market overview Healthcare system As reported in the “Mongolia: Health System Review” published by the European Observatory on Health Systems and Policies, the health system in place in Mongolia during the communist era, known as Semashko, was based on free public provision of healthcare centrally administered by the government, but the transition from a centrally planned economy to a market-oriented system impacted on health financing as the interruption of financial support by the Soviet Union came together with the economic recession after disruptive market reforms. As Soviet aid used to contribute 30% of Mongolian GDP, the health budget was significantly reduced by the change. Health care is delivered at three levels:
Infodent International 3/2012
Primary care: family group practices in Ulaan Baatar and “aimag” (provincial) centers; “soum” (district) and “inter-soum” hospitals in remote rural areas; Secondary care: district general hospitals in Ulaan Baatar; “aimag” general hospitals in the provinces; Tertiary care: major hospitals and specialized centers in Ulaan Baatar. Besides the three general hospitals, there are specialized centres for cancer, infectious diseases, prosthetics and injuries, maternity, skin diseases, elderly and psychiatric care among others, ranging between 150 and 350 beds, as well as a foreign-run tertiary hospital.
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