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issue 130 | 21.06.10 | Page 1

Bitter crusade

This Issue • Queensland scientist heads IRG • Copper atom science fascinates delegates

Greens use forest fables to push pre-election anti-timber campaign

LONG-TIME forest industry adversary and Australian Greens leader Bob Brown has launched a bitter election-year media campaign to close all native forest logging, a crusade labelled “unscrupulous and unethical’ by timber leaders. As they ride an unprecedented wave of support in the polls, the Greens have moved to discredit the native forest industry. Launching a new television advertisement calling for an end to native forest logging, Senator Brown says there has never been a more opportune time for the federal government to step in and end conflict over forests forever. Emotional television and You Tube clips show a placid

Bob Brown .. mischievous media campaign on native forests.

platypus swimming near a waterfall against a backdrop of forest harvest operations. The words “only a fraction of Australia’s forests remain” and

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“releasing more carbon dioxide into the atmosphere than all our cars, planes and ships”, appear across an aerial film of forests shrouded in mist. This serious threat to all native forest harvesting in Australia is exacerbated by the fact that the Greens are shaping as the new third force in national politics with pundits predicting the party will hold a powerful position in the Senate, possibly the balance of power. Adding to public confusion on the issue, a major disagreement on native logging policy has emerged among Green parties; the Tasmanian Greens says they do not have a no-native forestlogging policy against Senator Cont Page 2

and FSC – the facts and myths • Highest honours awarded to NZ foresters • Brisbane seminar plugs into bioenergy • EWPs positioned for ‘green’ markets • Bioenergy needs careful management


issue 130 | 21.06.10 | Page 1

industry news

Greens divided Making on native forest an logging policies impact ..

across Australia’s forest and forest products industry .. since 1940

From Page 1

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Victorian Association of Forest Industries Level 2, 2 Market Street Melbourne 3000 Tel: +61 3 9611 9000 Fax: +61 3 9611 9011 Email: Web: Page 2 | issue 130 | 21.06.10

Bob Brown’s claim there is no future in native forest logging. Chief executive of the Victorian Association of Forest Industries Philip Dalidakis told T&F enews he condemned the Greens for their use of push polling in their anti-timber propaganda. “The claims of Greens Senator Bob Brown are based on the use of unscrupulous and unethical push polling techniques and blatant environmental hypocrisy,” he said. “Every time someone calls for a reduction in the local forest industry, they are actually actively encouraging logging in overseas markets that are considered to be at high risk or illegal. “The local timber industry strives to achieve a balance between appropriate environmental conservation and economic development, playing a significant role in fighting climate change. “The Federal Government recognises our sector as the only one that removes more greenhouse gas than it emits and Victorian Government modelling supports that by showing public land stores more carbon than it releases, inclusive of timber harvesting.” While the government’s third anniversary is in late November and Kevin Rudd has said he would like parliament to run its full term, the Greens have been buoyed by new support as the Prime Minister’s popularity sags under lost credibility, broken promises, botched programs wasting billions of economic stimulus dollars, inability to stop illegal boat arrivals and mortal combat with the mining industry over the new superprofits tax.

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Senator Colbeck .. who is the public supposed to believe?

Since September last year, when Mr Rudd was at 67% satisfaction with voters, the Coalition’s primary vote has risen from 35% to 41% at the end of May, Labor’s support has fallen from 47% to 35% and the Greens’ support has risen from 10% to 16%. Meanwhile, Tasmanian Liberal senator and federal coalition spokesman for forestry Richard Colbeck says the Greens are contradicting each other in their “grubby lust for power”. “While Senator Brown is journeying around Australia irresponsibly stirring up antiCont Page 4

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industry news

Sawmillers ‘blindfolded’ on logging ban decision CALLS have been made for the NSW government to address uncertainty in the state’s southern areas over a ban on logging that is set to come into effect in less than two weeks. The government is going to protect about 100,000 ha of gums and wetlands in the Riverina Murray region from July. It says the timber industry will receive a $97 million structural adjustment package. Barham sawmiller Ken O’Brien says the government has not kept the industry informed. “We’d like to have the information - what’s going on?” Mr O’Brien said in an ABC interview. “We’d like to be briefed officially on letters of offer so that business people can make

Frank Sartor

a decision on whether they’re staying or going, and also then we can inform our employees of what the future holds for them.” Mr O’Brien said not many workers had been laid off

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because the company still did not know what was going to happen. “We’ve been told verbally that we’re going to close down but nothing official has come of that,” he said. “So how can we go to our workers and tell them that they’re going to be officially laid off when we’re really not sure of the dates and what those actions would mean to business? “My sawmill quota was issued in 1851, and I still haven’t been officially notified that won’t be renewed in July 1 and the other sawmill owners are in much the same way. “They haven’t been officially notified either and yet we’re two weeks away from that, so this has been handled very poorly.” The NSW minister for climate change and the environment Frank Sartor introduced the Riverina Red Gum Reservations Bill into parliament on April 22, paving the way for the protection of the largest river red gum forest in the world. The Bill sets out to conserve more than 100,000 ha of forests, wetlands and woodlands in the Riverina. An $80 million assistance package has been provided for timber workers, their families and the community. Of this, $23.5 million has been committed to manage the new parks over the first three years, including $12 million for capital works and $2 million for the establishment of Aboriginal protected areas. The NSW National Parks and Wildlife Service is putting plans in place for the management of the new parks, 78% of which are to commence from July 1.


