February 2010 Vol. 9, No. 4
Bloomington-Normal’s free independent newspaper
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In the Indy
THE THOUGHTS YOU NEED, EVERY TWO WEEKS
More Additions to Campus
Toxic Wastes and Hati
Lovely Bones Movie/Book
Being a Cock Block
One Nation Under God: Football and the Fragile Male Ego Yuri Gonzales Indy Staff
As the 2009-2010 N.F.L. playoffs close with the Super Bowl another chapter in the narrative of American popular culture is near completion. No other production testifies to the predisposition in our culture to resolve conflict through violence. Comparisons to trench warfare are ample as teams compete for physical control of a line of scrimmage on a one hundred and twenty yard length field of play. Organized play is reflective of being civilized, in that the rules governing a sport amount to the evolution of a code of conduct. The creed fostering the evolution of our democracy is that “All Men Are Created Equal.” Thus for the U.S.A. republic, the leisure of sport can be a consistent affirmation or denunciation of the social contract articulated in the Declaration of Inde-
pendence. In our cultural story a fight for equality defined the experience of creating freedom for disenfranchised portions of the population. It is no wonder then that we utilize our free time as citizens watching war by proxy as entertainment. Covering the New York Giants Training Camp for The American Spectator, Neal B. Freeman bluntly analyzed the purpose of the sport of football. Freeman states “casual observers tend to think that football is about strength. It’s not. It’s about weakness. The other guy’s weaknesses. Every play is designed, first, to probe for weakness and then, when it’s exposed, to attack it repeatedly until the opponent is forced to compensate for it, thus creating another weakness.” At a young age, I learned my weakness as an athlete in competition against the current all-time leading receiver in New York Giants franchise history. See Football on page 3:
True Love Needs No Holiday Connie Bach Indy Staff
male ally, when we can really deal with the problem ourselves. Likewise, with men, there is a similar issue. Instinct says that, Valentine’s Day is the day of love, according to biological research and psythe day of pink ribbons, pink bows, silly chology, men look for youthful, attractive cards, and ugly little cherubs that make mates, while society offers a conflicting oreverything sickeningly sweet. Romance der: find an attractive mate but also choose scents the air of shops, and passion casts its her for her personality. All it requires is to light into private moments. Men buy flow- rethink: “What talents does she have, what ers and jewelry, women cards; often the is her personality like.” day ends in a dinner and a romantic twist. We are in a time when society lies But what’s the point? Somehow, women to us; society says to men “choose a beautiseem to forget their individuality for about ful maiden who you chose for personality”; twelve hours, and return to teenage silli- society says to women “be coy and not so ness over cute boys. There is no difficulty clever and yet stand up for your rights.” It in buying your boyfriend a Dockers’ wallet is all a choice we must make: power and for about $30 before he goes to find jewel- freedom or sexual instinct. The Neolithic ry you’ll probably hate. And as far as you woman needed to choose a strong mate beguys, there is no harm in going up to the JC cause of their situation. Sure, they could Penny’s counter and picking out a simple fight off animals and build their own weapgemstone drop for about $30. She’ll wear ons to suit their stature, but imagine being it and won’t hate it, most likely. Thus there about three feet tall and trying to chop a is no need for lavish expenditures when twenty foot tree with a size-modified axe. there are trouble-free, considerate ways to Probably suicidal. Guys needed to choose display affection. women with youth because their lifespans Let’s go deeper, since we’re on the were extremely short; survival of the speguy-girl subject. Psychologists say we nat- cies depended on health of the mother. urally fear what is different from ourselves, Nowadays those instincts are not necestherefore the stereotypes and gender roles sary and have not been for centuries. So we lay on the other sex speak to insecu- it all comes down to this: stereotypes, gosrities within the sexuality of the accusing sip, witch hunts, and affairs all boil down gender. Guys, as a rule, traditionally pur- to one thing: an unconfronted issue with a sue girls. Girls fall all over themselves as significant person or group. The issue is a gender role. So, step back for a moment. that they are different, because they look Rather than allowing yourself to become and sound and think different and yet flirtatious and fulfill the stereotypes which have the same power. So, ladies, when we are trying to remove from the path of Valentine’s Day arrives, do you buy him a womankind, simply say to yourself “I can simple gift to show you care, or play coy return the warmth in equal measure, and and pleased? And guys, do you get her not become overpowered by the romance something she’ll love, or do you work hard of the occasion. I can just CHOOSE not to please someone who already loves you? to act coy around guys and actually al- Do you as a couple, go to dinner and split low them to see that I am intelligent.” We the bill, or merely stew on your insecurities are in a time when biology fights society. with a sweet smile covering up the issue? Women say “move forward” in the mod- The choice is yours, to make a difference ern world while a hypocritical demand and trust in love or to continue the cycle for beauty encourages the qualities men in which stereotypes perpetually pollute might unconsciously look for to still be affection. Love is pure, and true lovers’ portrayed, but our biological nature makes hearts do not fear the loved. No need for a us sometimes do things to appear to need a special day to show true love.
Stop Polluting My World Suzanne Holland Indy Staff Last fall I joined the thousands and became a college freshman. I knew that this would be an experience unlike any other I have had thus far in life especially because I come from such a small, sheltered life in a small, sheltered town. College is a bit like the Grand Canyon, it can’t be explained, or even captured in a photograph, you just have to experience it for yourself to know the magnitude of it. The aforementioned statement couldn’t ring more true, especially here at ISU. I am used to people either going to take a smoke or just not smoking at all. I thought that the purpose of the headphone was to make sure that only you could hear what was being played on your iPod, mp3 player, or other music device. I guess I was wrong. I take pride in how I look and take time in the morning to make sure that I look like a respectable member of society, I suppose I am one of the few who do that. Through a nasty combination of air pollution, noise pollution, and visual pollution the students of ISU have managed to make quite an impact on me. Mesothelioma is a type of cancer that develops from being exposed to second-hand smoke. My grandfather died of this cancer at a young age. Seeing as how I can’t take five steps without running into a cloud of cigarette smoke I am becoming worried about how susceptible
I am to this cancer. It’s not just that there are so many smokers on campus, but they feel the liberty to wave their lit cigarette around everywhere so that the innocent people around them can breathe in smoke too. For instance I remember a time when I was walking to a class and was running late so I was trying to walk as quickly as possible. I managed to weave my way in and out of the people walking at a regular speed without interrupting them. Then, I found myself stuck behind this big roadblock of a person smoking their cigarette and gesturing freely with their butt in hand. If the lit cigarette is held at a reasonable hip or thigh height then there is little to no damage done. I start to get fussy about the issue when someone, such as this person I have encountered, begins waving their lit cigarette at shoulder height. When the butt is at shoulder height, the smoke is at shoulder height. If the smoke is at shoulder height, then that means I can breathe it in and my poor lungs feel like the jolly green giant is sitting on them. To get to an issue that affects most everyone at ISU- headphones and their decibel level. Most people seem to understand that it isn’t necessary to have the volume up as high as possible in order to enjoy the music. And I would feel so inclined as to add that most people have probably been annoyed at least once by someone either not responding to them because they can’t hear a h u See Pollution on page 5:
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February 2010 Indy
Get Your Taxes Done For Free with the IRS!
Why pay somebody to do your taxes when you can get them done for free? The IRS’s E-file/ FreeFile service allows you to file your simple returns for free if you make under $57,000 (that should realistlically be all ISU and some of IWU’s students!). TurboTax’s version listed under the vendors that will complete your simple returns for free is in a simple to use GUI format and maximizes your return! So no need to bother paying the vultures at World Finance, H&R Block, or any other expensive tax service, just do it yourself! Alternativly, make friends with an accounting major!
Indynews@hotmail.com Still More Additions to Come for ISU’s Campus If you have been living under a rock then you might not have noticed the major construction and renovations that have been occurring on the campus of Illinois State University. While it may seem that around every corner there appears to be more construction blocking routes to the Quad, this master plan is a long term goal and will provide many great things to this University. So far in just 10 short years this University has completed many things you should be proud of.
