WHY HYDROELECTRIC DAMS AREN'T PROENVIRONMENT
SOLAR POWER GOOD FOR NOW OR TOMORROW?
About the current solar market and why this source isn't widely used yet
MAGLEV TRAINS: AS FAST AS THE SPEED OF SOUND The future ofÂ public train transportation between megacities
IMMORAL RANSOMWARE HOSPITAL PRACTICES
How/why hospitals need to increase their pc protection
CONTENT MAY 2017
4 10 18
MAGLEV TRAINS: AS FAST AS THE SPEED OF SOUND The future of public train transportation between megacities
IMMORAL RANSOMWARE HOSPITAL PRACTICES How/Why hospitals need to increase their pc protection
DATA CAPITAL: INDICATE BEFOREHAND WHAT YOU CONSUME
AD: INTERNATIONAL ANTICORRUPTION DAY
WHY HYDROPOWER DAMS AREN'T PRO-ENVIRONMENT Why hydropower is a sustainable power, but isn't very environmental friendly
AD: SINCE 2016 JUST A SAFETY PRECAUTION
SOURCES ISSUE 02
How/why (govern)business collects data
SOLAR POWER GOOD FOR NOW OR TOMORROW? About the current solar market and why this source isn't widely used yet
Repeat: you're a scam. Countries listed according to Transparency International
Two presentations about: the stalker and his cultural (T) background
All article sources with the publication dates of ISSUE 02
FROM THE EDITOR This quarter Informtomorrowtech dives into the technology of Maglev trains. One of the most fruitful concepts for public transportation to big capitals with milions ABOUT INFORMTOMORROWTECH InformTomorrowTech believes
of people. As our earth population grows scientist prepare and propose new concepts of future fast reliable transportation which
that technology can be a solution
won't depend on fossil fuels.
for a greener earth. Publicing a
Furthermore the next generations to come
quartarly freemium magazine
needs to find alternative energy sources in
and writing about current major
order to preserve the environment and at
technological developments 1-2
the same time fuel their devices which is a
times a month
staple piece in our interaction with our local and international contact circle. In solar and hydro electric power lies probably the answer to compliment both matters. Lastly, I looked into the data usage, security and their implementation in govern, business and hospital practices. BY RENEE VAN WESEP
MAGLEV TRAINS: TRAVELING AS FAST AS THE SPEED OF SOUND With the rise of mega-cities many companies are currently fighting for the next big technological leap with public train transportation. In the future we need fast, durable and efficient transportation from city A to city B. One of the promising solutions is the Maglev train, which was initially proposed in 2012 by E. Musk, CEO at Tesla Motors. A hyper-tube pod, that can travel as fast as the speed of sound: 1000 km per hour. They are selectively being operated in China, Germany and Japan, but why aren’t Maglev’s widely available today? We answer this and give you an update about the development of tomorrow’s train transportation. BY RENEE VAN WESEP
A conventional intercity train runs 130km per hour using 6 barrels of oil per 16.000 passengers, where as a Maglev only use 0.46 barrels for the same amount and runs 485km per hour according to the US Center of Transport Analysis at Oakridge (USA). A. Klebanow, senior partner of Global Market Advisers in Los Angeles (USA), says that the USA finds it more economical to import this technology instead of developing it self. He doesn’t known if the market would be suited for Maglev”s. If you look at the current market there are Maglev trains being operated with paying customers in Germany, China, Japan and run on 300 miles per hour. Civil Engineer at the Duke University H. Petroski says, ”There’s a reason technological leaps in transportation are rare. They usually don’t work quite as well as hoped. The Physics make sense.” The technology clearly works, but why haven’t we seen a Maglev going by? According to D. Clarke, director of the Center for Transportation Research at the University of Tennessee, Knoxville (USA), ”The question is, can it compete — from a capital standpoint and and operating standpoint.” In order to operate this futuristic transportation it has to attract enough customers, fix the myriad safety issues and paperwork and last but not least lower the costs per mile for the tracks. For example China payed $12,4 million per mile, California’s rail-system costs $35 million per mile and Hyperloop One will costs around $10 million per mile. ”We could absolutely build the hyperloop today and deploy it. It would just be very expensive” said, B. BamBrogan from Hyperloop One company. He works with other industrial players, such as Aecom, Arup, Amberg Group and Systra to make hyperloop trains a reality. Building tubes criss-crossing the world isn’t the challenge, given all the oil pipelines and subways. Neither is developing aero- and thermodynamics in the tube or maintaining a rear vacuum within the tube according B. Bambrogan’s partner Lloyd. Maglev trains can reach speeds of more than 500km per hour through the aerodynamic design which eliminated friction. The electromagnets that are being used, causing a temporary pull resulting that the train floats on a cushion of air. Behind this is the basic electromagnetic INFORM TOMORROW TECH | MAY 2017 | 6
