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What is Nyctophobia? Fear of the dark otherwise known as Nyctophobia is a common fear and the word Nyctophobia comes from the Greek nyktos meaning night and phobos meaning fear. It doesn’t mean being afraid of the dark what it actually mean is being afraid of what is inside the dark, it is common for people to mistake things as something else but for the victim it is the disfigured perception of what could happen in a dark environment or what is inside the dark. Human beings are not nocturnal by nature and consider the dark a mysteries environment and be a bit more cautious or alert even curious at night. But a person with this particular phobia will become more aware and alert then being curious.

CASE#1 A Parkinson’s disease is facial akinesia with decrease in blink frequency. A markedly decreased blink frequency from nyctophobia fear of the dark and has not been reported.

A 26-year-old man presented with a 20-year history of phantasmagoria. Visual hallucinations of strangers appeared hundred times a day, seconds to minutes in duration. Then there are morbid images, which are horrific things of dead people or ghosts, suddenly appearing in his visual space, actively attacking real people. Examples such as a little girl, decapitated, cradling her head in her arm or Freddy Krueger like apparitions, shooting, stabbing, strangling There are different words for Nyctophobia or maiming actual people who were such as achluophobia, scopophobia, within the patient’s visual field. lygophobia but all has the same meaning to differentiate between of the fear of the dark. the hallucinations and real people, either from the context What is phobia? (a non hallucination would not be murdering someone else), or The word Phobia comes from the Greek he would wait for the hallucinations to word phobos meaning fear. There are vanish, allowing him to then interact many phobias such as the commons with the person who is actually there. ones like arachnophobia, fear of The images were so disturbing to him spiders then there are fears that are that he fled his home state to run uncommon like onomatophobia, fear of away from the hallucinations, but they names, pogonophobia, fear of beards, persisted. There were diurnal variations nephophobia, Phobias are a type of to his hallucinations, which were more anxiety disorder it is estimated to affect frequent at night, or when he closed his more than 30 percent of U.S. adults at some eyes, and the fear of these has induced time in their lives. nyctophobia. In order to avoid these, he attempted to curtail closing his eyes or blinking. He had been treated with 9 different psychotropic medications, which had no effect on his hallucinations. Phenytoin was begun, and once therapeutic levels were achieved, all of his hallucinations resolved, as did his nyctophobia, with return to normal blink frequency.


WHO HAS THE PHOBIA? Kids all around the world aged 18 and down fear the dark even you were even I was. Every kid has it but what’s happens when the fear sticks with you to the very end hmm? Well you will feel an intense need to escape, you start to shake, tremble, get dizzy, have a tightness in your chest but what is worse than all these symptoms huh? It’s the sense of losing control, feeling crazy, have a detachment from yourself, thinking that you might die or feel powerless over your fear. Having a phobia of any kind is NO JOKE including the ones that can attack you at any moment like Ornithophobia the fear of bird then there is other phobia that seem so bizarre that it can considered false like papyrophobia the fear of paper. The percentage of people who have Nyctophobia are categorized in the pie chart.

What cause Nyctophobia? The cause of the Nyctophobia is having a traumatic experience or experience a traumatic event from or being in the dark examples such as Domestic violence, sexual abuse in childhood at night by a parent or caregiver and another being getting in a car accident and more devastating traumatic events that can leave the victim confused, scared and anxious. Teenagers and young children are known to react very differently to such events. One of the responses of an incident could be a persisting fear of night or darkness, when the events might have occurred. Most of these fears go away as one grow and mature, however in some cases these same fears will also grow with the victim and he or she will develop a phobia of the dark but it is a rare case and sometime not taken seriously.


TREATMENT Some children that have nyctophobia or intense fear of the dark may have coping mechanisms to overcome their fear.

Relaxation techniques

They may cling to blankets, pillows, teddy bear which may make them feel secure. Some may grow up to be adults with their subconscious or unconscious minds programmed that they need these items to protect them from any danger.

Patients with nyctophobia are taught relaxation techniques, especially those who have a tendency to hyperventilate when afraid or under stress. They’re also trained to manage their negative thoughts and feelings, and replace them with positive and comforting thoughts.

It is unfortunate if the nyctophobia is aggravated by fear-inducing techniques of parents, elder siblings or babysitters. “The case of the 9-year-old boy who still wets his bed demonstrates clearly the impact of fear-inducing techniques on young children,” says Dr. Carmen “Mameng” Sugai, a child psychiatrist who is trained at the Rutgers-Robert Wood Johnson Medical Center and Tulane Medical Center in the United States. She adds that the intense fear raise stress and anxiety levels, especially when faced with darkness, being alone or talk of ghost. Over time this fear can become more broad on scope, such as that other situations can provoke the same fear response.


Fact #1 Common sounds or items can become a serious problem when left in the dark and encountered by a nyctophobic.

Fact#2 It is a possibility that Nyctophobia May Be Based In Our Prehistoric Past .


BEWARE THE DARK CASE #2 A case study of a female patient suffering from nyctophobia was found and using Indirect hypnotic techniques to establish a profound age regression and dissociation between affect and cognition. This situation allowed the patient to deal with a traumatic experience of extreme abuse during her childhood. Subsequent work in the same extended hypnotic treatment session effected an integration of cognitive and affective components of the experience. Therapeutic results have been maintained at a four- and one-half year Follow-up.

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NYCTOPHOBIA  

Are you afraid of the dark?

NYCTOPHOBIA  

Are you afraid of the dark?

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