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TECHNOLOGY AUDITS

ETI 2019 PREVIEW

ON THE ROAD WITH ROBOTS

A new solution to track bodycam data

Meet the speakers on stage in St. Cloud

Minnesota navigates a driverless future

It’s a Wrap Police agencies try out BolaWrap 100, an emerging technology that ties suspects up in knots and looks to deescalate potentially dangerous encounters.


Home County

Home County


K9 Haas End of Watch 1.13.19 K9 Haas was shot and killed January 13, 2019 during a barricade of a domestic violence suspect in Duluth. Negotiators spoke to the man for about an hour before he opened fire, killing K9 Haas and wounding an officer. K9 Haas served with the Duluth Police Department for two years and was certified in narcotics detection and patrol.


Orono Forensics Day Students with the Orono High School forensics class join members of the Orono Police Department and West Hennepin Public Safety for their annual visit January 10, 2019 as they study police procedure and training.


Critical Issues Forum Corcoran public safety director Matt Gottschalk makes a point during a MCPA panel discussion on police officer recruitment December 12, 2018 in Bloomington.


Wear the Badge News Conference MCPA president and Hutchinson chief of police Daniel Hatten speaks with reporters during a news conference launching the Wear the Badge campaign December, 12, 2018.


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Contents

IN THIS ISSUE 12

Executive Director’s Report Tracking new public safety technologies

FALL 2016 WINTER 2018-19

14

President’s Perspective It’s your turn to drive

16

Chaplin’s Message All things new

19

Training Overview Meeting new mandates

22

Chiefs’ Legislative Agenda New leaders and perspectives

24

Wear the Badge Real officers, real stories, real life

34

100 Years Ago in Law Enforcement The era of the automobile changes policing

38

Ad Index

IT’S A WRAP The future of crisis intervention moves toward non-lethal restraints. Minnesota police try out a new handheld device called BolaWrap 100 which can tie up a subject with a Kevlar tether in the blink of an eye and give police a better chance to deescalate a potentially deadly encounter.

PAGE 26

FEATURES

21

CONNECTING AT ETI 2019

Strategies to better connect chiefs, communities and personnel National law enforcement experts prepare to share their experiences and best practices at MCPA’s annual conference and law enforcement expo in St. Cloud.

29

BODYCAM AUDITS

30

MCPA works with stakeholders to develop a new solution The high price tag for comprehensive technology audits have prevented agencies and city councils from purchasing the cutting-edge equipment. But a new service may help change that.

30

DRIVING TECHNOLOGY INTO THE FUTURE

Minnesota roads in new world without drivers?

A Minnesota governor’s task force begins looking at CAVs or connected and automated vehicles. How should the state and public safety prepare for an influx of driverless cars and trucks? WINTER 2018-19

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Executive Director’s Report

Tracking new public safety technologies We just launched Wear the Badge, a media campaign you’ve hopefully seen by now and we believe is helping start a new conservation with citizens about why Minnesota men and women choose to serve in law enforcement. It is also focused at a new generation considering policing as a career, with stories about what interests them in the profession and how we might get more of them to consider it their calling. This is a generation of Minnesotans who has grown up with videos and social media. They are not necessarily intimidated by new technologies, including body-worn cameras, but are just as ANDY SKOOGMAN EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR MINNESOTA CHIEFS OF POLICE ASSOCIATION

wary as anybody about the glare of the public spotlight that can sometimes accompany the police work.

In effort to share more member stories, the MCPA is adding new digital editions of Minnesota Police Chief. Our digital and print issues will focus on specific topics to more effectively cover law enforcement interests. This month we start with a technologyfocused issue. This year, in effort to share more member stories, the MCPA is adding new digital editions of Minnesota Police Chief. Our digital and print issues will focus on specific topics to more effectively cover law enforcement interests. This month we start with a technology-focused issue. In the pages to come, we look at an innovative device being deployed by a Minnesota police agency that borrows from an old concept. The BolaWrap 100 uses a Kevlar wrap as a non-lethal restraint. Its inventors designed it to safely immobilize a subject and give officers more time to react and develop plans to end a dangerous encounter. In this issue we also offer a solution to a problem challenging many of our police agencies, especially smaller ones. It is the necessity to conduct regular audits of emerging technologies such as body-worn cameras. We also take a look at what a new generation of police officers will face once driverless cars and trucks become more common on our state’s roads and highways. 100 years ago it was mass production of automobiles that fundamentally changed policing. Now connected and automated vehicles have the potential to do that all over again.