propulsion in which magnets of opposite poles attract and vice versa. You have three components in this system: electric power source, metal coils and on the undercarriage guidance magnets. Maglev trains don’t have an engine. They use the magnetic field created by the electrified coils in the track and guide-way walls. Conventional trains use often fossil fuels and a front engine to pull train cars along the tracks. Metal coils lining a guide-way. Along the tracks you have magnetized coils strips aka the guidetrack. The Maglev levitates 1 to 10cm above this track, because of the repel effect with the train undercarriage magnets. The supplied electric current to the wall coils creates a system of push and pull along the guide-ways. It creates the magnetic field in front and back of the train. The German Maglev system and the Japanese system are based on similar concepts, but they have distinct differences. Germany’s Transrapid International developed the Transrapid system also known as an electromagnetic suspension (EMS) system and travels up to 300 miles per hour with people on board. In which the train wraps around a steel guide-way. The electromagnets of the train undercarriage are directed up towards the guide-way causing the train to float even if it’s not moving and let it levitate 1cm above the ground. Other magnets in the trains body are adding to the stability during the ride. Japan created the electrodynamic suspension system (EDS) which is based on repelling force of magnets. Which causing their Maglev’s to levitate 10cm above the ground. In order to lift off EDS system must roll on rubber tires until it reaches a speed of 100km per hour. They use super-coded, superconducting electromagnets, which conducts electricity even after the power is shut down. The cryogenic system cools these coils down, however this system is expensive. They bypasses seems solved in a new variant of EDS system called the Inductrack which uses permanent room temperature magnets to produce this magnetic field. When the train begins to float the Inductrack uses a power source to accelerate the train. It’s build of an array of electrically shorted
circuits containing insulated wire. Safety and costs concerns lead to the invention of the Inductrack invention: you have two variants Inductrack 1 for high speeds and Inductrack 2 for slow speeds. Scientists thought that permanent magnets didn’t cause enough levitating force. However by arranging the magnets in a Halbach array the Inductrack proves to be possible. Dr. R.F. Post at the Livermore National Laboratory in California (USA) came up with this concept and NASA awarded him and his team to explore this to launch satellites into orbit. Since 2014 Japan started their construction of a record-breaking high speed Maglev, which levitated at 10cm compared to the Shanghai counterpart of 1cm, making it saver for natural disasters such as earthquakes. Tokyo and Nagoya City will be connected, a distance of 286km, with a journey time of 40minutes. And they plan an extension of another 139km with a traveling time of 67minutes rather than 145minutes between Tokyo and Osaka. Maximum speeds are 500km per hour. Japanese Maglev trains are a strong selling point, because of the intrinsic safety, says T. Ishino, the trunk railway division chief at the railway bureau of Japan’s ministry of land, infrastructure, transport and tourism. However, M. Hashiyama disagrees with this statement:”There is no country interested in Maglev technology today.” In 2011 two Chinese fast running trains collided near the city of Wenzhou in Shanghai resulting that a dozen people were killed. Hyperloop Transportation Technologies (HTT) is a lesser known rival of Hyperloop One and both test their feasibility in Abu Dhabi as on European grounds. HTT’s CEO D. Ahlborn signed an ”exploratory agreement” with the city Brno (Czech) to examine their hyperloop train line to Bratislava (Slovakia). They work with the government, Aecom, Atkins and Carbures, licensed the passive magnetic levitation technology from Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory and partnered with Leybold, which worked on the large hadron collider at CERN. According to Ahlborn his engineers make process: ”We have solved all technical issues.” This is all on paper and by the end of 2017 he hopes to have a prototype system under construction. Besides the technological hurdle you have to create new
regulations and making the hyperloop trains useful, reliable and cost-efficient. Co-founder and chairmen at Hyperloop Transportation Technologies (HTT) in Los Angeles (USA) B. Gresla attempts to build such a railwaysystem and succeeded to build a test at the 3000 square facility in Toulouse (France). Also known as Aerospace valley. Currently, they develop a hyperloop train of 700 miles per hour, which uses the ”passive magnetic levitation” technology. Each trains carries a passive magnet and runs on an aluminium track containing loops of wire. Creators claim this development is more safer and efficient than the levitation system of Japanese Maglev trains. Also, The Korea Railroad Research Institute (KRRI) partnered with Hanyang University and other research groups in order to develop the hyperloop system. At this moment Maglev’s are the front-runner when you talk about the future technological development on trains. But we discuss the following proposes on this subject that researches have done. National Geographic launched a documentary called ”Next Future Train” and featured a promising alternative project of R.C. Pulliam’s Tubular Rails. Instead of tracks these 7
trains are running on elevated pillars with O-rings and when they turn the pillar turns. Although the basic designs are flawed Pulliam is solving one of the biggest construction costs: the tracks. The hoops are able to be stacked on top of each other. As of now the project is put on halt, because there is a lack of financial backing by investors. In the same documentary S. Weinbaum, professor Emeritus of Biomedical and Mechanical Engineering at The City College of New York, proposed a railway from feathers, this friction was inspired by the movement of skiers through the snow. The last proposal for future train transport was made by Chinese companies Huaying Kailai and Batie Technologies in 2016 called the Transit Elevated Bus, also in known in the media as ”China’s straddling bus”. Their plans fell through as soon as the prototype was announced. Although there was allot of opposition on the
INFORM TOMORROW TECH | MAY 2017 | 8
basic designs, such as safety concerns and inefficiency in traffic, a prototype was presented in (2016) Qinhuangdao city. It seems the whole company was desolved after this presentation, because of an alleged Ponzi scheme to pledge funds from investors. In conclusion, it seems safe to say we still need our old conventional trains until scientist figure out a way to lower the building costs per mile and can guarantee better passenger safety, because accidents have occurred in Germany as in China. Fortunately, every year major technological breakthroughs are being made and hyper-loop testing is in full fletched mode, from Asia to Europe and USA, to transport the increasing demand for fast, reliable and cheap transportation for growing mega-cities. For now we the train transport fuel costs can be lowered by using wind power
