Industrial Technology K Trade Special 2019

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INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY - International four-monthly magazine - Free copy in postal distribution - Via Porpora, 20131 150 Milano (MI) Italy - www.industrialtechmag.com - Published by Indiepub srls ROC registration Number 31477

INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY Machines. Technology. Automation Number 5, October 2019

IGREG STUDIO

Special Fair K 2019

INDUSTRIAL INDUSTRIAL ECHNOLOGY TTECHNOLOGY



INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY INDUSTRIAL T ECHNOLOGY

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alphaMAC | Quality partner in extrusion blow-moulding Solutions provider for extrusion blow-moulding machines, engineering of packaging lines, and process optimization. INNOVATION | FLEXIBILITY | CUSTOMER CENTRICITY

Bologna, Italy

www.alphamac.it


Strada Statale Briantea, 4 24030 Ambivere (Bergamo) Tel. 035-908911 Fax 035-908909 email: coms@bonfanti.it web: www.bonfanti.it

BONFANTI is a family-owned company with a strong background of tradition and culture based on the development of projects and solutions for over 50 years. In BONFANTI we design, produce, supply and install automatic handling and storing equipment for the PLASTIC FILM industry. Engineering Optimization of the material and process flow, lay-outs, customizations Jumbo rolls area Handling, feeding, storing, weighing Slit rolls area Conveying, feeding, storing, strapping, wrapping, weighing, labelling Metallization area Handling, feeding, storing, conveying, setting Packing area Handling, conveying, weighing, wrapping, labelling, storing Control Tracking application system for the coordination of all the handling activities inside a PLASTIC FILM plant Planning / MES / Cutting optimization / Shipping Complete software suite for Plastic Film integrated solution



Co.a.p. is an Italian transport group based in 29122 Piacenza ( Italy ) which has been trading since 1973. It can offer national and international transports as well as logistic facilities. More than 200 vehicles ( tautliners, vans, walking floors, tippers, crane equipped ) are on the road on a daily basis carrying any type of goods including ADR and waste. Multilingual staff, available logistic space.

WITH YOU SINCE 1973 FOR YOUR TRANSPORT AND LOGISTIC REQUESTS!

CO.A.P. SOC. COOP VIA F.COPPALATI 10 29122 PIACENZA (ITALY) TEL. +39 0523572981 MAIL. coap@coappc.it WEB. www.coappc.it


The guarantee of process control Screening plastic granules ø3x3mm equipped with perforated plates of ø6 mm and ø2 mm and quick clamps for easy maintenance during colour production change.

Screening plastic granules long fiber equipped with screen mesh with aperture 9x9 mm and 2x2 mm and mesh deblinding system with anti-wear balls.

C

M

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CM

MY

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CMY

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Screening and Conditioning plastic granules ø3x3mm equipped with perforated plates of ø6 mm and ø2 mm and an air ventilation system for cooling the plastic granules during the classification.

Transport and cooling plastic granules spiral cooling system for material as PA – PA6 – PA66 – PA12 that are sensitive to residual moisture after a water pellettizer. It is also used for reduce the temperature of the plastic granules.

Vibrowest Italiana Srl

Via Leonardo da Vinci, 5. 20020 Solaro (MI) - Italy Tel. +39 02 99482788 | Fax. +39 02 99057544 www.vibrowest.it vibrowest@vibrowest.it


HI-TECH MOULDING MACHINERY

Leading company in the construction of plants and machines for the molding of foam materials (EPS, EPP, EPE, ETPU) which, thanks to thirty years of experience, consolidates its position in the market by developing products and using new materials with innovative production technologies. The main machinery he produces are the following: molding presses, pre-expanders, thermoforming lines, transfer machines.

Alessiohitech, in its research and development division, has a team of young engineers able to provide design solutions at 360 degrees, dealing with feasibility studies, prototyping and testing, in perfect response to customer needs.

ALESSIOHITECH SRL Via Torre 15,24030 Medolago (BG)- Italy Tel: +39 0354934811 - Fax: +39 0354934888 comm@alessiohitech.com www.alessiohitech.com


INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY Industrial Technology integrates magazines, newsletters, digital publishing, SEO, exhibitions and conferences to guarantee top visibility and sales leads

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COMPANY

Registered office: Strada Mirafiori n° 31,10092 Beinasco (TO) Telephone: +39011/9529311 Website: www.cornaglia.com

PROFILE

and what makes us unique

Cornaglia is a Multinational Group partner for the automotive sector thus constantly evolving, capable, by leveraging on entrepreneurial courage, to anticipate the needs of the markets it competes on. Able to offer forefront technical and engineering solutions higly valuable to our customers, achieved by integrating and coordinating its processes and leveraging on its continuous improvement approach.

INNOVATION To be ready for the future

SUSTAINABILITY For continuous progress

PEOPLE Valorisation of human resources

PASSION, DETERMINATION, INNOVATION FROM ITALY TO THE WORLD The PLASTIC Business Unit (BU) has the main technologies for the manufatcuring/production of thermoplastic materials. Thanks to the available press fleet, this BU is able to produce medium and large components, using all the polymers (from polyethylene to polypropylene up to technopolymers, such as polyamide and polycarbonate).

Technologies • • • •

ROTOTIONAL MOULDING ROTATIONAL MOULDING INJECTION MOULDING 3D BLOW MOULDING 2D BLOW MOULDING TRADITIONAL BLOW


Index PLASTIC HCH. KÃœNDIG & CIE. AG UNITEAM ALFA STAMPI SUPERIOR GRAPHITE GIPLAST SYSTEMS BONFANTI HS UMFORMTECHNIK STEP LAB ALPHAMAC EFI


ARTICLE 16 22 26

PLASTIC MATERIALS BASIC PROPERTIES PLASTIC IS 150 YEARS OLD AND DOES NOT SHOW THEM CHEMICAL_RECYCLING_SPW

International four-monthly magazine Editor in Chief Stefano Petrelli Executive Editor Golkoo Houshmand Scientific Supervisor Mor Nguirane Editorial Board Mor Nguirane Benjamin Pollentes Luca Coppari Editorial Manager Noemi Morales Graphic Design Ashkan M.Kalantari Head Office Via Porpora, 150 20131 Milano (MI) www.industrialtechmag.com

INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY

Owned by: Indiepub srls, Via 8 marzo, 9 62100 Macerata MC Italy P.Iva 01971050438 Italian Printer LB Comunicazione di Luca Ballesi B.go Peranzoni, 141 62100 Macerata (MC) Tel. 340 4826072 Fax 0733 493070 info@lbcomunicazione.it R.O.C. number 31477 Free copy in postal distribution


PLASTIC

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INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY Industrial Technology is an international magazine that deals with machines, components, instrumentation and automation for Oil & Gas industries, petrochemical, chemical and energy. It contains news, information and case histories of products, technologies, suppliers and manufacturers. The insights are mainly related to complete installations, automation, control, instruments, valves, pumps, compressors, blowers, boilers, heat exchangers, process units, pipes, systems, software, seals, PTFE, bolts and fasteners, tanks, analysis and control, and in general to every product and service that can be used in the industrial process.

INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY

PARTICIPANT COMPANIES WHO ARE THE ADVERTISERS

THE EDITORIAL TEAM ABOUT US

The magazine has a broad and targeted distribution, and is an excellent tool to promote manufacturers, OEMs, suppliers, installers, engineering companies. There are interests, either for the companies that want to be known by the end user, the contractor, the EPC, also the companies that want to promote themselves with OEMs. Thanks to a specialized work distribution and reporting, advertisers are guaranteed to have a commercial return in terms of expendable contacts.

The magazine is produced by industry professionals to meet the technical and commercial needs of companies. In addition to publishing specialists, marketing and communications, they collaborate with the magazine engineers and active trading in the market. The team is international in order to cover the most of the major distribution areas - Europe, Arab countries, Iran and Africa - and takes THE TARGET OF READERS advantage of a partnership with an WHO READS import-export company in Tehran. Industrial Technology reaches more than 50,000 companies worldwide, with a particularly careful and effective distribution in the Middle East. Readers belong mainly to the oil and gas industries, chemical, petrochemical, or are distributors, engineering companies, consultants, contractors, OEM and EPC. The magazine also reaches the main fairs and major trade associations of various countries, in order to have the widest possible dissemination among stakeholders.

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PLASTIC MATERIALS’ BASIC PROPERTIES

SPECIFIC GRAVITY Specific gravity is the ratio of the mass of a given volume of material compared to the mass of the same volume of water, measured at 23°C (73°F). Since it is a dimensionless quantity, it is commonly used to compare materials. Specific gravity is used extensively to determine part cost and weight. Testing Method Reference Standards: ASTM D 792, ISO 1138 ULTIMATE TENSILE STRENGTH The ability to resist breaking under tensile stress is one of the most important and widely measured properties of materials used in structural applications. Ultimate tensile strength is the force per unit area required to break a material under tension. It is expressed in pounds per square inch (psi). The force required to pull apart 1 square inch of plastic may range from 4.500 to 222.500 N (1.000 to 50.000 lbs).

Mor Nguirane Dr. Chemical Engineer

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ELONGATION Elongation is the increase in length at fracture, expressed as a percentage of original length. It is always associated with tensile strength. Ultimate elongation values of several hundred percent are common for elastomers and film/packaging polyolefins. Rigid plastics, especially fiber reinforced ones, often exhibit values under 5%. The combination of high ultimate tensile strength and high elongation leads to materials of high toughness.

Testing Method Reference Standards: ASTM D 638, ISO 527-1/-2 •Tensile strength •Elongation at yield •Elongation at break •Nominal strain at break •Modulus of elasticity •Secant modulus •Poissons’ ratio


COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH Compressive strength measures a material’s ability to support a compressive force. Always reported as pounds per square inch (psi), this property may indicate one of the following: Ultimate compressive strength, the maximum stress to rupture a test sample Compressive strength at a specific deformation, i.e. 0.1%, 1%,10% – typically used for materials like plastics that may not rupture Compressive yield strength, the stress in psi as measured at the point of permanent yield, zero slope, and on stress-strain curve. FLEXURAL STRENGTH Flexural properties measure a material’s resistance to bending under load. The load at yield is the flexural strength of the material and is typically expressed in psi. For plastics, the data is usually calculated at %5 deformation/strain (the loading necessary to stretch the outer surface %5).

Testing Method Reference Standards: ASTM D 695, ISO 604

Testing Method Reference Standards: ASTM D 790, ISO 178

MODULUS (TENSILE, COMPRESSIVE, FLEXURAL) The modulus of elasticity (tensile, compressive or flexural) relates an applied stress to a resultant strain. Since all plastics do not exhibit perfect elasticity upon loading (a defined constant slope as part of their stress/strain curve), a tangent modulus is generally reported. Special consideration must be given when designing for continuous or long-term applied stresses due to plastics' time dependent (viscoelastic) behavior under stress. When time dependent strains must be determined, apparent modulus (creep) values must be used. These data are both time and temperature dependent and generally developed using a DMA (Dynamic Modulus Analyzer). HARDNESS The modulus of elasticity (tensile, compressive or flexural) relates an applied stress to a resultant strain. Since all plastics do not exhibit perfect elasticity upon loading (a defined constant slope as part of their stress/strain curve), a tangent modulus is generally reported. Special consideration must be given when designing for continuous or long-term applied stresses due to plastics' time dependent (viscoelastic) behavior under stress. When time dependent strains must be determined, apparent modulus (creep) values must be used. These data are both time and temperature dependent and generally developed using a DMA (Dynamic Modulus Analyzer).

