia, students and faculty are doing what they can to conserve our most vital resource. The UGA Task Force has implemented “Every Drop

By: Chiara Gustafson

Counts” signs in the dorms, and since they were introduced, students have reduced their overall consumption of water by 20 percent. Although this is a significant accomplishment, it continues to be a major issue and more ground is left to be covered.

“Hopefully people aren’t thinking that water isn’t a scarce resource anymore, just because it’s been raining lately. Water is going to be the next oil,” declared Emily Karol, a senior majoring in journalism and co-chair of the Go Green Alliance, an umbrella organization for the environmental clubs on campus. The Go Green Alliance is also working on a campaign to ban the sale of plastic water bottles on campus. Not only is water out of the tap more thoroughly regulated, but bottled water is contained in plastic, which “comes from oil, and oil is in everything from fertilizers to chairs…do you really want that in your water?” questioned Karol. Karol addresses an interesting point: water contamination. Not only is there an issue with water quantity, which can be identified by the decreasing water levels in lakes and rivers, but water quality also. This is a prominent issue in many Third World countries such as Kenya, Bangladesh and El Salvador. People die every day from waterrelated diseases, many of whom are children. When Ackerman continues

her description of her experience in Kenya,” she said, “I met a mama who often had to decide how to use the day’s supply of water: if she would use it to wash her children’s school uniforms, which had to be clean, if she would use it to cook, or if her whole family would use it to bathe with.” Thankfully, this does not parallel life in the United States, but hopefully it will motivate people to be more frugal when they are spending this crucial resource.

A years worth of water bottles.

Photos By Chiara Gustafson


Around the World in a Semester

By: Taylor Stephens

W

hile most students are in the classroom studying algorithms, grammar syntax and subjunctives in Spanish class, some are zip lining in Fiji, meeting political leaders on capital hill, scuba diving in Australia, dining in fresh bakeries in Italy and helping rebuild schools in Costa Rica. Who are these students and how can you become one? Just join one of several study abroad programs that the University of Georgia offers! “About 25 percent of students [at the University of Georgia] get to experience the chance of a lifetime with this opportunity,” said Kasee Laster, director for study abroad at the Office of International Education. The program has grown to studies in over 65 countries yearly with around 2,000 students participating according to the OIE. The program has grown vastly over the years from just one program in Oxford, England in 1987. Although first just limited to studies within the European countries, the program now maintain studies in Antarctica, Argentina, Australia, New Zealand, Costa Rica, Fiji, France, Ghana, Greece, India, Italy, Morocco, Sydney, Spain, South Africa, United Kingdom and Tanzania. “It’s a great experience, especially for those who have never been out the country before,” says Janda Ward, a senior majoring in political

science and Spanish. Faculty-led programs are present on every continent, including Antarctica. The most popular programs are the “UGA at Oxford, Cortona, Costa Rica, UGA en Espana, Verona, Buenos Aires, and South Pacific/ Global Programs in Sustainability,” according to Kasee. In addition to the traditional study abroad programs, which involve taking classes overseas as well as becoming integrated in the culture, student exchange programs and service leadership programs are also very popular. “The types of study abroad programs have also grown since the start of the program. Not only does UGA harbor foreign students here but also vice versa,” says Kasee. “I look forward to seeing how service leadership driven abroad programs are different from the regular study abroad programs that I have participated in before in England,” says Jessica King, a senior who will be attending the Ghana service leadership program this summer. Scholarships and opportunities for students to finance study abroad classes have also expanded in order to diversify participants involved in the program. According to the OIE, 212 students of color studied abroad in the academic year 20092010, along with students ranging

from freshmen to students with doctorates. The school offers everything from departmental scholarships, to interoffice (OIE) to public scholarships, such as HOPE scholarship to ensure everyone the opportunity of affording it. “We try to help because we don’t want money to be the reason why a person can’t go,” explains Kasee. “The trips also allow you to bond with other students that you normally wouldn’t but you have to because of your foreign settings,” explains King when asked about how diversity of the program benefits students. The array and diversity of the program offered provides an opportunity for most majors through the university or through external study abroad programs. “I want to go back [to Spain] soon,” says Ward. The way Ward feels about her study abroad experience is how many other students feel as well. About 75 percent of students have hopes of returning back to the country that they visited previously or visiting another country through the program, and with UGA adding more programs every semester this is more than possible. So what will you be doing next semester? Copying notes off the chalkboard or speaking to natives in Madrid and wind surfing in New Zealand?….your choice.


Zumba I

THE EXERCISE PARTY By: Christina Bolen

Photos By Chiara Gustafson

In recent years, Zumba has expanded it’s program to include: Zumba Toning, Zumba Atomic, Zumba Gold, and Zumba Aqua. Zumba Toning uses weighted maraca-like instruments to increase calorie burning while still working all the major muscle groups. Zumba Atomic expands the basics of Zumba fitness to children from ages 4-14 and Zumba Gold is a program altered for seniors. Lastly, Zumba Aqua bears a resemblance to water aerobics. The inclusion of such variety in the Zumba fitness routine expresses the universality of the style. There is a form of Zumba for just about anyone regardless of age or fitness level.

f you’re a frequenter of the Ramsey Student Center, you’ve probably heard the growing buzz over this new workout and asked yourself at one point in time: “What the heck is Zumba?” For some of us, the word conjures up images of an African styled dance, for others maybe a fancy aerobics class, but neither of these accurately pin down the exercise. While Zumba is still new to some ears, it was actually created in the 1990s by dancer and choreographer Alberto “Beto” Perez and is based in Hollywood, Fla. So what exactly do you do in Zumba? While still retaining its core as a fitness routine, Zumba incorporates movements from a wide range of dance styles including, but not limited to: Salsa, Merengue, Hip-Hop and even Belly Dance to work every core muscle group in the body. The inclusion of various cultural dances within Zumba brings a greater presence of multiculturalism in gyms and fitness centers across Athens. “If you’ve never taken a Zumba class then you will never know why it has become so popular. It’s just plain fun!” said Cora Keber, a Zumba instructor and Education Coordinator for The State Botanical Garden of Georgia. Given its unique approach to fitness, the tagline for Zumba is “Ditch the workout and join the party!” and it is a party that is continuing to grow across the Classic City. Like any party, this workout uses music and dance at its core to get people moving and burning calories. However, there is more to Zumba than just the surface level exercise. Zumba is one of only a few classes at the Ramsey Center which embrace a sense of multiculturalism all while working the body. While classes such as yoga and hip-hop are multicultural in a sense, Zumba is the only workout combining important cultural dances of multiple continents, such

as Africa and South America, into an all inclusive workout. In fact, a reflection of our own campus can be seen in Zumba, where multiple cultures are being brought together creating a symbiotic blending that renders former prejudices nonexistent. Furthermore, participants of Zumba experience various physical benefits including muscle toning, increases in cardiovascular endurance and increased coordination between the brain and body. Zumba, however, also offers mental benefits as well. Keber explains “When I have a regular workout schedule, my life feels like it has more order to it.” While being rhythmically inclined is not a necessity for Zumba, Keber also includes that “After taking the first step [in a Zumba class], the confidence that follows will flow into every aspect of life.” Even though Zumba has experienced a flourishing of followers all over the Athens community in places such as the YMCA, Floorspace, the Omni, DanceFX and Bodyplex, the Ramsey Center remains the ever popular retreat for many students. The Ramsey Center offers Zumba classes almost every day of the week ranging from Sunday to Thursday. For those who are not fans of the gym atmosphere, the class offered at the State Botanical Garden is a new alternative. Keber said “It is just pleasant, clear air, plenty of parking, and it is not stuffy like a gym - Zumba at the Garden is amazing! Who would not want to dance among the plants with a group of friends?” So whatever your preference, Zumba is certainly expanding to become a multicultural power house on and off campus flourishing with variety and passion. However, it is Zumba’s growing presence as a multicultural force that sets it apart as an all inclusive workout embracing and celebrating cultural diversity.


arabic

By Nina Kamber

Two hundred and eight million people worldwide are influenced by the Arabic language, whether it is a national language, the language of prayer or for business. The influence, however, does not end there. As recent events have shown us, an upset in one part of the world (uprisings in Northern Africa) can affect other countries instantly (higher gas prices around the world). Thus, the Arabic society is one example of how we are all culturally connected in one way or another. In 2008, the University of Georgia became an example of how global events affect us locally by becoming the only university or college in Georgia to offer a bachelor’s degree in the modern standard Arabic language. The road to offering Arabic as a major started in the early 1990s. At first, the University of Georgia only taught biblical Hebrew and then later introduced the Islamic and Arabic languages, as stated by Alan Godlas, associate professor at the university, in an interview. A short while after, the Dean of Arts and Sciences, Wyatt Anderson, wanted to introduce modern standard Arabic because it was the language that all Arabs shared in their newspapers, formal speech, TV news and radio. Anderson recognized that Arabic was a living language and would be important to

the world and students. Today, the Arabic studies have been growing each year and attract both heritage learners, as well as students of all different backgrounds. A bachelor’s degree in modern standard Arabic targets students of the social sciences or the applied sciences and business who would be interested in working or conducting research in the Arabic society. The major would also be ideal for students interested in the humanities, such as history, art or religious studies, or for students interested in foreign relations or politics. To allow students to gain real world experience, UGA offers a study abroad program for students interested in Arabic studies. The program offers either a maymester or a summer intensive Arabic Study Abroad program in Morocco’s second largest city, Marrakech. The goal of the study abroad program is to show students a better understanding of the Islamic culture in Morocco and includes exploring both the urban and rural settings, all while practicing using the Arabic language. “I would recommend the Morocco study abroad…for anyone interested in Arabic, religion, or just looking to explore a different part of the world” said Michael Huddleston, a sophomore double majoring in International Affairs and Arabic.