9 DECEMBER 2017, BUT MAY IS QUIET
International Anti-Corruption Day
You're a scam
Hopefully you're not a scam, but inform about the countries heritage with cultural corruption on transparency.org and businessanti-corruption.com. Numbers below are according to Transparacy International. 69. Greece corruption perception is 44% (2016) and 36%(2012) 75. Turkey corruption perception is 41% (2016) and 49%(2012) 90. Indonesia corruption perception is 37% (2016) and 32%(2012) 90. Morocco corruption perception is 37% (2016) and 37%(2012) 113. Armenia corruption perception is 33% (2016) and 36%(2012)
''I am a bribery whore''
159 Haiti corruption perception is 20% (2016) and 19%(2012)
IMMORAL RANSOMWARE HOSPITAL PRACTICES Recently, ransomware attacks on various hospitals and other healthcare facilities became mainstream media news. Today’s hackers aren’t only interesting in locking the computers of high profile companies, but target the health industry by demanding Bitcoin payments in exchange for unlocking their PC’s. Hospitals provide critical care and rely on the latest patient records. The patient-care can get delayed or halted, which can result in death or lawsuits against the hospital. According to S. Sjouwerman they ”have not trained their employees on cybersecurity and hospitals don’t focus on cyber-security in general.” They focus on HiPAA compliance, BY RENEE VAN WESEP INFORM TOMORROW TECH | MAY 2017 | 10
which are the federal requirements about patient privacy protection. In this article you read about: why internet security software companies aren’t taken aback about these recent events and what kind of measurements hospital facilities can take to combat digital extortion. For example Hollywood Presbyterion Medical Center in LA (USA) paid $17.000 in Bitcoins to unlock their computers, which were kept hostage by the ransomware called Locky. After the Globe ransomware attack on the Barths Health NHS Trust hospital group 2.800 patient appointments were cancelled. The hospital group exists out of 5 hospitals across East London: Mile End hospital, New University hospital, the Royal London hospital, St. Bartholomew’s hospital and Whipps Cross University hospital. Methodist Hospital in Henderson, Kentucky (USA) was also struck by Locky, but didn’t pay a cent instead they simply
restored the patient files from their backups. It took three days before the hospital could be restored to their usual routine. MedStar Health, which operates 10 hospitals and more than 250 out-patient clinics in the Maryland(DC) and Washington area (USA) was hit with a ransomware virus. Some couldn’t access their patient email, records or database and others saw a demanding pop-up Bitcoin payment locked screen. “We have the tools to catch these attacks nowadays, but you cannot do it with a single product, you need a multi-layer defense strategy – if your end-point protection doesn’t stop a ransomware hit, for example, then maybe your network protection will get it. Maybe a ransomware hit comes in through a web gateway rather than an e-mail, or maybe through a jumpdrive someone got from who knows where. You
cannot just look at e-mail and say all the bad stuff is coming in this way, you have to have multilayered products, correlate data from these products, and use that intelligence.” according to D. Finn, health IT officer at Symantec.restored the patient files from their backups. It took three days before the hospital could be restored to their usual routine. MedStar Health, which operates 10 hospitals and more than 250 out-patient clinics in the Maryland(DC) and Washington area (USA) was hit with a ransomware virus. Some couldn’t access their patient email, records or database and others saw a demanding pop-up Bitcoin payment locked screen. “We have the tools to catch these attacks nowadays, but you cannot do it with a single product, you need a multi-layer defense strategy – if your end-point protection doesn’t stop a ransomware hit, for example, then maybe your 11
network protection will get it. Maybe a ransomware hit comes in through a web gateway rather than an e-mail, or maybe through a jumpdrive someone got from who knows where. You cannot just look at e-mail and say all the bad stuff is coming in this way, you have to have multilayered products, correlate data from these products, and use that intelligence.” according to D. Finn, health IT officer at Symantec. ”When ransomware hits a hospital, you don’t have to lock an entire network,” S. Sjouwerman,CEO of the security firm KnowBe4, says. ”You just need to find where are the critical files in a network—what servers are serving up the millions of files that most workers use…. And you only need to lock maybe two or three file servers to essentially block the whole network.” For example MedStar gave the proper response by shutting down most of its network to prevent spreading. And it reverted back to the paper route for scheduling and records. According to S. Sjouwerman you need to disconnect infected systems from a network, remove extern hard drivers, USB sticks and disable Bluetooth and Wifi. Bare in mind, that there may be information published online by security firms to resolve the ransomware situation. And last but not least is: have back-ups. It can be formal back-up or you can restore data using Shadow Copy files or other methods. Healthcare organization must have internal cybersecurity experts and external team of experts to combat ransomware according to G. Whitley, director of the Georgia Center of Innovation for IT: “You might think it seems so obvious, but look at the ransomware cases. Ransomware is getting more brazen, and ransomware works when organizations do not backup their data and thus have no choice but to pay in order to get it back. Healthcare organizations must make sure they are routinely backing up their data. There are many cases where organizations simply have not backed up their data.” These named prevention tools are straightforward. However, you can prevent massive spreading, which forces attackers to work harder to lock down more servers by following prevention tools. First mail servers need to block zip and other malicious likely files. Then you restrict permissions to network areas by breaking thousands of files into smaller groups with INFORM TOMORROW TECH | MAY 2017 | 12