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MINNESOTA POLICE CHIEF


Professionals Training Professionals

Finally, as millennials and the generation behind them enter our workforce, we are all working alongside young people who are used to visual learning. As one of our student panelists said during our Critical Issues Forum, they are used to learning by doing. With that in mind, you will see scenario-based training taught at our Chiefs academies and more online sessions produced from our new interactive training center in New Brighton.

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13


President’s Perspective

Your turn to drive With retirement appearing ever closer on the horizon, I find myself paying more attention than usual to events and meetings that might otherwise seem routine. Occasionally something crosses my desk that gives me an extra jolt. Recently, it was a notice of election on the MCPA agenda. It was a reminder of just how quickly my time as President of the Association is passing and that it’s also time to encourage a new generation of leaders to step forward. First, if you have not ever done it, you should consider joining a MCPA committee or running to serve on the board of directors. Maybe you’ve thought about it but figured you cannot find DAN HATTEN PRESIDENT

the time or stomach the drive halfway across the state to a meeting. If that’s the case, we should definitely talk.

MINNESOTA CHIEFS OF POLICE ASSOCIATION

If you live and work in greater Minnesota like I do, you already know what it’s like to be the only chief around for miles. I cannot count the number of times I have bounced an idea or challenge off of a colleague or friend I’ve met through MCPA. As you’ve heard me say before, I have always believed reaching out and getting involved with MCPA has made me a better chief and leader in law enforcement. More importantly, I discovered my city leadership actually felt the same way about my service. If you live and work in greater Minnesota like I do, you already know what it’s like to be the only chief around for miles. I cannot count the number of times I have bounced an idea or challenge off of a colleague or friend I’ve met through MCPA. The next thing to look at are the issues we face as chiefs. They are too important to me, my agency and community to sit on the sidelines and stay quiet. While I don’t have all the answers, working on them together through MCPA has proven to be both effective and an efficient use of my time. Whether it’s someone I know in Hutchinson, a policymaker sitting in St. Paul, or someone else, people really want to know what’s on our collective minds. MCPA has a staff of dedicated people who also work hard to understand the issues and build the relationships that are so important to advancing our profession and public safety. When you serve, you are going to find these people are ready to help you and our Association succeed.

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MINNESOTA POLICE CHIEF


For me, a meeting at MCPA is a straight shot across highway 7 into the north metro. I have discovered a little bit of windshield time is good for me and even the people in my agency. Every time I attend a meeting at MCPA there are other members who join remotely by video conference. This isn’t technology that works some of the time. The Chiefs have made it a priority to better connect CLEOs both at our meetings and large events like ETI and the Critical Issues Forum. The strength of our Association is reflected by the number of men and women who serve on committees and the board each year. Thank you for your time and dedication to our profession. And, if you’re someone thinking about stepping forward to serve, don’t hesitate to reach out to me or Andy Skoogman, our executive director, with your questions.

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Chaplain’s Message

All Things New The start of the calendar year always offers a clean slate for law enforcement agencies. Case numbers begin anew, tracking the thousands of incident reports that will be filed by peace officers in the coming year. Annual crime stats are at their lowest levels when the clock strikes midnight on New Year's Eve, providing a new benchmark for comparison to criminal activity in past years. Budgets are reset to zero percent expenditures on January 1st in preparation for another twelve months of Chief Law Enforcement Officers wisely spending the public tax dollars entrusted to them for operation of their local police departments. Some agencies are fortunate to have been TONY PAETZNICK CHAPLAIN MINNESOTA CHIEFS OF POLICE ASSOCIATION

allocated increased funding in 2019 to hire additional personnel, start fresh policing initiatives, and invest in new facilities, equipment, and vehicles.

Let me offer you encouragement in the important realm of spiritual health care, to move beyond your comfort zone, or perhaps even a place of complacency, and make a fit spirit a priority for your daily life. Turning the calendar page from December to January is significant in some communities based on the change of local elected officials as winners on the November ballot are sworn into office. At the state level, certain new laws take effect on January 1st, the work of the past legislative session coming to fruition. With a new Governor and significant changes in State Representatives, law enforcement and many others are watchful of the new administration and already strategizing legislative platforms. On a personal level, we were challenged on January 1st to consider New Year's resolutions focused on our individual health. Perhaps some of you have remained steadfastly committed to new wellness practices established at the start of 2019, with proper diet and exercise at the forefront of your daily routine. Others might have already scheduled their annual physical evaluation or their workplace mental health evaluation to assure fitness of both body and mind for the New Year. Starting a new spiritual practice, whether through reading or writing, a solo devotion or a community gathering, built from either a long-standing foundation of belief or a new understanding of faith, is another way that hopefully some of you began the New Year. Perhaps 2019 is the year that caring for your soul is at the top of your personal wellness agenda. As the