Dining Centers renovated Linkins. Watterson is in progress
Illinois State University has also moved its University farm from Gregory Street out to Lexington. So now that the farm has found a new home that leaves around 300 acres of land that no one knows what to do with. This Gregory Street property is located west of the main campus and is right next to the University Golf Course and President Al Bowman’s home. The property currently contains tennis courts, student recreation fields for soccer, parking lots, and motorcycle safety education. What we need now are YOUR ideas and thoughts on what the University should do with all this extra land. For a visual effect, the land is equal to three times the area of the Quad but it’s not exactly walking distance from our current main campus. Should they build more dorms and have students take the bus to campus or should they build more classroom buildings? There are so many options that they are asking all students to give them their best ideas. So send your best ideas to: email@example.com and we will pass those ideas along to the big guys upstairs. But for now… learn to love all this great construction.
grow recklessly fast until it reaches its peak
Republicans used it destroy the economic
ism so that it grows at a stable rate. The government had a strong hand in deciding which lending and investment practices are legal. The government also helps the private sector grow and thrive. Following Keynesian, the US government built the American highway system, a modern power grid and dramatically expanded public colleges. This infrastructure served the American public while helping the private industry grow the economy. Under Keynesian economics, tariffs protected domestic industry. Detroit and Gary were thriving cities of American industry. High taxes enforced income equality and discouraged reckless roads to wealth. Even though Keynesian economics allows a large national debt, the US national debt at this time was minimal. From the end of World War II to the mid-seventies, Keynesian economics worked beautifully. The US economy grew to be strong and stable. For thirty years there were no major recessions. There was a strong middle class and the only national debt was from World War II. The US found a balance point between capitalism and socialism that benefited both the private industry and the people. Then in the late 70s the system hit a road block. The US suffered from stagflation. Stagflation is slow economy growth coupled with inflation. Stagflation was caused by the Arab oil crisis and the failure of several international monetary organizations. Instead of using the economic crisis to wean ourselves off Arab oil, the
of a weak Democratic Party and elected Ronald Reagan to presidency. Ronald Regan and his Republican allies drastically transformed the US economy. They imposed economics that bear many names, Supply Side economics, Reaganomics, the Chicago school, Neo-liberal economics; perhaps most accurate name for it is “the one where the rich man wins.” Supply side economics is the belief that the market always knows best. Forgetting that the Great Depression ever happened, Reagan eliminated all the controls that had been put in place to prevent another economic disaster. The government no longer had a say in deciding which types of banking and investment practices were legal. Wall Street became a wild west. Supply side economics is aimed at increasing the wealth of rich. Only the rich have the privilege of putting millions in stocks and other investments. When the lack of regulations allowed these markets to recklessly boom, those who were already rich saw their wealth increase tenfold. Regan believed that the wealth of the super rich would “trickle down” to the middle class and impoverished. This never happened. Since 1980, the wealth of the richest five percent of Americans has increased drastically while the income of the middle class and poor has stayed the same, and since 2005 has actually declined. Along with deregulating the economy, supply side economics called for drastic tax cuts. Reagan made moderate tax cuts for the middle class and drastically cut taxes on the booming wealth of corporations and the rich. The result was that despite an economic boom, the US government did not have money to fund itself, and begun to fall into its now massive debt. The second part of supply side economics began with Reagan and then intensified under Clinton and Bush. Once upon a time, America had a strong industrial sector. Thousands of products, from cars to T-shirts were made in American factories. Factories provided millions of well paying, full benefited jobs for middle and
Buildings remodeled or renovated: Completed (Schroeder Hall, Julian Hall, Moulton Hall, Felmley Hall, Milner Library) Underway (Stevenson Hall, Turner Hall, Bone Student Center) New construction: Center for the Performing Arts College of Business building Alumni Center Southeast Zone Chiller Northwest Zone Chiller Student Fitness and Kinesiology Recreation Center (occupancy in 2011) Residence Halls renovated: Wilkins, Haynie, Wright, Hewett, and Manchester
Our Economy in the Gutter their home, and when an aging adult
Athletics: Hancock Stadium turf replacement Tennis Court relocation Baseball Stadium renovation Redbird Arena lower level renovation
How history got us here, and how history can retire. In order for our economy to and then crashes. In Keynesian economics, system that had worked perfectly for three become successful again, we need to a democratic government regulates capital- decades. The Republicans took advantage can get us out Bridget Baggot Indy Staff The American economy is in the gutter and there is no sign that it will improve for the majority of us anytime soon. One in every ten American is unemployed. Twenty percent more people have had their hours or wages slashed. 1.5 million homes are in foreclosure. A new study by the Department of Commerce found that one in every six Americans is living in poverty. And the US National debt is $11.2 trillion, or $37,000 per citizen. The largest economy in the world did not collapse overnight. Despite superficial signs of success, the American economy has been decaying for decades. Thirty years of supply side economics has destroyed the middle class, domestic industry and the national budget. The great recession is not an accident. It is not an unfortunate hiccup in an otherwise perfect system. It is a product of a foolish economic policy and disgusting greed. Unlike many other political issues, the economy affects everyone. The rise and falls of economics shapes our lives. The economy determines whether you can get a student loan next semester and a job when you graduate. It determines if a family can keep
change the way we view our economy and our government. We have forgotten the lesson we learned nearly a century ago, in October of 1929. The Great Depression was caused by a lack of government regulation, stock speculation and income inequality. After the stock market crash of ‘29 America said never again. The FDIC and a dozen other finance regulatory organizations were created. The US adopted Keynesian economics, a system in which the government had a strong hand in regulating the economy. Keynesian economics recognizes that uncontrolled capitalism is a destructive force. Capitalism is inherently unstable; it will
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Bloomington-Normal’s free independent paper The Indy is a Registered Student Organization at Illinois State University, Campus Box 2700, Normal, IL, 61790-2700.
See Economy on page 7:
Toxic Wastes and Haiti Mitchel Cohen Indy Contributor Two decades ago, the garbage barge, the Khian Sea, with no place in the U.S. willing to accept its garbage, left the territorial waters of the United States and began circling the oceans in search of a country willing to accept its cargo: 14,000 tons of toxic incinerator ash. First it went to the Bahamas, then to the Dominican Republic, Honduras, Bermuda, Guinea Bissau and the Netherlands Antilles. Wherever it went, people gathered to protest its arrival. No one wanted the millions of pounds of Philadelphia municipal incinerator ash dumped in their country. Desperate to unload, the ship’s crew lied about their cargo, hoping to catch a government unawares. Sometimes they identified the ash as “construction material”; other times they said it was “road fill,” and still others “muddy waste.” But environmental experts were generally one step ahead in notifying the recipients; no one would take it. That is, until it got to HaiFootball from page 1: Amani Toomer attended Aptos Middle School in San Francisco, California during the 1987-1988 calendar school year. We were classmates in Computer, Math, and Physical Education. Aptos held an annual decathlon for each grade level six through eight. I had to race and be timed against Amani in events like long jump, vertical jump, rope climbing, a six hundred yard run, and a shuttle run among the sum of events testing pupil athleticism. I held my own against him, but could not beat him at anything, and did not place among the top ten as I did in the sixth and seventh grade level. Amani won the whole competition, and left me with a great lesson as to how immaculately conditioned an N.F.L. receiver is by grade school. He took my trophy fair and square, and whatever dreams of athletic glory I imagined to follow its acquisition were not reconciled until my early thirties. Amani Toomer is my personal “sixth degree of separation” from the glory of winning a Super Bowl Championship. He was a member of the 2007-2008 New York Giants that upset the favored and unbeaten New England Patriots; the same team Neal B. Freeman was covering in training camp when he made his observations about the sport of football. Super Bowl Sunday had a ritual flair in my life from the ages of seven to seventeen when I grew up as a San Francisco 49ers fan. My viewing frame of reference was a constant comparison to determine why a team was better than the 49ers, or why the 49ers were the best in the league that year. Hand in hand with watching the games came proposition gambling, office pool bet sheets, and the post Super Bowl card game into the late hours of championship Sunday amongst my father and his friends. Football was a surrogate for a male right of passage ritual, thus explaining why the sport gained my love and attention. As I have matured, a humanistic frame of mind has dictated my opinions about the sport. It has become hard for me to watch an organized destruction of human beings long-term health. Amani’s career was extraordinary in its duration, but normally the average N.F.L. career is approximately three years long. Playing through injuries is commonplace in the sport, and the expectation among spectators. A mercenary mentality ensues where sacrificing the longevity of the human form for monetary compensation is considered noble duty. Any athlete not making the sacrifice of the body can be deemed selfish and detrimental to the goal of victory by
February 2010 Indy
ti. There, U.S.-backed dictator Baby Doc Duvalier issued a permit for the garbage, which was by now being called “fertilizer,” and four thousand tons of the ash was dumped onto the beach in the town of Gonaives. It didn’t take long for public outcry to force Haiti’s officials to suddenly “realize” they weren’t getting fertilizer. They canceled the import permit and ordered the waste returned to the ship. But the Khian Sea slipped away in the night, leaving thousands of tons toxic ash on the beach. For two years more the Khian Sea chugged from country to country trying to dispose of the remaining 10,000 tons of Philadelphia ash. The crew even painted over the barge’s name -- not once, but twice. Still, no one was fooled into taking its toxic cargo. A crew member later testified that the waste was finally dumped into the Indian Ocean.