different computers. Next, your employees follow a security awareness training. For example to recognize and preventing them to click on phishing emails. In Sjouwermans company he saw a decrease in clicks form 15.9% to 1.2%. Use strong passwords, update IT security policies, develop time patches to access the data, back-up offline, encrypt medical equipment applications in the local network in case of an unauthorized access to the trusted area and inform personnel that running patient information must be a separate business PC, which isn’t accessed by your own private applications. For example H. Clinton used her personal PC for her work resulting in a public email scandal. Putting your security plan forward is all well and good, but health organizations must test and train their personal, like it’s a fire drill. Also, their personal must train for recognizing malicious activities on their daily routine computers and whitelist all their applications to prevent ransomware installing. This can be a tenacious task and meets opposition, because every PC needs to be scanned.“Doctors are gods and don’t let anybody tell them what to do, so enforcing whitelisting in an organization [and telling doctors they can’t run certain applications] is a political exercise not just a technical one. It is fraught with organizational ‘challenges’,” said Sjouwerman. Lastly, if all these measurements being taken, keep being informed about the latest data breaches, such as ‘Hacking Health: Security in Healthcare IT systems’ by J. Hopkins and professor A. Rubin, at the 2016 USENIX Enigma infsec conference. According to the IBM Managed Security Services report healthcare organizations are targeted more, because their attackers experience relatively success. These organizations pay for the description to continue operating for risk averse situation, such as a woman in labor or operation.”Organizations used used to have an internal network and they could secure the outside of it to make sure an external hacker could not penetrate it,” said E. Frantz, CEO of ethical hacking firm Vitue Security “It’s easier than ever to gain access inside a hospital’s network and compromise a device.” Yearly, companies spend nearly $100 billion on computer security, but it remains common: the hospital ransomware and personal data leaking
online. Since 2005 ransomware is being used for digital extortion which originated form Eastern Europe. It developed into ransom crypt-ware, which encrypts files on the PC and the attackers possessing the only private key to unlock it. According to security researchers at FireEye the numbers of Locky ransomware downloads is increased and that the hackers change their tools and techniques constantly, delivering it in different formats. “These latest campaigns are a reminder that users must be cautious when it comes to opening attachments in emails or they run the risk of becoming infected and possibly disrupting business operations,” says FireEye researcher R. Chang. In a study ‘corporate IT security risks survey under corporations‘ form Kaspersky lab 39% of organizations aren’t confident that they have adequate IT security safeguards in place, 16% rely on built-in hardware protection. Many organisations assume they’re protected from these : 30% believes that their data center or infrastructure partners prevent the DOSS attacks and this is 40% for Internet Service Provider (ISP) protection. A third of the organisation failed to take action, because they believe they’re unlikely to be targeted. “The reality is that any company can be targeted because such attacks are easy for cybercriminals to launch. What’s more, the potential cost of a single attack can be in the millions,”according to the report. “Online services and IT infrastructure are just too important to leave unguarded. That’s why specialized DDoS protection solution should be considered an essential part of any effective protection strategy in business today.” Furthermore, Google collaborated with A. Vance, an associate professor at Brigham Young University, to test new displaying security warnings that are less likely be dismissed by people. In order to reveal the unconscious mechanisms behind how we perceive or ignore the warnings Vance used functional brain MRI scans. In a multitask situation people were three times less likely to properly respond to the pop-up security warning. Another problem was that people rapidly became used to security warnings. This is called the habituated effect. But by slightly changing the appearance of the security message, it was possible to reduce this effect. ''Security
professionals need to worry not only about attackers but the neurobiology of their users,” and “Our security UI should be designed to be compatible with the way our brains work.” In the end there’s still some denial (under healthcare board members) about the probability of ransomware attacks on their local community hospitals. However, cyber-attackers don’t discriminate particular business (small or big companies) nor do they favor countries. Examples are the Hollywood Presbyterian, MedStar Health in Washington DC, King’s Daughters Health in Indiana, Methodist Hospital in Kentucky and three Southern California hospitals owned by Prime Healthcare Services. All of them are located in the USA, but there are incidents in Canada, China, Japan, South Korea and the UK. It would certainly help if this issue comes to the lime light with the help from government rules and regulations to make cybersecurity in the health industry a must, a guarantee and a standard.