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MINNESOTA POLICE CHIEF


MCPA Chaplain, let me offer you encouragement in this important realm of spiritual health care, to move beyond your comfort zone, or perhaps even a place of complacency, and make a fit spirit a priority for your daily life in 2019. For some members of our Association, 2019 will be their final year of policing, with plans to retire from the profession and pursue new ventures. Others will find themselves unexpectedly searching for new employment or seeking a career opportunity in a different agency. Such unknowns create anticipation and anxiety. Having addressed personal health and wellness in advance of such storms of uncertainty will help you weather the unanticipated events that naturally occur in all our lives at different times, and in varying levels of degree and severity. A healthy soul can do wonders in such seasons. Regardless of the time of the year, right now is the best time for a fresh start. As we continue through the months of 2019, consider how each day affords us as CLEOs the opportunity to do something new in the agencies that we represent across the State of Minnesota. While built on the historical pillars of honor, trust, service, and integrity, the policing profession is also one that demands a fresh and bold perspective in modern society to meet the ever-changing demands of a constantly evolving society. Are you prepared for all things that will be new in 2019?

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MINNESOTA POLICE CHIEF


Training Overview

Training Overview The MCPA’s 2019 training calendar will continue to focus on leadership and the new learning objectives approved last year by the Minnesota POST Board. Those objectives are focused on crisis intervention, conflict management and cultural diversity. MCPA executive director Andy Skoogman says two new changes will include more use of the new training center in New Brighton and more scenario-based training sessions. “We just held our first Advanced CLEO and Command session in the new center with great feedback,” Skoogman says. The room inside the New Brighton public safety building received a technology update in 2018 complete with new wallmounted video screens, an interactive smart board and the ability to livestream trainings session around the state. “That is the key addition we wanted to pursue because it is tied to MCPA’s tactical plan to making events and opportunities more accessible to an audience all around our state,” Skoogman says. “We will be working to provide online training session produced from the room but available to participants who can join from their home agency or other locations. We know that research shows scenariobased training is more effective than lecture-style learning,” Skoogman said. “The time is now to incorporate interactive trainings into our academies. Police agencies can also schedule custom or individual training sessions for their department or region by contacting MCPA directly at ingo@mnchiefs.org.

MPCA 2019

TRAINING CALENDAR MCPA LEADERSHIP ACADEMY A multi-day course for middle management personnel in law enforcement. Participants will develop skills on how to make a distinct transition from street officer to supervisor. The classes are designed with understanding that effective supervision is critical to make a successful law enforcement agency. May 7 -10 | Camp Ripley September 17 – 20 | New Brighton December 3 -6 | Camp Ripley

IMPLICIT BIAS AND CULTURAL DIVERSITY Led by experience cultural diversity officer Andre Koen, participants will learn the Minnesota POST Board objectives which are intended to promote improved police and community relationships and safety, and increased recognition and appreciation of community diversity and cultural differences. March 8 | New Brighton

CONFLICT MANAGEMENT, MEDIATION & CRISIS INTERVENTION Led by Marie Ridgeway, an experienced mental health training specialist, participants will learn mental health basics, commonly encountered mental health diagnoses including the impact of trauma and substance abuse, and the crossover of mental health and criminal behavior. Officers will learn ways to effectively respond to persons with mental illness and strategies for managing mental health crises, along with knowledge and information about officer mental health and wellness. November 2019 | New Brighton

STRENGTH & RESILIENCY: A TACTICAL APPROACH TO WELLNESS The course is led by Dr. Paul Nystrom who provides an overview of physical wellness including challenges specifically related to law enforcement such as lifestyle, stress, sleep patterns, shift work, diet and exercise. Dr. Nystrom also covers resources, suggestions and recommendations on how to live an overall healthy lifestyle and increase longevity. September 10, October 8, November 12 | New Brighton More information and registration available at www.mnchiefs.org/training


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ETI 2019

Executive Training Institute and Law Enforcement Expo

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MONDAY, APRIL 15

Kevin Briggs

Gordon Graham

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LEGISLATIVESPECIAL 2019 Chiefs’ Legislative Agenda

