Issuu on Google+

Effectiveness of School Closure for the Control of Influenza A Review of Recent Evidence

Harpa Isfeld-Kiely, MA, and Seyed Moghadas, PhD

Prepared for the National Collaborating Centre for Infectious Diseases March 2014


Production of this document has been made possible through a financial contribution from the Public Health Agency of Canada through funding for the National Collaborating Centre for Infectious Diseases (NCCID). The views expressed herein do not necessarily represent the views of the Public Health Agency of Canada. This document is available in its entirety in electronic format (PDF) on the web site of the National Collaborating Centre for Infectious Diseases at www.nccid.ca. Information contained in the document may be cited provided that the source is mentioned. La version franรงaise de ce document est disponible au www.ccnmi.ca. Suggested citation: National Collaborating Centre for Infectious Diseases (2014). Effectiveness of school closure for the control of influenza: a review of recent evidence. Winnipeg, Manitoba: National Collaborating Centre for Infectious Diseases. NCCID Project No. 180 ISBN 978-1-927988-14-5 515 PORTAGE AVENUE, WINNIPEG, MB R3B 2E9

204.943.0051 NCCID@ICID.COM WWW.NCCID.CA


Effectiveness of School Closure for the Control of Influenza A Review of Recent Evidence

Harpa Isfeld-Kiely, MA, and Seyed Moghadas, PhD

Prepared for the National Collaborating Centre for Infectious Diseases March 2014


Table of Contents

Acknowledgments...............................................................................v

Introduction ....................................................................................... 1 Methods of Review ............................................................................ 2 Overview of Evidence from Previous Summary Reviews ........................ 2 Evidence from Recent Summary & Systematic Reviews ......................... 5 Evidence Based on Observational Studies ............................................ 7 Evidence Based on Modelling Studies................................................ 11 Costs and Cost-effectiveness of School Closures ................................ 15 Social and Ethical Issues in School Closure ........................................ 18 Pandemic Preparedness Planning ...................................................... 18 Existing Research Gaps ..................................................................... 20 Discussion & Conclusions.................................................................. 20 References ....................................................................................... 24


v

Acknowledgments

NCCID extends thanks to two main contributors to this review, Roberta Howlett and Seyed Moghadas. Roberta Howlett, PhD, conducted an initial review, screening and summary of literature. Seyed Moghadas, PhD, Director of the Agent-based Modelling Laboratory at York University, contributed to the review of modelling studies and supported editing the full report. Thanks also go to the co-chairs of the National Health Measures Working Group, Barbara Raymond and Frank Atherton, who provided helpful suggestions on an earlier draft of the document.


vi


Schoolclosuresissuutwo