WHY HYDROELECTRIC POWER DAMS AREN’T PRO-ENVIRONMENT Several developing nations consider hydropower as a renewable unlimited electric energy source. Such as C. Rinzin, director of Bhutan’s Druk Green Power Corporation for Bhutan, Indian corporations and The African Union Commission for the continent Africa. It ´s a popular energy source, because the largest hydroelectric power dam Itaipu generates 12.600MW which can power circa 37.600.000 houses. It´s jointly owned by Brazil and Paraguay. On the second-place stands Guri dam (Venezuela) with 10.300MW and the largest in USA is Grand Coulee power station with 7.600MW. In this article we’re going to look at how hydro-power dams work and the pro’s/con’s. BY RENEE VAN WESEP
The basic concept is rather simple: water flows through a dam, turns the turbines which turns the generator thus producing electricity. It goes as follow the dam holds back water which creates a lake called a reservoir. The dam gates opens, gravity pulls the water flow through a pipeline (called a penstock) where the pressure builds up for the turbine. These turn and connects to the generators. The generators are the heart of the hydroelectric power-plant and generates electricity by rotating a series of magnets inside coils of wire this moves electrons, which produces electric current. Then this AC concerts into highpower voltages with the transformer.Then powerlines transmit and distribute the power through 4 wires and the used water outflows and re-enters the river downstream through pipelines, called trail-races. The description above is about the impoundment hydro-power facility, which is the most common one. In the article below we got further into these types of hydro-power facilities, the pro’s and con’s of dams and more. You can divide hydro power facilities into three main types: diversion, pumped storage and impoundment. Not all of them are used for generating energy such as the run of river facility also known as diversion facility which pumps a portion of the river through a pen stock or contal. It doesn’t necessarily need a dam. The impoundment facility is the most known and common one. It is a hydroelectric power plant, which uses a generator to turn the water flow into energy depending on the consumers needs. Lastly, you got pumped storage hydro-power. Next to the types of large hydro-power plants you also have three size varieties: large,small and micro hydro power devices. It’s possible that individuals can own these devices for their own energy needs or to sell power to others. According to DOE (an USA organisation) large ones produce 30 megawatts (MW), small ones generate 10MW and micro hydro-power devices only up to 100 kilowatts. The last named is also being used for ranches, farms, villages or other individual home electric needs. Some governments encourage farms to build small ones to have a low ecological affect on the environment. Now you know the variety of hydro-power sizes, however it’s important which type of hydropower turbines you select based on flow,volume INFORM TOMORROW TECH | MAY 2017 | 16
and height of the standing water. At this moment you have impulse and reaction turbines. A reaction turbine are generally used for high flow with a lower water height sites. It can be divided into different types of propeller turbines: Francis, Kaplan, StraFlo and Turbe turbine. Secondly you have the impulse turbine which is generally suitable for low flow and high standing water. It can be divided into two types of turbines: the cross-flow and Pelton. In this part of the article we’re going to look at the many pro’s and con’s of hydro-power. And we conclude if hydro-power is clean,flexible and practical enough to run as a main energy source. First we start with the main pro point of hydropower: it’s renewable. Because the water flow is unlimited and production costs are eliminated when it’s running and has no direct ill-effects on the environment, because the dam doesn’t emit greenhouse gases,burn fossil fuels or pollute the water like other types of power plants do. Secondly, hydro-power plants have a long economic life span of 50-100 years and require only a small team of operators since the process is automated. In order to control water quality adjust the water flow and output of electricity for the demand or to prevent floods by storing excess water. They can also let debris settle out downstream, which improves the area conditions. And other new hydro power plants can be added to the excising one. Another big pro is that water-power is safe and reliable, because there isn’t any fuel involved during the process and there are very little fluctuations with the output. The water flow is unlimited, making hydroelectricity consistent, practical and available through the entire year. And this popularity is felt: according to The Department of Energy (USA) hydroelectric power currently the largest renewable energy source worldwide. And 96% of US renewable energy comes from water-power, but there is space for more, because this department said that there are 5.677 potential sites available for these powerplants in USA. Lastly, water activities such as aquaculture, irrigation and water sports can be active in the basins where power-plants are located. With the many advantages that hydro-power offers there are major drawbacks, which makes
this energy source renewable but less environmental friendly. Firstly, with the build of these power-plants greenhouse gases are emitted such as carbon dioxide. Generally, it’s an expensive project which can take between 5-10 years to construct. Another drawback is that hydro power plants must be build in particular places and there are only a limited number of suitable reservoirs which can make this project profitable. Because the dam is build on a large scale and holds back volumes of water it can’t afford fails due to poor construction or other risks, which can rapture the dam and damage it’s surroundings. A displacement of a massive dam can have large scale consequences such as the Three Gorges Dam in China, which flooded 13 cities, 140 towns and 1.350 villages in 2008. It can also cause opposition of (local) groups such as religious infringement of sacred land or tribal rights, because of flooding areas of land that was once forested or farmed. Environmental and conservationist groups in USA have often contested to construct large scale dams. Examples are the Hetch Hetchy reservoir and the O’Shaughnessy Dam in Yosemite National Park (1923) and the Echo Park Dam at Dinosaur National Monument (1950). Another placement drawback is that hydro-power dams are linked to increased earthquake vulnerability. Hydro-power plants aren’t fail proof, because if there is a lack of rain near the plant, water won’t collect upstream thus less water flows through the dam. Rain is dependent on the hydrologic life cycle. The sun is heating the water, which evaporates and eventually condenses and falls in the form of rain. Droughts can occur and this means an increase in energy prices. But the biggest drawback of this renewable energy is that during the construction and in operation it can lead to imbalances in the landscape, ecosystem and river flow. Affecting the river’s temperature, slit-load, chemistry and water flow, because of the dam the river is turned into a lake. And according to International Rivers [GNO] the construction have led to the disappearance of birds, losses of farmland,wetland and forest, erosion of coastal deltas and the extinction of fish populations. The fish population and other water species have the most to lose. Aquatic flora (plankton/Algae) can increase in the lake which
can cause atrophy accumulation leading to the loss of wildlife and local climate changes due to water evaporation (fog). Also the dam limits the fish access to a broader spawning ground and it won’t transport heavy particles causing an increase in siltation. Another problem occurs behind the dam where sediment is retains so the banks downstream of dams are subject to erosion. In conclusion hydro electric power is a great cost efficient way for developing countries, because the constant waterflow means an unlimited power resource and you need a small group to operate the machines. That being said hydro-power is far from environmental fail proof: earthquakes, loss of wildlife/landscape and the local climate changes. Although it can be a renewable energy source in most cases hydro-power doesn't provide the best green environmental solution.