Huddleston didn’t plan on majoring or minoring in Arabic until he studied abroad in Morocco and he chose Arabic “because it is an incredible language and it is becoming more relevant in the world today.” If you can’t make it out to Morocco, the Arab Cultural Association here on campus is another great alternative. As a first year organization here on campus, the goal of the club is “to provide insight into Arab culture through social events, to help students in the Arabic program through tutoring and other aid, and to create awareness about current events going on in the Arab world” says Huddleston, Vice President of the Arab Cultural Association. The organization is also looking to start a philanthropy, perhaps one that would help out an orphanage in Morocco. Offering an Arabic major at UGA is vital to our education because Arabic will continue to be important “as long as Arabic countries of the world are politically important to us” said Godlas. And as current events have showed us, it doesn’t look like the influence of the Arabic world will cease to be of political importance to us anytime soon. Thus, offering Arabic as a major is a step in the right direction to help continue breaking down the diversity barrier between societies.


Express Yourself By Chrisyopher DeSantis

E

very time Skyler Musgrove, a senior at the University of Georgia, needs to use the rest room he has to weigh the consequences of his choice. No matter which bathroom he chooses, the men and women inside will push him away and yell at him for using the wrong rest room, leaving him isolated and alone. It’s no wonder he chooses to hold it. Musgrove, like many other transgender and gender queer people on the UGA campus, faces discrimination daily, but unlike other groups, they have no protection under the nondiscrimination and sexual harassment policy. For the past six years, Lambda Alliance, the LGBTQ organization on campus, has been pushing to have gender identity and expression added to the nondiscrimination policy. Although President Adams did sign to add sexual orientation to the policy, he opted to leave out gender identity. Lambda decided to revisit this, and so Skyler Musgrove, together with Caitlin McCook, now a UGA graduate, formed a subcommittee called LACAGE, an acronym that stands for Lambda Alliance Committee Advocating Gender

Equity. The phrase also has a deeper meaning, however, referring to how transgender people can feel caged and limited. LACAGE’s goal is to ensure gender equity is met within the Lambda organization as well as on the campus at large. The subcommittee is funded by annual campus fall and spring drag shows that attract anywhere from 200 to 500 attendees per show. About a year ago, Musgrove and McCook, along with student government representative Jake Campbell, gave a speech on behalf of LACAGE and Lambda Alliance to the Student Government Association as well as to the University Council. Both the student government and the council passed the addition of gender identity and expression to the non-discrimination policy unanimously, leaving only President Adams’ signature to seal the deal. It wasn’t that simple though. Not only did President Adams not approve the addendum then, he still hasn’t. “You would think the point of student government is if all the students say ‘yes this should be done’ it would be done,” Musgrove said in frustration. The policy only goes up for review twice a year, once in the fall and once in the spring. Musgrove

fears, since President Adams has still not gotten back to them, that the policy will again go unchanged this spring. “I am going to be graduating soon, and I was really hoping that [the policy] was going to be passed and changed before that but I am getting to a point where I don’t know if it will be,” Musgrove said. In the fall of 2010, President Adams spoke at an open mike night on campus where students could attend and have questions answered. McCook decided to go and ask the president directly, “Lambda Alliance has been trying to add gender identity and expression to the non-discrimination policy now for almost six years…and it has been passed through university council and student government unanimously. When do you think you will be adding it to the policy?” His response, according to McCook, was that he had not given it much thought and that he needed to look into it more and examine the legalities. He also expressed a concern that adding gender identity and expression to the non-discrimination policy would cause the university to lose funding from alumni. “When asked about the policy last semester, he seemed to not entirely understand what altering the policy would do or how that would help…which is questionable,” McCook said, “I do think that[opinion] lends to a feeling of entrapment.” But McCook isn’t alone in her skepticism. Janine E. Aronson, a transsexual professor of management information systems at Terry College, also feels disheartened, “Some people…think what they want.” Keeping President Adams’ concerns in mind, Musgrove, McCook and LACAGE members did independent research and discovered that 9 out of 12 of UGA’s sister schools, as well as more than half of UGA’s aspirational schools, have gender identity in their nondiscrimination policy. From what


LACAGE has found, none of these at the amount of acceptance and on campus, whether it be because schools have suffered any major encouragement she encountered you’re gay or black.” social or financial drawbacks due from faculty and staff. “When I A change as simple as to their policy. “When I look at that sent an email with my letter, about gender-neutral bathrooms can help it’s kind of embarrassing. We’re 30 percent of the faculty and staff make students more comfortable behind all of these schools, even responded back to me directly and make transgender and gender Georgia Tech,” Musgrove said, “I and said ‘hope you’re happy…glad queer people feel safe and included. think it makes UGA look really bad you’ve discovered who you are.’ It “No matter which bathroom I and behind the times.” McCook said was really remarkable to realize… choose I am taking a chance of being that before she attended UGA she that this[transition] will work.” The yelled at or jumped,” Musgrove said, went to Kennesaw State University only negative encounter Aronson “I don’t like that my discomfort over where she had some friends who confesses to experiencing was which bathroom to choose is making were frequently discriminated hearing about a group of students other students uncomfortable.” against frequently while coming out in Terry College laughing at her People who choose to live within and expressing themselves through expense. Aronson then decided to their gender norm don’t experience their gender. “I felt very hopeful that speak to student leaders within what it’s like for these people, in, a place like Athens where people not just philosophically, but in are so culturally advanced, things everyday choices like using the “There needs to be would be different,” McCook said, bathroom. In fact, Aronson is “It’s very discouraging to see that required by UGA to use the one a punishment for we’re really not as advanced as gender neutral bathroom in her discrimination against building until she has completed we think we are.” As President Adams gender expression and bottom surgery and, according continues to skirt the issue to UGA, finished her physical identity like there transition to womanhood. at hand, taking his time to consider the details, faculty and is for discriminating “Using the bathroom has been students suffer the consequences an issue that has led to violence anybody else on campus, every day. “I feel that I can be against transgender people,” discriminated against for the whether it be because McCook said, “For some people way I’m choosing to express it’s a public outing every time you’re gay or black.” myself, through my clothing they have to use the bathroom or style or asking people to because you can control how you her major about it. “I hear people call me male pronouns, and that’s see yourself, but you can’t control are laughing at me. This isn’t funny. not enough for another student how someone else is going to see People don’t do this for grins. This is you.” to be called into question in very serious.” She said. Word filtered any sort of way,” Musgrove said, Unfortunately, for most out quickly from the leaders to other people the issue of transgender “Where is the justice? Where is the students. Other than that, however, discouragement from authority discrimination and prejudice goes she has experienced no incident of figures? If you can get away with it largely unnoticed, but it amounts to direct harassment or discrimination. a civil rights movement. A silent civil why not?” Adding the gender rights addendum rights movement. “My close friend got It’s not all bad, though. to the policy would give people Aronson’s experience being jumped in a UGA parking lot behind discriminated against and harassed transsexual on campus has been Tasty World by three frat boys,” for their lifestyle choices protection a surprisingly positive one. “Each Musgrove said, “They ripped off half Dean was very supportive and when on university grounds just like his earlobe. They gave him two black other student groups. “This campus I went to see my department head, eyes. They chipped his teeth. There is not inclusive or protective to he was supportive [too],” Aronson was blood everywhere. They beat him people who are not one of the two said. Transitioning between genders up really bad, and nothing was ever binary genders,” Musgrove said, is a very scary and daunting feat, done. You think the University would “After transitioning and living it I especially as a professor. When step in and do something about it. It’s see [the discrimination] and it’s sad. making her decision to transition, stuff people say doesn’t happen. It There needs to be a punishment Aronson had to be very tactful in does happen. I have seen it happen.” for discrimination against gender going about it, knowing she could expression and identity like there face discrimination and possibly is for discriminating anybody else termination. But she was shocked


