Session: Sustainable and Efficient Domestic Water Supply in Rural Areas Authors:
Nagachethan S M Prashant Hegde
Background 17.2% of the total households in Rural India have
access to tap water from a treated source (Census 2011). Koppal – Reason for selection as place of study Semi Arid District lies in Northern Dry Zone Has 4 taluks, only one of them is irrigated 70% of the population depends on rain for their agriculture
Sample Survey of 750 households across 10 villages of Koppal Taluk Demographic Size and Diversity, Geographical Spread,
presence of irrigation etc. were considered for village selection
Study Results Source of Drinking Water No seasonal variation in the source of Drinking Water 90 per cent of HH depend on tap water supplied from Gram Panchayat in the region Accessibility 59 per cent of the Households get water in their premises 40 per cent of the Households fetch water FGD revealed that Rs.500 per household was spent on getting piped water to the house premises In 26.78% of the HH, male adults fetch water Male Children out number female children in fetching water
Study Results Awareness about Safe and Clean Drinking Water 94 per cent the surveyed population are of importance of safe drinking water 57 per cent of the household know about the safe drinking water through doctors 71 per cent use only a cloth to filter water Water Supply is in long intervals for a short duration
Study Results Assessment of Water Quality and Public Health 9 out of 10 villages have more Fluoride level of 1.5 mg per litre. 5 out of 10 villages have higher level of TDS Incidence of joint pains across all 10 villages in the age group of 23 to 40 years and above 40 year.
Last mile connectivity… But not first mile of conservation…
Awareness - Water Harvesting Villages Agalakeri Alawandi Belagatti Kamanuru Kanakapur Kinnal Koppal (Town) Lebageri Madinuru Muddaballi Total
Awareness Yes 0 0 2 1 1 0 26 0 0 4 34
Awareness No 75 99 49 71 50 102 125 50 73 74 769
Analysis Schemes focus only on supply with little consideration
of quality of water.
Poor quality of implementation of the scheme at
grassroots and lack of water harvesting measures.
Inadequate funds and the States inability to draw
more funds because of low utilization levels in the previous years.
Way Forwardâ€Ś CEEW Water 1Maintain , Operate, Preserve and Conserve
1Build, Propagate Awareness and Be Aware
2Contribute Labour 3Change Mindset for better
2Research on Conservation and Policy with Community feedback
Provide Support on decision and awareness
Health and Hygiene
Non-governmental Organisations and Agencies
Community Participation Hirehalla Project at Mudlapur