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issue 130 | 21.06.10 | Page 3

industry news

Unfounded claims on regrowth forests From Page 2

forestry sentiment and calling for an all-out ban on native forest logging, [Tasmanian Greens leader] Nick McKim is attempting to portray his state Greens as moderate by claiming he does not support the ban Brown is demanding,” Senator Colbeck said. “So who is the public supposed to believe? “In addition, the Greens and their fervent supporters can’t even be honest on what is and isn’t a high-conservation value forest. “In maps they shop around to the unaware public, the Greens and their supporters are claiming areas of 28-yearold regrowth forest from clearfell, previously logged forests, parts of an artillery range and pine and eucalypt plantations as ‘high-conservation-value forests’.

“The Greens deceptions and contradictions further add to the belief that the Greens will say anything to further their fervent anti-forestry, antiindustry agenda. “They believe they are accountable to nobody and their policies must not be questioned or scrutinised.” Philip Dalidakis says of the 7.8 million ha of native forest in Victoria, about 5500 ha is harvested annually – less than 0.07% of the total forest estate. “While many Australians are in favour of putting in place some form of protection for forests, they would also be likely to add that they believe this includes striking a balance between sensible environmental conservation and economic development. General survey results published by the Greens also clearly identify the use of push

Old-growth logging .. sensible balance between sensible environmental conservation and economic development.

polling, a form of questioning used to influence the results by restricting the specific nature of the questions and answers. “The use of push polling techniques by the Greens has influenced the results of this

so called public survey, and eroded any remaining credibility the party has on this issue,” Mr Dalidakis said. Results of the national Galaxy research poll of 1100 people claim 90% of Australians are in favour of protecting remaining high conservation value forests in Tasmania, Victoria and New South Wales in national parks; 77% agree that the Rudd Government should stop the logging of native forests, which contain large amounts of carbon that would be protected by ending forest clearance; 72% are in favour of the federal government assisting logging contractors to take redundancies, retrain or move permanently to a plantation based industry. The logging industry is now asking for help to assist workers and companies to shift from unsustainable native forest logging to plantations.

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WHAT’S ON? 21-22: Frame Australia 2010 Conference: Housing Construction and Sustainability. Sofitel Melbourne. The major national event for engineered timber and pre-fabrication. View:

21-22: ScanTECH 2010 Sawmill Scanning & Optimisation Technologies. Rotorua, NZ. www. 26-27: ScanTECH 2010 Sawmill Scanning & Optimisation Technologies. Melbourne. www.

21-22: Skills Tasmania Conference, Hobart. Showcasing workforce development and planning.

26-27: Wood Energy 2010 (World Reducing Energy Costs & Improving Energy Efficiencies) Melbourne.

June 28-July 2: 18th Commonwealth Forestry Conference, Edinburgh, Scotland.

26-29: Combined workshop. ATTA / FIAPS / ForestWorks combined annual workshop Hobart. Details:

JULY 2010


1: Bio-energy Under the Microscope: Fact or Fiction? Brisbane. Unsure how the burgeoning bio-energy market can deliver a return to your business? Attend this Timber Queensland event to ensure you are positioned to capitalise on the emerging opportunities for the timber industry. events

3-5: Canberra Timber & Working With Wood Expo, Exhibition Park in Canberra. Contact: (02) 9974 1393. Fax: (02)9974 3426 Email:

14: Seminar – Fair Competition and the Illegal Logging Trade. Speaker: Juel Briggs, Briggs Veneer. Prosperos Restaurant, 310 Church Street, Parramatta, 6,30pm for 7pm. Hosted by Sydney HooHoo Club 215. Contact: Chris White on 0411 293 646 or Ian Ramsay on 0414 746992. Email: 14-18: Interforest 2010 Trade Fair for Forestry Technology Munich, Germany. 21-22: Wood Energy 2010 reducing energy costs and improving energy efficiencies. Rotorua, NZ.

6-12: Landcare Week. 7-9: Wood Manufacturing 2010. Rotorua, NZ. Designed for wood processing operations in the dry mill and stand-alone wood manufacturing companies. View: www.woodmanufacturingevents. com 8-10: AFAC bushfire CRC annual conference. Darwin Convention Centre Australia. 9: Australia’s Place in the Changing Global Forest Products Market. Future opportunities for global forestry markets including renewable energy; certification and regulation of global markets; ownership and investment in Australia; industry-led solutions for a sustainable industry. Presented

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13-15: Manufacturing 2010. Melbourne. Designed for wood processing operations in the dry mill and stand-alone wood manufacturing companies. View: www.woodmanufacturingevents. com

The National The National Association of of Forest Association Industries (NAFI) Forest Industries (NAFI) represents is striving for an Australian companies, ecologically sustainable individualssociety and Australian organisations involved achieved through in thedynamic, forestry and forest products internationally industries. competitive forest industries. NAFI works with state and

15-16: Wood Manufacturing 2010 Profitable Wood Manufacturing - Tooling Technology & Design, Melbourne. 20-21: Wood Manufacturing 2010 Profitable Wood Manufacturing - Tooling Technology & Design Rotorua, NZ. 30-2 October: The Future of Forestry and Forest Science Conference. Celebrating the centenary of forestry education in Australia. Sydney Myer Asia Centre Carrillo Gantner Theatre, Melbourne University. Contact: Event Planners Australia forestry. Email:



JUNE 2010

10-13: Australian Forest Growers national conference, Mount Gambier, SA. Chief executive Warwick Ragg. Contact national office: (02) 6162 9000. 15-17: Melbourne Timber and Working with Wood Expo, Melbourne Showground, Melbourne. Contact: (02) 9974 1393. Fax: (02)9974 3426 Email:

federal governments to support interestsis of to its NAFI’sthemission members while the same represent theatinterests time improving industry of members by standards and practices, promoting the promoting sustainable environmental forestry management and educating the broader sustainability and community on theof the prosperity economic, environment Australian forest and social benefits of industries. a strong sustainable forest industry. National Association of The National Association Forest Industries Ltd of Forest Industries (Est. 1987) Ltd (EST.1987) PO Box 239, PO Box 239, Deakin ACT 2600 Deakin, ACT 2600 Tel: (02) 6285 3833. Tel: (02) 6285 3833 Fax: (02) 6285 3855 Fax: (02) 6285 3855 Web: Web:

issue 130 | 21.06.10 | Page 5


Seminar suggests industry plugs into ideas on bioenergy NATIONWIDE electricity hikes – ranging from 13.29% in Queensland to 18% in Western Australia – blow an ill wind for timber processors who must look at ways to reduce their bills, says Timber Queensland. “Power costs are already nearly the top cost centre for most processors and they are set to balloon on top of the pain most companies are feeling postGFC,” chief executive Rod McInnes said. Timber Queensland points to bio-energy as way for these businesses to potentially add income from the sale of residue or produce power to offset rising electricity costs. “Here is an opportunity for the timber industry to reduce one of their biggest costs centres, plus do bit for the environment,” Mr McInnes said. “Businesses that may consider looking at bio-energy as a part of their response to the now defunct emissions trading system, could be throwing away money by abandoning plans to investigate these new technologies.” To help timber businesses identify where there could be a return, Timber Queensland is holding a one day seminar, BioEnergy Under the Microscope: Fact or Fiction?” on July 1 at the Pavilion Function and Conference Centre in Brisbane. High profile speakers at the seminar include Stephen Schuck, manager of Bioenergy Australia, established in 1997 as a government-industry forum to foster and facilitate the development of biomass for energy, liquid fuels, and other value added bio-based products. Bioenergy Australia is concerned with all aspects of biomass and bioenergy – from production through to utilisation, and its

Page 6 | issue 130 | 21.06.10

Stephen Schuck .. biomass for energy.

Greg Nielson .. fast tracking clean energy.

work embraces technical, commercial, economic, societal, environmental, policy and market issues. Mr Schuck has wide experience in the electricity supply and construction industries. He graduated with a B.Sc (engineering) in 1974 and commenced his career with South African power company Eskom which generates about 95% of the electricity in that country. The Office of Clean Energy will be represented by Greg Nielson. This state government body assists companies to fast track eligible clean energy projects and oversees integration of renewable energy.

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Highest honours awarded to New Zealand forest leaders Kirk Horn, Forester of the Year awards presented in Rotorua HIGH honours recognising outstanding contributions to New Zealand forestry were presented to two industry leaders at the NZ Institute of Forestry’s recent annual conference in Rotorua. • Peter Berg, chairman and executive director of the Auckland-based Pentarch Forest Products (NZ) Ltd and NZ Forestry Ltd was presented with the institute’s supreme prize, the biennial Kirk Horn Award. • Russell Dale, chief executive of Future Forests Research Ltd, Rotorua, was named 2010 New Zealand Forester of the Year. Mr Berg, who was made an Officer of the New Zealand Order of Merit for services to forestry in 2004, has held senior positions in Rayonier NZ Ltd., NZ Forestry Corporation Ltd., and the NZ Forest Service. He has been president of the NZ Forest Owners Association since 1999, on the board of Woodco since 2005, chair of the NZ section of the Commonwealth Forestry Association, deputy chair of

Peter Berg .. NZ forestry’s supreme award.

Russel Dale .. NZ Forester of the Year.

Tane’s Tree Trust, a board member of NZ Forest Industries Training (FITEC), a member of the Auckland Conservation Board since 2005 and a director of Scion since 2006.

“I am delighted the institute has recognised the achievements of this outstanding member, NZIF president Dr Andrew McEwen said. “Few people in recent years have put as much time and effort into forestry outside the job they are employed to do than Peter. The list of organisations that he is contributing to span the breadth of New Zealand forestry including the profession, training, indigenous forestry, conservation and plantation growing.

The award symbolises the start of forestry in New Zealand Mr Berg is a former president of the institute (1998-2002) and was Forester of the Year in 2006.