ARTEXPANDS By Samantha Miller

Photos By Kristy Densmore

T

he University of Georgia has accomplished an outstanding turning point; this year the university has reached its 50th anniversary of desegregation. Visiting the newly refurbished Georgia Museum of Art is a great opportunity that students should take advantage of when it comes to broadening their horizons culturally. Art is an important medium for different cultures to spread awareness to others who may only be familiar with one culture. Awareness and appreciation of what else the world has to offer are the fundamental building blocks towards the infusion of different cultures. Art, more specifically

the art at the Georgia Museum of Art, offers insight into the history, customs and values of a vast amount of cultures, allowing students to get acquainted with a world outside of their own. On February 3, the Georgia Museum of Art held its Reopening Remix, an event that celebrated the recent renovations of the museum. The museum has added a staggering 30,000-square-feet to its perimeters. The new gallery wing is 16,000-square-feet and houses nearly 500 pieces of art. When walking down the glossy marble stairs of the museum, an impressive view of the newly added sculpture garden can be seen

through an enormous glass wall. According to Jenny C. Williams, the public relations coordinator for the museum, “students are encouraged to come eat their lunch and study” in this outdoor sculpture garden. The growth of the museum has also included expanding the resources available to students. The newly added Study Center in the Humanities is a great resource for those who are interested in studying European, American and decorative arts. The Louis T. Griffith Library has also been remodeled and offers great resources for anyone interested in art history. The renovations of the museum have also included broadening the cultures that were previously represented by the GMOA. “We have expanded African American initiative with a wonderful donation of works from the collection of Larry and Brenda Thompson, notably one of the finest African American collections in the country,” said Williams. With expansions such as these, it is obvious why the museum chose to put the message “Art Expands” on its sign located outside. “As the museum expands, we want students to remember that art expands your mind and that in this society of cultural diversity people should be open-minded to the various cultures around them,” said Williams. The museum is not just an institution used for appreciating art; the GMOA also serves as the cultural hub of UGA. According


“Good art is art that allows you to enter it from a variety of angles and to emerge with a variety of views.”

to Williams, “the fact that we are located together with the Performing Arts Center, the Hugh Hodgson School of Music and the Lamar Dodd School of Art” reinforces the museum’s title as the cultural hub of UGA. The museum’s location is not its only quality that earns it the title as the cultural focal point of UGA. The GMOA has “works from artists that represent all cultures and all walks of life, including Asian prints, AfricanAmerican paintings, African art and much more,” affirmed Williams. Art can be used as a gateway into the lives of different cultures, making the Georgia Museum of Art an important symbol for the promotion of diversity here at UGA. As Mary Schmich, a columnist for the Chicago Tribune once said, “Good art is art that allows you to enter it from a variety of angles and to emerge with a variety of views.” The 50th anniversary of desegregation is an event that students should be proud of. It falls upon the current and future

student body of UGA to honor and maintain the hard work of the original pioneers of desegregation at the University of Georgia. *Admission is free and the museum’s website, www. georgiamuseum.org, will provide you with more information about the museum’s hours and student memberships.


Diversity By Emily Grant

This past January, the University of Georgia celebrated its 50th Anniversary of Desegregation. UGA commemorated the courage of two African-American students, Hamilton Holmes and Charlayne Hunter, with a series of events that started on January 9 and lasted until February 28. Students and faculty at UGA were able to look back on this monumental occasion and see how far UGA has come. January 9, 1961 marked a significant day in the history of UGA. Two students made their way to campus making them the first African-American students at UGA. After a long legal battle, Holmes and Hunter boldly stepped on to North campus to register for classes where they were met by both photographers and protestors. Following Holmes and Hunter’s start during the spring semester, Mary Frances Early, a graduate student from the University of Michigan, transferred to UGA and became the University’s first African-American graduate in 1962. Holmes, Hunter and Early’s courage paved the way for more diversity at UGA. As of fall 2010, 2,681 students enrolled at UGA identified themselves as AfricanAmerican. While it is rare, there are some professors on campus that also attended UGA as students. Dr. Lance Wilder came to UGA in 1995 to work towards his doctorate in English, and Senior Vice President for Academic Affairs and Provost Jere W. Morehead graduated from UGA’s law school in 1980. Wilder and Morehead both took an opportunity to look back

on their time as UGA students to talk about the impact Holmes and Hunter had on the campus as well as changes in diversity they personally witnessed.

“In every decade since the 1960s, when the University of Georgia was finally desegregated after a protracted court battle, progress has been made in moving towards an institution that fully embraces students, faculty and staff on the basis of ability without regard to race, gender or ethnicity,” said Morehead. UGA held many events to celebrate including an anniversaryday reception with Charlayne Hunter-Gault, the family of Hamilton Holmes (Holmes died of heart failure in 1995) and Mary Frances Early as the guests of honor and a 50th anniversary lecture with HunterGault as the featured speaker. All of the other events and panels throughout January and February gave students and faculty a chance to reflect on the impact desegregation has had on not only on UGA but throughout the United States. “As provost, I have been proud to take part in some of the many events on campus throughout January and February to celebrate the courage of the first AfricanAmerican students who came to UGA 50 years ago and paved the path for others to follow,” said Morehead. “It is important for all members of the university community to remember the difficulties faced by Charlayne Hunter, Hamilton Holmes, Mary Frances Early and other pioneers,

and to make a renewed commitment to ensuring that today’s University of Georgia provides a welcoming environment to all.” Wilder came to UGA after receiving his master’s degree in English from Baylor University in Waco, Texas. After receiving his PhD from UGA in 2004, he participated in the Robert E. Park Fellowship program as a one-year teaching fellow, and then became a part-time instructor before receiving a full-time position in 2008. Wilder said in an e-mail response, “My experience as a PhD student at UGA wasn’t particularly reflective, but having classes without a single racial minority in them was not at all unusual, as best I can remember. Today, though, I enjoy classrooms that are filled with diverse students in terms of race, religion, ethnicity, sexuality, geography, politics and economic class. I enjoy those classes because a classroom full of people whose fundamental experiences of and assumptions about the world are significantly different yet still interwoven promises a wholly different kind of semester, one in which I daresay I learn as much as my students because not only do I teach them, but they also teach me.” Wilder also described why celebrating the achievements of Holmes and Hunter even 50 years after the fact still holds significance for UGA. “It’s valuable,” said Wilder. “It’s important to recognize those struggles because much of what we enjoy today at UGA is traceable directly to the battles fought by people like Charlayne Hunter-Gault, Hamilton Holmes, Mary Frances Early, Vernon Jordan, Horace Ward, and countless others. These men and women pushed UGA into doing what was right. And while that revolutionary change was hard for UGA, UGA is stronger and better because of it.”


Get Involved with InfUSion Magazine! Contact us at infusionmagazine@gmail.com. On behalf of InfUSion magazine we would like to thank the Department of Multicultural Services and Programs and the Department of Intercultural Affairs for its constant support and diligence in allowing us to create this magazine! We are truly grateful.

The Student Financial Planning Association Wants You To Get Involved! SFPA strives to provide students with networking and professional opportunities in the financial planning community.

CCome learn about what SFPA can do for you!

Weekly meetings held in Dawson Hall. For more information c contact us at SFPA@listserv.uga.edu


Man of the Media By Abriauna Welch

D

uring the Civil Right’s Movement it was the revolutionary Malcolm X who said, “The media’s the most powerful entity on earth.” Malcolm X understood that the media was a platform that could be used to influence the decisions and thought processes of the masses. If we fast forward to 2011 we’d find that on The University of Georgia’s campus there is another outspoken and forward thinking African American male who also believes in the power of the media and is using it to affect change in his community, that student is Michale “Kel Kel” Adams.