LEGISLATIVEUPDATE

When Minnesota lawmakers returned to St. Paul in January for the start of the 2019 legislative session, there were more changes than usual. For starters, Tim Walz became the first DFLer in state history to succeed a twoterm governor from the same political party. Minnesota is also the only state in the country where control of the legislature is currently split between two political parties. Republicans retained control of the state senate while the DFL now has the majority in the state house of representatives. Despite the appearance of divided government, Walz and legislative leaders met a couple of time before taking office and promised a more cooperative environment in St. Paul. "I'm looking forward to us being a team that can work together and that's how I view us - as one team for Minnesota," Governor Walz said in an interview with KSTP-TV. As the session got underway, members of the MCPA legislative committee met with key lawmakers and members of the Walz administration. Several topics on MCPA’s Legislative Agenda are already being talked about, including gun and school violence prevention measures. Another priority is to make sure legislators understand the importance of continuing the state investments for mandated law enforcement training. MCPA will ask lawmakers to continue the POST Board training reimbursement allocation to local agencies into fiscal year 2022-2023. These funds come through the Peace Officer Training Fund for mandated training in the areas of recognizing and valuing diversity and cultural differences, conflict management and mediation, crisis intervention and mental Illness crises. 22

Governor Walz chooses two MCPA members to join his cabinet John Harrington and Paul Schnell both received MCPA’s Richard W. Schaller Award in 2017 recognizing their service to the community and law enforcement profession.

JOHN HARRINGTON

PAUL SCHNELL

• Metro Transit Chief of Police • Minnesota State Senator • St. Paul Chief of Police

• Inver Grove Heights Chief of Police • Maplewood Chief of Police • Hastings Chief of Police

Commissioner of Public Safety

Commissioner of Corrections

MINNESOTA POLICE CHIEF


2019 MCPA Legislative Agenda CRIMINAL BACKGROUND CHECKS – The MCPA supports

IMMUNITY FOR VETERINARIANS – The MCPA supports

preventing individuals who are not legally able to purchase a gun from doing so without background checks at gun shows, online or in private transactions.

statutory changes that would allow for veterinarians who are mandated reporters of animal abuse to be immune from civil liability.

Criminal Gang Investigative Data System – The MCPA supports amending MN Statute 299C.091 to clarify when a legally identified gang member, who is incarcerated, is removed from the Gang Investigative Data system. Currently, all legally identified gang members are purged from the data system three years after the last record of a conviction or adjudication or stayed adjudication of the individual. Proposed language would be: Unless the individual whom the data pertains to is sentenced to or adjudicated to an adult prison or juvenile placement and the prison or juvenile placement continues to document on-going gang criteria behavior during the placement the three-year conviction period should begin once released.

K-12 THREAT ASSESSMENTS – The MCPA supports

GUN VIOLENCE PROTECTIVE ORDERS (GVPOS) – The MCPA supports allowing law enforcement, qualified health care practitioners, family members and intimate partners who believe an individual’s dangerous behavior has a substantial likelihood to lead to violence to request an order from a civil court authorizing law enforcement to temporarily remove any guns in the individual's possession and to prohibit new gun purchases for the duration of the order.

LAW ENFORCEMENT INTEGRITY ACT – The MCPA

CONTINUED INVESTMENTS FOR MANDATED LAW ENFORCEMENT TRAINING – The MCPA supports

UPDATE OF MN GOVERNMENT DATA PRACTICES ACT – The MCPA fully supports the importance of the

continuing the POST Board training reimbursement allocation to local agencies, which began in 2018, into fiscal year 2022-2023 through the Peace Officer Training Fund for mandated training in the areas of recognizing and valuing diversity and cultural differences, conflict management and mediation, crisis intervention and mental Illness crises.

current Minnesota Government Data Practices Act for accountability and transparency purposes. However, the MCPA supports legislation to update the Minnesota Government Data Practices Act to comprehensively address technological changes in the type of sensitive data collected since the Act was first enacted in 1979.

WINTER 2018-19

legislation requiring school districts to establish a team of subject matter experts to examine and address school safety issues and specific threats to the students, staff and community. This legislation would move our state beyond physical school safety measures, such as infrastructure improvement grants, passed by the Legislature in 2018. Protecting all sworn officers under MS 176.011- The MCPA supports legislation to clarify that all sworn officers have the same occupational hazard protections. Current law excludes sworn officers employed by certain state agencies.

supports allowing for a Minnesota Licensed Peace Officer to be terminated from public employment without opportunity to challenge the remedy of termination should the basis for termination be willful or intentional dishonesty, deception, or similar unethical or illegal conduct that is deemed sufficient to imperil their credibility in court testimony. The MCPA does not support limiting an officer’s due process right to arbitration.