The activist environmental group, Greenpeace, pressured the U.S. government to test the “fertilizer.” The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency and Greenpeace found it contained 1,800 pounds of arsenic, 4,300 pounds of cadmium, and 435,000 pounds of lead, dioxin and other toxins. But no one would clean it up. The cost of the cleanup at Gonaives had been estimated to be around $300,000. Philadelphia’s $130 million budget surplus would more than cover it, but Philadelphia lawyer Ed Rendell -- then mayor of that city and later Chairman of the Democratic National Committee -- refused to put up the funds. Joseph Paolino, whose company (Joseph Paolino and Sons) had contracted to transport the waste ash aboard the infamous Khian Sea garbage barge owned by Amalgamated Shipping, refused as well. In July of 1992, the U.S. Justice Department -- under pressure from envi-
ronmental groups throughout the world -finally filed indictments against two waste traders who had shipped and dumped the 14,000 tons of Philadelphia incinerator ash. Similar indictments were brought against three individuals and four corporations who illegally exported 3,000 tons of hazardous waste to Bangladesh and Australia, also labeled as “fertilizer.” But none of the waste traders were charged with dumping their toxic cargo at sea, nor with falsely labeling it as fertilizer and abandoning it on the beaches of Haiti, Bangladesh, and Australia. They were charged only with lying to a grand jury. (“Indictments Announced in Philadelphia’s Haiti Ash Scandal; Greenpeace Calls for Immediate Cleanup,” Greenpeace News, July 14, 1992, and “Philadelphia and U.S. EPA Get Unexpected Ash Packets,” Greenpeace Waste Trade Update, March 22, 1991.) A month earlier similar watereddown indictments were announced against three individuals and four corporations who illegally exported 3,000 tons of hazardous waste to Bangladesh and Australia also labelled as fertilizer. Meanwhile, the
media circles covering the sport. Further desensitizing the perception about the human cost of the sport are fantasy football leagues and the John Madden videogame franchise. In both realms of simulation the context of the group human endeavor is stripped down to individualized arbitrary ratings relative to perceived performance potential. This process of commodifying athletes amounts to transforming them to protean avatars for hero projection and rejection. Every spectator can participate in being the lead hero crafting a victorious experience in a virtual field of competition. Simplifying violence and its consequences has been thematic the last decade in American television programming. Hunter S. Thompson intuited this
graphic that TV’s targeting that something dark and disastrous is going to come of it.” Of course, men who witness grand shifts in the function of a social system tend to overreact with fear and doom at the perceived loss of grandeur of what was dearly consumed in the past. Hunter came up with the idea of calling football fans a congregation, in order to reconcile his contempt for the fact that he and Richard M. Nixon were avid football fanatics. I find his analogy useful in reconciling why I cannot completely drop my interest in the National Football League. From late August through early February a cult of conversation centers upon weekly match-ups in the N.F.L. Every man with a cable subscription becomes a reasoned ex-
trend in his column writing for Sports Illustrated as early as 2001. I believe he was intuiting the rise of mixed martial arts as a televised sport. Dr. Thompson comments “there is such an ever growing appetite for violence as entertainment in this countryespecially among those in the 18-35 demo-
pert filtering the transmissions of broadcast journalist with peripheral access to players, coaches, and league officials. Canonical bodies of faux wisdom develop regarding the execution of plays that produce victory by exploiting a weakness in an offense or defense. Opinions develop an intensity of
belief rivaled only by devout evangelic testimony regarding how to glorify Jesus Christ. The framework of these discussions demand there be winners and losers, and condescension toward varying opinions underlies the emotional content of debate. The seasonal ritual of men sharing football acumen inspires visions of cave men determining who can use a newly invented tool the best for the commonwealth of a tribe. As the N.F.L. playoffs reduce the game participants to a single victor, the desire to be aligned with that success is paramount to members of the congregation in the church of football. Prideful association with an overwhelming consensus characterizes fan discussions leading up to Super Bowl week. In this way, craving for an absolute resolution to the chaos intrinsic to the sport, football fans mirror the religious zealots adhering to a dogma of faith. Though I’ve taken a step back from the routine of faithfully consuming the violence, I do retain an air of authority regarding my opinions about the sport. I got to witness the construction and deconstruction of a franchise that won five titles in fourteen years. During that time frame the 49ers even had a Hall of Fame quarterback back up a Hall of Fame quarterback-Steve Young and Joe Montana. Thus my inability to relate to Bears fans regarding their franchise fortunes. What I’ve witnessed as possible and necessary for victory is unfathomable to the collective psyche of Bears fans. This season was supposed to be the one where the Bears equalized their offensive deficiencies through the acquisition of Jay Cutler. Bears fans had to learn the hard way that a quarterback’s success is reflective of organizational wisdom. As evidence, just look at the career of Peyton Manning who has had the same offensive coordinator, Tom Moore, through three coaching changes. Again, we tend toward hero worship in our culture to build up selfesteem; thus the need for football fans to prop up and tear down the lead figure on the field of play for an offensive unit. To place an inordinate responsibility on an individual to provide for the happiness of a fan base is akin to a child expecting a parent to provide food and shelter. Lurking behind fan consumption of the sport of football is a simple maxim: boys will be boys. Go Colts!
See Haiti on page 7:
Editors Note: Go Saints!
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February 2010 Indy
vs The Lovely Bones: Book vs. Movie Lisa Shelton Indy Staff Have you ever read a book and hated the ending? Did you think to yourself why did it have to end that way? The Lovely Bones is a perfect example of such a case. Thankfully, director and Academy Award winner Peter Jackson picked up where Alice Sebold left off in his adaptation of the bestselling novel. The novel is exquisite in the beginning. It’s engaging and impossible to put down. However, the ending is so abrupt and event-
less a reader might feel cheated. The Lovely Bones is about the struggle of a 14 year old girl who was murdered and her mission to find peace and watch those who loved her to try to keep their sanity. Susie is murdered by her neighbor, George Harvey (Stanley Tucci). The type of experience you prefer affects your opinion of the quality of both works. People who are more imaginative would most likely favor the book over the movie. People who are more visual learners would probably prefer the movie. The special effects of heaven in the film were incredible.