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“The fact that he has been accepted, appointed and reappointed to these roles demonstrates the respect that he has earned, the ethical standards that he has followed and his commitment to the profession and to the sector.” The Kirk Horn Award, which consists of a medal and temporary possession of a 133year old drinking horn, is the most historically valuable award in all New Zealand science. It commemorates the recipient, Thomas Kirk, a man with no formal schooling who became one of New Zealand’s foremost botanical explorers and scientists and teacher at the Auckland Institute and Museum; it commemorates the donor, Captain Inches Campbell-Walker, a member of the Indian Forest Service who came to New Zealand in 1876 as the first Conservator of Forests on a year’s trial; and it symbolises the start of forestry in New Zealand. Thomas Kirk and CampbellCont Page 8

issue 130 | 21.06.10 | Page 7


High level performer in NZ forest industry From Page 7

Walker travelled the length and breadth of the country together inspecting and studying the forests and, as a first step towards a system of conservation, CampbellWalker recommended that all the forests at the headwaters of all rivers in Canterbury be reserved. At the end of his stay in 1877, Campbell-Walker commemorated his association with Kirk by presenting him with a silver-mounted flask suitably engraved. It was presented to the Institute by the Royal Society of New Zealand in 1988. The 2010 Forester of the Year Award presented to Russell Dale recognises leadership, excellence and personal integrity. Consideration is given to the nominee’s contribution to New Zealand’s

economic, social and environmental development, the use of innovation and new technologies or the creation of a new product or business of significance to forestry. Future Forests Research Ltd was formed in 2007 to arrange funding for and to organise forest growing research in New Zealand. The company works closely with forest sector stakeholders and research providers to identify research needs, secure funding and then assist with the uptake of the research by end users. Research programs include forest growing, the environmental benefits of forestry, harvesting on steep slopes and improving the profitability of other species such as redwoods, cypress, Douglas fir, eucalypts and indigenous species as alternatives to radiata pine. Total annual funding is

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$7.5 million with the sector contributing $1.3 million plus significant in-kind resources and the government providing $6.2 million. Russell Dale has been especially applauded for securing major funding for forest research both from forestry companies and from the government

Mr Dale, who was elected a Fellow of the Institute in 2008, has had a 35-year career in forestry that included senior management positions in Forestry Corporation of New Zealand, Fletcher Challenge Forests, Carter Holt Harvey Forests and Kaingaroa Timberlands. Prior to being appointed to FFR, Mr Dale completed a number of assignments in the forestry and

building industries. “Russell has been a high level performer and leader in the NZ forest industry for many years, managing and directing some of the country’s largest forestry enterprises,” Dr Andrew McEwen said. “He has been particularly applauded for the focus and leadership he has provided in establishing Future Forests Research and in securing major funding for forest research both from forestry companies and from the government.” The Forester of the Year award is a large carved wall panel, a 1989 work of Rotorua carver Lyonel Grant. The principal elements portrayed in the carving are Papa Tuanuku and the children of Tane Mahuta (the forests, both native and exotic) as well as an effort to capture their respective uses using traditional design techniques in a contemporary form.

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Web: Page 8 | issue 130 | 21.06.10

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Qld scientist heads international group on wood protection A QUEENSLAND forestry scientist with more than 30 years’ experience in wood preservation is the new president of the International Research Group on Wood Protection. Jack Norton, senior principle scientist with Queensland’s Department of Employment, Economic Development and Innovation in Brisbane, was elected at the 41st annual meeting of IRG held in Biarritz, France, from May 9 to 13. IRG was inaugurated on June 25, 1969, in Cambridge, England, on a charter that the protection of wood-based products was essential if they were to be used economically and effectively. Initially, IRG was composed of 22 scientists, but today it has more than 350 members in 54 countries with the IRG secretariat based in Sweden. About 300 delegates from39 countries attended the IRG conference in Biarritz, which is located close to the Spanish border on France’s south western coast, deep in the Basque region. Australia and New Zealand were well represented with 23 delegates. A total of 166 papers occupied delegates over five main sessions with an additional evening session of 19 poster

Timber & Forestry e-news is the most authoritative and quickest deliverer of news and special features to the forest and forest products industries in Australia, New Zealand and the Asia-Pacific region. Weekly distribution is over 6,400 copies, delivered every Monday. Advertising rates are the most competitive of any industry magazine in the region. Timber&Forestry e-news hits your target market – every week, every Monday! Jack Norton .. new IRG president

presentations. The main session topics were: biology; test methods and assessment; wood protecting chemicals; processes and properties; and sustainability and environment. “There were many excellent papers this year presented by some competent younger researchers,” Australian delegate Dr Harry Greaves of Melbourne observed. “This is very encouraging for the wood preservation industry as many research institutions, including CSIRO, have closed down significant forest product endeavours.” The next IRG meeting will be held in Queenstown, NZ, from May 8 to 12 next year. The organising committee, chaired by Jeanette Drysdale, includes Peter and Christine Hayward, Mick Hedley, Tripti Singh, Harry Greaves and Jack Norton.

Delegates Steve Ainscough, chief executive, Chemical Specialties, USA, Alex Valcke, corporate vice-president, innovation, Arch Chemicals, US, and Dr Harry Greaves, wood preservation specialist, Melbourne, exchange pleasantries at the IRG president’s reception.