When the 21-year-old Atlantan came to UGA tion that’s real.” it didn’t take long for him to decide that the campus Kel often reminds himself to be “honest, needed a change. “People were complaining about respectful, and funny when need be” when he’s forthis or that so I decided to vocally express myself in mulating topics for discussion and his presentation a way that would get people talking,” Kel says. seems to be appreciated by his audience. Recently In order to provoke the student population Eugenia Johnson, a senior at the University of West to start conversing Kel chose to start his own online Georgia, blogged about how she felt about Michale’s web show, a decision that was made on purpose. web show pointing out that, “the issues are still as “Our generation and the younger generation relevant today as [they were] 30 years ago.” are in a time where social networking is one of the And that, “his approach is very conversational, relbiggest influences in our lives. evant, sincere and unbiased.” People are constantly check Close friend Kevin Cincinatus ing their twitter and Facebook agrees, stating that people watch accounts every second,” Michale Kel’s web show because “he says says. what people are afraid to say and YouTube, Facebook, and talks about issues college people Twitter became Michale’s pubexperience.” lishing platforms for discussion Recently Kel decided to make on a topic that has garnered a slight change to his web show national attention in multiple to give a voice to other members mediums, the relational interacof UGA’s student body. He now tions between today’s African features the music of local stuAmerican male and female popudent artists at the end of episodes lations. while simultaneously acknowl While Michale is no exedging them. “This show is not all pert on the topic he does seem about me,” Kel says, “I want others to feel that it’s one he’s qualito share their experiences with fied to discuss. “I think of myself the world like I do. If someone Michale “Kel Kel” Adams, posing in front of the Arch at the University of Georgia. Kel is a as a creditable prominent figure in the black community at UGA, where he inspires taboo topics to be discussed wants to receive source. I read feedback on their amongst his peers. different articles craft I want the that may relate to my subject and I have a ton of world to give them that. I love people and I love personal experiences that relate,” says Michale. helping others.” Although he has encountered some oppo According to friend and production assistant sition to his efforts, Kel chooses to remain open David White, “He loves what he does. He’s not doto the opinions of naysayers by considering their ing it to be popular; he’s not doing it for notoriety. expressions to be alternative perspectives he can If you sit down and talk to him you know right off learn from instead of personal vendettas against the bat that this is something he’s doing to inspire him. “I accept criticism very well. If someone says people and motivate people and touch people. ‘Kel I don’t agree with that’ I hear their opinion Nobody’s paying him to do this and it and their logic. I enjoy talking to people about my takes up a lot of time and effort. You want to natuvideos.” rally support, especially being a black person or Even though Kel receives negative reviews somebody of color, one of your own brothers doing they are often few and far between. In fact, Kel says something positive.” usually he gets a pretty good response. “Someone Whether one agrees with what Kel says or told me they shed some tears because my video not, there’s no denying that, like the controversial touched them deeply. They wrote in my inbox how but well known Malcolm X, Michale “Kel Kel” Adthey loved what I do and just encouraged me to ams fully comprehends how media can be used to continue because it meant so much to them. I get impact the masses. that reaction a lot, especially if I talk about a situa-


Ambitious

Ardor

By Casey Bruce

I

t’s tough to be one of 500. Actively working against 34,000 forces, your drive has to be insatiable, approachable and weathered. As a Georgia Bulldog, we are competing with the 33,999 other souls that attend our university; those who continuously bask their way to victory in classes, internships and extracurricular activities. For the Student Financial Planning Association, becoming one of 500 student organizations wasn’t tough—succeeding in the short time they have been at the university has been their greatest challenge. In 2006, the Student Financial Planning Association (SFPA) was founded. Its mission: to provide students with networking and professional opportunities in the financial planning community. With only a few members, and a growing major, SFPA works diligently to attract freshman students to Dawson hall hoping the financial planning major, located in the College of Housing and Consumer Economics will be their perfect fit. Taylor Harding, a senior family financial planning major from Savannah, Ga. believes the organization has the potential to attract new mem-

bers and also become a well-recognized organization on campus. “It gives me an opportunity to network with people…and the major is influential on the organization. We are expanding to provide students with new opportunities.” The organization, which meets weekly, is geared toward all people who are interested in financial planning. SFPA offers its members opportunities to network and learn about future employment through the many seminars and meetings they conduct with firms around the nation, specifically in Atlanta, where many financial planning firms are located. Harding describes the organization as being committed to offering advice to students regarding the career path, and the financial planning business. “We want students to become more involved with the program because it offers a fun and familyoriented setting where you feel comfortable. It is inclusive of the major, but is welcome to everyone.”


Members of the Student Financial Planning Asociation at UGA, at Relay for Life on April 15th, 2011 (left) and at a Braves game earlier this year (right).

Students in the Family Financial Planning major at UGA offer tax assistance and preparation, as well as other resources to families and the community of Athens. Not far removed from the major’s commitment to community service, SFPA worked to raise funds for the annual Relay for Life events held on April 15th through April 16th of this year. Being one of 500 student organizations, SFPA demonstrated that despite sparse members compared to organizations like UGA Heros and Dance Miracle, it too had a say in who was going to be No. 1 in the race to raise funds for UGA Relay. With a total of 1, 438.95 raised, it ranked as second in raising funds for relay in the fundraising madness challenge for non-greek organizations. Harding, the SFPA team captain, was extremely proud of her team’s success, constantly posting news about the team on Facebook. “I’m just so proud, it was our first year having a relay team and we were a force to reckon with.” And where SFPA is not mandatory for all family financial planning majors to participate in, the efforts of the organization and departments are committed to expanding the diversity of the major

all over Georgia. Two professors in the major, Dr. Lance Palmer and Dr. Joseph Goetz, have begun conversations to expand the major to Clark Atlanta University in Atlanta, Ga. This move, which is strategic regarding the large number of financial planning firms in Atlanta, opens the door for minority students to become more interested in the major. “It just makes sense that UGA help expand the program as much as possible,” Harding said. Being one of two flagship schools that offer the major in Georgia, and the only university in the state to offer the master, the department’s plan to expand the program is a progressive move for multiculturalism in the state. Where the family financial planning major is growing and expanding, the Student Financial Planning Association is committed to building students confidence in the major and providing them with a haven to explore the career.

“We are expanding to provide students with new opportuntiies.”

For more information on SFPA, please visit http:// fcs.uga.edu/sfpa/. Weekly meetings located in Dawson Hall.


Extracurricular

Programs

provide opportunities for Latino Students By Kelundra Smith

About 15 minutes outside of the University of Georgia campus there is a community called Pinewood Estates, but there are no sprawling acres or villas here. The uneven paved roads leading into this trailer park make one wonder which will fall first— the trees or the trailers. But there is a beacon of hope in this seemingly forgotten place and it is called Oasis Catolico.


Oasis Catolico is a Catholic mission that serves this community, which is mostly composed of young, poor, Mexican, undocumented families. It is a ministry of the Handmaids of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, whose mission is to heal hearts. The after-school tutoring program for elementary school students is the only way most university students know about the place. Sister Margarita, one of the nuns who started the Oasis tutoring program, says Oasis is a result of the plea of a 15-yearold young woman who wanted a place where Mexican immigrants could feel welcomed, loved and appreciated. The nuns, all former teachers, also noticed the children in the neighborhood came home and immediately started playing outside. They realized the children were not doing homework because their parents were unable to help them. “The children of immigrants were failing in school,” she says. Now Oasis serves over 90 children and has about 230 registered tutors. They offer tutoring to children from preschool to third grade, with about 41 tutors per day from 2:30p.m. to 5p.m. The children and tutors gather in a small house and two trailers to do homework and reinforce grade-level skills. Most of the materials to operate the program are donated from other churches, volunteer organizations and individuals who want to make a difference. Sister Margarita says this is one of Oasis’s strengths—the ability to unify people who want to make a difference despite religion and nationality. “It’s a constant miracle that when the need comes up the Lord provides through somebody,” Sister Margarita chuckles. Some university courses offer

“They want to be productive

citizens in the only

place they know as home.”

service-learning course credit to students who tutor or volunteer with Oasis or oncampus programs like CLASE. Given the recent Georgia Board of Regents decision banning undocumented students from Georgia universities it seems contradictory to offer students course credit to tutor children who may never be able to access an UGA education. Annette Alarcon, a senior sociology major has been tutoring at Oasis for two years, and has followed her students from kindergarten to second grade. Alarcon is also a member of Lambda Theta Alpha, a Latina sorority. “I feel like I owe it to them being a Latina growing up with so many opportunities,” Alarcon reflects. The Georgia Board of Regents residency verification committee made the decision to ban undocumented students at its October meeting. The decision banned five of the state’s high-demand colleges from admitting undocumented students, who were allowed to attend and pay outof-state tuition before. The decision made headlines in campus and national news outlets including University of North Carolina’s The Daily Tar Heel, CNN and NPR. Combined, the five schools included in the Board of Regents decision had less than 30 undocumented students in attendance. Thirty may seem like an insignificant number, but this holds grave implications for current middle and high school students who are undocumented, like some of the ones served by UGA’s Center for Latino Achievement and Success (CLASE) program. One of the greatest challenges the children face is the imminent threat of instability. The parents do not have consistent work because most companies are afraid to hire undocumented workers, creating a cycle of poverty.