The frame of reference in the novel was simply amazing. Both the book and the movie were engaging in their own right. However, I prefer the movie over the book. The film lacked depth of characters which the novel explicitly revealed to the readers. For understandable reasons the rape and murder of 14-year-old Susie Salmon (Saoirse Ronan) was not shown in the film yet extensively described in the novel. From an avid reader’s perspective, the novel lacked closure that the feature film provided. The film alludes that something is built up inside of George Harvey (Tucci) whether it was rage, anger, or emptiness. Whatever it was, killing appeased that feeling. In the book we learned that George Harvey (Tucci) didn’t become a monster overnight. Readers learn he was raised to be one. In the Book, Susie’s time spent in the “In between” of heaven and earth focuses on her friends and family. The reader learns how such a loss broke her mother, drove her father nearly insane, and caused panic and suspicion in her hometown. The novel focused on some mature aspects but was informative and innocent like Susie (Ronan). The film focused too heavily on mystery and gore. The film strayed from the book in several aspects hopeless romantics greatly appreciate. In the film Susie’s father, Jack Salmon (Mark Wahlberg) did not suffer a heart at-
Book of Eli: “C” Ryan Mostardo Indy Staff In post-apocalyptic United States, a lone wanderer named Eli (Denzel Washington) travels the country with a mission: bring a sacred book out west to save humanity. Along the way, he stumbles onto a populated town full of crooks and an evil preacher named Carnegie (Gary Oldman) who wants possession of the book to spread its words of wisdom to the people across the death ridden land. Of course Eli won’t give it up, so after some fight scenes and gun play, Eli and a naïve bartender named Solara (Mila Kunis) must escape Carnegie and reach the west coast before it’s too late. The Hughes Brothers (whose previous work was the 2001 film From Hell) have been under the radar for many years. However, I must say, their direction was quite impressive even though the film itself turned out to be a very mediocre action piece. The lack of colors and apocalyptic art direction effectively showcased the setting as dark and disturbing. The Hughes Brothers create an imaginative view of a disastrous world with no real hope or future. They also did a great job with the direction of the action scenes. Though they were quick and full of jumpy edits, these
Letter to the Editors:
scenes managed to be brutal, but at the same time very well done. Acting wise, the great Denzel does a decent job as Eli though he might have been a little too old for the role. Age aside, he still manages to perform great as the mysterious holy deliverer that knows how to really kick some major ass. Gary Oldman’s (who performs the best in villainous roles) performance was acceptable at best. He has performed better in previ-
ous antagonist roles like Zorg from Fifth Element or Lee Harvey Oswald from JFK. Though his performance had charisma, Oldman never convinced me that Carnegie was truly evil. Even though most of the performances were good, there lies one black sheep that made me shake my head in disappointment. That black sheep is Mila Kunis. I’ve always been a fan of Kunis’ comedic roles, especially in Forgetting Sarah Marshall. However in the film, her
Dear Indy, One of the conflicts of being a human being is our desire to establish meaning in the events that happen to us and the things we see. Yet, we do not always partake in this activity (when would we get things done?). The saliency of a particular issue, statement, image, etc, varies from person to person. The Indy provides ISU campus with a perspective that delves deep into the meanings behind some of the things we see everyday, encouraging a second look or more complex analytical thought. But, could it be that in the name of awareness, we sometimes urge people to look in a direction that is not progressive? Last November, a man received his first opportunity to write an article in the Indy. He related a sexual assault awareness campaign run by the Student Counseling Services [SCS] to Nazi propaganda, because SCS posted a large quantity of posters inciting people to stand up against sexual violence by being more than
just a bystander – being a hero. Upon reading the article, I felt betrayed and very angry. This paper that is supposed to project a sense of equality published a piece that I can only describe as asinine. I had a plethora of questions that clogged my ability to articulate effectively why this letter was so wrong. Perhaps it was the author’s misinterpretation of propaganda. Or maybe it had something to do with his erroneous assumptions by using the statement “we all know.” The fact is, we do not all know. We do not all know and acknowledge that “rape is bad,” and the author’s use of that statement trivializes the crime and the personal violation of men and women who have experienced or know someone who has experienced sexual violence. In my previous drafts, I ripped this article and the author apart for misrepresentation and chauvinistic insensitivity. Then, I thought about why he did not use other advertisements. Why sexual assault
tack. Susie’s mother, Abigail Salmon (Rachel Weisz) didn’t spend nearly a decade abandoning her family nor did she have an affair. Years after Susie’s death, her family regained some sense of their lives. Perhaps the most important variations from the book were Susie’s transition to afterlife and her first kiss. In the novel, Susie felt herself slipping away from the earth. She knew she was gone. This brought some relief for readers and for her character. In the film, she believed she was still alive. This caused tension, apprehension, and discomfort for Susie and viewers. In the book we learn that Susie had her first kiss before she died. In the film, she didn’t. Eventually she came back to earth to reclaim that destiny with her biggest crush, Ray Singh (Reece Ritchie). This event gave her character closure. After her first kiss she could let go of the life she once had and live in heaven peacefully. It was one thing to imagine George Harvey paying for actions based on descriptions in the book. It was altogether a separate matter and a more satisfying experience to watch him fall from grace. It was a treat for viewers to have Susie’s murder avenged in some aspect. This has become a common thread in Hollywood. Directors take novels we love, hate, and barely understand and depict them on the big screen. Is this a result of stroke of genius or a lack of originality? The choice is the viewers’ to decide. performance was painful to watch. Delivering each line with forced and laughable emotion made me despise her and her character. On the bright side, this performance was a step up from her Max Payne role, but then again that’s not saying much. Another problem that plagued the film was the overall storyline. The problem here is that it assumes the audience will accept the lifeless land, and barely gives an explanation of what happened to it. Also, the film tended to be very religious, which in my opinion veered it in the wrong path. It seemed like the film couldn’t figure out the message it was trying to send to the audience. Does religion give hope to a shattered world or do important pieces of our culture play an important role in the rebuilding process? Like many films these days, a surprise ending is pretty standard. Though the film ends on a bombshell, the surprise turns out to be sort of lazy. Believe it or not, I felt pretty cheated by it. It’s almost like The Hughes Brothers wanted to make the ending a surprise, but didn’t want to think too hard about it. Overall, Book of Eli is watchable only if you’re interested in the whole Mad Max thing. It’s average at best, but still manages to throw some new elements onto the table. Though one thing I did learn from the film, never let Mila Kunis star in a dramatic role ever again! awareness posters and not Papa John’s fliers? In cutting him a little slack, perhaps his hunger on the way to the Watterson food court heightened his sensitivity to these posters. After all, who wants to be reminded every few feet that sexual violence is a problem in this country? Well, I do. And in the words of John Lennon, “Apathy is not the answer.” Pay attention to what people say. Pay attention to what you see and read and hear. Use the author’s promotion of digging deeper, but choose your values wisely. The article is, in a word, unintelligent. And in its publication undermines the fundamental purpose of the Indy: to help people find meaning in the parts of society that are so complex. And last, the article devalues one of our campus’ finest resources, Student Counseling Services. From, Teresa Young
February 2010 Indy
Women in Metal Part II: Détente Connie Bach Indy Staff
Music reaches us all in one way or another, through sound or thought or both. We are a social species with a deep need to receive, to receive from those on a higher level who think like us, who feel the same pressures and who consider the same issues we do. For the second installment of the Women in Metal series, I ask you to focus on the achievement of sending messages in powerful ways, such as Détente has done. I explore this achievement, in an interview I had with Tiina Teal, the band’s current vocalist. Power, performance, and precision stand out in my mind as being strong characteristics of an excellent metal band. Power in vocals and in the sound of their instruments. Performance of their message, to bring it home to listeners. And precision, to filter away the sugar-coating we place on life, and deliver a strong message. This is how have, through experience and growth always sent out powerful messages. Indy: How would you describe your style? Tiina Teal: “Détente is an old school-style thrash metal band with punk overtones. The band was one of the originators of the thrash scene back in the early 80’s. They used to play with Megadeth, Exodus, Corrosion Of Conformity and many other legendary bands. They’ve kept this influence for sure, but the new music currently being recorded builds upon it and takes things to Pollution from page 1: man scream above their music, or by the music being played during a class causing a distraction from the professor. Maybe I am just a magnet for all of the people who like to listen to their music in this fashion, maybe I am one of the only people to notice it because I have fresh eyes and ears on this campus, or maybe I am just one of the only people brave enough to say something about it. This is what I am saying, “Turn the volume DOWN, please”. It’s not that I don’t appreciate your music, it’s just that in class I am more interested in what the professor is trying to say than what is coming from your headphones. Another form of pollution that has affected me greatly is the visual pollution on campus, the majority coming from the females. I began noticing complete visual pollution at the beginning of the fall semester when the sun was still shining regularly and the temperature was above 60 degrees every day. I don’t want to say that the majority of women disrespect themselves in the way they dressed, but that is exactly how it seemed to be. Shorts so short that Daisy Duke would blush, breasts hanging out for the world to see, and who started the leggings as pants trend?! All of this leaves nothing to the imagination. I know that the entire male population is frowning, sighing, and maybe even gasping at these claims that I am making about female fashion, but as women we need to respect ourselves
a much more aggressive, hard-hitting level. The new album, ‘Decline’, is scheduled to release this spring and we’re recording it with Bill Metoyer (Dark Angel, Slayer)”. Is there a driving force behind your lyrics? “Definitely. Dawn Crosby (the original singer, who sadly passed away in 1996), Steve Hochheiser (bassist/songwriter) and myself all write lyrics that heavily draw from political and social commentary about the world around us. There are always healthy doses of angst, as well as more inwardly reflective moments. But basically, you’re not going to find a love ballad here – haha”. Indy: How would you describe the band’s history?
and even fewer musical influences besides the Finnish polka music my mom listened to. But over time, what always stood out to me were people or bands that had something to say. I’ve never really cared if you are a Norwegian black metal band or a Peruvian folk singer – if you have an agenda and some kind of righteous, emotional truth you are trying to get across, I’m all ears. My short list of influences range anywhere from jazz singer/activist Nina Simone (who was the first woman I heard with a masculine sounding voice, where I thought ‘hey, I can do this!’) to Jarboe (Swans), Jeff Buckley, Slayer, Strapping Young Lad, Tool, System Of A Down, Concrete Blonde and a lot of Middle Eastern music”. Indy: What would you like to tell readers about who you are? TT: “If you’re unhappy with the state of the world, with the state of your life – SPEAK OUT! Scream it out! In my mind, Détente is a band that embodies this concept and refuses to just accept or ignore the atrocities happening on the planet or in everyday life. Things CAN change and eventually will, but it all starts with us individually and we must speak up. The music and words that Détente chooses to write really focus on this belief and expresses the truth from our experiences and different points of view”. Indy: What is the best thing about being with such an experienced band?