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Opinions expressed on Timber & Forestry e news are not necessarily the opinions of the editor, publisher or staff. We do not accept responsibility for any damage resulting from inaccuracies in editorial or advertising. The Publisher is therefore indemnified against all actions, suits, claims or damages resulting from content on this e news. Content cannot be reproduced without the prior consent of the Publisher- Custom Publishing Group.

issue 130 | 21.06.10 | Page 9


Copper penetration science fascinates delegates at IRG 41 conference in France GROUND-breaking timber preservation science using electron microscopy techniques to determine copper penetration of wood cells fascinated delegates at the IRG conference in France last month. Outstanding contributions were made by Canadian workers, in particular Dr Phil Evans, formerly of the ANU, Canberra, working in collaboration with Hiroshi Matsunaga from FFPRI Tsukuba, Japan. They presented their work on copper nano particles in southern pine treated with micronised copper preservative. Australian delegate Dr Harry Greaves said these new

formulations of proven copperbased systems had thrown up some doubts as to whether the copper can penetrate the wood cell wall and thereby effectively protect the wood from decay. “Mr Matsunaga and co-workers using very sophisticated electron microscopy techniques impressed the audience with images of copper atoms in wood cell walls and clearly demonstrated that copper is present in cell walls of tracheids as atoms or ions,” Dr Greaves said. “The work is a far cry from the very early, crude attempts to image copper penetration during the 1970s.” “We were staggered by this new research that can view the

Getting together at the IRG conference are Andrew Hughes, chairman of the UK Wood Protection Association technical committee, Dr Ed Suttie of BRE, UK, and Ron Eddy, managing director of TimTech Chemicals New Zealand.

actual copper atom in the cell walls of wood. “Back in the 70s when we were looking for CCA in the cell wall of eucalypts we could determine the distribution of copper and arsenic in the cell wall using electron probes to excite atoms and get an x-ray. But this was never really precise. “Now they are able to prepare wood in such nano-particulate fashions that they can see atomic elements, which is quite astonishing.” This work reflects the success of Osmose’s MicroPro technology, available soon in Australia, which pressure treats wood for decks, fences, landscaping and general construction using micronised

Australlian delegates at IRG 41 .. Dr Harry Greaves, HG Consulting, Melbourne, and Dr Michael Kennedy, timber preservation scientist, DPI Queensland. Infomation and photos courtesy Dr Harry Greaves

copper preservatives to protect against termite damage and fungal decay. Another nice piece of work from Canadian researchers at IRG 41 also examined micronised copper formulations. Dr John Ruddick of the Department of Wood Science, Vancouver, presented chemistry on the reaction of alkaline copper and micronised copper with wood, demonstrating that soluble copper, initially formed in the wood, can migrate into the wood cell wall in a manner similar to other soluble copper chemicals (eg copper sulphate), and bind to wood cell components. “There were quite a few papers on boron and boron-containing formulations at the IRG meeting,” Dr Greaves said, “with some good presentations from workers in Turkey showing that water-in-oil boron emulsions and epoxy and waste oil treatments significantly reduce boron leaching from wood treated with such formulations. “In addition, researchers at the Chinese Academy of Forestry have synthesised ammonium tetraphenylborate and borate chemical compounds to reduce boron leaching.”

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Page 10 | issue 130 | 21.06.10

Contact Alan Jones Email: (Licence No. 238123)

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AFS and FSC – the facts and myths

Both systems approach regional flexibility and global consistency from different directions, but to the same end – sustainable forest management THE downturn in Japanese sales of Tasmanian pulpwood has brought many new challenges for forest managers and processors, not the least of which has been forest certification and its influence on how products are marketed. The majority of the state’s production forests are certified to the Australian Forestry Standard (AFS), including all forests managed by Forestry Tasmania, Gunns, Timberlands and Norske Skog. This reflects the position in Australia generally, where close to 10 million ha is AFS certified, encompassing virtually all of the public state forest estates, and a large part of the private corporate estate. In fact, more than 90% of Australia’s timber production capacity is AFS certified. The Forest Stewardship Council, or FSC, provides another option for certification. There are currently no FSC certified forests in Tasmania, although some growers are now investigating. Across Australia there are in the

order of a half million hectares of FSC certified forest. These are essentially all plantations, including some that have both FSC and AFS certification. There are no significant areas of native forest FSC certified following VicForests unsuccessful attempts to achieve it in 2008-09. There is much confusion, about the differences between AFS and FSC certification and their respective merits. In essence, they derive from very similar frameworks of sustainable forest management, cover essentially the same concepts and are committed to the same end – sustainable forest management.

Each is based on independent third party verification, by accredited certifiers, and provide secure chain-ofcustody and labelling systems for verification of wood origins through the supply chain to final customers. There are some differences in labelling rules, the most significant being that AFS requires a minimum 70% certified content in all products, whereas, FSC provides for content down to 10% in certain circumstances. FSC has been developed as an international standard and it is often suggested that this results in greater uniformity of requirements around the globe. However, FSC has to be ‘interpreted’ for local implementation and requires the development of national or regional standards to reflect global variation in biophysical and socio-economic contexts, which appropriately reduces this uniformity. In practice, few such national/ regional standards have been developed, and around half of all FSC certifications,

There are both similarities and differences between the two forest certification systems operating in Australia, but both provide credible assurance of sustainable forest management. This provides healthy choice for forest growers, processors, and sellers of forest products, reflecting their particular requirements, or those expressed by their markets and customers. Competition between systems encourages continuous improvement, and provides legitimate choice avoiding monopoly power and keeping both focused on providing effective and efficient outcomes without undue influence of any particular interest. Executive general manager of Forests Tasmania DR HANS DRIELSMA, lays out some facts and myths about AFS and FSC. Cont Page 12

If it’s your timber, make sure it’s in the competition. Ring the architect, builder or owner; pay the fee; organise the photos. The 2010 Australian Timber Design Awards is your chance to have your timber products showcased. If you’ve supplied timber or timber products to an eye-catching house, office block or resort development, make sure your contact knows about the Timber Design Awards. Let us know about the project by email at