Testing Method Reference Standards: Rockwell Hardness ASTM D 785 / ISO 2039 Shore Hardness ASTM D 2240 / ISO 868 & ISO 7619.


IMPACT/TOUGHNESS A material’s ability to absorb rapidly applied energy is its impact resistance. Impact resistance will vary based upon the shape, size, thickness, and type of material. Various methods of impact testing are very helpful when comparing the relative impact resistance of different materials. The impact tests most frequently used are Izod and Tensile impact. Charpy and Gardner impact tests can also be used to get a complete characterization of a material’s toughness. Izod Impact In this test, a pendulum arm swings to impact a notched, cantilevered beam. After fracturing the test specimen, the pendulum continues to travel in the same direction, but with less energy. This loss of energy of beam thickness, is known as the Izod impact strength. This test can also be done with either an unnotched specimen or with the notch reversed, in which case it is reported as “unnotched” or “reversed notch Izod” impact strength, respectively. Tensile Impact This test uses a swinging pendulum like that used in the Izod impact test, except the sample specimen is a tensile bar. It is mounted to measure the energy required to fracture it (pull it apart) due to rapid tensile loading. Testing Method Reference Standards: Izod Impact ASTM D 256 , ISO 180 Tensile Impact ASTM D 1822, ISO 8256

Testing Method Reference Standards:

HEAT DEFLECTION TEMPERATURE ASTM D 648, ISO 75 The heat deflection temperature is the temperature at which a 2/1” thick test bar, loaded to a specified bending stress, deflects by 0.010 in. It is used to determine short-term heat resistance. It distinguishes between materials that are able to sustain light loads at high temperatures and those that lose rigidity over a narrow temperature range.

CONTINUOUS SERVICE TEMPERATURE This value is most commonly defined as the maximum ambient service temperature (in air) that a material can withstand and retain at least %50 of its initial physical properties after long term service (approximately 10 years). Most thermoplastics can withstand short-term exposure to higher temperatures without significant deterioration. When selecting materials for high temperature service, both HDT and continuous service temperature need to be considered. TRANSITION GLASS TEMPERATURE The glass transition temperature (Tg) is the temperature above which an amorphous polymer becomes soft and rubbery. It is important to ensure that an amorphous polymer is used below its Tg if reasonable mechanical performance is expected, except when thermoforming. Testing Method Reference Standards: ASTM D 3418, ISO 3-/2-/1-11357

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COEFFICIENT OF LINEAR THERMAL EXPANSION The coefficient of linear thermal expansion (CLTE) is the ratio of the change in a linear dimension to the original dimensions of the material for a unit change of temperature. It is usually measured in units of in./in./°F or mm/mm/°C. It is a very important consideration if dissimilar materials are to be assembled in applications involving large temperature changes. A thermoplastic’s CLTE can be decreased (making it more dimensionally stable) by reinforcing it with glass fibers or other additives. The CLTE of plastics vary widely. The most stable plastics approach the CLTE of aluminium but exceed that of steel by up to ten times. Testing Method Reference Standards: ASTM E 831, ISO 11359

FLAMMABILITY Flammability tests measure combustibility, smoke generation, and ignition temperatures of materials. UL 94 FLAMMABILITY CLASS (HB, V -2, V -1, V -0, 5V) In this test, specimens are subjected to a specified flame exposure. The relative ability to continue burning after the flame is removed is the basis for classification. In general, the more favourable ratings are given to materials that extinguish themselves rapidly and do not drip flaming particles. Each rating is based on a specific material thickness (i.e. UL94 - V1 @ 1/8” thick). The UL rating scale from highest burn rate to most flame retardant is HB, V-2, V-1, V-0, 5V.


DIELECTRIC STRENGTH Dielectric Strength is a measure of the electrical strength of a material as an insulator. Dielectric strength is defined as the maximum voltage required to produce a dielectric breakdown through the material and is expressed as Volts per unit thickness. A higher dielectric strength represents a better quality of insulator. Factors that affect dielectric strength in applications include: temperature, sample thickness, conditioning of the sample, rate of increase in voltage, and duration of test. Contamination or internal voids in the sample also affect dielectric strength. Testing Method Reference Standards: ASTM D 149, IEC 60243

CONTINUOUS SERVICE TEMPERATURE The Dielectric Constant is a measure of the ability of a material to store electrical energy. Polar molecules and induced dipoles in a plastic will align themselves with an applied electric field. It takes energy to make this alignment occur. Some of the energy is converted to heat in the process. This loss of electrical energy in the form of heat is called dielectric loss and is related to the dissipation factor. The rest of the electrical energy required to align the electric dipoles is stored in the material. It can be released at a later time to do work. The higher the dielectric constant, the more electrical energy can be stored. A low dielectric constant is desirable in an insulator, whereas someone wanting to build a capacitor will look for materials with high dielectric constants. Dielectric constants are dependent on factors such as frequency, temperature, moisture, chemical contamination and other factors. Testing Method Reference Standards: ASTM D 150

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FLAMMABILITY Flammability tests measure combustibility, smoke generation, and ignition temperatures of materials. UL 94 FLAMMABILITY CLASS (HB, V -2, V -1, V -0, 5V) In this test, specimens are subjected to a specified flame exposure. The relative ability to continue burning after the flame is removed is the basis for classification. In general, the more favourable ratings are given to materials that extinguish themselves rapidly and do not drip flaming particles. Each rating is based on a specific material thickness (i.e. UL94 - V1 @ 1/8� thick). The UL rating scale from highest burn rate to most flame retardant is HB, V-2, V-1, V-0, 5V.

INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY editorial office


Plastic is 150 years old and does not show them.

A brief history of a modern material but with a history behind it.

Valeria Menichini Journalist

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Plastic is a material considered recent and "modern" but it has a history that begins in more remote times. Since ancient times, in fact, man has used real "natural polymers", such as amber, tortoise shell or horn. The history of plastic begins in the second half of the nineteenth century, when the Englishman Alexander Parkes, studying cellulose nitrate, isolates and patents the first semi-synthetic plastic material, which he baptizes Parkesine (better known as Xylonite). It is a first type of celluloid, used for the production of handles and boxes, but also for flexible items such as cuffs and shirt collars. However, the first true affirmation of the new material came only a few years later, when in 1870 the American brothers Hyatt patented the celluloid formula, with the aim of replacing the expensive and rare ivory in the production of billiard balls and meeting a greater success. in the production of dental impressions and in the film industry. From the chemical point of view, this celluloid was still cellulose nitrate and was unsuitable to be worked with high temperature molding techniques as it is very flammable. Â The problem was overcome with the advent of cellulose acetate, which is the current celluloid, which was sufficiently fireproof to reinforce and waterproof the wings and fuselage of the first airplanes or to produce safe cinematographic films. A less popular product invented in 1897 and patented in 1899 by Friedrich Adolph Spitteler and Wilhelm Krische was Galalite (Erinoid in the United Kingdom), a word derived from the Greek gala (milk) and lithos (stone). It is produced from casein, a milk protein. This material revolutionized the button industry with its ability to create structural effects and imitate all types of material: horn, tortoise shell, ivory, wood, etc. It was also used in the 1930s for jewelery, pens, umbrella handles, white piano keys (replacing the much more expensive natural ivory), etc. The world production of galalites reached at that time 10,000 tons. One of its great qualities is the porosity that makes it perfect to be painted by immersion in colored baths (in native form it is milky white). The galalite cannot be shaped, and is manufactured in the form of sheets of different thickness, sticks and tubes, which are then worked by hand. In 1907 the Belgian chemist Leo Baekeland obtained by condensation between phenol and formaldehyde the first thermosetting resin of synthetic origin, which he patented in 1910 with the name of the Bakelites. The new material has an overwhelming success and Bakelite soon becomes the most widespread and used plastic material for many years.


In 1912 a German chemist, Fritz Klatte, discovered the process for the production of polyvinyl chloride (PVC), which will have very great industrial developments only many years later. A year later, in 1913, it was the turn of the first flexible, transparent and waterproof material that was immediately applied in the field of packaging: the Swiss Jacques Edwin Brandenberger invents Cellophane, a cellulosic-based material produced in very thin and flexible sheets. During the twenties the "plastic" also found a rigorous theoretical basis. Hermann Staudinger, of the University of Friborg, began studies in 1920 on the structure and properties of natural and synthetic polymers, proposing the open-chain formulas and attributing colloidal properties to the synthetic polymers of styrene and formaldehyde and to natural rubber. of the high polymers exclusively at the high weight of their molecules (defined for this macromolecule). Plexiglass was invented in 1928 by the German chemist Otto Karl Julius Rรถhm and marketed in 1933 by the German industry Rรถhm. In 1936 the first acrylic sheet was made with the name of Perspex, which means "to see through". In fact, among its most appreciated characteristics there is transparency and it is often used as an alternative to glass also due to its unbreakability. In 1935 Wallace Carothers first synthesized nylon (polyamide), a material that will spread with the war following the American troops finding a number of applications, thanks to its characteristics that make it absolutely functional for the textile industry: from women's stockings to parachutes, the rise of "synthetic fibers" begins. Starting from the work of Carothers, Rex Whinfield and James Tennant Dickson in 1941 patented polyethylene terephthalate (PET), together with their employer, the Calico Printers' Association of Manchester. After the war this polyester had great success in the production of artificial textile fibers (Terylene), a sector in which it is still widely used (for example, the fabric known as pile is in PET). His entry into the world of food packaging dates back to 1973, when Nathaniel Wyeth (Du Pont) patented the PET bottle as a container for carbonated drinks. Light, shock-resistant and transparent, the bottle invented by Wyet is now the standard for packaging mineral water and soft drinks.


The 30s and the second world war lead to the creation of a real modern industry: oil becomes the "raw material" from which to start production and, at the same time, they improve and adapt to massive production techniques , starting with the molding ones. The war stimulates the need to find substitutes for natural products that cannot be found, for which polyurethanes are developed to replace rubber, especially in Germany, while since 1939 the first vinyl chloride-acetate copolymers have been industrialized. Since then, polyvinyl chloride (PVC) will serve, for example, for phonographic records that in recent years have been showing a return of international interest. After the war, the discoveries dictated by "military" demands invade the civilized world. The 1950s saw the discovery of melamine-formaldehyde resins (the vast public knows them under the trade name of a specific one of these, the "Fòrmica"), which make it possible to produce laminates for furnishing and to print low-cost crockery , while the "synthetic fibers" (polyester, nylon) experience their first boom, a "modern" and practical alternative to natural ones. Those same years, however, are above all marked by the irresistible rise of Polyethylene, which finds full success only two decades after its invention, exploiting its highest melting point to allow applications that were previously unthinkable, and the discovery of Giulio Natta in 1954 of the isotactic Polypropylene, crowning the studies on the ethylene polymerization catalysts that will be awarded the Nobel Prize in 1963 together with the German Karl Ziegler, who the year before had isolated the polyethylene. The Polypropylene will be produced industrially from 1957 with the "Moplen" brand, revolutionizing the houses of the whole world but entering above all in the Italian mythology of the "economic boom". The 1960s saw the definitive emergence of plastic as an irreplaceable tool of everyday life and as a "new frontier" also in the field of fashion, design and art. The "new" material bursts into the daily lives and into the imagination of millions of people, in kitchens, in living rooms, allowing ever-wider masses to access consumption first reserved for the privileged few, simplifying countless daily gestures, coloring houses , revolutionizing centuries-old habits and helping to create the "modern lifestyle".