TT: “Musically, I’ve always been attracted to stuff that hits you heavy & intense – whether emotionally, spiritually or the music itself. I grew up with few friends
TT: “I am extremely honored and very lucky to have this opportunity to work with Détente. Not only are they consummate professionals in every way but they are incredibly talented musicians and songwriters. And, down to earth people. That’s a rare combination to find, and I’m really grateful. One of the best things about this is that it makes working and writing with them a terrific experience, instead of some kind of drama-filled or frustrating situation that can be quite common with bands. You know, you put 4 or 5 random people together to start playing music, and it can be like a bad marriage – fighting, turmoil, who left the toilet seat up. So again, this is an amazing project and I get to work with amazing people. It doesn’t get better than that! Not to mention walking in the footsteps of such a legendary singer/artist such as Dawn
and show that we are intelligent members of society through how we are fashionably presented. Just as the old saying goes, ‘dress for the job you want, not for the job you have’. So am I to perceive that most of the young ladies that attend ISU want to be strippers or prostitutes? Or maybe they would like to be bums on the street seeing as how most have ditched their sandals for Ugg boots and their shorts for sweat pants. I would like to say that this is the ultimate in not caring even a fraction of a percent how you look and are presented to the world. Yes, I realize that ‘everyone else is doing it’, but does that make it any more acceptable? Think for a moment of how you dress. Not on a good day when you have to give
a presentation in front of your class of 200 people and all eyes will be on you, and not on a bad day when you have a full schedule and you woke up ten minutes before your first class started. Think for a moment of what you look like and how you dress on a daily basis. Now have a bit of an out-of-body experience and look at yourself not as you but some random nobody. You have no pre-conceived notion of this person. What do you think? Do you think they’re brilliant? Stylish? Lazy? Do they stand out in a crowd and scream potential, or do they fade into the background not commanding attention but begging for nobody to notice them? Who do you want to be? What job do you want to dress for? Keep in mind that this is just what I have noticed in my two short semesters here at the university. I could have missed you
TT: “The band dissolved in the late eighties due to various reasons, right after their first album, ‘Recognize No Authority’ was put out on Roadrunner Records. When the re-issue of this album came out in 2007, the band decided to reform out of popular demand. They toured Europe successfully with Ann Boleyn from the band Hellion fronting the songs. In November of 2009, they amicably parted ways with Ann during the recording of the new follow up album, ‘Decline’ and here I am working with the band as both fan and singer”. Indy: Who are your greatest influences?
Crosby – it is quite humbling”. Indy: What inspired you to join the band, or get into the metal industry to begin with? Do you have a female metal vocalist who is an influence? TT: “I started out late, I’m a very late bloomer. As a kid I played a few instruments pretty well, and one of them was drums. In my 20’s, I played drums in a few ‘garage’ type bands, playing covers of metal and punk songs. Then I learned guitar for a few years. I didn’t start singing until a while later because I was super shy. When I moved to Los Angeles and started trying to sing, my voice just seemed to fit metal perfectly as well as what was in my heart. And everything just kind of followed from there. Sometimes I almost feel like metal ‘picked me’ instead of me trying to be in metal…it just all started going that way. As far as female metal vocalists…well, I didn’t really know of many when I first started singing because my knowledge was just not that deep yet. The only real extreme female singer that I was into was Jarboe from the Swans. So, most of my metal influences were really guys like Rob Halford (Judas Priest), Phil Anselmo (Pantera), Layne Stayley (Alice In Chains), Tom Araya (Slayer) and Devin Townsend (Strapping Young Lad) – these were the groups I would practice along with and where my voice more or less fit. It wasn’t until later that I started discovering all of the bad ass female screamers like Angela Gossow (Arch Enemy), Karyn Crisis (Crisis), Sabina Classen (Holy Moses) and of course, Dawn Crosby. And now, there are so many out there and more every day, it’s such a great time for women in metal”! Indy: Tell me anything… TT: “With the state of the world being as it is, it’s more important than ever for people to come together for the common good and against the common enemy instead of drawing political lines, class lines, gender lines or whatever judgments we like to have against one another. We need to be aware and open to what’s really going on around us. If Détente’s music can help that goal even just a tiny bit, while still delivering a kick ass album, then I’m happy”. and your anti-smoking campaign. Maybe you purposely turned down the volume on your iPod months ago because you noticed your hearing wasn’t as sharp as it used to be. And maybe your parents took one look at you when you went home over winter break and threw you into the car to go shopping because your current look told them that you obviously had no clothes to wear aside from pajamas and work-out wear. If that’s you, wonderful! I’m happy for you. On the other hand, there are so many out there who could read this and think, ‘it’s like she’s talking about me’. Guess what, I am talking about you. This is a big school, but it’s not so big that you’re not noticed. People will notice what you’re wearing and make assumptions about you. People will cough and practically hack up a lung before they ask you to stop smoking. And most importantly of all, people are paying a pretty penny to attend this school, and to be taught how to do what will become their profession; please be respectful of that and don’t hurt their potential. Stop polluting what people hear with your music at full blast, stop polluting what people breathe with your toxic cocktail that you release into the air, and stop polluting what people see with your unattractive combination of clothes that makes it look like you don’t care about anything. Please, just stop polluting my world.
6 Indy News
“Do you deserve me?” Lisa Shelton Indy Staff Women have changed the way the world perceives us. We have come a far cry from the mantra of being barefoot and pregnant. Nearly 1 in 4 households in the world are headed by a woman. We have dominated the workforce and broke ground in fields reserved especially for men all while still being a cook, maid, and personal therapist to many. Men spend entire conversations talking to our chests. They brag about what they can do with our bodies, but seldom capable or willing to stimulate our minds, nurture our spirits, provide security, or simply take care of home. Chivalry is not dead. Instead of do you want me? Or can you handle me?