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issue 130 | 21.06.10 | Page 11


PEFC approach maintains a stronger element of national ownership .. From Page 11

including all those in Australia, have been against auditor developed interim case specific standards, further weakening this argument. AFS has been developed as a national standard, the only one for Australia, to reflect Australian forest ecology and legislative contexts, and therefore achieving significant local fit-for-purpose. It, however, conforms to and has been formally endorsed against the sustainability benchmark of PEFC (Program for the Endorsement of Forest Certification) ensuring international consistency. PEFC is the world’s largest certification framework with 220 million ha of certified forest. Both systems approach regional flexibility and global consistency from different directions, but to the same end. It is fair to say that the PEFC approach maintains a stronger element of national ownership and recognition of national sovereignty, and it is the reason why so many countries (35 to date) have chosen this path. For historical reasons, they have approached the shared objective of sustainable forest management using different processes. However, there is growing consensus among key stakeholders, including the forestry industry, government procurement policies, international institutions and corporate customers, that both schemes offer equivalent assurance of well managed forests. AFS has been developed within the national standards system, and therefore within ISO/IAF protocols which require the strict separation of powers between standards setting (AFS), certification (certification

Page 12 | issue 130 | 21.06.10

bodies) and certifier accreditation (JAS-ANZ). This ensures that standards are implemented and verified on a fully objective basis, without undue influence from interested parties involved in the standards setting itself. FSC has developed its own internal governance arrangements, and this separation of powers is not evident.These are developed by individual certification bodies with limited stakeholder consultation. Some common myths: Myth: AFS has been developed by the forest industry. Fact: AFS was developed under accreditation by Standards Australia, in conformity with international protocols for standards development and balanced representation of interests. FSC standards are developed under similar rules established by FSC

International. Both incorporate industry and environmental interests in standards development. Myth: AFS is a system standard without specific performance requirements. Fact: There is no evidentiary basis for any distinction between the two standards on this count. The scope and requirements of each standard are expressed in very similar terms, and both incorporate system and specific performance requirements. Myth: FSC does not certify native forests. Fact: Quite the contrary. FSC was originally set up to promote sustainable forest management of natural tropical forests, and certifies natural forests around the world. FSC also certifies old growth harvest and clear felling operations in

many parts of the world. The Canadian boreal forests are a good example, where it is reported that one of the largest clear cuts in the world is found in an FSC certified forest and where harvesting of old growth, including variable retention, is also FSC certified. Myth: AFS permits chemical uses prohibited under FSC. Fact: FSC prohibits certain chemicals, such as symazine and 1080, but then provides exemptions where these are found to be critical to successful forest management. AFS more transparently allows chemical use, but requires minimisation strategies. Both seek the same outcomes. Interestingly, there is not a single chemical used by AFS certified entities in Australia that is not also approved for use by FSC certified entities. Myth: Only FSC protects High Conservation Value Forests. Fact: Both AFS and FSC have provisions that require the identification and protection of significant conservation values. In FSC the reference is to High Conservation Value Forests (HCVF), whereas in AFS it is to Significant Biological Diversity Values (SBDV).

Return of Vic. supply chain seminar FOLLOWING positive feedback from participants, the recent timber supply chain seminar held in Melbourne will be run again. The seminar, jointly hosted by the Australian Timber Importers Federation and the Timber Merchants Association, was attended by more than 80 and addressed a wide range of topical issues related to the Victorian timber industry. ATIF’s technical manager John Halkett said that with industry support the seminar could become a fixture on the

Victoria timber industry events calendar. “Already we have had discussions about holding the event again in 2012,” he said. TMA’s chief executive Peter Roberts said the seminar had generated additional interest in industry associations. “We have new members arising out of the seminar adding to our strong membership growth over the past year,” Mr Roberts said. “This suggests we are recognised as a real benefit to merchants and the timber industry.”

Advertising: Tel +61 7 3256 1779 Email:


EWPs positioned for ‘green’ markets

IF the Australian wood industry wants its products to be competitive in an everincreasing ‘green’ international market, it needs to be involved in the likely development of legislation in Australia and to begin developing products with low volatile organic compound (VOC) emissions, say the authors of an FWPA-funded study. They’ve made a series of recommendations to help the engineered wood industry get in front of the issue. Formaldehyde and other VOCs have been linked to health problems when they reach high levels in indoor environments. The initial concern over VOCs was caused largely by the use of organic solvents in various finishes, says the report’s lead author Jamie Hague from CSIRO Materials Science and Engineering.

may hinder the development of legislation in Australia,” says Mr Hague. At the moment, there is some legislative control over formaldehyde emission levels in most of the trading areas which affect Australia and New Zealand. This is because the extensive



use of urea formaldehyde resin in manufacturing has been found to produce relatively high indoor formaldehyde levels which were easily quantifiable and clearly linked to health problems. Legislation has only recently started to be considered for other VOCs.

