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FINANCIAL RESOURCES FOR RESEARCH AND INNOVATION

In the analysis of research and development (R&D) in Catalan higher education institutions, the acquisition of funding and expenditures on scientific activities must be considered as one of the key indicators. This section analyses university funding of R&D in Catalonia with comparisons to both Spain and Catalonia’s closest European neighbours. The analysis below examines the capacity of Catalan universities to attract funding for research, the majority of which comes from the participation of universities in public or private calls for proposals. In 2010 this accounted for 64% of funding, demonstrating the Catalan public university system’s excellence through its capacity to attain considerable resources in competitive funding processes that evaluate these indicators. This has resulted in a substantial amount of research funds in relation to the total number of teaching and research staff at Catalan universities: €46,693 per researcher on average. The total amount of resources obtained through competitive and non-competitive channels for public universities in 2010 was €347 million (€221 million from public and private calls for proposals and €126 million from non-competitive sources), which is equivalent to 20% of the total university budget. As for the significance of obtaining this research and development funding, according to the 2011 CYD report, in 2010 Catalonia spent a total of €755 million, 18% of total national expenditure in Spain. So for every euro obtained by public universities in Catalonia via the different avenues of R&D funding (347 million euros), Catalonia has invested twice as much to carry out this research (755 million euros). This shared responsibility of public higher education in Catalonia provides solid evidence of its firm commitment to research and development.

In 2010 funds obtained from European sources accounted for 22% of total funding, with the remaining 78% coming mainly from Spanish calls for proposals and funding provided by the Government of Catalonia. In general, the position of Catalonia in Spain has always been outstanding. Specifically, in terms of the 7th Framework Programme in the period from 2007 to 2010, Catalonia made significant strides forward, taking second place (with 29% of the total) after the Autonomous Community of Madrid (31% of the total), and first place in leadership of R&D activities (396), accounting for 38% of total activities headed by the autonomous communities of Spain. In all, in the first four years of the European Union’s 7th Framework Programme, Catalan universities managed to obtain 168 million euros in funding. Furthermore, in terms of human resources, in the period from 2007 to 2010, Catalonia was awarded 51 concessions (19 of these for public universities) from European Research Council (ERC) calls for proposals aimed at both junior and senior researchers (Starting Grants and Advanced Grants, respectively) which have been instrumental in Catalonia’s leading research. This figure represents 57% of the total for all of Spain and places Catalonia in the fourth position for all of Europe. So over the last fifteen years Catalan public universities have received core funding primarily from Spanish governmental programmes complemented by subsidies for infrastructure, projects, and consolidated research groups of the Government of Catalonia. This has allowed the Catalan public university system to position itself among the top in Spain, leading to a new era of successful financing from the European Union, as reflected in the data presented here.


FINANCIAL RESOURCES FOR RESEARCH AND INNOVATION

1.1

Public funding of research

Figure 1. Competitive and non-competitive funding by university and percent of annual budget, 2010

120.00

28% 105,2

100.00

50,1

milions d’euros

80.00

22%

18%

74,2

74,1

24,1

28,2

60.00 55,1 50,1 40.00

25% 45,9

37,4 6,7 30,7

20.00

.00

Universitat de Barcelona

Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

Fons competitius

Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya

Universitat Pompeu Fabra

Fons no competitius

17% 18%

18%

17,0

16,9

4,9 12,1

4,8 12,1

13,1

Universitat de Girona

Universitat de Lleida

Universitat Rovira i Virgili

20,2 7,1

2% 2,1 0,7

% del pressupost de la universitat

Font: UNEIX i UOC.

In 2010 catalan public universities raised 347 million euros in funding for research and innovation

1,4

Universitat Oberta de Catalunya


FINANCIAL RESOURCES FOR RESEARCH AND INNOVATION

Figure 2. Competitive and non-competitive funding of Catalan public universities, 2010

36%

Recursos totals R+D competitius

126.581.849 €

64%

Recursos totals R+D no competitius Font: UNEIX i UOC.

220.673.962 €

64% of funding acquired by Catalan public universities comes from competitive calls for proposals


FINANCIAL RESOURCES FOR RESEARCH AND INNOVATION

Figure 3. Resources obtained for R&D&i as a proportion of doctoral teaching and research staff, 2010

100.000

94.067 16.938

90.000 80.000

77.129 70.000

euros

60.000 50.000 40.000

48.718

44.819

15.815

21.329

41.479

18.272 31.715

11.736

29.728

39.707 13.912

9.101

32.903

30.000 20.000

48.000

29.744

23.491

25.795

22.614

6.723

10.000

1.947 0

4.776 Universitat de Barcelona

Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya

Universitat Pompeu Fabra

Finançament competitiu/ PDI Doctor a TC

Universitat de Girona

Universitat de Lleida

Universitat Rovira i Virgili

Finançament no competitiu/ PDI Doctor a TC

Font: UNEIX i UOC.