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Wear the Badge The Minnesota Chiefs of Police Association pushed forward with a key element of its strategic plan in December with the debut of Wear the Badge. The comprehensive media campaign is aimed at telling the true story of what it is like to protect and serve in the 21st Century and why Minnesota men and women choose to wear the badge. MCPA leaders introduced a series of videos and the Wear the Badge web portal at a statewide news conference just prior of the association’s Critical Issues Forum in Bloomington. They used the opportunity to stress the importance of recruiting and retaining a new generation of law enforcement officers. “Our community loves its police officers. They’re very supportive,” said Jeff Potts, Bloomington’s chief of police and the vice president of MCPA. “I think if more people knew that and understood you get to be active and out in the community, a lot more people would be considering law enforcement as a career. The Critical Issues Forum included panels of law enforcement leaders and educators who discussed both recruiting challenges and solutions. A presentation from state demographer Susan Brower also highlighted the decline in Minnesota’s available workforce which is already impacting a wide range of careers. (More information about the event is available at mnchiefs.org in the January issues of Minnesota Police Chief Online.) Andrew Wittenborg, who directs Wear the Badge for MCPA, says initial coverage of the campaign reached ten of thousands of Minnesotans through T-V, radio and newspapers. “We are really pleased with the response. We have a critical message to share when it comes to recruiting a new generation of peace officers,” Wittenborg says. “But more importantly, many Minnesotans also want to see a more authentic portrayal of police work. They understand media coverage isn’t always going to be positive but they still want to get a better understanding of what it’s like to be a police officer and explore how the career is evolving.” Wear the Badge includes a series of short videos from chiefs and officers with their personal and unscripted stories of how they chose a career in public safety. A website hosts the videos, information on careers in law enforcement and links to available jobs. “It has been a great experience meeting a lot of officers from different backgrounds with different stories to share,” Wittenborg says. “But one thing I have discovered is that they all have a calling to serve their communities and help others.” Wear the Badge will continue to live on with new videos and stories released on social media. MCPA has also entered into a partnership with School Space Media, a company that provides live video streams of high school sporting events across Minnesota. The officers’ stories are aired during halftime coverage of boys and girl’s basketball and hockey games. MCPA members will also use the video series and other resources as part of their outreach both at schools and community meetings. Since the launch of the campaign, some educational institutions have also asked to make the stories part of their career libraries.

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Cover Story

It’s a Wrap

Police around the country try out the BolaWrap 100, a new non-lethal restraint On a chilly Thursday afternoon, the team from Bola Wrap has found yet another police chief willing to stand in front of its new product. Company COO Mike Rothans holds a small device in his hand and discharges the device. Pop! In the blink of an eye, Chaska chief of police Scott Knight finds 8 feet of Kevlar rope tied around his legs. He can barely move and that’s the point. “This restrains the individual so that you can get them help, without hurting them,” Rothans explains to room full of chiefs and police officers inside the city fire station. Rothans, a former Assistant Sheriff with the Los Angeles County department, and his team at Wrap Technologies has offered this demo 26

We have developed a product that fills the gap between the verbal commands police might use in a crisis-situation and pain compliance tools. dozens of times at police departments around the country. “We were initially talking to people we knew,” he says. “But after about 2 months we started to get inundated with requests for demonstrations.” BolaWrap visited with Chaska police in November. In the weeks since then, Knight says his Use of Force Training Team has worked on drafting a policy and prepared the department to train and deploy the BolaWrap 100. “The moment I saw this device, I

knew that we needed to have it,” Knight told the Star Tribune back in November. “This is one of the biggest advancements I’ve seen in my 43-year career. I wish I’d had this tool when I was an officer.” Like a lot of emerging products in law enforcement, BolaWrap is the creation of entrepreneurs who grew frustrated watching media coverage of police use of force encounters that turned deadly. “The number one problem police have right now is facing mentally ill MINNESOTA POLICE CHIEF


individuals in the midst of a crisis,” Rothans says. “The police have become the defacto social service agency.” But he stresses BolaWrap was not designed to replace a gun, Taser or other use of force devices. “What we have developed is a product that fills the gap between the verbal commands police might use in a crisis-situation and pain compliance tools.”