Dr. Paula Mellom, director of CLASE, believes Ultimately, Dennis just wants high school stueducation is the only way out of these types of unstable dents to go to college. Dennis mentions they never ask conditions. The program provides English classes, tutor- for papers on the students who attend the program, “As ing services, and summer learning opportunities for an educational institution we need to make a commitgrade school students who speak English as a second ment to educate, not to get into the politics of immigralanguage, with an emphasis on the Latino community. tion.” They also Alarcon describes provide teacher what she calls a training in school crazy experience systems across the last spring helping state on how to a sorority sister educate students who attends Kenwho are learnnesaw University. ing how to speak Jessica Colotl, who English. was brought here Mellom from Mexico at says decisions like the Board of Regents banning undoc- 10-years-old, was pulled over by campus police for imumented students go against CLASE’s mission and make peding the flow of traffic. With only an expired Mexican her want to scream, because, “They have made schools passport as identification, she was detained by immigraand education a political pawn.” tion police and sent to a detention center in Alabama. Some of the students have never heard of the The local and national chapters of Lambda Theta Alpha SAT before attending the SALSA program, but 65 persorority and Lambda Theta Phi Latino fraternity raised cent of attendees end up going to college. “They want money for Jessica’s bond. to be productive citizens in the only place they know as “I’m thankful for the fact that I was born here. home,” she “The have made schools and education a That saved me,” says says. Alarcon, who says her political pawn.” Joe Guatemalan mother Dennis, direcwas undocumented tor of diversity and high school outreach in the Grady while she was pregnant. College of Journalism, says UGA recently started a push And after the Board of Regents decision many for recruiting Latino students. Dennis runs the Georgia students wonder why they should study in school since Journalism Academy, a program designed to expose they cannot go beyond high school. This causes an high school students to careers in journalism. Only 3.8 increase in the drop-out rate because some teens would percent of Grady’s undergraduate students identify as rather go to work and help the family. Latino, which is higher than the university as whole, Working against unimaginable social, political which is 3.3 percent. and economic odds these programs continue to strive to When Dennis first started operating the program provide Latino students with quality, educational opporthere was only one Latino student in attendance. Since tunities. Mellom’s work with CLASE pushes for language the Hispanic Scholarship Fund (HSF) has started provid- acquisition and education, despite budget cuts. Dennis ing grants for the program, attendance has increased, prepares for the summer Journalism Academy, in hopes with 11 Latino students in attendance last summer. The of diversifying newsrooms and turning out the next gencost of attending the program is $550 and the HSF has eration of journalists. donated $15,000 over the course of three years. For Oasis Catolico, the tutoring program is only According to a 2009 Census record on education- one service to the community. The small convent, which al attainment, less than 10 percent of people who idenis a weather-worn, white house, serves as a safe space for tify as Hispanic graduate from college. This is compared Latinos in the Pinewood Estates community. As Sister to more than double the amount of Non-Hispanic whites Margarita opens the door for a petite, Mexican woman who obtain a bachelor’s degree. “In an ideal situation you who is walking in cold night air without a coat, they want the university to reflect the state,” Dennis says of continue the mission of healing hearts. Georgia’s growing Latino population.

“I’m thankful for the fact that I was born here. That saved me.”


Diversity in Athens By Roshni Dutta

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Photos by Dina Zolan

ndia? China? Africa? Spain? Look at the person next to you. Where is he or she from? Think about your professors; your friends; your roommates. Have you ever found yourself wondering about other cultures? Have you ever wanted to experience a culture unknown to you? Well UGA is the perfect place to explore your cultural curiosity. Showcasing Salsa dance, Mariachi music, Latino food, Tango music, and Mexican dance, the Hispanic Student Union hosted Noche Latina on November 13, 2010 in honor of the Hispanic Heritage Month. Providing Asian food, guest speakers, music, and informative presentations, the Asian American Student Association hosted the Lunar New Year Celebration on February 2, 2011 to celebrate the New Year for various countries such as China, Korea, Japan, and many others. Displaying Indian dance, humor, and music, the Indian Cultural Exchange hosted its biggest event of the year, India Night: Zamaana Aaj Kal, on Febru-

ary 19, 2011. This single event brings together hundreds of people, both family and friends, together for one night of Indian dress and entertainment. Coming from all around the Southeast, University students and their families dress up in vibrant Indian garb to view the spectacular dances and talents of fellow classmates and friends. Presenting hilarious student actors, an intriguing skit, jaw-dropping dances, and a spectacular fashion show, the African Student Union hosted Africa Night on March 5, 2011. Attracting crowds of African American students and their families, Africa Night left spectators in awe by the wonderful performance. Traditional music and humor helped make some of the audience feel back at home. All hosted by students attending the University of Georgia, numerous cultural events occur year-round to provide the public an insight into the various cultures present on campus. From Noche Latina to Africa Night to Korea Night and many more, UGA is home to a wide array of cultures to explore.


Artful A Expansion: By Kathryn Kao

TheGeorgiaMuseum of Art Revival

fter two years of its Phase II expansion designed by architect Gluckman Mayner, the Georgia Museum of Art finally re-opened its doors to the public earlier this year with 16,000 square feet in new galleries, an outdoor sculpture garden (currently holding life-sized, cast-iron figures by Icelandic artist Steinunn Þórarinsdóttir), and more totaling an expansion of 29,970 square feet for both visitors and researchers across the state to explore. Unquestionably, one of the most highly anticipated installations at the museum is the supplementary gallery space specifically dedicated to the museum’s permanent collection. “They really have created a true home for the collection of the state’s official art museum,” says Paul Manoguerra, the museum’s Chief Curator and Curator of American Art. “Overall, the sculpture garden, the new wing, the expanded lobby, and the Study Centers in the Humanities will augment the mission of the museum and the university for teaching, research, and service.” Just some pieces and art movements permanently on display at the museum include, in the Samuel H. Kress Gallery, twelve dynamic paintings from the Italian Renaissance and Baroque period, including a painting and sculpture of the Madonna


and Child, European works from the 19th and 20th collecting seriously until they spent 20 years in Atlanta,” century (H. Randolph Holder Gallery even houses a Piexplains Caughran. “They focus on a wide range of artcasso), colorful textiles, intricate ists from local Atlanta artists to works of pottery, and an impresthose better known.” The exhibisive silver collection dedicated to tion holds current UGA Profesthe decorative arts. sor Stefanie Jackson’s “Bluest Whichever gallery visitors Eyes,” a unique and eye-catching choose to visit, they are preinterpretation of Toni Morrisented with a variety of art pieces son’s book of the same name. they can individually appreci While this specific collecate. “Visitors can respond [to the tion imparts particular focus on artworks] in many different ways African American art, Manogufrom loving to not understanding erra is quick to reinforce the 90 Carlton Street to disliking a piece,” says Mary presence of artworks created Caughran, a student docent at the by African American artists Athens, GA GMOA pursuing a masters degree displayed in other exhibitions in Historic/Cultural Aspects of and in the museum’s permanent (706) 542 - 4662 Dress. “Everyone has different collection. “We have some stelTues, Thurs-Sat: 10am-5pm experiences so it is hard to guess lar examples of art by African how someone will react. Even Americans—Jacob Lawrence, Wed: 10am - 9pm later when a particular piece of William Henry Johnson, Leo Sun: 1pm-5pm information is told it can change Twiggs, Kara Walker… up in their perspective.” our new wing. There are also After feeling utterly absorbed by the emotional African Americans among the artists featured in The intensity of religious works commenced during MediAmerican Scene on Paper.” The American eval Europe, bemused by the simplicity and daring ways Scene on Paper: Prints and Drawings from of Abstract Expressionism, and left fascinated yet perthe Schoen Collection, from January 30 – plexed by paintings such as Elizabeth Jane Gardner’s “La May 2, features certain historical events that Confidence,” visitors may then proceed to the museum’s have left a lasting impression on American various exhibitions. From January 30th to March 27th, society, ranging from the plight of Amerithe museum will house Tradition Redefined: The Larry can farm laborers to the urbanization born and Brenda Thompson Collection of African American from industrialization. Art. “Tradition Redefined directly references the idea The Georgia Museum of Art houses that a new canon, a new synthesis, of American art hisan array of special artworks with a Geortory is necessary,” says Manoguerra, “and that the Afrigian twist for visitors across the nation can American artists in this exhibition are an important to appreciate. Along with works installed in part of any proper understanding of ‘American.’” current and future exhibitions, visitors The collection consists of 72 works by 67 who tour the permanent collection can celebrated, emerging, and regional black artists, includstill glimpse some of the museum’s ing Vertis Hayes, Romare Bearden, Camille Billops, and more popular and favorite works such Ealy Mays. Collectively compiled by Larry and Brenda as Georgia O’Keeffe’s “Red Barn, Lake Thompson and organized by The David C. Driskell CenGeorge, New York,” Winslow Homer’s ter for the Study of Visual Arts and Culture of African “Taking Sunflower to Teacher,” Robert Americans and the African Diaspora at the University Henri’s “Sissy,” and of course, Elizabeth of Maryland, Tradition Redefined takes the viewer on a Jane Gardner’s “La Confidence.” “Now historical journey marked by struggles, feats, and cultur- that visitors can see so much of the al progression of African Americans. permanent collection, I imagine some Larry D. Thompson, current senior vice presi new favorites might emerge,” dent of government affairs, and Brenda T. Thompson, says Manoguerra. With the museum’s former Assistant Professor at Morehouse College in the expansion offering a greater opportunity Department of Psychology, have been collecting African for visitors to view almost 400 objects from American art since 1980. Their collection, along with its permanent collection, while still maintainits historical context contains an underlying relation ing its program of changing special exhibito the state of Georgia. “[The Thompsons] didn’t start tions every three months, it’s hard not to expect

Visit The Georgia Museum of Art!