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The following decades are those of the great technological growth, of the progressive affirmation for increasingly sophisticated and unthinkable applications, thanks to the development of the so-called "technopolymers". Polymethylpentene (or TPX) used mainly for the production of items for clinical laboratories, resistant to sterilization and with perfect transparency; polyimides, thermosetting resins that do not alter when subjected for very long periods to temperatures of 300 ° C and which are therefore used in the automotive industry for engine components or for microwave ovens; acetal resins, polyphenylene oxide, ionomers, polysulfones, polyphenylene sulfide, polybutylene terephthalate, the polycarbonate used, among other things, to produce space helmets for astronauts, contact lenses, bulletproof shields. The "technopolymers" have such characteristics of both thermal and mechanical resistance (which are still partly unexplored) to make them often superior to special metals or ceramics, so much so that they are used in the production of blades for turbines and other components of jet engines, or in the production of pistons and piston rings for cars.

INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY editorial office


Closing the loop with chemical recycling of Solid Plastic Waste The growth of plastic production averaged 8.7 percent per year from 1950 to 2012, booming from 1.7 million tons to 335 million tons in 2016. Packaging is the largest end-use segment of plastic consumption accounting for 36% of the global demand [1]. Reports suggest that 95% of plastic packaging material value (80–120 billion US$ per year), is lost to the market only after a short first-use cycle [2]. Packaging for food and beverage applications requires in fact the use of composite (multi-layer) materials to meet conservation and hygiene requirements. The multi-layer structure, often containing polyethylene (PE), polyethylene tereftalate (PET), polyammides (e.g. nylon) prevents mechanical recycling, as applied in the case of other commodity polyolefins (e.g. polyethylene, polystyrene-PS, polypropylene-PP) as the separation in pure compounds is challenging and economically not viable. Beside an increased public awareness motivating more conscious choices and behaviors in people’s life, the management of SPW must be addressed at an industrial scale level offering new technological perspectives in line with the principles of the circular economy. Solid plastic waste (SPW) is a complex mixture of many different polymers as reported in Figure 1.

Plastic Waste Composition (wt.%) PS 19%

Matteo Pelucchi Post-Doctoral Researcher Department of Chemistry, Materials and Chemical Engineering Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy

PET PET 5% 1%

PS 35% Figure 1: Weight composition of a real SPW sample [3].

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PET 40%


27.1 million tons of SPW were collected in the EU28 (including Norway and Switzerland) in 2016, 31.1% was mechanically recycled, 41.6% was converted to energy with thermal valorization and 27.3% was landfilled [1]. While mechanical recycling is an effective technology despite the shortcomings related to the unavoidable loss of quality (i.e. purity, thermal and physical properties) after every cycle, thermal recovery and landfill pose some challenges related to air, land and water pollution. While conversion to energy can at least reach good level of efficiencies in integrated combined cycle power plants, landfilling is inefficient by definition. The vast amount of landfilled SPW is quite substantial since it has a high potential to be used for energy recovery or as a feedstock to produce valuable products. Recycling one ton of SPW has indeed the potential to save nearly 130 billion Joules of energy due to the high chemical energy contained plastic polymers, which is comparable to that of heating oils (35-45 MJ/Kg). Chemical recycling aims at chemically converting SPW back to petrochemical feedstocks and fuels, thus closing the loop in a sustainable circular economy. In contrast to mechanical recycling, chemical recycling can treat heterogeneous and contaminated plastic waste material [4]. Among different chemical recycling methods, pyrolysis and gasification are promising technologies for SPW mixtures that are complicated to be recycled mechanically and/or difficult to depolymerize. According to the recent study by Rahimi and Garcia [2], chemical recycling of SPW has the potential to save ~3.5 billion barrels of oil, which translates into an economical saving of 176 billion US$. Pyrolysis is the process where heating of the feedstock material to moderate temperatures (300-700°C) takes place in an inert and oxygen-free environment. In the pyrolysis process, thermal degradation of long-chain organic materials (thermochemical decomposition) can be accomplished in the presence of a catalyst (catalytic pyrolysis) or without (thermal pyrolysis). Pyrolysis of plastics produces liquid (condensable vapors or oil), solid (char), and gaseous products (non-condensable gases). The relative yields of these products are determined by the process conditions as well as the type and composition of the feedstock. The selection of the reactor type and process temperature are the two main factors affecting product selectivities [5]. Gasification processes can also convert any organic solid material (coal, biomass, plastics and organic waste) into a gaseous mixture of carbon monoxide (CO), hydrogen (H2), carbon dioxide (CO2) and methane (CH4) via partial oxidation. The syngas mixture (H2/CO) is the primary objective of gasification processes and its value is strongly dependent on the H2/CO ratio as different downstream processes require different H2/CO ratios. Syngas can then be converted into liquid or condensable products directly via the well-established Fischer-Tropsch synthesis (FTS), or via methanol or dimethyl ether following the so called methanol-to-gasoline (MTG) or methanol-to-olefins (MTO) paths. Gasification is typically carried out in presence of pure oxygen and steam, or air at temperatures of 700-1500 °C and atmospheric pressure [6]. After a first thermal degradation of the polymer backbone, partial oxidation occurs in the gas phase. Similarly to pyrolysis processes, the optimization of temperature, stoichiometry (i.e. equivalence ratio) and residence time allows to target the optimal H2/CO ratio for downstream upgrades.


The design of efficient chemical recycling technologies requires the characterization of the feedstock and the understanding of the chemical kinetics, including interactions between different polymers, taking place both in the liquid melted phase during the thermal degradation of the SPW mixture and in the gas phase to account for secondary reactions. At a molecular scale level, thermal degradation occurs via a liquid phase free radical mechanism including initiation, propagation and termination reactions. Detailed kinetic models have been conceived and developed since the late 1990s so as to track both the degradation of the feedstock and the product distribution as a function of process conditions. For example, the studies by Ranzi, Faravelli and co-workers at Politecnico di Milano represent one of the few comprehensive examples available in the scientific literature [7-12]. From a systematic approach to the definition of reaction classes and reference kinetic parameters it is possible to accurately characterize liquid, gas-liquid interface and gas phase reactivity thus describing, with a good level of detail, the entire product distribution, both in the case of pure polymer and complex SPW mixtures. Figure 2 shows results from numerical simulation using the CRECK model of the thermal degradation of PVC together with product release [10]. After a first phase of dehydrochlorination producing HCl in the gas phase condensation and ring formation reactions lead to the formation highly unsaturated molecules that further dealkylate to produce valuable uncondensable and condensable gases (e.g. tar) and residual char.

Figure 2: Two step decomposition mechanism of PVC and governing chemical reactions. Adapted from [10].

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Recent efforts currently ongoing in the CRECK Lab of Politecnico di Milano aim at further extending the models previously developed for PE, PP, PS, polyvinylchloride (PVC) and various flame retardants (e.g. polyvinylbromide) to PET and polyammides, providing a computationally effective framework to enable optimization of chemical recycling technologies. References: 1PlasticsEurope - AISBL. Plastics - the Facts 2017. In: PlasticsEurope, editor. An Analysis of European Plastics Production, Demand and Waste Data. 2Rahimi and García. Nature Reviews Chemistry. 2017) 1) 3Adrados et al. Waste Management. 832-826 (2012) 32. 4World Economic Forum, Ellen MacArthur Foundation, McKinsey & Company. “The New Plastics Economy — Rethinking the future of plastics” 5Sasse and Emig. Chemical Engineering & Technology. 789-777 (1999) 21. 6Lopez et al. Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews 596–576 (2018) 82 7Ranzi et al. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolisis 319–305 ,(1997) 40 8Faravelli et al., Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolisis 103-87 (1999) 52 9Faravelli et al., Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolisis 777–761 ,(2003) 70 10Marongiu et al. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolisis 553–519 ,(2003) 70 11Marongiu et al. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolisis 362–343 (2007) 78 12Mehl et al. Journal of Analytical and Applied Pyrolisis 272-253 :(2004) 72

Matteo Pelucchi Assistant Professor Department of Chemistry, Materials and Chemical Engineering Politecnico di Milano, Milan, Italy Email: matteo.pelucchi@polimi.it Web: creckmodeling.chem.polimi.it

INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY editorial office


PLASTIC

HCH. KÜNDIG & CIE. AG

Measurement and control instrumentation

Committed to film quality

Filmtest 3G

KNC-600 Linear Scanner 3G

Measurement and control instrumentation made by Kündig Control Systems (KCS) – a member of Hch. Kündig & Cie. AG Group since 1972 – is used continuously around the world to guarantee best possible film quality.

global marketplace for contact, high-precision thickness measurement.

KCS is striving to maintain this target achievement despite stricter quality demands and annual increases in extrusion volumes. To do so, KCS is constantly improving measurement accuracy of existing sensors and is making use of newly available technologies to develop new sensor types and measuring methods. At the last K Fair, the company presented its new K-500 capacitive thickness sensor for online thickness measurement on blown film lines. The K-500 has an extremely low-wear and gap-free surface based on a patent-protected sintered ceramic cover through which the film is measured. Over the past three years, this type of sensor has become the standard gauge in the

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Since the beginning of 2018, KCS has been selling its third-generation version of the KNC-600 Linear Scanner. One of the uses of this travelling, non-contact, capacitive thickness gauge is for inline longitudinal stretching (inline MDO) on blown film lines. KCS will, of course, also be presenting its latest sensor development at this year’s K Fair. Until then, however, the company is only revealing the advertising slogan – “Lowering the Barriers.” This year, in keeping with tradition, an offline thickness gauge for process optimisation and quality control will again be on demonstration at the KCS booth. Visitors to the booth can bring their own film samples for measurement using the Filmtest 3G.


