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India Water Week 2013 9th January 2013, YIGYAN BHAWAN, New Delhi


 Increasing Increasingpopulation, population,urbanization urbanizationand andchanging changingdiets diets  Increasing Increasingwastewater wastewaterpollution pollution  Rapidly Rapidlygrowing growingwater waterdemand demandfrom fromindustrial, industrial,energy energyand anddomestic domesticsec sec  Climate Climatechange: change:increasing increasingvariability variabilityand andresult resultininincreasing increasingintensity intensityof of droughts droughtsand andfrequent frequentfloods floods  Increasing Increasingfresh freshwater waterscarcity scarcity


THE AGE OF HYPERCHANGE •Our world is transforming around us quickly. •Entire new industries and technologies are now regular parts of our lives. •Technology, globalization, and limiting natural resources are changing the way we make decisions. •We can Ignore them at our own risk


Nano-technology

IT and Communication technology

Satellite technology

Bio-engineering and bio-technology


Real time monitoring

Deterministic Modeling for Hydrologic Prediction

Coupled Weather and Hydrologic modeling

Decision support based on Risk analysis

New varieties of seed

Pressurized irrigation systems

Wastewater treatment 

More effective filters

Phosphorus and metal removal

Solar energy


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Sensors Water Treatment Remediation (use of nano rust particles to remove Arsenic) Green manufacturing Green energy

Reduce waste production Clean up industrial pollution Provide clean drinking water Improve efficiency of energy production


Weather monitoring

Groundwater assessment

Digital Terrain Models

Monitoring irrigated areas, agricultural production, soil moisture, flooded areas etc


Weather Monitoring


GCMs are constantly improving, and converging to observations. Reichler and Kim , BAMS

Temperature projections are much better than precipitation projections. Climate Impacts Group

Due to model uncertainty, an ensemble of models is more accurate than any single model. Climate Impacts Group (2007)

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Mass data storage: Sustainable transfer speed, Seek time, Cost, Capacity

Database management and sharing

Data storage, fusion and data mining

Scenario development

Real time reporting and dissemination

Cloud storage: The “cloud” will become more intelligent, not just a place to store data


On farm technologies: using pressurized irrigation techniques, land leveling etc…

Recycle and reuse of wastewater

Demand based application of irrigated

water through improved irrigation scheduling 

Drought early warning systems

Optimal operation of reservoirs and canal systems

Soft tools for improved operation, maintenance, monitoring and evaluation of irrigation systems.


Non-consumptive Recoverable Seepage Leakage/spill •Unauthorized withdrawals Non-recoverable Flow to saline groundwater Deep sinks

05/10/13

Consumptive use Beneficial Crop ET Non-beneficial Non-crop ET Evaporation from wet field surfaces


Drip and Sprinkler Irrigations Systems


Infrared Thermometer

Tensiometer

Evaporation Pan Neutron probe Courtesy: Dr Chandra Madramootoo, McGill University

05/10/13

WaterMark Sensor


SCADA


Operational Use Technology


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Let us clearly identify what these gaps are? What needs to be done to bridge these gaps? What kind of procedural changes, platforms, mechanisms and institutions are required? How do we augment the existing capacities to take the technology from research labs to farms and operational managers’ desk? How do we optimally use the financial resources available, and at the same time leverage these resources? What kind of policy changes do we require?


Change of perception

Building a culture of decision making on scientific principles

Greater emphasis on inter-institutional collaboration

Continuous capacity development: at all levels including: in service trainings and at farm level

Greater interaction with international community

Review of the curricula at the graduate level


Knowledge Intensive Development

Knowledge Extensive Development

Ignore Technology at your own RISK Convergence through Collaboration and effective Coordination is IMPARATIVE

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To be a part of Global efforts for better Agricultural Water Management

Join International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage 48, Nyaya Marg, Chankyapuri New Delhi, INDIA

www.icid.org


Technological Advances AND Improvement in Water Use Efficiency