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The report points out that if background scientific work is done before VOC emission data are a mandatory component of product sales, the knowledge gained could be used to position Australian products to take advantage of health, safety and environmental legislation.



er & Fastenre r e t t e a B Hardwance** rm Perfo

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However, attention has now turned to all VOCs emitted in enclosed living spaces. Some resins in engineered wood products release formaldehyde and some wood emits VOCs naturally. Legislation is being developed in Europe and Japan that may limit, restrict or ban the use of some building products including wood products due to their VOC emissions. “Detecting and quantifying VOC emissions from building products, and rating them based on their potential harm, are complex problems which


Jamie Hague .. legislative control over formaldehyde emissions.

Visit: or phone: 1800 088 809 Osmose® and MicroPro® are registered trademarks of Osmose, Inc. or its subsidiaries. A Better Earth Idea from Osmose sm and Treated Wood Just Got Greener sm are slogan marks of Osmose Inc and its subsidiaries. MicroPro timber products are produced by independently owned and operated wood preserving facilities. GREENGUARD® is a registered trademark of GREENGUARD Environmental Institute. * See separate limited guarantee document for more details. ** See MicroPro fastener and hardware information sheet. © 2010 Osmose, Inc._002_0410

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issue 130 | 21.06.10 | Page 13


Bioenergy needs careful management Lessons from Austria at Canada conference

BIOENERGY is not the panacea for a carbon-neutral economy, but if technical and policy challenges can be overcome it can fill an important role not met by other renewable energy sources. That was the message from a high-profile panel of speakers at the 2010 Bioenergy Conference and Exhibition at Canada’s Prince George Centre in British Columbia. Ralph Sims, Professor of Sustainable Energy at Massey University, NZ, said bioenergy was not without controversy. “There are sustainability questions being asked about bioenergy,” Prof. Sims said. “(But) the sins of biomass can mostly be overcome by careful management.” Some of the “sins of biomass” include taking land from food production for energy crops, increased pressure on water reserves, nutrient depletion from the soil, and removing carbon and biomass from natural systems. Prof. Sims has worked with the International Energy Agency and led the energy panel of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. “Bioenergy does have some

significant advantages which can’t be ignored,” Mr Sims said. “Bioenergy can convert human, industrial, construction and manufacturing waste into energy, gaining additional value without having to draw more resources. “Solid and liquid biofuels like wood pellets, ethanol and biodiesel are storable and transportable energy. Highenergy liquid fuels are essential in aviation, shipping and longhaul trucking.” He said biofuels were carbon neutral – the carbon released when they were burned would have been released when the feed material decayed. But biofuels offered the potential to be carbon-negative through carbon sequestration. Trees and plants absorb carbon dioxide though photosynthesis. When the wood or plant material is burned some of the carbon dioxide is released into the atmosphere and some remains in the form of charcoal or ash. Prof. Sims said the gas could be captured and pumped into some form of storage, likely underground, or the charcoal could be worked into the soil as a soil conditioner.

If you know someone who earns a living from producing, selling or making timber goods in Australia, bring them along to this seminar

“Biomass contributes about 15% of Austrian energy demand. About 21% of households in Austria are heated by biomass,” Mr Schmidl said. “The most important lesson learned is policies must be supportive.”

Professor Ralph Sims .. biomass needs careful management.

Finding ways to be carbon neutral was critical if global warming is to be checked at 2C. Currently Earth’s atmosphere has 319 ppm of carbon dioxide. “Even if we stabilise at 450 ppm, there is only a 50% chance of stopping at 2C,” Mr Sims told the conference. “To reach 450 ppm by 2100 we have to be carbon negative.” Austria is one of the world’s bioenergy success stories. Johannes Schmidl of the Austrian Energy Agency told the conference free market conditions, without government incentives and policy, would not have created the situation which exists today in Austria.

In Austria it was rural communities which first pressured the government to promote bioenergy for heat and electricity to promote economic development. The first wood pellet boilers for home use were introduced in 1995. Between 1995 and 1999, 4000 pellet boilers were installed in Austria. From 2000 to 2010, 71,000 units were installed. Now more wood pellet boilers are installed then oil-burning boilers. The Austrian federal government also provides 30% subsidies for bioenergyfuelled district heating systems. Subsidies also exist for installing biomass boilers in new and existing homes. “Having a central agency to provide technology, training, software and information about biomass use is critical,” Prof. Sims said.

Wednesday, July 14, 2010

Fair Competition – and the Illegal Logging Trade Speaker: Juel Briggs, Director, Briggs Veneers Pty Ltd Venue: Prosperos Restaurant, 310 Church Street, Parramatta, Sydney (6.30pm for 7.00pm) Cost: $40 p.p. (members); $44 p.p. (non members) RSVP by Monday, July 12, to Chris White on 0411 293 646 or Ian Ramsay on 0414 746992 or email: Note: Cheques made payable to Sydney Timber Industry Institute Inc will be received on the night. Direct funds transfer prior to the event is also acceptable. Account details available on request. Receipts available on the night.

Juel Briggs will assess the impact that current and proposed regulations or government controls will have on Australian merchants, manufacturers and manufacturing jobs in the timber industry. She is concerned that timber products from all countries of origin or manufacture should be assessed under the same legality criteria, with no country of origin or of manufacture receiving special favourable treatment.