“Committed to film quality” also means that KCS offers its product users the best possible customer service. Since 2015, the internet platform GaugeCloud® has been online and is still being steadily expanded to this day. It gives customers access to literature, technical drawings, lists of available spare parts and much more information about their KCS products regardless of our business hours. Customers can, moreover, engage with three chat groups – Spares/Repair, Support and Retrofit – to communicate specifically with the relevant team of specialists. KCS technicians can use remote access to troubleshoot any problems that arise and can upload new software versions via the Internet . In the very latest products, this process even works for modules based on microprocessors. The KCS team is looking forward to welcoming longstanding and potential new customers to its booth C81 in Hall 10 at K’2019, to presenting its pioneering new

PLASTIC

HCH. KÜNDIG & CIE. AG

products, and to showing the options for upgrading older KCS products. HCH. KÜNDIG & CIE. AG www.gauge.ch

Lowering the Barriers

Please visit us at our Booth C81 in Hall 10

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The Industrial Internet Consortium Publishes The Data Protection Best Practices White Paper Guidance helps ensure data security, privacy and trustworthiness The Industrial Internet Consortium® (IIC™) today announced the publication of the Data Protection Best Practices White Paper. Designed for stakeholders involved in cybersecurity, privacy and IIoT trustworthiness, the paper describes best practices that can be applied to protect various types of IIoT data and systems. The 33-page paper covers multiple adjacent and overlapping data protection domains, for example data security, data integrity, data privacy, and data residency. Failure to apply appropriate data protection measures can lead to serious consequences for IIoT systems such as service disruptions that affect the bottom-line, serious industrial accidents and data leaks that can result in significant losses, heavy regulatory fines, loss of IP and negative impact on brand reputation. “Protecting IIoT data during the lifecycle of systems is one of the critical foundations of trustworthy systems,” said Bassam Zarkout, Executive Vice President, IGnPower and one of the paper’s authors. “To be trustworthy, a system and its characteristics, namely security, safety, reliability, resiliency and privacy, must operate in conformance with business and legal requirements. Data protection is a key enabler for compliance with these requirements, especially when facing environmental disturbances, human errors, system faults and attacks.” Categories of Data to be Protected Data protection touches on all data and information in an organization. In a complex IIoT system, this includes operational data from things like sensors at a field site; system and configuration data like data exchanged with an IoT device; personal data that identifies individuals; and audit data that chronologically records system activities. Different data protection mechanisms and approaches may be needed for data at rest (data stored at various times during its lifecycle), data in motion (data being shared or transmitted from one location to another), or data in use (data being processed). Data Security “Security is the cornerstone of data protection. Securing an IIoT infrastructure requires a rigorous in-depth security strategy that protects data in the cloud, over the internet, and on devices,” said Niheer Patel, Product Manager, Real-Time Innovations (RTI) and one of the paper’s authors. “It also requires a team approach from manufacturing, to development, to deployment and operation of both IoT devices and infrastructure. This white paper covers the best practices for various data security mechanisms, such as authenticated encryption, key management, root of trust, access control, and audit and monitoring.” Data Integrity “Data integrity is crucial in maintaining physical equipment protection, preventing safety incidents, and enabling operations data analysis. Data integrity can be violated intentionally by malicious actors or unintentionally due to corruption during communication or storage. Data integrity assurance is enforced via security mechanisms such as cryptographic controls for detection and prevention of integrity violations,” said Apurva Mohan, Industrial IoT Security Lead, Schlumberger and one of the paper’s authors. Data integrity should be maintained for the entire lifecycle of the data from when it is generated, to its final destruction or archival. Actual data integrity protection mechanisms depend on the lifecycle phase of the data.

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Data Privacy As a prime example of data privacy requirements, the paper focuses on the EU General Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), which grants data subjects a wide range of rights over Data personal Privacy data. The paper describes how IIoT solutions can leverage data security best their practices in key management, authentication and access control can empower GDPR-centric As a prime example of data privacy requirements, the paper focuses on the EU General privacy processes. Data Protection Regulation (GDPR), which data subjects athe IoT wide range of rights over The Data Protection Best Practices Whitegrants Paper complements Security Maturity their personal data. The paper describes IIoT solutions can leverageInternet data security best Model Practitioner’s Guide and builds onhow the concepts of the Industrial Reference practices in key management, authentication access control can empower GDPR-centric Architecture and Industrial Internet Securityand Framework. privacy processes. The Data Protection Best Practices White Paper and a list of IIC members who contributed The Data Protection Practices to it can be found on Best the IIC website.White Paper complements the IoT Security Maturity Model Practitioner’s Guide and builds on the concepts of the Industrial Internet Reference Architecture and Industrial Internet Security Framework. The Data Protection Best Practices White Paper and a list of IIC members who contributed to it can be found on the IIC website.

IoT Trustworthiness

Data Integrity Enforce integrity and immutability Encrypt, Anonymize

Security

Privacy Encrypt, Anonymize

Data Confidentiality Enforce holds and immutability

eDiscovery & Holds

Control data transfers across jurisdictions

Data Residency

Reliability Control authorized data sources

Resilience

Establish trust between end -point using Authentication

Safety

Prevent unauthorized access

Data at Rest Other (tbd)

Data in Motion Data in Use

Source: IGnPower

Data Protection and the important role of Data Security FONTE: Industrial Internet Consortium

FONTE: Industrial Internet Consortium

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PLASTIC

UNITEAM

Uniteam, Injection System Technologies Uniteam Italia is a leading player in the field of design and manufacture of injection moulds for plastic materials and for the engineering of process solutions, mostly for the automotive sector. Located close to Venice, Italy, the company was founded in 1992 by three tooling and process experts with the aim to develop and provide full services in the field of plastic injection. This brought us to develop in the early 1990’s the first 2K injection mould with complex geometry, and then the first auxiliary injection units to manufacture the first 2K applications in the automotive field. Nowadays, Uniteam Italia is part of the Steel Holding, a pool of companies whose work is focused on technological and industrial excellence. Whereas Uniteam is mainly focused on the automotive and injection technologies sector, our owned toolshop Dynamica srl and its Romanian branch offer high reliability in the manufacture of molds and technologically advanced equipment. Factory 08 is dedicated to the

The heart of our production: mould making

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supply of industrial automations, such as grippers, gate cutting machines, Cartesian robots, quality control and testing systems, automated cells with anthropomorphic robots, welding equipment, working benches, checking fixtures and gauges. Uniteam is specialized in complex, highly technological and especially bi-component injection moulds, produced with core back system, rotational tools and index tools, spin tools, transfer tools, and coreside lateral shift. We also manufacture stack tools, moulds with high-gloss finishing, in-mould decoration, injection compression moulds, back-injection moulds, gas-assisted moulds. With our three core products for the injection moulding sector, i.e. injection moulds, auxiliary injection units and industrial automations, we are able to provide turn-key solutions to our customers. The products obtained from our injection moulds range from the engine compartment to internal and external


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UNITEAM

Our Team, our strength parts of the vehicles, excluding only large bumpers, and our customers are the Tier-1 and Tier-2 suppliers of the main automotive OEMs. Teamwork, reliability and sustainability Teamwork is our fundamental value. We are a familyowned company and we pay great attention to each single person working with us. Today, 35 people are working in the engineering, marketing & sales, project management, research & development departments, always interconnected with each other in order to adapt very fast to the market requirements and to fully dedicate our work to the customers’ needs. Dynamica srl employees other 35 people and we also cooperate with a widen network of local toolmakers and injection moulding companies. Technological reliability is another key value to us: our products are reliable over time thanks to highly skilled technicians who analyze possible critical conditions to avoid or solve defect and production issues. In addition to this, we strongly believe in the social responsibility of what we do. We work to guarantee a sustainable production process from a social, environmental and ethical point of view. Ecosustainability, traceability and transparency are very

important to us, as we know well our responsibility towards our partners, customers and suppliers. Other important values are fairness and transparency: we manage our relationships with all of our partners with criteria of correctness, cooperation and loyalty, in order to give value to the interpersonal relationships that are the starting point of a good business cooperation. A turn-key solutions provider for our customers, from the concept to the production line The design and manufacture of an injection mould start from a careful feasibility analysis of the product from the very first project stages. The aim is to develop, by close cooperation with the customer, a product that satisfies both aesthetical and functional aspects as well as suitability for the intended purpose. We offer to our customers services of co-design and co-engineering of the plastic product, and we help developing solutions that can integrate more parts into one single component, thus reducing the tooling cost and optimizing the production line. We carry out process simulations in our internal R&D department where each plastic part is accurately analyzed with the most suitable type of moldflow analysis. All these analysis steps lead to an accurate mould manufacture, which is the heart of our business.

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PLASTIC

UNITEAM

From the concept... Moreover, we support our customers with preproduction runs aiming to carry out tool trials in production conditions. Thanks to our wide network of molding partners, we have at our disposal injection machines ranging from the smallest 50 ton to the largest 2700 ton clamping force, thus covering the complete range of our moulds sizes. We also offer dimensional controls of parts or the mould itself with the most advanced instruments (opticscanners, lasers), so to give the customer a dimensional report according to his specifications of assembly and product functionality. We supply also auxiliary injection units for moulding 2-shot components with a single barrel machine. These units can be applied horizontally or vertically on Uniteam’s multi-component moulds, they are controlled by a dedicated PLC and represent therefore a flexible production equipment.

...to the mould manufacture Uniteam counts on a wide range of worldwide cooperations with toolmaking and service partners in Europe, United States and the Far East, to provide competitive molds and on-site service for repairs and modifications near the customer plants. Quality and innovation Uniteam has always placed high priority to continuous innovation and a strong future-oriented attitude. Our internal R&D department creates synergies with our customers and technological partners and is always upto-date with the latest technological solutions. Over the years, we have been constantly cooperating with research centers as well as universities and raw material suppliers. We support our customers with the choice of the proper material for different applications and provide suggestions for each specific case.

Brand new 5-axis milling machines in our new Dynamica plant

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PLASTIC

UNITEAM

Our showroom We have also developed several internal prototypes: new ideas formulated in our R&D department often lead to patentable solutions. In this sense, also through patent development Uniteam can highlight a lively research and development activity with innovation mood. Our challenges: technological innovation and higher competitiveness We work for our tomorrow and the one of the future generations paying attention to develop the intended business purposes with perseverance and coherence. The most recent challenge has been the opening of our completely new manufacturing plant of our owned toolshop Dynamica srl in October 2018. Dynamica is specialized in complex and big size injection moulds, and has become today a completely new plant, equipped with a whole range of new machinery and the most advanced systems for tool manufacturing. The underlying concept for this new plant is the one of Industry 4.0, with all machines interconnected with the central ERP system to secure lean production, precise planning, faster workings with 24/7 fully automatic machines. Furthermore, the production plant has a controlled temperature that grants tolerance control during tool assembly and fitting in a shorter time without additional reworking. Thanks to this modernization project, Dynamica srl has increased its internal annual capacity to 100.000 manufacturing hours and can manage 10 tools in parallel. This makes Dynamica one of the most competitive companies with the shortest leadtimes in its sector.

The increased manufacturing potential of Dynamica consequently paved the way to the necessity to strengthen also the manufacturing potential of its Romanian branch. In fact, the new challenge which we are facing right now are the construction works of a new manufacturing plant in Romania with the aim to widen its tool manufacturing capacity and be able, in the next future, to supply complete injection moulds. Markets and expansion The international market (Europe, USA and the emerging markets) is the main operating ground for Uniteam Italia. We are aiming to strengthen our presence to the Eastern European countries which have become a dynamically growing market for the automotive sector. As far as the US market is concerned, we already have a consolidated presence with our products in the US thanks to the presence of our main European customers. As a further development, we are working to intensify our presence directly with American injection moulding companies given the great development the injection moulding industry has recently undergone for the automotive field, especially in the Southern States.

