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Origin of Malformations

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INDIAN DENTAL ACADEMY Leader in continuing dental education www.indiandentalacademy.com

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Maxillary hypoplasia with narrow or high arched palate        

Achondroplasia Apert syndrome Cleidocranial Dysostosis Crouzon syndrome Marfan’s syndrome Treacher Collin’s syndrome Fetal alcohol , Valproate syndrome Cleft lip and palate www.indiandentalacademy.com


Malar hypoplasia   

Treacher Collins Syndrome Blooms syndrome Trisomy 13 and 18

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Achondroplasia 

Megalocephaly – small foramen magnum

Early spheno-occipital closure

Low nasal bridge Prominent forehead

Midfacial hypoplasia, narrow nasal passages www.indiandentalacademy.com


Apert syndrome 

Short a-p diameter of skull

Early Craniosynostosis of coronal suture

Small nose, maxillary hypoplasia

Narrow palate, with or with out cleft lip or palate

Delayed or ectopic eruption of the teeth www.indiandentalacademy.com


Cleidocranial Dysostosis     

Brachycephaly Bossing of various bones Late closure of the frontanels Midfacial hypoplasia with high arched palate Low nasal bridge www.indiandentalacademy.com


Crouzon syndrome     

Ocular proptosis Frontal bossing Hypoplasia of the maxilla Curved parrot – like nose, inverted V shaped palate Short A – P diameter and lateral diameter of the skull

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Treacher Collin’s syndrome      

Improper migration of neural crest cells Malar hypoplasia Malformation of the auricles Ear defects Cleft of the palate Incompetent soft palate www.indiandentalacademy.com


Fetal Alcohol syndrome    

Microcephaly Short palpebral fissures Maxillary hypoplasia Short nose, smooth philtrum and lip

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CLEFT LIP

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Cleidocranial Dysostosis     

Brachycephaly Bossing of various bones Late closure of the frontanels Midfacial hypoplasia with high arched palate Low nasal bridge www.indiandentalacademy.com


Thank you www.indiandentalacademy.com Leader in continuing dental education

www.indiandentalacademy.com

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