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Session: Sustainable and Efficient Domestic Water Supply in Rural Areas Authors:

Nagachethan S M Prashant Hegde

Background  17.2% of the total households in Rural India have

access to tap water from a treated source (Census 2011).  Koppal – Reason for selection as place of study  Semi Arid District lies in Northern Dry Zone  Has 4 taluks, only one of them is irrigated  70% of the population depends on rain for their agriculture

 Sample  Survey of 750 households across 10 villages of Koppal Taluk  Demographic Size and Diversity, Geographical Spread,

presence of irrigation etc. were considered for village selection

Study Results  Source of Drinking Water  No seasonal variation in the source of Drinking Water  90 per cent of HH depend on tap water supplied from Gram Panchayat in the region  Accessibility  59 per cent of the Households get water in their premises  40 per cent of the Households fetch water  FGD revealed that Rs.500 per household was spent on getting piped water to the house premises  In 26.78% of the HH, male adults fetch water  Male Children out number female children in fetching water

Study Results  Awareness about Safe and Clean Drinking Water  94 per cent the surveyed population are of importance of safe drinking water  57 per cent of the household know about the safe drinking water through doctors  71 per cent use only a cloth to filter water  Water Supply is in long intervals for a short duration

Study Results  Assessment of Water Quality and Public Health  9 out of 10 villages have more Fluoride level of 1.5 mg per litre.  5 out of 10 villages have higher level of TDS  Incidence of joint pains across all 10 villages in the age group of 23 to 40 years and above 40 year.

Last mile connectivity… But not first mile of conservation…

Awareness - Water Harvesting Villages Agalakeri Alawandi Belagatti Kamanuru Kanakapur Kinnal Koppal (Town) Lebageri Madinuru Muddaballi Total

Awareness Yes 0 0 2 1 1 0 26 0 0 4 34

Awareness No 75 99 49 71 50 102 125 50 73 74 769

Analysis  Schemes focus only on supply with little consideration

of quality of water.

 Poor quality of implementation of the scheme at

grassroots and lack of water harvesting measures.

 Inadequate funds and the States inability to draw

more funds because of low utilization levels in the previous years.

Way Forward‌ CEEW Water 1Maintain , Operate, Preserve and Conserve

1Build, Propagate Awareness and Be Aware

2Contribute Labour 3Change Mindset for better

2Research on Conservation and Policy with Community feedback

Community Government


Provide Support on decision and awareness

Health and Hygiene

Non-governmental Organisations and Agencies

Community Participation Hirehalla Project at Mudlapur

5 Km

Kalakeri Tank

3 Km

Lebageri Tank

Thank You

Clean and Safe Drinking Water: A Sustainable Holistic Approach in Semi Arid Region  

Seminar Session 8