To learn more about UNITEAM Italia visit: www.uniteam-italia.com

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The wind energy industry on the path to maintenance-free systems

Long-lasting erosion protection for rotor blades Covestro partners with industry and university in research project Monday - August 19, 2019 - The wind energy industry dreams of developing maintenance-free systems. One important hurdle on the path to achieving this goal is the fact that the longitudinal edges of rotor blades are subject to the effects of weather: when it is raining and the blades are turning quickly, raindrops hit the edges of the blades at high speed and with a large amount of energy. Over time, this destroys the coating layer and the composite material beneath. This edge erosion can reduce annual energy performance by more than five percent. In addition, the systems have to be serviced more frequently. A consortium managed by the Technical University of Denmark – the world’s largest public research institute focused on wind energy – is currently carrying out a research project named DURALEDGE (from Durable Leading Edges) to investigate erosion mechanisms and develop new coatings to permanently protect rotor blades. In addition, the consortium aims to develop calculation models to predict edge protection. Leading global manufacturers of wind energy systems and coatings are members of the consortium, as is Covestro as a key raw materials partner. The company has been engaged for many years in a sustainable energy supply. Longer use, lower maintenance costs “We are working at high speed to develop a raw material for a specialized, robust paint system” says Dr. Matthias Wintermantel, Head of Market and Business Development Infrastructure Coatings at Covestro. “It will significantly increase the service life of rotor blades, while also reducing maintenance expenses and associated costs. This lets us help make sustainable energy production using wind power even more economical”. One goal in developing future rotor blades is to increase the peak speed at the ends of the blades. The aim is an increase to over 90 meters per second, to improve the performance of wind energy systems. This also lowers electricity generation costs for converting wind energy into electrical energy. The DURALEDGE project started on November 1st, 2018 and had a term of three years. It is being funded with 11.7 million Danish Krones (around 1.57 million euros) from the Danish Innovation Fund.

INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY

Visit us: www.industrialtechmag.com Contact us: marketing@industrialtechmag.com

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PLASTIC

ALFA STAMPI

Quality Moulds Made In Italy

Alfa Stampi is specialized in the design and manufacture of moulds for the production of O-Rings and technical articles in different types of elastomer and silicone in paste for the most varied industrial applications. Injection, compression, injection-compression, transfer and capillaries are the types of moulding to which our moulds are mainly suitable. Located in Adrara San Martino (Bergamo), in the so called “Rubber Valley� well-known all over the world for its high specialization in the rubber processing at 360 degrees, the company celebrates its 35th anniversary this year. Over the years, the trend of our production has undergone

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a significant change. In 1984 the entire production was reserved to produce moulds for O-Rings and simple technical articles (e.g. washers, frames), and then gradually moved towards the construction of moulds for complex technical articles. This diversification, also thanks to the recent investments in the training of our team and the close collaboration with our customers, has steadily and progressively increased over time and the number of moulds for complex technical articles currently exceeds 80%. Reliable suppliers, certified materials, constantly updated machines, careful controls and above all years of dedication and passion of our work are the factors which


have allowed us to establish ourselves as a qualified supplier for national and international customers. Every year we design and manufacture around 600 moulds. For a long time, our market has gone beyond regional and national borders. Currently we commercialize 55% for the Italian market and 45% for foreign markets which is steady growing. Following step-by-step all the stages of the production, from the initial co-design to the finished product, Alfa Stampi proposes customized moulds able to meet the targets requested by customers. Moreover, Alfa Stampi offers numerous services, managed directly in-house or in collaboration with local

PLASTIC

ALFA STAMPI

trusted partners: among the most requested there are the studies on filling and the moulding simulations carried out by dedicated design software as well as the mould trial and the first sampling to verify its functionality. Through a combination of machining centers, lathes, die sinking EDM, tangential grinding machines and highperformance measuring instruments, the offered moulds meet the requirements of an increasingly demanding Italian and foreign clientele. K2019 – HALL 1 / A07 Visit our website: www.alfastampi.com

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Research: "Biorefineries" from insects to produce energy, new materials and compost July, 18 2019 - Using insects that feed on decomposing organic matter for producing advanced biofuels, innovative biodegradable materials or agricultural fertilizers (soil improvers). It’s the goal of a project conducted by a team of ENEA researchers at the Casaccia Center, aiming at feeding the larvae of a scavenger insect, a diptera known as "Black Soldier Fly" with food it craves, like sewage sludge from waste water, manure and waste from the agri-food industry or green management. During growth the larvae are able to perform bioconversion of organic substrates, turning them into molecules like lipids, proteins and polysaccharides, which find applications in the energy, cosmetic, pharmaceutical and agro-industrial sectors. As part of the project, conducted jointly with the Health Entomology Laboratory of the Experimental Zooprophylactic Institute for Lombardy and Emilia Romagna, an actual small sized “biorefinery” was developed aiming at exploiting materials requiring disposal, to obtain advanced biofuels and new materials for green chemistry like bioplastics and biodegradable coatings, in line with the principles of the circular economy. In addition to insects biomass, through the process of bioconversion, dejections and residues are obtained through bioconversion, which have a high agronomic value if used as soil improvers to favor the growth of plants in agriculture or nursery gardening. The bioconversion process is characterized by high efficiency, since the larvae can metabolize and reduce up to 80% of the volume of the organic substrate in just 15 days. Moreover, studies have shown that the microbiome of the digestive system of this insect can modify the microflora of the substrate, reducing the charge of harmful bacteria like Escherichia coli and Salmonella enterica without the larvae (or adult specimens) becoming their carriers. "Our goal is to increase the efficiency of the process and characterize it, determining its nutritional and lipid profile and the content of polysaccharides like chitin in the mature stages of the insect, with the prospect of amplifying and improving the strategy of use of this species, which it has been considered so far only for production of protein flours for animal husbandry ", Silvia Arnone at the ENEA Biomass and Biotechnology for Energy Lab, pointed out. There are over 4,000 species of scavengers in the world which, by feeding on organic matter like vegetables, animal carcasses or excrements, allow the substrate to decompose and become available again for plants and other living beings, playing an important role in the life cycle. “Preliminary tests with three dietary regimes and different substrate compositions have given encouraging results, preparatory to experimental tests on a larger scale with sludge combined with other waste biomass, such as the organic fraction of urban waste or digestate, a by-product from the anaerobic fermentation of biomasses", Arnone concluded. For more information please contact: Silvia Arnone, ENEA – Biomass and Biotechnology for Energy Lab, silvia.arnone@enea.it

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PLASTIC

SUPERIOR GRAPHITE

Graphitic Polymer Additives: A Superior Solution Graphitic Polymer Additives for Polymer Applications FormulaPT™ are carbon and graphitic polymer additives, specifically developed by Superior Graphite for everchanging polymer market. In plastics, graphite is used as an additive mainly for improving tribological and conductive characteristics. FormulaPT™ brand includes synthetic and natural graphite powders in non-purified and thermally purified forms, calcined petroleum coke and our unique Resilient Graphitic Carbons (RGC™). In addition to offering lubrication by lowering the Coefficient of Friction (CoF), our proprietary RGC™ fillers also reduce wear, which is certainly unique in polymer tribology field. Thermally treated graphite significantly increases thermal and electrical conductivity of the composites when used as a polymer additive. Processing carbonaceous materials in Superior Graphite’s proprietary Electro-Thermal Treatment/Purification process removes organic and inorganic impurities such as quartz, silica, and iron, which could act as abrasives. Thermally purified graphitic material is inert, which offers chemical stability. These high purity graphitic additives can also be used for food and water contact applications.

Figure 1

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FormulaPT™ products are used in a variety of applications including engineered and high-performance thermoplastics, thermal set resins, PTFE, coatings, adhesives, sealants and elastomers. Tribological Performance As part of the FormulaPT™ product line, Resilient Graphitic Carbons (RGC™) are unique graphitic materials that exhibit extremely high resiliency, lubricity, and purity. They are very effective in friction modification in advanced technology applications like plain bearings, torque limiters, water meters, and pumps. Layered crystal structure of graphite contributes to its lubricious behavior. Due to its ability to slide through the weakly bonded layers under load/pressure, graphite has found applications in friction modification of polymer composites. Graphite is the best choice amongst the solid lubricants for reduction of the Coefficient of Friction (CoF), especially in wet, underwater or humid conditions. While in general graphite has limited contribution to the wear reduction and at high load/stress conditions wear rates are increased, our Resilient Graphitic Carbons


PLASTIC

SUPERIOR GRAPHITE

material as a result of our proprietary high temperature purification process. This material has proven beneficial in a number of advanced technological applications. A 5-15% addition of finer grade RGC™ has proven to improve wear resistance along with friction of Epoxy, PEEK, PAI, PA66, PPS and PI polymers. At same time, the mechanical properties of polymers, such as Tensile Strength, are minimally affected while using RGC™, unlike with alternative materials like Synthetic Graphite.

Figure 2: Pore Structure of RGC™ (RGCs) do contribute to wear reduction. (Figure 1) RGC™ material is manufactured from premium carbon sources selected by Superior Graphite. RGCs offer high resiliency in an extremely pure form of carbonaceous

The abrasive wear and surface fatigue or destruction are counteracted by the resilient/elastic behavior of the RGC™ additives, as per our hypothesis. This product is partially graphitized and has higher porosity, which plays a major role in peculiar properties like resiliency, sound dampening, wear rate and friction reduction, heat dissipation, shock wave mitigation, and others. RGCs combine properties of both graphite and coke. (Figure 2) EU Food Contact Compliance Polymers are finding more and more applications in the food handling and processing equipment in industries and households that use graphite for metal replacement, to

Figure 3

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PLASTIC

SUPERIOR GRAPHITE

Figure 4 lower cost, or for corrosion resistant purposes. Modified polymers that use graphite are particularly suitable for demanding applications that require materials to be conductive or lubricious. Graphite modified polymers are the best solution for self-lubricating parts in environments that cannot accommodate liquid lubricants. In European market, graphite is permitted to be used as an additive in plastics materials which are intended to come in contact with food, without any specific migration limits. However, only the purest substances are suitable for this application, even if no specifications are listed in the Union list of the Plastics Regulation (EU) No 10/2011. Also, the impurities need to be considered as the NonIntentionally Added Substances (NIAS) in accordance with Article 3(9) of the Plastics Regulation. To ensure that our carbonaceous materials are of technical quality and purity, Superior Graphite uses its proprietary Electro-Thermal Treatment/Purification Technology, which exposes carbon and graphite materials to temperatures approaching 3,000°C. The resulting material possesses a high carbon content and is virtually free of impurities. (Figure 3) Removal of volatile gases and select heavy materials creates a highly ordered crystalline structure with exceptional purity, consistent quality, and increased resiliency, lubrication, and thermal and electrical conductivity. Products for food contact applications undergo both physical and chemical analyses to guarantee purity. Our continuous process technology, the only one in the industry, allows us to produce large quantities at a much faster pace and more cost-effectively than traditional batch processing.