*Photo courtesy of The Georgia Museum of Art


U

Bulldog Music niversal concepts, like love and peace, are often intangible and rarely understood, but one concept that we can all experience and gain from is music. Worldwide music is used to express feelings using an arrangement of rhythm, beats, and melodies. The Georgia Music Hall of Fame is devoted to the wonder of music and sharing accolades with those that are worthy in the industry. Officially opened on September 21, 1996, the existence of the Georgia Music Hall of Fame is owed to Lieutenant Governor Zell Miller. In 1978 he composed a special group, the Senate Music Recording Industry Study Committee, with the goal of bringing the music industry to Georgia. That same year the first Georgia Music Week was held in Atlanta, GA. The following year the first Georgia Music Hall of Fame Awards, called the “Georgy”, were given to Ray Charles and Bill Lowery in the categories of performer and nonperformer, respectively. As time passed more categories were added to ballot including a posthumous award, the Mary Tallent Pioneer Award, and a group award. There are currently 95 inductees and

By Parys Grigsby the ceremony is open to the public as opposed to being special invitation only when it first began. Zell Miller was eventually allocated $6.5 million dollars to be used for the growth of his music project. The city of Macon donated the land on which the Georgia Music Hall of Fame currently resides and in May 1994 the building of the facilities began. Today the Georgia Music Hall of Fame is experiencing a period of change. The move of the official music museum of Georgia is imminent with a goal of increasing attendance and revenue. On December 10, 2010, cities with interest in housing the museum had to submit a bid to the institution’s board of directors. Atlanta, Dunwoody, Athens-Clarke County, Albany, Dahlonega, and Woodstock are all in the running to be the Music Hall of Fame’s new location. Although an official decision on where to move the museum does not have to be made until April 30, there are already proposals in the works on how to handle the move. According to the President and CEO of Athens-Clarke County Economic Development, Mr. Matt Forshee, “the plan is not to pick the museum up and move it to Athens… the plan is to make


Hall of Fame

He specified by stating that most of the current exhibits would be cataloged in the new special collections library on the University of Georgia campus archives. Along with the items that are stored in the archives, there may be a small exhibit in Athens and other exhibits circulation around the state at different times. Mr. Forshee also gave insight into the fact that the GA Music Hall of Fame will have little immediate impact on the Athens-Clarke County economy. Other than the projected direct income between $180,000 and $300,000, all impact will be gradual and indirect. The GA Music Hall of Fame currently inducts new honorees every year. If Athens-Clarke county is chosen as the new home for the museum then a weeklong festival for the induction ceremony has been proposed. It would be similar to AthFest and would bring many visitors and admirers to the city. Athens-Clarke County Authorities have stated that they are unlikely to use much of tax payers, money to fund the movement of the Georgia

Music Hall of Fame. The move will be strictly in best interest of the community. Representatives of the Georgia Music Hall of Fame refused to comment on the economic impact of the move on the city of Macon. According to Hannah Smith, the communications manager of the Athens Convention and Visitor’s Bureau, the movement of the GA Music Hall of Fame would positively impact -Hannah Smith the city of Athens in terms of the amount of visitors. She stated, “People already come to Athens to trace the roots of bands like REM and we have a great live music scene and clubs so the Georgia Music Hall of Fame will do nothing, but bring more music lovers to the city.” The Georgia Sports Hall of Fame will also be relocated to whichever city is chosen to be the best location for the Georgia Music Hall of Fame.

The movement of the GA Music Hall of Fame would positively ipact the city of Athens in terms of the amount of visitors.


Half a Century Makes A Full Circle By Amber Gober

50 years later, we find ourselves listening to, watching, reading and having similar lifestyles as those of our grandparents. Like history, pop culture has a tendency to repeat itself. Popular songs and movies have been remade and books still have the same importance today as they did in the past.

s e i v o M

Bond. James Bond. The first James Bond movie, “Dr. No” was released in 1962. Actor Sean Connery played the first Bond, and continued to play for eight other Bond films. The earlier Bond movies were based on the novels written by Ian Fleming, about the fictional Secret Intelligence Service character James Bond. The later movies were original storylines. The Bond movies are the longest continually running film series in history. The last released Bond film was in 2008, “The Quantum of Solace”. The next set release date of the 23rd Bond film is November 2012, appropriately titled “Bond 23”.


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The greatest songs of the time are the songs that make an impact on people and have a connection of what is going on in the world. These are the songs that radio stations still play from time to time and great music artists recognize as songs that they sung before they were big names. Marvin Gaye’s “What’s Going On” was released in 1971. The song was originally about civil rights and anti-war protests and how the police were treating protesters at the time. The song had great success and reached No. 2 on the pop charts and No. 1 on the R&B charts. The song was remade in 2001 by Artists Against Aids Worldwide; which was produced by Jermaine Dupri and Bono. The remake included artists such as, Christina Aguilera, Wyclef Jean, Jennifer Lopez, Justin Timberlake, Beyonce, Marvin Gaye’s daughter Nona and many more. The song was remade to benefit AIDS programs in Africa and other impoverished regions. Still today this song has an impact on its listeners and reflects things going on the world today such as the protests in Egypt and the War on Terrorism. In primary school some required reading never changes. To Kill A Mockingbird by Harper Lee, published in 1960 is one of those classic American literatures. The book, which was made into a film in 1962, deals with issues of rape and racial inequality. This book is still read in many school systems and it teaches students about prejudice and tolerance and has won a Pulitzer Prize. Recently the book For Colored Girls Who Have Considered Suicide When the Rainbow Was Enuf by Ntozake Shange was remade into a movie “For Colored Girls” directed by Tyler Perry released in 2010. The film includes actresses Janet Jackson, Phylicia

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“Let It Be” by The Beatles is another powerful song of all time, released in 1970. The song was written by Paul McCartney and it is about leaving problems behind and moving on in life. It reached No. 1 in the US Charts and No. 2 in the UK charts and ranked No. 20 in the Rolling Stone’s list of 500 greatest songs of all time. In the musical film Across The Universe (released in 2007) did their own rendition of “Let It Be” performed by Carol Woods and Timothy Mitchum. In the film, when performing the song, they show a young African American man get shot by armed officials and his funeral. The song still has a message that can be applied to our time now and remains to have an emotional connection to its listeners.

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Rashad, Anika Noni Rose, Kerry Washington and more phenomenal actresses. It shows the interconnected lives of nine women, exploring their lives and struggles as black women. The film de buted No. 3 at the box office and grossed 20.1 million dollars its opening weekend. From 1961 to 2011 we find that popular culture is cohesive. Entertainers and authors will continue to reinvent the “greats” of the time and these art works will still carry the significance they did when they were first created, only with a bigger impact on a new generation. Pop culture will remain timeless and once we reach the status of “grandparent” we may find our grandchildren being entertained by the same movie, book or song we were captivated by when we were their age.


g s n e i u q i g n h c A e t I w e TN

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By: Zulaikhah Bilal. In a society like ours, youth and beauty go hand in hand. While this is not always the case, some people will go through whatever it takes to look young again. Since their debut in the late 1900s, anti-aging procedures have become more and more advanced, and the treatments have become more complex. Botox and anti-aging creams are soon to be replaced with quick, painless procedures. Technology and science have opened new doors within the anti-aging field. Now there is an “instant” facelift based on extreme cooling. Creams like Freeze 24/7 and Icy Beauty claim they can eliminate a third of your wrinkles in just one hour. Unlike other procedures or creams, Icy Beauty is said to work immediately. In an effort to drive Botox and cosmetic surgery out of the picture, anti-wrinkle creams like these are now a huge trend in anti-aging products. Not only are they easily applied, but they are also less expensive. American Society of Aesthetic Plastic Surgery estimates a full face lift at $5,622, but a bottle of Icy Beauty is only $235. A step up from creams is a more unconventional procedure, the acupuncture facelift. The Chinese procedure of acupuncture consists of long needles being place on the patient’s skin as way of healing. This procedure now has a place in the face lifting market. Acupuncturists say that after about 10 treatments, the skin becomes more delicate and clear. The results leave the skin with few imperfections and a more youthful appearance. Aside from all the visible effects, this procedure claims to rejuvenate the entire body. While it may extreme, acupuncture facelifts are less serious than surgical facelifts. Botox, cream, herbal therapy… these beauty treatments may seem foreign to the typical college student, but anti-aging treatments are becoming more popular within this demographic. Freshmen Aijalon Cobb referred to it as “something we [college students] are way too young to be worried about.” This may be the typical reaction of most college girls, their shower caddies reveal the truth. While not as extreme as Botox or surgery, facial creams and scrubs are on the bathroom counter of any given college girl. Companies such as Clean and Clear and Neutrogena provide some of the most popular products to this class; their products offer mild anti-aging versions of the procedures mentioned above, fulfilling those temping needs of the younger generation. Attaining a youthful look seems to be one of this nation’s main obsessions--one that will more than likely continue and become more extreme in the years to come.

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Inexpensive anti-aging ceriums, make-up, mosturizers and more can be found at local walmarts.

Images by: Heather Pitts

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1. Make-up can be found in most shades that moisturizes and keep skin looking fresh all day, thus allowing you to look younger and vibrant.