DATA CAPITAL: INDICATE BEFOREHAND WHAT YOU CONSUME Companies of today need to embrace that data capital is a valuable asset with making key decisions in the company on competitive strategy level. It comes before financial investment on the developments of new services, products business processes. The digital data from their consumers offer better analytical insight on consumer facts with graphs. Every activity which involves digitization and datafication processes data from public, commercial to private sectors. In this article we’re going to look what big data means, why some consumers have concerns and how businesses profit from it.
BY RENEE VAN WESEP INFORM TOMORROWTECH ] MAY 2017 ] 18
All businesses are influenced by the following three laws of data capital: 1. Data comes from activity: for companies it’s important to record when and what happens at one time. You know your suppliers, partners and consumers better and look at your rivals up and down in the industry. 2. Data makes more data: through smart algorithms you can automatically improve your own performance on various area”s such as ad targeting, fraud detection, inventory management and drive pricing higher or lower. 3. Platforms tend to win: in every industry all of them compete to be the dominate platform for algorithmic services, because it all involves exploiting new and relevant information before your rivals. Data capital doesn’t work the same as financial capital, because it can be used over and over again and in various ways. This multiple
analytic or algorithmic investment cause the problem of endless data possibilities after the obvious highest priority of cutting costs and increasing revenue. In order to discover new correlations and connecting to use, you can cut this opportunity space in two. The first mentioned is data market places where data scientists can shop for data sets to gain new perspectives on target customers and explore and discover fire wall mistakes. And secondly data liquidity: your company stores their data in different sections on different data bases. The costs of moving, manipulating an storing diverse data for fruitful answers/results will increase . The need these costs to go down by smart integration products exploiting low-costs, scale out and in memory technologies. These will nearly instantly convert data into new solutions for fraud detection,
inventory management and fast-changing algorithmic pricing. Big data is what you call a lot of data and we make every year more and more amount of data. Such as making online purchases and taking part of social media. It contains video’s, photographs, documents, tweets, social media posts, e-mails, financial transaction reports and many more. Every time you go online you leave a tail of data behind like you taking a walk on a beach. People make more use of different and cheaper WiFi or GPS devises, thus making it more accessible to various people form various backgrounds. It can all end in an unstructured sets of digitized data, but fortunately there are methods to collect, process, analyse and store it. Companies need to filter a vast amount of available data to keep up in their market and to prioritize what’s the is the most relevant matter in hand.
Fortunately, you don’t have to be a data scientist or need a team of programmers to crunch numbers, but you do need a basic understanding of the program. Software programs became faster and easier to operate with the help form cloud services such as Google analytics. It aims to find patterns and correlations that provide new insights to make cost efficient decisions. Some software services are that fare that they can predict if you are the right potential goalgroup of the product. For example: how Target figured out a teen girl was pregnant before her father did. Other examples are: governments can improve their policy decisions and services based on big data analysation of utility usage, crime rates, traffic patterns, average age in neighborhoods and other statistics. News outlets already make allot of use of big data for their trends, stories and other activities. After the NSA domestic spying revelations some people feel it’s disturbing what others have on information about them. It sounds like the Orwell’s big Brother. The government and privacy advocates regulates these activities and give
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the masses some control over what becomes public knowledge. Huge data sets can predict the weather, election rates, scientific and sociological research and other potential harm: outbreaks and natural disasters. Experts in the big data field see a bright future for their industry: data volumes will increase with the growth of WiFi and devices, build-in intelligence of the future of the company, machine learning will grow, more companies hire data analysts and chiefs, algorithmic services will emerge and most companies will have some sort of data capital. These were a few examples of a large pool of future predictions. In conclusion: data capital is going to play an extensional role with (govern) businesses and especially for if they swim in high competitive markets. However, wherever your preferring lies is on government data collection is, know that machine made foretelling’s aren’t waterproof like the political elections outcomes of 2016/2017
SINCE 2016 JUST A SAFETY PRECAUSIAN
''I am successful, nice & got a job with a great track record. Police & others are too stupid to notice my odd stalking behavior. Like daily PC spying, gossip & bribery to gang up on her. The scapegoat is here: keep her interesting!'' 2 presentations. Error? Check the next Issue. Why racism is prevelant in Turkey+ other cultural pitfalls: http://docdro.id/jhVpYRv Stalking what to do: http://docdro.id/Ev29cBg
In this time and age we need to take human rights just as serious as the years before. I see my own experience as an isolated event in my life, it won’t affect me, but I am now better informed about their cultural background: have no DNA or same belief connection. And people’s perception with ugly fueled sources/influences in their life: insecurity, dissatisfaction, condescending, jealousy etc. Frankly, I don’t care the only thing I care about is that I never will compensate my safety, freedom and life. Because they can harm me 5-25 years or people close by. I take matters into my own hands and take this as a safety precausian: every presentation has the sources&facts published below each slide. Stalked what to do [9slides] contains: 1.1 When do you need to take it seriously 1.2 Signs of stalker techniques & strategies 1.3 Taking measurements against stalking 1.4 Stalking Disorders 1.5 What are the stalker motives According to B. Zitek: ''Stalking is much more about inducing fear.'' I tried not to include the word victim, because you're exposed to someone who isn't right in his/her head with a daily obsession/accusations. Instead I focus on security/safety: Ethernet, doorstop alarm and how what kind of social/devices/deceases this stalker has: bring discredit to your name and his delusions of victim.
