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TABLA DE CONTENIDO

1. COMPARISONS

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2. PAST PERFECT

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3. WOULD RATHER AND WOULD PREFER 4. TAG QUESTIONS 5. PASSIVE VOICE

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5.1 PASSIVE WITH BY

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1. COMPARISONS It is a statement of similarities and differences WITH ADJECTIVES

WITH VERBS

is more interesting than is less interesting than is harder than is not as hard as

earns more than earns less than earns as much as doesn´t earn as much as...

WITH NOUNS

WITH PAST PARTICIPLES

has better/worse hours than isn´t as much work as has more education than

is better paid than isn´t as well paid as is better educated than

Examples: An interior decorator isn´t as well paid as a fashion designer. A secret agent travels more than a police officer. An air traffic controller´s job is less artistic than a TV director´s job. Working as a comedian is harder than being a public speaker. Do exercises VIDEO

2. PAST PERFECT You use the past perfect for an event that occurred before another event in the past. PAST I was working out, When I came back, They were able to steal it, Do exercises VIDEO

PAST PERFECT and I had put my stuff in my locker. someone had stolen my wallet. because I had forgotten to lock the locker.


3. WOULD RATHER AND WOULD PREFER Would prefer takes infinitive form of the verb. Would rather takes base form of the verb. They have the same meaning.

Would you prefer to study medicine or odontology? I would prefer to study medicine. I´d prefer to study medicine. I would prefer not to study either. I´d prefer not to study either. Would you rather eat Mexican food or Italian food? I would rather eat Italian food. I´d rather eat Italian food. I would rather not eat either. I´d rather not eat either. Do exercises VIDEO

4. TAG QUESTIONS Affirmative statement + negative tag There is a lot of traffic in Bogotá, isn´t there? You have a child, don´t you? You are a singer, aren´t you? They should take English lessons, shouldn´t they? Negative statement + affirmative tag She can´t do exercise, can she? It isn´t so beautiful, is it? People don´t care about environment, do they?

Do exercises VIDEO


5. PASSIVE VOICE

5.1 PASSIVE WITH BY The passive changes the focus of a sentence. Active (past simple) Leonardo Da Vinci painted the Mona Lisa. Gabriel Garcia Marquez wrote cien años de soledad. Passive The Mona Lisa was painted by Leonardo Da Vinci. Cien años de soledad was written by Gabriel Garcia Marquez.

5.2 PASSIVE WITHOUT BY Active (present simple) They use the euro in most the European Union. They speak English in many countries all over the world. They make beer in Germany. Passive The euro is used in most the European Union. English is spoken in many countries all over the world. Beer is made in Germany. Do exercises VIDEO

HECHO POR: LAURA PAOLA GÓMEZ POVEDA



LEARNING ENGLISH