For anyone who watches a demonstration, the biggest surprise might not be the wrap around your body but the sound that comes with it. That is partly by design. In media coverage from recent months, a few journalists have compared the device to something the fictional character Batman might use. The BolaWrap 100 uses a greenlaser sight for targeting and projects a cartridge containing an eight-foot-long Kevlar cord that spreads out and wraps around the target. Once it has wrapped around a person’s arms or legs, barbs attach to clothing and hold the cord in place. For anyone who watches a demonstration, the biggest surprise might not be the wrap around your body but the sound that comes with it. That is partly by design. It gives police more time to safety take the person into custody or get them the medical help they need," Rothans explained. WINTER 2018-19

CHIEFS RESOURCES More information and a video demonstration of BolaWrap 100 is available in the Resource section of www.mnchiefs.org.

NEXT STEPS Wrap Technologies, including a demonstration of the BolaWrap 100, will be available during the 2019 ETI and Law Enforcement Expo in St. Cloud.

“This is something that can be used earlier in a crisis to control somebody,” says Don DeLucca, a retired Florida police chief and former IACP president who works with Wrap Technologies. “It is a safe, humane restraint.” There are already a couple of hundred BolaWrap devices in police duty belts around the country. Product demonstrations have also led to a few adjustments. New versions of the cartridge will also be available in the color yellow. A line laser will also replace the current dot laser making it easier to aim.

As Knight participated in the demo at his department, he did not seem as startled by the sound as much as the force of the wrap. It did not hurt, but said it felt like someone grabbing and holding him by the legs. When he tried to move, he could barely do more than a slow shuffle. The chief says he does not expect to turn to the device in every crisis. But as he and his officers prepare to deploy it, he is hopeful it will bring more of those encounters to a safer ending for everyone involved.

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MINNESOTA POLICE CHIEF


Bodycam Audits

LYNN LEMBCKE

A new solution to performing body-worn camera audits

Technology continues to rapidly change the law enforcement landscape in Minnesota. More agencies, large and small, are deploying bodyworn cameras (or considering their deployment) to gather crucial evidence and enhance transparency with their communities. But with the benefits of body-worn cameras, comes significant financial challenges.

My goal is to provide a convenient and costeffective service to agencies who participate in portable recording system programs. “My goal is to provide a convenient

Lembcke understands the benefits

and cost-effective service to agencies

body-worn camera data provides to

who participate in portable recording

both the public and law enforcement

system (body worn camera) programs

agencies. The Burnsville Police

Beyond the infrastructure costs,

for the biennial audit as required by

Department was the first agency in

the high price tag for comprehensive

MN Statute 13.825,” says Lembcke,

Minnesota to implement a body

audits (required by statute) have

who has worked as a civilian in the

worn camera program and Lembcke

prevented agencies and city councils

law enforcement field since 1987,

has been involved since its inception

from purchasing the technology,

starting in the Stevens County Sheriff’s

in 2010. Her involvement has

forced them to discontinue usage of

Department and currently in the

included planning, implementation,

the technology or, at the very least,

Burnsville Police Department where

police development, data retention,

made them think twice about the

she is the Services Manager in Police

reporting, monitoring, legislation and

long-term return on the investment.

Administration.

audits. She has served as a resource

These challenges are particularly great

to other agencies implementing body

for the small agencies in our state.

worn camera programs.

The MCPA is always looking for ways to provide solutions for our members, and we’re pleased to announce a new partnership with Lynn Lembcke, who has launched her own independent audit firm aimed specifically at helping the small agencies control costs of but still conduct a comprehensive, professional

CHIEFS RESOURCES More information on body-worn cameras and audits can be found in the Resource section of www.mnchiefs.org.

NEXT STEPS If you are interested in hiring Lembcke or have questions, contact her at MCPA at 651-457-0677 or info@mnchiefs.org. Lembcke’s fee structure can also be found at www.mnchiefs.org/audits.

audit.

WINTER 2018-19

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Connected and Automated Vehicles

Navigating Minnesota’s future in a driverless world

If Minnesota doesn’t take any action to anticipate CAV technology, it will miss a critical opportunity to use technology for the benefit of Minnesotans and businesses. Failure to take action could jeopardize

safety,

impose

additional

infrastructure

costs,

increase congestion, lose business and economic development

opportunities, displace workers, negatively impact public health, and even further increase equity disparities.