Permanent Make-Up

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2. Nightly make up removing creames can help keep skin stay younger longer. Ponds evens skin tone and helps reduce the appearance of dark spots.

By: Meredith Seay

Women are putting away their blush, eyeliner, and lipstick in favor of a far more convenient alternative. Instead of applying make-up every day, more and more women are opting out of the conventional methods and turning to permanent cosmetics. Permanent cosmetics, or micropigmentation, are procedures that use tattooing to enhance facial features just as makeup would, but with more permanent results. The procedure is performed by a doctor using a standard tattoo gun or sometimes a pen-like utensil. Most procedures are minor and only take 20 to 30 minutes. Of the procedures, the most common enhancements are done on the eyebrows, eyes, lips, and cheeks. The eyebrows are either shaded in to give a fuller, more defined look or the hair is completely removed and eyebrows are drawn in with specified color, length, and arch. Procedures on the lips, eyes, and cheeks all mimic the appearance of wearing lipstick, eyeliner, and blush. In a fast-paced society obsessed with saving time, shortcuts seem to be an advantage. Clearly, many women highly value permanent make-up and shaving time off their daily routines. Although the procedures seem expensive, the price is actually less than the repeated purchase of overpriced cosmetics. Other than convenience and saving money, micropigmentation is also beneficial to people with health problems. Cataracts and poor vision make for a great deal of difficulty in safely and accurately applying makeup. Those who have conditions which limit movement benefit from no longer having to apply makeup themselves, and the permanent makeup also alleviates cosmetic allergies. continued on next page.

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s we all know, great outfits don’t consist of simply one piece. Great outfits need the essentials… a top, bottom, and shoes. With a few basics like a white v-neck, jean shorts, and a some comfy shoes, outfits have endless potential to be fun and trendy. Let’s start with a white v-neck. You need one that’s not too clingy, not too baggy, and definitely not too see-through. For a causal look, just wear the tee and some classic stud earrings--perfect for going to class or to the grocery store. For a more fun, day-around-town look, try adding a bright, lightweight scarf, a long chain necklace, or big, chunky earrings. Finally, to really spice up your v-neck, add a sparkly vest or a bold necklace—you’ll be ready to go out! Now, on to the bottoms. Jean shorts, whether homemade or store-bought, are the perfect option for any outfit, especially in the summer. For daytime, go with the ripped, lighter wash jorts. For nighttime, you’ll want darker denim with cleaner lines and no holes! Don’t forget: no matter which shorts you pick, try to avoid ones that are TOO short or booty-licious. Finally, the piece that you can get the most creative with: the shoes. For class attire, pick some cool converse allstars or sweet flats. To go to lunch or shopping, choose laid-back gladiator sandals or ankle boots. And lastly, when you’re ready to go downtown with the girls, choose some clunky wedges or strappy stilettos! Because you have so much freedom with color, texture, and design, shoes can transform any outfit. With these basic pieces that can be dressed up or down, you can make a wardrobe of awesome outfits. As long as you have the essentials in your closet, your outfits can evolve from causal to dressy and from laid-back to sexy.

Evolution of an Outfit Images by: Carrie Boyce

By: Carrie Boyce

permenant make-up... As with any type of cosmetic surgery, there is some degree of risk involved. The greatest potential risk with permanent makeup is infection, but there is also risk of an allergic reaction to the pigments used. Permanent cosmetics are designed to be “permanent,” but sometimes the final product doesn’t last as long as expected. The tattoos may fade over time and follow-up treatments may be necessary to maintain the same appearance. Those who disagree with permanent cosmetics believe that it creates a society that puts too great of a focus on artificial beautification. Amanda Watts, an em-

ployee of Clinique’s make up counter at the University of Georgia Bookstore, does not personally view makeup as a necessity, especially the use of micropigmentation. “I’m really not for it and that’s just because it’s sometimes better to show people who you are 100 percent naturally.” Permanent makeup is gaining popularity with some women, but others are content to apply makeup the conventional way. Regardless, the option to adjust and enhance our facial features permanently is becoming increasingly common and attainable.


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ulture is essential to every society. It not only defines who we are but more importantly how we function, what we believe in, and how we interact with others. On a local level there are many similarities in cultures, but arguably there are many differences as well. Take the state of Georgia for example: the culture of metro Atlanta and the culture of South Georgia serve as opposites. For a resident of South Georgia, visiting Atlanta proves to be a very fast paced, crowded and somewhat overwhelming experience. The reverse is true of a resident of Atlanta visiting South Georgia; they find it slow, boring and empty. The contrast apparent in cultures in a geographical district as small as a state suggests that the contrast of cultures across the world effects the functioning of society on a global level. The values that societies place on their culture are just as unique as the cultures themselves. The United States differs from the rest of the world in its opinion of its own culture and of others. Americans are seen to be very ethnocentric, that is believing that their culture is of upmost importance and should be the basis for judgment of other cultures. In contrast to ethnocentrism is multiculturalism: the appreciation of all cultures and support for the interaction between them. The effects of being a predominantly ethnocentric nation can be seen in all aspects of everyday life. Beginning in Kindergarten, children are taught the story of the Native Americans and the first Thanksgiving from a very biased point of view. They don’t teach children that the Pilgrims violently took over Native American’s land or that they brutally murdered and abused many women children. The Native American point of view is rarely mentioned, and if it is, it isn’t until at least the high school years. The story paints a picture of peace and friendship when in reality the relationship between settlers and Native Americans was overwhelming negative and hostile. Stories such as the first Thanksgiving plant the seeds for an ethnocentric opinion to blossom by the time a child reaches the teenage years. By perpetuating biased stories such as this one, our culture begins to view all things from a stand point of America being “good”. The United States’ presence in the Middle East, an obviously necessary measure after 2001, is in great need of reassessment now, ten years later. I don’t doubt that many troops are serving to help the Middle Eastern nations, but there is plenty of evidence to suggest that our method of “do everything the way we think is right” is creating many serious issues. The common opinion that we have the right to intervene anywhere or anytime we feel necessary exemplifies an ethnocentric point of view. Because of our actions in the past and our actions in the current Middle Eastern situation, the stereotypical view of America has greatly decreased. We are seen

as a selfish nation that lacks respect, and more importantly an understanding, of other nations ideals and values. The problems involving a Clash of Cultures have been obvious since the beginning of time. The root of virtually every war or dispute between peoples can be traced back to a cultural disagreement. Whether it be a difference in religious beliefs, political beliefs or social practices, the interaction and clashing of cultures is ultimately responsible for most altercations throughout history. With that being said, the United States seems to only be catalyzing the clashing. By teaching children an Americanized view of the world, they have no respect for other cultures which continues the cycle of disputes and the lack of understanding. Ethnocentricism is quickly becoming a much more serious problem as the world becomes more globalized and interdependent. If future generations can’t set aside their differences and compromise with foreign countries than our livelihood as a nation

becomes threatened. There’s a fine line between having pride in your culture and believing that everything you do is correct. Unfortunately, the U.S. is rapidly approaching this line, if we haven’t already crossed it.


Alone...

...In a Crowded Room

By: Kelby Lamar

We experience it in classrooms, on the bus, and even in our day-to-day activities on campus. It’s something that is new to many of us, and yet all too familiar for others. Some of us clamor to change it, while others silently look the other way. What is it I’m speaking of you ask? Being a black student at the University of Georgia. With the 50th anniversary of the desegregation of UGA just passing, it has just begun to sink in what the past four years have been like, and what the next few years may be like. There have been several occasions where I have been the only black male in my classroom. This feeling doesn’t intimidate me, but it does sadden me. Obviously, there are many more black men who have the same interests as me, but choose not to attend the University of Georgia for this very reason---isolation. Walking through the Tate Plaza during peak class times and being able to visually count how many other black students that I see is not something that I believe is acceptable in this day and age. I believe that the time for this kind of thinking has ended. It is up to the current UGA students, undergraduate and graduate alike, to make sure that incoming black students feel welcomed. We cannot simply rely of the university to provide programs and help to these students because it is not a high priority. The university is merely concerned with how many black students are admitted, and not with how many actually graduate. The recent program, “Tate Time: Will there be a next generation of black students at UGA” provided some key commentary on this very subject. Ashley Cobbs, an alumnae of UGA, and current first year graduate student attended the program and came away with some poignant thoughts about how

the problem could be solved. “I think race relations are not where minority students would like them to be in 2011,” she said. “At the program, we discussed a host of things, but I believe the most important was that everyone should have an open line of communication. That includes white students as well, because we all have to do something out of our comfort zone if we are truly going to affect real change.” Cobbs went on to say that her experience as a black student at UGA has been quite different in her roles as under graduate and graduate student. “There is not a lot of communication between black undergrads and graduate students at UGA,” she said. “I think that is especially true if an individual happened to attend another university for their under graduate degree. It is very easy to get left out of the loop if you aren’t connected with black organizations or other black students on campus.” The African American Cultural Center is a home away from home for many black students at UGA. Most of the clubs and organizations that we are a part of fall under its umbrella, and it gives us a haven to socialize and interact with one another. Though in 2011 it should not be necessary for black students to feel like they must congregate together in order to feel comfortable and at ease, I absolutely support the function that it serves to further the aims and ideals of African American students on campus. No wholesale change is going to happen overnight. It will take courage, determination, and strong wills to truly change the way that people interact on our campus. Though my time as an undergraduate is coming to an end very shortly, in the future I hope that I can look back on my university with pride and see the changes realized that I know we are capable of.