He Said The Art of Cock Blocking Outlaw29 Indy Staff
Redbird Nation, There is a spaghetti house in Normal on Main Street that serves as a laboratory for the socio-emotional behavior patterns linked to the evolutionary sex drives in the male species of Homo sapiens. When I started writing about my workplace some three years ago, I never imagined that it would turn into a study of the human animal striving to be civilized. Of course, I was clueless to the depth of the sexual dynamic surrounding my interactions and driving employee relations. What I’ve learned, and continue to learn, from my work environment hammers home that I’m a Redbird tried and true, as gladly I learn and gladly I teach about the sexuality of the human animal in modern society. As a practicing Taoist I know that the head and spine are production centers for male sperm. It explains why us guys can get a rise in our pants from just looking at women. Though some guys try to fight the instinct, we are designed to seduce as many women as we possibly can during our sexual maturity. In concert with our sex drive is a conditioned nature to be territorial and dominant. Thus, what I see is mine, and what is mine must be fought for to protect its value to me. It’s an instinct for the better, or for the worse, which has aided men in the creation of a social order. Though we act toward each other with a surface level of civility, the fore mentioned basic instincts are not repressible when an environment offers itself to being sexually competitive. Which brings us to the story of my latest workplace hero: Big John Stud. In the parlance of the dating science community Big John Stud is a “natural”. A guy who is able to quickly create comfort and rapport with women to escalate a social interaction into an intimately physical one, defines a “natural.” I really valued developing a relationship with this guy over the last seven months because his skill-set with women exceeds my own, and his stories quantify all the dating science materials I’ve invested in over the last three years. He has offered me real learning about the competitive nature of men, and the benefits of having a psychological boundary that only knows how to generate win-win relationships with people. This quality of character is the reason why Big John no longer works for my employers. He served as a tipping point for envy from the male managers of my workplace due
February 2010 Indy Women have begun to ponder the greater question of do you deserve me? What can you do for me? Are you bringing anything of quality to this relationship? Are you worthy of my attitude, ambition, and personality? Am I willing to accept your faults and the fact that as Katy Perry noted “you change your mind like a girl changes clothes”. Women are taking a stand for themselves. They are separating not only from the burden of stereotypes and sexism but from the beliefs that we as women have had attached to them. We have distanced ourselves from sleeping our way to the top. We carry ourselves as equals to men, not accessories. Not only do we match men in education and profession, we do it with indisputable grace and integrity. We have truly come a long way from being identified and objectified by men. There are men who love us past to the attention he received from women. One of the hardest concepts to appreciate and apply is the understanding that no person is in complete conscious control of their actions. Unconscious factors in our psyche drive us as much as our conscious perception of exercising free will. Charles Darwin noticed this dynamic in mating rituals, and held up the idea that sexual selection is fueled by male preening which appeals to unconscious preferences for mate quality chosen by females. I first learned that attraction is not a choice, but now I amend that belief to say attraction is a biological imperative. My development as a sexual being has been a challenge but has provided intensely necessary learning. As I learned body language, the conflict in women between socialization and biological function became apparent on a microcosmic scale with each female that sent me signs of liking. Learning that an initial sign of non-interest from a woman is a sign of interest is one of the many preening opportunities that guys have to understand as cues to approach women for a date. Prudish social mores dictate that it is wrong for women to be sexually assertive. Body language cues of looking away after eye contact is made, or twirling the hair, or shifting seating positions to court the visual attention of a man, are the current compensations in the sex drives of women to speak a tacit language of sexuality, and get their desires satiated. Big John Stud gets these behaviors from women all the time. He is a walking pheromone transmitting signals that he has excellent DNA to give superior off spring to women. Thus, as he began employment in the intensely sexual environment of my work place, triggers were being switched in the vast majority of the female workers, and attractions flowed his way. In my workplace, having a definable status dictates the treatment you receive from superiors and co-workers. My status is that I’m the bad guy who will loudly curse you to hell if you cross me in any way. Yet my reality is one where I create art and mentor minds and bodies associated with Redbird Nation. People try not to associate with me in order to protect their ego, which needs the delusional appearance that they are cooler than me, to cope with the limited scope of action they engage to create durable fulfillment in their lives. Contrasted to me, Big John Stud can make everyone feel cool just by giving a little face time through talking about the weather or sports. On some level, everyone wanted to be cool with Big John to maintain and enhance his or her status in the social structure of the workplace. Early in his employment cycle Big John had some legal difficulties and got arrested on bogus
hurt and insecurity. There are men who hurt us and cause us to make every other person in our lives pay for their mistakes. There are men who confuse us by desiring for us to be dominant and assertive yet submissive to their authority. They want us to be innocent and loyal yet mysterious and exotic. We get mixed messages from society all the time. We are fostered the belief that a woman scantily clad is both slutty and sexy. A promiscuous woman is disgusting yet desirable. We canonize women drenched in makeup and bound by plastic surgery. Yet society has decided that our beauty is at its peak in its most natural form. Women have changed our roles and our authority in society. We have de-
claims from a woman in his personal life. Thus he had to miss work one night. He later told me that before he could activate his social network to help him post bond, the spaghetti house faction of homosexual men came to his rescue. A person he never met before, who has been with the company over ten years, picked him up from jail that night. As he relayed it to me, during the awkward ride back to his apartment his “hero” got a call. He could recognize the voice calling was a fellow co-worker, and the two men talked in code about how they “caught themselves a fresh fish.” Thus the evidence was clear that Big John’s sexuality and look was so highly charged that he could make gay men think of him as being a man of their dreams. As Big John Stud began to be accepted as a work mate, the attention he received from women was inordinate relative to his dishwashing duties. One young waitress went so far as to start rumors about him being gay, and made other false accusations regarding his character to fellow employees to the point that management had to correct her behavior. It is little coincidence that the waitress in question was a friend of a Big John Stud conquest away from the work place. Thus her actions can only be understood as coming from jealous spite at not being the one chosen to get her ass tapped by Mr. Stud. In other instances of cock blocking, managers would talk to the potential prospects of Mr. Stud with a fatherly warning about “guys like him.” Thus putting social pressure on young women to not talk too kindly to Big John, or else they may suffer shame and disgrace from the powers that be in the workplace social order. In the summer time of 2009 a fellow co-worker raped a friend of mine, who terminated her employment in the fall. In her revelation of the event to me I asked her to not tell me who the offender was. Big John had just started, and had very limited social interactions with my friend, plus she was not his type physically. Yet, by the end of the summer a rumor existed in her department that Big John was the culprit. Knowing both people rumored in the event, I can say that this too was hearsay created out of jealousy for the attention he was manifesting with the young ladies in that department. New rules had to be created to keep the girls from meandering into the dish room to fill sanitizer buckets so that they would be less able to go and flirt with Mr. Stud. Robyn Baker has written a fabulous book called Sperm Wars in which he demonstrates the combative nature
cided that rather than adjusting to a man’s life we would live our own. Why take away from your own life to give to someone else’s. We provide for ourselves anyway. We have been taught that we are not complete without a man. This explains the wonders of she’s so beautiful. She’s so smart. So why is she with him? Contrary to popular belief we are complete by ourselves. Men act like we desire some unattainable match. We want someone who is loyal, real, and diligent. We want a man who can match our wits, compliment our personalities, and encourage us to achieve our goals. We have decided that we won’t be settling for much less. Amazingly, some of us have made the informed decision that almost doesn’t count. It comes down to a comparison of best and worst. Anyone can support you at your best, but few people can support you at your worst. Anyone who can’t support you at your worst, doesn’t deserve your best. between male sperm to fertilize a female egg. In short, men ejaculate the quantities of sperm they do in order to fight through other sperm. The sperm of prior sexual partners remain as roadblocks to the uterus for a current lover. It is now estimated that their biological father is not raising approximately ten to fifteen percent of our population. Women step out on their primary relationships and have affairs like men do. It is a biological instinct for garnering the best genes possible. Baker found that women are thirty percent more likely to orgasm with their affair partner versus with their primary partner. The female orgasm sucks in more sperm toward the uterus, and thus increases the chances of impregnation. This aspect of human biology is what I see in the behaviors of the males in my workplace, and was probably the unconscious force driving the older managers to pretend they were paternal protectors of the young pussy attracted to Big John Stud. In his own words, the “natural” told me that he is not mad about getting cock blocked by the past their prime studs in management, just annoyed that they got to be haters. One of the main tenants to this thing called “game” is that adopting a psychology of abundance is way more beneficial than adopting a psychology of scarcity. There are billions of women on planet Earth thus hearing a “no” from one of them is not the end of the world, or reason to be heartbroken. Hot women are all over the place you just have to decide to live your life with a passion that cannot be sidetracked, and with such an approach a guy tends to run into them along the way. I watch and listen to my managers and supervisors, and very rarely do they speak with any passion about how they define their lives. Sports, kids, and the wife all dominate conversations and have a tone of disappointment underlying the content of stories told. All they have left for excitement and passion are longings in their loins they get when a new cute young lady works for the company. Familiarity and status are their tools to garner attention from young girls in their biological peak periods for being reproductive. Thus without the store, I wonder if they would really know how to flirt with and attract women anywhere on their own. My archenemy Mr. Thick Bubble has been developing a habit of getting extremely touchy with the most flirtatious group of girls in a customer service department of the workplace. It’s getting to the point that he even attempts to hang out with them for Christmas and birthday celebrations at local pubs after working until closing. I wonder how his wife at home watching over their two kids would feel about that, and wonder how devoted he is to his role as a father? But what else can one expect from a guy who thrives on being a dick to hide his small inner worth of character?