Source: Governor’s Task Force Report | December 2018

When Minneapolis Police Chief Medaria Arradondo stood before reporters in December and talked about the challenge of recruiting new officers, one barrier he raised caught many by surprise. Driver’s licenses. “Many of us, as chiefs, came on and we were so excited and happy at 16 years of age to get our driver’s license. That has gone away significantly,” the chief said. As Arradondo points out, a valid driver’s license is still essential to becoming a police officer, even a community service officer. But his city is one of many around the country where schools no longer offer driver’s training. In fact, statistics show fewer young people actually take the time or have the resources to pay for driver’s ed. As Minnesota law enforcement leaders look down the road, there is another change coming 30

MINNESOTA POLICE CHIEF


that will not just significantly change the profession but life on the open road. This is a future where cars and trucks drive themselves. Depending upon which prediction you want to believe, that day is anywhere from a few years to decades away. Before he left office, Governor Mark Dayton received a report recommending Minnesota get serious about preparing for the driverless or automated vehicles. The authors, a group of public and private leaders Dayton appointed to an advisory council, pointed out 29 states have already passed law allowing for testing for or full deployment of CAVs. “If Minnesota doesn’t take any action to anticipate CAV technology, it will miss a critical opportunity,” the

report’s authors wrote. “Failure to take action could jeopardize safety.” It’s not as if Minnesota has not seen any driverless technology. A year ago, the Minnesota Department of Transportation offered several hundred people free rides in an autonomous electric-powered shuttle before the Super Bowl. MnDOT continues to test driverless technology at its research center in Monticello. But in other states, driverless cars already share the road with drivers and pedestrians. Sometimes the interactions give new meaning to road rage. Police in Chandler, Arizona have recorded more than 20 incidents in which people have thrown rocks at autonomous cars, punctured a tire, swerved toward them, and even pointed a gun at one. Chandler has made itself the driverless capital of the world. Several companies use the city’s streets to test their technologies. One of them, called Waymo, started out as a

Google project more than 10 years ago. The company now has a fleet of hundreds of self-driving Chrysler Pacificas in town. Some are followed by backup human drivers who can help monitor performance and interactions.

WINTER 2018-19

Waymo made more news recently when it published a guide for emergency responders. Just how should police go about stopping a vehicle where it’s a robot and not a person behind the wheel? “The Waymo vehicle uses its sensors to identify police or emergency vehicles by detecting their appearance, their sirens, and their emergency lights,” according to the guide. The vehicle’s communication system can also connect “Rider Support specialists with police” once the vehicle is pulled over. And if all else fails, the guide highlights a toll-free hotline emergency responders can call. Then, there are the events that lead up to a traffic stop itself. An examination of driverless technologies written a few years ago for the International Association of Chiefs of Police noted traffics stops have been a cornerstone of policing for decades and often help solve crimes unrelated to driving. “An autonomous vehicle that does not commit traffic violations may never be subject to a traffic stop by a law enforcement officer,” Captain Kevin Davis of the California Highway Patrol wrote in Police Chief magazine in 2016. “Therefore, law enforcement agencies will have far less opportunities for criminal apprehension arising from traditional traffic stops, which will require a significant change in the way law enforcement agencies approach traffic enforcement.” Back in Minnesota, transportation and law enforcement experts are taking note of each development around the world and trying to prepare for the unexpected. The governor’s advisory council held dozens of public meetings last fall. Its members also 31


Connected and Automated Vehicles

noted the technology is developing so rapidly that most major vehicle manufacturers have their own CAV programs. For their part, the companies are pressing states to clarify their rules and regulations. The report notes Minnesota law is unclear on whether automated vehicles and truck platoons can operate in the state. MnDOT oversees the construction and operations of the highways. The Minnesota Department of Public Safety regulates the people who use the roads, including licensing, registration and criminal apprehension. Some states, like Connecticut and the District of Columbia, still require a human being in an autonomous vehicle. Michigan is one state that will only allow truly driverless vehicles if certain conditions are met. The industry, in hopes of avoiding a variety of rules and regulations from state to state, would like the federal government to offer one set of rules that would set a single standard for CAV operation.

CHIEFS RESOURCES More information on CAVs and driverless technologies, including the Governor’s Advisory Council Report, can be found in the Resource section of www.mnchiefs.org.

NEXT STEPS MCPA will continue to share CAV developments in C-notes and Minnesota Police Chief magazine.

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MINNESOTA POLICE CHIEF


Governor’s Advisory Council Recommendations • Authorize in statute the commissioners of public safety and transportation to safely test automated vehicles on public roadways.