It can even be possible to be betrayed by someone nearby in order to save their skin in that situation. Most prominent example is Ans van Dijk during WW2. For R-LvW: I have nothing nice to say so I won't say anything. Why racism is prevalent in Turkey+other cultural pitfalls [20slides] contains: 1.1 Turkey=Ottoman empire 1299-1923 Slavery white/black & boys/females on Esir or Yesir Imperialism, fascism 7 devsirme 1.2 Neighbor Greece issues 1.3 Neighbor Armenia issues Denail towards Armenian genocide 1915-2017 1.4 Neighbor Bulgaria issues 1.5 Turkey's economic war. 2015 import/export with (former) imperalistic countries 2.1 Arab world: culture of silence towards (minority) racism inc. ''We love to cry Islamophobia'' 2.2 Turkish president calls the Dutch facists in 2017 2.3 Turkish racial intolerance WVS map 2013 of worldwide racial intolerance Cultural pitfalls 3.1 Turkey WVS cultural value map 2010-2014 3.2 Turkey Corruption Perception scale 2016 3.3 Turkey Honor killing 7 revenge statistics 2016 3.4 Turkey Gang activities & Crime 3.5 Turkey Culture of silence/low human rights like the rest of the middle east 21
SOLARPOWER: GOOD FOR NOW OR TOMORROW? At this moment  humans are still dependent on fossil fuels to provide them with electricity for their daily uses. This energy source is not only reliable but more importantly low-cost. However there are downsides: fossil fuels aren’t abundance source and it isn’t sustainable for planet earth. One of the solutions is making use of is sun by placing solar panels on the roof. And thus giving humans an abundant natural energy source.It’s a straight forward solution, but this comes with a few difficult tasks. In the ‘Solar energy:good for now or tomorrow?‘ article you will learn how the production of solar energy works, the advantages and disadvantages, what kind of tasks lay ahead make solar energy accessible for the average household and how to find your way in the current market. BY RENEE VAN WESEP
First, we are going to look at how rays of the sun are being converted into electricity for everyday usage. One the market today their are the different ways, which can transform the sun’s light into energy. One of them is the so-called Photo-voltaic (PV) panels. The first capable Photo-voltaic solar cells that could convert sun rays into energy and run an electronic device was introduce in 1954 by three American researchers Gerald Pearson, Calvin Fuller and Daryl Chapin at the Bell Telephone Laboratory. And in 1983 21 megawatts is produced worldwide by PV systems and as of (month) 2016 (number megawatts. These cells are placed across open spaces or affixed to a roof’s structure. You have two electrical contacts that are connected to a semiconductor. When the sun strikes the flat panels photons are absorbed into the semiconductor and DC) is created. And inverted knocks loose a couple of electrons (AC) altering current electricity and they are going to the two contacts. This altering current electricity can be used to power your house. On the other side you have concentrated solar power (csp) better known as a thermal solar system. For this system you have to install giant mirrors (heliostats), which are computercontrolled. The heliostats reflect and concentrate sunlight to a single focus point. It created heat and fluid to a solar receiver steam generator (srsc), turning a super-heat stream with the help of a turbine into electricity. Photovoltaic (PV) cells are more common for businesses and consumers alike, because the installation can be used on a smaller scale. however, concentrated solar power (csp) is better for the environment and has a lower cost of electricity. Now you know how solar panels are produced and which types of solar panels are out there. But should you (re)consider to buy this type of ‘green’ technology? Down below you have the pro’s and con’s on solar energy panels. First of all its sustainable in use. Meaning, when solar panels are in use, you don’t have harmful greenhouse gases, like CO2. PV panels don’t operate on no water or air. And when you put them on the roof you won’t hear a thing. However some people don’t like the Photovoltaic panels on the roof. Or think that their house resale value will decrease. The opposite
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is true: from 2002-2013 Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory did a research, which indicated that buyers often are willing to pay more for installed solar panels.The current market offers sleek and compact solutions and they even have them in black. Furthermore, according to researchers from Geophysical Research Letters our sun will burn for the next 1.5 billion years. It’s an abundant source of energy. Unlike our fossil fuels. The daily emissions is about 73.000 terawatts that shines down on earth. Also to other belief the panels aren’t that fragile and can last the long time of 25 years. Companies can even include a 25 year power and product warranty. Panels can sustain wind, water and eve relatively harsh weather conditions such as hail. It’s a proven technology and placed by big corporations such as: Walmart, Apple, Google, Target and Macy’s Other organisations are putting their foot forwards, like governments, schools and oil companies. Examples: 6 Albemarle Public Schools(USA), Sonnenschiff and Solarsiedlung (Germany), Wildpoldsried 321% more energy(Germany), Lund’s City Hall (Sweden), San Francisco rooftop buildings (USA), 1,000 kilometers (621 miles) of road(France), Dubai rooftop buildings(United Arab Emirates), Solar on subsidised housing(USA), Townhall Viborg(Denmark), Daejeon to Sejong 20miles/32km(SouthKorea),Ota rooftop buildings(Japan), Rooftop buildings(France). Solar panels can be installed in less sunnier cold climates. This system can be installed everywhere there is daylight. Direct sun exposure will generate more power in sunnier climates. However colder temperatures can stop heat that reduce the output of voltage. A household in Germany need a larger array to product the same result as in Southern California. And because there is an excess of solar energy during the day some countries in Europe and Japan have so-called feed-in-tariffs. Basically, it means you get money for the extra kWh you generated with solar power. For the USA they have the net-meting systems, where the government give people credit for their surplus energy during the day and people spend this at night.