Indy News Haiti from page 3: government stonewalled, for years. It took more than a decade for the U.S. government to clean up the waste. U.S. law was interpreted to protect the dumpers, not the dumped on. Unwilling recipients of toxic wastes are offered no recourse. In recent years, much of the waste from industrialized countries is exported openly, under the name of “recycled material.” These are touted as “fuel” for incinerators generating energy in poor countries. “Once a waste is designated as ‘recyclable’ it is exempt from U.S. toxic waste law and can be bought and sold as if it were ice cream. Slags, sludges, and even dusts captured on pollution control filters are being bagged up and shipped abroad,” writes Peter Montague in Rachel’s Weekly. “These wastes may contain significant quantities of valuable metals, such as zinc, but they also can and do contain significant quantities of toxic by-products such as cadmium, lead and dioxins. The ‘recycling’ loophole in U.S. toxic waste law is big enough to float a barge through, and many barges are floating through it uncounted.” Every year, thousands of tons of “recycled” waste from the U.S. deceptively labeled as fertilizer, are plowed into farms, beaches and deserts in Bangladesh, Haiti, Somalia, Brazil and dozens of other countries. The Clinton administration followed former President George Bush’s lead in allowing U.S. corporations to mix incinerator ash and other wastes containing high concentrations of lead, cadmium and mercury with agricultural chemicals and are sold to or dumped in unsuspecting or uncaring agencies and governments throughout the world. (Greenpeace Toxic Trade Campaign, “United States Blocks Efforts to Prohibit Global Waste Dumping by Industrial States,” December 2, 1992.) These dangerous chemicals are considered “inert”, since they play no active role as fertilizer -- although they are very active in causing cancers and other diseases. Under U.S. law, ingredients designated as “inert” are not required to be labelled nor reported to the buyer. President Clinton -- expanding the policies of his ignominious predecessors -- continued to obstruct the rest of the world from regulating the disastrous international trade in hazardous wastes. At a critical March 21-25 1994 international conference in Geneva, the United States stood with only a handful of waste-producing countries against the entire world in opposing a resolution banning the shipment of hazardous wastes to non-industrialized countries. Shadowy covert operations figures spent the next two decades promoting schemes involving the shipment to Haiti of U.S. toxic wastes. In November 1993, Time Magazine reported that a former U.S. government operative had detailed “an elaborate plan to tap U.S. aid funds for low-interest loans that would be used to transport New York City garbage to Haiti, where it would be processed into mulch to fertilize plants bioengineered to provide high-quality paEconomy from page 2: working class Americans. Attached to the deregulation the economy was the movement to deregulate or “free” international trade. The removal of trade barriers made it possible to import products from sweatshops in China and Mexico. The factories that created the foundation for the middle class were gutted. Factories from Flint to Waukegan became ghost towns. The millions who once worked in factories found minimum wage benefit-less jobs in service and retail. Thirty years of economic and trade deregulation success gutted American industry and drove the working class into poverty. It made the American economy unstable. Since 1980, the US economy has risen and fallen recklessly until September of last year when the system fell as deeply
February 2010 Indy per pulp. ‘We could collect $38 a ton for the garbage,’ claims Henry Womack ... who helped oversee construction of the base that the Reagan Administration-backed contras used to stage attacks against the Sandinista government in Nicaragua.” Womack has similar dreams for Haiti: “We’d make
Ron Brown, also did well, economically, by their relationship. In the early 1980s, Brown was a partner at the powerful Washington law firm of Patton, Boggs & Blow. Duvalier secured his services by paying him $150,000 as a retainer, and Brown went to work for the brutal dictator on Cap-
a bundle, and the government could get enough to pay the whole army’s salaries.” (Jill Smolowe, “With Friends Like These: A Host of Shadowy Figures is Helping Haiti’s Military Rulers Hatch a Plot to Sideline Aristide Permanently,” Time Magazine, November 8, 1993.) Although most agents are not usually as candid as Womack, such plans are common. In August 1991, for example, Almany Enterprises, a company also headquartered in Miami, proposed shipping 30 million tons of incinerator ash from various U.S. cities to Panama over the subsequent four years. Almany would pay the government only $6.50 per ton of toxic waste received in Panama. The ash is believed to be highly contaminated with cadmium, copper, lead and zinc. Almany proposed to landfill the ash in marshlands near the free zone of Colon. Dozens of similar schemes are rampant. Throughout the Caribbean and Central America the devastating health crisis is exacerbated -- if not directly caused -- by international capital’s “recycling” of toxic wastes. Indeed, Haitian women who have emigrated to the U.S. have been found to have double or triple the cervical cancer rates as women born in the U.S. “Instead of repatriating Haitian refugees to Haiti, the U.S. government should repatriate this toxic waste back to its own country” Ehrl LaFontant of the Haiti Communications Project said. Toxic waste dumping in Haiti was a lucrative source of income for the Duvalier dictatorship. Former Haitian despot Duvalier profited handsomely in his relationship with the U.S., to the tune of hundreds of millions of dollars. That relationship included allowing U.S. toxic fertilizer to be dumped in Haiti, at the expense of the Haitian people. Duvalier’s U.S.-based lawyer,
itol Hill. Before his death while flying over Yugoslavia and scouting U.S. investment opportunities, Brown had been personally linked to Lillian Madsen. Madsen lived in an expensive Washington townhouse that had been purchased for her in 1992 by the commerce secretary himself and by his son, D.C. lobbyist Michael Brown. The Madsens were major backers of Duvalier and among the main domestic financial backers of the September 1991 coup against elected President Jean-Bertrand Aristide. Brown uttered nary a word to support the return of Aristide and democracy to Haiti, nor did he protest the U.S.’s toxic practices there. Brown also represented Fritz Bennett, the brother of Michelle Bennett Duvalier, wife of the deposed dictator, when the brother was arrested in Puerto Rico for trafficking in narcotics. Brown was also the subject of a scandal involving Vietnamese businessman Nguyen Van Hao, who was the Deputy Prime Minister for Economic Development under the corrupt U.S.-backed Saigon dictatorship in the early 1970s. Hao alleged that Brown agreed to be paid $700,000 in exchange for his help in lifting a trade embargo against Vietnam. Hao, who previously lived in Haiti, and Brown had a mutual Haitian friend, Marc Butch Ashton -- Lillian Madsen’s brotherin-law. Ashton was a financial advisor to Baby Doc. A large landholder and owner of Haiti Citrus, a lime exporter, Ashton allegedly used a squad of 40 Tonton Macoutes death squads to guard his properties. Poor farmers who leased their land to Haiti Citrus say they were intimidated and tortured by Ashton’s thugs when they tried to get better terms. (Counterpunch, December, 1993) Brown himself detailed his services to Duvalier in a nine-page memo. Brown’s letter, written in French on Patton,
as it did on black Tuesday of ‘28. The current recession was caused by the lack of regulation on lending and investments. It was caused by a bonus system which encourages CEO’s and other financial leaders to make as much money as possible this quarter, instead of ensuring the long term stability of their banks and companies. It was caused by the stupidity and greed of predatory lenders, and investors who gambled with billions of others people’s money. It was caused by the people who believe the market always knows best and that it’s shaky growth would never tumble. It was caused by the conservative idea that the government has no right to influence the economy. We live in a democracy; the government is a representation of the people. When conservatives scream
that the government has no right to meddle in the economy, they are saying that the people do not have power over their own economy. The private sector has repeatedly proven itself incompetent at managing the economy. We need to remember what we learned in October of 1929. What is needed to end the great recession and ensure that another great recession and great depression will never occur is to allow the government to regulate the economy. We need to eliminate shady loans, speculation and the gambles investors make with our mortgages and 401Ks. We need to raise taxes on the wealthy. We need to re-enact the tariffs that make American industry possible and create a strong working class. We need to see the economy as a vehicle for long term growth for all Americas, in-
Boggs & Blow letterhead, blamed Monsieur Le President’s problems on an unfair image created by the U.S. media. As to his efforts on Haiti’s behalf, Brown wrote that “We continue to dedicate a considerable amount of time to the improvement of relations between the Republic of Haiti and members of congress and the American government, with the goal of substantially increasing American aid to Haiti. Early success in this regard”, crowed Brown, “is essentially the result of our Washington team.” (Counterpunch, December 1993). Brown also informed Duvalier that he was looking after Haiti’s long-term interests by maintaining good relations with leading American political figures: “While we have always enjoyed excellent relations with the government of President Reagan, we have also established personal contacts with almost all the Democratic candidates in order to ensure that we continue to have access to the White House regardless of who wins the presidential election in 1984.” Brown boasted that his “leading role in the Democratic National Committee has served us in these efforts, while a certain number of my colleagues in the Republican Party assure the permanence of our access and the excellence of our relations with the government of President Reagan.” Juan Gonzalez, writing in the New York Daily News, continued the story: When Brown wrote his memo, Amnesty International had accused the Duvalier regime of torture, detentions without trial and disappearances. “Here is some of what Brown reported to Baby Doc: “Despite the unfair image of Haiti by the American media, and despite the opposition expressed by some members of Congress, it is certain that today ... a growing number of people -- both members of Congress and government officials -- stand ready to defend the interests of Haiti. This ... is essentially due to the work of our Washington team. ...We continue to pay a great deal of attention to the Black Caucus and to other liberal members of Congress ... [who] are now, thanks to our efforts, ready to help. Although some of them continue to make negative comments about Haiti, all, without exception, have proved to be cooperative on the issue of aid”. Brown was reporting on his success in getting Congress to say one thing but do another. On foreign aid, he proved more than worth his annual retainer. While he represented Haiti, annual U.S. assistance increased from $35 million to $55 million. Brown offered not a word in the memo about human rights. Brown went on to serve as President Clinton’s Secretary of Commerce, which is one of the agencies that oversees toxic waste shipments and promotes corporate investment in Haiti, particularly in the notorious assembly zones established by the International Monetary Fund’s structural adjustment program there. In his confirmation hearings before the Senate, Brown was not asked a single question concerning toxic wastes, nor of his relationship with the Duvalier dictatorship. stead of in terms of short term growth for the rich. President Obama and many liberal leaders have shown support of rebuilding the economy by reinstating the regulations and laws that kept the economy stable and strong. Economic regulation is something that we all must push for. We cannot afford another thirty years of economic decay. With high unemployment and even higher poverty, we have already seen how the foolish decision of a few rich men and right wing politicians cause suffering for all of us.