• Develop standards for test drivers of automated vehicles and create a statewide curriculum for driver/user training on the limitations and benefits of the technology.

• In addition to testing, develop a plan to safely deploy these vehicles for personal, public and commercial use

• As the technology develops, reconsider and update driver licensing requirements to allow people with disabilities, veterans, aging, and others who may not have driver’s licenses the ability to independently utilize automated vehicles.

• Allow in statue the department of transportation and public safety to authorize truck platooning, in collaboration with the applicable public authority with jurisdiction of the roadway.

GOVERNOR’S ADVISORY COUNCIL ON CONNECTED & AUTOMATED VEHICLES EXECUTIVE REPORT. A full list of the recommendations is available in the Resource section of www.mnchiefs.org.

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100 Years Ago Law Enforcement

Ushering in a New Era in Policing The 1920s brought a period of profound change to the United States of America. World War I, known then as the Great War, had just ended. A wave of German, Irish and Scandinavian immigrants was moving to America and especially the Upper Midwest. The states had just ratified the Eighteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution prohibiting intoxicating liquors. The decade became known as the Roaring Twenties.

years were spent on goodwill work. The first chief told of almost losing his job when he and another officer chased a group of bank robbers off a trunk highway before making an arrest.

Images courtesy St. Paul Police Historical Society. Visit www.spphs.com for more information.

100 years ago, a police car was still a relatively rare site on Minnesota roadways. The state highway system was a new idea. But the automobile was about to change law enforcement and the organization of police departments across the region. A St. Paul police souvenir booklet dating back to 1919 sheds light on the development John J. O’Connor of police squads and motorcycle Chief of Police units in the city. New police chief John O’Connor recommended the establishment of a traffic squad in 1901. “A police ambulance was also purchased, to facilitate the removal of injured to hospitals. It was also used in all cases where an ambulance was needed, and the ailing one too poor to employ a private conveyance” the book notes. Rosters from St. Paul’s five neighborhood police stations list dozens of Patrolmen on the job. It would be another ten years before the Minnesota Highway Patrol was created by highway commissioner Charles Babcock. Harley-Davidson’s remained the trooper’s vehicle of choice in warmer months while Henry Ford’s Model A was the standard in winter. The Patrol’s long history with Camp Ripley began with its first academy in 1930. Even though the country was still in the midst of the Gangster Era, a Minnesota State Patrol history notes early 34

MINNESOTA POLICE CHIEF


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Coming in 2019

MARCH 2019

MINNESOTA POLICE CHIEF ONLINE An overview of Minnesota law enforcement training and education in 2019. Contact MPCA or Synergetic Endeavors to learn more about partner opportunities to provide content for this issue.

APRIL 2019

MINNESOTA CHIEFS MARKETPLACE AND ETI GUIDE A guide of MCPA’s biggest event of the year. The Executive Training Institute and Law Enforcement Expo returns to St. Cloud with world-class speakers and educational session. The guide will highlight the vendors supporting Minnesota law enforcement. 36

MINNESOTA POLICE CHIEF


Officer Santos

Trooper Cleveland

Watch the stories now WearTheBadge.org

Listen to the MPCA Podcast

Episodes available at MNchiefs.org/media

WINTER 2018-19

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Eric Klang Chief of Police, Pequot Lakes

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Brian Weierke Chief of Police, Fridley

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EXECUTIVE DIRECTOR Andy Skoogman MCPA

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The Minnesota Police Chief, the official magazine of The Minnesota Chiefs of Police Association, is published quarterly to serve the police leadership in Minnesota. Association members receive Minnesota Police Chief as a benefit of membership. The Minnesota Police Chief is published by the Minnesota Chiefs of Police Association, 803 Old Highway 8 NW, Suite 1, New Brighton, MN 55112. It is the policy of the Minnesota Chiefs of Police Association that all articles reflect only the views of the author and that publication of articles or advertisements within Minnesota Police Chief does not constitute endorsement by the Association or its agents of products, services, or views expressed herein. No representation is made as to the accuracy here of and the publication is printed subject to errors and omissions. Editorial contributions to the Minnesota Police Chief are always welcome. Contributions should be sent to the Managing Editor and are subject to review and acceptance by the Magazine Committee. Editorial contributions will be handled with reasonable care; however, the publisher assumes no responsibility for the safety of artwork, photographs, or manuscripts. SENIOR EDITOR Andrew Wittenborg andrew@mnchiefs.org 651/457-0677

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