There are several major disadvantages to solar energy. First, the sun has to burn in order to transform light into electricity. So your solar household relies at this moment sill on an utility grids for power when night falls. Researchers are working on the efficiency of storing solar energy into batteries. Storage costs come down systematically, but they aren’t there yet. It’s possible for you to live off the grid, but for large solar customers such as businesses and government buildings this is a semi-reliable solution. Secondly, solar systems are currently too expensive and a big commitment for the average household. You pay between 10.000 -20.000 dollars for energy panels. Your investment will equalize in fife -ten years of the average 25 years life circle of the solar system. And mind you in some places your house-tax will increase in some local authorities. It’s common practice to insure the panels for possible stormdamage. The government provides made regulations to subsides solar power to make it more expressible and affordable for families and businesses. And there are loan companies that will give you the option to buy this system. Despite that solar power plants have very low operating and far lower safety risks than fossil fuel plants, they can cause land degradation or habitat loss for wildlife. These power plants need a large surface in order to operate their service. Furthermore, solar technology contains hazardous material, which you could also find in electronics. If you have to dispose this material on a large-scale is can become a problem for the environmental footprint. Also, there’s the inability of keeping up with future customer demands, because of a scarcity for certain materials for the primarily PV panel production. Luckily, silicon solar panels are compromised of more recyclable materials, such as silver, aluminium and silicon. Silicon is the second most abundant element on earth. Most sold solar panels today have an at best circa 20% efficiency rate to convert solar energy into electricity. And the cost of Photo-voltaic cells are currently around the 11 dollar cents per kilowatt hour, natural gas is 6 dollar cents and coals plant is 9 dollar cents. In 2010 Photo-voltaic rate was 21 dollar cents per kilowatt hour. It can't be a competing way for
the big industries like oil companies, energycentrals using atom fuel. If you want to invest your money into the solar energy future your luck may run out, because Shell’s chief executive Ben van Beurden offered both praise and some criticism in a meeting in quarter of 2016 with shareholders about a possible switch from hydrocarbons to renewable’s. Shell will limit heir investments in the solar industry, because although it has a bright future the top 10 solar companies made no profits and dividends last year. At this moment the company is on standby when it becomes to ”greener” technologies until they can make a financial profit. Also Europe is no longer in the global top 10 of companies that manufactures solar panels. In the early til mid 2000’s they were even the world leader in producing these panels. Now Chines companies such as Goldwind took the crown. China invest two and half times more in clean tech than the EU. There are several factors why European companies are now in the shade. According to chairman of the BNEF board Michael Liebreich Europe failed to respond efficiently to the global financial crisis and the aftermath. This plays a bit role with global investors and they hesitate to invest money in EU projects like clean energy. Liebreich paint out that several EU members showed at first strong support for renewable energy and then turned around when the expense was to high with subsidies, because it was in high demand. Investments in the green energy branch make us 18% of the global total expense was to high with subsidies, because it was in high demand.
Investments in the green energy branch make us 18% of the global total with 58 billion dollars in 2015. This investment is compared with the year before more than half cut down according to BNEF. One of the best solutions for this industry is a political commitment to this branch while navigating with recession, unemployment rate, fossil fuels suppliers and immigration. On the current market you have different kinds of panels with a wide variety in levels of output, design efficiency, reliability and durability. some are even excluded from our commercial residential use and have other applications. For example NASA makes use of 44,4% and 37,9% efficient solar cells made by Sharp, which are one of the leading companies in the industries. These systems costs millions of dollars. You also have 32,8% solar cell efficiency made by IES and University UPM in Spain and the 36% efficiently by UMonix. For the common household solar efficiency levels are between 21.5% by Sun Power and 15.5% by MiaSolĂŠ. As of today much research is being done on PV solar power and the efficiency is risen from 3.8% in 2009 to over 21% in 2014. The new material called perovskites is green incorporated and at this pace the production INFORM TOMORROWTECH ] MAY 2017 ] 26
could be 50% more energy per square foot of a panel. Combine this with a better solution for energy storage in batteries and solar power is able to compete even in this day of age with low oil prices. This green solution will also become more affordable by the increase of suppliers in which Chines have a big hand in. And even the installation time has fallen from three full days to four hours due to better tools and more efficient methods. In the end people will eventually steer towards global renewable energy, because itâ€™s in abundance unlike the hazardous fossil fuels we rely on today. Since the sun shines across the globe with free light. This can form an excellent way to be more independent and secure of our usage for our growing need of owning multiple electronic devices. When further technological advantages are made in the areaâ€™s of battery storage capacity, higher efficiency per square foot on PV panels and the type of materials that are being used in the manufacturing process of solar cells and panels. Solar energy can be a source for an alternative for an average house hold while being a good competitor against fossil fuels and still be silent, sustainable and durable for the environment
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InformTomorrowTech believes that technology can be a solution for a greener earth. Publicing a quartarly freemium magazine and writing about current major technological developments 1-2 Official site: informtomorrowtech.wordpress.com Facebookpage: facebook.com/informtomorrowtech