The high level of external funding and research potential attracted an average of €46,693 per researcher in 2010

Universitat Oberta de Catalunya


FINANCIAL RESOURCES FOR RESEARCH AND INNOVATION

Table 1. Sources of competitive funding of Catalan public universities, 2010

Fons autonòmics i estatals

Fons europeus

TOTAL

Universitat

Import (€)

%

Import (€)

%

Import (€)

Universitat de Barcelona

48.155.973

87%

6.976.347

13%

55.132.320

Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona

37.249.476

74%

12.894.593

26%

50.144.068

Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya

35.360.232

77%

10.539.856

23%

45.900.087

Universitat Pompeu Fabra

19.629.007

64%

11.068.153

36%

30.697.160

Universitat de Girona

10.033.588

83%

2.110.196

17%

12.143.784

Universitat de Lleida

11.734.556

97%

400.801

3%

12.135.357

Universitat Rovira i Virgili

10.014.189

76%

3.115.288

24%

13.129.477

982.018

71%

409.690

29%

1.391.708

173.159.038

78%

47.514.924

22%

220.673.962

Universitat Oberta de Catalunya TOTAL

Font: UNEIX i UOC.

22% of competitive funding comes from Europe, a figure in line with international standards


FINANCIAL RESOURCES FOR RESEARCH AND INNOVATION

1.2

The Catalan system in the European context

Figure 4. 7th Framework Programme subsidies by autonomous community, 2007-2010

RESTA 191,8 M€ ANDALUSIA 80,4 M€ C. VALENCIANA 83,3 M€

PAÍS BASC 176,3 M€

15%

6%

31%

MADRID 410,3 M€

6% 13% 29%

CATALUNYA 383,7 M€

Font: CDTI (2011).

Catalonia, the number one state in leadership of EU 7th Framework Programme projects, and second in funding received


FINANCIAL RESOURCES FOR RESEARCH AND INNOVATION

Table 2. Projects awarded in the 7th Framework Programme, 2007-2010, by autonomous community

Activitats* Comunitat

Líder

%

Nre.

Catalunya

396

38,40%

1.047

Madrid

271

26,30%

1.055

País Basc

90

8,70%

406

C. Valenciana

73

7,10%

292

Andalusia

66

6,40%

234

Galícia

27

2,60%

108

Navarra

18

1,70%

69

Aragó

18

1,70%

73

Castella i Lleó

17

1,60%

89

Castella-La Manxa

11

1,10%

42

Rioja (La)

11

1,10%

51

Múrcia

10

1,00%

45

Astúries

9

0,90%

50

Balears

7

0,70%

24

Canàries

6

0,60%

28

Extremadura

1

0,10%

10

Cantàbria

0

0,00%

70

TOTAL * Total consolidat

Font: CDTI (2011).

1.031

2.877


FINANCIAL RESOURCES FOR RESEARCH AND INNOVATION

Figure 5. 7th Framework Programme funding by university, 2007-2010

60

54,8

55,0

2009

2010

50

milions d’euros

42,0 40 30 20

16,3

10 0

2007

2008

Universitat de Barcelona Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya Universitat Pompeu Fabra Universitat de Girona Universitat de Lleida Universitat Rovira i Virgili Universitat Oberta de Catalunya

Font: UNEIX. Informes preliminars 2010 i UOC.

2007-2010 TOTAL: 168 M€


FINANCIAL RESOURCES FOR RESEARCH AND INNOVATION

Convocatòries de l’European Research Council (ERC) adreçades a joves investigadors o investigadors sènior (Starting Grants i Advanced Grants)

Figure 6. ERC grants awarded / million inhabitants 2007-2010

ERC Grants (Concessions / milió d’habitants) 15

14,95

12,00

10

6,95 6,92

6,51

5,61

5

0

5,00

4,87 4,80 4,54 3,28

CH

IL

SE CAT NL

CH: Suïssa

IL: Israel

AT: Àustria

FR: França

NO: Noruega EE: Estònia

FI

CY

SE: Suècia

BE

AT

FR

CAT: Catalunya

IS: Islàndia

ES+: Estat espanyol CZ: Txèquia

UK

3,13

IS

BG: Bulgària

DK

2,47

2,29 2,27 2,27 1,97 1,70 1,62

IE

DE 7PM NO ES+ HU

NL: Països Baixos

DK: Dinamarca HU: Hongria

2,69

IE: Irlanda

IT: Itàlia

PL: Polònia

FI: Finlàndia

DE: Alemanya

PT: Portugal TU: Turquia

Font: Comissió Interdepartamental de Recerca i Innovació. Generalitat de Catalunya.

IT

CY: Xipre

1,32 1,24 1,01

PT

EL

ES-

0,75 0,57

EE

UK: Regne Unit

CZ

0,26 0,18 0,01

BG

BE: Bèlgica

7PM: Conjunt de països participants al 7è PM

EL: Grècia

PL

ES-: Estat espanyol (exclou Catalunya)

TU


FINANCIAL RESOURCES FOR RESEARCH AND INNOVATION

Catalonia, fourth in the EU in ERC Grants as a proportion of population, 51 concessions, 19 to universities and 29 to research centres 24 of which are managed by the ICREA programme

Figure 7. ERC grants awarded by type, 2007-2010

Centres CERCA

16 Universitats

12

1

7

1 12

1

1

ICTS Font: Comissi贸 Interdepartamental de Recerca i Innovaci贸. Generalitat de Catalunya.


FINANCIAL RESOURCES FOR RESEARCH AND INNOVATION

Map 1. ERC grants awarded by country, 2007-2010

1

25 8 1

45 18

6 221

81

141

8 26

40

4

119

35

3 26

89

3 12 2

76

11 Font: Comissi贸 Interdepartamental de Recerca i Innovaci贸. Generalitat de Catalunya.

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