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R&D Lab In 2019, to continue with further product innovation in polymer additives and other areas, Superior Graphite has invested in an updated R&D laboratory located adjacent to our existing production facility in Bedford Park, IL. The facility includes offices overlooking the lab areas for easy access and monitoring, spaces for dedicated scientists, as well as supplies and equipment that will assist in developing premium products for customers. (Figure 4) Edward Carney, President and CEO for Superior Graphite, said “The enhanced capabilities and work flow of the new laboratory not only fulfill the vision of our strategic plan but are also synchronized with the added requirements expected by our customers. In addition, the layout also provides for added collaboration and research possibilities, which is envisioned will lead to new product development.” Carsten Wehling, Executive Vice President, Innovation and R&D, stated “The new lab will allow for enhanced product development and will also provide the infrastructure necessary to conduct advanced analytical work that will support our cutting edge, high purity graphite production”. About Superior Graphite Innovating since 1917, Superior Graphite provides continuous electro-thermal treatment/purification of graphite and carbons, advanced sizing, and custom-mix technologies for energy/ thermal management, metallurgy (iron & steel), friction modification, drilling material additives, non-oxide ceramics, and polymers/CASE materials around the globe. Headquartered in Chicago, Illinois, USA, Superior Graphite


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SUPERIOR GRAPHITE

Figure 5 offers technologies and a consultative approach that give engineers access to purpose-manufactured materials, with unparalleled consistency that deliver confidence. In addition, our precision grinding and sizing technologies translate into an unmatched ability to alter and customize product attributes to suit specific requirements, making commercialization more efficient and reliable. Electro-Thermal Treatment/Purification Technology Superior Graphite’s unique technology for hightemperature treatment/purification of carbonaceous materials is based on a resistant-heated fluidized bed. This electro-thermal continuous process is used to consistently treat and/or purify granulate calcined petroleum coke, natural flake graphite and other carbonaceous materials at temperatures approaching 3000°C. Through fluidization in an inert gas stream, precursor materials are purified, and simultaneously the other properties such as crystallinity, lubricity and resiliency are improved as the materials pass through the high temperature bed. (Figure 5)

milling, blending, and classification systems, along with our engineering focus on the characterization of carbon and graphite, allow us to economically deliver premium quality graphite, carbons, and custom carbon blends with precise particle size and morphology control. Superior Graphite operates milling, grinding, and classifying equipment to provide our products in the particle size and morphology required by different applications. These range from smooth roll crushing, to air jet milling, to attrition milling for product size ranges from around 1000 microns down to 1 micron. The choice of which technology to utilize for sizing or mixing depends on the type of natural or synthetic graphite, cokes or carbons, or related materials to be treated, as well as the requirements of the targeted customer application regarding particle size distribution, shape, morphology, or product mix. For more information, please contact: Rijo Jacob Robin | Technical Product Manager RRobin@superiorgraphite.com

Grinding and Sizing Capabilities Since 1917, the grinding and sizing of granular materials has been at the core of Superior Graphite’s business. Our continuous investment in the latest technology in

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DuPont and ExxonMobil Chemical Strengthen Bond with New TPVs for Corner Mold Automotive Seals Advanced silicone additives enable a new generation of TPVs with better bonding to EPDM rubber and low COF for easy operation of doors, windows. WILMINGTON, Del., June 27, 2019 – DuPont Transportation & Industrial today announced the resounding success of its close collaboration with ExxonMobil Chemical’s specialty elastomers business to develop new Santoprene™ thermoplastic vulcanizates (TPVs) for automotive corner mold seals. By replacing traditional organic slip additives with DuPont’s engineered silicone-based additives, the two companies formulated a next-generation Santoprene TPV platform with improved bonding to ethylene propylene diene monomer (EDPM) rubber substrates and a lower coefficient of friction (COF) for the easy opening and closing of doors and windows. The new Santoprene TPV B260 family of products also delivers improved flow properties, abrasion resistance and ultraviolet (UV) light stability. “Our successful collaboration with ExxonMobil Chemical has achieved much more than cutting-edge TPV products,” said Christophe Paulo, marketing manager, DuPont. “It has also laid the foundation for future projects that take advantage of the unique attributes of our silicone technologies to solve industry challenges and deliver a better consumer experience.” Taking TPVs to the Next Level To address customer needs for improved corner mold seals, ExxonMobil Chemical sought to enhance the bonding of Santoprene TPV to EDPM rubber while increasing its sliding performance. However, reducing COF to increase sliding performance can negatively impact bonding. The company collaborated with DuPont to explore the use of its advanced silicone-based additives, which promised to surpass the organic additives ExxonMobil had been incorporating. The DuPont development team found that synergies between a lower molecular weight silicone polymer and an ultra-high molecular weight silicone polymer delivered the low COF ExxonMobil Chemical was looking for. While delivering better sliding properties than the organic additives, the silicone technology enhanced bonding performance to dense EPDM rubber – a critical factor in overmolding. Further, it enabled higher flow for improved processing ease and throughput, better abrasion resistance to protect against damage from slammed doors and improved UV stability to help prevent cracking and discoloration. About DuPont Transportation & Industrial DuPont Transportation & Industrial (T&I) delivers a broad range of technology-based products and solutions to the transportation, electronics, healthcare, industrial and consumer markets. T&I partners with customers to drive innovation by utilizing its expertise and knowledge in polymer and materials science. T&I works with customers throughout the value chain to enable material systems solutions for demanding applications and environments. For additional information about DuPont Transportation & Industrial, visit the DuPont businesses page. About DuPont DuPont (NYSE: DD) is a global innovation leader with technology-based materials, ingredients and solutions that help transform industries and everyday life. Our employees apply diverse science and expertise to help customers advance their best ideas and deliver essential innovations in key markets including electronics, transportation, building and construction, health and wellness, food and worker safety. More information can be found at www.dupont.com.

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About ExxonMobil Chemical ExxonMobil Chemical is one of the largest chemical companies in the world. The company holds leadership positions in some of the largest-volume and highest-growth commodity and specialty chemical products. ExxonMobil Chemical has manufacturing capacity in every major region of the world, serving large and growing markets. More than 90 percent of the company’s chemical capacity is integrated with ExxonMobil refineries or natural gas processing plants.

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PLASTIC

GIPLAST SYSTEMS

Polycarbonate technology solutions, resistant and bright, for a constantly evolving construction industry GiPlast Systems Srl rapresents the perfect synthesis of the thirty years experience in the extrusion field of GiPlast Srl and know-how in the building products of its staff, grown up in twenty years of activity in the field. GiPlast Systems Srl offers a full range of polycarbonate systems for walls, roofs, sheds, false ceilings, suspended ceilings, internal partitions, greenhouses and all those typical industrial building applications but not only by finding extensive use in sports halls, shopping malls and farms. All products are the result of continuous researches and improvements over time for a constantly evolving market, collaborating with our partners and developing together the solutions that best suit the applications you require. Giplast Systems offers a wide range of products divided into 10 families: TOPLIGHT - Solid corrugated polycarbonate sheets with coextruded UV protection on the outer side, is an ideal product for industrial application, in combination with the main metal corrugated sheets or sandwich panels available on the market, as well as suitable for wall and roof applications in greenhouses. LIGHT - Multiwall corrugated sheets 2,5 mm thickness. This product is extremely adaptable because it can used in the middle of the roof, in ridge to gutter applications and/ or in side overlap with most metal corrugated sheets or sandwich panels currently available on the market. The multiwall structure of these sheets offers many advantages in terms of thermal insulation, limited condensation formation (compared to the same solid corrugated polycarbonate shapes), robustness and load resistance. WALL- Is a tongue&groove modular system, 500 mm width, available in 6-walls structure (thickness 16-20-25-30 mm) and double X and MonoX structure (40 mm). The thermal transmittance values of the different versions allow to meet the actual requirements required by current regulations. This is the ideal product for the construction of vertical walls in industrial buildings. REVERS -Is an innovative modular polycarbonate system that allows the realization of roofs and vertical walls thanks to joining profile connecting the panels to each other. These joining profiles can be made of polycarbonate, to achieve maximum transparency of the solution without visible visual interruption, or aluminum, to ensure greater load resistance.

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GIPLAST SYSTEMS

PLASTIC

SPECIAL FAIR K

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PLASTIC

GIPLAST SYSTEMS

SYSTEM -Is an extremely versatile system suitable for application on different types of curved roofings even with big dimensions.The advanced extrusion technology allows to SYSTEM panels to guarantee perfect waterproofness and high resistance to wind and snow loads.The panel provides excellent light transmission while the coextruded UV protection on the external layer keeps the physical and mechanical characteristics of the panels unchanged over time. CEILING- Modular panels are mainly installed as false ceilings in industrial buildings. The various thicknesses available (from 16 mm to 30 mm) and the innovative

6-walls structure allow to comply with the thermal transmittance values required by current laws. The false ceiling made with CEILING, coupled with GRECA, LIGHT or TOPLIGHT sheets, allows to further improve the thermal insulation values. COVERTECH -Panels are designed to facilitate the installation of skylights into the most common insulated panels on the market. The different thicknesses available (25 mm – 30 mm – 40 mm) make the system adaptable to most panel thicknesses, providing good thermal insulation and light transmission. It is possible to make skylights even on long slopes by carefully verifying the required expansion spaces. GRECA -Are polycarbonate multiwall corrugated sheets with an honeycomb structure and a cover width of 1000 mm. Sheets have been developed for lateral overlaps to most insulated panels and / or corrugated metal sheets available on the market. Designed for the installation of skylights both in single and multiple applications, thanks to the possibility of longitudinal and / or lateral overlapping, they are also available in thermocurved version (except GRECA 250/75), with bending radii of 3500 mm or 6000 mm. ONDA -Polycarbonate multiwall corrugated sheets extruded following the European standard 177/51. The possibility to produce sheets in different widths (5 ½ waves, 6 ½ waves and 7 waves) allows various overlapping solutions to solve the many issues regarding industrial roofing. RADIUS -Is an extruded multiwall polycarbonate panel produced already curved, with a 5-walls structure and a uniform thickness of 20 mm throughout the arch. Its special shape, OBTAINED DURING THE EXTRUSION PROCESS, allows it to have a particularly strong structure.

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Which markets are you interested in? Italy Italy

Industrial Technology is distributed worldwide, and it covers especially the following markets

reaches over 10.000 companies

Europe

Africa Africa reaches over 20.000 companies

reaches over 4000 companies

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reaches over 5.000 companies

reaches over 10.000 companies

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PLASTIC

BONFANTI

Expertise and innovation in material handling and production logistics BONFANTI is a family-owned company with a strong background of tradition and culture based on the development of projects and solutions for over 50 years. The cooperation with BONFANTI assures a high level of technical competence and flexibility, allowing the Company to continuously improve the solutions along with Customer’s expectations, by supplying experience and products to increase the value and the efficiency of Customer’s activities, by providing advanced industrial systems in the logistics production, flown processing and service sectors and by an optimization of the internal logistics activities. BONFANTI organization consists of three operative business divisions: • Industrial lifting equipment (standard industrial cranes) • Special Equipment and Solutions which provides solutions and long-term support to the Customers over the project life for: o Engineering and development of machines and turnkey projects (Optimization of the material and process flow, lay-outs) o Automatic warehousing of materials o Automatic materials handling systems o SW MES applications for Industry processing o Tracking application system for the coordination of all the handling activities • Service (Multi-brand, maintenance, retroffiting and revamping of lifting equipment) Specifically, for FILM PLASTIC Industry, BONFANTI designs, produces, supplies and installs handling and storage equipment (with more than 250 Installations worldwide for BOPP, BOPET and CPP Productions), as follows: • Engineering (complete Engineering of the internal logistic activities for the optimization of the Material Flow, the saving of the Quality Level and the maximization of the Production efficiency). This activity is executed before any contract and it is without cost for the Customers • Handling, Storing, Weighing systems of the Mill Rolls • Conveying, Storing, Weighing, Strapping, Tilting systems of the Slit Rolls produced by the Primary and Secondary Slitters • Handling, Storing, Weighing systems of the Slit Rolls for the Metallizer and Coating Areas • Handling systems of the Slit Rolls in the Packaging area • Pallet and Finished goods packaging systems / warehousing • SW Applications: o Planning and Scheduling o Slitting Optimization o Labelling and Production/Quality tracking BONFANTI will be showcasing its latest concepts and designs at the next forthcoming edition of K Fair. See you in October, from 16th to 23rd 2019 @ Messe Düsseldorf, at booth 3A49.