Book early! Seating limited to 80 persons

Organised by Sydney Hoo-Hoo Club 215

Page 14 | issue 130 | 21.06.10

Advertising: Tel +61 7 3256 1779 Email:

Chain of Custody I N F O R M AT I O N S E M I N A R

Brisbane • Thursday, August 20, 2009 433 On Logan Conference Centre 433 Logan Road, Stone’s Corner LIMITED TO 60 SEATS

Tender of Harvest and will ensure theHaulage Queensland timberContracts industry has the information required for compliance with legislation,Key speakers will present information


Tuesday, June 8th 2010

This important and timely seminar, organised by TABMA Queensland, will help of reduce some of and the confusion relating to chain of custody. It Tender Harvest Haulage Contracts VicForests is calling for tenders from suitably qualified harvest and haulage contractors.

and there will be a question and answer forum. VicForests is calling for tenders from suitably qualified Speakers Ross Runnalls,include: VicForests’ Manager, Forest Contracting, said tenders need to be and haulage contractors. submitted to VicForests by Friday, Julyapplication 30th 2010 and use, Timber Queensland •harvest Colin MacKenzie, manager, timber • Simon Dorries, General Manager, Engineered Wood Products Association of

Tenders to be submitted VicForests “Three harvestneed and three transport contractsto are being offeredby by Friday, VicForests,” Mr Australasia Runnalls said. 2010 July 30th • Kayt Watts, chief executive, Australian Forestry Standard Ltd (AFS) •Three Michael Spencer, chief Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) “These contracts will cover the annual harvest and transport ofare approximately harvest and executive, three transport contracts being

80,000m3 of log product from native hardwood forests in the Central Highlands offered by VicForests. These contracts will cover the region. Registration fee: $65 pp (TABMA member) $80 pp (non-member) • Includes hot breakfast

annual harvest and transport of approximately

and morning tea. Note: Arrival 7:30am. Breakfast 7:45 am. Presentations begin at 8 am. “Two five-year RSVP by Friday,contracts August 14,and to: one one-year contract for both harvest and haulage 80,000m3 log product from native hardwood forests willTabma commence in of October Queensland, PO Box 2010 532, with a nine-month annual operating period.

in the Central region. 500 Brunswick Street,Highlands Fortitude Valley 4006 “These contracts willFax: be (07) available through an open and competitive sealed bid Tel: (07) 3254 3166. 3254 4599. tender process. Two five-year Mob: 0438 295 136 contracts and one one-year contract for both harvest and haulage will commence in October “Within this tender process there is an opportunity for existing contractors to 2010 with a nine-month annual tender for additional work. This work can be operating amalgamatedperiod. with their existing contract quantity into a new contract,” he said.

Magnificent timber block


Located Jimna area – Queensland Area: 243.5 hectares. Elevation 600 metres Normal rainfall 45 in. Top pole production country with high quality iron bark, grey gum and hoop pine. Sunday Creek Rd to Kenilworth on southern boundary. Eastern and western boundaries are Conondale National Park.


These contracts will be available through an open and

“VicForests is looking to develop and conditions that achieve competitive sealed bid contract tenderterms process. greater certainty and efficiency for contractors and VicForests.

Within this tender process there is an opportunity for

“We have moved to five-year contracts in order to maximise security for existing contractors to tender for additional work. This contractors.

work can be amalgamated with their existing contract

“This will also assist reducing costs and improving operational and business quantity into awith new contract. skills in relation to harvest and haulage,” Mr Runnalls said

VicForests is looking to develop contract terms and


Request for Tender documents aregreater available certainty for download fromefficiency VicForests conditions that achieve and website at

for contractors and VicForests. It has moved to five-year

Request for Tender documents can also be provided mail. Companies can contracts in order to maximise securitybyfor contractors. email their Company name, contact name, phone details and postal address to: or contact Reception on (03) 9608 9501. This will also assist with reducing costs and improving

This is a winning time for

operational and business skills in relation to harvest and smart marketers haulage. Request for Tender documents are available for NOW the time to atincrease your download fromisVicForests website www.vicforests. business market share in the

most cost effective Request for Tender documents can also bemanner provided by mail. Companies can email their Company name, contact phone details and NOW postal address to: ADname, PACKAGE RATES AVAILABLE CONTACT or contact 3256 1779 Reception on (03) +61 9608 7 9501

reach your market weekly s direct delivery s very affordable Advertising: Tel +61 7 3256 1779 Email:

Bitumen road frontage. Permanent flow in Six Mile Creek. Great views. Power on property. An assessment of the standing timber, product range and approximate value was undertaken on the western portion 107 LX 2421 in March last year. In preparation for the assessment, aerial photos were procured, the regional ecosystems overlayed, proposed strip lines considered and their GPS points down loaded to gain a representative sample of various forest types. Data collected includes species, diameter at breast height (cm), potential product and its length, and whether the tree would be harvested, retained or chemically treated. Management units were identified and mapped by assessing the consistency of the forest in relation to species mix and productivity. The strip data was then extrapolated to give a per hectare figure of available volume and extrapolated over the unit area. Professional report indicates value of timber at $307,000 as at February 09, rising to $788,000 in 8-9 years. All inquiries and requests for detailed assessment data and aerial photographs should be directed to: Richard Long – Rent-A-Stand Pty Ltd, PO Box 37 Greenslopes 4120 Brisbane, Qld, Australia Tel: Fax: Mob: Email:

+617 33241288 +617 33970914. 0408 884 979

issue 130 | 21.06.10 | Page 15

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Issue 130  

A weekly online magazine to the timber and forestry industry

Issue 130  

A weekly online magazine to the timber and forestry industry