8 Indy News
The Holocaustization of Politics
Jake Nabasny Indy Contributor
Theodore Adorno has declared that the “Premier demand upon all education is that Auschwitz not happen again.” He interprets the Holocaust as the great failure of education that gave way to the authoritarian impulses of a few despotic leaders. One finds it hard to denounce such a sensible claim, especially since the physical toll of the genocide has ended. However, one still finds the Holocaust everywhere. This event is inescapable because it has led to the intensification, and thus contemporary formulation, of the political. In the case of liberal politics, it’s the education against the Holocaust that maintains the after-effects of a fascist ideology; while conservatism practices the ahistorical forgetting that preserves the “fascism of everyday life” in a slow, but sure, march back to the death camps. Therefore, the post-WWII era has witnessed the “Holocaustization” of politics as a response to social issues raised by genocide. The event of the Holocaust was a turning point in human history. At that point a decision had to be made about how to treat genocide and how to prevent further genocides from occurring. It should be no surprise that there was more than one theory about how to combat future human rights dilemmas. Although genocide was not a new phenomenon by this time, it was the first time that it occurred in the modern world on an institutional level. By politicizing genocide, the Holocaust forever changed politics. Contemporary politics is a direct response to the issues raised by the Holocaust. While these issues have been around since the French Revolution, their momentum didn’t pick up until directly af-
February 2010 Indy ter WWII (particularly during the 1960s). The most obvious characteristic of Nazi politics is the policy of exclusion. Only two years after Hitler came to power in the 1930s, there was already multiple concentration camps that held “left-wing politicians, the work-shy, anti-socials, and Jews.” Later the group of excluded people would widen and only those faithful to the Nazi party would be “secure.” The liberal response to policies of exclusion has been total inclusion. In hoping to subvert the Nazi ideology of “supermen,” a new inclusionary politic is established under the logic of “political correctness.” The racial and sexual revolutions of the 1960s, in this sense, were the liberal response to the Holocaust—the new politics. The new inclusionary politic is only a different fascism with a brighter face. If there is anything the Holocaust has taught it’s that totalizing ideologies are inherently totalitarian. The logic of inclusion demands the exclusion of those unwilling to submit to the established values of human worth. Even if the values are “fair” in that a trans-sexual African-American has as much opportunity as a white male, the politicalization of human value is the same extreme that led to the dehumanization of so many people into mere numbers. An identitarian logic that defends the system of political correctness only furthers a belief in essentialist identities. By establishing human worth through essences, the inclusionary politic continues the project of the Holocaust in reducing the autonomy of the political subject and absorbing it into a totalizing ideology. The conservative response to the Holocaust is just as frightening. Rather than creating an opposing totalitarian ideology, the new conservative politic seeks to muddle what the Holocaust really was and place the historical blame elsewhere. Ronald Reagan even goes as far as to call liberal reforms of the early 20th century
prevent the Holocaust. While both instances seem to be “sensible” responses to a neverbefore-seen horror, they serve to perpetuate that horror through even more devious demonstrations of power (e.g. Foucault’s biopower). What makes this realization threatening is the fact that the same logic followed by neo-Nazis today is at the root of Liberalism and Conservatism, though not quite as militant. WWII has taught us that one shouldn’t appease someone who is attempting to gain power (such as when Hitler took the Rhineland). The case is the same with the Holocaustization of politics: a line must be drawn that says, “There will be no fascist ideologies beyond this point!” It’s not only a necessity for the future, but an obligation to the past. similar to Fascism: “Fascism was really the basis for the New Deal. It was Mussolini’s success in Italy, with his government-directed economy, that led the early New Dealers to say ‘But Mussolini keeps the trains running on time.” Thus a process of misdirection and disinformation aimed at undermining historical events takes place in order to maintain the same power structures that kept the crematories “running on time.” Jean Baudrillard warns that “Forgetting extermination is part of extermination, because it is also the extermination of memory, of history, of the social, etc.” Everywhere the new conservative politic looks for reasons to push itself into cattle cars to be shipped to death camps. The self-destructive logic continuously seeks punishment in sadomasochistic and oedipal frameworks—the fascism of the political is born from the fascism of the family (cf Delueze). In this fashion, the liberal politic forms a new fascism while the conservative politic attempts to preserve the old. The Holocaustization of the political binary has failed at its only goal—to
“The Lyrics are Wholesome... or Something Like That”
Jenna Brandon Indy Staff I was told these precautionary words by the pair as I attended a little ‘jam session’ last week. I sat down in a classic Hewett desk chair, a mug of hot chocolate in hand. The guitar began to strum as I surveyed the room. Two musicians and their listening fans all donned Nike’s and began to tap in unison. Posters of Radiohead, Boondock Saints and Jimi Hendrix looked familiar to me- whoever owned them definitely had my taste. Then more foreign pictures- Fleet Foxes, Rx Bandits and the Avett Brothers- caught my eye. A fusion of such unknowns combined with an ‘acoustic-y funk’ sound bathed my ears. The melody was the sound of a new band, without any posters or pictures to identify themselves. The Aquarium Drinkers, comprised of Hewett dwellers Mark Aidinovich and Joe Nellis, entertained me with original songs they wrote and composed.
Small-time student bands like the Aquarium Drinkers are commonplace around our campus. What is so unique, unlike many other bands I’ve heard, the Drinkers bring something new as a group of instrumentalists. The sound of Joe’s saxophone and Mark’s guitar in harmony was intriguing, their voices slightly intoxicating and their story even better. Joe Nellis, a Special Education major, started playing the saxophone ten years ago on a whim. After retiring from a short cello career, he picked up the sax; ever since, it has been his main man. “I love my boy (saxophone). He’s named after the boxer Smokin’ Joe Frazier,” he affectionately recants. Another love of his life is his gray notebook, full of lyrics, ideas and written word. “I went through a rough time in Colorado and started writing.” And write he did. His lyrics are mostly about ‘love, nature, mystery, and a journey’; lyrics that begged to be accompanied by strings.
Mark Aidinovich, a Business major, was the perfect accompaniment. “I picked up the guitar in 5th grade, and had lessons for about a month. After that, I just started teaching myself. I really got into the Avett Brothers, and then picked up the banjo sophomore year” (yes, he plays banjo). Starting his public career wasn’t so effortless. “I was really shy when I played or sang. There was an open mic night and my parents bribed me to go or would ground me if I didn’t. One day I walked up, started playing and broke out of my shell.” Open mic boosted his confidence, and he began to write his own music. As fate would have it, the second day of school he met Joe and quickly composed a number of songs. Like most student bands, the two embarked on a mission of their own, searching for bass and drum players (experience necessary-- seriously, experience is necessary), a quality place to play in Normal, and clutching onto a dream of success for years to come. Joe sighs, “In three years I want us to be playing at least on a local level, like Bloomington”. Mark also agrees with Joe, saying “I hope in five years we’ll be able to tour around Chicago.” The pair’s difference in experience is also what makes them so exceptional. Joe’s professional music theory background contrasts with Mark’s inhibited free music spirit. Joe thinks that Mark’s uncanny ability to pick up any song is remarkable; Mark believes Joe’s talent to compose melodies is unparalleled. Having two distinct musical talents is enough for now; one of the hardest obstacles of having an unheard band is finding new members, fans and a chance to be heard. Mark summarizes their passion by simply saying, “We love what we do, and play to have fun- we aren’t too concerned if people hear us or not. We’re just taking it one fan at a time.”
HELP TO HAITI How can YOU help? Here is a list of some organizations that are providing DIRECT RELIEF to Haiti:
Action Against Hunger:
American Red Cross: www.redcross.org/
Doctors Without Borders: doctorswithoutborders.org/
International Relief Teams: www.irteams.org/index.htm
Meds and Food for Kids: mfkhaiti.org/
Partners in Health: www.pih.org/home.html
Save the Children:
www.yele.org/ For those interested in helping immediately, simply text “HAITI” to “90999” and a donation of $10 will be given automatically to the Red Cross to help with relief efforts, charged to your cell phone bill.