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BONFANTI

PLASTIC

SPECIAL FAIR K

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DIC to acquire BASF’s global pigments business

August 29, 2019 - BASF and the fine chemical company DIC have reached an agreement on the acquisition of BASF’s global pigments business. The purchase price on a cash and debt-free basis is €1.15 billion. The transaction is expected to close in the fourth quarter of 2020. The divestiture is subject to the approval of the relevant competition authorities. “We have achieved our goal to find an owner who considers pigments a core strategic business,” says Dr. Markus Kamieth, member of the Board of Executive Directors of BASF SE, responsible for the Industrial Solutions segment. “DIC pursues ambitious growth plans and has announced to further develop the business in the coming years. We are convinced that the pigments business will be able to unfold its full potential within DIC.” DIC is a Japanese company listed at the Tokyo Stock Exchange with about 20,000 employees globally. The company headquartered in Tokyo was founded in 1908, is active in more than 60 countries and generated sales of approximately 800 billion yen in 2018. This corresponds to about €6.8 billion. Under the slogan “Color & Comfort,” DIC is active in three segments: Packaging & Graphics, Functional Products and Color & Display. Color & Display includes a portfolio of pigments. “We have outlined a clear growth path for DIC with the target to increase our sales to 1 trillion yen, i.e. approximately €8 billion, by 2025. In this context, BASF’s pigments portfolio is an important strategic addition in meeting our goals more expeditiously. It will allow us to expand our position as one of the leading pigment suppliers globally and offer our customers even more versatile solutions,” Kaoru Ino, President and Chief Executive Officer of DIC comments on the agreement reached. For Dr. Alexander Haunschild, Senior Vice President and Managing Director at BASF’s pigment-focused subsidiary BASF Colors & Effects, the agreement is a chance to continue the growth path started in 2016: “We see DIC as an owner who is willing to invest, committed to innovations and interested in the longer-term success of the business.” Myron Petruch, DIC Executive Officer and Chief Executive Officer of DIC’s group company being active in the pigments market, Sun Chemical, adds: “As a long-standing business partner of BASF, we value the expertise and engagement of BASF’s employees in the pigments business. By combining our businesses, DIC/Sun confirms the ambition to be one of the most innovative pigment suppliers globally.” BASF’s pigments business with around 2,600 employees globally generated sales of approximately €1 billion in 2018.

INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY

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VALVES AND PIPES SPECIAL Machines. Components. Automation. Contact us at: marketing@industrialtechmag.com

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PLASTIC

HS UMFORMTECHNIK

Problems with wear and tear we have the solution!

HVA NIRO® stainless steel pipe bends HVA NIRO® highly wear-resistant stainless steel pipe bends from HS Umformtechnik have been developed especially for the conveyance of glass fiber reinforced plastic granulates. Due to their long service life (10-20 times longer than that of standard stainless steel pipe bends) the exchange cycles of the bends at the customer can be reduced extremely. This saves the customer money! Another advantage is the easy assembly and easy handling of HVA NIRO® pipe bends, because no special pipe couplings (stepped pipe coupling) and no special safety measures are required, such as for glass tube bends.

resistant versions. Equipped with single elements like bends, branchs or tubes of HVA NIRO® or 3.3 borosilicate glass.

HVA NIRO® pipe bends are available from outer diameter 38.0 mm to 168.3 mm in radii 75 / 100 / 150 / 250 / 300 / 500 / 800 / 1000 mm with wall thickness from 1.5 mm to 2.0 mm.

Using the most modern equipment HS Umformtechnik is able to produce further components for stainless steel pipe systems like: high quality stainless steel pipe bends, pipe couplings, coupling stations, suction lances, branch pipes, reducers and special parts - competent, fast and according to individual customer needs if desired.

HS Umformtechnik can also manufacture complete coupling stations / material distributors in highly wear-

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Units are mounted in a frame with outlets made of stainless steel tubes 50.0 x 1.5 mm. Single units (bends, branch pipes, pipes) are connected with DVK 6 vacuum couplings, exactly aligned and bolted to the frame construction using pipe clamps. With camlock connections made of aluminium at the upper outlets. CAD drawings will be designed to your individual specifications for your approval.


PLASTIC

HS UMFORMTECHNIK

Coupling station / material distributer Our speciality are thin-walled pipe-bends with large bending radius, especially for pneumatic conveying systems. The pipe-bends are cold-bent without any pleats on CNC-mandrel machines. Material: stainless steel AISI 304 / 304L or AISI 316 L / AISI 316 Ti (other material at request). Outer pipe diameter from 38.0 mm – 206.0 mm with wall thickness 1.5 mm / 2.0 mm / 3.0 mm – greater wall thickness at request. Available in radius 75 / 100 / 115 /150 / 180 / 250 / 300 / 500 / 800 / 1000 / 1200 and 1500 mm.

For connection of stainless steel pipe bends and tubes we recommend our couplings DVK 6 for suction conveying (outer diameter 33.7 mm to 110.0 mm) and DVK-HD® for pressure conveying (outer diameter 60.3 mm to 206.0 mm). We can deliver from stock with different gaskets: black rubber, white nitrile, or special gaskets on request: EPDM, silicone, viton. Our couplings are TÜV-tested, and available in different length: 100, 150 and 200 mm or longer.

Our quality management generally guarantees: •welded seam smoothed or shaved (DIN 11 850 resp. DIN 17 457) •absolutely wrinkle-free, no start-up bulges •no scratching or scoring •extremely low ovality •visually aesthetic surface •leg extension each side •deburred sawing edges

In addition we have special couplings in our delivery program like: pipe couplings DVK-HD® with tractionrelief, pipe coupling DVK 6 - quick closure, DVK 6 - FIX, DVK 6 with stainless steel inner ring and coupling for connecting glass pipe bends with stainless steel pipes. For further information please visit our website: www.hs-umformtechnik.de/en

SPECIAL FAIR K INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY

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WHO calls for more research into microplastics and a crackdown on plastic pollution 22 August 2019, Geneva - The World Health Organization (WHO) today calls for a further assessment of microplastics in the environment and their potential impacts on human health, following the release of an analysis of current research related to microplastics in drinking-water. The Organization also calls for a reduction in plastic pollution to benefit the environment and reduce human exposure. “We urgently need to know more about the health impact of microplastics because they are everywhere - including in our drinking-water,” says Dr Maria Neira, Director, Department of Public Health, Environment and Social Determinants of Health, at WHO. “Based on the limited information we have, microplastics in drinking water don’t appear to pose a health risk at current levels. But we need to find out more. We also need to stop the rise in plastic pollution worldwide.” According to the analysis, which summarizes the latest knowledge on microplastics in drinking-water, microplastics larger than 150 micrometres are not likely to be absorbed in the human body and uptake of smaller particles is expected to be limited. Absorption and distribution of very small microplastic particles including in the nano size range may, however, be higher, although the data is extremely limited. Further research is needed to obtain a more accurate assessment of exposure to microplastics and their potential impacts on human health. These include developing standard methods for measuring microplastic particles in water; more studies on the sources and occurrence of microplastics in fresh water; and the efficacy of different treatment processes. WHO recommends drinking-water suppliers and regulators prioritize removing microbial pathogens and chemicals that are known risks to human health, such as those causing deadly diarrhoeal diseases. This has a double advantage: wastewater and drinking-water treatment systems that treat faecal content and chemicals are also effective in removing microplastics. Wastewater treatment can remove more than 90% of microplastics from wastewater, with the highest removal coming from tertiary treatment such as filtration. Conventional drinking-water treatment can remove particles smaller than a micrometre. A significant proportion of the global population currently does not benefit from adequate water and sewage treatment. By addressing the problem of human exposure to faecally contaminated water, communities can simultaneously address the concern related to microplastics.

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INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY Maximum Visibility All Around The World Contact us at: marketing@industrialtechmag.com


PLASTIC

STEP LAB

Testing lab and innovation: the future speaks electric

XUD020 - Suspension testing system based on linear motors Far in the 1955, mechanical testing labs saw the “first testing revolution”: the hydraulic technology was applied for the first time on a testing machine. After six decades, we’re going to meet the “second testing revolution”: the electrical technology is ready for disrupt the hydraulic in the worldwide labs. STEP Lab was born in 2009, as a pioneer of this revolution, from the first day it started with studying and developing dynamic and high load testing systems based on electrical motions. STEP Lab is focused on technologies that could replace the older one oil-based in an efficient and high performing way. The product range currently is divided on two main families: •Electrodynamical actuators, based on high dynamic linear motors. This technology is the best on the market for: o Dynamic tests on position and force controlloop, with test frequency greater than 200 Hz, and acceleration above 910 m/s2 (93 g); o High strain rate tests; o Reproducing in-lab the acquisition of time history

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with high dynamics, for example the loads applied on a downhill’s fork or on a motorbike’s suspension. •Electromechanical actuators, based on special ball screw, specifically developed for the testing applications. This technology is the best solution for: o Dynamic tests on position and force control-loop, up to 35 Hz, with acceleration up to 20 m/s2; o Static tests on position control-loop; o Static tests on force control-loop (creep tests). Currently the electromechanical actuator’s product range cover a wide force range: from 1.5 kN to 225 kN of dynamic force and from 5 kN to 195 kN of static force. The maximum dynamic load reached by STEP Lab electrodynamical actuators is 40 kN, greater than the values reached by the competitors! Last but not least, STEP Lab is an important producer of DROP WEIGHT TOWER for impact tests. What are the pro & cons given by the “electrical testing machines revolution” versus the old hydraulics systems? They are collected in the next chart.


PLASTIC

STEP LAB

DW1000 - STEP Lab’s Drop Weight Tower for impact tests Electric/electrodynamic actuators

Hydraulic actuators

Installation impact and costs

Very low, it›s like plug and play Usually require high costs for installing also the hydraulic machine. Need only to connect pump. the electrical plug.

Operating costs

Very low, the electrical actuation Very high costs caused by low efficiency. has very high efficiency.

Ordinary maintenance costs

Very low, the right designed Very high, periodically require to change the oil and the actuators permit infinite life for seals. the components.

Air polluting

Null. It is the perfect solution for Very high polluting of the environment with the oil work in cleanroom. vapours.

Environment polluting

Null.

Very high polluting of the environment with the oil vapours, and very high costs for change the waste oil.

Operating noise

Almost null.

Very high. It could require hearing protection for the workers, or special infrastructure for the noise isolating.

STEP Lab plans to attend to some important fairs and events, the most important is organized by STEP Lab at the Aschaffenburg Technischen Hochschule on 11th March 2020. It is possible to take part for free. Registration is required by sending email to info@step-lab.com or

filling the form on the website www.step-lab.com. During this event STEP Lab will show his linear motors machine running, focusing on the performances and the testing software’s features.