Deserving of HOPE

T By: Molly Berg

Photos By Gaelle Bouzy he HOPE Scholarship is one that all UGA students are familiar with. While not everyone is on the scholarship, a large amount of students are. For many, HOPE is a driving factor to maintain good grades. As classes get

harder however, HOPE can be more difficult to maintain and keep throughout four years. Regardless, it acts as a gateway for many to attend college and for others to pursue the highest grades possible. HOPE’s requirements are pretty basic. In its overview, HOPE says it is, “available to Georgia residents who have demonstrated academic achievement.” Essentially, if you graduate high school with a 3.0 and decide to attend UGA, HOPE will pay for your tuition. As long as you maintain a GPA of 3.0 or higher, you will continue to stay on the scholarship. Although there are several more stipulations, this is the basic set up of HOPE. However, the scholarship hasn’t always been this way. In fact, when it was first introduced in the early 90s under Governor Zell Miller, the scholarship was only granted to low income students. If a student’s family earned more than $100,000, they did not qualify for HOPE. This changed several years later, when the scholarship was then granted to students from all financial backgrounds. Therefore the question is, should HOPE be granted to just lower income students? Or should

everyone be allowed the opportunity to get it, even if they can afford the tuition? I think that HOPE should be only merit based. While it is true that a lot of people could afford UGA without HOPE, the scholarship makes college a much more viable option for many people. Just because someone can afford it, doesn’t mean it’s the most fiscal option for their family. Many students, like me, are one of several kids to go to college in a family. By having HOPE, college becomes a much smaller burden to parents and kids alike. In the past decade or so, HOPE has also encouraged high schoolers to become better students. GPAs and SAT scores have increased so that kids will be eligible for the scholarship. Although this has made the academic environment more competitive, this HOPE incentive is allowing kids to reach their full potential and work for a reasonable goal. And yes, as the HOPE funds dry out it is easy to think that just lower income students should be granted it. However, this kind of action would have drastic changes for the UGA community. If that happened, some students would no longer find college an option anymore. I think that regardless of financial background, if a student works hard enough, they should be rewarded the money. It’s wonderful that this kind of opportunity exists and makes a good education affordable. It is a support system for students all over Georgia and is a life changing scholarship that allows them the chance to succeed.


Attacks On Our Reproductive Freedom

I

By Paula Bryant

Photos By Roshni Dutta

n the years since the decision by the United States Supreme Court in Roe v. Wade, abortion has become an even more controversial issue. Since August 2010, both sides of the abortion debate have begun speaking out on campus, locally and statewide. The yearly arrival of the Genocide Awareness Project on UGA’s campus, a campaign that displays graphic abortion photos and claims that abortion is genocide, was one of the first groups to begin the attempt to disparage our reproductive rights on campus last year. GAP and Justice For All, another anti-abortion group, are both sponsored by Students for Life, a student-founded and run antichoice group. More recently, the Republican Party of Georgia has proposed to redefine the meaning of rape and rape victim. The redefinition would deny women life-saving procedures, even in cases of rape and incest. Similarly, Representative Franklin proposed that every woman be investigated after miscarriage earlier this year, and Paul Broun stated that “God could not bless our country” with so many abortions taking place. Finally, the Republican Party has proposed to completely cut federal funding for Planned Parenthood, an organization that provides health care services such as STI checks, cancer screening, preventative care and prenatal care for thousands of women.


Thus, it seems there is a war taking against women’s reproductive rights taking place, and abortion is being used as the fulcrum. In response to the recent setback in women’s reproductive rights, the Women’s Studies Student Organization (WSSO) began the semester by holding a candle light vigil for the Roe v. Wade anniversary. Roe v. Wade was the landmark decision by the United States Supreme Court that the right to privacy extended to a woman’s decision to have an abortion. This semester women’s reproductive rights are taking a disturbing step backward from the progressive 1973 ruling of Roe v. Wade. On March 8-9, 2011 Justice For All visited UGA’s campus, and WSSO decided to protest. Elizabeth Barnard, a member of WSSO, explained “We need to make sure UGA is a bastion of intellectual dialogue on important social issues, and not a venue for hateful, inflammatory rhetoric!” Thus, WSSO is fighting for intellectual, educated and proactive dialogue between pro-choice and pro-life activists. The goal is not to force women to have abortions, but to be understanding and accepting of women’s rights over their own bodies. During Justice For All’s display on Tate plaza, WSSO volunteers handed out condoms and medically correct information. I believe that groups like GAP and Justice For

All have a right to operate, but that they do not have a right to disseminate hateful and inaccurate information as they have. Many anti-abortion groups, such as GAP and Justice For All, rely primarily on inaccurate information, opinions and religious beliefs in order to back their arguments, yet they advocate for making abortions, a right which every woman should have, illegal. Inaccurate information, personal opinions and religious beliefs have no place in lawmaking. WSSO, Sexual Health Helpers at UGA (SHHUGA), and Kathleen Dailey, the Spiritual Youth for Reproductive Freedom, a project of the Religious Coalition for Reproductive Choice, peacefully protested Justice For All, and many students were grateful for their presence, including me. The members of WSSO, SHHUGA and the Spiritual Youth for Reproductive Freedom acted responsibly and understandingly, and I believe they truly have our students’ best interest at heart.


Culture C

ulture is essential to every society. It not only defines who we are but more importantly how we function, what we believe in, and how we interact with others. On a local level there are many similarities in cultures, but arguably there are many differences as well. Take the state of Georgia for example: the culture of metro Atlanta and the culture of South Georgia serve as opposites. For a resident of South Georgia, visiting Atlanta proves to be a very fast paced, crowded and somewhat overwhelming experience. The reverse is true of a resident of Atlanta visiting South Georgia; they find it slow, boring and empty. The contrast apparent in cultures in a geographical district as small as a state suggests that the contrast of cultures across the world effects the functioning of society on a global level. The values that societies place on their culture are just as unique as the cultures themselves. The United States differs from the rest of the world in its opinion of its own culture and of others. Americans are seen to be very ethnocentric, that is believing that their culture is of upmost importance and should be the basis for judgment of other cultures. In contrast to ethnocentrism is multiculturalism: the appreciation of all cultures and support for the interaction between them. The effects of being a predominantly ethnocentric nation can be seen in all aspects of everyday life. Beginning in Kindergarten, children are taught the story of the Native Americans and the first Thanksgiving from a very biased point of view. They don’t teach children that the Pilgrims violently took over Native American’s land or that they brutally murdered and abused many women children. The Native American point of view is rarely mentioned, and if it is, it isn’t until at least the high school years. The story paints a picture of peace and friendship when in reality the relationship between settlers and Native Americans was overwhelming negative and hostile. Stories such as the first Thanksgiving plant the seeds for an ethnocentric opinion to blossom by the time a child reaches the teenage years. By perpetuating biased stories such as this one, our culture begins to view all things from a stand point of America being


Clash “good”. The United States’ presence in the Middle East, an obviously necessary measure after 2001, is in great need of reassessment now, ten years later. I don’t doubt that many troops are serving to help the Middle Eastern nations, but there is plenty of evidence to suggest that our method of “do everything the way we think is right” is creating many serious issues. The common opinion that we have the right to intervene anywhere or anytime we feel necessary exemplifies an ethnocentric point of view. Because of our actions in the past and our actions in the current Middle Eastern situation, the stereotypical view of America has greatly decreased. We are seen as a selfish nation that lacks respect, and more importantly an understanding, of other nations ideals and values. The problems involving a Clash of Cultures have been obvious since the beginning of time. The root of virtually every war or dispute between peoples can be traced back to a cultural disagreement. Whether it be a difference in religious beliefs, political beliefs or social practices, the interaction and clashing of cultures is ultimately responsible for most altercations throughout history. With that being said, the United States seems to only be catalyzing the clashing. By teaching children an Americanized view of the world, they have no respect for other cultures which continues the cycle of disputes and the lack of understanding. Ethnocentricism is quickly becoming a much more serious problem as the world becomes more globalized and interdependent. If future generations can’t set aside their differences and compromise with foreign countries than our livelihood as a nation becomes threatened. There’s a fine line between having pride in your culture and believing that everything you do is correct. Unfortunately, the U.S. is rapidly approaching this line, if we haven’t already crossed it.

“The problems involving a Clash of Cultures have been obvious since the beginning of time. “


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InfUSion Magazine Spring 2011 Issue