SPECIAL FAIR K INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY

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“Operation Clean Sweep” arrives in the RadiciGroup Synthetic Fibres Business Area Zero plastic pellet and dust loss to safeguard the environment. Noyfil SA receives OCS certificate from Plastics Europe. Bergamo, 9 August 2019 - RadiciGroup has expanded its Operation Clean Sweep project – started up over one year ago in its engineering polymers business – to its Synthetic Fibres Business Area. Noyfil SA (Stabio - CH), a company specializing in the manufacture of polyester continuous yarn, has joined Operation Clean Sweep (OCS), an international programme promoted by Plastics Europe with the goal of “Zero Pellet Loss”. “Preventing the release of plastic pellets and dust has always been a priority for us,” Alberto Giana, general manager of Noyfil SA, stressed. “As part of our ISO 14001 Environmental Management System, we have already performed a risk analysis and set down an improvement action plan. Moreover, during the past months, we have also been contacted by the Cantonal Authority officials on this matter, following their research study on microplastics in Swiss lakes, and we have shown them how we operate in our plant. As a result, we have decided to make a more structured commitment by pledging to implement the OCS procedures, as other Group companies have already done.” After signing a commitment to OCS with Plastics Europe and carrying out a first assessment, Noyfil SA is now moving ahead on steps 3 and 4 of the project: upgrading by implementing improvement actions and raising awareness by training all people concerned to give them a better understanding of the importance of OCS and ensuring that they take ownership of the improvement process. Noyfil’s commitment to Operation Clean Sweep is another significant step on the road to RadiciGroup Sustainability, with the objective of continual improvement to reduce the environmental impact of its business activities. “We are preparing a plan to extend the OCS programme gradually to all Group companies,” said Filippo Servalli, sustainability director of RadiciGroup, “taking into account the fact that all our industrial processes in our various business areas have already been set up to reduce any loss of microplastics. What’s more, in the fibres sector, RadiciGroup specializes in the production of both nylon and polyester continuous yarn that feature high performance and lower environmental impact.” This coming autumn, there will be another opportunity to learn more about Operation Clean Sweep and the topic of microplastics. At the K Fair – the important triennial plastics and rubber exhibition in Dusseldorf, Germany –, RadiciGroup will host a workshop entitled “Zero Pellet Loss. A value chain commitment” on 22 October at 11.30 am (RadiciGroup stand – Hall 6 B10).

INDUSTRIAL TECHNOLOGY

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PLASTIC

ALPHAMAC

SOLUTIONS for fluid packaging This year has seen the emergence of a new player in the extrusion and blow-moulding machine manufacturing panorama. AlphaMAC enters the market as a highly innovative company, focusing on existing and emerging problems in the industry and offering solutions to a more than ever consolidated field in an era where technical evolution and development must bring a new way to view automatic machines utilization. Thanks to an experienced team of people, with an important background and know-how, and the support of a consolidated network of companies, specialized in packaging solutions of different fields of activity, the company has taken advantage of a real technological contamination of ideas developing a different way to think about process, applied on high quality standards machines. Alpha SERIES is the brand-new range of AlphaMAC, designed to provide users with reliability, performance, world class service and which covers an exhaustive range of applications and users, combining two distinct but complementary aspects: the technological features of extrusion-blow moulding machines, that today create a value for customers, and the flexibility to create a machine which meets the needs of a wide variety of users. The range of applications is within fluid packaging from 100 ml up to 25L, with monolayer wall structure up to 6 layers. Thanks to a simple and intuitive human machine interface with an icon management and a software with self-learning capability on process parametrization, using the machine is within the reach of any operator, with the possibility to set and to easily adjust key process parameters from the PLC. Machines stand out for their robustness, the quality of the materials used for their construction and the accurate interior design with a real attention to the absence of obstacles which facilitate maintenance operations. Some of the innovation included in this new series can be appreciated through the lot of features which reduce process setting and tooling changeover required time, like material colour changing, individual fine tuning of melt flow on head cavities, fine positioning and centring of blow-pins with the machine on operation, the flexibility to process high percentages of regrind and recycled materials (PCR). Connectivity for remote troubleshooting management, predictive maintenance features, complete production data collection, utilization on smart-devices and more to be implemented in the future. More information at www.alphamac.it

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ALPHAMAC

PLASTIC

SPECIAL FAIR K

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PLASTIC

EFI

Joliet Pattern takes innovation to a new level with EFI thermoforming printer Taking innovation to a whole new level, company owner Andy Wood has let a dedicated production staff re-engineer equipment and reinvent the production workflow to satisfy a diverse group of clients that includes leading fast-food companies and giants of industry. Along the way, Joliet Pattern has built an impressive arsenal of capabilities. This culture of innovation, creativity and invested employees, who had been watching the trending new technologies for years, led to the most recent addition of the EFI™ H1625-SD printer and EFI SuperDraw UV Inks. Joliet has made it a priority to stay on top of new technologies and production techniques. Wood says the company spends 15% of its production time experimenting with inks, substrates, and printing methods in order to continually “raise the bar” on quality and efficiency. “We don’t want to be followers,” Wood says. “If you follow or stand still these days, you run the risk of falling behind and never catching up.” Bundled with the EFI industry leading colour profiling process, which facilitates accurate colour matching between digital and screen presses, this gave Joliet the ability to service short-run jobs on the digital equipment, as well as print sample pieces that will go to full production on the company’s screen presses. Joliet will now be able to eliminate several production steps from short-run backlit signage orders. Joliet is using EFI machines to create test prints on semi-rigid materials for vacuum forming, a process that produces complex depressions, elongations and detailed forms on printed substrates. Changes to artwork can now be made and quickly reprinted and formed without one single screen set up. Additionally, configuring distortion art for conventional screen printing can take as long as a week. Now with the addition of EFI printers, Joliet’s designers can evaluate the grid that is printed along with the image on each prototype to determine how the art will move during distortion. Once they map the art’s movement, the design itself is distorted and the cycle is repeated until design elements align properly with the distortions on the substrate. Recently Joliet Pattern did five artwork changes in four hours followed by a customer sign off in the same day. This would have never been possible with screen printing. Not to mention the cost of 20 screens that would have to be re-worked. “If a customer can knock that cost out of production, then digital technology will give customers the ability to make the product less expensive and more efficient,” says Wood.

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INDEX Advertiser

Inside Front Cover

7

Via G.Pascoli 47 Samarate VA 21017 Italy

Via Coppalati 10 Piacenza 29122 Italy

Aes s.r.l. Caccia Group

CO.A.P. scrl

9

Back Cover

Via Torre 15 Medolago BG 24030 Italy

Stradello Canali 9 Sala Baganza PR 43038 Italy

Alessiotech srl

Crosspolimeri SpA

3/40-41

2/68-69

Via Marconi 41 Adrara San Martino BG 24060 Italy

Kaiserswerther Str. 115 Ratingen D-40880 Germany

Alfa Stampi srl

EFI GmbH

4/66-67

50-52/Front Cover

Via Nobel 20 Ozzano Dell’Emilia BO 40064 Italy

Via Delle Industrie 4 Gornate Olona VA 21040 Italy

AlphaMAC srl

Giplast Systems srl

5/54-55

30-31/Front Cover

Strada Statale Briantea 4 Ambivere BG 24030 Italy

Joweid Zentrum 11 Rüti ZH 8630 Switzerland

Bonfanti srl

HCH. KÜNDIG & CIE. AG


58-59,61

62-63/Front Cover

Gewerbestraße 1 Grünsfeld-Paimar D-97947 Germany

Via Castellana 199 Resana TV 31023 Italy

Front Cover

44-47/Front Cover

Via Giuseppe Longhi 1 Milano MI 20137 Italy

Box 13000, SE-850 13 Sundsvall, Sweden

Front Cover/ Inside Back Cover

34-37,39

Via Roma 72/B Villafranca Padovana PD 35085 Italy

Via Abbate Tommaso 41 Quarto D’altino VE 30020 Italy

11

6

Strada Mirafiori n° 31, Beinasco TO 10092 Italy

Via Tonale 9 Albano Sant’Alessandro BG 24061 Italy

65/Front Cover

8

113 Porters RD Kenthurst NSW 2156 Australia

Via Leonardo da Vinci, 5 Solaro MI 20020 Italy

HS Umformtechnik GmbH

Igreg Studio

Nafttech

Officine Metallurgiche Cornaglia SpA

Profile Solutions & Mitchell Industries

STEP Lab

Superior Graphite

Uniteam Italia srl

UTPVision srl

Vibrowest Italiana srl


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Starting from process, passing through the project, managment, engineering and thanks to the manufacturing capabilities, NafttechTrading is able to provide a complete service focused of customer satisfaction in the range of its activities.

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Water Treatment Systems

•Fire Water Tube Boiler •Heat Recovery Steam Generator (HRSG) •Wast Heat Boiler (biomass or RDF) •Vertical Heater •Hot Oil Package •Fix Equipment (Reactors, Columns, ecc.) •Flue Gas Desulfuration System (FGD) •Flue Gas DeNOx •Dust Filtration System •Revamping •Boiler Repowering •Automation

•Reverse Osmosis Desalination (RO)•Heat •Water •Treatment •Wast Water treatment •Polishing •Ion Exchange •Biological Plant Refinery •Filtration and Ultrafiltration Plant •Mtbe Treatment Plant •Groundwater Treatment Plant •Water Engineering •Turnkey Facilities •Rental of Emergency and Mobile Systems

Sea Water Thermal Desalinations (Distillation)

Control System, Electrical System and Instrumentation

•Multi Stage Flash Distillation (MSF) •Multi Effect Distillation (MED) •Thermal Vapor Compression (MED-TVC) •Remineralization Water Systems •Upgrading and Revamping of Existing Plants

•Gas Turbine Unit Control System UCS •Burning Managment System BMS •Emergency Shutdown System ESD •Fire and Gas System Monitoring •Generatore Control Protection Panel GCPP •Steam Turbine Retrofit System Control and Woodward) •Local Panels, Power distribution, MCC and MV panels •Instrumentation and Instrumentation Panels

Via roma, 72/B 35085 Villafranca Padovana Padova, Italy

Phone: +39 3493152554 E-mail: info@nafttech.com www.nafttech.com


• EXTRUSION • LAMINATION • CALENDERING • INJECTION/BLOW MOULDING • FILMING

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ELECTRICAL CABLES AERIAL CABLES PIPES PROFILES & SHEETS GASKETS INJ. TECH. PARTS AND ITEMS AUTOMOTIVE CABLES ®

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• Special polymers for reaction processing • High tech Elastomers • Right performing and costing balance • Flame retardant halogen free polymeric flexible materials with low fume and toxic gas emissions • Wear, weather, fats & oils, solvents resistant elastic compounds • Research & Development supports to tailor performance according to the customer needs CROSSPOLIMERI S.p.a. Stradello Canali, 9 - 43038 Sala Baganza (PR) - ITALY Tel. 0039-0521.331411 - Fax 0039-0521.331400 tech-sales.contact@crosspolimeri.com

CROSSPOLIMERI AG Hauptstrasse 300 – CH 5064 Wittnau – SWITZERLAND ph 0041-(0)62-8691060 – fax 0041 (0)62-8691069 info@crosspolimeri.ch

www.crosspolimeri.com